TX-IF SiMMIC FOR W-CDMA AGC + I/Q MODULATOR FEATURES UPC8195K BLOCK DIAGRAM • TX-IF: 380 MHz 15 • LOW POWER CONSUMPTION: VCC= 3.0 V 14 13 16 • SMALL 20 PIN QFN PACKAGE: Flat lead style for better performance 12 11 10 Reg. & AGC CTRL 17 • TAPE AND REEL PACKAGING AVAILABLE 9 LPF 18 8 19 7 Freq.1/2 + Phase Shifter 20 6 DESCRIPTION 1 NEC's UPC8195K is a Silicon Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit designed as a transmitter/TX section for WCDMA. The UPC8195K is a TX-IF IC including IF-AGC amplifier and modulator. This IC is suitable for kit-use for WCDMA IF section. This IC was developed using NEC's new ultra high seed silicon bipolar process. NEC's stringent quality assurance and test procedures ensure the highest reliability and perormance. 2 3 4 5 APPLICATIONS • W-CDMA ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (unless otherwise specified,TA = 25°C, VCC = 3.0 V, fIF = 380 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q =10 kHz, 400 mVp-p balanced sine-wave) PART NUMBER UP8195K PACKAGE OUTLINE QFN-20 SYMBOLS UNITS MIN TYP MAX Circuit Current, no input signals At power saving mode mA µA – – 25.5 – 30 1 POUT Output Power, VCONT= 2.3 V, I/Q = 400mVp-p balanced VCONT= 0.3 V, I/Q = 400mVp-p balanced dBm -17 – -13 -88 – -83 LoL Local Leakage, VCONT= 2.3 V, I/Q = 400mVp-p balanced dBc – – -30 ImR Image Rejection, VCONT= 2.3 V, I/Q = 400mVp-p balanced dBc – – -30 ICC PARAMETERS AND CONDITIONS TPS(Rise) Rise time from power-saving mode us – – 10 VPS(Rise) Rising voltage from power-saving mode V 2.2 – – VPS(fall) Falling voltage from power-saving mode V – – 0.5 California Eastern Laboratories UPC8195K STANDARD CHARACTERISTICS FOR REFERENCE (unless otherwise specified,TA = 25°C, VCC = 3.0 V, fIF = 380 MHz, fLO = 760 MHz, PLO = -15 dBm, fI/Q =10 kHz, 400 mVp-p balanced sine-wave) PART NUMBER PACKAGE OUTLINE SYMBOLS UP8195K QFN-20 PARAMETERS AND CONDITIONS UNITS MIN TYP MAX NFL1 Output Noise Level 1, Pout = -25 dBm, fIF±20MHz dBm/Hz – -147 – NFL2 Output Noise Level 2, Pout = -65 dBm, fIF±20MHz dBm/Hz – -160 – GF Gain Flatness, fIF±2.5MHz EVM Error Vector Magnitude, I/Q = 3.84 Msps QPSK ACPR Adjacent Channel Power Ratio, fIF±5 MHz, I/Q=3.84 Msps QPSK ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS1 (TA = 25°C) SYMBOLS PARAMETERS UNITS RATINGS VCC Supply Voltage V 4.0 VPS, VCONT Applied Voltage V -0.3 to VCC+0.3 TA Ope rating Ambient Temperature °C -40 to +85 TSTG Storage Temperature °C -55 to +150 mW 309 PD Power Dissipation Notes: 1. Operation in excess of any one of these parameters may result in permanent damage. dB – – 0.25 %rms – 3 – dBc – -55 – RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS SYMBOLS PARAMETERS UNITS MIN TYP V 2.7 3.0 3.3 TA Operating Ambient Temperature °C -25 +25 +85 fIF IF Frequency MHz – 380 – fLO Local Frequency MHz – 760 – PLO Local input Level dBm -18 -15 -12 ZIF IF output impedance, Balanced output internal resistance kΩ – 1 – VI/Q I/Q Maximum Input Voltage V – 0.4 1 ORDERING INFORMATION Part Number Package UPC8195K-E1-A 20 Pin plastic QFN OUTPUT POWER, ADJACENT CHANNEL POWER vs. AGC CONTROL VOLTAGE OUTPUT NOISE LEVEL vs. OUTPUT POWER 0 -130 CHpwr (25°C) ACPup (25°C) ACPlow (25°C) -20 25°C Output Noise Level NFL (dBm/Hz) Output Power CHpwr (dBm) Adjacent Channel Power ACPup, ACPlow (dBc) TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (TA = 25°C) -10 CHpwr -30 -40 ACP -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 AGC Control Voltage Vcont (V) 3 MAX Supply Voltage VCC -135 -140 -145 -150 -155 -160 -165 -170 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 Output Power Pout (dBm) 0 UPC8195K MEASUEMENT CIRCUIT (Units in mm) VCC VCC 1 µF 1 µF VCC 1 µF 9 pF 1 µF 180 nH 39 nH REG. and AGC_Control IFout TOKO Type B4F 617DB-1024 1 µF LPF VCC 1nF LOin Phase Shifter (1/2) 1 nF Ib VPS 1 µF 180 nH VCC I Vcont 1 µF 1nF 1 nF 1 nF 1 nF Qb Remarks 1. Q : AC connector : DC terminal 2. In the case of ACPR, output noise level, EVM measurement, 1 nF capacitors of I, Ib, Q, Qb are removed. 18 I 19 Ib 20 GND (AGC,MIX) GND (AGC,MIX) GND (REG) VCC (Reg) 11 Reg. & AGC CTRL LPF freq. 1/2 + phase shifter 1 2 3 4 5 NC GND (AGC,MIX) 12 NC 17 13 GND (Shifter) IF outb 14 Q 16 15 Qb IF out VCC (AGC,MIX) BLOCK DIAGRAM (Units in mm) PASSW • UPC8191K: Mix = two pieces of Divide-by-2 F/F phase shifter (=3/4). Pin 4, 5 are for exteranl Tank circuit. • UPC8195K: Only one piece of Divide-by-2 F/F phase shifter (=1/2). Pin 4, 5 are non -connection. 10 VCONT 9 Vps 8 VCC (Shifter) 7 Lo 6 Lob UPC8195K PIN FUNCTIONS (Pin Voltage is measured at VCC = 2.85 V) Pin No. Pin Name Applied Voltage (V) Pin Voltage (V) 1 Qb VCC/2 - 2 Q VCC/2 - Functions and Applications Internal Equivalent Circuits Q signal input pin. Apply bias voltage externally. Maximum balance input voltage is 1 000 mVp-p (balance). 1 3 4 5 GND (Shifter) N.C. 0 0 - - 2 Ground pin of I/Q modulator. This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. – No connection – This pin is not connected to internal circuit This pin should be opened or grounded. 6 7 8 9 LOb LO 0 0 VCC 2.7 to 3.3 (Shifter) VPS 0 to 3.0 2.02 Bypass pin of local signal input for I/Q modulator. In the case of single local input, this pin must be decoupled with capacitor ex. 1 000 pF. – Local signal input of I/Q modulator. The DC cut capacitor ex. 1 000 pF must be attaced to this pin. – - Supply voltage pin of I/Q modulator. – - Power saving pin of I/Q modulator + AGC amplifier. 2.02 This pin modulator can control Active/Sleep state with bias as follows. 50 kΩ 9 VPS (V) State 0 to 0.5 Sleep Mode 2.2 to 3 Active Mode UPC8195K PIN FUNCTIONS (Pin Voltage is measured at VCC = 2.85 V) Pin No. Pin Name Applied Voltage (V) Pin Voltage (V) 10 Vcont 0 to 3.0 - Functions and Applications Internal Equivalent Circuits Gain control pin of AGC amplifier. Variable gains are available in accordance with applied voltage between 0 to 3.0 V. 10.5 kΩ 2.5 kΩ 11 VCC (REG.) 2.7 to 3.3 - Supply voltage pin of internal regulator. – 12 GND (REG.) 0 - Ground pin internal regulator. This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. – Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. 13 14 18 GND (AGC, MIX) 0 - Ground pin of AGC amplifier + I/Q Mixer. – This pin should be grounded with minimum inductance. Form the ground pattern as widely as possible to minimize ground impedance. 15 VCC (AGC , MIX) 2.7 to 3.3 - Supply voltage pin of AGC amplifier + I/Q Mixer. 16 IFout 2.7 to 3.3 - IF output pin. – The inductor must be attached between VCC and output pin due to open collector. External Output frequency is 570 MHz which is 3/4 of local signal frequency 760 MHz. 17 IFoutb 2.7 to 3.3 - 16 1 kΩ 17 Balance output of IFout pin. The inductor must be attached between VCC and output pin due to open collector. 19 I VCC/2 - I signal input pin. Apply bias voltage externally. Maximum balance input voltage is 1 000 mVP-P (balance). 20 Ib VCC/2 - 19 20 UPC8195K APPLICATION EXAMPLE: W-CDMA Variation of IF plan UPC8190/91K: RX-IF = 380 MHz, TX-IF = 570 MHz UPC8194/95K: RX-IF = 190 MHz, TX-IF = 380 MHz SiMMIC GaAs MMIC GaAs MCM GaAs or Si Discrete AGC+IQ demodulator UPC8190K, 8194K LNA BPF MIX BPF To Baseband RX = 2110-2170 MHz ANTENNA 1st LO DUPLX PLL1 PLL2 PA TX = 1920-1980 MHz 2nd LO = 760 MHz BPF BPF From Baseband AGC + PA Driver UPG2124TH MIX AGC+IQ modulator UPC8191K, 8195K OUTLINE DIMENSIONS (Units in mm) Package Outline QFN-20 4.2±0.2 4.0±0.2 Pin 20 3.2±0.2 3.0±0.2 3.0±0.2 3.2±0.2 4-C0.5 Pin 1 0.30±0.15 4.2±0.2 4.2±0.2 0.8±0.1 0.18±0.05 0.4 Life Support Applications These NEC products are not intended for use in life support devices, appliances, or systems where the malfunction of these products can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. 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