DIODES AP7167

AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Description
Pin Assignments
The AP7167 is a 1.2A, adjustable output voltage, ultra-low
dropout linear regulator. The device includes pass element,
error amplifier, band-gap reference, current limit and thermal
shutdown circuitry. The device is turned on when EN pin is
set to logic high level. A Power-OK (POK) output is available
for power sequence control.
( Top View )
The characteristics of the low dropout voltage and low
quiescent current make it suitable for low to medium power
applications, for example, laptop computers, audio and video
applications, and battery powered devices. The typical
quiescent current is approximately 125µA.
IN
1
10
OUT
IN
2
9
OUT
POK
3
8
FB
NC
4
7
NC
EN
5
6
GND
DFN3030-10
Built-in current-limit and thermal-shutdown functions prevent
IC from damage in fault conditions.
( Top View )
The AP7167 are available in DFN3030-10 and SOP-8L
packages.
IN
1
8
OUT
IN
2
7
OUT
POK
3
6
FB
EN
4
5
GND
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wide input voltage range: 2.2V – 5.5V
230mV very low dropout at 500mA load
500mV very low dropout at 1A load
3% total accuracy over line, load and temperature
Very low quiescent current (IQ): 125µA typical
Adjustable output voltage range: 0.8V to 5.0V
Very fast transient response
High PSRR
Accurate voltage regulation
Current limiting and short circuit protection
Thermal shutdown protection
Stable with any type output capacitor ≥ 4.7µF
Ambient temperature range -40ºC to 85 ºC
DFN3030-10 and SOP-8L-EP: Available in “Green”
Molding Compound (No Br, Sb)
Lead Free Finish/ RoHS Compliant (Note 1)
Notes:
SOP-8L-EP
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
Servers and laptops
Smart phone and PDA
MP3/MP4
Bluetooth headset
Low and medium power applications
FPGA and DSP core or I/O power
1. EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS). All applicable RoHS exemptions applied. Please visit our website at
http://www.diodes.com/products/lead_free.html.
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Typical Application Circuit
VIN
VOUT
IN
OUT
100kOhm
R1
AP7167
1µF
POK
10µF
FB
R2
Enable
EN
GND
⎛
R ⎞
VOUT = VREF ⎜⎜1 + 1 ⎟⎟
R2 ⎠
⎝
Pin Descriptions
Pin Name
Pin #
DFN3030-10
SOP-8L-EP
IN
1, 2
1, 2
POK
EN
GND
FB
3
5
6
8
3
4
5
6
OUT
9, 10
7, 8
NC
4, 7
NA
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
Description
Voltage input pins, to be tied together externally. Bypass to ground
through at least 1µF capacitor.
Power-OK output, active-high open-drain.
Enable input, active high.
Ground.
Output feedback.
Voltage output pins, to be tied together externally. Bypass to ground
through at least 4.7µF ceramic capacitor.
No connection.
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Functional Block Diagram
IN
OUT
Current Limit
and Thermal
Shutdown
Gate
Driver
EN
FB
0.8V
POK
0.744V
GND
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
ESD HBM
ESD MM
VIN
Notes:
Parameter
Human Body Model ESD Protection
Machine Model ESD Protection
Input Voltage
OUT, FB, POK, EN Voltage
Continuous Load Current
Ratings
4
Unit
KV
300
7
VIN + 0.3
Internal Limited
V
V
V
TJ
Operating Junction Temperature Range
-40 ~ 150
°C
TST
Storage Temperature Range
PD
Power Dissipation
-65 ~150
3.1
4.0
°C
W
W
DFN3030-10 (Note 2, 4)
SOP-8L-EP (Note 2, 5)
2. Ratings apply to ambient temperature at 25°C
Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
VIN
Input voltage
IOUT
Output Current
TA
Operating Ambient Temperature
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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Min
Max
Unit
2.2
5.5
V
0
1.2
A
-40
85
°C
September 2010
© Diodes Incorporated
AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Electrical Characteristics
(TA = 25oC, VIN = VOUT +1V, CIN = 1µF, COUT = 10µF, VEN = VIN, unless otherwise stated)
Symbol
Parameter
Test Conditions
Min
Typ.
Max
Unit
IQ
Input Quiescent Current
IOUT= 0
⎯
125
180
µA
ISHDN
Input Shutdown Current
VEN = 0V, IOUT = 0 (Note 3)
-1
0.1
1
µA
VDropout
VREF
IFB
Dropout Voltage
VOUT ≥ 1.5V, IOUT = 0.5A
230
VOUT ≥ 1.5V, IOUT = 1A
500
FB reference voltage
⎯
FB leakage
Over line, load and
temperature
ΔVOUT
/ VOUT
ΔVIN
Line Regulation
VIN = VOUT +1V to 5.5V,
IOUT = 1mA
ΔVOUT / VOUT
Load Regulation
IOUT from 1mA to 1A
Start-up Time, from EN high to POK
high
VEN = 0V to 2.0V, IOUT =
100mA, VIN = 3.3V
1kHz, VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 1.2V,
IOUT = 100mA
tST
PSRR
ILIMIT
ISHORT
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
Current limit
VOUT = 1.8V, ROUT = 0.5Ω
Short-circuit Current
VIN = 3.3V, VOUT < 0.2V
VIL
EN Input Logic Low Voltage
VIH
EN Input Logic High Voltage
IEN
EN Input leakage
VEN = 0V or 5.5V
VOL
POK output low voltage
Force 2mA
Output voltage (rising) POK threshold
FB (or OUT for fixed version)
rising
VPOK_TH_UP
VPOK_Hys
0.01
-3
-1.5
1.2
3
%
%/V
%
190
µs
60
dB
1.6
A
750
mA
0.4
V
⎯
87%
VPOK = 5.5V
⎯
V
0.01
1
µA
100
200
mV
92%
97%
Vref
4%
Vref
160
µs
POK leakage current
TSHDN
Thermal shutdown threshold
155
THYS
Thermal shutdown hysteresis
25
Notes:
µA
1.4
VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 1.2V
Thermal Resistance Junction-toAmbient
1
1.5
IPOK_LK
θJA
mV
V
0.02
Output voltage POK hysteresis
POK deglitch
800
0.8
Output Voltage Total Accuracy
VOUT
mV
0.01
1
µA
°C
°C
DFN3030-10 (Note 4)
40
o
SOP-8L-EP (Note 5)
27
o
C/W
C/W
3. POK pin must be disconnected from IN pin.
4. Test condition for DFN3030-10: Device mounted on FR-4 2-layer board, 2oz copper, with minimum recommended pad on top layer and 6 vias to
bottom layer 1.0”x1.5” ground plane.
5. Test condition for SOP-8L-EP: Device mounted on 2" x 2" FR-4 substrate PCB, 2oz copper, with minimum recommended pad on top layer and
thermal vias to bottom layer ground plane.
Typical Performance Characteristics
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Output Voltage vs. Temperature
Output Voltage vs. Tem perature
3.40
1.30
VOUT = 1.2V
Output Voltage (V)
Output Voltage (V)
VOUT = 3.3V
3.35
3.30
3.25
1.25
1.20
1.15
1.10
3.20
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
-50
125
-25
0
Quiescent Current vs. Input Voltage
140
125
110
95
Iout=0mA
Iout=500mA
Quiescent Current ( μ A)
Quiescent Current (μA)
155
80
75
100
125
VOUT=1.8V
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
VIN=2.5V
VIN=3.3V
100
4.0
4.3
4.6
4.9
5.2
5.5
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
Input Voltage (V)
0.8
1.0
1.2
IOUT (A)
Reference Voltage vs. Temperature
Quiescent Current vs. Tem perature
0.810
155
140
125
110
VIN=2.2V, Vout=1.0V
95
VIN=3.3V, Vout=1.8V
Reference Voltage (V)
170
Quiescent Current ( π A)
50
Quiescent Current vs. IOUT
VOUT=3.3V
170
25
Tem perature ( 0C)
0
Temperature ( C)
0.805
0.800
0.795
Vin=2.2V
Vin=3.3V
Vin=5.5V
VIN=5.0V, Vout=3.3V
0.790
80
-50.0
-25.0
0.0
25.0
50.0
75.0
100.0
125.0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
0
Temperature ( C)
0
Tem perature ( C)
Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Load Regulation
Line Regulation
VOUT=1.8V, IOUT=1mA
0.10
VIN=2.2V, VOUT=1.2V,
0.5
25°C
Change in VOUT (%)
Change in VOUT (%/V)
0.4
0.05
0.00
-0.05
25°C
85°C
85°C
0.3
-40°C
0.2
0.1
0.0
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-40°C
-0.5
-0.10
3.0
3. 5
4. 0
4. 5
5.0
0.0
5.5
0.4
0.8
IOUT (A)
VIN (V)
Short Circuit Current vs. Temperature
Short Circuit Current vs. Input Voltage
VOUT=1.2V
VOUT=1.2V
0.80
Short Circuit Current (A)
Short Circuit Current (A)
0.77
1.2
0.76
0.75
0.74
0.73
0.72
0.71
0.70
0.75
0.70
0.65
0.69
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
0.60
3.4
-50
Input Voltage (V)
-25
0
25
50
75
o
Temperature ( C)
Dropout Voltage vs. IOUT
PSRR
-40
600
-45
-50
500
PS RR (dB)
Dropout Voltage (mV)
VOUT=3.3V
700
400
300
-55
-60
-65
-70
200
25°C
100
-75
85°C
-40°C
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
-80
100
IOUT(A)
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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1000
10000
Frequency (Hz)
100000
September 2010
© Diodes Incorporated
AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)
Line Transient Response
Line Transient Response
VIN =3V to 5.5V
VIN =5.5V to 3V
COUT =10uF
(Ceramic)
COUT =10uF
(Ceramic)
IOUT =200mA
IOUT =200mA
VIN
2V/div
VIN
2V/div
VOUT
50mV/div
VOUT
50mV/div
Time (5ms/div)
Time (500us/div)
Output Load Transient Response (VOUT=1.8V)
Output Load Transient Response (VOUT=3.3V)
COUT=470uF (electrolytic)
COUT=470uF (electrolytic)
VOUT
COUT=10uF (Ceramic)
VOUT
COUT=10uF (Ceramic)
100mV/div
100mV/div
COUT=1uF (Ceramic)
COUT=1uF (Ceramic)
1.2A
1.2A
IOUT
IOUT
1A/us
1A/us
500mA/div
500mA/div
50mA
50mA
Time (100us/div)
Time (100us/div)
Start-up Time (VOUT=1.2V, IOUT=0.1A)
Start-up Time (VOUT=1.2V, IOUT=1.2A)
VEN
2V/div
VEN
2V/div
COUT=10uF
COUT=10uF
VOUT
1V/div
VOUT
1V/div
VPOK
2V/div
VPOK
2V/div
Time (50us/div)
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
Time (50us/div)
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)
Current Limit vs. Temperature
Current Limit (A)
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
VIN =2.8V,Vout=1.8V
VIN =3.3V,Vout=1.8V
1.4
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
o
Temperature ( C)
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Application Notes
Input Capacitor
A 1μF ceramic capacitor is recommended to connect
between IN and GND pins to decouple input power supply
glitch and noise. The amount of the capacitance may be
increased without limit. A lower ESR (Equivalent Series
Resistance) capacitor allows the use of less capacitance,
while higher ESR type requires more capacitance. This
input capacitor should be located as close as possible to
the device to assure input stability and less noise. For
PCB layout, a wide copper trace is required for both IN
and GND.
Rearranging the equation will give the following equation
to find the approximate resistor divider values:
⎛V
⎞
R1 = R2 ⎜⎜ OUT − 1⎟⎟
⎝ VREF
⎠
To maintain the stability of the internal reference voltage,
R2 needs to be kept smaller than 250kΩ.
No Load Stability
Output Capacitor
The output capacitor is required to stabilize and help the
transient response of the LDO. The AP7167 is designed to
have excellent transient response for most applications
with a small amount of output capacitance. The AP7167 is
stable for all available types and values of output
capacitors ≥ 4.7μF. The device is also stable with multiple
capacitors in parallel, which can be of any type of value.
Additional capacitance helps to reduce undershoot and
overshoot during transient. This capacitor should be
placed as close as possible to OUT and GND pins for
optimum performance.
Other than external resistor divider, no minimum load is
required to keep the device stable. The device will remain
stable and regulated in no load condition.
ENABLE/SHUTDOWN Operation
The AP7167 is turned on by setting the EN pin high, and is
turned off by pulling it low. If this feature is not used, the
EN pin should be tied to IN pin to keep the regulator output
on at all time. To ensure proper operation, the signal
source used to drive the EN pin must be able to swing
above and below the specified turn-on/off voltage
thresholds listed in the Electrical Characteristics section
under VIL and VIH.
Adjustable Operation
The AP7167 provides output voltage from 0.8V to 5.0V
through external resistor divider as shown below.
VIN
VOUT
IN
CIN
100kOhm
OUT
R1
AP7167
POK
FB
R2
Enable
EN
GND
The output voltage is calculated by:
⎛
R ⎞
VOUT = VREF ⎜⎜1 + 1 ⎟⎟
⎝ R2 ⎠
Where VREF=0.8V (the internal reference voltage)
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
COUT
POWER-OK
The Power-Ok (POK) pin is an active high open-drain
output. It can be connected to any 5.5V or lower rail
through an external pull-up resistor. The recommended
sink current of POK pin is up to 4mA, so the pull-up
resistor for POK should be in the range of 10kΩ to 1MΩ. If
output voltage monitoring is not needed, the POK pin can
be left floating.
Current Limit Protection
When output current at OUT pin is higher than current limit
threshold, the current limit protection will be triggered and
clamp the output current to approximately 1.6A (1.2A min)
to prevent over-current and to protect the regulator from
damage due to overheating.
Short Circuit Protection
When OUT pin is short-circuited to GND or OUT pin
voltage is less than 200mV, short circuit protection will be
triggered and clamp the output current to approximately
750mA. This feature protects the regulator from overcurrent
and
damage
due
to
overheating.
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Application Notes (Continued)
Low Quiescent Current
Power Dissipation
The AP7167, consuming only around 150µA for all input
range and output loading, provides great power saving in
portable and low power applications.
The device power dissipation and proper sizing of the
thermal plane that is connected to the thermal pad is
critical to avoid thermal shutdown and ensuring reliable
operation. Power dissipation of the device depends on
input voltage and load conditions and can be calculated
by:
Wide Output Range
The AP7167, with a wide output range of 0.8V to 5.0V,
provides a versatile solution for many portable and low
power applications.
Thermal Shutdown Protection
Thermal protection disables the output when the junction
temperature rises to approximately +155°C, allowing the
device to cool down. When the junction temperature
reduces to approximately +130°C the output circuitry is
enabled again. Depending on power dissipation, thermal
resistance, and ambient temperature, the thermal
protection circuit may cycle on and off. This cycling limits
the heat dissipation of the regulator, protecting it from
damage due to overheating.
PD = ( VIN − VOUT )xIOUT
The AP7167 is available in the DFN3030-10 and SOP-8LEP packages, both with exposed pad, which is the primary
conduction path for heat to the printed circuit board (PCB).
The pad can be connected to ground or be left floating;
however, to ensure the device will not overheat, it should
be attached to an appropriate amount of copper PCB area.
However, the maximum power dissipation that can be
handled by the device depends on the maximum junction
to ambient thermal resistance, maximum ambient
temperature, and maximum device junction temperature,
which can be approximated by the equation below:
PD ([email protected] TA ) =
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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( +150°C − TA )
R θJA
September 2010
© Diodes Incorporated
AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Ordering Information
AP7167 - XX G - X
Device
Green
Packing
FN : DFN3030-10
SP : SOP-8L-EP
G : Green
7/13 : Tape & Reel
Package
Code
Packaging
(Note 6)
FN
SP
DFN3030-10
SOP-8L-EP
AP7167-FNG-7
AP7167-SPG-13
Notes:
Package
7”/13” Tape and Reel
Quantity
3000/Tape & Reel
2500/Tape & Reel
Part Number Suffix
-7
-13
6. Pad layout as shown on Diodes Inc. suggested pad layout document AP02001, which can be found on our website at
http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02001.pdf.
Marking Information
(1) DFN3030-10
( Top View )
XX : Identification Code
Y : Year : 0~9
W : Week : A~Z : 1~26 week;
a~z : 27~52 week; z represents
52 and 53 week
X : A~Z : Green
XX
YWX
Part Number
AP7167
Package
DFN3030-10
Identification Code
B4
(2) SOP-8L-EP
( Top View )
8
5
Logo
Part No.
AP7167
YY WW X X E
1
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
G : Green
YY : Year : 08, 09,10~
WW : Week : 01~52; 52
represents 52 and 53 week
X : Internal Code
SOP-8L-EP
4
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Package Outline Dimensions (Continued)
(1) Package Type: DFN3030-10
0.15
TOP MARK
0.10 C
0.08 C
Top View
0.25 A
0.60
A
1.80
0.15
0/0.02
C
2.9/3.1
2.3/2.5
B
0.15
R0
.30
0.25/0.55
1.5/1.7
2.9/3.1
(Pin #1 ID)
2X-
0.50Typ.
10x-0.30
Side View
2X-
0.57/0.63
Seating Plane
2.60
Land Pattern Recommendation
(Unit:mm)
0.25 B
0.375Typ.
0.50Typ.
0.20/0.30
0.10
C A B
Bottom View
(2) Package Type: SOP-8L-EP
Detail "A"
Exposed pad
2.4Ref.
3.70/4.10
45°
0.35max.
3.85/3.95
5.90/6.10
7°~9°
7°~9° 1
1
0.15/0.25
Bottom View
1.75max.
1.30/1.50
3.3Ref.
0/0.13
0.254
0.3/0.5
1.27typ
4.85/4.95
1
Gauge Plane
Seating Plane
0.62/0.82
Detail "A"
8x-0.60
5.4
Exposed pad
8x-1.55
6x-1.27
Land Pattem Recommendation
(Unit:mm)
Notes:
7. All dimensions are in millimeters. Angles are in degrees.
8. Coplanarity applies to the exposed heat sink slug as well as the terminals.
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
Taping Orientation (Note 9)
For DFN3030-10
Notes:
9.The taping orientation of the other package type can be found on our website at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02007.pdf.
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
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AP7167
1.2A LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR WITH POK
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the express written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
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B.
A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected
to cause the failure of the life support device or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
Customers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their life support devices or
systems, and acknowledge and agree that they are solely responsible for all legal, regulatory and safety-related requirements
concerning their products and any use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems,
notwithstanding any devices- or systems-related information or support that may be provided by Diodes Incorporated. Further,
Customers must fully indemnify Diodes Incorporated and its representatives against any damages arising out of the use of Diodes
Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems.
Copyright © 2010, Diodes Incorporated
www.diodes.com
AP7167
Document number: DS31252 Rev. 7 - 2
14 of 14
www.diodes.com
September 2010
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