LM3909 LED Flasher/Oscillator General Description Features The LM3909 is a monolithic oscillator specifically designed to flash Light Emitting Diodes. By using the timing capacitor for voltage boost, it delivers pulses of 2 or more volts to the LED while operating on a supply of 1.5V or less. The circuit is inherently self-starting, and requires addition of only a battery and capacitor to function as an LED flasher. Packaged in an 8-lead plastic mini-DIP, the LM3909 will operate over the extended consumer temperature range of b 25§ C to a 70§ C. It has been optimized for low power drain and operation from weak batteries so that continuous operation life exceeds that expected from battery rating. Application is made simple by inclusion of internal timing resistors and an internal LED current limit resistor. As shown in the first two application circuits, the timing resistors supplied are optimized for nominal flashing rates and minimum power drain at 1.5V and 3V. Timing capacitors will generally be of the electrolytic type, and a small 3V rated part will be suitable for any LED flasher using a supply up to 6V. However, when picking flash rates, it should be remembered that some electrolytics have very broad capacitance tolerances, for example b20% to a 100%. Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Operation over one year from one C size flashlight cell Bright, high current LED pulse Minimum external parts Low cost Low voltage operation, from just over 1V to 5V Low current drain, averages under 0.5 mA during battery life Powerful; as an oscillator directly drives an 8X speaker Wide temperature range Applications Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Finding flashlights in the dark, or locating boat mooring floats Sales and advertising gimmicks Emergency locators, for instance on fire extinguishers Toys and novelties Electronic applications such as trigger and sawtooth generators Siren for toy fire engine, (combined oscillator, speaker driver) Warning indicators powered by 1.4V to 200V Schematic Diagram Connection Diagram Typical 1.5V Flasher Dual-In-Line Package TL/H/7969 – 2 Top View Order Number LM3909N See NS Package Number N08E TL/H/7969 – 1 C1995 National Semiconductor Corporation TL/H/7969 RRD-B30M115/Printed in U. S. A. LM3909 LED Flasher/Oscillator February 1995 Absolute Maximum Ratings Operating Temperature Range If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/Distributors for availability and specifications. Power Dissipation V a Voltage b 25§ C to a 70§ C Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.) 260§ C 500 mW 6.4V Electrical Characteristics Parameter Supply Voltage Conditions (Applications Note 3) (In Oscillation) Min Typ Max 6.0 V 0.55 0.75 mA 1.0 1.3 Hz 1.15 Operating Current 0.65 Units Flash Frequency 300 mF, 5% Capacitor High Flash Frequency 0.30 mF, 5% Capacitor Compatible LED Forward Drop 1 mA Forward Current Peak LED Current 350 mF Capacitor 45 mA Pulse Width 350 mF Capacitors at (/2 Amplitude 6.0 ms 1.1 1.35 kHz 2.1 Typical Applications (See applications notes on following page) Triac Trigger Provides 40 mA. 10 ms pulses at about 8 kHz. Triac gate may be pulse transformer isolated if desired. TL/H/7969 – 3 2 V Typical Applications (Continued)(See applications notes below) Warning Flasher High Voltage Powered Typical Operating Conditions Va Nominal Flash Hz CT RS RFB V a RANGE 6V 15V 2 2 400 mF 180 mF 1.5k 1k 5V – 25V 13V – 50V 100V 1.7 180 mF 1k 3.9k 43k 1W 1k 85V – 200V TL/H/7969 – 4 1.5V Flasher TL/H/7969 – 6 Estimated Battery Life (Continuous 1.5V Flasher Operation) TL/H/7969 – 5 Type Size Cell Note: Nominal flash rate: 1 Hz. AA C D Standard Alkaline 3 months 7 months 1.3 years 6 months 15 months 2.6 years Note: Estimates are made from our tests and manufacturers data. Conditions are fresh batteries and room temperature. Clad or ‘‘leak-proof’’ batteries are recommended for any application of five months or more. Nickel Cadmium cells are not recommended. APPLICATIONS NOTES Note 1: All capacitors shown are electrolytic unless marked otherwise. Note 2: Flash rates and frequencies assume a g 5% capacitor tolerance. Electrolytics may vary b 20% to a 100% of their stated value. Note 3: Unless noted, measurements above are made with a 1.4V supply, a 25§ C ambient temperature, and an LED with a forward drop of 1.5V to 1.7V at 1 mA forward current. Note 4: Occasionally a flasher circuit will fail to oscillate due to an LED defect that may be missed because it only reduces light output 10% or so. Such LEDs can be identified by a large increase in conduction between 0.9V and 1.2V. 3 Typical Applications (Continued) (See applications notes on previous page) 3V Flasher Minimum Power at 1.5V TL/H/7969 – 8 Note: Nominal flash rate: 1.1 Hz. Average IDRAIN e 0.32 mA. TL/H/7969–7 Note: Nominal flash rate: 1 Hz. Average IDRAIN e 0.77 mA. Fast Blinker TL/H/7969 – 11 Note: Winking LED inside, locates light in total darkness. TL/H/7969–9 Note: Nominal flash rate: 2.6 Hz. Average IDRAIN e 1.2 mA. 4 Typical Applications (Continued) (See applications notes above) Flashlight Finder TL/H/7969 – 10 Note: LM3909, capacitor, and LED are installed in a white translucent cap on the flashlight’s back end. Only one contact strip (in addition to the case connection) is needed for flasher power. Drawing current through the bulb simplifies wiring and causes negligible loss since bulb resistance cold is typically less than 2X. 4 Parallel LEDs High Efficiency Parallel Circuit TL/H/7969 – 12 TL/H/7969 – 13 Note: Nominal flash rate: 1.3 Hz. Average IDRAIN e 2 mA. Note: Nominal flash rate: 1.5 Hz. Average IDRAIN e 1.5 mA. 5 Typical Applications (Continued) (See applications notes above) 1 kHz Square Wave TL/H/7969 – 15 Note: Output voltage through a 10k load to ground. TL/H/7969 – 14 ‘‘Buzz Box’’ Continuity and Coil Checker Variable Flasher TL/H/7969 – 17 Note: Flash rate: 0 Hz–20 Hz. TL/H/7969 – 16 Note: Differences between shorts, coils, and a few ohms of resistance can be heard. 6 Typical Applications (Continued) (See applications notes above) LED Booster Incandescent Bulb Flasher TL/H/7969 – 18 Note: High efficiency, 4 mA drain. Continuous appearing light obtained by supplying short, high current, pulses (2 kHz) to LEDs with higher than battery voltage available. TL/H/7969 – 19 Note: Flash rate: 1.5 Hz. Emergency Lantern/Flasher TL/H/7969 – 20 Note: Nominal flash rate: 1.5 Hz. 7 LM3909 LED Flasher/Oscillator Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N) Order Number LM3909N NS Package Number N08E LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform, when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation 1111 West Bardin Road Arlington, TX 76017 Tel: 1(800) 272-9959 Fax: 1(800) 737-7018 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Europe Fax: (a49) 0-180-530 85 86 Email: cnjwge @ tevm2.nsc.com Deutsch Tel: (a49) 0-180-530 85 85 English Tel: (a49) 0-180-532 78 32 Fran3ais Tel: (a49) 0-180-532 93 58 Italiano Tel: (a49) 0-180-534 16 80 National Semiconductor Hong Kong Ltd. 13th Floor, Straight Block, Ocean Centre, 5 Canton Rd. Tsimshatsui, Kowloon Hong Kong Tel: (852) 2737-1600 Fax: (852) 2736-9960 National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-043-299-2309 Fax: 81-043-299-2408 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.