MC-ACT-RSENC Reed-Solomon Encoder April 24, 2003 Datasheet v1.1 MemecCore Product Line 3721 Valley Centre Drive San Diego, CA 92130 USA Americas: +1 800-752-3040 Europe: +41 (0) 32 374 32 00 Asia: +(852) 2410 2720 E-mail: actel.info@memecdesign.com URL: www.memecdesign.com/actel TM Product Summary Intended Use • Data communication channels • DTV/HDTV broadcast • Data storage systems • Satellite communications Key Features • Core design is customized using the following specs o o o Primitive polynomial Generator polynomial Number of parity symbols o o o Symbol size Symbol clock rate System clock rates • Message Block length configured by end user • Continuous or burst mode operation • Supports high speed applications (>900Mbps) • Simple core interface for ease of integration • Encoder available with or without Variable Parity Check Bytes Targeted Devices • Axcelerator Family • ProASIC PLUS Family General Description Reed-Solomon coding is a method of forward error correction in the form of block coding. Block coding consists of calculating a number of parity symbols over a number of message symbols. The parity symbols are appended to the end of the message symbols forming a codeword. Reed-Solomon coding is described in the form RS(n,k), where k is the number of message symbols in each block and n is the total number of symbols in the codeword. The value t defines the number of symbols that can be corrected by the Reed-Solomon code, where t=(n-k)/2 and the number of parity symbols is equal to 2t. April 24, 2003 Optimized for 1 Reed-Solomon Encoder Memec Design m Reed-Solomon codes are calculated in a finite field of elements, or Galois fields GF(2 ). The Galois field is defined by a primitive polynomial P(x). The degree of the primitive polynomial m defines the number of bits per data symbol m (m = bits per symbol) and the maximum length of the Codeword (2 -1=maximum Codeword length n). The generator polynomial G(x) further defines the field of Codewords that the parity symbols are derived from. MC-ACT-RSENC is a "core" logic module specifically designed for Actel FPGAs. The logic symbol of this core is shown in Figure 1. Core Deliverables • Netlist Version o o • • Compiled RTL simulation model, compliant with the Actel Libero environment Netlist compatible with the Actel Designer place and route tool RTL Version o o Verilog Source Code VHDL Source Code o User Guide o Test Bench All Synthesis and Simulation Support • Synthesis: Synplicity • Simulation: ModelSim • Other tools supported upon request Verification • Test Bench • Test Vectors IN_RS OUT_RS RS_CALC CLKEN RST CLK MDS1028 Figure 1: Logic Symbol April 24, 2003 Optimized for 2 Reed-Solomon Encoder IN_RS REG Memec Design FF ADD FF MULT RS_CALC FF MULT FF MULT FF MULT FF ADD FF ADD FF MULT REG REG FF ADD REG FF ADD REG REG MDS1029 0 REG OUT_RS 1 Figure 2: Block Diagram Functional Description The Reed-Solomon encoder core is partitioned into modules as shown in Figure 2, and described below. All registers are driven by common clock (CLK), clock enable (CLKEN), and asynchronous reset (RST) signals. This provides ultimate flexibility in integration of the core into larger systems. The registers are clocked on the rising edge of CLK, enabled by a high on CLKEN, and asynchronously reset by a high on RST. The RS_CALC signal controls whether the core is calculating the parity (high) or shifting out the calculated parity (low). Logic external to the core is required to generate this control signal. This allows the user to vary the message block length as desired for shortened codes. The RS_CALC pin must be held at a low for 2t enabled clock cycles to ensure all parity register values are shifted out and the registers are cleared. FFADD Blocks perform modulo 2 addition of the input symbols. FFMULT Blocks perform a finite field multiplication, over the Galois field, of a constant and the input symbol. Timing Figure 3 shows a simple timing diagram of the RSENC interfaces for a Reed-Solomon block code of RS(204,188). CLKEN CLK RS_CALC IN_RS[7:0] M186 M187 OUT_RS[7:0] M184 M185 M186 M187 M0 P0 P1 M0 M1 M2 M3 P14 P15 M0 M1 MDS1030 Figure 3: RSENC Timing April 24, 2003 Optimized for 3 Reed-Solomon Encoder Memec Design Reed-Solomon Encoder Variations Various forms of the core have been developed. One supports high data rates where area is a secondary concern. Another supports low data rates where a high-speed system clock is available and area is a primary concern. The cores work for any valid codeword length and can be customized to support either fixed or variable values of parity symbols. The core has been developed in two different approaches. One approach is optimized for encoders with a single value of t. The other approach is optimized for encoders with selectable values of t. The RSENC-INTELSAT is a precustomized core that calculates a selectable 14, 16, 18, or 20 parity symbols (t = 7, 8, 9, or 10) and is compliant with the IESS-308 Intelsat standard. The primitive polynomial and generator polynomial 8 7 2 120 121 119+2t implemented is P(x)= x +x +x +x+1 and G(x)= (x-α )(x-α )…(x-α ) over a Galois field of GF(256). A 2-bit input control signal selects between four different codeword/message lengths: RS(126,112), RS(194,178), RS(219,201), and RS(225,205). The RSENC-INTELSAT core is delivered as Verilog RTL source code. Detailed timing and pin descriptions of the RSENC-INTELSAT can be found in the User’s Guide available from MemecCore. The RSENC-DVB is a precustomized core that calculates 16 parity symbols and is compliant with the DVB 8 4 3 2 0 standard. The primitive polynomial and generator polynomial implemented is P(x)=x +x +x +x +1 and G(x)=(x-α )(x1 15 α )…(x -α ) over a Galois field of GF(256). The core is adaptable to any message/codeword length RS(n,k) where n-k=16. Thus, the largest code supported by this core is R(255,239). The DVB standards specify a code of RS(204,188). Parameter Symbol Intelsat DVB 8 4 3 2 8 7 Primitive Polynomial P(x) x +x +x +x + 1 Generator Polynomial G(x) (x-α )(x-α )(x-α )(x-α )…(x-α ) (x-α 0 1 2 2 x +x +x +1 3 15 120 121 )(x-α 119+2t )…(x-α ) Bits per symbol m 8 8 Codeword Length n 204 (Note 1) 126, 194, 219, 225 Message Word Length k 188 112, 178, 201, 205 (Note 2) Parity Symbols (n-k) 2t 16 14, 16, 18, 20 Table 1: Reed-Solomon Encoder Parameters Notes: 1. Core is adaptable to any RS(n,k) where n-k=16 and largest code being RS(255,239). 2. Selected by 2-bit input control signal for RS(126,112), RS(194,178), RS(219,201), and RS(225,205). Device Requirements Family Device Axcelerator PLUS ProASIC AX500-3 APA075 COMB 6% n/a Utilization SEQ 10% n/a Performance Total 7% 34% 119 MHz 51 MHz Table 2: Device Utilization and Performance* *Note: The data provided is for an encoder with RS(255,225), G(x)=120, P(x)=125, m=8. Verification and Compliance Functional and timing simulation has been performed on the RSENC using Verilog Test Benches. Simulation vectors used for verification are provided with the core. This core has also been used successfully in customer designs. April 24, 2003 Optimized for 4 Reed-Solomon Encoder Memec Design Signal Descriptions The following signal descriptions define the IO signals. Signal Direction Description IN_RS[m-1:0] Input Message block input. RS_CALC Input Parity Calculate CLKEN Input Clock Enable that enables all registers (active high). CLK Input System Clock that drives all registers. RST Input Asynchronous reset (active high). OUT_RS[m-1:0] Output Coded block output. Table 3: RSENC I/O Signals Recommended Design Experience For the source version, users should be familiar with HDL entry and Actel design flows. Users should be familiar with Actel Libero v2.2 Integrated Design Environment (IDE) and preferably with Synplify and ModelSim. Ordering Information Part Number MC-A CT-RSENC-NET MC-ACT-RSENC-VLOG MC-ACT-RSENC-VHDL MC-ACT-RSENCU-NET MC-ACT-RSENCU-VLOG MC-ACT-RSENCU-VHDL Description RS Encoder Netlist RS Encoder Verilog RS Encoder VHDL RS Encoder Netlist with Variable Parity Check Bytes RS Encoder Verilog with Variable Parity Check Bytes RS Encoder VHDL with Variable Parity Check Bytes Table 4: Core Part Numbers The CORE is provided under license from Memec Design for use in Actel programmable logic devices. Please contact Memec Design for pricing and more information. Information furnished by Memec Design is believed to be accurate and reliable. Memec Design reserves the right to change specifications detailed in this data sheet at any time without notice, in order to improve reliability, function or design, and assumes no responsibility for any errors within this document. Memec Design does not make any commitment to update this information. Memec Design assumes no obligation to correct any errors contained herein or to advise any user of this text of any correction, if such be made, nor does the Company assume responsibility for the functioning of undescribed features or parameters. Memec Design will not assume any liability for the accuracy or correctness of any support or assistance provided to a user. Memec Design does not represent that products described herein are free from patent infringement or from any other third-party right. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Memec Design. MemecCore products are not intended for use in life support appliances, devices, or systems. Use of a MemecCore product in such application without the written consent of the appropriate Memec Design officer is prohibited. All trademarks, registered trademarks, or service marks are property of their respective owners. Datasheet Revision History Version Datasheet 1.0 Datasheet 1.1 April 24, 2003 Date January 10, 2003 April 24, 2003 Description First Release Updated corporate address, added CompanionCore logo Optimized for 5

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