PHILIPS SAF7129AH

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
DATA SHEET
SAF7129AH
Digital video encoder
Product specification
Supersedes data of 2003 Jun 13
2004 Mar 16
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
CONTENTS
1
FEATURES
2
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
3
ORDERING INFORMATION
4
QUICK REFERENCE DATA
5
BLOCK DIAGRAM
6
PINNING
7
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
Versatile fader
Data manager
Encoder
RGB processor
SECAM processor
Output interface/DACs
Synchronization
Clock
I2C-bus interface
Input levels and formats
Bit allocation map
I2C-bus format
Slave receiver
Slave transmitter
2004 Mar 16
8
LIMITING VALUES
9
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
10
CHARACTERISTICS
10.1
10.2
Explanation of RTCI data bits
Teletext timing
11
APPLICATION INFORMATION
11.1
Digital output signals
12
PACKAGE OUTLINE
13
SOLDERING
13.1
Introduction to soldering surface mount
packages
Reflow soldering
Wave soldering
Manual soldering
Suitability of surface mount IC packages for
wave and reflow soldering methods
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
2
14
DATA SHEET STATUS
15
DEFINITIONS
16
DISCLAIMERS
17
PURCHASE OF PHILIPS I2C COMPONENTS
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
1
SAF7129AH
FEATURES
• Monolithic CMOS 3.3 V device, 5 V I2C-bus optional
• Digital PAL/NTSC/SECAM encoder
• System pixel frequency 13.5 MHz
• 54 MHz double-speed multiplexed D1 interface capable
of splitting data into two separate channels (encoded
and baseband)
• Encoder can be master or slave
• Three Digital-to-Analog Converters (DACs) for CVBS
(CSYNC), VBS (CVBS) and C (CVBS) two times
oversampled with 10-bit resolution (signals in brackets
optional)
• Programmable horizontal sync output phase
• Programmable horizontal and vertical input
synchronization phase
• Internal Colour Bar Generator (CBG)
• Controlled rise/fall times of output syncs and blanking
• Three DACs for RED (CR), GREEN (Y) and BLUE (CB)
two times oversampled with 9-bit resolution (signals in
brackets optional)
• On-chip crystal oscillator (3rd-harmonic or fundamental
crystal)
• Alternatively, an advanced composite sync is available
on the CVBS output for RGB display centreing
• Down mode (low output voltage) or power-save mode of
DACs
• Real-time control of subcarrier
• QFP44 package.
• Cross-colour reduction filter
2
• Closed captioning encoding and World Standard
Teletext (WST) and North-American Broadcast Text
System (NABTS) teletext encoding including sequencer
and filter
The SAF7129AH encodes digital CB-Y-CR video data to an
NTSC, PAL or SECAM CVBS or S-video signal.
Simultaneously, RGB or bypassed but interpolated
CB-Y-CR signals are available via three additional DACs.
Through a 54 MHz multiplexed digital D1 input port, the
circuit accepts two ITU-R BT.656 compatible CB-Y-CR
data streams with 720 active pixels per line in
4 : 2 : 2 multiplexed formats. For example, an MPEG
decoded data with overlay and MPEG decoded data
without overlay, where one data stream is latched at the
rising, the other one is latched at the falling clock edge.
• Copy Generation Management System (CGMS)
encoding (CGMS described by standard CPR-1204 of
EIAJ); 20 bits in lines 20/283 (NTSC) can be loaded via
I2C-bus
• Fast I2C-bus control port (400 kHz)
• Line 23 Wide Screen Signalling (WSS) encoding
• Video Programming System (VPS) data encoding in
line 16 (50/625 lines counting)
3
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
It includes a sync/clock generator and on-chip DACs.
ORDERING INFORMATION
PACKAGE
TYPE NUMBER
NAME
SAF7129AH
2004 Mar 16
QFP44
DESCRIPTION
plastic quad flat package; 44 leads (lead length 1.6 mm);
body 10 × 10 × 2 mm
3
VERSION
SOT803-1
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
4
SAF7129AH
QUICK REFERENCE DATA
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
VDDA
analog supply voltage
3.15
3.3
3.45
V
VDDD
digital supply voltage
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
IDDA
analog supply current
−
180
190
mA
IDDD
digital supply current
−
40
55
mA
Vi
input signal voltage levels
Vo(p-p)
analog CVBS output signal voltage for a 100/100 colour bar at
75/2 Ω load (peak-to-peak value)
−
1.23
−
RL
load resistance
−
37.5
−
Ω
LElf(i)
low frequency integral linearity error
−
−
±3
LSB
LElf(d)
low frequency differential linearity error
−
−
±1
LSB
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
−
+85
°C
2004 Mar 16
TTL compatible
4
V
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40
SA
21
XTALI XTALO RCV1 RCV2 TTXRQ XCLK
SCL
42
35
41
I2C-BUS
INTERFACE
34
7
8
43
LLC1
37
4
25
28
36
SYNC/CLOCK
SAF7129AH
22
31
clock and timing
I2C-bus control
9 to 16 MPpos
MPA
MPneg
FADER
MPB
Y
Y
MP
SWITCH
CB-CR
ENCODER
C
VP
OUTPUT
INTERFACE
5
TTX
I2C-bus
control
CB-CR
18
38
6
17
39
2
3
19
VSSD1 VSSD2 VSSD3 VDDD1 VDDD2 VDDD3
SP
AP
RTCI
CVBS
(CSYNC)
27
VBS
(CVBS)
24
C
(CVBS)
33
I2C-bus control
Y
5
DUMP1
30
D
A
I2C-bus control
44
RSET
I2C-bus control
I2C-bus control
MP7 to MP0
32
I2C-bus control
DUMP2
Digital video encoder
BLOCK DIAGRAM
RESET SDA
Philips Semiconductors
5
l pagewidth
2004 Mar 16
VDDA3
VDDA1
VDDA2
23
D
26
RGB
PROCESSOR
A
29
VSSA
RED
GREEN
BLUE
20
MHC491
Product specification
SAF7129AH
Fig.1 Block diagram.
n.c.
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
6
SAF7129AH
PINNING
SYMBOL PIN TYPE
DESCRIPTION
RES
1
−
reserved pin; do not connect
SP
2
I
test pin; connected to digital ground for normal operation
AP
3
I
test pin; connected to digital ground for normal operation
LLC1
4
I
line-locked clock input; this is the 27 MHz master clock
VSSD1
5
supply digital ground 1
VDDD1
6
supply digital supply voltage 1
RCV1
7
I/O
raster control 1 for video port; this pin receives/provides a VS/FS/FSEQ signal
RCV2
8
I/O
raster control 2 for video port; this pin provides an HS pulse of programmable length or
receives an HS pulse
MP7
9
I
MP6
10
I
MP5
11
I
MP4
12
I
MP3
13
I
MP2
14
I
MP1
15
I
MP0
16
I
double-speed 54 MHz MPEG port; it is an input for “ITU-R BT.656” style multiplexed
CB-Y-CR data; data is sampled on the rising and falling clock edge; data sampled on the
rising edge is then sent to the encoding part of the device; data sampled on the falling edge
is sent to the RGB part of the device (or vice versa, depending on programming)
VDDD2
17
supply digital supply voltage 2
VSSD2
18
supply digital ground 2
RTCI
19
I
real-time control input; if the LLC1 clock is provided by an SAF7113 or SAF7118, RTCI
should be connected to the RTCO pin of the respective decoder to improve the signal
quality
n.c.
20
−
not connected
SA
21
I
select I2C-bus address; LOW selects slave address 88H, HIGH selects slave address 8CH
DUMP2
22
O
current return path 2 for DAC
RED
23
O
analog output of RED (CR) signal
C
24
O
analog output of chrominance (CVBS) signal
VDDA2
25
supply analog supply voltage 2 for analog outputs
GREEN
26
O
analog output of GREEN (Y) signal
VBS
27
O
analog output of VBS (CVBS) signal
VDDA1
28
supply analog supply voltage 1 for analog outputs
BLUE
29
O
analog output of BLUE (CB) signal
CVBS
30
O
analog output of CVBS (CSYNC) signal
RSET
31
O
a resistor of 1 kΩ (Rout = 37 kΩ) connected to VSSA sets the full-scale DAC current
O
current return path 1 for DAC
DUMP1
32
VSSA
33
XTALO
34
O
crystal oscillator output
XTALI
35
I
crystal oscillator input; if the oscillator is not used, this pin should be connected to ground
VDDA3
36
XCLK
37
2004 Mar 16
supply analog ground for the DAC reference ladder and the oscillator
supply analog supply voltage 3 for the DAC reference ladder and the oscillator
O
clock output of the crystal oscillator
6
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
SYMBOL PIN TYPE
DESCRIPTION
VSSD3
38
supply digital ground 3
supply digital supply voltage 3
42
I/O
I2C-bus serial data input/output
TTXRQ
43
O
teletext request output, indicating when text bits are requested
TTX
44
I
teletext bit stream input
44 TTX
handbook, full pagewidth
34 XTALO
SDA
35 XTALI
I2C-bus serial clock input
36 VDDA3
I
37 XCLK
41
38 VSSD3
SCL
39 VDDD3
Reset input, active LOW. After reset is applied, all digital I/Os are in input mode; PAL black
burst on CVBS, VBS and C; RGB outputs set to lowest voltage. The I2C-bus receiver waits
for the START condition.
40 RESET
I
41 SCL
40
42 SDA
39
43 TTXRQ
VDDD3
RESET
33 VSSA
RES 1
SP 2
32 DUMP1
AP 3
31 RSET
LLC1 4
30 CVBS
VSSD1 5
29 BLUE
SAF7129AH
VDDD1 6
28 VDDA1
Fig.2 Pin configuration.
2004 Mar 16
7
DUMP2 22
SA 21
n.c. 20
23 RED
RTCI 19
MP5 11
VSSD2 18
24 C
VDDD2 17
MP6 10
MP1 15
25 VDDA2
MP0 16
26 GREEN
MP7 9
MP2 14
RCV2 8
MP3 13
27 VBS
MP4 12
RCV1 7
MHC492
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7
SAF7129AH
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
VPS data for program dependent automatic start and stop
of such featured VCR’s is loadable via I2C-bus.
The digital video encoder encodes digital luminance and
colour difference signals into analog CVBS, S-video and
simultaneously RGB or CR-Y-CB signals. NTSC-M,
PAL-B/G, SECAM and sub-standards are supported.
The IC also contains closed caption and extended data
services encoding (line 21). It is also possible to load data
for copy generation management system into line 20 of
every field (525/60 line counting).
Both interlaced and non-interlaced operation is possible
for all standards.
A number of possibilities are provided for setting different
video parameters, such as:
The basic encoder function consists of subcarrier
generation, colour modulation and insertion of
synchronization signals. Luminance and chrominance
signals are filtered in accordance with the standard
requirements of “RS-170-A” and “ITU-R BT.470-3”.
• Black and blanking level control
• Colour subcarrier frequency
• Variable burst amplitude, etc.
During reset (RESET = LOW) and after reset is released,
all digital I/O stages are set to input mode and the encoder
is set to PAL mode and outputs a ‘black burst’ signal on
CVBS and S-video outputs, while RGB outputs are set to
their lowest output voltages. A reset forces the I2C-bus
interface to abort any running bus transfer.
For ease of analog post filtering, the signals are twice
oversampled with respect to the pixel clock before
digital-to-analog conversion.
The total filter transfer characteristics are illustrated in
Figs 8 to 13. The DACs for Y, C and CVBS are realized
with full 10-bit resolution; 9-bit resolution for RGB output.
The CR-Y-CB to RGB dematrix can be bypassed optionally
in order to provide the upsampled CR-Y-CB input signals.
7.1
Versatile fader
Important note: whenever the fader is activated with the
SYMP bit set to a logic 1 (enabling the detection of
embedded Start of Active Video (SAV) and End of Active
Video (EAV)), codes 00H and FFH are not allowed within
the actual video data (as prescribed by “ITU-R BT.656”,
anyway). If SAV (00H) has been detected, the fader
automatically passes 100% of the respective signal until
SAV will be detected.
The 8-bit multiplexed CB-Y-CR formats are “ITU-R BT.656”
(D1 format) compatible, but the SAV and EAV codes can
be decoded optionally, when the device is operated in
slave mode. Two independent data streams can be
processed, one latched by the rising edge of LLC1, the
other latched by the falling edge of LLC1. The purpose of
that is e.g. to forward one of the data streams containing
both video and On-Screen Display (OSD) information to
the RGB outputs, and the other stream containing video
only to the encoded outputs CVBS and S-video.
Within the digital video encoder, two data streams can be
faded against each other; these data streams can be input
to the double speed MPEG port, which is able to separate
two independent 27 MHz data streams MPA and MPB via
a cross switch controlled by EDGE1 and EDGE2.
For optimum display of RGB signals through a
euro-connector TV set, an early composite sync pulse
(up to 31 LLC1 clock periods) can be provided on the
CVBS output.
As a further alternative, the VBS and C outputs may
provide a second and third CVBS signal.
handbook, halfpage
MPpos
It is also possible to connect a Philips digital video decoder
(SAF7113 or SAF7118) to the SAF7129AH. Via the RTCI
pin, connected to pin RTCO of a decoder, information
concerning actual subcarrier, PAL-ID and definite
subcarrier phase can be inserted.
MPA
EDGE1 = 0
1=
1
GE
ED
ED
GE
MPneg
EDGE2 = 1
2=
The device synthesizes all necessary internal signals,
colour subcarrier frequency and synchronization signals
from that clock.
MHB574
Wide screen signalling data can be loaded via the I2C-bus
and is inserted into line 23 for standards using 50 Hz field
rate.
2004 Mar 16
0
Fig.3 Cross switch.
8
MPB
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7.1.1
SAF7129AH
7.1.1.3
CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES
Figs 4 to 7 show examples on how to configure the fader
between the input ports and the outputs, separated into
the composite (and S-video) encoder and the RGB
encoder.
7.1.1.1
Configuration 3
Input MPB is passed directly to the RGB output, assuming
e.g. it contains video including overlay. MPA is equivalently
passed through the inactive fader to the composite (and
S-video) output, assuming e.g. it contains video excluding
overlay (RGBIN = 0, ENCIN = 1).
Configuration 1
Input MPA can be faded into MPB. The resulting output of
the fader is then encoded simultaneously to composite
(and S-video) and RGB output (RGBIN = ENCIN = 1).
In this example, either MPA or MPB could be an overlay
(menu) signal to be faded smoothly in and out.
MPA
FADER BYPASS
MPB
FADER
MPA
MP
e.g.
video
recorder
ENCODER
PATH
VP
e.g.
video
recorder
RGB PATH
e.g. TV
MHB577
Fig.6 Configuration 3.
OUTPUT
MPB
ENCODER
PATH
e.g. TV
RGB PATH
7.1.1.4
Configuration 4
Only MPB input is in use; its signal appears both composite
(and S-video) and RGB encoded (RGBIN = ENCIN = 0).
MHB575
Fig.4 Configuration 1.
7.1.1.2
handbook, halfpage
Configuration 2
Input MPA can be faded into MPB. The resulting output of
the fader is then encoded to RGB output, while the signal
coming from MPB is fed directly to composite (and S-video)
output (RGBIN = 1, ENCIN = 0). Also in this example,
either MPA or MPB could be an overlay (menu) signal to be
faded smoothly in and out, whereas the overlay appears
only in the RGB output connected to the TV set.
MPA
ENCODER
PATH
e.g. video recorder
MPB
RGB PATH
e.g. TV
MHB578
Fig.7 Configuration 4.
FADER
MPA
MP
MPB
VP
ENCODER
PATH
e.g.
video
recorder
RGB PATH
e.g. TV
OUTPUT
MHB576
Fig.5 Configuration 2.
2004 Mar 16
9
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7.1.2
SAF7129AH
7.2
PARAMETERS OF THE FADER
Basically, there are three independent fade factors
available, allowing for the equation:
In the data manager, alternatively to the external video
data, a pre-defined colour look-up table located in this
block can be read out in a pre-defined sequence (8 steps
per active video line), achieving a colour bar test pattern
generator without the need for an external data source.
Output = ( FADEx × ln1 ) + [ ( 1 – FADEx ) × ln2 ]
Where x = 1, 2 or 3
Factor FADE1 is effective, when a colour in the data
stream fed to the MPEG port fader input is recognized as
being between KEY1L and KEY1U. That means, the
colour is not identified by a single numeric value, but an
upper and lower threshold in which a 24-bit YUV colour
space can be defined. FADE1 = 00H results in 100%
signal at the MPEG port fader input and 0% signal at the
fader Video port input. Variation of 63 steps is possible up
to FADE1 = 3FH, resulting in 0% signal at the MPEG port
fader input and 100% signal at the fader Video port input.
7.3
7.3.1
Encoder
VIDEO PATH
The encoder generates out of Y, U and V baseband
signals luminance and colour subcarrier output signals,
suitable for use as CVBS or separate Y and C signals.
Luminance is modified in gain and in offset (latter
programmable in a certain range to enable different black
level set-ups). A blanking level can be set after insertion of
a fixed synchronization pulse tip level in accordance with
standard composite synchronization schemes.
Factor FADE2 is effective, when a colour in the data
stream fed to the MPEG port fader input is recognized as
being between KEY2L and KEY2U. FADE2 is to be seen
in conjunction with a colour that is defined by a 24-bit
internal Colour Look-Up Table (CLUT). FADE2 = 00H
results in 100% of the internally defined LUT colour and
0% signal at the fader Video port input. Variation of
63 steps is possible up to FADE2 = 3FH, resulting in 0% of
the internally defined LUT colour and 100% signal at the
fader Video port input.
In order to enable easy analog post filtering, luminance is
interpolated from a 13.5 MHz data rate to a 27 MHz data
rate, providing luminance in 10-bit resolution. The transfer
characteristics of the luminance interpolation filter are
illustrated in Figs 10 and 11. Appropriate transients at
start/end of active video and for synchronization pulses
are ensured.
Chrominance is modified in gain (programmable
separately for U and V), standard dependent burst is
inserted, before baseband colour signals are interpolated
from a 6.75 MHz data rate to a 27 MHz data rate. One of
the interpolation stages can be bypassed, thus providing a
higher colour bandwidth, which can be made use of for
Y and C output. The transfer characteristics of the
chrominance interpolation filter are illustrated in
Figs 8 and 9.
Finally, factor FADE3 is effective when a colour in the data
stream fed to the MPEG port fader input is recognized as
neither being between KEY1L and KEY1U nor being
between KEY2L and KEY2U. FADE3 = 00H results in
100% signal at the MPEG port fader input and 0% signal
at the fader Video port input. Variation of 63 steps is
possible up to FADE3 = 3FH, resulting in 0% signal at the
MPEG port fader input and 100% signal at the fader Video
port input.
The amplitude, beginning and ending of the inserted burst,
is programmable in a certain range that is suitable for
standard signals and for special effects. Behind the
succeeding quadrature modulator, colour in a 10-bit
resolution is provided on the subcarrier.
Optionally, all upper and lower thresholds can be ignored,
enabling to fade signals only against the LUT colour.
If bit CFADM is set HIGH, all data at the MPEG port fader
are faded against the LUT colour, if bit CFADV is set
HIGH, all data at the Video port fader are faded against the
LUT colour.
2004 Mar 16
Data manager
The numeric ratio between Y and C outputs is in
accordance with the respective standards.
10
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7.3.2
SAF7129AH
7.4
TELETEXT INSERTION AND ENCODING
This block contains a dematrix in order to produce red,
green and blue signals to be fed to a SCART plug.
Pin TTX receives a WST or NABTS teletext bitstream
sampled at the LLC clock. Two protocols are provided:
• At each rising edge of output signal (TTXRQ) a single
teletext bit has to be provided after a programmable
delay at input pin TTX
Before Y, CB and CR signals are de-matrixed, individual
gain adjustment for Y and colour difference signals and
2 times oversampling for luminance and 4 times
oversampling for colour difference signals is performed.
The transfer curves of luminance and colour difference
components of RGB are illustrated in Figs 12 and 13.
• The signal TTXRQ performs only a single LOW-to-HIGH
transition and remains at HIGH level for 360, 296 or 288
teletext bits, depending on the chosen standard.
Phase variant interpolation is achieved on this bitstream in
the internal teletext encoder, providing sufficient small
phase jitter on the output text lines.
7.5
A baseband frequency modulator with a reference
frequency shifted from 4.286 MHz to DC carries out
SECAM modulation in accordance with appropriate
standard or optionally wide clipping limits.
After the HF pre-emphasis, also applied on a DC reference
carrier (anti-Cloche filter; see Figs 16 and 17), line-by-line
sequential carriers with black reference of 4.25 MHz (Db)
and 4.40625 MHz (Dr) are generated using specified
values for FSC programming bytes.
VIDEO PROGRAMMING SYSTEM (VPS) ENCODING
Five bytes of VPS information can be loaded via the
I2C-bus and will be encoded in the appropriate format into
line 16.
7.3.4
Alternating phase reset in accordance with SECAM
standard is carried out automatically. During vertical
blanking, the so-called “bottle pulses” are not provided.
CLOSED CAPTION ENCODER
Using this circuit, data in accordance with the specification
of closed caption or extended data service, delivered by
the control interface, can be encoded (line 21). Two
dedicated pairs of bytes (two bytes per field), each pair
preceded by run-in clocks and framing code, are possible.
7.6
Output interface/DACs
In the output interface, encoded Y and C signals are
converted from digital-to-analog in a 10-bit resolution.
Y and C signals are also combined to a 10-bit CVBS
signal.
The actual line number where data is to be encoded in, can
be modified in a certain range.
The CVBS output occurs with the same processing delay
(equal to 82 LLC clock periods, measured from MP input
to the analog outputs) as the Y, C and RGB outputs.
Absolute amplitude at the input of the DAC for CVBS is
reduced by 15⁄16 with respect to Y and C DACs to make
maximum use of conversion ranges.
The data clock frequency is in accordance with the
definition for NTSC-M standard 32 times horizontal line
frequency.
Data LOW at the output of the DACs corresponds to 0 IRE,
data HIGH at the output of the DACs corresponds to
approximately 50 IRE.
Red, green and blue signals are also converted from
digital-to-analog, each providing a 9-bit resolution.
It is also possible to encode closed caption data for 50 Hz
field frequencies at 32 times horizontal line frequency.
2004 Mar 16
SECAM processor
SECAM specific pre-processing is achieved by a
pre-emphasis of colour difference signals (for gain and
phase see Figs 14 and 15).
TTXRQ provides a fully programmable request signal to
the teletext source, indicating the insertion period of
bitstream at lines which are selectable independently for
both fields. The internal insertion window for text is set to
360 (PAL-WST), 296 (NTSC-WST) or 288 (NABTS)
teletext bits including clock run-in bits. The protocol and
timing are illustrated in Fig.23.
7.3.3
RGB processor
Outputs of the DACs can be set together via software
control to minimum output voltage (approximately 0.2 V
DC) for either purpose. Alternatively, the buffers can be
switched into 3-state output condition; this allows for a
‘wired AND’ configuration with other 3-state outputs and
can also be used as a power-save mode.
11
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7.7
SAF7129AH
In slave mode, the horizontal trigger phase can be
programmed to any point in the line, the vertical phase
from line 0 to line 15 counted from the first serration pulse
in half line steps.
Synchronization
The synchronization of the SAF7129AH is able to operate
in two modes; slave mode and master mode.
In master mode (see Fig.19), the circuit generates all
necessary timings in the video signal itself, and it can
provide timing signals at the RCV1 and RCV2 ports.
In slave mode, it accepts timing information either from the
RCV pins or from the embedded timing data of the
ITU-R BT.656 data stream.
Whenever synchronization information cannot be derived
directly from the inputs, the SAF7129AH will calculate it
from the internal horizontal, vertical and PAL phase. This
gives good flexibility with respect to external
synchronization, but the circuit does not suppress illegal
settings. In such an event, the odd/even information may
vanish as it does in the non-interlaced modes.
For the SAF7129AH, the only difference between master
and slave mode is that it ignores the timing information at
its inputs in master mode. Thus, if in slave mode, any
timing information is missing, the IC will continue running
free without a visible effect. But there must not be any
additional pulses (with wrong phase) because the circuit
will not ignore them.
In master mode, the line lengths are fixed to 1728 clocks
at 50 Hz and 1716 clocks at 60 Hz. To allow
non-interlaced frames, the field lengths can be varied by
±0.5 lines. In the event of non-interlace, the SAF7129AH
does not provide odd/even information and the output
signal does not contain the PAL ‘Bruch sequence’.
In slave mode (see Fig.18), an interface circuit decides,
which signal is expected at the RCV1 port and which
information is taken from its active slope. The polarity can
be chosen. If PRCV1 is logic 0, the rising slope will be
active.
At the RCV1 pin the IC can provide:
• A Vertical Sync (VS) signal with 2.5 (50 Hz) or 3 (60 Hz)
lines duration
• An odd/even signal which is LOW in odd fields
• A Field Sequence (FSEQ) signal which is HIGH in the
first field of the 4, 8 respectively 12 field sequences.
The signal can be:
• A Vertical Sync (VS) pulse; the active slope sets the
vertical phase
At the RCV2 pin, there is a horizontal pulse of
programmable phase and duration available. This pulse
can be suppressed in the programmable inactive part of a
field, giving a composite blank signal.
• An odd/even signal; the active slope sets the vertical
phase, the internal field flag to odd and optionally sets
the horizontal phase
• A Field Sequence (FSEQ) signal; it marks the first field
of the 4 (NTSC), 8 (PAL) respectively 12 (SECAM) field
sequences. In addition to the odd/even signal, it also
sets the PAL phase and optionally defines the subcarrier
phase.
The directions and polarities of the RCV ports can be
chosen independently. Timing references can be found in
Tables 52 and 60.
On the RCV2 port, the IC can provide a horizontal pulse
with programmable start and stop phase; this pulse can be
inhibited in the vertical blanking period to build up, for
example, a composite blanking signal.
The input to LLC1 can either be an external clock source
or the buffered on-chip clock XCLK. The internal crystal
oscillator can be run with either a 3rd-harmonic or a
fundamental crystal frequency.
7.8
The horizontal phase can be set via a separate input
RCV2. In the event of VS pulses at RCV1, this is
mandatory. It is also possible to set the signal path to blank
via this input.
7.9
I2C-bus interface
The I2C-bus interface is a standard slave transceiver,
supporting 7-bit slave addresses and 400 kbits/s
guaranteed transfer rate. It uses 8-bit subaddressing with
an auto-increment function. All registers are write and
readable, except one read only status byte.
From the ITU-R BT.656 data stream, the SAF7129AH
decodes only the start of the first line in the odd field. All
other information is ignored and may miss. If this kind of
slave mode is active, the RCV pins may be switched to
output mode.
2004 Mar 16
Clock
The I2C-bus slave address is defined as 88H with pin 21
(SA) tied LOW and as 8CH with pin 21 (SA) tied HIGH.
12
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7.10
SAF7129AH
Input levels and formats
The RGB, respectively CR-Y-CB path features a gain
setting individually for luminance (GY) and colour
difference signals (GCD).
The SAF7129AH expects digital Y, CB and CR data with
levels (digital codes) in accordance with “ITU-R BT.601”.
Reference levels are measured with a colour bar,
100% white, 100% amplitude and 100% saturation.
For C and CVBS outputs, deviating amplitudes of the
colour difference signals can be compensated by
independent gain control setting, while gain for luminance
is set to predefined values, distinguishable for 7.5 IRE
set-up or without set-up.
Table 1
“ITU-R BT.601” signal component levels
SIGNALS(1)
COLOUR
White
Y
CB
CR
R(2)
G(2)
B(2)
235
128
128
235
235
235
Yellow
210
16
146
235
235
16
Cyan
170
166
16
16
235
235
Green
145
54
34
16
235
16
Magenta
106
202
222
235
16
235
Red
81
90
240
235
16
16
Blue
41
240
110
16
16
235
Black
16
128
128
16
16
16
Notes
1. Transformation:
a) R = Y + 1.3707 × (CR − 128)
b) G = Y − 0.3365 × (CB − 128) − 0.6982 × (CR − 128)
c) B = Y + 1.7324 × (CB − 128).
2. Representation of R, G and B (or CR, Y and CB) at the output is 9 bits at 27 MHz.
Table 2
8-bit multiplexed format (similar to “ITU-R BT.601” )
BITS
TIME
Sample
Luminance pixel number
Colour pixel number
2004 Mar 16
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CB0
Y0
CR0
Y1
CB2
Y2
CR2
Y3
0
1
0
2
3
2
13
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Table 3
Slave receiver (slave address 88H)
DATA BYTE(1)
REGISTER FUNCTION
SUBADDR
D7
Status byte (read only)
Null
00H
VER2
01H to 25H 0
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
VER1
VER0
CCRDO
CCRDE
0
FSEQ
O_E
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Wide screen signal
26H
WSS7
WSS6
WSS5
WSS4
WSS3
WSS2
WSS1
WSS0
Wide screen signal
27H
WSSON
0
WSS13
WSS12
WSS11
WSS10
WSS9
WSS8
Real-time control, burst start
28H
DECCOL
DECFIS
BS5
BS4
BS3
BS2
BS1
BS0
Burst end
29H
0
0
BE5
BE4
BE3
BE2
BE1
BE0
Copy generation 0
2AH
CG07
CG06
CG05
CG04
CG03
CG02
CG01
CG00
Copy generation 1
2BH
CG15
CG14
CG13
CG12
CG11
CG10
CG09
CG08
0
0
0
CG19
CG18
CG17
CG16
YTRI
CTRI
RTRI
GTRI
BTRI
CG enable, copy generation 2
2CH
CGEN
Output port control
2DH
CVBSEN1 CVBSEN0 CVBSTRI
Null
2EH to 37H 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
0
0
0
GY4
GY3
GY2
GY1
GY0
39H
0
0
0
GCD4
GCD3
GCD2
GCD1
GCD0
Input port control 1
3AH
CBENB
0
0
SYMP
DEMOFF
CSYNC
MP2C
VP2C
Key colour 1 lower limit U
42H
KEY1LU7
KEY1LU6
KEY1LU5
KEY1LU4
KEY1LU3
KEY1LU2
KEY1LU1
KEY1LU0
Key colour 1 lower limit V
43H
KEY1LV7
KEY1LV6
KEY1LV5
KEY1LV4
KEY1LV3
KEY1LV2
KEY1LV1
KEY1LV0
Key colour 1 lower limit Y
44H
KEY1LY7
KEY1LY6
KEY1LY5
KEY1LY4
KEY1LY3
KEY1LY2
KEY1LY1
KEY1LY0
Key colour 2 lower limit U
45H
KEY2LU7
KEY2LU6
KEY2LU5
KEY2LU4
KEY2LU3
KEY2LU2
KEY2LU1
KEY2LU0
Key colour 2 lower limit V
46H
KEY2LV7
KEY2LV6
KEY2LV5
KEY2LV4
KEY2LV3
KEY2LV2
KEY2LV1
KEY2LV0
Key colour 2 lower limit Y
47H
KEY2LY7
KEY2LY6
KEY2LY5
KEY2LY4
KEY2LY3
KEY2LY2
KEY2LY1
KEY2LY0
Key colour 1 upper limit U
48H
KEY1UU7
KEY1UU6
KEY1UU5
KEY1UU4
KEY1UU3
KEY1UU2
KEY1UU1
KEY1UU0
Key colour 1 upper limit V
49H
KEY1UV7
KEY1UV6
KEY1UV5
KEY1UV4
KEY1UV3
KEY1UV2
KEY1UV1
KEY1UV0
Key colour 1 upper limit Y
4AH
KEY1UY7
KEY1UY6
KEY1UY5
KEY1UY4
KEY1UY3
KEY1UY2
KEY1UY1
KEY1UY0
Key colour 2 upper limit U
4BH
KEY2UU7
KEY2UU6
KEY2UU5
KEY2UU4
KEY2UU3
KEY2UU2
KEY2UU1
KEY2UU0
Key colour 2 upper limit V
4CH
KEY2UV7
KEY2UV6
KEY2UV5
KEY2UV4
KEY2UV3
KEY2UV2
KEY2UV1
KEY2UV0
Key colour 2 upper limit Y
4DH
KEY2UY7
KEY2UY6
KEY2UY5
KEY2UY4
KEY2UY3
KEY2UY2
KEY2UY1
KEY2UY0
Fade factor key colour 1
4EH
0
0
FADE15
FADE14
FADE13
FADE12
FADE11
FADE10
CFade, Fade factor key
colour 2
4FH
CFADEM
CFADEV
FADE25
FADE24
FADE23
FADE22
FADE21
FADE20
Product specification
38H
Gain colour difference for RGB
SAF7129AH
Gain luminance for RGB
Philips Semiconductors
Bit allocation map
Digital video encoder
2004 Mar 16
7.11
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D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Fade factor other
50H
0
0
FADE35
FADE34
FADE33
FADE32
FADE31
FADE30
Look-up table key colour 2 U
51H
LUTU7
LUTU6
LUTU5
LUTU4
LUTU3
LUTU2
LUTU1
LUTU0
Look-up table key colour 2 V
52H
LUTV7
LUTV6
LUTV5
LUTV4
LUTV3
LUTV2
LUTV1
LUTV0
Look-up table key colour 2 Y
53H
LUTY7
LUTY6
LUTY5
LUTY4
LUTY3
LUTY2
LUTY1
LUTY0
VPS enable, input control 2
54H
VPSEN
0
ENCIN
RGBIN
DELIN
VPSEL
EDGE2
EDGE1
VPS byte 5
55H
VPS57
VPS56
VPS55
VPS54
VPS53
VPS52
VPS51
VPS50
VPS byte 11
56H
VPS117
VPS116
VPS115
VPS114
VPS113
VPS112
VPS111
VPS110
VPS byte 12
57H
VPS127
VPS126
VPS125
VPS124
VPS123
VPS122
VPS121
VPS120
VPS byte 13
58H
VPS137
VPS136
VPS135
VPS134
VPS133
VPS132
VPS131
VPS130
VPS byte 14
59H
VPS147
VPS146
VPS145
VPS144
VPS143
VPS142
VPS141
VPS140
Chrominance phase
5AH
CHPS7
CHPS6
CHPS5
CHPS4
CHPS3
CHPS2
CHPS1
CHPS0
Gain U
5BH
GAINU7
GAINU6
GAINU5
GAINU4
GAINU3
GAINU2
GAINU1
GAINU0
15
Gain V
5CH
GAINV7
GAINV6
GAINV5
GAINV4
GAINV3
GAINV2
GAINV1
GAINV0
Gain U MSB, real-time control,
black level
5DH
GAINU8
DECOE
BLCKL5
BLCKL4
BLCKL3
BLCKL2
BLCKL1
BLCKL0
Gain V MSB, real-time control,
blanking level
5EH
GAINV8
DECPH
BLNNL5
BLNNL4
BLNNL3
BLNNL2
BLNNL1
BLNNL0
CCR, blanking level VBI
5FH
CCRS1
CCRS0
BLNVB5
BLNVB4
BLNVB3
BLNVB2
BLNVB1
BLNVB0
Null
60H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Standard control
61H
DOWNB
DOWNA
INPI
YGS
SECAM
SCBW
PAL
FISE
RTC enable, burst amplitude
62H
RTCE
BSTA6
BSTA5
BSTA4
BSTA3
BSTA2
BSTA1
BSTA0
Subcarrier 0
63H
FSC07
FSC06
FSC05
FSC04
FSC03
FSC02
FSC01
FSC00
Subcarrier 1
64H
FSC15
FSC14
FSC13
FSC12
FSC11
FSC10
FSC09
FSC08
Subcarrier 2
65H
FSC23
FSC22
FSC21
FSC20
FSC19
FSC18
FSC17
FSC16
FSC31
FSC30
FSC29
FSC28
FSC27
FSC26
FSC25
FSC24
67H
L21O07
L21O06
L21O05
L21O04
L21O03
L21O02
L21O01
L21O00
Line 21 odd 1
68H
L21O17
L21O16
L21O15
L21O14
L21O13
L21O12
L21O11
L21O10
Line 21 even 0
69H
L21E07
L21E06
L21E05
L21E04
L21E03
L21E02
L21E01
L21E00
Line 21 even 1
6AH
L21E17
L21E16
L21E15
L21E14
L21E13
L21E12
L21E11
L21E10
RCV port control
6BH
SRCV11
SRCV10
TRCV2
ORCV1
PRCV1
CBLF
ORCV2
PRCV2
Trigger control
6CH
HTRIG7
HTRIG6
HTRIG5
HTRIG4
HTRIG3
HTRIG2
HTRIG1
HTRIG0
Product specification
66H
Line 21 odd 0
SAF7129AH
Subcarrier 3
Philips Semiconductors
SUBADDR
Digital video encoder
2004 Mar 16
DATA BYTE(1)
REGISTER FUNCTION
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D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Trigger control
6DH
HTRIG10
HTRIG9
HTRIG8
VTRIG4
VTRIG3
VTRIG2
VTRIG1
VTRIG0
Multi control
6EH
SBLBN
BLCKON
PHRES1
PHRES0
LDEL1
LDEL0
FLC1
FLC0
Closed caption, teletext enable
6FH
CCEN1
CCEN0
TTXEN
SCCLN4
SCCLN3
SCCLN2
SCCLN1
SCCLN0
RCV2 output start
70H
RCV2S7
RCV2S6
RCV2S5
RCV2S4
RCV2S3
RCV2S2
RCV2S1
RCV2S0
RCV2 output end
71H
RCV2E7
RCV2E6
RCV2E5
RCV2E4
RCV2E3
RCV2E2
RCV2E1
RCV2E0
MSBs RCV2 output
72H
0
RCV2E10
RCV2E9
RCV2E8
0
RCV2S10
RCV2S9
RCV2S8
TTX request H start
73H
TTXHS7
TTXHS6
TTXHS5
TTXHS4
TTXHS3
TTXHS2
TTXHS1
TTXHS0
TTX request H delay
74H
TTXHD7
TTXHD6
TTXHD5
TTXHD4
TTXHD3
TTXHD2
TTXHD1
TTXHD0
CSYNC advance, Vsync shift
75H
CSYNCA4 CSYNCA3 CSYNCA2 CSYNCA1 CSYNCA0 VS_S2
VS_S1
VS_S0
TTX odd request vertical start
76H
TTXOVS7
TTXOVS6
TTXOVS5
TTXOVS4
TTXOVS3
TTXOVS2
TTXOVS1
TTXOVS0
TTX odd request vertical end
77H
TTXOVE7
TTXOVE6
TTXOVE5
TTXOVE4
TTXOVE3
TTXOVE2
TTXOVE1
TTXOVE0
TTX even request vertical start
78H
TTXEVS7
TTXEVS6
TTXEVS5
TTXEVS4
TTXEVS3
TTXEVS2
TTXEVS1
TTXEVS0
16
TTX even request vertical end
79H
TTXEVE7
TTXEVE6
TTXEVE5
TTXEVE4
TTXEVE3
TTXEVE2
TTXEVE1
TTXEVE0
First active line
7AH
FAL7
FAL6
FAL5
FAL4
FAL3
FAL2
FAL1
FAL0
Last active line
7BH
LAL7
LAL6
LAL5
LAL4
LAL3
LAL2
LAL1
LAL0
TTX mode, MSB vertical
7CH
TTX60
LAL8
TTXO
FAL8
TTXEVE8
TTXOVE8
TTXEVS8
TTXOVS8
Null
7DH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Disable TTX line
7EH
LINE12
LINE11
LINE10
LINE9
LINE8
LINE7
LINE6
LINE5
Disable TTX line
7FH
LINE20
LINE19
LINE18
LINE17
LINE16
LINE15
LINE14
LINE13
Philips Semiconductors
SUBADDR
Digital video encoder
2004 Mar 16
DATA BYTE(1)
REGISTER FUNCTION
Note
1. All bits labelled ‘0’ are reserved. They must be programmed with logic 0.
Product specification
SAF7129AH
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
I2C-bus format
7.12
I2C-bus address; see Table 5
Table 4
S
SLAVE ADDRESS
Table 5
ACK
SUBADDRESS
ACK
DATA 0
ACK
--------
DATA n
Explanation of Table 4
PART
DESCRIPTION
S
START condition
SLAVE ADDRESS
1000 100X or 1000 110X; note 1
ACK
acknowledge, generated by the slave
SUBADDRESS; note 2
subaddress byte
DATA
data byte
--------
continued data bytes and ACKs
P
STOP condition
Notes
1. X is the read/write control bit; X = logic 0 is order to write; X = logic 1 is order to read.
2. If more than 1 byte DATA is transmitted, then auto-increment of the subaddress is performed.
7.13
Slave receiver
Table 6
Subaddress 26H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
WSS7
6
WSS6
5
WSS5
4
WSS4
3
WSS3
2
WSS2
1
WSS1
0
WSS0
Table 7
DESCRIPTION
Wide screen signalling bits: enhanced services field.
Wide screen signalling bits: aspect ratio field.
Subaddress 27H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
WSSON
6
−
5
WSS13
4
WSS12
3
WSS11
2
WSS10
1
WSS9
0
WSS8
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
0 = wide screen signalling output is disabled; default state after reset
1 = wide screen signalling output is enabled
This bit is reserved and must be set to logic 0.
Wide screen signalling bits: reserved field.
Wide screen signalling bits: subtitles field.
17
ACK
P
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
Table 8
SAF7129AH
Subaddress 28H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
DECCOL
0 = disable colour detection bit of RTCI input
1 = enable colour detection bit of RTCI input; bit RTCE must be set to logic 1
(see Fig.22)
6
DECFIS
0 = field sequence as FISE in subaddress 61
1 = field sequence as FISE bit in RTCI input; bit RTCE must be set to logic 1
(see Fig.22)
5
BS5
4
BS4
PAL: BS[5:0] = 33 (21H); default value after reset
3
BS3
NTSC: BS[5:0] = 25 (19H)
2
BS2
1
BS1
0
BS0
Table 9
DESCRIPTION
starting point of burst in clock cycles
Subaddress 29H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
−
DESCRIPTION
These 2 bits are reserved; each must be set to logic 0.
6
−
5
BE5
4
BE4
PAL: BE[5:0] = 29 (1DH); default value after reset
3
BE3
NTSC: BE[5:0] = 29 (1DH)
2
BE2
1
BE1
0
BE0
ending point of burst in clock cycles
Table 10 Subaddress 2AH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
CG[07:00]
LSB of the byte is encoded immediately after run-in, the MSB of the byte has to carry
the CRCC bit, in accordance with the definition of copy generation management system
encoding format.
Table 11 Subaddress 2BH
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
CG[15:08]
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
Second byte; the MSB of the byte has to carry the CRCC bit, in accordance with the
definition of copy generation management system encoding format.
18
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 12 Subaddress 2CH
BIT
SYMBOL
7
CGEN
6
−
5
−
4
−
3
CG19
2
CG18
1
CG17
0
CG16
DESCRIPTION
0 = copy generation data output is disabled; default state after reset
1 = copy generation data output is enabled
These 3 bits are reserved; each must be set to logic 0.
Remaining bits of copy generation code.
Table 13 Subaddress 2DH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
CVBSEN1
0 = luminance output signal is switched to Y DAC; default state after reset
1 = CVBS output signal is switched to Y DAC
6
CVBSEN0
0 = chrominance output signal is switched to C DAC; default state after reset
1 = CVBS output signal is switched to C DAC
5
CVBSTRI
0 = DAC for CVBS output in 3-state mode (high-impedance)
1 = DAC for CVBS output in normal operation mode; default state after reset
4
YTRI
0 = DAC for Y output in 3-state mode (high-impedance)
1 = DAC for Y output in normal operation mode; default state after reset
3
CTRI
0 = DAC for C output in 3-state mode (high-impedance)
1 = DAC for C output in normal operation mode; default state after reset
2
RTRI
0 = DAC for RED output in 3-state mode (high-impedance)
1 = DAC for RED output in normal operation mode; default state after reset
1
GTRI
0 = DAC for GREEN output in 3-state mode (high-impedance)
1 = DAC for GREEN output in normal operation mode; default state after reset
0
BTRI
0 = DAC for BLUE output in 3-state mode (high-impedance)
1 = DAC for BLUE output in normal operation mode; default state after reset
Table 14 Subaddress 38H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 5
−
4 to 0
GY[4:0]
DESCRIPTION
These 3 bits are reserved; each must be set to logic 0.
Gain luminance of RGB (CR, Y and CB) output, ranging from (1 − 16⁄32) to (1 + 15⁄32).
Suggested nominal value = −6 (11010b), depending on external application.
Table 15 Subaddress 39H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 5
−
4 to 0
GCD[4:0]
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
These 3 bits are reserved; each must be set to logic 0.
Gain colour difference of RGB (CR, Y and CB) output, ranging from
(1 − 16⁄32) to (1 + 15⁄32). Suggested nominal value = −6 (11010b), depending on external
application.
19
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 16 Subaddress 3AH
BIT
SYMBOL
7
CBENB
6
−
DESCRIPTION
0 = data from input ports is encoded; default state after reset
1 = colour bar with fixed colours is encoded
These 2 bits are reserved; each must be set to a logic 0.
5
−
4
SYMP
3
DEMOFF
2
CSYNC
1
MP2C
0 = input data is twos complement from MPEG port fader input
1 = input data is straight binary from MPEG port fader input; default state after reset
0
VP2C
0 = input data is twos complement from Video port fader input
1 = input data is straight binary from Video port fader input; default state after reset
0 = horizontal and vertical trigger is taken from RCV2 and RCV1 respectively; default
state after reset
1 = horizontal and vertical trigger is decoded out of “ITU-R BT.656” compatible data at
MPEG port
0 = YCBCR-to-RGB dematrix is active; default state after reset
1 = YCBCR-to-RGB dematrix is bypassed
0 = CVBS output signal is switched to CVBS DAC; default state after reset
1 = advanced composite sync is switched to CVBS DAC
Table 17 Subaddresses 42H to 44H and 48H to 4AH
ADDRESS
BYTE
42H
48H
KEY1LU
KEY1UU
43H
49H
KEY1LV
KEY1UV
44H
4AH
KEY1LY
KEY1UY
DESCRIPTION
Key colour 1 lower and upper limits for U, V and Y. If MPEG input signal is within the
limits of key colour 1 the incoming signals at the Video port and MPEG port are added
together according to the equation:
FADE1 × video signal + (1 − FADE1) × MPEG signal
Default value of all bytes after reset = 80H.
Table 18 Subaddresses 45H to 47H and 4BH to 4DH
ADDRESS
BYTE
45H
4BH
KEY2LU
KEY2UU
46H
4CH
KEY2LV
KEY2UV
47H
4DH
KEY2LY
KEY2UY
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
Key colour 2 lower and upper limits for U, V and Y. If MPEG input signal is within the
limits of key colour 2 the incoming signals at the Video port and MPEG port are added
together according to the equation:
FADE2 × video signal + (1 − FADE2) × LUT values
Default value of all bytes after reset = 80H.
20
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 19 Subaddress 4EH
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 6
−
5 to 0
FADE1[5:0]
DESCRIPTION
These 2 bits are reserved; each must be set to logic 0.
These 6 bits form factor FADE1 which determines the ratio between the MPEG and
video input signal in the resulting video data stream if the key colour 1 is detected in the
MPEG input signal.
FADE1 = 00H: 100% MPEG, 0% video
FADE1 = 3FH: 100% video, 0% MPEG; this is the default value after reset
Table 20 Subaddress 4FH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
CFADEM
0 = fader operates in normal mode; default state after reset
1 = the entire video input stream is faded with the colour stored in the LUT
(subaddresses 51H to 53H) regardless of the MPEG input signal. The colour keys are
disabled.
6
CFADEV
0 = fader operates in normal mode; default state after reset
1 = the entire MPEG input stream is faded with the colour stored in the LUT
(subaddresses 51H to 53H) regardless of the video input signal. The colour keys are
disabled.
5 to 0
FADE2[5:0]
These 6 bits form factor FADE2 which determines the ratio between the LUT colour
values (subaddresses 51H to 53H) and the video input signal in the resulting video data
stream if the key colour 2 is detected in the MPEG input signal.
FADE2 = 00H: 100% LUT colour, 0% video
FADE2 = 3FH: 100% video, 0% LUT colour; this is the default value after reset
Table 21 Subaddress 50H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 6
−
5 to 0
FADE3[5:0]
DESCRIPTION
These 2 bits are reserved; each must be a logic 0.
These 6 bits form factor FADE3 which determines the ratio between the MPEG and
video input signal in the resulting video data stream if neither the key colour 1 nor the
key colour 2 is detected in the MPEG input signal.
FADE3 = 00H: 100% MPEG, 0% video
FADE3 = 3FH: 100% video, 0% MPEG; this is the default value after reset
2004 Mar 16
21
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 22 Subaddress 51H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
LUTU[7:0]
LUT for the colour values inserted in case of key colour 2 U detection in the MPEG input
data stream.
LUTU[7:0] = 80H; default value after reset
Table 23 Subaddress 52H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
LUTV[7:0]
LUT for the colour values inserted in case of key colour 2 V detection in the MPEG input
data stream.
LUTV[7:0] = 80H; default value after reset
Table 24 Subaddress 53H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
LUTY[7:0]
LUT for the colour values inserted in case of key colour 2 Y detection in the MPEG input
data stream.
LUTY[7:0] = 80H; default value after reset
Table 25 Subaddress 54H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
VPSEN
6
−
5
ENCIN
0 = encoder path is fed with MPB input data; fader is bypassed; default state after reset
1 = encoder path is fed with output signal of fader; see Section 7.1
4
RGBIN
0 = RGB path is fed with MPB input data; fader is bypassed; default state after reset
1 = RGB path is fed with output signal of fader; see Section 7.1
3
DELIN
0 = not supported in current version; do not use
1 = recommended value; default state after reset
2
VPSEL
0 = not supported in current version; do not use
1 = recommended value; default state after reset
1
EDGE2
0 = MPB data is sampled on the rising clock edge; default state after reset
1 = MPB data is sampled on the falling clock edge
0
EDGE1
0 = MPA data is sampled on the rising clock edge; default state after reset
1 = MPA data is sampled on the falling clock edge
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
0 = video programming system data insertion is disabled; default state after reset
1 = video programming system data insertion in line 16 is enabled
This bit is not used and should be set to logic 0.
22
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 26 Subaddress 55H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
VPS5[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Fifth byte of video programming system data in line 16; LSB first.
Table 27 Subaddress 56H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
VPS11[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Eleventh byte of video programming system data in line 16; LSB first.
Table 28 Subaddress 57H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
VPS12[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Twelfth byte of video programming system data in line 16; LSB first.
Table 29 Subaddress 58H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
VPS13[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Thirteenth byte of video programming system data in line 16; LSB first.
Table 30 Subaddress 59H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
VPS14[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Fourteenth byte of video programming system data in line 16; LSB first.
Table 31 Subaddress 5AH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
CHPS[7:0]
Phase of encoded colour subcarrier (including burst) relative to horizontal sync; can be
adjusted in steps of 360/256 degrees.
0FH = PAL-B/G and data from input ports
3AH = PAL-B/G and data from look-up table
35H = NTSC-M and data from input ports
57H = NTSC-M and data from look-up table
2004 Mar 16
23
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 32 Subaddress 5BH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
GAINU[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that selects the variable gain for the CB signal;
input representation in accordance with “ITU-R BT.601”; see Table 33. The MSB is held
in subaddress 5DH; see Table 36.
Table 33 GAINU values
CONDITIONS(1)
ENCODING
white-to-black = 92.5 IRE
GAINU = −2.17 × nominal to +2.16 × nominal
GAINU[8:0] = 0
output subcarrier of U contribution = 0
GAINU[8:0] = 118 (76H)
output subcarrier of U contribution = nominal
white-to-black = 100 IRE
GAINU = −2.05 × nominal to +2.04 × nominal
GAINU[8:0] = 0
output subcarrier of U contribution = 0
GAINU[8:0] = 125 (7DH)
output subcarrier of U contribution = nominal
GAINU[8:0] = 106 (6AH)
nominal GAINU for SECAM encoding
Note
1. All IRE values are rounded up.
Table 34 Subaddress 5CH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
GAINV[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that selects the variable gain for the CR signal;
input representation in accordance with “ITU-R BT.601”; see Table 35. The MSB is held
in subaddress 5EH; see Table 38.
Table 35 GAINV values
CONDITIONS(1)
ENCODING
white-to-black = 92.5 IRE
GAINV = −1.55 × nominal to +1.55 × nominal
GAINV[8:0] = 0
output subcarrier of V contribution = 0
GAINV[8:0] = 165 (A5H)
output subcarrier of V contribution = nominal
white-to-black = 100 IRE
GAINV = −1.46 × nominal to +1.46 × nominal
GAINV[8:0] = 0
output subcarrier of V contribution = 0
GAINV[8:0] = 175 (AFH)
output subcarrier of V contribution = nominal
GAINV[8:0] = 129 (81H)
nominal GAINV for SECAM encoding
Note
1. All IRE values are rounded up.
2004 Mar 16
24
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 36 Subaddress 5DH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
GAINU8
MSB of the 9-bit code that sets the variable gain for the CB signal; see Table 32.
6
DECOE
real-time control:
0 = disable odd/even field control bit from RTCI
1 = enable odd/even field control bit from RTCI (see Fig.22)
5 to 0
BLCKL[5:0]
variable black level; input representation in accordance with “ITU-R BT.601”;
see Table 37
Table 37 BLCKL values
CONDITIONS(1)
ENCODING(1)
white-to-sync = 140 IRE; note 2 recommended value: BLCKL = 58 (3AH)
BLCKL = 0; note 2
output black level = 29 IRE
BLCKL = 63 (3FH); note 2
output black level = 49 IRE
white-to-sync = 143 IRE; note 3 recommended value: BLCKL = 51 (33H)
BLCKL = 0; note 3
output black level = 27 IRE
BLCKL = 63 (3FH); note 3
output black level = 47 IRE
Notes
1. All IRE values are rounded up.
2. Output black level/IRE = BLCKL × 2/6.29 + 28.9.
3. Output black level/IRE = BLCKL × 2/6.18 + 26.5.
Table 38 Subaddress 5EH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
GAINV8
MSB of the 9-bit code that sets the variable gain for the CR signal; see Table 34.
6
DECPH
real-time control:
0 = disable subcarrier phase reset bit from RTCI
1 = enable subcarrier phase reset bit from RTCI (see Fig.22)
5 to 0
2004 Mar 16
BLNNL[5:0]
variable blanking level; see Table 39
25
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 39 BLNNL values
CONDITIONS(1)
ENCODING(1)
white-to-sync = 140 IRE; note 2 recommended value: BLNNL = 46 (2EH)
BLNNL = 0; note 2
output blanking level = 25 IRE
BLNNL = 63 (3FH); note 2
output blanking level = 45 IRE
white-to-sync = 143 IRE; note 3 recommended value: BLNNL = 53 (35H)
BLNNL = 0; note 3
output blanking level = 26 IRE
BLNNL = 63 (3FH); note 3
output blanking level = 46 IRE
Notes
1. All IRE values are rounded up.
2. Output black level/IRE = BLNNL × 2/6.29 + 25.4.
3. Output black level/IRE = BLNNL × 2/6.18 + 25.9; default after reset: 35H.
Table 40 Subaddress 5FH
BIT
SYMBOL
7
CCRS1
6
CCRS0
5
BLNVB5
4
BLNVB4
3
BLNVB3
2
BLNVB2
1
BLNVB1
0
BLNVB0
DESCRIPTION
These 2 bits select the cross-colour reduction filter in luminance; see Table 41
and Fig.10.
These 6 bits select the variable blanking level during vertical blanking interval is
typically identical to value of BLNNL.
Table 41 Selection of cross-colour reduction filter
CCRS1
CCRS0
0
0
no cross-colour reduction
0
1
cross-colour reduction #1 active
1
0
cross-colour reduction #2 active
1
1
cross-colour reduction #3 active
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
26
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 42 Subaddress 61H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
DOWNB
0 = DACs for R, G and B in normal operational mode
1 = DACs for R, G and B forced to lowest output voltage; default state after reset
6
DOWNA
0 = DACs for CVBS, Y and C in normal operational mode; default state after reset
1 = DACs for CVBS, Y and C forced to lowest output voltage
5
INPI
0 = PAL switch phase is nominal; default state after reset
1 = PAL switch phase is inverted compared to nominal if RTC is enabled; see Table 43
4
YGS
0 = luminance gain for white − black 100 IRE; default state after reset
1 = luminance gain for white − black 92.5 IRE including 7.5 IRE set-up of black
3
SECAM
0 = no SECAM encoding; default state after reset
1 = SECAM encoding activated; bit PAL has to be set to logic 0
2
SCBW
0 = enlarged bandwidth for chrominance encoding (for overall transfer characteristic of
chrominance in baseband representation see Figs 8 and 9)
1 = standard bandwidth for chrominance encoding (for overall transfer characteristic of
chrominance in baseband representation see Figs 8 and 9); default state after reset
1
PAL
0 = NTSC encoding (non-alternating V component)
1 = PAL encoding (alternating V component); default state after reset
0
FISE
0 = 864 total pixel clocks per line; default state after reset
1 = 858 total pixel clocks per line
Table 43 Subaddress 62H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
RTCE
0 = no real-time control of generated subcarrier frequency; default state after reset
1 = real-time control of generated subcarrier frequency through SAF7113 or SAF7118;
for timing see Fig.22
6 to 0
BSTA[6:0]
2004 Mar 16
amplitude of colour burst; input representation in accordance with “ITU-R BT.601”;
see Table 44
27
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 44 BSTA values
CONDITIONS(1)
ENCODING
white-to-black = 92.5 IRE;
recommended value: BSTA = 63 (3FH)
burst = 40 IRE; NTSC encoding
BSTA = 0 to 2.02 × nominal
white-to-black = 92.5 IRE;
burst = 40 IRE; PAL encoding
recommended value: BSTA = 45 (2DH)
BSTA = 0 to 2.82 × nominal
white-to-black = 100 IRE;
recommended value: BSTA = 67 (43H)
burst = 43 IRE; NTSC encoding
BSTA = 0 to 1.90 × nominal
white-to-black = 100 IRE;
burst = 43 IRE; PAL encoding
recommended value: BSTA = 47 (2FH); default value after reset
BSTA = 0 to 3.02 × nominal
fixed burst amplitude with SECAM encoding
Note
1. All IRE values are rounded up.
Table 45 Subaddresses 63H to 66H
ADDRESS
BYTE
DESCRIPTION
63H
FSC[07:00]
These 4 bytes are used to program the subcarrier frequency. FSC[31:24] is the most
significant byte, FSC[07:00] is the least significant byte.
64H
FSC[15:08]
65H
FSC[23:16]
66H
FSC[31:24]
fsc = subcarrier frequency (in multiples of line frequency)
fllc = clock frequency (in multiples of line frequency)
f sc
32
FSC = round  ------ × 2  ; note 1
 f llc

Note
1. Examples:
a) NTSC-M: fsc = 227.5, fllc = 1716 → FSC = 569408543 (21F07C1FH).
b) PAL-B/G: fsc = 283.7516, fllc = 1728 → FSC = 705268427 (2A098ACBH).
c) SECAM: fsc = 274.304, fllc = 1728 → FSC = 681786290 (28A33BB2H).
2004 Mar 16
28
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 46 Subaddress 67H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
L21O[07:00]
DESCRIPTION
First byte of captioning data, odd field.
LSB of the byte is encoded immediately after run-in and framing code, the MSB of the
byte has to carry the parity bit, in accordance with the definition of line 21 encoding
format.
Table 47 Subaddress 68H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
L21O[17:10]
DESCRIPTION
Second byte of captioning data, odd field.
The MSB of the byte has to carry the parity bit, in accordance with the definition of
line 21 encoding format.
Table 48 Subaddress 69H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
L21E[07:00]
DESCRIPTION
First byte of extended data, even field.
LSB of the byte is encoded immediately after run-in and framing code, the MSB of the
byte has to carry the parity bit, in accordance with the definition of line 21 encoding
format.
Table 49 Subaddress 6AH
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
L21E[17:10]
DESCRIPTION
Second byte of extended data, even field.
The MSB of the byte has to carry the parity bit, in accordance with the definition of
line 21 encoding format.
2004 Mar 16
29
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 50 Subaddress 6BH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
SRCV11
6
SRCV10
5
TRCV2
0 = horizontal synchronization is taken from RCV1 port (at bit SYMP = LOW) or from
decoded frame sync of “ITU-R BT.656” input (at bit SYMP = HIGH); default state after
reset
1 = horizontal synchronization is taken from RCV2 port (at bit SYMP = LOW)
4
ORCV1
0 = pin RCV1 is switched to input; default state after reset
1 = pin RCV1 is switched to output
3
PRCV1
0 = polarity of RCV1 as output is active HIGH, rising edge is taken when input; default
state after reset
1 = polarity of RCV1 as output is active LOW, falling edge is taken when input
2
CBLF
These 2 bits define signal type on pin RCV1; see Table 51
When CBLF = 0.
If ORCV2 = 1, pin RCV2 provides an HREF signal (horizontal reference pulse that is
defined by RCV2S and RCV2E, also during vertical blanking interval); default state
after reset.
If ORCV2 = 0 and bit SYMP = 0, signal input to RCV2 is used for horizontal
synchronization only (if TRCV2 = 1); default state after reset.
When CBLF = 1.
If ORCV2 = 1, pin RCV2 provides a ‘composite-blanking-not’ signal, for example a
reference pulse that is defined by RCV2S and RCV2E, excluding vertical blanking
interval, which is defined by FAL and LAL.
If ORCV2 = 0 and bit SYMP = 0, signal input to RCV2 is used for horizontal
synchronization (if TRCV2 = 1) and as an internal blanking signal.
1
ORCV2
0 = pin RCV2 is switched to input; default state after reset
1 = pin RCV2 is switched to output
0
PRCV2
0 = polarity of RCV2 as output is active HIGH, rising edge is taken when input,
respectively; default state after reset
1 = polarity of RCV2 as output is active LOW, falling edge is taken when input,
respectively
Table 51 Selection of the signal type on pin RCV1
SRCV11
SRCV10
RCV1
0
0
VS
Vertical Sync each field; default state after reset
0
1
FS
Frame Sync (odd/even)
1
0
FSEQ
1
1
−
2004 Mar 16
FUNCTION
Field Sequence, vertical sync every fourth field (PAL = 0), eighth field
(PAL = 1) or twelfth field (SECAM = 1)
not applicable
30
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 52 Subaddress 6CH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
HTRIG[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 11-bit code that sets the horizontal trigger phase related to
the signal on RCV1 or RCV2 input. The 3 MSBs are held in subaddress 6DH;
see Table 53. Values above 1715 (FISE = 1) or 1727 (FISE = 0) are not allowed.
Increasing HTRIG[10:0] decreases delays of all internally generated timing signals.
Reference mark: analog output horizontal sync (leading slope) coincides with active
edge of RCV used for triggering at HTRIG[10:0] = 4FH (79).
Table 53 Subaddress 6DH
BIT
SYMBOL
7
HTRIG10
6
HTRIG9
5
HTRIG8
4
VTRIG4
3
VTRIG3
2
VTRIG2
1
VTRIG1
0
VTRIG0
DESCRIPTION
These are the 3 MSBs of the horizontal trigger phase code; see Table 52.
Sets the vertical trigger phase related to signal on RCV1 input. Increasing VTRIG
decreases delays of all internally generated timing signals, measured in half lines;
variation range of VTRIG[4:0] = 0 to 31 (1FH).
Table 54 Subaddress 6EH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
SBLBN
0 = vertical blanking is defined by programming of FAL and LAL; default state after reset
1 = vertical blanking is forced in accordance with “ITU-R BT.624” (50 Hz) or RS170A
(60 Hz)
6
BLCKON
0 = encoder in normal operation mode
1 = output signal is forced to blanking level; default state after reset
5
PHRES1
4
PHRES0
These 2 bits select the phase reset mode of the colour subcarrier generator;
see Table 55.
3
LDEL1
2
LDEL0
1
FLC1
0
FLC0
These 2 bits select the delay on luminance path with reference to chrominance path;
see Table 56.
These 2 bits select field length control; see Table 57.
Table 55 Selection of phase reset mode
PHRES1
PHRES0
DESCRIPTION
0
0
no reset or reset via RTCI from SAF7113 or SAF7118 if bit RTCE = 1; default value after
reset
0
1
reset every two lines or SECAM specific if bit SECAM = 1
1
0
reset every eight fields
1
1
reset every four fields
2004 Mar 16
31
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 56 Selection of luminance path delay
LDEL1
LDEL0
LUMINANCE PATH DELAY
0
0
no luminance delay; default value after reset
0
1
1 LLC luminance delay
1
0
2 LLC luminance delay
1
1
3 LLC luminance delay
Table 57 Selection of field length control
FLC1
FLC0
DESCRIPTION
0
0
interlaced 312.5 lines/field at 50 Hz, 262.5 lines/field at 60 Hz; default value after reset
0
1
non-interlaced 312 lines/field at 50 Hz, 262 lines/field at 60 Hz
1
0
non-interlaced 313 lines/field at 50 Hz, 263 lines/field at 60 Hz
1
1
non-interlaced 313 lines/field at 50 Hz, 263 lines/field at 60 Hz
Table 58 Subaddress 6FH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
CCEN1
6
CCEN0
5
TTXEN
4
SCCLN4
3
SCCLN3
line = (SCCLN[4:0] + 4) for M-systems
2
SCCLN2
line = (SCCLN[4:0] + 1) for other systems
1
SCCLN1
0
SCCLN0
These 2 bits enable individual line 21 encoding; see Table 59.
0 = disables teletext insertion; default state after reset
1 = enables teletext insertion
These 5 bits select the actual line where closed caption or extended data are encoded.
Table 59 Selection of line 21 encoding
CCEN1
CCEN0
LINE 21 ENCODING
0
0
line 21 encoding off; default value after reset
0
1
enables encoding in field 1 (odd)
1
0
enables encoding in field 2 (even)
1
1
enables encoding in both fields
Table 60 Subaddress 70H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
RCV2S[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 11-bit code that determines the start of the output signal
on the RCV2 pin; the 3 MSBs of the 11-bit code are held at subaddress 72H; see
Table 62. Values above 1715 (FISE = 1) or 1727 (FISE = 0) are not allowed. Leading
sync slope at CVBS output coincides with leading slope of RCV2 out at RCV2S = 49H.
2004 Mar 16
32
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 61 Subaddress 71H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
RCV2E[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 11-bit code that determines the end of the output signal
on the RCV2 pin; the 3 MSBs of the 11-bit code are held at subaddress 72H; see
Table 62. Values above 1715 (FISE = 1) or 1727 (FISE = 0) are not allowed. Leading
sync slope at CVBS output coincides with trailing slope of RCV2 out at RCV2E = 49H.
Table 62 Subaddress 72H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
−
6
RCV2E10
5
RCV2E9
4
RCV2E8
3
−
2
RCV2S10
1
RCV2S9
0
RCV2S8
DESCRIPTION
This bit is reserved and must be set to a logic 0.
These are the 3 MSBs of end of output signal code; see Table 61.
This bit is reserved and must be set to a logic 0.
These are the 3 MSBs of start of output signal code; see Table 60.
Table 63 Subaddress 73H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
TTXHS[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Start of signal on pin TTXRQ; see Fig.23.
PAL: TTXHS[7:0] = 42H
NTSC: TTXHS[7:0] = 54H
Table 64 Subaddress 74H
BIT
SYMBOL
7 to 0
TTXHD[7:0]
DESCRIPTION
Indicates the delay in clock cycles between rising edge of TTXRQ output and valid
data at pin TTX.
minimum value: TTXHD[7:0] = 2
Table 65 Subaddress 75H
BIT
SYMBOL
7
CSYNCA4
6
CSYNCA3
5
CSYNCA2
4
CSYNCA1
3
CSYNCA0
2
VS_S2
1
VS_S1
0
VS_S0
2004 Mar 16
DESCRIPTION
Advanced composite sync against RGB output from 0 to 31 LLC clock periods.
Vertical sync shift between RCV1 and RCV2 (switched to output); in master mode it is
possible to shift Hsync (RCV2; CBLF = 0) against Vsync (RCV1; SRCV1 = 00).
standard value: VS_S[2:0] = 3
33
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 66 Subaddress 76H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
REMARKS
7 to 0
TTXOVS[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that determines the
first line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in odd field.
The MSB is held in subaddress 7CH; see Table 72.
PAL: TTXOVS = 05H;
NTSC: TTXOVS = 06H
line = (TTXOVS[8:0] + 4) for M-systems
line = (TTXOVS[8:0] + 1) for other systems
Table 67 Subaddress 77H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
REMARKS
7 to 0
TTXOVE[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that determines the
last line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in odd field.
The MSB is held in subaddress 7CH; see Table 72.
PAL: TTXOVE = 16H;
NTSC: TTXOVE = 10H
last line = (TTXOVE[8:0] + 3) for M-systems
last line = TTXOVE[8:0] for other systems
Table 68 Subaddress 78H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
REMARKS
7 to 0
TTXEVS[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that determines the
first line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in even field.
The MSB is held in subaddress 7CH; see Table 72.
PAL: TTXEVS = 04H;
NTSC: TTXEVS = 05H
first line = (TTXEVS[8:0] + 4) for M-systems
first line = (TTXEVS[8:0] + 1) for other systems
Table 69 Subaddress 79H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
REMARKS
7 to 0
TTXEVE[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that determines the
last line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in even field.
The MSB is held in subaddress 7CH; see Table 72.
PAL: TTXEVE = 16H;
NTSC: TTXEVE = 10H
last line = (TTXEVE[8:0] + 3) for M-systems
last line = TTXEVE[8:0] for other systems
Table 70 Subaddress 7AH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
FAL[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that determines the first active line. The MSB
is held in subaddress 7CH; see Table 72. FAL[8:0] = 0 coincides with the first field
synchronization pulse.
first active line = (FAL[8:0] + 4) for M-systems
first active line = (FAL[8:0] + 1) for other systems
2004 Mar 16
34
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
Table 71 Subaddress 7BH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
LAL[7:0]
These are the 8 LSBs of the 9-bit code that determines the last active line. The MSB is
held in subaddress 7CH; see Table 72. LAL[8:0] = 0 coincides with the first field
synchronization pulse.
last active line = (LAL[8:0] + 3) for M-systems
last active line = LAL[8:0] for other systems
Table 72 Subaddress 7CH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
TTX60
6
LAL8
MSB of the last active line code; see Table 71.
5
TTXO
0 = new teletext protocol selected: at each rising edge of TTXRQ a single teletext bit is
requested (see Fig.23); default state after reset
1 = old teletext protocol selected: the encoder provides a window of TTXRQ going
HIGH; the length of the window depends on the chosen teletext standard (see Fig.23)
4
FAL8
MSB of the first active line code; see Table 70.
3
TTXEVE8
MSB of the 9-bit code that selects the last line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in
even field; see Table 69.
2
TTXOVE8
MSB of the 9-bit code that selects the last line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in
odd field; see Table 67.
1
TTXEVS8
MSB of the 9-bit code that selects the first line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in
even field; see Table 68.
0
TTXOVS8
MSB of the 9-bit code that selects the first line of occurrence of signal on pin TTXRQ in
odd field; see Table 66.
0 = enables NABTS (FISE = 1) or European teletext (FISE = 0); default state after
reset
1 = enables World Standard Teletext 60 Hz (FISE = 1)
Table 73 Subaddress 7EH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
LINE[12:5]
Individual lines in both fields (PAL counting) can be disabled for insertion of teletext by
the respective LINE bits. Disabled line = LINEnn (50 Hz field rate). This bit mask is
effective only, if the lines are enabled by TTXOVS/TTXOVE and TTXEVS/TTXEVE.
Table 74 Subaddress 7FH
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7 to 0
LINE[20:13]
Individual lines in both fields (PAL counting) can be disabled for insertion of teletext by
the respective LINE bits. Disabled line = LINEnn (50 Hz field rate). This bit mask is
effective only, if the lines are enabled by TTXOVS/TTXOVE and TTXEVS/TTXEVE.
2004 Mar 16
35
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
7.14
SAF7129AH
Slave transmitter
The slave transmitter slave address is 89H.
Table 75 Subaddress 00H
BIT
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
7
VER2
6
VER1
5
VER0
These 3 bits form the version identification number of the device: it will be changed with
all versions of the IC that have different programming models; current version is
000 binary.
4
CCRDO
1 = closed caption bytes of the odd field have been encoded
0 = the bit is reset after information has been written to the subaddresses 67H and 68H;
it is set immediately after the data has been encoded
3
CCRDE
1 = closed caption bytes of the even field have been encoded
0 = the bit is reset after information has been written to the subaddresses 69H and 6AH;
it is set immediately after the data has been encoded
2
−
1
FSEQ
0
O_E
2004 Mar 16
not used; set to logic 0
1 = during first field of a sequence (repetition rate: NTSC = 4 fields, PAL = 8 fields,
SECAM = 12 fields)
0 = not first field of a sequence
1 = during even field
0 = during odd field
36
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
MBE737
handbook, full
6 pagewidth
Gv
(dB)
0
−6
−12
−18
−24
(1)
(2)
−30
−36
−42
−48
−54
0
2
4
6
8
10
(1) SCBW = 1.
(2) SCBW = 0.
Fig.8 Chrominance transfer characteristic 1.
MBE735
handbook, halfpage
2
Gv
(dB)
0
(1)
(2)
−2
−4
−6
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
f (MHz)
1.6
(1) SCBW = 1.
(2) SCBW = 0.
Fig.9 Chrominance transfer characteristic 2.
2004 Mar 16
37
12
f (MHz)
14
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
MGD672
6
Gv full pagewidth
handbook,
(dB)
(4)
0
(2)
(3)
−6
(1)
−12
−18
−24
−30
−36
−42
−48
−54
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
f (MHz)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
CCRS1 = 0; CCRS0 = 1.
CCRS1 = 1; CCRS0 = 0.
CCRS1 = 1; CCRS0 = 1.
CCRS1 = 0; CCRS0 = 0.
Fig.10 Luminance transfer characteristic 1.
MBE736
handbook, halfpage
1
Gv
(dB)
(1)
0
−1
−2
−3
−4
−5
0
2
4
f (MHz)
6
(1) CCRS1 = 0; CCRS0 = 0.
Fig.11 Luminance transfer characteristic 2.
2004 Mar 16
38
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
MGB708
handbook, full pagewidth
Gv 6
(dB)
0
−6
−12
−18
−24
−30
−36
−42
−48
−54
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
f (MHz)
14
Fig.12 Luminance transfer characteristic in RGB.
MGB706
handbook, full pagewidth
Gv 6
(dB)
0
−6
−12
−18
−24
−30
−36
−42
−48
−54
0
2
4
6
8
10
Fig.13 Colour difference transfer characteristic in RGB.
2004 Mar 16
39
12
f (MHz)
14
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
MGB705
handbook, full pagewidth
10
Gv
(dB)
8
6
4
2
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
f (MHz)
Fig.14 Gain of SECAM pre-emphasis.
MGB704
handbook,30
full pagewidth
ϕ
(deg)
20
10
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
f (MHz)
Fig.15 Phase of SECAM pre-emphasis.
2004 Mar 16
40
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
MGB703
handbook, full pagewidth
20
Gv
(dB)
16
12
8
4
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
f (MHz)
Fig.16 Gain of SECAM anti-Cloche.
MGB702
handbook, full pagewidth
80
ϕ
(deg)
60
40
20
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
f (MHz)
Fig.17 Phase of SECAM anti-Cloche.
2004 Mar 16
41
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
handbook, full pagewidth
CVBS output
RCV2 input
79 LCC
MP input
82 LCC
MHB579
HTRIG = 0
PRCV2 = 0.
TRCV2 = 1.
ORCV2 = 0.
Fig.18 Sync and video input timing.
handbook, full pagewidth
CVBS output
RCV2 output
MHB580
73 LCC
RCV2S = 0.
PRCV2 = 0.
ORCV2 = 1.
Fig.19 Sync and video output timing.
2004 Mar 16
42
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
8 LIMITING VALUES
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134); all ground pins connected together and
grounded (0 V); all supply pins connected together.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
MAX.
UNIT
VDDD
digital supply voltage
−0.5
+4.6
V
VDDA
analog supply voltage
−0.5
+4.6
V
Vi(A)
input voltage at analog inputs
−0.5
+4.6
V
Vi(n)
input voltage at pins XTALI, SDA and SCL
−0.5
VDDD + 0.5 V
Vi(D)
input voltage at digital inputs or I/O pins
outputs in 3-state
−0.5
+4.6
V
outputs in 3-state;
note 1
−0.5
+5.5
V
∆VSS
voltage difference between VSSA(n) and
VSSD(n)
−
100
mV
Tstg
storage temperature
−65
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
Vesd
electrostatic discharge voltage
−40
+85
°C
human body model;
note 2
−
±2000
V
machine model;
note 3
−
±200
V
Notes
1. Condition for maximum voltage at digital inputs or I/O pins: 3.0 V < VDDD < 3.6 V.
2. Class 2 according to EIA/JESD22-114-B.
3. Class B according to EIA/JESD22-115-A.
9
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMBOL
Rth(j-a)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
thermal resistance from junction to ambient
VALUE
UNIT
47(1)
K/W
Note
1. The overall Rth(j-a) value can vary depending on the board layout. To minimize the effective Rth(j-a) all power and
ground pins must be connected to the power and ground layers directly. An ample copper area direct under the
SAF7129AH with a number of through-hole plating, which connect to the ground layer (four-layer board: second
layer), can also reduce the effective Rth(j-a). Please do not use any solder-stop varnish under the chip. In addition the
usage of soldering glue with a high thermal conductance after curing is recommended.
2004 Mar 16
43
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
10 CHARACTERISTICS
VDDD = 3.0 to 3.6 V; Tamb = −40 to +85 °C; unless otherwise specified.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
Supply
VDDA
analog supply voltage
VDDD
digital supply voltage
IDDA
analog supply current
note 1
IDDD
digital supply current
VDDD = 3.3 V; note 1
3.15
−
3.45
V
3.0
−
3.6
V
−
180
190
mA
−
40
55
mA
Inputs: LLC1, RCV1, RCV2, MP7 to MP0, RTCI, SA, RESET and TTX
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
−
+0.8
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
2.0
−
VDDD + 0.3
V
ILI
input leakage current
Ci
input capacitance
−
−
1
µA
clocks
−
−
10
pF
data
−
−
8
pF
I/Os at high-impedance
−
−
8
pF
Outputs: RCV1, RCV2 and TTXRQ
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 2 mA
−
−
0.4
V
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = −2 mA
2.4
−
−
V
−0.5
−
+0.3VDD(I2C)
V
I2C-bus:
SDA and SCL
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD(I2C) −
VDD(I2C) + 0.3 V
Ii
input current
Vi = LOW or HIGH
−10
−
+10
µA
VOL
LOW-level output voltage (pin SDA)
IOL = 3 mA
−
−
0.4
V
Io
output current
during acknowledge
3
−
−
mA
cycle time
note 2
34
−
41
ns
Clock timing: LLC1 and XCLK
TLLC1
δ
duty factor tHIGH/TLLC1
LLC1 input
40
−
60
%
δ
duty factor tHIGH/TXCLK
XCLK output
typical 50%
40
−
60
%
tr
rise time
note 2
−
−
5
ns
tf
fall time
note 2
−
−
6
ns
Input timing: RCV1, RCV2, MP7 to MP0, RTCI, SA and TTX
tSU;DAT
input data set-up time
6
−
−
ns
tHD;DAT
input data hold time
3
−
−
ns
2004 Mar 16
44
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
SAF7129AH
CONDITIONS
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
Crystal oscillator
fn
nominal frequency (usually 27 MHz) 3rd harmonic
−
∆f/fn
permissible deviation of nominal
frequency
−50 × 10−6 −
note 3
−
30
MHz
+50 × 10−6
CRYSTAL SPECIFICATION
Tamb
ambient temperature
0
−
70
°C
CL
load capacitance
8
−
−
pF
RS
series resistance
−
−
80
Ω
Cmot
motional capacitance (typical)
1.2
1.5
1.8
fF
Cpar
parallel capacitance (typical)
2.8
3.5
4.2
pF
Data and reference signal output timing
CL
output load capacitance
7.5
−
40
pF
th
output hold time
4
−
−
ns
td
output delay time
−
−
18
ns
Outputs: C, VBS, CVBS and RGB
VoCVBS(p-p) output voltage CVBS
(peak-to-peak value)
see Table 76
−
1.23 −
V
VoVBS(p-p)
output voltage VBS (S-video)
(peak-to-peak value)
see Table 76
−
1
−
V
VoC(p-p)
output voltage C (S-video)
(peak-to-peak value)
see Table 76
−
0.89 −
V
VoR,G,B(p-p) output voltage R, G, B
(peak-to-peak value)
see Table 76
−
0.7
−
V
∆V
inequality of output signal voltages
note 4
−
−
2
%
RL
output load resistance
−
37.5 −
Ω
B
output signal bandwidth of DACs
10
−
−
MHz
LElf(i)
low frequency integral linearity error
of DACs
−3 dB
−
−
±3
LSB
LElf(d)
low frequency differential linearity
error of DACs
−
−
±1
LSB
td(pipe)(MP)
total pipeline delay from MP port
−
−
82
LLC
27 MHz
Notes
1. At maximum supply voltage with highly active input signals.
2. The data is for both input and output direction.
3. If an internal oscillator is used, crystal deviation of nominal frequency is directly proportional to the deviation of
subcarrier frequency and line/field frequency.
4. Referring to peak-to-peak analog voltages resulting from identical peak-to-peak digital codes.
2004 Mar 16
45
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
TLLC1
handbook, full pagewidth
t HIGH
2.6 V
1.5 V
0.6 V
LLC1
tf
t SU; DAT
MP input data
t HD; DAT
MPpos
t SU; DAT
not
valid
tr
t HD; DAT
2.0 V
not
valid
MPneg
MPpos
0.8 V
td
th
2.4 V
output data
valid
not valid
valid
0.6 V
MHB581
Fig.20 Clock data timing.
handbook, full pagewidth
LLC
MP(n)
CB(0)
CR(0)
Y(0)
Y(1)
CB(2)
RCV2
MGB699
The data demultiplexing phase is coupled to the internal horizontal phase.
The phase of the RCV2 signal is programmed to 262 for 50 Hz and to 234 for 60 Hz in this example in output mode (RCV2S).
Fig.21 Functional timing.
2004 Mar 16
46
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
10.1
SAF7129AH
Explanation of RTCI data bits
6. If the odd/even bit is enabled (RTCE = 1; DECOE = 1),
the SAF7129AH ignores its internally generated
odd/even flag and takes the odd/even bit from RTCI
input.
1. The HPLL increment is not evaluated by the
SAF7129AH.
2. The SAF7129AH generates the subcarrier frequency
from the FSCPLL increment if enabled (see item 7).
7. If the colour detection bit is enabled (RTCE = 1;
DECCOL = 1) and no colour was detected (colour
detection bit = 0), the subcarrier frequency is
generated by the SAF7129AH. In the other case
(colour detection bit = 1) the subcarrier frequency is
evaluated out of FSCPLL increment.
3. The PAL bit indicates the line with inverted (R − Y)
component of colour difference signal.
4. If the reset bit is enabled (RTCE = 1; DECPH = 1;
PHRES = 00), the phase of the subcarrier is reset in
each line whenever the reset bit of RTCI input is set to
logic 1.
If the colour detection bit is disabled (RTCE = 1;
DECCOL = 0), the subcarrier frequency is evaluated
out of FSCPLL increment, independent of the colour
detection bit of RTCI input.
5. If the FISE bit is enabled (RTCE = 1; DECFIS = 1), the
SAF7129AH takes this bit instead of the FISE bit in
subaddress 61H.
HIGH-to-LOW transition
handbook, full pagewidth
LOW
128
RTCI
13
time slot: 0 1
3 bits
reserved
4 bits
reserved
count start
HPLL
increment (1)
0
14
22
19
64
valid
sample
SAF7113 and SAF7118 support RTC level 3.1.
Sequence bit: PAL: 0 = (R − Y) line normal, 1 = (R − Y) line inverted; NTSC: 0 = no change.
FISE bit: 0 = 50 Hz, 1 = 60 Hz.
Odd/even bit: odd_even from external.
Colour detection: 0 = no colour detected, 1 = colour detected.
Reserved bits: 229 with 50 Hz systems, 226 with 60 Hz systems.
Fig.22 RTCI timing.
2004 Mar 16
(3)
(5)
(2)
(4)
67 69
68
72 74
0
not used in SAF7129AH
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(1)
FSCPLL increment (1)
47
invalid
sample
8/LLC
MHC493
(6)
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
10.2
SAF7129AH
and valid teletext input data are fully programmable
(TTXHS and TTXHD), the TTX data is always inserted at
the correct position after the leading edge of outgoing
horizontal synchronization pulse.
Teletext timing
Time tFD is the time needed to interpolate input data TTX
and insert it into the CVBS and VBS output signal, such
that it appears at tTTX = 9.78 µs (PAL) or tTTX = 10.5 µs
(NTSC) after the leading edge of the horizontal
synchronization pulse.
Time ti(TTXW) is the internally used insertion window for
TTX data; it has a constant length that allows insertion of
360 teletext bits at a text data rate of 6.9375 Mbits/s (PAL),
296 teletext bits at a text data rate of 5.7272 Mbits/s (WST)
or 288 teletext bits at a text data rate of 5.7272 Mbits/s
(NABTS). The insertion window is not opened if the control
bit TTXEN is logic 0.
Time tPD is the pipeline delay time introduced by the
source that is gated by TTXRQ in order to deliver TTX
data. This delay is programmable by register TTXHD.
For every active HIGH state at output pin TTXRQ, a new
teletext bit must be provided by the source (new protocol)
or a window of TTXRQ going HIGH is provided and the
number of teletext bits, depending on the chosen teletext
standard, is requested at input pin TTX (old protocol).
Using appropriate programming, all suitable lines of the
odd field (TTXOVS and TTXOVE) plus all suitable lines of
the even field (TTXEVS and TTXEVE) can be used for
teletext insertion.
Since the beginning of the pulses representing the TTXRQ
signal and the delay between the rising edge of TTXRQ
handbook, full pagewidth
CVBS/Y
t TTX
text bit #:
1
t i(TTXW)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
13 14
15
16
17
18 19 20
21
22
23
TTX
t PD
t FD
TTXRQ (new)
TTXRQ (old)
MHB504
Fig.23 Teletext timing.
2004 Mar 16
48
24
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
11 APPLICATION INFORMATION
+3.3 V digital
handbook, full pagewidth
+3.3 V analog
0.1 µF
0.1 µF
DGND
1 nF
10 pF
10
µH
AGND
DGND
use one capacitor
for each VDDD
10 pF
27 MHz
use one capacitor
for each VDDA
DGND
XTALI
XTALO
VDDD1 to
VDDD3
VSSD1 to
VSSD3
VDDA1 to
VDDA3
35
34
6, 17, 39
5, 18, 38
25, 28, 36
30 CVBS
75 Ω
AGND
75 Ω UCVBS
AGND
29 BLUE
SAF7129AH
75 Ω
AGND
75 Ω
UB
AGND
27 VBS
75 Ω
digital
inputs and
outputs
AGND
75 Ω
UVBS
AGND
26 GREEN
75 Ω
AGND
75 Ω UG
AGND
24 C
75 Ω
AGND
75 Ω
UC
AGND
23 RED
75 Ω
33
31
28
32
25
22
VSSA
RSET
VDDA1
DUMP1
VDDA2
DUMP2
1 kΩ
AGND
AGND
12 Ω
12 Ω
AGND
AGND
Fig.24 Application circuit.
2004 Mar 16
AGND
49
MHC494
75 Ω
AGND
UR
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
11.1
SAF7129AH
Digital output signals
The digital output signals in front of the DACs under nominal conditions occupy different conversion ranges, as indicated
in Table 76 for a 100⁄100 colour bar signal.
Values for the external series resistors result in a 75 Ω load.
Table 76 Digital output signals conversion range
CONVERSION RANGE (peak-to-peak)
CVBS
SYNC-TIP TO PEAK-CARRIER (digits)
Y (VBS)
SYNC-TIP TO WHITE (digits)
RGB (Y)
BLACK TO WHITE AT
GDY = GDC = −6 (digits)
1016
881
712
2004 Mar 16
50
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
12 PACKAGE OUTLINE
QFP44: plastic quad flat package; 44 leads (lead length 1.6 mm); body 10 x 10 x 2 mm
SOT803-1
c
y
X
A
33
23
34
22
ZE
e
E HE
A A2
wM
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
bp
Lp
L
12
44
detail X
1
11
wM
bp
e
v M A
ZD
D
B
v M B
HD
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
mm
2.45
0.25
0.10
2.2
1.8
0.25
0.45
0.30
0.23
0.11
10.1
9.9
10.1
9.9
0.8
HD
HE
13.45 13.45
12.95 12.95
L
Lp
v
w
y
1.6
1.03
0.73
0.2
0.2
0.1
Z D (1) Z E (1)
1.2
0.8
1.2
0.8
θ
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT803-1
134E05
MS-022
ED-7311CB
2004 Mar 16
51
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
03-01-29
o
7
o
0
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
To overcome these problems the double-wave soldering
method was specifically developed.
13 SOLDERING
13.1
Introduction to soldering surface mount
packages
If wave soldering is used the following conditions must be
observed for optimal results:
This text gives a very brief insight to a complex technology.
A more in-depth account of soldering ICs can be found in
our “Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit Packages”
(document order number 9398 652 90011).
• Use a double-wave soldering method comprising a
turbulent wave with high upward pressure followed by a
smooth laminar wave.
• For packages with leads on two sides and a pitch (e):
There is no soldering method that is ideal for all surface
mount IC packages. Wave soldering can still be used for
certain surface mount ICs, but it is not suitable for fine pitch
SMDs. In these situations reflow soldering is
recommended.
13.2
– larger than or equal to 1.27 mm, the footprint
longitudinal axis is preferred to be parallel to the
transport direction of the printed-circuit board;
– smaller than 1.27 mm, the footprint longitudinal axis
must be parallel to the transport direction of the
printed-circuit board.
Reflow soldering
The footprint must incorporate solder thieves at the
downstream end.
Reflow soldering requires solder paste (a suspension of
fine solder particles, flux and binding agent) to be applied
to the printed-circuit board by screen printing, stencilling or
pressure-syringe dispensing before package placement.
Driven by legislation and environmental forces the
worldwide use of lead-free solder pastes is increasing.
• For packages with leads on four sides, the footprint must
be placed at a 45° angle to the transport direction of the
printed-circuit board. The footprint must incorporate
solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
Several methods exist for reflowing; for example,
convection or convection/infrared heating in a conveyor
type oven. Throughput times (preheating, soldering and
cooling) vary between 100 and 200 seconds depending
on heating method.
During placement and before soldering, the package must
be fixed with a droplet of adhesive. The adhesive can be
applied by screen printing, pin transfer or syringe
dispensing. The package can be soldered after the
adhesive is cured.
Typical reflow peak temperatures range from
215 to 270 °C depending on solder paste material. The
top-surface temperature of the packages should
preferably be kept:
Typical dwell time of the leads in the wave ranges from
3 to 4 seconds at 250 °C or 265 °C, depending on solder
material applied, SnPb or Pb-free respectively.
• below 225 °C (SnPb process) or below 245 °C (Pb-free
process)
A mildly-activated flux will eliminate the need for removal
of corrosive residues in most applications.
– for all BGA, HTSSON-T and SSOP-T packages
13.4
– for packages with a thickness ≥ 2.5 mm
Fix the component by first soldering two
diagonally-opposite end leads. Use a low voltage (24 V or
less) soldering iron applied to the flat part of the lead.
Contact time must be limited to 10 seconds at up to
300 °C.
– for packages with a thickness < 2.5 mm and a
volume ≥ 350 mm3 so called thick/large packages.
• below 240 °C (SnPb process) or below 260 °C (Pb-free
process) for packages with a thickness < 2.5 mm and a
volume < 350 mm3 so called small/thin packages.
When using a dedicated tool, all other leads can be
soldered in one operation within 2 to 5 seconds between
270 and 320 °C.
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on packing,
must be respected at all times.
13.3
Wave soldering
Conventional single wave soldering is not recommended
for surface mount devices (SMDs) or printed-circuit boards
with a high component density, as solder bridging and
non-wetting can present major problems.
2004 Mar 16
Manual soldering
52
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
13.5
SAF7129AH
Suitability of surface mount IC packages for wave and reflow soldering methods
SOLDERING METHOD
PACKAGE(1)
WAVE
REFLOW(2)
BGA, HTSSON..T(3), LBGA, LFBGA, SQFP, SSOP..T(3), TFBGA,
USON, VFBGA
not suitable
suitable
DHVQFN, HBCC, HBGA, HLQFP, HSO, HSOP, HSQFP, HSSON,
HTQFP, HTSSOP, HVQFN, HVSON, SMS
not suitable(4)
suitable
PLCC(5), SO, SOJ
suitable
suitable
not
recommended(5)(6)
suitable
SSOP, TSSOP, VSO, VSSOP
not
recommended(7)
suitable
CWQCCN..L(8), PMFP(9), WQCCN..L(8)
not suitable
LQFP, QFP, TQFP
not suitable
Notes
1. For more detailed information on the BGA packages refer to the “(LF)BGA Application Note” (AN01026); order a copy
from your Philips Semiconductors sales office.
2. All surface mount (SMD) packages are moisture sensitive. Depending upon the moisture content, the maximum
temperature (with respect to time) and body size of the package, there is a risk that internal or external package
cracks may occur due to vaporization of the moisture in them (the so called popcorn effect). For details, refer to the
Drypack information in the “Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit Packages; Section: Packing Methods”.
3. These transparent plastic packages are extremely sensitive to reflow soldering conditions and must on no account
be processed through more than one soldering cycle or subjected to infrared reflow soldering with peak temperature
exceeding 217 °C ± 10 °C measured in the atmosphere of the reflow oven. The package body peak temperature
must be kept as low as possible.
4. These packages are not suitable for wave soldering. On versions with the heatsink on the bottom side, the solder
cannot penetrate between the printed-circuit board and the heatsink. On versions with the heatsink on the top side,
the solder might be deposited on the heatsink surface.
5. If wave soldering is considered, then the package must be placed at a 45° angle to the solder wave direction.
The package footprint must incorporate solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
6. Wave soldering is suitable for LQFP, TQFP and QFP packages with a pitch (e) larger than 0.8 mm; it is definitely not
suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.65 mm.
7. Wave soldering is suitable for SSOP, TSSOP, VSO and VSSOP packages with a pitch (e) equal to or larger than
0.65 mm; it is definitely not suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.5 mm.
8. Image sensor packages in principle should not be soldered. They are mounted in sockets or delivered pre-mounted
on flex foil. However, the image sensor package can be mounted by the client on a flex foil by using a hot bar
soldering process. The appropriate soldering profile can be provided on request.
9. Hot bar or manual soldering is suitable for PMFP packages.
2004 Mar 16
53
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
14 DATA SHEET STATUS
LEVEL
DATA SHEET
STATUS(1)
PRODUCT
STATUS(2)(3)
Development
DEFINITION
I
Objective data
II
Preliminary data Qualification
This data sheet contains data from the preliminary specification.
Supplementary data will be published at a later date. Philips
Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification without
notice, in order to improve the design and supply the best possible
product.
III
Product data
This data sheet contains data from the product specification. Philips
Semiconductors reserves the right to make changes at any time in order
to improve the design, manufacturing and supply. Relevant changes will
be communicated via a Customer Product/Process Change Notification
(CPCN).
Production
This data sheet contains data from the objective specification for product
development. Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to change the
specification in any manner without notice.
Notes
1. Please consult the most recently issued data sheet before initiating or completing a design.
2. The product status of the device(s) described in this data sheet may have changed since this data sheet was
published. The latest information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
3. For data sheets describing multiple type numbers, the highest-level product status determines the data sheet status.
15 DEFINITIONS
16 DISCLAIMERS
Short-form specification  The data in a short-form
specification is extracted from a full data sheet with the
same type number and title. For detailed information see
the relevant data sheet or data handbook.
Life support applications  These products are not
designed for use in life support appliances, devices, or
systems where malfunction of these products can
reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Philips
Semiconductors customers using or selling these products
for use in such applications do so at their own risk and
agree to fully indemnify Philips Semiconductors for any
damages resulting from such application.
Limiting values definition  Limiting values given are in
accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System
(IEC 60134). Stress above one or more of the limiting
values may cause permanent damage to the device.
These are stress ratings only and operation of the device
at these or at any other conditions above those given in the
Characteristics sections of the specification is not implied.
Exposure to limiting values for extended periods may
affect device reliability.
Right to make changes  Philips Semiconductors
reserves the right to make changes in the products including circuits, standard cells, and/or software described or contained herein in order to improve design
and/or performance. When the product is in full production
(status ‘Production’), relevant changes will be
communicated via a Customer Product/Process Change
Notification (CPCN). Philips Semiconductors assumes no
responsibility or liability for the use of any of these
products, conveys no licence or title under any patent,
copyright, or mask work right to these products, and
makes no representations or warranties that these
products are free from patent, copyright, or mask work
right infringement, unless otherwise specified.
Application information  Applications that are
described herein for any of these products are for
illustrative purposes only. Philips Semiconductors make
no representation or warranty that such applications will be
suitable for the specified use without further testing or
modification.
2004 Mar 16
54
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Digital video encoder
SAF7129AH
17 PURCHASE OF PHILIPS I2C COMPONENTS
Purchase of Philips I2C components conveys a license under the Philips’ I2C patent to use the
components in the I2C system provided the system conforms to the I2C specification defined by
Philips. This specification can be ordered using the code 9398 393 40011.
2004 Mar 16
55
Philips Semiconductors – a worldwide company
Contact information
For additional information please visit http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
Fax: +31 40 27 24825
For sales offices addresses send e-mail to: [email protected]
SCA76
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2004
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be changed
without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license
under patent- or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Printed in The Netherlands
R21/02/pp56
Date of release: 2004
Mar 16
Document order number:
9397 750 12903