LM75 Digital Temperature Sensor and Thermal Watchdog with Two-Wire Interface General Description The LM75 is a temperature sensor, Delta-Sigma analog-todigital converter, and digital over-temperature detector with I2C ® interface. The host can query the LM75 at any time to read temperature. The open-drain Overtemperature Shutdown (O.S.) output becomes active when the temperature exceeds a programmable limit. This pin can operate in either “Comparator” or “Interrupt” mode. The host can program both the temperature alarm threshold (TOS) and the temperature at which the alarm condition goes away (THYST). In addition, the host can read back the contents of the LM75’s TOS and THYST registers. Three pins (A0, A1, A2) are available for address selection. The sensor powers up in Comparator mode with default thresholds of 80˚C TOS and 75˚C THYST. The LM75’s 3.0V to 5.5V supply voltage range, low supply current and I2C interface make it ideal for a wide range of applications. These include thermal management and protection applications in personal computers, electronic test equipment, and office electronics. Features n SOP-8 and Mini SOP-8 (MSOP) packages save space n I2C Bus interface n Separate open-drain output pin operates as interrupt or comparator/thermostat output n Register readback capability n Power up defaults permit stand-alone operation as thermostat n Shutdown mode to minimize power consumption n Up to 8 LM75s can be connected to a single bus n UL Recognized Component Key Specifications j Supply Voltage j Supply Current 3.0V to 5.5V operating 250 µA (typ) 1 mA (max) shutdown j Temperature Accuracy 4 µA (typ) −25˚C to 100˚C −55˚C to 125˚C ± 2˚C(max) ± 3˚C(max) Applications n n n n System Thermal Management Personal Computers Office Electronics Electronic Test Equipment Simplified Block Diagram 01265801 I2C ® is a registered trademark of Philips Corporation. © 2004 National Semiconductor Corporation DS012658 www.national.com LM75 Digital Temperature Sensor and Thermal Watchdog with Two-Wire Interface February 2004 LM75 Connection Diagram SOP-8 and Mini SOP-8 01265802 Ordering Information Order Number Package Marking NS Package Number Supply Voltage Transport Media Noise Filter on SDA and SCL LM75BIM-3 LM75BIM-3 M08A (SOP-8) 3.3V 95 Units in Rail Yes LM75BIMX-3 LM75BIM-3 M08A (SOP-8) 3.3V 2500 Units on Tape and Reel Yes LM75BIMM-3 T01B MUA08A (MSOP-8) 3.3V 1000 Units on Tape and Reel Yes LM75BIMMX-3 T01B MUA08A (MSOP-8) 3.3V 3500 Units on Tape and Reel Yes LM75BIM-5 LM75BIM-5 M08A (SOP-8) 5V 95 Units in Rail Yes LM75BIMX-5 LM75BIM-5 M08A (SOP-8) 5V 2500 Units on Tape and Reel Yes LM75BIMM-5 T00B MUA08A (MSOP-8) 5V 1000 Units on Tape and Reel Yes LM75BIMMX-5 T00B MUA08A (MSOP-8) 5V 3500 Units on Tape and Reel Yes LM75CIM-3 LM75CIM-3 M08A (SOP-8) 3.3V 95 Units in Rail Not Available LM75CIMX-3 LM75CIM-3 M08A (SOP-8) 3.3V 2500 Units on Tape and Reel Not Available LM75CIMM-3 T01C MUA08A (MSOP-8) 3.3V 1000 Units on Tape and Reel Not Available LM75CIMMX-3 T01C MUA08A (MSOP-8) 3.3V 3500 Units on Tape and Reel Not Available LM75CIM-5 LM75CIM-5 M08A (SOP-8) 5V 95 Units in Rail Not Available LM75CIMX-5 LM75CIM-5 M08A (SOP-8) 5V 2500 Units on Tape and Reel Not Available LM75CIMM-5 T00C MUA08A (MSOP-8) 5V 1000 Units on Tape and Reel Not Available LM75CIMMX-5 T00C MUA08A (MSOP-8) 5V 3500 Units on Tape and Reel Not Available Pin Description Label Pin # Function Typical Connection SDA 1 I2C Serial Bi-Directional Data Line. Open Drain. From Controller, tied to a pull-up SCL 2 I2C Clock Input From Controller O.S. 3 Overtemperature Shutdown Open Drain Output Pull–up Resistor, Controller Interrupt Line GND 4 Power Supply Ground Ground +VS 8 Positive Supply Voltage Input DC Voltage from 3V to 5.5V; 0.1µF bypass capacitor with 10µF bulk capacitance in the near vicinity 7,6,5 User-Set I2C Address Inputs Ground (Low, “0”) or +VS (High, “1”) A0–A2 www.national.com 2 LM75 Pin Description (Continued) 01265803 FIGURE 1. Typical Application 3 www.national.com LM75 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Supply Voltage ESD Susceptibility (Note 4) Human Body Model −0.3V to 6.5V Voltage at any Pin Machine Model −0.3V to +VS + 0.3V Input Current at any Pin (Note 2) LM75B LM75C 2500V 1500V 250V 100V 5 mA Package Input Current (Note 2) 20 mA Operating Ratings O.S. Output Sink Current 10 mA Specified Temperature Range O.S. Output Voltage 6.5V Storage Temperature (Note 5) −65˚C to +150˚C TMIN to TMAX −55˚C to +125˚C Supply Voltage Range (+VS) +3.0V to +5.5V Soldering Information, Lead Temperature SOP and MSOP Package (Note 3) Vapor Phase (60 seconds) Infrared (15 seconds) 215˚C 220˚C Temperature-to-Digital Converter Characteristics Unless otherwise noted, these specifications apply for +VS = +5 Vdc for LM75BIM-5, LM75BIMM-5, LM75CIM-5, and LM75CIMM-5 and +VS = +3.3 Vdc for LM75BIM-3, LM75BIMM-3, LM75CIM-3, and LM75CIMM-3 (Note 6). Boldface limits apply for TA = TJ = TMIN to TMAX; all other limits TA = TJ = +25˚C, unless otherwise noted. Parameter Typical (Note 12) Conditions TA = −25˚C to +100˚C Accuracy TA = −55˚C to +125˚C Resolution Limits (Note 7) Units (Limit) ± 2.0 ± 3.0 ˚C (max) 9 Temperature Conversion Time (Note 8) 100 Quiescent Current I2C Inactive 0.25 LM75B LM75C O.S. Output Saturation Voltage ˚C (max) Bits ms 0.5 mA (max) Shutdown Mode, +VS = 3V 4 µA Shutdown Mode, +VS = 5V 6 µA 2 I C Inactive 0.25 1.0 mA (max) Shutdown Mode, +VS = 3V 4 µA Shutdown Mode, +VS = 5V 6 µA IOUT = 4.0 mA 0.8 V (max) (Note 9) O.S. Delay (Note 10) 1 Conversions (min) 6 Conversions (max) TOS Default Temperature (Note 11) 80 ˚C THYST Default Temperature (Note 11) 75 ˚C Logic Electrical Characteristics DIGITAL DC CHARACTERISTICS Unless otherwise noted, these specifications apply for +VS = +5 Vdc for LM75BIM-5, LM75BIMM-5, LM75CIM-5, and LM75CIMM-5 and +VS = +3.3 Vdc for LM75BIM-3, LM75BIMM-3, LM75CIM-3, and LM75CIMM-3 (Note 6). Boldface limits apply for TA = TJ = TMIN to TMAX; all other limits TA = TJ = +25˚C, unless otherwise noted. Symbol VIN(1) VIN(0) Parameter Conditions Typical (Note 12) Logical “1” Input Voltage Logical “0” Input Voltage Limits (Note 7) Units (Limit) +VS x 0.7 V (min) +VS + 0.5 V (max) −0.3 V (min) +VS x 0.3 V (max) IIN(1) Logical “1” Input Current VIN = 5V 0.005 1.0 µA (max) IIN(0) Logical “0” Input Current VIN = 0V −0.005 −1.0 µA (max) CIN All Digital Inputs IOH High Level Output Current VOH = 5V 100 µA (max) VOL Low Level Output Voltage IOL = 3 mA 0.4 V (max) tOF Output Fall Time CL = 400 pF 250 ns (max) www.national.com 20 4 pF (Continued) DIGITAL DC CHARACTERISTICS Unless otherwise noted, these specifications apply for +VS = +5 Vdc for LM75BIM-5, LM75BIMM-5, LM75CIM-5, and LM75CIMM-5 and +VS = +3.3 Vdc for LM75BIM-3, LM75BIMM-3, LM75CIM-3, and LM75CIMM-3 (Note 6). Boldface limits apply for TA = TJ = TMIN to TMAX; all other limits TA = TJ = +25˚C, unless otherwise noted. Symbol Parameter Typical (Note 12) Conditions Limits (Note 7) Units (Limit) IO = 3 mA I2C DIGITAL SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS Unless otherwise noted, these specifications apply for +VS = +5 Vdc for LM75BIM-5, LM75BIMM-5, LM75CIM-5, and LM75CIMM-5 and +VS = +3.3 Vdc for LM75BIM-3, LM75BIMM-3, LM75CIM-3, and LM75CIMM-3. CL (load capacitance) on output lines = 80 pF unless otherwise specified. Boldface limits apply for TA = TJ = TMIN to TMAX; all other limits TA = TJ = +25˚C, unless otherwise noted. The switching characteristics of the LM75 fully meet or exceed the published specifications of the I2C bus. The following parameters are the timing relationships between SCL and SDA signals related to the LM75. They are not the I2C bus specifications. Symbol Parameter Conditions Typical (Note 12) Limits (Note 7) Units (Limit) t1 SCL (Clock) Period 2.5 µs (min) t2 Data in Set-Up Time to SCL High 100 ns (min) t3 Data Out Stable after SCL Low 0 ns (min) t4 SDA Low Set-Up Time to SCL Low (Start Condition) 100 ns (min) t5 SDA High Hold Time after SCL High (Stop Condition) 100 ns (min) tTIMEOUT SDA Time Low for Reset of Serial Interface (Note 13) LM75B 75 325 ms (min) ms (max) LM75C Not Applicable 01265804 Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. DC and AC electrical specifications do not apply when operating the device beyond its rated operating conditions. Note 2: When the input voltage (VI) at any pin exceeds the power supplies (VI < GND or VI > +VS) the current at that pin should be limited to 5 mA. The 20 mA maximum package input current rating limits the number of pins that can safely exceedthe power supplies with an input current of 5 mA to four. Note 3: See AN-450 “Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability” or the section titled “Surface Mount” found in a current National Semiconductor Linear Data Book for other methods of soldering surface mount devices. Note 4: Human body model, 100 pF discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor. Machine model, 200 pF discharged directly into each pin. 5 www.national.com LM75 Logic Electrical Characteristics LM75 Note 5: LM75 θJA (thermal resistance, junction-to-ambient) when attached to a printed circuit board with 2 oz. foil similar to the one shown in Figure 3 is summarized in the table below: Device Number NS Package Number Thermal Resistance (θJA) LM75BIM-3, LM75BIM-5, LM75CIM-3, LM75CIM-5 M08A 200˚C/W LM75BIMM-3, LM75BIMM-5, LM75CIMM-3, LM75CIMM-5 MUA08A 250˚C/W Note 6: All part numbers of the LM75 will operate properly over the +VS supply voltage range of 3V to 5.5V. The devices are tested and specified for rated accuracy at their nominal supply voltage. Accuracy will typically degrade 1˚C/V of variation in +VS as it varies from the nominal value. Note 7: Limits are guaranteed to National’s AOQL (Average Outgoing Quality Level). Note 8: This specification is provided only to indicate how often temperature data is updated. The LM75 can be read at any time without regard to conversion state (and will yield last conversion result). If a conversion is in process it will be interrupted and restarted after the end of the read. Note 9: For best accuracy, minimize output loading. Higher sink currents can affect sensor accuracy with internal heating. This can cause an error of 0.64˚C at full rated sink current and saturation voltage based on junction-to-ambient thermal resistance. Note 10: O.S. Delay is user programmable up to 6 “over limit” conversions before O.S. is set to minimize false tripping in noisy environments. Note 11: Default values set at power up. Note 12: Typicals are at TA = 25˚C and represent most likely parametric norm. Note 13: Holding the SDA line low for a time greater than tTIMEOUT will cause the LM75B to reset SDA to the IDLE state of the serial bus communication (SDA set High). 01265805 FIGURE 2. Temperature-to-Digital Transfer Function (Non-linear scale for clarity) www.national.com 6 LM75 01265806 FIGURE 3. Printed Circuit Board Used for Thermal Resistance Specifications Typical Performance Characteristics Static Quiescent Current vs Temperature Dynamic Quiescent Current vs Temperature 01265816 01265817 2. 1.0 Functional Description The LM75 temperature sensor incorporates a band-gap type temperature sensor and 9-bit ADC (Delta-Sigma Analog-toDigital Converter). The temperature data output of the LM75 is available at all times via the I2C bus. If a conversion is in progress, it will be stopped and restarted after the read. A digital comparator is also incorporated that compares a series of readings, the number of which is user-selectable, to user-programmable setpoint and hysteresis values. The comparator trips the O.S. output line, which is programmable for mode and polarity. The LM75B contains all the functionality of the LM75C, plus two additional features: 1. The LM75B has an integrated low-pass filter on both the SDA and the SCL line. These filters increase communications reliability in noisy environments. Accuracy vs Temperature 01265818 The LM75B also has a bus fault timeout feature. If the SDA line is held low for longer than tTIMEOUT (75 ms minimum to 325 ms maximum) the LM75B will reset to the IDLE state (SDA set to high impedance) and wait for a new start condition. 1.1 O.S. OUTPUT, TOS AND THYST LIMITS In Comparator mode the O.S. Output behaves like a thermostat. The output becomes active when temperature exceeds the TOS limit, and leaves the active state when the temperature drops below the THYST limit. In this mode the O.S. output can be used to turn a cooling fan on, initiate an emergency system shutdown, or reduce system clock speed. Shutdown mode does not reset O.S. state in a comparator mode. In Interrupt mode exceeding TOS also makes O.S. active but O.S. will remain active indefinitely until reset by reading any register via the I2C interface. Once O.S. has been activated 7 www.national.com LM75 1.0 Functional Description above the nominal 1.7V power up threshold, the internal registers are reset to the power up default values listed above. (Continued) by crossing TOS, then reset, it can be activated again only by Temperature going below THYST. Again, it will remain active indefinitely until being reset by a read. Placing the LM75 in shutdown mode also resets the O.S. Output. 1.3 I2C BUS INTERFACE The LM75 operates as a slave on the I2C bus, so the SCL line is an input (no clock is generated by the LM75) and the SDA line is a bi-directional serial data path. According to I2C bus specifications, the LM75 has a 7-bit slave address. The four most significant bits of the slave address are hard wired inside the LM75 and are “1001”. The three least significant bits of the address are assigned to pins A2–A0, and are set by connecting these pins to ground for a low, (0); or to +VS for a high, (1). 1.2 POWER UP AND POWER DOWN The LM75 always powers up in a known state. The power up default conditions are: 1. Comparator mode 2. TOS = 80˚C 3. THYST = 75˚C 4. 5. O.S. active low Pointer = “00” Therefore, the complete slave address is: 1 If the LM75 is not connected to the I2C bus on power up, it will act as a stand-alone thermostat with the above temperature settings. 0 0 1 A2 MSB A1 A0 LSB When the supply voltage is less than about 1.7V, the LM75 is considered powered down. As the supply voltage rises 01265807 Note 14: These interrupt mode resets of O.S. occur only when LM75 is read or placed in shutdown. Otherwise, O.S. would remain active indefinitely for any event. FIGURE 4. O.S. Output Temperature Response Diagram www.national.com 8 1.7 COMPARATOR/INTERRUPT MODE (Continued) As indicated in the O.S. Output Temperature Response Diagram, Figure 4, the events that trigger O.S. are identical for either Comparator or Interrupt mode. The most important difference is that in Interrupt mode the O.S. will remain set indefinitely once it has been set. To reset O.S. while in Interrupt mode, perform a read from any register in the LM75. 1.4 TEMPERATURE DATA FORMAT Temperature data can be read from the Temperature, TOS Set Point, and THYST Set Point registers; and written to the TOS Set Point, and THYST Set Point registers. Temperature data is represented by a 9-bit, two’s complement word with an LSB (Least Significant Bit) equal to 0.5˚C: Temperature +125˚C Digital Output 1.8 O.S. OUTPUT Binary Hex 0 1111 1010 0FAh 032h +25˚C 0 0011 0010 +0.5˚C 0 0000 0001 001h 0˚C 0 0000 0000 000h −0.5˚C 1 1111 1111 1FFh −25˚C 1 1100 1110 1CEh −55˚C 1 1001 0010 192h The O.S. output is an open-drain output and does not have an internal pull-up. A “high” level will not be observed on this pin until pull-up current is provided from some external source, typically a pull-up resistor. Choice of resistor value depends on many system factors but, in general, the pull-up resistor should be as large as possible. This will minimize any errors due to internal heating of the LM75. The maximum resistance of the pull up, based on LM75 specification for High Level Output Current, to provide a 2V high level, is 30 kΩ. 1.9 O.S. POLARITY The O.S. output can be programmed via the configuration register to be either active low (default mode), or active high. In active low mode the O.S. output goes low when triggered exactly as shown on the O.S. Output Temperature Response Diagram, Figure 4. Active high simply inverts the polarity of the O.S. output. 1.5 SHUTDOWN MODE Shutdown mode is enabled by setting the shutdown bit in the Configuration register via the I2C bus. Shutdown mode reduces power supply current to 4 µA typical. In Interrupt mode O.S. is reset if previously set and is undefined in Comparator mode during shutdown. The I2C interface remains active. Activity on the clock and data lines of the I2C bus may slightly increase shutdown mode quiescent current. TOS, THYST, and Configuration registers can be read from and written to in shutdown mode. 1.6 FAULT QUEUE A fault queue of up to 6 faults is provided to prevent false tripping of O.S. when the LM75 is used in noisy environments. The number of faults set in the queue must occur consecutively to set the O.S. output. 9 www.national.com LM75 1.0 Functional Description LM75 1.0 Functional Description (Continued) 1.10 INTERNAL REGISTER STRUCTURE 01265808 There are four data registers in the LM75, selected by the Pointer register. At power-up the Pointer is set to “00”; the location for the Temperature Register. The Pointer register latches whatever the last location it was set to. In Interrupt Mode, a read from the LM75, or placing the device in shutdown mode, resets the O.S. output. All registers are read and write, except the Temperature register which is read only. A write to the LM75 will always include the address byte and the Pointer byte. A write to the Configuration register requires one data byte, and the TOS and THYST registers require two data bytes. The first data byte is the most significant byte with most significant bit first, permitting only as much data as necessary to be read to determine temperature condition. For instance, if the first four bits of the temperature data indicates an overtemperature condition, the host processor could immediately take action to remedy the excessive temperatures. At the end of a read, the LM75 can accept either Acknowledge or No Acknowledge from the Master (No Acknowledge is typically used as a signal for the slave that the Master has read its last byte). An inadvertent 8-bit read from a 16-bit register, with the D7 bit low, can cause the LM75 to stop in a state where the SDA line is held low as shown in Figure 5. This can prevent any further bus communication until at least 9 additional clock cycles have occurred. Alternatively, the master can issue clock cycles until SDA goes high, at which time issuing a “Stop” condition will reset the LM75. Reading the LM75 can take place either of two ways: If the location latched in the Pointer is correct (most of the time it is expected that the Pointer will point to the Temperature register because it will be the data most frequently read from the LM75), then the read can simply consist of an address byte, followed by retrieving the corresponding number of data bytes. If the Pointer needs to be set, then an address byte, pointer byte, repeat start, and another address byte will accomplish a read. 01265809 FIGURE 5. Inadvertent 8-Bit Read from 16-Bit Register where D7 is Zero (“0”) www.national.com 10 LM75 1.0 Functional Description (Continued) 1.11 POINTER REGISTER (Selects which registers will be read from or written to): P7 P6 P5 P4 P3 P2 0 0 0 0 0 0 P1 P0 Register Select P0-P1: Register Select: P1 P0 0 0 Temperature (Read only) (Power-up default) Register 0 1 Configuration (Read/Write) 1 0 THYST (Read/Write) 1 1 TOS (Read/Write) P2–P7: Must be kept zero. 1.12 TEMPERATURE REGISTER (Read Only): D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 MSB Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 LSB X X X X X X X D0–D6: Undefined D7–D15: Temperature Data. One LSB = 0.5˚C. Two’s complement format. 1.13 CONFIGURATION REGISTER (Read/Write): D7 D6 D5 0 0 0 D4 D3 Fault Queue D2 D1 D0 O.S. Cmp/Int Shutdown Polarity Power up default is with all bits “0” (zero). D0: Shutdown: When set to 1 the LM75 goes to low power shutdown mode. D3–D4: Fault Queue: Number of faults necessary to detect before setting O.S. output to avoid false tripping due to noise. Faults are determind at the end of a conversion. Conversions take about 100 ms, typically, to complete. D1: Comparator/Interrupt mode: 0 is Comparator mode, 1 is Interrupt mode. D2: O.S. Polarity: 0 is active low, 1 is active high. O.S. is an open-drain output under all conditions. D4 D3 0 0 1 (Power-up default) Number of Faults 0 1 2 1 0 4 1 1 6 D5–D7: These bits are used for production testing and must be kept zero for normal operation. 1.14 THYST AND TOS REGISTER (Read/Write): D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 MSB Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 LSB X X X X X X X D0–D6: Undefined D7–D15: THYST Or TOS Trip Temperature Data. Power up default is TOS = 80˚C, THYST = 75˚C. 11 www.national.com www.national.com 12 2.0 I2C Timing Diagrams FIGURE 6. Timing Diagram 01265810 LM75 2.0 I2C Timing Diagrams (Continued) FIGURE 7. Timing Diagrams (Continued) 01265811 LM75 13 www.national.com LM75 DIGITAL NOISE ISSUES The LM75B features an integrated low-pass filter on both the SCL and the SDA digital lines to mitigate the effects of bus noise. Although this filtering makes the LM75B communication robust in noisy environments, good layout practices are always recommended. Minimize noise coupling by keeping digital traces away from switching power supplies. Also, ensure that digital lines containing high-speed data communications cross at right angles to the SDA and SCL lines. 3.0 Application Hints To get the expected results when measuring temperature with an integrated circuit temperature sensor like the LM75, it is important to understand that the sensor measures its own die temperature. For the LM75, the best thermal path between the die and the outside world is through the LM75’s pins. In the MSOP-8 package, the GND pin is directly connected to the die, so the GND pin provides the best thermal path. If the other pins are at different temperatures (unlikely, but possible), they will affect the die temperature, but not as strongly as the GND pin. In the SO-8 package, none of the pins is directly connected to the die, so they will all contribute similarly to the die temperature. Because the pins represent a good thermal path to the LM75 die, the LM75 will provide an accurate measurement of the temperature of the printed circuit board on which it is mounted. There is a less efficient thermal path between the plastic package and the LM75 die. If the ambient air temperature is significantly different from the printed circuit board temperature, it will have a small effect on the measured temperature. Excessive noise coupling into the SDA and SCL lines on the LM75C — specifically noise with amplitude greater than 400 mVpp (the LM75’s typical hysteresis), overshoot greater than 300 mV above +Vs, and undershoot more than 300 mV below GND — may prevent successful serial communication with the LM75C. Serial bus no-acknowledge is the most common symptom, causing unnecessary traffic on the bus. The layout procedures mentioned above apply also to the LM75C. Although the serial bus maximum frequency of communication is only 100 kHz, care must be taken to ensure proper termination within a system with long printed circuit board traces or multiple parts on the bus. Resistance can be added in series with the SDA and SCL lines to further help filter noise and ringing. A 5 kΩ resistor should be placed in series with the SCL line, placed as close as possible to the SCL pin on the LM75C. This 5 kΩ resistor, with the 5 pF to 10 pF stray capacitance of the LM75 provides a 6 MHz to 12 MHz low pass filter, which is sufficient filtering in most cases. In probe-type applications, the LM75 can be mounted inside a sealed-end metal tube, and can then be dipped into a bath or screwed into a threaded hole in a tank. As with any IC, the LM75 and accompanying wiring and circuits must be kept insulated and dry, to avoid leakage and corrosion. This is especially true if the circuit may operate at cold temperatures where condensation can occur. Printed-circuit coatings and varnishes such as Humiseal and epoxy paints or dips are often used to insure that moisture cannot corrode the LM75 or its connections. 4.0 Typical Applications 01265812 When using the two-wire interface: program O.S. for active high and connect O.S. directly to Q2’s gate. FIGURE 8. Simple Fan Controller, Interface Optional www.national.com 14 LM75 4.0 Typical Applications (Continued) 01265813 FIGURE 9. Data Acquisition System with Temperature Input via I2C Bus 01265814 FIGURE 10. Simple Thermostat, Interface Optional 15 www.national.com LM75 4.0 Typical Applications (Continued) 01265815 FIGURE 11. Temperature Sensor with Loudmouth Alarm (Barking Watchdog) www.national.com 16 LM75 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 8-Lead (0.150" Wide) Molded Small Outline Package (SOP), JEDEC Order Number LM75CIM-3, LM75CIMX-3, LM75CIM-5, LM75CIMX-5, LM75BIM-3, LM75BIMX-3, LM75BIM-5, or LM75BIMX-5 NS Package Number M08A 17 www.national.com LM75 Digital Temperature Sensor and Thermal Watchdog with Two-Wire Interface Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 8-Lead Molded Mini Small Outline Package (MSOP) (JEDEC REGISTRATION NUMBER M0-187) Order Number LM75CIMM-3, LM75CIMMX-3, LM75CIMM-5, LM75CIMMX-5, LM75BIMM-3, LM75BIMMX-3, LM75BIMM-5, or LM75BIMMX-5 NS Package Number MUA08A LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. BANNED SUBSTANCE COMPLIANCE National Semiconductor certifies that the products and packing materials meet the provisions of the Customer Products Stewardship Specification (CSP-9-111C2) and the Banned Substances and Materials of Interest Specification (CSP-9-111S2) and contain no ‘‘Banned Substances’’ as defined in CSP-9-111S2. National Semiconductor Americas Customer Support Center Email: [email protected] Tel: 1-800-272-9959 www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Customer Support Center Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Support Center Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Customer Support Center Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 Email: [email protected] Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.