ATMEL ATMEGA48_10

Appendix A - ATmega88/168 Automotive
Specification at 150°C
This document contains information specific to devices operating at temperatures up
to 150°C. Only deviations are covered in this appendix, all other information can be
found in the complete Automotive datasheet. The complete Automotive datasheet can
be found on www.atmel.com
8-bit
Microcontroller
with 8K Bytes
In-System
Programmable
Flash
ATmega88/168
Automotive
Appendix A
7607H–AVR–02/10
1. Electrical Characteristics
1.1
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating
only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this
specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Unit
Operating Temperature
–55 to +150
°C
Storage Temperature
–65 to +175
°C
Voltage on any Pin except RESET with respect to Ground
Voltage on RESET with respect to Ground
–0.5 to VCC+0.5
V
–0.5 to +13.0
V
6.0
V
30
200.0
mA
Maximum Operating Voltage
DC Current per I/O Pin
DC Current VCC and GND
1.2
DC Characteristics
TA = –40°C to +150°C, VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V (unless otherwise noted)
Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Input Low Voltage, except
XTAL1 and RESET pin
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIL
Input High Voltage, except
XTAL1 and RESET pins
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
Input Low Voltage,
XTAL1 pin
Max.
Unit
–0.5
+0.3VCC(1)
V
VIH
0.6VCC(2)
VCC + 0.5
V
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIL1
–0.5
+0.1VCC(2)
V
Input High Voltage,
XTAL1 pin
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIH1
0.7VCC(2)
VCC + 0.5
V
Input Low Voltage,
RESET pin
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIL2
–0.5
+0.2VCC(1)
V
Input High Voltage,
RESET pin
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIH2
0.9VCC(2)
VCC + 0.5
V
Notes:
Typ.
1. “Max” means the highest value where the pin is guaranteed to be read as low
2. “Min” means the lowest value where the pin is guaranteed to be read as high
3. Although each I/O port can sink more than the test conditions (20 mA at VCC = 5V) under steady state conditions (non-transient), the following must be observed:
1] The sum of all IOL, for all ports, should not exceed 400 mA.
2] The sum of all IOL, for ports C0 - C5, should not exceed 200 mA.
3] The sum of all IOL, for ports C6, D0 - D4, should not exceed 300 mA.
4] The sum of all IOL, for ports B0 - B7, D5 - D7, should not exceed 300 mA.
If IOL exceeds the test condition, VOL may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater
than the listed test condition.
4. Although each I/O port can source more than the test conditions (20 mA at VCC = 5V) under steady state conditions
(non-transient), the following must be observed:
1] The sum of all IOH, for all ports, should not exceed 400 mA.
2] The sum of all IOH, for ports C0 - C5, should not exceed 200 mA.
3] The sum of all IOH, for ports C6, D0 - D4, should not exceed 300 mA.
4] The sum of all IOH, for ports B0 - B7, D5 - D7, should not exceed 300 mA.
If IOH exceeds the test condition, VOH may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to source current
greater than the listed test condition.
5. Minimum VCC for Power-down is 2.5V
2
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
1.2
DC Characteristics (Continued)
TA = –40°C to +150°C, VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V (unless otherwise noted)
Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Input Low Voltage,
RESET pin as I/O
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIL3
Input High Voltage,
RESET pin as I/O
VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
VIH3
Output Low Voltage(3),
I/O pin except RESET
IOL = 20 mA, VCC = 5V
IOL = 5 mA, VCC = 3V
VOL
Output High Voltage(4)
I/O pin except RESET
IOH = –20 mA, VCC = 5V
IOH = –10 mA, VCC = 3V
VOH
Input Leakage
Current I/O Pin
VCC = 5.5V, pin low
(absolute value)
IIL
1
µA
Input Leakage
Current I/O Pin
VCC = 5.5V, pin high
(absolute value)
IIH
1
µA
–0.5
+0.3VCC(1)
V
0.6VCC(2)
VCC + 0.5
V
0.8
0.5
V
4.0
2.2
V
60
kΩ
RPU
20
50
kΩ
8
16
mA
25
mA
6
12
mA
Idle 16 MHz, VCC = 5V
14
mA
WDT enabled, VCC = 3V
WDT enabled, VCC = 5V
90
140
µA
80
120
µA
40
mV
+50
nA
Active 4 MHz, VCC = 3V
Active 8MHz, VCC = 5V
ICC
Active 16 MHz, VCC = 5V
Idle 4 MHz, VCC = 3V
Idle 8 MHz, VCC = 5V
WDT disabled, VCC = 3V
WDT disabled, VCC = 5V
ICC IDLE
ICC PWD
Analog Comparator
Input Offset Voltage
VCC = 5V
Vin = VCC/2
VACIO
Analog Comparator
Input Leakage Current
VCC = 5V
Vin = VCC/2
IACLK
Analog Comparator
Propagation Delay
VCC = 4.0V
tACPD
Notes:
Unit
30
I/O Pin Pull-up Resistor
Power-down mode
Max.
RRST
Reset Pull-up Resistor
Power Supply Current(5)
Typ.
< 10
–50
500
ns
1. “Max” means the highest value where the pin is guaranteed to be read as low
2. “Min” means the lowest value where the pin is guaranteed to be read as high
3. Although each I/O port can sink more than the test conditions (20 mA at VCC = 5V) under steady state conditions (non-transient), the following must be observed:
1] The sum of all IOL, for all ports, should not exceed 400 mA.
2] The sum of all IOL, for ports C0 - C5, should not exceed 200 mA.
3] The sum of all IOL, for ports C6, D0 - D4, should not exceed 300 mA.
4] The sum of all IOL, for ports B0 - B7, D5 - D7, should not exceed 300 mA.
If IOL exceeds the test condition, VOL may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater
than the listed test condition.
4. Although each I/O port can source more than the test conditions (20 mA at VCC = 5V) under steady state conditions
(non-transient), the following must be observed:
1] The sum of all IOH, for all ports, should not exceed 400 mA.
2] The sum of all IOH, for ports C0 - C5, should not exceed 200 mA.
3] The sum of all IOH, for ports C6, D0 - D4, should not exceed 300 mA.
4] The sum of all IOH, for ports B0 - B7, D5 - D7, should not exceed 300 mA.
If IOH exceeds the test condition, VOH may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to source current
greater than the listed test condition.
5. Minimum VCC for Power-down is 2.5V
3
7607H–AVR–02/10
1.3
Memory Endurance
EEPROM endurance: 50,000 Write/Erase cycles.
Flash endurance: 10,000 Write/Erase cycles.
1.4
Maximum Speed versus VCC
Maximum frequency is dependent on VCC. As shown in Figure 1-1, the Maximum Frequency vs.
VCC curve is linear between 2.7V < VCC < 4.5V.
Figure 1-1.
Maximum Frequency vs. VCC
16 MHz
8 MHz
Safe Operating Area
2.7V
4
4.5V
5.5V
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
)
1.5
ADC Characteristics(1)
TA = –40°C to +150°C, VCC = 4.5V to 5.5V (unless otherwise noted)
Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min
Resolution
Typ
Max
10
VREF = 4V, VCC = 4V,
Absolute accuracy (Including ADC clock = 200 kHz
INL, DNL, quantization error, VREF = 4V, VCC = 4V,
gain and offset error)
ADC clock = 200 kHz
Noise Reduction Mode
Unit
Bits
2
3.5
LSB
2
3.5
LSB
Integral Non-Linearity (INL)
VREF = 4V, VCC = 4V,
ADC clock = 200 kHz
0.6
2.5
LSB
Differential Non-Linearity
(DNL)
VREF = 4V, VCC = 4V,
ADC clock = 200 kHz
0.30
1.0
LSB
Gain Error
VREF = 4V, VCC = 4V,
ADC clock = 200 kHz
–1.3
+3.5
LSB
Offset Error
VREF = 4V, VCC = 4V,
ADC clock = 200 kHz
1.8
3.5
LSB
Conversion Time
Free Running Conversion
–3.5
13 cycles
Clock Frequency
µs
50
200
kHz
VCC + 0.3
V
Analog Supply Voltage
AVCC
VCC – 0.3
Reference Voltage
VREF
1.0
AVCC
V
VIN
GND
VREF
V
Internal Voltage Reference
VINT
1.0
1.1
1.2
V
Reference Input Resistance
RREF
25.6
32
38.4
kΩ
Analog Input Resistance
RAIN
Input Voltage
Input Bandwidth
Note:
38.5
kHz
100
MΩ
1. Based on standard voltage range (2.7V to 5.5V) characterization results. To be confirmed after actual silicon
characterization.
5
7607H–AVR–02/10
2. ATmega88/168 Typical Characteristics
2.1
Active Supply Current
Figure 2-1.
Active Supply Current versus Frequency (1 MHz to 20 MHz)
16
5.5V
14
5.0V
ICC (mA)
12
10
8
3.3V
3.0V
6
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Frequency (MHz)
Figure 2-2.
Idle Supply Current versus Frequency (1 MHz to 20 MHz)
8
ICC (mA)
6
4
5.5V
5.0V
2
3.3V
3.0V
0
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Frequency (MHz)
2.2
Power-Down Supply Current
Figure 2-3.
6
Power-down Supply Current versus VCC (Watchdog Timer Disabled)
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
Figure 2-4.
Power-down Supply Current versus VCC (Watchdog Timer Enabled)
35
150°C
30
ICC (µA)
25
20
15
125°C
10
-40°C
85°C
25°C
5
0
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
VCC (V)
2.3
Pin Pull-up
Figure 2-5.
I/O Pin Pull-up Resistor Current versus Input Voltage (VCC = 5V)
160
150°C
140
IOP (µA)
120
-40°C
100
80
60
40
20
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
VOP (V)
Figure 2-6.
Output Low Voltage versus Output Low Current (VCC = 5V)
0.8
0.7
150°C
125°C
0.6
VOL (V)
85°C
0.5
25°C
0.4
-40°C
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
IOL (mA)
7
7607H–AVR–02/10
Figure 2-7.
Output Low Voltage versus Output Low Current (VCC = 3V)
1.4
1.2
150°C
125°C
VOL (V)
1.0
85°C
0.8
25°C
0.6
-40°C
0.4
0.2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
IOL (mA)
Figure 2-8.
Output High Voltage versus Output High Current (VCC = 5V)
5.2
5.0
VOH (V)
4.8
4.6
-40°C
25°C
85°C
125°C
150°C
4.4
4.2
4
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
IOH (mA)
Figure 2-9.
Output High Voltage versus Output High Current (VCC = 3V)
3.5
3.0
Current (V)
2.5
-40°C
25°C
85°C
125°C
150°C
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
IOH (mA)
8
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
Figure 2-10. Reset Pull-up Resistor Current versus Reset Pin Voltage (VCC = 5V)
140
IRESET (µA)
120
150°C
100
80
-40°C
60
40
20
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
VRESET (V)
2.4
Pin Thresholds and Hysteresis
Figure 2-11. I/O Pin Input Threshold versus VCC (VIH, I/O Pin Read as ‘1’)
3
150°C
-40°C
2.5
VIH (V)
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
VCC (V)
Figure 2-12. I/O Pin Input Threshold versus VCC (VIL, I/O Pin Read as ‘0’)
3
150°C
-40°C
2.5
VIL (V)
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
VCC (V)
9
7607H–AVR–02/10
Figure 2-13. Reset Input Threshold Voltage versus VCC (VIH, Reset Pin Read as ‘1’)
3
Threshold (V)
2.5
2.0
-40°C
1.5
1.0
150°C
0.5
0
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
VCC (V)
Figure 2-14. Reset Input Threshold Voltage versus VCC (VIL, Reset Pin Read as ‘0’)
2.5
Threshold (V)
2.0
1.5
150°C
-40°C
1.0
0.5
0
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
VCC (V)
2.5
Internal Oscillator Speed
Figure 2-15. Watchdog Oscillator Frequency versus VCC
190
FRC (kHz)
170
150
2.7V
3.0V
5.0V
5.5V
130
110
90
70
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10
20 30
40 50 60 70
80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160
Temperature
10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
Figure 2-16. Calibrated 8 MHz RC Oscillator Frequency versus Temperature
8.4
5.5V
5.0V
4.5V
3.3V
3.0V
2.7V
8.3
FRC (MHz)
8.2
8.1
8.0
7.9
7.8
7.7
7.6
-40 -30 -20 -10
0 10
20 30 40 50
60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150
Temperature
Figure 2-17. Calibrated 8 MHz RC Oscillator Frequency versus VCC
8.4
150°C
8.3
125°C
FRC (MHz)
8.2
85°C
8.1
25°C
8.0
-40°C
7.9
7.8
7.7
7.6
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
VCC (V)
Figure 2-18. Calibrated 8 MHz RC Oscillator Frequency versus OSCCAL Value
16
150°C
-40°C
14
FRC (MHz)
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
16
32
48
64
80
96 112 128 144 160 176 192 208 224 240 256
OSCCAL (X1)
11
7607H–AVR–02/10
2.6
BOD Thresholds and Analog Comparator Offset
Figure 2-19. BOD Threshold versus Temperature (BODLEVEL is 4.0V)
4.6
Threshold (V)
4.5
4.4
1
4.3
0
4.2
4.1
4.0
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160
Temperature (°C)
Figure 2-20. BOD Threshold versus Temperature (BODLEVEL is 2.7V)
3.0
Threshold (V)
2.9
2.8
1
2.7
0
2.6
2.5
2.4
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160
Temperature (°C)
Figure 2-21. Bandgap Voltage versus VCC
Bandgap Voltage (V)
1.25
1.20
1.15
1.10
150°C
-40°C
1.05
1.00
0.95
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
VCC (V)
12
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
2.7
Peripheral Units
Figure 2-22. Analog to Digital Converter GAIN versus VCC
0
Error (LSB)
-0.5
-1.0
4 IDL
-1.5
4 STD
-2.0
-2.5
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
Temperature
Figure 2-23. Analog to Digital Converter OFFSET versus VCC
2.5
4 IDL
Error (LSB)
2.0
4 STD
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
Temperature
Figure 2-24. Analog to Digital Converter DNL versus VCC
1.0
0.9
Error (LSB)
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
4 IDL
0.3
4 STD
0.2
0.1
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
Temperature
13
7607H–AVR–02/10
Figure 2-25. Analog to Digital Converter INL versus VCC
1.0
0.9
Error (LSB)
0.8
0.7
0.6
4 IDL
0.5
4 STD
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
Temperature
2.8
Grade 0 Qualification
The ATmega88/168 has been developed and manufactured according to the most stringent
quality assurance requirements of ISO-TS-16949 and verified during product qualification as per
AEC-Q100 grade 0.
AEC-Q100 qualification relies on temperature accelerated stress testing. High temperature field
usage however may result in less significant stress test acceleration. In order to prevent the risk
that ATmega88/168 lifetime would not satisfy the application end-of-life reliability requirements,
Atmel® has extended the testing, whenever applicable (High Temperature Operating Life Test,
High Temperature Storage Life, Data Retention, Thermal Cycles), far beyond the AEC-Q100
requirements. Thereby, Atmel verified the ATmega88/168 has a long safe lifetime period after
the grade 0 qualification acceptance limits.
The valid domain calculation depends on the activation energy of the potential failure mechanism that is considered. Examples are given in Figure 2-26. Therefore any temperature mission
profile which could exceed the AEC-Q100 equivalence domain shall be submitted to Atmel for a
thorough reliability analysis
Figure 2-26. AEC-Q100 Lifetime Equivalence
1000000
100000
Hours
10000
1000
100
10
1
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Temperature (°C)
HTOL 0.59eV
HTSL 0.45eV
14
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
3. Ordering Information
Table 3-1.
Speed (MHz)
ATmega88/168
Package(1)
Operation Range
ATmega88-15MT2
PN
Extended (–40° C to +150° C)
ATmega88-15AD
MA
Extended (–40° C to +150° C)
2.7V to 5.5V
ATmega168-15MD
PN
Extended (–40° C to +150° C)
2.7V to 5.5V
ATmega168-15AD
MA
Extended (–40° C to +150° C)
Power Supply
Ordering Code
(2)
16
2.7V to 5.5V
16(2)
2.7V to 5.5V
(2)
(2)
16
16
Notes:
1. Pb-free packaging, complies to the European Directive for Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS directive). Also Halide free and fully Green.
2. For Speed vs. Vcc, see complete datasheet.
4. Package Information
Table 4-1.
Package Types
Package Type
PN
32-pad, 5 × 5 × 1.0 mm body, lead pitch 0.50 mm, Quad Flat No-Lead/Micro Lead Frame Package
(QFN/MLF): E2/D2 3.1 ±0.1 mm
MA
32 - Lead, 7 × 7 mm Body Size, 1.0 mm Body Thickness 0.8 mm Lead Pitch, Thin Profile Plastic
Quad Flat Package (TQFP)
15
7607H–AVR–02/10
Figure 4-1.
16
PN
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
ATmega88/168 Automotive
Figure 4-2.
MA
17
7607H–AVR–02/10
5. Revision History
Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision
mentioned, not to this document.
18
Revision No.
History
7607H-AVR-02/10
• Table 4-1 “Package Types” on page 15 changed
7607G-AVR-07/09
• Package MA updated
7607F-AVR-01/08
• Added memory endurance. See Section 1.3 “Memory Endurance” on
page 4
7607E-AVR-11/07
• Added ATMega168 product offering
• Added MA package offering
7607D-AVR-03/07
• Updated electrical characteristics
• Removed Grade0 qualification section
• Updated product part number in ordering information
7607C-AVR-09/06
• Ordering and package information updated
7607B-AVR-08/06
• Added typical characteristics
7607A-AVR-01/06
• Document Creation
ATmega88/168 Automotive
7607H–AVR–02/10
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