LM3710/LM3711 Microprocessor Supervisory Circuits with Power Fail Input, Low Line Output, Manual Reset and Watchdog Timer General Description Features The LM3710/LM3711 series of microprocessor supervisory circuits provide the maximum flexibility for monitoring power supplies and battery controlled functions in systems without backup batteries. The LM3710/LM3711 series are available in MSOP-10 and 9-bump micro SMD packages. Built-in features include the following: n Standard Reset Threshold voltage: 3.08V n Custom Reset Threshold voltages: For other voltages between 2.2V and 5.0V in 10mV increments, contact National Semiconductor Corp. n No external components required n Manual-Reset input n RESET (LM3710) or RESET (LM3711) outputs n Precision supply voltage monitor n Factory programmable Reset and Watchdog Timeout Delays n Separate Power Fail comparator n Available in micro SMD package for minimum footprint n ± 0.5% Reset threshold accuracy at room temperature n ± 2% Reset threshold accuracy over temperature extremes n Reset assertion down to 1V VCC (RESET option only) n 28 µA VCC supply current Reset: Reset is asserted during power-up, power-down, and brownout conditions. RESET is guaranteed down to VCC of 1.0V. Manual Reset Input: An input that asserts reset when pulled low. Power-Fail Input: A 1.225V threshold detector for power fail warning, or to monitor a power supply other than VCC. Low Line Output: This early power failure warning indicator goes low when the supply voltage drops to a value which is 2% higher than the reset threshold voltage. Watchdog Timer: The WDI (Watchdog Input) monitors one of the µP’s output lines for activity. If no output transition occurs during the watchdog timeout period, reset is activated. Applications n n n n Embedded Controllers and Processors Intelligent Instruments Automotive Systems Critical µP Power Monitoring Typical Application 20011803 © 2002 National Semiconductor Corporation DS200118 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Microprocessor Supervisory Circuits with Power Fail Input, Low Line Output, Manual Reset and Watchdog Timer June 2002 LM3710/LM3711 Connection Diagram Top View (looking from the coating side) micro SMD 9 Bump Package BPA09 MSOP-10 20011802 20011801 Pin Descriptions Pin No. micro SMD MSOP A1 2 Name Function MR Manual-Reset input. When MR is less than VMRT (Manual Reset Threshold) RESET/RESET is engaged. Power Supply input. B1 1 VCC C1 10 RESET Reset Logic Output. Pulses low for tRP (Reset Timeout Period) when triggered, and stays low whenever VCC is below the reset threshold or when MR is below VMRT. It remains low for tRP after either VCC rises above the reset threshold, or after MR input rises above VMRT (LM3710 only). RESET Reset Logic Output. RESET is the inverse of RESET (LM3711 only). C2 8 PFO Power-Fail Logic Output. When PFI is below VPFT, PFO goes low; otherwise, PFO remains high. C3 7 LLO Low-Line Logic Output. Early Power-Fail warning output. Low when VCC falls below VLLOT (Low-Line Output Threshold). This output can be used to generate an NMI (Non-Maskable Interrupt) to provide an early warning of imminent power-failure. B3 5 GND Ground reference for all signals. A3 4 WDI Watchdog Input Transition Monitor: If no transition activity occurs for a period exceeding tWD (Watchdog Timeout Period), reset is engaged. A2 3 PFI Power-Fail Comparator Input. When PFI is less than VPFT (Power-Fail Reset Threshold), the PFO goes low; otherwise, PFO remains high. B2 6, 9 NC No Connect. Test input used at factory only. Leave floating. www.national.com 2 LM3710/LM3711 Block Diagram 20011805 3 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Ordering Information 20011804 *For other voltages between 2.2V and 5.0V, please contact National Semiconductor sales office. LM3710/LM3711 Package Part Number Output Reset Timeout Period Watchdog Timeout Period LM3710XQBP-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms x %%IA LM3710XQBPX-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms x %%IA LM3710XQMM-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms x LM3710XQMMX-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms x LM3711XQBP-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms LM3711XQBPX-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms LM3711XQMM-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms x R38B LM3711XQMMX-308 totem-pole 200ms 1600ms x R38B MSOP micro SMD Package Marking R37B R37B x %%IB x %%IB %% is the datecode and will vary with time. Table Of Functions Part Number LM3710 LM3711 Active Low Reset Active High Reset x x Output (X = totem-pole) (Y = open-drain) Reset Timeout Period Manual Reset Power Fail Comparator Low Line Output X, Y* Customized Customized x x x X Customized Customized x x x * = available upon request. Contact National www.national.com Watchdog Timeout Period 4 (Note 1) Power Dissipation If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Supply Voltage (VCC) Operating Ratings (Note 1) −0.3V to 6.0V All Other Inputs (Note 3) −40˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 85˚C Temperature Range −0.3V to VCC + 0.3V ESD Ratings (Note 2) Human Body Model Machine Model 1.5kV 150V LM3710/LM3711 Series Electrical Characteristics Limits in the standard typeface are for TJ = 25˚C and limits in boldface type apply over full operating range. Unless otherwise specified: VCC = +2.2V to 5.5V. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units POWER SUPPLY VCC ICC Operating Voltage Range: VCC LM3710 1.0 5.5 LM3711 1.2 5.5 VCC Supply Current All inputs = VCC; all outputs floating V 28 50 µA VRST +0.5 +2 % RESET THRESHOLD VRST Reset Threshold VCC falling −0.5 −2 VCC falling: TA = 0˚C to 70˚C VRSTH tRP tRD −1.5 +1.5 0.0032 • VRST Reset Threshold Hysteresis Reset Timeout Period Reset Reset Reset Reset Timeout Timeout Timeout Timeout Period Period Period Period VCCto Reset Delay VCCfalling at 1mV/µs = = = = E, J, N, S F, K, P, T G, L, Q, U H, M, R, V 1 20 140 1120 1.4 28 200 1600 mV 2 40 280 2240 20 ms µs RESET (LM3711) VOL RESET VCC > 2.25V, ISINK = 900µA VCC VCC VOH RESET VCC VCC VCC VCC VCC ILKG Output Leakage Current > > > > > > > 0.3 2.7V, ISINK = 1.2mA 0.3 4.5V, ISINK = 3.2mA 0.4 1.2V, ISOURCE = 50µA 0.8 VCC 1.8V, ISOURCE = 150µA 0.8 VCC 2.25V, ISOURCE = 300µA 0.8 VCC 2.7V, ISOURCE = 500µA 0.8 VCC 4.5V, ISOURCE = 800µA VCC − 1.5V V V VRESET = 5.5V 1.0 VCC > 1.0V, ISINK = 50µA 0.3 µA RESET (LM3710) VOL RESET VCC VCC VCC VCC VOH RESET VCC VCC VCC > > > > > > > 1.2V, ISINK = 100µA 0.3 2.25V, ISINK = 900µA 0.3 2.7V, ISINK = 1.2mA 0.3 4.5V, ISINK = 3.2mA 0.4 2.25V, ISOURCE = 300µA 0.8 VCC 2.7V, ISOURCE = 500µA 0.8 VCC 4.5V, ISOURCE = 800µA VCC − 1.5V 5 V www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Absolute Maximum Ratings LM3710/LM3711 LM3710/LM3711 Series Electrical Characteristics (Continued) Limits in the standard typeface are for TJ = 25˚C and limits in boldface type apply over full operating range. Unless otherwise specified: VCC = +2.2V to 5.5V. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units +1 µA WDI WDI Watchdog Input Current WDIT Watchdog Input Threshold tWD Watchdog Timeout Period −1 Watchdog Watchdog Watchdog Watchdog Timeout Timeout Timeout Timeout Period Period Period Period = = = = E, F, G, H J, K, L, M N, P, Q, R S, T, U, V 0.2 • VCC 1.225 0.8 • VCC V 4.3 71 1120 17900 6.2 102 1600 25600 9.3 153 2400 38400 ms 1.200 1.225 1.250 V PFI/MR VPFT PFI Input Threshold VMRT MR Input Threshold VPFTH/ VMRTH PFI/MR Threshold Hysteresis MR, Low 0.8 MR, High PFI/MR falling: VCC = VRST 2.0 MAX 0.0032 • VRST to 5.5V IPFI Input Current (PFI only) −75 RMR MR Pull-up Resistance 35 tMD MR to Reset Delay tMR MR Pulse Width 56 V mV 75 nA 75 kΩ 12 µS 25 µS PFO, LLO VOL PFO, LLO Output Voltage VCC > 2.25V, ISINK = 900µA 0.3 VCC > 2.7V, ISINK = 1.2mA 0.3 VCC > 4.5V, ISINK = 3.2mA 0.4 VCC > 2.25V, ISOURCE = 300µA VOH 0.8 VCC VCC > 2.7V, ISOURCE = 500µA 0.8 VCC VCC > 4.5V, ISOURCE = 800µA VCC − 1.5V V LLO OUTPUT VLLOT LLO Output Threshold (VLLO − VRST, VCC falling) VLLOTH Low-Line Comparator Hysteresis tCD www.national.com Low-Line Comparator Delay 1.01 • VRST VCC falling at 1mV/µs 6 1.02 • VRST 1.03 • VRST V 0.0032 • VRST mV 20 µs (Continued) Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is intended to be functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. For guaranteed specifications and test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics. The guaranteed specifications apply only for the test conditions listed. Some performance characteristics may degrade when the device is not operated under the listed conditions. Note 2: The Human Body model is a 100 pF capacitor discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor into each pin. The machine model is a 200pF capacitor discharged directly into each pin. Note 3: The maximum allowable power dissipation is a function of the maximum junction temperature, TJ(MAX), the junction-to-ambient thermal resistance, θJ-A, and the ambient temperature, TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any ambient temperture is calculated using: Where the value of θJ-A for the MSOP-10 package is 195˚C/W in a typical PC board mounting and the micro SMD package is 220˚C/W. 7 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 LM3710/LM3711 Series Electrical Characteristics LM3710/LM3711 Typical Performance Characteristics Supply Current vs Supply Voltage 3.3V Supply Current vs Temperature 20011811 20011815 Normalized Reset Threshold Voltage vs Temperature Reset Timeout Period vs VCC 20011812 20011832 Max. Transient Duration vs Reset Comparator Overdrive (VCC = 3.3V) Reset Timeout Period vs Temperature 20011810 20011816 www.national.com 8 (Continued) Watchdog Timeout Period vs Temperature (tWD programmed as 6.2ms) Low-Line Comparator Propagation Delay vs Temperature 20011814 20011813 Power-Fail Comparator (PFI/PFO) Circuit Information The PFI is compared to a 1.225V internal reference, VPFT. If PFI is less than VPFT, the Power Fail Output PFO drops low. The power-fail comparator signals a falling power supply, and is driven typically by an external voltage divider that senses either the unregulated supply or another system supply voltage. The voltage divider generally is chosen so the voltage at PFI drops below VPFT several milliseconds before the main supply voltage drops below the reset threshold, providing advanced warning of a brownout. The voltage threshold is set by R1 and R2 and is calculated as follows: Reset Output The Reset input of a µP initializes the device into a known state. The LM3710/LM3711 microprocessor supervisory circuits assert a forced reset output to prevent code execution errors during power-up, power-down, and brownout conditions. RESET is guaranteed valid for VCC > 1V. Once VCC exceeds the reset threshold, an internal timer maintains the output for the reset timeout period. After this interval, reset goes high. The LM3710 offers an active-low RESET; The LM3711 offers an active-high RESET. Any time VCC drops below the reset threshold (such as during a brownout), the reset activates. When VCC again rises above the reset threshold, the internal timer starts. Reset holds until VCC exceeds the reset threshold for longer than the reset timeout period. After this time, reset releases. Note this comparator is completely separate from the rest of the circuitry, and may be employed for other functions as needed. The Manual Reset input (MR) will initiate a forced reset also. See the Manual Reset Input section. Low-Line Output (LLO) The low-line output comparator is typically used to provide a non-maskable interrupt to a µP when VCC begins falling. LLO monitors VCC and goes low when VCC falls below VLLOT (typically 1.02 • VRST) with hysteresis of 0.0032 • VRST. Reset Threshold The LM3710/LM3711 family is available with a reset voltage of 3.08V. Other reset thresholds in the 2.20V to 5.0V range, in steps of 10 mV, are available; contact National Semiconductor for details. Watchdog Timer Input (WDI) The watchdog timer input monitors one of the microprocessor’s output lines for activity. Each time a transition occurs on this monitored line, the watchdog counter is reset. However, if no transition occurs and the timeout period is reached, the LM3710/LM3711 assumes that the microprocessor has locked up and the reset output is activated. WDI is a high impedance input. Manual Reset Input (MR) Many µP-based products require a manual reset capability, allowing the operator to initiate a reset. The MR input is fully debounced and provides an internal 56 kΩ pull-up. When the MR input is pulled below VMRT (1.225V) for more than 25 µs, reset is asserted after a typical delay of 12 µs. Reset remains active as long as MR is held low, and releases after the reset timeout period expires after MR rises above VMRT. Use MR with digital logic to assert or to daisy chain supervisory circuits. It may be used as another low-line comparator by adding a buffer. Special Precautions for the micro SMD Package As with most integrated circuits, the LM3710 and LM3711 are sensitive to exposure from visible and infrared (IR) light radiation. Unlike a plastic encapsulated IC, the micro SMD package has very limited shielding from light, and some sensitivity to light reflected from the surface of the PC board or long wavelength IR entering the die from the side may be 9 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Typical Performance Characteristics LM3710/LM3711 Circuit Information Mount Technology (SMT) Assembly Considerations, it should be noted that the pad style which must be used with the 9-pin package is the NSMD (non-solder mask defined) type. (Continued) experienced. This light could have an unpredictable affect on the electrical performance of the IC. Care should be taken to shield the device from direct exposure to bright visible or IR light during operation. For best results during assembly, alignment ordinals on the PC board may be used to facilitate placement of the micro SMD device. Micro SMD Mounting The micro SMD package requires specific mounting techniques which are detailed in National Semiconductor Application Note AN-1112. Referring to the section Surface www.national.com 10 LM3710/LM3711 Timing Diagrams 20011828 FIGURE 1. LM3710/LM3711 Reset Time with MR and WDI 20011829 FIGURE 2. LLO Output 20011830 FIGURE 3. PFI Comparator Timing Diagram 11 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Typical Application Circuits 20011818 FIGURE 4. Monitoring Two Critical Supplies And Dataline 20011819 FIGURE 5. Monitoring Two Supplies plus Manual Reset And Dataline www.national.com 12 LM3710/LM3711 Typical Application Circuits (Continued) 20011820 FIGURE 6. Monitoring Dual Supplies plus External Fault Input And Dataline 20011821 Note: MR input with its 1.225V nominal threshold, may monitor an additional supply voltage. An internal 56 kΩ pull-up resistor is included on this input. FIGURE 7. Microprocessor Supervisor with Early Warning Detector 13 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Typical Application Circuits (Continued) 20011840 FIGURE 8. LM3710 Long Period oscillator www.national.com 14 LM3710/LM3711 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 10 Lead MSOP Package NS Package Number MUB10A 15 www.national.com LM3710/LM3711 Microprocessor Supervisory Circuits with Power Fail Input, Low Line Output, Manual Reset and Watchdog Timer Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED 1. EPOXY COATING 2. 63Sn/37Pb EUTECTIC BUMP 3. RECOMMEND NON-SOLDER MASK DEFINED LANDING PAD. 4. PIN 1 IS ESTABLISHED BY LOWER LEFT CORNER WITH RESPECT TO TEXT ORIENTATION. REMAINING PINS ARE NUMBERED COUNTER CLOCKWISE. 5. XXX IN DRAWING NUMBER REPRESENTS PACKAGE SIZE VARIATION WHERE X1 IS PACKAGE WIDTH, X2 IS PACKAGE LENGTH AND X3 IS PACKAGE HEIGHT. 6.NO JEDEC REGISTRATION AS OF AUG.1999. 9 bump micro SMD Package NS Package Number BPA09FFB The dimensions of X1, X2 and X3 are given below X1 = 1.412mm X2 = 1.412mm X3 = 0.850mm LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 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