Freescale Semiconductor Advance Information Document Number: MC33880 Rev. 5.0, 6/2007 Configurable Octal Serial Switch with Serial Peripheral Interface I/O The 33880 device is an eight-output hardware-configurable highside/low-side switch with 8-bit serial input control. Two of the outputs can be controlled directly via microcontroller for Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) applications. The 33880 controls various inductive or incandescent loads by directly interfacing with a microcontroller. The circuit's innovative monitoring and protection features include very low standby currents, “cascadable” fault reporting, internal 40 V output clamping for low-side configurations, internal -20 V output clamping for high-side configurations, output-specific diagnostics, and independent shutdown of outputs. Features • Designed to Operate 5.5 V < VPWR < 24.5 V • 8-Bit SPI for Control and Fault Reporting, 3.3 V/ 5.0 V Compatible • Outputs Are Current Limited (0.8 A to 2.0 A) to Drive Incandescent Lamps • Output Voltage Clamp Is +45 V (Typical) (Low-Side Drive) and 20 V (Typical) (High-Side Drive) During Inductive Switching • Internal Reverse Battery Protection on VPWR • Loss of Ground or Supply Will Not Energize Loads or Damage IC • Maximum 5.0 µA IPWR Standby Current at 13 V VPWR up to 95°C • RDS(ON) of 0.55 Ω at 25°C Typical • Short Circuit Detect and Current Limit with Automatic Retry • Independent Overtemperature Protection • 32-Pin SOICW Has Pins 8, 9, 24, and 25 Grounded for Thermal Performance • Pb-Free Packaging Designated by Suffix Code EG and EW V PWR 5.0 V VDD 5.0 V EN MCU SPI I/O PWM CS SCLK DI DO IN5 IN6 GND HIGH/LOW-SIDE SWITCH DW SUFFIX EG SUFFIX (PB-FREE) 98ASB42345B 28-PIN SOICW D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 Device MCZ33880EG/R2 MC33880DWB/R2 MCZ33880EW/R2 High-Side MOT H-Bridge Low-Side Figure 1. 33880 Simplified Application Diagram © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., 2007. All rights reserved. Temperature Range (TA) Package MC33880DW/R2 All Output Switches are High- or Low-Side Configurable * This document contains certain information on a new product. Specifications and information herein are subject to change without notice. DWB SUFFIX EW SUFFIX (PB-FREE) 98ARH99137A 32-PIN SOICW ORDERING INFORMATION VS 33880 VPWR 33880 28 SOICW -40°C to 125°C 32 SOICW INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM VDD __ CS VPWR ~50 µA Internal Bias SCLK Overvoltage Shutdown/POR Sleep State Charge Pump DI GND DO OV, POR, SLEEP EN ~50 µA SPI and Interface Logic Typical of All 8 Output Drivers TLIM SPI Bit 0 IN5 ~50 µA IN6 Enable Gate Drive Control SPI Bit 4 Current Limit IN5 + – ~50 µA + – Open/Short Comparator Open Load Detect Current ~650 µA + S1 S2 S3 S4 S7 S8 _ ~1.5 V Open/Short Threshold TLIM Open Load Detect Current ~650 µA Gate Drive Control D1 D2 D3 D4 D7 D8 Drain Outputs Source Outputs D5 D6 Drain Outputs S5 Source Outputs Current Limit + – + – Open/Short Comparator S6 + _ ~1.5 V Open/Short Threshold Figure 2. 33880 Simplified Internal Block Diagram 33880 2 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor PIN CONNECTIONS PIN CONNECTIONS GND VDD S8 S8 D8 S2 D2 S1 D1 D6 S6 IN6 EN SCLK 1 28 2 27 3 26 4 25 5 24 6 23 7 22 8 21 9 20 10 19 11 18 12 17 13 16 14 15 DO VPWR S7 S7 D7 S4 D4 S3 D3 D5 S5 IN5 CS DI Figure 3. 98ASB42345B SOICW 28-Pin Connections Table 1. SOICW 28-Pin Definitions Pin Number Pin Name 1 GND Digital ground. 2 VDD Logic supply voltage. Logic supply must be switched off for low current mode (VDD below 3.9 V). 3, 4 S8 Output 8 MOSFET source pins. 5 D8 Output 8 MOSFET drain pin. 6 S2 Output 2 MOSFET source pin. 7 D2 Output 2 MOSFET drain pin. 8 S1 Output 1 MOSFET source pin. 9 D1 Output 1 MOSFET drain pin. 10 D6 Output 6 MOSFET drain pin. 11 S6 Output 6 MOSFET source pin. 12 IN6 PWM direct control input pin for output 6. IN6 is “OR” with SPI bit. 13 EN Enable input. Allows control of outputs. Active high. 14 SCLK 15 DI SPI control data input pin from MCU to the 33880. Logic  activates output. 16 CS SPI control chip select input pin from MCU to the 33880. Logic  allows data to be transferred in. 17 IN5 PWM direct control input pin for output 5. IN5 is “OR” with SPI bit. 18 S5 Output 5 MOSFET source pin. 19 D5 Output 5 MOSFET drain pin. 20 D3 Output 3 MOSFET drain pin. 21 S3 Output 3 MOSFET source pin. 22 D4 Output 4 MOSFET drain pin. 23 S4 Output 4 MOSFET source pin. 24 D7 Output 7 MOSFET drain pin. 25, 26 S7 Output 7 MOSFET source pins. 27 VPWR 28 DO Definition SPI control clock input pin. Power supply pin to the 33880. VPWR has internal reverse battery protection. SPI control data output pin from the 33880 to the MCU. DO = 0 no fault, DO = 1 specific output has fault. 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 3 PIN CONNECTIONS GND VDD S8 S8 D8 S2 D2 GND GND S1 D1 D6 S6 IN6 EN SCLK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 DO VPWR S7 S7 D7 S4 D4 GND GND S3 D3 D5 S5 IN5 CS DI 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Figure 4. 98ARH99137A SOICW 32-Pin Connections Table 2. SOICW 32-Pin Definitions Pin Number Pin Name Definition 1, 8, 9, 24, 25 GND Digital ground. 2 VDD Logic supply voltage. Logic supply must be switched off for low current mode (VDD below 3.9 V). 3, 4 S8 Output 8 MOSFET source pins. 5 D8 Output 8 MOSFETdrain pin. 6 S2 Output 2 MOSFET source pin. 7 D2 Output 2 MOSFET drain pin. 10 S1 Output 1 MOSFET source pin. 11 D1 Output 1 MOSFET drain pin. 12 D6 Output 6 MOSFETdrain pin. 13 S6 Output 6 MOSFET source pin. 14 IN6 PWM direct control input pin for output 6. IN6 is “OR” with SPI bit. 15 EN Enable input. Allows control of outputs. Active high. 16 SCLK 17 DI SPI control data input pin from MCU to the 33880. Logic  activates output. 18 CS SPI control chip select input pin from MCU to the 33880. Logic  allows data to be transferred in. 19 IN5 PWM direct control input pin for output 5. IN5 is “OR” with SPI bit. 20 S5 Output 5 MOSFET source pin. 21 D5 Output 5 MOSFET drain pin. 22 D3 Output 3 MOSFET drain pin. 23 S3 Output 3 MOSFET source pin. 26 D4 Output 4 MOSFET drain pin. 27 S4 Output 4 MOSFET source pin. SPI control clock input pin. 28 D7 Output 7 MOSFET drain pin. 29, 30 S7 Output 7 MOSFET source pins. 31 VPWR 32 DO Power supply pin to the 33880. VPWR has internal reverse battery protection. SPI control data output pin from the 33880 to the MCU. DO = 0 no fault, DO = 1 specific output has fault. 33880 4 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS MAXIMUM RATINGS ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS MAXIMUM RATINGS Table 3. Maximum Ratings All voltages are with respect to ground unless otherwise noted. Exceeding these ratings may cause a malfunction or permanent damage to the device. Ratings VDD Supply Voltage (1) CS, DI, DO, SCLK, IN5, IN6, and EN (1) VPWR Supply Voltage (1) Symbol Value Unit VDD -0.3 to 7.0 VDC – -0.3 to 7.0 VDC VPWR -16 to 50 VDC – Drain 1 – 8 (2) 5.0 mA ≤ IOUT ≤ 0.3 A VDC -18 to 40 – Source 1 – 8 (3) 5.0 mA ≤ IOUT ≤ 0.3 A VDC -28 to 40 Output Voltage Clamp Low-Side Drive (4) VOC 40 to 55 VDC Output Voltage Clamp High-Side Drive (4) VOC -15 to -25 VDC ECLAMP 50 mJ Human Body Model VESD1 ±2000 Machine Model VESD2 ±200 Storage Temperature TSTG -55 to 150 °C Operating Case Temperature TC -40 to 125 °C Operating Junction Temperature TJ -40 to 150 °C Maximum Junction Temperature – -40 to 150 °C Output Clamp Energy (5) V ESD Voltage (6) Power Dissipation (TA = 25°C) (7) PD W 28 SOIC, Case 751F-05 1.3 32 SOIC, Case 1324-02 1.7 Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Ambient, 28 SOIC, Case 751F-05 RθJA 94 °C/W Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Ambient, 32 SOIC, Case 1324-02 RθJA 70 °C/W Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Thermal Ground Leads, 32 SOIC, Case 1324-02 RθJL 18 TPPRT Note 6 Peak Package Reflow Temperature During Reflow (5), (6) Notes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. °C Exceeding these limits may cause malfunction or permanent damage to the device. Configured as low-side driver with 300 mA load as current limit. Configured as high-side driver with 300 mA load as current limit. With outputs OFF and 10 mA of test current for low-side driver, 30 mA test current for high-side driver. Maximum output clamp energy capability at 150°C junction temperature using single non-repetitive pulse method. ESD1 testing is performed in accordance with the Human Body Model (CZAP = 100 pF, RZAP = 1500 Ω), and ESD2 testing is performed in accordance with the Machine Model (CZAP = 200 pF, RZAP = 0 Ω). Maximum power dissipation with no heatsink used. 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 5 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS STATIC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS STATIC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Table 4. Static Electrical Characteristics Characteristics noted under conditions 4.75 V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.25 V, 9.0 V ≤ VPWR ≤ 16 V, -40°C ≤ TC ≤ 125°C unless otherwise noted. Typical values, where applicable, reflect the parameter’s approximate average value with VPWR = 13 V, TA = 25°C. Characteristic Symbol Min Typ Max Unit 5.5 – 24.5 – 8.0 14 Temperature = -40°C to 95°C – 2.0 5.0 Temperature = 95°C to 125°C – 5.0 20 VOV 25 27 30 V VOV(HYS) 0.15 0.8 2.5 V Logic Supply Voltage VDD 4.75 – 5.25 V Logic Supply Current IDD 0.5 2.6 4.0 mA VDD(UNVOL) 3.9 4.3 4.7 V VDD(UNVOL-HYS) 100 150 300 mV POWER INPUT Supply Voltage Range VPWR(FO) Fully Operational Supply Current IPWR(ON) Sleep State Supply Current (VDD and EN = 0 V, VPWR = 16 V) IPWR(SS) Overvoltage Shutdown Overvoltage Shutdown Hysteresis Logic Supply Undervoltage Lockout Threshold Logic Supply Undervoltage Hysteresis V mA µA POWER OUTPUT Drain-to-Source ON Resistance (VPWR = 16 V) Ω RDS(ON) IOUT = 0.25 A, TJ = 125°C – 0.75 1.1 IOUT = 0.25 A, TJ = 25°C – 0.55 0.85 IOUT = 0.25 A, TJ = -40°C – 0.45 0.80 Output Self-Limiting Current High-Side and Low-Side Configurations IOUT(LIM) VPWR = 16 V Output Fault Detect Threshold (8), (9) 0.8 1.4 2.0 1.0 – 3.0 0.30 0.55 1.0 40 45 55 -15 -20 -25 – 1.0 7.0 TLIM 155 – 185 °C TLIM(HYST) 5.0 10 15 °C VOUTth(F) Outputs Programmed OFF Output Off Open Load Detect Current (8) Overtemperature Shutdown Hysteresis (9) V µA IOUT(LKG) VDD = 0 V, VDS = 16 V Overtemperature Shutdown (9) V VOC(HSD) IS = -30 mA Output Leakage Current High-Side and Low-Side Configuration mA VOC(LSD) ID = 10 mA Output Clamp Voltage High-Side Drive V IOCO Outputs Programmed OFF Output Clamp Voltage Low-Side Drive A Notes 8. Output Fault Detect Thresholds with outputs programmed OFF. Output fault detect threshold are the same for output open and shorts. 9. This parameter is guaranteed by design but is not production tested. 33880 6 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS STATIC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Table 4. Static Electrical Characteristics (continued) Characteristics noted under conditions 4.75 V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.25 V, 9.0 V ≤ VPWR ≤ 16 V, -40°C ≤ TC ≤ 125°C unless otherwise noted. Typical values, where applicable, reflect the parameter’s approximate average value with VPWR = 13 V, TA = 25°C. Characteristic Symbol Min Typ Max Unit VINLOGIC 0.8 – 2.2 V DIGITAL INTERFACE Input Logic Voltage Thresholds (10) IN5, IN6, and EN Input Logic Current µA IIN5, IN6, EN -10 – 10 30 45 100 -10 – 10 -10 – 10 -30 – -100 VDD - 0.8 – VDD – – 0.4 – – 20 IN5, IN6, EN = 0 V IN5, IN6, and EN Pull-Down Current µA IIN5, IN6, EN 0.8 V to VDD SCLK, DI, and Tri-State DO Input µA ISCK, SI, TriSO 0 V to VDD CS Input Current µA IICS CS = VDD CS Pull-Up Current µA IICS CS = 0 V DO High-State Output Voltage VDOHIGH IDO-HIGH = -200 µA DO Low-State Output Voltage V VDOLOW IDO-HIGH = 1.6 mA Input Capacitance on SCLK, DI, Tri-State DO, IN5, IN6, EN (11) CIN V pF Notes 10. Upper and lower logic threshold voltage levels apply to DI, CS, SCLK, IN5, IN6, and EN. 11. This parameter is guaranteed by design but is not production tested. 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 7 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS DYNAMIC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS DYNAMIC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Table 5. Dynamic Electrical Characteristics Characteristics noted under conditions 4.75 V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.25 V, 9.0 V ≤ VPWR ≤ 16 V, -40°C ≤ TC ≤ 125°C unless otherwise noted. Typical values, where applicable, reflect the parameter’s approximate average value with VPWR = 13 V, TA = 25°C. Characteristic Symbol Min Typ Max 0.1 0.5 1.2 0.1 0.5 1.2 Unit POWER OUTPUT TIMING Output Slew Rate Low-Side Configuration (12) tR RL = 620 Ω Output Slew Rate Low-Side Configuration (12) tF RL = 620 Ω Output Slew Rate High-Side Configuration (12) (12) V/µs 0.1 0.3 1.2 0.1 0.3 1.2 tDLY(ON) 1.0 15 50 µs tDLY(OFF) 1.0 30 100 µs tFAULT 100 – 300 µs – – 4.0 6.0 MHz – 4.0 10 tF RL = 620 Ω Output Turn ON Delay Time, High-Side and Low-Side Configuration (13) Output Turn OFF Delay Time, High-Side and Low-Side Configuration Output Fault Delay Time V/µs tR RL = 620 Ω Output Slew Rate High-Side Configuration V/µs (14) (13) V/µs DIGITAL INTERFACE TIMING Recommended Frequency of SPI Operation Required Low State Duration on VDD for Reset (15) µs tRESET VDD ≤ 0.2 V Falling Edge of CS to Rising Edge of SCLK (Required Setup Time) tLEAD 100 – – ns Falling Edge of SCLK to Rising Edge of CS (Required Setup Time) tLAG 50 – – ns DI to Falling Edge of SCLK (Required Setup Time) tDI(su) 16 – – ns Falling Edge of SCLK to DI (Required Hold Time) tDI(HOLD) 20 – – ns tR(DI) – 5.0 – ns DI, CS, SCLK Signal Rise Time DI, CS, SCLK Signal Fall Time (16) (16) tF(DI) – 5.0 – ns (17) tDO(EN) – – 60 ns Time from Rising Edge of CS to DO High Impedance (18) tDO(DIS) – – 60 ns tVALID – 25 60 ns Time from Falling Edge of CS to DO Low Impedance Time from Rising Edge of SCLK to DO Data Valid (19) Notes 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Output Rise and Fall time respectively measured across a 620 Ω resistive load at 10 to 90 percent and 90 to 10 percent voltage points. Output turn ON and OFF delay time measured from 50 percent rising edge of CS to 90 and 10 percent of initial voltage. Duration of fault before fault bit is set. Duration between access times must be greater than 300 µs to read faults. This parameter is guaranteed by design but is not production tested. Rise and Fall time of incoming DI, CS, and SCLK signals suggested for design consideration to prevent the occurrence of double pulsing. Time required for output status data to be available for use at DO pin. Time required for output status data to be terminated at DO pin Time required to obtain valid data out from DO following the rise of SCLK. 33880 8 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TIMING DIAGRAMS TIMING DIAGRAMS CS 0.2 VDD tLEAD tLAG 0.7 VDD SCLK 0.2 VDD tDI(SU) tDI(HOLD) 0.7 VDD 0.2 VDD DI MSB in tDO(EN) tVALID 0.7 VDD 0.2 VDD DO tDO(DIS) MSB out LSB out Figure 5. SPI Timing Diagram VDD = 5.0 V VDD = 5.0 V VPWR = 13 V 33880 SCLK DO Under Test CL = 200 pF CS 33880 Under Test RL = 620 Ω Output CL NOTE: CL represents the total capacitance of the test fixture and probe. Figure 6. Valid Data Delay Time and Valid Time Test Circuit NOTE: CL represents the total capacitance of the test fixture and probe. Figure 8. Switching Time Test Circuit VDD = 5.0 V VPull-Up = 2.5 V 33880 CS Under Test RL = 1.0 kΩ DO CL = 200 pF NOTE: CL represents the total capacitance of the test fixture and probe. Figure 7. Enable and Disable Time Test Circuit 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 9 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TIMING DIAGRAMS tR(DI) < 50 ns 0.7 VDD (2.5 V) 50% 0.2 VDD 0.7 VDD 0.2 VDD (Low-to-High) tVALID tr(DO) tDLY(HL) DO (Tri-State to Low) 90% 10% tDO(EN) 0.2 VDD tSO(DIS) tDO(DIS) VOH 90% VOH 0.7 VDD 0 tDO(DIS) VTri-State tDO(EN) VOH 5.0 V 0.7 VDD 10% 0.2 VDD (2.5 V) 0 VOL DO (High-to-Low) < 50 ns 90% CS 5.0 V tDLY(LH) tF(DI) < 50 ns < 50 ns SCLK DO tR(DI) tF(DI) DO (Tri-State to High) VOL VTri-State 10% Figure 10. Enable and Disable Time Waveforms Figure 9. Valid Data Delay Time and Valid Time Waveforms tR(DI) tF(DI) < 50 ns < 50 ns 90% CS 0.2 VDD (2.5 V) 10% 0 tDO(EN) DO (Tri-State to Low) 5.0 V 0.7 VDD tDO(DIS) VTri-State 90% 10% t SO(DIS) tDO(EN) tDO(DIS) VOH 90% DO 10% VTri-State (Tri-State to High) Figure 11. Turn-ON/OFF Waveforms 33880 10 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TYPICAL ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS 14 VPWR @ 16 V 12 10 All Outputs ON 8 All Outputs OFF 6 4 2 -40 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 IPWR IPWR Current Current into into VPWR VPWR Pin Pin (µA) (uA) IPWR Current into VPWR Pin (mA) TYPICAL ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS 14 14 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 VPWR @ 16 V -40 -25 -40 -25 TA, Ambient Temperature (°C) 70 125 125 1.4 TA = 25°C VPWR @ 16 V 60 1.2 50 1.0 RDS(ON) (Ω) IPWR Current into VPWR Pin (µA) 25 50 75 100 25 50 75 100 TA, Ambient Temperature TA, Ambient Temperature (°C) Figure 13. Sleep State IPWR vs. Temperature Figure 12. IPWR vs. Temperature 40 30 20 10 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 5.0 10 15 20 25 -40 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TA, Ambient Temperature (°C) VPWR Figure 14. Sleep State IPWR vs. VPWR Figure 15. RDS(ON) vs. Temperature @ 250 mA 1.4 1.6 VPWR @ 16 V VPWR @ 16 V IOUT(LIM), Current Limit (A) 1.2 RDS(ON) (Ω) 0 0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 5.0 10 15 20 VPWR (V) Figure 16. RDS(ON) vs. VPWR @ 250 mA 25 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 -40 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TA, Ambient Temperature (°C) Figure 17. Current Limit IOUT(LIM) vs. Temperature 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 11 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TYPICAL ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS 1.2 1.4 VPWR @ 16 V High-Side Configuration TA = 25°C IOCO Open Load (mA) IOCO, Open Load (mA) 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 -40 -25 0 25 50 75 100 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 125 5.0 10 TA, Ambient Temperature (°C) 20 25 VPWR (V) Figure 19. Open Load Detect Current vs. VPWR Figure 18. Open Load Detect Current vs. Temperature IOUT(LKG), Leakage Current (µA) 15 1.4 TA = 25°C 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 5.0 10 15 20 25 VPWR (V) Figure 20. Sleep State Output Leakage vs. VPWR 33880 12 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION INTRODUCTION FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION INTRODUCTION The 33880 is an eight-output hardware configurable power switch with 8-bit serial control. The 33880 incorporates SMARTMOS™ 5 technology with CMOS logic, bipolar/MOS analog circuitry, and independent double diffused DMOS power output transistors. Many benefits are realized as a direct result of using this mixed technology. A simplified internal block diagram of the 33880 is shown in Figure 2, page 2. The 33880 device uses high-efficiency updrain power DMOS output transistors exhibiting low drain-to-source ON resistance values (RDS(ON) ≤ 0.55 Ω at 25°C) and dense CMOS control logic. All outputs have independent voltage clamps to provide fast inductive turn-off and transient protection. Operational bias currents of less than 4.0 mA on VDD and 12 mA on VPWR with any combination of outputs ON are a direct result of using SMARTMOS™ 5 technology. FUNCTIONAL PIN DESCRIPTION CHIP SELECT (CS) The system MCU selects the 33880 to communicate through the use of the CS pin. Whenever the pin is in a logic low state, data can be transferred from the MCU to the 33880 device and vice versa. Clocked-in data from the MCU is transferred from the 33880 shift register and latched into the power outputs on the rising edge of the CS signal. On the falling edge of the CS signal, output status information is transferred from the power outputs status register into the device's shift register. The falling edge of CS enables the DO output driver. Whenever the CS pin goes to a logic low state, the DO pin output is enabled, thereby allowing information to be transferred from the 33880 to the MCU. To avoid any spurious data, it is essential the high-to-low transition of the CS signal occurs only when SCLK is in a logic low state. SYSTEM CLOCK (SCLK) The system clock pin (SCLK) clocks the internal shift registers of the 33880. The serial data input (DI) is latched into the input shift register on the falling edge of the SCLK. The serial data output pin (DO) shifts data out of the shift register on the rising edge of the SCLK signal. False clocking of the shift register must be avoided to guarantee validity of data. It is essential the SCLK pin be in a logic low state whenever chip select pin (CS) makes any transition. For this reason, it is recommended the SCLK pin is commanded to a logic low state when the device is not accessed (CS in logic high state). When the CS is in a logic high state, any signal at the SCLK and DI pin is ignored and the DO is tri-stated (high impedance). the DI pin beginning with Output 8, followed by Output 7, Output 6, and so on to Output 1. For each falling edge of the SCLK while CS is logic low, a data bit instruction (on or off) is loaded into the shift register per the data bit DI state. Eight bits of entered information fills the shift register. To preserve data integrity, do not transition DI as SCLK transitions from a high to low logic state. DATA OUTPUT (DO) The serial data output (DO) pin is the output from the shift register. The DO pin remains tri-state until the CS pin goes to a logic low state. All faults on the 33880 device are reported as logic  through the DO data pin. Regardless of the configuration of the driver, open loads and shorted loads are reported as logic . Conversely, normal operating outputs with non-faulted loads are reported as logic . The first positive transition of SCLK will make output eight status available on DO pin. Each successive positive clock will make the next output status available. The DI/DO shifting of data follows a first-in-first-out protocol with both input and output words transferring the most significant bit (MSB) first. ENABLE (EN) The EN pin on the 33880 device either enables or disables the internal charge pump. The EN pin must be high for this device to enhance the gates of the output drivers, perform fault detection, and reporting. Active outputs during a low transition of the EN pin will become active again when the EN transitions high. If this feature is not required, it is recommended the EN pin be connected to VDD. DATA INPUT (DI) COMMAND INPUT (IN5 AND IN6) This pin is used for serial instruction data input. DI information is latched into the input register on the falling edge of SCLK. A logic high state present on DI will program a specific output on. The specific output will turn on with the rising edge of the CS signal. Conversely, a logic low state present on the DI pin will program the output off. The specific output will turn off with the rising edge of the CS signal. To program the eight outputs of the 33880 device on or off, enter The IN5 and IN6 pins command inputs allowing outputs five and six to be used in PWM applications. IN5 and IN6 pins are ORed with the SPI communication input. For SPI control of outputs five and six, the IN5 and IN6 pins should be grounded or held low by the microprocessor. In the same manner, when using the PWM feature the SPI port must command the outputs off. Maximum PWM frequency for each output is 2.0 kHz. 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 13 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION LOGIC POWER (VDD) The VDD pin supplies logic power to the 33880 device and is used for power-on reset (POR). To achieve low standby current on VPWR supply, power must be removed from the VDD pin. The device will be in reset with all drivers off when VDD is below 3.9 VDC. OPEN DRAIN OUTPUT (D1 – D8) The D1 – D8 pins are the open drain outputs of the 33880. For High-Side Drive configurations, the drain pins are connected to battery supply. In Low-Side Drive configurations, the drain pins are connected to the low side of the load. All outputs may be configured individually as desired. When Low-Side Drive is used, the 33880 limits the positive transient for inductive loads to 45 V. SOURCE OUTPUT (S1 – S8) The S1 – S8 pins are the source outputs of the 33880. For High-Side Drive configurations, the source pins are connected directly to the load. In Low-Side Drive configurations the source is connected to ground. All outputs may be configured individually as desired. When High-Side drive is used, the 33880 will limit the negative transient for inductive loads to -20 V. 33880 14 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor FUNCTIONAL DEVICE OPERATION OPERATIONAL MODES FUNCTIONAL DEVICE OPERATION OPERATIONAL MODES MCU INTERFACE DESCRIPTION In operation, the 33880 functions as an eight-output serial switch serving as a microcontroller (MCU) bus expander and buffer, with fault management and fault reporting features. In doing so, the device directly relieves the MCU of the fault management functions. This device directly interfaces to an MCU using a Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) for control and diagnostic readout. Figure 21 and Figure 24, page 16, illustrate the basic SPI configuration between an MCU and one 33880. MC68HCxx Microcontroller 33880 Master In Slave Out (MISO) line. On rising edge of CS data stored in the input register is then transferred to the output driver. SCLK Parallel Port MC68xx MCU with SPI Interface DO DI MOSI Shift Register DI DO DI CS SCLK DO DI 33880 33880 33880 8 Outputs 8 Outputs 8 Outputs MOSI Shift Register MISO CS SCLK CS MISO DO Figure 22. 33880 SPI System Daisy Chain SCLK Receive Buffer Parallel Ports To Logic CS Multiple 33880 devices can be controlled in a parallel input fashion using the SPI. Figure 23 illustrates 24 loads being controlled by three dedicated parallel MCU ports used for chip select. MOSI SCLK Figure 21. SPI Interface with Microcontroller All inputs are compatible with 5.0 V and 3.3 V CMOS logic levels and incorporate positive logic. Whenever an input is programmed to a logic low state (<0.8 V) the corresponding output will be OFF. Conversely, whenever an input is programmed to a logic high state (>2.2 V), the output being controlled will be ON. Diagnostics are treated in a similar manner. Outputs with a fault will feedback (via DO) to the microcontroller as a logic  while normal operating outputs will provide a logic . Figure 22 illustrates the Daisy Chain configuration using the 33880. Data from the MCU is clocked daisy chain through each device while the Chip Select (CS) bit is commanded low by the MCU. During each clock cycle output status from the daisy chain, the 33880 is being transferred to the MCU via the MISO DI SCLK DO 8 Outputs CS MC68xx Microcontroller SPI DI SCLK DO 8 Outputs CS Parallel Ports A B C DI SCLK DO 8 Outputs CS Figure 23. Parallel Input SPI Control 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 15 Figure 24. Data Transfer Timing FUNCTIONAL DEVICE OPERATION OPERATIONAL MODES 33880 16 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor FUNCTIONAL DEVICE OPERATION OPERATIONAL MODES POWER CONSUMPTION The 33880 device has been designed with one sleep and one operational mode. In the sleep mode (VDD ≤ 2.0 V), the current consumed by the VPWR pin is less than 25 µA. To place the 33880 in the sleep mode, turn all outputs off, then remove power from VDD and the EN (enable) input pin. Prior to removing power from the device, it is recommended all control inputs from the microcontroller are low. During normal operation, 4.0 mA will be drawn from the VDD supply and 12 mA from the VPWR supply. PARALLELING OF OUTPUTS sent. Please note that the second byte the MCU sends to the device is the command byte and will be transferred to the outputs with rising edge of CS. OVERTEMPERATURE FAULT Overtemperature detect and shutdown circuits are specifically incorporated for each individual output. The shutdown following an overtemperature condition is independent of the system clock or any other logic signal. Each independent output shuts down at 155°C to 185°C. When an output shuts down due to an overtemperature fault, no other outputs are affected. The MCU recognizes the fault by a one in the fault status register. After the 33880 device has cooled below the switch point temperature and 15°C hysteresis, the output will activate unless told otherwise by the MCU via SPI to shut down. Using MOSFETs as output switches allows the connection of any combination of outputs together. RDS(ON) of MOSFETs have an inherent positive temperature coefficient, providing balanced current sharing between outputs without destructive operation. The device can even be operated with all outputs tied together. This mode of operation may be desirable in the event the application requires lower power dissipation or the added capability of switching higher currents. Performance of parallel operation results in a corresponding decrease in RDS(ON) while the outputs OFF open load detect currents and the output current limits increase correspondingly (by a factor of eight if all outputs are paralleled). Paralleling outputs from two or more different IC devices are possible but not recommended. An overvoltage condition on the VPWR pin will cause the device to shut down all outputs until the overvoltage condition is removed. When the overvoltage condition is removed, the outputs will resume their previous state. This device does not detect an overvoltage on the VDD pin. The overvoltage threshold on the VPWR pin is specified as 25 V to 30 V with 1.0 V typical hysteresis. A VPWR overvoltage detect is global, causing all outputs to be turned OFF. FAULT LOGIC OPERATION OUTPUT OFF OPEN LOAD FAULT Fault logic of the 33880 device has been greatly simplified over other devices using SPI communications. As command word one is being written into the shift register, a fault status word is being simultaneously written out and received by the MCU. Regardless of the configuration, with no outputs faulted, all status bits being received by the MCU will be zero. When outputs are faulted (off state open circuit or on state short circuit / overtemperature), the status bits being received by the MCU will be one. The distinction between open circuit fault and short circuit / overtemperature is completed via the command word. For example, when a zero command bit is sent and a one fault is received in the following word, the fault is open / short-to-battery for high-side drive or open / short to ground for low-side drive. In the same manner, when a one command bit is sent and a one fault is received in the following word the fault is a short-to-ground / overtemperature for high-side drive or short-to-battery / overtemperature for low-side drive. The timing between two write words must be greater than 300 µs to allow adequate time to sense and report the proper fault status. An output OFF open load fault is the detection and reporting of an open load when the corresponding output is disabled (input bit programmed to a logic low state). The output OFF open load fault is detected by comparing the drain-to-source voltage of the specific MOSFET output to an internally generated reference. Each output has one dedicated comparator for this purpose. An output off open load fault is indicated when the drainto-source voltage is less than the output threshold voltage (VTHRES) of 1.0 V to 3.0 V. Hence, the 33880 will declare the load open in the OFF state when the VDS is less than 1.0 V. This device has an internal 650 µA current source connected from drain to source of the output MOSFET. This prevents either configuration of the driver from having a floating output. To achieve low sleep mode quiescent currents, the open load detect current source of each driver is switched off when VDD is removed. During output switching, especially with capacitive loads, a false output OFF open load fault may be triggered. To prevent this false fault from being reported, an internal fault filter of 100 µs to 300 µs is incorporated. A false fault reporting is a function of the load impedance, RDS(ON) , COUT of the MOSFET, as well as the supply voltage, VPWR. The rising edge of CS triggers the built-in fault delay timer. The timer will time out before the fault comparator is enabled and the fault is detected. Once the condition causing the open load fault is removed, the device will resume normal operation. The open load fault however, will be latched in the output DO register for the MCU to read. SPI INTEGRITY CHECK It is recommended that one check the integrity of the SPI communication with the initial power-up of the VDD and EN pins. After initial system start-up or reset, the MCU will write one 16-bit pattern to the 33880. The first eight bits read by the MCU will be the fault status of the outputs, while the second eight bits will be the first byte of the bit pattern. Bus integrity is confirmed by the MCU receiving the same bit pattern it OVERVOLTAGE FAULT 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 17 FUNCTIONAL DEVICE OPERATION OPERATIONAL MODES SHORTED LOAD FAULT A shorted load (overcurrent) fault can be caused by any output being shorted directly to supply or an output causing the device to current limit (linear short). There are two safety circuits progressively in operation during load short conditions providing system protection: 1. The device’s output current is monitored in an analog fashion using SENSEFET™ approach and current limited. 2. The device’s output thermal limit is sensed and when attained causes only the specific faulted output to shut down. The output will remain off until cooled. The device will then reassert the output automatically. The cycle will continue until the fault is remove or the command bit instructs the output off. Drain-to-Source Clamp Voltage (VCL = 45 V) Drain Voltage Drain Current (ID = 0.3 A) Clamp Energy (EJ = IA x VCL) Drain-to-Source ON Voltage (VDS(ON)) Current Area (IA) VBAT Drain-to-Source ON Voltage (VDS(ON)) GND OUTPUT VOLTAGE CLAMP Each output of the 33880 incorporates an internal voltage clamp to provide fast turn-off and transient protection of each output. Each clamp independently limits the drain-to-source voltage to 45 V for low-side drive configurations and -20 V for high-side drive configurations (see Figure 25). The total energy clamped (EJ ) can be calculated by multiplying the current area under the current curve (IA) times the clamp voltage (VCL). Characterization of the output clamps, using a single pulse non-repetitive method at 0.3 A, indicates the maximum energy to be 50 mJ at 150°C junction temperature per output. Time Current Area (IA) Clamp Energy (EJ = IA x VCL) UNDERVOLTAGE SHUTDOWN An undervoltage VDD condition will result in the global shutdown of all outputs. The undervoltage threshold is between 3.9 V and 4.6 V. When VDD goes below the threshold, all outputs are turned OFF and the Fault Status (FS) register is cleared. As VDD returns to normal levels, the FS register will resume normal operation. An undervoltage condition at the VPWR pin will not cause output shutdown and reset. When VPWR is between 5.5 V and 9.0 V, the output will operate per the command word. However, the status as reported by the serial data output (DO) pin may not be accurate below 9.0 V VPWR. Proper operation at VPWR voltages below 5.5 V cannot be guaranteed. Time GND Source Current (IS = 0.3 A) Source Clamp Voltage (VCL = -20 V) Source Voltage Figure 25. Output Voltage Clamping SPI CONFIGURATIONS The SPI configuration on the 33880 device is consistent with other devices in the OSS family. This device may be used in serial SPI or parallel SPI with the 33291 and 33298. Different SPI configurations may be provided. For more information, contact Analog Products Division. REVERSE BATTERY The 33880 has been designed with reverse battery protection on the VPWR pin. However, the device does not protect the load from reverse battery. During the reverse battery condition, current will flow through the load via the output MOSFET substrate diode. Under this circumstance relays may energize and lamps will turn on. If load reverse battery protection is desired, a diode must be placed in series with the load. 33880 18 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor FUNCTIONAL DEVICE OPERATION LOGIC COMMANDS AND REGISTERS LOGIC COMMANDS AND REGISTERS On each SPI communication, an 8-bit command word is sent to the 33880 and an 8-bit fault word is received from the 33880. The Most Significant Bit (MSB) is sent and received first (see below). MSB OUT8 LSB OUT7 OUT6 OUT5 OUT4 OUT3 OUT2 OUT1 Command Register Definition: 0 = Output Command Off 1 = Output Command On Fault Register Definition: 0 = No fault 1 = Fault. Table 6. Fault Operation SERIAL OUTPUT (SO) PINS REPORTS Overtemperature Fault reported by Serial Output (DO) pin. Overcurrent DO pin reports short to battery/supply or overcurrent condition. Output ON Open Load Fault Not reported. Output OFF Open Load Fault DO pin reports output OFF open load condition. DEVICE SHUTDOWNS Overvoltage Total device shutdown at VPWR = 25 V to 30 V. Resumes normal operation with proper voltage. All outputs assuming the previous state upon recovery from overvoltage. Overtemperature Only the output experiencing an overtemperature fault shuts down. Output assumes previous state upon recovery from overtemperature. 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 19 PACKAGING PACKAGE DIMENSIONS PACKAGING PACKAGE DIMENSIONS For the most current package revision, visit www.freescale.com and perform a keyword search using “98ASB42345B”. DW SUFFIX EG SUFFIX (PB-FREE) 28-PIN PLASTIC PACKAGE 98ASB42345B REV G 33880 20 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor PACKAGING PACKAGE DIMENSIONS PACKAGE DIMENSIONS (CONTINUED) DW SUFFIX EG SUFFIX (PB-FREE) 28-PIN PLASTIC PACKAGE 98ASB42345B REV G 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 21 PACKAGING PACKAGE DIMENSIONS PACKAGE DIMENSIONS (CONTINUED) DWB SUFFIX EW SUFFIX (PB-FREE) 32-PIN PLASTIC PACKAGE 98ASB42345B REV B 33880 22 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor PACKAGING PACKAGE DIMENSIONS PACKAGE DIMENSIONS (CONTINUED) DWB SUFFIX EW SUFFIX (PB-FREE) 32-PIN PLASTIC PACKAGE 98ASB42345B REV B 33880 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor 23 REVISION HISTORY REVISION HISTORY REVISION DATE DESCRIPTION OF CHANGES 4.0 6/2006 • • Implemented Revision History page Converted to Freescale format and adjusted content to prevailing form and style 5.0 6/2007 • Removed MC33880EG/R2 and MC33880EK/R2 from the ordering information and added MCZ33880EG/R2 and MCZ33880EW/R2. Added Peak Package Reflow Temperature During Reflow (5), (6) Updated data sheet to current format. • • 33880 24 Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data Freescale Semiconductor How to Reach Us: Home Page: www.freescale.com Web Support: http://www.freescale.com/support RoHS-compliant and/or Pb-free versions of Freescale products have the functionality and electrical characteristics of their non-RoHS-compliant and/or non-Pb-free counterparts. For further information, see http://www.freescale.com or contact your Freescale sales representative. For information on Freescale’s Environmental Products program, go to http:// www.freescale.com/epp. USA/Europe or Locations Not Listed: Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 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