comtech aha corporation PRODUCT BRIEF * AHA4540B 155 MBITS/SEC TURBO PRODUCT CODE ENCODER/DECODER The AHA4540 device is a single-chip Turbo Product Code (TPC) Forward Error Correction (FEC) Encoder/Decoder capable of 155 Mbit/sec (OC-3) data rates (up to 200 Mbit/sec channel rates). This device integrates both a TPC encoder and decoder, and can be operated in a full duplex mode. In addition to TPC coding, support is included for helical interleaving, synchronization mark insertion and detection, CRC computation, scrambling, and higher order modulation symbol mapping. Figure 1 shows the functional block diagram. The channel interface supports direct connection to various modulators and demodulators. Support for an arbitrary constellation mapping is included with external logic. The encode path accepts byte-wide data, computes and inserts a CRC, and scrambles the data before TPC encoding. After the error correction code (ECC) bits are inserted by the encoder, the data is helically interleaved, and block synchronization marks are inserted to assist the decoder. Finally, the data is mapped according to the constellation and output from the device. The decoder accepts input symbols via the demodulated in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) components or alternately as soft metric inputs from an external demodulator. An internal block synchronizer searches for synchronization marks, rotating the input symbol phase as necessary. After synchronization is achieved, the data is helically deinterleaved and decoded by the TPC decoder. The output of the decoder is descrambled, and the CRC is computed to verify data integrity. Decoded data is output in a parallel, byte-wide fashion. Internal circuitry enables the transfer rate across all ports, generating a constant, non-burst data flow. In addition, control of an external VCO can be used to generate data clocks, greatly simplifying system clocking issues. FEATURES PERFORMANCE: • Maximum 200 Mbit/sec channel rate • Payload data rates of at least 155 Mbit/sec for code rates >0.7 and three iterations • Symbol rates up to 50 MSym/sec • Encode Latency of less than 10 clocks • Integrated encoder/decoder; scrambler/descrambler; and interleaver/deinterleaver for full duplex operation • Supports enhanced Turbo Product Codes (eTPCs) • Corrections count and averaging for channel SNR estimation FLEXIBILITY: • • • • Code Rates from .25 to 0.98 Variable iterations up to 256 per block Block Sizes from 256 bits to 16 Kbits Programmable code shortening supports exact block sizes • 32 bit CRC Insertion and Checking with programmable packet length CHANNEL INTERFACE: • Accepts in-phase and quadrature (I & Q) inputs, up to 8 bits each • Supports soft metric inputs at up to 4 soft metrics of 4 bits each • Soft metric computation for BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, and 256-QAM • Supports additional modulation formats with external logic • Encoder and decoder pass through modes • Programmable packet and block level synchronization • Automatic phase ambiguity resolution • Supports insertion and detection of sync marks up to 32 bits in length • 8-bit Parallel Data Input/Output • Support for external VCO to generate data clocks OTHERS: • • • • Intel or Motorola microprocessor interface 3.3V I/O, 1.8V core operation Commercial or industrial temperature rating RoHS compliant This product is covered under multiple patents held or licensed by Comtech AHA Corp. This product is covered by a Turbo Code Patent License from France Telecom - TDF Groupe des ecoles des telecommunications. comtech aha corporation *Request the AHA4540B Product Specification for complete details. comtech aha corporation CODE TYPES Table 1 shows a partial list of the codes supported by this product. Note that this is not a complete list of base codes. In addition, each of the codes listed can be shortened to achieve smaller block size with only minor changes to code rate. Table 1: Partial Code List BLOCK SIZE DATA SIZE RATE CODING GAIN # ITERATIONS (bits) (bits) (dB) AT 155 mBPS CODE (X)x(Y)x(Z) (128,127)x(128,126)+ (128,120)x(128,126)+ (128,120)x(128,120) (64,57)x(16,15)x(16,15) (128,127)x(64,62)+ (128,120)x(64,62)+ (128,120)x(64,57) (32,26)x(16,15)x(16,15) (64,63)x(64,62)+ (64,57)x(64,57) (64,63)x(32,30)+ (64,57)x(32,26) (32,26)x(32,26) + 16384 16384 16384 16384 8192 8192 8192 8192 4096 4096 2048 2048 1024 16002 15120 14400 12825 7874 7440 6840 5850 3906 3249 1890 1482 676 0.977 0.923 0.879 0.783 0.961 0.908 0.84 0.714 0.954 0.793 0.923 0.724 0.660 4.3 5.5 6.5 6.9 4.4 5.5 6.5 7.2 4.5 6.9 4.5 6.9 6.3 4 5 6 4 4 4 5 4 3 4 3 3 2 enhanced TPC (includes hyper diagonal axis). Figure 1: Turbo Product Code Encoder/Decoder ENCODER ENC_DATA CRC Insertion Scrambler TPC Encoder Helical Interleaver Sync Insertion Constellation Mapper XMIT_DATA Helical Deinterleaver Sync Detection Soft Metric Computation REC_DATA DECODER DEC_DATA uP_INT CRC Verification Descrambler Microprocessor Interface, Control and Status Registers TPC Decoder AHA4540 comtech aha corporation FUNCTIONAL OVERVIEW The channel encoder is designed to input data in a byte-wide fashion. This data is CRC encoded and randomized before coding by the TPC encoder. Synchronization marks are then inserted into the data before it is mapped to a user programmable constellation. The blocks may be bypassed if not needed. Each symbol for modulation is output synchronous to the transmit clock, with one symbol transferred for each rising edge of the clock. The format for output data depends on the modulation format chosen. The channel decode data path begins with received symbols input to the device synchronous to the receive clock, with one symbol transferred per rising edge. When using internal soft metric computation, the input data is an I and Q sample value for the given symbol. The soft metric computation engine converts each I and Q sample to the soft metrics required by the TPC decoder. When soft metric computation is disabled, the input data is a soft metric value for each bit in the TPC block with up to 4 bits transferred on each clock edge. Each bit would consist of up to 4 confidence bits per data bit. If enabled, all synchronization is controlled by the device including phase ambiguity resolution. Output is in a byte wide fashion with packet start, end and error signals. CODE PERFORMANCE Figure 2: Bit Error Rate (BER) Performance (simulated) on a QPSK Channel bpsk_oc3 comtech aha corporation Figure 3: Performance (simulated) of Several Codes on a 64 QAM System 64qam_oc3 ORDERING INFORMATION PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION 155 Mbit/sec Turbo Product AHA4540B-086 PQC Code Encoder/Decoder Commercial Temp 155 Mbit/sec Turbo Product AHA4540B-086 PQI Code Encoder/Decoder Industrial Temp ABOUT AHA Comtech AHA Corporation (AHA) develops and markets superior integrated circuits, boards, and intellectual property core technology for communications systems architects worldwide. AHA has been setting the standard in Forward Error Correction and Lossless Data Compression technology for many years and provides flexible, cost-effective solutions for today’s growing bandwidth and reliability challenges. Comtech AHA Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of Comtech Telecommuncations Corp. (NASDAQ: CMTL). For more information, visit www.aha.com. comtech aha corporation A subsidiary of Comtech Telecommunications Corporation 1126 Alturas Drive Moscow, ID 83843-8331 tel: 208.892.5600 fax: 208.892.5601 e-mail: [email protected] www.aha.com PB4540B_1205 © 2005 Comtech AHA Corp.