DS1371 I C, 32-Bit Binary Counter Watchdog Clock 2 www.maxim-ic.com General Description Features The DS1371 is a 32-bit binary counter that is designed to continuously count time in seconds. An additional counter that can generate a periodic alarm or serve as a watchdog timer is also provided. If enabled as a watchdog timer, the watchdog strobe input pin provides a hardware reset of the counter. If disabled, this counter can be used as 3 Bytes of generalpurpose RAM. A configurable output can be used as an interrupt or provide a square wave at one of four selectable frequencies. The device is programmed serially through a I2C bidirectional bus. 32-Bit Binary Counter 24-Bit Binary Counter Provides Periodic Alarm, Watchdog Timer, or RAM Strobe Input to Reset Watchdog Timer Single Output Configurable as Interrupt or Square Wave I2C Serial Interface Low-Voltage Operation Operating Temperature Range: -40°C to +85°C Available in 8-Pin μSOP Ordering Information Applications Servers Point-of-Sale Equipment Portable Instruments Elapsed Time Measurements PART TEMP RANGE PINPACKAGE TOP MARK DS1371U -40°C to +85°C 8 μSOP 1371 DS1371U+ -40°C to +85°C 8 μSOP 1371 +Denotes a lead-free/RoHS-compliant package. A + appears on the top mark for lead-free packages. Typical Operating Circuit Pin Configuration TOP VIEW 8 VCC 7 SQW/INT 3 6 SCL 4 5 SDA X1 1 X2 2 WDS GND DS1371 μSOP 1 of 15 REV: 070607 DS1371 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Voltage Range on VCC Pin Relative to Ground………………………………………………………..-0.3V to +6.0V Voltage Range on SDA, SCL, and WDS Relative to Ground…………………………………..-0.3V to (VCC +0.5V) Operating Temperature Range (noncondensing)……………………………………………………...-40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range………………………………………………………………………….-55°C to +125°C Soldering Temperature…………………………………………………………………...See IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020 Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods can affect device reliability. RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS (TA = -40°C to +85°C) PARAMETER Supply Voltage (Note 1) Input Logic 1 (Notes 2, 3) Input Logic 0 (Notes 2, 3) SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS VCC VIH VIL 1.7 0.7 VCC -0.3 3.3 5.5 VCC + 0.3 0.3VCC V V V DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 1.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 4) PARAMETER Supply Voltage (Note 1) Oscillator Operating Voltage Range (Note 1) Input Leakage I/O Leakage SDA Logic 0 Output (Note 1) SQW/INT Logic 0 Output (Note 1) Active Supply Current Timekeeping Current (Oscillator Enabled, INTCN = 1) Timekeeping Current (Oscillator Enabled, INTCN = 0) Data Retention Current (Oscillator Disabled) SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS VCC 1.7 5.5 V VOSC 1.3 5.5 V 1 1 μA μA 3 mA ILI ILO IOLSDA IOLSQW (Note 2) (Note 3) VCC > 2V; VOL = 0.4V VCC < 2V; VOL = 0.2VCC VCC > 2V; VOL = 0.4V 1.7V < VCC < 2V; VOL = 0.2VCC 1.3V < VCC < 1.7V; VOL = 0.2VCC 3.0 3.0 250 μA 150 μA ICCA (Note 5) IOSC0 (Notes 6, 7) 800 nA IOSC1 (Notes 6, 7) 1300 nA IDDR (Note 6) 100 nA 2 of 15 100 mA DS1371 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 1.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 8) PARAMETER SCL Clock Frequency (Note 9) Bus Free Time Between STOP and START Conditions Hold Time (repeated) START Condition (Note 10) SYMBOL fSCL tBUF tHD:STA Low Period of SCL Clock tLOW High Period of SCL Clock tHIGH Data Hold Time (Notes 11, 12) tHD:DAT Data Setup Time (Note 13) tSU:DAT Start Setup Time tSU:STA Rise Time of Both SDA and SCL Signals (Note 9) CONDITIONS Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode Standard mode Fast mode tR MIN 100 0 1.3 4.7 0.6 4.0 1.3 4.7 0.6 4.0 0 0 100 250 0.6 4.7 20 + 0.1CB 20 + 0.1CB 20 + 0.1CB 20 + 0.1CB 0.6 4.7 TYP MAX 400 100 kHz μs μs μs μs 0.9 0.9 μs ns μs 300 ns B Standard mode UNITS 1000 B Fall Time of Both SDA and SCL Signals (Note 9) Fast mode tF 300 ns B Standard mode 300 B Setup Time for STOP Condition Capacitive Load for Each Bus Line (Note 7) Pulse Width of Spikes that Must be Suppressed by the Input Filter (Note 14) tSU:STO Fast mode Standard mode μs 400 CB B TSP Fast mode 30 pF ns Watchdog Strobe (WDS) Pulse Width tWDS 100 ns Oscillator Stop Flag (OSF) Delay (Note 8) tOSF 100 ms Note 1: All voltages are referenced to ground. Note 2: SCL and WDS only. Note 3: SDA and SQW/INT. Note 4: Limits at -40°C are guaranteed by design and not production tested. Note 5: ICCA—SCL clocking at max frequency = 400kHz. WDS inactive. 2 Note 6: Specified with WDS input and I C bus inactive, SCL = SDA = VCC. Note 7: Measured with a 32.768kHz crystal attached to the X1 and X2 pins. Note 8: The parameter tOSF is the period of time the oscillator must be stopped in order for the OSF flag to be set over the voltage range of 1.3V ≤ VCC ≤ VCCMAX. Note 9: A fast mode device can be used in a standard mode system, but the requirement tSU:DAT ≥ to 250ns must then be met. This is automatically the case if the device does not stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal. If such a device does stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal, it must output the next data bit to the SDA line tR MAX + tSU:DAT = 1000 + 250 = 1250ns before the SCL line is released. Note 10: After this period, the first clock pulse is generated. Note 11: A device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300ns for the SDA signal (referred to the VIHMIN of the SCL signal) in order to bridge the undefined region of the falling edge of SCL. Note 12: The maximum tHD:DAT has only to be met if the device does not stretch the LOW period (tLOW) of the SCL signal. Note 13: CB—total capacitance of one bus line in pF. Note 14: This parameter is not production tested. B 3 of 15 DS1371 Typical Operating Characteristics (VCC = 3.3V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) IOSCO vs. VCC SQUARE-WAVE OFF IOSC1 vs. VCC SQUARE-WAVE ON DS1371 toc02 900 850 SUPPLY CURRENT (nA) 550 SUPPLY CURRENT (nA) 950 DS1371 toc01 600 500 450 400 800 750 700 650 600 550 500 350 450 300 400 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 2.5 3.5 4.0 4.5 ICCA vs. VCC SQUARE-WAVE ON DS1371 toc03 SUPPLY CURRENT (µA) 650 600 550 500 -20 0 20 40 60 5.0 5.5 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 80 -40 -20 TEMPERATURE ( C) 0 20 40 60 80 TEMPERATURE ( C) IOSC0 vs. WDS FREQUENCY 30 DS1371 toc06 OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY vs. VCC DS1371 toc05 35 32767.76 25 FREQUENCY (Hz) SUPPLY CURRENT (µA) 3.0 IOSC0 vs. TEMPERATURE VCC = 3.3V 700 -40 2.0 VCC (V) 750 SUPPLY CURRENT (nA) 1.5 VCC (V) DS1371 toc04 1.5 20 15 10 32767.71 32767.66 32767.61 5 0 0 200 400 600 800 3.767.56 1000 1.3 WDS FREQUENCY (kHz) 1.8 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.8 VCC (V) 4 of 15 4.3 4.8 5.3 DS1371 Figure 1. Timing Diagram X1 ÷4 X2 ÷2 ÷4096 32,768Hz 8192Hz 4096Hz 1Hz GND Alarm/ Watchdog Stat/Ctrl SDA SCL 1Hz WACE Power WDS SQW/INT SQW M U X CLR Oscillator DS1371 VCC M U X 4096Hz ÷4096 1Hz WD/ALM M U X 32-Bit Counter 24-Bit Counter AIE INT CLR INTCN I2C Interface Figure 2. Functional Diagram 5 of 15 N DS1371 PIN DESCRIPTION PIN NAME FUNCTION 1, 2 X1, X2 3 WDS 4 GND These signals are connections for a standard 32.768kHz quartz crystal. The internal oscillator circuitry is designed for operation with a crystal having a specified load capacitance (CL) of 6pF. No external resistors or capacitors are required. For more information about crystal selection and crystal layout considerations, refer to Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations with Dallas Real-Time Clocks. The DS1371 can also be driven by an external 32.768kHz oscillator. In this configuration, the X1 pin is connected to the external oscillator signal and the X2 pin is floated. Watchdog Input. A positive edge-triggered hardware interrupt input that restarts the watchdog counter when this signal transitions from a low to a high. While WDS remains at a static low or high, the watchdog counter continues to decrement. Ground 5 SDA I2C Serial Data. Input/output for I2C data. 6 SCL 7 SQW/INT I2C Serial Clock. Input for I2C clock. Square-Wave/Interrupt Output. This pin is used to output the programmable squarewave or alarm interrupt signal. It is open drain and requires an external pullup resistor. 8 VCC Supply Voltage Terminal Detailed Description The DS1371 is a real-time clock (RTC) with a I2C serial interface that provides elapsed seconds from a user-defined starting point in a 32-bit counter (Figure 2). A 24-bit counter can be configured as either a watchdog counter or as an alarm counter. An on-chip oscillator circuit uses a customer-supplied 32.768kHz crystal to keep time. Oscillator Circuit The DS1371 uses an external 32.768kHz crystal. The oscillator circuit does not require any external resistors or capacitors to operate (Figure 2). Table 1 specifies several crystal parameters for the external crystal. Using a crystal with the specified characteristics, the startup time is usually less than one second. Clock Accuracy The accuracy of the clock is dependent upon the accuracy of the crystal and the accuracy of the match between the capacitive load of the oscillator circuit and the capacitive load for which the crystal was trimmed. Additional error is added by crystal frequency drift caused by temperature shifts. External circuit noise coupled into the oscillator circuit can result in the clock running fast. Figure 3 shows a typical PC board layout for isolation of the crystal and oscillator from noise. Refer to Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations with Dallas Real-Time Clocks for detailed information. 6 of 15 DS1371 Table 1. Crystal Specifications* PARAMETER SYMBOL Nominal Frequency Series Resistance Load Capacitance fO ESR CL MIN TYP MAX UNITS 50 kHz kΩ pF 32.768 6 *The crystal, traces, and crystal input pins should be isolated from RF generating signals. Refer to Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations for Dallas Real-Time Clocks for additional specifications. LOCAL GROUND PLANE (LAYER 2) X1 CRYSTAL X2 GND Figure 3. Layout Example 7 of 15 DS1371 Address Map Table 2 shows the address map for the registers of the DS1371. During a multibyte access, when the address pointer reaches the end of the register space (08h), it wraps around to location 00h. On an I2C START, STOP, or address pointer incrementing to location 00h, the current time is transferred to a second set of registers. The time information is read from these secondary registers, while the clock may continue to run. This eliminates the need to reread the registers in case of an update of the main registers during a read. Table 2. Address Map ADDRESS BIT 7 BIT 6 BIT 5 BIT 4 BIT 3 BIT 2 BIT 1 BIT 0 FUNCTION 00H TOD COUNTER BYTE 0 Time-of-Day Counter 01H TOD COUNTER BYTE 1 Time-of-Day Counter 02H TOD COUNTER BYTE 2 Time-of-Day Counter 03H TOD COUNTER BYTE 3 Time-of-Day Counter 04H WD/ALM COUNTER BYTE 0 Watchdog/ Alarm Counter 05H WD/ALM COUNTER BYTE 1 Watchdog/ Alarm Counter 06H WD/ALM COUNTER BYTE 2 Watchdog/ Alarm Counter 07H EOSC WACE WD/ALM 0 INTCN RS2 RS1 AIE Control 08H OSF 0 0 0 0 0 0 AF Status Note: Unless otherwise specified, the state of the registers are not defined when power is first applied. 8 of 15 DS1371 Time-of-Day Counter The time-of-day counter is a 32-bit up counter. The contents can be read or written by accessing the address range 00h–03h. When the counter is read, the current time of day is latched into a register, which is output on the serial data line while the counter continues to increment. Writing to the counter resets the countdown chain for the time-of-day counter (Figure 2). The watchdog countdown chain is unaffected. If the square-wave output is enabled and is set to 1Hz, the output resets when the countdown chain is reset. Because the other square-wave frequencies are derived before the section of the countdown chain that is reset, the other frequencies are unaffected by a write to the time-of-day counter. Watchdog/Alarm Counter If the counter is not needed, it can be disabled and used as a 24-bit cache of NV RAM by setting the WACE bit in the control register to logic 0. If all 24 bits of the watchdog/alarm counter are written to zero, the counter is disabled, independent of the WACE bit setting. When the watchdog counter is written to a nonzero value, and WACE is written to logic 1, the function of the counter is determined by the WD/ALM bit. Note: The WDS input must be low when writing to the watchdog counter registers. When the WD/ALM bit in the control register is set to a logic 0, the WD/ALM counter decrements every second until it reaches zero. At this point, the AF bit in the status register is set to a 1 and the counter is reloaded and restarted. AF remains set until cleared by writing it to a 0. If INTCN = AIE = 1, the SQW/INT pin will go active whenever AF = 1. Note: WACE must be set to a logic 1 after the alarm value is written. When the WD/ALM bit is set to logic 1, the WD/ALM counter decrements every 1/4096 of a second (approximately every 244μs) until it reaches zero. When any of the watchdog counters bytes are read, the seed value is reloaded and the counter restarts. Writing to the watchdog counter updates the seed value and reloads the counter with the new seed value. A low to high transition on the WDS input reloads and restarts the counter with the seed value. When the counter reaches zero, the AF bit is set and the counter stops. The AF bit remains set until cleared by writing it to 0. If INTCN and AIE are both at logic 1 when the AF bit becomes set, the SQW/INT pin pulses low for 250ms. At the end of the 250ms pulse, the AF bit is cleared and SQW/INT becomes high impedance. Note: WACE must be toggled from a logic 0 to a logic 1 after the watchdog counter is written from a zero to a nonzero value. The 250ms pulse on SQW/INT cannot be truncated by writing either AF or AIE to zero during the low time. If the WD/ALM counter is written during the 250ms pulse, the counter starts decrementing upon the pulse completion. 9 of 15 DS1371 Special Purpose Registers The DS1371 has two additional registers (07h–08h) that control the WD/ALM counter, square-wave output, and interrupts. Control Register (07h) Bit # Name Default 7 EOSC 0 6 WACE 0 5 WD/ALM 0 4 0 0 3 INTCN 0 2 RS2 1 1 RS1 1 0 AIE 0 Bit 7: Enable Oscillator (EOSC). When set to logic 0, the oscillator is started. When set to logic 1, the oscillator is stopped. When this bit is set to a logic 1, the oscillator is stopped and the DS1371 is placed into a low-power standby mode (IDDR). This bit is clear (logic 0) when power is first applied. Bit 6: WD/ALM Counter Enable (WACE). When set to logic 1, the WD/ALM counter is enabled. When set to logic 0, the WD/ALM counter is disabled, and the 24-bits can be used as general-purpose RAM. This bit is clear (logic 0) when power is first applied. Bit 5: WD/ALM Counter Select (WD/ALM). When set to logic 0, the counter decrements every second until it reaches 0 and is then reloaded and restarted. When set to logic 1, the WD/ALM counter decrements every 1/4096 of a second (approximately every 244μs) until it reaches 0, sets the AF bit in the status register, and stops. If any of the WD/ALM counter registers are read or written, or a rising edge on the WDS pin occurs before the counter reaches 0, the counter is reloaded and restarted. This bit is clear (logic 0) when power is first applied. Bit 3: Interrupt Control (INTCN). This bit controls the SQW/INT signal. When the INTCN bit is set to logic 0, a square wave is output on the SQW/INT pin whose frequency is defined by bits RS2 and RS1. The oscillator must also be enabled for the square wave to be output. When the INTCN bit is set to logic 1, then this permits the alarm flag bit in the status register to assert SQW/INT (provided that the alarm is also enabled). The alarm flag is always set, regardless of the state of the INTCN bit. The INTCN bit is set to logic 0 when power is first applied. Bits 2 and 1: Rate Select 1 and 2 (RS2 and RS1). These bits control the frequency of the square-wave output when the square wave has been enabled. Table 3 shows the square-wave frequencies that can be selected with the RS bits. These bits are both set (logic 1) when power is first applied. Bit 0: Alarm Interrupt Enable (AIE). When set to logic 1, this bit permits the AF bit in the status register to assert SQW/INT (when INTCN = 1). When set to logic 0 or INTCN is set to logic 0, the AF bit does not initiate the SQW/INT signal. If the WD/ALM bit is set to a logic 1 and the AF flag is set, writing AIE to a 0 does not truncate the 250ms pulse on the SQW/INT pin. The AIE bit is at logic 0 when power is first applied. Table 3. SQW/INT Operating Modes WACE X X X X 1 1 WD/ALM X X X X 0 1 INTCN 0 0 0 0 1 1 AIE X X X X 1 1 RS2 0 0 1 1 X X 10 of 15 RS1 0 1 0 1 X X SQW/INT OUTPUT 1Hz 4.096kHz 8.192kHz 32.768kHz Alarm WD DS1371 Status Register (08h) Bit # Name Default 7 OSF 1 6 0 0 5 0 0 4 0 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 AF — Bit 7: Oscillator Stop Flag (OSF). A logic 1 in this bit indicates that the oscillator either is stopped or was stopped for some period and can be used to judge the validity of the timekeeping data. This bit is set to logic 1 any time that the oscillator stops. The following are examples of conditions that can cause the OSF bit to be set: • The first time power is applied. • The voltage present on VCC is insufficient to support oscillation. • The EOSC bit is turned off. • External influences on the crystal (e.g., noise, leakage, etc.) • This bit remains at logic 1 until written to logic 0. Bit 0: Alarm Flag (AF). A logic 1 in the AF bit indicates that the WD/ALM counter reached 0. If INTCN is set to a 1, and WD/ALM is set to 0 and AIE is set to 1, the SQW/INT pin goes low and stays low until AF is cleared. AF is cleared when written to logic 0. This bit can only be written to logic 0. Attempting to write logic 1 leaves the value unchanged. If INTCN and WD/ALM are set to 1 and the AIE is set to 1, the SQW/INT pin pulses low for 250ms when the WD/ALM counter reaches 0 and sets AF = 1. At the completion of the 250ms pulse, the DS1371 clears the AF bit to a 0. If the 250ms pulse is active, writing AF to a 0 does not truncate the pulse. I2C Serial Interface The DS1371 supports a bidirectional I2C bus and data transmission protocol. A device that sends data onto the bus is defined as a transmitter and a device receiving data as a receiver. The device that controls the message is called a “master.” The devices that are controlled by the master are “slaves.” The bus must be controlled by a master device that generates the serial clock (SCL), controls the bus access, and generates the START and STOP conditions. The DS1371 operates as a slave on the I2C bus. Within the I2C bus specifications a standard mode (100kHz clock rate) and a fast mode (400kHz clock rate) are defined. The DS1371 works in both modes. Connections to the bus are made through the open-drain I/O lines SDA and SCL. The following bus protocol has been defined (Figure 4): • • Data transfer can be initiated only when the bus is not busy. During data transfer, the data line must remain stable whenever the clock line is HIGH. Changes in the data line while the clock line is high are interpreted as control signals. Accordingly, the following bus conditions have been defined: Bus not busy: Both data and clock lines remain HIGH. Start data transfer: A change in the state of the data line from high to low, while the clock line is high, defines a START condition. Stop data transfer: A change in the state of the data line from low to high, while the clock line is high, defines a STOP condition. 11 of 15 DS1371 Data valid: The state of the data line represents valid data when, after a START condition, the data line is stable for the duration of the high period of the clock signal. The data on the line must be changed during the low period of the clock signal. There is one clock pulse per bit of data. Each data transfer is initiated with a START condition and terminated with a STOP condition. The number of data bytes transferred between the START and the STOP conditions is not limited, and is determined by the master device. The information is transferred byte-wise and each receiver acknowledges with a ninth bit. Within the I2C bus specifications a standard mode (100kHz clock rate) and a fast mode (400kHz clock rate) are defined. Acknowledge: Each receiving device, when addressed, is obliged to generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte. The master device must generate an extra clock pulse, which is associated with this acknowledge bit. A device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse in such a way that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH period of the acknowledge-related clock pulse. Setup and hold times must be taken into account. A master must signal an end of data to the slave by not generating an acknowledge bit on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this case, the slave must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate the STOP condition. Figure 4. I2C Data Transfer Overview 12 of 15 DS1371 Figures 5 and 6 detail how data transfer is accomplished on the I2C bus. Depending upon the state of the R/W bit, two types of data transfer are possible: Data transfer from a master transmitter to a slave receiver. The first byte transmitted by the master is the slave address. Next follows a number of data bytes. The slave returns an acknowledge bit after each received byte. Data transfer from a slave transmitter to a master receiver. The first byte (the slave address) is transmitted by the master. The slave then returns an acknowledge bit. Next follows a number of data bytes transmitted by the slave to the master. The master returns an acknowledge bit after all received bytes other than the last byte. At the end of the last received byte, a “not acknowledge” is returned. The master device generates all of the serial clock pulses and the START and STOP conditions. A transfer is ended with a STOP condition or with a repeated START condition. Since a repeated START condition is also the beginning of the next serial transfer, the bus is not released. The DS1371 can operate in the following two modes: Slave receiver mode (DS1371 write mode). Serial data and clock are received through SDA and SCL. After each byte is received, an acknowledge bit is transmitted. START and STOP conditions are recognized as the beginning and end of a serial transfer. Address recognition is performed by hardware after reception of the slave address and direction bit. The slave address byte is the first byte received after the START condition is generated by the master. The slave address byte contains the 7-bit DS1371 address, which is 1101000, followed by the direction bit (R/W), which for a write is a 0. After receiving and decoding the slave address byte the DS1371 outputs an acknowledge on SDA. After the DS1371 acknowledges the slave address + write bit, the master transmits a word address to the DS1371. This sets the register pointer on the DS1371, with the DS1371 acknowledging the transfer. The master may then transmit zero or more bytes of data, with the DS1371 acknowledging each byte received. The register pointer increments after each byte is transferred. The master generates a STOP condition to terminate the data write. Slave transmitter mode (DS1371 read mode). The first byte is received and handled as in the slave receiver mode. However, in this mode, the direction bit indicates that the transfer direction is reversed. Serial data is transmitted on SDA by the DS1371 while the serial clock is input on SCL. START and STOP conditions are recognized as the beginning and end of a serial transfer. Address recognition is performed by hardware after reception of the slave address and direction bit. The slave address byte is the first byte received after the START condition is generated by the master. The slave address byte contains the 7-bit DS1371 address, which is 1101000, followed by the direction bit (R/W), which for a read is a 1. After receiving and decoding the slave address byte, the DS1371 outputs an acknowledge on SDA. The DS1371 then begins to transmit data starting with the register address pointed to by the register pointer. If the register pointer is not written to before the initiation of a read mode the first address that is read is the last one stored in the register pointer. The DS1371 must receive a “not acknowledge” to end a read. 13 of 15 <Slave Address> S 1101000 <RW> DS1371 0 <Word Address (n)> A XXXXXXXX B - Block Select S - Start A - Acknowledge (ACK) P - Stop <Data(n)> <Data(n+1)> A XXXXXXXX A XXXXXXXX <Data(n+X)> A ... XXXXXXXX A P Master to slave DATA TRANSFERRED (X+1 BYTES + ACKNOWLEDGE) Slave to master <Slave Address> S 1101000 <RW> Figure 5. I2C Write Protocol 1 <Data(n)> <Data(n+1)> A XXXXXXXX B - Block Select S - Start A - Acknowledge (ACK) P - STOP A - Not Acknowledge (NACK) <Data(n+2)> A XXXXXXXX Master to slave Slave to master A XXXXXXXX <Data(n+X)> A ... XXXXXXXX A P DATA TRANSFERRED (X+1 BYTES + ACKNOWLEDGE); NOTE: LAST DATA BYTE IS FOLLOWED BY A NOT ACKNOWLEDGE (A) SIGNAL) S 1101000 0 <Word Address (n)> A XXXXXXXX <Data(n)> XXXXXXXX A Sr <Data(n+1)> A XXXXXXXX B - Block Select S - Start Sr - Repeated Start A - Acknowledge (ACK) P - Stop A - Not Acknowledge (NACK) <Slave Address> 1101000 <RW> <Slave Address> <RW> Figure 6. I2C Read Protocol 1 A <Data(n+2)> <Data(n+X)> A XXXXXXXX Master to slave Slave to master A ... XXXXXXXX A P DATA TRANSFERRED (X+1 BYTES + ACKNOWLEDGE); NOTE: LAST DATA BYTE IS FOLLOWED BY A NOT ACKNOWLEDGE (A) SIGNAL) Figure 7. I2C Data Read (Write Pointer, Then Read) Protocol Chip Information TRANSISTOR COUNT: 11,036 PROCESS: CMOS SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO GROUND Thermal Information Theta-JA: 221°C/W Theta-JC: 39°C/W Package Information For the latest package outline information, go to www.maxim-ic.com/DallasPackInfo. PACKAGE DOCUMENT NUMBER 8-pin μSOP 21-0036 14 of 15 DS1371 Revision History REV DATE DESCRIPTION 110502 Initial data sheet release. (Page 14) In Figures 6 and 7, corrected the slave address and removed the second “START.” Changed all 2-wire references to I2C. (Page 1) Added lead-free packages to the Ordering Information table. (Page 2) Removed “A” from J-STD-020 (Soldering Temperature) reference. Removed Figure 3 (oscillator circuit) and incorporated into new Figure 2 (page 5). (Page 6) In Pin Description table, added sentence saying no external resistors or capacitors are required for pins 1 and 2 (X1 and X2). (Page 7) Removed guard ring from Figure 3 (formerly Figure 4). (Page 9) Updated the Watchdog/Alarm Counter section. (Page 10) In Table 3, added the control bits affecting SQW/INT output operation. (Page 11) In the I2C Serial Interface section (formerly 2-Wire Serial Interface), added text about the part working in fast and standard I2C modes. (Page 14) Added package drawing information table. (Page 1) Corrected top mark information in the Ordering Information table. (Page 2) Changed IDDR max from 50nA to 100nA. (Page 7) In Table 1, changed ESR max from 45kΩ to 50kΩ. (Page 8) In Table 2, changed WD/ALM to WD/ALM for address 07h (Control Register). (Page 2) Added “noncondensing” to Operating Temperature Range requirement in the Absolute Maximum Ratings section. (Page 14) Corrected/added I2C read and write protocol figures. (Page 14) Changed package information document number to 21-0036. 051203 061406 022207 070607 15 of 15 Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2007 Maxim Integrated Products The Maxim logo is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. The Dallas logo is a registered trademark of Dallas Semiconductor Corporation.