FREESCALE MC1323X_1

Freescale Semiconductor
Technical Data
Document Number: MC1323x
Rev. 0.0 05/2011
MC1323x
Package Information
Case 2124-02
LGA-48 [7x7 mm]
MC1323x
Low Cost SoC Remote Control
Platform for the 2.4 GHz IEEE®
802.15.4 Standard
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Introduction
The MC1323x family is Freescale’s low cost
System-on-Chip (SoC) platform for the IEEE® 802.15.4
Standard that incorporates a complete, low power, 2.4
GHz radio frequency transceiver with Tx/Rx switch, an
8-bit HCS08 CPU, and a functional set of MCU
peripherals into a 48-pin LGA package. This family of
products is targeted for wireless RF remote control and
other cost-sensitive applications ranging from home TV
and entertainment systems such as ZigBee BeeStack
Consumer (RF4CE) to low cost, low power, IEEE
802.15.4 and ZigBee end nodes. The MC1323x is a
highly integrated solution, with very low power
consumption.
Ordering Information
1
Device
Device Marking
Package
MC13233C1
MC13233C
LGA-48
See Table 1 for more details
Contents
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3 Integrated IEEE 802.15.4 Transceiver
(Radio and Modem)
7
4 HCS08 8-Bit Central Processing Unit (CPU) 9
5 System Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
6 Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
7 System and Power Management . . . . . . . . 11
8 MCU Peripherals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
9 Development Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
10Pin Assignment and Connections . . . . . . . 17
11Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
12Applications Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
13Mechanical Diagrams
(Case 2124-02, Non-JEDEC)
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The MC1323x contains an RF transceiver which is an
802.15.4 Standard - 2006 compliant radio that operates
in the 2.4 GHz ISM frequency band. The transceiver
includes a low noise amplifier, 1mW nominal output
power amplifier (PA), internal voltage controlled
oscillator (VCO), integrated transmit/receive switch,
on-board power supply regulation, and full
spread-spectrum encoding and decoding.
Freescale reserves the right to change the detail specifications as may be required to permit improvements in the design of its
products.
© Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011. All rights reserved.
The on-chip CPU is based on the Freescale HCS08 family of Microcontroller Units (MCU) and has 82
kilobyte (KB) of FLASH memory and 5KB of RAM. The onboard MCU peripheral set has been defined
to support the targeted applications. A dedicated DMA block transfers packet data between RAM and the
transceiver to off-load the CPU and allow higher efficiency and increased performance.
1.1
Ordering Information
Table 1 provides additional details about the MC1323x
Table 1. Orderable Parts Details
Device
Operating
Temp Range
(TA.)
MC13233C
-40° to 85° C
LGA-48
5KB RAM,
82KB Flash
Intended for smaller memory footprint applications.
MC13233CR2
-40° to 85° C
LGA-48
Tape and Reel
5KB RAM,
82KB Flash
Intended for smaller memory footprint applications.
2
Memory
Options
Package
Description
Features
This section provides a simplified block diagram and highlights MC1323x features.
2.1
Block Diagram
Figure 1 shows a simplified block diagram of the MC1323x.
32 MHz
32.768 KHz
(Optional)
Balun
Digital
Modem
Modem
TX
TX/RX
Switch
Analog
RX
IEEE®
Modem
RX
12x12
Keyboard
Interface
CPU Complex
802.15.4
PHY
Sequence
Manager
802.15.4 Transceiver
Advanced
Security
Module
Analog Pwr
Management
& Voltage Reg
MC1323x
Timer
Module
(4 Timers,
Each w/1Ch)
Low
Battery
HCS08
Core
SCI/UART
Interface
Bus
Interface &
Memory
Arbitrator
I2C
Module
Interrupt
Controller
82 KB
FLASH
5 KB
RAM
Data & Address Buses
e
Analog
TX
Clock &
Reset
Module
(CRM)
Up to 32 GPIO
RF Oscillator/PLL
&
Clock Generation
SPI
Interface
CMT
(IR)
Module
Debug
Module
Figure 1. MC1323x Simplified Block Diagram
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Features Summary
Fully compliant IEEE 802.15.4 Standard 2006 transceiver supports 250 kbps O-QPSK data in 5.0
MHz channels and full spread-spectrum encode and decode
— 2.4GHz
— Operates on one of 16 selectable channels per IEEE 802.15.4
— Programmable output power with 0 dBm nominal output power, programmable from -30 dBm
to +3 dBm typical
— Receive sensitivity of -94 dBm (typical) at 1% PER, 20-byte packet, much better than the IEEE
802.15.4 Standard of -85 dBm
— Partial Power Down (PPD) “listen” mode available to reduce current while in receive mode and
waiting for an incoming frame
Small RF footprint
— Integrated transmit/receive switch
— Differential input/output port (typically used with a balun)
— Low external component count
Hardware acceleration for IEEE® 802.15.4 applications
— DMA interface
— AES-128 Security module
— 16-Bit random number generator
— 802.15.4 Auto-sequence support
— 802.15.4 Receiver Frame filtering
32 MHz crystal reference oscillator; onboard load trim capability supplements external load
capacitors
Onboard 1 kHz oscillator for wake-up timing or an optional 32.768 kHz crystal for accurate low
power timing
Transceiver Event Timer module has 4 timer comparators available to help manage the
auto-sequencer and to supplement MCU TPM resources
HCS08 8-bit, 32 MHz CPU
82 KB (81920dec) FLASH memory
— 81920dec Bytes organized as 80 segments by 1024 bytes
— Programmable over the full power supply range of 1.8 - 3.6 V
— Automated program and erase algorithms
— Flexible protection scheme to prevent accidental program or erase
— Security feature to prevent unauthorized access to the FLASH
5 KB RAM
Powerful In-circuit debug and FLASH programming available via on-chip module (BDM)
— Two comparator and 9 trigger modes
— Eight deep FIFO for storing change-of-flow addresses and event-only data
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— Tag and force breakpoints
— In-circuit debugging with single breakpoint
Multiple low power modes (less than 1 μA in STOP3)
Keyboard interrupt (KBI) modules
— Two Keyboard control modules capable of supporting up to a 12x12 keyboard matrix
— 12 Dedicated KBI pins support a 6x6 matrix without impacting other IO resources
— 12 KBI interrupts with selectable polarity
Serial communication interface (SCI)
— Full duplex non-return to zero (NRZ)
— Baud rates as high as 1 Mbps can be supported
— LIN master extended break generation
— LIN slave extended break detection
— Wake-up on active edge
Serial peripheral interface (SPI)
— Full-duplex or single-wire bidirectional
— Double-buffered transmit and receive
— Master or Slave mode; MSB-first or LSB-first shifting
Inter-integrated circuit (IIC) interface — Up to 100 kbps baud rate with maximum bus loading
— Baud rates as high as 800 kbps can be programmed
— Multi-master operation
— Programmable slave address
— Interrupt driven byte-by-byte data transfer;
— Supports broadcast mode and 10-bit addressing
Four 16-bit timer/pulse width modulators (TPM[4:1]) - each TPM module has an assigned GPIO
pin and provides
— Single channel capability
— Input capture
— Output compare
— Buffered edge-aligned or center-aligned PWM
Carrier Modulator Timer (CMT) - IR Remote carrier generator, modulator, and transmitter.
Real-time counter (RTC)
— 16-bit modulus counter with binary or decimal based prescaler;
— External clock source for precise time base, time-of-day, calendar or task scheduling functions
— Capable of greater than one day interrupt.
System protection features
— Programmable low voltage warning and interrupt (LVI)
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— Optional watchdog timer (COP)
— Illegal opcode detection
1.8V to 3.6V operating voltage with on-chip voltage regulators.
Up to 32 GPIO
— Hysteresis and selectable pull-up resistors on all input pins
— Configurable slew rate and drive strength on all output pins.
-40°C to +85°C temperature range
RoHS-compliant 7x7 mm 48-pin LGA package
Software Solutions
Freescale provides a powerful software environment called the Freescale BeeKit Wireless Connectivity
Toolkit. BeeKit is a comprehensive codebase of wireless networking libraries, application templates, and
sample applications. The BeeKit Graphical User Interface (GUI), part of the BeeKit Wireless Connectivity
Toolkit, allows users to create, modify, and update various wireless networking implementations. A wide
range of software functionality is available to complement the MC1323x and these are provided as
codebases within BeeKit. The following sections describe the available tools.
2.3.1
Simple Media Access Controller (SMAC)
The Freescale Simple Media Access Controller (SMAC) is a simple ANSI C based code stack available
as sample source code. The SMAC can be used for developing proprietary RF transceiver applications
using the MC1323x.
• Supports point-to-point and star network configurations
• Proprietary networks
• Source code and application examples provided
2.3.2
IEEE® 802.15.4 2006 Standard-Compliant MAC
The Freescale 802.15.4 Standard-Compliant MAC is a code stack available as object code. The 802.15.4
MAC can be used for developing MC1323x networking applications based on the full IEEE® 802.15.4
Standard that use custom Network Layer and application software.
• Supports star, mesh and cluster tree topologies
• Supports beaconed networks
• Supports GTS for low latency
• Multiple power saving modes
• AES-128 Security module
• 802.15.4 Sequence support
• 802.15.4 Receiver Frame filtering.
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2.3.3
SynkroRF Platform
The SynkroRF Network is a general purpose, proprietary networking layer that sits on top of the IEEE®
802.15.4 MAC and PHY layers. It is designed for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) and
conveys information over short distances among the participants in the network. It enables small, power
efficient, inexpensive solutions to be implemented for a wide range of applications. Some key
characteristics of an SynkroRF Network are:
• An over-the-air data rate of 250 kbit/s in the 2.4 GHz band.
• 3 independent communication channels in the 2.4 GHz band (15, 20, and 25).
• 2 network node types, controller and controlled nodes.
• Channel Agility mechanism.
• Low Latency Tx mode automatically enabled in conditions of radio interference.
• Fragmented mode transmission and reception, automatically enabled in conditions of radio
interference.
• Robustness and ease of use.
• Essential functionality to build and support a CE network.
The SynkroRF Network layer uses components from the standard HC(S)08 Freescale platform, which is
also used by the Freescale’s implementations of 802.15.4. MAC and ZigBee™ layers. For more details
about the platform components, see the Freescale Platform Reference Manual.
2.3.4
BeeStack Consumer
Freescale’s ZigBee RF4CE stack, called BeeStack Consumer, is a networking layer that sits on top of the
IEEE® 802.15.4 MAC and PHY layers. It is designed for standards-based Wireless Personal Area
Networks (WPANs) of home entertainment products and conveys information over short distances among
the participants in the network. It enables small, power efficient, inexpensive solutions to be implemented
for a wide range of applications. Targeted applications include DTV, set top box, A/V receivers, DVD
players, security, and other consumer products.
Some key characteristics of a BeeStack Consumer network are:
• An over-the-air data rate of 250 kbit/s in the 2.4 GHz band
• 3 independent communication channels in the 2.4 GHz band
• 2 network node types, controller node and target node
• Channel Agility mechanism
• Provides robustness and ease of use
• Includes essential functionality to build and support a CE network
The BeeStack Consumer layer uses components from the standard HCS08 Freescale platform, which is
also used by the Freescale implementations of 802.15.4. MAC or ZigBee™ layers. For more details about
the platform components, see the Freescale Platform Reference Manual.
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2.3.5
ZigBee-Compliant Network Stack
Freescale’s BeeStack architecture builds on the ZigBee protocol stack. Based on the OSI Seven-Layer
model, the ZigBee stack ensures inter-operability among networked devices. The physical (PHY), media
access control (MAC), and network (NWK) layers create the foundation for the application (APL) layers.
BeeStack defines additional services to improve the communication between layers of the protocol stack.
At the Application Layer, the application support layer (ASL) facilitates information exchange between
the Application Support Sub-Layer (APS) and application objects. Finally, ZigBee Device Objects (ZDO),
in addition to other manufacturer-designed applications, allow for a wide range of useful tasks applicable
to home and industrial automation.
BeeStack uses the IEEE 802.15.4-compliant MAC/PHY layer that is not part of ZigBee itself. The NWK
layer defines routing, network creation and configuration, and device synchronization. The application
framework (AF) supports a rich array of services that define ZigBee functionality. ZigBee Device Objects
(ZDO) implement application-level services in all nodes via profiles. A security service provider (SSP) is
available to the layers that use encryption (NWK and APS), i.e., Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
128-bit security.
The complete Freescale BeeStack protocol stack includes the following components:
• ZigBee Device Objects (ZDO) and ZigBee Device Profile (ZDP)
• Application Support Sub-Layer (APS)
• Application Framework (AF)
• Network (NWK) Layer
• Security Service Provider (SSP)
• IEEE 802.15.4-compliant MAC and Physical (PHY) Layer
3
Integrated IEEE 802.15.4 Transceiver (Radio and
Modem)
The MC1323x IEEE 802.15.4 fully-compliant transceiver provides a complete 2.4 GHz radio with 250
kbps Offset-Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (O-QPSK) data in 5.0 MHz channels and full spread-spectrum
encode and decode. The modem supports the full requirement of the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard functionality
to transmit, receive, and do clear channel assessment (CCA), Energy Detect (ED), and Link Quality
Indication (LQI).
• Programmable output power with 0 dBm nominal output power, programmable from -30 dBm to
+2 dBm typical
• Receive sensitivity of -94 dBm (typical) at 1% PER, 20-byte packet
• Differential bi-directional RF input/output port
• Integrated transmit/receive switch
• Receive current can be reduced while waiting or “listening” for an incoming frame using partial
power down (PPD) mode
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3.1
RF Interface and Usage
The MC1323x RF interface provides a bi-directional, differential port that connects directly to a balun. The
balun connects directly to a single-ended antenna and converts that interface to a full differential,
bi-directional, on-chip interface with transmit/receive switch, LNA, and complementary PA outputs.This
combination allows for a small footprint and low cost RF solution.
3.2
Transceiver Register Interface and Operation
The transceiver is controlled by set of interface registers that are memory-mapped into the CPU address
space. The transceiver is capable of independent operation to perform transmit, receive, or perform
CCA/ED operations and combinations. Additional features of the transceiver include:
• DMA function moves data directly between RAM and transceiver buffers during transmit and
receive on a cycle-steal basis. This off loads the data transfer from the CPU and provides higher
performance.
• Interrupt capability dependent on RX packet data availability. An interrupt can be generated based
on a programmed count of RX data bytes that have been received and moved to RAM. This allows
CPU filtering of RX data before completion of the packet reception to accelerate response to the
packet.
• Four transceiver Event Timer comparators are available to supplement MCU peripheral timer
resources for PHY and MAC timing requirements.
3.3
IEEE 802.15.4 Acceleration Hardware
The 802.15.4 transceiver has several hardware features that reduce the software stack size, off load the
function from the CPU, and improve performance
• Fully supports 2003 & 2006 versions of the IEEE 802.15 Standard.
• Supports slotted and unslotted modes
• Supports beacon enabled and non-beacon enabled networks
• DMA data transfer between RAM and radio
• Separate AES-128 Security module
• 16-bit random number generator
• 802.15.4 Sequence support
— RX (conditionally followed by TXAck)
— TX
— CCA (used for CCA and ED cycles)
— Tx/Rx (Tx followed by unconditional Rx or RCACK)
— Continuous CCA
• 802.15.4 Receiver Frame filtering.
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3.4
Unique Partial Power Down (PPD) or “Listen” Receive Mode
The MC1323x provides a unique Partial Power Down receive (PPD_RX) mode. When this mode is
selected:
• Whenever a receive cycle is initiated, the receiver is not turned fully on to save current until receive
energy of a preset level is detected
• The receiver will turn fully on only when triggered by energy at the preset level, and then receives
the expected frame. The full-on state is the same as the standard receive state
• The preset level can be programmed for various RX input power levels
Use of the PPD_RX mode provides two distinct advantages:
1. Reduced “listen” mode current - The receive current is significantly reduced while waiting for a
frame. If a node is a coordinator, router, or gateway and it spends a significant percentage of its
RF-active time waiting for incoming frames from clients or other devices, the net power savings
can be significant.
2. Reduced sensitivity as a desired effect - The PPD_RX mode provides different levels of reduced
sensitivity. If a node operates in a densely populated area, it may be desirable to de-sensitize the
receiver such that the device does not respond to incoming frames with an energy level below the
desired threshold. This could be useful for security, net efficiency, reduced noise triggering and
many other purposes.
4
HCS08 8-Bit Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The onboard CPU is a 32 MHz 8-bit HCS08 core. It executes a super set of the 68HC08 instruction set
with added BGND instructions. The HCS08 CPU is fully source and object code compatible with the
M68HC08 CPU. Several instructions and enhanced addressing modes are added to improve C compiler
efficiency and to support a new background debug system. It has an 8-bit data bus, a 16-bit address bus
and a 2-stage instruction pipe that facilitates the overlapping of instruction fetching and execution. There
are 29 vectors for internal interrupt sources and one vector for an external interrupt pin. The debug or BDM
module provides a serial one-wire interface for non-intrusive debugging of application programs.
Features of the HCS08 CPU include:
• Object code fully upward-compatible with M68HC05 and M68HC08 Families
• 64-KB CPU address space with banked memory management unit for greater than 64 KB
• 16-bit stack pointer (any size stack anywhere in 64-KB CPU address space)
• 16-bit index register (H:X) with powerful indexed addressing modes
• 8-bit accumulator (A)
• Many instructions treat X as a second general-purpose 8-bit register
• Seven addressing modes:
— Inherent — Operands in internal registers
— Relative — 8-bit signed offset to branch destination
— Immediate — Operand in next object code byte(s)
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— Direct — Operand in memory at 0x0000–0x00FF
— Extended — Operand anywhere in 64-KB address space
— Indexed relative to H:X — Five submodes including auto increment
— Indexed relative to SP — Improves C efficiency dramatically
Memory-to-memory data move instructions with four address mode combinations
Overflow, half-carry, negative, zero, and carry condition codes support conditional branching on
the results of signed, unsigned, and binary-coded decimal (BCD) operations
Efficient bit manipulation instructions
Fast 8-bit by 8-bit multiply and 16-bit by 8-bit divide instructions
STOP and WAIT instructions to invoke low-power operating modes
System Clocks
The primary system reference frequency is a 32 MHz crystal oscillator. The crystal requirements for the
oscillator and oscillator performance must support a +/-40 ppm frequency accuracy to meet the IEEE
802.15.4 Standard requirements. All system clocks are generated from this source. Features of the clock
system include:
• The 32 MHz reference oscillator has onboard programmable capacitive loading that allows
software tuning of frequency accuracy
• CPU clock as high as 32 MHz
• Bus clock (and peripheral clock) equals 1/2 CPU clock
• Clocks to individual peripherals can be independently disabled for best power management.
• CPU clock can be lowered to 500 kHz for lower power (250 kHz bus clock)
An optional 32.768 kHz crystal oscillator is available for accurate low power timing and the Real Time
Clock (RTC). Also, an onboard, low accuracy 1 kHz oscillator is available for sleep timing wake-up.
6
Memory
The MC1323x memory resources consist of RAM, FLASH program memory for nonvolatile data storage,
and control/status registers for I/O, peripherals, management, and the transceiver. Features include:
• 80 KB FLASH (81920dec) bytes organized as 80 segments of 1024 byte/segment)
• 5 KB RAM
• Security circuitry to prevent unauthorized access to RAM and FLASH contents
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System and Power Management
The MC1323x is inherently a low power device, but it also has extensive system control and power
management to maximize battery life and provide system protection.
7.1
Modes of Operation
The MC1323x modes of operation include:
• Active background mode for code development
• Run mode — CPU clocks can be run at full speed and the internal supply is fully regulated.
• LPRun mode — CPU clock is set to 500 kHz and peripheral clocks (bus clock) to 250 kHz and the
internal voltage regulator is in standby
• Wait mode — CPU shuts down to conserve power; system clocks are running and full regulation
is maintained
• LPWait mode — CPU shuts down to conserve power; peripheral clocks are restricted to 250 kHz
and the internal voltage regulator is in standby
• STOP modes — System clocks are stopped and voltage regulator is in standby
— STOP3 — All internal circuits are powered for fast recovery (32 MHz oscillator on-off
optional)
— STOP2 — Partial power down of internal circuits, RAM content is retained; I/O states are held
7.2
Power Management
The MC1323x power management is controlled through programming of the modes of operation.
Different modes allow for different levels of power-down. Additional features include:
• The transceiver is powered as required
• The analog radio is only powered-up as required to do a TX, RX, or CCA/ED operation
• Peripheral control clock gating can be disabled on an MCU module-by-module basis to provide
lowest power
• Programmed mode manages
— Degree of chip power down
— Retention of programmed parameters
— Clock management
• Power-down and wake-up (clocks and analog blocks) are gracefully controlled
• RTC can be used as wake-up timer
• Wake-up available through KBI and UART Rx asynchronous interrupts
• Real-time counter (RTC) module
— 16-bit modulus counter with binary or decimal based prescaler for precise time base,
time-of-day, calendar or task scheduling functions.
— Capable of greater than one day interrupt.
— Can also be used for device wake-up.
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7.3
System Protection
The MC1323x provides several vehicles to maintain security or a high level of system robustness:
• Watchdog computer operating properly (COP) reset with option to run from dedicated internal
clock source or bus clock
• Low-voltage warning and detection with reset or interrupt; selectable trip points
• Illegal opcode detection with reset
• FLASH block protection
8
MCU Peripherals
The MC1323x has a functional set of MCU peripherals focused for intended applications.
8.1
Parallel Input/Output (GPIO)
The MC1323x has four I/O ports that provide up to 31 general-purpose I/O signals and 1 output only
signal. Many of these pins are shared with on-chip peripherals such as timer systems, communication
ports, or keyboard interrupts. When these other modules are not controlling the port pins, they revert to
general-purpose I/O control. For each I/O pin, a port data bit provides access to input (read) and output
(write) data, a data direction bit controls the direction of the pin, and a pullup enable bit enables an internal
pullup device (provided the pin is configured as an input), and a slew rate control bit controls the rise and
fall times of the pins.Parallel I/O features include
Parallel I/O features include:
• A total of 32 general-purpose I/O pins in four ports (PTA2 is output only)
• Hysteresis input buffers
• Software-controlled pull-ups on each input pin
• Software-controlled slew rate output buffers
• Eight port A pins shared with 32.768 kHz oscillator, IRQ, IIC, and BKGD
• Eight port B pins shared with KBI1[7:0]
• Eight port C pins shared with KBI2[3:0] and SPI
• Eight port D pins shared with TPM0, TPM1, TPM2, TPM3, CMT (with 20mA drive), UART, and
32MOUT (reference frequency clock output)
8.2
Keyboard Interrupt Modules (KBI)
The MC1323x has two KBI modules; KBI1 shares eight Port A pins and KBI2 shares the lower four pins
of Port C. Any KBI pin can be enabled as a keyboard input that can act as an interrupt request. As a result,
the total 12 KBI inputs allows as large as a 12x12 keyboard matrix with use of other GPIO pins as outputs
to the matrix.
All enabled KBI inputs can be configured for edge-only sensitivity or edge-and-level sensitivity. They also
can be configured for either rising edge / high-level or falling-edge/low-level sensitivity. When enabled
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for rising edge / high level sensitivity, a pulldown resistor is enabled, and when enabled for falling edge /
low level sensitivity, a pull-up resistor is enabled.
The KBI features include:
• KBI1 has eight keyboard interrupt pins with individual pin enable bits.
• KBI2 has four keyboard interrupt pins with individual pin enable bits.
• Supports up to a 12x12 keyboard matrix. A 6x6 matrix can be supported without impacting other
I/O functions.
• Each keyboard interrupt pin is programmable as falling edge (or rising edge) only, or both falling
edge and low level (or both rising edge and high level) interrupt sensitivity. Pull-ups and
pull-downs enabled by selected mode.
• Individual signal software enabled interrupts for both KBI1 and KBI2.
• Can be used for device wake-up
8.3
Serial Communications Interface (SCI) Module
The MC1323x has one serial communications interface module — sometimes called a universal
asynchronous receiver/transmitter (UART). Typically, this port is used to connect to the RS232 serial
input/output (I/O) port of a personal computer or workstation, and it can also be used to communicate with
other embedded controllers.
The SCI module has a single, flexible frac-N (13-bit modulo counter, 5-bit fractional counter) baud rate
generator used both for transmit and receive. With a maximum 16 MHz peripheral clock, baud rates as
high as 1 Mbps can be supported (standard is 921,600 baud).
This SCI system offers many advanced features not commonly found on other asynchronous serial I/O
peripherals on other embedded controllers. The receiver employs an advanced data sampling technique
that ensures reliable communication and noise detection. Hardware parity, receiver wake-up, and double
buffering on transmit and receive are also included.
Features of SCI module include:
• Full-duplex, standard non-return-to-zero (NRZ) format
• Double-buffered transmitter and receiver with separate enables
• Programmable high accuracy baud rates (frac-N generator)
• Interrupt-driven or polled operation:
— Transmit data register empty and transmission complete
— Receive data register full
— Receive overrun, parity error, framing error, and noise error
— Idle receiver detect
— Active edge on receive pin
— Break detect supporting LIN
• Hardware parity generation and checking
• Programmable 8-bit or 9-bit character length
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Receiver wake-up by idle-line or address-mark
Optional 13-bit break character generation / 11-bit break character detection
Selectable transmitter output polarity
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Module
The MC1323x has one serial peripheral interface module. The SPI is a synchronous serial data
input/output port used for interfacing with serial memories, peripheral devices, or other processors. The
SPI allows an 8-bit serial bit stream to be shifted simultaneously into and out of the device at a
programmed bit-transfer rate (called 4-wire mode). There are four pins associated with the SPI port
(SPCLK, MOSI, MISO, and SS).
The SPI module can be programmed for master or slave operation. It also supports a 3-wire mode where
for master mode the MOSI becomes MOMI, a bidirectional data pin, and for slave mode the MISO
becomes SISO, a bidirectional data pin. In 3-wire mode, data is only transferred in one direction at a time.
The SPI bit clock is derived from the peripheral input clock with a maximum 16 MHz operation. A
programmable prescaler (maximum divide-by-8) drives a second baud rate programmable divider
(maximum divide-by-256) to develop the bit clock. The maximum SPI transfer rate is 8 MHz.
Features of SPI module include:
• Master or slave mode operation
• Full-duplex or single-wire bidirectional option
• 8-Bit only transfer size
• Programmable transmit bit rate (8 MHz max)
• Double-buffered transmit and receive
• Serial clock phase and polarity options (supports all 4 options)
• Optional slave select output
• Selectable MSB-first or LSB-first shifting
8.5
Inter-integrated Circuit (IIC) Interface Module
The MC1323x has one inter-integrated circuit interface module that provides a method of communication
between a number of other integrated circuits. The IIC Bus interface provides a bidirectional, 2-pin (SDA
bus data and SCL bus clock) serial bus designed to operate up to 100 kbps with maximum bus loading and
timing. The module is capable of operating at higher baud rates, up to a maximum of peripheral clock/20
(800 kbps), with reduced bus loading.
Features of IIC module include:
• Compatible with IIC bus standard
• Multi-master operation
• Software programmable clock frequencies
• Software selectable acknowledge bit
• Interrupt driven byte-by-byte data transfer
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
14
Freescale Semiconductor
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8.6
Arbitration lost interrupt with automatic mode switching from master to slave
Calling address identification interrupt
START and STOP signal generation/detection
Repeated START signal generation
Acknowledge bit generation/detection
Bus busy detection
General call recognition
10-bit address extension
Timer/PWM (TPM) Modules
The MC1323x has four independent timer/PWM modules, each with one channel. Each TPM module is
based on a 16-bit counter and provides input capture, output compare, and pulse width modulation. Each
TPM module has one associated I/O pin for input capture or counter/PWM output.
TPM module features include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8.7
Each TPM may be configured for buffered, center-aligned pulse-width modulation (CPWM) on all
channels
Module clock source is peripheral clock or reference oscillator divided-by-1024
Clock prescaler taps for divide by 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, or 128
16-bit free-running or up/down (CPWM) count operation
16-bit modulus register to control counter range
Module enable
One interrupt per channel plus a terminal count interrupt for each TPM module
Channel features:
— Each channel may be input capture, output compare, or buffered edge-aligned PWM
— Rising-edge, falling-edge, or any-edge input capture trigger
— Set, clear, or toggle output compare action
— Selectable polarity on PWM outputs
Carrier Modulator Timer (CMT) Module
The MC1323x carrier modulator timer module is intended as an IR LED driver for remote control “blaster”
applications. The module consists of a carrier generator, modulator, and transmitter that drives data to the
output (IRO) pin either in baseband or in FSK mode. The IRO pin drives (modulates) the IR diode directly
or through a buffer depending on the required current. The IRO pin is specified for 20mA drive.
The CMT module features include:
•
Four modes of operation
— Time with independent control of high and low times
— Baseband
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
15
•
•
•
•
8.8
— Frequency shift key (FSK)
— Direct software control of IRO pin
Extended space operation in time, baseband, and FSK modes
Module clock source is peripheral clock (16 MHz max)
Interrupt on end of cycle
Ability to disable IRO pin and use as timer interrupt
Real-time Counter (RTC) Module
The MC1323x real-time counter module consists of one 16-bit counter, one 16-bit comparator, several
binary-based and decimal-based prescaler dividers, three clock sources, and one programmable periodic
interrupt. This module can be used for time-of-day, calendar or any task scheduling functions. It can also
serve as a cyclic wake-up from low power modes (STOP2, STOP3 and WAIT). RTC can be clocked from
bus clock, the optional 32.768 kHz oscillator or the onboard 1 kHz low power oscillator.
Features of the RTC module include:
• 16-bit up-counter
— 16-bit modulo match limit
— Software controllable periodic interrupt on match
• Three software selectable clock sources for input to prescaler with programmable 16 bit prescaler
— 32.768 kHz optional crystal oscillator.
— 32 MHz reference oscillator
— 1 kHz low power RC oscillator
• Useful for time base tick or time-of-day clock
• Can be used for device wake-up; capable of greater than one day time-out period.
9
Development Environment
Development support for the HCS08 on the MC1323x includes the background debug controller (BDC)
and the on-chip debug module (DBG). The BDC provides a single-wire (signal BKGD) debug interface
to the MCU that provides a convenient interface for programming the on-chip FLASH and other storage.
The BDC is also the primary debug interface for development and allows non-intrusive access to memory
data and traditional debug features such as CPU register modify, breakpoints, and single instruction trace
commands.
Address and data bus signals are not available on external pins. Debug is done through commands fed into
the MCU via the single-wire background debug interface. The debug module provides a means to
selectively trigger and capture bus information so an external development system can reconstruct what
happened inside the MCU on a cycle-by-cycle basis without having external access to the address and data
signals. Features include:
• Single-wire background debug interface
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
16
Freescale Semiconductor
•
•
•
Breakpoint capability to allow single breakpoint setting during in-circuit debugging (plus two
more breakpoints in on-chip debug module)
On-chip in-circuit emulator (ICE) debug module containing three comparators and nine trigger
modes.
Eight deep FIFO for storing change-of-flow addresses and event-only data. Debug module
supports both tag and force breakpoints.
10 Pin Assignment and Connections
10.1
Device Pin Assignment
Figure 2. MC1323x Pinout
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
17
10.2
Pin Definitions
Table 2 details the MC1323x pinout and functionality.
Table 2. Pin Function Description
Pin #
Pin Name
Type
Description
Functionality
1
PTA0/XTAL_32K
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 2 / 32.768 kHz oscillator output
2
PTA1/EXTAL_32
K
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 3 / 32.768 kHz oscillator input
For normal use, 10Kohm resistor
to ground recommended
3
RESET
Digital Input/Output
Device asynchronous hardware reset.
Active low. Onboard Pullup
Normally input; gets driven low for
a period after a reset
4
PTA2
Digital Output
Port A Bit 2 / Test Mode enable.
TM mode input. MUST BE
BIASED LOW EXITING POR
FOR NORMAL OPERATION
5
PTA3/IRQ
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 3 / IRQ.
6
PTA4/
XTAL_32KOUT
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 4 / Buffered 32.768 kHz clock
output
Optional 32.768 kHz output clock
for measuring reference oscillator
accuracy (ppm)
7
PTA5/SDA
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 5 / IIC Bus data
Defaults to open drain for IIC
8
PTA6/SCL
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 6 / IIC Bus clock
Defaults to open drain for IIC
9
PTA7/BKGD/MS
Digital Input/Output
Port A Bit 7 / Background / Mode Select
Debug Port signal
10
PTB0/KBI1P0
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 0 / KBI1 Input Bit 0
Wake-up capability
11
PTB1/KBI1P1
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 1 / KBI1 Input Bit 1
Wake-up capability
12
PTB2/KBI1P2
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 2 / KBI1 Input Bit 2
Wake-up capability
13
PTB3/KBI1P3
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 3 / KBI1 Input Bit 3
Wake-up capability
14
PTB4/KBI1P4
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 4 / KBI1 Input Bit 4
Wake-up capability
15
PTB5/KBI1P5
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 5 / KBI1 Input Bit 5
Wake-up capability
16
PTB6/KBI1P6
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 6 / KBI1 Input Bit 6
Wake-up capability
17
PTB7/KBI1P7
Digital Input/Output
Port B Bit 7 / KBI1 Input Bit 7
Wake-up capability
18
PTC0/KBI2P0
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 0 / KBI2 Input Bit 0
Wake-up capability
19
VBATT_4
Power Input
VDD supply input 1
Connect to system VDD supply
20
PTC1/KBI2P1
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 1 / KBI2 Input Bit 1
Wake-up capability
21
PTC2/KBI2P2
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 2 / KBI2 Input Bit 2
Wake-up capability
22
PTC3/KBI2P3
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 3 / KBI2 Input Bit 3
Wake-up capability
23
PTC4/SPICLK
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 4 / SPI clock
24
PTC5/SS
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 5 / SPI slave select
25
PTC6/MISO
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 6 / SPI MISO
26
PTC7/MOSI
Digital Input/Output
Port C Bit 7 / SPI MOSI
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
18
Freescale Semiconductor
Table 2. Pin Function Description (continued)
Pin #
Type
Description
Functionality
27
PTD0/TPM0
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 0 / TPM0 signal
TPM1 timer output / gate input
signal
28
PTD1/TPM1
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 1/ TPM1 signal
TPM2 timer output / gate input
signal
29
PTD2/TPM2
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 2 / TPM2 signal
TPM3 timer output / gate input
signal
30
PTD3/TPM3
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 3 / TPM3 signal
TPM4 timer output / gate input
signal
31
PTD4/CMT
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 4/ CMT output
Hi drive output for IR diode
32
PTD5/TXD
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 5 / UART TXD output
UART has no hardware flow
control
33
PTD6/RXD
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 6 / UART RXD input
UART has no hardware flow
control
34
PTD7
Digital Input/Output
Port D Bit 7
35
XTAL_32M
Analog Output
32 MHz reference oscillator output
36
EXTAL_32M
Analog input
32 MHz reference oscillator input
37
VBATT_3
Power Input
VDD supply input1
Connect to system VDD supply
38
VREG_VCO
VCO Reg Out / in
VCO regulator output and input to VCO
1.8 Vdc VDD
Bypass to ground with 220 nF
capacitor.
39
VDD_ANA
Analog Power Input Analog 1.8 Vdc Input
40
NC
41
RF_N
RF Input/Output
Modem RF input/output negative
Bi-directional RF port for the
internal LNA and PA
42
RF_P
RF Input/Output
Modem RF input/output negative
Bi-directional RF port for the
internal LNA and PA
43
RF_BIAS
RF Voltage Output
Switched RF bias voltage (1.8 Vdc)
High for TX; low for RX
44
VBATT_2
Power Input
VDD supply input1
Connect to system VDD supply
45
NC
Input
No Connect
Connect to ground
46
VREG_LO2
LO2 Reg Out
LO2 regulator output @ 1.8 Vdc
Bypass to ground with 220 nF
capacitor.
47
VREG_ANA
ANA Reg Out
Analog regulator output @ 1.8 Vdc
Bypass to ground with 220 nF
capacitor. Connect to VDD_ANA
48
VBATT_1
Power Input
VDD supply to Analog regulator1
Connect to system VDD supply
GND
Power Input
System ground
Flag
1
Pin Name
Connect to VREG_ANA
No Connect
VBATT_1, VBATT_2, VBATT_3 and VBATT_4 signals are not connected onboard MC1323x.
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
19
11 Electrical Specifications
This section details maximum ratings for the 48-pin LGA package, recommended operating conditions,
DC characteristics, and AC characteristics.
11.1
Package Maximum Ratings
Absolute maximum ratings are stress ratings only, and functional operation at the maximum rating is not
guaranteed. Stress beyond the limits specified in Table 3 may affect device reliability or cause permanent
damage to the device. For functional operating conditions, refer to the remaining tables in this section.
This device contains circuitry protecting against damage due to high static voltage or electrical fields;
however, it is advised that normal precautions be taken to avoid application of any voltages higher than
maximum-rated voltages to this high-impedance circuit. Reliability of operation is enhanced if unused
inputs are tied to an appropriate logic voltage level (for instance, either VSS or VBATT) or the
programmable pull-up resistor associated with the pin is enabled.
Table 3 shows the maximum ratings for the 48-Pin LGA package.
Table 3. LGA Package Maximum Ratings
Rating
Symbol
Value
Unit
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ
125
°C
Storage Temperature Range
Tstg
125
°C
Moisture Sensitivity Level
MSL3-260
260
°C
VBATT
-0.3 to 3.7
Vdc
Vin
-0.3 to (VDD + 0.3)
Vdc
Pmax
10
dBm
Reflow Soldering Temperature
Power Supply Voltage
Digital Input Voltage
RF Input Power
Note: Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which damage to the device may occur.
Functional operation should be restricted to the limits in the Electrical Characteristics
or Recommended Operating Conditions tables.
Note: All pins meets ESD Human Body Model (HBM) = 2 kV
11.2
ESD Protection and Latch-Up Immunity
Although damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD) is much less common on these devices than on early
CMOS circuits, normal handling precautions should be used to avoid exposure to static discharge.
Qualification tests are performed to ensure that these devices can withstand exposure to reasonable levels
of static without suffering any permanent damage.
All ESD testing is in conformity with the JESD22 Stress Test Qualification for Commercial Grade
Integrated Circuits. During the device qualification ESD stresses were performed for the human body
model (HBM), the machine model (MM) and the charge device model (CDM).
All latchup test testing is in conformity with the JESD78 IC Latch-Up Test.
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
20
Freescale Semiconductor
A device is defined as a failure if after exposure to ESD pulses the device no longer meets the device
specification.
Table 4. ESD and Latch-up Test Conditions
Model
Description
Symbol
Value
Unit
R1
1500
Ω
C
100
pF
—
1
Series resistance
R1
0
Ω
Storage capacitance
C
200
pF
Number of pulses per pin1
—
1
Series resistance
Human
Body
Storage capacitance
Number of pulses per
Machine
Latch-up
1
pin1
Minimum input voltage limit
– 1.8
V
Maximum input voltage limit
4.32
V
This number represents a minimum number for both positive pulse(s) and negative pulse(s)
Table 5. ESD and Latch-Up Protection Characteristics
Rating1
No.
1
11.3
Symbol
Min
Max
Unit
1
Human body model (HBM)
VHBM
± 2000
—
V
2
Machine model (MM)
VMM
± 200
—
V
3
Charge device model (CDM)
VCDM
± 750
—
V
4
Latch-up current at TA = 85°C
ILAT
± 100
—
mA
Parameter is achieved by design characterization on a small sample size from typical devices
under typical conditions unless otherwise noted.
Recommended Operating Conditions
NOTE
The MC13233 transceiver provides an IEEE® 802.15.4 Standard PHY
compliant node over all recommended operating conditions.
Table 6. Recommended Operating Conditions
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VBATT
1.81
2.7
3.6
Vdc
Input Frequency
fin
2.405
-
2.480
GHz
Operating Temperature Range
TA
-40
25
85
°C
Logic Input Voltage Low
VIL
0
-
30%
VBATT
V
Logic Input Voltage High
VIH
70%
VBATT
-
VBATT
V
Power Supply Voltage (VBATT)
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
21
Table 6. Recommended Operating Conditions (continued)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
IO
-
-
3
20
mA
Pmax
-
-
10
dBm
Output Load Current (with specified VOLmax and VOHmin)
All standard GPIO
CMT output IRO
RF Input Power
Crystal Reference Oscillator Frequency (±40 ppm over operating
conditions to meet the 802.15.4 Standard.)
1
fref
32 MHz Only
Although the device functions at VDDmin, the supply must first rise above VLVDL. As the supply voltage rises, the LVD circuit
will hold the MCU in reset until the supply has risen above VLVDL.
11.4
DC Electrical Characteristics
Table 7. DC Electrical Characteristics
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VDD
1.81
2.7
3.6
Vdc
VDD_RUN
1.6
Vdc
Minimum RAM retention voltage (voltage applied to VBATT power input pins)
VRAM
VPOR
Vdc
Low-voltage detection threshold - high range (all conditions2)
VDD falling
VDD rising
VLVDH
2.18
2.20
2.23
2.26
2.32
2.32
Vdc
Low-voltage detection threshold - low range (all conditions)
VDD falling
VDD rising
VLVDL
1.67
1.68
1.70
1.77
1.80
1.96
Vdc
Low-voltage warning threshold - high range (all conditions)
VDD falling
VDD rising
VLVWH
2.25
2.30
2.32
2.36
2.45
2.42
Vdc
Low-voltage warning threshold - low range (all conditions)
VDD falling
VDD rising
VLVWL
1.79
1.74
1.81
1.84
1.91
1.99
Vdc
Power-on reset (POR) voltage
VPOR
-
1.0
-
Vdc
High impedance (off-state) leakage current (per pin)
(VIn = VDD or VSS, all input/outputs, device must not be in low power
mode)
|IOZ|
-
-
1.0
Input Current (VIN = 0 V or VDDINT) (VIn = VDD or VSS, all input/outputs,
device must not be in low power mode)
IIN
-
-
±1.0
µA
Input Low Voltage (All digital inputs)
VIL
0
-
30%
VBATT
V
Input High Voltage (all digital inputs)
VIH
70%
VBATT
-
VBATT
V
Power Supply Voltage (voltage applied to power input pins; VBATT_1,
VBATT_2, VBATT_3, and VBATT_4)
Minimum CPU RUN voltage (Radio and peripherals not guaranteed
operational; CPU, RAM, and Flash operational)
μA
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
22
Freescale Semiconductor
Table 7. DC Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Input hysteresis (all digital inputs)
Vhys
0.06 ×
VDD
Internal pullup resistors3
(all port pins and IRQ except CMT)
RPU
-
20
-
Internal CMT pullup resistor3
RPU
-
10
-
RPD
-
20
-
Output High Voltage
All standard GPIO = 3mA
CMT output IRO = 20 mA
VOH
80%
VBATT
-
VBATT
V
Output Low Voltage (All digital outputs)
All standard GPIO = 3mA
CMT output IRO = 20 mA
VOL
0
-
20%
VBATT
V
Input capacitance (all non-supply pins)
CIn
—
3
—
pF
Internal pulldown resistors
(KBI pins and IRQ)
3
Typ
Max
Unit
—
V
kohm
kohm
kohm
1
Although the device functions at VDDmin, the supply must first rise about VLVDL. As the supply voltage rises, the LVD circuit
will hold the MCU in reset until the supply has risen above VLVDL.
2 Denotes full voltage supply and temperature ranges.
3 Measurement condition for pull resistors: V = V
IN
SS for pullup and VIN = VDD for pulldown.
11.5
Supply Current Characteristics
Table 8. Supply Current Characteristics
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted)
Characteristics
Symbol
STOP2
• All internal circuitry off, RAM retained, reference oscillator off, KBI active. I/O
values are latched to preserve state. RTC off. RF in reset.
• All internal circuitry off, RAM retained, reference oscillator off, KBI active. I/O
values are latched to preserve state. RTC on with 1 kHz osc. RF in reset.
• All internal circuitry off, RAM retained, reference oscillator off, KBI active. I/O
values are latched to preserve state. RTC on with 32.768 kHz osc. RF in reset.
STOP3
• All internal circuitry off, RAM, I/O, internal registers & selectable peripheral
registers retained, 32MHz ref oscillator off, RTC off, LVD off. RF in reset.
• All internal circuitry off, RAM, I/O, internal registers & selectable peripheral
registers retained, 32MHz ref oscillator off, RTC on with 1 kHz osc, LVD off. RF
in reset.
• All internal circuitry off, RAM, I/O, internal registers & selectable peripheral
registers retained, 32MHz ref oscillator off, RTC on with 32.768 kHz osc, LVD
off. RF in reset.
• All internal circuitry off, RAM, I/O, internal registers & selectable peripheral
registers retained, 32MHz ref oscillator on, RTC on with 32 MHz osc, LVD off.
RF in reset
S2IDD
S3IDD
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
0.29
1
μA
0.40
1
0.40
3
0.45
μA
0.55
2.65
330
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
23
Table 8. Supply Current Characteristics (continued)
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted)
Characteristics
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
LPWAIT Low Power Wait
• Entered from LPRUN
• Processor off, bus clock @ 250 kHz, voltage regulator is standby.
• Peripherals and modem clocks disabled. RF in reset.
LPWIDD
0.50
0.56
0.62
mA
LPRUN Low Power Run
• Processor forced to 500 kHz and bus [email protected] 250 kHz
• Peripheral state & RAM retained. Voltage regulators in standby.
• Peripherals and modem clocks disabled. RF in reset.
LPRIDD
0.53
0.76
0.85
mA
RUN
• Processor running at 32 MHz and peripheral clock @ 16 MHz
• All peripheral clocks disabled1& RAM active, voltage regulators fully on.
• RF in reset.
RUNIDD
4.0
4.7
4.9
mA
TX
• MCU in LPRUN (peripheral clock @ 250 kHz)
• RF in Transmit mode (nominal power out)2
TXIDD
21.3
26.6
28.2
mA
RX_PPD
• MCU in LPRUN (peripheral clock @ 250 kHz)
• RF in Receive Partial Power Down mode
RXPPDIDD
RX
• MCU in LPRUN (peripheral clock @ 250 kHz)
• RF in Receive mode either 1) waiting @ full sensitivity or 2) receiving actual
frame
1
2
RXIDD
22.3
26.8
34.2
mA
35.0
mA
Registers SCGC1 and SCGC2 = 0x00
TX output power set to nominal (0 dBm).
Table 9. Typical Current Adders for Enabled Functions (32MHz CPU clock)
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted)
Parameter
Description
Typical
Current
Unit
TPM
TPM module enabled (each)
90
μA
KBI
KBI enabled
25
μA
IIC
IIC enabled
175
μA
SCI
SCI Enabled
150
μA
SPI
SPI enabled
70
μA
CMT
CMT enabled
78
μA
IRQ
IRQ clock enabled
23
μA
DEBUG
DEBUG module clock enabled
135
μA
MODEM
Modem (transceiver) clock enabled
285
μA
AES clock enabled
65
μA
AES
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
24
Freescale Semiconductor
Figure 3. Typical RUN Current versus CPU Clock (only 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 32 MHz available)
11.6
RF AC Electrical Characteristics
NOTE
All specified RF parameters are referenced to the package pins and are the
result of measurements in the reference circuit shown in Figure 5.
Table 10. Receiver AC Electrical Characteristics for 802.15.4 Modulation Mode
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, fref = 32MHz, unless otherwise noted.)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Sensitivity for 1% Packet Error Rate (PER) (+25 °C, @ package interface)1 SENS25 °C
Sensitivity for 1% Packet Error Rate (PER) (Over all conditions)2
Saturation (maximum input level)
Typ
Max
Unit
-94
-91
dBm
-89
dBm
SENS
SENSmax
10
Channel Rejection for 1% PER
+5 MHz (adjacent channel)3
-5 MHz (adjacent channel)3
+10 MHz (alternate channel)4
-10 MHz (alternate channel)4
>= 15 MHz5
dBm
39
35
46
46
53
dB
Frequency Error Tolerance6
200
-
-
kHz
Symbol Rate Error Tolerance6
80
-
-
ppm
1
2
3
4
5
6
Measured at fc = 2450 MHz; see Figure 4 for RX performance vs. channel frequency
All conditions includes -40°C to +85°C, VBATT = 1.8V to 3.6V, and full frequency range
IEEE 802.15.4 Standard specifies minimum adjacent channel rejection as 0 dB
IEEE 802.15.4 Standard specifies minimum alternate channel rejection as 30 dB
This parameter represents an average of all readings across all channels
Minimum set by IEEE 802.15.4 Standard
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
25
Figure 4. Typical RX Sensitivity vs. Channel Frequency @ 25°C
Table 11. Transmitter AC Electrical Characteristics for 802.15.4 Modulation Mode
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, fref = 32 MHz, unless otherwise noted.)
Characteristic
Nominal Output Power1
Maximum Output
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Pout
-2.5
0
2.3
dBm
-
+2
-
dBm
<16
18
%
Power2
Error Vector Magnitude
EVM
Output Power Control Range
-
30
-
dB
Over the Air Data Rate
-
250
-
kbps
-
-444
-
dBm/(100 kHz)
-
-544
-
dBm/(100kHz)
2nd
Harmonic3
3rd Harmonic and greater3
Emissions5
Spurious
<1 GHz (quasi-peak detection mode)
>1 GHz (peak detection mode)
Lower Band Edge (peak detection mode)
Upper Band Edge (peak detection mode)
-66
-40
-34
-23
dBm
dBm/Mhz
dBm/Mhz
dBm/Mhz
1
Register sets output power to nominal (0 dBm).
Register sets output power to maximum.
3 Measurements taken at output of evaluation circuit set for maximum power out and averaged over 100ms.
4
With use of external filtering / harmonic trap as implemented in reference circuit.
5 Derived from measured radiated values in units of dBuV/m and converted to EIRP (dBm).
2
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
26
Freescale Semiconductor
G1
J1
SMA
G3
G4
1
G2
C2
10 PF
RF _P
RF _N
R F_BI AS/TINJ _P
N C /TI NJ _N
RF _BIAS
42
41
RF _N
2
RF _P
3
Z_RF _P
Z_RF _N
R F _BIAS
43
45
1
2
5
4
6
C6
10 PF
C 17
10PF
DNP
Z1
R F_50
L2
0.0039 UH
C7
1PF
50/10 0 OH MS
2
L1
0. 0033UH
1
1
U2
HARMONIC TRAP
MC1323X
Figure 5. RF Parameter Reference Circuit
11.7
Crystal Reference Clock Oscillator Characteristics
The reference oscillator model including external crystal in shown in Figure 6. The IEEE 802.15.4
Standard requires a frequency tolerance less than or equal to +/- 40 ppm as shown in the oscillator
specification Table 12. With a suitable crystal (refer to Table 13), the device frequency tolerance can
typically trimmed to be held to +/- 30 ppm over all conditions.
REFERENCE
OSCILLATOR
32 MHz
MC1323x
Coarse Tune [3:0]
Coarse Tune [3:0]
0-4.215 pF
with steps of 281 fF.
0-4.215 pF
with steps of 281 fF.
Fine Tune [3:0]
Fine Tune [3:0]
0-300 fF
with steps of 20 fF.
0-300 fF
with steps of 20 fF.
EXTAL_32M
XTAL_32M
Y1
CL1
Cs tray
CR Y STAL
Cs tray
CL2
Figure 6. 32MHz Reference Oscillator Model
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
27
Table 12. Reference Oscillator Specifications
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Frequency (nominal)
Typ
Max
32.000000
Oscillator frequency tolerance over temperature range.
+/- 30
Unit
MHz
+/- 40
ppm
External load capacitance
CLext
8
pF
Internal Osc startup time1
tcst
800
μs
1
This is part of device wake-up time.
Table 13. Recommended 32 MHz Crystal Specifications
Parameter
Value
Unit
32.000000
MHz
± 10
ppm
max at 25 °C
± 16-18
ppm
Over desired temperature range
Aging
±2
ppm
max
Equivalent series resistance
60
Ω
max
Load capacitance
9
pF
Shunt capacitance
<2
pF
Frequency
Frequency tolerance (cut tolerance)
Frequency stability (temperature drift)
Mode of oscillation
11.8
Condition
max
fundamental
Optional 32.768 kHz Crystal Oscillator Specifications
32.768 kHz
OSCILLATOR
Rf
EXTAL_32K
XTAL_32K
Y1
CRY STAL
CL1
Cstray 1
Cstray 2
CL2
Figure 7. 32.768 kHz Oscillator Mode
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
28
Freescale Semiconductor
l
Table 14. 32.768 Oscillator Crystal Typical Specifications
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Crystal frequency
11.9
12
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
40
Unit
32.768
kHz
± 20
ppm
Frequency tolerance @ 25 °C
Load capacitance
Max
12.5
16
pF
130
kΩ
Shunt capacitance
2
pF
Tolerated drive level
1
μW
Internal Low Speed Reference Oscillator Specifications
Table 15. Internal 1 kHz Oscillator Specifications
Characteristic
Symbol
Default Frequency @ 25 °C
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
0.80
1.0
1.40
kHz
Oscillator frequency variation over temperature1
Deviation at -40 °C from 25 °C frequency
Deviation at +85 °C from 25 °C frequency
1
-
-13
+6
%
This percentage deviation is typical change from the individual device oscillator frequency at 25 °C
11.10 Control Timing and CPU Bus Specifications
Table 16. MCU Control Timing
(VBATT = 2.7 V, TA = 25 °C, fref = 32MHz, unless otherwise noted.)
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typical
Max
Unit
CPU frequency (tcyc = 1/RDIV)
fCPU
fref/641
—
32 1
MHz
Bus Frequency (always 1/2 CPU clock) (tcyc = fBUS)
fBUS
fCPU/2
MHz
External reset pulse width
100
—
—
ns
External asynchronous minimum interrupt pulse width
(KBI or IRQ)2
100
—
—
ns
External synchronous minimum interrupt pulse width
(KBI or IRQ)3 4
1.5 tcyc
—
—
ns
Wake-up time from STOP2 or STOP3
800
μs
1
The 32MHz reference clock.
Minimum pulse to recognize a asynchronous transition
3 Minimum pulse to recognize a level sensitive
4
For determination of an actual key/push button in a matrix, this pulse with must remain present for the keyboard scan routine
duration. Thus, the minimum pulse width would be determined by the software, not the detection hardware.
2
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
29
11.11 SPI Timing
tCYC
SPI_SCK
tSS_H
tSS_SU
SPI_SS (slave in)
tXX_SU
tXX_H
SPI_MOSI (slave in)
SPI_MISO (master in)
tMO,tSO
SPI_MOSI (master out)
SPI_MISO (slave out)
Figure 8. SPI Timing Diagram
Table 17 describes the timing requirements for the SPI system.
Table 17. SPI Timing
Parameter
Master SPI_SCK Period
Slave SPI_SCK Period
Slave SPI_SS Setup Time
Slave SPI_SS Hold Time
Slave SPI_MOSI Setup Time
Slave SPI_MOSI Hold Time
Master SPI_MISO Setup Time
Master SPI_MISO Hold Time
Master SPI_MOSI Output Time
Slave SPI_MISO Output Time (with 15 pf load)
Symbol
Min
tCYC
tCYC
tSS_SU
tSS_H
tSI_SU
tSI_H
tMI_SU
tMI_H
tMO
bus_Clk*2
Typical
38
Max
Unit
bus_Clk *256
ns
10
ns
10
ns
10
ns
10
ns
10
ns
20
ns
0
ns
tSO
5
ns
20
ns
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
30
Freescale Semiconductor
11.12 I2C Specifications
Table 18 describes the timing requirements for the I2C system.
The I2C module is driven by the peripheral bus clock (typically max 16 MHz) and the SCL bit clock is
generated from a prescaler.
Table 18. I2C Signal DC Specifications (I2C_SDA and I2C_SCL)
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typical
Max
Unit
Input Low Voltage
VIL
-0.3
-
0.3 VDDINT
V
Input High Voltage
VIH
0.7 VBATT
-
VBATT + 0.3
V
Input hysteresis
Vhys
0.06 × VBATT
—
V
Output Low Voltage1 (IOL = 5 mA)
VOL
0
-
0.2 VBATT
V
Input Current (VIN = 0 V or VDDINT)
IIN
-
-
±1
µA
Pin capacitance
Cin
<10
pF
1
SDA and SCL are open drain outputs
SDA
tf
tLOW
tSU;DAT
tr
tHD:STA
tBUF
tr
SCL
tf
tHD
tHD;DAT
S
tHIGH
tSU;STA
tSU;STO
Sr
P
S
Figure 9. I2C Timing Diagram
NOTE
The I2C timing limits reflect values that are necessary meet to the I2C Bus
specification.
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
31
Table 19. I2C Signal AC Specifications1
Parameter
Symbol
Standard-Mode
Fast-Mode
Unit
Min
Max
Min
Max
fSCL
0
100
0
150
kHz
tHD;STA
4.0
-
0.6
-
μs
LOW period of the SCL clock
tLOW
4.7
-
1.3
-
μs
HIGH period of the SCL clock
tHIGH
4.0
-
0.6
-
μs
tSU;STA
4.7
-
0.6
-
μs
tSHD;DAT
02
3.453
02
0.93
μs
-
ns
SCL clock frequency (when source)
Hold time (repeated) START condition.
After this period, the first clock pulse is generated
Set-up time for a repeated START condition
Data hold time
tSU:DAT
250
-
1004
Rise time for both SDA and SCL signals
tr
-
1000
20 +
0.1Cb5
300
ns
Fall time for both SDA and SCL signals
tf
-
300
20 +
0.1Cb5
300
ns
tBUF
4.7
-
1.3
-
μs
Cb
-
400
-
400
pF
Data setup time
Bus free time between a STOP and START condition
Capacitive load for each bus line
1
All values referred to VIHmin and VILmax levels
A device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300 ns for the SDA signal (referred to the VIHmin of the SCL
signal) to bridge the undefined region of the falling edge of SCL.
3 The maximum t
HD;DAT has only to be met if the device does not stretch the LOW period (tLOW) of the SCL signal.
4
A Fast-mode I2C-bus device can be used in a Standard-mode I2C-bus system, but the requirement tSU;DAT >= 250 ns
must then be met. This will automatically be the case if the device does not stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal.
If such a device does stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal, it must output the next data bit to the SDA line tr max
+ tSU;DAT = 1000 + 250 = 1250 ns (according to the Standard-mode I2C-bus specification) before the SCL line is
released.
5 C = total capacitance of one bus line in pF. If mixed with Hs-mode devices, the faster fall-times are allowed.
b
2
11.13 FLASH Specifications
This section provides details about program/erase times and program-erase endurance for the FLASH
memory. Program and erase operations do not require any special power sources other than the normal
VDD supply. The FLASH is 81920 bytes organized as 80 pages by 1024 bytes. FLASH erase and program
may only be executed with CPU clock programmed for 32 MHz (default)
NOTE
FLASH erase and program may only be executed with CPU clock
programmed for 32 MHz (default). FLASH operations are hardware state
machine controlled. User code need not count cycles. The following
information is supplied for calculating approximate time to program and
erase.
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
32
Freescale Semiconductor
Table 20. FLASH Characteristics
Characteristic
Supply voltage for program/erase/read operation
Symbol
Min
VBATT
1.6
Typical
Max
Unit
3.6
V
Byte program time (random location)
tprog
40
μs
Per Byte program time (burst mode) - excludes start/end
overhead
tBurst
20
μs
Sector erase time
tSector
20
ms
Mass erase time
tMass
20.1
ms
cycles
Program/erase endurance
TL to TH = –40°C to + 85°C
T = 25°C
Data retention @ 25°C
20,000
100,000
tD_ret
100
—
—
—
years
12 Applications Information
NOTE
Freescale provides a complete suite of design support material including
development hardware and software, reference manuals, and hardware
references designs for the MC1323x. The applications material presented
here is primarily for illustrative purposes.
Figure 10 illustrates a basic applications circuit based on the 123x-MRB development board. Features of
the circuit include:
• 32 MHz reference oscillator crystal (Y1) is required, and must meet defined specifications
• Pulldown resistor on signal PTA2 assures that devices does not enter factory test mode on power-up
• Power supply voltage (V_IC) can range from 1.8 Vdc to 3.6 Vdc (see Table 7 for usage notes)
• RF Interface circuitry — 50/100 (unbal/bal) balun converts device differential, bidirectional RF port to single-ended
50-ohm antenna port
— Control signal RF_Bias switches RF reference voltage to the balun as required for TX or RX
— L1 provides impedance matching for MC1323x RF port
— C4 and L2 network provides a harmonic trap for out-of-band harmonics and spurs on TX
— A low-cost, copper pcb “F” antenna is shown. This is a common option, although other
antennas such as a chip antenna or antenna module may also be used
•
•
NOTE
RF circuitry at 2.4 GHz is very dependent on board layout and
component usage. Figure 10 shows a typical RF configuration, however
component value and use can vary based on customer application.
Mechanical design information for the MC1323x package and assembly
recommendations can be found in the Freescale IEEE 802.15.4 / ZigBee
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
33
Package and Hardware Layout Considerations Reference Manual, Doc
No. ZHDCRM.pdf
1
EXTAL_32M
V_IC
C1
12PF
4
5
6
HDR 2X3
BDM
7
8
9
R2
10K
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
PTA0/XTAL_32K
PTD0/TPM0
PTD1/TPM1
PTD2/TPM2
PTD3/TPM3
PTA1/EXTAL_32K
RESET
PTA2
PTA3/IRQ
PTA4/XTAL_32K_OUT
PTA5/SDA
PTA6/SCL
PTA7/BKGD/MS
PTD4/CMT
PTD5/TXD
PTD6/RXD
PTD7
XTAL_32M
EXTAL_32M
RF _P
PTB0/KBI1P0
PTB1/KBI1P1
PTB2/KBI1P2
PTB3/KBI1P3
PTB4/KBI1P4
PTB5/KBI1P5
PTB6/KBI1P6
PTB7/KBI1P7
RF_BIAS/TINJ_P
NC/ TINJ_N
PTC0/ KBI2P0
PTC1/ KBI2P1
PTC2/ KBI2P2
PTC3/ KBI2P3
VBATT_4
VBATT_3
VBATT_2
VBATT_1
PTC4/ SPIC LK
PTC5/ SS
PTC6/ MISO
PTC7/ MOSI
VREG_LO2
VREG_VCO
VDD_ANA
VREG_ANA
RF_N
NC
PAD
32MHz XTAL
31
32
33
34
35
36
RF _P
Z _RF _P
L1
0.0033UH
XTAL_32M
EXTAL_32M
3
41
RF _N
Z _RF _N
C5
10PF
C6
10PF
DNP
40
49
1
V_IC
C3
RF _50
5
4
RF _BIAS
43
45
Z1
2
R F_BIAS
42
1
3
XTAL_32M
C2
12PF
L2
0.0039UH
6
50/ 100 OHMS
V_I C
C4
1PF
RF_ANT
10PF
ANT1
F_Ant enna
2
2
6
4
2
3
32MHZ
27
28
29
30
1
J1
1
4
2
5
3
1
2
U1
R1
10K
Y1
V_IC
19
37
44
48
HARMONIC TRAP
46
38
39
47
C7
0. 1UF
C8
10UF
C9
0.01UF
MC1323X
C10
0.22U F
C11
8.2PF
C8 & C28 PLACE
CLOSE TO U1.39
C12
8.2PF
C13
0.22UF
C 14
0.22U F
C15
0.22UF
C18 & C26 PLACE
CLOSE TO U1.47
Figure 10. MC13233x Basic Applications Circuit
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
34
Freescale Semiconductor
13 Mechanical Diagrams (Case 2124-02, Non-JEDEC)
Figure 11. Mechanical Diagram (1 of 2)
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
35
Figure 12. Mechanical Diagram (2 of 2)
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
36
Freescale Semiconductor
NOTES
MC1323x Advance Information, Rev. 0.0
Freescale Semiconductor
37
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Document Number: MC1323x
Rev. 0.0
05/2011
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