Agilent HCMS-235x CMOS Extended Temperature Range 5 x 7 Alphanumeric Display Data Sheet Description This sunlight viewable 5 x 7 LED four-character display is contained in 12 pin dual-in-line packages designed for displaying alphanumeric information. The display is designed with on-board CMOS integrated circuits. Two CMOS ICs form an on-board 28-bit serial-in/parallel-out shift register with constant current output LED row drivers. Decoded column data is clocked into the on-board shift register for each refresh cycle. Full character display is achieved with external column strobing. Features • On-Board low power CMOS IC Integrated shift register with constant current LED drivers • Wide operating temperature range -55°C to +100°C • Compact glass ceramic 4 character package Series X-Y stackable • Sunlight viewable • 5 x 7 LED matrix displays full ASCII set • Character height of 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) • Wide viewing angle X Axis = ±50° Y Axis = ±65° • Usable in night vision lighting applications Typical Applications • Avionics • Communication systems • Fire control systems • Radar systems Package Dimensions 20.01 (0.790) MAX. COLOR BIN SEE NOTE 3 9 8 1.27 (0.050) 7 SEE NOTE 3 4.87 (0.192) REF. 1 2 DATE CODE 8.43 (0.332) 3 HCMS-23XX X 4 PART NUMBER XXYY 12 11 10 1.78 (0.070) Z 2.84 (0.112)REF. 1 2 PIN 1 MARKED BY DOT ON BACK OF PACKAGE 3 4 CL 5 2.79 ± 0.13 (0.110 ± 0.006) 6 5.00 ± 0.13 (0.197 ± 0.005) 1.27 ± 0.13 (0.050 ± 0.005) PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 5.08 (0.200) 2.54 (0.100) 6.85 (0.270) 1.27 TYP. (0.050) 2.54 ± 0.13 (0.100 ± 0.005) TYP. NON ACCUM. 3.56 (0.140) LUMINOUS INTENSITY CATEGORY 0.54 ± 0.08 (0.020 ± 0.003) 0.25 ± 0.08 TYP. (0.010 ± 0.003) 6.35 ± 0.25 (0.250 ± 0.010) FUNCTION PIN 1 PIN FUNCTION 7 COLUMN 1 8 COLUMN 2 9 COLUMN 3 10 COLUMN 4 COLUMN 5 11 INT. CONNECT* 12 DATA OUT VB VDD CLOCK GROUND DATA IN * DO NOT CONNECT OR USE NOTES: 1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS (INCHES). 2. UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED, THE TOLERANCE ON ALL DIMENSIONS IS ± 0.38 mm (± 0.015). 3. CHARACTERS ARE CENTERED WITH RESPECT TO LEADS WITHIN ± 0.13 mm (± 0.005). 4. LEAD MATERIAL IS COPPER ALLOY, SOLDER DIPPED. Absolute Maximum Ratings Parameter Supply Voltage VDD to Ground Data Input, Data Output, VB Column Input Voltage, VCOL Free Air Operating Temperature Range, TA Storage Temperature Range, Ts Maximum Allowable Package Power Dissipation, PD[2,3] at TA = 71°C Through-the-Wave Solder Temperature 1.59 mm (0.063") Below Body ESD Protection @ 1.5 kΩ, 100 pF Value –0.3 V to 7.0 V –0.3 V to VDD –0.3 V to VDD –55°C to +100°C –55°C to +100°C 1.31 Watts 250°C for 3 secs. max. VZ = 4 kV Notes: 1. Maximum duration 2 seconds. 2. Maximum allowable power dissipation is derived from VDD = 5.25 V, VB = 2.4 V, VCOL = 3.5 V, 20 LEDs ON per character, 20% DF. 3. HCMS-2353 derate above 71°C at 23 mW/°C, RqJ-A = 45°C/W. Derating based on RqPC-A = 35°C/W per display for printed circuit board assembly. 2 2.41 (0.095) Recommended Operating Conditions Over Operating Range (–55°C to + 100°C) Parameter Symbol Supply Voltage VDD Data Out Current, Low State IOL Data Out Current, High State IOH Column Input Voltage VCOL Setup Time tSETUP Hold Time tHOLD Clock Pulse Width High tWH(CLOCK) Clock Pulse Width Low tWL(CLOCK) Clock High to Low Transition tTHL Clock Frequency fCLOCK Electrical Characteristics Over Operating Range (–55°C to + 100°C) Parameter Symbol  Supply Current, Dynamic IDDD Supply Current, Static IDDDSoff IDDDSon Column Input Current ICOL Input Logic High Data, VB, Clock Input Logic Low Data, VB, Clock Input Current Data Clock, VB Data Out Voltage VIH VIL II VOH VOL Power Dissipation Per Package PD Thermal Resistance IC Junction-to-Pin  Leak Rate RqJ-PIN Min. 4.75 Typ. 5.00 2.75 10 25 50 50 3.0 Test Conditions fCLOCK = 5 MHz VB = 0.4 V, Data and Clock = 0.4 V VB = 2.4 V, Data and Clock = 0.4 V VB = 0.4 V VB = 2.4 V VDD = 4.75 V VDD = 5.25 V VDD = 5.25 V VI = 2.4 V (Logic High) or VI = 0.4 V (Logic Low) VDD = 4.75 V IOH = –0.5 mA ICOL = 0 mA VDD = 5.25 V IOL = 1.6 mA ICOL = 0 mA VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 5.0 V 17.5% DF VB = 2.4 V 15 LEDs ON per Character Max 5.25 1.6 –0.5 3.5 Units V mA mA V ns ns ns ns ns MHz 200 5 Min Typ.* 6.2 1.8 2.2 500 Max 7.8 26 6.0 10 650 2.0 0.8 –46 –92 2.4 –60 –120 4.2 –103 –206 0.2 0.4 Units mA mA µA mA V V µA V V 668 mW 10 °C/W 5x10-8 cc/sec *All typical values specified at VDD = 5.0 V and TA = 25°C. Notes: 1. IDD Dynamic is the IC current while clocking column data through the on-board shift register at a clock frequency of 5 MHz, the display is not illuminated. 2. IDD Static is the IC current after column data is loaded and not being clocked through the on-board shift register. 3. VI represents the input voltage to an input pin. 4. Four characters are illuminated with a typical ASCII character composed of 15 dots per character. 5. IC junction temperature TJ (IC) = (PD)(RqJ-PIN + RqPC-A) + TA. 3 Optical Characteristics at TA = 25°C High Performance Green HCMS-2353 Description Symbol Test Condition Min. Typ.* Max. Units Peak Luminous Intensity per LED (Character Average) IvPEAK VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 5.0 V VB = 2.4 V Ti = 25°C 2400 3000 µcd Dominant Wavelength[8,9] ld 574 nm Peak Wavelength lPEAK 568 nm Yellow HCMS-2351 Description Symbol Test Condition Peak Luminous Intensity per LED  (Character Average) IvPEAK VDD = 5.0V VCOL = 5.0 V VB = 2.4V Ti = 25°C  Dominant Wavelength [8,9] Peak Wavelength Min Typ.* Max. Units 1600 2400 µcd λd 585 nm λPEAK 583 nm *All typical values specified at V DD = 5.0 V and TA = 25°C unless otherwise noted. Notes: 6. These LED displays are categorized for luminous intensity, with the intensity category designated by a letter code on the back of the package. 7. Ti refers to the initial case temperature of the display immediately prior to the light measurement. 8. Dominant wavelength, ld, is derived from the CIE Chromaticity Diagram, and represents the single wavelength which defines the color of the device. 9. Categorized for color with the color category designated by a number on the back of the package. Switching Characteristics 1/fCLOCK tTHL tWH VIH tWL Parameter 2.0 V VIL 0.8 V tPLH, tPHL Propagation Delay CLOCK to DATA OUT tHOLD tSETUP VIH 2.0 V VIL 0.8 V tPLH, tPHL 2.4 V DATA OUT VOH 0.4 V VOL VIH VB 2.0 V 0.8 V VIL tOFF ON (ILLUMINATED) 90% DISPLAY OFF (NOT ILLUMINATED) 4 Typ. Max. Units fclock CLOCK Rate CLOCK DATA IN Condition 10% tON tOFF VB (0.4 V) to Display OFF tON VB (2.4 V) to Display ON 5 MHz 105 ns 4 5 µs 1 2 CL = 15 pF RL = 2.4 kΩ Electrical Description The display contains four 5 x 7 LED dot matrix characters and two CMOS integrated circuits, as shown in Figure 1. The two CMOS integrated circuits form an on-board 28 bit serial-in/ parallel-out shift register that will accept standard TTL logic levels. The Data Input, pin 12, is connected to bit position 1 and the Data Output, pin 7, is connected to bit position 28. The shift register outputs control constant current sinking LED row drivers. A logic 1 stored in the shift register enables the corresponding LED row driver and a logic 0 stored in the shift register disables the corresponding LED row driver. The electrical configuration of these CMOS IC alphanumeric displays allows for an effective interface to a display controller circuit that supplies decoded character information. The row data for a given column (one 7 bit byte per character) is loaded (bit serial) into the on-board 28 bit shift register with high to low transitions of the Clock input. To load decoded character information into the display, column data for character 4 is loaded first and the column data for character 1 is loaded last in the following manner. The 7 data bits for column 1, character 4, are loaded into the on-board shift register. Next, the 7 data bits for column 1, character 3, are loaded into the shift register, shifting the character 4 data over one character position. This process is repeated for the other two characters until all 28 bits of column data (four 7 bit bytes of character column data) are loaded into the on-board shift register. Then the column 1 input, VCOL pin 1, is energized to illuminate column 1 in all four characters. This process is repeated for columns 2, 3, 4 and 5. All VCOL inputs should be at logic low to insure the display is off when loading data. The display will be blanked when the blanking input VB, pin 8, is at logic low regardless of the outputs of the shift register or whether one of the VCOL inputs is energized. Refer to Application Note 1016 for drive circuit information. COLUMN DRIVE INPUTS COLUMN 1 2 3 4 5 LED MATRIX 3 LED MATRIX 2 BLANKING CONTROL, VB SERIAL DATA INPUT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ROWS ROWS 1-7 ROWS 1-7 CONSTANT CURRENT SINKING LED DRIVERS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ROWS 8-14 ROWS 15-21 28-BIT SIPO SHIFT REGISTER CLOCK Figure 1. Display block diagram. 5 ROWS 1-7 LED MATRIX 4 ROWS 22-28 SERIAL DATA OUTPUT Contrast Enhancement The display has an ESD susceptibility ratings of CLASS 3 of MIL-STD-883E, HBM. It is recommended that normal CMOS handling precautions be observed with these devices. When used with the proper contrast enhancement filters, the display is readable in sunlight. Soldering and Post Solder Cleaning These displays may be soldered with a standard wave solder process using either an RMA flux and solvent cleaning or an OA flux and aqueous cleaning. For optimum soldering, the solder wave temperature should be 245 °C and the dwell time for any display lead passing through the wave should be 1.5 to 2 seconds. For more detailed information, refer to Application Note 1027, Soldering LED Components. www.agilent.com/ semiconductors For product information and a complete list of distributors, please go to our web site. Data subject to change. Copyright © 2004 Agilent Technologies, Inc. August 13, 2004 5989-1320EN Refer to Application Note 1029, Luminous Contrast and Sunlight Readability of the HDSP-235X Series Alphanumeric Displays for Sunlight Viewable Applications, for information on contrast enhancement for sun-light and daylight ambient. Refer to Application Note 1015, Contrast Enhancement Techniques for LED Displays, for information on contrast enhancement in moderate ambients. Night Vision Lighting When used with the proper NVG/DV filters, HCMS-235x display may be used in night vision lighting applications. For a list of NVG/DV filters and a discussion on night vision lighting technology, refer to Application Note 1030, LED Displays and Indicators and Night Vision Imaging System Lighting. Controller Circuits, Power Calculations, and Display Dimming Refer to Application Note 1016, Using the HDSP-2000 Alphanumeric Display Family, for information on controller circuits to drive these displays, how to do power calculations, and a technique for display dimming. 600 ICOL – PEAK COLUMN CURRENT – mA ESD Susceptibility 500 400 300 200 100 0 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 VCOL – COLUMN VOLTAGE – V Figure 2. Peak column current vs. column voltage at TA = 25°C.