IRF IRG4PC40

PD -91656C
IRG4PC40W
INSULATED GATE BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR
Features
C
• Designed expressly for Switch-Mode Power
Supply and PFC (power factor correction)
applications
• Industry-benchmark switching losses improve
efficiency of all power supply topologies
• 50% reduction of Eoff parameter
• Low IGBT conduction losses
• Latest-generation IGBT design and construction offers
tighter parameters distribution, exceptional reliability
VCES = 600V
VCE(on) typ. = 2.05V
G
@VGE = 15V, IC = 20A
E
n-channel
Benefits
• Lower switching losses allow more cost-effective
operation than power MOSFETs up to 150 kHz
("hard switched" mode)
• Of particular benefit to single-ended converters and
boost PFC topologies 150W and higher
• Low conduction losses and minimal minority-carrier
recombination make these an excellent option for
resonant mode switching as well (up to >>300 kHz)
TO-247AC
Absolute Maximum Ratings
VCES
IC @ TC = 25°C
IC @ TC = 100°C
ICM
ILM
VGE
EARV
PD @ TC = 25°C
PD @ TC = 100°C
TJ
TSTG
Parameter
Max.
Units
Collector-to-Emitter Breakdown Voltage
Continuous Collector Current
Continuous Collector Current
Pulsed Collector Current Q
Clamped Inductive Load Current R
Gate-to-Emitter Voltage
Reverse Voltage Avalanche Energy S
Maximum Power Dissipation
Maximum Power Dissipation
Operating Junction and
Storage Temperature Range
Soldering Temperature, for 10 seconds
Mounting torque, 6-32 or M3 screw.
600
40
20
160
160
± 20
160
160
65
-55 to + 150
V
A
V
mJ
W
°C
300 (0.063 in. (1.6mm) from case )
10 lbf•in (1.1N•m)
Thermal Resistance
Parameter
RθJC
RθCS
RθJA
Wt
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Junction-to-Case
Case-to-Sink, Flat, Greased Surface
Junction-to-Ambient, typical socket mount
Weight
Typ.
Max.
–––
0.24
–––
6 (0.21)
0.77
–––
40
–––
Units
°C/W
g (oz)
1
4/15/2000
IRG4PC40W
Electrical Characteristics @ TJ = 25°C (unless otherwise specified)
Parameter
Min. Typ.
Collector-to-Emitter Breakdown Voltage
600
—
Emitter-to-Collector Breakdown Voltage T 18
—
∆V(BR)CES/∆TJ Temperature Coeff. of Breakdown Voltage —
0.44
— 2.05
Collector-to-Emitter Saturation Voltage
— 2.36
VCE(ON)
— 1.90
VGE(th)
Gate Threshold Voltage
3.0
—
∆VGE(th)/∆TJ Temperature Coeff. of Threshold Voltage
—
13
gfe
Forward Transconductance U
18
28
—
—
ICES
Zero Gate Voltage Collector Current
—
—
—
—
IGES
Gate-to-Emitter Leakage Current
—
—
V(BR)CES
V(BR)ECS
Max. Units
Conditions
—
V
VGE = 0V, IC = 250µA
—
V
VGE = 0V, IC = 1.0A
—
V/°C VGE = 0V, IC = 1.0mA
2.5
IC = 20A
VGE = 15V
—
IC = 40A
See Fig.2, 5
V
—
IC = 20A , TJ = 150°C
6.0
VCE = VGE, IC = 250µA
— mV/°C VCE = VGE, IC = 250µA
—
S
VCE = 100 V, IC =20A
250
VGE = 0V, VCE = 600V
µA
2.0
VGE = 0V, VCE = 10V, TJ = 25°C
2500
VGE = 0V, VCE = 600V, TJ = 150°C
±100 nA VGE = ±20V
Switching Characteristics @ TJ = 25°C (unless otherwise specified)
Qg
Qge
Qgc
td(on)
tr
td(off)
tf
Eon
Eoff
Ets
td(on)
tr
td(off)
tf
Ets
LE
Cies
Coes
Cres
Parameter
Total Gate Charge (turn-on)
Gate - Emitter Charge (turn-on)
Gate - Collector Charge (turn-on)
Turn-On Delay Time
Rise Time
Turn-Off Delay Time
Fall Time
Turn-On Switching Loss
Turn-Off Switching Loss
Total Switching Loss
Turn-On Delay Time
Rise Time
Turn-Off Delay Time
Fall Time
Total Switching Loss
Internal Emitter Inductance
Input Capacitance
Output Capacitance
Reverse Transfer Capacitance
Min.
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Typ.
98
12
36
27
22
100
74
0.11
0.23
0.34
25
23
170
124
0.85
13
1900
140
35
Max. Units
Conditions
147
IC = 20A
18
nC
VCC = 400V
See Fig.8
54
VGE = 15V
—
—
TJ = 25°C
ns
150
IC = 20A, VCC = 480V
110
VGE = 15V, RG = 10Ω
—
Energy losses include "tail"
—
mJ
See Fig. 9,10, 14
0.45
—
TJ = 150°C,
—
IC = 20A, VCC = 480V
ns
—
VGE = 15V, RG = 10Ω
—
Energy losses include "tail"
—
mJ
See Fig.10,11, 14
—
nH
Measured 5mm from package
—
VGE = 0V
—
pF
VCC = 30V
See Fig. 7
—
ƒ = 1.0MHz
Notes:
Q Repetitive rating; VGE = 20V, pulse width limited by
max. junction temperature. ( See fig. 13b )
R VCC = 80%(VCES), VGE = 20V, L = 10µH, RG = 10Ω,
(See fig. 13a)
T Pulse width ≤ 80µs; duty factor ≤ 0.1%.
U Pulse width 5.0µs, single shot.
S Repetitive rating; pulse width limited by maximum
junction temperature.
2
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IRG4PC40W
50
F o r b o th :
40
Load Current ( A )
Tria n g u la r w a ve :
D u ty c y c le : 5 0 %
TJ = 12 5° C
T s in k = 9 0 °C
G at e d riv e as sp ec ifie d
P o w e r D is s ip a tio n = 2 8 W
C la m p vo l ta g e :
8 0 % o f ra te d
30
S q u a re w ave :
6 0 % o f ra t e d
v o lta g e
20
10
Id e al d io d e s
A
0
0.1
1
10
100
1000
f, Frequency (kH z)
Fig. 1 - Typical Load Current vs. Frequency
(Load Current = IRMS of fundamental)
I C , Collector-to-Emitter Current (A)
TJ = 25 °C
100
TJ = 150 °C
10
V GE = 15V
80µs PULSE WIDTH
1
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
VCE , Collector-to-Emitter Voltage (V)
Fig. 2 - Typical Output Characteristics
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5.0
I C , Collector-to-Emitter Current (A)
1000
1000
100
TJ = 150 °C
10
TJ = 25 °C
V CC = 50V
5µs PULSE WIDTH
1
5
7
9
11
VGE , Gate-to-Emitter Voltage (V)
Fig. 3 - Typical Transfer Characteristics
3
IRG4PC40W
3.0
VCE , Collector-to-Emitter Voltage(V)
Maximum DC Collector Current(A)
50
40
30
20
10
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
VGE = 15V
80 us PULSE WIDTH
IC = 40 A
2.5
IC = 20 A
2.0
IC = 10 A
1.5
1.0
-60 -40 -20
TC , Case Temperature ( °C)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120 140 160
TJ , Junction Temperature ( °C)
Fig. 4 - Maximum Collector Current vs. Case
Temperature
Fig. 5 - Typical Collector-to-Emitter Voltage
vs. Junction Temperature
Thermal Response (Z thJC )
1
D = 0.50
0.20
0.1
0.01
0.00001
0.10
P DM
0.05
t1
0.02
0.01
t2
SINGLE PULSE
(THERMAL RESPONSE)
0.0001
Notes:
1. Duty factor D = t 1 / t 2
2. Peak TJ = PDM x Z thJC + TC
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
t1 , Rectangular Pulse Duration (sec)
Fig. 6 - Maximum Effective Transient Thermal Impedance, Junction-to-Case
4
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IRG4PC40W
20
VGE = 0V,
f = 1MHz
Cies = Cge + Cgc , Cce SHORTED
Cres = Cgc
Coes = Cce + Cgc
VGE, Gate-to-Emitter Voltage (V)
C, Capacitance (pF)
4000
3000
Cies
2000
Coes
1000
Cres
0
1
10
16
12
8
4
0
100
0
VCE , Collector-to-Emitter Voltage (V)
20
40
60
80
100
QG , Total Gate Charge (nC)
Fig. 7 - Typical Capacitance vs.
Collector-to-Emitter Voltage
Fig. 8 - Typical Gate Charge vs.
Gate-to-Emitter Voltage
1.0
10
V CC = 480V
V GE = 15V
0.9 TJ = 25 °C
I C = 20A
Total Switching Losses (mJ)
Total Switching Losses (mJ)
VCC = 400V
I C = 20A
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
RG = 10Ohm
10 Ω
VGE = 15V
VCC = 480V
IC = 40 A
1
IC = 20 A
IC = 10 A
0.4
0.3
10
20
30
40
50
(Ω)
RG , Gate Resistance (Ohm)
Fig. 9 - Typical Switching Losses vs. Gate
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60
0.1
-60 -40 -20
0
20
40
60
80 100 120 140 160
TJ , Junction Temperature ( °C )
Fig. 10 - Typical Switching Losses vs.
Junction Temperature
5
IRG4PC40W
RG
TJ
VCC
VGE
1000
Ω
=10
10Ohm
= 150 ° C
= 480V
= 15V
I C , Collector-to-Emitter Current (A)
Total Switching Losses (mJ)
2.0
1.5
1.0
100
0.5
SAFE OPERATING AREA
0.0
5
15
25
35
I C , Collector-to-emitter Current (A)
Fig. 11 - Typical Switching Losses vs.
Collector-to-Emitter Current
6
VGE = 20V
T J = 125 oC
45
10
1
10
100
1000
VCE , Collector-to-Emitter Voltage (V)
Fig. 12 - Turn-Off SOA
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IRG4PC40W
L
D .U .T.
VC *
50V
RL =
0 - 480V
1 00 0V
480V
4 X [email protected]°C
480µF
960V
Q
R
* Driver s am e ty pe as D .U .T.; Vc = 80% of V ce (m ax )
* Note: D ue to the 50V pow er s upply, pulse w idth a nd inductor
w ill inc rea se to obta in ra ted Id.
Fig. 13a - Clamped Inductive
Fig. 13b - Pulsed Collector
Load Test Circuit
Current Test Circuit
IC
L
D river*
D .U .T.
VC
Fig. 14a - Switching Loss
Test Circuit
50V
1000V
Q
* Driver same type
as D.U.T., VC = 480V
R
S
Q
R
9 0%
1 0%
S
VC
90 %
Fig. 14b - Switching Loss
t d (o ff)
10 %
IC 5%
Waveforms
tf
tr
t d (o n )
t=5µ s
E on
E o ff
E ts = ( Eo n +E o ff )
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7
IRG4PC40W
Case Outline and Dimensions — TO-247AC
3 .6 5 (.1 4 3 )
3 .5 5 (.1 4 0 )
0 .2 5 (.0 1 0 ) M D B M
1 5 .9 0 (.6 2 6 )
1 5 .3 0 (.6 0 2 )
-B-
-A5 .5 0 (.2 1 7)
2 0 .3 0 (.8 0 0 )
1 9 .7 0 (.7 7 5 )
2X
1
2
-D-
5 .3 0 ( .2 0 9 )
4 .7 0 ( .1 8 5 )
2 .5 0 (.0 8 9 )
1 .5 0 (.0 5 9 )
4
5 .5 0 (.2 17 )
4 .5 0 (.1 77 )
LEAD
1234-
3
-C-
*
1 4 .8 0 (.5 8 3 )
1 4 .2 0 (.5 5 9 )
2 .4 0 ( .0 9 4 )
2 .0 0 ( .0 7 9 )
2X
5 .4 5 (.2 1 5 )
2X
4 .3 0 (.1 7 0 )
3 .7 0 (.1 4 5 )
3X
1 .4 0 (.0 5 6 )
1 .0 0 (.0 3 9 )
0 .2 5 (.0 1 0 ) M
3 .4 0 (.1 3 3 )
3 .0 0 (.1 1 8 )
N O TE S :
1 D IM E N S IO N S & T O L E R A N C IN G
P E R A N S I Y 14 .5 M , 1 9 8 2 .
2 C O N T R O L L IN G D IM E N S IO N : IN C H .
3 D IM E N S IO N S A R E S H O W N
M ILL IM E T E R S (IN C H E S ).
4 C O N F O R M S T O JE D E C O U T L IN E
T O -2 4 7 A C .
*
A S S IG N M E N T S
GATE
COLLE CTO R
E M IT T E R
COLLE CTO R
L O N G E R L E A D E D (2 0m m )
V E R S IO N A V A IL A B LE (T O -24 7 A D )
T O O R D E R A D D "-E " S U F F IX
T O P A R T N U M B ER
0 .8 0 (.0 3 1 )
0 .4 0 (.0 1 6 )
2 .6 0 ( .1 0 2 )
2 .2 0 ( .0 8 7 )
3X
C A S
CONFORMS TO JEDEC OUTLINE TO-247AC (TO-3P)
D im e n s ion s in M illim e te rs a n d (In c h es )
IR WORLD HEADQUARTERS: 233 Kansas St., El Segundo, California 90245, USA Tel: (310) 252-7105
IR EUROPEAN REGIONAL CENTRE: 439/445 Godstone Rd, Whyteleafe, Surrey CR3 OBL, UK Tel: ++ 44 (0)20 8645 8000
IR CANADA: 15 Lincoln Court, Brampton, Ontario L6T3Z2, Tel: (905) 453 2200
IR GERMANY: Saalburgstrasse 157, 61350 Bad Homburg Tel: ++ 49 (0) 6172 96590
IR ITALY: Via Liguria 49, 10071 Borgaro, Torino Tel: ++ 39 011 451 0111
IR JAPAN: K&H Bldg., 2F, 30-4 Nishi-Ikebukuro 3-Chome, Toshima-Ku, Tokyo 171 Tel: 81 (0)3 3983 0086
IR SOUTHEAST ASIA: 1 Kim Seng Promenade, Great World City West Tower, 13-11, Singapore 237994 Tel: ++ 65 (0)838 4630
IR TAIWAN:16 Fl. Suite D. 207, Sec. 2, Tun Haw South Road, Taipei, 10673 Tel: 886-(0)2 2377 9936
Data and specifications subject to change without notice. 4/00
8
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