ETC 5926-3870501MGA

LP2950/LP2951
Series of Adjustable Micropower Voltage Regulators
General Description
The LP2950 and LP2951 are micropower voltage regulators
with very low quiescent current (75 µA typ.) and very low
dropout voltage (typ. 40 mV at light loads and 380 mV at
100 mA). They are ideally suited for use in battery-powered
systems. Furthermore, the quiescent current of the LP2950/
LP2951 increases only slightly in dropout, prolonging battery
life.
The LP2950-5.0 is available in the surface-mount D-Pak
package, and in the popular 3-pin TO-92 package for
pin-compatibility with older 5V regulators. The 8-lead
LP2951 is available in plastic, ceramic dual-in-line, or metal
can packages and offers additional system functions.
One such feature is an error flag output which warns of a low
output voltage, often due to falling batteries on the input. It
may be used for a power-on reset. A second feature is the
logic-compatible shutdown input which enables the regulator
to be switched on and off. Also, the part may be pin-strapped
for a 5V, 3V, or 3.3V output (depending on the version), or
programmed from 1.24V to 29V with an external pair of resistors.
Careful design of the LP2950/LP2951 has minimized all contributions to the error budget. This includes a tight initial tolerance (.5% typ.), extremely good load and line regulation
(.05% typ.) and a very low output voltage temperature coefficient, making the part useful as a low-power voltage reference.
Features
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
5V, 3V, and 3.3V versions available
High accuracy output voltage
Guaranteed 100 mA output current
Extremely low quiescent current
Low dropout voltage
Extremely tight load and line regulation
Very low temperature coefficient
Use as Regulator or Reference
Needs minimum capacitance for stability
Current and Thermal Limiting
Stable with low-ESR output capacitors
LP2951 versions only
n Error flag warns of output dropout
n Logic-controlled electronic shutdown
n Output programmable from 1.24 to 29V
Block Diagram and Typical Applications
LP2950
LP2951
DS008546-25
DS008546-1
© 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation
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DS008546
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LP2950/LP2951 Series of Adjustable Micropower Voltage Regulators
July 2000
LP2950/LP2951
Connection Diagrams
TO-92 Plastic Package (Z)
Dual-In-Line Packages (N, J)
Surface-Mount Package (M, MM)
DS008546-2
Bottom View
DS008546-26
Top View
Metal Can Package (H)
10-Lead Ceramic Surface-Mount Package (WG)
DS008546-64
Top View
DS008546-19
Top View
TO-252 (D-Pak)
DS008546-70
Front View
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2
LP2950/LP2951
Ordering Information
Package
Output Voltage
3.0V
TO-92 (Z)
3.3V
Temperature
5.0V
LP2950ACZ-3.0
LP2950ACZ-3.3
LP2950ACZ-5.0
(˚C)
−40 < TJ < 125
LP2950CZ-3.0
LP2950CZ-3.3
LP2950CZ-5.0
TO-252 (D-Pak)
LP2950CDT-3.0
LP2950CDT-3.3
LP2950CDT-5.0
−40 < TJ < 125
N (N-08E)
LP2951ACN-3.0
LP2951ACN-3.3
LP2951ACN
−40 < TJ < 125
LP2951CN-3.0
LP2951CN-3.3
LP2951CN
LP2951ACM-3.0
LP2951ACM-3.3
LP2951ACM
LP2951CM-3.0
LP2951CM-3.3
LP2951CM
LP2951ACMM-3.0
LP2951ACMM-3.3
LP2951ACMM
LP2951CMM-3.0
LP2951CMM-3.3
M (M08A)
MM (MUA08A) in
Tape and Reel
J (J08A)
−40 < TJ < 125
−40 < TJ < 125
LP2951CMM
LP2951ACJ
−40 < TJ < 125
LP2951CJ
LP2951J
−55 < TJ < 150
LP2951J/883
5926-3870501MPA
H (H08C)
LP2951H/883
−55 < TJ < 150
5962-3870501MGA
WG (WG10A)
LP2951WG/883
−55 < TJ < 150
5962-3870501MXA
Package Marking for MM Package:
Order Number
Package Marking
LP2951ACMM
L0DA
LP2951CMM
L0DB
LP2951ACMM-3.3
L0CA
LP2951CMM-3.3
L0CB
LP2951ACMM-3.0
L0BA
LP2951CMM-3.0
L0BB
3
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LP2950/LP2951
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1)
Soldering Dwell Time, Temperature
Wave
Infrared
Vapor Phase
ESD
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
Input Supply Voltage
SHUTDOWN Input Voltage,
Error Comparator Output
Voltage, (Note 9)
FEEDBACK Input Voltage
(Note 9) (Note 10)
Power Dissipation
Junction Temperature (TJ)
Ambient Storage Temperature
−0.3 to +30V
4 seconds, 260˚C
10 seconds, 240˚C
75 seconds, 219˚C
TBD
Operating Ratings (Note 1)
Maximum Input Supply Voltage
Junction Temperature Range
(TJ) (Note 8)
LP2951
LP2950AC-XX, LP2950C-XX,
LP2951AC-XX, LP2951C-XX
−1.5 to +30V
Internally Limited
+150˚C
−65˚ to +150˚C
30V
−55˚ to +150˚C
−40˚ to +125˚C
Electrical Characteristics (Note 2)
LP2951
Parameter
Conditions
(Note 2)
Tested
Typ
Limit
Typ
(Notes 3, 16)
LP2950AC-XX
LP2950C-XX
LP2951AC-XX
LP2951C-XX
Tested
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 3)
(Note 4)
Typ
Tested
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 3)
(Note 4)
Units
3V VERSIONS (Note 17)
Output Voltage
TJ = 25˚C
3.0
3.015
3.0
2.985
−25˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 85˚C
3.0
Full Operating
3.0
3.015
3.0
2.985
3.0
3.030
3.030
Temperature Range
Output Voltage
100 µA ≤ IL ≤ 100 mA
3.0
3.036
2.964
3.0
TJ ≤ TJMAX
3.045
3.045
2.955
V min
3.0
3.060
V max
2.940
V min
3.0
3.072
V max
2.928
V min
2.964
3.0
3.042
2.955
V min
3.0
2.970
3.036
V max
2.970
2.958
V max
3.3V VERSIONS (Note 17)
Output Voltage
TJ = 25˚C
3.3
3.317
3.3
3.284
−25˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 85˚C
3.3
Full Operating
3.3
3.317
3.3
3.284
3.3
3.333
3.333
Temperature Range
Output Voltage
100 µA ≤ IL ≤ 100 mA
3.3
3.340
3.260
3.3
TJ ≤ TJMAX
3.350
3.350
3.251
V min
3.3
3.366
V max
3.234
V min
3.3
3.379
V max
3.221
V min
3.260
3.3
3.346
3.251
V min
3.3
3.267
3.340
V max
3.267
3.254
V max
5V VERSIONS (Note 17)
Output Voltage
TJ = 25˚C
5.0
5.025
5.0
4.975
−25˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 85˚C
5.0
Full Operating
5.0
5.06
5.0
5.075
5.025
5.0
4.975
5.05
5.0
5.05
5.0
5.06
5.0
5.075
5.0
Temperature Range
100 µA ≤ IL ≤ 100 mA
4.94
TJ ≤ TJMAX
V max
4.925
V min
5.0
5.1
V max
4.9
V min
5.0
5.12
V max
4.88
V min
150
ppm/˚C
4.94
4.925
V min
5.075
4.95
Output Voltage
V max
4.95
4.925
ALL VOLTAGE OPTIONS
Output Voltage
Temperature Coefficient
(Note 12)
Line Regulation
(Note 14)
(VONOM + 1)V ≤ Vin ≤ 30V
(Note 15)
0.03
Load Regulation
(Note 14)
100 µA ≤ IL ≤ 100 mA
0.04
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20
120
20
0.1
0.03
100
0.1
0.5
50
0.04
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.04
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
4
% max
0.4
% max
0.3
% max
0.2
% max
(Continued)
LP2951
Parameter
Conditions
(Note 2)
Tested
Typ
Limit
Typ
(Notes 3, 16)
LP2950AC-XX
LP2950C-XX
LP2951AC-XX
LP2951C-XX
Tested
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 3)
(Note 4)
Typ
Tested
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 3)
(Note 4)
Units
ALL VOLTAGE OPTIONS
Dropout Voltage
(Note 5)
IL = 100 µA
80
50
IL = 100 mA
IL = 100 µA
75
Current
80
50
450
380
Ground
80
150
150
450
600
380
120
75
8
600
8
120
75
12
8
14
Dropout
Vin = (VONOM − 0.5)V
Ground Current
IL = 100 µA
Current Limit
Vout = 0
110
110
170
110
200
160
160
200
160
220
0.05
140
µA max
14
mA max
200
µA max
220
mA max
12
mA max
170
µA max
200
mA max
220
0.2
mV max
µA max
200
200
600
120
14
170
mV max
mV max
380
140
12
150
450
140
IL = 100 mA
mV max
50
Thermal Regulation
(Note 13)
0.05
Output Noise,
CL = 1 µF (5V Only)
430
430
0.2
0.05
430
0.2
%/W max
µV rms
10 Hz to 100 kHz
CL = 200 µF
160
160
160
µV rms
100
100
100
µV rms
CL = 3.3 µF
(Bypass = 0.01 µF
Pins 7 to 1 (LP2951))
8-PIN VERSIONS ONLY
LP2951
Reference
1.235
Voltage
LP2951AC-XX
1.25
1.235
1.26
(Note 7)
Voltage
Feedback Pin
20
Bias Current
Reference Voltage
1.26
1.22
V max
1.27
V max
1.21
V min
1.2
1.2
1.2
V min
1.27
1.27
1.285
V max
1.19
1.19
1.185
40
20
40
60
(Note 12)
1.235
1.26
1.22
Reference
LP2951C-XX
1.25
20
40
60
V min
nA max
60
nA max
20
20
50
ppm/˚C
0.1
0.1
0.1
nA/˚C
Temperature Coefficient
Feedback Pin Bias
Current Temperature
Coefficient
Error Comparator
Output Leakage
VOH = 30V
0.01
Current
Output Low
Vin = (VONOM − 0.5)V
Voltage
IOL = 400 µA
Upper Threshold
(Note 6)
150
60
1
(Note 6)
75
250
150
1
250
150
40
60
40
60
75
95
75
140
15
15
µA max
400
mV max
25
mV min
140
mV max
mV max
40
25
95
µA max
2
250
400
140
(Note 6)
0.01
2
25
Voltage
Hysteresis
0.01
400
Voltage
Lower Threshold
1
2
mV min
95
mV max
15
mV
Shutdown Input
Input
1.3
1.3
1.3
V
Logic
Low (Regulator ON)
0.6
0.7
0.7
V max
Voltage
High (Regulator OFF)
2.0
2.0
2.0
V min
5
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LP2950/LP2951
Electrical Characteristics (Note 2)
LP2950/LP2951
Electrical Characteristics (Note 2)
(Continued)
LP2951
Parameter
Conditions
(Note 2)
Tested
Typ
Limit
Typ
(Notes 3, 16)
LP2950AC-XX
LP2950C-XX
LP2951AC-XX
LP2951C-XX
Tested
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 3)
(Note 4)
Typ
Tested
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 3)
(Note 4)
Units
Shutdown Input
Shutdown Pin Input
Current
Vshutdown = 2.4V
30
50
30
50
100
Vshutdown = 30V
450
600
450
600
750
Regulator Output
Current in Shutdown
(Note 11)
3
30
50
100
450
10
3
10
3
20
µA max
750
µA max
20
µA max
600
750
20
µA max
100
µA max
10
µA max
Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings are conditions under which operation of the device
is guaranteed. Operating Ratings do not imply guaranteed performance limits. For guaranteed performance limits and associated test conditions, see the Electrical
Characteristics tables.
Note 2: Unless otherwise specified all limits guaranteed for VIN = (VONOM + 1)V, IL = 100 µA and CL = 1 µF for 5V versions and 2.2 µF for 3V and 3.3V versions.
Limits appearing in boldface type apply over the entire junction temperature range for operation. Limits appearing in normal type apply for TA = TJ = 25˚C. Additional
conditions for the 8-pin versions are FEEDBACK tied to VTAP, OUTPUT tied to SENSE, and VSHUTDOWN ≤ 0.8V.
Note 3: Guaranteed and 100% production tested.
Note 4: Guaranteed but not 100% production tested. These limits are not used to calculate outgoing AQL levels.
Note 5: Dropout Voltage is defined as the input to output differential at which the output voltage drops 100 mV below its nominal value measured at 1V differential.
At very low values of programmed output voltage, the minimum input supply voltage of 2V (2.3V over temperature) must be taken into account.
Note 6: Comparator thresholds are expressed in terms of a voltage differential at the Feedback terminal below the nominal reference voltage measured at
Vin = (VONOM + 1)V. To express these thresholds in terms of output voltage change, multiply by the error amplifier gain = Vout/Vref = (R1 + R2)/R2.
For example, at a programmed output voltage of 5V, the Error output is guaranteed to go low when the output drops by 95 mV x 5V/1.235V = 384 mV.
Thresholds remain constant as a percent of Vout as Vout is varied, with the dropout warning occurring at typically 5% below nominal, 7.5% guaranteed.
Note 7: Vref ≤ Vout ≤ (Vin − 1V), 2.3V ≤ Vin ≤ 30V, 100 µA ≤ IL ≤ 100 mA, TJ ≤ TJMAX.
Note 8: The junction-to-ambient thermal resistances are as follows: 180˚C/W and 160˚C/W for the TO-92 package with 0.40 inch and 0.25 inch leads to the printed
circuit board (PCB) respectively, 105˚C/W for the molded plastic DIP (N), 130˚C/W for the ceramic DIP (J), 160˚C/W for the molded plastic SOP (M), 200˚C/W for the
molded plastic MSOP (MM), and 160˚C/W for the metal can package (H). The above thermal resistances for the N, J, M, and MM packages apply when the package
is soldered directly to the PCB. Junction-to-case thermal resistance for the H package is 20˚C/W. Junction-to-case thermal resistance for the TO-252 package is
5.4˚C/W.
Note 9: May exceed input supply voltage.
Note 10: When used in dual-supply systems where the output terminal sees loads returned to a negative supply, the output voltage should be diode-clamped to
ground.
Note 11: Vshutdown ≥ 2V, Vin ≤ 30V, Vout = 0, Feedback pin tied to VTAP.
Note 12: Output or reference voltage temperature coefficient is defined as the worst case voltage change divided by the total temperature range.
Note 13: Thermal regulation is defined as the change in output voltage at a time T after a change in power dissipation is applied, excluding load or line regulation
effects. Specifications are for a 50 mA load pulse at VIN = 30V (1.25W pulse) for T = 10 ms.
Note 14: Regulation is measured at constant junction temperature, using pulse testing with a low duty cycle. Changes in output voltage due to heating effects are
covered under the specification for thermal regulation.
Note 15: Line regulation for the LP2951 is tested at 150˚C for IL = 1 mA. For IL = 100 µA and TJ = 125˚C, line regulation is guaranteed by design to 0.2%. See Typical
Performance Characteristics for line regulation versus temperature and load current.
Note 16: A Military RETS specification is available on request. At time of printing, the LP2951 RETS specification complied with the boldface limits in this column.
The LP2951H, WG, or J may also be procured as Standard Military Drawing Spec #5962-3870501MGA, MXA, or MPA.
Note 17: All LP2950 devices have the nominal output voltage coded as the last two digits of the part number. In the LP2951 products, the 3.0V and 3.3V versions
are designated by the last two digits, but the 5V version is denoted with no code at this location of the part number (refer to ordering information table).
Typical Performance Characteristics
Quiescent Current
Dropout Characteristics
DS008546-28
DS008546-27
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Input Current
6
DS008546-29
Input Current
LP2950/LP2951
Typical Performance Characteristics
(Continued)
Output Voltage vs.
Temperature of 3
Representative Units
Quiescent Current
DS008546-30
DS008546-32
DS008546-31
Quiescent Current
Quiescent Current
DS008546-33
Short Circuit Current
Quiescent Current
Dropout Voltage
Dropout Voltage
DS008546-36
DS008546-37
7
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DS008546-35
DS008546-34
DS008546-38
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LP2950/LP2951
Typical Performance Characteristics
LP2951
Minimum Operating Voltage
(Continued)
LP2951
Feedback Bias Current
DS008546-39
LP2951
Error Comparator Output
LP2951
Feedback Pin Current
DS008546-40
LP2951
Comparator Sink Current
DS008546-41
Line Transient Response
DS008546-44
DS008546-42
Load Transient Response
DS008546-43
Load Transient Response
DS008546-45
LP2951
Enable Transient
DS008546-46
DS008546-47
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8
Output Impedance
(Continued)
Ripple Rejection
Ripple Rejection
DS008546-48
Ripple Rejection
DS008546-49
LP2951 Output Noise
DS008546-51
Shutdown Threshold Voltage
LP2950/LP2951
Typical Performance Characteristics
DS008546-50
LP2951 Divider Resistance
DS008546-52
Line Regulation
DS008546-53
LP2951 Maximum
Rated Output Current
DS008546-54
DS008546-55
DS008546-56
LP2950 Maximum
Rated Output Current
Thermal Response
Output Capacitor ESR Range
DS008546-58
DS008546-57
DS008546-63
9
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LP2950/LP2951
Application Hints
EXTERNAL CAPACITORS
sistor, note that while the output is rated to sink 400 µA, this
sink current adds to battery drain in a low battery condition.
Suggested values range from 100k to 1 MΩ. The resistor is
not required if this output is unused.
A 1.0 µF (or greater) capacitor is required between the output and ground for stability at output voltages of 5V or more.
At lower output voltages, more capacitance is required
(2.2 µF or more is recommended for 3V and 3.3V versions).
Without this capacitor the part will oscillate. Most types of
tantalum or aluminum electrolytics work fine here; even film
types work but are not recommended for reasons of cost.
Many aluminum electrolytics have electrolytes that freeze at
about −30˚C, so solid tantalums are recommended for operation below −25˚C. The important parameters of the capacitor are an ESR of about 5 Ω or less and a resonant frequency above 500 kHz. The value of this capacitor may be
increased without limit.
At lower values of output current, less output capacitance is
required for stability. The capacitor can be reduced to
0.33 µF for currents below 10 mA or 0.1 µF for currents below 1 mA. Using the adjustable versions at voltages below
5V runs the error amplifier at lower gains so that more output
capacitance is needed. For the worst-case situation of a
100 mA load at 1.23V output (Output shorted to Feedback) a
3.3 µF (or greater) capacitor should be used.
Unlike many other regulators, the LP2950 will remain stable
and in regulation with no load in addition to the internal voltage divider. This is especially important in CMOS RAM
keep-alive applications. When setting the output voltage of
the LP2951 versions with external resistors, a minimum load
of 1 µA is recommended.
A 1 µF tantalum or aluminum electrolytic capacitor should be
placed from the LP2950/LP2951 input to ground if there is
more than 10 inches of wire between the input and the AC filter capacitor or if a battery is used as the input.
Stray capacitance to the LP2951 Feedback terminal can
cause instability. This may especially be a problem when using high value external resistors to set the output voltage.
Adding a 100 pF capacitor between Output and Feedback
and increasing the output capacitor to at least 3.3 µF will fix
this problem.
DS008546-20
*When VIN ≤ 1.3V, the error flag pin becomes a high impedance, and the
error flag voltage rises to its pull-up voltage. Using VOUT as the pull-up
voltage (see Figure 2), rather than an external 5V source, will keep the
error flag voltage under 1.2V (typ.) in this condition. The user may wish to
divide down the error flag voltage using equal-value resistors (10 kΩ
suggested), to ensure a low-level logic signal during any fault condition,
while still allowing a valid high logic level during normal operation.
FIGURE 1. ERROR Output Timing
PROGRAMMING THE OUTPUT VOLTAGE (LP2951)
The LP2951 may be pin-strapped for the nominal fixed output voltage using its internal voltage divider by tying the output and sense pins together, and also tying the feedback and
VTAP pins together. Alternatively, it may be programmed for
any output voltage between its 1.235V reference and its 30V
maximum rating. As seen in Figure 2, an external pair of resistors is required.
The complete equation for the output voltage is
where VREF is the nominal 1.235 reference voltage and IFB is
the feedback pin bias current, nominally −20 nA. The minimum recommended load current of 1 µA forces an upper
limit of 1.2 MΩ on the value of R2, if the regulator must work
with no load (a condition often found in CMOS in standby).
IFB will produce a 2% typical error in VOUT which may be
eliminated at room temperature by trimming R1. For better
accuracy, choosing R2 = 100k reduces this error to 0.17%
while increasing the resistor program current to 12 µA. Since
the LP2951 typically draws 60 µA at no load with Pin 2
open-circuited, this is a small price to pay.
ERROR DETECTION COMPARATOR OUTPUT
The comparator produces a logic low output whenever the
LP2951 output falls out of regulation by more than approximately 5%. This figure is the comparator’s built-in offset of
about 60 mV divided by the 1.235 reference voltage. (Refer
to the block diagram in the front of the datasheet.) This trip
level remains “5% below normal” regardless of the programmed output voltage of the 2951. For example, the error
flag trip level is typically 4.75V for a 5V output or 11.4V for a
12V output. The out of regulation condition may be due either to low input voltage, current limiting, or thermal limiting.
Figure 1 below gives a timing diagram depicting the ERROR
signal and the regulated output voltage as the LP2951 input
is ramped up and down. For 5V versions, the ERROR signal
becomes valid (low) at about 1.3V input. It goes high at
about 5V input (the input voltage at which VOUT = 4.75V).
Since the LP2951’s dropout voltage is load-dependent (see
curve in typical performance characteristics), the input voltage trip point (about 5V) will vary with the load current. The
output voltage trip point (approx. 4.75V) does not vary with
load.
The error comparator has an open-collector output which requires an external pullup resistor. This resistor may be returned to the output or some other supply voltage depending
on system requirements. In determining a value for this rewww.national.com
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10
LP2950/LP2951
Application Hints
(Continued)
DS008546-7
*See Application Hints
**Drive with TTL-high to shut down. Ground or leave open if shutdown
feature is not to be used.
Note: Pins 2 and 6 are left open.
FIGURE 2. Adjustable Regulator
REDUCING OUTPUT NOISE
In reference applications it may be advantageous to reduce
the AC noise present at the output. One method is to reduce
the regulator bandwidth by increasing the size of the output
capacitor. This is the only way noise can be reduced on the
3 lead LP2950 but is relatively inefficient, as increasing the
capacitor from 1 µF to 220 µF only decreases the noise from
430 µV to 160 µV rms for a 100 kHz bandwidth at 5V output.
Noise can be reduced fourfold by a bypass capacitor across
R1, since it reduces the high frequency gain from 4 to unity.
Pick
or about 0.01 µF. When doing this, the output capacitor must
be increased to 3.3 µF to maintain stability. These changes
reduce the output noise from 430 µV to 100 µV rms for a
100 kHz bandwidth at 5V output. With the bypass capacitor
added, noise no longer scales with output voltage so that improvements are more dramatic at higher output voltages.
11
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LP2950/LP2951
Typical Applications
1A Regulator with 1.2V Dropout
DS008546-22
300 mA Regulator with 0.75V Dropout
Wide Input Voltage Range Current Limiter
DS008546-9
DS008546-21
*Minimum input-output voltage ranges from 40 mV to 400 mV, depending
on load current. Current limit is typically 160 mA.
Low Drift Current Source
5 Volt Current Limiter
DS008546-10
*Minimum input-output voltage ranges from 40 mV to 400 mV, depending
on load current. Current limit is typically 160 mA.
DS008546-8
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12
LP2950/LP2951
Typical Applications
(Continued)
Regulator with Early Warning and Auxiliary Output
Latch Off When Error Flag Occurs
DS008546-12
DS008546-11
j Early warning flag on low input voltage
j Main output latches off at lower input voltages
j Battery backup on auxiliary output
Operation: Reg. #1’s Vout is programmed one diode drop above 5V. Its
error flag becomes active when Vin ≤ 5.7V. When Vin drops below 5.3V,
the error flag of Reg. #2 becomes active and via Q1 latches the main
output off. When Vin again exceeds 5.7V Reg. #1 is back in regulation and
the early warning signal rises, unlatching Reg. #2 via D3.
13
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LP2950/LP2951
Typical Applications
(Continued)
2 Ampere Low Dropout Regulator
DS008546-13
For 5Vout, use internal resistors. Wire pin 6 to 7, & wire pin 2 to +Vout Bus.
Open Circuit Detector for 4 → 20 mA Current Loop
5V Regulator with 2.5V Sleep Function
DS008546-15
DS008546-14
*High input lowers Vout to 2.5V
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14
LP2950/LP2951
Typical Applications
(Continued)
Regulator with State-of-Charge Indicator
DS008546-16
*Optional Latch off when drop out occurs. Adjust R3 for C2 Switching when Vin is 6.0V.
**Outputs go low when Vin drops below designated thresholds.
Low Battery Disconnect
DS008546-17
For values shown, Regulator shuts down when Vin
*Sets disconnect Voltage
**Sets disconnect Hysteresis
< 5.5V and turns on again at 6.0V. Current drain in disconnected mode is ≈ 150 µA.
15
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LP2950/LP2951
Typical Applications
(Continued)
System Overtemperature Protection Circuit
DS008546-18
LM34 for 125˚F Shutdown
LM35 for 125˚C Shutdown
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16
DS008546-23
17
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LP2950/LP2951
Schematic Diagram
LP2950/LP2951
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted
Order Number LP2951WG/883 or 5962-3870501MXA
NS Package Number WG10A
Metal Can Package (H)
Order Number LP2951H/883 or 5962-3870501MGA
NS Package Number H08C
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18
LP2950/LP2951
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package (J)
Order Number LP2951CJ, LP2951ACJ, LP2951J, LP2951J/883 or 5962-3870501MPA
NS Package Number J08A
Surface Mount Package (M)
Order Number LP2951ACM, LP2951CM, LP2951ACM-3.0,
LP2951CM-3.0, LP2951ACM-3.3 or LP2951CM-3.3
NS Package Number M08A
19
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LP2950/LP2951
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N)
Order Number LP2951ACN, LP2951CN, LP2951ACN-3.0,
LP2951CN-3.0, or LP2951ACN-3.3 or LP2951CN-3.3
NS Package Number N08E
Molded TO-92 Package (Z)
Order Number LP2950ACZ-3.0 or LP2950CZ-3.0, LP2950ACZ-3.3,
LP2950CZ-3.3, LP2950ACZ-5.0 or LP2950CZ-5.0
NS Package Number Z03A
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20
LP2950/LP2951
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Surface Mount Package (MM)
Order Number LP2951ACMM, LP2951CMM, LP2951ACMM-3.0,
LP2951CMM-3.0, LP2951ACMM-3.3 or LP2951CMM-3.3
NS Package Number MUA08A
D-Pak Package
Order Number LP2950CDT-3.0, LP2950CDT-3.3, or LP2950CDT-5.0
NS Package Number TD03B
21
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LP2950/LP2951 Series of Adjustable Micropower Voltage Regulators
Notes
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT
DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL
COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or
systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant
into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and
whose failure to perform when properly used in
accordance with instructions for use provided in the
labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a
significant injury to the user.
National Semiconductor
Corporation
Americas
Tel: 1-800-272-9959
Fax: 1-800-737-7018
Email: support@nsc.com
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Europe
Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86
Email: europe.support@nsc.com
Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208
English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171
Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790
2. A critical component is any component of a life
support device or system whose failure to perform
can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of
the life support device or system, or to affect its
safety or effectiveness.
National Semiconductor
Asia Pacific Customer
Response Group
Tel: 65-2544466
Fax: 65-2504466
Email: ap.support@nsc.com
National Semiconductor
Japan Ltd.
Tel: 81-3-5639-7560
Fax: 81-3-5639-7507
National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.
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