LP2989 Micropower/Low Noise, 500 mA Ultra Low-Dropout Regulator For Use with Ceramic Output Capacitors General Description Features The LP2989 is a fixed-output 500 mA precision LDO regulator designed for use with ceramic output capacitors. n n n n n n n n n n n Output noise can be reduced to 18µV (typical) by connecting an external 10 nF capacitor to the bypass pin. Using an optimized VIP™ (Vertically Integrated PNP) process, the LP2989 delivers superior performance: Dropout Voltage: Typically 310 mV @ 500 mA load, and 1 mV @ 100 µA load. Ground Pin Current: Typically 3 mA @ 500 mA load, and 110 µA @ 100 µA load. Sleep Mode: The LP2989 draws less than 0.8 µA quiescent current when shutdown pin is pulled low. Error Flag: The built-in error flag goes low when the output drops approximately 5% below nominal. Precision Output: Guaranteed output voltage accuracy is 0.75% (“A” grade) and 1.25% (standard grade) at room temperature. For output voltages < 2V, see LP2989LV datasheet. Ultra low dropout voltage Guaranteed 500 mA continuous output current Very low output noise with external capacitor SO-8, Mini SO-8, 8 Lead LLP surface mount packages < 0.8 µA quiescent current when shutdown Low ground pin current at all loads 0.75% output voltage accuracy (“A” grade) High peak current capability (800 mA typical) Wide supply voltage range (16V max) Overtemperature/overcurrent protection −40˚C to +125˚C junction temperature range Applications n n n n Notebook/Desktop PC PDA/Palmtop Computer Wireless Communication Terminals SMPS Post-Regulator Block Diagram 10133901 VIP™ is a trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation. © 2002 National Semiconductor Corporation DS101339 www.national.com LP2989 Micropower/Low Noise, 500 mA Ultra Low-Dropout Regulator For Use with Ceramic Output Capacitors June 2002 LP2989 Connection Diagrams Surface Mount Packages: 8 Lead LLP Surface Mount Package 10133902 SO-8/Mini SO-8 Package See NS Package Drawing Numbers M08A/MUA08A 10133950 Top View See NS Package Number LDC08A Basic Application Circuit 10133903 *Capacitance values shown are minimum required to assure stability, but may be increased without limit. Larger output capacitor provides improved dynamic response. See Application Hints. **Shutdown must be actively terminated (see App. Hints). Tie to INPUT (Pin4) if not used www.national.com 2 LP2989 Ordering Information TABLE 1. Package Marking and Ordering Information Output Voltage Grade Order Information Package Marking Supplied as: 8 Lead LLP 2.5 A LP2989AILD-2.5 L01FA 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 A LP2989AILDX-2.5 L01FA 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 STD LP2989ILD-2.5 L01FAB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 STD LP2989ILDX-2.5 L01FAB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 A LP2989AILD-2.8 L000A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 A LP2989AILDX-2.8 L000A 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 STD LP2989ILD-2.8 L000AB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 STD LP2989ILDX-2.8 L000AB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.85 A LP2989AILD-285 L01TA 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.85 A LP2989AILDX-285 L01TA 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.85 STD LP2989ILD-285 L01TAB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.85 STD LP2989ILDX-285 L01TAB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 A LP2989AILD-3.0 L01HA 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 A LP2989AILDX-3.0 L01HA 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 STD LP2989ILD-3.0 L01HAB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 STD LP2989ILDX-3.0 L01HAB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 A LP2989AILD-3.3 L01JA 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 A LP2989AILDX-3.3 L01JA 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 STD LP2989ILD-3.3 L01JAB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 STD LP2989ILDX-3.3 L01JAB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.6 A LP2989AILD-3.6 L019A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.6 A LP2989AILDX-3.6 L019A 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.6 STD LP2989ILD-3.6 L019AB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.6 STD LP2989ILDX-3.6 L019AB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 4.0 A LP2989AILD-4.0 L01LA 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 4.0 A LP2989AILDX-4.0 L01LA 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 4.0 STD LP2989ILD-4.0 L01LAB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 4.0 STD LP2989ILDX-4.0 L01LAB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 A LP2989AILD-5.0 L01KA 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 A LP2989AILDX-5.0 L01KA 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 STD LP2989ILD-5.0 L01KAB 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 STD LP2989ILDX-5.0 L01KAB 4500 Units on Tape and Reel 8 Lead MSOP (MM) 2.5 A LP2989AIMM-2.5 LA0A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 A LP2989AIMMX-2.5 LA0A 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 STD LP2989IMM-2.5 LA0B 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 STD LP2989IMMX-2.5 LA0B 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 A LP2989AIMM-2.8 LA6A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 A LP2989AIMMX-2.8 LA6A 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 STD LP2989IMM-2.8 LA6B 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 2.8 STD LP2989IMMX-2.8 LA6B 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 A LP2989AIMM-3.0 LA1A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 A LP2989AIMMX-3.0 LA1A 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 STD LP2989IMM-3.0 LA1B 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.0 STD LP2989IMMX-3.0 LA1B 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 A LP2989AIMM-3.3 LA2A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 A LP2989AIMMX-3.3 LA2A 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 3 www.national.com LP2989 Ordering Information (Continued) TABLE 1. Package Marking and Ordering Information (Continued) Output Voltage Grade Order Information Package Marking Supplied as: 3.3 STD LP2989IMM-3.3 LA2B 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 STD LP2989IMMX-3.3 LA2B 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 A LP2989AIMM-5.0 LA4A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 A LP2989AIMMX-5.0 LA4A 3500 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 STD LP2989IMM-5.0 LA4B 1000 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 STD LP2989IMMX-5.0 LA4B 3500 Units on Tape and Reel www.national.com 4 LP2989 Ordering Information (Continued) TABLE 1. Package Marking and Ordering Information (Continued) Output Voltage Grade Order Information Package Marking Supplied as: A LP2989AIMX-2.5 LP2989AIM2.5 2500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 A LP2989AIM-2.5 LP2989AIM2.5 Shipped in Anti-Static Rails 2.5 STD LP2989IMX-2.5 LP2989IM2.5 2500 Units on Tape and Reel 2.5 STD LP2989IM-2.5 LP2989IM2.5 Shipped in Anti-Static Rails 3.3 A LP2989AIMX-3.3 LP2989AIM3.3 2500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 A LP2989AIM-3.3 LP2989AIM3.3 Shipped in Anti-Static Rails 3.3 STD LP2989IMX-3.3 LP2989IM3.3 2500 Units on Tape and Reel 3.3 STD LP2989IM-3.3 LP2989IM3.3 Shipped in Anti-Static Rails 5.0 A LP2989AIMX-5.0 LP2989AIM5.0 2500 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 A LP2989AIM-5.0 LP2989AIM5.0 Shipped in Anti-Static Rails 5.0 STD LP2989IMX-5.0 LP2989IM5.0 2500 Units on Tape and Reel 5.0 STD LP2989IM-5.0 LP2989IM5.0 Shipped in Anti-Static Rails SO-8 (M) 2.5 For output voltages < 2V, see LP2989LV datasheet. 5 www.national.com LP2989 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Input Supply Voltage If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. 2.1V to +16V Sense Pin −0.3V to +6V −65˚C to +150˚C Operating Junction Range Temperature Output Voltage (Note 4) −40˚C to +125˚C IOUT (Survival) Lead Temperature seconds) (Soldering, 5 ESD Rating (Note 2) Power Dissipation (Note 3) (Survival) Input-Output Voltage (Note 5) 2 kV −0.3V to +16V Input Supply Voltage (Operating) Storage Temperature Range 260˚C (Survival) −0.3V to +16V Short Circuit Protected (Survival) −0.3V to +16V Internally Limited Electrical Characteristics Limits in standard typeface are for TJ = 25˚C, and limits in boldface type apply over the full operating temperature range. Unless otherwise specified: VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, VS/D = 2V. Symbol VO Parameter Output Voltage Tolerance Conditions Typical Min Max −1.25 1.25 −1.5 1.5 −2.5 2.5 VO(NOM) + 1V ≤ VIN ≤ 16V −4.0 2.5 −5.0 3.5 −3.5 2.5 −4.5 3.5 VO(NOM) + 1V ≤ VIN ≤ 16V Load Regulation 1 mA < IL < 500 mA Dropout Voltage (Note 7) IL = 100 µA 0.005 0.014 0.014 0.032 0.032 0.4 3 150 310 IL = 100 µA 110 IL = 200 mA 1 IL = 500 mA 3 4 200 200 300 300 425 425 650 650 175 175 200 200 2 2 3.5 3.5 6 6 9 9 0.5 2 2 VS/D < 0.4V 0.05 0.8 0.8 IO(PK) Peak Output Current VOUT ≥ VO(NOM) − 5% 800 Short Circuit Current RL = 0 (Steady State) (Note 9) 1000 en Output Noise Voltage (RMS) BW = 100 Hz to 100 kHz, COUT = 10 µF CBYPASS = .01 µF VOUT = 2.5V 6 18 %VNOM %/V 3 4 VS/D < 0.18V IO(MAX) Units %VNOM 1 IL = 500 mA www.national.com Max 0.75 Output Voltage Line Regulation Ground Pin Current Min −0.75 IL = 200 mA IGND LP2989I-X.X (Note 6) 1 mA < IL < 500 mA 1 mA < IL < 500 mA VO(NOM) + 1V ≤ VIN ≤ 16V −25˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 125˚C VIN–VO LP2989AI-X.X (Note 6) 600 mV µA mA µA 600 mA µV(RMS) (Continued) Limits in standard typeface are for TJ = 25˚C, and limits in boldface type apply over the full operating temperature range. Unless otherwise specified: VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, VS/D = 2V. Symbol Parameter Ripple Rejection Output Voltage Temperature Coefficient Conditions Typical LP2989AI-X.X (Note 6) LP2989I-X.X (Note 6) Min Min Max Units Max f = 1 kHz, COUT = 10 µF 60 dB 20 ppm/˚C (Note 8) SHUTDOWN INPUT VS/D IS/D S/D Input Voltage S/D Input Current VH = O/P ON 1.4 1.6 0.18 0.001 −1 −1 5 15 15 1 1 2 2 220 220 350 350 0.50 VS/D = 0 VS/D = 5V 1.6 0.18 VL = O/P OFF IIN ≤ 2 µA V µA ERROR COMPARATOR IOH VOL Output “HIGH” Leakage Output “LOW” Voltage VTHR (MAX) Upper Threshold Voltage VTHR (MIN) Lower Threshold Voltage HYST Hysteresis VOH = 16V 0.001 VIN = VO(NOM) − 0.5V, IO(COMP) = 150 µA 150 −4.8 −6.6 −6.0 −3.5 −6.0 −3.5 −8.3 −2.5 −8.3 −2.5 −8.9 −4.9 −8.9 −4.9 −13.0 −3.0 −13.0 −3.0 µA mV %VOUT 2.0 Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the component may occur. Electrical specifications do not apply when operating the device outside of its rated operating conditions. Note 2: ESD testing was performed using Human Body Model, a 100 pF capacitor discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor. Note 3: The maximum allowable power dissipation is a function of the maximum junction temperature, TJ(MAX), the junction-to-ambient thermal resistance, θJ−A, and the ambient temperature, TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any ambient temperature is calculated using: The value of θJ−A for the SO-8 (M) package is 160˚C/W and the mini SO-8 (MM) package is 200˚C/W. The value θJ−A for the LLP (LD) package is specifically dependent on PCB trace area, trace material, and the number of layers and thermal vias. For improved thermal resistance and power dissipation for the LLP package, refer to Application Note AN-1187. Exceeding the maximum allowable power dissipation will cause excessive die temperature, and the regulator will go into thermal shutdown. Note 4: If used in a dual-supply system where the regulator load is returned to a negative supply, the LP2989 output must be diode-clamped to ground. Note 5: The output PNP structure contains a diode between the VIN and VOUT terminals that is normally reverse-biased. Forcing the output above the input will turn on this diode and may induce a latch-up mode which can damage the part (see Application Hints). Note 6: Limits are 100% production tested at 25˚C. Limits over the operating temperature range are guaranteed through correlation using Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods. The limits are used to calculate National’s Average Outgoing Quality Level (AOQL). Note 7: Dropout voltage is defined as the input to output differential at which the output voltage drops 100 mV below the value measured with a 1V differential. Note 8: Temperature coefficient is defined as the maximum (worst-case) change divided by the total temperature range. Note 9: See Typical Performance Characteristics curves. 7 www.national.com LP2989 Electrical Characteristics LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. Dropout Characteristics Dropout Voltage vs Temperature 10133920 10133921 GND Pin Current vs Temperature and Load Dropout Voltage vs Load Current 10133923 10133919 Ground Pin Current vs Load Current Input Current vs VIN 10133925 10133922 www.national.com 8 Input Current vs VIN Input Current vs VIN 10133905 10133906 Line Transient Response Line Transient Response 10133915 10133916 Line Transient Response Line Transient Response 10133911 10133926 9 www.national.com LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. (Continued) LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. (Continued) Load Transient Response Load Transient Response 10133917 10133918 Short Circuit Current Short Circuit Current vs Temperature 10133934 10133932 Short Circuit Current Short Circuit Current vs VOUT 10133935 10133933 www.national.com 10 Ripple Rejection Ripple Rejection 10133939 10133940 Ripple Rejection Ripple Rejection 10133941 10133942 Ripple Rejection Ripple Rejection 10133943 10133944 11 www.national.com LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. (Continued) LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. (Continued) Ripple Rejection Ripple Rejection In Dropout 10133946 10133945 Ripple Rejection vs Load Output Noise Density 10133936 10133947 Output Noise Density Turn-ON Waveform 10133928 10133937 www.national.com 12 Turn-ON Waveform Turn-ON Waveform 10133929 10133930 Turn-ON Waveform IGND vs Shutdown 10133931 10133910 IGND vs Shutdown IGND vs Shutdown 10133908 10133909 13 www.national.com LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. (Continued) LP2989 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified: TA = 25˚C, COUT = 4.7 µF, CIN = 2.2 µF, S/D is tied to VIN, VIN = VO(NOM) + 1V, IL = 1 mA, VOUT = 2.5V. (Continued) IGND vs Shutdown VOUT vs Shutdown 10133924 10133907 Typical Temperature vs VOUT (LP2989-2.5) 10133955 www.national.com 14 LP2989 Application Hints LLP Package Devices The LP2989 is offered in the 8 lead LLP surface mount package to allow for increased power dissipation compared to the SO-8 and Mini SO-8. For details on thermal performance as well as mounting and soldering specifications, refer to Application Note AN-1187. For output voltages < 2V, see LP2989LV datasheet. EXTERNAL CAPACITORS Like any low-dropout regulator, the LP2989 requires external capacitors for regulator stability. These capacitors must be correctly selected for good performance. INPUT CAPACITOR: An input capacitor whose size is at least 2.2 µF is required between the LP2989 input and ground (the amount of capacitance may be increased without limit). Characterization testing performed on the LP2989 has shown that if the amount of actual input capacitance drops below about 1.5 µF, an unstable operating condition may result. Therefore, the next larger standard size (2.2 µF) is specified as the minimum required input capacitance. Capacitor tolerance and temperature variation must be considered when selecting a capacitor (see Capacitor Characteristics section) to assure the minimum requirement of 1.5 µF is met over all operating conditions. The input capacitor must be located at a distance of not more than 0.5’ from the input pin and returned to a clean analog ground. Any good quality ceramic or tantalum may be used for this capacitor, assuming the minimum capacitance requirement is met. OUTPUT CAPACITOR: The LP2989 requires a ceramic output capacitor whose size is at least 4.7µF. The actual amount of capacitance on the output must never drop below about 3.5µF or unstable operation may result. For this reason, capacitance tolerance and temperature characteristics must be considered when selecting an output capacitor. The LP2989 is designed specifically to work with ceramic output capacitors, utilizing circuitry which allows the regulator to be stable across the entire range of output current with an output capacitor whose ESR is as low as 4 mΩ. It may also be possible to use Tantalum or film capacitors at the output, but these are not as attractive for reasons of size and cost (see next section Capacitor Characteristics). The output capacitor must meet the requirement for minimum amount of capacitance and also have an ESR (equivalent series resistance) value which is within the stable range. Curves are provided which show the stable ESR range as a function of load current (see ESR graph below). 10133938 Stable Region For output Capacitor ESR Important: The output capacitor must maintain its ESR within the stable region over the full operating temperature range of the application to assure stability. It is important to remember that capacitor tolerance and variation with temperature must be taken into consideration when selecting an output capacitor so that the minimum required amount of output capacitance is provided over the full operating temperature range. (See Capacitor Characteristics section). The output capacitor must be located not more than 0.5’ from the output pin and returned to a clean analog ground. NOISE BYPASS CAPACITOR: Connecting a 10 nF capacitor to the Bypass pin significantly reduces noise on the regulator output. However, the capacitor is connected directly to a high-impedance circuit in the bandgap reference. Because this circuit has only a few microamperes flowing in it, any significant loading on this node will cause a change in the regulated output voltage. For this reason, DC leakage current through the noise bypass capacitor must never exceed 100 nA, and should be kept as low as possible for best output voltage accuracy. The types of capacitors best suited for the noise bypass capacitor are ceramic and film. High-quality ceramic capacitors with either NPO or COG dielectric typically have very low leakage. 10 nF polypropolene and polycarbonate film capacitors are available in small surface-mount packages and typically have extremely low leakage current. CAPACITOR CHARACTERISTICS CERAMIC: The LP2989 was designed to work with ceramic capacitors on the output to take advantage of the benefits they offer: for capacitance values in the 4.7 µF range, ceramics are the least expensive and also have the lowest ESR values (which makes them best for eliminating high-frequency noise). The ESR of a typical 4.7 µF ceramic capacitor is in the range of 10 mΩ to 15 mΩ, which easily meets the ESR limits required for stability by the LP2989. One disadvantage of ceramic capacitors is that their capacitance can vary with temperature. Many large value ceramic capacitors (≥ 2.2 µF) are manufactured with the Z5U or Y5V temperature characteristic, which results in the capacitance dropping by more than 50% as the temperature goes from 25˚C to 85˚C. This could cause problems if a 4.7 µF capacitor were used on the output since it will drop down to approximately 2.4 µF 15 www.national.com LP2989 Application Hints SHUTDOWN INPUT OPERATION The LP2989 is shut off by driving the Shutdown input low, and turned on by pulling it high. If this feature is not to be used, the Shutdown input should be tied to VIN to keep the regulator output on at all times. (Continued) at high ambient temperatures (which could cause the LP2989 to oscillate). Another significant problem with Z5U and Y5V dielectric devices is that the capacitance drops severely with applied voltage. A typical Z5U or Y5V capacitor can lose 60% of its rated capacitance with half of the rated voltage applied to it. To assure proper operation, the signal source used to drive the Shutdown input must be able to swing above and below the specified turn-on/turn-off voltage thresholds listed in the Electrical Characteristics section under VON/OFF. To prevent mis-operation, the turn-on (and turn-off) voltage signals applied to the Shutdown input must have a slew rate which is ≥ 40 mV/µs. CAUTION: the regulator output voltage can not be guaranteed if a slow-moving AC (or DC) signal is applied that is in the range between the specified turn-on and turn-off voltages listed under the electrical specification VON/OFF (see Electrical Characteristics). For these reasons, X7R and X5R type ceramic capacitors must be used on the input and output of the LP2989. TANTALUM: Tantalum capacitors are less desirable than ceramics for use as output capacitors because they are typically more expensive when comparing equivalent capacitance and voltage ratings in the 1 µF to 4.7 µF range. Another important consideration is that Tantalum capacitors have higher ESR values than equivalent size ceramics. This means that while it may be possible to find a Tantalum capacitor with an ESR value within the stable range, it would have to be larger in capacitance (which means bigger and more costly) than a ceramic capacitor with the same ESR value. REVERSE INPUT-OUTPUT VOLTAGE The PNP power transistor used as the pass element in the LP2989 has an inherent diode connected between the regulator output and input. During normal operation (where the input voltage is higher than the output) this diode is reverse-biased. However, if the output is pulled above the input, this diode will turn ON and current will flow into the regulator output. It should also be noted that the ESR of a typical Tantalum will increase about 2:1 as the temperature goes from 25˚C down to −40˚C, so some guard band must be allowed. Tantalum capacitors may be used on the input as long as the requirement for minimum capacitance is met. FILM: Polycarbonate and polypropelene film capacitors have excellent electrical performance: their ESR is the lowest of the three types listed, their capacitance is very stable with temperature, and DC leakage currrent is extremely low. One disadvantage is that film capacitors are larger in physical size than ceramic or tantalum which makes film a poor choice for either input or output capacitors. However, their low leakage makes them a good choice for the noise bypass capacitor. Since the required amount of capacitance is only .01 µF, small surface-mount film capacitors are avalable in this size. www.national.com In such cases, a parasitic SCR can latch which will allow a high current to flow into VIN (and out the ground pin), which can damage the part. In any application where the output may be pulled above the input, an external Schottky diode must be connected from VIN to VOUT (cathode on VIN, anode on VOUT), to limit the reverse voltage across the LP2989 to 0.3V (see Absolute Maximum Ratings). 16 LP2989 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted SO-8 Package NS Package Number M08A 17 www.national.com LP2989 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) Mini SO-8 Package NS Package Number MUA08A www.national.com 18 LP2989 Micropower/Low Noise, 500 mA Ultra Low-Dropout Regulator For Use with Ceramic Output Capacitors Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 8 Lead LLP Surface Mount PackagePackage NS Package Number LDC08A LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. 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