LM123/LM323A/LM323 3-Amp, 5-Volt Positive Regulator General Description The LM123 is a three-terminal positive regulator with a preset 5V output and a load driving capability of 3 amps. New circuit design and processing techniques are used to provide the high output current without sacrificing the regulation characteristics of lower current devices. The LM323A offers improved precision over the standard LM323. Parameters with tightened specifications include output voltage tolerance, line regulation, and load regulation. The 3 amp regulator is virtually blowout proof. Current limiting, power limiting, and thermal shutdown provide the same high level of reliability obtained with these techniques in the LM109 1 amp regulator. No external components are required for operation of the LM123. If the device is more than 4 inches from the filter capacitor, however, a 1 µF solid tantalum capacitor should be used on the input. A 0.1 µF or larger capacitor may be used on the output to reduce load transient spikes created by fast switching digital logic, or to swamp out stray load capacitance. An overall worst case specification for the combined effects of input voltage, load currents, ambient temperature, and power dissipation ensure that the LM123 will perform satisfactorily as a system element. For applications requiring other voltages, see LM150 series adjustable regulator data sheet. Operation is guaranteed over the junction temperature range −55˚C to +150˚C for LM123, −40˚C to +125˚C for LM323A, and 0˚C to +125˚C for LM323. A hermetic TO-3 package is used for high reliability and low thermal resistance. Features n n n n n n n Guaranteed 1% initial accuracy (A version) 3 amp output current Internal current and thermal limiting 0.01Ω typical output impedance 7.5V minimum input voltage 30W power dissipation P+ Product Enhancement tested Connection Diagram Metal Can Package DS007771-2 Order Number LM123K STEEL, LM323AK STEEL or LM323K STEEL See NS Package Number K02A Order Number LM123K/883 See NS Package Number K02C Typical Applications Basic 3 Amp Regulator DS007771-3 *Required if LM123 is more than 4" from filter capacitor. †Regulator is stable with no load capacitor into resistive loads. © 1999 National Semiconductor Corporation DS007771 www.national.com LM123/LM323A/LM323 3-Amp, 5-Volt Positive Regulator April 1998 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Operating Junction Temperature Range LM123 LM323A LM323 Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.) ESD Tolerance (Note 5) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. (Note 5) Input Voltage Power Dissipation 20V Internally Limited LM123 Electrical Characteristics Parameter Output Voltage −55˚C −40˚C 0˚C −65˚C to to to to +150˚C +125˚C +125˚C +150˚C 300˚C 2000V (Note 2) Conditions LM123 Units Min Typ Max Tj = 25˚C VIN = 7.5V, IOUT = 0A 4.7 5 5.3 V 7.5V ≤ VIN ≤ 15V 4.6 5.4 V Line Regulation (Note 4) 0A ≤ IOUT ≤ 3A, P ≤ 30W Tj = 25˚C 5 25 mV Load Regulation (Note 4) 7.5V ≤ VIN ≤ 15V Tj = 25˚C, VIN = 7.5V, 25 100 mV 20 mA 0A ≤ IOUT ≤ 3A Quiescent Current 7.5V ≤ VIN ≤ 15V, 12 Output Noise Voltage 0A ≤ IOUT ≤ 3A Tj = 25˚C 40 Short Circuit Current Limit 10 Hz ≤ f ≤ 100 kHz Tj = 25˚C VIN = 15V VIN = 7.5V µVrms 3 4.5 4 5 A 35 mV Long Term Stability Thermal Resistance Junction to Case (Note 3) 2 LM323A/LM323 Electrical Characteristics Parameter Output Voltage A ˚C/W (Note 2) Conditions LM323A LM323 Units Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Tj = 25˚C VIN = 7.5V, IOUT = 0A 4.95 5 5.05 4.8 5 5.2 V 7.5V ≤ VIN ≤ 15V 4.85 5.15 4.75 5.25 V Line Regulation (Note 4) 0A ≤ IOUT ≤ 3A, P ≤ 30W Tj = 25˚C 5 10 5 25 mV Load Regulation (Note 4) 7.5V ≤ VIN ≤ 15V Tj = 25˚C, VIN = 7.5V, 25 50 25 100 mV 20 12 20 mA 0A ≤ IOUT ≤ 3A Quiescent Current 7.5V ≤ VIN ≤ 15V, 12 Output Noise Voltage 0A ≤ IOUT ≤ 3A Tj = 25˚C 40 Short Circuit Current Limit 10 Hz ≤ f ≤ 100 kHz Tj = 25˚C VIN = 15V VIN = 7.5V 4.5 3 4.5 4 6 4 5 A 35 mV 35 Thermal Resistance Junction to Case (Note 3) 2 2 µVrms 3 Long Term Stability www.national.com 40 2 A ˚C/W LM323A/LM323 Electrical Characteristics (Note 2) (Continued) Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. Note 2: Unless otherwise noted, specifications apply for −55˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +150˚C for the LM123, −40˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C for the LM323A, and 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C for the LM323. Although power dissipation is internally limited, specifications apply only for P ≤ 30W. Note 3: Without a heat sink, the thermal resistance of the TO-3 package is about 35˚C/W. With a heat sink, the effective thermal resistance can only approach the specified values of 2˚C/W, depending on the efficiency of the heat sink. Note 4: Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Pulse testing is required with a pulse width ≤ 1 ms and a duty cycle ≤ 5%. Note 5: Refer to RETS123K drawing for LM123K military specifications. Note 6: Human body model, 1.5 kΩ in series with 100 pF. Typical Performance Characteristics Maximum Average Power Dissipation for LM123 Maximum Average Power Dissipation for LM323A, LM323 Output Impedance DS007771-11 DS007771-10 DS007771-9 Peak Available Output Current Short Circuit Current DS007771-13 DS007771-12 Dropout Voltage Ripple Rejection Line Transient Response Output Voltage DS007771-16 DS007771-15 3 DS007771-14 DS007771-17 www.national.com Typical Performance Characteristics Quiescent Current (Continued) Load Transient Response DS007771-18 Output Noise Voltage DS007771-19 DS007771-20 Typical Applications 10 Amp Regulator with Complete Overload Protection DS007771-6 *Select for 20 mA Current from Unregulated Negative Supply www.national.com 4 Typical Applications (Continued) Adjustable Regulator 0V−10V @ 3A DS007771-7 A1 — LM101A C1 — 2 µF Optional — Improves Ripple Rejection, Noise, and Transient Response Trimming Output to 5V DS007771-8 Adjustable Output 5V−10V 0.1% Regulation DS007771-4 *Select to Set Output Voltage **Select to Draw 25 mA from V− 5 www.national.com Schematic Diagram DS007771-1 www.national.com 6 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Metal Can Package (K) Order Number LM123K STEEL, LM323AK STEEL or LM323K STEEL NS Package Number K02A 7 www.national.com LM123/LM323A/LM323 3-Amp, 5-Volt Positive Regulator Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) Metal Can Package (K) Mil-Aero Product Order Number LM123K/883 NS Package Number K02C LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. 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