RX-IF SiMMIC FOR W-CDMA UPC8194K AGC + I/Q DEMODULATOR FEATURES BLOCK DIAGRAM • RX-IF: 190 MHz 15 • LOW POWER CONSUMPTION: VCC = 3.0 V • SMALL 20 PIN QFN PACKAGE: Flat lead style for better performance 14 13 12 11 16 10 17 9 8 18 • TAPE AND REEL PACKAGING AVAILABLE 19 1/4 freq. + Phase Shifter Reg. & Gain Control 6 20 DESCRIPTION 1 NEC's UPC8194K is a Silicon Microwave Monolithic integrated circuit designed as a receiver (RX) section for WCDMA. The UPC8194K is a RX-IF IC including IF-AGC amplifier and demodulator. This IC is suitable for kit-use for WCDMA IF section. This IC was developed using NEC's new ultra high seed silicon bipolar process. NEC's stringent quality assurance and test procedures ensure the highest reliability and perormance. 7 2 3 4 5 APPLICATIONS • W-CDMA ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (unless otherwise specified, TA = 25°C, VCC = 3.0 V, fIF = 192.5 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q = 2.5 MHz) PART NUMBER PACKAGE OUTLINE SYMBOLS PARAMETERS AND CONDITIONS UPC8194K QFN-20 UNITS MIN TYP MAX ICC Circuit Current, no input signals power saving mode mA µA – – 9.3 – 12.6 1 VG Voltage Gain, VCONT= 2.5 V VCONT= 0.5 V dB 70 – 77 – – -20 IIP3 Input Third Order Intercept Point, Gain= +65 dB,Rs = 600Ω Balanced,Pin = -76 dBm Gain= -10 dB, Rs = 600Ω Balanced,Pin = -10 dBm dBm dBm -60 0 -55 3 – – dBc – – 20 I/Q Bandwidth, 3 dB down MHz 10 – – I/Q Maximum output swing, balanced ouptut Vp-p 1 – – LoL BW(I/Q) VOUT(I/Q) Local Leakage, leakage to I/Q port when local = 760 MHz and output = 30mVp-p balanced AE I/Q Gain Balance, fI/Q = 2.5 MHz dB – – ∆0.5 PE I/Q Phase Error, fI/Q = 2.5 MHz Deg – – ±3 GACC Gain Accuracy, VCONT = 1 to 2 V dB/V – ∆4.6 ∆6 TPS(Rise) Rise time from power-saving mode us – – 20 VPS(Rise) Rising voltage from power-saving mode V 2.2 – – VPS(fall) Falling voltage from power-saving mode V – – 0.5 Gain Flatness at fIF ±2.5 MHz dB – – ∆0.5 GF California Eastern Laboratories UPC8194K STANDARD CHARACTERISTICS FOR REFERENCE (unless otherwise specified,TA = 25°C, VCC = 3.0 V, fIF = 192.5 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q = 2.5 MHz) PART NUMBER PACKAGE OUTLINE SYMBOLS NF PARAMETERS AND CONDITIONS Noise Figure, Gain = +65 dB UPC8194K QFN-20 UNITS MIN TYP MAX dB – 9.5 – EVM Error Vector Magnitude, IF = 190 MHz, 3.84 Msps QPSK modulation, Gain is adjusted. %rms – 3 – P1dB Input Power at 1 dB compression point at Gain = +50 dB dBm – -50 – ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS1, (TA = 25°C) SYMBOLS PARAMETERS UNITS RATINGS VCC Supply Voltage V 4.0 VPS, VCONT Applied Voltage V -0.3 to VCC+0.3 Operating Ambient Temperature °C -40 to +85 Storage Temperature °C -55 to +150 mW 309 TA TSTG PD Power Dissipation Notes: 1. Operation in excess of any one of these parameters may result in permanent damage. RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS SYMBOLS PARAMETERS UNITS MIN TYP MAX Supply Voltage V 2.7 3.0 3.3 TA Operating Ambient Temperature °C -25 +25 +85 fIF IF Frequency MHz – 190 – fLO Local Frequency MHz – 760 – PLO Local input Level dBm -18 -15 -12 ZI/Q I/Q load impedance kΩ 10 20 – fI/Q I/Q loutput frequency MHz – – 10 VCC ORDERING INFORMATION Part Number Package UPC8194K-E1-A 20 Pin plastic QFN TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (VCC = 3.0 V, VPS = 2.5 V, fIF = 192.5 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q = MHz, VI/Q = 400 mVp-p balanced) NOISE FIGURE and INPUT 3rd ORDER INTERCEPT POINT vs. VOLTAGE GAIN 100 Ta = +25°C Voltage Gain VG (dB) 80 60 40 20 0 VCC = 3.0 V fIF = 192.5 MHz fI/Q = 2.5 MHz fLO = 760 MHz PinLO = -18 dBm -20 -40 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 AGC Control Voltage Vcont (V) 3.0 Noise Figure NF (dB) , Input 3rd Order Intercept Point IIP3 (dBm) VOLTAGE GAIN vs. AGC CONTROL VOLTAGE 100 IIP3 NF 80 (Ta = +25°C) (Ta = +25°C) NF 60 40 20 0 IIP3 -20 -40 -60 -80 -100 -40 VCC = 3.0 V fIF1 = 192.5 MHz fIF2 = 192.6 MHz fLO = 760 MHz PinLO = -18 dBm -20 0 20 40 60 Voltage Gain VG (dB) 80 100 2.5 UPC8194K GND (AGC+REG) NC NC VCC (Demod) 13 12 11 16 10 I 9 Ib 8 Q 7 Qb 6 GND (Demod ) 17 18 VPS 20 Reg. & Gain Control 1 2 3 4 5 GND (Demod) 19 Lob NC 1/4 freq. + Phase Shifter LO GND (AGC+REG) 14 NC IF_IN b 15 VCONT IF_IN VCC (AGC+REG) BLOCK DIAGRAM (Units in mm) UPC8194K PIN FUNCTIONS (Pin Voltage is measured at VCC = 3.0 V) Pin No. Pin Name Applied Voltage (V) Pin Voltage (V) 1 Vcont 0 to VCC - Functions and Applications Internal Equivalent Circuits VCC Gain control pin of AGC amplifier. Variable gains are available in accordance with applied voltage. 54 k 12 k 1 5k 2 19 3 N.C. LO - - - 1.96 No connection. This pin is not connected to internal circuit. This pin should be opened or grounded. — VCC Local signal input pin of I/Q demodulator. Input frequency is 760 MHz. 3 4 LOb - 1.96 Bypass pin of local signal input for I/Q demodulator. 4 In the case of single local input, this pin must be decoupled with capacitor ex. 100 to 1 000 pF. 50 50 GND 5 GND 6 (Demod.) 0 - Ground pin of I/Q demodulator. This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impeadance. 7 Qb - 1.40 I/Q/Ib/Qb signal output pins. 8 Q - 1.40 Each pin is an emitter follower. 9 Ib - 1.40 Each of Ib and Qb is differential output of I and Q. 10 I - 1.40 Recommendable load impedance is 10 to 20 kΩ. VCC 8.5 k 7 GND 11 VCC 2.7 to 3.3 - (Demod.) — (phase shifter + I/Q Mixer). 12 TEST 1 0 - 13 TEST 2 0 - 14 18 GND (AGC, 0 - REG.) Supply voltage pin of I/Q demodulator TEST pin. In actual use, this pin should be grounded. — Ground pin of AGC amplifier and internal regulator. — This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. 8 9 10 UPC8194K PIN FUNCTIONS (Pin Voltage is measured at VCC = 3.0 V) Applied Voltage (V) Pin Voltage (V) VCC (AGC, REG.) 2.7 to 3.3 - IF_IN - 2.75 Pin No. Pin Name 15 16 Functions and Applications Internal Equivalent Circuits Supply voltage pin of AGC amplifier and internal regulator. — VCC IF signal input pin. This pin is input of AGC amplifier. 16 Balance input between 16, 17 pin. 1.1 k Input frequency is 190 MHz. 17 1.2 k 17 IF_INb - 2.75 In the case of signal local input, this pin must be decoupled with capacitor. 20 VPS High: 1.2 k IF signal input pin. - GND Power saving pin. This pin modulator can control 2.2 to VCC VCC Active/Sleep state with bias as follows. 100 k 20 Low: 0 to 0.5 VPS (V) State 0 to 0.5 Sleep Mode 2.2 to 3 Active Mode 100 k GND MEASUREMENT CIRCUIT (Units in mm) VCC 2.2 nF TOKO Balun transformer 616DB-1078 330 pF 2.2 nF µPC8194K 68 nH 7 pF 1.2 kΩ IF in AGC1 AGC2 AGC3 1µF 3.3 kΩ 1µF 3.3 kΩ 1µF 3.3 kΩ 1µF 3.3 kΩ I 18 pF IX 330 pF 100 nH Q REG. and Gain Control 1/4 freq. + Phase Shifter VPS LO Buffer 100 pF Remark : AC connector : DC terminal : Feed through capacitor 100 pF Vcont LOin QX UPC8194K APPPLICATION EXAMPLE: W-CDMA Variation of IF plan UPC8190/91K: RX-IF = 380 MHz, TX-IF = 570 MHz UPC8194/95K: RX-IF = 190 MHz, TX-IF = 380 MHz SiMMIC GaAs MMIC GaAs MCM GaAs or Si Discrete AGC+IQ demodulator UPC8190K, 8194K MIX LNA BPF BPF To Baseband RX = 2110-2170 MHz ANTENNA 1st LO DUPLX PLL1 PLL2 PA TX = 1920-1980 MHz 2nd LO = 760 MHz BPF BPF From Baseband AGC + PA Driver UPG2124TH MIX AGC+IQ modulator UPC8191K, 8195K OUTLINE DIMENSIONS (Units in mm) Package Outline QFN-20 4.2±0.2 4.0±0.2 Pin 20 3.2±0.2 3.0±0.2 3.0±0.2 3.2±0.2 4-C0.5 Pin 1 0.30±0.15 4.2±0.2 4.2±0.2 0.8±0.1 0.18±0.05 0.4 Life Support Applications These NEC products are not intended for use in life support devices, appliances, or systems where the malfunction of these products can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. The customers of CEL using or selling these products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify CEL for all damages resulting from such improper use or sale. EXCLUSIVE NORTH AMERICAN AGENT FOR NEC RF, MICROWAVE & OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTORS CALIFORNIA EASTERN LABORATORIES • Headquarters • 4590 Patrick Henry Drive • Santa Clara, CA 95054-1817 • (408) 988-3500 • Telex 34-6393 • FAX (408) 988-0279 Internet: http://WWW.CEL.COM DATA SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE 04/15/2002 4590 Patrick Henry Drive Santa Clara, CA 95054-1817 Telephone: (408) 919-2500 Facsimile: (408) 988-0279 Subject: Compliance with EU Directives CEL certifies, to its knowledge, that semiconductor and laser products detailed below are compliant with the requirements of European Union (EU) Directive 2002/95/EC Restriction on Use of Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS) and the requirements of EU Directive 2003/11/EC Restriction on Penta and Octa BDE. CEL Pb-free products have the same base part number with a suffix added. The suffix –A indicates that the device is Pb-free. The –AZ suffix is used to designate devices containing Pb which are exempted from the requirement of RoHS directive (*). In all cases the devices have Pb-free terminals. All devices with these suffixes meet the requirements of the RoHS directive. This status is based on CEL’s understanding of the EU Directives and knowledge of the materials that go into its products as of the date of disclosure of this information. Restricted Substance per RoHS Concentration Limit per RoHS (values are not yet fixed) Concentration contained in CEL devices -A Not Detected Lead (Pb) < 1000 PPM Mercury < 1000 PPM Not Detected Cadmium < 100 PPM Not Detected Hexavalent Chromium < 1000 PPM Not Detected PBB < 1000 PPM Not Detected PBDE < 1000 PPM Not Detected -AZ (*) If you should have any additional questions regarding our devices and compliance to environmental standards, please do not hesitate to contact your local representative. Important Information and Disclaimer: Information provided by CEL on its website or in other communications concerting the substance content of its products represents knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. CEL bases its knowledge and belief on information provided by third parties and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. CEL has taken and continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals. CEL and CEL suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release. In no event shall CEL’s liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the CEL part(s) at issue sold by CEL to customer on an annual basis. See CEL Terms and Conditions for additional clarification of warranties and liability.