Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C LIN Bus Transceiver with 3.3V (5V) Regulator and Watchdog DATASHEET Features ● Master and slave operation possible ● Supply voltage up to 40V ● Operating voltage VS = 5V to 27V ● Typically 10µA supply current during Sleep Mode ● Typically 57µA supply current in Silent Mode ● Linear low-drop voltage regulator, 85mA current capability: ● Normal, Fail-safe, and Silent Mode ● Atmel ATA6622C VCC = 3.3V ±2% ● Atmel ATA6624C VCC = 5.0V ±2% ● Atmel ATA6626C VCC = 5.0V ±2%, TXD time-out timer disabled ● In Sleep Mode VCC is switched off ● VCC- undervoltage detection (4ms reset time) and watchdog reset logical combined at open drain output NRES ● Negative trigger input for watchdog ● Boosting the voltage regulator possible with an external NPN transistor ● LIN physical layer according to LIN 2.0, 2.1 and SAEJ2602-2 ● Wake-up capability via LIN-bus, wake pin, or Kl_15 pin ● INH output to control an external voltage regulator or to switch off the master pull up resistor ● TXD time-out timer; Atmel ATA6626C: TXD time-out timer Is disabled ● Bus pin is overtemperature and short circuit protected versus GND and battery ● Adjustable watchdog time via external resistor ● Advanced EMC and ESD performance ● Fulfills the OEM “Hardware Requirements for LIN in automotive Applications Rev.1.0” ● Interference and damage protection according to ISO7637 ● Package: QFN 5mm x 5mm with 20 pins 4986M–AUTO–02/13 1. Description The Atmel® ATA6622C is a fully integrated LIN transceiver, which complies with the LIN 2.0, 2.1 and SAEJ2602-2 specifications. It has a low-drop voltage regulator for 3.3V/85mA output and a window watchdog. The Atmel ATA6624C has the same functionality as the Atmel ATA6622C; however, it uses a 5V/85mA regulator. The Atmel ATA6626C has the same functionality as Atmel ATA6624C without a TXD time-out timer. The voltage regulator is able to source 85mA, but the output current can be boosted by using an external NPN transistor. This chip combination makes it possible to develop inexpensive, simple, yet powerful slave and master nodes for LIN-bus systems. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C are designed to handle the low-speed data communication in vehicles, e.g., in convenience electronics. Improved slope control at the LIN-driver ensures secure data communication up to 20kBaud. Sleep Mode and Silent Mode guarantee very low current consumption. The Atmel ATA6626C is able to switch the LIN unlimited to dominant level via TXD for low data rates. Figure 1-1. Block Diagram 20 VS Normal and Fail-safe Mode 10 INH PVCC Normal Mode Receiver - 9 RXD + 7 RF Filter LIN 4 WAKE 16 KL_15 PVCC Edge Detection Wake-up Bus Timer Slew Rate Control TXD Time-out Timer 11 TXD Short Circuit and Overtemperature Protection *) Control Unit EN GND 1 5 19 Normal/Silent/ Fail-safe Mode 3.3/5V 18 PVCC 12 Undervoltage Reset OUT Internal Testing Unit Watchdog VCC NRES Adjustable Watchdog Oscillator 13 WD_OSC PVCC 15 MODE 14 3 TM NTRIG *) Not in ATA6626 Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 2 Pin Configuration VCC PVCC GND KL15 20 19 18 17 16 1 3 WAKE 4 GND 5 QFN 5 mm 5 mm 0.65 mm pitch 20 lead 6 Table 2-1. 7 8 9 10 INH NTRIG RXD 2 GND GND ATA6622C ATA6624C ATA6626C LIN EN VS Figure 2-1. Pinning QFN20 GND 2. 15 MODE 14 TM 13 WD_OSC 12 NRES 11 TXD Pin Description Pin Symbol Function 1 EN 2 GND 3 NTRIG Low-level watchdog trigger input from microcontroller 4 WAKE High-voltage input for local wake-up request; if not needed, connect directly to VS 5 GND System ground (mandatory) 6 GND System ground (optional) 7 LIN LIN-bus line input/output 8 GND System ground (optional) 9 RXD Receive data output 10 INH Battery related output for controlling an external voltage regulator Transmit data input; active low output (strong pull down) after a local wake-up request Enables the device in Normal Mode System ground (optional) 11 TXD 12 NRES 13 WD_OSC 14 TM 15 MODE Low, watchdog is on; high, watchdog is off 16 KL_15 Ignition detection (edge sensitive) 17 GND System ground (optional) 18 PVCC 3.3V/5V regulator sense input pin 19 VCC 3.3V/5V regulator output/driver pin 20 VS Backside Output undervoltage and watchdog reset (open drain) External resistor for adjustable watchdog timing For factory testing only (tie to ground) Battery supply Heat slug is connected to all GND pins Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 3 3. Functional Description 3.1 Physical Layer Compatibility Since the LIN physical layer is independent from higher LIN layers (e.g., the LIN protocol layer), all nodes with a LIN physical layer according to revision 2.x can be mixed with LIN physical layer nodes, which, according to older versions (i.e., LIN 1.0, LIN 1.1, LIN 1.2, LIN 1.3), are without any restrictions. 3.2 Supply Pin (VS) The LIN operating voltage is VS = 5V to 27V. An undervoltage detection is implemented to disable data transmission if VS falls below VSth < 4V in order to avoid false bus messages. After switching on VS, the IC starts in Fail-safe Mode, and the voltage regulator is switched on. The supply current is typically 10µA in Sleep Mode and 57µA in Silent Mode. 3.3 Ground Pin (GND) The IC does not affect the LIN Bus in the event of GND disconnection. It is able to handle a ground shift up to 11.5% of VS. The mandatory system ground is pin 5. 3.4 Voltage Regulator Output Pin (VCC) The internal 3.3V/5V voltage regulator is capable of driving loads up to 85mA. It is able to supply the microcontroller and other ICs on the PCB and is protected against overloads by means of current limitation and overtemperature shut-down. Furthermore, the output voltage is monitored and will cause a reset signal at the NRES output pin if it drops below a defined threshold Vthun. To boost up the maximum load current, an external NPN transistor may be used, with its base connected to the VCC pin and its emitter connected to PVCC. 3.5 Voltage Regulator Sense Pin (PVCC) The PVCC is the sense input pin of the 3.3V/5V voltage regulator. For normal applications (i.e., when only using the internal output transistor), this pin is connected to the VCC pin. If an external boosting transistor is used, the PVCC pin must be connected to the output of this transistor, i.e., its emitter terminal. 3.6 Bus Pin (LIN) A low-side driver with internal current limitation and thermal shutdown and an internal pull-up resistor compliant with the LIN 2.x specification are implemented. The allowed voltage range is between –27V and +40V. Reverse currents from the LIN bus to VS are suppressed, even in the event of GND shifts or battery disconnection. LIN receiver thresholds are compatible with the LIN protocol specification. The fall time from recessive to dominant bus state and the rise time from dominant to recessive bus state are slope controlled. 3.7 Input/Output Pin (TXD) In Normal Mode the TXD pin is the microcontroller interface used to control the state of the LIN output. TXD must be pulled to ground in order to have a low LIN-bus. If TXD is high or unconnected (internal pull-up resistor), the LIN output transistor is turned off, and the bus is in recessive state. During Fail-safe Mode, this pin is used as output. It is current-limited to < 8mA. and is latched to low if the last wake-up event was from pin WAKE or KL_15. 3.8 TXD Dominant Time-out Function The TXD input has an internal pull-up resistor. An internal timer prevents the bus line from being driven permanently in dominant state. If TXD is forced to low for longer than tDOM > 6ms, the LIN-bus driver is switched to recessive state. To reactivate the LIN bus driver, switch TXD to high (> 10µs). The time-out function is disabled in the ATA6626C. Switching to dominant level on the LIN bus occurs without any time limitations. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 4 3.9 Output Pin (RXD) This output pin reports the state of the LIN-bus to the microcontroller. LIN high (recessive state) is reported by a high level at RXD; LIN low (dominant state) is reported by a low level at RXD. The output has an internal pull-up resistor with typically 5kΩ to VCC. The AC characteristics can be defined with an external load capacitor of 20pF. The output is short-circuit protected. RXD is switched off in Unpowered Mode (i.e., VS = 0V). 3.10 Enable Input Pin (EN) The Enable Input pin controls the operation mode of the device. If EN is high, the circuit is in Normal Mode, with transmission paths from TXD to LIN and from LIN to RXD both active. The VCC voltage regulator operates with 3.3V/5V/85mA output capability. If EN is switched to low while TXD is still high, the device is forced to Silent Mode. No data transmission is then possible, and the current consumption is reduced to IVS typ. 57µA. The VCC regulator has its full functionality. If EN is switched to low while TXD is low, the device is forced to Sleep Mode. No data transmission is possible, and the voltage regulator is switched off. 3.11 Wake Input Pin (WAKE) The Wake Input pin is a high-voltage input used to wake up the device from Sleep Mode or Silent Mode. It is usually connected to an external switch in the application to generate a local wake-up. A pull-up current source, typically 10µA, is implemented. If a local wake-up is not needed in the application, connect the Wake pin directly to the VS pin. 3.12 Mode Input Pin (MODE) Connect the MODE pin directly or via an external resistor to GND for normal watchdog operation. To debug the software of the connected microcontroller, connect MODE pin to 3.3V/5V and the watchdog is switched off. 3.13 TM Input Pin The TM pin is used for final production measurements at Atmel®. In normal application, it has to be always connected to GND. 3.14 KL_15 Pin The KL_15 pin is a high-voltage input used to wake up the device from Sleep or Silent Mode. It is an edge sensitive pin (low-tohigh transition). It is usually connected to ignition to generate a local wake-up in the application when the ignition is switched on. Although KL_15 pin is at high voltage (VBatt), it is possible to switch the IC into Sleep or Silent Mode. Connect the KL_15 pin directly to GND if you do not need it. A debounce timer with a typical TdbKl_15 of 160µs is implemented. The input voltage threshold can be adjusted by varying the external resistor due to the input current IKL_15. To protect this pin against voltage transients, a serial resistor of 47kΩ and a ceramic capacitor of 100nF are recommended. With this RC combination you can increase the wake-up time TwKL_15 and, therefore, the sensitivity against transients on the ignition Kl.15. You can also increase the wake-up time using external capacitors with higher values. 3.15 INH Output Pin The INH Output pin is used to switch an external voltage regulator on during Normal or Fail-safe Mode. The INH pin is switched off in Sleep or Silent Mode. It is possible to switch off the external 1kΩ master resistor via the INH pin for master node applications. The INH pin is switched off during VCC undervoltage reset. 3.16 Reset Output Pin (NRES) The Reset Output pin, an open drain output, switches to low during VCC undervoltage or a watchdog failure. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 5 3.17 WD_OSC Output Pin The WD_OSC Output pin provides a typical voltage of 1.2V, which supplies an external resistor with values between 34kΩ and 120kΩ to adjust the watchdog oscillator time. 3.18 NTRIG Input Pin The NTRIG Input pin is the trigger input for the window watchdog. A pull-up resistor is implemented. A negative edge triggers the watchdog. The trigger signal (low) must exceed a minimum time ttrigmin to generate a watchdog trigger. 3.19 Wake-up Events from Sleep or Silent Mode ● ● ● ● LIN-bus WAKE pin EN pin KL_15 Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 6 4. Modes of Operation Figure 4-1. Modes of Operation a: VS > 5V Unpowered Mode VBatt = 0V b b: VS < 3.7V c: Bus wake-up event d: Wake up from WAKE or KL_15 pin a e: NRES switches to low b Fail-safe Mode VCC: 3.3V/5V with undervoltage monitoring Communication: OFF Watchdog: ON b e EN = 1 b c+d+e EN = 1 c+d Go to silent command EN = 0 Silent Mode TXD = 1 Normal Mode VCC: 3.3V/5V with undervoltage monitoring Communication: OFF Watchdog: OFF Local wake-up event EN = 1 VCC: 3.3V/5V with undervoltage monitoring Go to sleep command EN = 0 Communication: ON Watchdog: ON Table 4-1. VCC: switched off Communication: OFF Watchdog: OFF Table of Modes Mode of Operation 4.1 Sleep Mode TXD = 0 Transceiver VCC Watchdog WD_OSC INH RXD LIN Recessive Fail-safe Off 3.3V/5V On 1.23V On High, except after wake-up Normal On 3.3V/5V On 1.23V On LIN depending TXD depending Silent Off 3.3V/5V Off 0V Off High Recessive Sleep Off 0V Off 0V Off 0V Recessive Normal Mode This is the normal transmitting and receiving mode of the LIN Interface in accordance with the LIN specification LIN 2.x. The voltage regulator is active and can source up to 85mA. The undervoltage detection is activated. The watchdog needs a trigger signal from NTRIG to avoid resets at NRES. If NRES is switched to low, the IC changes its state to Fail-safe Mode. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 7 4.2 Silent Mode A falling edge at EN when TXD is high switches the IC into Silent Mode. The TXD Signal has to be logic high during the Mode Select window (see Figure 4-2). The transmission path is disabled in Silent Mode. The overall supply current from VBatt is a combination of the IVSsi = 57µA plus the VCC regulator output current IVCC. The internal slave termination between the LIN pin and the VS pin is disabled in Silent Mode, only a weak pull-up current (typically 10µA) between the LIN pin and the VS pin is present. Silent Mode can be activated independently from the actual level on the LIN, WAKE, or KL_15 pins. If an undervoltage condition occurs, NRES is switched to low, and the IC changes its state to Fail-safe Mode. A voltage less than the LIN Pre_Wake detection VLINL at the LIN pin activates the internal LIN receiver and switches on the internal slave termination between the LIN pin and the VS pin. Figure 4-2. Switch to Silent Mode Normal Mode Silent Mode EN TXD Mode select window td = 3.2µs NRES VCC Delay time silent mode td_silent = maximum 20µs LIN LIN switches directly to recessive mode Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 8 A falling edge at the LIN pin followed by a dominant bus level maintained for a certain time period (> tbus) and the following rising edge at the LIN pin (see Figure 4-3 on page 9) results in a remote wake-up request. The device switches from Silent Mode to Fail-safe Mode. The remote wake-up request is indicated by a low level at the RXD pin to interrupt the microcontroller (see Figure 4-3 on page 9). EN high can be used to switch directly to Normal Mode. Figure 4-3. LIN Wake Up from Silent Mode Bus wake-up filtering time tbus Fail-safe mode Normal mode LIN bus Node in silent mode RXD High Low High TXD Watchdog VCC voltage regulator Watchdog off Start watchdog lead time td Silent mode 3.3V/5V Fail safe mode 3.3V/5V Normal mode EN High EN NRES Undervoltage detection active Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 9 4.3 Sleep Mode A falling edge at EN when TXD is low switches the IC into Sleep Mode. The TXD Signal has to be logic low during the Mode Select window (Figure 4-4 on page 10). In order to avoid any influence to the LIN-pin during switching into sleep mode it is possible to switch the EN up to 3.2 µs earlier to LOW than the TXD. Therefore, the best and easiest way are two falling edges at TXD and EN at the same time.The transmission path is disabled in Sleep Mode. The supply current IVSsleep from VBatt is typically 10µA. The VCC regulator is switched off. NRES and RXD are low. The internal slave termination between the LIN pin and VS pin is disabled, only a weak pull-up current (typically 10µA) between the LIN pin and the VS pin is present. Sleep Mode can be activated independently from the current level on the LIN, WAKE, or KL_15 pin. A voltage less than the LIN Pre_Wake detection VLINL at the LIN pin activates the internal LIN receiver and switches on the internal slave termination between the LIN pin and the VS pin. A falling edge at the LIN pin followed by a dominant bus level maintained for a certain time period (> tbus) and a following rising edge at pin LIN results in a remote wake-up request. The device switches from Sleep Mode to Fail-safe Mode. The VCC regulator is activated, and the remote wake-up request is indicated by a low level at the RXD pin to interrupt the microcontroller (see Figure 4-5 on page 11). EN high can be used to switch directly from Sleep/Silent to Fail-safe Mode. If EN is still high after VCC ramp up and undervoltage reset time, the IC switches to the Normal Mode. Figure 4-4. Switch to Sleep Mode Normal Mode Sleep Mode EN Mode select window TXD td = 3.2µs NRES VCC Delay time sleep mode td_sleep = maximum 20µs LIN LIN switches directly to recessive mode Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 10 4.4 Fail-safe Mode The device automatically switches to Fail-safe Mode at system power-up. The voltage regulator is switched on (see Figure 5-1 on page 13). The NRES output switches to low for tres = 4ms and gives a reset to the microcontroller. LIN communication is switched off. The IC stays in this mode until EN is switched to high. The IC then changes to Normal Mode. A power down of VBatt (VS < 3.7V) during Silent or Sleep Mode switches the IC into Fail-safe Mode after power up. A low at NRES switches into Failsafe Mode directly. During Fail-safe Mode the TXD pin is an output and signals the last wake-up source. 4.5 Unpowered Mode If you connect battery voltage to the application circuit, the voltage at the VS pin increases according to the block capacitor (see Figure 5-1 on page 13). After VS is higher than the VS undervoltage threshold VSth, the IC mode changes from Unpowered Mode to Fail-safe Mode. The VCC output voltage reaches its nominal value after tVCC. This time, tVCC, depends on the VCC capacitor and the load. The NRES is low for the reset time delay treset. During this time, treset, no mode change is possible. Figure 4-5. LIN Wake Up from Sleep Mode Bus wake-up filtering time tbus Fail-safe Mode Low Low Normal Mode LIN bus RXD TXD VCC voltage regulator On state Off state Regulator wake-up time EN High EN Reset time NRES Low Microcontroller start-up time delay Watchdog Watchdog off Start watchdog lead time td Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 11 5. Wake-up Scenarios from Silent or Sleep Mode 5.1 Remote Wake-up via Dominant Bus State A voltage less than the LIN Pre_Wake detection VLINL at the LIN pin activates the internal LIN receiver. A falling edge at the LIN pin followed by a dominant bus level VBUSdom maintained for a certain time period (> tBUS) and a rising edge at pin LIN result in a remote wake-up request. The device switches from Silent or Sleep Mode to Fail-safe Mode. The VCC voltage regulator is/remains activated, the INH pin is switched to high, and the remote wake-up request is indicated by a low level at the RXD pin to generate an interrupt for the microcontroller. A low level at the LIN pin in the Normal Mode starts the bus wake-up filtering time, and if the IC is switched to Silent or Sleep Mode, it will receive a wake-up after a positive edge at the LIN pin. 5.2 Local Wake-up via Pin WAKE A falling edge at the WAKE pin followed by a low level maintained for a certain time period (> tWAKE) results in a local wake-up request. The device switches to Fail-safe Mode. The local wake-up request is indicated by a low level at the RXD pin to generate an interrupt in the microcontroller and a strong pull down at TXD. When the Wake pin is low, it is possible to switch to Silent or Sleep Mode via pin EN. In this case, the wake-up signal has to be switched to high > 10µs before the negative edge at WAKE starts a new local wake-up request. 5.3 Local Wake-up via Pin KL_15 A positive edge at pin KL_15 followed by a high voltage level for a certain time period (> tKL_15) results in a local wake-up request. The device switches into the Fail-safe Mode. The extra long wake-up time ensures that no transients at KL_15 create a wake up. The local wake-up request is indicated by a low level at the RXD pin to generate an interrupt for the microcontroller and a strong pull down at TXD. During high-level voltage at pin KL_15, it is possible to switch to Silent or Sleep Mode via pin EN. In this case, the wake-up signal has to be switched to low > 250µs before the positive edge at KL_15 starts a new local wake-up request. With external RC combination, the time is even longer. 5.4 Wake-up Source Recognition The device can distinguish between a local wake-up request (Wake or KL_15 pins) and a remote wake-up request (dominant LIN bus state). The wake-up source can be read on the TXD pin in Fail-safe Mode. A high level indicates a remote wake-up request (weak pull up at the TXD pin); a low level indicates a local wake-up request (strong pull down at the TXD pin). The wake-up request flag (signalled on the RXD pin), as well as the wake-up source flag (signalled on the TXD pin), is immediately reset if the microcontroller sets the EN pin to high (see Figure 4-2 on page 8 and Figure 4-3 on page 9) and the IC is in Normal Mode. The last wake-up source flag is stored and signalled in Fail-safe Mode at the TXD pin. 5.5 Fail-safe Features ● During a short-circuit at LIN to VBattery, the output limits the output current to IBUS_lim. Due to the power dissipation, the chip temperature exceeds TLINoff, and the LIN output is switched off. The chip cools down and after a hysteresis of Thys, switches the output on again. RXD stays on high because LIN is high. During LIN overtemperature switch-off, the VCC regulator works independently. ● During a short-circuit from LIN to GND the IC can be switched into Sleep or Silent Mode. If the short-circuit disappears, the IC starts with a remote wake-up. ● The reverse current is very low < 2µA at the LIN pin during loss of VBatt. This is optimal behavior for bus systems where some slave nodes are supplied from battery or ignition. ● During a short circuit at VCC, the output limits the output current to IVCClim. Because of undervoltage, NRES switches to low and sends a reset to the microcontroller. The IC switches into Fail-safe Mode. If the chip temperature exceeds the value TVCCoff, the VCC output switches off. The chip cools down and after a hysteresis of Thys, switches the output on again. Because of the Fail-safe Mode, the VCC voltage will switch on again although EN is switched off from the microcontroller. The microcontroller can start with its normal operation. ● ● ● EN pin provides a pull-down resistor to force the transceiver into recessive mode if EN is disconnected. RXD pin is set floating if VBatt is disconnected. TXD pin provides a pull-up resistor to force the transceiver into recessive mode if TXD is disconnected. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 12 If TXD is short-circuited to GND, it is possible to switch to Sleep Mode via ENABLE after tdom > 20ms (only for Atmel® ATA6622C/ATA6624C). ● If the WD_OSC pin has a short-circuit to GND and the NTRIG Signal has a period time > 27ms, the watchdog runs with an internal oscillator and guarantees a reset after the second NTRIG signal at the latest. ● If the resistor at WO_OSC pin is disconnected, the watchdog runs with an internal oscillator and guarantees a reseet after the second NTRIG signal at the latest. Voltage Regulator The voltage regulator needs an external capacitor for compensation and for smoothing the disturbances from the microcontroller. It is recommended to use an electrolythic capacitor with C > 1.8µF and a ceramic capacitor with C = 100nF. The values of these capacitors can be varied by the customer, depending on the application. The main power dissipation of the IC is created from the VCC output current IVCC, which is needed for the application. In Figure 5-2 on page 13 the safe operating area of the Atmel ATA6624C/ATA6626C is shown. Figure 5-1. VCC Voltage Regulator: Ramp-up and Undervoltage Detection VS 12V 5.5V/3.8V t VCC 5V/3.3V Vthun TVCC Tres_f TReset t NRES 5V/3.3V t Figure 5-2. Power Dissipation: Safe Operating Area: VCC Output Current versus Supply Voltage VS at Different Ambient Temperatures Due to Rthja = 35K/W 90 Tamb = 105°C 80 70 Tamb = 115°C 60 IVCC/mA 5.6 ● 50 Tamb = 125°C 40 30 20 10 0 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 VS/V For programming purposes of the microcontroller it is potentially necessary to supply the VCC output via an external power supply while the VS Pin of the system basis chip is disconnected. This will not affect the system basis chip. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 13 6. Watchdog The watchdog anticipates a trigger signal from the microcontroller at the NTRIG (negative edge) input within a time window of Twd. The trigger signal must exceed a minimum time ttrigmin > 200ns. If a triggering signal is not received, a reset signal will be generated at output NRES. The timing basis of the watchdog is provided by the internal oscillator. Its time period, Tosc, is adjustable via the external resistor Rwd_osc (34kΩ to 120kΩ). During Silent or Sleep Mode the watchdog is switched off to reduce current consumption. The minimum time for the first watchdog pulse is required after the undervoltage reset at NRES disappears. It is defined as lead time td. After wake up from Sleep or Silent Mode, the lead time td starts with the negative edge of the RXD output. 6.1 Typical Timing Sequence with RWD_OSC = 51kΩ The trigger signal Twd is adjustable between 20ms and 64ms using the external resistor RWD_OSC. For example, with an external resistor of RWD_OSC = 51kΩ ±1%, the typical parameters of the watchdog are as follows: tosc = 0.405 × RWD_OSC – 0.0004 × (RWD_OSC)2 (RWD_OSC in kΩ; tosc in µs) tOSC = 19.6µs due to 51kΩ td = 7895 × 19.6µs = 155ms t1 = 1053 × 19.6µs = 20.6ms t2 = 1105 × 19.6µs = 21.6ms tnres = constant = 4ms After ramping up the battery voltage, the 3.3V/5V regulator is switched on. The reset output NRES stays low for the time treset (typically 4ms), then it switches to high, and the watchdog waits for the trigger sequence from the microcontroller. The lead time, td, follows the reset and is td = 155ms. In this time, the first watchdog pulse from the microcontroller is required. If the trigger pulse NTRIG occurs during this time, the time t1 starts immediately. If no trigger signal occurs during the time td, a watchdog reset with tNRES = 4ms will reset the microcontroller after td = 155ms. The times t1 and t2 have a fixed relationship between each other. A triggering signal from the microcontroller is anticipated within the time frame of t2 = 21.6ms. To avoid false triggering from glitches, the trigger pulse must be longer than tTRIG,min > 200ns. This slope serves to restart the watchdog sequence. If the triggering signal fails in this open window t2, the NRES output will be drawn to ground. A triggering signal during the closed window t1 immediately switches NRES to low. Figure 6-1. Timing Sequence with RWD_OSC = 51kΩ VCC 3.3V/5V Undervoltage Reset NRES Watchdog Reset tnres = 4ms treset = 4ms td = 155ms t1 t1 = 20.6ms t2 t2 = 21ms twd NTRIG ttrig > 200ns Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 14 6.2 Worst Case Calculation with RWD_OSC = 51kΩ The internal oscillator has a tolerance of 20%. This means that t1 and t2 can also vary by 20%. The worst case calculation for the watchdog period twd is calculated as follows. The ideal watchdog time twd is between the maximum t1 and the minimum t1 plus the minimum t2. t1,min = 0.8 × t1 = 16.5ms, t1,max = 1.2 × t1 = 24.8ms t2,min = 0.8 × t2 = 17.3ms, t2,max = 1.2 × t2 = 26ms twdmax = t1min + t2min = 16.5ms + 17.3ms = 33.8ms twdmin = t1max = 24.8ms twd = 29.3ms ±4.5ms (±15%) A microcontroller with an oscillator tolerance of ±15% is sufficient to supply the trigger inputs correctly. Table 6-1. Typical Watchdog Timings RWD_OSC kΩ Oscillator Period tosc/µs Lead Time td/ms Closed Window t1/ms Open Window t2/ms Trigger Period from Microcontroller twd/ms Reset Time tnres/ms 34 13.3 105 14.0 14.7 19.9 4 51 19.61 154.8 20.64 21.67 29.32 4 91 33.54 264.80 35.32 37.06 50.14 4 120 42.84 338.22 45.11 47.34 64.05 4 Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 15 7. Absolute Maximum Ratings Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. Parameters Symbol Min. Supply voltage VS VS –0.3 Pulse time ≤ 500ms; Ta = 25°C Output current IVCC ≤ 85mA Pulse time ≤ 2min; Ta = 25°C Output current IVCC ≤ 85mA Max. Unit +40 V VS +40 V VS 27 V –1 –150 +40 +100 V V INH - DC voltage –0.3 VS + 0.3 V LIN - DC voltage –27 +40 V Logic pins (RxD, TxD, EN, NRES, NTRIG, WD_OSC, MODE, TM) –0.3 +5.5 WAKE (with 33kΩ serial resistor) KL_15 (with 47kΩ/100nF) DC voltage Transient voltage due to ISO7637 (coupling 1nF) Output current NRES Typ. INRES PVCC DC voltage VCC DC voltage –0.3 –0.3 ESD according to IBEE LIN EMC Test Spec. 1.0 following IEC 61000-4-2 - Pin VS, LIN, KL_15 (47kΩ/100nF) to GND - Pin WAKE (33kΩ serial resistor) to GND V +2 mA +5.5 +6.5 V V ±6 ±5 KV KV ESD HBM following STM5.1 with 1.5kΩ 100pF - Pin VS, LIN, KL_15, WAKE to GND ±6 KV HBM ESD ANSI/ESD-STM5.1 JESD22-A114 AEC-Q100 (002) ±3 KV CDM ESD STM 5.3.1 ±750 V Machine Model ESD AEC-Q100-RevF(003) ±200 V Junction temperature Tj –40 +150 °C Storage temperature Ts –55 +150 °C Symbol Min. Max. Unit 10 K/W 8. Thermal Characteristics Parameters Thermal resistance junction to heat slug Rthjc Thermal resistance junction to ambient, where heat slug is soldered to PCB Rthja Typ. 35 K/W Thermal shutdown of VCC regulator 150 165 170 °C Thermal shutdown of LIN output 150 165 170 °C Thermal shutdown hysteresis 10 °C Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 16 9. Electrical Characteristics 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. VS VS 5 Sleep Mode VLIN > VS – 0.5V VS < 14V (Tj = 25°C) VS IVSsleep 3 Sleep Mode VLIN > VS – 0.5V VS < 14V (Tj = 125°C) VS IVSsleep Bus recessive VS < 14V (Tj = 25°C) Without load at VCC VS Bus recessive VS < 14V (Tj = 125°C) Without load at VCC Typ. Max. Unit Type* 27 V A 10 14 µA B 5 11 16 µA A IVSsi 47 57 67 µA B VS IVSsi 56 66 76 µA A VS Pin Nominal DC voltage range Supply current in Sleep Mode Supply current in Silent Mode 1.4 Bus recessive Supply current in Normal VS < 14V Mode Without load at VCC VS IVSrec 0.3 0.8 mA A 1.5 Bus dominant Supply current in Normal VS < 14V Mode VCC load current 50 mA VS IVSdom 50 53 mA A 1.6 Supply current in Failsafe Mode VS IVSfail 250 550 µA A 1.7 VS undervoltage threshold VS VSth 3.7 5 V A 1.8 VS undervoltage threshold hysteresis VS VSth_hys V A RXD IRXD mA A 0.4 V A 7 kΩ A 2 Bus recessive VS < 14V Without load at VCC 4.4 0.2 RXD Output Pin Normal Mode VLIN = 0V VRXD = 0.4V 2.1 Low-level output sink current 2.2 Low-level output voltage IRXD = 1mA RXD VRXDL 2.3 Internal resistor to VCC RXD 3 TXD Input/Output Pin 1.3 2.5 RRXD 3 5 8 3.1 Low-level voltage input TXD VTXDL –0.3 +0.8 V A 3.2 High-level voltage input TXD VTXDH 2 VCC + 0.3V V A 3.3 Pull-up resistor VTXD = 0V TXD RTXD 125 400 kΩ A 3.4 High-level leakage current VTXD = VCC TXD ITXD –3 +3 µA A 3.5 Fail-safe Mode Low-level output sink VLIN = VS current at local wake-up VWAKE = 0V request VTXD = 0.4V TXD ITXDwake 2 8 mA A 4 250 2.5 EN Input Pin *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 17 9. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. Parameters 4.1 Pin Symbol Min. Low-level voltage input EN VENL 4.2 High-level voltage input EN 4.3 Pull-down resistor VEN = VCC 4.4 Low-level input current VEN = 0V 5 5.1 Typ. Max. Unit Type* –0.3 +0.8 V A VENH 2 VCC + 0.3V V A EN REN 50 200 kΩ A EN IEN –3 +3 µA A NTRIG VNTRIGL –0.3 +0.8 V A VCC + 0.3V V A 400 kΩ A 125 NTRIG Watchdog Input Pin Low-level voltage input 5.2 High-level voltage input 5.3 Pull-up resistor 5.4 High-level leakage current 6 Test Conditions NTRIG VNTRIGH 2 VNTRIG = 0V NTRIG RNTRIG 125 VNTRIG = VCC NTRIG INTRIG –3 +3 µA A 250 Mode Input Pin 6.1 Low-level voltage input MODE VMODEL –0.3 +0.8 V A 6.2 High-level voltage input MODE VMODEH 2 VCC + 0.3V V A 6.3 Leakage current MODE IMODE –3 +3 µA A 7 INH Output Pin INH VINHH VS – 0.75 VS V A INH RINH 50 Ω A INH IINHL +3 µA A VS V A 7.1 High-level voltage 7.2 Switch-on resistance between VS and INH 7.3 Leakage current 8 VMODE = VCC or VMODE = 0V IINH = –15mA Sleep Mode VINH = 0V/27V, VS = 27V 30 –3 LIN Bus Driver: Bus Load Conditions: Load 1 (Small): 1nF, 1kΩ; Load 2 (Large): 10nF, 500Ω; Internal Pull-up RRXD = 5kΩ; CRXD = 20pF Load 3 (Medium): 6.8nF, 660Ω, Characterized on Samples 10.6 and 10.7 Specifies the Timing Parameters for Proper Operation at 20kBit/s and 10.8 and 10.9 at 10.4kBit/s 8.1 Driver recessive output voltage Load1/Load2 LIN VBUSrec 8.2 Driver dominant voltage VVS = 7V Rload = 500Ω LIN V_LoSUP 1.2 V A 8.3 Driver dominant voltage VVS = 18V Rload = 500Ω LIN V_HiSUP 2 V A 8.4 Driver dominant voltage VVS = 7.0V Rload = 1000Ω LIN V_LoSUP_1k 0.6 V A 8.5 Driver dominant voltage VVS = 18V Rload = 1000Ω LIN V_HiSUP_1k 0.8 V A 8.6 Pull-up resistor to VS The serial diode is mandatory LIN RLIN 20 60 kΩ A 8.7 Voltage drop at the serial In pull-up path with Rslave ISerDiode = 10mA diodes LIN VSerDiode 0.4 1.0 V D 8.8 LIN current limitation VBUS = VBatt_max LIN IBUS_LIM 40 200 mA A 0.9 × VS 30 120 *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 18 9. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. Typ. 8.9 Input leakage current at the receiver including pull-up resistor as specified Input leakage current Driver off VBUS = 0V VBatt = 12V LIN IBUS_PAS_dom –1 –0.35 8.10 Leakage current LIN recessive Driver off 8V < VBatt < 18V 8V < VBUS < 18V VBUS ≥ VBatt LIN IBUS_PAS_rec 8.11 Leakage current when control unit disconnected GNDDevice = VS from ground. VBatt = 12V Loss of local ground 0V < VBUS < 18V must not affect communication in the residual network. LIN IBUS_NO_gnd 8.12 Leakage current at a disconnected battery. Node has to sustain the VBatt disconnected VSUP_Device = GND current that can flow under this condition. Bus 0V < VBUS < 18V must remain operational under this condition. LIN IBUS_NO_bat 8.13 Capacitance on pin LIN to GND LIN CLIN LIN VBUS_CNT –10 Max. Unit Type* mA A 10 20 µA A +0.5 +10 µA A 0.1 2 µA A 20 pF D 0.525 × VS V A 0.4 × VS V A V A 0.175 × VS V A 9 LIN Bus Receiver 9.1 Center of receiver threshold 9.2 Receiver dominant state VEN = 5V LIN VBUSdom 9.3 Receiver recessive state VEN = 5V LIN VBUSrec 0.6 × VS 9.4 Receiver input hysteresis LIN VBUShys 0.028 × VS 9.5 Pre_Wake detection LIN High-level input voltage LIN VLINH VS – 2V VS + 0.3V V A 9.6 Pre_Wake detection LIN Activates the LIN receiver Low-level input voltage LIN VLINL –27 VS – 3.3V V A 10 Internal Timers VBUS_CNT = (Vth_dom + Vth_rec)/2 Vhys = Vth_rec – Vth_dom 0.475 × VS 0.5 × VS 0.1 × VS 10.1 Dominant time for wakeVLIN = 0V up via LIN bus LIN tbus 30 90 150 µs A 10.2 Time delay for mode change from Fail-safe V = 5V into Normal Mode via EN EN pin EN tnorm 5 15 20 µs A 10.3 Time delay for mode change from Normal V = 0V Mode to Sleep Mode via EN EN pin EN tsleep 2 7 12 µs A *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 19 9. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Type* 10.4 TXD dominant time-out time (ATA6626C disabled) VTXD = 0V TXD tdom 6 13 20 ms A 10.5 Time delay for mode change from Silent V = 5V Mode into Normal Mode EN via EN EN ts_n 5 15 40 µs A Duty cycle 1 THRec(max) = 0.744 × VS THDom(max) = 0.581 × VS VS = 7.0V to 18V tBit = 50µs D1 = tbus_rec(min)/(2 × tBit) LIN D1 0.396 Duty cycle 2 THRec(min) = 0.422 × VS THDom(min) = 0.284 × VS VS = 7.6V to 18V tBit = 50µs D2 = tbus_rec(max)/(2 × tBit) LIN D2 Duty cycle 3 THRec(max) = 0.778 × VS THDom(max) = 0.616 × VS VS = 7.0V to 18V tBit = 96µs D3 = tbus_rec(min)/(2 × tBit) LIN D3 10.9 Duty cycle 4 THRec(min) = 0.389 × VS THDom(min) = 0.251 × VS VS = 7.6V to 18V tBit = 96µs D4 = tbus_rec(max)/(2 × tBit) LIN D4 10.10 Slope time falling and rising edge at LIN VS = 7.0V to 18V LIN tSLOPE_fall tSLOPE_rise 10.6 10.7 10.8 11 0.581 A 0.417 A 0.590 3.5 A 22.5 µs A 6 µs A +2 µs A Receiver Electrical AC Parameters of the LIN Physical Layer LIN Receiver, RXD Load Conditions: CRXD = 20pF 11.1 Propagation delay of receiver (Figure 9-1 on page 23) 11.2 Symmetry of receiver VS = 7.0V to 18V propagation delay rising =t –t t edge minus falling edge rx_sym rx_pdr rx_pdf 12 A VS = 7.0V to 18V trx_pd = max(trx_pdr , trx_pdf) RXD trx_pd RXD trx_sym –2 NRES Open Drain Output Pin 12.1 Low-level output voltage VS ≥ 5.5V INRES = 1mA NRES VNRESL 0.14 V 12.2 Low-level output low 10kΩ to 5V VCC = 0V NRES VNRESLL 0.14 V A 12.3 Undervoltage reset time VS ≥ 5.5V CNRES = 20pF NRES treset 2 6 ms A 12.4 Reset debounce time for VS ≥ 5.5V falling edge CNRES = 20pF NRES tres_f 1.5 10 µs A 13 4 A Watchdog Oscillator *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 20 9. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Type* 13.1 Voltage at WD_OSC in Normal Mode IWD_OSC = –200µA VVS ≥ 4V WD_ OSC VWD_OSC 1.13 1.23 1.33 V A 13.2 Possible values of resistor WD_ OSC ROSC 34 120 kΩ A 13.3 Oscillator period ROSC = 34kΩ tOSC 10.65 13.3 15.97 µs A 13.4 Oscillator period ROSC = 51kΩ tOSC 15.68 19.6 23.52 µs A 13.5 Oscillator period ROSC = 91kΩ tOSC 26.83 33.5 40.24 µs A 13.6 Oscillator period ROSC = 120kΩ tOSC 34.2 42.8 51.4 µs A 14 Watchdog Timing Relative to tOSC 14.1 Watchdog lead time after Reset td 7895 cycles A 14.2 Watchdog closed window t1 1053 cycles A 14.3 Watchdog open window t2 1105 cycles A 14.4 Watchdog reset time NRES 4.8 ms A 15 NRES tnres 3.2 4 KL_15 VKL_15H 4 VS + 0.3V V A KL_15 VKL_15L –1 +2 V A 50 65 µA A KL_15 Pin 15.1 High-level input voltage RV = 47kΩ 15.2 Low-level input voltage RV = 47kΩ 15.3 KL_15 pull-down current VS < 27V VKL_15 = 27V KL_15 IKL_15 15.4 Internal debounce time Without external capacitor KL_15 TdbKL_15 80 160 250 µs A 15.5 KL_15 wake-up time RV = 47kΩ, C = 100nF KL_15 TwKL_15 0.4 2 4.5 ms C WAKE VWAKEH VS – 1V VS + 0.3V V A VS – 3.3V V A µA A +5 µA A 150 µs A 16 Positive edge initializes a wake-up WAKE Pin 16.1 High-level input voltage 16.2 Low-level input voltage Initializes a wake-up signal WAKE VWAKEL –1 16.3 WAKE pull-up current VS < 27V VWAKE = 0V WAKE IWAKE –30 16.4 High-level leakage current VS = 27V VWAKE = 27V WAKE IWAKEL –5 16.5 Time of low pulse for wake-up via WAKE pin VWAKE = 0V WAKE IWAKEL 30 4V < VS < 18V (0mA to 50mA) VCC VCCnor 3.234 3.366 V A 4.5V < VS < 18V (0mA to 85mA) VCC VCCnor 3.234 3.366 V C 3V < VS < 4V VCC VCClow VS – VD 3.366 V A 17 17.1 17.2 –10 70 VCC Voltage Regulator ATA6622C, PVCC = VCC Output voltage VCC Output voltage VCC at low VS *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 21 9. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol 17.3 Regulator drop voltage VS > 3V IVCC = –15mA VS, VCC VD1 17.4 Regulator drop voltage VS > 3V IVCC = –50mA VS, VCC VD2 17.5 Line regulation 4V < VS < 18V VCC 17.6 Load regulation 5mA < IVCC < 50mA VCC 17.7 Power supply ripple rejection 10Hz to 100kHz CVCC = 10µF VS = 14V, IVCC = –15mA VCC 17.8 Output current limitation VS > 4V 0.2Ω < ESR < 5Ω at 100kHz for phase margin ≥ 60° Min. Typ. Max. Unit Type* 200 mV A 500 700 mV A VCCline 0.1 0.2 % A VCCload 0.1 0.5 % A dB D mA A µF D V A mV A 250 µs A 50 VCC IVCClim –240 –160 VCC Cload 1.8 10 2.8 17.9 External load capacity 17.10 VCC undervoltage threshold Referred to VCC VS > 4V VCC VthunN 17.11 Hysteresis of undervoltage threshold Referred to VCC VS > 4V VCC Vhysthun 150 17.12 Ramp-up time VS > 4V to CVCC = 2.2µF VCC = 3.3V Iload = –5mA at VCC VCC TVCC 100 18 18.1 ESR < 0.2Ω at 100kHz for phase margin ≥ 30° –85 3.2 VCC Voltage Regulator ATA6624C/ATA6626C, PVCC = VCC Output voltage VCC 5.5V < VS < 18V (0mA to 50mA) VCC VCCnor 4.9 5.1 V A 6V < VS < 18V (0mA to 85mA) VCC VCCnor 4.9 5.1 V C VS – VD 5.1 V A 250 mV A 600 mV A 200 mV A 18.2 Output voltage VCC at low VS 4V < VS < 5.5V VCC VCClow 18.3 Regulator drop voltage VS > 4V IVCC = –20mA VS, VCC VD1 18.4 Regulator drop voltage VS > 4V IVCC = –50mA VS, VCC VD2 18.5 Regulator drop voltage VS > 3.3V IVCC = –15mA VS, VCC VD3 18.6 Line regulation 5.5V < VS < 18V VCC VCCline 0.1 0.2 % A 18.7 Load regulation 5mA < IVCC < 50mA VCC VCCload 0.1 0.5 % A 18.8 Power supply ripple rejection 10Hz to 100kHz CVCC = 10µF VS = 14V, IVCC = –15mA VCC dB D 18.9 Output current limitation VS > 5.5V mA A µF D 18.10 External load capacity 0.2Ω < ESR < 5Ω at 100kHz for phase margin ≥ 60° ESR < 0.2Ω at 100kHz for phase margin ≥ 30° 400 50 VCC IVCClim –240 –130 VCC Cload 1.8 10 –85 *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 22 9. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, -40°C < Tj < 150°C, unless otherwise specified. All values refer to GND pins No. Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. Typ. 18.11 VCC undervoltage threshold Referred to VCC VS > 5.5V VCC VthunN 4.2 18.12 Hysteresis of undervoltage threshold Referred to VCC VS > 5.5V VCC Vhysthun 250 18.13 Ramp-up time VS > 5.5V CVCC = 2.2µF to VCC = 5V Iload = –5mA at VCC VCC tVCC 130 Max. Unit Type* 4.8 V A mV A µs A 300 *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter Figure 9-1. Definition of Bus Timing Characteristics tBit tBit tBit TXD (Input to transmitting node) tBus_dom(max) tBus_rec(min) Thresholds of receiving node1 THRec(max) VS (Transceiver supply of transmitting node) THDom(max) LIN Bus Signal Thresholds of receiving node2 THRec(min) THDom(min) tBus_dom(min) tBus_rec(max) RXD (Output of receiving node1) trx_pdf(1) trx_pdr(1) RXD (Output of receiving node2) trx_pdr(2) trx_pdf(2) Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 23 Figure 9-2. Typical Application Circuit Ignition KL15 VBattery KL30 22µF + 100nF 47kΩ Master node pull-up KL_15 PVCC 10kΩ 1kΩ Debug 10µF 20 VCC Microcontroller NTRIG 33kΩ WAKE GND EN Wake switch 16 15 ATA6622C ATA6624C ATA6626C 3 14 13 MLP 5mm x 5mm 0.65mm pitch 20 lead 4 5 7 LIN 6 NTRIG 17 1 2 10kΩ 18 8 9 12 11 MODE 10kΩ TM WD_OSC NRES 51kΩ TXD LIN sub bus EN 19 10 RXD 100nF VCC + VS 100nF RXD 220pF TXD GND RESET INH Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 24 Figure 9-3. Application Circuit with External NPN-Transistor Ignition KL15 VBattery KL30 22µF + *) 100nF MJD31C 47kΩ Master node pull-up + 2.2µF PVCC VCC 10kΩ 1kΩ Debug 10µF 20 VCC Microcontroller NTRIG 33kΩ WAKE GND EN Wake switch 17 16 15 ATA6622C ATA6624C ATA6626C 3 14 13 MLP 5mm x 5mm 0.65mm pitch 20 lead 4 5 7 LIN 6 NTRIG 18 1 2 10kΩ 19 8 9 12 11 MODE 10kΩ TM WD_OSC NRES 51kΩ TXD LIN sub bus EN 10 RXD 100nF VS 3.3Ω + KL_15 100nF RXD 220pF TXD GND RESET INH *) Note that the output voltage PVCC is no longer short-ciruit protected when boosting the output current by an external NPN-transistor. Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 25 Figure 9-4. LIN Slave Application with Minimum External Devices VBAT + C2 22µF/50V VCC NTRIG WAKE EN NTRIG GND GND KL_15 16 1 15 2 14 ATA6622C ATA6624C ATA6626C 3 4 13 12 5 11 6 GND Microcontroller 17 7 8 9 MODE TM WD_OSC NRES TXD 10 INH GND 18 RXD EN 19 LIN Sub Bus 20 VCC PVCC 100nF GND 10µF C1 LIN 100nF + C3 VS C5 VCC VCC C4 RXD 220pF TXD R9 VCC RESET GND 10kΩ Note: No watchdog, INH output not used, no local wake-up Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 26 10. Ordering Information Extended Type Number Package Remarks ATA6622C-PGQW QFN20 3.3V LIN system-basis-chip, Pb-free, 6k, taped and reeled ATA6624C-PGQW QFN20 5V LIN system-basis-chip, Pb-free, 6k, taped and reeled ATA6626C-PGQW QFN20 5V LIN system-basis-chip, Pb-free, 6k, taped and reeled Package Information Bottom 0 0.05-0.05 3.1±0.15 Top 20 Pin 1 identification 16 20 1 15 1 5 11 5 10 0.2 5 6 0.65 nom. 0.9±0.1 2.6 0.6±0.1 11. technical drawings according to DIN specifications 0.28±0.07 Dimensions in mm Not indicated tolerances ±0.05 09/02/07 GPC TITLE Package Drawing Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Package: VQFN_5x5_20L Exposed pad 3.1x3.1 DRAWING NO. REV. 6.543-5129.01-4 2 Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 27 12. Revision History Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision mentioned, not to this document. Revision No. History 4986M-AUTO-02/13 • Section 10 “Ordering Information” on page 27 updated 4986L-AUTO-11/12 • Section 10 “Ordering Information” on page 27 updated 4986K-AUTO-01/12 • Table 2-1 “Pin Description” on page 3 changed • Features on page 1 changed • Section 1 “Description” on pages 1 to 2 changed • Table 2-1 “Pin Description” on page 3 changed 4986J-AUTO-03/11 • Section 3 “Functional Description” on pages 4 to 6 changed • Section 4 “Modes of Operation” on pages 7 to 11 changed • Section 5 “Wake-up Scenarios from Silent to Sleep Mode” on pages 12 to 14 changed • Section 7 “Absolute Maximum Ratings” on page 17 changed • Section 9 “Electrical Characteristics” on pages 18 to 26 changed 4986I-AUTO-07/10 • Section 6 “Watchdog” on pages 15 to 16 changed • New Part numbers ATA6622C, ATA6624C and ATA6626C added • Features on page 1 changed • Pin Description table: rows Pin 4 and Pin 15 changed • Text under headings 3.3, 3.9, 3.11, 5.5 and 6 changed • Figures 4-5, 6-1 and 9-3 changed 4986H-AUTO-05/10 • Abs.Max.Rat.Table -> Values in row “ESD HBM following....” changed • El.Char.Table -> rows changed: 7.1, 12.1, 12.2, 17.5, 17.6, 17.7, 17.8, 18.6, 18.7, 18.8, 18.9 • El.Char.Table -> row 8.13 added • Figures 9-2 and 9-3 figure title changed • Figure 9-4 on page 27 added • Ord.Info.Table -> new part numbers added • complete datasheet: “LIN 2.0 specification” changed in “LIN 2.1 specification” • Figures changed: 1-1, 4-2, 4-3, 4-4, 4-5, 5-1, 9-2, 9-3 • Sections changed: 3.1, 3.6, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.14, 4.1, 4.2, 4,3, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.6 4986G-AUTO-08/09 • Features and Description changed • Table 4-1 changed • Abs. Max. Ratings table changed • Thermal Characteristics table inserted • El. Characteristics table changed • Section 3.15 “INH Output Pin” on page 6 changed 4986F-AUTO-05/08 • Section 5.5 “Fail-safe Features” on page 13 changed • Section 6.1 “Typical Timing Sequence with RWD_OSC = 51 kΩ” on page 15 changed • Section 8 “Electrical Characteristics” numbers 1.6 to 1.8 on page 18 changed • Figure 2-1 on page 3 renamed 4986E-AUTO-02/08 • Figure 6-1 “Timing Sequence with RWD_OSC = 51 kΩ” on page 16 changed • Figure 8-3 “Application Circuit with External NPN” on page 26 added Atmel ATA6622C/ATA6624C/ATA6626C [DATASHEET] 4986M–AUTO–02/13 28 Atmel Corporation 1600 Technology Drive Atmel Asia Limited Unit 01-5 & 16, 19F Atmel Munich GmbH Business Campus Atmel Japan G.K. 16F Shin-Osaki Kangyo Building San Jose, CA 95110 BEA Tower, Millennium City 5 Parkring 4 1-6-4 Osaki USA 418 Kwun Tong Roa D-85748 Garching b. Munich Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-0032 Tel: (+1) (408) 441-0311 Kwun Tong, Kowloon GERMANY JAPAN Fax: (+1) (408) 487-2600 HONG KONG Tel: (+49) 89-31970-0 Tel: (+81) (3) 6417-0300 www.atmel.com Tel: (+852) 2245-6100 Fax: (+49) 89-3194621 Fax: (+81) (3) 6417-0370 Fax: (+852) 2722-1369 © 2013 Atmel Corporation. All rights reserved. / Rev.: 4986M–AUTO–02/13 Atmel®, Atmel logo and combinations thereof, and others are registered trademarks, Enabling Unlimited Possibilities™ and others are trademarks of Atmel Corporation or its subsidiaries. Other terms and product names may be trademarks of others. Disclaimer: The information in this document is provided in connection with Atmel products. No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property right is granted by this document or in connection with the sale of Atmel products. EXCEPT AS SET FORTH IN THE ATMEL TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALES LOCATED ON THE ATMEL WEBSITE, ATMEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER AND DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY WARRANTY RELATING TO ITS PRODUCTS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL ATMEL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, SPECIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS AND PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, OR LOSS OF INFORMATION) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS DOCUMENT, EVEN IF ATMEL HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. Atmel makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this document and reserves the right to make changes to specifications and products descriptions at any time without notice. Atmel does not make any commitment to update the information contained herein. Unless specifically provided otherwise, Atmel products are not suitable for, and shall not be used in, automotive applications. Atmel products are not intended, authorized, or warranted for use as components in applications intended to support or sustain life.