ATMEL U2538B-MFP

Features
•
•
•
•
Few External Components
Low Power Consumption
Microcomputer Compatible
Insensitive to Ambient Light and Other Continuous Interferences
Applications
IR Receiver for
Data
Communication
• Keyless Entry Systems
• Remote Control
• Wireless Data Transfer up to 4 kbit/s
Description
The IC U2538B is a complete IR receiver for data communication. The useful input
signals are separated by a special input circuit and amplified by a gain-controlled
amplifier. The bandpass filter suppresses the off-band signals. The signal detector,
consisting of a demodulator, an integrator and a Schmitt trigger, forms the input signal
to an output pulse that can be interfaced to a microcomputer. The AGC and the ATC
circuit control the receiver's sensitivity, making it insensitive to ambient light sources.
U2538B
Figure 1. Block Diagram with Typical Circuit
VS
U2538B
Input
Amplifier
and filter
Detector
mC
AGC/ATC
Modulated IR signal
carrier frequency 20 to 60 kHz
minimum 6 pulses/burst
Rev. 4717A–IRRC–05/03
1
Block Diagram
VS
RF0
VS
RF
BIAS
+
BPF
IN
CGA
AGND
TIA
CGA
BPF
AGC
Transimpedance amplifier
Controlled gain amplifier
Bandpass filter
Automatic gain control
2
U2538B
ATC
AGC
CAGC
DEM
100 kW
OUT
Vth
+
-
TIA
Comp 1
&
dt
Comp 2
INT
ST
DGND
CAGC
ATC
DEM
INT
ST
Automatic threshold control
Demodulator
Integrator
Schmitt trigger
4717A–IRRC–05/03
U2538B
Pin Configuration
Figure 2. Pinning SO8
NC
RF
AGND
IN
8
7
6
5
U2538B
1
2
3
4
VS
CAGC
OUT
DGND
Pin Description
Pin
Symbol
Function
1
VS
Supply voltage
2
CAGC
AGC capacitor
3
OUT
4
DGND
Data output
5
IN
Input pin diode
6
AGND
GND amplifier
GND - DEM/INT/ST
7
RF
Frequency determination
8
NC
Not connected
3
4717A–IRRC–05/03
Functional Description
Input Stage (TIA)
The input stage provides the necessary bias voltage for the photo diode and ensures
decoupling of the useful signal. This involves processing the DC and AC portions in separate parts of the circuit: the bias voltage (BIAS) and the transimpedance amplifier
circuit (TIA). The bias voltage circuit operates like a load resistor with respect to the
photo diode, the value of which is low for DC and low-frequency signals (3 to 100 kW),
but as high as possible for the operating frequency (100 kHz to 1 MHz) depending on
the input current). The ac portion of the input signal feeds an inverted amplifier with a
sufficiently low input resistance (Zi < 10 kW). If the input resistance is too high, the useful
signal will be lost due to the junction capacitance of the photodiode.
Controlled Gain
Amplifier (CGA)
The controlled gain amplifier accounts for the greatest part of the voltage gain and can
be controlled via the voltage at CAGC (Pin 2). Gain control is needed to support the
interference suppression of the detector. High-pass behaviour results from the capacitive coupling of the individual stages. The cut-off frequency is approximately 20 kHz.
Bandpass Filter (BPF)
The bandpass filter basically consists of integrated components. An external resistor
determines the mid-frequency. The filter quality is about 7 and is practically independent
of the selected mid-frequency (see Figure 3). The following formula can be used for calculating the resistor, Rf0:
8855
R fO (kW ) = ------------------- – 13
f0 (kHz)
where: 20 kHz < f0 < 60 kHz
Figure 3. Characteristic of the Bandpass Filter
120
100
Grel
80
60
40
20
0
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
f/f0
4
U2538B
4717A–IRRC–05/03
U2538B
Automatic Threshold
Control (ATC)
During the reception of an incoming telegram, the ATC reduces the sensitivity of the
demodulator to establish the highest possible signal-to-noise ratio according to the signal strength. This prevents interferences which may arise during transmission from
affecting the output. The advantage of the circuit is achieved if its output voltage
exceeds VTh (Comp 1). That is the case when the input signal strength is more than
twice as much as the minimum detectable signal intensity.
Automatic Gain Control
(AGC)
The automatic gaincontrol improves the circuit's resistance to interference by adapting
the amplification of the gain-controlled amplifier to the relevant existing interference
level. In order to prevent the circuit from responding to transmitted data signals, it gradually reduces the sensitivity, but only if the duty cycle exceeds a specific value
(see Figure 4). When using telegrams with higher duty cycles than this value, the capacitor, CAGC , maintains the sensitivity for a certain time period. A higher capacitance
enables a longer transmission time. A capacitance of C1 = 22 nF is adequate for most
known telegrams. A typical value for the maximum duty cycle (DC) can be calculated by
the following formula:
N
DC max = ------------------------------------14.2 + 1.1 ´ N
Figure 4. Duty Cycle
Transmitted Burst (N cycles)
t pl =
N
f
DC =
T
Detector
t pl
T
N ³ 6; f = 20 kHz to 60 kHz
The output signal of the bandpass filter is compared to a fixed reference (Comp 1) and
to a reference generated by the ATC circuit (Comp 2). The output of the comparator with
the higher threshold voltage controls the integrator. Using the integrator keeps the output free of short-time interference.
The integrator drives the output stage after being processed through a Schmitt trigger.
The internal pull-up resistor can replace an external resistor in some applications.
5
4717A–IRRC–05/03
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameters
Symbol
Value
Unit
Supply voltage
Pin 1
VS
-0.3 to +6.0
V
Input voltages
Pin 2, 3, and 5
Pin 7
VIN
-0.3 to VS
-0.3 to +1.5
V
Input current
Pin 7
IIN
0 to 0.1
mA
Ptot
110
mW
Junction temperature
Tj
125
°C
Ambient temperature
Tamb
-40 to +105
°C
Storage temperature
Tstg
-40 to +125
°C
Power dissipation Tamb = 105°C
Thermal Resistance
Parameters
Symbol
Value
Unit
RthJA
180
K/W
Junction ambient
Electrical Characteristics
Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5 V
Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Supply voltage
Pin 1
VS
4.5
5.5
V
Supply current
Pin 1
IS
0.35
0.65
mA
Maximum input current VIN = 0
Pin 5
IIN
0.6
Output voltage
low: IOL = 2 mA
Pin 3
VOL
Internal pull-up resistor
Pin 3
RL
75
Center frequency of bandpass
RF = 240 k
f0
33.3
Q factor
Q
Freqency range
f
AGC current source
sink
Pin 2
AGC slope
Pin 2
mA
0.2
V
100
125
kW
35
36.7
kHz
60
kHz
155
140
nA
nA
7
20
90
70
120
100
20
Number of pulses required
dB/V
6
Sensitivity
Pin 5
0.7
nA(rms)
Switch-on delay, iIN = 0.7 nA (rms)
Pin 3, see Figure 5
tdon
3
7.5
Period
Switch-off delay, iIN = 0.7 nA (rms)
Pin 3, see Figure 5
Pulse width, iIN = 0.7 nA (rms),
6 pulse bursts
tdoff
5
10
Period
Pin 3, see Figure 5
tpo
4.5
10
Period
8855 - – 13 k W
RfO (k W ) = -----------------f0 (kHz)
6
U2538B
4717A–IRRC–05/03
U2538B
Figure 5. Switch On/Off Delay
VIN
Burst, X pulses
Repetition rate = 10 ms
VOUT
tpo
tdon
tdoff
Figure 6. Application Circuit
C1
R1
10 m
16 V
220
3
C2
RfO
100 n
C3
VBatt
1
VS
NC
8
2
CAGC
RF
7
AGND
6
10 n
R2
> 10 k (1)
U2538B
2
OUT
470 p(1)
1
GND
feedback
reduction
(1)
C4
3
OUT
4
DGND
(1)
IN
D1 (1)
D2 (1)
D3 (1)
5
optional
7
4717A–IRRC–05/03
Ordering Information
Extended Type Number
Package
Remarks
U2538B-MFP
SO8
Tube
U2538B-MFPG3
SO8
Taped and reeled
Package Information
Package SO8
Dimensions in mm
5.2
4.8
5.00
4.85
3.7
1.4
0.25
0.10
0.4
1.27
6.15
5.85
3.81
8
0.2
3.8
5
technical drawings
according to DIN
specifications
1
8
4
U2538B
4717A–IRRC–05/03
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4717A–IRRC–05/03
xM