SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 2 / 18 1. SCOPE This specification applies to VFD module (Model No: 16T202DA1J) manufactured by Samsung SDI. 2. FEATURES 2.1 LCD compatible interface and mounting holes. (This VFD module is capable to communicate some different type of bus systems such as i80 (Intel) or M68 (Motorola), 8-bit or 4-bit parallel data.) 2.2 High quality of display and luminance. 2.3 Compact and light-weight unit by using new VFD technology and flat packed one-chip controller. 2.4 +5V single power supply. 2.5 Luminance adjustment available by software (4 levels). 2.6 8 user definable fonts available (CG-RAM font). 2.7 ASCII and Jananese Katakana characters (CG-ROM font). 3. GENERAL DESCRIPTIONS 3.1 This specification becomes effective after being approved by the purchaser. 3.2 When any conflict is found in the specification, appropriate action shall be taken upon agreement of both parties. 3.3 The expected necessary service parts should be arranged by the customer before the completion of production. 4. PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS 4.1 Type Table_1 Type 16T202DA1J Digit Format 5 x 7 Dot Matrix with Cursor 4.2 Outer Dimensions, Weight (See Fig_7 on Page 6/18 for details) Table_2 Parameter Outer Dimensions Specification Unit Width 85.0 +/-1.0 mm Height 36.0 +/-1.0 mm 19.5 Max mm Typical 35 g Thickness Weight SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 3 / 18 4.3 Specifications of the Display Panel (See Fig_9 on Page 7/18 for details) Parameter Display Size Symbol Specification Unit WxH 51.76 x 11.09 mm - 16 Digits x 2 Lines - WxH 2.26 x 4.343 mm - 3.3(H) / 6.15(V) mm WxH 0.372 x 0.534 mm - Blue-Green (peak 505 nm) - Number of Digit Character Size (excluding cursor) Character Pitch Dot Size Table_3 Display Color 4.4 Environment Conditions Table_4 Parameter Operating Temperature Symbol Min. Max. Unit Topr -20 +70 o C o C Storage Temperature Tstg -40 +85 Humidity (Operating) Hopr 0 85 % Humidity (Non-operating) Hstg 0 90 % Vibration (10 ~ 55 Hz) - - 4 G Shock - - 40 G 4.5 Absolute Maximum Ratings Parameter Table_5 Symbol Min. Max. Unit Supply Voltage V CC -0.5 6.0 V DC Input Signal Voltage V IS -0.5 Vcc+0.5 V DC 4.6 Recommend Operating Conditions Parameter Table_6 Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Supply Voltage V CC 4.5 5.0 5.5 V DC Signal (Logic) Input Voltage V IS 0 - V CC V DC TOPR -20 +25 +70 Operating Temperature 4.7 DC Characteristics (Ta=+25oC, Vcc=+5.0V) Parameter Supply Current "H" level Input current Luminance Table_7 Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit ICC - 130 200 mA "H" Level V IH 0.7xVCC - - V DC "L" Level V IL - - 0.3xVCC V DC IIH 20 - 500 uA 100 200 (340) (680) *) Logic Input Voltage C O V IN=V CC £Ì - ft-L (cd/m2) *) Icc shows the current when all dots are turned on. The surge current can be approx. 3 times the specified supply current at power on. However, the exact peak surge current amplitude and duration are dependent on the characteristics of the host power supply. SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 4 / 18 4.8 Timing Chart and AC Characteristics 4.8.1 Power-on Reset and/or RESET signal Timing tOFF(VCC ) Vcc Min 100ms 0.2V tr (VCC ) Max 1ms 4.5V tWAIT * Min 100us /WR tRESET Min 500ns /RST * Note) tWAIT : Internal Reseting Time Fig-1 Power-on Reset and /RESET signal Timing 4.8.2 i80 type CPU bus write-in Timing RS tSU(RS) tCYC(/WR) Min 10ns Min 200ns tH(RS) Min 10ns tWH (/WR) Min 100ns tWL (/WR) /WR Min 30ns tSU(data) tHW (data) Min 30ns Min 10ns DB0~DB7 VALID Fig-2 Data write-in Timing Diagram (i80 bus interface) 4.8.3 i80 type CPU bus read-out Timing RS tSU(RS) tCYC(/RD) Min 10ns Min 200ns tH(RS) Min 10ns tWH (/RD) Min 100ns tWL (/RD) /RD Min 70ns tHR (data) tACESS(data) Min 5ns Max 70ns DB0~DB7 VALID Fig-3 Data Read-out Timing Diagram (i80 bus interface) SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 5 / 18 4.8.4 M68 type CPU bus write-in Timing R/W tSU(RS,R/W) tH(RS.R/W) Min 20ns Min 10ns RS tWL (E) Min 230ns tWH (E) Min 230ns E tCYC(E) Min 500ns tSU(data) tHWR (data) Min 80ns Min 10ns DB0~DB7 VALID Fig-4 Data write-in Timing Diagram (M68 bus interface) 4.8.5 M68 type CPU bus read-out Timing R/W tSU(RS,R/W) tH(RS.R/W) Min 20ns Min 10ns RS tWL (E) Min 230ns tWH (E) Min 230ns E tCYC(E) Min 500ns tDELAY (data) tHRD (data) Max 160ns Min 5ns DB0~DB7 VALID Fig-5 Data read-out Timing Diagram (M68 bus interface) 4.9 Connector Pin Assignment Fourteen of through holes are prepared for power supply and signal interface. A connector may be able to soldered to the holes. Location and dimensions are showen at Fig-8 on page 7/18. *) The third hole (pin #3) can be used for reset input if the soldering pad "JP1" is short-circuited. (Refer to "Fig-6 System Block Diagram" on next page.) No. Signal No. Signal 1 GND 8 DB1 2 Vcc 9 DB2 3 * /RST 10 DB3 4 RS 11 DB4 5 R/W(/WR) 12 DB5 6 E(/RD) 13 DB6 7 DB0 14 DB7 SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 6 / 18 4.10 System Block Diagram Vcc VDD E #6 R/W #5 RS #4 /RST #3 72 Lines ANODE 16 Lines GRID E R/W RS Controller JP1 Vcc RESET External reset selection switch (Soldering Pad) VFD 16T202 JP0 MPU VSS MPU interface selection switch (Soldering Pad) DB0~DB7 VDI SP #7~#14 Vbb (+5Vdc) Vcc #2 GND #1 DC/DC Converter Ef 1 F1 Ef 2 F2 Fig-6 System Block Diagram of this VFD Module 4.11 Outer Dimensions 85.0 +/-1.0 80.0 +/-0.3 2.5 +/-0.5 4-O2.5 +/-0.3 (19.18) 36.0 +/-0.5 31.0 +/-0.3 3.0 Max 23.0 +0.7 -0.5 DISPLAY AREA (51.76*11.09) (12.61 ) 2.5 +/-0.5 7.5 +/-1.0 14.5 Max (45.06) 6.5 +/-1.0 (39.94) 76.0 +0.8 -0.5 (1.5) 10.0 +/-1.0 19.5 Max 3.5 Max 8.5 Max Mounting Component Area 30.0 Max Fig-7 Outer Dimensions (Unit:mm) SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 7 / 18 4.12 Connector Through Hole Location 14-O1.0 7.88 2.54 2.50 #14 #13 #2 #1 2.54 15.24 (p2.54x6) 7.88 (7.5) (Unit:mm) Fig-8 14-pin Through Hole Dimensions 4.13 Pattern Details 51.76 3.30 2.26 1.04 0.372 0.10 0.534 4.94 0.10 6.15 0.311 11.09 1.21 4.343 0.286 (Unit:mm) Fig-9 Pattern Details 5. FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS 5.1 Registers in VFD Controller The VFD controller has two 8-bit registers, an instruction register (IR) and a data register (DR). IR stores instruction codes, such as display clear and cursor shift, and address information for DD-RAM and CG-RAM. The IR can only be written from the host MPU. DR temporarily stores data to be written into DD-RAM or CG-RAM and temporarily stores data to be read from DD-RAM or CG-RAM. Data written into the DR from the MPU is automatically written into DD-RAM or CG-RAM by an internal operation. The DR is also used for data storage when reading data from DD-RAM or CG-RAM. When address information is written into the IR, data is read and then stored into the DR from DD-RAM or CG-RAM by internal operation. Data transfer between MPU is then completed when the MPU reads the DR. After the read, data in DD-RAM or CG-RAM at the next address is sent to the DR for the next read from the MPU. By the register selector (RS) signal, these two registers can be selected (See Table-8). SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 8 / 18 Table-8 Register Selection RS M68 i80 Operation R/W /RD /WR 0 0 1 0 IR write as an internal operation (display clear, etc.) 0 1 0 1 Read busy flag (DB7) and address counter (DB0 to DB6) 1 0 1 0 DR write as an internal operation (DR to DDRAM or CGRAM) 1 1 0 1 DR read as an internal operation (DDRAM or CGRAM to DR) 5.1.1 Busy Flag (BF) When the busy flag is 1, the controller is in the internal operation mode, and the next instruction will not be accepted. When RS = 0 and R/W = 1 (Table-8), the busy flag is output to DB7. The next instruction must be written after ensuring that the busy flag is 0. 5.1.2 Address Counter (ACC) The address counter (ACC) assigns addresses to both DD-RAM and CG-RAM. When an address of an instruction is written into the IR, the address information is sent from the IR to the ACC. Selection of either DD-RAM or CG-RAM is also determined concurrently by the instruction. After writing into (reading from) DD-RAM or CG-RAM, the ACC is automatically incremented by 1 (decremented by 1). The ACC contents are then output to DB0 to DB6 when RS = 0 and R/W = 1 (See Table-8). 5.1.3 Display Data RAM (DD-RAM) Display data RAM (DD-RAM) stores display data represented in 8-bit character codes. The area in DD-RAM that is not used for display can be used as general data RAM. See Table_9 for the relationships between DD-RAM addresses and positions on the VFD. Table_9 Relation between Digit Position and DD-RAM data Left End 2nd Column 3rd Column ............. 15th Column Right End 1st Row 00 Hex 01 Hex 02 Hex ............. 0E Hex 0F Hex 2nd Row 40 Hex 41 Hex 42 Hex .............. 4E Hex 4F Hex 5.1.4 Character Generator ROM (CG-ROM) The character generator ROM (CG-ROM) generates character patterns of 5x7 dots from 8-bit character codes (Table-10). It can generate 240 kinds of 5x7 dot character patterns. The character fonts are shown on the following page. The character codes 00H to 0FH are allocated to the CG-RAM 5.1.5 Character Generator RAM (CG-RAM) In the character generator RAM (CG-RAM), the user can rewrite character patterns by program. For 5x7 dots and cursor, eight character patterns can be written. Write into DD-RAM the character codes at the addresses shown as the left column of Table-10 to show the character patterns stored in CG-RAM. See Table-11 for the relationship between CG-RAM addresses and data and display patterns and refer to Fig-10 for dot assignment of VFD. Areas that are not used for display can be used as general data RAM. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Fig-10 Dot Assignment SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 9 / 18 Table-10 Characters Font Table (CG-ROM) and CG-RAM codes U pper bit s DB7 DB6 DB5 Lower bit s DB4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F 0 0 0 0 0 CG-RAM (1) 0 0 0 1 1 CG-RAM (2) 0 0 1 0 2 CG-RAM (3) 0 0 1 1 3 CG-RAM] (4) 0 1 0 0 4 CG-RAM (5) 0 1 0 1 5 CG-RAM (6) 0 1 1 0 6 CG-RAM (7) 0 1 1 1 7 CG-RAM (8) 1 0 0 0 8 CG-RAM (1) 1 0 0 1 9 CG-RAM (2) 1 0 1 0 A CG-RAM (3) 1 0 1 1 B CG-RAM] (4) 1 1 0 0 C CG-RAM (5) 1 1 0 1 D CG-RAM (6) 1 1 1 0 E CG-RAM (7) 1 1 1 1 F CG-RAM (8) SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 10 / 18 Table-11 Relationship between CG-RAM Addresses, Character Codes(DD-RAM) and 5x7 (with Cursor) Dot Character Patterns (CG-RAM data) Character Codes Character Patterns CG-RAM Address (DD-RAM data) (CG-RAM data) D D D D D D D D A A A A A A D D D D D D D D 7 5 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 3 2 x 0 x 0 x 0 0 ¡¿ 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 1 1 3 0 1 0 1 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 x x x 1 2 3 4 5 0 0 1 x x x 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 0 x x x 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 1 x x x 16 17 18 19 20 1 0 0 x x x 21 22 23 24 25 1 0 1 x x x 26 27 28 29 30 1 1 0 x x x 31 32 33 34 35 1 1 1 x x x 36 x x x x 0 0 0 x x x 1 2 3 4 5 0 0 1 x x x 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 0 x x x 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 1 x x x 16 17 18 19 20 1 0 0 x x x 21 22 23 24 25 1 0 1 x x x 26 27 28 29 30 1 1 0 x x x 31 32 33 34 35 1 1 1 x x x 36 x x x x 0 0 0 x x x 1 2 3 4 5 0 0 1 x x x 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 0 x x x 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 1 x x x 16 17 18 19 1 0 1 x x x 26 27 28 29 30 1 1 0 x x x 31 32 33 34 35 1 1 1 x x x 36 x x x Character Pattern(1) Cursor position Character Pattern(2) Cursor position x Notes: 1. Character code bits 0 to 2 correspond to CG-RAM address bits 3 to 5 (3 bits : 8 types). 2. CG-RAM address bits 0 to 2 designate the character pattern line position. The 8th line is the cursor position and its display is formed by a logical OR with the cursor. Maintain the 8th line data, corresponding to the cursor display position, at 0 as the cursor display. If bit 4 of the 8th line data is 1, 1 bit will light up the cursor regardless of the cursor presence. 3. Character pattern row positions correspond to CG-RAM data bits 0 to 4 (bit 4 being at the left). 4. As shown Table-11, CG-RAM character patterns are selected when character code bits 4 to 7 are all 0. However, since character code bit 3 has no effect, the R display example above can be selected by either character code 00H or 08H. 5. 1 for CG-RAM data corresponds to display selection and 0 to non-selection. "x" Indicates no effect (Don't care) SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 11 / 18 5.2 Interfacing to the MPU This VFD module can interface in either two 4-bit operations or one 8-bit operation, thus allowing interfacing with 4- or 8-bit MPUs. * For 4-bit interface data, only four bus lines (DB4 to DB7) are used for transfer. When to use 4-bit parallel data transfer, DB0 to DB3 keep "H" or "L". The data transfer between the VFD module and the MPU is completed after the 4-bit data has been transferred twice. As for the order of data transfer the four high order bits (for 8-bit operation, DB4 to DB7) are transferred before the four low order bits (for 8-bit operation, DB0 to DB3). The busy flag (BF) are performed before transferring the higher 4 bits. BF checks are not required before transferring the lower 4 bits. RS R/W E DB7 IR7 IR3 D7 D3 BF AC3 DR7 DR3 D7 D3 DB6 IR6 IR2 D6 D2 AC6 AC2 DR6 DR2 D6 D2 DB5 IR5 IR1 D5 D1 AC5 AC1 DR5 DR1 D5 D1 DB4 IR4 IR0 D4 D0 AC4 AC0 DR4 DR0 D4 D0 Busy Flag & Address Counter Read Data Register Read Instruction Register Write Character Code Write Character Code Write Fig-11 4-Bit Transfer Example (M68) * For 8-bit interface data, all eight bus lines (DB0 to DB7) are used. 5.3 Reset Function 5.3.1 Power-on reset An internal reset circuit automatically initializes the module when the power is turned on. The following instructions are executed during the initialization. 1) Display clear Fill the DD-RAM with 20H (Space Code) 2) Set the addres counter to 00H Set the address counter (ACC) to point DD-RAM. 3) Display on/off control: D = 0 ; Display off C = 0 ; Cursor off B = 0 ; Blinking off 4) Entry mode set: I/D = 1 ; Increment by 1 S = 0 ; No shift 5) Function Set IF = 1 ; 8-bit interface data N = 1 ; 2-line display BR0 = BR1 =0 ; Brightness = 100% 6) CPU interface type when JP0 = Open ; M68 type (Factory Setting) when JP0 = Short ; i80 type SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 12 / 18 5.3.2 External reset In order to use this function, a user must connect the soldering pad "JP1". When the soldering pad "JP1" is open-circuited, this function is not valid and when it is short-circuited,. the third hole (pin #3) is used for external reset input. If low level signal longer than 500ns is input into the hole, reset function being same as power on reset is executed. 5.4 Soldering Land Function Some soldering lands are prepared on the rear side of PCB, to set operating mode of the display module. A soldering iron is required to short soldering lands. Table-12 Soldering Land OPEN/SHORT Combination Table JP0 JP1 F U N C T I O N Open x M68 type Short x i80 type x Open Pin #3 : No connection x Short Pin #3 : /RESET signal input (Low Active) Open Open MPU type Selection External Reset Section Setting at Factory x : Don't care 6. INSTRUCTIONS 6.1 Outline Only the instruction register (IR) and the data register (DR) of the VFD controller can be controlled by the user's MPU. Before starting the internal operation of the controller, control information is temporarily stored into these registers to allow interfacing with various MPUs, which operate at different speeds, or various peripheral control devices. The internal operation of the controller is determined by signals sent from the MPU. These signals, which include register selection signal (RS), read/write signal (R/W), and the data bus (DB0 to DB7), make up the controller instructions (See Table_13). There are four categories of instructions that: * * * * Designate controller functions, such as display format, data length, etc. Set internal RAM addresses Perform data transfer with internal RAM Perform miscellaneous functions Normally, instructions that perform data transfer with internal RAM are used the most. However, auto-incrementation by 1 (or auto-decrementation by 1) of internal RAM addresses after each data write can lighten the program load of the MPU. Since the display shift instruction can perform concurrently with display data write, the user can minimize system development time with maximum programming efficiency. When an instruction is being executed for internal operation, no instruction other than the busy flag / address read instruction can be executed. Because the busy flag is set to 1 while an instruction is being executed, check it to make sure it is 0 before sending another instruction from the MPU. Note : Be sure the controller is not in the busy state (BF = 0) before sending an instruction from the MPU to the module. If an instruction is sent without checking the busy flag, the time between the first instruction and next instruction will take much longer than the instruction time itself. Refer to Table_13 for the list of each instruction execution time. SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 13 / 18 Table-13 Instruction Set Instruction CODE RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Display Clear 0 Cursor Home 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Description 1 Clears all display and sets DDRAM address 0 in address counter. x Sets DDRAM address 0 in ACC. Also returns the display being shifted to the original position. DDRAM contents remain unchanged. Entry Mode Set 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 I/D S Sets the cursor direction and specifies display shift. These operations are performed during writing/reading data. Display ON/OFF Control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 D C B Sets all display ON/OFF(D), cursor ON/OFF(C), cursor blink of character position(B) Cursor or Display Shift 0 0 0 0 0 1 S/C R/L x x Shifts display or cursor, keeping DD-RAM contents. Function Set 0 0 0 0 1 IF N x CGRAM Address Setting 0 0 0 1 DDRAM Address Setting 0 0 1 ADD Sets the DD-RAM address. Busy Flag & Address Reading 0 1 BF ACC Read busy flag(BF) and address counter (ACC). Data Writing to CG or DDRAM 1 0 Data writing Writes data into CG-RAM or DDRAM. Data Reading from CG or DDRAM 1 1 Data reading Reads data from CG-RAM or DDRAM. ACG I/D = 1 : Increment I/D = 0 : Decrement S S = 1 : Display shift enabled = 0 : Cursor shift enabled S/C = 1 : Display shift S/C = 0 : Cursor move R/L = 1 : Shift to the right R/L = 0 : Shift to the left * NOTE IF IF N N BF BF [ Abbreviation ] DD-RAM : Display Data RAM CG-RAM : Character Generater RAM ACG : CG-RAM Address ACC : Address Counter = 1 : 2 Lines display = 0 : 1 Line display : 100% : 75% : 50% : 25% = 1 : Busy (Internally operating) = 0 : Not busy (Instruction acceptable) x : Don't Care Sets the CG-RAM address. ADD : DD-RAM Address = 1 : 8bits = 0 : 4bits BR1, BR0 = 00 01 10 11 Sets data length(IF), number of BR1 BR0 display lines(N), Set brightness level (BR1,BR0) SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 14 / 18 6.2 Instruction Descriptions 6.2.1 Display Clear DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 RS = 0, 01H R/W = 0 This instruction (1) Fills all locations in the display data RAM (DD-RAM) with 20H (Blank-character). (2) Clears the contents of the address counter (ACC) to 00H. (3) Sets the display for zero character shift (returns original position). (4) Sets the address counter (ACC) to point to the DD-RAM. (5) If the cursor is displayed, moves the cursor to the left most character in the top line (upper line). (6) Sets the address counter (ACC) to increment on the each access of DD-RAM or CG-RAM. 6.2.2 Cursor Home DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 x RS = 0, R/W = 0 02H to 03H x : Don't Care This instruction (1) Clears the contents of the address counter (ACC) to 00H. (2) Sets the address counter (ACC) to point to the DD-RAM. (3) Sets the display for zero character shift (returns original position). (4) If the cursor is displayed, moves the left most character in the top line (upper line). 6.2.3 Entry Mode Set DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 0 0 0 0 1 I/D S RS = 0, 04H to 07H R/W = 0 The I/D bit selects the way in which the contents of the address counter (ACC) are modified after every access to DD-RAM or CG-RAM. I/D = 1 : The address counter (ACC) is incremented. I/D = 0 : The address counter (ACC) is decremented. The S bit enables display shift, instead of cursor shift, after each write or read to the DD-RAM. S = 1 : Display shift enabled. S = 0 : Cursor shift enabled. The direction For example, to DD-RAM. cursor would in which the display is shifted is opposite in sense to that of the cursor. if S=0 and I/D=1, the cursor would shift one character to the right after a MPU writes However if S=1 and I/D=1, the display would shift one character to the left and the maintain its position on the panel. The cursor will already be shifted in the direction selected by I/D during reads of the DD-RAM, irrespective of the value of S. Similarly reading and writing the CG-RAM always shift the cursor. Also both lines are shifted simultaneously. SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 15 / 18 Table-14 Cursor move and Display shift by the "Entry Mode Set" I/D S After writing DD-RAM data After reading DD-RAM data 0 0 The cursor moves one character to the left. The cursor moves one character to the left. 1 0 The cursor moves one character to the right. The cursor moves one character to the right. 0 1 The display shifts one character to the right without cursor's move. The cursor moves one character to the left. 1 1 The display shifts one character to the left without cursor's move. The cursor moves one character to the right. 6.2.4 Display ON/OFF DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 0 0 0 1 D C B RS = 0, This instruction D = 1 : C = 1 : B = 1 : 08H to 0FH R/W = 0 controls various Display on, Cursor on, Blinking on, features D = 0 : C = 0 : B = 0 : of the display. Display off. Cursor off. Blinking off (Blinking is achieved by alternating between a normal and all on display of a character. The cursor blinks with a frequency of about 1.0 Hz and DUTY 50%.) 6.2.5 Cursor/Display Shift DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 0 0 1 S/C R/L x x RS = 0, 10H to 1FH ( x : Don't care ) R/W = 0 This instruction shifts the display and/or moves the cursor, on character to the left or right, without reading or writing DD-RAM. The S/C bit selects movement of the cursor or movement of both the cursor and the display. S/C = 1 : Shift both cursor and display S/C = 0 : Shift cursor only The R/L bit selects left ward or right ward movement of the display and/or cursor. R/L = 1 : Shift one character right R/L = 0 : Shift one character left Table-15 Cursor/Display shift S/C R/L Cursor shift Display shift 0 0 Move one character to the left No shift 0 1 Move one character to the right No shift 1 0 Shift one character to the left with display Shift one character to the left 1 1 Shift one character to the right with display Shift one character to the right SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 16 / 18 6.2.6 Function Set DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 0 0 1 IF N x BR1 BR0 20H to 3FH RS = 0, R/W = 0 x : Don't care This instruction sets width of data bus line.(when to use parallel interface. IM=1), the number of display line and brightness control. This instruction initializes the system, and must be the first instruction executed after power-on. The IF bit selects between an 8-bit or 4-bit bus width interface. IF = 1 : 8-bit CPU interface using DB7 to DB0 IF = 0 : 4-bit CPU interface using DB7 to DB4 The N bit selects between 1-line or 2-line display. N = 1 : Select 2 line display (Using anode output A1 to A80) N = 0 : Select 1 line display (Using anode output A1 to A40. A41 to A80 fixed Low level.) BR1, BR0 flag is control to brightness of VFD to modulate pulse width of Anode output as follows. BR1 BR0 Brightness ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ 0 0 100 % 0 1 75 % 1 0 50 % 1 1 25 % 6.2.7 Set CG-RAM Address DB7 DB6 0 1 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 ACG 40H to 7FH RS = 0, R/W = 0 This instruction (1) Load a new 6-bit address into the address counter (ACC). (2) Sets the address counter (ACC) to address CG-RAM. Once "Set CG-RAM Address" has been executed, the contents of the address counter (ACC) will be automatically modified after every access of CG-RAM, as determined by the "Entry Mode Set" instruction. The active width of the address counter (ACC), when it is addressing CG-RAM, is 6 bits, so the counter will wrap around to 00H from 3FH if more than 64 bytes of data are written to CG-RAM. 6.2.8 Set DD-RAM Address DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 1 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 80H to A7H (1-Line) C0H to E7H (2-Line) ADD RS = 0, R/W = 0 This instruction (1) Loads a new 7-bit address into the address counter (ACC). (2) Sets the address counter (ACC) to point to the DD-RAM. Once the "Set DD-RAM Address" instruction has been executed, the contents of the address counter (ACC) will be automatically modified after each access of DD-RAM, as selected by the "Entry Mode Set" instruction. Table-16 Valid DD-RAM address Ranges Number of Character Address Range 1st line 40 00H to 27H 2nd line 40 40H to 67H SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 17 / 18 6.2.9 Read Busy Flag and Address DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 BF DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 ACC RS = 0, R/W = 1 Read busy flag and address reads the busy flag (BF) indicating that the system is now internally operating on a previously received instruction. If BF is 1, the internal operation is in progress. BF = 1 : busy state BF = 0 : ready for next instruction, command receivable. The next instruction will not be accepted until BF is reset to 0. Check the BF status before the next write operation. At the same time, the value of the address counter (ACC) in binary AAAAAAA is read out. This address counter (ACC) is used by both CG-RAM and DD-RAM addresses, and its value is determined by the previous instruction. The address contents are the same as for instructions set CG-RAM address and set DD-RAM address. 6.2.10 Write Data to CG or DD-RAM DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Data Write RS = 1, 00H to FFH R/W = 0 This instruction writes 8-bit binary data (DB7 to DB0) into CG-RAM or DD-RAM. To write into CG-RAM or DD-RAM is determined by the previous specification of the CG-RAM or DD-RAM address setting. After a write, the address is automatically incremented or decremented by 1 according to the entry mode. The entry mode also determines the display shift. When data is written to the CG-RAM, the DB7, DB6 and DB5 bits are not displayed as characters. 6.2.11 Read Data from CG or DD-RAM DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Data Read RS = 1, R/W = 1 This instruction reads 8-bit binary data (DB7 to DB0) from CG-RAM or DD-RAM. The previous designation determines whether CG-RAM or DD-RAM is to be read. Before entering this read instruction, either CG-RAM or DD-RAM address set instruction must be executed. If not executed, the first read data will be invalid. When serially executing read instructions, the next address data is normally read from the second read. The address set instructions need not be executed just before this read instruction when shifting the cursor by the cursor shift instruction (when reading out DD-RAM). The operation of the cursor shift instruction is the same as the set DD-RAM address instruction. After a read, the entry mode automatically increases or decreases the address by 1. Note : The address counter (ACC) is automatically incremented or decremented by 1 after the write instructions to CG-RAM or DD-RAM are executed. The RAM data selected by the ACC cannot be read out at this time even if read instructions are executed. Therefore, to correctly read data, execute either the address set instruction or cursor shift instruction (only with DD-RAM), then just before reading the desired data, execute the read instruction from the second time the read instruction is sent. SDI 16T202DA1J (Rev 1.0) Page 18 / 18 7.OPERATING RECOMMENDATIONS 7.1 Avoid applying excessive shock or vibration beyond the specification for the VFD module. 7.2 Since VFDs are made of glass material, careful handling is required. i.e. Direct impact with hard material to the glass surface(especially exhaust tip) may crack the glass. 7.3 When mounting the VFD module to your system, leave a slight gap between the VFD glass and your front panel. The module should be mounted without stress to avoid flexing of the PCB. 7.4 Avoid plugging or unplugging the interface connection with the power on, otherwise it may cause the severe damage to input circuitry. 7.5 Slow starting power supply may cause non-operation because one chip micom won't be reset. 7.6 Exceeding any of maximum ratings may cause the permanent damage. 7.7 Since the VFD modules contain high voltage source, careful handling is required during powered on. 7.8 When the power is turned off, the capacitor does not discharge immediately. The high voltage applied to the VFD must not contact to the ICs. And the short-circuit of mounted components on PCB within 30 seconds after power-off may cause damage to those. 7.9 The power supply must be capable of providing at least 3 times the rated current, because the surge current can be more than 3 times the specified current consumption when the power is turned on. 7.10 Avoid using the module where excessive noise interference is expected. Noise may affects the interface signal and causes improper operation. And it is important to keep the length of the interface cable less than 50cm. 7.11 Since all VFD modules contain C-MOS ICs, anti-static handling procedures are always required.