ALLEGRO ACS752SCA

Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
The Allegro ACS75x family of current sensors provides economical and
precise solutions for current sensing in industrial, automotive, commercial, and
communications systems. The device package allows for easy implementation
by the customer. Typical applications include motor control, load detection and
management, power supplies, and overcurrent fault protection.
4
5
1
Pin 1: VCC
Pin 2: Gnd
Pin 3: Output
2
3
Terminal 4: Ip+
Terminal 5: Ip-
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Operating Temperature
S ..................................................... –20 to +85ºC
Supply Voltage, Vcc........................................... 16 V
Reverse Supply Voltage, VRCC ........................ –16 V
Output Voltage ................................................... 16 V
Reverse Output Voltage, VROUT...................... –0.1 V
Output Current Source ..................................... 3 mA
Output Current Sink........................................10 mA
Maximum Storage Temperature...........–65 to 170°C
Maximum Junction Temperature .................... 165°C
Always order by complete part number:
ACS752SCA-100
The device consists of a precision, low-offset linear Hall sensor circuit with a
copper conduction path located near the die. Applied current flowing through
this copper conduction path generates a magnetic field which is sensed by the
integrated Hall IC and converted into a proportional voltage. Device accuracy
is optimized through the close proximity of the magnetic signal to the Hall
transducer. A precise, proportional voltage is provided by the low-offset, chopperstabilized BiCMOS Hall IC, which is programmed for accuracy at the factory.
The output of the device has a positive slope (>VCC / 2) when an increasing
current flows through the primary copper conduction path (from terminal 4 to
terminal 5), which is the path used for current sensing. The internal resistance of
this conductive path is typically 130 µΩ, providing low power loss. The thickness
of the copper conductor allows survival of the device at up to 5× overcurrent
conditions. The terminals of the conductive path are electrically isolated from the
sensor leads (pins 1 through 3). This allows the ACS75x family of sensors to be
used in applications requiring electrical isolation without the use of opto-isolators
or other costly isolation techniques.
The device is fully calibrated prior to shipment from the factory. The ACS75x
family is lead-free. All leads are coated with 100% matte tin, and there is no lead
inside the package. The heavy gauge leadframe is made of oxygen-free copper.
Features and Benefits
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Monolithic Hall IC for high reliability
Single +5 V supply
3 kVRMS isolation voltage between terminals 4/5 and pins 1/2/3
50 kHz bandwidth
Lead-free
End-of-line factory-trimmed for gain and offset
Ultra-low power loss: 130 µΩ internal conductor resistance
Ratiometric output from supply voltage
Extremely stable output offset voltage
Small package size, with easy mounting capability
Output proportional to ac and dc currents
Applications
TÜV America
Certificate Number:
U8V 04 11 54214 002
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
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Industrial systems
Motor control
Power distribution
Battery power systems
Electric vehicles
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Functional Block Diagram
+5 V
IP–
Terminal 5
VCC
Pin 1
Voltage
Regulator
Filter
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
To all subcircuits
Amp
Out
VOUT
Pin 3
0.1 µF
Gain
Temperature
Coefficient
Offset
Trim Control
IP+
Terminal 4
GND
Pin 2
2
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS, over temperature unless otherwise stated
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Primary Sensed Current
IP
–100
4.5
Supply Voltage
VCC
Supply Current
ICC
VCC = 5.0 V, output open
–
IOUT = 1.2 mA
–
Output Resistance
ROUT
VOUT to GND
–
Output Capacitance Load
CLOAD
Output Resistive Load
RLOAD
VOUT to GND
4.7
IP = ±100A, TA = 25°C
–
Primary Conductor Resistance
RPRIMARY
Pins 1-3 and 4-5, 60 Hz, 1 minute
3.0
Isolation Voltage
VISO
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS, -20°C to +85°C, VCC = 5 V unless otherwise specified
Propagation time
tPROP
IP = ±50 A, TA = 25°C
–
–
Response time
tRESPONSE IP = ±50 A, TA = 25°C
Rise time
tr
IP = ±50 A, TA = 25°C
Frequency Bandwidth
f
–3 dB , TA = 25°C
Over full range of IP , TA = 25°C
Over full range of IP
Peak-to-peak, T = 25°C,
no external filter
Over full range of IP
Over full range of IP
I = 0 A, TA = 25°C
I = 0 A, TA = 25°C
I=0A
I = 0 A, after excursion of 100 A
Over full range of IP , TA = 25°C
Over full range of IP
Sensitivity
Sens
Noise
VNOISE
Nonlinearity
Symmetry
Zero Current Output Voltage
ELIN
ESYM
VOUT(Q)
Electrical Offset Voltage
(Magnetic error not included)
VOE
Magnetic Offset Error
IERROM
Total Output Error
(Including all offsets)
ETOT
Typ.
–
5.0
7
1
–
–
130
–
Max.
100
5.5
10
2
10
–
–
–
Units
A
V
mA
Ω
nF
kΩ
µΩ
kV
4
8
–
–
µs
µs
–
7
–
µs
–
19.0
18.0
50
20.0
–
–
21.0
22.0
kHz
mV/A
mV/A
–
55
–
mV
–
98
–
–40
–50
–
–
–
–
100
VCC / 2
–
–
±0.3
±1
–
±4.4
102
–
40
50
±0.65
–
±9
%
%
V
mV
mV
A
%
%
3
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Supply Current
Vcc = 5 V
Sensitivity
Vcc = 5 V
30
9
28
8.5
Sensitivity [mV/A
8
Icc (mA)
-20 °C
25 °C
85 °C
26
7.5
7
24
22
20
18
16
14
6.5
12
6
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
10
-150
100
Temperature (°C)
0
Primary Current (A
50
100
150
Symmetry
Vcc = 5 V
102
4
101.5
3.5
101
3
Symmetry (%)
Vout (V)
-50
Vout vs Primary Current
Vcc = 5 V
4.5
Ip = 100 A
100.5
2.5
2
-20ºC
25ºC
85ºC
1.5
100
99.5
99
1
98.5
0.5
-100
-75
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
98
100
-40
Primary Current (A)
-20
0
Non-Linearity at +100 A
Vcc = 5 V
4
3.5
Ip = +100 A
Non-Linearity (%)
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
20
40
Temperature (°C)
60
80
100
60
80
100
Non-Linearity at –100 A
Vcc = 5 V
4
3.5
Non-Linearity (%)
-100
Ip = -100 A
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0.5
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
Temperature (°C)
60
80
100
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
Temperature (°C)
4
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Magnetic Offset
Vcc = 5 V
0.7
Magnetic Offset (A)
0.6
I = 0 A, after excursion to 100 A
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
Temperature (°C)
60
80
100
60
80
100
0 Ampere Accuracy Error
Vcc = 5 V
Without Offset
0 A Accuracy Error (A)
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
-0.05
-0.1
-0.15
-0.2
-40
-20
0
20
40
Temperature (°C)
Total Accuracy
100{[([email protected][email protected]) ÷ IdealSens] ÷ Ip}
5
4
Total Accuracy (%)
3
2
1
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-40
-20
0
20
40
Temperature (°C)
60
80
100
5
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Definitions of Accuracy Characteristics
Sensitivity (Sens): The change in sensor output in response to a 1 A change through the primary conductor. The sensitivity is the
product of the magnetic circuit sensitivity (G / A) and the linear IC amplifier gain (mV/G). The linear IC amplifier gain is trimmed at the
factory to optimize the sensitivity (mV/A) for the full-scale current of the device.
Noise (VNOISE): The product of the linear IC amplifier gain (mV/G) and the noise floor for the Allegro Hall effect linear IC (≈1 G).
The noise floor is derived from the thermal and shot noise observed in Hall elements. Dividing the noise (mV) by the sensitivity (mV/
A) provides the smallest current that the device is able to resolve.
Linearity (ELIN): The degree to which the voltage output from the sensor varies in direct proportion to the primary current through
its full-scale amplitude. Linearity reveals the maximum deviation from the ideal transfer curve for this transducer. Nonlinearity in the
output can be attributed to the gain variation across temperature and saturation of the flux concentrator approaching the full-scale current. The following equation is used to derive the linearity:
{ [
100 1–
∆ gain × % sat ( Vout_full-scale amperes – VOUT(Q) )
2 (Vout_half-scale amperes – VOUT(Q) )
[{
where
∆ gain = the gain variation as a function of temperature changes from 25ºC,
% sat = the percentage of saturation of the flux concentrator, which becomes significant as the current
being sensed approaches full-scale ±IP , and
Vout_full-scale amperes = the output voltage (V) when the sensed current approximates full-scale ±IP .
Symmetry (ESYM): The degree to which the absolute voltage output from the sensor varies in proportion to either a positive or negative full-scale primary current. The following equation is used to derive symmetry:
100
[
Vout_+full-scale amperes – VOUT(Q)
VOUT(Q) –Vout_–full-scale amperes
[
Quiescent output voltage (VOUT(Q)): The output of the sensor when the primary current is zero. For a unipolar supply voltage, it
nominally remains at VCC ⁄ 2. Thus, VCC = 5 V translates into VOUT(Q) = 2.5 V. Variation in VOUT(Q) can be attributed to the resolution
of the Allegro linear IC quiescent voltage trim, magnetic hysteresis, and thermal drift.
Electrical offset voltage (VOE): The deviation of the device output from its ideal quiescent value of VCC ⁄ 2 due to nonmagnetic causes.
Magnetic offset error (IERROM): The magnetic offset is due to the residual magnetism (remnant field) of the core material. The magnetic offset error is highest when the magnetic circuit has been saturated, usually when the device has been subjected to a full-scale or
high-current overload condition. The magnetic offset is largely dependent on the material used as a flux concentrator. The larger magnetic offsets are observed at the lower operating temperatures.
Accuracy (ETOT): The accuracy represents the maximum deviation of the actual output from its ideal value. This is also known as the
total ouput error. The accuracy is illustrated graphically in the Output Voltage versus Current chart on the following page.
Accuracy is divided into four areas:
• 0 A at 25°C: Accuracy of sensing zero current flow at 25°C, without the effects of temperature.
• 0 A over temperature: Accuracy of sensing zero current flow including temperature effects.
• Full-scale current at 25°C: Accuracy of sensing the full-scale current at 25°C, without the effects of temperature.
• Full-scale current over ∆ temperature: Accuracy of sensing full-scale current flow including temperature effects.
6
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Output voltage vs. current, illustrating sensor accuracy at 0 A and at full-scale current
Increasing VOUT (V)
Accuracy
Over ∆Temperature
Accuracy
25°C Only
Average
VOUT
Accuracy
Over ∆Temperature
Accuracy
25°C Only
–IP (A)
100 A
–100 A
+IP (A)
Full Scale
0A
Accuracy
25°C Only
Accuracy
Over ∆Temperature
Decreasing VOUT (V)
7
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Definitions of Dynamic Response Characteristics
Propagation delay (tPROP): The time required for the sensor output to reflect a change in the primary current
signal. Propagation delay is attributed to inductive loading within the linear IC package, as well as in the inductive loop formed by the primary conductor geometry. Propagation delay can be considered as a fixed time offset
and may be compensated.
I (%)
Primary Current
90
Transducer Output
0
Propagation Time, tPROP
t
Response time (tRESPONSE): The time interval between a) when the primary current signal reaches 90% of its
final value, and b) when the sensor reaches 90% of its output corresponding to the applied current.
I (%)
Primary Current
90
Transducer Output
0
Response Time, tRESPONSE
t
Rise time (tr): The time interval between a) when the sensor reaches 10% of its full scale value, and b) when
it reaches 90% of its full scale value. The rise time to a step response is used to derive the bandwidth of the
current sensor, in which ƒ(–3 dB) = 0.35 / tr. Both tr and tRESPONSE are detrimentally affected by eddy current
losses observed in the conductive IC ground plane and, to varying degrees, in the ferrous flux concentrator
within the current sensor package.
I (%)
Primary Current
90
Transducer Output
10
0
Rise Time, tr
t
8
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Standards and Physical Specifications
Parameter
Specification
Flammability (package molding compound)
UL recognized to UL 94V-0
Fire and Electric Shock
UL60950-1:2003
EN60950-1:2001
CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1:2003
Creepage distance, current terminals to sensor pins
7.25 mm
Clearance distance, current terminals to sensor pins
7.25 mm
Package mass
4.18 g typical
Step Response, IPRIMARY = 0 to 50 A
ACS752 Output (mV)
Applied Step (A)
9
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Device Branding Key (Two alternative styles are used)
ACS
Allegro Current Sensor
752
Device family number
S
Operating ambient temperature range code
ACS752
CA
Package type designator
SCA100
100
Maximum measurable current
YYWWA
Manufacturing date code: Calendar year (last two digits)
YY
Manufacturing date code: Calendar week
WW
Manufacturing date code: Shift code
A
ACS
Allegro Current Sensor
752
Device family number
S
Operating ambient temperature range code
ACS752
CA
Package type designator
SCA100
L...L
100
Maximum measurable current
YYWW
Manufacturing lot code
L...L
YY
Manufacturing date code: Calendar year (last two digits)
WW
Manufacturing date code: Calendar week
10
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
Package CA
11
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Current Sensor: ACS752SCA-100
The products described herein are manufactured under one or more of the following U.S. patents: 5,045,920; 5,264,783; 5,442,283; 5,389,889;
5,581,179; 5,517,112; 5,619,137; 5,621,319; 5,650,719; 5,686,894; 5,694,038; 5,729,130; 5,917,320; and other patents pending.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro products are not authorized for use as critical components in life-support devices or systems without express written approval.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
Copyright © 2004, 2005, AllegroMicrosystems, Inc.
12
ACS752100-DS Rev. 6
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000