TX-IF SiMMIC FOR W-CDMA UPC8191K ACG + I/Q MODULATOR BLOCK DIAGRAM FEATURES • TX-IF: 570 MHz 15 • LOW POWER CONSUMPTION: VCC = 3.0 V 14 11 10 9 17 LPF 18 • TAPE AND REEL PACKAGING AVAILABLE 19 DESCRIPTION 20 NEC's UPC8191K is a Silicon Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit designed as a transmitter/TX section for WCDMA. The UPC8191K is a TX-IF IC including IF-AGC amplifier and modulator. This IC is suitable for kit-use for WCDMA IF section. This IC was developed using NEC's new ultra high seed silicon bipolar process. NEC's stringent quality assurance and test procedures ensure the highest reliability and perormance. 12 Reg & AGC_CTRL 16 • SMALL 20 PIN QFN PACKAGE: Flat lead style for better performance 13 1 2 3 freq. 1/2 8 freq 1/2 + Phase Shifter 7 6 4 5 APPLICATIONS • W-CDMA ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (unless otherwise specified,TA = 25°C, VCC = 3.0 V, fIF = 570 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q =10 kHz, 400 mVp-p balanced sine-wave) PART NUMBER PACKAGE OUTLINE SYMBOLS PARAMETERS AND CONDITIONS UPC8191K QFN-20 TYP UNITS MIN Circuit Current, No Signals At power saving mode mA µA – – 30.5 0 38 1 POUT Output Power, VCONT= 2.3 V, I/Q = 400mVp-p balanced VCONT= 0.3 V, I/Q = 400mVp-p balanced dBm -17 – -13 -93 – -88 LoL Local Leakage dBc – – -30 ImR Image Rejection dBc – – -30 Hm1 Output Harmonics 1, Leakage when IF output = 190 MHz dBc – – -20 Hm2 Output Harmonics 2, Leakage when IF output = 380 MHz dBc – – -30 us – – 10 ICC MAX TPS(Rise) Rise time from power-saving mode VPS(Rise) Rising voltage from power-saving mode V 2.2 – – VPS(fall) Falling voltage from power-saving mode V – – 0.5 STANDARD CHARACTERISTICS FOR REFERENCE (unless otherwise specified,TA = 25°C, VCC = 3.0 V, fIF = 570 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q =10 kHz, 400 mVp-p balanced sine-wave) SYMBOLS PART NUMBER PACKAGE OUTLINE PARAMETERS AND CONDITIONS UPC8191K QFN-20 TYP UNITS MIN NFL1 Output Noise Level 1,Pout = -25 dBm, fIF±20MHz dBm/Hz – -148 NFL2 Output Noise Level 2,Pout = -65 dBm, fIF±20MHz dBm/Hz – -162 – dB – – 0.5 GF EVM ACPR Gain Flatness, fIF±2.5MHz Error Vector Magnitude, I/Q = 3.84 Msps QPSK Adjacent Channel Power Ratio, fIF±5 MHz MAX – %rms – 3 – dBc – -55 – California Eastern Laboratories UPC8191K RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS1 (TA = 25°C) SYMBOLS PARAMETERS UNITS RATINGS VCC Supply Voltage V 4.0 VPS, VCONT Applied Voltage V -0.3 to VCC +0.3 Operating Ambient Temperature °C -40 to +85 Storage Temperature °C -55 to +150 TA TSTG SYMBOLS VCC Notes: 1. Operation in excess of any one of these parameters may result in permanent damage. PARAMETERS UNITS MIN TYP MAX Supply Voltage V 2.7 3.0 3.3 TA Operating Ambient Temperature °C -25 +25 +85 fIF IF Frequency MHz – 570 – fLO Local Frequency MHz – 760 – PLO Local input Level dBm -18 -15 -12 ZIF IF output impedance, Balanced output internal resistance kΩ – 1 – VI/Q I/Q Maximum Input Voltage (balanced input) Vp-p – 0.4 1 ORDERING INFORMATION Part Number Package UPC8191K-E1-A 20 Pin plastic QFN 18 I 19 Ib 20 GND (AGC, Reg) GND (Reg) VCC (Reg) GND (AGC, MIX) 11 Reg & AGC_CTRL 10 Vco nt 9 Vps freq. 1/2 8 Vcc (Shifter) freq 1/2 + Phase Shifter 7 Lo 6 Lob LPF 1 2 3 4 5 Tank GND (AGC,MIX) 12 Tank 17 13 GND (Shifter) IF_outb 14 Q 16 15 Qb IF_out VCC (AGC, MIX) BLOCK DIAGRAM (Units in mm) UPC8191K PIN FUNCTIONS (Pin Voltage is measured at VCC = 2.85 V) Pin No. Pin Name Applied Voltage (V) Pin Voltage (V) 1 Qb VCC/2 - 2 Q VCC/2 - Functions and Applications Internal Equivalent Circuits Q signal input pin. Apply bias voltage externally. Maximum balance input voltage is 1 000 mVP-P (balance). 1 3 4 5 GND (Shifter) Tank 0 0 - 2.65 2 Ground pin of I/Q modulator. This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. ––––– External inductor and capacitor can supress harmonics spurious of LO frequency. External LC value should be determined according to LO input frequency and suppression level. 6 7 8 9 LOb LO 0 0 VCC 2.7 to 3.3 (Shifter) VPS 0 to 3.0 2.02 2.02 4 5 Bypass pin of local signal input for I/Q modulator. In the case of single local input, this pin must be decoupled with capacitor ex. 1 000 pF. – Local signal input of I/Q modulator. The DC cut capacitor ex. 1 000 pF must be attaced to this pin. – - Supply voltage pin of I/Q modulator. - Power saving pin of I/Q modulator + AGC amplifier. This pin modulator can control Active/Sleep state with bias as follows. 50 kΩ VPS (V) State 0 to 0.5 Sleep Mode 2.2 to 3 Active Mode 9 UPC8191K PIN FUNCTIONS (Pin Voltage is measured at VCC = 2.85 V) Pin No. Pin Name Applied Voltage (V) Pin Voltage (V) 10 Vcont 0 to 3.0 - Functions and Applications Internal Equivalent Circuits Gain control pin of AGC amplifier. Variable gains are available in accordance with applied voltage between 0 to 3.0 V. 10.5 kΩ 2.5 kΩ 11 VCC (REG.) 2.7 to 3.3 - Supply voltage pin of internal regulator. – 12 GND (REG.) 0 - Ground pin internal regulator. This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. – Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. 13 14 18 GND (AGC, MIX) 0 - Ground pin of AGC amplifier + I/Q Mixer. – This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. 15 VCC (AGC , MIX) 2.7 to 3.3 - Supply voltage pin of AGC amplifier + I/Q Mixer. 16 IFout 2.7 to 3.3 - IF output pin. – The inductor must be attached between VCC and output pin due to open collector. External Output frequency is 570 MHz which is 3/4 of local signal frequency 760 MHz. 17 IFoutb 2.7 to 3.3 - 16 1 kΩ 17 Balance output of IFout pin. The inductor must be attached between VCC and output pin due to open collector. 19 I VCC/2 - I signal input pin. Apply bias voltage externally. Maximum balance input voltage is 1 000 mVP-P (balance). 20 Ib VCC/2 - 19 20 UPC8191K MEASUEMENT CIRCUIT (Units in mm) VCC VCC 1 µF 1 µF VCC 1 µF 8 pF 1 µF 82 nH 12 nH REG. and AGC_Control IFout TOKO Type B4F 617DB-1024 1 µF 1 µF 82 nH LPF Vcont VPS VCC VCC I 1 µF 1nF 1/2 LOin 1nF Phase Shifter (1/2) Ib 1 pF Remark : AC connector : DC terminal Qb 15 nH Q APPLICATION EXAMPLE: W-CDMA Variation of IF plan UPC8190/91K: RX-IF = 380 MHz, TX-IF = 570 MHz UPC8194/95K: RX-IF = 190 MHz, TX-IF = 380 MHz SiMMIC GaAs MMIC GaAs MCM GaAs or Si Discrete AGC+IQ demodulator UPC8190K, 8194K BPF LNA MIX BPF To Baseband RX = 2110-2170 MHz ANTENNA 1st LO DUPLX PLL1 PLL2 2nd LO = 760 MHz TX = 1920-1980 MHz PA BPF BPF From Baseband AGC + PA Driver UPG2124TH MIX AGC+IQ modulator UPC8191K, 8195K UPC8191K OUTLINE DIMENSIONS (Units in mm) Package Outline QFN-20 4.2±0.2 4.0±0.2 Pin 20 3.2±0.2 3.0±0.2 3.0±0.2 3.2±0.2 4-C0.5 Pin 1 0.30±0.15 4.2±0.2 4.2±0.2 0.8±0.1 0.18±0.05 0.4 Life Support Applications These NEC products are not intended for use in life support devices, appliances, or systems where the malfunction of these products can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. The customers of CEL using or selling these products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify CEL for all damages resulting from such improper use or sale. EXCLUSIVE NORTH AMERICAN AGENT FOR NEC RF, MICROWAVE & OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTORS CALIFORNIA EASTERN LABORATORIES • Headquarters • 4590 Patrick Henry Drive • Santa Clara, CA 95054-1817 • (408) 988-3500 • Telex 34-6393 • FAX (408) 988-0279 Internet: http://WWW.CEL.COM DATA SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE 04/15/2002 4590 Patrick Henry Drive Santa Clara, CA 95054-1817 Telephone: (408) 919-2500 Facsimile: (408) 988-0279 Subject: Compliance with EU Directives CEL certifies, to its knowledge, that semiconductor and laser products detailed below are compliant with the requirements of European Union (EU) Directive 2002/95/EC Restriction on Use of Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS) and the requirements of EU Directive 2003/11/EC Restriction on Penta and Octa BDE. 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