ATMEL ATR0621P-7FQY

Features
• 16 Channel GPS Correlator
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– 8192 Search Bins with GPS Acquisition Accelerator
– Accuracy: 2.5m CEP (Stand-Alone, S/A off)
– Time to First Fix: 34s (Cold Start)
– Acquisition Sensitivity: –140 dBm
– Tracking Sensitivity: –150 dBm
Utilizes the ARM7TDMI® ARM® Thumb® Processor Core
– High-performance 32-bit RISC Architecture
– High-density 16-bit Instruction Set
– EmbeddedICE™ (In-circuit Emulator)
128 Kbyte Internal RAM
384 Kbyte Internal ROM, Firmware Version V5.0
Position Technology Provided by u-blox
Fully Programmable External Bus Interface (EBI)
– Maximum External Address Space of 8 Mbytes
– Up to 4 Chip Selects
– Software Programmable 8-bit/16-bit External Data Bus
6-channel Peripheral Data Controller (PDC)
8-level Priority, Individually Maskable, Vectored Interrupt Controller
– 2 External Interrupts
32 User-programmable I/O Lines
1 USB Device Port
– Universal Serial Bus (USB) V2.0 Full-speed Device
– Embedded USB V2.0 Full-speed Transceiver
– Suspend/Resume Logic
– Ping-pong Mode for Isochronous and Bulk Endpoints
2 USARTs
– 2 Dedicated Peripheral Data Controller (PDC) Channels per USART
Master/Slave SPI Interface
– 2 Dedicated Peripheral Data Controller (PDC) Channels
– 8-bit to 16-bit Programmable Data Length
– 4 External Slave Chip Selects
Programmable Watchdog Timer
Advanced Power Management Controller (APMC)
– Peripherals Can Be Deactivated Individually
– Geared Master Clock to Reduce Power Consumption
– Sleep State with Disabled Master Clock
– Hibernate State with 32.768 kHz Master Clock
Real Time Clock (RTC)
2.3V to 3.6V or 1.8V Core Supply Voltage
Includes Power Supervisor
1.8V to 3.3V User-definable I/O Voltage for Several GPIOs with 5V Tolerance
4 Kbytes Battery Backup Memory
9 mm × 9 mm 100-pin BGA Package (LFBGA100)
RoHS-compliant
GPS Baseband
Processor
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
1. Description
The GPS baseband processor ATR0621P includes a 16-channel GPS correlator and is based
on the ARM7TDMI processor core.
This processor has a high-performance 32-bit RISC architecture and very low power consumption. In addition, a large number of internally banked registers result in very fast exception
handling, making the device ideal for real-time control applications. The ATR0621P has two
USART and an USB device port. This port is compliant with the Universal Serial Bus (USB) V2.0
full-speed device specification. The ATR0621P has a direct connection to off-chip memory,
including Flash, through the External Bus Interface (EBI).
The ATR0621P includes full GPS firmware, licensed from u-blox AG, which performs the basic
GPS operation, including tracking, acquisition, navigation and position data output. For normal
PVT (Position/Velocity/Time) applications, there is no need for off-chip Flash memory or ROM.
The firmware supports e.g. the NMEA® protocol (2.1 and 2.3), a binary protocol for PVT data,
configuration and debugging, the RTCM protocol for DGPS, SBAS (WAAS, EGNOS and MSAS)
and A-GPS (aiding). It is also possible to store the configuration settings in an optional external
EEPROM.
The ATR0621P is manufactured using the Atmel® high-density CMOS technology. By combining
the ARM7TDMI microcontroller core with on-chip SRAM, 16-channel GPS correlator and a wide
range of peripheral functions on a monolithic chip, the ATR0621P provides a highly-flexible and
cost-effective solution for GPS applications.
2
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
Advanced
Power
Management
Controller
XT_IN
XT_OUT
GPS
Correlators
RTC
NSHDN
NSLEEP
GPS
Accelerator
Block Diagram
SRAM
RF_ON
CLK23
SMD
Generator
P15/ANTON
P0/NANTSHORT
P14/NAADET1
P25/NAADET0
SIGLO0
SIGHI0
Timer
Counter
Figure 1-1.
SPI
APB
PIO2
Special
Function
USART2
P31/RXD1
USB
Transceiver
USB
PDC2
SRAM
128K
ROM
384K
ASB
Power
Supply
Manager
Reset
Controller
JTAG
NTRST
NRESET
USB_DP
USB_DM
B
R
I
D
G
E
DBG_EN
TDI
TDO
TCK
TMS
ARM7TDMI
Embedded
ICE
EM_DA15
EM_DA0
Interface to
Off-Chip
Memory
(EBI)
EM_A19
EM_A1
Watchdog
P8/STATUSLED
P16/NEEPROM
P11/EM_A21
P28/EM_A20
P10/EM_A0/NLB
P7/NUB/NWR1
P6/NOE/NRD
P5/NWE/NWR0
P4/nCS0
P3/nCS1
P22/RXD2
P18/TXD1
USART1
P30/AGCOUT0
Advanced
Interrupt
Controller
P2/BOOT_MODE
P21/TXD2
PIO2
P9/EXTINT0
PIO2
Controller
P20/TIMEPULSE
P29/GPSMODE12
P27/GPSMODE11
P26/GPSMODE10
P24/GPSMODE8
P23/GPSMODE7
P19/GPSMODE6
P17/GPSMODE5
P13/GPSMODE3
P12/GPSMODE2
P1/GPSMODE0
VBAT18
VBAT
LDOBAT_IN
LDO_OUT
LDO_IN
LDO_EN
3
4890H–GPS–08/08
2. Architectural Overview
2.1
Description
The ATR0621P architecture consists of two main buses, the Advanced System Bus (ASB) and
the Advanced Peripheral Bus (APB). The ASB is designed for maximum performance. It interfaces the processor with the on-chip 32-bit memories and the external memories and devices by
means of the External Bus Interface (EBI). The APB is designed for accesses to on-chip peripherals and is optimized for low power consumption. The AMBA™ Bridge provides an interface
between the ASB and the APB.
An on-chip Peripheral Data Controller (PDC2) transfers data between the on-chip USARTs/SPI
and the on-chip and off-chip memories without processor intervention. Most importantly, the
PDC2 removes the processor interrupt handling overhead and significantly reduces the number
of clock cycles required for a data transfer. It can transfer up to 64K contiguous bytes without
reprogramming the starting address. As a result, the performance of the microcontroller is
increased and the power consumption reduced.
The ATR0621P peripherals are designed to be easily programmable with a minimum number of
instructions. Each peripheral has a 16 Kbyte address space allocated in the upper 3 Mbyte of
the 4 Gbyte address space. (Except for the interrupt controller, which has 4 Kbyte address
space.) The peripheral base address is the lowest address of its memory space. The peripheral
register set is composed of control, mode, data, status, and interrupt registers.
To maximize the efficiency of bit manipulation, frequently written registers are mapped into three
memory locations. The first address is used to set the individual register bits, the second resets
the bits, and the third address reads the value stored in the register. A bit can be set or reset by
writing a “1” to the corresponding position at the appropriate address. Writing a “0” has no effect.
Individual bits can thus be modified without having to use costly read-modify-write and complex
bit-manipulation instructions.
All of the external signals of the on-chip peripherals are under the control of the Parallel I/O
(PIO2) Controller. The PIO2 Controller can be programmed to insert an input filter on each pin or
generate an interrupt on a signal change. After reset, the user must carefully program the PIO2
Controller in order to define which peripheral signals are connected with off-chip logic.
The ARM7TDMI processor operates in little-endian mode on the ATR0621P GPS Baseband.
The processor's internal architecture and the ARM and Thumb instruction sets are described in
the ARM7TDMI datasheet.
The ARM standard In-Circuit Emulation debug interface is supported via the JTAG/ICE port of
the ATR0621P.
Features of the ROM firmware are described in software documentation available from u-blox
AG, Switzerland.
4
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
3. Pin Configuration
3.1
Pinout
Figure 3-1.
Pinout LFBGA100 (Top View)
A B CDE F GH J K
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Table 3-1.
ATR0621P Pinout
Pin Name
LFBGA100
Pin Type
CLK23
G9
IN
DBG_EN
H4
IN
EM_A1
A6
OUT
EM_A2
A5
OUT
EM_A3
A4
OUT
EM_A4
A2
OUT
EM_A5
A3
OUT
EM_A6
B5
OUT
EM_A7
B4
OUT
EM_A8
B2
OUT
EM_A9
D4
OUT
EM_A10
C2
OUT
EM_A11
D6
OUT
EM_A12
D7
OUT
EM_A13
C3
OUT
EM_A14
C1
OUT
EM_A15
D5
OUT
Notes:
ATR0621P
Pull Resistor
(Reset Value)(1)
Firmware Label
PIO Bank A
PIO Bank B
PD
1. PD = internal pull-down resistor, PU = internal pull-up resistor, OH = switched to Output High at reset
2. VBAT18 represent the internal power supply of the backup power domain, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
3. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
4. VDD_USB is the supply voltage for the following USB pins: USB_DM and USB_DP, see section “Power Supply” on page
21. For operation of the USB interface, supply of 3.0V to 3.6V is required.
5. This pin is not connected
5
4890H–GPS–08/08
Table 3-1.
ATR0621P Pinout (Continued)
Pin Name
LFBGA100
Pin Type
EM_A16
C6
OUT
EM_A17
F8
OUT
EM_A18
B3
OUT
EM_A19
C5
OUT
Pull Resistor
(Reset Value)(1)
EM_DA0
B6
I/O
PD
EM_DA1
B10
I/O
PD
EM_DA2
C7
I/O
PD
EM_DA3
C10
I/O
PD
EM_DA4
D10
I/O
PD
EM_DA5
E7
I/O
PD
EM_DA6
E9
I/O
PD
EM_DA7
B7
I/O
PD
EM_DA8
B8
I/O
PD
EM_DA9
A9
I/O
PD
EM_DA10
C8
I/O
PD
EM_DA11
B9
I/O
PD
EM_DA12
D8
I/O
PD
EM_DA13
C9
I/O
PD
EM_DA14
D9
I/O
PD
EM_DA15
E8
I/O
PD
GND
A1
IN
GND
A10
IN
GND
K1
IN
GND
K10
IN
LDOBAT_IN
K8
IN
LDO_EN
H7
IN
LDO_IN
K7
IN
LDO_OUT
H6
OUT
NRESET
C4
I/O
Firmware Label
NSHDN
G7
OUT
J6
OUT
NTRST
K2
IN
PD
P0
K9
I/O
PD
NANTSHORT
G3
I/O
Configurable (PD)
GPSMODE0
P1
PIO Bank B
Open Drain PU
NSLEEP
Notes:
PIO Bank A
AGCOUT1
1. PD = internal pull-down resistor, PU = internal pull-up resistor, OH = switched to Output High at reset
2. VBAT18 represent the internal power supply of the backup power domain, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
3. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
4. VDD_USB is the supply voltage for the following USB pins: USB_DM and USB_DP, see section “Power Supply” on page
21. For operation of the USB interface, supply of 3.0V to 3.6V is required.
5. This pin is not connected
6
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
Table 3-1.
ATR0621P Pinout (Continued)
Pin Name
LFBGA100
Pin Type
Pull Resistor
(Reset Value)(1)
Firmware Label
P2
G4
I/O
Configurable (PD)
BOOT_MODE
“0”
P3
H5
I/O
OH
NCS1
NCS1
“0”
P4
A7
I/O
OH
NCS0
NCS0
“0”
P5
B1
I/O
OH
NWE/NWR0
NWE/NWR0
“0”
PIO Bank A
PIO Bank B
P6
A8
I/O
OH
NOE/NRD
NOE/NRD
“0”
P7
D2
I/O
OH
NUB/NWR1
NUB/NWR1
“0”
P8
G2
I/O
Configurable (PD)
STATUSLED
“0”
P9
J8
I/O
PU to VBAT18
EXTINT0
EXTINT0
P10
E4
I/O
OH
EM_A0/NLB
EM_A0/NLB
“0”
P11
H10
I/O
OH
EM_A21
NCS2
EM_A21
P12
F3
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE2
NPCS2
P13
G10
I/O
PU to VBAT18
GPSMODE3
EXTINT1
P14
J5
I/O
Configurable (PD)
NAADET1
P15
K5
I/O
PD
ANTON
“0”
P16
E1
I/O
Configurable (PU)
NEEPROM
SIGHI1
P17
J4
I/O
Configurable (PD)
GPSMODE5
SCK1
P18
K4
I/O
Configurable (PU)
TXD1
P19
F1
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE6
SIGLO1
P20
H2
I/O
Configurable (PD)
TIMEPULSE
SCK2
P21
F2
I/O
Configurable (PU)
TXD2
P22
H8
I/O
PU to VBAT18
RXD2
P23
H3
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE7
P24
H1
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE8
P25
D1
I/O
Configurable (PD)
NAADET0
P26
G8
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE10
NWD_OVF
SCK1
TXD1
“0”
SCK2
TIMEPULSE
TXD2
“0”
SCK
SCK
MCLK_OUT
MOSI
MOSI
“0”
MISO
MISO
“0”
NSS
NPCS0
“0”
RXD2
P27
E2
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE11
NPCS1
P28
G1
I/O
OH
EM_A20
NCS3
P29
E3
I/O
Configurable (PU)
GPSMODE12
NPCS3
P30
G5
I/O
PD
AGCOUT0
AGCOUT0
RXD1
P31
H9
I/O
PU to VBAT18
RF_ON
K6
OUT
PD
SIGHI0
F9
IN
SIGLO0
E10
IN
TCK
J3
IN
Notes:
“0”
EM_A20
“0”
RXD1
PU
1. PD = internal pull-down resistor, PU = internal pull-up resistor, OH = switched to Output High at reset
2. VBAT18 represent the internal power supply of the backup power domain, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
3. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
4. VDD_USB is the supply voltage for the following USB pins: USB_DM and USB_DP, see section “Power Supply” on page
21. For operation of the USB interface, supply of 3.0V to 3.6V is required.
5. This pin is not connected
7
4890H–GPS–08/08
Table 3-1.
Pin Name
ATR0621P Pinout (Continued)
LFBGA100
Pin Type
Pull Resistor
(Reset Value)(1)
PU
TDI
J2
IN
TDO
K3
OUT
TMS
J1
IN
USB_DM
F10
I/O
USB_DP
D3
I/O
VBAT
J7
IN
G6
OUT
VDD18
E6
IN
VDD18
F7
IN
VDD18
F6
IN
E5
IN
F5
IN
VBAT18
VDDIO
(2)
(3)
(4)
VDD_USB
XT_IN
J9
IN
XT_OUT
J10
OUT
NC(5)
F4
-
Notes:
Firmware Label
PIO Bank A
PIO Bank B
PU
1. PD = internal pull-down resistor, PU = internal pull-up resistor, OH = switched to Output High at reset
2. VBAT18 represent the internal power supply of the backup power domain, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
3. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29, see section “Power Supply” on page 21
4. VDD_USB is the supply voltage for the following USB pins: USB_DM and USB_DP, see section “Power Supply” on page
21. For operation of the USB interface, supply of 3.0V to 3.6V is required.
5. This pin is not connected
8
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
3.2
Signal Description
Table 3-2.
ATR0621P Signal Description
Module
Name
EM_A0 to EM_A21
Function
External memory address bus
EM_DA0 to EM_DA15 External memory data bus
I/O
–
Low
Output high in RESET state
NCS2 to NCS3
Chip select
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
Lower byte write signal
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
Upper byte write signal
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
Read signal
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
NWE
Write enable
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
NOE
Output enable
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
NUB
Upper byte select (16-bit SRAM)
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
NLB
Lower byte select (16-bit SRAM)
Output
Low
Output high in RESET state
Input
–
PIO-controlled after reset,
internal pull-down resistor
Output
–
PIO-controlled after reset
Input
–
PIO-controlled after reset
I/O
–
PIO-controlled after reset
Transmit data output
RXD1-2
Receive data input
SCK1-2
External synchronous serial clock
USB_DP
USB data (D+)
I/O
–
USB_DM
USB data (D-)
I/O
–
Output
–
Input
High/
Low/
Edge
PIO-controlled after reset
Output
–
Interface to ATR0601
PIO-controlled after reset
AIC
EXTINT0-1
AGC
AGCOUT0-1
External interrupt request
Automatic gain control
Interface to ATR0601
NSLEEP
Sleep output
Output
Low
Interface to ATR0601
NSHDN
Shutdown output
Output
Low
Connect to pin LDO_EN
XT_IN
Oscillator input
Input
–
RTC oscillator
XT_OUT
Oscillator output
Output
–
RTC oscillator
SCK
SPI clock
I/O
–
PIO-controlled after reset
MOSI
Master out slave in
I/O
–
PIO-controlled after reset
MISO
Master in slave out
I/O
–
PIO-controlled after reset
NSS/NPCS0
Slave select
I/O
Low
PIO-controlled after reset
NPCS1-3
Slave select
Output
Low
PIO-controlled after reset
Watchdog timer overflow
Output
–
PIO-controlled after reset
I/O
–
Input after reset
(except P3 to P7, P10, P11, P28)
WD
NWD_OVF
PIO
P0-31
Note:
Boot mode input
TXD1-2
RF_ON
SPI
Internal pull-down resistor
NRD
APMC
RTC
All valid after reset
Output
BOOT_MODE
USB
–
Chip select
NWR1
USART
Output
Active Level Comment
NCS0 to NCS1
NWR0
EBI
Type
Programmable I/O port
1. The USB transceiver is disabled if VDD_USB < 2.0V. In this case the pins USB_DM and USB_DP are connected to GND
(internal pull-down resistors). The USB transceiver is enabled if VDD_USB is within 3.0V and 3.6V.
9
4890H–GPS–08/08
Table 3-2.
Module
GPS
ATR0621P Signal Description (Continued)
Name
Function
Type
SIGHI0
Digital IF
Input
–
Interface to ATR0601
SIGLO0
Digital IF
Input
–
Interface to ATR0601
SIGHI1
Digital IF
Input
–
PIO-controlled after reset
SIGLO1
Digital IF
Input
–
PIO-controlled after reset
Output
–
PIO-controlled after reset
TIMEPULSE
GPSMODE0-12
GPS mode
Input
–
PIO-controlled after reset
STATUSLED
Status LED
Output
–
PIO-controlled after reset
Input
Low
PIO-controlled after reset
Output
–
PIO-controlled after reset
Active antenna short circuit
detection Input
Input
Low
PIO-controlled after reset
Active antenna detection input
Input
Low
PIO-controlled after reset
TMS
Test mode select
Input
–
NEEPROM
CONFIG
ANTON
NANTSHORT
NAADET0-1
JTAG/ICE
Test data in
Test data out
TCK
LDOBAT
Input
–
Internal pull-up resistor
–
Output high in RESET state
Test clock
Input
–
Internal pull-up resistor
NTRST
Test reset input
Input
Low
DBG_EN
Debug enable
Input
High
10
Internal pull-down resistor
Input
–
Output
–
PIO-controlled after reset
I/O
Low
VDD18
Power
–
Core voltage 1.8V
VDDIO
Power
–
Variable I/O voltage 1.65V to 3.6V
VDD_USB
Power
–
USB voltage 0 to 2.0V or
3.0Vto 3.6V(1)
GND
Power
–
Ground
LDOBAT_IN
Power
–
2.3V to 3.6V
VBAT
Power
–
1.5V to 3.6V
Clock input
Master clock output
Reset input
Open drain with internal pull-up
resistor
Out
–
1.8V backup voltage
LDO_IN
LDO in
Power
–
2.3V to 3.6V
LDO_OUT
LDO out
Power
–
1.8V core voltage, maximum
80 mA
LDO enable
Input
–
LDO_EN
Note:
Internal pull-down resistor
Interface to ATR0601, Schmitt
trigger input
VBAT18
LDO18
Internal pull-up resistor
Output
NRESET
POWER
Active antenna power on output
TDI
MCLK_OUT
RESET
Enable EEPROM support
TDO
CLK23
CLOCK
GPS synchronized time pulse
Active Level Comment
1. The USB transceiver is disabled if VDD_USB < 2.0V. In this case the pins USB_DM and USB_DP are connected to GND
(internal pull-down resistors). The USB transceiver is enabled if VDD_USB is within 3.0V and 3.6V.
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
3.3
Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12
The start-up configuration of a ROM-based system without external non-volatile memory is
defined by the status of the GPSMODE pins after system reset. Alternatively, the system can be
configured through message commands passed through the serial interface after start-up. This
configuration of the ATR0621P can be stored in an external non-volatile memory like FLASH
memory or EEPROM. Default designates settings used by ROM firmware if GPSMODE configuration is disabled (GPSMODE0 =0).
Table 3-3.
GPSMODE Functions
Pin
Function
GPSMODE0 (P1)
Enable configuration with GPSMODE pins
GPSMODE1 (P9)
This pin (EXTINT0) is used for FixNow™ functionality and not used for GPSMODE
configuration
GPSMODE2 (P12)
GPSMODE3 (P13)
GPSMODE4 (P14)
GPSMODE5 (P17)
GPSMODE6 (P19)
GPS sensitivity settings
This pin (NAADET1) is used as active antenna supervisor input and not used for
GPSMODE configuration. This is the default selection if GPSMODE configuration is
disabled.
Serial I/O configuration
GPSMODE7 (P23)
USB power mode
GPSMODE8 (P24)
General I/O configuration
GPSMODE9 (P25)
This pin (NAADET0) is used as active antenna supervisor input and not used for
GPSMODE configuration
GPSMODE10 (P26)
GPSMODE11 (P27)
General I/O configuration
GPSMODE12 (P29) Serial I/O configuration
In the case that GPSMODE pins with internal pull-up or pull-down resistors are connected to
GND/VDD18, additional current is drawn over these resistors. Especially GPSMODE3 can
impact the back-up current.
3.3.1
Enable GPSMODE Pin Configuration
Table 3-4.
Enable Configuration with GPSMODE Pins
GPSMODE0
(Reset = PD) Description
0(1)
1
Note:
Ignore all GPSMODE pins. The default settings as indicated below are used.
Use settings as specified with GPSMODE[2, 3, 5 to 8, 10 to 12]
1. Leave open
If the GPSMODE configuration is enabled (GPSMODE0 = 1) and the other GPSMODE pins are
not connected externally, the reset default values of the internal pull-down and pull-up resistors
will be used.
11
4890H–GPS–08/08
3.3.2
Sensitivity Settings
Table 3-5.
GPSMODE3
(Fixed PU)
0(1)
(1)
GPSMODE2
(Reset = PU) Description
0
Auto mode
(2)
Fast mode
0
Normal mode (Default ROM value)
1
0
(2)
1
1(2)
Notes:
GPS Sensitivity Settings
1(2)
High sensitivity
1. Increased back-up current
2. Leave open
For all GPS receivers the sensitivity depends on the integration time of the GPS signals. Therefore there is a trade-off between sensitivity and the time to detect the GPS signal (Time to first
fix). The three modes, “Fast Acquisition”, “Normal” and “High Sensitivity”, have a fixed integration time. The “Normal” mode, recommended for the most applications, is a trade off between
the sensitivity and TTFF. The “Fast Acquisition” mode is optimized for fast acquisition, at the
cost of a lower sensitivity. The “High Sensitivity” mode is optimized for higher sensitivity, at the
cost of longer TTFF. The “Auto” mode adjusts the integration time (sensitivity) automatically
according to the measured signal levels. That means the receiver with this setting has a fast
TTFF at strong signals, a high sensitivity to acquire weak signals but some times at medium signal level a higher TTFF as the “Normal” mode. These sensitivity settings affect only the startup
performance not the tracking performance.
3.3.3
Serial I/O Configuration
The ATR0621P features a two-stage I/O message and protocol selection procedure for the two
available serial ports. At the first stage, a certain protocol can be enabled or disabled for a given
USART port or the USB port. Selectable protocols are RTCM, NMEA and UBX. At the second
stage, messages can be enabled or disabled for each enabled protocol on each port. In all configurations discussed below, all protocols are enabled on all ports. But output messages are
enabled in a way that ports appear to communicate at only one protocol. However, each port will
accept any input message in any of the three implemented protocols.
Table 3-6.
Serial I/O Configuration
USART1/USB
USART2
GPSMODE5 (Output Protocol/
(Output Protocol/
(Reset = PD) Baud Rate (kBaud)) Baud Rate (kBaud)) Messages(1) Information Messages
GPSMODE12
(Reset = PU)
GPSMODE6
(Reset = PU)
0
0
0(2)
UBX/57.6
NMEA/19.2
High
User, Notice, Warning, Error
0
0
1
UBX/38.4
NMEA/9.6
Medium
User, Notice, Warning, Error
0
(2)
(2)
UBX/19.2
NMEA/4.8
Low
User, Notice, Warning, Error
(2)
1
–/Auto
–/Auto
Off
None
(2)
1
0
(2)
NMEA/19.2
UBX/57.6
High
User, Notice, Warning, Error
1(2)
0
1
NMEA/4.8
UBX/19.2
Low
User, Notice, Warning, Error
1(2)
1(2)
0(2)
NMEA/9.6
UBX/38.4
Medium
User, Notice, Warning, Error
(2)
(2)
1
UBX/115.2
NMEA/19.2
Debug
All
1
0
1
Notes:
1
1
0
0
1. See Table 3-7 to Table 3-10 on page 13, the messages are described in the ANTARIS4 protocol specification
2. Leave open
12
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
Both USART ports and the USB port accept input messages in all three supported protocols
(NMEA, RTCM and UBX) at the configured baud rate. Input messages of all three protocols can
be arbitrarily mixed. Response to a query input message will always use the same protocol as
the query input message. The USB port does only accept NMEA and UBX as input protocol by
default. RTCM can be enabled via protocol messages on demand.
In Auto Mode, no output message is sent out by default, but all input messages are accepted at
any supported baud rate. Again, USB is restricted to only NMEA and UBX protocols. Response
to query input commands will be given the same protocol and baud rate as it was used for the
query command. Using the respective configuration commands, periodic output messages can
be enabled.
The following message settings are used in the tables below:
Table 3-7.
NMEA Port
UBX Port
Table 3-8.
NMEA Port
UBX Port
Table 3-9.
NMEA Port
UBX Port
Table 3-10.
NMEA Port
UBX Port
Supported Messages at Setting Low
Standard
GGA, RMC
NAV
SOL, SVINFO
MON
EXCEPT
Supported Messages at Setting Medium
Standard
GGA, RMC, GSA, GSV, GLL, VTG, ZDA
NAV
SOL, SVINFO, POSECEF, POSLLH, STATUS, DOP, VELECEF,
VELNED, TIMEGPS, TIMEUTC, CLOCK
MON
EXCEPT
Supported Messages at Setting High
Standard
GGA, RMC, GSA, GSV, GLL, VTG, ZDA, GRS, GST
Proprietary
PUBX00, PUBX03, PUBX04
NAV
SOL, SVINFO, POSECEF, POSLLH, STATUS, DOP, VELECEF,
VELNED, TIMEGPS, TIMEUTC, CLOCK
MON
SCHD, IO, IPC, EXCEPT
Supported Messages at Setting Debug (Additional Undocumented Message May
be Part of Output Data)
Standard
GGA, RMC, GSA, GSV, GLL, VTG, ZDA, GRS, GST
Proprietary
PUBX00, PUBX03, PUBX04
NAV
SOL, SVINFO, POSECEF, POSLLH, STATUS, DOP, VELECEF,
VELNED, TIMEGPS, TIMEUTC, CLOCK
MON
SCHD, IO, IPC, EXCEPT
RXM
RAW (RAW message support requires an additional license)
13
4890H–GPS–08/08
The following settings apply if GPSMODE configuration is not enabled, that is, GPSMODE = 0
(ROM-Defaults):
Table 3-11.
Serial I/O Default Setting if GPSMODE Configuration is Deselected
(GPSMODE0 = 0)
USB
NMEA
USART1
NMEA
Baud rate (kBaud)
57.6
57.6
Input protocol
UBX, NMEA
UBX, NMEA, RTCM
UBX, NMEA, RTCM
Output protocol
NMEA
NMEA
UBX
Messages
GGA, RMC, GSA, GSV
GGA, RMC, GSA, GSV
NAV: SOL, SVINFO
MON: EXCEPT
User, Notice, Warning,
Error
User, Notice, Warning,
Error
Information
User Notice, Warning,
messages (UBX INF
Error
or NMEA TXT)
3.3.4
USART2
UBX
USB Power Mode
For correct response to the USB host queries, the device has to know its power mode. This is
configured via GPSMODE7. If set to bus powered, an upper current limit of 100 mA is reported
to the USB host; that is, the device classifies itself as a “low-power bus-powered function” with
no more than one USB power unit load.
Table 3-12.
USB Power Modes
GPSMODE7 (Reset = PU) Description
0
USB device is bus-powered (maximum current limit 100 mA)
(1)
USB device is self-powered (default ROM value)
1
Note:
3.3.5
1. Leave open
Active Antenna Supervisor
The two pins P0/NANTSHORT and P15/ANTON plus one pin of P25/NAADET0/MISO or
P14/NAADET1 are always initialized as general purpose I/Os and used as follows:
• P15/ANTON is an output which can be used to switch on and off antenna power supply.
• Input P0/NANTSHORT will indicate an antenna short circuit, i.e. zero DC voltage at the
antenna, to the firmware. If the antenna is switched off by output P15/ANTON, it is assumed
that also input P0/NANTSHORT will signal zero DC voltage, i.e. switch to its active low state.
• Input P25/NAADET0/MISO or P14/NAADET1 will indicate a DC current into the antenna. In
case of short circuit, both P0 and P25/P14 will be active, i.e. at low level. If the antenna is
switched off by output P15/ANTON, it is assumed that also input P25/NAADET0/MISO will
signal zero DC current, i.e. switch to its active low state. Which pin is used as NAADET (P14
or P25) depends on the settings of GPSMODE11 and GPSMODE10 (see Table 3-14 on
page 15).
14
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
Table 3-13.
Pin Usage of Active Antenna Supervisor
Pin
Usage
Meaning
P0/NANTSHORT
NANTSHORT
Active antenna short circuit detection
High = No antenna DC short circuit present
Low = Antenna DC short circuit present
P25/NAADET0/
MISO or
P14/NAADET1
NAADET
Active antenna detection input
High = No active antenna present
Low = Active antenna is present
P15/ANTON
ANTON
Active antenna power on output
High = Power supply to active antenna is switched on
Low = Power supply to active antenna is switched off
Table 3-14.
Antenna Detection I/O Settings
GPSMODE11 GPSMODE10 GPSMODE8
(Reset = PU) (Reset = PU) (Reset = PU) Location of NAADET
0
0
0
P25/NAADET0/MISO
0
0
1(1)
P25/NAADET0/MISO
0
1(1)
0
0
1(1)
1(1)
1(1)
0
0
P14/NAADET1
Reserved for further use.
Do not use this setting.
1(1)
0
1(1)
P14/NAADET1
Reserved for further use.
Do not use this setting.
1(1)
1(1)
0
P25/NAADET0/MISO
(1)
(1)
(1)
P25/NAADET0/MISO
1
Note:
Comment
1
1
P14/NAADET1
Reserved for further use.
Do not use this setting.
P14/NAADET1
(Default ROM value)
1. Leave open
The Antenna Supervisor Software will be configured as follows:
1. Enable Control Signal
2. Enable Short Circuit Detection (power down antenna via ANTON if short is detected via
NANTSHORT)
3. Enable Open Circuit Detection via NAADET
The antenna supervisor function may not be disabled by GPSMODE pin selection.
If the antenna supervisor function is not used, please leave open ANTON, NANTSHORT and
NAADET.
15
4890H–GPS–08/08
3.4
External Connections for a Working GPS System
Figure 3-2.
Example of an External Connection
ATR0601
SIGH
SIGL
SC
PuRF
PuXTO
SIGHI
SIGLO
CLK23
RF_ON
NSLEEP
NC
NRESET
see Table 3-15
NC
EM_DA0 - 15
EM_A1 - 19
see Table 3-15
see Table 3-15
see Table 3-15
see Table 3-15
see Table 3-15
P0 - 7
P9 - 15
P16 - 17
P19
P23 - 30
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
TMS
TCK
TDI
NTRST
TDO
NC
DBG_EN
GND
+3V
(see Power Supply)
GND
NSHDN
LDO_EN
LDO_OUT
VDD18
LDO_IN
LDOBAT_IN
ATR0621P
P8
P20
STATUS LED
TIMEPULSE
USB_DM
USB_DP
Optional
USB
P31
P18
Optional
USART 1
P22
P21
Optional
USART 2
XT_IN
XT_OUT
32.368 kHz
(see RTC)
+3V
(see Power Supply)
VDDIO
+3V
(see Power Supply)
VBAT18
VBAT
VDD_USB
+3V
(see Power Supply)
GND
NC: Not connected
16
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
Table 3-15.
Recommended Pin Connection
Pin Name
Recommended External Circuit
P0/NANTSHORT
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open if Antenna Supervision functionality is unused.
P1/GPSMODE0
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open, in order to disable the GPSMODE pin configuration feature.
Connect to VDD18 to enable the GPSMODE pin configuration feature. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in
section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on page 11. Can be left open if configured as output by
user application.
P2/BOOT_MODE
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open.
P3/NCS1
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P4/NCS0
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P5/NWE/NWR0
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P6/NOE/NRD
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P7/NUB/NWR1
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P8/STATUSLED
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P9/EXTINT0
Internal pull-up resistor, leave open if unused.
P10/EM_A0/NLB
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P11/EM_A21/NCS2
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P12/GPSMODE2/NPCS2
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P13/GPSMODE3/EXTINT1
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P14/NAADET1
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open if Antenna Supervision functionality is unused.
P15/ANTON
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open if Antenna Supervision functionality is unused.
P16/NEEPROM
Internal pull-up resistor, leave open if no serial EEPROM is connected. Otherwise connect to GND.
P17/GPSMODE5/SCK1
Internal pull-down resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output
by user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P18/TXD1
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open if serial interface is not used.
P19/GPSMODE6/SIGLO1
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P20/TIMEPULSE/SCK2
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open if timepulse feature is not used.
P21/TXD2
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open if serial interface not used.
P22/RXD2
Internal pull-up resistor, leave open if serial interface is not used.
P23/GPSMODE7/SCK
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
17
4890H–GPS–08/08
Table 3-15.
Recommended Pin Connection (Continued)
Pin Name
Recommended External Circuit
P24/GPSMODE8/MOSI
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P25/NAADET0/MISO
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open if Antenna Supervision functionality is unused. Can be left open if
configured as output by user application.
P26/GPSMODE10/NSS/
NPCS0
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P27/GPSMODE11/NPCS1
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P28/EM_A20/NCS3
Output in default ROM firmware: leave open, only needs pull-up resistor to VDD18 or pull-down resistor to
GND if used as GPIO input by user application and is not always driven from external sources.
P29/GPSMODE12/NPCS3
Internal pull-up resistor, can be left open if the GPSMODE feature is not used or configured as output by
user application. Refer to GPSMODE definitions in section “Setting GPSMODE0 to GPSMODE12” on
page 11.
P30/AGCOUT0
Internal pull-down resistor, leave open.
P31/RXD1
Internal pull-up resistor, leave open if serial interface is not used.
EM_DA0 – EM_DA15
If no external memory is used, could be leave open (internal pull-down).
18
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
3.4.1
Connecting an Optional FLASH Memory
The ATR0621P offers the possibility to connect an external FLASH memory. The high performance ARM7™ 32-bit RISC processor of the ATR0621P can be used to run application specific
code, that is stored in the FLASH memory. The 32-bit RISC processor of the ATR0621 accesses
the external memory via the EBI (External Bus Interface). Atmel recommends to use 1.8V
FLASH memory, e.g. the Atmel AT49SV802A. The LDO_OUT pin of the ATR0621P can supply
the external FLASH memory. Figure 3-3 shows an example of the external FLASH memory
connection.
Figure 3-3.
Example of an External FLASH Memory Connection
AT49SV802A
I/O0-15
A0-18
CE_N
WE_N
OE_N
BYTE_N
READY/BUSY_N
EM_DA0-15
EM_A1-19
P4/NCS0
P5/NWE
P6/NOE
NC
RESET_N
NRESET
NC
VSS
NC
GND
GND
GND
+3V
(see Power Supply)
ATR0621P
GND
NSHDN
LDO_EN
LDO_OUT
VDD18
LDO_IN
LDOBAT_IN
NC: Not connected
19
4890H–GPS–08/08
3.4.2
Connecting an Optional Serial EEPROM
The ATR0621P offers the possibility to connect an external serial EEPROM. The internal ROM
firmware supports to store the configuration of the ATR0621P in serial EEPROM. The pin
P16/NEEPROM signals the firmware that a serial EEPROM is connected with the ATR0621P.
The 32-bit RISC processor of the ATR0621P accesses the external memory with SPI (Serial
Peripheral Interface). Atmel recommends to use 32 Kbit 1.8V serial EEPROM, e.g. the Atmel
AT25320AY1-1.8. Figure 3-4 shows an example of the serial EEPROM connection.
Figure 3-4.
Example of a Serial EEPROM Connection
AT25320AY1-1.8
ATR0621P
P23/SCK
P24/MOSI
P25/MISO/NAADET0
P29/NPCS3
SCK
SI
SO
CS_N
HOLD_N
WP_N
+3V
(see Power Supply)
GND
NC
P16/NEEPROM
P1/GPSMODE0
GND
GND
NSHDN
LDO_EN
LDO_OUT
VDD18
VDDIO
LDO_IN
LDOBAT_IN
NC: Not connected
Note:
20
The GPSMODE pin configuration feature can be disabled, because the configuration can be
stored in the serial EEPROM. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the pins: P23, P24, P25 and P29.
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
4. Power Supply
The baseband IC is supplied with four distinct supply voltages:
• VDD18, the nominal 1.8V supply voltage for the core, the RF-I/O pins, the memory interface
and the test pins and all GPIO-pins not mentioned in next item.
• VDDIO, the variable supply voltage within 1.8V to 3.6V for following GPIO-pins: P1, P2, P8,
P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24, P25, P26, P27 and P29. In input mode,
these pins are 5V input tolerant.
• VDD_USB, the power supply of the USB pins: USB_DM and USB_DP.
• VBAT18 to supply the backup domain: RTC, backup SRAM and the pins NSLEEP, NSHDN,
LDO_EN, VBAT18, P9/EXTIN0, P13/EXTINT1, P22/RXD2 and P31/RXD1 and the 32kHz
oscillator. In input mode, the four GPIO-pins are 5V input tolerant.
Figure 4-1, Figure 4-2 and Figure 4-3 show examples of the wiring of ATR0621 power supply.
Figure 4-1.
External Wiring Example Using Internal LDOs and Backup Power Supply
ATR0621P internal
2.3V to 3.6V
LDO_IN
NSHDN
LDO_EN
LDO_OUT
LDO18
ldoin
ldoen
ldoout
VDD18
Core
VDDIO
1.8V to 3.3V
variable IO Domain
1 µF
(X7R)
ldobat_in
LDOBAT
LDOBAT_IN
1.5V to 3.6V
VBAT
VBAT18
vbat
vbat18
vdd
1 µF
(X7R)
RTC
Backup Memory
0V or 3V to 3.6V
VDDUSB
USB SM and
Transceiver
21
4890H–GPS–08/08
The baseband IC contains a built in low dropout voltage regulator LDO18. This regulator can be
used if the host system does not provide the core voltage VDD18 of 1.8V nominal. In such case,
LDO18 will provide a 1.8V supply voltage from any input voltage VDD between 2.3V and 3.6V. It
will also allow supplying external components such as FLASH memory with 1.8V. The LDO_EN
input can be used to shut down VDD18 if the system is in standby mode.
If the host system does however supply a 1.8V core voltage directly, this voltage has to be connected to the VDD18 supply pins of the baseband IC. LDO_EN must be connected to GND.
LDO_IN can be connected to GND. LDO_OUT must not be connected.
A second built in low dropout voltage regulator LDOBAT provides the supply voltage for the RTC
and backup SRAM from any input voltage VBAT between 1.5V and 3.6V. The backup battery is
only discharged if VDD - supplied via pin LDOBAT_IN - is shut down.
Only after VDD18 has been supplied to ATR0621 the RTC section will be initialized properly. If
only VBAT is applied first, the current consumption of the RTC and backup SRAM is
undetermined.
Figure 4-2.
External Wiring Example Using 1.8V from Host System and Backup Power
Supply
ATR0621P internal
LDO_IN
LDO_EN
LDO_OUT
LDO18
ldoin
ldoen
ldoout
1.65V to 1.95V
1 µF
(X7R)
VDD18
Core
VDDIO
1.8V to 3.3V
variable IO Domain
2.3V to 3.6V
ldobat_in
LDOBAT
LDOBAT_IN
1.5V to 3.6V
VBAT
VBAT18
vbat
vbat18
vdd
1 µF
(X7R)
RTC
Backup Memory
0V or 3V to 3.6V
22
VDDUSB
USB SM and
Transceiver
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
The USB Transceiver is disabled if VDD_USB < 2.0V. In this case the pins USB_DM and
USB_DP are connected to GND (internal pull-down resistors). The USB Transceiver is enabled
if VDD_USB within 3.0V and 3.6V.
Figure 4-3.
External Wiring Example Using Internal LDOs, USB Supply Voltage and Backup Power Supply
ATR0621P internal
LDO_IN
NSHDN
LDO_EN
LDO_OUT
LDO18
ldoin
ldoen
ldoout
VDD18
Core
VDDIO
1.8V to 3.3V
variable IO Domain
1 µF
(X7R)
ldobat_in
LDOBAT
LDOBAT_IN
1.5V to 3.6V
VBAT
VBAT18
vbat
vbat18
vdd
1 µF
(X7R)
RTC
Backup Memory
USB-VSB 5V
External
LDO 3.3V
VDDUSB
USB SM and
Transceiver
23
4890H–GPS–08/08
5. RTC Oscillator
Figure 5-1.
Crystal Connection
ATR0621P internal
XT_IN
32 kHz
Crystal
Oscillator
32.768 kHz
50 ppm
RTC
32.768 kHz clock
XT_OUT
C
C
C = 2 × Cload, Cload can be derived from the crystal datasheet. Maximum value for C is 25 pF.
6. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating
only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this
specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Parameters
Min.
Max.
Unit
Operating free air temperature range
–40
+85
°C
Storage temperature
–60
+150
°C
VDD18
–0.3
+1.95
V
DC supply voltage
DC input voltage
Note:
Pin
Symbol
VDDIO
–0.3
+3.6
V
VDD_USB
–0.3
+3.6
V
LDO_IN
–0.3
+3.6
V
LDOBAT_IN
–0.3
+3.6
V
VBAT
–0.3
+3.6
V
EM_DA0 to EM_DA15, P0,
P3 to P7, P10, P11, P15,
P28, P30, SIGHI, SIGLO,
CLK23, XT_IN, TMS, TCK,
TDI, NTRST, DBG_EN,
LDO_EN, NRESET
–0.3
+1.95
V
USB_DM, USB_DP
–0.3
+3.6
V
+5.0
V
P1, P2, P8, P9, P12 to P14,
–0.3
P16 to P27, P29, P31
Minimum/maximum limits are at +25°C ambient temperature, unless otherwise specified
7. Thermal Resistance
Parameters
Junction ambient, according to JEDEC51-9
24
Symbol
Value
Unit
RthJA
36.9
K/W
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
8. Electrical Characteristics - DC Characteristics
If no additional information is given in column Test Conditions, the values apply to a temperature range from –40°C to +85°C.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
VDD18
VDD18
1.65
1.8
1.95
V
D
VDDIO
VDDIO
1.65
1.8/3.3
3.6
V
D
VDD_USB
VDDUSB
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
D
VBAT18
VBAT18
1.65
1.8
1.95
V
D
1.5 DC output voltage VDD18
VO,18
0
VDD18
V
D
1.6 DC output voltage VDDIO
VO,IO
0
VDDIO
V
D
1.1 DC supply voltage core
1.2
DC supply voltage VDDIO
domain(1)
1.3 DC supply voltage USB(2)
1.4
DC supply voltage backup
domain(3)
1.7
Low-level input voltage
VDD18 domain
VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
VIL,18
–0.3
0.3 ×
VDD18
V
C
1.8
High-level input voltage
VDD18 domain
VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
VIH,18
0.7 ×
VDD18
VDD18 +
0.3
V
C
1.9
Schmitt trigger threshold
rising
VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
CLK23
Vth+,CLK23
0.7 ×
VDD18
V
C
1.10
Schmitt trigger threshold
falling
VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
CLK23
Vth-,CLK23
0.3 ×
VDD18
V
C
1.11 Schmitt trigger hysteresis VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
CLK23
Vhyst,CLK23
0.2
0.55
V
C
1.12
Schmitt trigger threshold
rising
VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
NRESET
Vth+,NRESET
0.8
1.3
V
C
1.13
Schmitt trigger threshold
falling
VDD18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
NRESET
Vth-,NRESET
0.46
0.77
V
C
1.14
Low-level input voltage
VDDIO domain
VDDIO = 1.65V to 3.6V
VIL,IO
–0.3
+0.41
V
C
1.15
High-level input voltage
VDDIO domain
VDDIO = 1.65V to 3.6V
VIH,IO
1.46
5.0
V
C
1.16
Low-level input voltage
VBAT18 domain
VBAT18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
P9, P13,
P22, P31
VIL,BAT
–0.3
+0.41
V
C
1.17
High-level input voltage
VBAT18 domain
VBAT18 = 1.65V to 1.95V
P9, P13,
P22, P31
VIH,BAT
1.46
5.0
V
C
1.18
Low-level input voltage
USB
VDD_USB = 3.0V to 3.6V
DP, DM
VIL,USB
–0.3
+0.8
V
C
High-level input voltage
1.19
USB
VDD_USB = 3.0V to 3.6V,
39Ω source resistance +
27Ω external series
resistor
DP, DM
VIH,USB
2.0
4.6
V
C
0.4
V
A
V
A
1.20
Low-level output voltage
VDD18 domain
IOL = 1.5 mA,
VDD18 = 1.65V
VOL,18
1.21
High-level output voltage
VDD18 domain
IOH = –1.5 mA,
VDD18 = 1.65V
VOH,18
VDD18
– 0.45
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Notes:
1. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO-pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29
2. Values defined for operating the USB interface. Otherwise VDD_USB may be connected to ground
3. Supply voltage VBAT18 for backup domain is generated internally by the LDOBAT
25
4890H–GPS–08/08
8. Electrical Characteristics - DC Characteristics (Continued)
If no additional information is given in column Test Conditions, the values apply to a temperature range from –40°C to +85°C.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
1.22
Low-level output voltage
VDDIO domain
IOL = 1.5 mA,
VDDIO = 3.0V
VOL,IO
1.23
High-level output voltage
VDDIO domain
IOH = –1.5 mA,
VDDIO = 3.0V
VOH,IO
1.24
Low-level output voltage
VBAT18 domain
IOL = 1 mA
P9, P13,
P22, P31
VOL,BAT
1.25
High-level output voltage
VBAT18 domain
IOH = –1 mA
P9, P13,
P22, P31
VOH,BAT
Min.
Type*
0.4
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
1
µA
C
10
pF
D
1.2
DP, DM
VOL,USB
High-level output voltage
1.27
USB
IOH = –0.2 mA,
VDD_USB = 3.0V to 3.6V,
27Ω external series
resistors
DP, DM
VOH,USB
2.8
ILEAK
–1
1.29 Input capacitance
Unit
0.4
IOL = 2.2 mA,
VDD_USB = 3.0V to 3.6V,
27Ω external series
resistors
Input-leakage current
VDD18 = 1.95V
(standard inputs and I/Os) VIL=0 V
Max.
VDDIO
– 0.5
Low-level output voltage
1.26
USB
1.28
Typ.
0.3
ICAP
1.30 Input pull-up resistor
NRESET
RPU
0.7
1.8
kΩ
C
1.31 Input pull-up resistor
TCK, TDI,
TMS
RPU
7
18
kΩ
C
1.32 Input pull-up resistor
P9, P13,
P22, P31
RPU
100
235
kΩ
C
1.33 Input pull-down resistor
DBG_EN,
NTRST,
RPD
7
18
kΩ
C
1.34 Input pull-down resistor
P0, P15,
P30,
EM_DA[0:15]
RPD
100
235
kΩ
C
Configurable input pull-up VDDIO = 3.6V
resistor
VPAD = 0V
P1, P2, P8,
P12, P14,
P[16-21],
P[23-27],
P29
RCPU
50
160
kΩ
C
Configurable input
pull-down resistor
P1, P2, P8,
P12, P14,
P[16-21],
P[23-27],
P29
RCPD
40
160
kΩ
C
1.35
1.36
VDDIO = 3.6V
VPAD = 3.6V
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Notes:
1. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO-pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29
2. Values defined for operating the USB interface. Otherwise VDD_USB may be connected to ground
3. Supply voltage VBAT18 for backup domain is generated internally by the LDOBAT
26
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
8. Electrical Characteristics - DC Characteristics (Continued)
If no additional information is given in column Test Conditions, the values apply to a temperature range from –40°C to +85°C.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
1.37
Configurable input pull-up
resistor (idle state)
USB_DP
RCPU
0.9
1.575
kΩ
C
1.38
Configurable input pull-up
resistor (operation state)
USB_DP
RCPU
1.425
3.09
kΩ
C
USB_DP
USB_DM
RPD
10
500
kΩ
C
1.39 Input pull-down resistor
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Notes:
1. VDDIO is the supply voltage for the following GPIO-pins: P1, P2, P8, P12, P14, P16, P17, P18, P19, P20, P21, P23, P24,
P25, P26, P27 and P29
2. Values defined for operating the USB interface. Otherwise VDD_USB may be connected to ground
3. Supply voltage VBAT18 for backup domain is generated internally by the LDOBAT
9. Power Consumption
Table 9-1.
Core Power Consumption
Mode
Conditions
Typ.
Sleep
At 1.8V, no CLK23
0.065
RTC, backup SRAM and LDOBAT
Shutdown
Normal
Unit
Type*
C
0.007
C
Satellite acquisition
25
C
Normal tracking on 6 channels with 1 fix/s; each
additional active tracking channel adds 0.5 mA
14
C
All channels disabled
11
C
mA
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design
parameter
10. ESD Sensitivity
The ATR0621P is an ESD sensitive device.
Observe precautions for handling.
Table 10-1.
ESD- Sensitivity
Test Model
Max.
Unit
Human Body Model (HBM)
TBD
V
27
4890H–GPS–08/08
11. LDO18
The LDO18 is a built in low dropout voltage regulator which can be used if the host system does
not provide the core voltage VDD18.
Table 11-1.
Electrical Characteristics of LDO18
Parameter
Conditions
Min.
Supply voltage LDO_IN
2.3
Output voltage
(LDO_OUT)
1.65
Typ.
1.8
Output current
(LDO_OUT)
Current consumption
After startup, no load, at room
temperature
Current consumption
Standby mode (LDO_EN = 0), at
room temperature
1
Max.
Unit
Type*
3.6
V
D
1.95
V
A
80
mA
A
80
µA
A
5
µA
A
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design
parameter
For well-defined start up of LDO18, LDO_IN needs to be connected to LDOBAT_IN.
12. LDOBAT and Backup Domain
The LDOBAT is a built in low dropout voltage regulator which provides the supply voltage
VBAT18 for the RTC, backup SRAM, P9, P13, P22, P31, NSLEEP and NSHDN. The LDOBAT
voltage regulator switches in battery mode if LDOBAT_IN falls below 1.5V.
Table 12-1.
Electrical Characteristics of LDOBAT
Parameter
Conditions
Supply voltage
LDOBAT_IN
Min.
Typ.
2.3
Supply voltage VBAT
1.5
Output voltage (VBAT18) If switch connects to LDOBAT_IN.
1.65
Output current (VBAT18) No external load allowed
1.8
Max.
Unit
Type*
3.6
V
D
3.6
V
D
1.95
V
A
1.5
mA
D
Current consumption
LDOBAT_IN(1)
After startup (sleep/backup mode), at
room temperature
15
µA
A
Current consumption
VBAT(1)
After startup (backup mode and
LDOBAT_IN = 0V), at room
temperature
10
µA
A
Current consumption
After startup (normal mode), at room
temperature
1.5
mA
C
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design
parameter
Note:
28
1. If no current is caused by outputs (pad output current as well as current across internal
pull-up resistors)
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
ATR0621P
13. Ordering Information
Extended Type Number
Package
MPQ
Remarks
ATR0621P-7FQY
LFBGA100
2000
9 mm × 9 mm, 0.80 mm pitch, ROM5, Pb-free, RoHS-compliant
ATR0621P-7FHW
LFBGA100
2000
9 mm × 9 mm, 0.80 mm pitch, ROM5, Pb-free, RoHS-compliant,
green
ATR0622-EK1
-
1
Evaluation kit/road test kit
ATR0622-DK1
-
1
Development kit including example design information
14. Package LFBGA100
Package: R-LFBGA 100_G
Dimensions in mm
∅ 0.08 M
∅ 0.15 M
∅ 0.38 ... 0.48 (100x)
C
BA
A1 Corner
Top View
9±0.05
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
0.8
6 7 8 9 10
A1 Corner
7.2
1 2 3 4 5
Bottom View
0.8
A
7.2
0.15 (4x) C
0.2 C
0.27 ... 0.37
Drawing-No.: 6.580-5003.01-4
1.4 max
0.12 C
Issue: 2; 27.10.05
0.53 ref.
9±0.05
B
(0.36)
technical drawings
according to DIN
specifications
Seating plane
C
Moisture sensitivity level (MSL) = 3
29
4890H–GPS–08/08
15. Revision History
Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision
mentioned, not to this document.
30
Revision No.
History
4890H-GPS-08/08
• Section 8 “Electrical Characteristics - DC Characteristics” numbers 1.11,
1.34 and 1.35 on pages 25 to 26 changed
4890G-GPS-01/08
• Table 3-1 “ATR0621P Pinout” on page 5 changed
• Section 13 “Ordering Information” on page 29 changed
4890F-GPS-09/07
• Table 3-1 “ATR0621P Pinout” on page 5 changed
4890E-GPS-06/07
• Section 8 “Electrical Characteristics” numbers 1.35 and 1.36 on page 26
changed
4890D-GPS-12/06
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4890C-GPS-10/06
• Section 7 “Thermal Resistance” on page 24 added
• Section 13 “Ordering Information” on page 29 changed
4890B-GPS-06/06
• Table 3-1 “ATR0621 Pinout” on pages 5-8 changed
• Section 3.3 “Setting GPSMODE12” on page 11 changed
• Table 3-4 “Enable Configuration with GPSMODE Pins” on page 11
changed
• Section 3.3.2 “Sensitivity Settings” on page 12 changed
• Table 3-5 “GPS Sensitivity Settings” on page 12 changed
• Table 3-6 “Serial I/O Configuration” on page 12 changed
• Table 3-12 “USB Power Modes” on page 14 changed
• Table 3-14 “Antenna Detection I/O Settings” on page 15 changed
• Figure 3.2 “Example of an External Connection” on page 16 changed
• Table 3-15 “Recommended Pin Connection” on pages 17-18 changed
• Section 7 “Electrical Characteristics - DC Characteristics” on pages
25-26 changed
• Section 10 “LDO18” on page 27 changed
All pages: Part number changed in ATR0621P
Page 24: Abs. Max. Ratings table: some changes
Page 25-27: El. Characteristics table: Type column added
Page 27: Power Consumption table: Type column added
Page 27: ESD Sensitivity table: Type column added
Page 28: LDO18 table: Type column added
Page 28: LDOBAT and Backup Domain table: Type column added
ATR0621P
4890H–GPS–08/08
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4890H–GPS–08/08