AKM AK4632

ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
AK4632
16-Bit ∆Σ Mono CODEC with ALC & MIC/SPK/Video-AMP
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AK4632 is a 16-bit mono CODEC with Microphone-Amplifier, Speaker-Amplifier and VideoAmplifier. Input circuits include a Microphone-Amplifier and an ALC (Automatic Level Control) circuit.
Output circuits include a Speaker-Amplifier and Mono Line Output. Video circuits include a LPF and
Video-Amplifier. The AK4632 suits a moving picture of Digital Still Camera and etc. This
speaker-Amplifier supports a Piezo Speaker. The AK4632 is housed in a space-saving 32-pin QFN
package.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
FEATURE
16-Bit Delta-Sigma Mono CODEC
Recording Function
• 1ch Mono Input
• 1st MIC Amplifier: 0dB, 20dB, 26dB or 32dB
• 2nd Amplifier with ALC: -8dB ∼ +27.5dB, 0.5dB Step
• ADC Performance: S/(N+D): 80dB, DR, S/N: 85dB
Playback Function
• Digital Volume: +12dB ∼ -115dB, 0.5dB Step, Mute
• Mono Line Output Performance: S/(N+D): 85dB, S/N: 93dB
• Mono Speaker-Amp
- Speaker-Amp Performance: S/(N+D): 60dB, S/N: 90dB (150mW@ 8Ω)
- BTL Output
- ALC (Automatic Level Control) Circuit
- Output Power: 400mW @ 8Ω, SVDD=3.3V
[email protected]=5V
• Beep Input
Power Management
Video Function
• A Composite Video Input
• Gain Control (-1.0dB ∼ +10.5dB, 0.5dB Step)
• Low Pass Filter
• A Video-Amp for Composite Video Signal(+6dB)
• DC Direct Output or Sag Compensation Output
Flexible PLL Mode:
• Frequencies:
11.2896MHz, 12MHz, 12.288MHz, 13.5MHz, 24MHz, 27MHz (MCKI pin)
1fs (FCK pin)
16fs, 32fs or 64fs (BICK pin)
EXT Mode:
• Frequencies: 256fs, 512fs or 1024fs (MCKI pin)
Sampling Rate:
• PLL Slave Mode (FCK pin) : 7.35kHz ~ 26kHz
• PLL Slave Mode (BICK pin) : 7.35kHz ~ 48kHz
• PLL Slave Mode (MCKI pin):
8kHz, 11.025kHz, 12kHz, 16kHz, 22.05kHz, 24kHz, 32kHz, 44.1kHz, 48kHz
• PLL Master Mode:
8kHz, 11.025kHz, 12kHz, 16kHz, 22.05kHz, 24kHz, 32kHz, 44.1kHz, 48kHz
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-1-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
• EXT Slave Mode:
7.35kHz ~ 48kHz (256fs), 7.35kHz ~ 26kHz (512fs), 7.35kHz ~ 13kHz (1024fs)
9. Output Master Clock Frequency: 256fs
10. Serial µP Interface: 3-wire
11. Master / Slave Mode
12. Audio Interface Format: MSB First, 2’s compliment
• ADC: DSP Mode, 16bit MSB justified, I2S
• DAC: DSP Mode, 16bit MSB justified, 16bit LSB justified, I2S
13. Ta = -10 ∼ 70°C
14. Power Supply
• CODEC: 2.6 ∼ 3.6V (typ. 3.3V)
• Speaker-Amp: 2.6 ∼ 5.25V (typ. 3.3V/5.0V)
• Video-Amp: 2.8 ∼ 5.25V (typ. 3.3V/5.0V)
15. Power Supply Current: 23.5 mA (All Power ON)
16. Package: 32pin QFN
17. Register Compatible with AK4631
„ Block Diagram
AVSS AVDD
VCOM
MICOUT
MPI
AIN
PMMIC
MIC Power
Supply
PMADC
DVDD
ALC1
(IPGA)
MIC
MIC-AMP
0dB or 20dB
or 26dB or 32dB
ADC
DVSS
HPF
PDN
ALC1A
PMAO
Audio
Interface
PMDAC
FCK
BICK
DACA
DAC
AOUT
BEEPA
SVDD
DACM
DVOL
SDTO
ALC1M
SDTI
SVSS
DSP
and
uP
PMSPK
SPP
SPKAMP
MIX
ALC2
CSN
Control
Register
SPN
BEEP
CDTI
PMBP
PMPLL
PMV
GCA
VOUT
+6dB
CCLK
-1dB ~ +10.5dB
Step 0.5dB
MCKO
LPF
PLL
CLAMP
MCKI
VSAG
VIN
MIN
MOUT
VCOC
VVDD
Figure 1. AK4632 Block Diagram
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-2-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Ordering Guide
−10 ∼ +70°C
32pin QFN (0.5mm pitch)
Evaluation board for AK4632
AK4632VN
AKD4632
MIN
SVSS
SVDD
SPP
SPN
MCKO
MCKI
DVSS
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
„ Pin Layout
SDTO
MICOUT
29
Top View
12
SDTI
MIC
30
11
CDTI
MPI
31
10
CCLK
VCOM
32
9
CSN
8
13
PDN
AK4632VN
7
28
VSAG
AIN
6
FCK
VOUT
14
5
27
VIN
BEEP
4
BICK
VVDD
15
3
26
AVSS
AOUT
2
DVDD
AVDD
16
1
25
VCOC
MOUT
„ Compare with AK4632
Function
Video Function
Package
AK4631
No
28pin QFN (5.2mm x 5.2mm)
AK4632
Yes
32pin QFN (5.0mm x 5.0mm)
The audio function of the AK4632 is compatible with that of the AK4631. Since the register map of audio
function is the same as the AK4631’s, the software of the audio function can run on the ak4632 without any
change.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-3-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
PIN/FUNCTION
No.
Pin Name
I/O
1
VCOC
O
2
3
4
5
6
7
AVDD
AVSS
VVDD
VIN
VOUT
VSAG
I
O
I
8
PDN
I
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
CSN
CCLK
CDTI
SDTI
SDTO
FCK
BICK
DVDD
DVSS
MCKI
MCKO
SPN
SPP
SVDD
SVSS
MIN
MOUT
AOUT
BEEP
AIN
MICOUT
MIC
MPI
32
VCOM
I
I
I
I
O
I/O
I/O
I
O
O
O
I
O
O
I
I
O
I
O
O
Function
Output Pin for Loop Filter of PLL Circuit
This pin should be connected to AVSS with one resistor and capacitor in series.
Analog Power Supply Pin
Analog Ground Pin
Video Block Power Supply Pin.
Composite Video Signal Input Pin
Composite Video Signal Driver Pin
Composite Video Signal Output Feedback Input Pin
Power-Down Mode Pin
“H”: Power up, “L”: Power down reset and initialize the control register.
Chip Select Pin
Control Data Clock Pin
Control Data Input Pin
Audio Serial Data Input Pin
Audio Serial Data Output Pin
Frame Clock Pin
Audio Serial Data Clock Pin
Digital Power Supply Pin
Digital Ground Pin
External Master Clock Input Pin (Internal Pull Down [email protected] pin =“L”)
Master Clock Output Pin
Speaker Amp Negative Output Pin
Speaker Amp Positive Output Pin
Speaker Amp Power Supply Pin
Speaker Amp Ground Pin
ALC2 Input Pin
Mono Analog Output Pin
Mono Line Output Pin
Beep Signal Input Pin
IPGA (ALC1) Input Pin
Microphone Analog Output Pin
Microphone Input Pin (Mono Input)
MIC Power Supply Pin for Microphone
Common Voltage Output Pin. Common Voltage = 0.45 x AVDD
Bias voltage of ADC inputs and DAC outputs.
Note : All input pins except analog input pins (MIC, AIN, MIN, BEEP and VIN pins) should not be left floating.
Note : The exposed pad on the bottom surface of the package must be open.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-4-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Handling of Unused Pin
The unused I/O pins should be processed appropriately as below.
Classification
Pin Name
Analog Input
MIC, AIN, BEEP, MIN, VSAG
Analog Output
MICOUT, MPI, AOUT, MOUT, SPP, SPN, VOUT
MCKI, SDTI, FCK(when M/S bit = “0”),
BICK(when M/S bit = “0”)
MCKO, SDTO, FCK(when M/S bit = “1”),
BICK(when M/S bit = “1”)
Digital Input
Digital Output
Setting
These pins should be open and each path
should be switched off.
These pins should be open.
These pins should be connected to DVSS.
These pins should be open.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
(AVSS, DVSS, SVSS=0V; Note 1)
Parameter
Symbol
min
Power Supplies:
Analog
AVDD
−0.3
Digital
DVDD
−0.3
Speaker-Amp
SVDD
−0.3
Video
VVDD
−0.3
|AVSS – DVSS| (Note 2)
∆GND1
|AVSS – SVSS|
(Note 2)
∆GND2
Input Current, Any Pin Except Supplies
IIN
Analog Input Voltage(Audio)
(Note 3)
VINA
−0.3
Analog Input Voltage(Video)
(Note 4)
VINV
−0.3
Digital Input Voltage
VIND
−0.3
Ambient Temperature (powered applied)
Ta
−10
Storage Temperature
Tstg
−65
Maximum Power Dissipation (Note 5)
Pd
-
max
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
0.3
0.3
±10
AVDD+0.3
VVDD+0.3
DVDD+0.3
70
150
700
Units
V
V
V
V
V
V
mA
V
V
V
°C
°C
mW
Note 1. All voltages with respect to ground.
Note 2. AVSS, DVSS and SVSS must be connected to the same analog ground plane.
Note 3. MIC, AIN, BEEP, MIN pins
Note 4. VIN pin
Note 5. In case that PCB wiring density is 100%. This power is the AK4632 internal dissipation that does not include
power of externally connected speaker.
WARNING: Operation at or beyond these limits may result in permanent damage to the device.
Normal operation is not guaranteed at these extremes.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-5-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
(AVSS, DVSS, SVSS=0V; Note 1)
Parameter
Symbol
min
typ
Power Supplies Analog
AVDD
2.6
3.3
(Note 6)
Digital
DVDD
2.6
3.3
Speaker-Amp (Note 7)
SVDD
2.6
3.3 / 5.0
Video (Note 8)
VVDD
2.8 or AVDD
3.3 / 5.0
Difference
AVDD-DVDD
-0.3
0
max
3.6
3.6
5.25
5.25
0.3
Units
V
V
V
V
V
Note 1. All voltages with respect to ground
Note 6. The power up sequence between AVDD, DVDD and SVDD is not critical.
When the power supplies are partially powered OFF, the AK4632 must be reset by bringing PDN pin “L” after
these power supplies are powered ON again.
Note 7. SVDD = 2.6 ∼ 3.6V when 8Ω dynamic speaker is connected to the AK4632. If SVDD is more than 3.6V when
8Ω dynamic speaker is connected to the AK4632, the output of Speaker-Amp should be restricted in consideration
of maximum power dissipation as the following.
SPoMax
SPKMPD
Rmin
Vmax
: Maximum Output Power of SPK-Amp[mW]
: Maximum Power Dissipation of SPK-Amp[mW]
: Minimum Impedance of speaker[Ω]
: Maximum permission output voltage of SPK-Amp[Vrms]
SPKMPD = 700 – AVDD(max) x 17.5 – VVDD(max) x 12 – SVDD(max) x 27
A = 2 x sqrt(2) x SVDD(max) / π
B = A x A – 4 x Rmin x SPKMPD / 1000
Vmax= (A – sqrt(B)) / 2
SPoMax = 1000 x Vmax x Vmax / Rmin
Maximum Output Power of SPK-Amp at B < 0 : No limitation
Maximum Output Power of SPK-Amp at B ≥ 0: This power should be less than or equal to
SPoMax[mW].
Regardless of the condition of B, the distortion of output signal increases, when SPK-Amp output power
exceeds 240mW.
Note 8. Minimum value is higher value between 2.8V and AVDD[V].
* AKM assumes no responsibility for the usage beyond the conditions in this datasheet.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-6-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
ANALOG CHRACTERISTICS
(Ta=25°C; AVDD, DVDD, SVDD, VVDD=3.3V; AVSS=DVSS=SVSS=0V; fs=8kHz, BICK=64fs; Signal
Frequency=1kHz; 16bit Data; Measurement frequency=20Hz ∼ 3.4kHz; EXT Slave Mode; unless otherwise specified)
min
typ
max
Units
Parameter
MIC Amplifier
Input Resistance
20
30
40
kΩ
Gain
(MGAIN1-0 bits = “00”)
dB
0
dB
20
(MGAIN1-0 bits = “01”)
dB
26
(MGAIN1-0 bits = “10”)
dB
32
(MGAIN1-0 bits = “11”)
MIC Power Supply: MPI pin
Output Voltage
(Note 9)
2.22
2.47
2.72
V
Load Resistance
2
kΩ
Load Capacitance
30
pF
Input PGA Characteristics:
Input Resistance (Note 10)
5
10
15
kΩ
Step Size
0.05
0.5
0.9
dB
Gain Control Range
+27.5
dB
−8
ADC Analog Input Characteristics: MIC Æ IPGA Æ ADC, MIC Gain=20dB, IPGA=0dB, ALC1=OFF
Resolution
16
Bits
Input Voltage (MIC Gain=20dB, Note 11)
0.168
0.198
0.228
Vpp
68
80
dB
S/(N+D)
(−1dBFS) (Note 12)
75
85
dB
D-Range
(−60dBFS)
S/N
75
85
dB
DAC Characteristics:
Resolution
16
Bits
Mono Line Output Characteristics: AOUT pin, DAC → AOUT, RL=10kΩ
1.78
1.98
2.18
Vpp
Output Voltage (Note 13)
73
85
dB
S/(N+D)
(0dBFS) (Note 12)
83
93
dB
D-Range
(-60dBFS)
83
93
dB
S/N
10
Load Resistance
kΩ
30
pF
Load Capacitance
Note 9. Output voltage is proportional to AVDD voltage. Vout = 0.75 x AVDD (typ)
Note 10. When IPGA Gain is changed, this typical value changes between 8kΩ and 11kΩ.
Note 11. Input voltage is proportional to AVDD voltage. Vin = 0.06 x AVDD (typ)
Note 12. When a PLL reference clock is FCK pin in PLL Slave Mode, S/(N+D) is 77dB (typ).
Note 13. Output voltage is proportional to AVDD voltage. Vout = 0.6 x AVDD (typ)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-7-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
min
typ
max
Units
Parameter
Speaker-Amp Characteristics: SPP/SPN pins, MIN Æ SPP/SPN, ALC2=OFF, RL=8Ω, BTL, SVDD=3.3V
Output Voltage
2.47
3.09
3.71
Vpp
SPKG1-0 bits = “00” (-0.5dBFS)
(Note 14)
3.10
4.00
4.80
Vpp
SPKG1-0 bits = “01” (-0.5dBFS)
S/(N+D)
at 150mW Output
20
60
dB
at 240mW Output
50
dB
at 400mW Output
20
dB
80
90
dB
S/N (Note 16)
Load Resistance
8
Ω
30
pF
Load Capacitance
Speaker-Amp Characteristics: MIN Æ SPP/SPN pins, ALC2=OFF, CL=3µF, Rserial=10Ω x 2, BTL, SVDD=5.0V
Output Voltage
6.72
Vpp
SPKG1-0 bits = “10”
(Note 14)
6.80
8.50
10.20
Vpp
SPKG1-0 bits = “11”
60
dB
S/(N+D) (Note 14)
SPKG1-0 bits = “10”
(Note 15)
20
50
dB
SPKG1-0 bits = “11”
80
80
90
dB
S/N (Note 15) (Note 16)
Load Impedance (Note 17)
50
Ω
3
Load Capacitance
µF
BEEP Input: BEEP pin, External Input Resistance= 20kΩ
Maximum Input Voltage (Note 18)
1.98
Vpp
Output Voltage (Input Voltage=0.6Vpp)
0.74
1.48
2.22
Vpp
BEEP Æ SPP/SPN (SPKG1-0 bits = “00”)
0.3
0.6
0.9
Vpp
BEEP Æ AOUT
Mono Input: MIN pin
2.18
Vpp
Maximum Input Voltage (Note 19)
12
24
36
Input Resistance
(Note 20)
kΩ
Mono Output: MOUT pin, DAC→ MOUT
1.78
1.98
2.18
Vpp
Output Voltage
(Note 21)
Load Resistance
10
kΩ
30
pF
Load Capacitance
Note 14. The full scale of Input signal of MIN pin is 1.98Vpp.
Note 15. In case of measuring between SPP pin and SPN pin directly.
Note 16. There are no relations with the setup of SPKG1-0 bits, and it is the same value.
Note 17. Load impedance is total impedance of series resistance and piezo speaker impedance at 1kHz in Figure 35. Load
capacitance is capacitance of piezo speaker. When piezo speaker is used, 10Ω or more series resistors should be
connected at both SPP and SPN pins, respectively.
Note 18. The maximum input voltage of the BEEP is proportional to AVDD voltage and external input resistance(Rin).
Vout = 0.6 x AVDD x Rin/20kΩ(max).
Note 19. Maximum Input Voltage is proportional to AVDD voltage. Vin = 0.66 x AVDD (max)
Note 20. When ALC2 Gain is changed, this typical value changes between 22kΩ and 26kΩ.
Note 21. Output Voltage is proportional to AVDD voltage. Vout = 0.6 x AVDD (typ)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
-8-
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
Parameter
min
Y Input Characteristics:
Maximum Input Voltage (Note 22)
Pull Down Current
V Output Characteristics:
Output Gain
VIN=100kHz (GCA=0dB)
5.0
Maximum Output
at DC output
2.4
Voltage
at Sag Compensation Output
100µF+2.2 uF, VVDD ≥ 3.135 V
at Sag Compensation Output
47µF+1.0uF, VVDD ≥ 3.135 V
Clamp Voltage
at DC output
S/N
BW=100kH ∼ 6MHz
Secondary Distortion VIN=3.58MHz, 1.0Vpp(Sin Wave)
(Note 23)
Load Resistance
140
Load Capacitance
C1(See Figure 2)
C2(See Figure 2) (Note 24)
LPF
Frequency Response
-3.0
Response at 6.75MHz
Input=1.26Vpp, Sin Wave Response at 27MHz
(0dB at 100kHz)
Group Delay
|GD3MHz −GD6MHz|
GCA Characteristics:
Step Size
0.1
GCA = -1.0dB ∼ +10.5dB
Power Supplies
Power Up (PDN = “H”)
All Circuit Power-up: (Note 25)
AVDD+DVDD
fs=8kHz
9
fs=48kHz
11.5
SVDD: Speaker-Amp Normal Operation (SPPS bit = “1”, No Output)
SVDD=3.3V
7
SVDD=5.0V
9
VVDD (Note 26)
VVDD=3.3V
7.5
VVDD=5.0V
8
Power Down (PDN = “L”) (Note 27)
10
AVDD+DVDD+SVDD+VVDD
typ
max
Units
1.2
2.0
-
Vpp
µA
6.0
2.52
2.4
7.0
-
dB
Vpp
Vpp
2.4
-
Vpp
0.15
66
-45
-
V
dB
dB
150
-
15
400
Ω
pF
pF
-0.5
-30
-20
dB
dB
10
100
nsec
0.5
0.9
dB
17.5
mA
mA
27
mA
mA
12
mA
mA
100
µA
Note 22. Input Voltage doesn’t depend on VVDD.
Note 23. In the case of using Sag Compensation Circuit with 47µF+ 1.0uF and SAGC1-0 bits = “10”
Note 24. R1 and C2 compose of Low Pass Filter(LPF) in Figure 2. The cut off frequency of LPF is 10.6MHz at C2 =
400pF.
R1
75 ohm
Video Signal Output
R2
75 ohm
C1
C2
Figure 2. Load Capacitance C1 and C2
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
Note 25. PLL Master Mode (MCKI=12.288MHz) and PMV=PMMIC = PMADC = PMDAC = PMSPK = PMVCM =
PMPLL = MCKO = PMAO = PMBP = MPWR = M/S =“1”. And output current from MPI pin is 0mA. When the
AK4632 is EXT mode (PMPLL = MCKO = M/S = “0”), “AVDD+DVDD” is typically [email protected]=8kHz,
[email protected]=48kHz).
Note 26. This is the case of SAGC bits = “00” and no load resistance and capacitance. When SAGC bits = “10” and Black
signal is output, this current is typ.8mA. In the case of DC Output, this current increases by DC voltage / 150 Ω.
DC Output Voltage is 0V at PMV bit = “0”, and then DC current doesn’t flow. When any signal isn’t input at
using Sag Compensation Circuit, PMV bit should be set to “0”.
Note 27. MCKI pin is fixed to DVSS and all digital inputs pins except MCKI pin are fixed to DVSS or DVSS.
FILTER CHRACTERISTICS
(Ta = 25°C; AVDD, DVDD = 2.6 ∼ 3.6V; SVDD =2.6 ∼ 5.25V; VVDD =2.8 ∼ 5.25V; fs=8kHz)
Parameter
Symbol
min
typ
max
ADC Digital Filter (Decimation LPF):
±0.16dB
PB
0
3.0
Passband
(Note 28)
−0.66dB
3.5
−1.1dB
3.6
−6.9dB
4.0
Stopband
(Note 28)
SB
4.7
Passband Ripple
PR
±0.1
Stopband Attenuation
SA
73
Group Delay
(Note 29)
GD
17.1
Group Delay Distortion
∆GD
0
ADC Digital Filter (HPF):
Frequency Response (Note 28) −3.0dB
FR
0.62
−0.5dB
1.81
−0.1dB
3.99
DAC Digital Filter:
Passband
(Note 28) ±0.1dB
PB
0
3.6
−0.7dB
3.6
−6.0dB
4.0
Stopband
(Note 28)
SB
4.6
Passband Ripple
PR
±0.01
Stopband Attenuation
SA
59
Group Delay
(Note 29)
GD
16.8
DAC Digital Filter + Analog Filter:
Frequency Response: 0 ∼ 3.4kHz
FR
±1.0
Units
kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz
dB
dB
1/fs
µs
Hz
Hz
Hz
kHz
kHz
kHz
dB
dB
1/fs
dB
Note 28. The passband and stopband frequencies are proportional to fs (system sampling rate).
For example, ADC is PB=0.45*fs (@-1.1dB). A reference of frequency response is 1kHz.
Note 29. The calculated delay time caused by digital filtering. This time is from the input of analog signal to setting of the
16-bit data of a channel from the input register to the output register of the ADC. This time includes the group
delay of the HPF. For the DAC, this time is from setting the 16-bit data of a channel from the input register to the
output of analog signal.
DC CHRACTERISTICS
(Ta = 25°C; AVDD, DVDD = 2.6 ∼ 3.6V; SVDD =2.6 ∼ 5.25V)
Parameter
Symbol
min
High-Level Input Voltage
VIH
70%DVDD
Low-Level Input Voltage
VIL
High-Level Output Voltage
(Iout=−80µA)
VOH
DVDD−0.4
Low-Level Output Voltage
(Iout= 80µA)
VOL
Input Leakage Current
Iin
-
MS0396-E-00
typ
-
max
30%DVDD
0.4
±10
Units
V
V
V
V
µA
2005/06
- 10 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
SWITING CHARACTERISTICS
(Ta = 25°C; AVDD, DVDD = 2.6 ∼ 3.6V; SVDD =2.6 ∼ 5.25V ; VVDD =2.8 ∼ 5.25V; CL=20pF)
Parameter
Symbol
min
typ
max
PLL Master Mode (PLL Reference Clock = MCKI pin) (Figure 3)
MCKI Input: Frequency
Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
MCKO Output:
Frequency
Duty Cycle except fs=29.4kHz, 32kHz
fs=29.4kHz, 32kHz (Note 30)
FCK Output: Frequency
Duty Cycle
BICK: Period (BCKO1-0 = “00”)
(BCKO1-0 = “01”)
(BCKO1-0 = “10”)
Duty Cycle
Audio Interface Timing
DSP Mode: (Figure 4, Figure 5)
FCK “↑” to BICK “↑” (Note 31)
FCK “↑” to BICK “↓” (Note 32)
BICK “↑” to SDTO (BCKP = “0”)
BICK “↓” to SDTO (BCKP = “1”)
SDTI Hold Time
SDTI Setup Time
Except DSP Mode: (Figure 6)
BICK “↓” to FCK Edge
FCK to SDTO (MSB)
(Except I2S mode)
BICK “↓” to SDTO
SDTI Hold Time
SDTI Setup Time
Units
fCLK
tCLKL
tCLKH
11.2896
0.4/fCLK
0.4/fCLK
-
27.0
-
MHz
ns
ns
fMCK
dMCK
dMCK
fFCK
dFCK
tBCK
tBCK
tBCK
dBCK
40
8
-
256 x fFCK
50
33
50
1/16fFCK
1/32fFCK
1/64fFCK
50
60
48
-
kHz
%
%
kHz
%
ns
ns
ns
%
tDBF
tDBF
tBSD
tBSD
tSDH
tSDS
0.5 x tBCK -40
0.5 x tBCK -40
-70
-70
50
50
0.5 x tBCK
0.5 x tBCK
-
0.5 x tBCK + 40
0.5 x tBCK +40
70
70
-
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
tBFCK
tFSD
-40
-70
-
40
70
ns
ns
tBSD
tSDH
tSDS
-70
50
50
-
70
-
ns
ns
ns
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 11 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
Parameter
Symbol
min
PLL Slave Mode (PLL Reference Clock: FCK pin) (Figure 7, Figure 8)
FCK: Frequency
DSP Mode: Pulse Width High
Except DSP Mode: Duty Cycle
BICK: Period
Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
fFCK
tFCKH
duty
tBCK
tBCKL
tBCKH
7.35
tBCK-60
45
1/64fFCK
240
240
typ
max
Units
8
-
26
1/fFCK-tBFCK
55
1/16fFCK
-
kHz
ns
%
ns
ns
ns
8
1/16fFCK
1/32fFCK
1/64fFCK
-
48
1/fFCK-tBFCK
55
-
kHz
ns
%
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
PLL Slave Mode (PLL Reference Clock: BICK pin) (Figure 7, Figure 8)
FCK: Frequency
DSP Mode: Pulse width High
Except DSP Mode: Duty Cycle
BICK: Period (PLL3-0 = “0001”)
(PLL3-0 = “0010”)
(PLL3-0 = “0011”)
Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
fFCK
tFCKH
duty
tBCK
tBCK
tBCK
tBCKL
tBCKH
7.35
tBCK-60
45
0.4 x tBCK
0.4 x tBCK
PLL Slave Mode (PLL Reference Clock: MCKI pin) (Figure 9)
MCKI Input: Frequency
Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
MCKO Output:
Frequency
Duty Cycle except fs=29.4kHz, 32kHz
fs=29.4kHz, 32kHz (Note 30)
FCK: Frequency
DSP Mode: Pulse width High
Except DSP Mode: Duty Cycle
BICK: Period
Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
Audio Interface Timing
DSP Mode: (Figure 10,Figure 11)
FCK “↑” to BICK “↑” (Note 31)
FCK “↑” to BICK “↓” (Note 32)
BICK “↑” to FCK “↑” (Note 31)
BICK “↓” to FCK “↑” (Note 32)
BICK “↑” to SDTO (BCKP = “0”)
BICK “↓” to SDTO (BCKP = “1”)
SDTI Hold Time
SDTI Setup Time
Except DSP Mode: (Figure 13)
FCK Edge to BICK “↑” (Note 33)
BICK “↑” to FCK Edge (Note 33)
FCK to SDTO (MSB) (Except I2S mode)
BICK “↓” to SDTO
SDTI Hold Time
SDTI Setup Time
fCLK
fCLKL
fCLKH
11.2896
0.4/fCLK
0.4/fCLK
-
27.0
-
MHz
ns
ns
fMCK
dMCK
dMCK
fFCK
tFCKH
duty
tBCK
tBCKL
tBCKH
40
8
tBCK-60
45
1/64fFCK
0.4 x tBCK
0.4 x tBCK
256 x fFCK
50
33
-
60
48
1/fFCK-tBFCK
55
1/16fFCK
-
kHz
%
%
kHz
ns
%
ns
ns
ns
tFCKB
tFCKB
tBFCK
tBFCK
tBSD
tBSD
tSDH
tSDS
0.4 x tBCK
0.4 x tBCK
0.4 x tBCK
0.4 x tBCK
50
50
-
80
80
-
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
tFCKB
tBFCK
tFSD
tBSD
tSDH
tSDS
50
50
50
50
-
80
80
-
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 12 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
Parameter
EXT Slave Mode (Figure 12)
Symbol
min
typ
Max
Units
MCKI Frequency: 256fs
512fs
1024fs
Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
FCK Frequency (MCKI = 256fs)
(MCKI = 512fs)
(MCKI = 1024fs)
Duty Cycle
BICK Period
BICK Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
fCLK
fCLK
fCLK
tCLKL
tCLKH
fFCK
fFCK
fFCK
duty
tBCK
tBCKL
tBCKH
1.8816
3.7632
7.5264
0.4/fCLK
0.4/fCLK
7.35
7.35
7.35
45
312.5
130
130
2.048
4.096
8.192
8
8
8
-
12.288
13.312
13.312
48
26
13
55
-
MHz
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
Audio Interface Timing (Figure 13)
FCK Edge to BICK “↑“ (Note 33)
BICK “↑“ to FCK Edge (Note 33)
FCK to SDTO (MSB) (Except I2S mode)
BICK “↓“ to SDTO
SDTI Hold Time
SDTI Setup Time
tFCKB
tBFCK
tFSD
tBSD
tSDH
tSDS
50
50
50
50
-
80
80
-
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
kHz
kHz
%
ns
ns
ns
Note 30. Duty Cycle = (the width of “L” ) / (the period of clock) × 100
Note 31. MSBS, BCKP bits = “00” or “11”
Note 32. MSBS, BCKP bits = “01” or “10”
Note 33. BICK rising edge must not occur at the same time as FCK edge.
Parameter
Control Interface Timing:
CCLK Period
CCLK Pulse Width Low
Pulse Width High
CDTI Setup Time
CDTI Hold Time
CSN “H” Time
CSN “↓“ to CCLK “↑“
CCLK “↑“ to CSN “↑“
Reset Timing
PDN Pulse Width
PMADC “↑“ to SDTO valid
(Note 34)
(Note 35)
Symbol
min
typ
max
Units
tCCK
tCCKL
tCCKH
tCDS
tCDH
tCSW
tCSS
tCSH
200
80
80
40
40
150
150
50
-
-
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
tPD
tPDV
150
-
1059
-
ns
1/fs
Note 34. The AK4632 can be reset by the PDN pin = “L”
Note 35. This is the count of FCK “↑“ from the PMADC = “1”.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 13 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Timing Diagram
1/fCLK
VIH
MCKI
VIL
tCLKH
tCLKL
1/fFCK
50%DVDD
FCK
dFCK
dFCK
1/fMCK
50%DVDD
MCKO
tMCKOH
tMCKOL
dMCK = tMCKOL x fMCK x 100
Figure 3. Clock Timing (PLL Master mode)
FCK
50%DVDD
tBCK
tDBF
dBCK
BICK
(BCKP = "0")
50%DVDD
BICK
(BCKP = "1")
50%DVDD
tBSD
SDTO
MSB
tSDS
50%DVDD
tSDH
VIH
SDTI
MSB
VIL
Figure 4. Audio Interface Timing (PLL Master mode & DSP mode: MSBS = “0”)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 14 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
FCK
50%DVDD
tBCK
tDBF
dBCK
BICK
(BCKP = "1")
50%DVDD
BICK
(BCKP = "0")
50%DVDD
tBSD
SDTO
50%DVDD
MSB
tSDS
SDTI
tSDH
VIH
MSB
VIL
Figure 5. Audio Interface Timing (PLL Master mode & DSP mode: MSBS = “1”)
50%DVDD
FCK
tBFCK
dBCK
BICK
50%DVDD
tFSD
tBSD
SDTO
50%DVDD
tSDH
tSDS
VIH
SDTI
VIL
Figure 6. Audio Interface Timing (PLL Master mode & Except DSP mode)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 15 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
1/fFCK
VIH
FCK
VIL
tFCKH
tBFCK
tBCK
VIH
BICK
(BCKP = "0")
VIL
tBCKH
tBCKL
VIH
BICK
(BCKP = "1")
VIL
Figure 7. Clock Timing (PLL Slave mode; PLL Reference clock = FCK or BICK pin & DSP mode; MSBS = 0)
1/fFCK
VIH
FCK
VIL
tFCKH
tBFCK
tBCK
VIH
BICK
(BCKP = "1")
VIL
tBCKH
tBCKL
VIH
BICK
(BCKP = "0")
VIL
Figure 8. Clock Timing (PLL Slave mode; PLL Reference Clock = FCK or BICK pin & DSP mode; MSBS = 1)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 16 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
1/fCLK
VIH
MCKI
VIL
tCLKH
tCLKL
1/fFCK
VIH
FCK
VIL
tFCKH
tFCKL
tBCK
VIH
BICK
VIL
tBCKH
tBCKL
1/fMCK
50%DVDD
MCKO
tMCKOH
tMCKOL
dMCK = tMCKOL x fMCK x 100
Figure 9. Clock Timing (PLL Slave mode; PLL Reference Clock = MCKI pin & Except DSP mode)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 17 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
tFCKH
VIH
FCK
VIL
tFCKB
VIH
BICK
VIL
(BCKP = "0")
VIH
BICK
(BCKP = "1")
VIL
tBSD
SDTO
50%DVDD
MSB
tSDS
tSDH
VIH
SDTI
MSB
VIL
Figure 10. Audio Interface Timing (PLL Slave mode & DSP mode; MSBS = 0)
tFCKH
VIH
FCK
VIL
tFCKB
VIH
BICK
VIL
(BCKP = "1")
VIH
BICK
(BCKP = "0")
VIL
tBSD
SDTO
MSB
tSDS
50%DVDD
tSDH
VIH
SDTI
MSB
VIL
Figure 11. Audio Interface Timing (PLL Slave mode, DSP mode; MSBS = 1)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 18 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
1/fCLK
VIH
MCKI
VIL
tCLKH
tCLKL
1/fFCK
VIH
FCK
VIL
tFCKH
tFCKL
tBCK
VIH
BICK
VIL
tBCKH
tBCKL
Figure 12. Clock Timing (EXT Slave mode)
VIH
FCK
VIL
tBFCK
tFCKB
VIH
BICK
VIL
tBSD
tFSD
SDTO
MSB
50%DVDD
tSDH
tSDS
VIH
SDTI
VIL
Figure 13. Audio Interface Timing (PLL, EXT Slave mode & Except DSP mode)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 19 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
VIH
CSN
VIL
tCCKL
tCSS
tCCKH
VIH
CCLK
VIL
tCCK
tCDH
tCDS
VIH
CDTI
C1
C0
R/W
VIL
Figure 14. WRITE Command Input Timing
tCSW
VIH
CSN
VIL
tCSH
VIH
CCLK
VIL
VIH
CDTI
D2
D1
D0
VIL
Figure 15. WRITE Data Input Timing
VIH
CSN
VIL
tPDV
SDTO
50%DVDD
Figure 16. Power Down & Reset Timing 1
tPD
PDN
VIL
Figure 17. Power Down & Reset Timing 2
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 20 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
OPERATION OVERVIEW
„ System Clock
There are the following four clock modes to interface with external devices. (See Table 1 and Table 2)
Mode
PMPLL bit M/S bit
PLL3-0 bit
PLL Master Mode
1
1
See Table 4
PLL Slave Mode 1
1
0
See Table 4
(PLL Reference Clock: MCKI pin)
PLL Slave Mode 2
1
0
See Table 4
(PLL Reference Clock: FCK or BICK pin)
EXT Slave Mode
0
0
X
Invalid state (Note 36)
0
1
X
Table 1. Clock Mode Setting (X: Don’t care)
MCKPD bit
0
Figure
Figure 19
0
Figure 20
1
Figure 21
0
X
Figure 22
-
Note 36. If this mode is selected, the invalid clocks are output from MCKO, FCK and BICK pins.
Mode
PLL Master Mode
PLL Slave Mode 1
(PLL Reference Clock: MCKI pin)
PLL Slave Mode 2
(PLL Reference Clock: FCK or BICK pin)
EXT Slave Mode
MCKO bit
MCKO pin
MCKI pin
BICK pin
FCK pin
0
“L” Output
1
256fs Output
Master Clock
Input for PLL
(Note 37)
16fs/32fs/64fs
Output
1fs
Output
0
“L” Output
1
256fs Output
Master Clock
Input for PLL
(Note 37)
16fs/32fs/64fs
Input
1fs
Input
0
“L” Output
GND
16fs/32fs/64fs
Input
1fs
Input
256fs/
512fs/
≥ 32fs
0
“L” Output
1024fs
Input
Input
Note 37. 11.2896MHz/12MHz/12.288MHz/13.5MHz/24MHz/27MHz
Table 2. Clock pins state in Clock Mode
1fs
Input
[Pull-down resistor of MCKI pin]
When the master clock is input, MCKPD bit should be “0”. When the MCKI pin is floating, the pin should be pulled-down
by internal 25kΩ resistor at MCKPD bit = “1”(Default).
MCKI
MCKPD bit ="0"
25kΩ
AK4632
Figure 18. Pull-down resistor of MCKI pin
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 21 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Master Mode/Slave Mode
The M/S bit selects either master or slave modes. M/S bit = “1” selects master mode and “0” selects slave mode. When the
AK4632 is power-down mode (PDN pin = “L”) and exits reset state, the AK4632 is slave mode. After exiting reset state,
the AK4632 goes master mode by changing M/S bit = “1”.
When the AK4632 is used by master mode, FCK and BICK pins are a floating state until M/S bit becomes “1”. FCK and
BICK pins of the AK4632 should be pulled-down or pulled-up by about 100kΩ resistor externally to avoid the floating
state.
M/S bit
Mode
0
Slave Mode
Default
1
Master Mode
Table 3. Select Master/Salve Mode
„ PLL Mode
When PMPLL bit is “1”, a fully integrated analog phase locked loop (PLL) generates a clock that is selected by the
PLL3-0 and FS3-0 bits. The PLL lock time is shown in Table 4, whenever the AK4632 is supplied to a stable clocks after
PLL is powered-up (PMPLL bit = “0” → “1”) or sampling frequency changes.
1) Setting of PLL Mode
R and C of
PLL
Input
VCOC pin
Reference
Frequency
Clock Input
C[F]
R[Ω]
Pin
0
FCK pin
1fs
6.8k
220n
1
BICK pin
16fs
10k
4.7n
0
BICK pin
32fs
10k
4.7n
1
BICK pin
64fs
10k
4.7n
0
MCKI pin
11.2896MHz
10k
4.7n
1
MCKI pin
12.288MHz
10k
4.7n
0
MCKI pin
12MHz
10k
4.7n
1
MCKI pin
24MHz
10k
4.7n
0
MCKI pin
13.5MHz
10k
10n
1
MCKI pin
27MHz
10k
10n
N/A
Table 4. Setting of PLL Mode (*fs: Sampling Frequency)
Mode
PLL3
bit
PLL2
bit
PLL1
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
12
13
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
Others
Others
PLL0
bit
PLL Lock
Time
(max)
160ms
2ms
2ms
2ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
Default
2) Setting of sampling frequency in PLL Mode.
When PLL2 bit is “1” (PLL reference clock input is MCKI pin), the sampling frequency is selected by FS2-0 bits as
defined in Table 5.
Mode
FS3 bit
FS2 bit
FS1 bit
FS0 bit
Sampling Frequency
0
0
0
0
0
8kHz
Default
1
0
0
0
1
12kHz
2
0
0
1
0
16kHz
3
0
0
1
1
24kHz
4
0
1
0
0
7.35kHz
5
0
1
0
1
11.025kHz
6
0
1
1
0
14.7kHz
7
0
1
1
1
22.05kHz
10
1
0
1
0
32kHz
11
1
0
1
1
48kHz
14
1
1
1
0
29.4kHz
15
1
1
1
1
44.1kHz
Others
Others
N/A
Table 5. Setting of Sampling Frequency at PLL2 bit = “1” and PMPLL bit = “1”
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 22 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
When PLL2 bit is “0” (PLL reference clock input is FCK or BICK pin), the sampling frequency is selected by FS3,
FS1-0 bits. (See Table 6)
Mode
0
1
2
3
6
7
Others
FS3 bit
0
0
0
0
1
1
FS2 bit
FS1 bit
FS0 bit
Sampling Frequency Range
Don’t care
0
Default
0
7.35kHz ≤ fs ≤ 8kHz
Don’t care
1
0
8kHz < fs ≤ 12kHz
Don’t care
0
1
12kHz < fs ≤ 16kHz
Don’t care
1
1
16kHz < fs ≤ 24kHz
Don’t care
0
1
24kHz < fs ≤ 32kHz
Don’t care
1
1
32kHz < fs ≤ 48kHz
Others
N/A
Table 6. Setting of Sampling Frequency at PLL2 bit = “0” and PMPLL bit = “1”
„ PLL Unlock State
1) PLL Master Mode (PMPLL bit = “1”, M/S bit = “1”)
In this mode, irregular frequency clocks are output from FCK, BICK and MCKO pins after PMPLL bit = “0” Æ “1” or
sampling frequency is changed. After that PLL is unlocked, BICK and FCK pins output “L” for a moment, and invalid
frequency clock is output from MCKO pin at MCKO bit = “1”. If MCKO bit is “0”, MCKO pin is output to “L”. (See
Table 7)
After the PLL is locked, a first period of FCK and BICK may be invalid clock, but these clocks return to normal state after
a period of 1/fs.
MCKO pin
BICK pin
FCK pin
MCKO bit = “0” MCKO bit = “1”
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
After that PMPLL bit “0” Æ “1”
“L” Output
PLL Unlock
Invalid
“L” Output
“L” Output
“L” Output
256fs Output
1fs Output
PLL Lock
See Table 9
“L” Output
Table 7. Clock Operation at PLL Master Mode (PMPLL bit = “1”, M/S bit = “1”)
PLL State
2) PLL Slave Mode (PMPLL bit = “1”, M/S bit = “0”)
In this mode, an invalid clock is output from MCKO pin after PMPLL bit = “0” Æ “1” or sampling frequency is changed.
After that, 256fs is output from MCKO pin when PLL is locked. ADC and DAC output invalid data when the PLL is
unlocked. For DAC, the output signal should be muted by writing “0” to DACA and DACM bits in Addr=02H.
MCKO pin
MCKO bit = “0”
MCKO bit = “1”
Invalid
After that PMPLL bit “0” Æ “1”
“L” Output
PLL Unlock
Invalid
“L” Output
PLL Lock
256fs
Output
“L” Output
Table 8. Clock Operation at PLL Slave Mode (PMPLL bit = “1”, M/S bit = “0”)
PLL State
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 23 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ PLL Master Mode (PMPLL bit = “1”, M/S bit = “1”)
When an external clock (11.2896MHz, 12MHz , 12.288MHz, 13.5MHz, 24MHz or 27MHz) is input to MCKI pin, the
MCKO, BICK and FCK clocks are generated by an internal PLL circuit. The MCKO output frequency is fixed to 256fs,
the output is enabled by MCKO bit. The BICK is selected among 16fs, 32fs or 64fs, by BCKO1-0 bits. (See Table 9)
When BICK output frequency is 16fs, the audio interface format supports only Mode 0 (DSP Mode).
11.2896MHz, 12MHz, 12.288MHz
13.5MHz, 24MHz, 27MHz
AK4632
DSP or µ P
MCKI
MCKO
BICK
FCK
256fs
16fs, 32fs, 64fs
1fs
MCLK
BCLK
FCK
SDTO
SDTI
SDTI
SDTO
Figure 19. PLL Master Mode
Mode
0
1
2
3
BICK Output
Frequency
0
0
16fs
0
1
32fs
1
0
64fs
1
1
N/A
Table 9. BICK Output Frequency at Master Mode
BCKO1
BCKO0
MS0396-E-00
Default
2005/06
- 24 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ PLL Slave Mode (PMPLL bit = “1”, M/S bit = “0”)
A reference clock of PLL is selected among the input clocks to MCKI, BICK or FCK pin. The required clock to the
AK4632 is generated by an internal PLL circuit. Input frequency is selected by PLL3-0 bits. When BICK input frequency
is 16fs, the audio interface format supports only Mode 0 (DSP Mode).
a) PLL reference clock: BICK or FCK pin
In the case of using BICK as PLL reference clock, the sampling frequency corresponds to 7.35kHz to 48kHz by
changing FS3-0 bits. In the case of using FCK, the sampling frequency corresponds to 7.35kHz to 26kHz. (SeeTable
6)
AK4632
DSP or µ P
MCKO
MCKI
BICK
FCK
16fs, 32fs, 64fs
1fs
BCLK
FCK
SDTO
SDTI
SDTI
SDTO
Figure 20. PLL Slave Mode 1 (PLL Reference Clock: FCK or BICK pin)
b) PLL reference clock: MCKI pin
BICK and FCK inputs should be synchronized with MCKO output. The phase between MCKO and FCK dose not
matter. Sampling frequency can be selected by FS3-0 bits. (See Table 5)
11.2896MHz, 12MHz, 12.288MHz
13.5MHz, 24MHz, 27MHz
AK4632
DSP or µ P
MCKI
MCKO
BICK
FCK
256fs
16fs, 32fs, 64fs
1fs
MCLK
BCLK
FCK
SDTO
SDTI
SDTI
SDTO
Figure 21. PLL Slave Mode 2 (PLL Reference Clock: MCKI pin)
The external clocks (MCKI, BICK and FCK) should always be present whenever the ADC or DAC is in operation
(PMADC bit = “1” or PMDAC bit = “1”). If these clocks are not provided, the AK4632 may draw excess current and it is
not possible to operate properly because utilizes dynamic refreshed logic internally. If the external clocks are not present,
the ADC and DAC should be in the power-down mode (PMADC bit =PMDAC bit = “0”).
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 25 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ EXT Slave Mode (PMPLL bit = “0”, M/S bit = “0”)
When PMPLL bit is “0”, the AK4632 becomes EXT mode. Master clock is input from MCKI pin, the internal PLL circuit
is not operated. This mode is compatible with I/F of the normal audio CODEC. The clocks required to operate are MCKI
(256fs, 512fs or 1024fs), FCK (fs) and BICK (32fs∼). The master clock (MCKI) should be synchronized with FCK. The
phase between these clocks does not matter. The input frequency of MCKI is selected by FS3-0 bits. (See Table 10)
Mode
0
1
2
3
FS3-2 bits
FS1 bit
FS0 bit
MCKI Input
Sampling Frequency
Frequency
Range
Don’t care
0
256fs
0
7.35kHz ≤ fs ≤ 48kHz
Don’t care
1
1024fs
0
7.35kHz < fs ≤ 13kHz
Don’t care
0
256fs
1
7.35kHz < fs ≤ 48kHz
Don’t care
1
512fs
1
7.35kHz < fs ≤ 26kHz
Table 10. MCKI Frequency at EXT Slave Mode (PMPLL bit = “0”, M/S bit = “0”)
Default
External Slave Mode does not support Mode 0 (DSP Mode) of Audio Interface Format.
The S/N of the DAC at low sampling frequencies is worse than at high sampling frequencies due to out-of-band noise.
When the out-of-band noise can be improved by using higher frequency of the master clock. The S/N of the DAC output
through AOUT amp at fs=8kHz is shown in Table 11.
S/N
(fs=8kHz, 20kHzLPF + A-weight)
256fs
83dB
512fs
93dB
1024fs
93dB
Table 11. Relationship between MCKI and S/N of AOUT
MCKI
The external clocks (MCKI, BICK and FCK) should always be present whenever the ADC or DAC is in operation
(PMADC bit = “1” or PMDAC bit = “1”). If these clocks are not provided, the AK4632 may draw excess current and it is
not possible to operate properly because utilizes dynamic refreshed logic internally. If the external clocks are not present,
the ADC and DAC should be in the power-down mode (PMADC bit = PMDAC bit = “0”).
AK4632
DSP or µ P
MCKO
256fs, 512fs or 1024fs
MCKI
BICK
FCK
MCLK
32fs, 64fs
1fs
BCLK
FCK
SDTO
SDTI
SDTI
SDTO
Figure 22. EXT Slave Mode
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 26 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Audio Interface Format
Four types of data formats are available and are selected by setting the DIF1-0 bits. (See Table 12) In all modes, the serial
data is MSB first, 2’s complement format. Audio interface formats can be used in both master and slave modes. FCK and
BICK are output from AK4632 in master mode, but must be input to AK4632 in slave mode.
In Mode 1-3, the SDTO is clocked out on the falling edge of BICK and the SDTI is latched on the rising edge.
Mode
0
1
2
3
DIF1
0
0
1
1
DIF0
0
1
0
1
SDTO (ADC)
SDTI (DAC)
BICK
DSP Mode
DSP Mode
≥ 16fs
MSB justified
MSB justified
≥ 32fs
MSB justified
MSB justified
≥ 32fs
I2S compatible I2S compatible
≥ 32fs
Table 12. Audio Interface Format
Figure
See Table 13
Figure 27
Figure 28
Figure 29
Default
In Mode0 (DSP mode), the audio I/F timing is changed by BCKP and MSBS bits.
When BCKP bit is “0”, SDTO data is output by rising edge of BICK, SDTI data is latched by falling edge of BICK.
When BCKP bit is “1”, SDTO data is output by falling edge of BICK, SDTI data is latched by rising edge of BICK.
MSB data position of SDTO and SDTI can be shifted by MSBS bit. The shifted period is a half of BICK.
MSBS bit BCKP bit
Audio Interface Format
0
0
Figure 23
0
1
Figure 24
1
0
Figure 25
1
1
Figure 26
Table 13. Audio Interface Format in Mode 0
Default
If 16-bit data that ADC outputs is converted to 8-bit data by removing LSB 8-bit, “−1” at 16bit data is converted to “−1” at
8-bit data. And when the DAC playbacks this 8-bit data, “−1” at 8-bit data will be converted to “−256” at 16-bit data and
this is a large offset. This offset can be removed by adding the offset of “128” to 16-bit data before converting to 8-bit
data.
„ System Reset
Upon power-up, reset the AK4632 by bringing the PDN pin = “L”. This ensures that all internal registers reset to their
initial values.
The ADC enters an initialization cycle that starts when the PMADC bit is changed from “0” to “1”. The initialization cycle
time is 1059/fs, or [email protected]=8kHz. During the initialization cycle, the ADC digital data outputs of both channels are
forced to a 2's compliment, “0”. The ADC output reflects the analog input signal after the initialization cycle is complete.
The DAC does not require an initialization cycle.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 27 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
FCK
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
BICK(16fs)
SDTO(o)
0
15 14
SDTI(i)
0
15 14
15
0
1
8
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
14
15
16
17
18
29
30
31
0
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
30
31
0
15
0
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14
SDTI(i)
15 14
8
2
1
0
2
1
0
Don’t Care
15 14
8
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
1
0
1/fs
Don’t Care
1/fs
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Figure 23. Mode 0 Timing (BCKP = “0”, MSBS = “0”)
FCK
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
BICK(16fs)
SDTO(o)
0
15 14
SDTI(i)
0
15 14
15
0
1
8
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
14
15
16
17
18
29
30
31
0
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
30
31
0
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14
SDTI(i)
15 14
8
2
1
0
2
1
0
Don’t Care
15 14
8
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
1
0
1/fs
Don’t Care
1/fs
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Figure 24. Mode 0 Timing (BCKP = “1”, MSBS = “0”)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 28 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
FCK
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
BICK(16fs)
SDTO(o)
0
15 14
SDTI(i)
0
15 14
15
0
1
8
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
14
15
16
17
18
29
30
31
0
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
30
31
0
15
0
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14
SDTI(i)
15 14
8
2
1
0
2
1
0
Don’t Care
15 14
8
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
1
0
1/fs
Don’t Care
1/fs
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Figure 25. Mode 0 Timing (BCKP = “0”, MSBS = “1”)
FCK
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
BICK(16fs)
SDTO(o)
0
15 14
SDTI(i)
0
15 14
15
0
1
8
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
14
15
16
17
18
29
30
31
0
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
15
8
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
30
31
0
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14
SDTI(i)
15 14
8
2
1
0
2
1
0
Don’t Care
15 14
8
2
1
0
15 14
8
2
1
0
1/fs
Don’t Care
1/fs
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Figure 26. Mode 0 Timing (BCKP = “1”, MSBS = “1”)
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 29 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
FCK
0
1
2
8
3
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
2
3
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14 13
SDTI(i)
15 14 13
0
1
2
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
3
14
15
16
17
18
31
15
15
Don’t Care
0
1
2
3
14
15
16
17
18
31
0
1
BICK(64fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14 13
2
1
0
15
Don’t Care
SDTI(i)
15 14
1
Don’t Care
0
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Data
1/fs
Figure 27. Mode 1 Timing
FCK
0
1
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
2
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SDTI(I)
15 14
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
14
15
16
17
18
31
15
15
Don’t Care
0
1
2
3
14
14
15
16
17
18
31
0
1
BICK(64fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14 13
13 2
1
0
SDTI(i)
15 14 13
13 2
1
0
15
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
15
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Data
1/fs
Figure 28. Mode 2 Timing
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 30 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
FCK
0
1
2
3
4
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
14
15
0
1
31
0
1
BICK(32fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14 13
SDTI(i)
15 14 13
0
1
2
4
3
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
14
15
16
17
18
31
0
4
BICK(64fs)
SDTO(o)
15 14 13
2
1
0
SDTI(i)
15 14 13
2
1
0
15:MSB, 0:LSB
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Data
1/fs
Figure 29. Mode 3 Timing
„ Digital High Pass Filter
The ADC has a digital high pass filter for DC offset cancellation. The cut-off frequency of the HPF is 1.25Hz
(@fs=8kHz) and scales with sampling rate (fs).
„ MIC Gain Amplifier
The AK4632 has a Gain Amplifier for Microphone input. This gain is 0dB, +20dB, +26dB or +32dB, selected by the
MGAIN1-0 bit. The typical input impedance is 30kΩ.
MGAIN1 bit
0
0
1
1
MGAIN0 bit
Input Gain
0
0dB
1
+20dB
0
+26dB
1
+32dB
Table 14. Input Gain
Default
„ MIC Power
The MPI pin supplies power for the Microphone. This output voltage is typically 0.75 x AVDD and the load resistance is
minimum 2kΩ. No capacitor must not be connected directly to MPI pin. (See Figure 30)
MIC Power
MPI pin
≥ 2k Ω
Microphone
MIC pin
MIC-Amp
Figure 30. MIC Block Circuit
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 31 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Manual Mode
The AK4632 becomes a manual mode at ALC1 bit = “0”. This mode is used in the case shown below.
1. After exiting reset state, set up the registers for the ALC1 operation (ZTM1-0, LMTH and etc)
2. When the registers for the ALC1 operation (Limiter period, Recovery period and etc) are changed.
For example; When the change of the sampling frequency.
3. When IPGA is used as a manual volume.
When IPGA6-0 bits are written at manual mode, the counter for zero cross time out is reset and restart. The IPGA6-0 bits
value are reflected to IPGA at zero cross or zero cross time out. The time of zero cross time out is set by ZTM1-0 bits.
When writing to IPGA6-0 bits continually, the control register should be written by an interval of more than zero crossing
timeout.
„ MIC-ALC Operation
The ALC (Automatic Level Control) of MIC input is done by ALC1 block when ALC1 bit is “1”.
[1] ALC1 Limiter Operation
When the ALC1 limiter is enabled, and IPGA output exceeds the ALC1 limiter detection level (LMTH), the IPGA value
is attenuated by the amount defined in the ALC1 limiter ATT step (LMAT1-0 bits) automatically.
When the ZELM bit = “1”, the timeout period is set by the LTM1-0 bits. The operation for attenuation is done
continuously until the input signal level becomes LMTH or less. If the ALC1 bit does not change into “0” after completing
the attenuation, the attenuation operation repeats while the input signal level equals or exceeds LMTH.
When the ZELM bit = “0”, the timeout period is set by the ZTM1-0 bits. This enables the zero-crossing attenuation
function so that the IPGA value is attenuated at the zero-detect points of the waveform.
[2] ALC1 Recovery Operation
The ALC1 recovery refers to the amount of time that the AK4632 will allow a signal to exceed a predetermined limiting
value prior to enabling the limiting function. The ALC1 recovery operation uses the WTM1-0 bits to define the wait
period used after completing an ALC1 limiter operation. If the input signal does not exceed the “ALC1 Recovery Waiting
Counter Reset Level”, the ALC1 recovery operation starts. The IPGA value increases automatically during this operation
up to the reference level (REF6-0 bits). The ALC1 recovery operation is done at a period set by the WTM1-0 bits. Zero
crossing is detected during WTM1-0 period, the ALC1 recovery operation waits WTM1-0 period and the next recovery
operation starts.
During the ALC1 recovery operation, when input signal level exceeds the ALC1 limiter detection level (LMTH), the
ALC1 recovery operation changes immediately into an ALC1 limiter operation.
In the case of “(Recovery waiting counter reset level) ≤ IPGA Output Level < Limiter detection level” during the ALC1
recovery operation, the wait timer for the ALC1 recovery operation is reset. Therefore, in the case of “(Recovery waiting
counter reset level) > IPGA Output Level”, the wait timer for the ALC1 recovery operation starts.
The ALC1 operation corresponds to the impulse noise. When the impulse noise is input, the ALC1 recovery operation
becomes faster than a normal recovery operation.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 32 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
[3] Example of ALC1 Operation
Table 15 shows the example of the ALC1 setting. In case of this example, ALC1 operation starts from 0dB.
fs=8kHz
Operation
-4dBFS
Don’t use
Enable
16ms
Register Name
Comment
LMTH
LTM1-0
ZELM
ZTM1-0
Limiter detection Level
Limiter operation period at ZELM = 1
Limiter zero crossing detection
Zero crossing timeout period
Recovery waiting period
*WTM1-0 bits should be the same data
00
16ms
as ZTM1-0 bits
Maximum gain at recovery operation
47H
+27.5dB
IPGA gain at the start of ALC1 operation
10H
0dB
Limiter ATT Step
00
1 step
Recovery GAIN Step
0
1 step
ALC1 Enable bit
1
Enable
Table 15. Examples of the ALC1 Setting
WTM1-0
REF6-0
IPGA6-0
LMAT1-0
RATT
ALC1
Data
1
00
0
00
fs=16kHz
Data
Operation
1
-4dBFS
00
Don’t use
0
Enable
01
16ms
01
16ms
47H
10H
00
0
1
+27.5dB
0dB
1 step
1 step
Enable
The following registers should not be changed during the ALC1 operation. These bits should be changed, after the ALC1
operation is finished by ALC1 bit = “0” or PMMIC bit = “0”.
• LTM1-0, LMTH, LMAT1-0, WTM1-0, ZTM1-0, RATT, REF6-0, ZELM bits
When setting IPGA gain at the start of ALC1 operation, IPGA6-0 bits should be set while PMMIC bit is “1” and ALC1 bit
is “0”. When PMMIC bit = “1”, IPGA6-0 bits value aren’t reflected to IPGA. When ALC1 bit is changed from “1” to “0”,
IPGA holds the last gain value set automatically by ALC1 operation.
Example:
Limiter = Zero crossing Enable
Recovery Cycle = 16ms @ fs= 8kHz
Limiter and Recovery Step = 1
Maximum Gain = +27.5dB
Limiter Detection Level = -4dBFS
Manual Mode
ALC2 bit = “1” (default)
WR (ZTM1-0, WTM1-0, LTM1-0)
(1) Addr=06H, Data=00H
WR (REF6-0)
(2) Addr=08H, Data=47H
WR (IPGA6-0)
* The value of IPGA should be
(3) Addr=09H, Data=10H
the same or smaller than REF’s
WR (ALC1= “1”, LMAT1-0, RATT, LMTH, ZELM)
(4) Addr=07H, Data=61H
ALC1 Operation
Note : WR : Write
Figure 31. Registers set-up sequence at the ALC1 operation
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 33 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Digital Output Volume
The AK4632 has a digital output volume (256 levels, 0.5dB step, Mute). The volume can be set by the DVOL7-0 bits. The
volume is included in front of a DAC block, a input data of DAC is changed from +12 to –115dB with MUTE. This
volume has a soft transition function. It takes 1061/fs or 256/fs from 00H to FFH.
DVOL7-0
Gain
00H
+12.0dB
01H
+11.5dB
02H
+11.0dB
•
•
18H
0dB
Default
•
•
FDH
−114.5dB
FEH
−115.0dB
FFH
MUTE (−∞)
Table 16. Digital Output Volume Code Table
DVTM bit
0
1
The transition time from 00H to FFH of DVOL7-0 bits
Transition Time
fs=8kHz
fs=22.05kHz
1061/fs
133msec
48msec
256/fs
32msec
12msec
Table 17.Setting of transition time
„ BEEP Input
When the PMBP bit is set to “1”, the beep input is powered-up. And when the BEEPS bit is set to “1”, the input signal
from the BEEP pin is output to Speaker-Amp. When the BEEPA bit is set to “1”, the input signal from the BEEP pin is
output to the mono line output amplifier. The external resister Ri adjusts the signal level of BEEP input. The gains are
shown in Table 18, when Ri = 20kΩ. These gain are in inverse proportion to Ri.
Rf
Ri
-
BEEP
+
Figure 32. Block Diagram of BEEP pin
SPKG1-0 bits
00
01
10
11
BEEP Æ SPP/SPN Gain
BEEP Æ AOUT Gain
+7.89dB
0dB
+9.93dB
0dB
+14.11dB
0dB
+16.15dB
0dB
Table 18. Beep input gain at Ri = 20kΩ
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
- 34 -
ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ MONO LINE OUTPUT (AOUT pin)
A signal of DAC is output from AOUT pin. When the DACA bit is “0”, this output is OFF. The load resistance is
10kΩ(min). When PMAO bit is “0” and AOPSN bit is “0”, the mono line output enters power-down and is pulled down by
100Ω(typ). If PMAO bit is controlled at AOPSN bit = “1”, POP noise will be reduced at power-up and down. Then, this
line should be pulled down by 20kΩ of resister after C-coupling shown in Figure 33. This rising and falling time is max
300 ms at C=1.0µF . When PMAO bit is “1” and AOPSN bit is “0”, the mono line output enters power-up state.
1µF
AOUT
220Ω
20kΩ
Figure 33. AOUT external circuit in case of using POP Reduction function.
AOUT Control Sequence in case of using POP Reduction Circuit
(2 )
(5 )
P M A O b it
(1 )
(3 )
(4 )
(6 )
A O P S N b it
A O U T p in
N o r m a l O u tp u t
≥ 300 m s
≥ 300 m s
Figure 34. Mono Line Output Control Sequence in case of using POP Reduction function..
(1) Set AOPSN bit = “1”. Mono line output enters the power-save mode.
(2) Set PMAO bit = “1”. Mono line output exits the power-down mode.
AOUT pin rises up to VCOM voltage. Rise time is 200ms (max 300ms) at C=1µF.
(3) Set AOPSN bit = “0” after AOUT pin rises up. Mono line output exits the power-save mode.
Mono line output is enabled.
(4) Set AOPSN bit = “1”. Mono line output enters power-save mode.
(5) Set PMAO bit = “1”. Mono line output enters power-down mode.
AOUT pin falls down to AVSS. Fall time is 200ms (max 300ms) at C=1µF.
(6) Set AOPSN bit = “0” after AOUT pin falls down. Mono line output exits the power-save mode.
MS0396-E-00
2005/06
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Speaker Output
The power supply voltage for Speaker-Amp SVDD can be set to from 2.6V to 5.25V. However, SVDD should be set to
from 2.6V to 3.6V, when the load resistance is less than 50Ω(ex. a dynamic speaker).
The output signal from DAC is input to the Speaker-amp via the ALC2 circuit. This Speaker-amp is a mono output
controlled by BTL and a gain of the Speaker-Amp is set by SPKG1-0 bit. In the case of ALC2 OFF, the output voltage
depends on AVDD and SPKG1-0 bits. In the case of ALC2 ON, the output voltage depends on SVDD and SPKG1-0 bits.
The output level of ALC2 is proportional to SVDD.
SPKG1-0 bits
Gain
00
0dB
01
+2.04dB
10
+6.22dB
11
+8.26dB
(Note) These Gain from the level at SPKG1-0bits= “00”.
Table 19. Gain of Speaker-Amp at ALC2 OFF
Output Voltage from Speaker-Amp
Output Voltage from
SPKG1-0 bits
AVDD
SVDD
at ALC2 OFF and DAC Input=0dBFS
Speaker-Amp at ALC ON
00
3.3V
3.3V
3.27Vpp, [email protected]
3.09Vpp, [email protected]
01
3.3V
3.3V
4.15Vpp, [email protected]
3.92Vpp, [email protected]
10
3.3V
3.3V
6.91Vpp (Note)
Not Available
11
3.3V
3.3V
8.50Vpp (Note)
Not Available
00
3.3V
5.0V
3.27Vpp
Not Available
01
3.3V
5.0V
4.15Vpp
Not Available
10
3.3V
5.0V
6.91Vpp
6.34Vpp
11
3.3V
5.0V
8.50Vpp
8.02Vpp
(Note) This output voltage is assumed that the signal is not clipped. In actual, the signal will be clipped when DAC
outputs 0dBFS signal. The output power is [email protected], SVDD=3.3V.
Table 20. Speaker-Amp Output Voltage
[Caution for using Piezo Speaker]
When a piezo speaker (load capacitance > 30pF) is used, resistances more than 10Ω should be inserted between SPP/SPN
pins and speaker in series, respectively, as shown in Figure 35. Zener diodes should be inserted between speaker and
GND as shown in Figure 35, in order to protect SPK-Amp of AK4632 from the power that the piezo speaker outputs
when the speaker is pressured. Zener diodes of the following Zener voltage should be used.
92% of SVDD ≤ Zener voltage of Zener diodo(ZD of Figure 35) ≤ SVDD+0.3V
Ex) In case of SVDD = 5.0V : 4.6V ≤ ZD ≤ 5.3V
For example, Zener diode which Zener voltage is 5.1V(Min :4.97V, Max 5.24V) can be used.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
ZD
SPK-Amp
SPP
≥10Ω
SPN
≥10Ω
ZD
Figure 35. Circuit of Speaker Output(Load Capacitance > 30pF)
<Control Sequence of Speaker Amp>
Speaker blocks (MOUT, ALC2 and Speaker-amp) can be powered-up/down by controlling the PMSPK bit. When the
PMSPK bit is “0”, the MOUT, SPP and SPN pins are placed in a Hi-Z state.
When the PMSPK bit is “1” and SPPS bit is “0”, the Speaker-amp enters power-save-mode. In this mode, the SPP pin is
placed in a Hi-Z state and the SPN pin goes to SVDD/2 voltage. And then the Speaker output gradually changes to the
SVDD/2 voltage and this mode can reduce pop noise at power-up. When the AK4632 is powered-down, pop noise can be
also reduced by first entering power-save-mode.
PMSPK bit
SPPS bit
SPP pin
SPN pin
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
SVDD/2
SVDD/2
>t1(Note)
Hi-Z
>0
Figure 36. Power-up/Power-down Timing for Speaker-Amp
(Note)
“t1” depends on the time constant of input resistance of MIN and capacitor between MOUT pin and MIN pin. If
Speaker-Amp output is enabled before MIN-Amp (ALC2) becomes stable, pop noise may occur.
Ex) C of MOUT pin – MIN pin = 0.1 µF, Input resistance of MIN pin = 36kΩ(Max) : t1 = 5τ = 18ms
C of MOUT pin – MIN pin and the Input resistance(Rin) of MIN pin compose of HPF which cut off
frequency(fc) are the followings.
fc = [email protected]=24kΩ(typ), [email protected]=12kΩ(min), [email protected]=36kΩ(max)
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ SPK-ALC Operation
The ALC (Automatic Level Control) operation of speaker output is done by ALC2 block when ALC2 bit is “1”. Input
resistance of the ALC2 is 24kΩ (typ) and centered around VCOM voltage. The ALC2 level diagram is shown in Figure
37 ~Figure 40.
The limiter detection level is proportional to SVDD voltage. The output level is limited by the ALC2 circuit when the
input signal exceeds –7.1dBV (@SPKG1 bit = “0”, SVDD=3.3V or @SPKG1 bit = “1”, SVDD = 5V). When a
continuous signal of –7.1dBV or greater is input to the ALC2 circuit, the change period of the ALC2 limiter operation is
250µs ([email protected]=8kHz) and the attenuation level is 0.5dB/step.
The ALC2 recovery operation uses zero crossings and gains of 1dB/step. The ALC2 recovery operation is done until the
input level of the Speaker-amp goes to –9.1dBV (@SPKG1 bit = “0”, SVDD=3.3V or @SPKG1 bit = “1”, SVDD = 5V).
Maximum gain of the ALC2 recovery operation is set by RFS5-0 bits.
When the input signal is between –9.1dBV and –7.1dBV, the ALC2 limiter or recovery operations are not done.
When the PMSPK bit changes from “0” to “1”, the initilization cycle (512/fs = 64ms @fs=8kHz at ROTM bit = “0”) starts.
The ALC2 is disabled (The ALC2 gain is fixed to “-3.5dB”.) during the initilization cycle and the ALC2 starts from
“–2dB” after completing the initilization cycle. The ROTM bit and RFS5-0 bits set during the PMSPK bit = “0”.
When the ALC2 is disable, a gain of the ALC2 block is fixed to -3.5dB. Therefore, a gain of internal speaker block is
shown in Table 22.
Parameter
Operation Start Level
Period
ALC2 Recovery operation
−5.2dBV
−7.2dBV
fs=8kHz
2/fs = 250µs
512/fs=64ms
fs=16kHz
2/fs = 125µs
512/fs=32ms
No
Yes (Timeout = Period Time)
Zero-crossing Detection
ATT/GAIN
ALC2 Limiter operation
0.5dB step
1dB step
Table 21. Limiter /Recovery of ALC2 (ROTM bit = “0”)
SPKG1-0 bits
Gain
00
+4.4dB
01
+6.4dB
10
+10.6dB
11
+12.7dB
Table 22. Gain of Speaker-Amp at ALC2 OFF(Full-differential Output)
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
0.8dBV
-3.1dBV
+7.9dB
FS-4.0dB = -7.1dBV
-3.1dBV
FS
-4.0dB
0dBV
-1.2dBV
+7.9dB
+1.9dB
-8dB
-10dBV
-11.1dBV
-15.1dBV
FS-6.0dB = -9.1dBV
-15.1dBV
+6.0dB
+14.0dB
-8dB
Single-ended
-5.2dBV
+2.0dB
FS-12dB
Full-differential
-20dBV
-23.1dBV
-30dBV
DVOL
DAC
ALC2
SPK-AMP
(AVDD=3.3V, SVDD=3.3V, DVOL=−8.0dB/0dB, SPKG1-0 bit = “00”,) * FS = Full Scale
Figure 37. Speaker-Amp Output Level Diagram
10dBV
Full-differential
2.8dBV
FS-4dB = -7.1dBV
0.8dBV
0dBV
-3.1dBV
-3.1dBV
+9.9dB
FS
+9.9dB
-3.2dBV
Single-ended
+3.9dB
-4.0dB
-8dB
+2.0dB
-10dBV
-11.1dBV
FS-12dB
FS-6.0dB = -9.1dBV
-15.1dBV
+6.0dB
-15.1dBV
+14.0dB
-8dB
-20dBV
-23.1dBV
-30dBV
DVOL
DAC
ALC2
SPK-AMP
(AVDD=3.3V, SVDD=3.3V, DVOL=−8.0dB/0dB, SPKG1-0 bit = “01”,) * FS = Full Scale
Figure 38. Speaker-Amp Output Level Diagram
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
10dBV
7.0dBV
+14.1dB
+14.1dB
Full-differential
5.0dBV
Single-ended
1.0dBV
0dBV
-3.1dBV
-3.1dBV
FS
FS-4dB = -7.1dBV
+8.1dB
-4.0dB
-8dB
+2.0dB
-10dBV
-11.1dBV
FS-12dB
FS-6.0dB = -9.1dBV
-15.1dBV
+6.0dB
-15.1dBV
+14.0dB
-8dB
-20dBV
-23.1dBV
-30dBV
DVOL
DAC
ALC2
SPK-AMP
(AVDD=3.3V, SVDD=5.0V, DVOL=−8.0dB/0dB, SPKG1-0 bit = “10”,) * FS = Full Scale
Figure 39. Speaker-Amp Output Level Diagram
10dBV
9.1dBV
+16.2dB
Full-differential
7.1dBV
Single-ended
3.1dBV
+16.2dB
0dBV
-3.1dBV
-3.1dBV
FS
FS-4dB = -7.1dBV
+10.2dB
-4.0dB
-8dB
+2.0dB
-10dBV
-11.1dBV
FS-12dB
FS-6.0dB = -9.1dBV
-15.1dBV
+6.0dB
-15.1dBV
+14.0dB
-8dB
-20dBV
-23.1dBV
-30dBV
DVOL
DAC
ALC2
SPK-AMP
(AVDD=3.3V, SVDD=5.0V, DVOL=−8.0dB/0dB, SPKG1-0 bit = “11”,) * FS = Full Scale
Figure 40. Speaker-Amp Output Level Diagram
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Video Block
Video-Amp has a drivability for a load resistance of 150Ω. The AK4632 has a composite input and output. A Low Pass
Filter(LPF) and Gain Control Amp(GCA) are integrated and both DC output and Sag Compensation circuit are supported
as shown in Figure 41 and Figure 42. The capacitance for Sag Compensation circuit is 100µ F+2.2µ F or 47µ F+1.0µ F.
When DC output is used, VOUT pin and VSAG pin must be shorted. The output clamp voltage is 150mV(typ) at DC
output. SAGC1-0 bits and VVDD voltage should be set as shown in Table 23. Table 25 shows the gain and step of the
gain control. The gain is set by VGCA4-0 bits. PMV bit controls the power up and down of the video block. VOUT pin
outputs AVSS level at PMV bit = “1”.
YIN
CLAMP
LPF
C1
GCA
-1dB ~ +10.5dB
Step 0.5dB
+6dB
75Ω
VOUT
VSAG
C2
(C1=100µ F, C2=2.2µ F) or (C1=47µ F, C2=1.0µ F)
Figure 41. Video block (using Sag Compensation circuit)
YIN
CLAMP
LPF
75Ω
GCA
-1dB ~ +10.5dB
Step 0.5dB
+6dB
VOUT
VSAG
Figure 42. Video block (at DC Output))
SAGC1 bit
0
0
1
1
SAGC0 bit
VVDD voltage
Output Circuit
0
DC output
2.8 V ≤ VVDD ≤ 3.6V
1
Not Available
0
Sag compensation
2.85V ≤ VVDD < 4.75V
1
Sag
compensation
4.5 V ≤ VVDD < 5.25V
Table 23. Setting of VVDD and video output circuit.
Default
Output Circuit
DC output
Sag compensation
100µ F+2.2µ F
VVDD voltage
GCA setting
0dB
2.8 V ≤ VVDD ≤ 3.6V
0dB
3.135 V ≤ VVDD ≤ 5.25V
-1dB (Note)
2.85V ≤ VVDD < 3.135 V
0dB
Sag compensation
47µ F+1.0µ F
3.135 V ≤ VVDD ≤ 5.25V
-1dB (Note)
2.85V ≤ VVDD < 3.135 V
Note : When the sag compensation circuit is used at less than 3.135V of VVDD, the GCA should be set to -1dB in
order to avoid clipping of output video signal. Note that the video will become dark at that time.
Table 24. Gain compensation
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
VGCA4-0 bits
GAIN(dB)
STEP
17H
16H
15H
:
04H
03H
02H
01H
00H
+10.5dB
+10.0dB
+9.5dB
:
+1.0dB
+0.5dB
0.0dB
-0.5dB
-1.0dB
Table 25. Setting of GCA
0.5dB
Default
„ Serial Control Interface
Internal registers may be written by using the 3-wire µP interface pins (CSN, CCLK and CDTI). The data on this interface
consists of a 2-bit Chip address (Fixed to “10”), Read/Write (Fixed to “1”), Register address (MSB first, 5bits) and
Control data (MSB first, 8bits). Address and data is clocked in on the rising edge of CCLK and data is clocked out on the
falling edge. The clock speed of CCLK is 5MHz (max). The value of internal registers is initialized at PDN pin = “L”.
CSN
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15
CCLK
CDTI
C1 C0 R/W A4 A3 A2 A2 A0 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
“1” “0” “1”
C1-C0:
R/W:
A4-A0:
D7-D0:
Chip Address (C1 = “1”, C0 = “0”); Fixed to “10”
READ/WRITE (“1”: WRITE, “0”: READ); Fixed to “1”
Register Address
Control data
Figure 43. Serial Control I/F Timing
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Register Map
Addr
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
05H
06H
07H
08H
09H
0AH
0BH
0CH
Register Name
Power Management 1
Power Management 2
Signal Select 1
Signal Select 2
Mode Control 1
Mode Control 2
Timer Select
ALC Mode Control 1
ALC Mode Control 2
Input PGA Control
Digital Volume Control
ALC2 Mode Control
Video Mode Control
D7
0
PMV
SPPS
0
PLL3
0
DVTM
0
0
0
DVOL7
0
0
D6
PMVCM
0
BEEPS
AOPSN
PLL2
0
ROTM
ALC2
REF6
IPGA6
DVOL6
0
SAGC1
D5
PMBP
0
ALC2S
MGAIN1
PLL1
FS3
ZTM1
ALC1
REF5
IPGA5
DVOL5
RFS5
SAGC0
D4
PMSPK
0
DACA
SPKG1
PLL0
MSBS
ZTM0
ZELM
REF4
IPGA4
DVOL4
RFS4
VGCA4
D3
PMAO
M/S
DACM
SPKG0
BCKO1
BCKP
WTM1
LMAT1
REF3
IPGA3
DVOL3
RFS3
VGCA3
D2
PMDAC
MCKPD
MPWR
BEEPA
BCKO0
FS2
WTM0
LMAT0
REF2
IPGA2
DVOL2
RFS2
VGCA2
D1
PMMIC
MCKO
MICAD
ALC1M
DIF1
FS1
LTM1
RATT
REF1
IPGA1
DVOL1
RFS1
VGCA1
D0
PMADC
PMPLL
MGAIN0
ALC1A
DIF0
FS0
LTM0
LMTH
REF0
IPGA0
DVOL0
RFS0
VGCA0
The PDN pin = “L” resets the registers to their default values.
Note: Unused bits must contain a “0” value.
Note: Only write to address 00H to 0CH.
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Register Definitions
Addr
00H
Register Name
Power Management 1
Default
D7
0
0
D6
PMVCM
0
D5
PMBP
0
D4
PMSPK
0
D3
PMAO
0
D2
PMDAC
0
D1
PMMIC
0
D0
PMADC
0
PMADC: ADC Block Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
When the PMADC bit changes from “0” to “1”, the initialization cycle ([email protected]) starts. After
initializing, digital data of the ADC is output.
PMMIC: MIC In Block (MIC-Amp and ALC1) Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
PMDAC: DAC Block Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
PMAO: Mono Line Out Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
PMSPK: Speaker Block Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
PMBP: BEEP In Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
Even if PMBP bit is “0”, the path is still connected between BEEP and AOUT/SPK-Amp. BEEPS and BEEPA
bits should be set to “0” to disconnect these paths.
PMVCM: VCOM Block Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
Each block can be powered-down respectively by writing “0” in each bit. When the PDN pin is “L”, all blocks are
powered-down.
When PMPLL and MCKO bits and all bits in 00H address are “0”, all blocks are powered-down. Though the IPGA
resisters are initialized, the other registers remain unchanged. (refer to the IPGA6-0 bits description)
When any of the blocks are powered-up, the PMVCM bit must be set to “1”. When PMPLL and MCKO bits and all
bits in 00H address are “0”, PMVCM bit can write to “0”.
When BEEP signal is output from Speaker-Amp (Signal path: BEEP pin Æ SPP/SPN pins) or Mono Lineout-Amp
(Signal path: BEEP pin Æ AOUT pin) only, the clocks may not be present. When ADC, DAC, ALC1 or ALC2 is in
operation, the clocks must always be present.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
01H
Register Name
Power Management 2
Default
[AK4632]
D7
PMV
0
D6
0
0
D5
0
0
D4
0
0
D3
M/S
0
D2
MCKPD
1
D1
MCKO
0
D0
PMPLL
0
PMPLL: PLL Block Power Control Select
0: PLL is Power down and External is selected. (Default)
1: PLL is Power up and PLL Mode is selected.
MCKO: Master Clock Output Enable
0: “L” Output (Default)
1: 256fs Output
MCKPD: MCKI pin pull down control
0: Master Clock input enable
1: Pull down by 25kΩ (typ.) (Default)
M/S: Select Master / Slave Mode
0: Slave Mode (Default)
1: Master Mode
PMV: Video Block Power Control
0: Power down (Default)
1: Power up
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
02H
Register Name
Signal Select 1
Default
[AK4632]
D7
SPPS
0
D6
BEEPS
0
D5
ALC2S
0
D4
DACA
0
D3
DACM
0
D2
MPWR
0
D1
MICAD
0
D0
MGAIN0
1
MGAIN1-0 : 1st MIC-amp Gain control(See Table 26)
MGAIN 1 bit is located at D6 bit of 03H
MGAIN1 bit
0
0
1
1
MGAIN0 bit
Input Gain
0
0dB
1
+20dB
0
+26dB
1
+32dB
Table 26. Input Gain
Default
MICAD: Switch Control from MIC In to ADC.
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When MICAD bit is “1”, the ALC1 output signal is input to ADC.
MPWR: Power Supply Control for Microphone
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When PMMIC bit is “1”, MPWR bit is enabled.
DACM: Switch Control from DAC to mono amp.
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When PMSPK bit is “1”, DACM bit is enabled. When PMSPK bit is “0”, MOUT pin is Hi-Z state.
DACA: Switch Control from DAC to mono line amp
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When PMAO bit is “1”, DACA bit is enabled. When PMAO bit is “0”, the AOUT pin is AVSS.
ALC2S: ALC2 output to Speaker-Amp Enable
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When ALC2S bit is “1”, the ALC2 output signal is input to Speaker-Amp.
BEEPS: BEEP pin to Speaker-Amp Enable
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When BEEPS bit is “1”, the beep signal is input to Speaker-Amp.
SPPS: Speaker-amp Power-Save-Mode
0: Power Save Mode (Default)
1: Normal Operation
When SPPS bit is “1”, the Speaker-amp is in power-save-mode and the SPP pin becomes Hi-z and SPN pin is
set to SVDD/2 voltage. When the PMSPK bit = “1”, this bit is valid. After the PDN pin changes from “L” to
“H”, the PMSPK bit is “0”, which powers down Speaker-amp.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
03H
Register Name
Signal Select 2
Default
[AK4632]
D7
0
0
D6
0
0
D5
MGAIN1
0
D4
SPKG1
0
D3
SPKG0
0
D2
BEEPA
0
D1
ALC1M
0
D0
ALC1A
0
ALC1A: Switch Control from ALC1 output signal to mono line output amp.
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When PMAO bit is “1”, ALC1A bit is enabled. When PMAO bit is “0”, the AOUT pin is AVSS.
ALC1M: Switch Control from ALC1 output signal to mono amp.
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When PMSPK bit is “1”, ALC1M is enabled. When PMSPK bit is “0”, the MOUT pin goes Hi-Z state.
BEEPA: Switch Control from beep signal to mono line output amp.
0: OFF (Default)
1: ON
When PMAO bit is “1”, BEEPA is enabled. When PMAO bit is “0”, the AOUT pin is AVSS.
SPKG1-0: Select Speaker-Amp Output Gain (See Table 27)
SPKG1-0 bits
Gain
00
0dB
01
+2.2dB
10
+4.4dB
11
+8.7dB
Table 27. Gain of Speaker-Amp
MGAIN1: Mic-Amplifier Gain Control(See Table 26)
ALC1M
IPGA
ALC2S
DACM
MIX
ALC2
SPK
DAC
BEEPS
BEEP
ALC1A
DACA
AOUT
BEEPA
Figure 44. Speaker and Mono Lineout-Amps switch control
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
AOPSN: Mono Line Output Power-Save Mode
0: Normal Operation
1: Power-Save Mode (Default)
Power-save mode is enable at AOPSN bit = “1”. POP noise at power-up/down can be reduced by changing
at AOPSN bit = “1”. (See Figure 34)
Addr
04H
Register Name
Mode Control 1
Default
D7
PLL3
0
D6
PLL2
0
D5
PLL1
0
D4
PLL0
0
D3
BCKO1
0
D2
BCKO0
0
D1
DIF1
1
D0
DIF0
0
DIF1-0: Audio Interface Format (See Table 28)
Mode
0
1
2
3
DIF1 bit
0
0
1
1
DIF0 bit
0
1
0
1
SDTO (ADC)
SDTI (DAC)
DSP Mode
DSP Mode
MSB justified
LSB justified
MSB justified MSB justified
I2S compatible I2S compatible
Table 28. Audio Interface Format
BICK
≥ 16fs
≥ 32fs
≥ 32fs
≥ 32fs
Figure
See Table 34
Figure 27
Figure 28
Figure 29
Default
BCKO1-0: Select BICK output frequency at Master Mode (See Table 29)
Mode
0
1
2
3
BICK Output
Frequency
0
0
16fs
0
1
32fs
1
0
64fs
1
1
N/A
Table 29. BICK Output Frequency at Master Mode
BCKO1 bit
BCKO0 bit
Default
PLL3-0: Select input frequency at PLL mode (See Table 30)
Mode
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
12
13
Others
PLL3
bit
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
PLL2
bit
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PLL1
bit
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
PLL0
bit
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
PLL Reference
Input
Clock Input Pin
Frequency
FCK pin
1fs
BICK pin
16fs
BICK pin
32fs
BICK pin
64fs
MCKI pin
11.2896MHz
MCKI pin
12.288MHz
MCKI pin
12MHz
MCKI pin
24MHz
MCKI pin
13.5MHz
MCKI pin
27MHz
Others
N/A
Table 30. Setting of PLL Mode (*fs: Sampling Frequency)
MS0396-E-00
Default
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
05H
[AK4632]
Register Name
Mode Control 2
Default
D7
0
0
D6
0
0
D5
FS3
0
D4
MSBS
0
D3
BCKP
0
D2
FS2
0
D1
FS1
0
D0
FS0
0
FS3-0: Setting of Sampling Frequency (See Table 31 and Table 32) and MCKI Frequency (See Table 33)
These bits are selected to sampling frequency at PLL mode and MCKI frequency at EXT mode.
Mode
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
11
14
15
Others
Mode
0
1
2
3
6
7
Others
Mode
0
1
2
3
FS3 bit
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
FS2 bit
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
FS1 bit
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
FS0 bit
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Sampling Frequency
8kHz
Default
12kHz
16kHz
24kHz
7.35kHz
11.025kHz
14.7kHz
22.05kHz
32kHz
48kHz
29.4kHz
44.1kHz
Others
N/A
Table 31. Setting of Sampling Frequency at PLL2 bit = “1” and PMPLL bit = “1”
FS3 bit
0
0
0
0
1
1
FS2 bit
FS1 bit
FS0 bit
Sampling Frequency Range
Don’t care
0
0
Default
7.35kHz ≤ fs ≤ 8kHz
Don’t care
1
0
8kHz < fs ≤ 12kHz
Don’t care
0
1
12kHz < fs ≤ 16kHz
Don’t care
1
1
16kHz < fs ≤ 24kHz
Don’t care
0
1
24kHz < fs ≤ 32kHz
Don’t care
1
1
32kHz < fs ≤ 48kHz
Others
N/A
Table 32. Setting of Sampling Frequency at PLL2 bit = “0” and PMPLL bit = “1”
FS3-2 bits
FS1 bit
FS0 bit
MCKI Input
Sampling Frequency
Frequency
Range
Don’t care
0
256fs
0
7.35kHz ≤ fs ≤ 48kHz
Don’t care
1
1024fs
0
7.35kHz < fs ≤ 13kHz
Don’t care
0
256fs
1
7.35kHz < fs ≤ 48kHz
Don’t care
1
512fs
1
7.35kHz < fs ≤ 26kHz
Table 33. MCKI Frequency at EXT Slave Mode (PMPLL bit = “0”, M/S bit = “0”)
Default
BCKP, MSBS: “00” (Default) (See Table 34)
MSBS bit BCKP bit
Audio Interface Format
0
0
Figure 23
0
1
Figure 24
1
0
Figure 25
1
1
Figure 26
Table 34. Audio Interface Format in Mode 0
MS0396-E-00
Default
2005/06
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
06H
[AK4632]
Register Name
Timer Select
Default
D7
DVTM
0
D6
ROTM
0
D5
ZTM1
0
D4
ZTM0
0
D3
WTM1
0
D2
WTM0
0
D1
LTM1
0
D0
LTM0
0
LTM1-0: ALC1 limiter operation period at zero crossing disable (ZELM bit = “1”) (See Table 35)
The IPGA value is changed immediately. When the IPGA value is changed continuously, the change is done
by the period specified by the LTM1-0 bits. Default is “00” (0.5/fs).
ALC1 Limiter Operation Period
8kHz
16kHz
0
0
0.5/fs
Default
63µs
31µs
0
1
1/fs
125µs
63µs
1
0
2/fs
250µs
125µs
1
1
4/fs
500µs
250µs
Table 35. ALC1 Limiter Operation Period at zero crossing disable (ZELM bit=“1”)
LTM1 bit
LTM0 bit
WTM1-0: ALC1 Recovery Waiting Period (See Table 36)
A period of recovery operation when any limiter operation does not occur during the ALC1 operation.
Default is “00” (128/fs).
ALC1 Recovery Operation Waiting Period
8kHz
16kHz
0
128/fs
16ms
8ms
1
256/fs
32ms
16ms
0
512/fs
64ms
32ms
1
1024/fs
128ms
64ms
Table 36. ALC1 Recovery Operation Waiting Period
WTM1 bit
0
0
1
1
WTM0 bit
Default
ZTM1-0: ALC1 Zero crossing timeout Period (See Table 37)
When the IPGA perform zero crossing or timeout, the IPGA value is changed by the µP WRITE operation,
ALC1 recovery operation or ALC1 limiter operation (ZELM bit = “0”). Default is “00” (128/fs).
ZTM1 bit
0
0
1
1
Zero Crossing Timeout Period
8kHz
16kHz
0
128/fs
16ms
8ms
1
256/fs
32ms
16ms
0
512/fs
64ms
32ms
1
1024/fs
128ms
64ms
Table 37. Zero Crossing Timeout Period
ZTM0 bit
Default
ROTM: Period time for ALC2 Recovery operation, ALC2 Zero Crossing Timeout and ALC2 initializing cycle.
0: 512/fs (Default)
1: 1024/fs
The ROTM bit is set during the PMSPK bit = “0”.
DVTM : Digital Volume Soft Transition Time Control
0: 1061/fs (Default)
1: 256/fs
This is the time to FFH from 00H of DVOL7-0 bits.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
07H
[AK4632]
Register Name
ALC Mode Control 1
Default
D7
0
0
D6
ALC2
1
D5
ALC1
0
D4
ZELM
0
D3
LMAT1
0
D2
LMAT0
0
D1
RATT
0
D0
LMTH
0
LMTH: ALC1 Limiter Detection Level / Recovery Waiting Counter Reset Level (See Table 38 )
The ALC1 limiter detection level and the ALC1 recovery counter reset level may be offset by about ±2dB.
Default is “0”.
LMTH bit
0
1
ALC1 Limiter Detection Level
ALC1 Recovery Waiting Counter Reset Level
ADC Input ≥ −6.0dBFS
−6.0dBFS > ADC Input ≥ −8.0dBFS
ADC Input ≥ −4.0dBFS
−4.0dBFS > ADC Input ≥ −6.0dBFS
Table 38. ALC1 Limiter Detection Level / Recovery Waiting Counter Reset Level
Default
RATT: ALC1 Recovery GAIN Step (See Table 39)
During the ALC1 recovery operation, the number of steps changed from the current IPGA value is set. For
example, when the current IPGA value is 30H and RATT bit = “1” is set, the IPGA changes to 32H by the
ALC1 recovery operation and the output signal level is gained up by 1dB (=0.5dB x 2). When the IPGA value
exceeds the reference level (REF6-0 bits), the IPGA value does not increase.
RATT bit
GAIN STEP
0
1
Default
1
2
Table 39. ALC1 Recovery Gain Step Setting
LMAT1-0: ALC1 Limiter ATT Step (See Table 40)
During the ALC1 limiter operation, when IPGA output signal exceeds the ALC1 limiter detection level set by
LMTH, the number of steps attenuated from the current IPGA value is set. For example, when the current
IPGA value is 47H and the LMAT1-0 bits = “11”, the IPGA transition to 43H when the ALC1 limiter
operation starts, resulting in the input signal level being attenuated by 2dB (=0.5dB x 4). When the attenuation
value exceeds IPGA = “00” (−8dB), it clips to “00”.
LMAT1 bit LMAT0 bit
ATT STEP
0
0
1
0
1
2
1
0
3
1
1
4
Table 40. ALC1 Limiter ATT Step Setting
Default
ZELM: Enable zero crossing detection at ALC1 Limiter operation
0: Enable (Default)
1: Disable
When the ZELM bit = “0”, the IPGA of each L/R channel perform a zero crossing or timeout independently
and the IPGA value is changed by the ALC1 operation. The zero crossing timeout is the same as the ALC1
recovery operation. When the ZELM bit = “1”, the IPGA value is changed immediately.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
ALC1: ALC1 Enable
0: ALC1 Disable (Default)
1: ALC1 Enable
When ALC1 bit is “1”, the ALC1 operation is enabled.
ALC2: ALC2 Enable
0: ALC2 Disable
1: ALC2 Enable (Default)
After completing the initializing cycle (512/fs = 64ms @fs=8kHz at ROTM bit = “0”), the ALC2 operation is
enabled. When the PMSPK bit changes from “0” to “1” or PDN pin changes from “L” to “H”, the initilization
cycle starts.
Addr
08H
Register Name
ALC Mode Control 2
Default
D7
0
0
D6
REF6
0
D5
REF5
1
D4
REF4
1
D3
REF3
0
D2
REF2
1
D1
REF1
1
D0
REF0
0
REF6-0: Reference value at ALC1 Recovery Operation (See Table 41)
During the ALC1 recovery operation, if the IPGA value exceeds the setting reference value by gain operation,
then the IPGA does not become larger than the reference value. For example, when REF7-0 = “30H”, RATT =
2step, IPGA = 2FH, even if the input signal does not exceed the “ALC1 Recovery Waiting Counter Reset
Level”, the IPGA does not change to 2FH + 2step = 31H, and keeps 30H. Default is “36H”.
DATA (HEX)
GAIN (dB)
STEP
47
+27.5
46
+27.0
45
+26.5
:
:
36
+19.0
Default
:
:
10
+0.0
:
:
0.5dB
06
−5.0
05
−5.5
04
−6.0
03
−6.5
02
−7.0
01
−7.5
00
−8.0
Table 41. Setting Reference Value at ALC1 Recovery Operation
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
09H
Register Name
Input PGA Control
Default
[AK4632]
D7
0
0
D6
IPGA6
0
D5
IPGA5
0
D4
IPGA4
1
D3
IPGA3
0
D2
IPGA2
0
D1
IPGA1
0
D0
IPGA0
0
IPGA6-0: Input Analog PGA (See Table 42)
Default: “10H” (0dB)
When IPGA gain is changed, IPGA6-0 bits should be written while PMMIC bit is “1” and ALC1 bit is “0”.
IPGA6-0 bits should be set at 2/fs(250µ[email protected]=8kHz) after PMMIC bit is set to “1”. IPGA gain is reset when
PMMIC bit is “0”, and then IPGA operation starts from the default value when PMMIC bit is changed to “1”.
When ALC1 bit is changed from “1” to “0”, IPGA holds the last gain value set automatically by ALC1
operation.
In a manual mode, IPGA can be set to any values in Table 42.The ZTM1-0 bits set zero crossing timeout
period when IPGA value is changed. When the control register is written from the µP, the zero crossing
counter is reset and its counter starts. When the signal zero crossing or zero crossing timeout, the written value
from the µP becomes valid.
DATA (HEX)
GAIN (dB)
STEP
47
+27.5
46
+27.0
45
+26.5
:
:
36
+19.0
:
:
10
+0.0
:
:
0.5dB
06
−5.0
05
−5.5
04
−6.0
03
−6.5
02
−7.0
01
−7.5
00
−8.0
Table 42. Input Gain Setting
Addr
0AH
Register Name
Digital Volume Control
Default
D7
DVOL7
0
D6
DVOL6
0
D5
DVOL5
0
D4
DVOL4
1
Default
D3
DVOL3
1
D2
DVOL2
0
D1
DVOL1
0
D0
DVOL0
0
DVOL7-0: Output Digital Volume (See Table 43)
The AK4632 has a digital output volume (256 levels, 0.5dB step, Mute). The gain can be set by the DVOL7-0
bits. The volume is included in front of a DAC block, a input data of DAC is changed from +12 to –115dB
with MUTE. This volume has a soft transition function. It takes 1061/fs (=133ms @ fs = 8kHz) or 256/fs
(=32ms @ fs = 8kHz) from 00H to FFH. Soft Transition Time is set by DVTM bit.
DVOL7-0
Gain
00H
+12.0dB
01H
+11.5dB
02H
+11.0dB
•
•
18H
0dB
Default
•
•
FDH
−114.5dB
FEH
−115.0dB
FFH
MUTE (−∞)
Table 43. Digital Volume Code Table
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
Addr
0BH
[AK4632]
Register Name
ALC2 Mode Control
Default
D7
0
0
D6
0
0
D5
RFS5
1
D4
RFS4
1
D3
RFS3
1
D2
RFS2
1
D1
RFS1
0
D0
RFS0
0
D1
VGCA1
1
D0
VGCA0
0
RFS6-0: Reference value at ALC2 Recovery Operation (See Table 44)
REFS5-0 bits
Volume[dB]
Step
3F
+19.5
3E
+19.0
3D
+18.5
3C
+18.0
Default
:
:
0.5dB
19
+0.5
18
+0.0
17
-0.5
:
:
03
-10.5
02
-11.0
01
-11.5
00
-12.0
Table 44. Setting Reference Value at ALC2 Recovery Operation
Addr
0CH
Register Name
Video Mode Control
Default
D7
0
0
D6
SAGC1
0
D5
SAGC0
0
D4
VGCA4
0
D3
VGCA3
0
D2
VGCA2
0
VGCA4-0: Gain Control of Video output(See Table 25)
SAGC1-0: Select Video Output Circuit (See Table 23)
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
SYSTEM DESIGN
Figure 45 shows the system connection diagram. An evaluation board [AKD4632] is available which demonstrates the
optimum layout, power supply arrangements and measurement results.
20k
C
10µ
0.1µ
+
AOUT 26
BEEP 27
AIN 28
MIC 30
MPI 31
+
SPP 21
R2
Top View
DVSS 17
16 DVDD
8 PDN
15 BICK
MCKI 18
14 FCK
7 VSAG
13 SDTO
MCKO 19
12 SDTI
6 VOUT
9 CSN
Analog Supply
2.6∼5.25V
Speaker
SPN 20
Cv
SAGC1-0 bits = “00”
Cv : Short
Cs : Short
SAGC1-0 bits = “10” or “11”
Cv=100µF & Cs=2.2µF
or
Cv=47µF & Cs=1.0µF
10µ
SVDD 22
5 VIN
Cs
0.1µ
3 AVSS
11 CDTI
75
MIN 24
SVSS 23
4 VVDD
0.1u
0.1µ
1µ
2 AVDD
10 CCLK
Analog Supply
2.8∼5.25V
0.1µ
MICOUT 29
1 VCOC
VCOM 32
Cp Rp
+
10µ
R
0.1µ
10µ
Analog Supply
2.6∼3.6V
220
0.22µ
1µ
MOUT 25
2.2k
R1
ZD2
ZD1
Dynamic SPK :
R1,R2 : Short
ZD1,ZD2 : Open
Peizo SPK :
R1,R2 : 10Ω
ZD1,ZD2 : Required
0.1µ
10
+
10µ
DSP or µP
Figure 45. Typical Connection Diagram
Notes:
- AVSS, DVSS and SVSS of the AK4632 should be distributed separately from the ground of external
controllers.
- The exposed pad on the bottom surface of the package must be open.
- All digital input pins except pull-down pin should not be left floating.
- Value of R and C of BEEP pin should depend on system.
- When the AK4632 is EXT mode (PMPLL bit = “0”), a resistor and capacitor of VCOC pin is not needed.
- When the AK4632 is PLL mode (PMPLL bit = “1”), a resistor and capacitor of VCOC pin is shown in Table 45.
- Input resistance of AIN pin and Capacitance between MICOUT pin and AIN pin compose of HPF. When the
capacitance is 0.22µF, the cut off frequency is typ.72Hz(typ)(min. 48Hz, max. 145Hz).
Mode
PLL3
bit
PLL2
bit
PLL1
bit
PLL0
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
12
13
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Others
Others
PLL Reference
Clock Input Pin
Input
Frequency
Rp and Cp of
VCOC pin
Rp[Ω] Cp[F]
6.8k
220n
10k
4.7n
10k
4.7n
10k
4.7n
10k
4.7n
10k
4.7n
10k
4.7n
10k
4.7n
10k
10n
10k
10n
FCK pin
1fs
BICK pin
16fs
BICK pin
32fs
BICK pin
64fs
MCKI pin
11.2896MHz
MCKI pin
12.288MHz
MCKI pin
12MHz
MCKI pin
24MHz
MCKI pin
13.5MHz
MCKI pin
27MHz
N/A
Table 45. Setting of PLL Mode (*fs: Sampling Frequency)
MS0396-E-00
PLL Lock
Time
(max)
160ms
2ms
2ms
2ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
40ms
Default
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
1. Grounding and Power Supply Decoupling
The AK4632 requires careful attention to power supply and grounding arrangements. AVDD, DVDD, SVDD and VVDD
are usually supplied from the system’s analog supply. If AVDD, DVDD, SVDD and VVDD are supplied separately, the
correct power up sequence should be observed. AVSS, DVSS and SVSS of the AK4632 should be connected to the
analog ground plane. System analog ground and digital ground should be connected together near to where the supplies
are brought onto the printed circuit board. Decoupling capacitors should be as near to the AK4632 as possible, with the
small value ceramic capacitor being the nearest.
2. Voltage Reference
VCOM is a signal ground of this chip. A 2.2µF electrolytic capacitor in parallel with a 0.1µF ceramic capacitor attached
to the VCOM pin eliminates the effects of high frequency noise. No load current may be drawn from the VCOM pin. All
signals, especially clocks, should be kept away from the VCOM pin in order to avoid unwanted coupling into the
AK4632.
3. Analog Inputs
The Mic and Beep inputs are single-ended. The input signal range scales with nominally at 0.06 x AVDD Vpp for the Mic
input and 0.6 x AVDD Vpp for the Beep input, centered around the internal common voltage (approx. 0.45 x AVDD).
Usually the input signal is AC coupled using a capacitor. The cut-off frequency is fc = (1/2πRC). The AK4632 can accept
input voltages from AVSS to AVDD.
4. Analog Outputs
The input data format for the DAC is 2’s complement. The output voltage is a positive full scale for 7FFFH(@16bit) and
a negative full scale for 8000H(@16bit). Mono output from the MOUT pin and Mono Line Output from the AOUT pin
are centered at 0.45 x AVDD (typ). The Speaker-Amp output is centered at SVDD/2.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
CONTROL SEQUENCE
„ Clock Set up
When ADC, DAC, ALC1, ALC2 and IPGA are used, the clocks must be supplied.
1. In case of PLL Master Mode.
Power Supply
Example:
(1)
Audio I/F Format: DSP Mode, BCKP = MSBS = “0”
BICK frequency at Master Mode: 64fs
Input Master Clock Select at PLL Mode: 11.2896MHz
MCKO : Enable
Sampling Frequency:8kHz
PDN pin
(2)
(3)
PMVCM bit
(Addr:00H, D6)
(4)
MCKPD bit
(1) Power Supply & PDN pin = “L” Æ “H”
(Addr:01H, D2)
(5)
MCKO bit
(Addr:01H, D1)
(2)Addr:01H, Data:0CH
Addr:04H, Data:48H
Addr:05H, Data:00H
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H, D0)
(6)
MCKI pin
Input
(3)Addr:00H, Data:40H
M/S bit
(Addr:01H, D3)
40msec(max)
(7)
BICK pin
FCK pin
(4)Addr:01H, Data:0BH
Output
(8)
1msec (max)
MCKO, BICK and FCK output
40msec(max)
(10)
MCKO pin
(9)
Output
Figure 46. Clock Set Up Sequence (1)
<Example>
(1) After Power Up, PDN pin = “L” → “H”
“L” time (1) of 150ns or more is needed to reset the AK4632.
(2) DIF1-0, PLL3-0, FS3-0, BCKO1-0, MSBS, BCKP and M/S bits should be set during this period.
(3) Power UpVCOM: PMVCM bit = “0” → “1”
VCOM should first be powered-up before the other block operates.
(4) Release the pull-down resistor of the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “1” → “0”
(5) In case of using MCKO output: MCKO bit = “1”
In case of not using MCKO output: MCKO bit = “0”
(6) PLL lock time is 40ms(max) after PMPLL bit changes from “0” to “1” and MCKI is supplied from an external
source.
(7) The AK4632 starts to output the FCK and BICK clocks after the PLL becomes stable. The normal operation of
the block which a clock is necessary for becomes possible.
(8) The invalid frequencies are output from FCK and BICK pins during this period.
(9) The invalid frequency is output from MCKO pin during this period.
(10) The normal clock is output from MCKO pin after the PLL is locked.
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
2. When the external clocks (FCK or BICK pin) are used in PLL Slave Mode.
Example:
Power Supply
Audio I/F Format : DSP Mode, BCKP = MSBS = “0”
PLL Reference clock: BICK
BICK frequency: 64fs
Sampling Frequency: 8kHz
(1)
PDN pin
(2)
(3)
4fs
(1)ofPower Supply & PDN pin = “L” Æ “H”
PMVCM bit
(Addr:00H, D6)
MCKPD bit
(2) Addr:04H, Data:30H
Addr:05H, Data:00H
(4) "H"
(Addr:01H, D2)
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H, D0)
(3) Addr:00H, Data:40H
FCK pin
BICK pin
Input
(5)
(4) Addr:01H, Data:05H
Internal Clock
(6)
BICK and FCK input
Figure 47. Clock Set Up Sequence (2)
<Example>
(1) After Power Up: PDN pin “L” → “H”
“L” time (1) of 150ns or more is needed to reset the AK4632.
(2) DIF1-0, FS3-0, PLL3-0, MSBS and BCKP bits should be set during this period.
(3) Power Up VCOM: PMVCM bit = “0” → “1”
VCOM should first be powered up before the other block operates.
(4) Pull down of the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “1”
(5) PLL starts after the PMPLL bit changes from “0” to “1” and PLL reference clock (FCK or BICK pin) is supplied.
PLL lock time is 160ms(max) when FCK is a PLL reference clock. And PLL lock time is 2ms(max) when BICK
is a PLL reference clock.
(6) Normal operation stats after the PLL is locked.
MS0396-E-00
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
3. When the external clock (MCKI pin) is used in PLL Slave Mode.
Example:
Audio I/F Format: DSP Mode, BCKP = MSBS = “0”
BICK frequency at Master Mode: 64fs
Input Master Clock Select at PLL Mode: 11.2896MHz
MCKO : Enable
Sampling Frequency:8kHz
Power Supply
(1)
PDN pin
(2)
(3)
PMVCM bit
(1) Power Supply & PDN pin = “L” Æ “H”
(Addr:00H, D6)
(4)
MCKPD bit
(Addr:01H, D2)
(2)Addr:01H, Data:04H
Addr:04H, Data:48H
Addr:05H, Data:00H
(5)
MCKO bit
(Addr:01H, D1)
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H, D0)
(3)Addr:00H, Data:40H
(6)
MCKI pin
Input
(4)Addr:01H, Data:03H
40msec(max)
(7)
MCKO pin
Output
(8)
MCKO output start
(9)
BICK pin
FCK pin
Input
BICK and FCK input start
Figure 48. Clock Set Up Sequence (3)
<Example>
(1) After Power Up: PDN pin “L” → “H”
“L” time (1) of 150ns or more is needed to reset the AK4632.
(2) DIF1-0, PLL3-0, FS3-0, BCKO1-0, MSBS, BCKP and M/S bits should be set during this period.
(3) Power Up VCOM: PMVCM bit = “0” → “1”
VCOM should first be powered up before the other block operates.
(4) Release the pull-down resistor of the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “1” → “0”
(5) Enable MCKO output: MCKO bit = “1”
(6) PLL starts after the PMPLL bit changes from “0” to “1” and PLL reference clock (MCKI pin) is supplied. PLL
lock time is 40ms(max).
(7) The normal clock is output from MCKO after PLL is locked.
(8) The invalid frequency is output from MCKO during this period.
(9) BICK and FCK clocks should be synchronized with MCKO clock.
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
4. EXT Slave Mode
Example
Audio I/F Format:MSB justified (ADC and DAC)
Input MCKI frequency: 1024fs
Sampling Frequency:8kHz
MCKO: Disable
Power Supply
(1)
(1) Power Supply & PDN pin = “L” Æ “H”
PDN pin
(2)
(3)
PMVCM bit
(Addr:00H, D6)
(2) Addr:04H, Data:02H
Addr:05H, Data:01H
MCKPD bit
(Addr:01H, D2)
(4)
(3) Addr:00H, Data:40H
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H, D0)
"L"
(5)
MCKI pin
Input
(4) Addr:01H, Data:00H
(5)
FCK pin
BICK pin
Input
MCKI, BICK and FCK input
Figure 49. Clock Set Up Sequence (4)
<Example>
(1) After Power Up: PDN pin “L” → “H”
“L” time (1) of 150ns or more is needed to reset the AK4632.
(2) DIF1-0 and FS1-0 bits should be set during this period.
(3) Power Up VCOM: PMVCM bit = “0” → “1”
VCOM should first be powered up before the other block operates.
(4) Release the pull-down resistor of the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “1” → “0”
Power down PLL: PMPLL bit = “0”
(5) Normal operation starts after the MCKI, FCK and BICK are supplied.
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ MIC Input Recording
Example:
FS3-0 bits
(Addr:05H,
D5,D2-0)
XXXX
MIC Control
(Addr:02H, D2-0)
ALC1 Control 1
(Addr:06H)
ALC1 Control 2
(Addr:08H)
ALC1 Control 3
(Addr:07H)
PLL Master Mode
Audio I/F Format:DSP Mode, BCKP=MSBS=“0”
Sampling Frequency:8kHz
Pre MIC AMP:+20dB
MIC Power On
ALC1 setting:Refer to Figrure 29
ALC2 bit=“1”(default)
XXX
(1)
001
X1X
(1) Addr:05H, Data:00H
00H
(2) Addr:02H, Data:07H
47H
(3) Addr:06H, Data:00H
61H or 21H
(4) Addr:08H, Data:47H
(2)
XXH
(3)
XXH
(4)
XXH
(5)
ALC1 State
ALC1 Disable
ALC1 Enable
ALC1 Disable
(5) Addr:07H, Data:61H
PMADC bit
(6) Addr:00H, Data:43H
(Addr:00H, D0)
(6)
PMMIC bit
1059 / fs
(Addr:00H, D1)
ADC Internal
State
(7)
Power Down
Recording
Initialize Normal State Power Down
(7) Addr:00H, Data:40H
Figure 50. MIC Input Recording Sequence
<Example>
This sequence is an example of ALC1 setting at s=8kHz. If the parameter of the ALC1 is changed, please refer to
“Figure 31. Registers set-up sequence at the ALC1 operation“
At first, clocks should be supplied according to “Clock Set Up” sequence.
(1) Set up a sampling frequency (FS3-0 bit). When the AK4632 is PLL mode, MIC and ADC should be powered-up
in consideration of PLL lock time after a sampling frequency is changed.
(2) Set up MIC input (Addr: 02H)
(3) Set up Timer Select for ALC1 (Addr: 06H)
(4) Set up REF value for ALC1 (Addr: 08H)
(5) Set up LMTH, RATT, LMAT1-0 and ALC1 bits (Addr: 07H)
(6) Power Up MIC and ADC: PMMIC bit = PMADC bit = “0” → “1”
The initialization cycle time of ADC is [email protected]=8kHz.
After the ALC1 bit is set to “1” and MIC block is powered-up, the ALC1 operation starts from IPGA default
value (0dB).
(7) Power Down MIC and ADC: PMMIC bit = PMADC bit = “1” → “0”
When the registers for the ALC1 operation are not changed, ALC1 bit may be keeping “1”. The ALC1 operation
is disabled because the MIC block is powered-down. If the registers for the ALC1 operation are also changed
when the sampling frequency is changed, it should be done after the AK4632 goes to the manual mode (ALC1 bit
= “0”) or MIC block is powered-down (PMMIC bit = “0”). IPGA gain is reset when PMMIC bit is “0”, and then
IPGA operation starts from the default value when PMMIC bit is changed to “1”.
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Speaker-amp Output
Example:
FS2-0 bits
(Addr:05H,
D5, D2-0)
XXXX
PLL, Master Mode
Audio I/F Format :DSP Mode, BCKP=MSBS= “0”
Sampling Frequency: 8kHz
Digital Volume: -8dB
ALC2 : Enable
XXXX
(1)
(8)
DACM bit
(1) Addr:05H, Data:00H
(Addr:02H, D3)
(2)
ALC2S bit
(2) Addr:02H, Data:28H
(Addr:02H, D5)
ALC2 bit
(Addr:07H, D6)
DVOL7-0 bits
(Addr:0AH, D7-0)
0
(3) Addr:07H, Data:40H
X
(3)
0001100
(4) Addr:0AH, Data:28H
XXXXXXX
(4)
(9)
PMDAC bit
(5) Addr:00H, Data:54H
(Addr:00H, D2)
(5)
PMSPK bit
(6) Addr:02H, Data:A8H
(Addr:00H, D4)
(6)
SPPS bit
Playback
(Addr:02H, D7)
(7)
SPP pin
SPN pin
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Normal Output
SVDD/2
Normal Output
Hi-Z
SVDD/2
(7) Addr:02H, Data:28H
Hi-Z
(8) Addr:00H, Data:40H
Figure 51. Speaker-Amp Output Sequence
<Example>
At first, clocks should be supplied according to “Clock Set Up” sequence.
(1) Set up a sampling frequency (FS3-0 bits). When the AK4632 is PLL mode, DAC and Speaker-Amp should be
powered-up in consideration of PLL lock time after a sampling frequency is changed.
(2) Set up the path of “DAC Æ SPK-Amp”
DACM = ALC2S bit: “0” → “1”
(3) Set up the ALC2 Enable/Disable
(4) Set up the digital volume (Addr: 0AH)
After DAC is powered-up, the digital volume changes from default value (0dB) to the register setting value by
the soft transition.
(5) Power Up of DAC and Speaker-Amp: PMDAC bit = PMSPK bit = “0” → “1”
When ALC2 bit = “1”, the ALC2 is disabled (ALC2 gain is fiexed to “–2dB”) during the initilization cycle
(512/fs = 64ms @ fs=8kHz, ROTM bit = “0”) and the ALC2 starts from “–2dB” after completing the
initilization cycle.
(6) Exit the power-save-mode of Speaker-Amp: SPPS bit = “0” → “1”
“(6)” time depends on the time constant of input impedance of MIN pin and capacitor between MIN pin and
MOUT pin. If Speaker-Amp output is enabled before MIN-Amp (ALC2) becomes stable, pop noise may occur.
e.g. Input Impedance of MIN pin =36kΩ (max), C=0.1µF: Recommended wait time is more than 5τ = 18ms.
(7) Enter the power-save-mode of Speaker-Amp: SPPS bit = “1” → “0”
(8) Disable the path of “DAC Æ SPK-Amp”
DACM = ALC2S bit: “1” → “0”
(9) Power Down DAC and Speaker-Amp: PMDAC bit = PMSPK bit = “1” → “0”
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ BEEP signal output from Speaker-Amp
Clocks can be stopped.
CLOCK
ALC2 bit
(Addr:07H, D6)
0 or 1
Example:
(1) Addr:07H, Data:00H
0
(1)
(2) Addr:00H, Data:70H
PMBP bit
(Addr:00H, D2)
(2)
(6)
PMSPK bit
(3) Addr:02H, Data:60H
(Addr:00H, D4)
ALC2S bit
(Addr:02H, D5)
0 or 1
0
(4) Addr:02H, Data:E0H
(3)
(7)
BEEPS bit
(Addr:02H, D6)
BEEP Signal Output
(4)
SPPS bit
(Addr:02H, D7)
(5) Addr:02H, Data:60H
(5)
SPP pin
Hi-Z
Normal Output
Hi-Z
(6) Addr:00H, Data:40H
SPN pin
Hi-Z
SVDD/2
Normal Output
SVDD/2
Hi-Z
(7) Addr:02H, Data:00H
Figure 52. “BEPP-Amp Æ Speaker-Amp” Output Sequence
<Example>
The clocks can be stopped when only BEEP-Amp and Speaker-Amp are operating. However ALC2 must be
disabled.
(1) ALC2 Disable: ALC2 bit = “0”
(2) Power Up BEEP-Amp and Speaker-Amp: PMBP bit = PMSPK bit = “0” → “1”
(3) Disable the path of “ALC2 Æ SPK-Amp”: ALC2S bit = “0”
Enable the path of “BEEP Æ SPK-Amp”: BEEPS bit = “0” → “1”
(4) Exit the power-save-mode of Speaker-Amp: SPPS bit = “0” → “1”
“(4)” time depends on the time constant of external resistor and capacitor connected to BEEP pin. If
Speaker-Amp output is enabled before input of BEEP-Amp becomes stable, pop noise may occur.
e.g. R=20k, C=0.1µF: Recommended wait time is more than 5τ = 10ms.
(5) Enter the power-save-mode of Speaker-Amp: SPPS bit = “1” → “0”
(6) Power Down BEEP-Amp and Speaker-Amp: PMBP bit = PMSPK bit = “1” → “0”
(7) Disable the path of “BEEP Æ SPK-Amp”: BEEPS bit = “1” → “0”
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ MONO LINEOUT
1. In case of using an external mute circuit.(Compatible with AK4536/AK4630)
Example:
PLL, Master Mode
Audio I/F Format :DSP Mode, BCKP=MSBS= “0”
Sampling Frequency: 8kHz
Digital Volume: -8dB
FS3-0 bits
(Addr:05H,
D5,D2-0)
XXXX
XXXX
(1) Addr:05H, Data:00H
(1)
(6)
DACA bit
(2)
(2) Addr:02H, Data:10H
(Addr:02H, D4)
(3)
DVOL7-0 bits
(Addr:0AH, D7-0)
00011000
(3) Addr:0AH, Data:28H
XXXXXXX
PMDAC bit
(4) Addr:00H, Data:4CH
(Addr:00H, D2)
(5)
(4)
PMAO bit
Playback
(Addr:00H, D3)
AOUT pin
Hi-Z
Normal Output
Hi-Z
(5) Addr:00H, Data:40H
(6) Addr:02H, Data:00H
Figure 53. Mono Lineout Sequence
<Example>
At first, clocks should be supplied according to “Clock Set Up” sequence.
(1) Set up a sampling frequency (FS3-0 bits). When the AK4632 is PLL mode, DAC and Mono Line Amp should
be powered-up in consideration of PLL lock time after a sampling frequency is changed.
(2) Set up the path of “DAC Æ Mono Line Amp”
DACA bit: “0” → “1”
(3) Set up the digital volume (Addr: 0AH)
After DAC is powered-up, the digital volume changes from default value (0dB) to the register setting value by
the soft transition.
(4) Power Up of DAC and Mono Line Amp: PMDAC bit = PMAO bit = “0” → “1”
When DAC and Mono Line Amp are powered-up, the pop noise occurs from AOUT pin. Therefore AOUT pin
should be muted by external circuit.
(5) Power Down of DAC and Mono Line Amp: PMDAC bit = PMAO bit = “1” → “0”
When DAC and Mono Line Amp are powered-down, the pop noise occurs from AOUT pin. Therefore AOUT
pin should be muted by external circuit.
(6) Disable the path of “DAC Æ Mono Line Amp”
DACA bit: “1” → “0”
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
2. In case of using POP reduction circuit of AK4632.
Example:
PLL, Master Mode
Audio I/F Format :DSP Mode, BCKP=MSBS= “0”
Sampling Frequency: 8kHz
Digital Volume: -8dB
MGAIN1=SPKG1=SPKG0=BEEPA=ALC1M
=ALC1A= “0”
(1) Addr:05H, Data:00H
(2) Addr:02H, Data:10H
FS2-0 bits
(Addr:05H,
D5,D2-0)
XXXX
XXXX
(3) Addr:0AH, Data:28H
(1)
(9)
DACA bit
(4) Addr:03H, Data:40H
(2)
(Addr:02H, D4)
(3)
DVOL7-0 bits
(Addr:0AH, D7-0)
(5) Addr:00H, Data:4CH
00011000
XXXXXXX
(6) Addr:03H, Data:00H
PSAON bit
(Addr:03H, D6)
(4)
(7)
(6)
(10)
Playback
PMDAC bit
(Addr:00H, D2)
(7) Addr:03H, Data:40H
(5)
(8)
PMAO bit
(Addr:00H, D3)
(8) Addr:00H, Data:40H
>300 ms
>300 ms
AOUT pin
Normal Output
(9) Addr:02H, Data:00H
(10) Addr:03H, Data:00H
Figure 54. Mono Lineout Sequence
<Example>
At first, clocks should be supplied according to “Clock Set Up” sequence.
(1) Set up a sampling frequency (FS3-0 bits). When the AK4632 is PLL mode, DAC and Mono Line Amp should
be powered-up in consideration of PLL lock time after a sampling frequency is changed.
(2) Set up the path of “DAC Æ Mono Line Amp” : DACA bit: “0” → “1”
(3) Set up the digital volume (Addr: 0AH)
After DAC is powered-up, the digital volume changes from default value (0dB) to the register setting value by
the soft transition.
(4) Enter power-save mode of Mono Line Amp: AOPSN bit = “0” → “1”
(5) Power Up of DAC and Mono Line Amp: PMDAC bit = PMAO bit = “0” → “1”
AOUT pin rises up to VCOM voltage. Rise time is 200ms (max 300ms) at C=1µF.
(6) Exit power-save mode of Mono Line Amp after AOUT pin rises up. : AOPSN bit = “1” → “0”
Mono Line Amp goes to normal operation.
(7) Enter power-save mode of Mono Line Amp: AOPSN bit = “0” → “1”
(8) Power Down of DAC and Mono Line Amp: PMDAC bit = PMAO bit = “1” → “0”
AOUT pin falls down to AVSS. Fall time is 200ms (max 300ms) at C=1µF.
(9) Disable the path of “DAC Æ Mono Line Amp” : DACA bit: “1” → “0”
(10) Exit power-save mode of Mono Line Amp after AOUT pin falls down. : AOPSN bit = “1” → “0”
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[AK4632]
„ Video Signal Input and Output
Clocks
PMVCM bit
(Addr:00H, D6)
Example:
Clocks can be stopped, if only video output is enable.
Audio Function :No use
PLL Master Mode
VIDEO Output : DC Output
VGCA : 0dB
1
X
(1)
(2)
(1) Addr:00H, Data:45H
SAGC1-0 bits
(Addr:0CH, D6-5)
XX
XX
VGCA4-0 bits
(Addr:0CH, D4-0)
XXXXX
XXXXX
(2) Addr:0CH, Data:02H
(3) Addr:01H, Data:8BH
(4)
(3)
PMV bit
(Addr:01H, D7)
Video Output
VOUT pin
AVSS
Normal Output
AVSS
(4) Addr:01H, Data:0BH
Figure 55. Video Output Sequence
<Example>
When the only video function is used, the clocks are not needed to input.
(1) Power Up of VCOM : PMVCM bit = “0” → “1”
(2) Set up the output circuit(SAGC1-0bits) and GCA(VGCA4-0 bits)
(3 ) Power Up of Video-Amp : PMV bit = “0” → “1”
The video signal that is input to VIN pin starts output from VOUT pin.
(4) Power Down of Video-Amp : PMV bit = “1” → “0”
The output from VOUT pin stops. VOUT pin goes to AVSS.
If any audio functions are not used, VCOM can be powered-down(PMVCM bit =“0”)
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
„ Stop of Clock
Master clock can be stopped when ADC, DAC, ALC1, ALC2 and IPGA don’t operate.
1. In case of PLL Master Mode
Example:
(1)
Audio I/F Format: DSP Mode, BCKP = MSBS = “0”
BICK frequency at Master Mode : 64fs
Input Master Clock Select at PLL Mode : 11.2896MHz
Sampling Frequency:8kHz
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H,D0)
(2)
MCKO bit
"H" or "L"
(1) (2) (3) Addr:01H, Data:0CH
(Addr:01H,D1)
(3)
MCKPD bit
Stop an external MCKI
(Addr:01H,D2)
(4)
External MCKI
Input
Figure 56. Clock Stopping Sequence (1)
<Example>
(1) Power down PLL: PMPLL bit = “1” → “0”
(2) Stop MCKO clock: MCKO bit = “1” → “0”
(3) Pull down the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “0” → “1”
When the external master clock becomes Hi-Z, MCKI pin should be pulled down.
(4) Stop an external master clock.
2. When an external clocks (FCK or BICK pins) are used in PLL Slave Mode.
Example
Audio I/F Format : DSP Mode, BCKP = MSBS = “0”
PLL Reference clock: BICK
BICK frequency: 64fs
Sampling Frequency: 8kHz
(1)
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H,D0)
(2)
External BICK
Input
(1) Addr:01H, Data:04H
(2)
External FCK
Input
(2) Stop the external clocks
Figure 57. Clock Stopping Sequence (2)
<Example>
(1) Power down PLL: PMPLL bit = “1” → “0”
(2) Stop the external BICK and FCK clocks
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
3. When an external clock (MCKI pin) is used in PLL Slave Mode.
(1)
PMPLL bit
(Addr:01H,D0)
(1)
Example
MCKO bit
Audio I/F Format : DSP Mode, BCKP = MSBS = “0”
PLL Reference clock: MCKI
BICK frequency: 64fs
Sampling Frequency: 8kHz
(Addr:01H,D1)
(1)
MCKPD bit
(Addr:01H,D2)
(1) Addr:01H, Data:04H
(2)
External MCKI
Input
(2) Stop the external clocks
Figure 58. Clock Stopping Sequence (3)
<Example>
(1) Power down PLL: PMPLL bit = “1” → “0”
Stop MCKO output: MCKO bit = “1” → “0”
Pull down the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “0” → “1”
When the external master clock becomes Hi-Z, MCKI pin should be pulled down.
(2) Stop the external master clock.
4. EXT Slave Mode
Example
Audio I/F Format :MSB justified(ADC and DAC)
Input MCKI frequency:1024fs
Sampling Frequency:8kHz
(1)
MCKPD bit
(Addr:01H,D2)
(2)
External MCKI
Input
External BICK
Input
(1) Addr:01H, Data:04H
(2)
(2) Stop the external clocks
(2)
External FCK
Input
Figure 59. Clock Stopping Sequence (4)
<Example>
(1) Pull down the MCKI pin: MCKPD bit = “0” → “1”
When the external master clock becomes Hi-Z, MCKI pin should be pulled down.
(2) Stop the external MCKI, BICK and FCK clocks.
„ Power down
If the clocks are supplied, power down VCOM (PMVCM bit: “1” → “0”) after all blocks except for VCOM are
powered-down and a master clock stops. The AK4632 is also powered-down by PDN pin = “L”. When PDN pin = “L”,
the registers are initialized.
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
PACKAGE
32pin QFN (Unit: mm)
5.00 ± 0.10
0.40 ± 0.10
4.75 ± 0.10
24
17
16
4.75 ± 0.10
B
3.5
5.00 ± 0.10
25
1
1
3.5
0.50
+0.07
-0.05
32
C0.42
8
A
0.23
Exposed
Pad
9
32
0.85 ± 0.05
0.10 M AB
0.08 C
0.04
0.01+- 0.01
0.20
C
Note) The exposed pad on the bottom surface of the package must be open.
„ Material & Lead finish
Package molding compound:
Lead frame material:
Lead frame surface treatment:
Epoxy
Cu
Solder (Pb free) plate
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ASAHI KASEI
[AK4632]
MARKING
4632
XXXX
1
XXXX : Date code identifier (4 digits)
Revision History
Date (YY/MM/DD)
05/06/01
Revision
00
Reason
First Edition
Page
Contents
IMPORTANT NOTICE
• These products and their specifications are subject to change without notice. Before considering
any use or application, consult the Asahi Kasei Microsystems Co., Ltd. (AKM) sales office or
authorized distributor concerning their current status.
• AKM assumes no liability for infringement of any patent, intellectual property, or other right in the
application or use of any information contained herein.
• Any export of these products, or devices or systems containing them, may require an export license
or other official approval under the law and regulations of the country of export pertaining to customs
and tariffs, currency exchange, or strategic materials.
• AKM products are neither intended nor authorized for use as critical components in any safety, life
support, or other hazard related device or system, and AKM assumes no responsibility relating to any
such use, except with the express written consent of the Representative Director of AKM. As used
here:
a. A hazard related device or system is one designed or intended for life support or maintenance of
safety or for applications in medicine, aerospace, nuclear energy, or other fields, in which its
failure to function or perform may reasonably be expected to result in loss of life or in significant
injury or damage to person or property.
b. A critical component is one whose failure to function or perform may reasonably be expected to
result, whether directly or indirectly, in the loss of the safety or effectiveness of the device or
system containing it, and which must therefore meet very high standards of performance and
reliability.
• It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of an AKM product who distributes, disposes of, or
otherwise places the product with a third party to notify that party in advance of the above content
and conditions, and the buyer or distributor agrees to assume any and all responsibility and liability
for and hold AKM harmless from any and all claims arising from the use of said product in the
absence of such notification.
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