AEROFLEX ACT-5271PC

ACT5271
64-Bit Superscaler Microprocessor
Features
■
■
Full militarized QED RM5271 microprocessor
Dual Issue superscalar microprocessor - can issue one
integer and one floating-point instruction per cycle
■
● Single
cycle repeat rate for common single precision operations
and some double precision operations
● Two cycle repeat rate for double precision multiply and double
precision combined multiply-add operations
● Single cycle repeat rate for single precision combined multiplyadd operation
● 150,
200, 250 MHz operating frequencies – Consult Factory for
latest speeds
● 345 Dhrystone2.1 MIPS maximum
● SPECInt95 7.3, SPECfp95 8.3 maximum
■
High performance system interface compatible with RM7000,
RM5270, RM5260, RM5261, R4600, R4700 and R5000
to 125MHz memory bus operation for a 1000MBps bandwidth
from CPU to L2 cache and main memory
● 64-bitmultiplexed system address/data bus for optimum price/
performance with high performance write protocols to maximize
uncached write bandwidth
● Supports 1/2 clock divisors (2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
● IEEE 1149.1 JTAG boundary scan
■
point multiply-add instruction increases performance in
signal processing and graphics applications
● Conditional moves to reduce branch frequency
● Index address modes (register + register)
instruction/data -both 2 way set associative
indexed, physically tagged
● Write-back and write-through on per page basis
● Pipeline restart on first double for data cache misses
● Virtually
■
Integrated secondary cache controller (R5000 compatible)
●
■
■
Supports 512K or 2MByte block write-through secondary
Integrated memory management unit
associative joint TLB (shared by I and D translations)
● 48 dual entries map 96 pages
● Variable page size (4KB to 16MB in 4x increments)
Embedded application enhancements
● Specialized
DSP integer Multiply-Accumulate instruction and 3
operand multiply instruction
● I and D cache locking by set
● Optional dedicated exception vector for interrupts
Integrated on-chip caches
● 32KB/32KB
MIPS IV instruction set
● Floating
● Up
■
High-performance floating point unit - up to 532 MFLOPS
■
Fully static CMOS design with power down logic
● Standby
reduced power mode with WAIT instruction
Watts typical power @ 200MHz
● 2.5V core with 3.3V IO’s
● 4.2
■
208-lead CQFP, cavity-up package (F17)
■
208-lead CQFP, inverted footprint (F24), Intended to duplicate
the commercial QED footprint
179-pin PGA package (Future Product) (P10)
● Fully
■
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Preliminary
eroflex Circuit Technology – RISC TurboEngines For The Future © SCD5271 REV 1 12/22/98
DESCRIPTION
addition to this standard pipeline, the ACT5271
uses an extended seven stage pipeline for
floating-point operations. Like the ACT5270 and
R5000, the ACT5271 does virtual to physical
translation in parallel with cache access.
The Aeroflex ACT5271 is a highly integrated
superscalar microprocessor that implements a
superset of the MIPS IV Instruction Set
Architecture(ISA). It has a high performance 64-bit
integer unit, a high throughput, fully pipelined 64-bit
floating point unit, an operating system friendly
memory management unit with a 48-entry fully
associative TLB, a 32 KByte 2-way set associative
instruction cache, a 32 KByte 2-way set associative
data cache, and a high-performance 64-bit system
interface with support for an optional external
secondary cache. The ACT5271 can issue both an
integer and a floating point instruction in the same
cycle.
The ACT5271 is ideally suited for high-end
embedded
control
applications
such
as
internetworking,
high
performance
image
manipulation, high speed printing, and 3-D
visualization.The ACT5271 is also applicable to the
low end workstation market where its balanced
integer and floating-point performance and direct
support for a large secondary cache (up to 2MB)
provide outstanding price/performance
Integer Unit
Like the other members of the ACT52xx family
and R5000, the ACT5271 implements the MIPS IV
Instruction Set Architecture, and is therefore fully
upward compatible with applications that run on
processors implementing the earlier generation
MIPS I-III instruction sets. Additionally, the
ACT5271 includes two implementation specific
instructions not found in the baseline MIPS IV ISA
but that are useful in the embedded market place.
Described in detail in the QED RM5271 datasheet,
these instructions are integer multiply-accumulate
and 3-operand integer multiply.
The ACT5271 integer unit includes thirty-two
general purpose 64-bit registers, a load/store
architecture with single cycle ALU operations (add,
sub, logical, shift) and an autonomous multiply/
divide unit. Additional register resources include:
the HI/LO result registers for the two-operand
integer multiply/divide operations, and the program
counter(PC).
HARDWARE OVERVIEW
The ACT5271 offers a high-level of integration
targeted
at
high-performance
embedded
applications. The key elements of the ACT5271
are briefly described below.
Register File
The ACT5271 has thirty-two general purpose
registers with register location 0 hard wired to zero.
These registers are used for scalar integer
operations and address calculation. The register
file has two read ports and one write port and is fully
bypassed to minimize operation latency in the
pipeline.
Superscalar Dispatch
The ACT5271 has an efficient asymmetric
superscalar dispatch unit which allows it to issue an
integer instruction and a floating-point computation
instruction simultaneously. With respect to
superscalar issue, integer instructions include alu,
branch, load/store, and floating-point load/ store,
while floating-point computation instructions
include floating-point add, subtract, combined
multiply-add, converts, etc. In combination with its
high throughput fully pipelined floating-point
execution unit, the superscalar capability of the
ACT5271 provides unparalleled price/performance
in
computationally
intensive
embedded
applications.
ALU
The ACT5271 ALU consists of the integer adder/
subtractor, the logic unit, and the shifter. The adder
performs address calculations in addition to
arithmetic operations, the logic unit performs all
logical and zero shift data moves, and the shifter
performs shifts and store alignment operations.
Each of these units is optimized to perform all tions
in a single processor cycle.
CPU Registers
Like all MIPS ISA processors, the ACT5271 CPU
has a simple, clean user visible state consisting of
32 general purpose registers, two special purpose
registers for integer multiplication and division, a
program counter, and no condition code bits.
For additional Detail Information regarding the
operation of the Quantum Effect Design (QED)
RISCMark
ACT5271, 64-Bit Superscalar
Microprocessor see the latest QED datasheet
(Revision 1.0 July 1998).
Pipeline
For integer operations, loads, stores, and other
non-floating-point operations, the ACT5271 uses
the simple 5-stage pipeline also found in the
ACT52xx family, R4600, R4700, and R5000. In
Aeroflex Circuit Technology
2
SCD5271 REV 1 12/22/98 Plainview NY (516) 694-6700
Package Information – "F17" – CQFP 208 Leads
1.131 (28.727) SQ
1.109 (28.169) SQ
53
104
105
.0236 (.51)
.0158 (.49)
52
.010R MIN
.015 (.381)
.009 (.229)
.010R MIN
.130 (3.302)
MAX
1.009 (25.63)
.9998 (25.37)
51 Spaces at .0197
(51 Spaces at .50)
0°±5°
.100 (2.540)
.080 (2.032)
.009 (.253)
.007 (.178)
.035 (.889)
.025 (.635)
Detail "A"
1
156
Pin 1 Chamfer
208
157
.055 (1.397)
REF
.960 (24.384) SQ
REF
Detail "A"
.005 (.127)
.008 (.258)
1.331 (33.807)
1.269 (32.233)
.115 (2.921)
MAX
.055 (1.397)
.045 (1.143)
Units: Inches (Millimeters)
Note: Pin rotation is opposite of QEDs PQUAD due to cavity-up construction.
Future Package – "P10" – PGA 179 Pins (Advanced)
Bottom View
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Side View
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
.100
BSC
V
U
T
R
P
N
M
L
1.700 1.840
BSC 1.880
K
J
.018
H
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
.050
1.700
BSC
.221
MAX
1.840
1.880
Aeroflex Circuit Technology
3
SCD5271 REV 1 12/22/98 Plainview NY (516) 694-6700
ACT5271 Microprocessor CQFP Pinouts – "F17"
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Aeroflex Circuit Technology
Function
Vcc (3.3V)
NC
NC
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD4
SysAD36
SysAD5
SysAD37
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD6
SysAD38
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD7
SysAD39
SysAD8
SysAD40
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD9
SysAD41
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD10
SysAD42
SysAD11
SysAD43
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD12
SysAD44
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD13
SysAD45
SysAD14
SysAD46
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD15
SysAD47
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
ModeClock
JTDO
JTDI
JTCK
JTMS
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
Pin #
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
Function
NC
NC
NC
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
ModeIn
RdRdy*
WrRdy*
ValidIn*
ValidOut*
Release*
VccP
VssP
SysClock
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysCmd0
SysCmd1
SysCmd2
SysCmd3
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysCmd4
SysCmd5
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysCmd6
SysCmd7
SysCmd8
SysCmdP
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
Int0*
Int1*
Int2*
Int3*
Int4*
Int5*
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
NC
NC
NC
NC
Pin #
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
4
Function
Vcc (3.3V)
NMI*
ExtRqst*
Reset*
ColdReset*
VccOK
BigEndian
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD16
SysAD48
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD17
SysAD49
SysAD18
SysAD50
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD19
SysAD51
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD20
SysAD52
SysAD21
SysAD53
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD22
SysAD54
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD23
SysAD55
SysAD24
SysAD56
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD25
SysAD57
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD26
SysAD58
SysAD27
SysAD59
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
NC
NC
Vss
Pin #
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
Function
NC
NC
NC
NC
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD28
SysAD60
SysAD29
SysAD61
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD30
SysAD62
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD31
SysAD63
SysADC2
SysADC6
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysADC3
SysADC7
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysADC0
SysADC4
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysADC1
SysADC5
SysAD0
SysAD32
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SysAD1
SysAD33
Vcc (2.5V)
Vss
SysAD2
SysAD34
SysAD3
SysAD35
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
NC
NC
NC
NC
Vcc (3.3V)
Vss
SCD5271 REV 1 12/22/98 Plainview NY (516) 694-6700
CIRCUIT TECHNOLOGY
Sample Ordering Information
Part Number
Screening
Speed (MHz)
Package
ACT-5271PC-150F17C
Commercial Temperature
150
208 Lead CQFP
ACT-5271PC-200F17I
Industrial Temperature
200
208 Lead CQFP
ACT-5271PC-250F17T
Military Temperature
250
208 Lead CQFP
ACT-5271PC-250F17M
Military Screening
250
208 Lead CQFP
Part Number Breakdown
ACT– 5271 PC – 200 F17 M
Aeroflex Circuit
Technology
Screening
Base Processor Type
C = Commercial Temp, 0°C to +70°C
I = Industrial Temp, -40°C to +85°C
T = Military Temp, -55°C to +125°C
M = Military Temp, -55°C to +125°C, Screened *
Q = MIL-PRF-38534 Compliant/SMD if applicable
Package Type & Size
Cache Style
PC = Primary Cache
Maximum Pipeline Freq.
150 = 150MHz
200 = 200MHz
250 = 250MHz
266 = 266MHz (Future option)
Surface Mount Package
F17 = 1.120" SQ 208 Lead CQFP
F24 = 1.120" SQ Inverted 208 Lead CQFP
Thru-Hole Package
P10 = 1.86"SQ PGA 179 pins with shoulder (Advanced)
* Screened to the individual test methods of MIL-STD-883
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Telephone: (516) 694-6700
FAX:
(516) 694-6715
Toll Free Inquiries: (800) 843-1553
E-Mail: sales-act@aeroflex.com
Aeroflex Circuit Technology
35 South Service Road
Plainview New York 11803
www.aeroflex.com/act1.htm
Aeroflex Circuit Technology
5
SCD5271 REV 1 12/22/98 Plainview NY (516) 694-6700