Component - Operational Amplifier (Opamp) V1.60 Datasheet.pdf

PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
1.60
Features
•
Follower or Opamp configuration
•
Unity gain bandwidth > 3.0 MHz
•
Input offset voltage 2.0 mV max
•
Rail-to-rail inputs and output
•
Output direct low resistance connection to pin
•
25 mA output current
•
Programmable power and bandwidth
•
Internal connection for follower (saves pin)
General Description
The Opamp component provides a low voltage, low power operational amplifier and may be
internally connected as a voltage follower. The inputs and output may be connected to internal
routing nodes, directly to pins, or a combination of internal and external signals. The Opamp is
suitable for interfacing with high impedance sensors, buffering the output of voltage DACs,
driving up to 25 mA; and constructing active filters in any standard topology.
Input/Output Connections
This section describes the various input and output connections for the Opamp. An asterisk (*) in
the list of I/Os indicates that the I/O may be hidden on the symbol under the conditions listed in
the description of that I/O.
Non-Inverting – Analog
When the Opamp is configured as a follower, this I/O is the voltage input. If the Opamp is
configured as an Opamp, this I/O acts as the standard Opamp non-inverting input.
Inverting – Analog *
When the Opamp component is configured for Opamp mode, this I/O is the normal inverting
input. When the Opamp is configured for Follower mode, this I/O is hard-connected to the output
and the I/O is unavailable.
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation • 198 Champion Court • San Jose, CA 95134-1709 • 408-943-2600
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Revised December 13, 2010
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Vout – Analog
The output is directly connected to a pin. It is capable of driving 25 mA and can be connected to
internal loads using the analog routing fabric. When used for internal routing, the output remains
connected to the pin.
Schematic Macro Information
The default Opamp in the Component Catalog is a schematic macro using an Opamp
component with default settings. The Opamp component is connected to an analog Pin
component named Vout_1.
Parameters and Setup
Drag an Opamp component onto your design and double-click it to open the Configure dialog.
Figure 1 Configure Opamp Dialog
The Opamp has the following parameters:
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Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
Mode
This parameter allows you to select between two configurations: "Opamp" and "Follower". In
Opamp mode, all three terminals are available for connection. In Follower mode, the inverting
input is internally connected to the output to create a voltage follower. Opamp is the default
configuration.
Figure 2 Configuration Options
Power
The Opamp works over a wide range of operating currents. Higher operating current increases
Opamp bandwidth. The Power parameter allows you to select the power level:
•
In High and Medium power modes, the output is a class AB stage, enabling direct drive of
substantial output currents.
•
In Low power mode, the output is a class A stage with limited current drive.
•
In "Low Power Over Compensated" (LPOC) mode, the output is a class A stage.
For PSoC 3 ES3 silicon, the LPOC mode is used for low-power transimpedance amplifiers
(TIAs). This mode has the same drive capability as low power, but includes additional
compensation for circuit topologies with higher than normal input capacitance as is often
seen in photo sensors and other current-output sensors of various types.
Wider bandwidth TIAs can be implemented using the medium or high power settings. In
this case, exercise the usual care in dealing with compensation for capacitively loaded
sources.
Note The above description of LPOC mode is correct for PSoC 3 ES3 silicon only. For PSoC 3
ES2 silicon, LPOC mode is not supported; High Power mode should be used instead. For PSoC
3 ES2 silicon, the High Power setting enables the 1.024 V Vref on the positive input. Any design
with an Opamp that requires this Vref must include at least one Opamp that uses this High
Power mode setting.
Placement
Each Opamp is directly connected to specific GPIOs.
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Page 3 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Non-inverting input
Inverting input
Output
opamp_0
P0[2]
P0[3]
P0[1]
opamp_1
P3[5]
P3[4]
P3[6]
opamp_2
P0[4]
P0[5]
P0[0]
opamp_3
P3[3]
P3[2]
P3[7]
Refer to the device data sheet for the part being used for the specific physical pin connections.
Input signals may use the analog global routing buses in addition to the dedicated input pins.
Using the direct connections utilizes fewer internal routing resources and results in lower route
resistance and capacitance. The output pin associated with each specific location will always be
driven by the Opamp, when enabled.
Ports P0[3] and P3[2] are also used for connection to a capacitor for bypassing the bandgap
reference supplied to the ADC, for a reference output, or for an input from an external reference.
When these reference connections are used, routing to the Opamp inverting inputs must be
done through the analog global routing buses.
The following shows one example of how the Opamp may be connected using the Design-Wide
Resources Pin Editor.
Figure 3 Example placement
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Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
Resources
The Opamp component uses one Opamp resource per instance. When used in the Opamp
mode with external components (that is, not routing the output through the analog globals), no
routing resources are used.
API Memory
(Bytes)
Digital Blocks
Analog Blocks
Datapaths
Macro
cells
Status
Registers
Control
Registers
Counter7
Flash
RAM
Pins (per
External I/O)
1 Opamp fixed
block
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
202
2
3
Application Programming Interface
Application Programming Interface (API) routines allow you to configure the component using
software. The following table lists and describes the interface to each function. The subsequent
sections cover each function in more detail.
By default, PSoC Creator assigns the instance name "Opamp_1" to the first instance of a
component in a given design. You can rename it to any unique value that follows the syntactic
rules for identifiers. The instance name becomes the prefix of every global function name,
variable, and constant symbol. For readability, the instance name used in the following table is
"Opamp".
Function
Description
void Opamp_Start(void)
Turns on the Opamp and sets the power level to the value chosen
during the parameter selection.
void Opamp_Stop(void)
Disable Opamp (power down)
void Opamp_SetPower(uint8 power)
Set the power level.
void Opamp_Sleep(void)
Stops and saves the user configuration.
void Opamp_Wakeup(void)
Restores and enables the user configuration.
void Opamp_SaveConfig(void)
Empty function. Provided for future usage.
void Opamp_RestoreConfig(void)
Empty function. Provided for future usage.
void Opamp_Init(void)
Initializes or restores default Opamp configuration.
void Opamp_Enable(void)
Enables the Opamp.
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Page 5 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Global Variables
Variable
Opamp_initVar
Description
Indicates whether the Opamp has been initialized. The variable is initialized to 0 and set to 1 the
first time Opamp_Start() is called. This allows the component to restart without reinitialization
after the first call to the Opamp_Start() routine.
If reinitialization of the component is required, then the Opamp_Init() function can be called
before the Opamp_Start() or Opamp_Enable() function.
void Opamp_Start(void)
Description:
Turns on the Opamp and sets the power level to the value chosen during the parameter
selection.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void Opamp_Stop(void)
Description:
Turns off the Opamp and enable its lowest power state.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void Opamp_SetPower(uint8 power)
Description:
Sets the power level.
Parameters:
(uint8) power: Sets the power level to one of four settings, LPOC, Low, Medium, or High.
Power Setting
Notes
Opamp_LPOCPOWER
Least power, compensated for TIA.
Opamp_LOWPOWER
Least power, reduced bandwidth
Opamp_MEDPOWER
Opamp_HIGHPOWER
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
Page 6 of 16
Highest bandwidth
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
void Opamp_Sleep(void)
Description:
This is the preferred routine to prepare the component for sleep. The Opamp_Sleep() routine
saves the current component state. Then it calls the Opamp_Stop() function and calls
Opamp_SaveConfig() to save the hardware configuration.
Call the Opamp_Sleep() function before calling the CyPmSleep() or the CyPmHibernate()
function. Refer to the PSoC Creator System Reference Guide for more information about
power management functions.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void Opamp_Wakeup(void)
Description:
This is the preferred routine to restore the component to the state when _Sleep() was called.
The Opamp_Wakeup() function calls the Opamp_RestoreConfig() function to restore the
configuration. If the component was enabled before the Opamp_Sleep() function was called,
the Opamp_Wakeup() function will also re-enable the component.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
Calling the Opamp_Wakeup() function without first calling the Opamp_Sleep() or
Opamp_SaveConfig() function may produce unexpected behavior.
void Opamp_SaveConfig(void)
Description:
Empty function. Provided for future usage.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void Opamp_RestoreConfig(void)
Description:
Empty function. Provided for future usage.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Page 7 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
void Opamp_Init(void)
Description:
Initializes or restores the component according to the customizer Configure dialog settings. It
is not necessary to call Opamp_Init() because the Opamp_Start() routine calls this function
and is the preferred method to begin component operation.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
All registers will be set to values according to the customizer Configure dialog.
void Opamp_Enable(void)
Description:
Activates the hardware and begins component operation. It is not necessary to call
Opamp_Enable() because the Opamp_Start() routine calls this function, which is the
preferred method to begin component operation.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
If the initVar variable is already set, this function only calls the Opamp_Enable() function.
Sample Firmware Source Code
PSoC Creator provides numerous example projects that include schematics and example code
in the Find Example Project dialog. For component-specific examples, open the dialog from the
Component Catalog or an instance of the component in a schematic. For general examples,
open the dialog from the Start Page or File menu. As needed, use the Filter Options in the
dialog to narrow the list of projects available to select.
Refer to the "Find Example Project" topic in the PSoC Creator Help for more information.
Page 8 of 16
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
DC and AC Electrical Characteristics
The following values are based on characterization data. Specifications are valid for -40° C £ TA
£ 85° C and TJ £ 100° C except where noted. Unless otherwise specified in the tables below, all
Typical values are for TA = 25° C, Vdda = 5.0 V, Power = High, output referenced to analog
ground, Vssa.
5.0 V/3.3 V DC Electrical Characteristics
Data collection is currently in progress. This table will be updated in a future release.
Parameter
Description
Vi
Input voltage range
Vioff
Input offset voltage
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
VSSA
–
VDDA
V
Power mode = minimum
–
0.5
2
mV
Power mode = low
–
TBD
TBD
mV
Power mode = medium
–
TBD
TBD
mV
Power mode = high
–
TBD
TBD
mV
TCVos
Input offset voltage drift
with temperature
Power mode = high
–
±12
–
µV/°C
Avol
Open-loop gain
Power mode = high
TBD
TBD
–
dB
Ge1
Gain error, unity gain buffer
mode
Rload = 1 k
–
–
±0.1
%
Rin
Input resistance
Positive gain, noninverting
input
TBD
–
–
M
Cin
Input capacitance
Routing from pin
–
TBD
TBD
pF
Vo
Output voltage range
1 mA, source or sink, power
mode = high
VSSA +
0.05
–
VDDA –
0.05
V
100 K to Vdda / 2, G = 1
TBD
–
TBD
V
VSSA + 500 mV £ Vout £
VDDA –500 mV, VDDA > 2.7 V
25
–
–
mA
VSSA + 500 mV £ Vout £
VDDA –500 mV, 1.7 V = VDDA
£ 2.7 V
16
–
–
mA
Power mode = min
–
TBD
TBD
µA
Power mode = low
–
TBD
TBD
µA
Power mode = med
–
TBD
TBD
µA
Power mode = high
–
900
2000
µA
Iout
Idd
Output current, source or
sink
Quiescent current
CMRR
Common mode rejection
ratio
80
–
–
dB
PSRR
Power supply rejection ratio
TBD
–
–
dB
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Page 9 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Figures
Histogram Input Offset Voltage
T=25C, Vdda=5.0V
Input Offset Voltage vs Temperature
Power=High, Vdda=5.0V
2.5
600
No. of Opamps
500
2
mV
1.5
400
1
Spec Limit
Typical
0.5
300
Mean
0
-0.5
200
Typical Range
-1
100
Spec Limit
-1.5
-2
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
0
mV
Operating current vs temp, Vdd=5.0V
0 degC 25
-25
50
75
100
125
Operating current vs voltage T=25C
1200
1200
1000
uA
800
1000
High
uA
High
800
600
600
Medium
400
Medium
400
200
0
-60
-2.5
-50
Low , LPOC
-40
-20
0
20
40
Temp degC
60
80
200
100
120
Low , LPOC
0
0
1
2 Vdda 3
V
4
5
6
Opamp Voffset vs Common Mode Voltage and
Temperature, Power Mode = High
Data collection is currently in progress.
Page 10 of 16
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Opamp Operating Current vs Vdda,
Power Mode = Minimum
Data collection is currently in progress.
Opamp Operating Current vs Vdda,
Power Mode = Medium
Data collection is currently in progress.
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
Opamp Operating Current vs Vdda,
Power Mode = Low
Data collection is currently in progress.
Opamp Operating Current vs Vdda,
Power Mode = High
Data collection is currently in progress.
Page 11 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
0.6
0.4
0.4
V
0.6
SINK
0.2
Diff from Vdda,Vss
Output voltage vs load current,
Vdda=5.0V, Power=High
-40
30
100
-40
30
100
0
-0.2
SOURCE
Diff from Vdda
-0.4
Diff from Vdda, Vss
V
Output voltage vs load current,
Vdda=1.71V, P=High
0
5
10
15
I Load mA
20
25
-0.2
SOURCE
Diff from Vdda
-0.4
0
30
Output voltage vs load current,
Vdda=2.7V, P=Med
5
10
15
I Load mA
20
25
30
Output voltage vs load current
Vdda=5.0V, Power=Medium
0.2
0.2
SINK
0
-0.2
0
-0.1
SOURCE
Diff from Vdda
Diff from Vdda, Vss
-0.1
SINK
0.1
V
0.1
V
-40
30
100
-40
30
100
0
-0.6
-0.6
Diff from Vdda, Vss
SINK
0.2
-40
30
100
-40
30
100
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.7
-0.8
SOURCE
Diff from Vdda
-0.2
-0.3
-40C
30C
100C
-40C
30C
100C
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.7
-0.8
0
Page 12 of 16
0.5
1
I Load mA
1.5
2
0
0.5
1
I Load mA
1.5
2
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
Output voltage vs load current,
Vdda=2.7V, P=Low
Output voltage vs load current,
Vdda=5.0V, P=Low
0.4
0.4
-40
30
100
-40
30
100
Diff from Vdda, Vss
0.1
SINK
V
0.2
0
-0.1
-0.2
SOURCE
Diff from Vdda
-0.3
-0.4
0.00
0.05
I Load
mA
0.10
-40
30
100
-40
30
100
0.3
Diff from Vdda, Vss
V
0.3
0.15
0.2
0.1
SINK
0.0
-0.1
-0.2
SOURCE
Diff from Vdda
-0.3
-0.4
0.00
0.05
0.10
I Load
0.15
mA
5.0 V/3.3 V AC Electrical Characteristics
Data collection is currently in progress. This table will be updated in a future release.
Parameter
GBW
SR
en
Description
Gain-bandwidth
product
Slew Rate
Input noise density
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Power mode = minimum, 100 mV
pk-pk, 15 pF load
TBD
TBD
–
MHz
Power mode = low, 100 mV pk-pk,
15 pF load
TBD
TBD
–
MHz
Power mode = medium, 100 mV
pk-pk, 15 pF load
TBD
TBD
–
MHz
Power mode = high, 100 mV pkpk, 200 pF load
3
TBD
–
MHz
Power mode = minimum, 15 pF
load
TBD
TBD
–
V/µs
Power mode = low, 15 pF load
TBD
TBD
–
V/µs
Power mode = medium, 15 pF
load
TBD
TBD
–
V/µs
Power mode = high, 200 pF load
3
TBD
–
V/µs
Power mode = high, Vdda = 5 V,
at 100 kHz
–
45
–
nV/sqrtHz
Page 13 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Figures
Open Loop Gain and Phase vs Frequency and
Opamp Closed Loop Frequency Response, Gain = 1,
Temperature, Power Mode = High, Cl = 15 Pf, Vdda = 5V Vdda = 5V
Data collection is currently in progress.
Opamp Closed Loop Frequency Response, Gain = 10,
Vdda = 5V
Data collection is currently in progress.
Opamp test Circuit for Gain = 10
Data collection is currently in progress.
Page 14 of 16
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Opamp CMRR vs Frequency
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
Input Voltage Noise Density
T=25C, Vdda = 5.0V, P=high
1000
nV/rtHz
Data collection is currently in progress.
100
10
0.01
0.1
1
kHz
10
100
1000
Opamp PSRR vs Frequency
Data collection is currently in progress.
Note More specifications at other voltages and graphs may be added after characterization.
Component Changes
This section lists the major changes in the component from the previous version.
Version
1.60
Description of Changes
Added a GUI Configuration Editor
Reason for Changes / Impact
For easier use a GUI has been added to set the two parameters
from a drop down
Added characterization data to
datasheet
Minor datasheet edits and updates
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
Page 15 of 16
Operational Amplifier (Opamp)
Version
1.50
Description of Changes
Added Sleep/Wakeup and
Init/Enable APIs.
PSoC® Creator™ Component Data Sheet
Reason for Changes / Impact
To support low power modes, as well as to provide common
interfaces to separate control of initialization and enabling of most
components.
© Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 2009-2010. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the
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Cypress does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in lifesupport systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress’ product in a life-support systems application
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Use may be limited by and subject to the applicable Cypress software license agreement.
Page 16 of 16
Document Number: 001-65669 Rev. **
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