AGILENT MGA72543

PHEMT* Low Noise Amplifier
with Bypass Switch
Technical Data
MGA-72543
Features
• Lead-free Option Available
Surface Mount Package
SOT-343 (SC-70)
• Operating Frequency
0.1 GHz ~ 6.0 GHz
• Noise Figure:
1.4 dB at 2 GHz
• Gain: 14 dB at 2 GHz
• Bypass Switch on Chip
Loss = -2.5 dB (Id < 5 µA)
IIP3 = +35 dBm
• 2.7 V to 4.2 V Operation
• Very Small Surface Mount
Package
Applications
• CDMA (IS-95, J-STD-008)
Receiver LNA
Transmit Driver Amp
• TDMA (IS-136) Handsets
Attention:
Observe precautions for
handling electrostatic
sensitive devices.
ESD Machine Model (Class A)
ESD Human Body Model (Class 0)
Refer to Agilent Application Note A004R:
Electrostatic Discharge Damage and Control.
* Pseudomorphic High
Electron Mobility Transistor
3
INPUT
& Vref
4
GND
1
72x
• Adjustable Input IP3
+2 to +14 dBm
Pin Connections and
Package Marking
GND
2
OUTPUT
& Vd
Package marking is 3 characters. The
last character represents date code.
Description
Agilent’s MGA-72543 is an economical, easy-to-use GaAs MMIC Low
Noise Amplifier (LNA), which is
designed for an adaptive CDMA
receiver LNA and adaptive CDMA
transmit driver amplifier.
The MGA-72543 features a minimum noise figure of 1.4 dB and
14 dB associated gain from a single
stage, feedback FET amplifier. The
output is internally matched to
50Ω. The input is optimally
internally matched for lowest noise
figure into 50Ω. The input may be
additionally externally matched for
low VSWR through the addition of
a single series inductor. When set
into the bypass mode, both input
and output are internally matched
to 50Ω.
The MGA-72543 offers an integrated solution of LNA with
adjustable IIP3. The IIP3 can be
fixed to a desired current level for
the receiver’s linearity requirements. The LNA has a bypass
switch function, which sets the
current to zero and provides low
insertion loss. The bypass mode
also boosts dynamic range when
high level signal is being received.
For the CDMA driver amplifier
applications, the MGA-72543
provides suitable gain and linearity
to meet the ACPR requirements
when the handset transmits the
highest power. When transmitting
lower power, the MGA-72543 can
be bypassed, saving the drawing
current.
The MGA-72543 is a GaAs MMIC,
processed on Agilent’s cost effective PHEMT (Pseudomorphic High
Electron Mobility Transistor). It is
housed in the SOT343 (SC70 4-lead)
package, and is part of the Agilent
Technologies CDMAdvantage RF
chipset.
2
MGA-72543 Absolute Maximum Ratings [1]
Parameter
Vd
Maximum Input to
Output Voltage
V
5.5
4.2
Vref
Maximum Input to
Ground DC Voltage
V
+0.3
-5.5
+0.1
-4.2
mA
70
60
mW
300
250
dBm
+20
+13
Id
Supply Current
Dissipation [2,3]
Notes:
1. Operation of this device in excess of
any one of these limits may cause
permanent damage.
2. Tcase = 25°C
Pd
Power
Pin
CW RF Input Power
Tj
Junction Temperature
°C
170
150
TSTG
Storage Temperature
°C
-65 to +150
-40 to +85
Simplified Schematic
Functional Block Diagram
RF IN
RF OUT
Control
Input
&
Vref
Output
& Vd
GainFET
GND
Thermal Resistance[2]:
θ jc = 200°C/W
Absolute
Maximum
Units Maximum Recommended
Symbol
GND
SW & Bias Control
3
MGA-72543 Electrical Specifications, TC = +25°C, Z O = 50 Ω, Id = 20 mA, Vd = 3 V, unless noted.
Symbol
Parameters and Test Conditions
Units
Min.
Typ.
Max.
σ
0.37
0.51
0.65
0.035
1.5
1.8
0.06
15.5
0.13
Vref test[1]
f = 2.0 GHz
Vd = 3.0 V (Vds = 2.5 V)
Id = 20 mA
V
NF test[1]
f = 2.0 GHz
Vd = 3.0 V (=Vds+Vc)
Id = 20 mA
dB
Ga
test[1]
f = 2.0 GHz
Vd = 3.0 V (=Vds+Vc)
Id = 20 mA
dB
13.5
14.4
IIP3
test[1]
f = 2.04 GHz Vd = 3.0 V (=Vds+Vc)
Id = 20 mA
dB
8.5
10.5
IL
test[1]
f = 2.0 GHz
Id = 0.0 mA
dB
2.5
f = 2.0 GHz Vd = 3.0 V (Vds = 0 V, Vc = 3 V) Id = 0.0 mA
Minimum Noise Figure
f = 1.0 GHz
As measured in Figure 2 Test Circuit
f = 1.5 GHz
(Γopt computed from s-parameter and
f = 2.0 GHz
noise parameter performance as measured f = 2.5 GHz
in a 50 Ω impedance fixture)
f = 4.0 GHz
f = 6.0 GHz
Associated Gain at NFo
f = 1.0 GHz
As measured in Figure 2 Test Circuit
f = 1.5 GHz
(Γopt computed from s-parameter and
f = 2.0 GHz
noise parameter performance as measured f = 2.5 GHz
in a 50 Ω impedance fixture)
f = 4.0 GHz
f = 6.0 GHz
Output Power at 1 dB Gain Compression
Id = 0 mA
As measured in Figure 1 Test Circuit
Id = 5 mA
Frequency = 2.04 GHz
Id = 10 mA
Id = 20 mA
Id = 40 mA
Id = 60 mA
uA
dB
2.0
1.35
1.38
1.42
1.45
1.54
1.70
14.8
14.2
13.6
13.0
11.2
9.2
+15 .3
+3.2
+8.3
+11.2
+14.9
+17.1
Ig test[1]
NFo [2]
Ga[2]
P1dB [1]
IIP3 [1]
ACP
RL in [1]
Vd = 3.0 V (Vds = 0 V, Vc = 3 V)
Input Third Order Intercept Point
As measured in Figure 1 Test Circuit
Frequency = 2.04 GHz
Id = 0 mA
Id = 5 mA
Id = 10 mA
Id = 20 mA
Id = 40 mA
Id = 60 mA
Adjacent Channel Power Rejection,
f = 2 GHz, offset = 1.25 MHz, Pout = 10 dBm Id = 30 mA
(CDMA modulation scheme)
Id = 40 mA
f = 800 MHz, offset = 900 KHz, Pout = 8 dBm Id = 20 mA
As measured in Figure 1 Test Circuit
Id = 30 mA
dB
dBm
dBm
0.67
3.5
2.0
0.04
0.11
0.52
+35
+3.5
+6.2
+10.5
+12.1
+14.8
dBc
-55
-60
-57
-60
10.2
0.01
0.67
Input Return Loss as measured in Fig. 1
f = 2.0 GHz
dB
RL out
Output Return Loss as measured in Fig. 1
f = 2.0 GHz
dB
19.5
1.1
ISOL[1]
Isolation |S12|2 as measured in Fig. 2
f = 2.0 GHz
dB
-23.2
0.16
[1]
0.22
Notes:
1. Standard Deviation and Typical Data as measured in the test circuit in Figure 1. Data based at least 500 part sample size
and 3 wafer lots.
2. Typical data computed from s-parameter and noise parameter data measured in a 50Ω system. Data based on 40 parts
from 3 wafer lots.
960 pF
Vd
RF
Input
56 pF
Vref
1000 Ω
4
1
2
18 nH
RF
Output
Vref
Vd
ICM Fixture
72x
3
72x
2.7 nH
50 pF
RF
Input Bias Tee
Bias
Tee
RF
Output
56 pF
Figure 1. MGA-72543 Production Test Circuit.
Figure 2. MGA-72543 Test Circuit for S, Noise, and
Power Parameters Over Frequency.
4
MGA-72543 Typical Performance, TC = 25°C, ZO = 50, Vd = 3 V, Id = 20 mA, unless stated otherwise.
All data as measured in Figure 2 test circuit (Input & Output presented to 50Ω).
18
18
2
15
15
12
12
Ga (dB)
NF (dB)
1.8
1.6
1.4
INPUT IP3 (dBm)
2.2
9
6
3
2.7V
3.0V
3.3V
1.2
0
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
2.7V
3.0V
3.3V
-3
6
0
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
4
Ga (dB)
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
2
3
4
18
15
15
12
12
9
6
-40°C
+22°C
+85°C
5
-3
6
0
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2
3
4
5
2
1
6
6
3
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Figure 8. Input Third Order Intercept
Point vs. Frequency and Temperature.
0
4
3
2
1
5
5
FREQUENCY (GHz)
INSERTION LOSS (dB)
VSWR (Bypass Switch)
3
4
4
In (Swt)
Out (Swt)
4
3
3
9
-3
6
5
In (LNA)
Out (LNA)
2
2
0
Figure 7. Associated Gain with Fmin
vs. Frequency and Temperature.
5
1
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Figure 6. Minimum Noise Figure vs.
Frequency and Temperature.
0
0
Figure 5. Input Third Order Intercept
Point vs. Frequency and Voltage.
18
0
1
2.7V
3.0V
3.3V
FREQUENCY (GHz)
3
0
-3
6
INPUT IP3 (dBm)
-40°C
+22°C
+85°C
1.8
VSWR (LNA)
5
3
0
Figure 4. Associated Gain with Fmin
vs. Frequency and Voltage.
2.2
NF (dB)
3
6
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Figure 3. Minimum Noise Figure vs.
Frequency and Voltage.
2
2
9
6
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Figure 9. LNA on (Switch off) VSWR
vs. Frequency.
-1
-2
-3
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
-4
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
FREQUENCY (GHz)
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Figure 10. LNA off (Switch on) VSWR
vs. Frequency.
Figure 11. Insertion Loss (Switch on)
vs. Frequency and Temperature.
5
MGA-72543 Typical Performance, continued, TC = 25°C, ZO = 50, Vd = 3 V, Id = 20 mA, Frequency =
18
18
15
15
15
12
12
12
9
6
3
2.7 V
3.0 V
3.3 V
0
-3
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
6
3
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
0
-3
6
INPUT IP3 (dBm)
18
1 dB COMPRESSION (dBm)
0
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.0
Ga (dBm)
NF (dB)
4
5
1.8
1.6
40
0
60
21
15
18
12
15
9
6
-3
80
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
0
20
Id CURRENT (mA)
40
1
2
5
6
60
9
6
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
3
0
80
0
20
40
60
80
Id CURRENT (mA)
Figure 16. Associated Gain (Fmin)
vs. Current and Temperature.
Figure 17. Input Third Order Intercept
Point vs. Current and Temperature.
5
18
4
12
Id CURRENT (mA)
Figure 15. Minimum Noise Figure vs.
Current and Temperature.
3
Figure 14. Input Third Order Intercept
Point vs. Frequency and Current.
18
0
1.2
20
10 mA
20 mA
40 mA
FREQUENCY (GHz)
3
1.4
0
3
-3
6
INPUT IP3 (dBm)
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
2.2
1
15
9
6
3
Gamma
Input
Output
3
0.6
0.4
2
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
0
-3
0.8
4
12
VSWR
1 dB Compression (dBm)
3
Figure 13. Output Power at 1 dB
Compression vs. Frequency and
Temperature.
2.6
1.0
2
6
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Figure 12. Output Power at 1 dB
Compression vs. Frequency and
Voltage.
2.4
1
9
0
Vref (V)
1 dB COMPRESSION (dBm)
2 GHz, unless stated otherwise. All data as measured in Figure 2 test circuit (Input & Output presented to 50Ω).
1
0
20
40
60
Id CURRENT (mA)
Figure 18. Output Power at 1 dB
Compression vs. Current and
Temperature.
-40°C
+25°C
+85°C
0.2
80
0
0
20
40
60
80
Id CURRENT (mA)
Figure 19. Input and Output VSWR
and VSWR of |Γopt | vs. Current.
0
20
40
60
Id CURRENT (mA)
Figure 20. Vref vs. Current and
Temperature.
80
6
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters and Noise Parameters
TC = 25°C, Vd = 3.0 V, Id = 0 mA, Z O = 50Ω, Vref = 3.0 V (from S and Noise Parameters in Figure 1 test circuit)
Freq.
(GHz)
S11
S21
S12
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90
3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40
3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
0.97
0.91
0.84
0.77
0.70
0.65
0.59
0.54
0.50
0.47
0.44
0.41
0.39
0.37
0.35
0.34
0.32
0.31
0.30
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.16
0.20
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
-13
-25
-34
-43
-50
-54
-60
-64
-67
-71
-73
-76
-78
-80
-82
-84
-86
-87
-89
-90
-92
-93
-94
-95
-96
-98
-99
-99
-100
-101
-102
-103
-104
-105
-106
-107
-108
-110
-112
-113
-123
-136
-149
-176
175
171
164
154
142
125
0.19
0.34
0.46
0.54
0.60
0.64
0.67
0.70
0.71
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.78
0.78
0.77
0.76
0.75
0.74
0.73
0.71
0.70
74
60
49
40
33
26
20
16
12
8
4
1
-2
-5
-7
-10
-12
-15
-17
-19
-21
-23
-25
-27
-29
-31
-33
-35
-37
-39
-41
-43
-45
-47
-49
-51
-52
-54
-56
-58
-67
-77
-86
-95
-105
-115
-125
-135
-146
-157
0.19
0.34
0.46
0.54
0.60
0.64
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.78
0.77
0.77
0.76
0.75
0.74
0.73
0.71
0.70
74
60
49
40
33
26
21
16
12
8
4
1
-2
-4
-7
-10
-12
-14
-17
-19
-21
-23
-25
-27
-29
-31
-33
-35
-37
-39
-41
-43
-45
-47
-49
-50
-52
-54
-56
-58
-67
-77
-86
-95
-105
-115
-125
-135
-146
-157
0.96
0.86
0.77
0.68
0.61
0.54
0.49
0.45
0.42
0.39
0.36
0.34
0.33
0.31
0.29
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.12
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.10
0.01
0.10
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.19
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
RLin
(dB)
RL out
(dB)
G max
(dB)
Isolation
(dB)
-16
-29
-40
-48
-54
-60
-64
-67
-70
-73
-75
-77
-80
-82
-83
-85
-86
-88
-89
-90
-92
-93
-94
-96
-97
-98
-100
-101
-103
-104
-106
-108
-110
-111
-113
-115
-117
-120
-122
-124
-138
-150
-161
-178
170
160
150
137
121
104
-14.5
-9.3
-6.8
-5.3
-4.4
-3.8
-3.4
-3.1
-2.9
-2.7
-2.6
-2.5
-2.4
-2.4
-2.3
-2.2
-2.3
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.0
-2.2
-2.2
-2.3
-2.4
-2.5
-2.6
-2.8
-2.9
-3.2
-0.3
-0.8
-1.5
-2.3
-3.1
-3.8
-4.6
-5.3
-6.0
-6.6
-7.1
-7.7
-8.1
-8.6
-9.0
-9.4
-9.8
-10.2
-10.6
-10.9
-11.2
-11.5
-11.8
-12.1
-12.4
-12.7
-12.9
-13.2
-13.4
-13.7
-13.9
-14.1
-14.3
-14.5
-14.7
-14.8
-14.9
-15.0
-15.1
-15.1
-15.3
-15.1
-14.6
-15.8
-13.8
-12.8
-12.3
-12.0
-11.8
-11.3
-0.4
-1.3
-2.3
-3.3
-4.3
-5.4
-6.2
-6.9
-7.6
-8.2
-8.8
-9.3
-9.8
-10.2
-10.6
-11.1
-11.5
-11.8
-12.2
-12.6
-12.9
-13.3
-13.7
-14.0
-14.4
-14.8
-15.2
-15.5
-15.9
-16.3
-16.7
-17.1
-17.5
-17.9
-18.2
-18.6
-18.9
-19.1
-19.4
-19.6
-20.1
-19.7
-18.7
-18.1
-17.8
-17.7
-17.5
-17.1
-16.2
-14.4
-14.2
-8.3
-5.3
-3.7
-2.8
-2.3
-2.1
-2.0
-1.9
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-2.0
-2.0
-2.1
-2.2
-2.2
-2.3
-2.4
-2.5
-2.6
-2.8
-14.5
-9.3
-6.8
-5.3
-4.4
-3.8
-3.4
-3.1
-2.9
-2.7
-2.6
-2.5
-2.4
-2.4
-2.3
-2.3
-2.3
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.0
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.2
-2.2
-2.3
-2.4
-2.5
-2.6
-2.8
-2.9
-3.2
S22
7
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters and Noise Parameters
TC = 25°C, Vd = 3.0 V, Id = 5 mA, Z O = 50 Ω, Vref = 0.7 V (from S and Noise Parameters in Figure 2 test circuit)
Freq.
(GHz)
S11
S21
S12
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
0.10
0.50
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
0.82
0.78
0.76
0.75
0.74
0.73
0.72
0.72
0.71
0.70
0.69
0.69
0.68
0.67
0.66
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.63
0.63
0.59
0.56
0.53
0.51
0.50
0.49
0.49
0.50
0.49
0.47
0.47
-9
-24
-34
-38
-41
-45
-48
-51
-54
-58
-61
-64
-67
-70
-73
-76
-79
-82
-85
-88
-103
-118
-138
-152
-169
176
160
148
136
123
109
4.01
3.83
3.70
3.65
3.61
3.57
3.52
3.48
3.45
3.40
3.36
3.32
3.29
3.25
3.22
3.18
3.15
3.12
3.08
3.06
2.92
2.80
2.65
2.55
2.42
2.30
2.18
2.07
1.97
1.89
1.82
174
161
151
148
145
142
139
136
133
130
127
124
121
119
116
113
111
108
105
103
90
77
62
52
40
28
18
7
-4
-15
-26
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.01
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
19
13
15
16
17
18
18
18
19
19
19
18
18
18
17
17
16
16
15
15
11
7
1
-3
-9
-13
-17
-23
-28
-32
-37
0.60
0.58
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.54
0.54
0.54
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.52
0.52
0.51
0.51
0.48
0.44
0.40
0.38
0.36
0.34
0.32
0.31
0.29
0.28
0.26
Γ opt
Freq.
(GHz)
NFmin
(dB)
Mag
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.50
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
1.58
1.46
1.43
1.57
1.67
1.66
1.68
1.69
1.72
1.73
1.74
1.74
1.78
1.80
1.83
1.87
1.87
1.94
1.94
0.59
0.53
0.46
0.33
0.31
0.31
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.27
0.28
0.27
0.25
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.26
Rn /Zo
Ga
(dB)
0.34
0.34
0.32
0.30
0.30
0.29
0.28
0.28
0.27
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.24
0.21
0.18
0.16
0.15
0.14
0.15
12.53
12.19
11.84
10.97
10.64
10.53
10.42
10.33
10.23
10.12
10.03
9.95
9.53
9.13
8.74
8.31
7.87
7.45
7.04
Ang
31
33
37
47
55
58
60
62
66
69
71
74
87
103
121
143
164
-179
-150
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
RLin
(dB)
-8
-15
-23
-26
-28
-30
-32
-35
-37
-39
-42
-44
-45
-47
-49
-51
-53
-55
-57
-59
-69
-80
-94
-104
-117
-129
-142
-154
-165
-176
171
12.1
11.7
11.4
11.3
11.2
11.1
10.9
10.8
10.7
10.6
10.5
10.4
10.3
10.2
10.1
10.1
10.0
9.9
9.8
9.7
9.3
8.9
8.4
8.1
7.7
7.2
6.8
6.3
5.9
5.5
5.2
1.7
2.1
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
5.8
6.0
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.2
6.5
6.5
S22
|Γ
Γ opt |RL
(dB)
4.60
5.47
6.74
9.67
10.17
10.31
10.62
10.62
10.90
11.23
11.13
11.22
11.95
12.60
13.01
13.41
13.12
12.61
11.76
RL out
(dB)
G max
(dB)
Isolation
(dB)
4.5
4.8
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.1
5.1
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.4
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.4
8.9
9.3
9.8
10.1
10.7
11.2
11.8
14.6
13.9
13.6
13.4
13.2
13.1
12.9
12.8
12.6
12.5
12.3
12.2
12.1
11.9
11.8
11.7
11.5
11.4
11.3
11.2
10.7
10.2
9.6
9.2
8.8
8.3
7.8
7.5
7.0
6.6
6.3
-26.2
-25.4
-24.8
-24.6
-24.4
-24.2
-23.9
-23.7
-23.4
-23.2
-23.0
-22.7
-22.5
-22.3
-22.1
-21.9
-21.7
-21.5
-21.3
-21.1
-20.3
-19.7
-19.1
-18.7
-18.3
-18.1
-17.8
-17.5
-17.3
-17.1
-16.6
Rn
(Ω)
P1dB
(dBm)
OIP3
(dBm)
IIP3
(dBm)
17.20
16.84
16.09
14.94
14.78
14.35
14.04
13.96
13.63
13.29
13.12
12.83
11.80
10.44
9.14
8.06
7.28
7.13
7.67
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.3
3.2
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.1
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.0
13.0
12.9
12.8
12.4
11.9
11.8
12.7
12.7
12.8
12.8
12.9
12.9
12.9
13.0
13.3
13.6
14.0
14.5
14.2
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.1
4.1
4.2
4.5
4.8
6.8
7.5
8
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters and Noise Parameters
TC = 25°C, Vd = 3.0 V, Id = 10 mA, Z O = 50 Ω, Vref = 0.6 V (from S and Noise Parameters in Figure 2 test circuit)
Freq.
(GHz)
S11
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
0.10
0.50
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
0.79
0.74
0.72
0.71
0.70
0.69
0.68
0.67
0.66
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.60
0.59
0.59
0.58
0.57
0.54
0.50
0.48
0.46
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.45
0.44
0.44
-10
-26
-37
-40
-44
-47
-51
-54
-58
-61
-65
-68
-71
-74
-77
-81
-84
-87
-90
-93
-108
-124
-141
-158
-175
170
154
142
131
119
105
5.30
5.04
4.84
4.77
4.71
4.64
4.58
4.51
4.45
4.39
4.33
4.27
4.21
4.15
4.01
4.04
3.99
3.94
3.89
3.84
3.62
3.42
3.23
3.05
2.88
2.72
2.57
2.43
2.31
2.21
2.12
173
160
150
146
143
140
137
134
131
128
125
122
119
116
113
111
108
105
103
100
87
75
62
50
38
27
17
6
-5
-16
0
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.01
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
19
13
15
16
17
17
18
18
19
19
19
19
18
18
18
18
17
17
16
16
13
9
6
2
-3
-6
-10
-14
-19
-23
-28
0.49
0.47
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.41
0.41
0.40
0.37
0.34
0.31
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.24
0.24
0.22
0.21
0.20
Freq.
(GHz)
NFmin
(dB)
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.50
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
1.33
1.33
1.34
1.41
1.44
1.45
1.47
1.47
1.49
1.52
1.51
1.50
1.55
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.62
1.68
1.67
S21
S12
Γ opt
Mag
0.45
0.43
0.38
0.27
0.25
0.25
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.20
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.25
RL in
(dB)
RL out
(dB)
G max
(dB)
Isolation
(dB)
-9
-17
-24
-27
-29
-31
-33
-36
-38
-40
-42
-44
-46
-48
-50
-52
-54
-55
-57
-59
-69
-79
-90
-103
-115
-128
-141
-154
-165
-176
169
14.5
14.0
13.7
13.6
13.5
13.3
13.2
13.1
13.0
12.8
12.7
12.6
12.5
12.4
12.3
12.1
12.0
11.9
11.8
11.7
11.2
10.7
10.2
9.7
9.2
8.7
8.2
7.7
7.3
6.9
6.6
2.1
2.6
2.9
3.0
3.2
3.2
3.4
3.4
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
5.4
6.0
6.4
6.8
6.9
7.0
6.9
6.7
6.9
7.2
7.1
6.3
6.6
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.9
7.0
7.0
7.1
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
8.6
9.3
10.1
10.8
11.5
11.8
12.3
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
17.3
16.5
16.0
15.8
15.6
15.4
15.2
15.1
14.9
14.7
14.5
14.3
14.2
14.0
13.8
13.7
13.5
13.4
13.2
13.1
12.4
11.8
11.2
10.6
10.1
9.6
9.1
8.7
8.2
7.8
7.5
-26.9
-26.2
-25.7
-25.5
-25.3
-25.0
-24.8
-24.6
-24.3
-24.1
-23.9
-23.7
-23.5
-23.3
-23.1
-22.9
-22.7
-22.5
-22.4
-22.2
-21.5
-20.8
-20.3
-19.8
-19.4
-19.0
-18.6
-18.2
-17.9
-17.4
-16.7
Rn /Zo
Ga
(dB)
|Γ
Γ opt |RL
(dB)
Rn
(Ω)
P1dB
(dBm)
OIP3
(dBm)
IIP3
(dBm)
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.17
0.15
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.15
14.45
14.27
14.00
13.10
12.71
12.58
12.45
12.32
12.21
12.08
11.98
11.86
11.32
10.81
10.31
9.82
9.32
8.86
8.45
6.96
7.27
8.30
11.42
11.95
12.21
12.58
12.66
12.83
13.27
13.10
13.21
13.98
14.79
15.24
15.23
14.59
13.61
11.99
11.52
11.84
12.24
11.94
11.35
11.02
10.85
10.66
10.55
10.26
10.23
10.02
9.33
8.31
7.46
6.92
6.51
6.58
7.33
9.3
9.3
9.3
8.8
8.5
8.4
8.3
8.3
8.3
8.4
8.4
8.5
8.7
8.8
9.0
9.3
9.6
10.0
9.8
17.9
17.8
17.7
17.5
17.4
17.2
17.3
17.5
17.6
17.7
17.8
17.9
18.1
18.3
19.1
19.4
19.8
20.2
19.8
4.1
4.2
4.3
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.2
4.5
4.8
5.0
5.4
5.6
6.1
6.8
7.9
8.7
9.1
11.0
11.6
Ang
37
37
42
51
56
60
62
66
68
71
74
78
92
110
131
154
177
-167
-136
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
S22
9
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters and Noise Parameters
TC = 25°C, Vd = 3.0 V, Id = 20 mA, Z O = 50Ω, Vref = 0.5 V (from S and Noise Parameters in Figure 2 test circuit)
Freq.
(GHz)
S11
Mag
0.10
0.50
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
0.76
0.71
0.69
0.67
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.64
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.60
0.59
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.55
0.55
0.54
0.53
0.49
0.46
0.44
0.42
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.42
0.41
0.41
Freq.
(GHz)
NFmin
(dB)
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.50
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.35
1.38
1.37
1.39
1.40
1.41
1.40
1.43
1.43
1.45
1.47
1.47
1.51
1.54
1.60
1.67
S21
Ang
-11
-27
-38
-42
-46
-50
-54
-57
-60
-64
-67
-71
-74
-77
-81
-84
-87
-90
-93
-97
-112
-128
-145
-162
-179
166
150
139
127
116
102
S12
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
6.35
6.00
5.74
5.65
5.57
5.48
5.39
5.32
5.23
5.15
5.06
4.98
4.90
4.83
4.75
4.68
4.61
4.54
4.48
4.41
4.11
3.85
3.61
3.39
3.18
2.99
2.83
2.67
2.53
2.42
2.33
173
159
148
145
142
138
135
132
129
126
123
120
117
114
111
109
106
103
101
98
85
73
60
49
37
26
16
6
-5
-15
-26
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.01
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.14
18
12
15
16
17
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
19
19
19
19
18
18
16
13
10
6
2
-1
-5
-10
-14
-18
-23
0.40
0.38
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.30
0.27
0.25
0.22
0.21
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.16
0.15
Γ opt
Mag
0.37
0.35
0.35
0.27
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.18
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.27
S22
-11
-17
-25
-27
-29
-32
-33
-36
-38
-40
-42
-44
-46
-47
-49
-51
-52
-54
-56
-57
-66
-75
-86
-98
-111
-124
-138
-151
-162
-172
172
RL in
(dB)
RL out
(dB)
G max
(dB)
Isolation
(dB)
16.1
15.6
15.2
15.0
14.9
14.8
14.6
14.5
14.4
14.2
14.1
14.0
13.8
13.7
13.5
13.4
13.3
13.2
13.0
12.9
12.3
11.7
11.2
10.6
10.1
9.5
9.0
8.5
8.1
7.7
7.3
2.4
3.0
3.3
3.4
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.9
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.4
5.5
6.2
6.7
7.2
7.6
7.7
7.7
7.6
7.3
7.6
7.8
7.7
8.0
8.4
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.9
9.0
9.0
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
10.5
11.3
12.2
13.1
13.8
14.1
14.6
14.8
15.4
15.9
16.4
19.0
18.0
17.4
17.2
17.0
16.8
16.6
16.4
16.2
16.0
15.8
15.6
15.4
15.2
15.0
14.8
14.7
14.5
14.3
14.2
13.4
12.7
12.0
11.4
10.8
10.3
9.8
9.4
8.9
8.4
8.1
-27.5
-26.9
-26.5
-26.3
-26.1
-25.9
-25.6
-25.4
-25.2
-25.0
-24.8
-24.6
-24.4
-24.2
-24.0
-23.8
-23.6
-23.4
-23.2
-23.1
-22.3
-21.6
-21.0
-20.4
-19.9
-19.5
-19.0
-18.5
-18.1
-17.5
-16.9
Rn /Zo
Ga
(dB)
|Γ
Γ opt |RL
(dB)
Rn
(Ω)
P1dB
(dBm)
OIP3
(dBm)
IIP3
(dBm)
0.25
0.25
0.22
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.15
0.14
0.13
0.12
0.13
0.14
15.72
15.53
15.39
14.51
14.00
13.85
13.71
13.57
13.44
13.30
13.17
13.04
12.40
11.82
11.26
10.71
10.19
9.71
9.33
8.63
9.11
9.18
11.47
13.11
13.33
13.73
13.85
13.85
13.94
14.17
14.19
15.12
15.77
16.13
15.96
14.85
13.81
11.47
12.40
12.47
11.01
10.50
10.05
9.89
9.71
9.48
9.47
9.26
9.12
8.95
8.45
7.52
6.86
6.47
6.20
6.34
7.13
11.8
11.7
11.7
11.6
11.5
11.6
11.6
11.6
11.7
11.7
11.8
11.8
11.9
12.0
12.1
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
23.9
23.9
23.9
24.0
24.0
24.0
24.0
24.1
24.3
24.4
24.3
24.4
24.7
24.6
24.5
24.6
24.8
24.9
25.0
8.8
9.0
9.1
9.7
10.0
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
11.2
11.8
12.6
14.3
15.0
15.5
15.7
Ang
39
40
41
51
58
61
65
70
71
74
78
81
95
117
139
163
-175
-160
-129
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
10
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters and Noise Parameters
TC = 25°C, Vd = 3.0 V, Id = 40 mA, Z O = 50Ω, Vref = 0.3 V (from S and Noise Parameters in Figure 2 test circuit)
Freq.
(GHz)
Mag
0.10
0.50
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
0.75
0.70
0.68
0.67
0.65
0.64
0.63
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.60
0.59
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.55
0.54
0.53
0.53
0.52
0.48
0.45
0.42
0.41
0.40
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.41
0.40
0.40
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
6.84
6.45
6.15
6.05
5.96
5.87
5.77
5.68
5.58
5.49
5.40
5.31
5.22
5.13
5.05
4.96
4.89
4.81
4.74
4.66
4.32
4.03
3.77
3.53
3.31
3.11
2.93
2.77
2.63
2.51
2.42
173
159
148
144
141
138
134
131
128
125
122
119
116
113
110
108
105
102
100
97
84
72
60
48
37
26
16
6
-5
-15
-25
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
17
11
14
15
16
17
18
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
20
20
20
20
18
16
14
11
7
3
0
-5
-9
-13
-18
0.36
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.30
0.30
0.28
0.25
0.23
0.21
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.15
0.14
-12
-17
-24
-26
-28
-30
-32
-34
-36
-38
-40
-41
-43
-44
-46
-47
-49
-50
-52
-53
-61
-69
-79
-90
-102
-114
-127
-140
-150
-158
-173
16.7
16.2
15.8
15.6
15.5
15.4
15.2
15.1
14.9
14.8
14.6
14.5
14.4
14.2
14.1
13.9
13.8
13.6
13.5
13.4
12.7
12.1
11.5
11.0
10.4
9.9
9.3
8.9
8.4
8.0
7.7
S11
Freq.
(GHz)
NFmin
(dB)
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.50
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
1.29
1.26
1.22
1.40
1.49
1.50
1.52
1.52
1.53
1.53
1.55
1.55
1.59
1.60
1.64
1.68
1.71
1.78
1.74
S21
Ang
-11
-28
-39
-43
-47
-51
-55
-58
-62
-65
-69
-72
-75
-79
-82
-85
-89
-92
-95
-98
-114
-130
-147
-164
179
165
148
137
126
115
101
S12
Γ opt
Mag
0.40
0.38
0.35
0.29
0.26
0.26
0.24
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.22
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.31
RL in
(dB)
RL out
(dB)
G max
(dB)
Isolation
(dB)
2.5
3.1
3.4
3.5
3.7
3.8
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.6
4.8
4.9
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.5
5.6
5.7
6.4
7.0
7.5
7.8
7.9
7.9
7.8
7.5
7.8
8.0
7.9
8.9
9.3
9.6
9.6
9.6
9.6
9.7
9.7
9.8
9.8
9.9
9.9
10.0
10.0
10.1
10.2
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
11.2
12.0
12.9
13.7
14.4
14.7
15.3
15.5
16.1
16.5
17.0
19.7
18.7
18.1
17.8
17.6
17.4
17.1
17.0
16.8
16.5
16.3
16.1
15.9
15.7
15.5
15.3
15.1
14.9
14.8
14.6
13.8
13.0
12.3
11.7
11.1
10.6
10.1
9.7
9.2
8.7
8.4
-28.1
-27.6
-27.2
-27.0
-26.9
-26.7
-26.5
-26.3
-26.1
-25.9
-25.6
-25.4
-25.2
-25.1
-24.9
-24.7
-24.5
-24.3
-24.1
-23.9
-23.1
-22.4
-21.7
-21.1
-20.5
-20.0
-19.4
-18.9
-18.4
-17.8
-17.0
Rn /Zo
Ga
(dB)
|Γ
Γ opt |RL
(dB)
Rn
(Ω)
P1dB
(dBm)
OIP3
(dBm)
IIP3
(dBm)
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.18
0.16
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.15
16.44
16.25
16.02
15.13
14.62
14.46
14.30
14.16
14.01
13.86
13.73
13.59
12.91
12.29
11.71
11.15
10.61
10.15
9.76
8.03
8.34
9.06
10.79
11.65
11.87
12.27
12.16
12.35
12.59
12.60
12.57
13.32
13.81
13.86
13.63
12.87
11.91
10.27
13.29
13.34
13.39
13.44
11.72
11.41
11.20
10.92
10.79
10.52
10.33
10.14
9.18
8.06
7.11
6.57
6.35
6.54
7.69
15.2
15.1
15.1
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.9
14.9
15.0
15.0
15.1
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.6
15.5
15.2
16.0
15.5
26.0
26.0
25.9
26.2
26.1
26.1
26.0
26.2
26.3
26.4
26.5
26.7
26.9
27.0
27.3
27.5
27.7
28.1
27.9
10.6
10.8
11.0
11.8
11.8
11.9
12.0
12.4
12.7
13.0
13.2
13.4
14.1
14.8
15.7
16.5
16.7
17.7
18.4
Ang
36
37
41
53
61
64
68
72
75
78
81
85
100
120
142
163
-175
-159
-133
S22
11
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters and Noise Parameters
TC = 25°C, Vd = 3.0 V, Id = 60 mA, Z O = 50Ω, Vref = 0.1 V (from S and Noise Parameters in Figure 2 test circuit)
Freq.
(GHz)
Mag
0.10
0.50
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
0.77
0.72
0.69
0.68
0.67
0.66
0.65
0.65
0.64
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.60
0.59
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.55
0.55
0.54
0.50
0.47
0.44
0.43
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.43
0.42
0.42
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
6.38
6.01
5.75
5.66
5.58
5.49
5.40
5.32
5.23
5.15
5.07
4.98
4.90
4.82
4.75
4.67
4.60
4.53
4.47
4.39
4.09
3.83
3.59
3.36
3.15
2.97
2.80
2.65
2.51
2.40
2.32
173
159
148
145
141
138
135
132
129
125
122
119
117
114
111
108
105
103
100
97
84
72
60
48
37
26
16
5
-6
-16
-26
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.13
17
10
13
14
15
16
17
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
19
18
17
15
12
9
6
3
-1
-5
-9
-14
0.37
0.36
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.30
0.28
0.25
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.17
-11
-16
-22
-24
-26
-28
-30
-32
-34
-36
-38
-39
-41
-42
-44
-45
-46
-48
-49
-51
-58
-66
-75
-86
-97
-108
-121
-132
-141
-149
-162
16.1
15.6
15.2
15.1
14.9
14.8
14.7
14.5
14.4
14.2
14.0
14.0
13.8
13.7
13.5
13.4
13.3
13.1
13.0
12.9
12.2
11.7
11.1
10.5
10.0
9.5
8.9
8.5
8.0
7.6
7.3
S11
Freq.
(GHz)
NFmin
(dB)
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.50
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
1.61
1.46
1.51
1.70
1.81
1.83
1.85
1.85
1.86
1.88
1.89
1.90
1.95
1.99
2.02
2.09
2.13
2.23
2.23
S21
Ang
-10
-27
-39
-43
-47
-51
-54
-58
-62
-65
-69
-72
-75
-79
-82
-85
-89
-92
-95
-98
-114
-130
-147
-164
179
164
148
137
126
115
101
S12
Γ opt
Mag
0.43
0.43
0.46
0.39
0.35
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.31
0.30
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.38
RL in
(dB)
RL out
(dB)
G max
(dB)
Isolation
(dB)
2.3
2.9
3.2
3.3
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.9
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.4
6.0
6.6
7.0
7.4
7.5
7.5
7.3
7.1
7.3
7.6
7.4
8.5
8.9
9.2
9.2
9.2
9.2
9.2
9.2
9.3
9.3
9.4
9.4
9.4
9.5
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.7
9.8
9.9
10.5
11.1
11.9
12.6
13.2
13.5
14.0
14.2
14.6
14.9
15.4
19.2
18.2
17.6
17.3
17.1
16.9
16.7
16.5
16.3
16.1
15.9
15.7
15.5
15.3
15.1
14.9
14.7
14.5
14.4
14.2
13.4
12.6
12.0
11.4
10.8
10.3
9.8
9.4
8.9
8.4
8.1
-28.2
-27.8
-27.5
-27.3
-27.2
-27.0
-26.8
-26.6
-26.5
-26.3
-26.1
-25.9
-25.7
-25.5
-25.3
-25.2
-25.0
-24.8
-24.7
-24.5
-23.7
-23.1
-22.4
-21.8
-21.2
-20.6
-20.0
-19.4
-18.9
-18.2
-17.4
Rn /Zo
Ga
(dB)
|Γ
Γ opt |RL
(dB)
Rn
(Ω)
P1dB
(dBm)
OIP3
(dBm)
IIP3
(dBm)
0.41
0.44
0.39
0.87
0.33
0.32
0.31
0.31
0.30
0.29
0.28
0.27
0.24
0.20
0.16
0.14
0.13
0.14
0.18
15.94
15.83
15.80
14.86
14.30
14.13
13.97
13.82
13.68
13.53
13.41
13.26
12.60
12.01
11.44
10.91
10.40
9.97
9.58
7.42
7.27
6.81
8.21
9.20
9.47
9.65
9.69
9.82
9.99
9.98
10.01
10.54
10.75
10.79
10.60
10.03
9.38
8.43
20.58
21.84
19.69
43.44
16.67
16.16
15.72
15.27
14.96
14.39
14.13
13.72
12.01
9.93
8.22
7.17
6.74
7.17
9.17
17.0
17.0
16.9
16.7
16.9
16.8
17.1
16.9
17.1
17.1
17.2
17.2
17.5
17.3
17.5
17.8
17.5
16.6
16.0
28.0
28.2
28.4
28.5
27.7
27.9
27.8
28.1
28.2
28.4
28.6
28.8
28.4
28.8
28.7
29.2
29.0
27.9
29.0
13.3
13.5
13.6
14.1
14.2
14.2
14.8
15.0
15.3
15.5
15.6
15.9
16.2
16.9
17.4
18.6
18.8
18.5
19.9
Ang
36
37
40
53
64
67
71
74
77
81
84
87
103
122
143
163
-178
-161
-138
S22
12
MGA-72543 Typical Scattering Parameters (LNA/Switch Powered Off)
TC = 25°C, Vd = 0 V, Id = 0 mA, Z O = 50 Ω
Freq.
(GHz)
S11
S21
S12
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
Ang
Mag
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.4
4.8
5.2
5.6
6.0
0.80
0.75
0.71
0.69
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.64
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.64
0.64
0.64
0
0
0
0
0
171
157
144
132
121
112
103
94
86
0.097
0.122
0.141
0.157
0.171
0.184
0.195
0.204
0.211
0.216
0.218
0.224
0.227
0.229
50
39
31
25
18
12
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.097
0.122
0.141
0.157
0.171
0.184
0.195
0.204
0.211
0.216
0.218
0.224
0.227
0.229
50
39
31
25
18
12
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.81
0.81
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.81
0.80
0.80
0.81
0.81
0.82
0.82
0.82
Ang
|S21| 2
(dB)
RL in
(dB)
RL out
(dB)
167
160
152
145
137
129
122
115
108
102
95
89
83
76
-20.3
-18.3
-17.0
-16.1
-15.3
-14.7
-14.2
-13.8
-13.5
-13.3
-13.2
-13.0
-12.9
-12.8
1.9
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.6
3.7
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
1.8
1.8
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
S22
13
Applications Information:
Designing with the
MGA-72543 RFIC
Amplifier/Bypass Switch
Description
The MGA-72543 is a single-stage,
GaAs RFIC amplifier with an
integrated bypass switch. A
functional diagram of the
MGA-72543 is shown in Figure 1.
The MGA-72543 is designed for
receivers and transmitters operating from 100 MHz to 6 GHz with
an emphasis on 1.9 GHz CDMA
applications. The MGA-72543
combines low noise performance
with high linearity to make it
especially advantageous for use in
receiver front-ends.
RF
INPUT
BYPASS MODE
RF
OUTPUT
power consumption. The adjustable current feature of the
MGA-72543 allows it to deliver
output power levels in excess of
+15 dBm (P1dB), thus extending
its use to other system applications such as transmitter driver
stages.
The output of the MGA-72543 is
internally matched to provide an
output SWR of approximately 2:1
at 1900 MHz. Input and output
matches both improve at higher
frequencies.
The MGA-72543 is designed to
operate from a +3-volt power
supply and is contained in a
miniature 4-lead, SOT-343 (SC-70)
package to minimize printed
circuit board space.
The flexibility of the adjustable
current feature makes the
MGA-72543 suitable for use in
transmitter driver stages. Biasing
the amplifier at 40 – 50 mA
enables it to deliver an output
power at 1-dB gain compression
of up to +16 dBm. Power efficiency in the unsaturated driver
mode is on the order of 30%. If
operated as a saturated amplifier,
both output power and efficiency
will increase.
LNA Applications
For low noise amplifier applications, the MGA-72543 is typically
biased in the 10 – 20 mA range.
Minimum NF occurs at 20 mA as
noted in the performance curve
of NFmin vs. Id. Biasing at currents significantly less than
10 mA is not recommended since
the characteristics of the device
began to change very rapidly at
lower currents.
AMPLIFIER
Figure 1. MGA-72543 Functional
Diagram.
The purpose of the switch feature
is to prevent distortion of high
signal levels in receiver applications by bypassing the amplifier
altogether. The bypass switch can
be thought of as a 1-bit digital
AGC circuit that not only prevents distortion by bypassing the
MGA-72543 amplifier, but also
reduces front-end system gain by
approximately 16 dB to avoid
overdriving subsequent stages in
the receiver such as the mixer.
An additional feature of the
MGA-72543 is the ability to
externally set device current to
balance output power capability
and high linearity with low DC
The MGA-72543 is matched
internally for low NF. Over a
current range of 10 – 30 mA, the
magnitude of Γopt at 1900 MHz is
typically less than 0.25 and
additional impedance matching
would only net about 0.1 dB
improvement in noise figure.
Without external matching, the
input return loss for the
MGA-72543 is approximately 5 dB
at 1900 MHz. If desired, a small
amount of NF can be traded off
for a significant improvement in
input match. For example, the
addition of a series inductance of
2.7 to 3.9 nH at the input of the
MGA-72543 will improve the input
return loss to greater than 10 dB
with a sacrifice in NF of only
0.1 dB.
Driver Amplifier
Applications
Since the MGA-72543 is internally
matched for low noise figure, it
may be desirable to add external
impedance matching at the input
to improve the power match for
driver applications. Since the
reactive part of the input of the
device impedance is capacitive, a
series inductor at the input is
often all that is needed to provide
a suitable match for many applications. For 1900 MHz circuits, a
series inductance of 3.9 nH will
match the input to a return loss of
approximately 13 dB.
As in the case of low noise bias
levels, the output of the MGA72543 is already well matched to
50 Ω and no additional matching
is needed for most applications.
When used for driver stage
applications, the bypass switch
feature of the MGA-72543 can be
used to shut down the amplifier
to conserve supply current during
non-transmit periods. Supply
14
current in the bypass state is
nominally 2 µA.
50
INPUT
3
2
4
40
1
30
Rbias
20
Figure 4. Source Resistor Bias.
10
0
-0.80 -0.70 -0.60 -0.50 -0.40 -0.30 -0.20
Vref (V)
• Gate Bias
Using this method, Pins 1 and 4 of
the amplifier are DC grounded
and a negative bias voltage is
applied to Pin 3 as shown in
Figure 2. This method has the
advantage of not only DC, but
also RF grounding both of the
ground pins of the MGA-72543.
Direct RF grounding of the
device’s ground pins results in
slightly improved performance
while decreasing potential
instabilities, especially at higher
frequencies. The disadvantage is
that a negative supply voltage is
required.
3
2
1
OUTPUT
& Vd
4
Vref
Figure 2. Gate Bias Method.
DC access to the input terminal
for applying the gate bias voltage
can be made through either a
RFC or high impedance transmission line as indicated in Figure 2.
The device current, Id, is determined by the voltage at Vref
(Pin 3) with respect to ground. A
plot of typical Id vs. Vref is shown
in Figure 3. Maximum device
current (approximately 65 mA)
occurs at Vref = 0.
Figure 3. Device Current vs. Vref.
The device current may also be
estimated from the following
equation:
Vref = 0.11√ Id – 0.96
where Id is in mA and Vref is in
volts.
The gate bias method would not
normally be used unless a negative supply voltage was readily
available. For reference, this is
the method used in the characterization test circuits shown in
Figures 1 and 2 of the MGA-72543
data sheet.
• Source Resistor Bias
The source resistor method is the
simplest way of biasing the
MGA-72543 using a single,
positive supply voltage. This
method, shown in Figure 4,
places the RF Input (Pin 3) at DC
ground and requires both of the
device grounds (Pins 1 and 4) to
be RF bypassed. Device current,
Id, is determined by the value of
the source resistance, Rbias,
between either Pin 1 or Pin 4 of
the MGA-72543 and DC ground.
Note: Pins 1 and 4 are connected
internally in the RFIC. Maximum
device current (approximately
65 mA) occurs for Rbias = 0.
A simple method recommended
for DC grounding the input
terminal is to merely add a
resistor from Pin 3 to ground, as
shown in Figure 4. The value of
the shunt R can be comparatively
high since the only voltage drop
across it is due to minute leakage
currents that in the µA range. A
value of 1 KΩ would adequately
DC ground the input while
loading the RF signal by only
0.2 dB loss.
A plot of typical Id vs. Rbias is
shown in Figure 5.
60
50
40
Id (mA)
Biasing the MGA-72543 is similar
to biasing a discrete GaAs FET.
Passive biasing of the MGA-72543
may be accomplished by either of
two conventional methods, either
by biasing the gate or by using a
source resistor.
Id (mA)
Biasing
INPUT
OUTPUT
& Vd
30
20
10
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Rbias (Ω)
Figure 5. Device Current vs. Rbias.
The approximate value of the
external resistor, Rbias, may also
be calculated from:
Rbias = 964 (1 – 0.112 √ Id)
Id
where Rbias is in ohms and Id is
the desired device current in mA.
15
The source resistor technique is
the preferred and most common
method of biasing the
MGA-72543.
• Adaptive Biasing
For applications in which input
power levels vary over a wide
range, it may be useful to dynamically adapt the bias of the
MGA-72543 to match the signal
level. This involves sensing the
signal level at some point in the
system and automatically adjusting the bias current of the amplifier accordingly. The advantage of
adaptive biasing is conservation
of supply current (longer battery
life) by using only the amount of
current necessary to handle the
input signal without distortion.
Adaptive biasing of the MGA72543 can be accomplished by
either analog or digital means.
For the analog control case, an
active current source (discrete
device or IC) is used in lieu of the
source bias resistor. For simple
digital control, electronic
switches can be used to control
the value of the source resistor in
discrete increments. Both methods of adaptive biasing are
depicted in Figure 6.
3
2
1
• Applying the Device Voltage
Common to all methods of
biasing, voltage Vd is applied to
the MGA-72543 through the RF
Output connection (Pin 2). A RF
choke is used to isolate the RF
signal from the DC supply. The
bias line is capacitively bypassed
to keep RF from the DC supply
lines and prevent resonant dips or
peaks in the response of the
amplifier. Where practical, it may
be cost effective to use a length
of high impedance transmission
line (preferably λ/4) in place of
the RFC.
When using the gate bias method,
the overall device voltage is equal
to the sum of Vref at Pin 3 and
voltage Vd at Pin 2. As an example, to bias the device at the
typical operating voltage of 3
volts, Vd would be set to 2.5 volts
for a Vref of -0.5 volts. Figure 7
shows a DC schematic of a gate
bias circuit.
Just as for the gate bias method,
the overall device voltage for
source resistor biasing is equal to
Vref + Vd. Since Vref is zero when
using a source resistor, Vd is the
same as the device operating
voltage, typically 3 volts. A source
resistor bias circuit is shown in
Figure 8.
4
Analog
Control
Digital
Control
Figure 6. Adaptive Bias Control.
RF
Input
RF
Output
2
72
3
4
Vref = -0.5 V
Figure 7. DC Schematic for Gate Bias.
Vd = +3 V
RFC
2
1
RF
Input
RF
Output
72
3
4
Rbias
Figure 8. DC Schematic of Source
Resistor Biasing.
2
1
(a) Analog
Vd = +2.5 V
RFC
1
3
4
A DC blocking capacitor at the
output of the RFIC isolates the
supply voltage from succeeding
circuits. If the source resistor
method of biasing is used, the RF
input terminal of the MGA-72543
is at DC ground potential and a
blocking capacitor is not required
unless the input is connected
directly to a preceding stage that
has a DC voltage present.
(b) Digital
• Biasing for Higher Linearity
or Output Power
While the MGA-72543 is designed
primarily for use up to 50 mA in
+3 volt applications, the output
power can be increased by using
higher currents and/or higher
supply voltages. If higher bias
levels are used, appropriate
caution should be observed for
both the thermal limits and the
Absolute Maximum Ratings.
16
As a guideline for operation at
higher bias levels, the Maximum
Operating conditions shown in the
data sheet table of Absolute
Maximum Ratings should be
followed. This set of conditions is
the maximum combination of bias
voltage, bias current, and device
temperature that is recommended
for reliable operation. Note: In
contrast to Absolute Maximum
ratings, in which exceeding any
one parameter may result in
damage to the device, all of the
Maximum Operating conditions
may reliably be applied to the
MGA-72543 simultaneously.
Controlling the Switch
The state of the MGA-72543
(amplifier or bypass mode) is
controlled by the device current.
For device currents greater than
5 mA, the MGA-72543 functions
as an amplifier. If the device
current is set to zero, the MGA72543 is switched into a bypass
mode in which the amplifier is
turned off and the signal is routed
around the amplifier with a loss
of approximately 2.5 dB.
The bypass state is normally
engaged in the presence of high
input levels to prevent distortion
of the signal that might occur in
the amplifier. In the bypass state,
the input TOI is very high,
typically +39 dBm at 1900 MHz.
The simplest method of placing
the MGA-72543 into the bypass
mode is to open-circuit the
ground terminals at Pins 1 and 4.
With the ground connection open,
the internal control circuit of the
MGA-72543 auto-switches from
the amplifier mode into a bypass
state and the device current
drops to near zero. Nominal
current in the bypass state is 2 µA
with a maximum of 15 µA.
3
2
1
4
Rbias
Bypass Switch
Enable
Figure 9. MGA-72543 Amplifier/
Bypass State Switching.
An electronic switch can be used
to control states as shown in
Figure 9. The control switch
could be implemented with either
a discrete transistor or simple IC.
The speed at which the MGA72543 switches between states is
extremely fast and will normally
be limited by the time constants
of external circuit components,
such as the bias circuit and the
bypass and blocking capacitors.
The input and output of the
MGA-72543 while in the bypass
state are internally matched to
50 Ω. The input return loss can be
further improved at 1900 MHz by
adding a 2.7 to 3.9 nH series
inductor added to the input. This
is the same approximate value of
inductor that is used to improve
input match when the MGA-72543
is in the amplifier state.
Thermal Considerations
Good thermal design is always an
important consideration in the
reliable use of any device, since
the Mean Time To Failure
(MTTF) of semiconductors is
inversely proportional to the
operating temperature.
The MGA-72543 is a comparatively low power dissipation
device and, as such, operates at
conservative temperatures. When
biased at 3 volts and 20 mA for
LNA applications, the power
dissipation is 3.0 volts x 20 mA,
or 60 mW. The temperature
increment from the RFIC channel
to its case is then 0.060 watt x
200°C/watt, or only 12°C.
Subtracting the channel-to-case
temperature rise from the
suggested maximum junction
temperature of 150°C, the resulting maximum allowable case
temperature is 138°C.
The worst case thermal situation
occurs when the MGA-72543 is
operated at its Maximum Operating conditions in an effort to
maximize output power or
achieve minimum distortion. A
similar calculation for the Maximum Operating bias of 4.2 volts
and 60 mA yields a maximum
allowable case temperature of
100°C. This calculation further
assumes the worst case of no RF
power being extracted from the
device. When operated in a
saturated mode, both poweradded efficiency and the maximum allowable case temperature
will increase.
Note: “Case” temperature for
surface mount packages such as
the SOT-343 refers to the interface between the package pins
and the mounting surface, i.e., the
temperature at the PCB mounting
pads. The primary heat path from
the RFIC chip to the system
heatsink is by means of conduction through the package leads
and ground vias to the
groundplane of the PCB.
PCB Layout and Grounding
When laying out a printed circuit
board for the MGA-72543, several
points should be considered. Of
primary concern is the RF
bypassing of the ground terminals
when the device is biased using
the source resistor method.
17
• Package Footprint
A suggested PCB pad print for the
miniature, 4-lead SOT-343 (SC-70)
package used by the MGA-72543
is shown in Figure 10.
2.00
0.079
0.60
0.024
.090
0.035
1.15
0.045
Dimensions in inches
mm
Figure 10. Recommended PCB Pad
Layout for Agilent's SC70 4L/SOT-343
Products.
• RF bypass
For layouts using the source
resistor method of biasing, both of
the ground terminals of the MGA72543 must be well bypassed to
maintain device stability.
Beginning with the package pad
print in Figure 10, an RF layout
similar to the one shown in
Figure 11 is a good starting point
for using the MGA-72543 with
capacitor-bypassed ground
terminals. It is a best practice to
use multiple vias to minimize
overall ground path inductance.
Two capacitors are used at each
of the PCB pads for both Pins 1
and 4. The value of the bypass
capacitors is a balance between
providing a small reactance for
good RF grounding, yet not being
so large that the capacitor’s
parasitics introduce undesirable
resonances or loss.
If the source resistor biasing
method is used, a ground pad
located near either Pin 1 or 4 pin
may be used to connect the
current-setting resistor (Rbias)
directly to DC ground. If the Rbias
resistor is not located immediately
adjacent to the MGA-72543 (as
may be the case of dynamic
control of the device’s linearity),
then a small series resistor (e.g.,
10 Ω) located near the ground
terminal will help de-Q the connection from the MGA-72543 to an
external current-setting circuit.
• PCB Materials
FR-4 or G-10 type dielectric
materials are typical choices for
most low cost wireless applications using single or multilayer
printed circuit boards. The
thickness of single-layer boards
usually range from 0.020 to 0.031
inches. Circuit boards thicker
than 0.031 inches are not recommended due to excessive inductance in the ground vias.
MGA-71, MGA-72
HM 8/98
IN
Out
Vcon
1.00
0.039
Figure 11. Layout for RF Bypass.
Vd
1.30
0.051
72
An example evaluation PCB
layout for the MGA-72543 is
shown in Figure 12. This evaluation circuit is designed for
operation from a +3-volt supply
and includes provision for a 2-bit
DIP switch to set the state of the
MGA-72543. For evaluation
purposes, the 2-bit switch is used
to set the device to either of four
states: (1) bypass mode – switch
bypasses the amplifier, (2) low
noise amplifier mode – low bias
current, (3) and (4) driver amplifier modes – high bias currents.
Vin
This pad print provides allowance
for package placement by automated assembly equipment
without adding excessive
parasitics that could impair the
high frequency performance of
the MGA-72543. The layout is
shown with a footprint of the
MGA-72543 superimposed on the
PCB pads for reference.
Application Example
Figure 12. PCB Layout for Evaluation
Circuit.
A completed evaluation amplifier
optimized for use at 1900 MHz is
shown with all related components and SMA connectors in
Figure 13. A schematic diagram of
the evaluation circuit is shown in
Figure 14 with component values
in Table 1.
The on-board resistors R3 and R4
form the equivalent source bias
resistor Rbias as indicated in the
schematic diagram in Figure 14.
In this example, resistor values of
R3 = 10 Ω and R4 = 24 Ω were
chosen to set the nominal device
current for the four states to: (1)
bypass mode, 0 mA, (2) LNA
mode, 20 mA, (3) driver, 35 mA,
and, (4) driver, 40 mA.
18
of about 0.3 dB would be expected at both the input an output
sides of the RFIC at 1900 MHz.
Measured noise figure (3 volts, 20
mA bias) would then be approximately 1.8 dB and gain 13.8 dB.
MGA-71, MGA-72
HM 8/98
Vd
C
C0
C3
C1
72
L1
C8
C5
R1
C
C
Out
R3
R4
SW
Vin
R2 C0
C2
C0
ON
1
Vcon
IN
R1
R2
R3
R4
L1
RFC
SW1, SW2
SC
RFC
C4 SC
= 5.1 KΩ
= 5.1 KΩ
=10 Ω
= 24 Ω
= 3.9 nH
= 22 nH
DIP switch
Short
C (3 ea)
C (3 ea)
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
=100 pF
=1000 pF
=100 pF
= 47 pF
= 30 pF
= 22 pF
=22 pF
=30 pF
Table 1. Component Values for
1900 MHz Amplifier.
2
Hints and Troubleshooting
• Preventing Oscillation
Stability of the MGA-72543 is
dependent on having very good
RF grounding. Inadequate device
grounding or poor PCB layout
techniques could cause the device
to be potentially unstable.
Figure 13. Completed Amplifier with Component Reference Designators.
Other currents can be set by
positioning the DIP switch to the
bypass state and adding an
external bias resistor to Vcon.
Unless an external resistor is
used to set the current, the Vcon
terminal is left open. DC blocking
capacitors are provided for the
both the input and output.
For the evaluation circuit above,
fabricated on 0.031-inch thick
GETEK [1] G200D (εr = 4.2)
dielectric material, circuit losses
[1]
General Electric Co.
Vd
C0
C
RFC
The 2-pin, 0.100" centerline single
row headers attached to the Vd
and Vcon connections on the PCB
provide a convenient means of
making connections to the board
using either a mating connector
or clip leads.
C2
C3
1
2
72
RF
Input
C1
L1
4
3
C
C5
C6
R1
A Note on Performance
Actual performance of the
MGA-72543 as measured in an
evaluation circuit may not exactly
match the data sheet specifications. The circuit board material,
passive components, RF bypasses, and connectors all
introduce losses and parasitics
that degrade device performance.
C4
C
SW1
R3
SW2
R4
Vin
R2
C0
C0
Rbias
Vcon
Figure 14. Schematic Diagram of 1900 MHz Evaluation Amplifier.
RF
Output
19
Even though a design may be
unconditionally stable (K > 1 and
B1 > 0) over its full frequency
range, other possibilities exist
that may cause an amplifier
circuit to oscillate. One condition
to check for is feedback in the
bias circuit. It is important to
capacitively bypass the connections to active bias circuits to
ensure stable operation. In
multistage circuits, feedback
through bias lines can also lead to
oscillation.
Components of insufficient
quality for the frequency range of
the amplifier can sometimes lead
to instability. Also, component
values that are chosen to be much
higher in value than is appropriate for the application can
present a problem. In both of
these cases, the components may
have reactive parasitics that make
their impedances very different
than expected. Chip capacitors
may have excessive inductance,
or chip inductors can exhibit
resonances at unexpected
frequencies.
• A Note on Supply Line
Bypassing
Multiple bypass capacitors are
normally used throughout the
power distribution within a
wireless system. Consideration
should be given to potential
resonances formed by the combination of these capacitors and the
inductance of the DC distribution
lines. The addition of a small
value resistor in the bias supply
line between bypass capacitors
will often de-Q the bias circuit
and eliminate resonance effects.
Statistical Parameters
Several categories of parameters
appear within the electrical
specification portion of the
MGA-72543 data sheet. Param-
eters may be described with
values that are either “minimum
or maximum,” “typical,” or
“standard deviations.”
The values for parameters are
based on comprehensive product
characterization data, in which
automated measurements are
made on a statistically significant
number of parts taken from
nonconsecutive process lots of
semiconductor wafers. The data
derived from product characterization tends to be normally
distributed, e.g., fits the standard
bell curve.
Parameters considered to be the
most important to system performance are bounded by minimum
or maximum values. For the
MGA-72543, these parameters are:
Vc test, NFtest, Ga test, IIP3 test, and
IL test. Each of the guaranteed
parameters is 100% tested as part
of the normal manufacturing and
test process.
Values for most of the parameters
in the table of Electrical
Specifications that are described
by typical data are the mathematical mean (µ), of the normal
distribution taken from the
characterization data. For parameters where measurements or
mathematical averaging may not
be practical, such as S-parameters or Noise Parameters and the
performance curves, the data
represents a nominal part taken
from the center of the characterization distribution. Typical
values are intended to be used as
a basis for electrical design.
To assist designers in optimizing
not only the immediate amplifier
circuit using the MGA-72543, but
to also evaluate and optimize
trade-offs that affect a complete
wireless system, the standard
deviation (σ) is provided for
many of the Electrical Specification parameters (at 25°C). The
standard deviation is a measure
of the variability about the mean.
It will be recalled that a normal
distribution is completely
described by the mean and
standard deviation.
Standard statistics tables or
calculations provide the probability of a parameter falling
between any two values, usually
symmetrically located about the
mean. Referring to Figure 15 for
example, the probability of a
parameter being between ±1σ is
68.3%; between ±2σ is 95.4%; and
between ±3σ is 99.7%.
68%
95%
99%
-3σ
-2σ
-1σ Mean (µ) +1σ +2σ
(typical)
+3σ
Parameter Value
Figure 15. Normal Distribution Curve.
Phase Reference Planes
The positions of the reference
planes used to specify S-parameters and Noise Parameters for
the MGA-72543 are shown in
Figure16.Asseenintheillustration,thereferenceplanesare
located at the point where the
package leads contact the test
circuit.
REFERENCE
PLANES
TEST CIRCUIT
Figure 16. Phase Reference Planes.
20
SMT Assembly
Reliable assembly of surface
mount components is a complex
process that involves many
material, process, and equipment
factors, including: method of
heating (e.g., IR or vapor phase
reflow, wave soldering, etc.)
circuit board material, conductor
thickness and pattern, type of
solder alloy, and the thermal
conductivity and thermal mass of
components. Components with a
low mass, such as the SOT-343
package, will reach solder reflow
temperatures faster than those
with a greater mass.
The MGA-72543 is has been
qualified to the time-temperature
profile shown in Figure 17. This
profile is representative of an IR
reflow type of surface mount
assembly process. After ramping
up from room temperature, the
circuit board with components
attached to it (held in place with
solder paste) passes through one
or more preheat zones. The
preheat zones increase the
temperature of the board and
components to prevent thermal
shock and begin evaporating
solvents from the solder paste.
The reflow zone briefly elevates
the temperature sufficiently to
produce a reflow of the solder.
The rates of change of temperature for the ramp-up and cooldown zones are chosen to be low
enough to not cause deformation
of the board or damage to components due to thermal shock. The
maximum temperature in the
reflow zone (TMAX) should not
exceed 235°C.
These parameters are typical for
a surface mount assembly
process for the MGA-72543. As a
general guideline, the circuit
board and components should
only be exposed to the minimum
temperatures an times necessary
to achieve a uniform reflow of
solder.
Electrostatic
Sensitivity
RFICs are electrostatic discharge (ESD)
sensitive devices. Although the
MGA-72543 is robust in design,
permanent damage may occur to
these devices if they are subjected to high-energy electrostatic
discharges. Electrostatic charges
as high as several thousand volts
(which readily accumulate on the
human body and on test equipment) can discharge without
detection and may result in
failure or degradation in performance and reliability.
Electronic devices may be
subjected to ESD damage in any
of the following areas:
•
•
•
•
Storage & handling
Inspection
Assembly & testing
In-circuit use
The MGA-72543 is an ESD Class 1
device. Therefore, proper ESD
precautions are recommended
when handling, inspecting,
testing, assembling, and using
these devices to avoid damage.
Any user-accessible points in
wireless equipment (e.g., antenna
or battery terminals) provide an
opportunity for ESD damage.
For circuit applications is which
the MGA-72543 is used as an
input or output stage with close
coupling to an external antenna,
the RFIC should be protected
from high voltage spikes due to
human contact with the antenna.
250
TMAX
Figure 18. In-circuit ESD Protection.
TEMPERATURE (°C)
200
A best practice, illustrated in
Figure 18, is to place a shunt
inductor (RFC) at the antenna
connection to protect the receiver
and transmitter circuits. It is
often advantageous to integrate
the RFC into a diplexer or T/R
switch control circuitry.
150
Reflow
Zone
100
Preheat
Zone
Cool Down
Zone
50
0
0
60
120
180
TIME (seconds)
Figure 17. Surface Mount Assembly Profile.
240
300
21
Part Number Ordering Information
Part Number
MGA-72543-TR1
No. of
Devices
3000
Container
7" Reel
MGA-72543-TR2
MGA-72543-BLK
10000
100
13" Reel
antistatic bag
MGA-72543-TR1G
MGA-72543-TR2G
3000
10000
7" Reel
13" Reel
MGA-72543-BLKG
100
antistatic bag
Note: For lead-free option, the part number will have the
character “G” at the end.
Package Dimensions
SC-70 4L/SOT-343
1.30 (.051)
BSC
HE
E
1.15 (.045) BSC
b1
D
A
A2
A1
b
L
C
DIMENSIONS (mm)
SYMBOL
E
D
HE
A
A2
A1
b
b1
c
L
MIN.
1.15
1.85
1.80
0.80
0.80
0.00
0.25
0.55
0.10
0.10
MAX.
1.35
2.25
2.40
1.10
1.00
0.10
0.40
0.70
0.20
0.46
NOTES:
1. All dimensions are in mm.
2. Dimensions are inclusive of plating.
3. Dimensions are exclusive of mold flash & metal burr.
4. All specifications comply to EIAJ SC70.
5. Die is facing up for mold and facing down for trim/form,
ie: reverse trim/form.
6. Package surface to be mirror finish.
Device Orientation
REEL
TOP VIEW
END VIEW
4 mm
CARRIER
TAPE
8 mm
72x
USER
FEED
DIRECTION
72x
72x
72x
COVER TAPE
Tape Dimensions
For Outline 4T
P
P2
D
P0
E
F
W
C
D1
t1 (CARRIER TAPE THICKNESS)
Tt (COVER TAPE THICKNESS)
K0
10° MAX.
A0
DESCRIPTION
10° MAX.
B0
SYMBOL
SIZE (mm)
SIZE (INCHES)
CAVITY
LENGTH
WIDTH
DEPTH
PITCH
BOTTOM HOLE DIAMETER
A0
B0
K0
P
D1
2.40 ± 0.10
2.40 ± 0.10
1.20 ± 0.10
4.00 ± 0.10
1.00 + 0.25
0.094 ± 0.004
0.094 ± 0.004
0.047 ± 0.004
0.157 ± 0.004
0.039 + 0.010
PERFORATION
DIAMETER
PITCH
POSITION
D
P0
E
1.55 ± 0.10
4.00 ± 0.10
1.75 ± 0.10
0.061 + 0.002
0.157 ± 0.004
0.069 ± 0.004
CARRIER TAPE
WIDTH
THICKNESS
W
t1
8.00 + 0.30 - 0.10
0.254 ± 0.02
0.315 + 0.012
0.0100 ± 0.0008
COVER TAPE
WIDTH
TAPE THICKNESS
C
Tt
5.40 ± 0.10
0.062 ± 0.001
0.205 + 0.004
0.0025 ± 0.0004
For product information and a complete list of Agilent
contacts and distributors, please go to our web site.
DISTANCE
CAVITY TO PERFORATION
(WIDTH DIRECTION)
F
3.50 ± 0.05
0.138 ± 0.002
www.agilent.com/semiconductors
CAVITY TO PERFORATION
(LENGTH DIRECTION)
P2
2.00 ± 0.05
0.079 ± 0.002
E-mail: SemiconductorSupport@agilent.com
Data subject to change.
Copyright © 2004 Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Obsoletes 5988-4279EN
November 22, 2004
5989-1808EN