ATMEL AT91SC25672RC

Features
General
• Based on the ARM® SC100™ SecurCore™ 32-bit RISC Processor
• Two Instruction Sets
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
– ARM High-performance 32-bit Instruction Set
– Thumb® High-code-density 16-bit Instruction Set
4-Gbyte Linear Address Space
Von Neumann Load/Store Architecture
– Single 32-bit Data Bus for Instructions and Data
3-stage Pipeline Architecture
– Fetch, Decode and Execute Stages
8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit Data Types
On-chip Programmable System Clock up to 50 MHz
Very Low Power Consumption:
– Industry Leader in MIPS/Watt
– Low-power Idle and Power-down Modes
Bond Pad Locations Conforming to ISO 7816-2
ESD Protection to ± 6000V
Operating Ranges: 2.7V to 5.5V, GSM/3G Compliant, PC Industry Compatible, EMV
Memory
32-bit Secure
Microcontroller
for Smart Cards
AT91SC25672RC
Summary
• 256K Bytes of ROM Program Memory
• 72K Bytes of EEPROM User Memory, Including 256 OTP Bytes
– Typically More than 500,000 Write/Erase Cycles
• 10K Bytes of RAM
Peripherals
• Two I/O Ports
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
– Configurable to Support Communication Protocols, Including ISO 7816-3 and
2-wire Protocols
ISO 7816 Controller
– Up to 625 kbps at 5 MHz
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Controller (up to 12 MHz)
Two 16-bit Timers
Random Number Generator (RNG)
2-level, 12-vector Interrupt Controller
Hardware DES and Triple DES
Checksum Accelerator
CRC 16 / 32 Engine
32-bit Cryptographic Accelerator for Public Key Operations Including GF(2N)
– RSA, DSA, ECC, Diffie-Hellman
Advanced MPU
High-performance Hardware Java Card Accelerator
Security
•
•
•
•
•
Dedicated Hardware for Protection Against SPA/DPA Attacks
Advanced Protection Against Physical Attack
Environmental Protection Systems
Voltage and Frequency Monitors
Secure Memory Management/Access Protection
Development Tools
• Hardware Development Support on the ATV3-91SC Voyager Emulation Platform. See
the ATV3-91SC Emulator Product Preview for Further Details.
Rev. 1575CS–SMIC–09/03
Note: This is a summary document. A complete document is
1
available under NDA. For more information, please contact
your local Atmel sales office.
Description
The AT91SC25672RC is a low-power, high-performance, 32-bit RISC microcontroller
with ROM program memory, EEPROM data memory, and cryptographic accelerator,
based on the new ARM SC100 advanced secure processor. The SC100 embedded
core is the first member of the ARM SecurCore family. This general-purpose 32-bit processor offers high performance, very low power consumption, and additional features to
help combat fraud.
The AT91SC25672RC features 72K bytes of high-performance EEPROM (fast
erase/write time, high endurance). This allows system developers to offer their customers a true 64K bytes EEPROM, while still being able to use the remaining 8K bytes for
their own purposes (e.g. customization and patches).
The cryptographic accelerator featured in the AT91SC series is the new AdvX™. It is
based on a 32-bit multiplier-accumulator architecture which is designed to perform fast
encryption and authentication functions. This enables fast computation and low-power
operation. The AdvX, in conjunction with controlling firmware running within the SC100
core, supports standard finite fields arithmetic functions (including RSA, DSA, DH, ECC)
and GF(2N).
On top of the SC100´s MPU, a real hardware firewall can be used to increase the overall
security level of the application without intense software development.
Unique hardware features significantly accelerate the execution of Java Card Byte Code
by removing the common software bottlenecks encountered during the implementation
of a Java Virtual Machine.
Additional security features include power and frequency protection logic, logical scrambling on program data and addresses, power analysis countermeasures and memory
accesses controlled by a supervisor mode.
Pin Configuration
The AT91SC25672RC pinout conforms to the ISO 7816-2 interface. It also provides a
second I/O port.
GND
Ground (reference voltage)
VCC
Power supply input
I/O0
Input or output for serial data
I/O1
Second input or output for serial data
Also used as Slave Select line for the SPI controller
MOSI
SPI Master output – Slave input
MISO
SPI Master input – Slave output
SCK
SPI Clock
CLK
Clock signal input to internal clock operating circuit
RST
Reset signal input, a low state stops the ARM core
Note:
2
By convention, the RST pin corresponds to the RST signal of the ISO 7816-3 Protocol.
Both are active low.
AT91SC25672RC
1575CS–SMIC–09/03
AT91SC25672RC
Architectural
Overview
The SC100 is a 3-stage pipeline, 32-bit RISC processor. It uses a Von Neumann
load/store architecture, which is characterized by a single data and address bus for
instructions and data.
The SC100 processor employs a unique architectural strategy known as Thumb®, a
super-reduced instruction set that is ideally suited for high-volume applications with
memory restrictions, and applications where code density is an important factor. Essentially, the SC100 processor has two instruction sets:
•
The standard ARM instruction set uses 32-bit instructions and offers maximum
performance.
•
The Thumb instruction set uses 16-bit instructions and offers maximum code
density.
Both instruction sets operate on 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit data types.
The Thumb´s 16-bit instruction length allows it to achieve almost twice the density of
standard ARM code, while retaining most of the ARM´s performance advantage over a
traditional 16-bit processor using 16-bit registers. This is possible because the 16-bit
Thumb instructions operate on the same 32-bit register set as the 32-bit ARM instructions. Thumb code can be up to 35% smaller than the equivalent ARM code, while
providing 160% of the performance of an equivalent ARM processor connected to a 16bit memory system.
Figure 1. Block Diagram
16
Java
Accelerator
16
AdvX
CryptoAccelerator
OTP
EEPROM
User Memory
ROM
Program
Memory
RAM
Thumb Instruction
Decompressor
Reset
Circuit
RST
RNG
DES/3DES
32
On-chip
Security
(SPA, DPA, ...)
CRC and
Checksum
Accelerator
SC100 Core
32
CLK
GND
VCC
32
Firewall
+
MPU
MPU
Secure
Control
32
ISO 7816
Controller
ISO 7816
I/O Port 0
I/O0
ISO 7816
I/O Port 1
I/O1
SPI
Controller
MOSI
MISO
SCK
32
Pipeline
Timer
3
1575CS–SMIC–09/03
Atmel Headquarters
Atmel Operations
Corporate Headquarters
Memory
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TEL 1(408) 441-0311
FAX 1(408) 487-2600
Europe
Atmel Sarl
Route des Arsenaux 41
Case Postale 80
CH-1705 Fribourg
Switzerland
TEL (41) 26-426-5555
FAX (41) 26-426-5500
Asia
Room 1219
Chinachem Golden Plaza
77 Mody Road Tsimhatsui
East Kowloon
Hong Kong
TEL (852) 2721-9778
FAX (852) 2722-1369
Japan
9F, Tonetsu Shinkawa Bldg.
1-24-8 Shinkawa
Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0033
Japan
TEL (81) 3-3523-3551
FAX (81) 3-3523-7581
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TEL 1(408) 441-0311
FAX 1(408) 436-4314
RF/Automotive
Theresienstrasse 2
Postfach 3535
74025 Heilbronn, Germany
TEL (49) 71-31-67-0
FAX (49) 71-31-67-2340
Microcontrollers
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TEL 1(408) 441-0311
FAX 1(408) 436-4314
La Chantrerie
BP 70602
44306 Nantes Cedex 3, France
TEL (33) 2-40-18-18-18
FAX (33) 2-40-18-19-60
ASIC/ASSP/Smart Cards
1150 East Cheyenne Mtn. Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80906
TEL 1(719) 576-3300
FAX 1(719) 540-1759
Biometrics/Imaging/Hi-Rel MPU/
High Speed Converters/RF Datacom
Avenue de Rochepleine
BP 123
38521 Saint-Egreve Cedex, France
TEL (33) 4-76-58-30-00
FAX (33) 4-76-58-34-80
Zone Industrielle
13106 Rousset Cedex, France
TEL (33) 4-42-53-60-00
FAX (33) 4-42-53-60-01
1150 East Cheyenne Mtn. Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80906
TEL 1(719) 576-3300
FAX 1(719) 540-1759
Scottish Enterprise Technology Park
Maxwell Building
East Kilbride G75 0QR, Scotland
TEL (44) 1355-803-000
FAX (44) 1355-242-743
e-mail
literature@atmel.com
Web Site
http://www.atmel.com
© Atmel Corporation 2003.
Atmel Corporation makes no warranty for the use of its products, other than those expressly contained in the Company’s standard warranty
which is detailed in Atmel’s Terms and Conditions located on the Company’s web site. The Company assumes no responsibility for any errors
which may appear in this document, reserves the right to change devices or specifications detailed herein at any time without notice, and does
not make any commitment to update the information contained herein. No licenses to patents or other intellectual property of Atmel are granted
by the Company in connection with the sale of Atmel products, expressly or by implication. Atmel’s products are not authorized for use as critical
components in life support devices or systems.
ATMEL ® is the registered trademark of Atmel; AdvX ™ is the trademark of Atmel.
ARM ®, Thumb ®, and ARM Powered ® are the registered trademarks of ARM Ltd. SC100™ and SecurCore ™ are
the trademarks of ARM Ltd. Other terms and product names may be the trademarks of others.
Printed on recycled paper.
1575CS–SMIC–09/03
xM