CLC405 Low Cost, Low Power, 110MHz Op Amp with Disable General Description The CLC405 is a low cost, wideband (110MHz) op amp featuring a TTL-compatible disable which quickly switches off in 18ns and back on in 40ns. While disabled, the CLC405 has a very high input/output impedance and its total power consumption drops to a mere 8mW. When enabled, the CLC405 consumes only 35mW and can source or sink an output current of 60mA. These features make the CLC405 a versatile, high speed solution for demanding applications that are sensitive to both power and cost. Utilizing National’s proven architectures, this current feedback amplifier surpasses the performance of alternative solutions and sets new standards for low power at a low price. This power conserving op amp achieves low distortion with −72dBc and −70dBc for second and third harmonics respectively. Many high source impedance applications will benefit from the CLC405’s 6MΩ input impedance And finally, designers will have a bipolar part with an exceptionally low 100nA non-inverting bias current. With 0.1dB flatness to 50MHz and low differential gain and phase errors, the CLC405 is an ideal part for professional video processing and distribution. However, the 110MHz −3dB bandwidth (AV = +2) coupled with a 350V/µs slew rate also make the CLC405 a perfect choice in cost sensitive applications such as video monitors, fax machines, copiers, and CATV systems. n Ultra fast enable/disable times n High output current: 60mA Applications n n n n n n n n n Desktop video systems Multiplexers Video distribution Flash A/D driver High speed switch/driver High source impedance applications Peak detector circuits Professional video processing High resolution monitors Frequency Response (AV = +2V/V) Features n n n n n Low cost Very low input bias current:100nA High input impedance: 6MΩ 110MHz −3dB bandwidth (Av =+2) Low power: Icc =3.5mA DS012703-1 Connection Diagram DS012703-33 Pinout DIP & SOIC © 2001 National Semiconductor Corporation DS012703 www.national.com CLC405 Low Cost, Low Power, 110MHz Op Amp with Disable February 2001 CLC405 Typical Application DS012703-3 Wideband Digitally Controlled Programmable Gain Amplifier DS012703-2 Channel Switching Ordering Information Package Temperature Range Industrial Part Number Package Marking 8-pin plastic DIP −40˚C to +85˚C CLC405AJP CLC405AJP N08E 8-pin plastic SOIC −40˚C to +85˚C CLC405AJE CLC405AJE M08A www.national.com 2 NSC Drawing Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature (soldering 10 sec) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/Distributors for availability and specifications. Operating Ratings ± 7V Supply Voltage (VCC) IOUT is short circuit protected to ground Common Mode Input Voltage Junction Temperature −65˚C to +150˚C +300˚C Thermal Resistance Package MDIP SOIC ± VCC +150˚C (θJC) 75˚C/W 130˚C/W (θJA) 130˚C/W 150˚C/W Electrical Characteristics AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω unless specified Notes Parameter Conditions Ambient Temperature CLC405AJ Typ Min/Max (Note 2) Units +25˚C +25˚C 0 to 70˚C −40 to 85˚C 110 75 50 45 Frequency Domain Response −3dB Bandwidth VOUT < 1.0VPP VOUT < 5.0VPP 42 31 27 26 MHz −3dB Bandwidth AV = +1 VOUT < 0.5VPP (Rf = 2K) 135 – – – MHz ± 0.1dB Bandwidth VOUT < 1.0VPP 50 15 – – MHz Gain Flatness VOUT < 1.0VPP dB (Note 3) MHz Peaking DC to 200MHz 0 0.6 0.8 1.0 Rolloff < 30MHz < 20MHz 0.05 0.3 0.4 .5 dB 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.7 deg 0.03 0.04 0.05 % 0.4 0.5 0.55 deg Linear Phase Deviation Differential Gain (Note 4) Differential Phase (Note 4) NTSC, RL = 150Ω 0.01 NTSC, RL = 150Ω 0.01 NTSC, RL =150Ω 0.25 NTSC, RL = 150Ω 0.08 % deg Time Domain Response Rise and Fall Time 2V Step 5 7.5 8.2 8.4 ns Settling Time to 0.05% 2V Step 18 27 36 39 ns Overshoot Slew Rate 2V Step 3 12 12 12 % AV = +2 2V Step 350 260 225 215 V/µs AV = −1 1V Step 650 – – – V/µs Distortion And Noise Response (Note 5) 2nd Harmonic Distortion 2VPP, 1MHz/10MHz −72/−52 −46 −45 −44 dBc (Note 5) 3rd Harmonic Distortion 2VPP, 1MHz/10MHz −70/−57 −50 −47 −46 dBc Equivalent Input Noise Non-Inverting Voltage > 1MHz 5 6.3 6.6 6.7 nV/ Inverting Current > 1MHz 12 15 16 17 pA/ Non-Inverting Current > 1MHz 3 3.8 4 4.2 pA/ 7 Static DC Performance (Note 6) Input Offset Voltage Average Drift (Note 6) Input Bias Current Non-Inverting Average Drift (Note 6) Input Bias Current 1 5 30 50 100 900 3 Inverting 1 Average Drift 17 3 5 8 mV 50 µV/˚C 1600 2800 nA 8 11 nA/˚C 7 10 µA 40 45 nA/˚C www.national.com CLC405 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) CLC405 Electrical Characteristics (Continued) AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω unless specified Notes Parameter Conditions Typ Min/Max (Note 2) Units Static DC Performance (Note 6) Power Supply Rejection Ratio DC 52 47 46 45 Common Mode Rejection Ratio DC 50 45 44 43 dB Supply Current RL = ∞ 3.5 4.0 4.1 4.4 mA RL = ∞ 0.8 0.9 0.95 1 mA 40 55 58 58 ns Turn Off Time to > 50dB attn. @ 10MHz 18 26 30 32 ns Off Isolation 10MHz 59 55 55 55 dB High Input Voltage VIH 2 2 2 V Low Input Voltage VIL 0.8 0.8 0.8 V 3 2.4 1 MΩ 1 2 2 2 pF ± 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.5 V (Note 6) Disabled dB Switching DC Performance Turn On Time Miscellaneous Performance Input Resistance Non- Inverting Input Resistance Inverting Input Capacitance Non- Inverting Common Mode Input Range Output Voltage Range Output Voltage Range 6 Ω 182 RL = 100Ω RL = ∞ +3.5,−2.8 +3.1,−2.7 +2.9,−2.6 +2.4,−1.6 +4.0,−3.3 +3.9,−3.2 +3.8,−3.1 +3.7,−2.8 Output Current Output Resistance, Closed Loop V V 40 40 38 20 mA 0.06 0.2 0.25 0.4 Ω Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” are those values beyond which the safety of the device cannot be guaranteed. They are not meant to imply that the devices should be operated at these limits. The table of “Electrical Characteristics” specifies conditions of device operation. Note 2: Max/min ratings are based on product characterization and simulation. Individual parameters are tested as noted. Outgoing quality levels are determined from tested parameters. Note 3: At temps < 0˚C, spec is guaranteed for RL 500Ω. Note 4: An 825Ω=pull-down resistor is connected between VO and − VCC Note 5: Guaranteed at 10MHz Note 6: AJ-level: spec. is 100% tested at +25˚C. Typical Performance Characteristics (AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω Unless Specified). Non-Inverting Frequency Response Inverting Frequency Response DS012703-4 www.national.com DS012703-5 4 (AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω Unless Specified). (Continued) Frequency Response for Various RLS Frequency Response vs. VOUT DS012703-6 Frequency Response vs. Capacitive Load DS012703-7 Gain Flatness & Linear Phase Deviation DS012703-23 DS012703-8 Maximum Output Voltage vs. RL Open Loop Transimpedance Gain, Z(s) DS012703-9 DS012703-24 5 www.national.com CLC405 Typical Performance Characteristics CLC405 Typical Performance Characteristics (AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω Unless Specified). (Continued) Equivalent Input Noise 2nd & 3rd Harmonic Distortion DS012703-10 2nd Harmonic Distortion vs. POUT DS012703-11 3rd Harmonic Distortion vs. POUT DS012703-12 Output Resistance vs. Frequency DS012703-13 Forward and Reverse Gain During Disable DS012703-14 www.national.com DS012703-15 6 (AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω Unless Specified). (Continued) Differential Gain and Phase Small Signal Pulse Response DS012703-31 DS012703-16 Large Signal Pulse Response Settling Time vs. Capacitive Load DS012703-32 DS012703-25 Short Term Settling Time PSRR and CMRR DS012703-26 DS012703-19 7 www.national.com CLC405 Typical Performance Characteristics CLC405 Typical Performance Characteristics (AV = +2, Rf = 348Ω: VCC = ± 5V, RL = 100Ω Unless Specified). (Continued) IBI, IBN, VIO vs. Temperature DS012703-27 Application Division Feedback Resistor The feedback resistor, Rf, determines the loop gain and frequency response for a current feedback amplifier. Unless otherwise stated, the performance plots and data sheet specify CLC405 operation with Rf of 348Ω at a gain of +2V/V. Optimize frequency response for different gains by changing Rf. Decrease to peak frequency response and extend bandwidth. Increase Rf to roll off the frequency response and decrease bandwidth. Use a 2kΩ Rf for unity gain, voltage follower circuits. Use application note OA-13 to optimize your Rf selection. The equations in this note are a good starting point for selecting Rf. The value for the inverting input impedance for OA-13 is approximately 182Ω. Enable/Disable Operation Using ± 5V Supplies DS012703-20 FIGURE 1. Enable/Disable Operation for Single or Unbalanced Supply Operation The CLC405 has a TTL & CMOS logic compatible disable function. Apply a logic low (i.e. < 0.8V) to pin 8, and the CLC405 is guaranteed disabled across its temperature range. Apply a logic high to pin 8, (i.e. > 2.0V) and the CLC405 is guaranteed enabled. Voltage, not current, at pin 8 determines the enable/disable state of the CLC405. Disable the CLC405 and its inputs and output become high impedances. While, disabled, the CLC405’s quiescent power drops to 8mW. Use the CLC405’s disable to create analog switches or multiplexers. Implement a single analog switch with one CLC405 positioned between an input and output. Create an analog multiplexer with several CLC405s. Tie the outputs together and put a different signal on each CLC405 input. Operate the CLC405 without connecting pin 8. An internal 20kΩ pull-up resistor guarantees the CLC405 is enabled when pin 8 is floating. www.national.com Figure 1 illustrates the internal enable/disable operation of the CLC405. When pin 8 is left floating or is tied to +VCC, Q1 is on and pulls tail current through the CLC405 bias circuitry. When pin 8 is less than 0.8V above the supply midpoint, Q1 stops tail current from flowing in the CLC405 circuitry. The CLC405 is now disabled. Disable Limitations The feedback resistor, Rf, limits off isolation in inverting gain configurations. Do not apply voltages greater than +VCC or less than -VEE to pin 8 or any other pin. 8 Video Performance vs. IEX Improve the video performance of the CLC405 by drawing extra current from the amplifier output stage. Using a single external resistor as shown in Figure 3, you can adjust the differential phase. Video performance vs. IEX is illustrated below in Graph 1. This graph represents positive video performance with negative synchronization pulses. (Continued) Input - Bias Current, Impedance, Termination Considerations and Source The CLC405 has: • a 6MΩ non-inverting input impedance. • a 100nA non-inverting input bias current. If a large source impedance application is considered, remove all parasitic capacitance around the non-inverting input source traces. Parasitic capacitances near the input and source act as a low-pass filter and reduce bandwidth Current feedback op amps have uncorrelated input bias currents. These uncorrelated bias currents prevent source impedance matching on each input from canceling offsets. Refer to application note OA-07 of the data book to find specific circuits to correct DC offsets. Layout Considerations Whenever questions about layout arise, USE THE EVALUATION BOARD AS A TEMPLATE. Use the CLC730013 and CLC730027 evaluation boards for the DIP and SOIC respectively. These board layouts were optimized to produce the typical performance of the CLC405 shown in the data sheet. To reduce parasitic capacitances, the ground plane was removed near pins 2,3, and 6. To reduce series inductance, trace lengths of components and nodes were minimized. Parasitics on traces degrade performance. Minimize coupling from traces to both power and ground planes. Use low inductive resistors for leaded components. Do not use dip sockets for the CLC405 DIP amplifiers. These sockets can peak the frequency domain response or create overshoot in the time domain response. Use flush-mount socket pins when socketing is necessary. The 730013 circuit board device holes are sized for Cambion P/N 450-2598 socket pins or their functional equivalent. Insert the back matching resistor (ROUT) shown in Figure 2 when driving coaxial cable or a capacitive load. Use the plot in the typical performance section labeled “Settling Time vs. Capacitive Load” to determine the optimum resistor value for ROUT for different capacitive loads. This optimal resistance improves settling time for pulse-type applications and increases stability. DS012703-28 Graph 1. Differential Gain & Phase vs. IEX DS012703-29 FIGURE 3. The value for Rpd in Figure 3 is determined by: at ± 5V supplies. at ± 5V supplies. Wideband Digital PGA As shown on the front page, the CLC405 is easily configured as a digitally controlled programmable gain amplifier. Make a PGA by configuring several amplifiers at required gains. Keep Rf near 348Ω and change Rg for each different gain. Use a TTL decoder that has enough outputs to control the selection of different gains and the buffer stage. Connect the buffer stage like the buffer on the front page. The buffer isolates each gain stage from the load and can produce a gain of zero for a gain selection of zero. Use of an inverter (7404) on the buffer disable pin to keep the buffer operational at all gains except zero. Or float the buffer disable pin for a continuous enable state. DS012703-18 FIGURE 2. Use power-supply bypassing capacitors when operating this amplifier. Choose quality 0.1µF ceramics for C1 and C2. Choose quality 6.8µF tantalum capacitors for C3 and C4. Place 0.1µF capacitors within 0.1 inches from the power pins. Place the 6.8µF capacitors within 3/4 inches from the power pins. 9 www.national.com CLC405 Application Division CLC405 Application Division (Continued) Amplitude Equalization Sending signals over coaxial cable greater than 50 meters in length will attenuate high frequency signal components. Equalizers restore the attenuated components of this signal. The circuit in Figure 3, is an op amp equalizer. The RC networks peak the response of the CLC405 at higher frequencies. This peaking restores cable-attenuated frequencies. Graph 2 shows how the equalizer actually restores a digital word through 150 meters of coaxial cable. DS012703-30 Graph 2. Digital Word Amplitude Equalization The values used to produce Graph 2 are: Rg = 348Ω R1 = 450Ω C1 = 470pF R2 = 90Ω C2 = 70pF Amplitude Equalizer Place the first zero (fz1) at some low frequency (540 khz for Graph 2). R1 & C1 produce a pole (fp1 @ 750khz) that cancels fz1. Place a second zero at a higher frequency (fz2 @ 12Mhz). R2 & C2 provide a canceling pole (of fp2 = 25Mhz). Graph 3 shows the closed loop response of the op amp equalizer with equations for the poles, zeros, and gains. DS012703-21 FIGURE 4. DS012703-22 Graph 3. Closed Loop Equalizer Frequency Response Note: For very high frequency equalization, us a higher bandwidth part (i.e., CLC44X). www.national.com 10 CLC405 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted NS Product Number M08A NS Product Number N08E 11 www.national.com CLC405 Low Cost, Low Power, 110MHz Op Amp with Disable Notes LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.