LF442 Dual Low Power JFET Input Operational Amplifier General Description Features The LF442 dual low power operational amplifiers provide many of the same AC characteristics as the industry standard LM1458 while greatly improving the DC characteristics of the LM1458. The amplifiers have the same bandwidth, slew rate, and gain (10 kΩ load) as the LM1458 and only draw one tenth the supply current of the LM1458. In addition the well matched high voltage JFET input devices of the LF442 reduce the input bias and offset currents by a factor of 10,000 over the LM1458. A combination of careful layout design and internal trimming guarantees very low input offset voltage and voltage drift. The LF442 also has a very low equivalent input noise voltage for a low power amplifier. The LF442 is pin compatible with the LM1458 allowing an immediate 10 times reduction in power drain in many applications. The LF442 should be used where low power dissipation and good electrical characteristics are the major considerations. n n n n n n n n n n Typical Connection Connection Diagrams 1/10 supply current of a LM1458: 400 µA (max) Low input bias current: 50 pA (max) Low input offset voltage: 1 mV (max) Low input offset voltage drift: 10 µV/˚C (max) High gain bandwidth: 1 MHz High slew rate: 1 V/µs Low noise voltage for low power: Low input noise current: High input impedance: 1012Ω High gain VO = ± 10V, RL = 10k: 50k (min) Metal Can Package DS009155-2 Pin 4 connected to case DS009155-1 Ordering Information LF442XYZ X indicates electrical grade Y indicates temperature range “M” for military Top View Order Number LF442AMH or LF442MH or LF442MH/883 See NS Package Number H08A Dual-In-Line Package “C” for commercial Z indicates package type “H” or “N” DS009155-4 Top View Order Number LF442ACN or LF442CN See NS Package Number N08E BI-FET II™ is a trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation. © 1999 National Semiconductor Corporation DS009155 www.national.com LF442 Dual Low Power JFET Input Operational Amplifier April 1999 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) θJA (Typical) (Note 4) (Note 5) θJC (Typical) Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.) ESD Tolerance If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Supply Voltage Differential Input Voltage Input Voltage Range (Note 2) Output Short Circuit Duration (Note 3) LF442A ± 22V ± 38V ± 19V LF442 ± 18V ± 30V ± 15V Continuous Continuous H Package 150˚C Tj max Parameter ∆VOS/∆T 65˚C/W 165˚C/W 21˚C/W (Note 5) 114˚C/W 152˚C/W (Note 5) −65˚C≤TA≤150˚C −65˚C≤TA≤150˚C 260˚C 260˚C Rating to be determined (Note 7) Conditions LF442A Min VOS N Package N Package 115˚C DC Electrical Characteristics Symbol H Package Input Offset Voltage RS = 10 kΩ, TA = 25˚C Average TC of Input Over Temperature RS = 10 kΩ LF442 Typ Max 0.5 1.0 Min Units Typ Max 1.0 5.0 7.5 7 10 7 25 5 mV mV µV/˚C Offset Voltage IOS Input Offset Current VS = ± 15V Tj = 25˚C Tj = 70˚C Tj = 125˚C Tj = 25˚C (Notes 7, 8) IB Input Bias Current VS = ± 15V Gain Tj = 25˚C VS = ± 15V, VO = ± 10V, RL = 10 kΩ, TA = 25˚C VO Output Voltage Swing Over Temperature VS = ± 15V, RL = 10 kΩ VCM Input Common-Mode CMRR Common-Mode PSRR Supply Voltage Input Resistance AVOL Large Signal Voltage 1.5 50 pA 1.5 nA 10 10 Tj = 70˚C Tj = 125˚C (Notes 7, 8) RIN 5 nA 50 10 3 100 pA 3 nA 20 nA 1012 50 200 25 1012 Ω 200 V/mV V/mV 25 200 15 200 ± 12 ± 16 ± 13 ± 12 ± 11 ± 13 V +14 V Voltage Range +18 −12 V RS ≤ 10 kΩ 80 −17 100 70 95 dB (Note 9) 80 100 70 90 dB Rejection Ratio Rejection Ratio IS Supply Current 300 AC Electrical Characteristics Symbol Parameter Conditions LF442A Amplifier to Amplifier TA = 25˚C, f = 1 Hz-20 kHz Coupling (Input Referred) VS = ± 15V, TA = 25˚C VS = ± 15V, TA = 25˚C SR Slew Rate Gain-Bandwidth Product en Equivalent Input Noise in Voltage TA = 25˚C, RS = 100Ω, f = 1 kHz Equivalent Input Noise TA = 25˚C, f = 1 kHz Current www.national.com 400 500 µA (Note 7) Min GBW 400 2 Typ LF442 Max Min −120 Typ −120 Units Max dB 0.8 1 0.6 1 V/µs 0.8 1 0.6 1 MHz 35 35 0.01 0.01 AC Electrical Characteristics (Note 7) (Continued) Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. Note 2: Unless otherwise specified the absolute maximum negative input voltage is equal to the negative power supply voltage. Note 3: Any of the amplifier outputs can be shorted to ground indefinitely, however, more than one should not be simultaneously shorted as the maximum junction temperature will be exceeded. Note 4: The value given is in 400 linear feet/min air flow. Note 5: The value given is in static air. Note 6: These devices are available in both the commercial temperature range 0˚C ≤ TA ≤ 70˚C and the military temperature range −55˚C ≤ TA ≤ 125˚C. The temperature range is designated by the position just before the package type in the device number. A “C” indicates the commercial temperature range and an “M” indicates the military temperature range. The military temperature range is available in “H” package only. Note 7: Unless otherwise specified, the specifications apply over the full temperature range and for VS = ± 20V for the LF442A and for VS = ± 15V for the LF442. VOS, IB, and IOS are measured at VCM = 0. Note 8: The input bias currents are junction leakage currents which approximately double for every 10˚C increase in the junction temperature, Tj. Due to limited production test time, the input bias currents measured are correlated to junction temperature. In normal operation the junction temperature rises above the ambient temperature as a result of internal power dissipation, PD. Tj = TA + θjAPD where θjA is the thermal resistance from junction to ambient. Use of a heat sink is recommended if input bias current is to be kept to a minimum. Note 9: Supply voltage rejection ratio is measured for both supply magnitudes increasing or decreasing simultaneously in accordance with common practice from ± 15V to ± 5V for the LF442 and ± 20V to ± 5V for the LF442A. Note 10: Refer to RETS442X for LF442MH military specifications. Typical Performance Characteristics Input Bias Current Input Bias Current DS009155-18 DS009155-17 Positive Common-Mode Input Voltage Limit Supply Current Negative Common-Mode Input Voltage Limit DS009155-19 Positive Current Limit DS009155-22 DS009155-20 DS009155-21 3 www.national.com Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Output Voltage Swing Negative Current Limit DS009155-23 Gain Bandwidth Output Voltage Swing Bode Plot Slew Rate DS009155-27 DS009155-26 Distortion vs Frequency DS009155-25 DS009155-24 Undistorted Output Voltage Swing DS009155-28 Open Loop Frequency Response DS009155-29 DS009155-30 www.national.com 4 DS009155-31 Typical Performance Characteristics Common-Mode Rejection Ratio (Continued) Power Supply Rejection Ratio DS009155-32 Open Loop Voltage Gain DS009155-33 Output Impedance DS009155-35 Pulse Response Equivalent Input Noise Voltage DS009155-34 Inverter Settling Time DS009155-36 DS009155-37 RL = 10 kΩ, CL = 10 pF Small Signal Inverting Small Signal Non-Inverting DS009155-7 DS009155-8 5 www.national.com Pulse Response RL = 10 kΩ, CL = 10 pF (Continued) Large Signal Inverting Large Signal Non-Inverting DS009155-9 DS009155-10 Application Hints The amplifiers will drive a 10 kΩ load resistance to ± 10V over the full temperature range. Precautions should be taken to ensure that the power supply for the integrated circuit never becomes reversed in polarity or that the unit is not inadvertently installed backwards in a socket as an unlimited current surge through the resulting forward diode within the IC could cause fusing of the internal conductors and result in a destroyed unit. As with most amplifiers, care should be taken with lead dress, component placement and supply decoupling in order to ensure stability. For example, resistors from the output to an input should be placed with the body close to the input to minimize “pick-up” and maximize the frequency of the feedback pole by minimizing the capacitance from the input to ground. A feedback pole is created when the feedback around any amplifier is resistive. The parallel resistance and capacitance from the input of the device (usually the inverting input) to AC ground set the frequency of the pole. In many instances the frequency of this pole is much greater than the expected 3 dB frequency of the closed loop gain and consequenty there is negligible effect on stability margin. However, if the feedback pole is less than approximately 6 times the expected 3 dB frequency a lead capacitor should be placed from the output to the input of the op amp. The value of the added capacitor should be such that the RC time constant of this capacitor and the resistance it parallels is greater than or equal to the original feedback pole time constant. This device is a dual low power op amp with internally trimmed input offset voltages and JFET input devices (BI-FET II). These JFETs have large reverse breakdown voltages from gate to source and drain eliminating the need for clamps across the inputs. Therefore, large differential input voltages can easily be accommodated without a large increase in input current. The maximum differential input voltage is independent of the supply voltages. However, neither of the input voltages should be allowed to exceed the negative supply as this will cause large currents to flow which can result in a destroyed unit. Exceeding the negative common-mode limit on either input will force the output to a high state, potentially causing a reversal of phase to the output. Exceeding the negative common-mode limit on both inputs will force the amplifier output to a high state. In neither case does a latch occur since raising the input back within the common-mode range again puts the input stage and thus the amplifier in a normal operating mode. Exceeding the positive common-mode limit on a single input will not change the phase of the output; however, if both inputs exceed the limit, the output of the amplifier will be forced to a high state. The amplifiers will operate with a common-mode input voltage equal to the positive supply; however, the gain bandwidth and slew rate may be decreased in this condition. When the negative common-mode voltage swings to within 3V of the negative supply, an increase in input offset voltage may occur. Each amplifier is individually biased to allow normal circuit operation with power supplies of ± 3.0V. Supply voltages less than these may degrade the common-mode rejection and restrict the output voltage swing. www.national.com 6 Typical Applications Battery Powered Strip Chart Preamplifier DS009155-11 Runs from 9v batteries ( ± 9V supplies) Fully settable gain and time constant Battery powered supply allows direct plug-in interface to strip chart recorder without common-mode problems “No FET” Low Power V→F Converter DS009155-12 Trim 1M pot for 1 kHz full-scale output 15 mW power drain No integrator reset FET required Mount D1 and D2 in close proximity 1% linearity to 1 kHz 7 www.national.com Typical Applications (Continued) High Efficiency Crystal Oven Controller DS009155-13 • • • • • Tcontrol = 75˚C A1’s output represents the amplified difference between the LM335 temperature sensor and the crystal oven’s temperature A2, a free running duty cycle modulator, drives the LM395 to complete a servo loop Switched mode operation yields high efficiency 1% metal film resistor Conventional Log Amplifier DS009155-14 RT = Tel Labs type Q81 Trim 5k for 10 µA through the 5k–120k combination *1% film resistor www.national.com 8 Typical Applications (Continued) Unconventional Log Amplifier DS009155-15 Q1, Q2, Q3 are included on LM389 amplifier chip which is temperature-stabilized by the LM389 and Q2-Q3, which act as a heater-sensor pair. Q1, the logging transistor, is thus immune to ambient temperature variation and requires no temperature compensation at all. 9 www.national.com Detailed Schematic 1/2 Dual DS009155-16 Simplified Schematic 1/2 Dual DS009155-3 www.national.com 10 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted TO-5 Metal Can Package (H) Order Number LF442AMH or LF442MH/883 NS Package Number H08A 11 www.national.com LF442 Dual Low Power JFET Input Operational Amplifier Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N) Order Number LF442ACN or LF442CN NS Package Number N08E LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 85 English Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 78 32 Français Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 93 58 Italiano Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-534 16 80 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. 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