MTP6P20E Preferred Device Power MOSFET 6 Amps, 200 Volts P–Channel TO–220 This Power MOSFET is designed to withstand high energy in the avalanche and commutation modes. The energy efficient design also offers a drain–to–source diode with a fast recovery time. Designed for low voltage, high speed switching applications in power supplies, converters and PWM motor controls, these devices are particularly well suited for bridge circuits where diode speed and commutating safe operating areas are critical and offer additional safety margin against unexpected voltage transients. • Avalanche Energy Specified • Source–to–Drain Diode Recovery Time Comparable to a Discrete Fast Recovery Diode • Diode is Characterized for Use in Bridge Circuits • IDSS and VDS(on) Specified at Elevated Temperature http://onsemi.com 6 AMPERES 200 VOLTS RDS(on) = 1 Ω P–Channel D G MAXIMUM RATINGS (TC = 25°C unless otherwise noted) Rating Symbol Value Unit Drain–Source Voltage VDSS 200 Vdc Drain–Gate Voltage (RGS = 1.0 MΩ) VDGR 200 Vdc Gate–Source Voltage – Continuous – Non–Repetitive (tp ≤ 10 ms) VGS VGSM ± 20 ± 40 Vdc Vpk Drain Current – Continuous – Continuous @ 100°C – Single Pulse (tp ≤ 10 µs) ID ID IDM 6.0 3.9 21 Adc Total Power Dissipation Derate above 25°C PD 75 0.6 Watts W/°C TJ, Tstg –55 to 150 °C 180 mJ Operating and Storage Temperature Range Single Pulse Drain–to–Source Avalanche Energy – Starting TJ = 25°C (VDD = 25 Vdc, VGS = 10 Vdc, IL = 6.0 Apk, L = 10 mH, RG = 25 Ω) Thermal Resistance – Junction to Case – Junction to Ambient Maximum Lead Temperature for Soldering Purposes, 1/8″ from case for 10 seconds EAS S MARKING DIAGRAM & PIN ASSIGNMENT 4 Drain 4 Apk TO–220AB CASE 221A STYLE 5 1 2 MTP6P20E LLYWW 1 Gate 3 3 Source 2 Drain °C/W RθJC RθJA 1.67 62.5 TL 260 MTP6P20E LL Y WW = Device Code = Location Code = Year = Work Week °C ORDERING INFORMATION Device MTP6P20E Package Shipping TO–220AB 50 Units/Rail Preferred devices are recommended choices for future use and best overall value. Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2000 November, 2000 – Rev. 1 1 Publication Order Number: MTP6P20E/D MTP6P20E ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TJ = 25°C unless otherwise noted) Characteristic Symbol Min Typ Max Unit 200 – – 211 – – Vdc mV/°C – – – – 10 100 – – 100 nAdc 2.0 – 3.1 4.0 4.0 – Vdc mV/°C – 0.81 1.0 Ohm – – 6.0 – 7.2 6.3 gFS 1.5 3.8 – mhos Ciss – 540 750 pF Coss – 128 180 Crss – 40 90 td(on) – 12 25 tr – 32 65 td(off) – 24 50 tf – 16 30 QT – 22 30 Q1 – 4.0 – Q2 – 11 – Q3 – 9.0 – – – 2.8 2.6 4.0 – trr – 188 – ta – 152 – tb – 36 – QRR – 1.595 – – – 3.5 4.5 – – – 7.5 – OFF CHARACTERISTICS Drain–Source Breakdown Voltage (VGS = 0 Vdc, ID = 250 µAdc) Temperature Coefficient (Positive) V(BR)DSS Zero Gate Voltage Drain Current (VDS = 200 Vdc, VGS = 0 Vdc) (VDS = 200 Vdc, VGS = 0 Vdc, TJ = 125°C) IDSS Gate–Body Leakage Current (VGS = ± 20 Vdc, VDS = 0) IGSS µAdc ON CHARACTERISTICS (Note 1.) Gate Threshold Voltage (VDS = VGS, ID = 250 µAdc) Temperature Coefficient (Negative) VGS(th) Static Drain–Source On–Resistance (VGS = 10 Vdc, ID = 3.0 Adc) RDS(on) Drain–Source On–Voltage (VGS = 10 Vdc) (ID = 6.0 Adc) (ID = 3.0 Adc, TJ = 125°C) VDS(on) Forward Transconductance (VDS = 8.0 Vdc, ID = 3.0 Adc) Vdc DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS Input Capacitance Output Capacitance (VDS = 25 Vd Vdc, VGS = 0 Vdc, Vd f = 1.0 MHz) Reverse Transfer Capacitance SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (Note 2.) Turn–On Delay Time Rise Time Turn–Off Delay Time (VDD = 100 Vdc, ID = 6.0 Adc, VGS = 10 Vdc, Vdc RG = 9.1 Ω) Fall Time Gate Charge (S Figure (See Fi 8) (VDS = 160 Vdc, ID = 6.0 Adc, VGS = 10 Vdc) ns nC SOURCE–DRAIN DIODE CHARACTERISTICS Forward On–Voltage (Note 1.) (IS = 6.0 Adc, VGS = 0 Vdc) (IS = 6.0 Adc, VGS = 0 Vdc, TJ = 125°C) Reverse Recovery Time (S Figure (See Fi 14) (IS = 6.0 6 0 Adc, Adc VGS = 0 Vdc, Vdc dIS/dt = 100 A/µs) Reverse Recovery Stored Charge VSD Vdc ns µC INTERNAL PACKAGE INDUCTANCE Internal Drain Inductance (Measured from contact screw on tab to center of die) (Measured from the drain lead 0.25″ from package to center of die) LD Internal Source Inductance (Measured from the source lead 0.25″ from package to source bond pad) LS 1. Pulse Test: Pulse Width ≤ 300 µs, Duty Cycle ≤ 2%. 2. Switching characteristics are independent of operating junction temperature. http://onsemi.com 2 nH nH MTP6P20E TYPICAL ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TJ = 25°C 12 VGS = 10 V I D , DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) I D , DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) 12 8V 9V 8 7V 4 6V 2.0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 6 4 3 5 7 9 Figure 2. Transfer Characteristics 1.2 25°C 0.8 -55°C 0.4 0 2 4 6 8 ID, DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) 10 12 1.4 VGS = 10 V 1.0 15 V 0.8 0 2 I DSS , LEAKAGE (nA) 1.5 1.0 0.5 25 50 75 6 8 10 12 Figure 4. On–Resistance versus Drain Current and Gate Voltage 1000 0 4 ID, DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) VGS = 10 V ID = 3.0 A -25 TJ = 25°C 1.2 Figure 3. On–Resistance versus Drain Current and Temperature RDS(on) , DRAIN-TO-SOURCE RESISTANCE (NORMALIZED) 1 Figure 1. On–Region Characteristics TJ = 100°C 0 -50 100°C VGS, GATE-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) VGS = 10 V 2.0 TJ = -55°C VDS, DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) 1.6 0 25°C 8 0 16 RDS(on) , DRAIN-TO-SOURCE RESISTANCE (OHMS) RDS(on) , DRAIN-TO-SOURCE RESISTANCE (OHMS) 0 10 2 5V 0 VDS ≥ 10 V 100 125 VGS = 0 V 100°C 10 1 -200 150 125°C 100 -160 -120 -80 -40 TJ, JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C) VDS, DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) Figure 5. On–Resistance Variation with Temperature Figure 6. Drain–To–Source Leakage Current versus Voltage http://onsemi.com 3 0 MTP6P20E POWER MOSFET SWITCHING The capacitance (Ciss) is read from the capacitance curve at a voltage corresponding to the off–state condition when calculating td(on) and is read at a voltage corresponding to the on–state when calculating td(off). At high switching speeds, parasitic circuit elements complicate the analysis. The inductance of the MOSFET source lead, inside the package and in the circuit wiring which is common to both the drain and gate current paths, produces a voltage at the source which reduces the gate drive current. The voltage is determined by Ldi/dt, but since di/dt is a function of drain current, the mathematical solution is complex. The MOSFET output capacitance also complicates the mathematics. And finally, MOSFETs have finite internal gate resistance which effectively adds to the resistance of the driving source, but the internal resistance is difficult to measure and, consequently, is not specified. The resistive switching time variation versus gate resistance (Figure 9) shows how typical switching performance is affected by the parasitic circuit elements. If the parasitics were not present, the slope of the curves would maintain a value of unity regardless of the switching speed. The circuit used to obtain the data is constructed to minimize common inductance in the drain and gate circuit loops and is believed readily achievable with board mounted components. Most power electronic loads are inductive; the data in the figure is taken with a resistive load, which approximates an optimally snubbed inductive load. Power MOSFETs may be safely operated into an inductive load; however, snubbing reduces switching losses. Switching behavior is most easily modeled and predicted by recognizing that the power MOSFET is charge controlled. The lengths of various switching intervals (∆t) are determined by how fast the FET input capacitance can be charged by current from the generator. The published capacitance data is difficult to use for calculating rise and fall because drain–gate capacitance varies greatly with applied voltage. Accordingly, gate charge data is used. In most cases, a satisfactory estimate of average input current (IG(AV)) can be made from a rudimentary analysis of the drive circuit so that t = Q/IG(AV) During the rise and fall time interval when switching a resistive load, VGS remains virtually constant at a level known as the plateau voltage, VSGP. Therefore, rise and fall times may be approximated by the following: tr = Q2 x RG/(VGG – VGSP) tf = Q2 x RG/VGSP where VGG = the gate drive voltage, which varies from zero to VGG RG = the gate drive resistance and Q2 and VGSP are read from the gate charge curve. During the turn–on and turn–off delay times, gate current is not constant. The simplest calculation uses appropriate values from the capacitance curves in a standard equation for voltage change in an RC network. The equations are: td(on) = RG Ciss In [VGG/(VGG – VGSP)] td(off) = RG Ciss In (VGG/VGSP) 2000 C, CAPACITANCE (pF) 1600 1200 Ciss VDS = 0 V VGS = 0 V TJ = 25°C Crss 800 Ciss 400 0 10 Coss Crss 5 VGS 0 VDS 5 10 15 20 25 GATE-TO-SOURCE OR DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) Figure 7. Capacitance Variation http://onsemi.com 4 12 160 QT VGS 8 80 6 4 ID = 6.0 A TJ = 25°C 2 0 Q3 0 5 40 VDS 10 15 Qg, TOTAL GATE CHARGE (nC) VDD = 100 V ID = 6.0 A VGS = 10 V TJ = 25°C 120 Q2 Q1 1000 20 25 0 100 t, TIME (ns) 10 VDS , DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) VGS, GATE-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) MTP6P20E tr td(off) tf 10 1 1 Figure 8. Gate–To–Source and Drain–To–Source Voltage versus Total Charge td(on) 10 RG, GATE RESISTANCE (OHMS) 100 Figure 9. Resistive Switching Time Variation versus Gate Resistance DRAIN–TO–SOURCE DIODE CHARACTERISTICS I S , SOURCE CURRENT (AMPS) 6 VGS = 0 V TJ = 25°C 5 4 3 2 1 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 VSD, SOURCE-TO-DRAIN VOLTAGE (VOLTS) Figure 10. Diode Forward Voltage versus Current SAFE OPERATING AREA reliable operation, the stored energy from circuit inductance dissipated in the transistor while in avalanche must be less than the rated limit and adjusted for operating conditions differing from those specified. Although industry practice is to rate in terms of energy, avalanche energy capability is not a constant. The energy rating decreases non–linearly with an increase of peak current in avalanche and peak junction temperature. Although many E–FETs can withstand the stress of drain–to–source avalanche at currents up to rated pulsed current (IDM), the energy rating is specified at rated continuous current (ID), in accordance with industry custom. The energy rating must be derated for temperature as shown in the accompanying graph (Figure 12). Maximum energy at currents below rated continuous ID can safely be assumed to equal the values indicated. The Forward Biased Safe Operating Area curves define the maximum simultaneous drain–to–source voltage and drain current that a transistor can handle safely when it is forward biased. Curves are based upon maximum peak junction temperature and a case temperature (TC) of 25°C. Peak repetitive pulsed power limits are determined by using the thermal response data in conjunction with the procedures discussed in AN569, “Transient Thermal Resistance–General Data and Its Use.” Switching between the off–state and the on–state may traverse any load line provided neither rated peak current (IDM) nor rated voltage (VDSS) is exceeded and the transition time (tr,tf) do not exceed 10 µs. In addition the total power averaged over a complete switching cycle must not exceed (TJ(MAX) – TC)/(RθJC). A Power MOSFET designated E–FET can be safely used in switching circuits with unclamped inductive loads. For http://onsemi.com 5 MTP6P20E SAFE OPERATING AREA 180 VGS = 20 V SINGLE PULSE TC = 25°C 10 EAS, SINGLE PULSE DRAIN-TO-SOURCE AVALANCHE ENERGY (mJ) I D , DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) 100 100 µs 1 ms 1.0 10 ms dc 0.1 0.01 RDS(on) LIMIT THERMAL LIMIT PACKAGE LIMIT 10 1.0 0.1 100 ID = 6.0 A 144 108 72 36 0 1000 25 50 75 100 125 150 VDS, DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) TJ, STARTING JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C) Figure 11. Maximum Rated Forward Biased Safe Operating Area Figure 12. Maximum Avalanche Energy versus Starting Junction Temperature r(t), NORMALIZED EFFECTIVE TRANSIENT THERMAL RESISTANCE 1.0 D = 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.05 P(pk) 0.02 t1 0.01 t2 DUTY CYCLE, D = t1/t2 SINGLE PULSE 0.01 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-02 1.0E-03 1.0E-01 t,TIME (s) Figure 13. Thermal Response di/dt IS trr ta tb TIME 0.25 IS tp IS Figure 14. Diode Reverse Recovery Waveform http://onsemi.com 6 RθJC(t) = r(t) RθJC D CURVES APPLY FOR POWER PULSE TRAIN SHOWN READ TIME AT t1 TJ(pk) - TC = P(pk) RθJC(t) 1.0E+00 1.0E+01 MTP6P20E PACKAGE DIMENSIONS TO–220 THREE–LEAD TO–220AB CASE 221A–09 ISSUE AA SEATING PLANE –T– B C F T S 4 DIM A B C D F G H J K L N Q R S T U V Z A Q 1 2 3 U H K Z L R V NOTES: 1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI Y14.5M, 1982. 2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH. 3. DIMENSION Z DEFINES A ZONE WHERE ALL BODY AND LEAD IRREGULARITIES ARE ALLOWED. J G D N INCHES MIN MAX 0.570 0.620 0.380 0.405 0.160 0.190 0.025 0.035 0.142 0.147 0.095 0.105 0.110 0.155 0.018 0.025 0.500 0.562 0.045 0.060 0.190 0.210 0.100 0.120 0.080 0.110 0.045 0.055 0.235 0.255 0.000 0.050 0.045 ----0.080 STYLE 5: PIN 1. 2. 3. 4. http://onsemi.com 7 GATE DRAIN SOURCE DRAIN MILLIMETERS MIN MAX 14.48 15.75 9.66 10.28 4.07 4.82 0.64 0.88 3.61 3.73 2.42 2.66 2.80 3.93 0.46 0.64 12.70 14.27 1.15 1.52 4.83 5.33 2.54 3.04 2.04 2.79 1.15 1.39 5.97 6.47 0.00 1.27 1.15 ----2.04 MTP6P20E ON Semiconductor and are trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. 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