LM1203 RGB Video Amplifier System General Description Features The LM1203 is a wideband video amplifier system intended for high resolution RGB color monitor applications. In addition to three matched video amplifiers, the LM1203 contains three gated differential input black level clamp comparators for brightness control and three matched attenuator circuits for contrast control. Each video amplifier contains a gain set or ‘‘Drive’’ node for setting maximum system gain (Av e 4 to 10) as well as providing trim capability. The LM1203 also contains a voltage reference for the video inputs. For high resolution monochrome monitor applications see the LM1201 Video Amplifier System datasheet. Y Y Y Y Y Y Three wideband video amplifiers (70 MHz @ b3dB) Inherently matched ( g 0.1 dB or 1.2%) attenuators for contrast control Three externally gated comparators for brightness control Provisions for independent gain control (Drive) of each video amplifier Video input voltage reference Low impedance output driver Block and Connection Diagram TL/H/9178 – 1 FIGURE 1 Order Number LM1203N See NS Package Number NA28F C1996 National Semiconductor Corporation TL/H/9178 RRD-B30M56/Printed in U. S. A. LM1203 RGB Video Amplifier System January 1996 Absolute Maximum Ratings Storage Temperature Range, TSTG If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/Distributors for availability and specifications. b 65§ C to a 150§ C Lead Temperature, (Soldering, 10 sec.) 265§ C ESD susceptibility 1 kV Human body model: 100 pF discharged through a 1.5 kX resistor Supply Voltage, VCC Pins 1, 13, 23, 28 (Note 1) 13.5V Voltage at Any Input Pin, VIN VCC t VIN t GND Video Output Current, I16, 20 or 25 28 mA 2.5W Power Dissipation, PD (Above 25§ C) Derate Based on iJA and TJ Thermal Resistance, iJA 50§ C/W Junction Temperature, TJ 150§ C Operating Ratings (Note 9) 0§ C to 70§ C 10.8V s VCC s 13.2V Temperature Range Supply Voltage (VCC) Electrical Characteristics See Test Circuit (Figure 2) , TA e 25§ C; VCC1 e VCC2 e 12V DC Static Tests S17, 21, 26 Open; V12 e 6V; V14 e 0V; V15 e 2.0V unless otherwise stated Label Parameter Conditions Is Supply Current VCC 1 only V11 Video Input Reference Voltage Typ Tested Limit (Note 2) 73 90.0 2.4 Design Limit (Note 3) Units (Limits) mA(max) 2.2 V(min) 2.6 V(max) lb Video Input Bias Current Any One Amplifier 5.0 20 mA(max) V14 l Clamp Gate Low Input Voltage Clamp Comparators On 1.2 0.8 V(max) V14 h Clamp Gate High Input Voltage Clamp Comparators Off 1.6 2.0 V(min) I14 l Clamp Gate Low Input Current V14 e 0V b 0.5 b 5.0 mA(max) I14 h Clamp Gate High Input Current V14 e 12V 0.005 1 mA(max) lclamp a Clamp Cap Charge Current V5, 8 or 10 e 0V 850 500 mA(min) lclampb Clamp Cap Discharge Current V5, 8 or 10 e 5V b 850 b 500 mA(min) Vol Video Output Low Voltage V5, 8 or 10 e 0V 0.9 1.25 V(max) Voh Video Output High Voltage V5, 8 or 10 e 5V 8.9 8.2 V(min) DVo(2V) Video Output Offset Voltage Between Any Two Amplifiers V15 e 2V g 0.5 g 50 mV(max) DVo(4V) Video Output Offset Voltage Between Any Two Amplifiers V15 e 4V g 0.5 g 50 mV(max) AC Dynamic Tests S17, 21, 26 Closed; V14 e 0V; V15 e 4V; unless otherwise stated Symbol Parameter Conditions Av max Video Amplifier Gain V12 e 12V, VIN e 560 mVp-p DAv 5V Typ Tested Limit (Note 2) 6.0 4.5 Design Limit (Note 3) Units (Limits) V/V(min) Attenuation @ 5V Ref: Av max, V12 e 5V b 10 DAv 2V Attenuation @ 2V Ref: Av max, V12 e 2V b 40 dB Av match Absolute gain match V12 e 12V (Note 5) g 0.5 dB DAv track1 Gain change between amplifiers V12 e 5V (Notes 5, 8) g 0.1 g 0.5 dB(max) DAv track2 Gain change between amplifiers V12 e 2V (Notes 5, 8) g 0.3 g 0.7 dB(max) THD Video Amplifier Distortion V12 e 3V, VO e 1 Vp-p 0.5 % f (b3 dB) Video Amplifier Bandwidth (Notes 4, 6) V12 e 12V, VO e 100 mVrms 70 MHz tr Output Rise Time (Note 4) VO e 4 Vp-p 5 ns tf Output Fall Time (Note 4) VO e 4 Vp-p 7 ns http://www.national.com @ Av max 2 dB AC Dynamic Tests S17, 21, 26 Closed; V14 e 0V; V15 e 4V; unless otherwise stated (Continued) Symbol Parameter Conditions Vsep 10 kHz Video Amplifier 10 kHz Isolation V12 e 12V (Note 7) Vsep 10 MHz Video Amplifier 10 MHz Isolation V12 e 12V (Notes 4, 7) Typ Tested Limit (Note 2) Design Limit (Note 3) Units b 65 dB b 46 dB Note 1: VCC supply pins 1, 13, 23, 28 must be externally wired together to prevent internal damage during VCC power on/off cycles. Note 2: These parameters are guaranteed and 100% production tested. Note 3: Design limits are guaranteed (but not 100% production tested). These limits are not used to calculate outgoing quality levels. Note 4: When measuring video amplifier bandwidth or pulse rise and fall times, a double sided full ground plane printed circuit board without socket is recommended. Video Amplifier 10 MHz isolation test also requires this printed circuit board. Note 5: Measure gain difference between any two amplifiers. VIN e 1 Vp-p. Note 6: Adjust input frequency from 10 kHz (Avmax ref level) to the b 3 dB corner frequency (f b 3 dB). Note 7: Measure output levels of the other two undriven amplifiers relative to driven amplifier to determine channel separation. Terminate the undriven amplifier inputs to simulate generator loading. Repeat test at fIN e 10 MHz for Vsep e 10 MHz. Note 8: DAv track is a measure of the ability of any two amplifiers to track each other and quantifies the matching of the three attenuators. It is the difference in gain change between any two amplifiers with the Contrast Voltage V12 at either 5V or 2V measured relative to an Av max condition V12 e 12V. For example, at Av max the three amplifiers gains might be 17.4 dB, 16.9 dB, and 16.4 dB and change to 7.3 dB, 6.9 dB, and 6.5 dB respectively for V12 e 5V. This yields the measured typical g 0.1 dB channel tracking. Note 9: Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional. See Electrical Specifications for guaranteed performance limits. *Peaking capacitors. See Frequency Response using various peaking cups graph on next page. TL/H/9178 – 2 FIGURE 2. LM1203 Test Circuit 3 http://www.national.com Typical Performance Characteristics Contrast vs Frequency Crosstalk vs Frequency TL/H/9178–11 TL/H/9178 – 12 Frequency Response Using Various Peaking Caps Attenuation vs Contrast Voltage TL/H/9178 – 14 TL/H/9178–13 Pulse Response Rise & Fall Times Vert. e 1V/Div. Horiz. e 10 ns/Div. – – GND TL/H/9178 – 15 http://www.national.com 4 TL/H/9178 – 3 FIGURE 3. LM1203 Typical Application * 30X resistors are added to the input pins for protection against current surges coming through the 10 mF input capacitors. By increasing these resistors to well over 100X the rise and fall times of the LM1203 can be increased for EMI considerations. 5 http://www.national.com Applications Information Figure 4 shows the block diagram of a typical analog RGB color monitor. The RGB monitor is used with CAD/CAM work stations, PC’s, arcade games and in a wide range of other applications that benefit from the use of color display terminals. The RGB color monitor characteristics may differ in such ways as sweep rates, screen size, CRT color trio spacing (dot pitch), or in video amplifier bandwidths but will still be generally configured as shown in Figure 4 . Separate horizontal and vertical sync signals may be required or they may be contained in the green video input signal. The video input signals are usually supplied by coax cable which is terminated in 75X at the monitor input and internally ac cou- pled to the video amplifiers. These input signals are approximately 1 volt peak to peak in amplitude and at the input of the high voltage video section, approximately 6V peak to peak. At the cathode of the CRT the video signals can be as high as 60V peak to peak. One important requirement of the three video amplifiers is that they match and track each other over the contrast and brightness control range. The Figure 4 block labeled ‘‘VIDEO AMPLIFICATION WITH GAIN AND DC CONTROL’’ describes the function of the LM1203 which contains the three matched video amplifiers, contrast control and brightness control. TL/H/9178 – 4 FIGURE 4. Typical RGB Color Monitor Block Diagram http://www.national.com 6 Circuit Description Figure 5 is a block diagram of one of the video amplifiers along with the contrast and brightness controls. The contrast control is a dc-operated attenuator which varies the ac gain of all three amplifiers simultaneously while not introducing any signal distortions or tracking errors. The brightness control function requires a ‘‘sample and hold’’ circuit (black level clamp) which holds the dc bias of the video amplifiers and CRT cathodes constant during the black level reference portion of the video waveform. The clamp comparator, when gated on during this reference period, will charge or discharge the clamp capacitor until the plus input of the clamp comparator matches that of the minus input voltage which was set by the brightness control. Figure 6 is a simplified schematic of one of the three video amplifiers along with the recommended external components. The IC pin numbers are circled with all external components shown outside of the dashed line. The video input is applied to pin 6 via the 10 mF coupling capacitor. DC bias to the video input is through the 10 kX resistor which is connected to the 2.4V reference at pin 11. The low frequency roll-off of the amplifier is set by these two components. Transistor Q1 buffers the video signal to the base of Q2. The Q2 collector current is then directed to the VCC 1 supply directly or through the 1k load resistor depending upon the differential DC voltage at the bases of Q3 and Q4. The Q3 and Q4 differential base voltage is determined by the contrast control circuit which is described below. RF decoupling capacitors are required at pins 2 and 3 to insure high frequency isolation between the three video amplifiers which share these common connections. The black level dc voltage at the collector of Q4 is maintained by Q5 and Q6 which are part of the black level clamp circuit also described below. The video signal appearing at the collector of Q4 is then buffered by Q7 and level shifted down by Z1 and Q8 to the base of Q9 which will then provide additional system gain. TL/H/9178 – 5 FIGURE 5. Block Diagram of LM1203 Video Amplifier with Contrast and Black Level Control 7 http://www.national.com FIGURE 6. Simplified LM1203 Video Amplifier Section with Recommended External Components http://www.national.com TL/H/9178 – 6 Circuit Description (Continued) 8 Circuit Description (Continued) 10 mA. The system gain will also increase slightly because less signal will be lost across the internal 40X resistor. Precautions must be taken to prevent the video output pin from going below ground because IC substrate currents may cause erratic operation. The collector currents from the video output transistors are returned to the power supply at VCC 2 pin 23. When making power dissipation calculations note that the data sheet specifies only the VCC 1 supply current at 12V. The IC power dissipation contribution of VCC 2 is dependent upon the video output emitter pull down load. In applications that require video amplifier shut down because of fault conditions detected by monitor protection circuits, pin 11 and the wiper arms of the contrast and brightness controls can be grounded without harming the IC. This assumes some series resistance between the top of the control pots and VCC. Figure 7 shows the internal construction of the pin 11 2.4V reference circuit which is used to provide temperature and supply voltage tracking compensation for the video amplifier inputs. The value of the external DC biasing resistors should not be larger than 10 kX because minor differences in input bias currents to the individual video amplifiers may cause offsets in gain. The ‘‘Drive’’ pin will allow the user to trim the Q9 gain of each amplifier to correct for differences in the CRT and high voltage cathode driver gain stages. A small capacitor (33 pF) at this pin will extend the high frequency gain of the video amplifier by compensating for some of the internal high frequency roll off. To use this capacitor and still provide variable gain adjustment, the 51X and series 100X pot should be used with the red and green drive pins. The 91X resistor used with the blue drive pin will set the system gain to approximately 6.2 and allow adjustment of the red and green gains to 6.2 plus or minus 25%. The video signal at the collector of Q9 is buffered and level shifted down by Q10 and Q11 to the base of the output emitter follower Q12. Between the emitter of Q12 and the video output pin is a 40X resistor which was included to prevent spurious oscillations when driving capacitive loads. An external emitter resistor must be added between the video output pin and ground. The value of this resistor should not be less than 390X or package power limitations may be exceeded when worst case (high supply, max supply current, max temp) calculations are made. If negative going pulse slewing is a problem because of high capacitive loads (l10 pF), a more efficient method of emitter pull down would be to connect a suitable resistor to a negative supply voltage. This has the effect of a current source pull down when the minus supply voltage is b12V and the emitter current is approximately TL/H/9178 – 7 FIGURE 7. LM1203 Video Input Voltage Reference and Contrast Control Circuits 9 http://www.national.com Circuit Description (Continued) Figure 7 also shows how the contrast control circuit is configured. Resistors R23, 24, diodes D3, 4 and transistor Q13 are used to establish a low impedance zero TC half supply voltage reference at the base of Q14. The differential amplifier formed by Q15, 16 and feedback transistor Q17 along with resistors R27, 28 establish a diferential base voltage for Q3 and Q4 in Figure 6 . When externally adding or subtracting current from the collector of Q16, a new differential voltage is generated that reflects the change in the ratio of currents in Q15 and Q16. To provide voltage control of the Q16 current, resistor R29 is added between the Q16 collector and pin 12. A capacitor should be added from pin 12 to ground to prevent noise from the contrast control pot from entering the IC. Figure 8 is a simplified schematic of the clamp gate and clamp comparator sections of the LM1203. The clamp gate circuit consists of a PNP input buffer transistor (Q18), a PNP emitter coupled pair referenced on one side to 2.1V (Q19, 20) and an output switch (Q21). When the clamp gate input at pin 14 is high (l1.5V) the Q21 switch is on and shunts the I1 850 mA current to ground. When pin 14 is low ( k1.3V) the Q21 switch is off and the I1 850 mA current source is mirrored or ‘‘turned around’’ by reference diode D5 and Q26 to provide a 850 mA current source for the clamp comparator(s). The inputs to the comparator are similar to the clamp gate input except that an NPN emitter coupled pair is used to control the current which will charge or discharge the clamp capacitors at pins 5, 8, or 10. PNP transistors are used at the inputs because they offer a number of advantages over NPNs. PNPs will operate with base voltages at or near ground and will usually have a greater reverse emitter base breakdown voltage (BVebo). Because the differential input voltage to the clamp comparator during the video scan period could be greater than the BVebo of NPN transistors a resistor (R34) with a value one half that of R33 or R35 is connected between the bases of Q23 and Q27. This resistor will limit the maximum differential input to Q24, 25 to approximately 350 mV. The clamp comparator common mode range is from ground to approximately 9V and the maximum differential input voltage is VCC and ground. TL/H/9178 – 8 FIGURE 8. Simplified Schematic of LM1203 Clamp Gate and Clamp Comparator Circuits http://www.national.com 10 Additional Applications of the LM1203 Figure 9 shows how the LM1203 can be set up as a video buffer which could be used in low cost video switcher applications. Pin 14 is tied high to turn off the clamp comparators. The comparator input pins should be grounded as shown. Sync tip (black level if sync is not included) clamping is provided by diodes at the amplifier inputs. Note that the clamp cap pins are tied to the Pin 11 2.4V reference. This was done, along with the choice of 200X for the drive pin resistor, to establish an optimum DC output voltage. The contrast control (Pin 12) will provide the necessary gain or attenuation required for channel balancing. Changing the contrast control setting will cause minor DC shifts at the amplifier output which will not be objectionable as the output is AC coupled to the load. The dual NPN/PNP emitter follower will provide a low impedance output drive to the AC coupled 75X output impedance setting resistor. The dual 500 mF capacitors will set the low frequency response to approximately 4 Hz. TL/H/9178 – 9 FIGURE 9. RGB Video Buffer with Diode Sync Tip Clamps and 75X Cable Driver 11 http://www.national.com Additional Applications of the LM1203 (Continued) Figure 10 shows the configuration for a three channel high frequency amplifier with non gated DC feedback. Pin 14 is tied low to turn on the clamp comparators (feedback amplifiers). The inverting inputs (Pins 17, 21, 26) are connected to the amplifier outputs from a low pass filter. Additional low frequency filtering is provided by the clamp caps. The drive resistors can be made variable or fixed at values between 0 and 300X. Maximum output swings are achieved when the DC output is set to approximately 4V. The high frequency response will be dependent upon external peaking at the drive pins. When diode D4 at Pin 11 is switched to ground the input video signals will be DC shifted down and clamped at a voltage near ground (approximately 250 mV). This will disable the video amplifiers and force the output DC level low. The DC outputs from other similarly configured LM1203s could overide this lower DC level and provide the output signals to the 75X cable drivers. In this case any additional LM1203s would share the same 390X output resistor. The maximum DC plus peak white output voltage should not be allowed to exceed 7V because the ‘‘off’’ amplifier output stage could suffer internal zener damage. See Figure 3 and text for a description of the internal configuration of the video amplifier. TL/H/9178 – 10 FIGURE 10. Three Channel High Frequency Amplifier with Non-gated DC Feedback (Non-video Applications) http://www.national.com 12 TL/H/9178 – 16 FIGURE 11. LM1203/LM1881 Application Circuit for PC Board 13 http://www.national.com http://www.national.com 14 PC Board with Components TL/H/9178 – 17 15 http://www.national.com LM1203 RGB Video Amplifier System Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Lit. Ý 107315 28-Lead Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N) Order Number LM1203N NS Package Number NA28F LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform, when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation 1111 West Bardin Road Arlington, TX 76017 Tel: 1(800) 272-9959 Fax: 1(800) 737-7018 http://www.national.com 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Europe Fax: a49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: europe.support @ nsc.com Deutsch Tel: a49 (0) 180-530 85 85 English Tel: a49 (0) 180-532 78 32 Fran3ais Tel: a49 (0) 180-532 93 58 Italiano Tel: a49 (0) 180-534 16 80 National Semiconductor Hong Kong Ltd. 13th Floor, Straight Block, Ocean Centre, 5 Canton Rd. Tsimshatsui, Kowloon Hong Kong Tel: (852) 2737-1600 Fax: (852) 2736-9960 National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-043-299-2308 Fax: 81-043-299-2408 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.