LM5033 100V Push-Pull Voltage Mode PWM Controller General Description Features The LM5033 High Voltage PWM controller contains all the features needed to implement Push-Pull, Half-Bridge, and Full-Bridge topologies. Applications include closed loop voltage mode converters with a highly regulated output voltage, or an open loop "DC transformer" such as an Intermediate Bus Converter (IBC) with an efficiency > 95%. The small 10 pin LLP-10 package with exposed pad provides for efficient thermal management. Two alternating gate driver outputs with a guaranteed deadtime are provided. The LM5033 includes a start-up regulator that operates over a wide input range of 15V to 100V. Additional features include: precision voltage reference output, current limit detection, remote shutdown, softstart, sync capability and thermal shutdown. This high speed IC has total propagation delays less than 100 ns and a 1MHz capable oscillator. n n n n n n n n n Internal high voltage (100V) start-up regulator Single resistor oscillator setting Synchronizable Precision reference output Adjustable soft-start Over-current protection Direct optocoupler interface 1.5A peak gate drivers Thermal Shutdown Applications n n n n Intermediate DC/DC Bus Converter Telecommunication Power Converters Industrial Power Converters +42V Automotive Systems Package n LLP-10 Connection Diagram 20035401 10 -Lead Plastic, Dual, LLP Ordering Information Order Number Package Type NSC Package Drawing Supplied As LM5033SD LLP-10 (4 x 4 mm) SDC10A 1000 Units on Tape and Reel LM5033SDX LLP-10 (4 x 4 mm) SDC10A 4500 Units on Tape and Reel © 2004 National Semiconductor Corporation DS200354 www.national.com LM5033 100V Push-Pull Voltage Mode PWM Controller April 2004 LM5033 Pin Description PIN NAME 1 Vin Input Voltage Input to the start-up regulator. Input range is 15V to 90V, with transient capability to 100V . 2 REF 2.5V precision reference output Sink only, requires an external pull-up resistor. This can be used as a reference for external circuitry. 3 COMP PWM Input Feedback to the PWM comparator’s inverting input, through a 3:1 divider. The output duty cycle increases as this pin’s voltage increases. Internally there is a 5kΩ pullup to +5.2V. 4 VCC 9.6V output from the internal high voltage series pass regulator An external voltage (10V - 15V) can be applied to this pin to shutdown the internal regulator, thereby reducing internal dissipation. An internal diode connects Vcc to Vin. 5 OUT1 Gate Driver Output #1 Alternating output gate driver, which can source and sink 1.5A. 6 OUT2 Gate Driver Output #2 Alternating output gate driver, which can source and sink 1.5A. 7 GND Ground pin for all internal circuitry Connections to external ground must be done with care for optimum performance. See the Functional Description and Applications Section for more information. 8 CS Current sense input Current sense input for the current limit detection. If CS exceeds 0.5V the outputs are disabled and the softstart pin is discharged to ground. 9 RT/ SYNC Oscillator timing resistor pin and synchronization input An external resistor to ground sets the oscillator frequency. This pin will also accept ac-coupled synchronization pulses from an external source. 10 SS Softstart pin An internal 10µA current source and an external capacitor set the soft-start timing. This pin can be externally pulled to below 0.5V to disable the output drivers. www.national.com DESCRIPTION APPLICATION INFORMATION 2 LM5033 Block Diagram Functional Block Diagram 20035402 FIGURE 1. 3 www.national.com LM5033 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Human Body Model If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. VIN to GND 2kV Storage Temperature Range -65˚C to 150˚C Junction Temperature 150˚C Power Dissipation (Note 2) Internally Limited -0.3V to 100V VCC to GND -0.3V to 16V Rt/Sync to GND -0.3V to 5.5V Pins 3, 8, 10 to GND -0.3V to 7.0V Operating Ratings (Note 1) VIN Voltage (Pin1) 15 to 90V Operating Junction Temperature ESD Rating (Note 3) -40˚C to 125˚C Electrical Characteristics Specifications with standard typeface are for TJ = 25˚C, and those with boldface type apply over full Operating Junction Temperature range. VIN = 48V, VCC = 10V applied externally, RT = 26.7kΩ, unless otherwise stated. See (Note 4) and (Note 5). Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max 10.0 Units VCC Startup Regulator (Pins 1, 4) VCCReg VCC Voltage Pin 4 open 9.2 9.6 Icc-out VCC Current Limit Out1, Out2 disabled. Ext. supply to Vcc disconnected. 20 34 Iin Startup Regulator Current into VIN Normal Operation VIN = 90V 150 Ext. VCC Supply Disconnected and Output Load = 1800pF SS Pin = 0V UVT Supply Current from external source to VCC 500 µA 7 mA 3 mA VccReg 300mV VccReg - 100 mV V 2.3 2.8 3.3 SS Pin = 0V 2 3 SS Pin = open and Output Load = 1800pF 7 VCC Undervoltage Threshold (increasing VCC) UVT Hysteresis (decreasing VCC) Icc-in V mA mA 2.5V Reference (Pin 2) Vref Output voltage Pin 2 sink current = 5mA Current sink capability 2.44 2.50 5.0 13 0.45 0.50 2.56 V mA Current Sense (Pin 8) CS Threshold voltage CS delay to output Pin 8 taken from zero to 0.6V. Time for Out1 or Out2 to fall to 90% of Vcc. CLoad = 0 @ Out1, Out2 Current sink capability (clocked) Pin 8 ≤ 0.3V 0.55 V 30 ns 3 6 mA 7 10 13 µA 0.25 0.50 0.75 V Softstart (Pin 10) Softstart current source Softstart to Comp offset Open Circuit Voltage www.national.com 5.0 4 V (Continued) Specifications with standard typeface are for TJ = 25˚C, and those with boldface type apply over full Operating Junction Temperature range. VIN = 48V, VCC = 10V applied externally, RT = 26.7kΩ, unless otherwise stated. See (Note 4) and (Note 5). Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units 175 200 225 kHz Oscillator (Pin 9) Fs1 Internal frequency Rt = 26.7 kΩ Fs2 Internal frequency Rt = 8.2 kΩ Vsync Sync threshold 3.2 Rt/Sync DC voltage 2.0 V 0.34 V/V 100 x (0.5TS-TD)/TS % 600 kHz 3.8 V PWM Comparator Input (Pin 3) tPWM Gain from pin 3 to PWM comparator Maximum duty cycle at Out1, Out2 See PWM Comparator text Minimum duty cycle at Out1, Out2 Pin 3 = 0V. 0 Open Circuit Voltage % 4.2 5.2 6.2 V Pin 3 = 0V 0.6 1.1 1.5 mA Deadtime (TD) CLoad = 0 @ OUT1, OUT2. Time measured from 10% of falling output to 10% of rising output. 85 135 185 ns Rise Time CLoad = 1nF 16 ns Fall Time CLoad = 1nF 16 ns Output High Voltage Iout = 50 mA (source) Vcc-0.25 V Output Low Voltage Iout = 100 mA (sink) Short circuit current Output Drivers (Pin 5, 6) Vcc-0.75 0.25 0.75 V Max. source current 1.5 A Max. sink current 1.5 A Shutdown temperature 165 ˚C Shutdown temperature hysteresis 15 ˚C 38 ˚C/W Thermal Shutdown TSD Thermal Resistance θJA Junction to Ambient SDC10A Package Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings are conditions under which operation of the device is intended to be functional. For guaranteed specifications and test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics. Note 2: The maximum allowable power dissipation is a function of the maximum allowed junction temperature (TJ(max)), the ambient temperature (TA), and the junction-to-ambient thermal resistance (θJA). The maximum allowable power dissipation can be calculated from PD = (TJ(max) - TA) / θJA. Excessive power dissipation will cause the thermal shutdown to activate. Note 3: The human body model is a 100 pF capacitor discharged through a 1.5kΩ resistor into each pin. Note 4: Min and Max limits are 100% production tested at 25˚C. Limits over the operating temperature range are guaranteed through correlation using Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods. Limits are used to calculate National’s Average Outgoing Quality Level (AOQL). Note 5: Typical specifications represent the most likely parametric norm at 25˚C operation. 5 www.national.com LM5033 Electrical Characteristics LM5033 Typical Performance Characteristics VCC vs VIN VCC vs ICC (VIN = 48V) 20035404 20035403 Oscillator Frequency vs Temperature RT = 26.7kΩ Oscillator Frequency vs RT 20035405 20035406 Soft Start Current vs Temperature Dead Time vs Temperature 20035407 20035408 www.national.com 6 LM5033 Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Output Duty Cycle vs Comp Voltage RT = 16.5kΩ VREF vs IREF 20035409 20035410 IIN vs VIN (VCC Not Powered Externally) ICC vs VCC (VCC Powered Externally) 20035411 20035412 7 www.national.com LM5033 Functional Description Reference (Pin 2) The LM5033 High Voltage PWM controller contains all of the features needed to implement Push-Pull and Bridge topologies, using voltage-mode control in a small 10 pin package. Features included are: startup regulator, precision 2.5V reference output, current limit detection, alternating gate drivers, sync capability, thermal shutdown, softstart, and remote shutdown. This high speed IC has total propagation delays < 100 ns. These features simplify the design of an open loop DC-DC converter, or a voltage controlled closed loop converter. The Functional Block Diagram is shown in Figure 1. The Ref pin provides a reference voltage of 2.5V, ± 2.4%. The pin is internally connected to an NMOS FET drain at the buffer amplifier’s output, allowing it to sink, but not source current. An external pullup resistor is required. Current into the pin must be limited to less than 20 mA to maintain regulation. See the graph in the Typical Performance Characteristics. During start-up if the pullup voltage is present before the reference amplifier establishes regulation, the voltage on pin 2 must not exceed 5.5V. If this reference is not used the Ref pin can float or be connected to ground. High Voltage Start-Up Regulator (Pins 1, 4) PWM Comparator (Pin 3), Duty Cycle and Deadtime The LM5033 contains an internal high voltage startup regulator. The input pin (VIN) can be connected directly to line voltages as high as 90V for normal operation, and can withstand transients to 100V. The regulator output at VCC (9.6V) is internally current limited and sources a minimum of 20mA. Upon power up, the capacitor at VCC will charge up, providing a time delay while internal circuits stabilize. When VCC reaches the upper threshold of the under-voltage sensor (typically 9.5V), the under-voltage sensor resets, enabling the output drivers, although the PWM duty cycle will initially be at zero. As the Softstart capacitor then charges up (described below) the output duty cycle will increase until regulated by the PWM control loop. The value of the VCC capacitor which affects the above mentioned delay depends on the total system design and its start-up characteristics. The recommended range of values for the VCC capacitor is 0.1 to 50µF. The lower threshold of the under-voltage sensor is typically at 6.8V. If VCC falls below this value the outputs are disabled and the softstart capacitor is discharged. When VCC is again increased above the upper threshold the outputs are enabled, and the softstart sequence repeats. The LM5033’s internal power dissipation can be reduced by powering VCC from an external supply. Typically this is done by means of an auxiliary transformer winding which is diode connected to the VCC pin to provide 10-15V to VCC as the controller completes the start-up sequence. The externally applied VCC voltage will cause the internal regulator to shut off. The under-voltage sensor circuit will still function in this mode, requiring that the external VCC capacitor be sized so that VCC never falls below 6.8V. The required current into the VCC pin from the external source is shown in Typical Performance Characteristics (ICC vs. VCC). If a fault condition occurs such that the external supply to VCC fails, external current draw from the VCC pin must be limited as to not exceed the regulator’s current limit, or the maximum power dissipation of the IC. An external start-up or other bias rail can be used instead of the internal start-up regulator by connecting the VCC and the VIN pins together and feeding the external bias voltage (10-15V) into that node. A thermal shutdown protection will activate if the die temperature exceeds 165oC, disabling the outputs (OUT1 and OUT2), and shutting down the VCC regulator. When the die temperature has reduced below 150˚C (typical hysteresis = 15˚C) the VCC regulator is enabled and a softstart sequence will initiate. www.national.com The PWM comparator compares an internal ramp signal (0 0.65V) with the loop error voltage derived from the Comp pin (pin 3). The Comp voltage is typically set by an external error amplifier through an optocoupler for closed loop applications. Internally, the voltage at the Comp pin passes through two level shifting diodes, and a gain reducing 3:1 resistor divider. The output of the PWM comparator provides the pulse width information to the output drivers (Out1 and Out2). This comparator is optimized for speed in order to achieve minimum discernable duty cycles. The output duty cycle is 0% for VCOMP < 1.5V, and maximum for VCOMP > 3.5V. See the Typical Performance Characteristics. The maximum duty cycle for each output is limited to less than 50% due to the forced deadtime. The typical deadtime between the falling edge of one gate driver output and the rising edge of the other gate driver output is 135 ns, and does not vary with frequency. The maximum duty cycle for each output can be calculated from: where TS is the period of each output, and TD is the deadtime. For example, if the oscillator frequency is 200 kHz, each output will cycle at 100 kHz, and TS = 10 µs. Using the nominal deadtime of 135 ns, the maximum duty cycle at this frequency is 48.65%. Using the minimum deadtime of 85 ns, the maximum duty cycle increases to 49.15%. When the Softstart pin (pin 10) is pulled down (internally or externally) the Comp pin voltage is pulled down with it, with a difference of 0.5V. When the Softstart pin voltage increases the Comp voltage is allowed to increase, pulled up by an internal 5.2V supply through a 5kΩ resistor. In an open loop application, such as an intermediate bus converter, pin 3 can be left open resulting in maximum duty cycle at the output drivers . Current Sense (Pin 8) The current sense circuit is intended to protect the power converter when an abnormal primary current is sensed by initiating a low duty cycle hiccup mode. When the threshold (0.5V) at Pin 8 is exceeded the outputs are disabled, and the softstart capacitor (at pin 10) is internally discharged. When the softstart capacitor is fully discharged and the voltage at the CS pin is below 0.5V, the outputs are re-enabled allowing the softstart capacitor voltage and the output duty cycle to increase. 8 softstart capacitor is discharged. The falling voltage at pin 10 will pull down the COMP pin, thereby ensuring minimum output duty cycle when the outputs are re-enabled. After the VCC voltage increases above the upper threshold (typically 9.5V), the outputs are enabled, and the softstart capacitor will begin to ramp up, allowing the COMP pin voltage to increase. The output duty cycle will then increase from zero to the value required for regulation. In the event of a fault which results in an excessively high die temperature, an internal Thermal Shutdown circuit is provided to protect the IC. When activated (at 165˚C) the IC is forced into a low power reset state, disabling the output drivers and the VCC regulator. When the die temperature has reduced (typical hysteresis = 15˚C), the VCC regulator is enabled and a softstart sequence will initiate. (Continued) The external current sensing circuit should include an RC filter located near the IC to prevent false triggering of the Current Sense comparator due to transients or noise. An internal MOSFET discharges the external filter capacitor at the conclusion of each PWM cycle to improve dynamic performance. The discharge time is equal to the deadtime between Out1 and Out2 at maximum duty cycle. Additionally, pin 8 is pulled low when VCC is below the under-voltage threshold or when an over temperature condition occurs. Oscillator, Sync Capability (Pin 9) The LM5033 oscillator frequency is set by a single external resistor connected between Rt/Sync and ground. The required Rt resistor is calculated from: Using an externally controlled switch, the outputs (Pins 5 & 6) can be disabled at any time by pulling pin 10 below 0.5V. This will pull down the COMP pin to near ground, causing the output duty cycle to go to zero. Upon releasing pin 10, the softstart capacitor will ramp up, allowing the COMP pin voltage to increase. The output duty cycle then increases from zero to the value required for regulation. The outputs (Out1 and Out2) alternate at half the oscillator frequency. The voltage at the Rt/Sync pin is internally regulated to a nominal 2.0V. The Rt resistor should be located as close as possible to the IC, and connected directly to the pins (Rt and GND). The LM5033 can be synchronized to an external clock by applying a narrow pulse to pin 9. The external clock must be a higher frequency than the free running frequency set by the Rt resistor, and the pulse width must be between 15 and 150 ns. The clock signal must be coupled into the Rt/Sync pin through a 100 pF capacitor. When the synchronizing pulse transitions low-to-high, the voltage at pin 9 must exceed 3.8V from its nominal 2.0V dc level. During the clock signal’s low time the voltage at pin 9 will be clamped at 2.0V by an internal regulator. The Rt resistor is always required, whether the oscillator is free running or externally synchronized. OUT1, OUT2 (Pins 5, 6) The LM5033 provides two alternating outputs, OUT1 and OUT2, each capable of sourcing and sinking 1.5A peak. Each will toggle at one-half the internal oscillator frequency. The voltage output levels are nominally ground and VCC, minus a saturation voltage at each level which depends on the current flow. The outputs can drive power MOSFETs directly in a pushpull application, or they can drive a high voltage gate driver (e.g., LM5100) in a bridge application. The outputs are disabled when any of the following conditions occur: 1. An overcurrent condition is detected at pin 8, 2. The VCC under-voltage sensor is active, 3. An over-temperature condition is detected, or 4. The voltage at Pin 10 is below 0.5V Soft Start (Pin 10) The softstart feature allows the converter to gradually reach a steady state operating point, thereby reducing start-up stresses and current surges. Upon turn-on, after the undervoltage sensor resets at VCC, an internal 10 µA current source charges an external capacitor at pin 10 to generate a ramping voltage (0 to + 5V) which allows the voltage on the Comp pin (pin 3) to increase gradually. As the COMP voltage increases the output duty cycle will increase from zero to the value required for regulation. Internally, the softstart pin is pulled low when a current fault is detected at pin 8, the VCC voltage is below the lower threshold of the under-voltage sensor, or when a thermal shutdown occurs. Additionally, the softstart pin can be pulled low by an external device. In the event of a current fault, (see Current Sense section) the softstart capacitor will be discharged by an internal pulldown device. The falling voltage at pin 10 will pull down the COMP pin, thereby ensuring a minimum output duty cycle when the outputs are re-enabled. The softstart capacitor will then begin to ramp up, allowing the COMP voltage to increase. As the COMP voltage increases, the output duty cycle increases from zero to the value required for regulation. However, if the fault condition is still present the above sequence repeats until the fault is removed. If the VCC voltage falls below the lower under-voltage sensor threshold (typically 6.8V) the outputs are disabled, and the Thermal Protection The system design should limit the LM5033 junction temperature to not exceed 125˚C during normal operation. However, in the event of a fault which results in a higher die temperature, an internal Thermal Shutdown circuit is provided to protect the IC. When thermal shutdown is activated, typically at 165˚C, the IC is forced into a low power reset state disabling the output drivers and the VCC regulator. This feature helps prevent catastrophic failures from accidental device overheating. When the die temperature has reduced (typical hysteresis = 15˚C) the VCC regulator is enabled and a softstart sequence initiates. Application Information The following information is intended to provide guidelines for implementing the LM5033. However, final selection of all external components is dependent on the configuration and operating characteristics of the complete power conversion system. 9 www.national.com LM5033 Current Sense (Pin 8) LM5033 Application Information lays. Experimentation with the final design may be necessary to determine the minimum value for the VCC capacitor. (Continued) VIN (PIN 1) SOFTSTART (PIN 10) The voltage applied at pin 1, normally the same as that applied to the main transformer’s primary, can be in the range of 15 to 90V, with transient capability to 100V. The current into pin 1 depends not only on VIN, but also on the load on the output driver pins, any load on VCC, and whether or not an external voltage is applied to VCC. If Vin is close to the absolute maximum rating of the LM5033, it is recommended the circuit of Figure 2 be used to filter transients which may occur at the input supply. The capacitor at pin 10 determines the time required for the output duty cycle to increase from zero to the final value for regulation. The minimum acceptable time is dependent on the response of the feedback loops to the COMP pin, as well as the characteristics of the magnetic components. If the Softstart time is too quick, the system output could significantly overshoot its intended voltage before the loop has a chance to establish regulation, possibly adversely affecting the load. Experimentation with the final design is usually necessary to determine the minimum value for the SS capacitor. CURRENT SENSE (PIN 8) This pin typically receives an input representative of the primary current from the current sense elements of the external circuitry. The peak amplitude at this pin must be less than 0.5V for normal operation. Filtering at this pin should be sufficient to prevent false triggering of the Current Sense comparator, but not significantly delay detection of an overcurrent condition. The filter’s capacitor at pin 8 should not be larger than 2200 pF. 20035415 OSCILLATOR, SYNC INPUT (PIN 9) FIGURE 2. Input Transient Protection The internal oscillator frequency is generally selected in conjunction with the system magnetic components, and any other aspects of the system which may be affected by the frequency. The Rt resistor at pin 9 sets the frequency according to the formula in the Functional Description. Each output (OUT1 and OUT2) switches at half the oscillator frequency. If the required frequency value is critical in a particular application, the tolerance of the external resistor, and the frequency tolerance indicated in the Electrical Characteristics, must be taken into account when selecting the resistor. If the LM5033 is to be synchronized to an external clock, that signal must be coupled into pin 9 through a 100 pF capacitor. The Rt resistor is still required in this case, and it must be selected to set the internal oscillator to a frequency lower than the external synchronizing frequency. The amplitude of the external pulses must take pin 9 above 3.8V on the low-to-high transition but no higher than 5.5V. The clock pulse width should be between 15 and 150 ns. If VCC is not powered externally, requiring all internal bias currents for the LM5033, and output driver currents, to be supplied at Vin and through the internal regulator, the required input current (Iin) is shown in the Typical Performance Characteristics (IIN vs. VIN). If VCC is powered externally, Iin will increase with VIN as shown in the above mentioned graph until the external voltage is applied to VCC. In most applications, this occurs once the outputs are enabled and load current begins to flow. The current into Vin will then drop to a nominal 150µA (Pin 10 = open or grounded). VCC (PIN 4) The capacitor at the VCC pin provides not only noise filtering and stability, but also a necessary time delay during start-up. The time delay allows the internal circuitry of the LM5033, and associated external circuitry, to stabilize before VCC reaches its final value, at which time the outputs are enabled and the softstart sequence begins. Any external circuitry connected to the REF output (Pin 2) and Softstart (Pin 10) should be designed to stabilize during the time delay. The current limit of the VCC regulator, and the external capacitor, determine the VCC turn-on time delay. Typically, a 1µF capacitor will provide approximately 300 µs of delay, with larger capacitors providing proportionately longer de- www.national.com DEADTIME ADJUSTMENT If the application requires a change in the minimum deadtime between the outputs, the circuits in Figure 3 are recommended. Suggested values for the resistor and capacitor at each output are 500Ω, and 100 pF, respectively for a nominal 50 ns change. The diodes can be 1N4148, or similar. 10 LM5033 Application Information (Continued) 20035416 FIGURE 3. Deadtime Adjustment PC BOARD LAYOUT The LM5033 current sense and PWM comparators are very fast, and as such will respond to short duration noise pulses. Layout considerations are critical for the current sense filter. The components at pins 3, 8, 9, and 10 should be as physically close as possible to the IC, thereby minimizing noise pickup in the PC tracks. If a current sense transformer is used both leads of the transformer secondary should be routed to the sense filter components, and to the IC pins. The ground side of the transformer should be connected via a dedicated PC board track to pin 7 of the IC rather than through the ground plane. If the current sense circuit employs a sense resistor in the drive transistor sources, a low inductance resistor should be used. In this case all the noise sensitive low power grounds should be connected in common near the IC, and then a single connection made to the power ground (sense resistor ground point). The outputs of the LM5033, or of the high voltage gate driver (if used), should have short direct paths to the power MOSFETs in order to minimize the effects of inductance in the PC board traces. If the internal dissipation of the LM5033 and any of the power devices produces high junction temperatures during normal operation, good use of the PC board’s ground plane can help considerably to dissipate heat. The exposed pad on the bottom of the LLP-10 package can be soldered to ground plane on the PC board, and the ground plane should extend out from beneath the IC to help dissipate the heat. The exposed pad is internally connected to the IC substrate. Additionally, the use of wide PC board traces where possible can help conduct heat away from the IC. Judicious positioning of the PC board within the end product, along with use of any available air flow (forced or natural convection) can help reduce the junction temperatures. APPLICATION CIRCUIT EXAMPLE Figure 6 shows an example circuit for a half-bridge 200W DC/DC converter built in a quarter brick format. The circuit is that of an intermediate bus converter (IBC) which operates open-loop (unregulated output), converting a nominal 48V input to a nominal 9.0V output with a 30 mΩ output impedance. The current sense transformer (T2), and the associated filter at the CS pin, provide overcurrent detection at approximately 23A. The auxiliary winding on T1 powers VCC and the LM5100’s V+ pin (once the outputs are enabled) to reduce power dissipation within the LM5033. The LM5100 provides appropriate level shifting for Q1. Synchronous rectifiers Q3 and Q4 minimize conduction losses in the output stage. Dual comparators U2 and U3 provide under-voltage and over-voltage sensing at Vin. The under-voltage sense levels are 37V increasing, and 33V decreasing. The overvoltage sense levels are 63V increasing, and 61.5V decreasing. The circuit can be shut down by taking the ON/OFF input below 0.8V. An external synchronizing frequency can be applied to the SYNC input. Measured efficiency and output characteristics for this circuit are shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5. 11 www.national.com LM5033 Application Information (Continued) 20035417 FIGURE 4. Efficiency vs Output Current Circuit of Figure 6 20035418 FIGURE 5. VOUT vs Load Current and VIN for the circuit of Figure 6 www.national.com 12 Application Information (Continued) FIGURE 6. Intermediate Bus Converter 40V - 60V Input; 7.5 - 11.3V, 20A Output 20035419 LM5033 13 www.national.com LM5033 Bill of Materials (for the circuit of Figure 6) Item Device Package Value BR1 Schottky diode bridge, Diodes, Inc. BAT54BRW SOT-363 30V, 0.2A C1-4 Capacitor 1812 6.8 µF, 50V C5 Capacitor 0805 0.47 µF, 25V C6 Capacitor 0805 0.047 µF, 25V C7, 12, 16, 20-23 Capacitor 0805 0.1 µF, 16V C8, 9 Capacitor 0805 470 pF, 50V C10, 11 Capacitor 1210 22 µF, 16 V C13 Capacitor 0805 2200 pF, 16V C14 Capacitor 0805 0.022 µF. 16V C15, 24 Capacitor 0805 100 pF, 16V C17 Capacitor 1206 4.7 µF, 16V C18 Capacitor 0805 0.01 µF, 16V C19 Capacitor 0805 1000 pF, 16V D1 Dual Schottky diode, Vishay BAT54C SOT-23 30V, 0.2A D2-5 Dual diode, Central Semi CMPD2838 SOT-23 75V, 0.2A L1 Inductor, TDK RLF7030T-2R2M5R4 SMD 2.2 µH, 5.5A L2 Inductor, TDK SPM12535T-R60M220 SMD 550 nH, 22A Q1, 2 N Channel MOSFET, Vishay Si7852DP PowerPAK SO-8 80V, 12.5A Q3, 4 N Channel MOSFET, Vishay Si7336DP PowerPAK SO-8 30V, 30A Q5 NPN 2N2222A Transistor SOT-23 75V, 0.6A Q6, 7 N Channel MOSFET, Zetex ZXMN3A01 SOT-23 30V, 2 A R1, 2 Resistor 1206 100 kΩ, 1/4W R3, 4 Resistor 2512 10Ω, 1W R5, 6 Resistor 0805 5.11Ω R7 Resistor 0805 5.49Ω R8 Resistor 0805 499Ω R9 Resistor 0805 16.5 kΩ R10, 24 Resistor 0805 20 kΩ R11 Resistor 0805 5.9 kΩ R12 Resistor 0805 12.4 kΩ R13, 17 Resistor 0805 10 kΩ R14 Resistor 0805 200 kΩ R15 Resistor 0805 221 kΩ R16 Resistor 0805 2.0 kΩ R18, 19 Resistor 0805 4.99 kΩ R20 Resistor 1206 110 kΩ, 1W R21 Resistor 0805 4.87 kΩ www.national.com 14 (Continued) Item Device Package Value R22 Resistor 0805 3.57 kΩ R23 Resistor 0805 102 kΩ R25 Resistor 0805 30.1 kΩ R26 Resistor 0805 49.9 Ω T1 Power Transformer, Coilcraft B0853-A Planar T2 Current sense transformer, Pulse Eng. P8208 SMD U1 PWM Controller, National Semi LM5033D LLP-10 U2, 3 Dual Micropower Comparator, Nat’l Semi LMC6772 Mini SO-8 U4 Gate driver, National Semi LM5100M SO-8 Z1, 2 Zener diode, Central Semi CMPZ4698 SOT-23 15 LM5033 Bill of Materials (for the circuit of Figure 6) 100:1, 10A 11V, 350 mW www.national.com LM5033 100V Push-Pull Voltage Mode PWM Controller Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 10-Lead LLP Plastic Dual Package NS Package Number SDC10A LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. BANNED SUBSTANCE COMPLIANCE National Semiconductor certifies that the products and packing materials meet the provisions of the Customer Products Stewardship Specification (CSP-9-111C2) and the Banned Substances and Materials of Interest Specification (CSP-9-111S2) and contain no ‘‘Banned Substances’’ as defined in CSP-9-111S2. National Semiconductor Americas Customer Support Center Email: [email protected] Tel: 1-800-272-9959 www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Customer Support Center Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Support Center Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Customer Support Center Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 Email: [email protected] Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.