DI2CM I2C Bus Interface - Master ver 3.08 OVERVIEW I2C is a two-wire, bi-directional serial bus that provides a simple and efficient method of data transmission over a short distance between many devices. The DI2CM core provides an interface between a microprocessor / microcontroller and an I2C bus. It can work as a master transmitter or master receiver depending on working mode determined by microprocessor/microcontroller. The DI2CM core incorporates all features required by the latest I2C specification including clock synchronization, arbitration, multi-master systems and High-speed transmission mode. Built-in timer allows operation from a wide range of the clk frequencies. KEY FEATURES 2 ● Build-in 8-bit timer for data transfers speed adjusting ● Host side interface dedicated for microprocessors/microcontrollers ● User-defined timing (data setup, start setup, start hold, etc.) ● Fully synthesizable ● Static synchronous design with positive edge clocking and synchronous reset ● No internal tri-states ● Scan test ready APPLICATIONS ● Embedded microprocessor boards ● Consumer and professional audio/video ● Conforms to v.2.1 of the I C specification ● Home and automotive radio ● Master operation ● Low-power applications ○ Master transmitter ● Communication systems ○ Master receiver ● Cost-effective reliable automotive systems ● Support for all transmission speeds ○ Standard (up to 100 kb/s) ○ Fast (up to 400 kb/s) ○ High Speed (up to 3,4 Mb/s) ● Arbitration and clock synchronization ● Support for multi-master systems ● Support for both 7-bit and 10-bit addressing formats on the I2C bus ● Interrupt generation All trademarks mentioned in this document are trademarks of their respective owners. DELIVERABLES ♦ ♦ ♦ Source code: ◊ VHDL Source Code or/and ◊ VERILOG Source Code or/and ◊ Encrypted, or plain text EDIF netlist VHDL & VERILOG test bench environment ◊ Active-HDL automatic simulation macros ◊ ModelSim automatic simulation macros ◊ Tests with reference responses Technical documentation ◊ Installation notes http://www.DigitalCoreDesign.com http://www.dcd.pl Copyright 1999-2007 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. HDL core specification Datasheet Synthesis scripts Example application Technical support ◊ IP Core implementation support ◊ 3 months maintenance ● Delivery the IP Core updates, minor and major versions changes ● Delivery the documentation updates ● Phone & email support ◊ ◊ ♦ ♦ ♦ SYMBOL datai(7:0) rd we address(1:0) cs rst clk Comprehensible and clearly defined licensing methods without royalty fees make using of IP Core easy and simply. ● ● TYPE DESCRIPTION rst input Global reset address(1:0) input Processor address lines cs input Chip select we input Processor write strobe rd input Processor read strobe scli input I2C bus clock line (input) sdai input I2C bus data line (input) datai(7:0) input Processor data bus (input) datao(7:0) output Processor data bus (output) VHDL, Verilog source code called HDL Source sclo output I2C bus clock line (output) sclhs output High-speed clock line (output) Encrypted, or plain text EDIF called Netlist sdao output I2C bus data line (output) irq output Processor interrupt line One Year license for ○ PIN Global clock Single Design license for ○ PINS DESCRIPTION input In all cases number of IP Core instantiations within a design, and number of manufactured chips are unlimited. There is no time restriction except One Year license where time of use is limited to 12 months. ○ irq clk Unlimited Designs, One Year licenses allow use IP Core in unlimited number of FPGA bitstreams and ASIC implementations. ● sclhs sclo sdao scli sdai LICENSING Single Design license allows use IP Core in single FPGA bitstream and ASIC implementation. datao(7:0) Encrypted Netlist only Unlimited Designs license for ○ HDL Source ○ Netlist ● Upgrade from ○ HDL Source to Netlist ○ Single Design to Unlimited Designs All trademarks mentioned in this document are trademarks of their respective owners. http://www.DigitalCoreDesign.com http://www.dcd.pl Copyright 1999-2007 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. BLOCK DIAGRAM IMPLEMENTATION Figure below shows the DI2CM IP Core block diagram. Figures below show the typical DI2CM implementations in system with Standard/Fast and High-speed devices. Slave Address address(1:0) datai(7:0) datao(7:0) cs we rd Shift Register CPU Interface Send Data VDD Input Filter sdai Output Register sdao RP RP SDA SCL Receive Data irq RS Control Register Status Register Control Logic Arbitration Logic RS RS RS sdai sda sdao open drain Clock Synchronization Timer rst clk Clock Generator Input Filter scli Output Register sclo Output Register sclhs Slave device DI2CM scli scl sclo open drain sclhs CPU Interface – Performs the interface functions between DI2CM internal blocks and microprocessor. Allows easy connection of the core to a microprocessor/microcontroller system. Control Logic – Manages execution of all commands sent via interface. Synchronizes internal data flow. DI2CM implementation in I2C-bus system with Standard/Fast devices only VDD RP RP SDA SCL Shift Register – Controls SDA line, performs data and address shifts during the data transmission and reception. Control Register – Contains five control bits used for performing all types of I2C Bus transmissions. Status Register – Contains seven status bits that indicates state of the I2C Bus and the DI2CM core. Clock Generator – Performs generation of the serial clock. Input Filter – Performs spike filtering. Clock Synchronization – Performs clock synchronization. RS RS sdai RS RS sda sdao open drain Slave device DI2CM scli scl sclo open drain current-source pull-up sclhs VDD DI2CM implementation in I2C-bus system with High-speed devices Arbitration Logic – Performs arbitration during operations in multi-master systems. Timer – Allows operation from a wide range of the input frequencies. It is programmed by an user before transmission and can be reprogrammed to change the SCL frequency. All trademarks mentioned in this document are trademarks of their respective owners. http://www.DigitalCoreDesign.com http://www.dcd.pl Copyright 1999-2007 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. PERFORMANCE The following table gives a survey about the Core area and performance in the ALTERA® devices after Place & Route (all key features have been included): Speed Logic Cells Fmax grade STRATIX-II -3 205 380 MHz CYCOLNE-II -6 244 263 MHz MERCURY -5 290 210 MHz STRATIX -5 241 254 MHz CYCLONE -6 241 250 MHz APEX II -7 268 192 MHz APEX20KC -7 268 180 MHz APEX20KE -1 268 160 MHz APEX20K -1 268 122 MHz ACEX1K -1 287 135 MHz FLEX10KE -1 287 140 MHz MAX 2 -3 241 187 MHz MAX 7000AE -5 137 67 MHz MAX 3000A -7 137 49 MHz Core performance in ALTERA® devices Device - - Spike filtering User defined timing High-speed mode Fast mode - Standard mode - 10-bit addressing - - 7-bit addressing Arbitration - Clock synchronization Passive device interface CPU interface - Slave operation 2.1 2.1 2.1 Interrupt generation DI2CM DI2CS DI2CSB Master operation Design I2C specification version The main features of each Digital Core Design I2C compliant cores have been summarized in table below. It gives a briefly member characterization helping user to select the most suitable IP Core for its application. - 2 I C cores summary table All trademarks mentioned in this document are trademarks of their respective owners. http://www.DigitalCoreDesign.com http://www.dcd.pl Copyright 1999-2007 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. CONTACTS For any modification or special request please contact to Digital Core Design or local distributors. Headquarters: Wroclawska 94 41-902 Bytom, POLAND [email protected] e-mail: [email protected] tel. : +48 32 282 82 66 fax : +48 32 282 74 37 Distributors: ttp://www.dcd.pl/apartn.php Please check hhttp://www.dcd.pl/apartn.php All trademarks mentioned in this document are trademarks of their respective owners. http://www.DigitalCoreDesign.com http://www.dcd.pl Copyright 1999-2007 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved.