September 1999 COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family 8-Bit CMOS OTP Microcontrollers with 4k or 32k Memory and Comparator General Description The COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family OTP (One Time Programmable) microcontrollers are integrated COP8™ Base core devices with 4k or 32k memory, and an Analog comparator (no brownout). These multi-chip CMOS devices are suited for lower-functionality applications, and as pre-production devices for a ROM design. Low cost, pin and software compatible (plus Brownout) 1k or 2k ROM versions are available (COP820CJ/840CJ Family). Versions are available for use with a range of COP8 software and hardware development tools. Family features include an 8-bit memory mapped architecture, 10 MHz CKI with 1µs instruction cycle, three clock op- tions (-1 = crystal; -2 = external; -3 = internal RC), one multifunction 16-bit timer/counter, MICROWIRE/PLUS™ serial I/O, one analog comparator, power saving HALT mode with multi-sourced wakeup/interrupt capability, on-chip R/C oscillator capacitor, high current outputs, software selectable I/O options, WATCHDOG™ timer, modulator/timer, Power on Reset, program code security, 2.7V to 5.5V operation and 20/28 pin packages. In this datasheet, the term COP87L20CJ refers to the COP87L20CJ, and COP87L22CJ. COP840CJ refers to the COP87L40CJ, COP87L42CJ, COP87L40RJ, and COP87L42RJ. Devices included in this datasheet are: Device Memory (bytes) RAM (bytes) I/O Pins Packages Temperature COP87L20CJ 4k OTP EPROM 64 COP87L22CJ 4k OTP EPROM 64 24 28 DIP/SOIC -40 to +85˚C 16 20 DIP/SOIC COP87L40CJ 4k OTP EPROM -40 to +85˚C 128 24 28 DIP/SOIC COP87L42CJ -40 to +85˚C 4k OTP EPROM 128 16 20 DIP/SOIC -40 to +85˚C COP87L40RJ 32k OTP EPROM 128 24 28 DIP/SOIC -40 to +85˚C COP87L42RJ 32k OTP EPROM 128 16 20 DIP/SOIC -40 to +85˚C Key Features CPU/Instruction Set Features n Multi-Input Wakeup (on the 8-bit Port L) n Analog comparator n Modulator/Timer (high speed PWM timer for IR transmission) n 16-bit multi-function timer supporting — PWM mode — External event counter mode — Input capture mode n Integrated capacitor for the R/C oscillator n 4 or 32 kbyte on-board OTP EPROM with security feature n 64 or 128 bytes on-chip RAM n 1 µs instruction cycle time n Three multi-source interrupts servicing — External interrupt with selectable edge — Timer interrupt — Software interrupt n Versatile and easy to use instruction set n 8-bit stack pointer (SP) — stack in RAM n Two 8-bit Register Indirect Data Memory Pointers (B and X) I/O Features n Software selectable I/O options (TRI-STATE ® , Push-Pull, Weak Pull-Up Input, High Impedance Input) n High current outputs (8 pins) n Schmitt trigger inputs on Port G n MICROWIRE/PLUS serial I/O n Packages: — 20 DIP/SO with 16 I/O pins — 28 DIP/SO with 24 I/O pins Fully Static CMOS n Low current drain (typically < 1 µA) n Single supply operation: 2.7V to 5.5V n Temperature range: −40˚C to +85˚C Development Support n Emulation device for the COP820CJ/COP840CJ n Real time emulation and full program debug offered by MetaLink Development Systems TRI-STATE ® is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation. COP8™, MICROWIRE™, MICROWIRE/PLUS™ and WATCHDOG™ are trademarks of National Semiconductor Corporation. iceMASTER ® is a registered trademark of MetaLink Corporation. © 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation DS012529 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family, 8-Bit CMOS OTP Microcontrollers with 4k or 32k Memory and Comparator PRELIMINARY COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Block Diagram DS012529-1 FIGURE 1. Block Diagram Connection Diagrams DS012529-3 Top View Order Number COP87L22CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L22CJM(-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L42CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L42CJM (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L42RJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L42RJM (-1N, -2N, -3N) See NS Package Number N20A or M20B DS012529-2 Top View Order Number COP87L20CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L20CJM(-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L40CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L40CJM (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L40RJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or COP87L40RJM (-1N, -2N, -3N) See NS Package Number N28B or M28B FIGURE 2. Connection Diagrams Note: -1 Crystal Oscillator N - Brown out disabled -2 External Oscillator -3 R/C Oscillator www.national.com 2 Port Pin Typ ALT 20 28 Funct. Pin Pin L0 I/O MIWU/CMPOUT 7 11 L1 I/O MIWU/CMPIN− 8 12 L2 I/O MIWU/CMPIN+ 9 13 L3 I/O MIWU 10 14 L4 I/O MIWU 11 15 L5 I/O MIWU 12 16 L6 I/O MIWU 13 17 L7 I/O MIWU/MODOUT 14 18 G0 I/O INTR 17 25 G1 I/O 18 26 G2 I/O 19 27 G3 I/O TIO 20 28 G4 I/O SO 1 1 G5 I/O SK 2 2 G6 I SI 3 3 G7 I CKO 4 I0 I 7 I1 I 8 I2 I 9 I3 I 10 D0 O 19 D1 O 20 D2 O 21 D3 O 4 22 VCC 6 6 GND 15 23 CKI 5 5 RESET 16 24 3 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Pin Assignment COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Total Current into VCC pin (Source) Total Current out of GND pin (sink) Storage Temperature Range If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Supply Voltage (VCC) Voltage at any Pin 80 mA 80 mA −65˚C to +150˚C Note 1: Absolute maximum ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. DC and AC electrical specifications are not ensured when operating the device at absolute maximum ratings. 7.0V −0.3V to VCC + 0.3V DC Electrical Characteristics −40˚C ≤ TA ≤ +85˚C unless otherwise specified Parameter Conditions Operating Voltage Power Supply Ripple 1 (Note 2) Min 2.7 Peak to Peak Typ Max Units 5.5 V 0.1 VCC V Supply Current (Note 3) CKI = 10 MHz VCC = 5.5V, tc = 1 µs 12 mA CKI = 4 MHz VCC = 4.5V, tc = 2.5 µs 6.5 mA CKI = 4 MHz (COP87L20CJ) VCC = 4.0V, tc = 2.5 µs 10 mA HALT Current (Note 4) VCC = 5.5V, CKI = 0 MHz 12 µA INPUT LEVELS (VIH, VIL) Reset, CKI: Logic High 0.8 VCC Logic Low V 0.2 VCC V All Other Inputs Logic High 0.7 VCC Logic Low V 0.2 VCC V Hi-Z Input Leakage VCC = 5.5V −2 +2 µA Input Pullup Current VCC = 5.5V −40 −250 µA 0.35 VCC V L- and G-Port Hysteresis (Note 7) Output Current Levels D Outputs: Source VCC = 4.5V, VOH = 3.8V −0.4 mA Sink (Note 5) VCC = 4.5V, VOL = 1.0V 10 mA L4–L7 Output Sink VCC = 4.5V, VOL = 2.5V 15 mA All Others Source (Weak Pull-up Mode) VCC = 4.5V, VOH = 3.2V −10 Source (Push-pull Mode) VCC = 4.5V, VOH = 3.8V −0.4 mA VCC = 4.5V, VOL = 0.4V 1.6 mA Sink (Push-pull Mode) (COP887L20CJ) −110 µA VCC = 5.5V, VOL = 0.4V TRI-STATE Leakage −2.0 +2.0 µA D Outputs 15 mA L4–L7 (Sink) 20 mA All Others 3 mA ± 100 mA Allowable Sink/Source Current Per Pin Maximum Input Current Room Temperature without Latchup (Note 6) RAM Retention Voltage, Vr 500 ns Rise and 2.0 V Fall Time (Min) Input Capacitance Load Capacitance on D2 7 pF 1000 pF Note 2: Rate of voltage change must be less than 10 V/mS. Note 3: Supply current is measured after running 2000 cycles with a square wave CKI input, CKO open, inputs at rails and outputs open. www.national.com 4 (Continued) Note 4: The HALT mode will stop CKI from oscillating in the RC and crystal configurations by bringing CKI high. HALT test conditions: L, and G0..G5 ports configured as outputs and set high. The D port set to zero. All inputs tied to VCC. The comparator is disabled. Note 5: The user must guarantee that D2 pin does not source more than 10 mA during RESET. If D2 sources more than 10 mA during reset, the device will go into programming mode. Note 6: Pins G6 and RESET are designed with a high voltage input network. These pins allow input voltages greater than VCC and the pins will have sink current to VCC when biased at voltages greater than VCC (the pins do not have source current when biased at a voltage below VCC). The effective resistance to VCC is 750Ω (typical). These two pins will not latch up. The voltage at the pins must be limited to less than 14V. AC Electrical Characteristics −40˚C ≤ TA ≤ +85˚C unless otherwise specified Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units Instruction Cycle Time (tc) Crystal/Resonator 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V 1 DC µs R/C Oscillator 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V 2 DC µs CKI Clock Duty Cycle (Note 7) fr = Max 40 60 % Rise Time (Note 7) fr = 10 MHz ext. Clock 12 ns Fall Time (Note 7) fr = 10 MHz ext. Clock 8 ns Inputs tSetup 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V 200 ns tHold 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V 60 ns Output Propagation Delay RL = 2.2k, CL = 100 pF tPD1, tPD0 SO, SK 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V 0.7 µs All Others 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V 1 µs Input Pulse Width Interrupt Input High Time 1 tc Interrupt Input Low Time 1 tc Timer Input High Time 1 tc Timer Input Low Time 1 tc MICROWIRE™ Setup Time (tµWS) 20 ns MICROWIRE Hold Time (tµWH) 56 MICROWIRE Output ns 220 ns Propagation Delay (tµPD) Reset Pulse Width 1 µs Note 7: Parameter characterized but not production tested. DS012529-4 FIGURE 3. MICROWIRE/PLUS Timing 5 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family DC Electrical Characteristics COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Pin Description G7 CKO crystal oscillator output (selected by mask option) or HALT restart input/general purpose input (if clock option is R/C or external clock) G6 SI (MICROWIRE serial data input) G5 SK (MICROWIRE clock I/O) G4 SO (MICROWIRE serial data output) VCC and GND are the power supply pins. CKI is the clock input. This can come from an external source, a R/C generated oscillator or a crystal (in conjunction with CKO). See Oscillator description. RESET is the master reset input. See Reset description. G3 TIO (timer/counter input/output) G0 INTR (an external interrupt) Pins G2 and G1 currently do not have any alternate functions. The selection of alternate Port G functions are done through registers PSW [00EF] to enable external interrupt and CNTRL1 [00EE] to select TIO and MICROWIRE operations. PORT D is a four bit output port that is preset when RESET goes low. One data memory address location is allocated for the data register [00DC]. The user can tie two or more D port outputs (except D2 pin) together in order to get a higher drive. PORT I is a 4-bit Hi-Z input port. PORT L is an 8-bit I/O port. There are two registers associated with the L port: a data register and a configuration register. Therefore, each L I/O bit can be individually configured under software control as shown below: Port L Port L Port L Config. Data 0 0 Hi-Z Input (TRI-STATE) 0 1 Input with Weak Pull-up 1 0 Push-pull Zero Output 1 1 Push-pull One Output Setup Note: Care must be exercised with the D2 pin operation. At RESET, the external loads on this pin must ensure that the output voltages stay above 0.8 VCC to prevent the chip from entering special modes. Also keep the external loading on D2 to less than 1000 pF. Three data memory address locations are allocated for this port, one each for data register [00D0], configuration register [00D1] and the input pins [00D2]. Port L has the following alternate features: L7 MIWU or MODOUT (high sink current capability) L6 MIWU (high sink current capability) L5 MIWU (high sink current capability) L4 MIWU (high sink current capability) L3 MIWU L2 MIWU or CMPIN+ L1 MIWU or CMPIN− L0 MIWU or CMPOUT The selection of alternate Port L functions is done through registers WKEN [00C9] to enable MIWU and CNTRL2 [00CC] to enable comparator and modulator. All eight L-pins have Schmitt Triggers on their inputs. PORT G is an 8-bit port with 6 I/O pins (G0–G5) and 2 input pins (G6, G7). All eight G-pins have Schmitt Triggers on the inputs. There are two registers associated with the G port: a data register and a configuration register. Therefore each G port bit can be individually configured under software control as shown below: Port G Port G Config. Data 0 0 Hi-Z Input (TRI-STATE) 0 1 Input with Weak Pull-up 1 0 Push-pull Zero Output 1 1 Push-pull One Output Functional Description The internal architecture is shown in the block diagram. Data paths are illustrated in simplified form to depict how the various logic elements communicate with each other in implementing the instruction set of the device. ALU and CPU Registers The ALU can do an 8-bit addition, subtraction, logical or shift operations in one cycle time. There are five CPU registers: A is the 8-bit Accumulator register PC is the 15-bit Program Counter register PU is the upper 7 bits of the program counter (PC) PL is the lower 8 bits of the program counter (PC) B is the 8-bit address register and can be auto incremented or decremented. X is the 8-bit alternate address register and can be auto incremented or decremented. SP is the 8-bit stack pointer which points to the subroutine stack (in RAM). B, X and SP registers are mapped into the on chip RAM. The B and X registers are used to address the on chip RAM. The SP register is used to address the stack in RAM during subroutine calls and returns. The SP must be initialized by software before any subroutine call or interrupts occurs. Port G Setup Memory The memory is separated into two memory spaces: program and data. PROGRAM MEMORY Program memory consists of 4 kbytes of OTP EPROM. These bytes of ROM may be instructions or constant data. The memory is addressed by the 15-bit program counter (PC). ROM can be indirectly read by the LAID instruction for table lookup. The device can be configured to inhibit external reads of the program memory. This is done by programming the Security Byte. Three data memory address locations are allocated for this port, one for data register [00D4], one for configuration register [00D5] and one for the input pins [00D6]. Since G6 and G7 are Hi-Z input only pins, any attempt by the user to configure them as outputs by writing a one to the configuration register will be disregarded. Reading the G6 and G7 configuration bits will return zeros. Note that the device will be placed in the Halt mode by writing a “1” to the G7 data bit. Six pins of Port G have alternate features: www.national.com 6 (Continued) Data and Configuration SECURITY FEATURE Registers for L & G The memory array has an associate Security Byte that is located outside of the program address range. This byte can be addressed only from programming mode by a programmer tool. WATCHDOG Timer CLEARED Prescaler/Counter each loaded with FF The device comes out of the HALT mode when the RESET pin is pulled low. In this case, the user has to ensure that the RESET signal is low long enough to allow the oscillator to restart. An internal 256 tc delay is normally used in conjunction with the two pin crystal oscillator. When the device comes out of the HALT mode through Multi-Input Wakeup, this delay allows the oscillator to stabilize. The following additional actions occur after the device comes out of the HALT mode through the RESET pin. If a two pin crystal/resonator oscillator is being used: Security is an optional feature and can only be asserted after the memory arrary has been programmed and verified. A secured part will read all 00(hex) by a programmer. The part will fail Blank Check and will fail Verify operations. A Read operation will fill the programmer’s memory with 00(hex). The Security Byte itself is always readable with value of 00(hex) if unsecure and FF(hex) if secure. DATA MEMORY The data memory address space includes on chip RAM, I/O and registers. Data memory is addressed directly by the instruction or indirectly through B, X and SP registers. The device has 128 bytes of RAM. Sixteen bytes of RAM are mapped as “registers”, these can be loaded immediately, decremented and tested. Three specific registers: X, B, and SP are mapped into this space, the other registers are available for general usage. Any bit of data memory can be directly set, reset or tested. All I/O and registers (except A and PC) are memory mapped; therefore, I/O bits and register bits can be directly and individually set, reset and tested, except the write once only bit (WDREN, WATCHDOG Reset Enable), and the unused and read only bits in CNTRL2 and WDREG registers. RAM Contents UNCHANGED Timer T1 and A Contents UNKNOWN WATCHDOG Timer Prescaler/Counter ALTERED If the external or RC Clock option is being used: RAM Contents UNCHANGED Timer T1 and A Contents UNCHANGED WATCHDOG Timer Prescaler/Counter ALTERED Note: RAM contents are undefined upon power-up. Reset DS012529-5 EXTERNAL RESET The RESET input pin when pulled low initializes the micro-controller. The user must insure that the RESET pin is held low until VCC is within the specified voltage range and the clock is stabilized. An R/C circuit with a delay 5x greater than the power supply rise time is recommended (Figure 4). The device immediately goes into reset state when the RESET input goes low. When the RESET pin goes high the device comes out of reset state synchronously. The device will be running within two instruction cycles of the RESET pin going high. The following actions occur upon reset: Port L TRI-STATE Port D HIGH PC CLEARED B, X, SP WATCHDOG RESET With WATCHDOG enabled, the WATCHDOG logic resets the device if the user program does not service the WATCHDOG timer within the selected service window. The WATCHDOG reset does not disable the WATCHDOG. Upon WATCHDOG reset, the WATCHDOG Prescaler/Counter are each initialized with FF Hex. The following actions occur upon WATCHDOG reset that are different from external reset. WDREN WATCHDOG Reset Enable bit UNCHANGED WDUDF WATCHDOG Underflow bit UNCHANGED Additional initialization actions that occur as a result of WATCHDOG reset are as follows: RANDOM with Power-OnReset Port L TRI-STATE UNAFFECTED with external Port G TRI-STATE Reset (power already applied) Port D HIGH PC CLEARED Same as RAM Ram Contents UNCHANGED B, X, SP UNCHANGED PSW, CNTRL1, CNTRL2 and WDREG Reg. > 5 x Power Supply Rise Time FIGURE 4. Recommended Reset Circuit TRI-STATE Port G RAM Contents RC CLEARED PSW, CNTRL1 and CNTRL2 (except WKEDG, WKEN CLEARED WDUDF Bit) Registers WKPND UNKNOWN Multi-Input Wakeup Reg. 7 CLEARED www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Memory COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Reset CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR (Continued) Multi-Input Wakeup Registers WKEDG, WKEN CLEARED WKPND UNKNOWN By selecting the crystal oscillator option, the G7/CKO pin is connected as a clock output, CKI and G7/CKO can be connected to make a crystal controlled oscillator. Table 1 shows the clock frequency for different component values. See Figure 5 for the connections. Data and Configuration Registers for L & G CLEARED WATCHDOG Timer Prescalar/Counter R/C OSCILLATOR By selecting R/C oscillator option, connecting a resistor from the CKI pin to VCC makes a R/C oscillator. The capacitor is on-chip. The G7/CKO pin is available as a general purpose input G7 and/or HALT control. Adding an external capacitor will jeopardize the clock frequency tolerance and increase EMI emissions. each loaded with FF Oscillator Circuits EXTERNAL OSCILLATOR By selecting the external oscillator option, the CKI pin can be driven by an external clock signal provided it meets the specified duty cycle, rise and fall times, and input levels. The G7/CKO is available as a general purpose input G7 and/or HALT control. Table 2 shows the clock frequency for the different resistor values. The capacitor is on-chip. See Figure 5 for the connections. DS012529-6 FIGURE 5. Clock Oscillator Configurations TABLE 1. Crystal Oscillator Configuration R1 R2 C1 C2 CKI Freq. (kΩ) (MΩ) 0 1 0 5.6 Conditions (pF) (pF) (MHz) 30 30–36 10 1 30 30–36 4 VCC = 5V 1 100 100–156 0.455 VCC = 5V VCC = 5V TABLE 2. RC Oscillator Configuration (Part-To-Part Variation) TA = 25˚C www.national.com R CK1 Freq. Instr. Cycle (kΩ) (MHz) (µs) 8.2 3.3 ± 10% 3.0 ± 10% VCC = 5V 2.2 1.3 ± 10% 7.7 ± 10% VCC = 5V 3.9 0.75 ± 10% 13.3 ± 10% VCC = 5V 8 Conditions MICROWIRE/PLUS The device is a fully static device. The device enters the HALT mode by writing a one to the G7 bit of the G data register. Once in the HALT mode, the internal circuitry does not receive any clock signal and is therefore frozen in the exact state it was in when halted. In this mode the chip will only draw leakage current. The device supports three different methods of exiting the HALT mode. The first method is with a low to high transition on the CKO (G7) pin. This method precludes the use of the crystal clock configuration (since CKO is a dedicated output). It may be used either with an RC clock configuration or an external clock configuration. The second method of exiting the HALT mode is with the multi-Input Wakeup feature on the L port. The third method of exiting the HALT mode is by pulling the RESET input low. If the two pin crystal/resonator oscillator is being used and Multi-Input Wakeup causes the device to exit the HALT mode, the WAKEUP signal does not allow the chip to start running immediately since crystal oscillators have a delayed start up time to reach full amplitude and freuqency stability. The WATCHDOG timer (consisting of an 8-bit prescaler followed by an 8-bit counter) is used to generate a fixed delay of 256tc to ensure that the oscillator has indeed stabilized before allowing instruction execution. In this case, upon detecting a valid WAKEUP signal only the oscillator circuitry is enabled. The WATCHDOG Counter and Prescaler are each loaded with a value of FF Hex. The WATCHDOG prescaler is clocked with the tc instruction cycle. (The tc clock is derived by dividing the oscillator clock down by a factor of 10). The Schmitt trigger following the CKI inverter on the chip ensures that the WATCHDOG timer is clocked only when the oscillator has a sufficiently large amplitude to meet the Schmitt trigger specs. This Schmitt trigger is not part of the oscillator closed loop. The start-up timeout from the WATCHDOG timer enables the clock signals to be routed to the rest of the chip. The delay is not activated when the device comes out of HALT mode through RESET pin. Also, if the clock option is either RC or External clock, the delay is not used, but the WATCHDOG Prescaler/-Counter contents are changed. The Development System will not emulate the 256tc delay. The RESET pin will cause the device to reset and start executing from address X’0000. A low to high transition on the G7 pin (if single pin oscillator is used) or Multi-Input Wakeup will cause the device to start executing from the address following the HALT instruction. When RESET pin is used to exit the device from the HALT mode and the two pin crystal/resonator (CKI/CKO) clock option is selected, the contents of the Accumulator and the Timer T1 are undetermined following the reset. All other information except the WATCHDOG Prescaler/Counter contents is retained until continuing. All information except the WATCHDOG Prescaler/Counter contents is retained if the device exits the HALT mode through G7 pin or Multi-Input Wakeup. G7 is the HALT-restart pin, but it can still be used as an input. If the device is not halted, G7 can be used as a general purpose input. MICROWIRE/PLUS is a serial synchronous bidirectional communications interface. The MICROWIRE/PLUS capability enables the device to interface with any of National Semiconductor’s MICROWIRE peripherals (i.e. A/D converters, display drivers, EEPROMS, etc.) and with other microcontrollers which support the MICROWIRE/PLUS interface. It consists of an 8-bit serial shift register (SIO) with serial data input (SI), serial data output (SO) and serial shift clock (SK). Figure 6 shows the block diagram of the MICROWIRE/PLUS interface. DS012529-7 FIGURE 6. MICROWIRE/PLUS Block Diagram The shift clock can be selected from either an internal source or an external source. Operating the MICROWIRE/PLUS interface with the internal clock source is called the Master mode of operation. Operating the MICROWIRE/PLUS interface with an external shift clock is called the Slave mode of operation. The CNTRL register is used to configure and control the MICROWIRE/PLUS mode. To use the MICROWIRE/PLUS , the MSEL bit in the CNTRL register is set to one. The SK clock rate is selected by the two bits, SL0 and SL1, in the CNTRL register. Table 3 details the different clock rates that may be selected. TABLE 3. SL1 SL0 SK Cycle Time 0 0 2tc 0 1 4tc 1 x 8tc where, tc is the instruction cycle time. MICROWIRE/PLUS OPERATION Setting the BUSY bit in the PSW register causes the MICROWIRE/PLUS arrangement to start shifting the data. It gets reset when eight data bits have been shifted. The user may reset the BUSY bit by software to allow less than 8 bits to shift. The device may enter the MICROWIRE/PLUS mode either as a Master or as a Slave. Figure 7 shows how two device microcontrollers and several peripherals may be interconnected using the MICROWIRE/PLUS arrangement. Note: To allow clock resynchronization, it is necessary to program two NOP’s immediately after the device comes out of the HALT mode. The user must program two NOP’s following the “enter HALT mode” (set G7 data bit) instruction. Master MICROWIRE/PLUS Operation In the MICROWIRE/PLUS Master mode of operation the shift clock (SK) is generated internally by the device. The MICROWIRE/PLUS Master always initiates all data ex9 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Halt Mode COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family MICROWIRE/PLUS TABLE 4. (Continued) G4 changes (Figure 7). The MSEL bit in the CNTRL register must be set to enable the SO and SK functions on the G Port. The SO and SK pins must also be selected as outputs by setting appropriate bits in the Port G configuration register. Table 4 summarizes the bit settings required for Master mode of operation. G5 Config. Config. Slave MICROWIRE/PLUS Operation In the MICROWIRE/PLUS Slave mode of operation the SK clock is generated by an external source. Setting the MSEL bit in the CNTRL register enables the SO and SK functions on the G Port. The SK pin must be selected as an input and the SO pin selected as an output pin by appropriately setting up the Port G configuration register. Table 4 summarizes the settings required to enter the Slave mode of operation. The user must set the BUSY flag immediately upon entering the Slave mode. This will ensure that all data bits sent by the Master will be shifted properly. After eight clock pulses the BUSY flag will be cleared and the sequence may be repeated (see Figure 7). G4 Fun. G5 G6 Fun. Fun. Operation Bit Bit 1 1 SO Int. SK SI MICROWIRE Master 0 1 TRI-STATE Int. SK SI MICROWIRE Master 1 0 SO Ext. SK SI MICROWIRE Slave 0 0 TRI-STATE Ext. SK SI MICROWIRE Slave DS012529-8 FIGURE 7. MICROWIRE/PLUS Application www.national.com 10 The device has a powerful 16-bit timer with an associated 16-bit register enabling it to perform extensive timer functions. The timer T1 and its register R1 are each organized as two 8-bit read/write registers. Control bits in the register TABLE 5. Timer Operating Modes CNTRL Timer Bits Operation Mode T Interrupt Counter 765 On 000 External Counter w/Auto-Load Reg. Timer Underflow TIO Pos. Edge 001 External Counter w/Auto-Load Reg. Timer Underflow TIO Neg. Edge 010 Not Allowed Not Allowed Not Allowed 011 Not Allowed Not Allowed Not Allowed 100 Timer w/Auto-Load Reg. Timer Underflow tc 101 Timer w/Auto-Load Reg./Toggle TIO Out Timer Underflow tc 110 Timer w/Capture Register TIO Pos. Edge tc 111 Timer w/Capture Register TIO Neg. Edge tc as a positive edge or as a negative edge. In this mode the user can elect to be interrupted on the specified trigger edge (Figure 9). MODE 1. TIMER WITH AUTO-LOAD REGISTER In this mode of operation, the timer T1 counts down at the instruction cycle rate. Upon underflow the value in the register R1 gets automatically reloaded into the timer which continues to count down. The timer underflow can be programmed to interrupt the microcontroller. A bit in the control register CNTRL enables the TIO (G3) pin to toggle upon timer underflows. This allows the generation of square-wave outputs or pulse width modulated outputs under software control (Figure 8). MODE 2. EXTERNAL COUNTER In this mode, the timer T1 becomes a 16-bit external event counter. The counter counts down upon an edge on the TIO pin. Control bits in the register CNTRL program the counter to decrement either on a positive edge or on a negative edge. Upon underflow the contents of the register R1 are automatically copied into the counter. The underflow can also be programmed to generate an interrupt (Figure 8). DS012529-11 FIGURE 9. Timer Capture Mode Block Diagram TIMER PWM APPLICATION Figure 10 shows how a minimal component D/A converter can be built out of the Timer-Register pair in the Auto-Reload mode. The timer is placed in the “Timer with auto reload” mode and the TIO pin is selected as the timer output. At the outset the TIO pin is set high, the timer T1 holds the on time and the register R1 holds the signal off time. Setting TRUN bit starts the timer which counts down at the instruction cycle rate. The underflow toggles the TIO output and copies the off time into the timer, which continues to run. By alternately loading in the on time and the off time at each successive interrupt a PWM frequency can be easily generated. DS012529-9 FIGURE 8. Timer/Counter Auto Reload Mode Block Diagram MODE 3. TIMER WITH CAPTURE REGISTER Timer T1 can be used to precisely measure external frequencies or events in this mode of operation. The timer T1 counts down at the instruction cycle rate. Upon the occurrence of a specified edge on the TIO pin the contents of the timer T1 are copied into the register R1. Bits in the control register CNTRL allow the trigger edge to be specified either DS012529-12 FIGURE 10. Timer Application 11 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family CNTRL allow the timer to be started and stopped under software control. The timer-register pair can be operated in one of three possible modes. Table 5 details various timer operating modes and their requisite control settings. Timer/Counter COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family be dedicated for the WATCHDOG or used as a general purpose counter. Figure 11 shows the WATCHDOG timer block diagram. WATCHDOG The device has an on-board 8-bit WATCHDOG timer. The timer contains an 8-bit READ/WRITE down counter clocked by an 8-bit prescaler. Under software control the timer can DS012529-13 FIGURE 11. WATCHDOG Timer Block Diagram MODE 2: TIMER In this mode, the prescaler/counter is used as a timer by keeping the WDREN (WATCHDOG reset enable) bit at 0. The counter underflow sets the WDUDF (underflow) bit and the underflow does not reset the device. Loading the 8-bit counter (load n-1 for n counts) sets the WDTEN bit (WATCHDOG Timer Enable) to “1”, loads the prescaler with FF, and starts the timer. The counter underflow stops the timer. The WDTEN bit serves as a start bit for the WATCHDOG timer. This bit is set when the 8-bit counter is loaded by the user program. The load could be as a result of WATCHDOG service (WATCHDOG timer dedicated for WATCHDOG function) or write to the counter (WATCHDOG timer used as a general purpose counter). The bit is cleared upon Brown Out reset, WATCHDOG reset or external reset. The bit is not memory mapped and is transparent to the user program. MODE 1: WATCHDOG TIMER The WATCHDOG is designed to detect user programs getting stuck in infinite loops resulting in loss of program control or “runaway” programs. The WATCHDOG can be enabled or disabled (only once) after the device is reset as a result of external reset. On power-up the WATCHDOG is disabled. The WATCHDOG is enabled by writing a “1” to WDREN bit (resides in WDREG register). Once enabled, the user program should write periodically into the 8-bit counter before the counter underflows. The 8-bit counter (WDCNT) is memory mapped at address 0CE Hex. The counter is loaded with n-1 to get n counts. The counter underflow resets the device, but does not disable the WATCHDOG. Loading the 8-bit counter initializes the prescaler with FF Hex and starts the prescaler/counter. Prescaler and counter are stopped upon counter underflow. Prescaler and counter are each loaded with FF Hex when the device goes into the HALT mode. The prescaler is used for crystal/resonator start-up when the device exits the HALT mode through Multi-Input Wakeup. In this case, the prescaler/counter contents are changed. www.national.com CONTROL/STATUS BITS WDUDF: WATCHDOG Timer Underflow Bit This bit resides in the CNTRL2 Register. The bit is set when the WATCHDOG timer underflows. The underflow resets the device if the WATCHDOG reset enable bit is set (WDREN = 1). Otherwise, WDUDF can be used as the timer underflow 12 control can be written to only once (once written to, the hardware does not allow the bit to be changed during program execution). (Continued) flag. The bit is cleared upon external reset, load to the 8-bit counter, or going into the HALT mode. It is a read only bit. WDREN = 1 WATCHDOG reset is enabled. WDREN: WD Reset Enable WDREN = 0 WATCHDOG reset is disabled. WDREN bit resides in a separate register (bit 0 of WDREG). This bit enables the WATCHDOG timer to generate a reset. The bit is cleared upon external reset. The bit under software Table 6 shows the impact of WATCHDOG Reset and External Reset on the Control/Status bits. TABLE 6. WATCHDOG Control/Status Parameter HALT WD EXT Counter Mode Reset Reset Load 8-Bit Prescaler FF FF FF FF 8-Bit WD Counter FF FF FF User Value Unchanged Unchanged 0 No Effect 0 Unchanged 0 0 Unchanged 0 0 1 WDREN Bit WDUDF Bit WDTEN Signal Modulator/Timer The Modulator/Timer contains an 8-bit counter and an 8-bit autoreload register (MODRL address 0CF Hex). The Modulator/Timer has two modes of operation, selected by the control bit MC3. The Modulator/Timer Control bits MC1, MC2 and MC3 reside in CNTRL2 Register. by software loads the counter with the value of the autoreload register and starts the counter. The counter underflow toggles the (L7) output pin. The 50% duty cycle signal will be continuously generated until MC1 is reset by the user program. MODE 1: MODULATOR The Modulator is used to generate high frequency pulses on the modulator output pin (L7). The L7 pin should be configured as an output. The number of pulses is determined by the 8-bit down counter. Under software control the modulator input clock can be either CKI or tC. The tC clock is derived by dividing down the oscillator clock by a factor of 10. Three control bits (MC1, MC2, and MC3) are used for the Modulator/Timer output control. When MC2 = 1 and MC3 = 1, CKI is used as the modulator input clock. When MC2 = 0, and MC3 = 1, tC is used as the modulator input clock. The user loads the counter with the desired number of counts (256 max) and sets MC1 to start the counter. The modulator autoreload register is loaded with n-1 to get n pulses. CKI or tc pulses are routed to the modulator output (L7) until the counter underflows (Figure 12). Upon underflow the hardware resets MC1 and stops the counter. The L7 pin goes low and stays low until the counter is restarted by the user program. The user program has the responsibility to timeout the low time. Unless the number of counts is changed, the user program does not have to load the counter each time the counter is started. The counter can simply be started by setting the MC1 bit. Setting MC1 by software will load the counter with the value of the autoreload register. The software can reset MC1 to stop the counter. b. Variable Duty Cycle: When MC3 = 0 and MC2 = 1, a variable duty cycle PWM signal is generated on the L7 output pin. The counter is clocked by tC. In this mode the 16-bit timer T1 along with the 8-bit down counter are used to generate a variable duty cycle PWM signal. The timer T1 underflow sets MC1 which starts the down counter and it also sets L7 high (L7 should be configured as an output).When the counter underflows the MC1 control bit is reset and the L7 output will go low until the next timer T1 underflow. Therefore, the width of the output pulse is controlled by the 8-bit counter and the pulse duration is controlled by the 16-bit timer T1 (Figure 14). Timer T1 must be configured in “PWM Mode/Toggle TIO Out” (CNTRL1 Bits 7,6,5 = 101). Table 7 shows the different operation modes for the Modulator/Timer. TABLE 7. Modulator/Timer Modes Control Bits in CNTRL2(00CC) MODE 2: PWM TIMER The counter can also be used as a PWM Timer. In this mode, an 8-bit register is used to serve as an autoreload register (MODRL). a. 50% Duty Cycle: When MC1 is 1 and MC2, MC3 are 0, a 50% duty cycle free running signal is generated on the L7 output pin (Figure 13). The L7 pin must be configured as an output pin. In this mode the 8-bit counter is clocked by tC. Setting the MC1 control bit Operation Mode L7 Function MC3 MC2 MC1 0 0 0 Normal I/O 0 0 1 50% Duty Cycle Mode (Clocked by tc) 0 1 X Variable Duty Cycle Mode (Clocked by tc) Using Timer 1 Underflow 1 0 X Modulator Mode (Clocked by tc) 1 1 X Modulator Mode (Clocked by CKI) Note: MC1, MC2 and MC3 control bits are cleared upon reset. 13 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family WATCHDOG COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Modulator/Timer (Continued) Internal Data Bus DS012529-14 FIGURE 12. Mode 1: Modulator Block Diagram/Output Waveform DS012529-15 DS012529-16 FIGURE 13. Mode 2a: 50% Duty Cycle Output www.national.com 14 COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Modulator/Timer (Continued) DS012529-17 DS012529-18 FIGURE 14. Mode 2b: Variable Duty Cycle Output (CMPEN = 1, CMPOE=X) CMPOE Enables comparator output to pin L0 (“1”=enable), CMPEN bit must be set to enable this function. If CMPEN=0, L0 will be 0. The Comparator Select/Control bits are cleared on RESET (the comparator is disabled). To save power the program should also disable the comparator before the device enters the HALT mode. The user program must set up L0, L1 and L2 ports correctly for comparator Inputs/Output: L1 and L2 need to be configured as inputs and L0 as output. Table 8 shows the DC and AC characteristics for the comparator. Comparator The device has one differential comparator. Ports L0–L2 are used for the comparator. The output of the comparator is brought out to a pin. Port L has the following assignments: L0 Comparator output L1 Comparator negative input L2 Comparator positive input THE COMPARATOR STATUS/CONTROL BITS These bits reside in the CNTRL2 Register (Address 0CC) CMPEN Enables comparator (“1” = enable) CMPRD Reads comparator output internally TABLE 8. DC and AC Characteristics (Note 8) 4.5V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.5V, −40˚C ≤ TA ≤ +85˚C Parameters Input Offset Voltage Conditions Min 0.4V < VIN < VCC −1.5V Input Common Mode Voltage Range Typ Max Units ± 10 ± 25 mV VCC −1.5 V 0.4 Voltage Gain 300k DC Supply Current (when enabled) VCC = 5.5V Response Time TBD mV Step, V/V 250 µA 1 µs TBD mV Overdrive, 100 pF Load Note 8: For comparator output current characteristics see L-Port specs. registers, Reg:WKEN, Reg:WKEDG, and Reg:WKPND are used in conjunction with the L port to implement the Multi-Input Wakeup feature. All three registers Reg:WKEN, Reg:WKPND, and Reg:WKEDG are read/write registers, and are cleared at reset, except WKPND. WKPND is unknown on reset. The user can select whether the trigger condition on the selected L Port pin is going to be either a positive edge (low to high transition) or a negative edge (high to low transition). Multi-Input Wake Up The Multi-Input Wakeup feature is used to return (wakeup) the device from the HALT mode. Figure 15 shows the Multi-Input Wakeup logic. This feature utilizes the L Port. The user selects which particular L port bit or combination of L Port bits will cause the device to exit the HALT mode. Three 8-bit memory mapped 15 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Multi-Input Wake Up (Continued) This selection is made via the Reg:WKEDG, which is an 8-bit control register with a bit assigned to each L Port pin. Setting the control bit will select the trigger condition to be a negative edge on that particular L Port pin. Resetting the bit selects the trigger condition to be a positive edge. Changing an edge select entails several steps in order to avoid a pseudo Wakeup condition as a result of the edge change. First, the associated WKEN bit should be reset, followed by the edge select change in WKEDG. Next, the associated WKPND bit should be cleared, followed by the associated WKEN bit being re-enabled. An example may serve to clarify this procedure. Suppose we wish to change the edge select from positive (low going high) to negative (high going low) for L port bit 5, where bit 5 has previously been enabled for an input. The program would be as follows: RBIT 5, WKEN ; Disable MIWU SBIT 5, WKEDG ; Change edge polarity RBIT 5, WKPND ; Reset pending flag SBIT 5, WKEN ; Enable MIWU If the L port bits have been used as outputs and then changed to inputs with Multi-Input Wakeup, a safety procedure should also be followed to avoid inherited pseudo wakeup conditions. After the selected L port bits have been changed from output to input but before the associated WKEN bits are enabled, the associated edge select bits in WKEDG should be set or reset for the desired edge selects, followed by the associated WKPND bits being cleared. This same procedure should be used following RESET, since the L port inputs are left floating as a result of RESET. The occurrence of the selected trigger condition for Multi-Input Wakeup is latched into a pending register called Reg:WKPND. The respective bits of the WKPND register will be set on the occurrence of the selected trigger edge on the corresponding Port L pin. The user has the responsibility of clearing these pending flags. Since the Reg:WKPND is a pending register for the occurrence of selected wakeup conditions, the device will not enter the HALT mode if any Wakeup bit is both enabled and pending. Setting the G7 data bit under this condition will not allow the device to enter the HALT mode. Consequently, the user has the responsibility of clearing the pending flags before attempting to enter the HALT mode. If a crystal oscillator is being used, the Wakeup signal will not start the chip running immediately since crystal oscillators have a finite start up time. The WATCHDOG timer prescaler generates a fixed delay to ensure that the oscillator has indeed stabilized before allowing the device to execute instructions. In this case, upon detecting a valid Wakeup signal only the oscillator circuitry and the WATCHDOG timer are enabled. The WATCHDOG timer prescaler is loaded with a value of FF Hex (256 counts) and is clocked from the tc instruction cycle clock. The tc clock is derived by dividing down the oscillator clock by a factor of 10. A Schmitt trigger following the CKI on chip inverter ensures that the WATCHDOG timer is clocked only when the oscillator has a sufficiently large amplitude to meet the Schmitt trigger specs. This Schmitt trigger is not part of the oscillator closed loop. The startup timeout from the WATCHDOG timer enables the clock signals to be routed to the rest of the chip. www.national.com DS012529-19 FIGURE 15. Multi-Input Wakeup Logic INTERRUPTS The device has a sophisticated interrupt structure to allow easy interface to the real world. There are three possible interrupt sources, as shown below. A maskable interrupt on external G0 input (positive or negative edge sensitive under software control) A maskable interrupt on timer carry or timer capture A non-maskable software/error interrupt on opcode zero INTERRUPT CONTROL The GIE (global interrupt enable) bit enables the interrupt function. This is used in conjunction with ENI and ENTI to select one or both of the interrupt sources. This bit is reset when interrupt is acknowledged. ENI and ENTI bits select external and timer interrupts respectively. Thus the user can select either or both sources to interrupt the microcontroller when GIE is enabled. IEDG selects the external interrupt edge (0 = rising edge, 1 = falling edge). The user can get an interrupt on both rising and falling edges by toggling the state of IEDG bit after each interrupt. IPND and TPND bits signal which interrupt is pending. After an interrupt is acknowledged, the user can check these two bits to determine which interrupt is pending. This permits the interrupts to be prioritized under software. The pending flags have to be cleared by the user. Setting the GIE bit high inside the interrupt subroutine allows nested interrupts. The software interrupt does not reset the GIE bit. This means that the controller can be interrupted by other interrupt sources while servicing the software interrupt. INTERRUPT PROCESSING The interrupt, once acknowledged, pushes the program counter (PC) onto the stack and the stack pointer (SP) is decremented twice. The Global Interrupt Enable (GIE) bit is reset to disable further interrupts. The microcontroller then vectors to the address 00FFH and resumes execution from that address. This process takes 7 cycles to complete. At the end of the interrupt subroutine, any of the following three instructions return the processor back to the main program: RET, RETSK or RETI. Either one of the three instructions will 16 DETECTION OF ILLEGAL CONDITIONS (Continued) The device incorporates a hardware mechanism that allows it to detect illegal conditions which may occur from coding errors, noise, and “brown out” voltage drop situations. Specifically, it detects cases of executing out of undefined ROM area and unbalanced tack situations. pop the stack into the program counter (PC). The stack pointer is then incremented twice. The RETI instruction additionally sets the GIE bit to re-enable further interrupts. Any of the three instructions can be used to return from a hardware interrupt subroutine. The RETSK instruction should be used when returning from a software interrupt subroutine to avoid entering an infinite loop. Reading an undefined ROM location returns 00 (hexadecimal) as its contents. The opcode for a software interrupt is also “00”. Thus a program accessing undefined ROM will cause a software interrupt. Reading an undefined RAM location returns an FF (hexadecimal). The subroutine stack on the device grows down for each subroutine call. By initializing the stack pointer to the top of RAM, the first unbalanced return instruction will cause the stack pointer to address undefined RAM. As a result the program will attempt to execute from FFFF (hexadecimal), which is an undefined ROM location and will trigger a software interrupt. Note: There is always the possibility of an interrupt occurring during an instruction which is attempting to reset the GIE bit or any other interrupt enable bit. If this occurs when a single cycle instruction is being used to reset the interrupt enable bit, the interrupt enable bit will be reset but an interrupt may still occur. This is because interrupt processing is started at the same time as the interrupt bit is being reset. To avoid this scenario, the user should always use a two, three, or four cycle instruction to reset interrupt enable bits. DS012529-20 FIGURE 16. Interrupt Block Diagram Control Registers CNTRL1 REGISTER (ADDRESS 00EE) TC3 TC2 TC1 TRUN MSEL IEDG SL1 Bit 7 IPND External interrupt pending BUSY MICROWIRE busy shifting flag ENI External interrupt enable GIE Global interrupt enable (enables interrupts) The Half-Carry bit is also effected by all the instructions that effect the Carry flag. The flag values depend upon the instruction. For example, after executing the ADC instruction the values of the Carry and the Half-Carry flag depend upon the operands involved. However, instructions like SET C and RESET C will set and clear both the carry flags. Table *NO TARGET FOR table NS2079* lists the instructions that effect the HC and the C flags. SL0 Bit 0 The Timer and MICROWIRE control register contains the following bits: TC3 Timer T1 Mode Control Bit TC2 Timer T1 Mode Control Bit TC1 Timer T1 Mode Control Bit TRUN Used to start and stop the timer/counter (1 = run, 0 = stop) MSEL Selects G5 and G4 as MICROWIRE signals SK and SO respectively IEDG External interrupt edge polarity select SL1 and SL0 Select the MICROWIRE clock divide-by (00 = 2, 01 = 4, 1x = 8) TABLE 9. Instructions Effecting HC and C Flags Instr. PSW REGISTER (ADDRESS 00EF) HC C TPND ENTI IPND BUSY ENI Bit 7 The PSW register contains the following select bits: HC Half-Carry Flip/Flop C Carry Flip/Flop TPND Timer T1 interrupt pending (timer Underflow or capture edge) ENTI Timer T1 interrupt enable 17 C Flag Depends on Operands Depends on Operands SUBC Depends on Operands Depends on Operands SET C Set Set RESET C Set Set RRC Depends on Operands Depends on Operands GIE Bit 0 HC Flag ADC www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Multi-Input Wake Up COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Control Registers (Continued) Address CNTRL2 REGISTER (ADDRESS 00CC) MC3 MC2 MC1 CMPEN CMPRD CMPOE WDUDF R/W R/W R/W R/W R/O R/W Resvd R/O Bit 7 MC3 MC2 MC1 CMPEN CMPRD CMPOE WDUDF Resvd Bit 0 Modulator/Timer Control Bit Modulator/Timer Control Bit Modulator/Timer Control Bit Comparator Enable Bit Comparator Read Bit Comparator Output Enable Bit WATCHDOG Timer Underflow Bit (Read Only) This bit is reserved and must be zero WDREG REGISTER (ADDRESS 00CD) UNUSED WDREN Bit 7 Bit 0 On-chip RAM bytes (112 bytes) 30 to 7F (820CJ) Unused RAM Address Space (Reads as All Ones) 70 to 7F (840CJ) Unused RAM Address Space (Reads as All Ones) 80 to BF Expansion Space for On-Chip EERAM (Reads Undefined Data) C0 to C7 Reserved C8 MIWU Edge Select Register (Reg:WKEDG) C9 MIWU Enable Register (Reg:WKEN) CA MIWU Pending Register (Reg:WKPND) CB Reserved CC Control2 Register (CNTRL2) CD WATCHDOG Register (WDREG) CE WATCHDOG Counter (WDCNT) CF Modulator Reload (MODRL) D0 Port L Data Register D1 Port L Configuration Register D2 Port L Input Pins (Read Only) D3 Reserved for Port L D4 Port G Data Register D5 Port G Configuration Register D6 Port G Input Pins (Read Only) D7 Port I Input Pins (Read Only) D8 to DB Reserved for Port C DC Port D Data Register DD to DF Reserved for Port D www.national.com Reserved E9 MICROWIRE Shift Register EA Timer Lower Byte EB Timer Upper Byte EC Timer1 Autoreload Register Lower Byte ED Timer1 Autoreload Register Upper Byte EE CNTRL1 Control Register EF PSW Register F0 to FF On-Chip RAM Mapped as Registers FC X Register FD SP Register FE B Register OPERAND ADDRESSING MODES REGISTER INDIRECT This is the “normal” addressing mode for the chip. The operand is the data memory addressed by the B or X pointer. REGISTER INDIRECT WITH AUTO POST INCREMENT OR DECREMENT This addressing mode is used with the LD and X instructions. The operand is the data memory addressed by the B or X pointer. This is a register indirect mode that automatically post increments or post decrements the B or X pointer after executing the instruction. DIRECT The instruction contains an 8-bit address field that directly points to the data memory for the operand. IMMEDIATE The instruction contains an 8-bit immediate field as the operand. SHORT IMMEDIATE This addressing mode issued with the LD B,# instruction, where the immediate # is less than 16. The instruction contains a 4-bit immediate field as the operand. INDIRECT This addressing mode is used with the LAID instruction. The contents of the accumulator are used as a partial address (lower 8 bits of PC) for accessing a data operand from the program memory. Contents 00 to 6F (840CJ) Reserved for Future Parts E8 There are ten addressing modes, six for operand addressing and four for transfer of control. All RAM, ports and registers (except A and PC) are mapped into data memory address space. On-chip RAM bytes (48 bytes) On-Chip Functions and Registers E0 to E7 Addressing Modes Memory Map 00 to 2F (820CJ) E0 to EF Reading other unused memory locations will return undefined data. WDREN WATCHDOG Reset Enable Bit (Write Once Only) Address Contents TRANSFER OF CONTROL ADDRESSING MODES RELATIVE This mode is used for the JP instruction with the instruction field being added to the program counter to produce the next instruction address. JP has a range from −31 to +32 to allow a one byte relative jump (JP + 1 is implemented by a NOP instruction). There are no “blocks” or “pages” when using JP since all 15 bits of the PC are used. ABSOLUTE 18 COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Addressing Modes (Continued) This mode is used with the JMP and JSR instructions with the instruction field of 12 bits replacing the lower 12 bits of the program counter (PC). This allows jumping to any location in the current 4k program memory segment. ABSOLUTE LONG This mode is used with the JMPL and JSRL instructions with the instruction field of 15 bits replacing the entire 15 bits of the program counter (PC). This allows jumping to any location up to 32k in the program memory space. INDIRECT This mode is used with the JID instruction. The contents of the accumulator are used as a partial address (lower 8 bits of PC) for accessing a location in the program memory. The contents of this program memory location serves as a partial address (lower 8 bits of PC) for the jump to the next instruction. Instruction Set REGISTER AND SYMBOL DEFINITIONS Registers A 8-bit Accumulator register B 8-bit Address register X 8-bit Address register SP 8-bit Stack pointer register PC 15-bit Program counter register PU upper 7 bits of PC PL lower 8 bits of PC C 1-bit of PSW register for carry HC Half Carry GIE 1-bit of PSW register for global interrupt enable Symbols [B] Memory indirectly addressed by B register [X] Memory indirectly addressed by X register Mem Direct address memory or [B] MemI Direct address memory or [B] or Immediate data Imm 8-bit Immediate data Reg Register memory: addresses F0 to FF (Includes B, X and SP) Bit Bit number (0 to 7) ← Loaded with ↔ Exchanged with 19 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Instruction Set (Continued) INSTRUCTION SET A ← A + MemI A ← A + MemI + C, C ← Carry HC ← Half Carry ADD add ADC add with carry SUBC subtract with carry A ← A + MemI +C, C ← Carry HC ← Half Carry AND Logical AND OR Logical OR XOR Logical Exclusive-OR A ← A and MemI A ← A or MemI A ← A xor MemI IFEQ IF equal Compare A and MemI, Do next if A = MemI IFGT IF greater than IFBNE IF B not equal Compare A and MemI, Do next if A > MemI Do next if lower 4 bits of B ≠ Imm DRSZ Decrement Reg. ,skip if zero Reg ← Reg − 1, skip if Reg goes to 0 SBIT Set bit 1 to bit, Mem (bit= 0 to 7 immediate) RBIT Reset bit 0 to bit, Mem IFBIT If bit If bit, Mem is true, do next instr. X Exchange A with memory LD A Load A with memory A ↔ Mem A ← MemI LD mem Load Direct memory Immed. LD Reg Load Register memory Immed. Mem ← Imm Reg ← Imm X Exchange A with memory [B] A ↔ [B] X Exchange A with memory [X] LD A Load A with memory [B] A ↔ [X] A ← [B] LD A Load A with memory [X] LD M Load Memory Immediate CLRA Clear A INCA Increment A DECA Decrement A LAID Load A indirect from ROM DCORA DECIMAL CORRECT A (B ← B ± 1) (X ← X ± 1) (B ← B ± 1) ← A [X] (X ← X ± 1) [B] ← Imm (B ← B ± 1) A←0 A←A+1 A←A−1 A ← ROM(PU,A) A ← BCD correction (follows ADC, SUBC) C → A7 → … → A0 → C RRCA ROTATE A RIGHT THRU C SWAPA Swap nibbles of A SC Set C A7 … A4 ↔ A3 … A0 C ← 1, HC ← 1 RC Reset C C ← 0, HC ← 0 IFC If C If C is true, do next instruction IFNC If not C JMPL Jump absolute long If C is not true, do next instruction PC ← ii (ii = 15 bits, 0 to 32k) JMP Jump absolute JP Jump relative short JSRL Jump subroutine long JSR Jump subroutine JID Jump indirect RET Return from subroutine RETSK Return and Skip PC11..0 ← i (i = 12 bits) PC ← PC + r (r is −31 to +32, not 1) [SP] ← PL,[SP-1] ← PU,SP-2,PC ← ii [SP] ← PL,[SP-1] ← PU,SP-2,PC11.. 0 ← i PL ← ROM(PU,A) RETI Return from Interrupt INTR Generate an interrupt SP+2,PL ← [SP],PU ← [SP-1] SP+2,PL ← [SP],PU ← [SP-1],Skip next instruction SP+2,PL ← [SP],PU ← [SP-1],GIE ← 1 [SP] ← PL,[SP−1] ← PU,SP-2,PC ← 0FF NOP No operation PC ← PC + 1 www.national.com 20 JP−19 JP−18 JP−17 JP−16 JP−3 JP−2 JP−1 JP−0 C DRSZ 0F0 DRSZ 0F1 DRSZ 0F2 DRSZ 0F3 DRSZ 0F4 DRSZ 0F5 DRSZ 0F6 DRSZ 0F7 DRSZ 0F8 DRSZ 0F9 DRSZ 0FA DRSZ 0FB DRSZ 0FC DRSZ 0FD DRSZ 0FE DRSZ 0FF D LD 0F0, #i LD 0F1,#i LD 0F2,#i LD 0F3,#i LD 0F4,#i LD 0F5,#i LD 0F6,#i LD 0F7,#i LD 0F8,#i LD 0F9,#i LD 0FA,#i LD 0FB,#i LD 0FC,#i LD 0FD,#i LD 0FE,#i LD 0FF,#i where, i is the immediate data Md is a directly addressed memory location * is an unused opcode (see following table) JP−20 JP−24 JP−8 JP−4 JP−25 JP−9 JP−21 JP−26 JP−10 JP−5 JP−27 JP−11 JP−22 JP−28 JP−12 JP−6 JP−29 JP−13 JP−23 JP−30 JP−14 JP−7 E JP−31 F JP−15 Opcode List B * LD A,[X] DIR LD Md,#i LD A,[X−] LD A,[X+] * NOP * X A,[X] * * X A,[X−] X A,[X+] * RRCA A 9 * LD A,#i OR A,#i XOR A,#i AND A,#i ADD A,#i IFGT A,#i IFEQ A,#i SUBC A,#i ADC A,#i * LD A,[B] JSRL * LD [B],#i LD A,Md JMPL X A,Md LD LD A,[B−] [B−],#i LD LD A,[B+] [B+],#i * * * X A,[B] JID LAID X A,[B−] X A,[B+] SC RC 8 RETI RET RETSK * DECA INCA IFNC IFC OR A,[B] XOR A,[B] AND A,[B] ADD A,[B] IFGT A,[B] IFEQ A,[B] SUBC A,[B] ADC A,[B] CLRA * * * * 6 5 LD B,0A LD B,0B LD B,0C LD B,0D LD B,0E LD B,0F SBIT 7,[B] SBIT 6,[B] SBIT 5,[B] SBIT 4,[B] SBIT 3,[B] SBIT 2,[B] SBIT 1,[B] SBIT 0,[B] IFBIT 7,[B] RBIT 7,[B] RBIT 6,[B] RBIT 5,[B] RBIT 4,[B] RBIT 3,[B] RBIT 2,[B] RBIT 1,[B] RBIT 0,[B] * LD B,0 LD B,1 LD B,2 LD B,3 LD B,4 LD B,5 LD B,6 LD B,7 LD B,8 IFBIT DCORA LD B,9 6,[B] IFBIT SWAPA 5,[B] IFBIT 4,[B] IFBIT 3,[B] IFBIT 2,[B] IFBIT 1,[B] IFBIT 0,[B] 7 Bits 7–4 4 IFBNE 0F IFBNE 0E IFBNE 0D IFBNE 0C IFBNE 0B IFBNE 0A IFBNE 9 IFBNE 8 IFBNE 7 IFBNE 6 IFBNE 5 IFBNE 4 IFBNE 3 IFBNE 2 IFBNE 1 IFBNE 0 3 2 1 JP+26 JP+25 JP+24 JP+23 JP+22 JP+21 JP+20 JP+19 JP+18 JP+17 JSR JMP JP+32 0F00–0FFF 0F00–0FFF JSR JMP JP+31 0E00–0EFF 0E00–0EFF JSR JMP JP+30 0D00–0DFF 0D00–0DFF JSR JMP JP+29 0C00–0CFF 0C00–0CFF JSR JMP JP+28 0B00–0BFF 0B00–0BFF JSR JMP JP+27 0A00–0AFF 0A00–0AFF JSR JMP 0900–09FF 0900–09FF JSR JMP 0800–08FF 0800–08FF JSR JMP 0700–07FF 0700–07FF JSR JMP 0600–06FF 0600–06FF JSR JMP 0500–05FF 0500–05FF JSR JMP 0400–04FF 0400–04FF JSR JMP 0300–03FF 0300–03FF JSR JMP 0200–02FF 0200–02FF JSR JMP 0100–01FF 0100–01FF JSR JMP 0000–00FF 0000–00FF 0 B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 JP+16 JP+15 F E JP+14 D JP+13 C JP+12 JP+11 JP+10 JP+9 JP+8 JP+7 JP+6 JP+5 JP+4 JP+3 JP+2 INTR Bits 3–0 COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family 21 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family See the BYTES and CYCLES per INSTRUCTION table for details. Instruction Execution Time Most instructions are single byte (with immediate addressing mode instruction taking two bytes). BYTES and CYCLES per INSTRUCTION Most single instructions take one cycle time to execute. Skipped instructions require x number of cycles to be skipped, where x equals the number of bytes in the skipped instruction opcode. The following table shows the number of bytes and cycles for each instruction in the format of byte/cycle. Arithmetic Instructions (Bytes/Cycles) [B] Direct Immed. ADD 1/1 3/4 2/2 ADC 1/1 3/4 2/2 SUBC 1/1 3/4 2/2 AND 1/1 3/4 2/2 OR 1/1 3/4 2/2 XOR 1/1 3/4 2/2 IFEQ 1/1 3/4 2/2 IFGT 1/1 3/4 2/2 IFBNE 1/1 DRSZ 1/3 SBIT 1/1 3/4 RBIT 1/1 3/4 IFBIT 1/1 3/4 Memory Transfer Instructions (Bytes/Cycles) Register Register Indirect Indirect Direct [B] [X] X A,* 1/1 1/3 2/3 LD A,* 1/1 1/3 2/3 Immed. Auto Incr & Decr [B+, B−] [X+, X−] 1/2 1/3 1/2 1/3 2/2 LD B,Imm 1/1 (If B < 16) LD B,Imm 2/3 (If B > 15) LD Mem,Imm 3/3 2/2 LD Reg,Imm * = 2/3 > Memory location addressed by B or X or directly. Instructions Using A & C Instructions Transfer of Control Instructions Bytes/Cycles Instructions Bytes/Cycles CLRA 1/1 JMPL 3/4 INCA 1/1 JMP 2/3 DECA 1/1 JP 1/3 LAID 1/3 JSRL 3/5 DCORA 1/1 JSR 2/5 RRCA 1/1 JID 1/3 SWAPA 1/1 RET 1/5 SC 1/1 RETSK 1/5 RC 1/1 RETI 1/5 IFC 1/1 INTR 1/7 IFNC 1/1 NOP 1/1 www.national.com 22 • COP8C: Moderately priced C Cross-Compiler and Code Development System from Byte Craft (no code limit). Includes BCLIDE (Byte Craft Limited Integrated Development Environment) for Win32, editor, optimizing C CrossCompiler, macro cross assembler, BC-Linker, and MetaLink tools support. (DOS/SUN versions available; Compiler is installable under WCOP8 IDE; Compatible with DriveWay COP8). • EWCOP8-KS: Very Low cost ANSI C-Compiler and Embedded Workbench from IAR (Kickstart version: COP8Sx/Fx only with 2k code limit; No FP). A fully integrated Win32 IDE, ANSI C-Compiler, macro assembler, editor, linker, Liberian, C-Spy simulator/debugger, PLUS MetaLink EPU/DM emulator support. • EWCOP8-AS: Moderately priced COP8 Assembler and Embedded Workbench from IAR (no code limit). A fully integrated Win32 IDE, macro assembler, editor, linker, librarian, and C-Spy high-level simulator/debugger with I/O and interrupts support. (Upgradeable with optional C-Compiler and/or MetaLink Debugger/Emulator support). • EWCOP8-BL: Moderately priced ANSI C-Compiler and Embedded Workbench from IAR (Baseline version: All COP8 devices; 4k code limit; no FP). A fully integrated Win32 IDE, ANSI C-Compiler, macro assembler, editor, linker, librarian, and C-Spy high-level simulator/debugger. (Upgradeable; CWCOP8-M MetaLink tools interface support optional). EWCOP8: Full featured ANSI C-Compiler and Embedded Workbench for Windows from IAR (no code limit). A fully integrated Win32 IDE, ANSI C-Compiler, macro assembler, editor, linker, librarian, and C-Spy high-level simulator/debugger. (CWCOP8-M MetaLink tools interface support optional). OVERVIEW National is engaged with an international community of independent 3rd party vendors who provide hardware and software development tool support. Through National’s interaction and guidance, these tools cooperate to form a choice of solutions that fits each developer’s needs. This section provides a summary of the tool and development kits currently available. Up-to-date information, selection guides, free tools, demos, updates, and purchase information can be obtained at our web site at: www.national.com/cop8. SUMMARY OF TOOLS COP8 Evaluation Tools • COP8–NSEVAL: Free Software Evaluation package for Windows. A fully integrated evaluation environment for COP8, including versions of WCOP8 IDE (Integrated Development Environment), COP8-NSASM, COP8-MLSIM, COP8C, DriveWay™ COP8, Manuals, and other COP8 information. • COP8–MLSIM: Free Instruction Level Simulator tool for Windows. For testing and debugging software instructions only (No I/O or interrupt support). • COP8–EPU: Very Low cost COP8 Evaluation & Programming Unit. Windows based evaluation and hardware-simulation tool, with COP8 device programmer and erasable samples. Includes COP8-NSDEV, Driveway COP8 Demo, MetaLink Debugger, I/O cables and power supply. • COP8–EVAL-ICUxx: Very Low cost evaluation and design test board for COP8ACC and COP8SGx Families, from ICU. Real-time environment with add-on A/D, D/A, and EEPROM. Includes software routines and reference designs. • • Manuals, Applications Notes, Literature: Available free from our web site at: www.national.com/cop8. COP8 Integrated Software/Hardware Design Development Kits EWCOP8-M: Full featured ANSI C-Compiler and Embedded Workbench for Windows from IAR (no code limit). A fully integrated Win32 IDE, ANSI C-Compiler, macro assembler, editor, linker, librarian, C-Spy high-level simulator/debugger, PLUS MetaLink debugger/hardware interface (CWCOP8-M). COP8 Productivity Enhancement Tools • • WCOP8 IDE: Very Low cost IDE (Integrated Development Environment) from KKD. Supports COP8C, COP8NSASM, COP8-MLSIM, DriveWay COP8, and MetaLink debugger under a common Windows Project Management environment. Code development, debug, and emulation tools can be launched from the project window framework. • DriveWay-COP8: Low cost COP8 Peripherals Code Generation tool from Aisys Corporation. Automatically generates tested and documented C or Assembly source code modules containing I/O drivers and interrupt handlers for each on-chip peripheral. Application specific code can be inserted for customization using the integrated editor. (Compatible with COP8-NSASM, COP8C, and WCOP8 IDE.) • COP8-UTILS: Free set of COP8 assembly code examples, device drivers, and utilities to speed up code development. • COP8-MLSIM: Free Instruction Level Simulator tool for Windows. For testing and debugging software instructions only (No I/O or interrupt support). • COP8-EPU: Very Low cost Evaluation & Programming Unit. Windows based development and hardwaresimulation tool for COPSx/xG families, with COP8 device programmer and samples. Includes COP8-NSDEV, Driveway COP8 Demo, MetaLink Debugger, cables and power supply. • COP8-DM: Moderate cost Debug Module from MetaLink. A Windows based, real-time in-circuit emulation tool with COP8 device programmer. Includes COP8-NSDEV, DriveWay COP8 Demo, MetaLink Debugger, power supply, emulation cables and adapters. COP8 Development Languages and Environments • • COP8-NSASM: Free COP8 Assembler v5 for Win32. Macro assembler, linker, and librarian for COP8 software development. Supports all COP8 devices. (DOS/Win16 v4.10.2 available with limited support). (Compatible with WCOP8 IDE, COP8C, and DriveWay COP8). COP8-NSDEV: Very low cost Software Development Package for Windows. An integrated development environment for COP8, including WCOP8 IDE, COP8NSASM, COP8-MLSIM. 23 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Development Tools Support COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Development Tools Support COP8 Device Programmer Support (Continued) COP8 Real-Time Emulation Tools • • COP8-DM: MetaLink Debug Module. A moderately priced real-time in-circuit emulation tool, with COP8 device programmer. Includes COP8-NSDEV, DriveWay COP8 Demo, MetaLink Debugger, power supply, emulation cables and adapters. • MetaLink’s EPU and Debug Module include development device programming capability for COP8 devices. • Third-party programmers and automatic handling equipment cover needs from engineering prototype and pilot production, to full production environments. • Factory programming available for high-volume requirements. IM-COP8: MetaLink iceMASTER ® . A full featured, realtime in-circuit emulator for COP8 devices. Includes MetaLink Windows Debugger, and power supply. Packagespecific probes and surface mount adaptors are ordered separately. TOOLS ORDERING NUMBERS FOR THE COP87L20CJ/COP87L40CJ FAMILY DEVICES Vendor National Tools Cost Notes COP8-NSEVAL Free Web site download COP8-NSASM COP8-NSASM Free Included in EPU and DM. Web site download COP8-MLSIM COP8-MLSIM Free Included in EPU and DM. Web site download COP8-NSDEV COP8-NSDEV VL Included in EPU and DM. Order CD from website COP8-EPU Not available for this device COP8-DM Contact MetaLink Development Devices COP87L20/40CJxx COP87L22/42CJxx VL 4k or 32k OTP devices. No windowed devices OTP Programming Adapters COP8SA-PGMA L For programming 16/20/28 SOIC and 44 PLCC on the EPU COP8-PGMA-44QFP L For programming 44QFP on any programmer COP8-PGMA-28CSP L For programming 28CSP on any programmer COP8-PGMA-28SO VL For programming 16/20/28 SOIC on any programmer IM-COP8 MetaLink COP8-EPU Contact MetaLink Not available for this device COP8-DM DM4-COP8-840CJ (10 MHz), plus PS-10, plus DM-COP8/xxx (ie. 28D) M Included p/s (PS-10), target cable of choice (DIP or PLCC; i.e. DM-COP8/28D), 16/20/28/40 DIP/SO and 44 PLCC programming sockets. Add OTP adapter (if needed) and target adapter (if needed) DM Target Adapters MHW-CONVxx (xx = 33, 34 etc.) L DM target converters for 16DIP/20/SO/28SO/44QFP/28CSP; (MHW-CNV38 for 20 pin DIP to SO package converter) OTP Programming Adapters MHW-COP8-PGMA-DS L For programming 16/20/28 SOIC and 44 PLCC on the EPU IM-COP8 IM-COP8-AD-464 (-220) (10 MHz maximum) H Base unit 10 MHz; -220 = 220V; add probe card (required) and target adapter (if needed); included software and manuals PC-840CJxxDW-AD-10 (xx = 20 or 28) M 10 MHz 20 or 28 DIP probe card; 2.5V to 6.0V MHW-SOICxx (xx = 16, 20, 28) L 16 or 20 or 28 pin SOIC adapter for probe card Included in EPU and DM IM Probe Target Adapter ICU or National Order Number COP8-NSEVAL COP8-EVAL-ICUxx Not available for this device KKD WCOP8-IDE WCOP8-IDE VL IAR EWCOP8-xx See summary above L-H Included all software and manuals Byte Craft COP8C COP8C M Included all software and manuals Aisys DriveWay COP8 DriveWay COP8 L Included all software and manuals www.national.com 24 OTP Programmers (Continued) Contact vendor L-H For approved programmer listings and vendor information, go to our OTP support page at: www.national.com/cop8 Cost: Free; VL = < $100; L = $100 - $300; M = $300 - $1k; H = $1k - $3k; VH = $3k - $5k WHERE TO GET TOOLS Tools are ordered directly from the following vendors. Please go to the vendor’s web site for current listings of distributors. Vendor Aisys Home Office Electronic Sites U.S.A.: Santa Clara, CA www.aisysinc.com 1-408-327-8820 [email protected] Other Main Offices Distributors fax: 1-408-327-8830 Byte Craft U.S.A. www.bytecraft.com 1-519-888-6911 [email protected] Distributors fax: 1-519-746-6751 IAR Sweden: Uppsala www.iar.se U.S.A.: San Francisco +46 18 16 78 00 [email protected] 1-415-765-5500 fax: +46 18 16 78 38 [email protected] fax: 1-415-765-5503 [email protected] U.K.: London [email protected] +44 171 924 33 34 fax: +44 171 924 53 41 Germany: Munich +49 89 470 6022 fax: +49 89 470 956 ICU Sweden: Polygonvaegen www.icu.se Switzeland: Hoehe +46 8 630 11 20 [email protected] +41 34 497 28 20 fax: +46 8 630 11 70 [email protected] fax: +41 34 497 28 21 KKD Denmark: www.kkd.dk MetaLink U.S.A.: Chandler, AZ www.metaice.com Germany: Kirchseeon 1-800-638-2423 [email protected] 80-91-5696-0 fax: 1-602-926-1198 [email protected] fax: 80-91-2386 bbs: 1-602-962-0013 [email protected] www.metalink.de Distributors Worldwide National U.S.A.: Santa Clara, CA www.national.com/cop8 Europe: +49 (0) 180 530 8585 1-800-272-9959 [email protected] fax: +49 (0) 180 530 8586 fax: 1-800-737-7018 [email protected] Distributors Worldwide Customer Support Complete product information and technical support is available from National’s customer response centers, and from our on-line COP8 customer support sites. The following companies have approved COP8 programmers in a variety of configurations. Contact your local office or distributor. You can link to their web sites and get the latest listing of approved programmers from National’s COP8 OTP Support page at: www.national.com/cop8. Advantech; Advin; BP Microsystems; Data I/O; Hi-Lo Systems; ICE Technology; Lloyd Research; Logical Devices; MQP; Needhams; Phyton; SMS; Stag Programmers; System General; Tribal Microsystems; Xeltek. 25 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Development Tools Support COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 20-Lead Surface Mount Package (M) Order Number COP87L22CJM (-1B, -1N, -2B, -2N, -3B, -3N), or Order Number COP87L42CJM (-1B, -1N, -2B, -2N, -3B, -3N), or Order Number COP87L42RJM (-1B, -1N, -2B, -2N, -3B, -3N) NS Package Number M20B www.national.com 26 COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 20-Lead Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N) Order Number COP87L22CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or Order Number COP87L42CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or Order Number COP87L42RJN (-1N, -2N, -3N) NS Package Number N20A 28-Lead Molded Dual-In-Line Package (M) Order Number COP87L20CJM (-1N, -2N, -3N), or Order Number COP87L40CJM (-1N, -2N, -3N), or Order Number COP87L40RJM (-1N, -2N, -3N) NS Package Number M28B 27 www.national.com COP87LxxCJ/RJ Family, 8-Bit CMOS OTP Microcontrollers with 4k or 32k Memory and Comparator Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 28-Lead Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N) Order Number COP87L20CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or Order Number COP87L40CJN (-1N, -2N, -3N), or Order Number COP87L40RJN (-1N, -2N, -3N) NS Package Number N28B LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.