ASIX AX88772C

AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Features
Document No.: AX88796C/V1.14/04/15/11
back-pressure flow control
Supports auto-polling function
Supports 10/100Mbps N-way Auto-negotiation
operation
Advanced Power Management features
Supports dynamic power management to reduce
power dissipation during idle or light traffic period
Supports very low power Wake-On-LAN (WOL)
mode when the system enters sleep mode and waits
for network event to awake it up. The wakeup
events supported are network link state change,
receipt of a Magic Packet or a pre-programmed
Microsoft Wakeup Frame or through GPIO pin
Supports Protocol Offload (ARP & NS) for
Windows 7 Networking Power Management
Supports complete I/O pins isolation during WOL
mode or Remote Wakeup Ready mode to reduce
leakage current on non-PCI and SPI slave host
interface
Supports optional EEPROM interface to store MAC
address
Supports up to four GPIOs and two of them support
Wake-On-LAN
Supports programmable LED pins for various
network activity indications with variable voltage I/O
and programmable driving strength
Integrates voltage regulator, 25MHz crystal oscillator
and power on reset circuit on chip
Supports optional clock output (25, 50 or 100MHz)
for system use, if 25MHz crystal is present
Supports optional clock input (25MHz) from system
clock to save the 25MHz crystal cost
64-pin LQFP RoHS compliant package
Operates over 0 to +70°C or -40 to +85°C temperature
range
High-performance non-PCI local bus
Supports 8/16-bit SRAM-like host interface (US
Patent Approval), easily interfaced to most
common embedded MCUs; or 8/16-bit local CPU
interface including MCS-51 series, Renesas series
CPUs
Supports Slave-DMA to minimize CPU overhead
and burst mode read & write access for frame
reception & transmission on SRAM-like interface
for high performance applications
Supports variable voltage I/O (1.8/2.5/3.3V) and
programmable driving strength (8/16mA)
Interrupt pin with programmable timer
High-performance SPI slave interface
Supports SPI slave interface for CPU with SPI
master. The SPI slave interface supports SPI timing
mode 0 and 3, up to 40MHz of SPI CLK, variable
voltage I/O and programmable driving strength
Supports optional Ready signal as flow control for
SPI packet RX/TX
Single-chip Fast Ethernet MAC/PHY controller
Embeds 14KB SRAM for packet buffers
Supports IPv4/IPv6 packet Checksum Offload
Engine to reduce CPU loading, including IPv4
IP/TCP/UDP/ICMP/IGMP & IPv6 TCP/UDP/ICM
Pv6 checksum generation & check
Supports VLAN match filter
Integrates IEEE 802.3/802.3u standards compatible
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX (twisted pair copper
mode) Fast Ethernet MAC/PHY transceiver in one
single-chip
Supports twisted pair crossover detection and
correction (HP Auto-MDIX)
Supports full duplex operation with IEEE 802.3x
flow control and half duplex operation with
Always contact ASIX for possible updates before starting a design.
This data sheet contains new products information. ASIX ELECTRONICS reserves the rights to modify product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sale of the product.
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
1
4F, NO.8, Hsin Ann Rd., Hsinchu Science Park, Hsin-Chu City, Taiwan, R.O.C. 300
TEL: 886-3-579-9500
FAX: 886-3-579-9558
Release Date: 04/15/2011
http://www.asix.com.tw
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Target Applications
Netbook
Industrial Computer
Cable, Satellite and IP STB
IPTV, Digital Media Adapter
Network DVD, DVR-R, HDD
IP/Video Phone, VoIP ATA
Internet Radio
POS Terminal, Kiosk
Multi Functional Printer
RFID Reader
Time Attendance
RS232/422/485 to Ethernet
Building / Home Automation
HVAC Control
Networked Home Appliance
Security System
Biometric Access Control
Fingerprint Reader
Network Camera
Remote Surveillance
Professional DVR
Fire and Safety
Industrial Control
Remote Data Collection
Equipment
Remote Monitor
Remote Control and
Management
Environment Monitoring or
Network Sensor
Automatic Meter Reading
Networked UPS
Lighting Control
System Block Diagram
2
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 10 1.1 1.2 1.3 General Description .......................................................................................................... 10 Block Diagram .................................................................................................................. 10 Pin Connection Diagram ....................................................................................................11 1.3.1 8/16-Bit SRAM-like or Renesas SHx Series CPU Bus Mode .................................................................. 11 1.3.2 8/16-Bit Address-Data Multiplex or MCS-51 Bus Mode ......................................................................... 12 1.3.3 SPI Bus Mode ........................................................................................................................................... 13 1.4 Bus Interface Configuration Table and Application ......................................................... 14 1.4.1 8-Bit SRAM-like Bus Interface ................................................................................................................ 14 1.4.2 16-Bit SRAM-like Bus Interface .............................................................................................................. 15 1.4.3 MCS-51 Bus Interface .............................................................................................................................. 15 1.4.4 8-Bit Address-Data Multiplex Bus Interface ............................................................................................ 16 1.4.5 16-Bit Address-Data Multiplex Bus Interface .......................................................................................... 16 1.4.6 Renesas SHx series CPU Bus Interface .................................................................................................... 17 1.4.7 SPI Mode Bus Interface............................................................................................................................ 17 2.0 Signal Description ............................................................................................................... 18 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3.0 Local CPU Bus Interface Signals Group .......................................................................... 18 10/100Mbps Twisted-Pair Interface Signals Group .......................................................... 20 Build-in PHY LED Indicator Signals Group .................................................................... 20 EEPROM Signals Group .................................................................................................. 21 SPI Interface Signals Group ............................................................................................. 22 Miscellaneous Signals Group ........................................................................................... 22 Memory Mapping Table ..................................................................................................... 24 3.1 3.2 EEPROM Memory Format Table ..................................................................................... 24 Internal Memory Mapping Table ...................................................................................... 27 3.2.1 Register Read/Write Access ..................................................................................................................... 28 3.2.2 RX/TX Packet Buffer Access ................................................................................................................... 28 4.0 Basic Operation ................................................................................................................... 29 4.1 Receiver Filtering ............................................................................................................. 29 Unicast Address Match Filter ................................................................................................................... 29 Multicast Address Match Filter ................................................................................................................ 30 Broadcast Address Match Filter ............................................................................................................... 32 VLAN Match Filter .................................................................................................................................. 32 4.2 Buffer Management Operation ......................................................................................... 33 4.3 Packet Reception............................................................................................................... 33 4.4 Packet Transmission ......................................................................................................... 34 4.5 Filling Packet to Transmit Buffer: Host write data to TX memory .................................. 36 4.6 Removing Packets from the Ring: Host read data from RX memory .............................. 40 4.7 Wake-up Detection............................................................................................................ 44 4.7.1 Wake-up frame ......................................................................................................................................... 44 4.7.2 Magic Packet frame .................................................................................................................................. 46 4.7.3 Link Change Wakeup ............................................................................................................................... 47 4.7.4 GPIO Wakeup ........................................................................................................................................... 47 4.8 Flow Control ..................................................................................................................... 48 4.8.1 Full-Duplex Flow Control ........................................................................................................................ 48 4.8.2 Half-Duplex Flow Control........................................................................................................................ 49 4.9 Auto-Polling Function ...................................................................................................... 49 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.1.4 3
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
4.10 4.11 4.12 Mixed Endian Byte Ordering ............................................................................................ 50 EEPROM Interface ........................................................................................................... 51 Power Management Function ........................................................................................... 52 4.12.1 Hardware-detect Cable-Off Power Saving Mode (PSCR [4]=0, default) ............................................ 53 4.12.2 Software Control Cable-Off Power Saving Mode (PSCR [4]=1) ........................................................ 53 4.12.3 Sleep Mode .......................................................................................................................................... 53 4.12.4 Wake-On-LAN Power Saving Mode ................................................................................................... 54 4.13 Checksum Offload Function ............................................................................................. 54 4.14 GPIO Function .................................................................................................................. 58 5.0 SPI Interface ........................................................................................................................ 59 5.1 5.2 Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 59 Features ............................................................................................................................. 59 5.2.1 Mode Access............................................................................................................................................. 60 5.3 SPI Module Operation ...................................................................................................... 61 5.4 Instruction Set Summary .................................................................................................. 62 5.4.1 SPI Mode Instruction Table ...................................................................................................................... 62 5.5 Commands Waveform....................................................................................................... 63 5.5.1 SPI Mode .................................................................................................................................................. 63 5.5.1.1 Read command................................................................................................................................ 63 5.5.1.2 Write command ............................................................................................................................... 65 5.6 SPI Status Access .............................................................................................................. 68 6.0 Registers Description .......................................................................................................... 69 6.1 Internal Register Mapping Table....................................................................................... 69 Page 0 Offset 0x00: Page Select Register (PSR) ...................................................................................... 71 Page 0 Offset 0x02 : Byte Order Register (BOR).................................................................................. 72 Page 0 Offset 0x04: Function Enable Register (FER) .............................................................................. 72 Page 0 Offset 0x06: Interrupt Status Register (ISR) ................................................................................. 73 Page 0 Offset 0x08: Interrupt Mask Register (IMR) ................................................................................ 74 Page 0 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame Configuration Register (WFCR) .................................................... 75 Page 0 Offset 0x0C: Power Saving Configuration Register (PSCR) ........................................................ 77 Page 0 Offset 0x0E: MAC Configuration Register (MACCR) ................................................................ 78 Page 0 Offset 0x10: TX Free Buffer Count Register (TFBFCR) ............................................................. 79 Page 0 Offset 0x12: TX Sequence Number Register (TSNR) ............................................................. 79 Page 0 Offset 0x14: RX/TX Data Port Register (RTDPR) .................................................................. 79 Page 0 Offset 0x16: RX Bridge Control Register 1 (RXBCR1) .......................................................... 79 Page 0 Offset 0x18: RX Bridge Control Register 2 (RXBCR2) .......................................................... 80 Page 0 Offset 0x1A: RX Total Valid Word Count Register (RTWCR) ................................................ 80 Page 0 Offset 0x1C: RX Current Packet Header Register (RCPHR) .................................................. 80 Page 0 ~ 7 Offset 0x1E: Remote Wakeup Register (RWR) ................................................................. 81 Page 1 Offset 0x02: RX Packet Process Enable Register (RPPER) .................................................... 81 Page 1 Offset 0x08: Memory Read/Write Control Register (MRCR) ................................................. 81 Page 1 Offset 0x0A: Memory Data Register (MDR)........................................................................... 81 Page 1 Offset 0x0C: RX Memory Pointer Register (RMPR) .............................................................. 81 Page 1 Offset 0x0E: TX Memory Pointer Register (TMPR) ............................................................... 82 Page 1 Offset 0x10: RX Bridge Stuffing Packet Control Register (RXBSPCR) ................................. 82 Page 1 Offset 0x12: RX MAC Control Register (RXMCR) ................................................................ 82 Page 2 Offset 0x02: IO Control Register (ICR) ................................................................................... 83 Page 2 Offset 0x04: PHY Control Register (PCR) .............................................................................. 84 Page 2 Offset 0x06: PHY Status Register (PHYSR) ........................................................................... 85 Page 2 Offset 0x08: MDIO Read/Write Data Register (MDIODR) .................................................... 86 Page 2 Offset 0x0A: MDIO Read/Write Control Register (MDIOCR) ............................................... 86 Page 2 Offset 0x0C: I_Full/I_Speed LED Control Register 0 (LCR0) ................................................ 87 Page 2 Offset 0x0E: I_LK/Act LED Control Register 1 (LCR1) ........................................................ 88 Page 2 Offset 0x10: IPG Control Register (IPGCR) ........................................................................... 88 Page 2 Offset 0x12: Chip Revision ID Register (CRIR) ..................................................................... 88 6.1.1 6.1.2 6.1.3 6.1.4 6.1.5 6.1.6 6.1.7 6.1.8 6.1.9 6.1.10 6.1.11 6.1.12 6.1.13 6.1.14 6.1.15 6.1.16 6.1.17 6.1.18 6.1.19 6.1.20 6.1.21 6.1.22 6.1.23 6.1.24 6.1.25 6.1.26 6.1.27 6.1.28 6.1.29 6.1.30 6.1.31 6.1.32 4
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.33 6.1.34 6.1.35 6.1.36 6.1.37 6.1.38 6.1.39 6.1.40 6.1.41 6.1.42 6.1.43 6.1.44 6.1.45 6.1.46 6.1.47 6.1.48 6.1.49 6.1.50 6.1.51 6.1.52 6.1.53 6.1.54 6.1.55 6.1.56 6.1.57 6.1.58 6.1.59 6.1.60 6.1.61 6.1.62 6.1.63 6.1.64 6.1.65 6.1.66 6.1.67 6.1.68 6.1.69 6.1.70 6.1.71 6.1.72 6.1.73 6.1.74 6.1.75 6.1.76 6.1.77 6.1.78 6.1.79 6.1.80 6.1.81 6.1.82 6.1.83 6.1.84 6.1.85 6.1.86 6.1.87 6.1.88 6.1.89 6.1.90 6.1.91 6.1.92 Page 2 Offset 0x14: Flow Control High/Low Watermark Control Register (FLHWCR) .................... 89 Page 2 Offset 0x16: RX Control Register (RXCR) ............................................................................. 89 Page 2 Offset 0x18: Jam Limit Count Register (JLCR)....................................................................... 90 Page 2 Offset 0x1C: Max Packet Length Register (MPLR) ................................................................ 90 Page 3 Offset 0x02: MAC Address Setup Register 0 (MACASR0) .................................................... 91 Page 3 Offset 0x04: MAC Address Setup Register 1 (MACASR1) .................................................... 91 Page 3 Offset 0x06: MAC Address Setup Register 2 (MACASR2) .................................................... 91 Page 3 Offset 0x08: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR01) ......................................................... 92 Page 3 Offset 0x0A: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR23) ........................................................ 92 Page 3 Offset 0x0C: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR45)......................................................... 92 Page 3 Offset 0x0E: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR67) ......................................................... 92 Page 3 Offset 0x10: VLAN ID0 Filter Register (VID0FR) ................................................................. 92 Page 3 Offset 0x12: VLAN ID1 Filter Register (VID1FR) ................................................................. 93 Page 3 Offset 0x14: EEPROM Checksum Register (EECSR)............................................................. 93 Page 3 Offset 0x16: EEPROM Data Register (EEDR) ........................................................................ 93 Page 3 Offset 0x18: EEPROM Control Register (EECR) ................................................................... 93 Page 3 Offset 0x1A: Test Packet Configuration Register (TPCR)....................................................... 94 Page 3 Offset 0x1C: Test Packet Length Register (TPLR) .................................................................. 94 Page 4 Offset 0x02: GPIO Enable Register (GPIOER) ....................................................................... 94 Page 4 Offset 0x04: GPIO IRQ Control Register (GPIOCR) .............................................................. 95 Page 4 Offset 0x06: GPIO Wakeup Control Register (GPIOWCR) .................................................... 95 Page 4 Offset 0x0A: SPI Configuration Register (SPICR) .................................................................. 96 Page 4 Offset 0x0C: SPI Interrupt Status and Mask Register (SPIISMR) ........................................... 97 Page 4 Offset 0x12: COE RX Control Register 0(COERCR0) ........................................................... 98 Page 4 Offset 0x14: COE RX Control Register 1(COERCR1) ........................................................... 99 Page 4 Offset 0x16: COE TX Control Register 0(COETCR0) .......................................................... 100 Page 4 Offset 0x18: COE TX Control Register 1(COETCR1) .......................................................... 101 Page 5 Offset 0x02: Wakeup Frame Timer Register (WFTR) ........................................................... 101 Page 5 Offset 0x04: Wakeup Frame Cascade Command Register (WFCCR) ................................... 102 Page 5 Offset 0x06: Wakeup Frame Command 0 ~ 3 Register (WFCR03) ....................................... 103 Page 5 Offset 0x08: Wakeup Frame Command 4 ~ 7 Register (WFCR47) ....................................... 104 Page 5 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame 0 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF0BMR0) ............................. 104 Page 5 Offset 0x0C: Wakeup Frame 0 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF0BMR1) ........................... 104 Page 5 Offset 0x0E: Wakeup Frame 0 CRC Register (WF0CR) ....................................................... 104 Page 5 Offset 0x10: Wakeup Frame 0 Offset Byte Register (WF0OBR) .......................................... 105 Page 5 Offset 0x12: Wakeup Frame 1 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF1BMR0) .............................. 105 Page 5 Offset 0x14: Wakeup Frame 1 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF1BMR1) ............................ 105 Page 5 Offset 0x16: Wakeup Frame 1 CRC Register (WF1CR)........................................................ 105 Page 5 Offset 0x18: Wakeup Frame 1 Offset Byte Register (WF1OBR) .......................................... 106 Page 5 Offset 0x1A: Wakeup Frame 2 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF2BMR0) ............................. 106 Page 5 Offset 0x1C: Wakeup Frame 2 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF2BMR1) ........................... 106 Page 6 Offset 0x02: Wakeup Frame 2 CRC Register (WF2CR)........................................................ 106 Page 6 Offset 0x04: Wakeup Frame 2 Offset Byte Register (WF2OBR) .......................................... 107 Page 6 Offset 0x06: Wakeup Frame 3 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF3BMR0) .............................. 107 Page 6 Offset 0x08: Wakeup Frame 3 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF3BMR1) ............................ 107 Page 6 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame 3 CRC Register (WF3CR) ....................................................... 107 Page 6 Offset 0x0C: Wakeup Frame 3 Offset Byte Register (WF3OBR) .......................................... 108 Page 6 Offset 0x0E: Wakeup Frame 4 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF4BMR0).............................. 108 Page 6 Offset 0x10: Wakeup Frame 4 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF4BMR1) ............................ 108 Page 6 Offset 0x12: Wakeup Frame 4 CRC Register (WF4CR)........................................................ 108 Page 6 Offset 0x14: Wakeup Frame 4 Offset Byte Register (WF4OBR) .......................................... 109 Page 6 Offset 0x16: Wakeup Frame 5 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF5BMR0) .............................. 109 Page 6 Offset 0x18: Wakeup Frame 5 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF5BMR1) ............................ 109 Page 6 Offset 0x1A: Wakeup Frame 5 CRC Register (WF5CR) ....................................................... 109 Page 6 Offset 0x1C: Wakeup Frame 5 Offset Byte Register (WF5OBR) .......................................... 110 Page 7 Offset 0x02: Wakeup Frame 6 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF6BMR0) .............................. 110 Page 7 Offset 0x04: Wakeup Frame 6 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF6BMR1) ............................ 110 Page 7 Offset 0x06: Wakeup Frame 6 CRC Register (WF6CR)........................................................ 110 Page 7 Offset 0x08: Wakeup Frame 6 Offset Byte Register (WF6OBR) .......................................... 111 Page 7 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame 7 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF7BMR0) ............................. 111 5
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.93 6.1.94 6.1.95 6.1.96 6.1.97 6.1.98 6.1.99 6.1.100 6.1.101 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3 6.2.4 6.2.5 6.2.6 6.2.7 7.0 Page 7 Offset 0x0C: Wakeup Frame 7 Byte Mask [31:16] Register (WF7BMR1) ........................... 111 Page 7 Offset 0x0E: Wakeup Frame 7 CRC Register (WF7CR) ....................................................... 111 Page 7 Offset 0x10: Wakeup Frame 7 Offset Byte Register (WF7OBR) .......................................... 112 Page 7 Offset 0x12: Wakeup Frame Reply 0 ~ 1 Register (WFR01)................................................. 112 Page 7 Offset 0x14: Wakeup Frame Reply 2 ~ 3 Register (WFR23)................................................. 113 Page 7 Offset 0x16: Wakeup Frame Reply 4 ~ 5 Register (WFR45)................................................. 113 Page 7 Offset 0x18: Wakeup Frame Reply 6 ~ 7 Register (WFR67)................................................. 114 Page 7 Offset 0x1A: Wakeup Frame Partial Checksum 0 Register (WFPC0) ................................... 114 Page 7 Offset 0x1C: Wakeup Frame Partial Checksum 1 Register (WFPC1) ................................... 114 PHY Register Detailed Description .................................................................................115 MR0: Basic Mode Control Register ....................................................................................................... 116 MR1: Basic Mode Status Register .......................................................................................................... 117 MR2: PHY Identifier Register 1 ............................................................................................................. 118 MR3: PHY Identifier Register 2 ............................................................................................................. 118 MR4: Auto Negotiation Advertisement Register .................................................................................... 118 MR5: Auto Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register ........................................................................... 119 MR6: Auto Negotiation Expansion Register .......................................................................................... 119 Electrical Specifications ................................................................................................... 120 DC Characteristics .......................................................................................................... 120 Absolute Maximum Ratings ................................................................................................................... 120 General Operating Condition.................................................................................................................. 120 DC Characteristics of 3.3V I/O (VCCIO = 3.3V) .................................................................................. 121 DC Characteristics of 2.5V I/O (VCCIO = 2.5V) .................................................................................. 122 DC Characteristics of 1.8 V I/O (VCCIO = 1.8V) ................................................................................. 123 DC Characteristics of Voltage Regulator ................................................................................................ 124 7.2 Thermal Characteristics .................................................................................................. 124 7.3 Power Consumption ........................................................................................................ 125 7.4 Power-up Sequence ......................................................................................................... 126 7.5 AC Timing Characteristics.............................................................................................. 127 7.5.1 Clock Timing .......................................................................................................................................... 127 7.5.2 Reset Timing........................................................................................................................................... 128 7.5.3 Serial EEPROM Timing ......................................................................................................................... 129 7.5.4 10/100M Ethernet PHY Interface Timing............................................................................................... 130 7.5.5 8/16-Bit SRAM-like Bus Timing ........................................................................................................... 131 7.5.5.1 Single Read Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 131 7.5.5.2 Single Write Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 132 7.5.5.3 Burst Read Bus Timing ................................................................................................................. 133 7.5.5.4 Burst Write Bus Timing ................................................................................................................ 136 7.5.6 8/16-Bit Address/Data Multiplex Bus Timing ........................................................................................ 139 7.5.6.1 Single Read Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 139 7.5.6.2 Single Write Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 140 7.5.6.3 Burst Read Bus Timing ................................................................................................................. 141 7.5.6.4 Burst Write Bus Timing ................................................................................................................ 142 7.5.7 8051 Bus Timing .................................................................................................................................... 143 7.5.7.1 Single Read Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 143 7.5.7.2 Single Write Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 144 7.5.8 Renesas series CPU Bus Timing ............................................................................................................ 145 7.5.8.1 Single Read Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 145 7.5.8.2 Single Write Bus Timing ............................................................................................................... 146 7.5.8.3 Burst Read Bus Timing ................................................................................................................. 149 7.5.8.4 Burst Write Bus Timing ................................................................................................................ 152 7.5.9 SPI Bus Timing ...................................................................................................................................... 155 7.5.9.1 Mode 0 Timing .............................................................................................................................. 155 7.5.9.2 Mode 3 Timing .............................................................................................................................. 156 7.1 7.1.1 7.1.2 7.1.3 7.1.4 7.1.5 7.1.6 8.0 8.1 Package Information ........................................................................................................ 157 64-pin LQFP package ..................................................................................................... 157 6
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
9.0 Ordering Information....................................................................................................... 158 10.0 Revision History ................................................................................................................ 159 Appendix A: Disable AX88796C voltage regulator ................................................................... 160 7
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
LIST OF FIGURES
FIG 1 FIG 2 FIG 3 FIG 4 FIG 5 FIG 6 FIG 7 FIG 8 FIG 9 FIG 10 FIG 11 FIG 12 FIG 13 FIG 14 FIG 15 FIG 16 FIG 17 FIG 18 FIG 19 FIG 20 FIG 21 FIG 22 FIG 23 FIG 24 FIG 25 FIG 26 AX88796C BLOCK DIAGRAM ....................................................................................................................... 10 8/16-BIT SRAM-LIKE/RENESAS MODE PIN OUT DIAGRAM .......................................................................... 11 8/16-BIT ADDRESS-DATA MULTIPLEX/MCS-51 MODE PIN OUT DIAGRAM ................................................. 12 SPI MODE PIN OUT DIAGRAM ...................................................................................................................... 13 8-BIT SRAM-LIKE BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM ......................................................................................... 14 16-BIT SRAM-LIKE BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM ....................................................................................... 15 MCS-51 BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM ......................................................................................................... 15 8-BIT ADDRESS-DATA MULTIPLEX BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM ................................................................ 16 16-BIT ADDRESS-DATA MULTIPLEX BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM .............................................................. 16 RENESAS SHX SERIES CPU BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM ............................................................................ 17 SINGLE SPI BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM .................................................................................................. 17 INTERNAL SRAM MAP .................................................................................................................................. 27 MULTICAST FILTER EXAMPLE ....................................................................................................................... 30 MULTICAST FILTER ARRAY HASHING ALGORITHM ...................................................................................... 31 GENERAL TRANSMIT PACKET FORMAT ......................................................................................................... 34 HOST FILL PACKET TO TX MEMORY THROUGH SCATTER MEMORY APPROACH ............................................. 37 TX HEADER FORMAT ................................................................................................................................. 38 THE AX88796C RX PACKET FORMAT ........................................................................................................... 40 RX HEADER FORMAT.................................................................................................................................... 41 AUTO-REPLY ARP FORMAT.......................................................................................................................... 45 PAUSE PACKET FORMAT ............................................................................................................................... 48 TX / RX FLOW CONTROL .............................................................................................................................. 49 FOUR FIXED PATTERNS FOR BYTE LANE TEST ............................................................................................... 50 EEPROM CONNECTIONS............................................................................................................................... 51 IPV6 PACKET FORMAT .................................................................................................................................. 57 SPI TIMING DIAGRAM ................................................................................................................................... 60 8
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
LIST OF TABLES
TAB - 1 TAB - 2 TAB - 3 TAB - 4 TAB - 5 TAB - 6 TAB - 7 TAB - 8 TAB - 9 TAB - 10 TAB - 11 TAB - 12 TAB - 13 TAB - 14 TAB - 15 TAB - 16 TAB - 17 THE AX88796C BUS INTERFACE CONFIGURATION TABLE ........................................................................... 14 LOCAL CPU BUS INTERFACE SIGNALS GROUP ............................................................................................... 19 10/100MBPS TWISTED-PAIR INTERFACES SIGNALS GROUP ........................................................................... 20 BUILT-IN PHY LED INDICATOR SIGNALS GROUP .......................................................................................... 20 EEPROM BUS INTERFACE SIGNALS GROUP ................................................................................................... 21 SINGLE SPI INTERFACE SIGNALS GROUP ....................................................................................................... 22 MISCELLANEOUS SIGNALS GROUP ................................................................................................................. 23 EEPROM DATA FORMAT .............................................................................................................................. 25 VID1/VID2 SETTING TO FILTER RECEIVED PACKET ...................................................................................... 32 GPIO WAKEUP CONFIGURATION TABLE....................................................................................................... 47 POWER MANAGEMENT STATUS..................................................................................................................... 52 GPIO CONFIGURATION TABLE...................................................................................................................... 58 SPI MODE INSTRUCTION TABLE.................................................................................................................... 62 SPI STATUS TABLE ....................................................................................................................................... 68 THE EMBEDDED PHY REGISTERS ............................................................................................................... 115 DEVICE POWER CONSUMPTION TABLE ........................................................................................................ 125 SYSTEM POWER CONSUMPTION TABLE ....................................................................................................... 125 9
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
1.0 Introduction
1.1 General Description
The AX88796C is a SPI or non-PCI Ethernet controller with low power, low-pin-count and variable voltage I/O for the
Embedded and Industrial Ethernet applications. The AX88796C supports 8/16-bit SRAM-like or Address-Data
Multiplex host interface with variable voltage I/O, providing a glue-less connection to common or high-end MCUs.
The AX88796C also provides an alternative SPI slave interface for MCUs with SPI master for simplifying host
interface connection. The AX88796C integrates on-chip Fast Ethernet MAC and PHY, which is IEEE 802.3/802.3u
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX compatible, and 14KB embedded SRAM for packet buffering to accommodate high
bandwidth applications. The AX88796C offers a wide array of features including support for advanced power
management, high performance data transfer on host interface, IPv4/IPv6 checksum offload engine, HP Auto-MDIX,
and IEEE 802.3x and back-pressure flow control. The AX88796C supports two operating temperature ranges, namely,
commercial grade from 0 to 70 °C and industrial grade from –40 to 85 °C. The small form factor of 64-pin LQFP
package helps reduce the overall PCB space. The programming of AX88796C is simple, so the users can easily port the
software drivers to many embedded systems very quickly.
1.2 Block Diagram
SPI or Local
Bus Interface
SA0-4
SD0-15
CSn WRn
RDn IRQ
Bus
Interface
MUX
Local
Bus
Interface
SPI
Interface
(Optional)
EEDIO
EECS
EECK
EEPROM
Interface
POR
Wake-On
LAN
Checksum
Offload
Engine
GPIO
Interface
14KByte
SRAM
10/100M
Ethernet
MAC
Packet Buffer
Management
Voltage
Regulator
Power
Management
Unit
10/100M
Ethernet
PHY
TPO+ TPOTPI+ TPI(HP Auto-MDIX)
Crystal
Oscillator
Fig 1 AX88796C BLOCK DIAGRAM
10
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
1.3 Pin Connection Diagram
The AX88796C is housed in the 64-pin plastic light quad flat pack.
Note: N/C means No Connect.
8/16-Bit SRAM-like or Renesas SHx Series CPU Bus Mode
SA2
SA3
SA4
SA5/FIFO_SEL
VCCIO
VCCK
SD0
SD1
SD2
SD3
SD4
SD5
SD6
SD7
SD8
SD9
1.3.1
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
SA1 49
SA0 50
*GPIO1/AEN 51
CSn 52
RDn 53
WRn 54
GPIO0 55
TCLK 56
TEST_CK_EN 57
GND
VCCK
VCC18A
XTALIN
XTALOUT
GND18A
RSET_BG
AX88796C
64-LQFP
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
o 1 2 3 4 5
32 SD10
31 SD11
30 SD12
29 SD13
28 SD14/GPIO2*
27 SD15/GPIO3*
26 GND
25 VCCIO
24 VCCK
23 IRQ
22 PME
21 EECS/GPIO3*
20 EECK/GPIO2*
19 EEDIO/GPIO1*
18 GND
17 RSTn
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
I_FULL/COL
I_SPEED
I_LK/ACT
TEST1
TEST2
GND3R3
VCC3R3
V18F
GND18A
TPOTPO+
VCC18A
TPITPI+
GND3A3
VCC3A3
Fig 2 8/16-BIT SRAM-LIKE/RENESAS MODE PIN OUT DIAGRAM
* NOTE: The GPIO1, GPIO2 and GPIO3 can only be enabled when EEPROM is not exist or data
bus is not in used or regular pin function is disconnected. Please reference GPIOWCR[10:8]
register information to carefully turn on and mux out the GPIO pin when normal pin is not
connected.
11
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
8/16-Bit Address-Data Multiplex or MCS-51 Bus Mode
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
VCCIO
VCCK
SD0/SA0
SD1SA1
SD2/SA2
SD3/SA3
SD4/SA4
SD5/SA5
SD6
SD7
SD8/PSEN(51)
SD9
1.3.2
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
N/C 49
N/C 50
AEN 51
CSn 52
RDn 53
WRn 54
GPIO0 55
TCLK 56
TEST_CK_EN 57
GND
VCCK
VCC18A
XTALIN
XTALOUT
GND18A
RSET_BG
AX88796C
64-LQFP
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
o 1 2 3 4 5
32 SD10
31 SD11
30 SD12
29 SD13
28 SD14/GPIO2*
27 SD15/GPIO3*
26 GND
25 VCCIO
24 VCCK
23 IRQ
22 PME
21 EECS/GPIO3*
20 EECK/GPIO2*
19 EEDIO/GPIO1*
18 GND
17 RSTn
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
I_FULL/COL
I_SPEED
I_LK/ACT
TEST1
TEST2
GND3R3
VCC3R3
V18F
GND18A
TPOTPO+
VCC18A
TPITPI+
GND3A3
VCC3A3
Fig 3 8/16-BIT ADDRESS-DATA MULTIPLEX/MCS-51 MODE PIN OUT DIAGRAM
* NOTE: The GPIO1, GPIO2 and GPIO3 can only be enabled when EEPROM is not exist or data
bus is not in used or regular pin function is disconnected. Please reference GPIOWCR[10:8]
register information to carefully turn on and mux out the GPIO pin when normal pin is not
connected.
12
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
SPI Bus Mode
N/C
N/C
N/C
SA5/FIFO_SEL
VCCIO
VCCK
MOSI
MISO
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
GPIO2*
GPIO3*
N/C
N/C
1.3.3
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
N/C 49
N/C 50
*GPIO1 51
SSn 52
N/C 53
N/C 54
GPIO0 55
SPI CLK 56
TEST_CK_EN 57
GND
VCCK
VCC18A
XTALIN
XTALOUT
GND18A
RSET_BG
AX88796C(SPI)
64-LQFP
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
o 1 2 3 4 5
32 N/C
31 N/C
30 N/C
29 N/C
28 GPIO2*
27 GPIO3*
26 GND
25 VCCIO
24 VCCK
23 IRQ
22 PME
21 EECS/GPIO3*
20 EECK/GPIO2*
19 EEDIO/GPIO1*
18 GND
17 RSTn
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
I_FULL/COL
I_SPEED
I_LK/ACT
TEST1
TEST2
GND3R3
VCC3R3
V18F
GND18A
TPOTPO+
VCC18A
TPITPI+
GND3A3
VCC3A3
Fig 4 SPI MODE PIN OUT DIAGRAM
* NOTE: The GPIO1, GPIO2 and GPIO3 can only be enabled when EEPROM is not exist or data
bus is not in used or regular pin function is disconnected. Please reference GPIOWCR[10:8]
register information to carefully turn on and mux out the GPIO pin when normal pin is not
connected.
13
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
1.4 Bus Interface Configuration Table and Application
The AX88796C supports total seven different types of bus interfaces include 8/16 Bit SRAM-like bus
interface, 8/16-Bit Address-Data Multiplex interface, Renesas CPU series bus interface, MCS-51 and
SPI bus interface. The AX88796C can be configured to the specific bus type automatically by pull-up
and pull-down the EECS/EECK/I_FULL pins. Assume the external crystal is used. Please pull-down
the TEST2, TEST1, and TEST_CK_EN three pins to ground.
I_FULL
PD
PD
PD
PD
PU
PU
PU
PU
EECS
PD
PD
PU
PU
PD
PD
PU
PU
EECK
PD
PU
PD
PU
PD
PU
PD
PU
Bus Type
8-bit SRAM-like bus
8-bit Address/Data multiplexed bus
Reserved
MCS-51 (805x)
16-bit SRAM-like bus
16-bit Address/Data multiplexed bus
SPI Mode
16-bit local bus with byte write
enable (Renesas SHx CPU bus style)
TAB - 1 THE AX88796C BUS INTERFACE CONFIGURATION TABLE
1.4.1
8-Bit SRAM-like Bus Interface
An example, the AX88796C’s bus setting to 8-bit SRAM-like bus mode. Three external
pull-down resistors are connected to pin I_FULL, pin EECS and pin EECK. Please
reference TAB-1 for the AX88796C bus type setting. The pin SA5 suggest connect to the
address higher than 2K address space and make sure SA0 is toggling when burst mode access
data in and out of buffer memory. Note: A12 is just a reference minimal address pin to tie to
SA5.
AX88796C
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A12
CSn
RDn
WRn
INT
Data[7:0]
SA0
I_FULL
SA1
EECS
SA2
EECK
SA3
AEN
SA4
SA5/FIFO_SEL
CSn
RDn
WRn
IRQ
SD[7:0]
Pull-Down
Pull-Down
Pull-Down
Pull-Down
8-Bit MCU
Fig 5 8-BIT SRAM-LIKE BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
14
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
1.4.2
16-Bit SRAM-like Bus Interface
An example, the AX88796C’s bus setting to 16-bit SRAM-like bus mode. Please
reference TAB-1 for the AX88796C bus type setting. The pin SA5 suggest connect to the
address higher than 2K address space and make sure SA0 is toggling when burst mode access
data in and out of buffer memory. Note: A12 is just a reference minimal address pin to tie to
SA5.
AX88796C
SA0
I_FULL
SA1
EECS
SA2
EECK
SA3
AEN
SA4
SA5/FIFO_SEL
CSn
RDn
WRn
IRQ
SD[15:0]
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A12
CSn
RDn
WRn
INT
Data[15:0]
Pull-Up
Pull-Down
Pull-Down
Pull-Down
16-Bit MCU
Fig 6 16-BIT SRAM-LIKE BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
1.4.3
MCS-51 Bus Interface
An example, the AX88796C’s bus setting as MCS-51 mode. Two external pull-up resistors are
connected to pin EECS and pin EECK. One pull down resistor is connected to the I_FULL pin.
Please reference TAB-1 for the AX88796C bus type setting.
AX88796C
PSEN
AEN
DATA[7:0]
RDn
WRn
INT
SD[8]
AEN SD[15:9]
SD[7:0]
RDn
WRn
IRQ
MCS-51
NC
The internal pull-down/up resisters
controlled by Page 2 Offset 0x02,
IO Control Register (ICR)
I_FULL
EECS
EECK
Pull-Down
Pull-Up
Pull-Up
Fig 7 MCS-51 BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
15
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
1.4.4
8-Bit Address-Data Multiplex Bus Interface
The AX88796C’s bus interface can set to 8-bit Address-Data multiplex bus mode. Please
reference TAB-1 for the AX88796C bus type setting.
AX88796C
CSn
RDn
WRn
INT
Data[7:0]
AEN
CSn
RDn
WRn
IRQ
SD[7:0]
AEN
I_FULL
EECS
EECK
Pull-Down
Pull-Down
Pull-Up
8-Bit MCU
Fig 8 8-BIT ADDRESS-DATA MULTIPLEX BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
1.4.5
16-Bit Address-Data Multiplex Bus Interface
The AX88796C’s bus interface can set to 16-bit Address-Data multiplex bus mode. Please
reference TAB-1 for the AX88796C bus type setting.
AX88796C
CSn
RDn
WRn
INT
Data[15:0]
AEN
CSn
RDn
WRn
IRQ
SD[15:0]
AEN
I_FULL
EECS
EECK
Pull-Up
Pull-Down
Pull-Up
16-Bit MCU
Fig 9 16-BIT ADDRESS-DATA MULTIPLEX BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
16
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
1.4.6
Renesas SHx series CPU Bus Interface
The AX88796C supports Renesas SHx series CPU bus interface. Please reference TAB-1 for
bus type setting.
AX88796C
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A12
CSn
RDn
WRn
INT
Data[15:0]
AEN
SA0
I_FULL
SA1
EECS
SA2
EECK
SA3
SA4
SA5/FIFO_SEL
CSn
RDn
WRn
IRQ
SD[15:0]
AEN
Pull-Up
Pull-Up
Pull-Up
Renesas SHx CP
Fig 10
1.4.7
RENESAS SHX SERIES CPU BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
SPI Mode Bus Interface
The AX88796C supports single SPI mode and please reference 5.4.1 for instruction set table
that supports this setting.
Generic
Host
CPU
With SPI
Interface
SPI CLK
SSn
MOSI
MISO
IRQ
Fig 11
AX88796C
I_FULL
EECS
EECK
Pull-Up
Pull-Up
Pull-Down
SINGLE SPI BUS APPLICATION DIAGRAM
17
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
2.0 Signal Description
The following abbreviations are used in AX88796C pinout:
All pin names with the “n” suffix are low-active signals. The following abbreviations are used in following Tables.
MI
MO
MB
T
4mA
8mA
I
O
Multivoltage Input (3.3/2.5/1.8V)
Multivoltage Output (3.3/2.5/1.8V)
Bi-directional multivoltage I/O
Tri-state
4mA driving strength
8mA driving strength
1.8V input
1.8V output
PU
PD
AB
P
A
S
AO
Pull Up (75Kohm)
Pull Down (75Kohm)
Analog IO differential pair
Power Pin
Analog
Schmitt trigger
Analog Output
2.1 Local CPU Bus Interface Signals Group
Signal
SA[4:0]
SD[15:0]
IRQ
Type
MI
Pin No.
Description
46, 47, 48, System Address: Signals SA[4:0] are address bus input
49, 50 lines. The internal PSR register bit [3] Address Shifter
Control bit select the internal address decoding sequence.
PIN 46 ~ 50
CHIP Internal Address Bus Decode
AddressShifter
0 (Default,
1 (Enable)
Control Bit
Disable)
Page0
Offset 0x00 [3]
SA0
SA0
SA1
SA1
SA1
SA2
SA2
SA2
SA3
SA3
SA3
SA4
SA4
SA4
N/A
System
Data
Bus:
Signals
SD[15:0]
constitute
the
MB/8mA 27, 28, 29,
30, 31, 32, bi-directional data bus.
33, 34, 35, NOTE:
1.When the Bus Type is set to MCS-51 mode then SD8
36, 37, 38,
pin will become PSEN.
39, 40, 41,
2.SD14
and SD6 can be configured to GPIO2 through
42
GPIOWCR [10:9] register setting when not used.
3.SD15 and SD7 can be configured to GPIO3 through
GPIOWCR [10:9] register setting when not used..
MO/T/8mA
23
Programmable Interrupt request. Programmable polarity,
source and buffer types. The IRQ polarity can be
configured by EEPROM auto-loader or FER register
18
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
SA[5] or
MI/PD
45
FIFO_SEL
System Address or FIFO Select: When driven high, all
accesses to the AX88796C are to the RX or TX data buffer
FIFO (Data Port).
The AX88796C supports two kinds of Data Port for
receiving/transmitting packets from/to the AX88796C.
One is the PIO (Program I/O) Data Port; the other one is
the SRAM-like Data Port. The SRAM-like Data Port
address range depends on which address line of host
processor is being connected to the address line
SA5/FIFO_SEL of the AX88796C. Please reserve
minimal 2K address space for burst access.
Software on host CPU can issue a Single Data Read/Write
command to both PIO Data Port and SRAM-like Data Port.
However, to use Burst Data Read/Write commands, one has to
use SRAM-like Data Port, which requires SA5/FIFO_SEL
(pin 45) of the AX88796C connecting to an upper address line
of the host CPU. Our reference schematic has SA5/FIFO_SEL
pin connected to upper address line for supporting Burst Data
Read/Write commands.
CSn
MI/PU
52
RDn
WRn
MI/PU
MI/PU
53
54
GPIO0
MB/8mA
AEN/GPIO1
MI
55
51
PME
22
MO/T/8mA
Chip Select: Active low.
If the AX88796C bus type (TAB-1) is set to SPI Mode
then this pin is Slave Select input for SPI bus.
Read: Active low strobe to indicate a read cycle.
Write: Active low strobe to indicate a write cycle. This
signal also used to wakeup the AX88796C when it is in
reduced power state. If the AX88796C bus type (TAB-1)
is set to SPI Mode then this pin is the SPI clock input for
SPI bus.
General purpose IO pin #0
Address enable for 8/16-Bit Address-Data Multiplex,
MCS-51 bus modes and low byte write select for Renesas
bus mode. Please pull-down this pin when configured to
8/16-Bit SRAM-like bus modes.
If the AX88796C bus type (TAB-1) is set to SPI Mode
then this pin can be configured to GPIO1 provide extra
GPIO selection.
NOTE: AEN can be configured to GPIO1 through
GPIOWCR [8] register setting when not used.
Wakeup Indicator: When programmed to do so, is asserted
when the AX88696C detects a wakeup event and is requesting
the system to wake up from the sleep state. The polarity and
buffer type of this signal is programmable through the WFCR
register setting.
TAB - 2 LOCAL CPU BUS INTERFACE SIGNALS GROUP
19
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
2.2 10/100Mbps Twisted-Pair Interface Signals Group
Signal
TPI+
TPITPO+
TPORSET_BG
Type
AB
AB
AB
AB
AO
Pin No.
3
4
6
7
64
Description
Twisted Pair Receive Input, Positive
Twisted Pair Receive Input, Negative
Twisted Pair Transmit Output, Positive
Twisted Pair Transmit Output, Negative
Off-chip resister. Must be connected 12.1K ohm ± 1% to
ground.
TAB - 3 10/100MBPS TWISTED-PAIR INTERFACES SIGNALS GROUP
2.3 Build-in PHY LED Indicator Signals Group
Signal
I_FULL/COL
Type
MB/PU/
8mA
Pin No.
Description
16
Full-Duplex/Collision Status. If this signal is low, it
indicates full-duplex link established, and if it is high,
then the link is in half-duplex mode. When in half-duplex
and collision occurrence, the output will be driven low for
80ms and driven high at minimum 80ms.
The users can also programmed register LCR0 [7:0] and
change this LED output function. The LCR1 [15]
configure this LED polarity to active high or active low
(default).
The pull-up or pull-down on pin I_FULL is also used to
configure the AX88796C bus type. Please also reference
AX88796C bus type table (TAB-1) for detail information.
I_SPEED
I_LK/ACT
MO/8mA
MO/8mA
15
14
Speed Status: If this signal is low, it indicates 100Mbps,
and if it is high, then the speed is 10Mbps.
The LCR0 [15:8] register provides a register setting to
configure this LED output function. The users can change
the default setting by program this register.
Link Status/Active: If this signal is low, it indicates link,
and if it is high, then the link is fail. When in link status
and line activity occurrence, this signal is pulsed high
(LED off) for 80ms whenever transmit or receive activity
is detected. This signal is then driven low again for a
minimum of 80ms, after which time it will repeat the
process if TX or RX activity is detected.
The register LCR1 [7:0] provides a programmable setting
to configure this LED output function. The users can
change the default setting by program this register.
TAB - 4 BUILT-IN PHY LED INDICATOR SIGNALS GROUP
20
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
2.4 EEPROM Signals Group
Signal
EECS
Type
MB/4mA/PD
EECK
MB/4mA/PD
EEDIO
MB/4mA/PU
Pin No.
Description
21
EEPROM Chip Select: EEPROM chip select signal.
NOTE: EECS can be configured to GPIO3 through
GPIOWCR [10:9] register setting when not used.
20
EEPROM Clock: Signal connected to EEPROM clock pin.
EECS, EECK can load BUS type setting during power on
reset cycle.(PD: Pull Down PU: Pull Up)
NOTE: EECK can be configured to GPIO2 through
GPIOWCR [10:9] register setting when not used.
I_FULL EECS EECK
Bus Type
PD
PD
PD 8-bit SRAM-like bus (AEN unused
and must be pull-low.)
PD
PD
PU 8-bit Address/Data multiplexed bus
(AEN=1 address cycle, AEN=0 data
cycle).
Pin SD7 ~ SD0 is used. SD5 ~ SD0
represent address bus when AEN =1.
Pin SD7 ~SD0 represent data bus
when AEN=0. Pin CSN should be
low when the AX88796C is
selected.
PD
PU
PD Reserved
PD
PU
PU MCS-51 (805x)(PSEN/AEN active
high)
PU
PD
PD 16-bit SRAM-like bus (AEN unused
and must be pull-low.)
PU
PD
PU 16-bit Address/Data multiplexed bus
(AEN=1: address cycle, AEN=0 :
data cycle)
Pin SD15 ~ SD0 is used. SD5 ~ SD0
represent address bus when AEN =1.
SD15 ~SD0 represent data bus when
AEN=0. CSN should be low when
the AX88796C is selected.
PU
PU
PD SPI Mode (AEN unused and can be
pull-low if GPIO mode is unused.)
PU
PU
PU 16-bit local bus with byte write
enable (Renesas SHx style, AEN =
low byte SD7 ~ SD0 enable, WRn =
high byte SD15 ~ SD8 enable)
19
EEPROM Data In/Out: Signal connected to EEPROM data
input and data output pin.
NOTE: EEDIO can be configured to GPIO1 through
GPIOWCR [8] setting when not used.
TAB - 5 EEPROM BUS INTERFACE SIGNALS GROUP
21
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
2.5 SPI Interface Signals Group
Signal
MOSI
MISO
SSn
SPI_CLK
Type
MI/8mA
MO/T/8mA
MI/PU
MI
Pin No.
42
41
52
56
Description
SPI data input
SPI data output
SPI slave select signal (active low)
SPI clock input
TAB - 6 SINGLE SPI INTERFACE SIGNALS GROUP
2.6 Miscellaneous Signals Group
Signal
XTALIN
Type
I
XTALOUT
O
RSTn
MI/S/PU
TCLK
MB/PD
Pin No.
Description
61
Crystal/Oscillator Input: A 25MHz crystal, +/- 50 PPM can be
connected across XTALIN and XTALOUT.
CMOS Local Clock: A 25MHz clock, +/- 50 PPM, 40%-60%
duty cycle. Note that the pin does not support 3.3V or 5V
voltage supply.
62
Crystal/Oscillator Output: A 25MHz crystal, +/- 50 PPM can be
connected across XTALIN and XTALOUT. If a single-ended
external clock (LCLK) is connected to XTALIN, the crystal
output pin should be left floating.
17
Chip Reset.
Reset is active low. Place the AX88796C under the reset mode.
During the rising edge, the AX88796C loads the power on
setting data.
56
TCLK is bi-direction I/O type pin and support 25MHz system
clock input when XTALIN (Pin 61) and XTALOUT (Pin 62)
are unused or 25/50/100MHz extra clock output when
configure to clock output port.
NOTE:
1. TCLK and SPI CLK share the same pin. When
AX88796C is configured to SPI mode the TCLK will
be used as SPI CLK.
2. TCLK output clock is not free-running clock. If the
AX88796C is in Power Saving Mode 2 (PS2)/Sleep
Mode and TCLK clock output is enabled then NO
clock will be send out due to power saving function
gated the internal clock source.
3. Please make sure FER[4:3] setting to the right clock
output frequency.
4. TCLK clock output source is from internal PHY.
When power saving in Power Saving Mode 2 (PS2)
mode, this clock output source will be gated.
22
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
TEST2 TEST1 TEST_
CK_
EN
PD
PD
Comment
Register setting to decide 25,
50 or 100MHz clock output.
The register FER[4:3] is the
clock output select register.
[4] [3]
TCLK Output
0 0 Disable. (Default
input direction and
internal pull-down,
compatible with
AX88796B)
0 1 25MHz clock output
1 0 50MHz clock output
1 1 100MHz clock output
PD
PD
PU 25MHz XTALOUT/XTALIN not used
clock
input
PD
PU
X N/A
N/A
PU
X
X N/A
IC test mode
TEST_CK_EN MI/PD/S
57
TCLK mode select. Please reference TCLK table setting
TEST2
MI/PD/S
12
TCLK mode select. Please reference TCLK table setting
TEST1
MI/PD/S
13
TCLK mode select. Please reference TCLK table setting
VCC3A3
P
1
Power Supply for Analog Circuit: +3.3V DC.
GND3A3
P
2
Power Supply for Analog Circuit: +0V DC or Ground Power.
VCC18A
P
5, 60
Analog power for oscillator, PLL, and Ethernet PHY
differential I/O pins, 1.8V
GND18A
P
8, 63
Analog ground for oscillator, PLL, and Ethernet PHY
differential I/O pins.
V18F
P
9
On-chip 3.3V to 1.8V Regulator output +1.8V DC with 150mA
driving current.
VCC3R3
P
10
On-chip 3.3V to 1.8V Regulator power supply: +3.3V DC.
GND3R3
P
11
On-chip 3.3V to 1.8V Regulator ground.
GND
P
18, 26, 58 Ground.
VCCIO
P
25, 44 Multi-voltage Power Supply for IO Pad: +3.3V/2.5V/1.8V DC.
VCCK
P
24, 43, 59 Power Supply for core logic: +1.8V DC.
TAB - 7
PD
TCLK
Clock
output
MISCELLANEOUS SIGNALS GROUP
23
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
3.0
Memory Mapping Table
3.1 EEPROM Memory Format Table
The AX88796C supports 16-bit mode 93C56/93C66 EEPROM. The EEPROM content will be
auto-loaded to respective AX88796C registers setting described in below EEPROM mapping
format during AX88796C hardware reset.
During hardware reset, the EEPROM loader will check the high-byte of the EEPROM first
word data and the Check Sum field value at low-byte of EEPROM address 0x27. Please make
sure the high-byte of first word is equal to 0x5A before programming the EEPROM data. If
the hardware calculated the checksum value of EECSR register plus the Check Sum filed of
EEPROM address 0x27 is not equal to 0xFF then the EEPROM loader will proclaim that
wrong EEPROM data and stop auto-loading EEPROM.
Please check PSCR [15] EEPROM_OK and EECSR register checksum value for EEPROM
auto-loading status. If PSCR [15] EEPROM_OK is one and EECSR register is 0xFF then
external EEPROM device is not connected. If PSCR [15] EEPROM_OK is zero, then the
device report checksum value did not match with expected checksum value and no EEPROM
data can load into the AX88796C internal registers.
The EEPROM data can be indirectly accessed through the EECR and EEDR registers. The
EECSR register saves the pre-calculated checksum complement value for EEPROM
auto-loading finish check. The EECSR provides hardware calculated total checksum value
from 0x00 up to the valid address location. If 0xFF minus EECSR checksum value is equal to
the EEPROM address 0x27’s checksum value then the checksum test is passed. The users can
change the EEPROM length value (address 00h, low-byte) to 0Fh if the wakeup frame
function is not supported that can reduce the EEPROM auto-loading time.
The following is a sample EEPROM data with the desired MAC address 10-32-54-76-98-BA.
z Please reference register description section and set the correspondent value for your
specific application.
Addr
0x00
0x01
D[15:0]*
0x5A,
Length
0x98BA
0x02
0x5476
0x03
0x1032
0x04
0x05
0x06
0x0000
0x0000
0x08A0
Page #, Offset#
Register Description
Length (low-byte) Length: Indicates the total of word counts for auto loading
Page 3 Offset0x02 MAC Address Setup Register0 (MACASR0)
MAC address [39:32], [47:40]
Page 3 Offset 0x04 MAC Address Setup Register1 (MACASR1)
MAC address [23:16], [31:24]
Page 3 Offset 0x06 MAC Address Setup Register2 (MACASR2)
MAC Address [7:0], [15:8]
Page 0 Offset 0x04 Function Enable Register (FER)
Page 0 Offset 0x08 Interrupt Mask Register (IMR)
Page 0 Offset 0x0C Power Saving Configuration Register (PSCR)
NOTE: Bit 11 (PHY_Reset) can’t be written from
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
EEPROM load process and should be force to default
value!!
0x07
0x0000
Page 0 Offset 0x0E MAC Configuration Register (MACCR)
0x08
0x0000
Page 2 Offset 0x02 IO Control Register (ICR)
0x09
0x1002
Page 2 Offset 0x04 PHY Control Register (PCR)
0x0A 0x0C00 Page 4 Offset 0x0A SPI Configuration Register (SPICR)
0x0B
0x0000
Page 4 Offset 0x0C SPI Interrupt Status and Mask Register (SPIISMR)
0x0C
0x0000
Page 4 Offset 0x02 GPIO Enable Register (GPIOER)
0x0D
0x0000
Page 4 Offset 0x04 GPIO IRQ Control Register (GPIOCR)
0x0E
0x0000
Page 4 Offset 0x06 GPIO Wakeup Control Register (GPIOWCR)
0x0F
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x02 Wakeup Frame Timer Register (WFTR)
0x10
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x04 Wakeup Frame Cascade Command Register (WFCCR)
0x11
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x06 Wakeup Frame Command 0~3 Register (WFCR03)
0x12
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x08 Wakeup Frame 0 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF0BMR0)
0x13
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x0A Wakeup Frame 0 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF0BMR1)
0x14
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x0C Wakeup Frame 0 CRC Register (WF0CR)
0x15
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x0E Wakeup Frame 0 Offset Byte Register (WF0OBR)
0x16
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x10 Wakeup Frame 1 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF1BMR0)
0x17
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x12 Wakeup Frame 1 Byte Mask [31:16] Register(WF1BMR1)
0x18
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x14 Wakeup Frame 1 CRC Register (WF1CR)
0x19
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x16 Wakeup Frame 1 Offset Byte Register (WF1OBR)
0x1A
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x18 Wakeup Frame 2 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF2BMR0)
0x1B
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x1A Wakeup Frame 2 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF2BMR1)
0x1C
0x0000
Page 5 Offset 0x1C Wakeup Frame 2 CRC Register (WF2CR)
0x1D
0x0000
Page 6 Offset 0x02 Wakeup Frame 2 Offset Byte 0 Register (WF2OBR)
0x1E
0x0000
Page 6 Offset 0x04 Wakeup Frame 3 Byte Mask [15:0] Register (WF3BMR0)
0x1F
0x0000
Page 6 Offset 0x06 Wakeup Frame 3 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF3BMR1)
0x20
0x0000
Page 6 Offset 0x08 Wakeup Frame 3 CRC Register (WF3CR)
0x21
0x0000
Page 6 Offset 0x0A Wakeup Frame 3 Offset Byte Register (WF3OBR)
0x22
0x0000
Page 7 Offset 0x12 Wakeup Frame Reply 0 ~ 1 Register (WFR01)
0x23
0x0000
Page 7 Offset 0x14 Wakeup Frame Reply 2 ~ 3 Register (WFR23)
0x24
0x0000
Page 7 Offset 0x1A Wakeup Frame Partial Checksum 0 Register (WFPC0)
0x25
0x0000
Page 7 Offset 0x1C Wakeup Frame Partial Checksum 1 Register (WFPC1)
0x26
0x0000
Page 0 Offset 0x0A Wakeup Frame Configuration Register (WFCR)
NOTE: Please make sure checksum value is correct before
write this value. To protect sleep mode being write
incorrectly causing chip in sleep state.
0x27
0x00,
Check Sum
The Check Sum value of EEPROM address 00h ~
<CheckSum>
(low-byte)
<Length-1>h fields. This field will always be auto-loaded
into the EECSR register no matter the <Length> field
value.
TAB - 8
EEPROM DATA FORMAT
25
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
The AX88796C EEPROM 8 bits Checksum Algorithm:
Addr[00] (High Byte)
+
Addr[00] (Low Byte)
carry[0]
sum[0]
sum[0]
+
carry[0]
+
Addr [01] (High Byte)
+
Addr [01] (Low Byte)
carry[1]
sum[1]
●
●
●
sum[Length-1]
+
carry[Length-1]
+
Addr [Length] (High Byte)
+
Addr [Length] (Low Byte)
sum[Length]
carry[Length]
Addr [27h](Low)= 0xFF – ( sum[Length] + carry[Length] ) EECSR value
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
3.2 Internal Memory Mapping Table
The AX88796C internal register address [7:0] is mapping to {SA5=0, PS2, PS1, PS0, SA4,
SA3, SA2, SA1, SA0}. The SA5 set to zero to enable internal register access. If SA5 set to
one then the internal TX/RX buffer memory access will be enabled. There are total 8 pages
within the register space and each page has total 32 byte data. The SA4, SA3 SA2, SA1 and
SA0 will be the offset inside each page. The three page select bits PS2, PS1 and PS0
configured from the PSR [2:0] decide which page to select.
0x00
Internal Register
Page 0 ~ Page 7
0xFF
SA5=1, Write process
SA0 toggling
4Kbyte
Transmit
Memory
Buffer
SA5=1, Read process
10Kbyte
Receive
Memory
Buffer
SA0 toggling
Fig 12
INTERNAL SRAM MAP
27
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
3.2.1
Register Read/Write Access
The AX88796C provides direct access to internal register through read/write operation when
SA5 is set to zero. The PSR [2:0] define the page select information (Page 0 ~ Page 7). Pin
SA4 ~ SA0 provide the offset information. The AX88796C supports register burst read or
burst write access when the chip select signal is continuous stay low.
3.2.2
RX/TX Packet Buffer Access
The AX88796C provides 4Kbyte TX Buffer RAM and 10Kbyte RX Buffer RAM for packet
reception and transmission. When SA5=1, the burst operation to access TX/RX buffer will be
enabled as long as chip select stay low. The AX88796C also supports PIO access to TX/RX
buffer RAM through page 0 offset 14h register setting. Please always reserve at least 2KB
memory buffer when access through SA5 burst access.
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
4.0 Basic Operation
4.1 Receiver Filtering
The address filtering logic compares the Destination Address Field (first 6 bytes of the
received packet) to the Physical address registers stored in the Address Register Array. If any
one of the six bytes does not match the pre-programmed physical address, the Protocol
Control Logic rejects the packet. This is for unicast address filtering. All multicast destination
addresses are filtered using a hashing algorithm. (See following description.) If the multicast
address indexes a bit that has been set in the filter bit array of the Multicast Address Register
Array the packet is accepted, otherwise the Protocol Control Logic rejects it. Each destination
address is also checked for all 1’s, which is the reserved for broadcast address.
4.1.1
Unicast Address Match Filter
The physical address registers are used to compare the destination address of incoming
packets for rejecting or accepting packets. Comparisons are performed on a byte wide basis.
The bit assignment shown below relates the sequence in MACASR2/MACASR1/MACASR0
to the bit sequence of the received packet.
MACASR2[15:8]
MACASR2[7:0]
MACASR1[15:8]
MACASR1[7:0]
MACASR0[15:8]
MACASR0[7:0]
D7
DA7
DA15
DA23
DA31
DA39
DA47
D6
DA6
DA14
DA22
DA30
DA38
DA46
D5
DA5
DA13
DA21
DA29
DA37
DA45
D4
DA4
DA12
DA20
DA28
DA36
DA44
D3
DA3
DA11
DA19
DA27
DA35
DA43
D2
DA2
DA10
DA18
DA26
DA34
DA42
D1
DA1
DA9
DA17
DA25
DA33
DA41
D0
DA0
DA8
DA16
DA24
DA32
DA40
Note: The bit sequence of the received MAC address is DA0, DA1, … DA46, DA47 ….
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
4.1.2
Multicast Address Match Filter
The Multicast Address Registers provide filtering of multicast addresses hashed by the CRC
logic. All destination addresses are fed through the 32 bits CRC generation logic and as the
last bit of the destination address enters the CRC, the 6 most significant bits of the CRC
generator are latched. These 6 bits are then decoded by a 1 of 64 decode to index a unique
filter bit (FB0-63) in the Multicast Address Registers. If the filter bit selected is set, the
multicast packet is accepted. The system designer would use a program to determine which
filter bits to set in the multicast registers. All multicast filter bits that correspond to Multicast
Address Registers accepted by the node are then set to one. To accept all multicast packets all
of the registers are set to all ones.
MFAR0
MFAR1
MFAR2
MFAR3
MFAR4
MFAR5
MFAR6
MFAR7
D7
FB7
FB15
FB23
FB31
FB39
FB47
FB55
FB63
D6
FB6
FB14
FB22
FB30
FB38
FB46
FB54
FB62
D5
FB5
FB13
FB21
FB29
FB37
FB45
FB53
FB61
D4
FB4
FB12
FB20
FB28
FB36
FB44
FB52
FB60
D3
FB3
FB11
FB19
FB27
FB35
FB43
FB51
FB59
D2
FB2
FB10
FB18
FB26
FB34
FB42
FB50
FB58
D1
FB1
FB9
FB17
FB25
FB33
FB41
FB49
FB57
D0
FB0
FB8
FB16
FB24
FB32
FB40
FB48
FB56
{MFAR67 [15:0], MFAR54 [15:0], MFAR23 [15:0], MFAR01 [15:0]} = the multicast address
bit map for multicast frame filtering block. For example, see below Fig-13.
DA
81 81 81 81 81 81
CRC32
{crc31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 26}
Address [5:0] = 1Ah
MFAR [63:0] =
400 0000h
Fig 13
MULTICAST FILTER EXAMPLE
As shown in below figure, the Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR) provides filtering of
multicast addresses hashed through the CRC logic. All Destination Address field are fed
through the 32 bits CRC generation logic. As the last bit of the Destination Address field
enters the CRC, the 6 most significant bits of the CRC generator are latched. These 6 bits are
then decoded by a 1-to-64 decoder and index a unique filter bit (FB0-63) in the Multicast
Filter Array. If the filter bit selected is set, the multicast packet is accepted. The system
designer should use a program to determine which filter bits to set in the multicast registers.
All multicast filter bits that correspond to Multicast Filter Array Registers accepted by the
node are then set to one. To accept all multicast packets all of the registers are set to all ones.
30
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Note that the Ethernet MAC regardless of MFAR setting always filters all the receiving Pause
Frames.
48 bits DA field
(DA [40] = 1 indicating a multicast DA)
32-bit CRC Generator
CRC [31:26]
1 to 64-bit decoder
Index to
A
Multicast Filter Array
Fig 14
Selected bit:
0: Reject the multicast packet
1: Accept the multicast packet
MULTICAST FILTER ARRAY HASHING ALGORITHM
Example: If the accepted multicast packet’s destination address Y is found to hash to the value 32
(0x20), then FB32 in MFAR34 should be initialized to “1”. This will allow the Ethernet MAC to
accept any multicast packet with the destination address Y. Although the hashing algorithm does
not guarantee perfect filtering of multicast address, it will perfectly filter up to 64 logical address
filters if these addresses are chosen to map into unique locations in the multicast filter. Note: The
LSB bit of received packet’s first byte being “1” signifies a Multicast Address.
Following is the truth table about multicast packet filtering condition. (Please also refer to RXCR
register description)
PRO AMALL AM
Pass Hashing
Multicast Packet Filtered by Ethernet
bit
bit
bit
Algorithm?
MAC?
0
0
0
0
Yes
0
0
0
1
Yes
0
0
1
0
Yes
0
0
1
1
No
0
1
0/1
0/1
No
1
0/1
0/1
0/1
No
Note: Passing Hashing Algorithm means that the selected bit in MFAR of CRC-32 result is set to
“1”.
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AX88796C
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4.1.3
Broadcast Address Match Filter
The Broadcast check logic compares the Destination Address Field (first 6 bytes of the
received packet) to all 1’s, which is the values are “FF FF FF FF FF FF” in Hex format. If any
bit of the six bytes does not equal to 1’s, the Protocol Control Logic rejects the packet.
4.1.4
VLAN Match Filter
The AX88796C compares the thirteenth and fourteenth bytes of receive frames. If not match
with VLAN_ID1 (VID1FR), VLAN_ID_0 (VID0FR) then reject current frame. The VLAN
filter will always accept VLAN_ID is zero of receive frames due to it is IEEE-802.1Q (for
priority purpose) frames. The maximum length of the good packet is thus change from 1518
bytes to 1522 bytes.
802.1Q
VLAN tagging
7 Bytes
Layer 2
Preamble
1 Byte
SFD
6 Bytes
Destination
Address
6 Bytes
Source
Address
2B
2B
2B
8100
TCI
L/T
Frame (64-1518 Bytes)
VLAN (64-1522 Bytes)
46-1500 Bytes
Data
3 bits
Priority
1 bit
CFI
4 Bytes
Pad
FCS
12 bits
VLAN ID
The VLAN ID field (12 bits) within the received IEEE-802.1Q tagged packet will be used
to compare with VID1 and VID2 setting. If it matches either VID1 or VID2, or its value is
equal to all zeros, the received IEEE-802.1Q tagged packets will be forwarded to the Host
interface. Meanwhile, the VSO bit (VID0FR [15]) determines whether the VLAN Tag bytes
(4 bytes) are stripped off or not during forwarding to the Host interface. Also, if the
incoming packets contain no VLAN Tag bytes, they will be forwarded to the Host interface
by default. If there is no match between the received IEEE-802.1Q tagged packets and
VID1 and VID2, the packets will be discarded. Please reference TAB-9 below.
Received
packet
VID1, VID2
Zero
Not zero
Untagged
Tagged
VID=Zero
VID= Not zero
Forwarded
Forwarded
Discarded
Forwarded
Forwarded
Match: Forwarded
No Match: Discarded
TAB - 9 VID1/VID2 SETTING TO FILTER RECEIVED PACKET
32
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4.2 Buffer Management Operation
There are four buffer memory access types used in the AX88796C buffer access flow.
1. Packet Reception: write data to RX memory buffer from MAC
2. Packet Transmission: read data from TX memory buffer to MAC
3. Filling Packets to Transmit Buffer: Host interface write data to TX memory
4. Removing Packets from the Receive Buffer Ring: Host interface read data from RX
memory
The type 1 and 2 operations act as Local DMA. Type 1 does Local DMA write operation and
type 2 does Local DMA read operation. The type 3 and 4 operations act as Remote DMA.
Type 3 does Remote DMA write operation and type 4 does Remote DMA read operation.
4.3 Packet Reception
The Local DMA receives channel use a Buffer Ring Structure comprised of a series of
contiguous fixed length 128 byte buffers for storage of received packets. Ethernet packets
consist of minimum packet size (64 bytes) to maximum packet size (1522 bytes), the 128 byte
buffer length provides a good compromise between short packets and longer packets to most
efficiently use memory. In addition these buffers provide memory resources for storage of
back-to-back packets in loaded networks. Buffer Management Logic in the AX88796C
controls the assignment of buffers for storing packets. The Buffer Management Logic provides
three basic functions: linking receives buffers for long packets, recovery of buffers when a
packet is rejected, and recalculation of buffer pages that have been read by the host.
Beginning Of Reception
When the first packet begins arrive the AX88796C and begins storing the packet at the
location pointed to by the RMPR. An offset of 8 bytes is reserved in this first buffer to allow
room for storing receives status corresponding to this packet.
Linking Receive Buffer Pages
If the length of the packet exhausts the first 128 bytes buffer, the DMA performs a forward
link to the next buffer to store the remainder of the packet. For a maximal length packet the
buffer logic will link 12 buffers to store the entire packet. Buffers cannot be skipped when
linking; a packet will always be stored in contiguous buffers.
Successful Reception
If the packet is successfully received as shown, the DMA is restored to the first buffer used to
store the packet. The DMA then stores the Receive Status, a Pointer to where the next packet
will be stored and the number of received bytes. Note that the remaining bytes in the last
buffer are discarded and reception of the next packet begins on the next empty 128 byte buffer
boundary. The AX88796C is then initialized to the next available buffer in the Buffer Ring.
(The location of the next buffer had been previously calculated and temporarily stored in an
internal scratchpad register.)
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Buffer Recovery For Rejected Packets
If the packet is a runt packet or contains CRC or Frame Alignment errors, it is rejected. The
buffer management logic resets the DMA back to the first buffer page used to store the packet
(pointed to by CPR), recovering all buffers that had been used to store the rejected packet.
This operation will not be performed if the AX88796C is programmed to accept either runt
packets or packets with CRC or Frame Alignment errors. The received CRC is always stored
in buffer memory after the last byte of received data for the packet.
4.4 Packet Transmission
The Local DMA Read is also used during transmission of a packet. When the AX88796C
receives a command to transmit the packet, the buffer memory data will be moved into the
FIFO as required during transmission. The AX88796C Controller will generate and append the
preamble, synch and CRC fields. The AX88796C supports options of transmit queue function
to enhance transmit performance.
Transmit Packet Assembly
The AX88796C requires a contiguous assembled packet with the format shown below. The
transmit byte count includes the Destination Address, Source Address, Length Field and Data.
It does not include preamble and CRC. When transmitting data smaller than 64 bytes, The
AX88796C can auto padding to a minimum length of 64 bytes Ethernet frame. The packets are
placed in the buffer RAM by the system. System programs the AX88796C Core's Remote
DMA to move the data from the system buffer RAM to internal transmit buffer RAM.
The data transfer must be 16-bits (1 word) when in 16-bit mode, and 8-bits when the
AX88796C Controller is set in 8-bit mode. The data width is selected by setting the WTS bit
in the Data Configuration Register.
Destination Address
Source Address
Length / Type
Data
(Pad if < 46 Bytes)
Fig 15
6 Bytes
6 Bytes
2 Bytes
46 Bytes
Minimal
GENERAL TRANSMIT PACKET FORMAT
Conditions Required To Begin Transmission
In order to transmit a packet, the following three conditions must be met:
1. The Inter-packet Gap Timer has timed out
2. At least one byte has entered the FIFO.
3. If a collision had been detected then before transmission the packet back-off time must have
timed out.
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Collision Recovery
During transmission, the Buffer Management logic monitors the transmit circuitry to
determine if a collision has occurred. If a collision is detected, the Buffer Management logic
will reset the FIFO and restore the Transmit DMA pointers for retransmission of the packet.
The COL bit will be set and the NCR (Number of Collisions Register) will be incremented. If
15 retransmissions each result in a collision the transmission will be aborted.
Transmit Packet Assembly Format
The following diagrams describe the format for how packets must be assembled prior to
transmission for different byte ordering schemes. The various formats are selected in the Data
Configuration Register.
D15
D8
D7
D0
Destination Address 1
Destination Address 0
Destination Address 3
Destination Address 2
Destination Address 5
Destination Address 4
Source Address 1
Source Address 0
Source Address 3
Source Address 2
Source Address 5
Source Address 4
Type / Length 1
Type / Length 0
Data 1
Data 0
…
…
This format is used with 16-bit bus interface
D7
D0
Destination Address 0 (DA0)
Destination Address 1 (DA1)
Destination Address 2 (DA2)
Destination Address 3 (DA3)
Destination Address 4 (DA4)
Destination Address 5 (DA5)
Source Address 0 (SA0)
Source Address 1 (SA1)
Source Address 2 (SA2)
Source Address 3 (SA3)
Source Address 4 (SA4)
Source Address 5 (SA5)
Type / Length 0
Type / Length 1
Data 0
Data 1
…
This format is used with 8-bit bus interface
Note: All examples above will result in a transmission of a packet in order of DA0
(Destination Address 0), DA1, DA2, DA3 and so on in byte. Bits within each byte will be
transmitted least significant bit first.
35
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4.5 Filling Packet to Transmit Buffer: Host write data to TX memory
The Remote DMA channel is used to both assemble packets for transmission, and move the
received packets from the Receive Buffer Ring. It may also be used as a general-purpose slave
DMA channel for moving blocks of data or commands between host memory and local buffer
memory. There are two modes of operation, Remote Write and Remote Read Packet.
Remote Write
A Remote Write transfer is used to move a block of data from the host into local buffer
memory. The Remote DMA will read data from the I/O port and sequentially write it to local
buffer memory beginning at the Remote Start Address. The DMA Address will be incremented
and the Byte Counter will be decremented after each transfer. The DMA is terminated when
the Remote Byte Count Register reaches a count of zero.
For detail programming procedure please reference the AX88796C Software Programming
Guide documentation for further detail information.
Scatter memory approach (Packet data distributed in difference memory locations)
The scatter memory approach assumes the packet information is located in different memory
pages. The AX88796C driver will copy these slices of the data into the TX memory in
segment header format without re-grouping the packet. For example, the first yellow packet
has the Layer 2 payload located in memory location 1, Layer 3 data in yellow location 2,
Layer 4 data stored in yellow location 3 and the rest data in yellow location 4. The AX88796C
is able to support direct moving each segment data with different segment ID to the
AX88796C TX memory buffer and reassemble in to one packet before pass to TX MAC.
CPU Memory
1
3
FS:1
LS:0
FS:0
LS:0
FS:0
LS:0
FS:0
LS:1
FS:1
LS:0
FS:0
LS:0
FS:0
LS:1
3
796C
H S
1
S 2
S 3
S 4 E
H S
1
S 2
S
3
E
2
2
Segment Header
SOP Header
EOP Header
4
1
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Sequence number should continuous between each dma burst
Pre vious DMA Pac ke t
Ne xt DMAPa cket
SOPSeque nc e
Number =0
EOPSequence
Number =0
SOPSeque nc e
Number =1
SOPH ea de r
SO PSeque nc e
Numbe r= 3
Se gme nt He ader
Da ta
EOPSeque nc e
Numbe r= 3
EOPH ea de r
SOPH ea de r
SO PSeque nc e
Numbe r= 4
Se gme nt He ader
Da ta
EOPSequence
Number =1
SOPSeque nc e
Number =2
Fig 16
Segme nt Hea de r
Data
EOPHe ader
SOPHe ader
Segme nt Hea de r
Data
EOPSeque nc e
Numbe r= 4
EOPH ea de r
SOPH ea de r
SO PSeque nc e
Numbe r= 5
Se gme nt He ader
Da ta
EOPSequence
Number =2
SOPHe ader
EOPHe ader
SOPHe ader
Segme nt Hea de r
Data
EOPSeque nc e
Numbe r= 5
EOPH ea de r
EOPHe ader
HOST FILL PACKET TO TX MEMORY THROUGH SCATTER MEMORY APPROACH
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ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
TX Header Format:
The AX88796C TX header format is list in Fig 17 for reference.
1. The SOP Header contains the packet length information, sequence ID, checksum,
de-queue control information.
2. The Segment Header include segment length, segment number ID, alignment information,
first/last index information.
3. The EOP header has packet length and segment number for hardware end of the packet
check.
TX SOP Header
15
14
D IC F C PH I
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
M an u al
IN T deq u eu e
5
4
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
P ack et L en gth [1 0 :0 ]
S eq uen ce N u m b er [4 :0 ]
P a cket L en gth B ar [1 0 :0]
TX Segm ent H eader
15
14
FS
LS
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
S eg m en t
N u mb er[2 :0 ]
S egm en t L en gth [1 0 :0 ]
S tart
O ffs et [2 :0]
S eg m en t L en gth B ar [1 0 :0 ]
End
O ffs et [1 :0 ]
TX E O P H eader
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
S eq uen ce N u m b er [4 :0 ]
P ack et L en gth [1 0 :0 ]
S eq u en ce N u m b er B ar [4 :0 ]
P a cket L en gth B ar [1 0 :0]
Fig 17
TX HEADER FORMAT
TX SOP Header Format:
Bit
31:27
26:16
15
14
13
12
Name
Function Description
Sequence Number[4:0]
Packet pre-assigned ID for tracking
Packet Length Bar [10:0] TX packet length invert. For header check.
DICF
Disable TX checksum insertion function.
1: Disable checksum insertion.
0: Enable checksum insertion function.
CPHI
Pseudo header checksum value included.
1: Pseudo header checksum value included in
Layer four checksum field.
0: No meaning in L4 checksum field.
INT
Generate interrupt when transmit complete
Manual dequeue
1: Current packet will be paused until packet stay
timer over TX timer limit if TX timer is enabled.
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Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
11
10:0
N/A
Packet Length[10:0]
0: Current packet will be transmitted immediately.
N/A
Total packet size information
TX Segment Header Format:
Bit
31:30
29:27
26:16
15
14
13:11
10:0
Name
End Offset[1:0]
Function Description
The data transfer unit by DMA. The software must
use set field to tell AX88796C the data transfer unit of
DMA operation. The AX88796C doesn't check this
field in PIO mode.
0: The DMA controller transfer data in unit of 32-bit.
1: The DMA controller transfer data in unit of 64-bit.
2: The DMA controller transfer data in unit of 128-bit.
3: The DMA controller transfer data in unit of 256-bit.
Start Offset[2:0]
Data starting index location. The starting byte of the
packet.
SegmentLength Bar[10:0] Invert of segment length for internal checking purpose
FS
First Segment of the packet if set to one
LS
Last Segment of the packet if set to one
Segment Number[2:0]
Segment ID for grouping purpose and internal
checking.
Segment Length [10:0]
Packet segment length information.
TX EOP Header Format:
Bit
31:27
26:16
15:11
10:0
Name
Function Description
SequenceNumberBar[4:0] The inverse of the sequence number for header
check
Packet Length Bar [10:0] Inverse of Packet length for header check
Sequence Number [4:0] The packet segment number
Packet Length [10:0]
Packet total length information
39
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4.6 Removing Packets from the Ring: Host read data from RX memory
Remote Read
A Remote Read transfer is used to move a block of data from local buffer memory to the host.
The Remote DMA will sequentially read data from the local buffer memory, beginning at the
Remote Start Address, and write data to the I/O port. The DMA Address will be incremented
and the Byte Counter will be decremented after each transfer. The DMA is terminated when
the Remote Byte Count Register reaches zero.
Please reference the AX88796C Software Programming Guide for further detail guideline
for read process.
RX Packet Format for Received Packets
The following diagrams (Fig 18) describe the format for how received packets are placed into
memory by the local DMA channel. The AX88796C RX packet format includes three of RX
packet header information plus regular Ethernet packet format include DA MAC, SA MAC,
packet type, and payload.
D15
D8
D7
D0
RX Header1 [15:0]
RX Header1 [31:16]
RX Header2 [15:0]
RX Header3 [15:0](optional, if FER[2] is set to one)
RX Header3 [31:16](optional, if FER[2] is set to one)
Destination Address 1
Destination Address 0
Destination Address 3
Destination Address 2
Destination Address 5
Destination Address 4
Source Address 1
Source Address 0
Source Address 3
Source Address 2
Source Address 5
Source Address 4
Type / Length 1
Type / Length 0
Data 1
Data 0
…
…
Fig 18
THE AX88796C RX PACKET FORMAT
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RX Header Format:
The AX88796C RX packet headers provide the receiving packet length, VLAN/L2/3/4 packet
type, checksum information, and packet error-type information. The RX header information
will smooth and easy for host to speed up their read process and enhance the overall RX
performance. Fig 19 shows the AX88796C RX header format.
R X H eader 1
15
14
13
12
M C/
BC
R unt
P kt
M II
E rro r
CRC
E rro r
31
30
29
28
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
19
18
17
16
3
2
1
0
P a c k e t L e n g th [ 1 0 :0 ]
27
26
25
24
23
S e q u e n c e N u m b e r [ 4 :0 ]
22
21
20
P a c k e t L e n g th B a r [ 1 0 :0 ]
R X H eader 2
15
CE
14
13
L 3 _ P k t_ T y p e
12
11
10
L4_P K T _T ype
9
8
7
6
L3_
E rr
L4_
E rr
R ese rv ed
5
4
P r io r ity [ 2 :0 ]
S tr ip
V L A N I N D [ 2 :0 ]
R X H eader 3
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
C s u m [ 1 5 :0 ]
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
O f f s e t [ 7 :0 ]
P r o to c o l [ 7 :0 ]
Fig 19
RX HEADER FORMAT
RX Header 1 Format:
Bit
Name
31:27 Sequence Number[4:0]
26:16 Packet Length Bar[10:0]
15
MC/BC
14
13
Runt Packet
MII Error
12
CRC Error
11
N/A
10:0 Packet Length[10:0]
Function Description
Packet Sequence number ID for tracking
Inverse of Packet Length[10:0] for header check
1: Multicast or Broadcast Packet
0: Unicast Packet
Receive runt packet. Packet size is less than 64 bytes
1: RX Error found on receive packet
0: No MII Error found
1: Receive packet CRC checksum error
0: Good CRC checksum
N/A
Receive Packet Size information
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RX Header 2 Format:
Bit
15
Name
CE
14:13
L3_PKT_Type[1:0]
12:10
L4_PKT_Type[2:0]
9
L3_Err
8
L4_Err
7
6:4
N/A
Priority[2:0]
3
Strip
2:0
VLAN ID[2:0]
Function Description
This bit combines 4 kinds of status, IPv4 version check
error, IPv6 version check error, fragment packet and IPv6
parameter error.
1: One of listed status occurred in this packet.
0: No listed status in this packet.
Layer 3 Packet type information
11: IPv6 in IPv4 tunnel
01: IPv4
10: IPv6
00: NON_IP packet
Layer 4 Packet type information
001 : UDP
100 : TCP
010 : ICMP
011 : IGMP
101 : ICMPv6
100 : IP only
000 : IP only or COE do not parse Layer 4 header.
Layer 3 checksum error. If this bit asserted, means this
packet is a L3 error packet judged by COE. This packet
did not pass the L3 checksum check
Layer 4 checksum error. If this bit asserted, means this
packet is a L4 error packet judged by COE. This packet
did not pass the L4 checksum check..
N/A
3-bit field which refers to the IEEE 802.1p priority. It
indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7
(highest), which can be used to prioritize different classes
of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). (When VLAN_IND is
equal to 3’b000, than this field is no effect.)
VLAN Tag Strip
0: Received non-TAG frame or received TAG frame but
hardware does not enable TAG strip function.
1: Received TAG-frame and TAG stripped by hardware
VLAN Indication
000: This packet contains no VLAN tag.
100: This packet contains the VLAN id of 0 that is used
for priority.
101: This packet contains the VLAN id of VID1 in the
VLAN Control Register.
110: This packet contains the VLAN id of VID2 in the
VLAN Control Register.
111: This packet contains the VLAN id which no match all
zero, VID1 and VID2.
42
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RX Header 3 Format: (Optional, enabled if register FER RH3M bit is set to one)
Bit
31:24
23:16
15:0
Name
Offset[7:0]
Protocol[7:0]
Csum[15:0]
Function Description
The offset of where Csum start calculate
The protocol field of this packet
Partial checksum of layer 4 payload
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4.7 Wake-up Detection
4.7.1
Wake-up frame
The AX88796C supports up to eight programmable filters that can go through many different
kind of receive packet patterns, if the remote wakeup function is enabled. The remote wakeup
function receives all the incoming frames and checks each frame against the enabled filter rule
and recognizes the frame as a remote wake-up frame if it passes the MAC address filtering and
CRC value match. In order to determine which bytes of the frames should be checked by the
CRC-32 module. The AX88796C use a programmable byte mask and a programmable pattern
offset for each of the eight supported filters. The AX88796C also provides the last byte match
check and options cascade up to eight programmable filters. So these eight pattern detectors
can operate simultaneously or sequentially.
The byte mask is a 32-bit field that specifies whether or not each of the next 32 contiguous
bytes within the frame, beginning in the pattern offset, should be checked. If bit j in the byte
mask is set, the diction logic checks byte offset +j in the frame.
The pattern offset define on Offset 7 ~ 0 for each wake-up filter 7 ~ 0 and the real offset value
equal to Offset register multiplied by 2. (For example, the real offset value equal to 12 if set 6
on Offset register field)
Last bytes 7 ~ 0 for each wake-up filter 7 ~ 0 also. The contents of Last Byte register must
equal to the last of Byte Mask bit indicates of byte value. For example, if set Byte Mask [31:0]
as 00C30003h then Byte Mask [23] is the last byte. Thus, the contents of Last byte register
must equal to byte value of offset + 23.
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Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS Offload Support
The AX88796C also supports the Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function. The
AX88796C will reply ARP and Neighbor Solicitation packets automatically before PME
signal send out when the system is still in the Wake-Up mode setting with the ARP and NS
protocol offload function is enabled and the good Wakeup frame is received. The AX88796C
will latch the received wakeup frame’s SA and SIP and filled in the reply frame’s DA and DIP
field plus re-calculate the good checksum value before sending out the reply packet. And the
PME signal will be triggered after the ARP packet sending out from the PHY interface. The
reference ARP frame format is list below. The following diagrams are the reference ARP
packet format.
IPv6 header
Type Code
135
0
(dec)
chksum Reserved
32’b0
Target Address
MAC address of source(Option)
(IPv6 ICMPv6 Neighbor Solicitation packet)
IPv6 header
Type Code
136
0
(dec)
chksum Reserved
32’b0
Target Address
MAC address of traget(Option)
(IPv6 ICMPv6 Neighbor Advertisement packet)
DA
SA Etype Hardtype Prottype Hardsize Protsize Op Sender Sender Target Eth addr Target
Padding
= FFFFFFFFFFFF
= 0806 = 0001 = 0800 = 06 = 04 = 0001 Eth addr IP addr = 000000000000 IP addr 18 bytes
28 bytes
(ARP-Request packet)
DA SA Etype Hardtype Prottype Hardsize Protsize Op
Sender Sender
Target
Target
= 0806 = 0001 = 0800 Fig
= 06
addr
IP addr
Eth addr IP addr
20 = 04
AUTO=-R0002
EPLYEth
ARP
FORMAT
Padding
55 bytes
28 bytes
(ARP-Reply packet)
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AX88796C
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4.7.2
Magic Packet frame
The Magic Packet technology is used to remotely wake up a sleeping or powered off PC on a
network. The user can first turn on Magic Packet enable bit from the WFCR register bit [9]
and set the MAC address before turn on the WFCR [5] enter the wakeup mode chip setting.
Once the AX88796C has been put into the Magic Packet Wakeup mode, it scans all incoming
Ethernet frames addressed to the node for a specific data sequence, which indicates to the
controller that this is a Magic Packet frame.
A Magic Packet frame must also meet the basic requirements for the Ethernet frame, such as
SOURCE MAC ADDRESS, DESTINATION MAC ADDRESS (which may be the receiving
station's IEEE address or a MULTICAST address which includes the BROADCAST address),
and good CRC. The specific sequence consists of 16 duplications of the IEEE address of this
node, with no breaks or interruptions. This sequence can be located anywhere within the
packet, but must be preceded by a synchronization stream. The synchronization stream allows
the scanning state machine to be much simpler.
The synchronization stream is defined as 6 bytes of 0xFF. The device will also accept a
BROADCAST frame, as long as the 16 duplications of the IEEE address matches the address
of the machine to be awakened. If the IEEE address for a particular node on the network is
0x112233445566, then the AX88796C scans for the data sequence
(Assuming an Ethernet Frame):
DA + SA + Misc. + FF FF FF FF FF FF 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55
66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55
66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55
66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 11 22 33 44 55 66 + Misc. + CRC.
There are no other restrictions on a Magic Packet frame. For instance, the sequence could be
in a TCP/IP packet, an IPX packet, etc. The frame may be bridged or routed across the
network, without affecting its ability to wake up a node at the destination of the frame.
If the AX88796C scans a frame and does not find the specific sequence shown above, it
discards the frame and takes no further action. If the controller detects the data sequence,
however, then it alerts the PC's power management circuitry to wake up the system.
A Wake-up frame is a special data packet containing the Ethernet address of the remote
network card. Somewhere in this frame should exist a byte stream (magic sequence) composed
by, at the least, 16 times the repetition of the Ethernet address and preceded by a
synchronization stream of 6 bytes of 0xFF.
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4.7.3
Link Change Wakeup
The AX88796C supports the PHY link change wake up event by detecting the PHY link status
signal. Any time when the internal PHY’s link status changes (one-to-zero or zero-to-one) and
the Link-Status Change Wake-up option in the WFCR register bit [8] and bit [5] is enabled,
then the AX88786C will detect a link-status change wakeup event and generate a valid PME
signal to inform the host processor. When power saving function is turn on, please make sure
WFTR register has at least 4 to 8 seconds delay setting to wait for the internal PHY enter the
power saving mode when unplug the cable.
4.7.4
GPIO Wakeup
The AX88796C supports up to two GPIO pin Wakeup function. Only the pin GPIO0 and pin
GPIO1 pin is supported this function. Please make sure the pin GPIO0 and pin GPIO1 is
enabled, and the GPIO wakeup register (GPIOWCR) is configured to expected wakeup even
state (edge or level triggered).
The wakeup function can be enabled if the wakeup enable bit and GPIO enable bit both set to
one. And the wakeup status bit will show if the wakeup event is detected or not. The wakeup
event can be configured from the GPIO Wakeup Select Register. If the Wakeup Select bit is set
to 00 then the wakeup event will be triggered if detect a falling edge. If the Wakeup Select is
configured to 01 then any rising edge will trigger wakeup event.
GPIO Wakeup Enable Wakeup Status
GPIO0 GPIOWR[0]
GPIOWR[12]
GPIO1 GPIOWR[1]
GPIOWR[13]
Wakeup Select
GPIOWR[5:4]
GPIOWR[7:6]
TAB - 10 GPIO WAKEUP CONFIGURATION TABLE
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4.8 Flow Control
The AX88796C supports Full-duplex flow control using the pause control frame. It also
supports half-duplex flow control using collision base of back-pressure method.
4.8.1
Full-Duplex Flow Control
The format of a PAUSE frame is illustrated below. It conforms to the standard Ethernet frame
format but includes a unique type field and other parameters as follows:
The destination address of the frame may be set to either the unique DA of the station to be
paused, or to the globally assigned multicast address 01-80-C2-00-00-01 (hex). The IEEE
802.3 standard for use in MAC control PAUSE frames has reserved this multicast address. The
"Type" field of the PAUSE frame is set to 88-08 (hex) to indicate the frame is a MAC Control
frame.
The MAC Control op-code field is set to 00-01 (hex) to indicate the type of MAC Control
frame being used is a PAUSE frame. The PAUSE frame is the only type of MAC Control
frame currently defined.
The MAC Control Parameters field contains a 16-bit value that specifies the duration of the
PAUSE event in units of 512-bit times. Valid values are 00-00 to FF-FF (hex). If an additional
PAUSE frame arrives before the current PAUSE time has expired, its parameter replaces the
current PAUSE time, so a PAUSE frame with parameter zero allows traffic to resume
immediately.
A 42-byte reserved field (transmitted as all zeros) is required to pad the length of the PAUSE
frame to the minimum Ethernet frame size.
Preamble
(7-bytes)
Dest. MAC
Start Frame Address
(6-bytes)
Delimiter
(1-byte)
= (01-80-C200-00-01)
Source
MAC
Address
(6-bytes)
Length/Type
(2-bytes)
= 802.3 MAC
Control
(88-08)
Fig 21
MAC Control
Opcode
(2-bytes)
= PAUSE
(00-01)
MAC Control
Parameters
(2-bytes)
= (00-00 to
FF-FF)
Reserved
(42-bytes)
= all zeros
Frame
Check
Sequence
(4-bytes)
PAUSE PACKET FORMAT
The AX88796C will inhibit transmit frames for a specified period of time if a PAUSE frame
received and CRC is correct. If a PAUSE request is received while a transmit frame is in
progress, then the pause will take effect after the transmitting is completed.
A programmable of high water free-page-count in “Flow Control Register” used to measure
the water level of receive buffer. The AX88796C use XOFF / XON flow-control method to
avoid missing packet if receive buffer almost full. A XON transmitting when the total of free
page count equal to or less then “high water free-page-count”. A XOFF transmitting when the
total of free page count equal to or greater then (“high water free-page-count” + 6 pages).
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Fig 22
4.8.2
TX / RX FLOW CONTROL
Half-Duplex Flow Control
Whenever the receive buffer becomes full crosses a certain threshold level, The MAC starts
sending a Jam signal, which will result in a collision. After sensing the collision, the remote
station will back off its transmission. The AX88796C only generates this collision-based of
back-pressure when it receives a new frame, in order to avoid any late collisions.
A programmable of “Back-pressure Jam Limit count” (Offset 17h) is used for avoid HUB port
partition due to many continues of collisions. The AX88796C will reset the “Back-pressure
Jam Limit count” when either a transmitted or received frame without collision. A
back-pressure leakage allow when senses continue of collisions count up to “Back-pressure
Jam Limit count”, it will be no jamming one of receive frame even receive buffer is full.
4.9 Auto-Polling Function
The AX88786C supports PHY management function through the internal serial MDIO/MDC
interface. That is, the AX88786C can access related PHY registers via MDIO/MDC interface
after power on reset. The AX88786C will periodically and continuously poll and update the
link status and link partner’s ability which include speed, duplex mode, and 802.3x flow
control capable status of the connected PHY devices through MDIO/MDC serial interface. All
the polling status will be automatically update in the register MACCR RE [0], FD[1], Speed[2]
and RFC/TFC[4:3] location if the auto-polling function is enable in the PCR register bit [0].
The AX88796C also supports indirect read or write internal PHY register through the local bus
interface. The MDIOCR and MDIODR registers provide the read or write setting to access the
internal PHY register. Please reference these related register information for further detail.
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4.10 Mixed Endian Byte Ordering
The AX88796C supports “Big-“or “Little-endian” processor with 16-bit bus interfaces. The
AX88796C provides mixed Endian byte ordering function for user configuration. The
following table is to summarize of mixed Endian byte ordering configuration.
Additionally, please refer to Byte Order Register (BOR), for additional information on status
indication on big- or little-endian modes. The AX88796C provides two bytes of fixed patterns
for user confirming the byte lane order configuration. The following table shows the fixed
pattern on Byte1 and Byte0. These fixed patterns can be used to determine the byte lane
ordering of current configuration. The users can write one to BOR to change the byte ordering.
Fixed pattern on
Byte Order
register (read
offset 02h Page 0)
Data [15:0]
Fig 23
Fixed Value
0x1234
FOUR FIXED PATTERNS FOR BYTE LANE TEST
The AX88796C also supports TX/RX packet data swapping function. The FER register bit [8]
is the packet data word swap function enable control bit. When enabled this word swap
function then the upper word will swap with the lower word packet data.
The FER register bit [9] is the packet data byte swap enable function. When enabled this byte
swap function by setting one to this bit, then the AX88796C will enable byte swap function on
both RX and TX packet data buffer and packet data bit [7:0] will swap to bit [15:8]. The
packet data swapping function intends to convert the packet data when the host CPU is
processing the packet in different Endian type purpose.
50
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4.11 EEPROM Interface
The AX88796C can optionally load its MAC address from an external serial EEPROM. If a
properly configured EEPROM is detected by the AX88796C at power-up, hard reset or host
set a reload EEPROM request, the constants of EEPROM data will be auto loading to internal
memory automatically. A detailed explanation of the EEPROM data format in section 3.0
“EEPROM Memory Mapping”. After auto load EEPROM completed, the MAC address will
be auto-loaded into the MACASR0~MACASR2 registers (Page3 Offset 02h ~ 06h) and then
AX88796C will know its MAC address. In addition to have EEPROM auto load the MAC
address, the Host driver can also manually configure the AX88796C MAC address by writing
the MACASR0~MACASR2 registers.
The AX88796C EEPROM use 3 PINs to connect to a most “93C56/66” type EEPROM
configured for x16-bit operation. A connect diagram as below
AX88796C
EECS
EECK
93C56/66
EECS
EECK
EEDI
EEDIO
Fig 24
EEDO
EEPROM CONNECTIONS
After EEPROM loader has finished reading the MAC after power-on, hard reset or host set a
reload EEPROM request (CR page3 offset 0Ch), the Host is free to perform EECS, EECK and
EEDIO as General Purpose I/O pin.
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4.12 Power Management Function
The AX88796C supports power saving modes to allow applications to minimize power
consumption. There is one normal operation power state and there are two power saving states:
Power Saving Mode 1 (PS1) and Power Saving Mode 2 (PS2). The “Power Management
Register” (Page0 Offset 0Ch) controls those of power management modes. In WOL state, the
AX88796C supports Wake on LAN function. In Sleep state, the AX88796C will turn off
almost all function block power supply and gated clocks to minimize power consumption. In
cable-off power saving 1 and 2 mode the AX88796C will turn off the different functional
blocks within the internal PHY to reduce cable off power consumption. After wakeup event,
the “Power Management Register” will be cleared and stay at normal operation power state.
When the AX88796C is in Sleep mode, the host CPU can write “Host Wake Up Register”
(Offset 1Eh) for non-SPI interface or set AX88796C SPI “ABh Exit Power Down (S3)”
instruction for SPI interface to return the AX88796C to the normal operation state. The
AX88976C Power consumption can be reduced to different level by disabling the different
clocks under different power saving mode as outlined in table as below.
The AX88796C
BLOCK
Internal 100MHz clock
MAC Rx/Tx clock
TX Driver
Power Management Block
PHY Osc. 25MHz clock
Normal
PS1
Operation
On
On
On
Off
On
Periodic on
On
On
On
On
TAB - 11
PS2
WOL
Sleep Mode
Off
Off
Off
On
Off
On
Off
Off
On
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
POWER MANAGEMENT STATUS
The AX88796C support the following power saving states:
1. PS1: Internal Ethernet PHY enter Power Saving state 1
2. PS2: Internal Ethernet PHY enter Power Saving State 2
3. WOL: Internal Ethernet PHY enters Wake-On-LAN power saving State, link to 10MHz to
reduce power consumption if the remote PHY support 10M speed.
4. Sleep Mode: Host force the AX88796C enters the sleep state and wait for host wake-up
command. The internal Ethernet PHY is in power down state.
NOTE; When TCLK is configured to provide reference clock output, Please make sure power saving
mode is either disabled or only set on Power Saving Mode 1 (PS1) mode cause the power saving
function will gated the output reference clock when turn on.
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4.12.1 Hardware-detect Cable-Off Power Saving Mode (PSCR [4]=0, default)
The AX88796C power management module supports the hardware cable-off power saving
function when PSCR [4] software power-saving function is disabled. When the AX88796C
hardware detects the cable-off event on Ethernet PHY interface, then power management
module will check PSCR [2:0] register setting and automatically change the internal PHY to
the correspondent power saving state to reduce the power consumption. If the PSCR [2:0] is
set to 001 and the cable-off is detected then the AX88796C will enter Power Saving Mode 1
(PS1) state. If PSCR [2:0] is set to 010 and cable-off is detected then the AX88796C will enter
Power Saving Mode 2 (PS2) state. When the Ethernet cable is plug in then power management
will change back to the normal ready state.
The AX88796C will go back to Normal Operation state when internal PHY detect cable
plug-in event from PS1 and PS2 state.
4.12.2 Software Control Cable-Off Power Saving Mode (PSCR [4]=1)
The AX88796C supports software control power saving function. When PSCR [4] is set to
one, the host software got the fully control of the internal power saving state transition.
The AX88796C will reports the cable-off interrupt to the external host through IRQ pin. The
host can then program PSCR [2:0] register value and then force the AX88796C enters PS1 or
PS2 state. When the cable plug-in event detected, then the AX88796C will exit the PS1 or PS2
state and move back to the normal operation state. When in PS1 state, software can easily
write PSCR register to 000 to go back normal state. When in PS2 state, software will need to
issue resume command to exit the PS2 state and back to normal operation state.
4.12.3 Sleep Mode
The host can write one to WFCR [4] sleep mode bit and the AX88796C will enter the sleep
mode deep power saving state with Ethernet PHY power down and internal clock shut down.
The host interface can issue a resume command by writing “Host Wake Up Register” (Offset
1Eh) for non-SPI interface or setting AX88796C SPI “ABh Exit Power Down (S3)”
instruction for SPI interface to return the AX88796C to the normal operation state. Please
check the device ready on PSR [7] for non-SPI interface and check the Device Ready bit of
AX88796C SPI “05h Read Status” instruction for SPI interface to make sure the chip is in
ready state because it will take a few ms for PHY and clock to recover back. It will take about
160ms for the AX88796C internal PHY back to device ready state after the host interface issue
the resume command to exit the sleep mode. The software driver can either polling the
AX88796C device ready status (PSR) for non-SPI interface, or polling the Device Ready bit
of SPI “05h Read Status” register for SPI interface or wait about 160ms before the normal
operation.
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4.12.4 Wake-On-LAN Power Saving Mode
The AX88796C supports the power saving function even the chip is in Wake-On-LAN
mode state with WFCR [5] is set to one. The AX88796C can enter Wake-On-LAN power
saving mode through the following two ways:
1. Hardware-enabled power saving control:
When the AX88796C is in WOL state and the Ethernet cable is unplugged and PSCR [5]
is pre-configured to one.
2. Software-enabled power saving control:
When software detect link done on WOL mode then software can write one to PSCR [5]
to turn on power saving mode
When the AX88796C enter the WOL power-saving mode, the internal Ethernet PHY will
check remote PHY’s speed ability and try link to 10MHz speed in order to reduce the power
consumption when waiting the wake up event to be triggered.
4.13
Checksum Offload Function
The AX88796C Checksum Offload function supports Layer 3 IPv4, Ipv6 protocol and Layer 4
TCP, UDP, ICMP, ICMPv6 and IGMP protocol include receive packet checksum value check
and transmit packet checksum calculation and replacement offload CPU loading.
The detail of the AX88796C Checksum Offload Function list below:
z IP header parsing, including Ipv4 and Ipv6
z Ipv4 header checksum check and generation (There is no checksum field in Ipv6
header)
z Version error detecting on RX direction for IP packets with version not equal to 4 or
6
z Detect RX IP packet header checksum error
z
TCP and UDP checksum check and generation
z
ICMP, ICMPv6 and IGMP message checksum check and generation
The AX88796C supports the following Layer 2 Protocols checksum offload processing.
1. Ethernet II Encapsulation (RFC894)
DA
SA
L/T
Ver,HL TOS
Total Ident. Flag/Frag
= 4X
length
no
offset
TTL
Protocol Header
chksum
Source
IP addr
Dest
IP addr
Option
Data
20 bytes
46~1500 bytes
(IPv4 packet)
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2. IEEE 802.2/802.3 SNAP Encapsulation (RFC 1042)
This Ipv4 packet format is the same as above except that the Ipv4 packet length has changed
to 38~1492 bytes instead.
DA SA
Length LLC
Org. code Etype
< 0600 = AAAA03 = 000000 = 0800
IP datagram (38~1492 bytes)
22 bytes
3. Ethernet II Encapsulation (RFC894) with VLAN-tagged
This Ipv4 packet format is the same as above without VLAN-tagged case. In other words, in
addition to DA, SA, and Etype bytes in the MAC frame, there are the VLAN Tag byes:
ETPID and TCI.
DA SA
ETPID
= 8100
TCI Etype
= 0800
18 bytes
IP datagram (46~1500 bytes)
(Ethernet II IP packet with VLAN Tag)
4. Ethernet II Encapsulation (RFC894) with stacked VLAN-tag (QinQ)
This Ipv4 packet format is the same as above without VLAN-tagged case. There are two
VALN tags, including ETPID and TCI field (stacked VLAN).
DA SA
ETPID
TCI ETPID TCI Etype
= 8100
= 8100 = 0800
IP datagram (46~1500 bytes)
(Ethernet II IP packet with stacked VLAN Tag)
24 bytes
5. IEEE 802.2/802.3 SNAP Encapsulation (RFC 1042) with VLAN-tagged
This Ipv4 packet format is the same as above without VLAN-tagged case and the packet
length is 38~1492 bytes long. So in addition to DA, SA, Length, LLC, Org. code, and Etype
bytes in MAC frame, the L2_Engine shall also remove the VLAN Tag byes: ETPID, TCI,
and RIF bytes, before sending the packet towards L3_Engine.
DA SA
ETPID TCI Length (RIF) LLC
Org. code Etype
IP datagram
=8100 < 0600
= AAAA03 = 000000 = 0800 (38~1492 bytes)
26 bytes
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6. PPPoE Encapsulation with VLAN-tagged
PPPoE frames with (Etype = 8864 and Protocol = 0021) will have their
IP/UDP/TCP/ICMP/IGMP checksums checked by L3/4 Engine. All other PPPoE frames
with (Etype = 8863) or (Etype = 8864 and Protocol != 0021) will be treated as non-IP
packets and passed to the software.
PPPoE Header
DA
unicst
SA
Etype Ver/Tye Code
= 8864 = 11
1 byte
1 byte
Session
ID
2 bytes
PPPoE Payload
Payload
Length
2 bytes
Protocol
= 0021
2 byte
IP header + UDP/TCP/ICMP/IGMP
(IP/UDP/TCP/ICMP/IGMP checksum
are in here) (38~1492 bytes)
22 bytes
(IP packets in PPPoE Session stage)
Layer 3 Processing
The Layer 3 engine includes checksum check and generation, header parsing, functions in
Ipv4 and header parsing function in Ipv6. The checksum engine will calculate the checksum
of Ipv4 header and compare it with received checksum value. The checksum engine is used
for pseudo header checksum calculation in Ipv6. The block also calculates the checksum for
the transmitted IP header. The header parser will parse the Ipv4 header and capture some
fields into registers for further processing by other blocks. In order to speed up the L4
checksum calculation and reduce the latency, L3 engine will control the L4 engine to
pre-calculate the L4 pseudo header (protocol, SIP and DIP).
The following received IP packets will be discarded by the L3 Engine.
z
z
z
Ethernet type is 0800 but IP version not equal to 4
Ethernet type is 86dd but IP version no equal to 6
Ipv4 header checksum error
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Ipv6 frame
The L3 engine supports Ipv6 frame, the Ipv6 parser can indicate the correct start point of L4
frame and pre-calculate the pseudo header check sum for L4 packet.
DA SA
Ether type IPv6 header
= 86dd
Extension header
IPv6 datagram
L4
datagram
L4 header
0 or more bytes
40 bytes
IPv6 packet format
Version (4bit)
Flow Label (20bit)
Traffic Class (8bit)
Next Header (8bit)
Payload Length (16bit)
Hop Limit (8bit)
Source Address (128bit)
Destination Address (128bit)
IPv6 header format
DA SA
Ether type IPv6 header
= 86dd
Routing header
IPv6 datagram
TCP header
TCP datagram
Next Header = TCP
Next Header = Routing Header
IPv6 TCP packet with Routing Header
DA SA
Ether type IPv6 header Routing header
= 86dd
Next Header = Routing Header
frag header
IPv6 datagram
TCP header TCP datagram
Next Header = TCP
Next Header = fragment Header
IPv6 TCP packet with Routing Header and Fragment Header
Fig 25
IPV6 PACKET FORMAT
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4.14 GPIO Function
The AX88796C has an optional feature to support up to four GPIO functions through
multi-functional pin out when some of the functional pin is not enabled. Each GPIO pin is able
to trigger interrupt event and only GPIO0 and GPIO1 support wakeup function and pass PME
event to external host.
GPIO
GPIO0
GPIO1
GPIO2
GPIO3
GPIO
Enable
GPIOER[0]
GPIOER[1]
GPIOER[2]
GPIOER[3]
Input
GPIOER[4]
GPIOER[5]
GPIOER[6]
GPIOER[7]
Output
GPIOER[8]
GPIOER[9]
GPIOER[10]
GPIOER[11]
Output
Enable
GPIOER[12]
GPIOER[13]
GPIOER[14]
GPIOER[15]
Interrupt
Enable
GPIOCR[0]
GPIOCR[1]
GPIOCR[2]
GPIOCR[3]
Interrupt
Mask
GPIOCR[12]
GPIOCR[13]
GPIOCR[14]
GPIOCR[15]
Interrupt
Status
GPIOCR[8]
GPIOCR[9]
GPIOCR[10]
GPIOCR[11]
Interrupt
Select
GPIOCR[4]
GPIOCR[5]
GPIOCR[6]
GPIOCR[7]
TAB - 12 GPIO CONFIGURATION TABLE
When GPIO Enable is set to one, GPIO pin will be configured to output pin and pass output
data from register to pin if the correspondent Output Enable is set to one. Otherwise, if output
enable is set to zero then GPIO pin will consider as input pin and pass the pin data save to
input register.
The GPIO pins support the interrupt function if the interrupt enable bit and GPIO enable bit
both set to one. The Interrupt Select register will define interrupt polarity active high if set to
one or active low if set to zero. The interrupt mask register is able to mask the interrupt if the
mask bit is set to one. The interrupt status value can read out from the Interrupt Status register
and write one to clear the interrupt status bit.
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5.0
SPI Interface
5.1 Introduction
The AX88796C SPI slave module provides the interface between the host’s SPI master and the
AX88796C’s local bus interface. It is compatible with the SPI serial bus interface. The host
SPI can access the whole AX88796C’s internal registers space, TX FIFO and RX FIFO
through SPI master commands.
5.2 Features
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
SPI compatible serial bus interface
Supports mode 0 and mode 3 timing modes
Supports maximum operation frequency up to 40MHz for all SPI access modes
Supports special command to clear the SPI mode status bits.
Supports the “Exit power down” command to wake up the AX88796C from the
power saving or WOL suspend mode.
Supports the SPI interrupt
Supports register/status odd byte(s) access.
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5.2.1
Mode Access
The AX88796C supports mode 0 and mode 3 SPI timing modes.
Mode 0: Timing diagram (the access length is based on command)
SCLK
MOSI
MSB
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
LSB
MISO
MSB
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
LSB
SS
Bit sample time
Note: SPI CLK (SCLK) pin needs external pull-down resistor and SSn pins need external
pull-up resistor in Mode 0, SPI master mode.
Mode 3: Timing diagram. (the access length is based on command)
SCLK
MOSI
MSB
D6
D5
D4
D3
MISO
MSB
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D2
D1
LSB
D1
LSB
SS
Bit sample time
Note: SPI CLK (SCLK) pin needs external pull-up resistor and SSn pins need external pull-up
resistor in Mode 3, SPI master mode.
Fig 26
SPI TIMING DIAGRAM
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5.3 SPI Module Operation
To access the TX FIFO and RXFIFO, the AX88796C SPI data transfer only supports the word
access (16 bits). If there is a non-word data transfer for the TX FIFO and RX FIFO access,
then the SPI slave module will issue an interrupt and raise a non-Word access flag to the SPI
interrupt status register to indicate this error. For the internal register read or write access, the
AX88796C can read or write all internal register’s odd bytes.
There is a SPI status read command “05H” to read out the internal SPI status and the
AX88796C interrupt status. The status output order are: the AX88796C status first (interrupt
status) Low byte-> and the AX88796C status (interrupt status) High byte-> and the SPI status
byte last.
If the SPI slave module receives a un-define SPI command, the AX88796C SPI slave module
will issue an interrupt and raise the un-define command access flag in the SPI interrupt status
register to indicate this error.
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5.4 Instruction Set Summary
5.4.1
SPI Mode Instruction Table
Instruction
Description
03h
Read Data
Read from register
Compression = 0
Read from register
Compression = 1
Writ Register
compression=0
D8h
Write Register
0Bh
Fast Read Data
RXQ Read
Compression = 0
RXQ Read
Compression = 1
02h
TXQ
Page Program write Compression =0
TXQ
Compression =1
38h
Enter QCS mode
Enable QCS Mode
FFh
Reset mode bit to
Reset Mode bit
abort register random
read
05h
Read Status
Read Status
ABh
Exit Power Down
Exit Power
Down(S3)
B2h
RXQ Read and TXQ
Bi-direction Fast program
read and program Compression =0
RXQ Read and TXQ
program
Compression =1
X: This parameter is not required.
Op code Address Dummy Data Note
Cycles Cycles Cycles
03h
8
16
8
03h
8
8
8
D8h
8
X
8
0Bh
X
32
16-∞
0Bh
X
8
16-∞
02h
X
24
16-∞
02h
X
X
16-∞
38h
X
X
X
FFh
X
X
X
05h
X
X
24
ABh
X
X
X
B2h
X
32
16~∞
B2h
X
8
16~∞
TAB - 13 SPI MODE INSTRUCTION TABLE
NOTE: The RXQ means the RX FIFO or the RX memory access within the AX88796C core
and the TXQ means the TX FIFO or the TX memory access.
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5.5 Commands Waveform
5.5.1
SPI Mode
NOTE :
Signal
SIO0
SIO1
SS_n
Sclk
Pin Name
MOSI
MISO
SSn
SPI_CLK
5.5.1.1 Read command
03h Register Read Command (SPICR SPI_r_compression = 0)
03h Register Read Command (SPICR SPI_r_compression = 1)
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0Bh Fast RXQ Read Command (SPICR SPI_q_Compression = 0)
0Bh Fast RXQ Read Command (SPICR SPI_q_compression = 1)
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5.5.1.2 Write command
D8h Register Write Command
02h TXQ Write Command (SPICR SPI_q_compression =0)
02h TXQ Write Command (SPICR SPI_q_compression =1)
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38h Enable QCS Mode
05h Read SPI Status Command
ABh Exit Power Down Command (S3)
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B2h Fast RXQ/TXQ Write Command (SPICR SPI_q_compression =0)
B2h Fast RXQ/TXQ Write Command (SPICR SPI_q_compression =1)
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5.6 SPI Status Access
When the host SPI Master use the status read command “05h” to access the AX88796C
interrupt status and SPI status. The status output order are: the AX88796C status come out
first (interrupt status, Low byte)-> and the AX88796C status (interrupt status, High byte)->
and the SPI status byte last. For the interrupt status, please reference the register page 0 offset
0x06 for detail description. For the SPI status content, please check the following table.
Bit
Name
[0]
TXQ_IC/
RXQ_IC
[1]
[6:2]
Reserved
PMM_ST[4:0]
Default R/W
Value
0
R
0
R
00000 R
[7]
R
Device Ready
0
Description
TXQ initial complete/RXQ initial complete:
Complete SPI TXQ or RXQ data path clear. If SPI
slave get the TXQ/RXQ initial signal from
TXQ/RXQ, SPI will clear TX/RX data paths.
1: SPI get TXQ/RXQ initial and clear TX/RX data
path content already.
0: SPI didn’t get TXQ/RXQ initial signal or it is still
doing TX data path clear.
Reserved
Power Management Module Status
00001: Chip Reset State
00010: Wait State
00011: Device Ready State (Normal Operation)
00100: PS1 State (Cable-off)
00101: PS2 State (Cable-off)
00111:Wake-On-LAN State
01000 PS1 and Wake-On-LAN State (Cable-off)
01001: PS2 and Wake-On-LAN State (Cable-off)
01010: Sleep Mode
01011: PHY in Reset State
10000: Software force in PS1 State
10001: Software force in PS2 State
Device Ready Status.
1: Device ready(register access available)
0: Device not ready yet(register access unavailable)
TAB - 14 SPI STATUS TABLE
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6.0
Registers Description
6.1 Internal Register Mapping Table
All the AX88796C internal registers are 16-bit wide. The Offset 0x02 to 0x1D mapped into
page0 ~ page7, which are selected by PS (Page Select) in the Page Select Register (PSR, Offset
0x00). The Offset 0x1E and 0x1F through page 1 to page 7 are shared registers for chip level
control purpose.
Offset
Page0
0x00
0x02
0x04
0x06
0x08
0x0A
0x0C
0x0E
0x10
0x12
0x14
0x16
0x18
0x1A
0x1C
0x1E
BOR
0x1234
FER
0x0043
ISR
0x0000
IMR
0xFFFF
WFCR
0x0000
PSCR
0x1820
MACCR
0x0318
TFBFCR
0x001F
TSNR
0x0040
RTDPR
0x0000
RXBCR1
0x0000
RXBCR2
0x4000
RTWCR
0x0000
RCPHR
0x0000
Page1
Page2
PSR
0x8040 (Register Default Value)
RPPER
ICR
0x0000
0x0000
PCR
0x1002
PHYSR
0x05FF
MRCR
MDIODR
0x2000
0x0000
MDR
MDIOCR
0x0000
0x0000
RMPR
LCR0
0x0101
0x0204
TMPR
LCR1
0x0101
0x1508
RXBSPCR
IPGCR
0xC000
0x120C
RXMCR
CRIR
0x0900
0x0000
FLHWCR
0x4224
RXCR
0x0001
JLCR
0x043F
MPLR
0x0600
Remote Wakeup Register (RWR)
0x0000
69
Page3
MACASR0
0x0000
MACASR1
0x0000
MACASR2
0x0000
MFAR01
0x0000
MFAR23
0x0000
MFAR45
0x0000
MFAR67
0x0000
VID0FR
0x0000
VID1FR
0x0000
EECSR
0x0000
EEDR
0xFFFF
EECR
0x2000
TPCR
0x1500
TPLR
0x0048
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Offset
0x00
Page4
0x02
GPIOER
0x0000
GPIOCR
0xF000
GPIOWCR
0x0000
0x04
0x06
0x0C
SPICR
0x0C00
SPIISMR
0xFF00
0x0E
0x10
0x12
0x14
0x16
0x18
0x1A
0x1C
0x1E
Page6
Page7
PSR
0x8040
0x08
0x0A
Page5
COERCR0
0x0000
COERCR1
0x0000
COETCR0
0x0000
COETCR1
0x0000
WFTR
WF2CR
0x0000
0x0000
WFCCR
WF2OBR
0x0000
0x0000
WFCR03
WF3BMR0
0x0000
0x0000
WFCR47
WF3BMR1
0x0000
0x0000
WF0BMR0
WF3CR
0x0000
0x0000
WF0BMR1
WF3OBR
0x0000
0x0000
WF0CR
WF4BMR0
0x0000
0x0000
WF0OBR
WF4BMR1
0x0000
0x0000
WF1BMR0
WF4CR
0x0000
0x0000
WF1BMR1
WF4OBR
0x0000
0x0000
WF1CR
WF5BMR0
0x0000
0x0000
WF1OBR
WF5BMR1
0x0000
0x0000
WF2BMR0
WF5CR
0x0000
0x0000
WF2BMR1
WF5OBR
0x0000
0x0000
Remote Wakeup Register (RWR)
0x0000
70
WF6BMR0
0x0000
WF6BMR1
0x0000
WF6CR
0x0000
WF6OBR
0x0000
WF7BMR0
0x0000
WF7BMR1
0x0000
WF7CR
0x0000
WF7OBR
0x0000
WFR01
0x0000
WFR23
0x0000
WFR45
0x0000
WFR67
0x0000
WFPC0
0x0000
WFPC1
0x0000
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6.1.1
Page 0 Offset 0x00: Page Select Register (PSR)
Bit
Name
[2:0]
PS[2:0]
[3]
[6:4]
AddressShifter
Bus Setting
[7]
Device_Ready
[14:8]
[15]
Reserved
Soft reset
Default R/W
Function
Value
000
RW Page Select
The three bits select which register’s page is to be accessed.
PS[2]
PS[1]
PS[0]
Page Number
0
0
0
Page 0 (Default Page)
0
0
1
Page 1
0
1
0
Page 2
0
1
1
Page 3
1
0
0
Page 4
1
0
1
Page 5
1
1
0
Page 6
1
1
1
Page 7
0
RW Shift SA3~SA0 to SA4~SA1 for address decode process.
100
R
Bus Setting Bus Function
000
8-bit SRAM-like bus (AEN should be pull-low.)
001
8-bit Address/Data multiplexed bus (AEN=1 address
cycle, AEN=0 data cycle).
Pin SD7 ~ SD0 is used. SD5 ~ SD0 represent address
bus when AEN =1. SD7 ~SD0 represent data bus
when AEN=0. CSN should be low when the
AX88796C is selected.
010
Reserved
011
MCS-51 (805x) (PSEN/AEN active high)
100
16-bit SRAM-like bus (AEN should be pull- low.)
101
16-bit Address/Data multiplexed bus (AEN=1
address cycle, AEN=0 data cycle)
Pin SD15 ~ SD0 is used. SD5 ~ SD0 represent
address bus when AEN =1. SD0 ~SD15 represent
data bus when AEN=0. CSN should be low when the
AX88796C is selected.
110
SPI Mode (AEN unused and can be pull-low if GPIO
mode is unused.)
111
16-bit local bus with byte write enable (Renesas SHx
style, AEN = low byte SD7~SD0 enable, WRn = low
byte SD15 ~ SD8 enable)
0
R
Device ready status
1: Device ready
0: Device not ready yet
0x00 R
Reserved
1
RW Whole chip software reset (Active Low)
1: Normal (Default)
0: Reset the whole chip
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6.1.2
Page 0 Offset 0x02 : Byte Order Register (BOR)
Bit
Default R/W
Function
Value
[15:0] ByteSwap_EN
0x0000 W
Byte Swap function for all register
If ByteSwap_EN=0x0000 (by default), SD bus = SD [15:0]
If ByteSwap_EN≠0x0000 (by default), SD bus = {SD [7:0], SD [15:8]}
[15:0] Test Byte
0x1234 R
Test pattern to check Endian swap result
Note: Driver should always read out the register value 0x1234 or 0x3412 to decide whether the bus is little endian or
big endian.
6.1.3
Name
Page 0 Offset 0x04: Function Enable Register (FER)
Bit
Name
[0]
IPALM
Default R/W
Function
Value
1
RW RX IP header aligned 32-bit.
1: Enable RX IP header aligned double word. (Default)
[1]
DropCRC
1
[2]
RH3M
0
[4:3]
TCLK_SELECT
00
[5]
One_RnW
0
[6]
ALECLK_HL
1
[7]
[8]
Reserved
WordSwap_EN
0
0
[9]
ByteSwapF_EN
0
[10]
IRQ_Active
0
[11]
IRQ_TYPE
0
0: Disable RX IP header aligned double word
[13:12] RESERVED
[14]
RX Bridge Enable
00
0
[15]
0
TX Bridge Enable
RW RX Drop CRC Enable.
1: CRC byte is dropped on received MAC frame forwarding to host
0: CRC byte is not dropped.
RW Checksum 2 byte + dummy 2 byte
1: RX Header 3 Csum append.
0: Disable RX Header 3 Header append (default).
RW TCLK Output clock select
00: No clock output(Default)
01: 25MHz clock output
10: 50MHz clock output
11: 100MHz clock output
RW RDn use enable
0:RDn use
1:RDn doesn’t use,WRn replease RDn
RW ALE Clock Select
1: positive edge trigger
0: negative edge trigger
R
Reserved
RW Word Swap function for TX and RX Bridge (Packet data only)
0: Disable (default)
1: Word swap enable
RW Byte Swap function for TX and RX Bridge (Packet data only)
0:Disable (default) SD bus = SD [15:0]
1:Enable byte swap function SD bus = {SD [7:0], SD [15:8]}
RW Interrupt active high/low selection
1: Interrupt active high
0: Interrupt active low (default)
RW Interrupt I/O Buffer Type
0: Enable IRQ to function as an open-drain buffer for use in a wired-OR
interrupt configuration. The interrupt output is always active low.
1: IRQ output is a Push-Pull driver
RW Reserved
RW RX Bridge Enable
1: Enable RX Bridge
0: Disable RX Bridge
RW TX Bridge Enable
1: Enable TX Bridge
0: Disable TX Bridge
72
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.4
Page 0 Offset 0x06: Interrupt Status Register (ISR)
Bit
Name
[0]
RXPCT
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
MDQ
[5]
TXT
[6]
TX_Pages
[7]
[8]
Reserved
TXERR
[9]
LinkChange
[10]
GPIO
[11]
SPI
[15:12] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW RX packet receive status bit
1: RX interrupt active
0: RX interrupt inactive
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Reserved
0
RW TX manual dequeue interrupt
1: TX manual dequeue interrupt active
0: TX manual dequeue interrupt inactive
0
RW TX packet transmit complete interrupt
1: TX packet transmit complete interrupt active
0: TX packet transmit complete interrupt inactive
0
RW TX Free Page buffer more than driver require interrupt
1: TX_Pages interrupt active
0: TX_Pages inactive
0
RW Reserved
0
RW TX packet error interrupt status bit
1: TX packet error interrupt active
0: TX packet error interrupt inactive
0
RW PHY Link Change interrupt status bit
1: PHY Link Change interrupt active
0: PHY Link Change not detect
0
RW GPIO interrupt status bit
1: GPIO interrupt active
0: GPIO interrupt inactive
0
RW SPI interrupt status bit
1: SPI interrupt active
0: SPI interrupt inactive
0
R
Reserved
73
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.5
Bit
Page 0 Offset 0x08: Interrupt Mask Register (IMR)
Name
[0]
RXPCT_mask
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
MDQ_mask
[5]
TXT_mask
[6]
TX_Pages_mask
[7]
[8]
Reserved
TXERR_mask
[9]
LinkChange_mask
[10]
GPIO_mask
[11]
SPI_mask
[15:12] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
1
RW RX packet receive interrupt mask bit
1: Mask RX packet interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask RX packet interrupt on IRQ pin
1
RW Reserved
1
RW Reserved
1
RW Reserved
1
RW TX manual dequeue interrupt complete
1: Mask TX manual dequeue interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask TX manual dequeue interrupt on IRQ pin
1
RW TX packet transmit complete interrupt mask
1: Mask TX packet transmit complete interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask TX packet transmit complete interrupt on IRQ pin
1
RW TX Free Page buffer more than driver require interrupt mask
1: Mask TX Pages interrupt on IRQ pin.
0: Unmask TX Pages on IRQ pin.
1
RW Reserved
1
RW TX packet error interrupt mask bit
1: Mask TX packet error interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask TX packet error interrupt on IRQ pin
1
RW PHY Link Change interrupt mask bit
1: Mask PHY Link Change interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask PHY Link Change interrupt on IRQ pin
1
RW GPIO interrupt mask bit
1: Mask GPIO interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask GPIO interrupt on IRQ pin
1
RW SPI interrupt mask bit
1: Mask SPI interrupt on IRQ pin
0: Unmask SPI interrupt on IRQ pin
111
RW Reserved
74
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.6
Bit
Page 0 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame Configuration Register (WFCR)
Name
[0]
PME_IND
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW PME indication
0: A static signal active when detect wake-up event. (Default)
1: A pulse when detect wake-up event.
[1]
PME_TYPE
0
RW PME I/O Type. When cleared, PME_POL is ignored, and the output is
always active low.
0: PME to function as an open-grain buffer for use in a wired-or
configuration. (Default)
1: PME output is a Push-Pull driver.
[2]
PME_POL
0
RW PME Polarity.
0: PME active low (Default)
1: PME active high (ignore when PME_TYPE is low)
PME_POL PME_TYPE PME_IND PME
0
0
0
zzz
[3]
Reset_pme
0
[4]
Sleep mode
0
[5]
Wakeup mode
0
[7:6]
PME_pulse
00
[8]
En_linkchange
0
0
0
1
zzz
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
zzz
1
0
1
zzz
1
1
0
1
1
1
zzzzzzz
zzzzzzz
RW Reset PME pin to default value before re-start WOL detection
1: Reset PME
0: Normal
WC 1: Sleep/Suspend Mode. The switch will turn off all the internal clocks.
And the chip is in the minimum power consumption state.
0: Disable sleep mode
The host CPU can write “Host Wake Up Register” (Offset 1Eh) for
non-SPI interface or set AX88796C SPI “ABh Exit Power Down (S3)”
instruction for SPI interface to return the AX88796C to the normal
operation state.
RW 1: Enable Wake-On-LAN detection function
0: Disable Wakeup mode
RW PME_pulse.
00:2ms
01:8ms
10:32ms
11:64ms
RW Enable link status change as one of the wake up condition.
Wakeup condition: PHY link done status toggle from low to high or
high to low.
1: Enable
0: Disable
75
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
[9]
En_MagicPacket
0
[10]
En_WakeUpframe 0
[11]
PME_Enable
[12]
Linkchange_status 0
[13]
MagicPacket_status 0
[14]
WakeUpframe_stat 0
us
[15]
PME_status
0
0
RW Enable Magic Packet detection as one of the wake up condition.
Wakeup condition: Detect 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF follow by repeated 16
times DA_MAC pattern anywhere within the payload and good CRC
value present.
1: Enable
0: Disable
RW Enable Microsoft wakeup frame detector as one of the wakeup
condition.
Wakeup condition: Calculate CRC value across all the mask bits that
match the expected CRC value and the packet has a good CRC value in
the end.
1: Enable
0: Disable
RW 1: Enable PME pin
0: Tri-state PME signal
R
Link change status
1: Link change event found
0: Idle
R
Magic frame detection status
1: Magic Frame found
0: Idle
R
Microsoft wakeup detection status
1: Microsoft wakeup frame found
0: Idle
R
PME status
1: PME output is high
0: PME output is low
76
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.7
Page 0 Offset 0x0C: Power Saving Configuration Register (PSCR)
Bit
Name
[2:0] PowerSaving
[3]
[4]
Reserved
SWPowerSavingEn
[5]
WOLPowerSaving_en
[6]
SW_WOL
[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]
[11]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
PHY_ Reset
[12]
PHY_Cabsilent
[13]
PHY_Cableoff
[14]
PHY_Link
[15]
EEPROM_OK
Default R/W
Function
Value
000
RW PHY power saving state configurable register
000: Disable Power saving function
001: Cable Off Power Saving Level 1
010: Cable Off Power Saving Level 2
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Software power saving control enable
1: Software Control Power Saving Function
0: Select [12:8] as pre-configure power saving mode
1
RW WOL power saving enable
1: Enable power saving when WOL (Link to 10M)
0: Normal
NOTE: Please set to 0 when ARP and NS offload function is
enabled.
0
RW Software WOL Select enable
1: Software configure [13] WOLPowerSaving_en bit dynamically
0: Always use [13] as pre-defined WOLPowerSaving_en
value(Default)
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Reserved
1
RW PHY reset signal. Active low and should be longer than 500ns.
1: Normal
0: Reset internal PHY
The host CPU should write one to enable PHY back to normal state
if this bit is set to 0.
1
R
PHY Cable-off detect enable. Toggling when receive signal.
1: Cable-off detect
0: No Cable-off detect
0
R
PHY Cable off
1: PHY Detect cable off
0: Normal
0
R
PHY Link Status
1: PHY in Link state
0: PHY not Link yet
0
R
EEPROM load complete
1: EEPROM load complete. Please also check EECSR register data.
If EECSR data is 0xFF then external EEPROM does not exist
0: EEPROM not finish loading due to checksum failure
77
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.8
Page 0 Offset 0x0E: MAC Configuration Register (MACCR)
Bit
Name
[0]
RE
[1]
FD
[2]
Speed
[3]
RFC
[4]
TFC
[5]
TXAbortAllow
[6]
[7]
Reserved
PF
[12:8]
PMM_st
[15:13] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW RX path Enable
1: Enable RX path of the ASIC.
0: Disabled (default).
0
RW Full-Duplex
1: Full Duplex mode (default).
0: Half Duplex mode.
0
RW Speed mode
1: 100 Mbps (default).
0: 10 Mbps.
1
RW RX Flow Control Enable
1: Enable RX Flow Control
0: Disable (Default)
1
RW TX Flow Control Enable
1: Enable TX Flow Control
0: Disable (Default)
0
RW Allow TX Abort
1: Enable
0: Disable
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Check only “length/type” field for Pause Frame.
1: Enable. Pause frames are identified only based on L/T filed.
0: Disabled. Pause frames are identified based on both DA and L/T
fields (default).
00011 R
Power Management Module Status
00001: Chip Reset State
00010: Wait State
00011: Device Ready State (Normal Operation)
00100: PS1 State (Cable-off)
00101: PS2 State (Cable-off)
00111:Wake-On-LAN State
01000 PS1 and Wake-On-LAN State (Cable-off)
01001: PS2 and Wake-On-LAN State (Cable-off)
01010: Sleep Mode
01011: PHY in Reset State
10000: Software force in PS1 State
10001: Software force in PS2 State
0x00
R
Reserved
78
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.9
Bit
Page 0 Offset 0x10: TX Free Buffer Count Register (TFBFCR)
Name
[6:0]
[12:7]
TX_FreeBuf
TX_Pages[5:0]
[13]
TX_Pages_Set
[14]
TXDPT_start
[15]
TX_Transmit
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x1F R
Indicate how many free page buffers in TX packet memory.
0
RW Driver set this register to let 796C know how many tx page that driver
require.
0
WC If driver set this bit and TX_Pages[5:0] , then the AX88796C will
compare TX_FreeBuf and TX_Pages[5:0] , if TX_FreeBuf[5:0] value
big then TX_Pages[5:0], the AX88796C will send TX_Pages interrupt to
CPU. (Interrupt status in page0 offset 6 , bit 6)
0
WC Set 1 to start or restart TX dispatch timer.
Reference page 1, offset 6, bit [15-8].
0
WC If Interrupt assert and manual-enqueue status set, CPU should set this bit
to 1 to continue transmit packet.
6.1.10 Page 0 Offset 0x12: TX Sequence Number Register (TSNR)
Bit
Name
[4:0]
TXB_SN[4:0]
[5]
TXB_ERR
[6]
TXB_Idle
[7]
[13:8]
[14]
[15]
Reserved
TXB_PktCnt[5:0]
TXB_reinitial
TXB_Start
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
R
Sequence number in TX Bridge. Cpu can read this signal to know the
last succeed transmit packet’s sequence number.
0
R
Indicate TX Bridge in error state.
1: TX Bridge in error state.
0: TX Bridge not in error state.
1
R
Indicate TX Bridge in idle state.
1: TX Bridge in idle state.
0: TX Bridge not in idle state.
0
R
Reserved
0
RW Indicate how many packets will send from CPU to TX Bridge.
0
WC Set this bit to 1 can let TX Bridge module state machine reinitialize.
0
WC Indicate TX Bridge start to receive packet from CPU.
6.1.11 Page 0 Offset 0x14: RX/TX Data Port Register (RTDPR)
Bit
Name
[15:0]
TXB_Data
[15:0]
RXB_Data
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
W
The host CPU can use this register to write TXB_Data[15:0] to TX
Bridge.
0
R
The host CPU can read RXB_Date[15:0] from RX Bridge.
6.1.12 Page 0 Offset 0x16: RX Bridge Control Register 1 (RXBCR1)
Bit
Name
[13:0]
RXB_BL
[14]
RXB_discard
[15]
RXB_start
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW The host CPU should set this register to tell RX Bridge module how
many DMA burst (in word count) will send.
0
WC The host CPU can set this bit to discard current packet in RX Bridge
module.
0
WC The host CPU should set this bit to 1 before DMA burst read packet.
79
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.13 Page 0 Offset 0x18: RX Bridge Control Register 2 (RXBCR2)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
RXPC
[12:8]
[13]
RXB_SN[4:0]
RXB_Ready
[14]
RXB_Idle
[15]
RXB_Reinitial
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
R
The host CPU can read this register to know how many packets in RX
memory.
Before read this register, the CPU should set RX_Latch register to 1 in
page 0 offset 0x1A bit 15.
0
R
Indicate current packet’s sequence number in RX Bridge
0
R
Indicate RX Bridge is ready for read.
After CPU set RXB_start, the CPU should polling this register to make
sure RX Bridge is ready for read or burst read.
0: RX Bridge is not ready for host CPU read or burst read operation
1: RX bridge is ready for host CPU read or burst read operation
1
R
Indicate RX Bridge in idle state.
1: RX Bridge in idle state.
0: RX Bridge not in idle state.
0
WC Set this bit to 1 can let RX Bridge module state machine reinitialize.
6.1.14 Page 0 Offset 0x1A: RX Total Valid Word Count Register (RTWCR)
Bit
Name
[13:0]
RXWC
[14]
[15]
Reserved
RX_Latch
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
The host CPU can read this register to know total packet word count in
R
RX memory, and then the CPU use this register to set the RXB_BL field
of RXBCR1 register.
Before read this register, the CPU should set RX_Latch register to 1 in
page 0 offset 0x1A bit 15.
0
R
Reserved
0
WC Before the CPU read RXWC[13:0] register in page 0 offset 0x1A or
RXPC[7:0] register in page 0 offset 0x18 , the CPU should set this
register to 1 first.
6.1.15 Page 0 Offset 0x1C: RX Current Packet Header Register (RCPHR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
RXB_FFL
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
R
The host CPU can read this register to get current packet’s header1 in
RX Bridge module.
Bit 15 : indicate this packet is multicast or broadcast packet.
1: this packet is multicast or broadcast packet.
0: this packet is unicast packet
Bit 14 : indicate this packet is runt packet.
1: this packet is runt packet.
0: this packet is normal size packet
Bit 13 : indicate this packet got MII interface error.
1: this packet got MII interface error.
0: this packet no MII interface error
Bit 12 : indicate this packet got CRC error.
1: this packet got CRC error.
0: this packet no CRC error
Bit 11:Reserved
Bit 10-0 : indicate this packet’s length.
80
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.16 Page 0 ~ 7 Offset 0x1E: Remote Wakeup Register (RWR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Sleep_mode_exit
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 WC Any write command to this address will cause the chip exit the sleep
mode and back to normal mode operation. (This register is only valid for
non-SPI interface.)
Note: Any write to this register within any page for non-SPI interface will resume the AX88796C
back to normal state; please set AX88796C SPI “ABh Exit Power Down (S3)” instruction for SPI
interface to resume AX88796C back to normal state.
6.1.17 Page 1 Offset 0x02: RX Packet Process Enable Register (RPPER)
Bit
Name
[0]
RX Packet Enable
[6:1]
[7]
[14:8]
[15]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW 0 : RX packet process disable
1: RX packet process enable
NOTE: Please write 1 to this bit to enable normal RX packet processing.
0x00 RW
0
R
Reserved
0x00 RW Reserved
0
R
Reserved
6.1.18 Page 1 Offset 0x08: Memory Read/Write Control Register (MRCR)
Bit
Name
[11:0]
[12]
MM_Addr
MM_RW
[13]
[14]
[15]
MM_ready
MM_RX
MM_TX
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x000 RW TX/RX memory address.
0
WC Set 1 to read/write TX/RX memory.
1: read memory
0: write memory
1
R
Indicate read or write memory finish.
0
WC Set 1 to access RX memory
0
WC Set 1 to access TX memory
6.1.19 Page 1 Offset 0x0A: Memory Data Register (MDR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
MM_Data
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Data to write TX/RX memory or read from TX/RX memory.
6.1.20 Page 1 Offset 0x0C: RX Memory Pointer Register (RMPR)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
MACRX_writepoint 0x01 R
Indicate current write page pointer in RX LAN module
MACRX_readpoint 0x01 R
Indicate current read page pointer in TX host module.
81
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.21 Page 1 Offset 0x0E: TX Memory Pointer Register (TMPR)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
MACTX_writepoint 0x01 R
Indicate current write page pointer in RX host module
MACTX_readpoint 0x01 R
Indicate current read page pointer in TX LAN module.
6.1.22 Page 1 Offset 0x10: RX Bridge Stuffing Packet Control Register
(RXBSPCR)
Bit
Name
[11:0] Reserved
[14:12] RXB_SPW
[15]
RXB_SP
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x000 R
Reserved
100
RW RX bridge stuffing packet double word count.
Minimum value is 1 and maximum value is 7. Default value is 4.
1
RW Enable the RX bridge stuffing packet function.
1: Enable (Default)
0: Disable
6.1.23 Page 1 Offset 0x12: RX MAC Control Register (RXMCR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
[8]
Reserved
SBP
[9]
SM
[10]
[11]
Reserved
crcenLAN
[12]
stp
[13]
Reserved
[15:14] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
R
Reserved
1
RW Stop Backpressure.
1: When TFC bit = 1, setting this bit enables backpressure on TX
direction “continuously” during RX buffer full condition in half
duplex mode.
0: When TFC bit = 1, setting this bit enable backpressure on TX
direction “intermittently” during RX buffer full condition in half
duplex mode (default).
0
RW Super Mac support.
1: Enable Super Mac to shorten exponential back-off time during
transmission retrying.
0: Disabled (default).
0
RW Reserved
1
RW TX Append CRC Enable.
1: CRC byte is generated and appended by the hardware for every
transmitted MAC frame (default).
0: CRC byte is not appended.
0
RW Stop receiving packet process
0
RW Reserved
00
R
Reserved
82
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.24 Page 2 Offset 0x02: IO Control Register (ICR)
Bit
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[7:6]
[7]
[9:8]
[10]
Name
PDSDLO
PUSDLO
PDSDHI
PUSDHI
PDSA
PUSA
IPME
IIRQ
ISD
SDSR
[12:11] ICLK
[13]
[14]
[15]
IGPIO
IEEPROM
ILED
Default R/W
Value
0
RW
0
RW
0
RW
0
RW
0
RW
0
RW
0
RW
0
00
RW
RW
0
RW
00
RW
00
0
0
RW
RW
RW
Function
Pull-Down Data Pad 7-0
Pull-Up Data Pad 7-0
Pull-Down Data Pad 15-8
Pull-Up Data Pad 15-8
Pull-Down SA0-5
Pull-Up SA0-5
PME Output Current
3.3V
2.5V
0
8mA
4.4mA
1
16mA
8.8mA
IRQ Output Current
3.3V
2.5V
0
8mA
4.4mA
1
16mA
8.8mA
Data Pad Output Current
[1:0] 3.3V
2.5V
00
2mA
1.1mA
01
4mA
2.2mA
10
8mA
4.4mA
11
16mA
8.8mA
SD0-15 IO pad output slew rate
0: Fast
1: Slow
TCLK output current
[1:0] 3.3V
2.5V
00
2mA
1.1mA
01
4mA
2.2mA
10
8mA
4.4mA
11
16mA
8.8mA
GPIO output current
3.3V
2.5V
0
8mA
4.4mA
1
16mA
8.8mA
EEPROM output current
3.3V
2.5V
0
8mA
4.4mA
1
16mA
8.8mA
LED output current
3.3V
2.5V
0
8mA
4.4mA
1
16mA
8.8mA
83
1.8V
2.8mA
5.6mA
1.8V
2.8mA
5.6mA
1.8V
0.7mA
1.4mA
2.8mA
5.6mA
1.8V
0.7mA
1.4mA
2.8mA
5.6mA
1.8V
2.8mA
5.6mA
1.8V
2.8mA
5.6mA
1.8V
2.8mA
5.6mA
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.25 Page 2 Offset 0x04: PHY Control Register (PCR)
Bit
Name
[0]
Auto_Poll_En
[1]
Poll_fc
[2]
Poll_sel
[3]
[7:4]
Reserved
Opmode
[12:8]
Phyid[4:0]
[15:13] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW PHY Auto-Polling Function. Enable If set to one then hardware will
auto-polling internal PHY register setting and update Mac Control
Register enable, speed, and duplex information.
1: Enable Auto-polling function
0: Disable (Default)
1
RW Enable Auto-polling Flow control function.
Auto-polling PHY’s register and update flow control information.
If PHY is in full duplex mode then
1: MAC Flow control depend on PHY and PHY’s link partner PHY
pause capability
0: MAC disable Flow control
If PHY is in half duplex mode then
1: MAC enable Flow control
0: MAC disable Flow control
0
RW Polling function select
1: Auto-polling logic will Check MR0 register (PHY addr. 0x0) status to
make decision on MAC’s speed and duplex
0: Auto-polling logic will check MR4 register (PHY address 0x4) status
to make decision on MAC’s speed and duplex. (Default)
0
R
Reserved
0000 RW PHY Operation mode
0000: Auto-negotiation mode
0001: Auto-negotiation with 100 BASE-TX FDX/HDX ability
0010: Auto-negotiation with 10 BASE-T FDX/HDX ability
0011: Reserved
0100: Manual selection of 100 BASE-TX FDX
0101: Manual selection of 100 BASE-TX HDX
0110: Manual selection of 10 BASE-T FDX
0111: Manual selection of 10 BASE-T HDX
10000 RW Programmable PHY ID Registers. This address is used when multiple
PHY are accessed through management interface. If the value is
changed, new setting will effective after hardware/software is reset. The
default value is 10000.
000
RW Reserved
84
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.26 Page 2 Offset 0x06: PHY Status Register (PHYSR)
Bit
Name
[0]
Speed Led
[1]
Duplex Led
[2]
Link Led
[3]
TX Led
[4]
RX Led
[5]
COL Led
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
XtalClkSelect
[11]
ASICClkSelect
[15:12] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
1
R
PHY Link Speed Status
0: 100MBps
1: 10MBps
1
R
PHY Full Duplex Mode Status
0: Full Duplex Mode
1: Half Duplex Mode
1
R
PHY Link Status
0: Link up
1: Link Down
1
R
PHY TX activity
0: TX traffic passing
1: No Traffic
1
R
PHY RX activity
0: RX traffic passing
1: No Traffic
1
R
PHY Collision Status
0: Collision Detect
1: No Collision
1
R
Reserved
1
R
Reserved
1
R
Reserved
0
R
Reserved
1
R
PHY XTLP/XTLN clock select
1: Use Crystal clock input XTLP/XTLN as PHY clock source
0: Disable
0
R
PHY ASIC clock select
1: Select TCLK as PHY clock source
0: Disable
0x0
R
Reserved
85
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.27 Page 2 Offset 0x08: MDIO Read/Write Data Register (MDIODR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Mdio_Data
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW MDIO data [15:0]
When CPU set MDIO read command register to 1, The MDC/MDIO
controller will show the read data from PHY register here.
When CPU set MDIO write command register to 1, The MDC/MDIO
controller will write this register data to the PHY register.
6.1.28 Page 2 Offset 0x0A: MDIO Read/Write Control Register (MDIOCR)
Bit
Name
[4:0]
Reg_addr
[7:5]
[12:8]
Reserved
Phy_addr
[13]
MDIORD_ok
[14]
MDIORead
[15]
MDIOWrite
Default R/W
Function
Value
00000 RW PHY Register address. CPU should set this register to let the
MDC/MDIO controller knows which PHY register to be accessed.
000
R
Reserved
00000 RW PHY Physical ID. The CPU should set this register to let the
MDC/MDIO controller know what PHY ID to be accessed.
0
R
MDIO data valid
After the CPU set the MDIO read command register to one, CPU should
continue polling this bit to confirm that the MII management interface
read cycle is done and Data [15:0] is also valid. After CPU set the
MDIO write command register to one, CPU should continue polling this
bit to confirm that the MII management interface write cycle is done.
1: MII management interface read/write cycle is done.
0: MII management interface read/write cycle is not done.
0
WC MDIO Read command to PHY
1: Read command
0: Idle
The CPU should set this bit to one to let the MDC/MDIO controller
perform MII management interface read cycle. CPU also needs to
program the reg_addr and phy_addr value in MDIOCR first.
0
WC MDIO Write command to PHY
1: Write command
0: Idle
The CPU should set this bit to one to let the MDC/MDIO controller
perform MII management interface write cycle. CPU also needs to set
the reg_addr, phy_addr and Data register in MDIOCR first.
86
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.29 Page 2 Offset 0x0C: I_Full/I_Speed LED Control Register 0 (LCR0)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
Sel_led0[7:0]
[15:8]
Sel_led1[7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x04
RW Select LED pin I_FULL output function
[7] Full Duplex/Collision
[6] 10Base-T
[5] Collision
[4] TX/RX activity
[3] Link/Act.
[2] Full duplex
[1] 100Base-TX
[0] Enable LED pin (Please reference page 2 offset 0xE [15] setting to
select I_FULL LED polarity)
1: enable LED
0: disable LED
NOTE: The user can turn on multiple functions at the same time. For
example, Sel_led0=0001_0001 then any RX or TX activity will turn on
the LED light on LED0 pin.
NOTE: I_FULL LED polarity can also set to active high or active low.
So when Page 2 0xC [0] enable is off then output value will decide by
I_FULL LED polarity setting in Page 2 offset 0x0E bit [15], I_FULL
LED output 1 when I_FULL_select is active low and 0 when active
high.
0x02
RW Select LED pin I_Speed output function
[7] Full Duplex/Collision
[6] 10Base-T
[5] Collision
[4] TX/RX activity
[3] Link/Act.
[2] Full duplex
[1] 100Base-TX
[0] Enable LED pin (active low)
NOTE: The user can turn on multiple functions at the same time.
87
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.30 Page 2 Offset 0x0E: I_LK/Act LED Control Register 1 (LCR1)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
Sel_led2[7:0]
[14:8]
IPG
[15]
I_FULL_active
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x08
RW Select LED pin I_LK/Act output function
[7] Full Duplex/Collision
[6] 10Base-T
[5] Collision
[4] TX/RX activity
[3] Link /Act.
[2] Full duplex
[1] 100Base-TX
[0] Enable LED pin (active low)
NOTE: The user can turn on multiple functions at the same time.
0x15
RW Inter Packet Gap for back-to-back transfer on TX direction in MII mode
(default = 15h).
0
RW I_FULL LED active select
0: active low if the I_FULL of bus type setting is pulled up
1: active high if the I_FULL of bus type setting is pulled down
Please refer to TAB-1 for bus type setting.
6.1.31 Page 2 Offset 0x10: IPG Control Register (IPGCR)
Bit
[6:0]
[7]
[14:8]
[15]
Name
IPG1
Reserved
IPG2
Reserved
Default
Value
0x0C
0
0x12
0
R/W
RW
R
RW
R
Function
IPG part1 value (default = 0Ch).
Reserved
IPG part1 value + part2 value (default = 12h).
Reserved
6.1.32 Page 2 Offset 0x12: Chip Revision ID Register (CRIR)
Bit
[3:0]
[15:4]
Name
Chip_rev_ID
Reserved
Default R/W
Value
0000 RW Chip Revision ID
0x000 RW Reserved
88
Function
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.33 Page 2 Offset 0x14: Flow Control High/Low Watermark Control
Register (FLHWCR)
Bit
Name
[6:0]
FCHW
[7]
[14:8]
Reserved
FCLW
[15]
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x24
RW Flow Control High-water mark [7:0]: RX free page count high water
level, once internal RX free page counter lower than this threshold and
Flow control is enabled, then TX MAC will send Pause ON Frame out
to informal remote PHY stop transmit packets.
0
R
Reserved
0x42
RW Flow Control Low-water mark [7:0]: When Flow control is enabled and
pause is ON, RX free page counter if higher than this low water mark
value then TX MAC will send pause OFF frame to inform remote PHY
back to normal state and re-start transmit packets.
0
R
Reserved
6.1.34 Page 2 Offset 0x16: RX Control Register (RXCR)
Bit
Name
[0]
PRO
[1]
AMALL
[2]
SEP
[3]
AB
[4]
AM
[5]
AP
[6]
ARP
[7]
[15:8]
Reserved
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
1
RW PACKET_TYPE_PROMISCUOUS.
1: All frames received by the ASIC are forwarded up toward the host.
0: Disabled
0
RW PACKET_TYPE_ALL_MULTICAST.
1: All multicast frames received by the ASIC are forwarded up toward
the host, not just the frames whose scrambling result of DA matching
with multicast address list provided in Multicast Filter Array Register.
0: Disabled. This only allows multicast frames whose scrambling result
of DA field matching with multicast address list provided in Multicast
Filter Array Register to be forwarded up toward the host (Default).
0
RW Accept Error Packet.
1: Accept save Error Packet.
0: Disabled, Reject Error Packet. (Default)
0
RW PACKET_TYPE_BROADCAST.
1: All broadcast frames received by the MAC are forwarded to the host
interface.
0: Disabled. (Default)
0
RW PACKET_TYPE_MULTICAST.
1: All multicast frames who’s scrambling result of DA matching with
multicast address list are forwarded to the host interface. (Please
reference to section 4.1.2)
0: Disabled. (Default)
0
RW Accept Physical Address from Multicast Filter Array.
1: Allow unicast packets to be forwarded up toward host if the lookup of
scrambling result of DA is found within multicast address list.
0: Disabled, that is, unicast packets filtering are done without regarding
multicast address list (Default).
0
RW Accept Runt Packet.
1: Accept Runt Packet.
0: Disabled, Reject the runt packet (byte count less then 64 bytes)
(Default).
0
RW Reserved
0x00
R
Reserved
89
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.35 Page 2 Offset 0x18: Jam Limit Count Register (JLCR)
Bit
Name
[5:0]
Jam[5:0]
[6]
[7]
Reserved
cpteff
[8]
LDRND
[15:9]
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x3F
RW Jam_Limit[5:0]: This is used for flow-control in half-duplex mode,
which is based on force collision mechanisms to backpressure
transmitting network node. During the force collision backpressure
process, the Ethernet MAC will continue counting total collision count.
When it has reached the Jam_Limit setting, the Ethernet MAC will stop
backpressure to avoid Ethernet HUB from being partitioned (default =
3Fh) due to excessive collision on network link.
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Capture Effective Mode.
1: Enable capture effective mode.
0: Disabled.
0
RW LDRND: To load Random number into MAC’s exponential back-off
timer, the user writes a “1” to enable the ASIC to load a small random
number into MAC’s back-off timer to shorten the back-off duration in
each retry after collision. This register is used for test purpose. Default
value = 0.
0x02
R
Reserved
6.1.36 Page 2 Offset 0x1C: Max Packet Length Register (MPLR)
Bit
[11:0]
Name
MPL
[15:12] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x600 RW Maximum packet Length [11:0]
Programmable maximum packet size allowed to be received range
from 64 to 2047.Default value is 1522.
0x0
R
Reserved
90
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.37 Page 3 Offset 0x02: MAC Address Setup Register 0 (MACASR0)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
MAC [47:40]
[15:8]
MAC [39:32]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Default MAC address for host port.
MAC address [47:40]
0x00
RW MAC address [39:32]
6.1.38 Page 3 Offset 0x04: MAC Address Setup Register 1 (MACASR1)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
MAC [31:24]
[15:8]
MAC [23:16]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Default MAC address for host port.
MAC address [31:24]
0x00
RW MAC address [23:16]
6.1.39 Page 3 Offset 0x06: MAC Address Setup Register 2 (MACASR2)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
MAC [15:8]
[15:8]
MAC [7:0]
MACASR2[15:8]
MACASR2[7:0]
MACASR1[15:8]
MACASR1[7:0]
MACASR0[15:8]
MACASR0[7:0]
D7
DA7
DA15
DA23
DA31
DA39
DA47
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Default MAC address for host port
MAC address [15:8]
0x00
RW MAC address [7:0]
D6
DA6
DA14
DA22
DA30
DA38
DA46
D5
DA5
DA13
DA21
DA29
DA37
DA45
D4
DA4
DA12
DA20
DA28
DA36
DA44
D3
DA3
DA11
DA19
DA27
DA35
DA43
D2
DA2
DA10
DA18
DA26
DA34
DA42
D1
DA1
DA9
DA17
DA25
DA33
DA41
D0
DA0
DA8
DA16
DA24
DA32
DA40
Note: The bit sequence of the received MAC address is DA0, DA1, … DA46, DA47 ….
91
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Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.40 Page 3 Offset 0x08: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR01)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
MA0 [7:0]
MA1 [7:0]
Default R/W
Value
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array0 [7:0]
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array1 [7:0]
Function
6.1.41 Page 3 Offset 0x0A: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR23)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
MA2 [7:0]
MA3 [7:0]
Default R/W
Value
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array2 [7:0]
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array3 [7:0]
Function
6.1.42 Page 3 Offset 0x0C: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR45)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
MA4 [7:0]
MA5 [7:0]
Default R/W
Value
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array4 [7:0]
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array5 [7:0]
Function
6.1.43 Page 3 Offset 0x0E: Multicast Filter Array Register (MFAR67)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
MA6 [7:0]
MA7 [7:0]
Default R/W
Value
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array6 [7:0]
0x00
RW Multicast Filter Array7 [7:0]
Function
6.1.44 Page 3 Offset 0x10: VLAN ID0 Filter Register (VID0FR)
Bit
Name
[11:0] VID0 [11:0]
[13:12] Reserved
[14]
VFE
Default
Value
0x000
00
0
[15]
0
VSO
R/W
Function
RW VLAN ID0 Filter Register
R
Reserved
RW VLAN filter enable
1: Enable VLAN filter. The VLAN ID field (12 bits) received 802.1q
tagged packets, which will be used to compare with VID1 and VID2
setting. If it matches either VID1 or VID2, or its value is equal to all
zeros, the received 802.1q tagged packets will be forwarded to the
Host.
0: Disable VLAN filter. The received packets with or without 802.1q
Tag bytes will always be forwarded to the Host (default).
RW VLAN Strip off. The VSO bit determines whether the VLAN Tag
bytes (4 bytes) are stripped off or not during forwarding to the
Host.
1: Strip off VLAN Tag (4 bytes) from the incoming packet.
0: Preserve VLAN Tag in the incoming packet (default).
92
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.45 Page 3 Offset 0x12: VLAN ID1 Filter Register (VID1FR)
Bit
Name
[11:0] VID1 [11:0]
[15:12] Reserved
Default R/W
Value
00
RW VLAN ID1 Filter Register
0x0
R Reserved
Function
6.1.46 Page 3 Offset 0x14: EEPROM Checksum Register (EECSR)
Bit
[7:0]
[15:8]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
EEChecksum [7:0] 0x00
R
EEPROM hardware calculated Checksum value over the valid address
space. If this value plus the EEPROM 0x27 checksum data equal to
0xFF then the checksum value check is passed.
Reserved
0x00
R
Reserved
6.1.47 Page 3 Offset 0x16: EEPROM Data Register (EEDR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Value
EEPromdata [10:0] 0xffff
RW EEPROM Data Register
Function
6.1.48 Page 3 Offset 0x18: EEPROM Control Register (EECR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
[11:8]
EepromAddr [7:0]
EE_command
[12]
[13]
Reserve
EE_READY
[14]
EE_reload
[15]
EE_Reset
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW EEPROM Address Register
0x00
RW 0x0 EEPROM Idle
0x1 Read EEPROM
0x2 Write EEPROM
0x4 Disable EEPROM Write
0x8 Enable EEPROM Write
0
R
Reserved
1
RW EEPROM Ready
1: EEPROM Ready, Indicate EEPROM ready to execute command
0: EEPROM not ready
0
RW EEPROM Auto Reload
1: EEPROM re-load function
0: Normal (Default)
0
RW EEPROM module reset
1:Reset EEPROM Control
0:Idel (Default)
93
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.49 Page 3 Offset 0x1A: Test Packet Configuration Register (TPCR)
Bit
[7:0]
[13:8]
[14]
[15]
Name
TPPattern[7:0]
TPInterval[5:0]
TPRandom
TPFix
Default
Value
0x00
0x15
0
0
R/W
RW
RW
RW
RW
Function
Data pattern or random seed
Test Packet inter-frame gape
Test Packet with Random pattern
Test Packet with fix pattern
The transmit test packets without padding CRC 4 bytes.
6.1.50 Page 3 Offset 0x1C: Test Packet Length Register (TPLR)
Bit
Name
[11:0] TPLength
[15:12] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x48
RW Set Test Packet Length [11:0]
0x0
R Reserved
6.1.51 Page 4 Offset 0x02: GPIO Enable Register (GPIOER)
Bit
Name
[3:0]
GPIO_En
[7:4]
GPIO_In
[11:8]
GPIO_Out
[15:12] GPIO_OE
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Enable Register
Enable GPIO function when set to one.
1: Enable
0: Disable
0x0
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Input Data Register. Store the input data when GPIO
output enable is not turned on.
0x0
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Output Data Register. The output data register will load
to the GPIO pin when output enable is set to one.
0x0
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Output Enable Register. If set to one then GPIO pin is
used as output pin. Otherwise, the GPIO is an input pin.
1: Output Enable
0: Disable
94
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.52 Page 4 Offset 0x04: GPIO IRQ Control Register (GPIOCR)
Bit
Name
[3:0]
GPIO_IntEn
[7:4]
GPIO_Int_HL
[11:8]
GPIO_Int_Status
[15:12] GPIO_Int_Mask
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Interrupt Enable Register. Enable GPIO interrupt
function when set to one.
1: GPIO Interrupt Enable
0: Disable
0x0
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Interrupt Polarity Select Register
Active high if set to one and Active low if set to zero.
1: Active high interrupt
0: Active low interrupt (Default)
0x0
WC GPIO3~GPIO0 Interrupt Status Register
Write one to clear interrupt status bit.
0xf
RW GPIO3~GPIO0 Interrupt Mask Register
Mask Interrupt output when set to one.
1: Interrupt Mask Enable
0: Mask disable
6.1.53 Page 4 Offset 0x06: GPIO Wakeup Control Register (GPIOWCR)
Bit
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
[1:0]
GPIO_Wakeup_En[ 0x00
RW GPIO1~GPIO0 Wakeup Enable Register
1:0]
When set to one will enable GPIO Wakeup Function
1: Enable GPIO Wakeup function
0: Disable
[3:2]
Reserved
00
R
Reserved
[7:4]
GPIO_Wakeup_Sel 0000
RW GPIO1~GPIO0 Wakeup Select Register
[3:0]
GPIO_Wakeup_Sel[1:0]:GPIO0 Wakeup Select
00: Falling edge
01: Rising edge
10: Level low
11: Level high
GPIO_Wakeup_Sel[3:2]:GPIO1 Wakeup Select
00: Falling edge
01: Rising edge
10: Level low
11: Level high
[8]
GPIO1
0
RW GPIO1 pin selection
1: GPIO1 on AEN pin if GPIOER [1] is set to 1 (GPIO1 enable)
0: GPIO1 on EEDIO pin if GPIOER [1] is set to 1 (GPIO1 enable)
[10:9] GPIO23
00
RW GPIO2 and GPIO3 output pin selection
Please select correct GPIO2/GPIO3 pins location based on hardware
design circuit and also make sure GPIOER [2] or GPIOER [3] is
enabled.
GPIO2
GPIO3
00
EECK
EECS
01
SD14
SD15
10
SD6
SD7
11
N/A
N/A
[11]
Reserved
0
R
Reserved
[13:12] GPIO_Wakeup_Sta 00
R
GPIO1 ~GPIO0 Wakeup Status Register
tus[1:0]
1: Wakeup State
0: Normal State
[15:14] Reserved
00
R
Reserved
95
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.54 Page 4 Offset 0x0A: SPI Configuration Register (SPICR)
Bit
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
[0]
SPI_r_compression 0
RW SPI Register compression
1: Enable
0: Disable
[1]
SPI_q_compression 0
RW SPI RX/TX Queue Compression
1: Enable
0: Disable
[2]
Reserved
0
RW Reserved
[3]
RBRE
0
RW Register Burst Read Enable.
1: It indicates SPI register access at Burst read mode.
0. It indicates SPI register access at Single read mode.
[4]
R
Power management mode.
PMM
0
1: It indicates chip at PMM status (no core clock).
0: It indicates chip at normal operation mode.
[5]
Reserved
0
RW Reserved
[6:7]
Reserved
00
Reserved
[8]
Loopback
0
RW SPI loopback mode enable
1: Enable
0: Disable
[9]
Reserved
0
R Reserved
[10]
SPICoreCLK Reset 1
WC Reset SPI core clock domain related logic
[11]
SPI SPICLK Reset 1
WC Reset SPI SPI Clock domain related logic
[15:12] Reserved
0x000
R Reserved
96
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.55 Page 4 Offset 0x0C: SPI Interrupt Status and Mask Register (SPIISMR)
Bit
Name
[0]
NWA_P_Int
[1]
UDC_P_Int
[2]
NBA_P_Int
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Mask NWA_P Int
[8]
Mask UDC_P Int
[9]
Mask NBA_P Int
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
R/WC Non-Word Access Interrupt for primary SPI: If the data transfer for
RXQ/TXQ is Non-word (for example odd bytes), this bit will be
asserted.
1: Data access RXQ/TXQ end at odd byte.
0: Data access RXQ/TXQ end at words.
0
R/WC Un-Define Command Interrupt for primary SPI: After Slave received
un-define command, SPI slave will arise this bit.
1: SPI slave receive un-define command.
0: SPI receive correct command.
If SPI slave receive un-define command, it will ignore all TX data in
this access.
0
R/WC Non-Byte Access Interrput for primary SPI:If the data transfer is
Non-byte (for example 1~7 bits), this bit will be asserted.
1: Data access with non-byte edge.
0: Data access with byte edge.
0
R/WC Reserved.
0
R/WC Reserved
0
R/WC Reserved
0
R/WC Reserved
0
R/WC Reserved
1
R/W Primary “Non-Word Access” interrupt Mask bit for primary SPI.
1: Mask Primary Non-word access interrupt.
0: Allow Primary Non-word access interrupt.
1
R/W Primary “Un-Define Command” interrupt Mask bit for primary SPI.
1:Mask Primary un-define commands interrupt.
0: Allow Primary un-define commands interrupt.
1
R/W Primary “Non-Byte Access” interrupt Mask bit for primary SPI.
1: Mask Primary Non-byte access interrupt.
0: Allow Primary Non-byte access interrupt.
1
R/W Reserved
1
R/W Reserved
1
R/W Reserved
1
R/W Reserved
1
R/W Reserved
97
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.56 Page 4 Offset 0x12: COE RX Control Register 0(COERCR0)
Bit
Name
[0]
RXIPCE
[1]
RXIPVE
[2]
RXV6PE
[3]
RXTCPE
[4]
RXUDPE
[5]
RXICMP
[6]
RXIGMP
[7]
RXICV6
[8]
RXTCPV6
[9]
RXUDPV6
[10]
RXICMV6
[11]
RXIGMV6
[12]
RXICV6V6
[14:13] Reserved
[15]
FOPC
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW Enable Ipv4 checksum check. 1: Enables IP packet checksum check.
0: Disable IP packet checksum check
0
RW Enable IP version check. 1: Enables IP packet version field check.
0: Disables IP packet version field check.
0
RW Enable Ipv6 header parsing function. 1: Enables Ipv6 supporting.
0: Disable Ipv6 supporting.
0
RW Enable TCP packet checksum check in RX path. 1: Enables the TCP
packet checksum check function. 0: Disables the TCP packet checksum
check function.
0
RW Enable UDP packet checksum check in RX path. 1: Enables the UDP
packet checksum check function. 0: Disables the UDP packet checksum
check function.
0
RW Enable ICMP packet checksum check in RX path. 1: Enables the ICMP
packet checksum check function. 0: Disables the ICMP packet
checksum check function.
0
RW Enable IGMP packet checksum check in RX path. 1: Enables the IGMP
packet checksum check function. 0: Disables the IGMP packet
checksum check function.
0
RW Enable ICMPv6 packet checksum check in RX path. 1: Enables the
ICMPv6 packet checksum check function. 0: Disables the ICMPv6
packet checksum check function.
0
RW Enable TCP packet checksum check in RX path for Ipv6 packet.
1: Enables the TCP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0: Disables the TCP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable UDP packet checksum check in RX path for Ipv6 packet.
1: Enables the UDP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0: Disables the UDP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable ICMP packet checksum check in RX path for Ipv6 packet.
1: Enables the ICMP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0: Disables the ICMP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable IGMP packet checksum check in RX path for Ipv6 packet.
1: Enables the IGMP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0: Disables the IGMP packet checksum check function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable ICMPv6 packet checksum check in RX path for Ipv6 packet.
1: Enables the ICMPv6 packet checksum check function for Ipv6
packet. 0: Disables the ICMPv6 packet checksum check function for
Ipv6 packet.
00
RW Reserved
0
RW Enable Fixed Offset Partial Checksum mode.
1: Enable Fixed Offset Partial Checksum mode. If enabled this bit, COE
RX part will calculate partial checksum from fixed offset 14 (bytes) to
the end of packet (CRC is NOT included). Other bits should be disabled
when FOPC turned ON.
0: Disable FOPC mode
98
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.57 Page 4 Offset 0x14: COE RX Control Register 1(COERCR1)
Bit
Name
[0]
IPCEDP
[1]
IPVEDP
[2]
V6VEDP
[3]
TCPEDP
[4]
UDPEDP
[5]
ICMPDP
[6]
IGMPDP
[7]
ICV6DP
[8]
RX64TE
[9]
RXPPPE
[10]
TCP6DP
[11]
UDP6DP
[12]
IC6DP
[13]
IG6DP
[14]
ICV66DP
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW Drop received packet with IP checksum error. 1: Drop received IP
packets with IP checksum error. 0: Do not drop received IP packets with
IP checksum error, but indicate checksum error in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with IP version error. 1: Drop received IP packets
with IP version error. 0: Do not drop received IP packets with IP version
error, but indicate version error in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with Ipv6 version error. 1: Drop received Ipv6
packets with Ipv6 version error. 0: Do not drop received Ipv6 packets
with Ipv6 version error, but indicate version error in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with TCP checksum error. 1: Drop received TCP
packets with TCP checksum error. 0: Do not drop received TCP packets
with TCP checksum error, but indicate checksum error in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with UDP checksum error. 1: Drop received UDP
packets with UDP checksum error. 0: Do not drop received UDP packets
with UDP checksum error, but indicate checksum error in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with ICMP checksum error. 1: Drop received
ICMP packets with ICMP checksum error. 0: Do not drop received
ICMP packets with ICMP checksum error, but indicate checksum error
in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with IGMP checksum error. 1: Drop received
IGMP packets with IGMP checksum error. 0: Do not drop received
IGMP packets with IGMP checksum error, but indicate checksum error
in RX header.
0
RW Drop received packet with ICMPv6 checksum error. 1: Drop received
ICMPv6 packets with ICMPv6 checksum error. 0: Do not drop received
ICMPv6 packets with ICMPv6 checksum error, but indicate checksum
error in RX header.
0
RW Support Ipv6 in Ipv4 tunnel mode. 0: COE will not check L4 checksum
in a Ipv6 in Ipv4 tunnel packet. 1: COE will check L4 checksum in a
Ipv6 in Ipv4 tunnel packet.
0
RW L2 parser support PPPoE encapsulated packet in RX path. 1: COE
support PPPoE encapsulated packet in RX path. 0: COE do not support
PPPoE encapsulated packet in RX path.
0
RW Drop received packet with TCP checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 1: Drop
received TCP packets with TCP checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 0: Do
not drop received TCP packets with TCP checksum error, but indicate
checksum error in RX header for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Drop received packet with UDP checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 1: Drop
received UDP packets with UDCP checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 0:
Do not drop received UDP packets with UDP checksum error, but
indicate checksum error in RX header for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Drop received packet with ICMP checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 1:
Drop received ICMP packets with ICMP checksum error for Ipv6
packet. 0: Do not drop received ICMP packets with ICMP checksum
error, but indicate checksum error in RX header for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Drop received packet with IGMP checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 1:
Drop received IGMP packets with IGMP checksum error for Ipv6
packet. 0: Do not drop received IGMP packets with IGMP checksum
error, but indicate checksum error in RX header for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Drop received packet with ICMPv6 checksum error for Ipv6 packet. 1:
Drop received ICMPv6P packets with ICMPv6 checksum error for Ipv6
packet. 0: Do not drop received ICMPv6 packets with ICMPv6
99
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
checksum error, but indicate checksum error in RX header for Ipv6
packet.
[15]
Reserved
0
RW Reserved
6.1.58 Page 4 Offset 0x16: COE TX Control Register 0(COETCR0)
Bit
Name
[0]
TXIP
[1]
TXTCP
[2]
TXUDP
[3]
TXICMP
[4]
TXIGMP
[5]
TXICV6
[7:6]
[8]
Reserved
TXTCPV6
[9]
TXUDPv6
[10]
TXICMV6
[11]
TXIGMV6
[12]
TXICV6V6
[15:13] Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW Enable Ipv4 checksum insertion function. 1: Enables Ipv4 packet
checksum insertion function. 0: Disables Ipv4 packet checksum
insertion function.
0
RW Enable TCP checksum insertion function. 1: Enables TCP packet
checksum insertion function. 0: Disables TCP packet checksum insertion
function.
0
RW Enable UDP checksum insertion function. 1: Enables UDP packet
checksum insertion function. 0: Disables UDP packet checksum
insertion function.
0
RW Enable ICMP checksum insertion function. 1: Enables ICMP packet
checksum insertion function. 0: Disables ICMP packet checksum
insertion function.
0
RW Enable IGMP checksum insertion function. 1: Enables IGMP packet
checksum insertion function. 0: Disables IGMP packet checksum
insertion function.
0
RW Enable ICMPv6 checksum insertion function. 1: Enables ICMPv6
packet checksum insertion function. 0: Disables ICMPv6 packet
checksum insertion function.
0
RW Reserved
0
RW Enable TCP checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 1: Enables
TCP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 0: Disables
TCP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable UDP checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 1: Enables
UDP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 0: Disables
UDP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable ICMP checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 1: Enables
ICMP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 0: Disables
ICMP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable IGMP checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 1: Enables
IGMP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 0: Disables
IGMP packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet.
0
RW Enable ICMPv6 checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 1: Enables
ICMPv6 packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet. 0: Disables
ICMPv6 packet checksum insertion function for Ipv6 packet.
000
RW Reserved
100
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.59 Page 4 Offset 0x18: COE TX Control Register 1(COETCR1)
Bit
Name
[0]
TX64TE
[1]
TXPPPE
[15:2]
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
0
RW Support Ipv6 in Ipv4 tunnel mode. 0: COE will not insert L4 checksum
in a Ipv6 in Ipv4 tunnel packet. 1: COE will insert L4 checksum in a
Ipv6 in Ipv4 tunnel packet.
0
RW L2 parser support PPPoE encapsulated packet in TX path. 0: COE
support PPPoE encapsulated packet in TX path. 0: COE do not support
PPPoE encapsulated packet in TX path.
0
RW Reserved
6.1.60 Page 5 Offset 0x02: Wakeup Frame Timer Register (WFTR)
Bit
Name
[3:0]
WKTimer[3:0]
[15:4]
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
00
RW Mask Wakeup Timer: Mask wakeup event trigger to host timer.(Due to
some system took a long time to enter suspend state)
NOTE: Make sure change the setting to 0xC or oxD when the AX88796C
is in the wakeup mode and power saving function is turn on this will
help when the chip change the speed to reduce the power
consumption when unplug the cable.
[3:0]
Delay
TimeUnit
0000
0
ms
0001
2
ms
0010
4
ms
0011
8
ms
0100
16
ms
0101
32
ms
0110
64
ms
0111
128
ms
1000
256
ms
1001
512
ms
1010
1024
ms
1011
2048
ms
1100
4096
ms
1101
8192
ms
1110
16384
ms
1111
32768
ms
0x000 RW Reserved
101
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.61 Page 5 Offset 0x04: Wakeup Frame Cascade Command Register
(WFCCR)
Bit
Name
[6:0]
WFCSCD
[7]
[8]
Reserved
DA Match
[9]
MC Match
[15:10]
Reserved
Default R/W
Function
Value
00
RW Byte Mask Cascade Command for wake-up frame filter
Bit-0: cascade wake-up filter 1 and 0
Bit-1: cascade wake-up filter 2 and 1
Bit-2: cascade wake-up filter 3 and 2
Bit-3: cascade wake-up filter 4 and 3
Bit-4: cascade wake-up filter 5 and 4
Bit-5: cascade wake-up filter 6 and 5
Bit-6: cascade wake-up filter 7 and 6
Note: (1) If both Bit 0 and Bit 1 set ‘1’, Byte Mask 2 and Byte Mask 1
and Byte Mask 0 are cascaded to become one wake-up frame
filter that allows defining up to 96 masked bytes.
(2) If both Bit 1 and Bit 2 set ‘1’, Byte Mask 3 and Byte Mask 2
and Byte Mask 1 are cascaded to become one wake-up frame
filter that allows defining up to 96 masked bytes.
(3) If Bit 3 ~ Bit 0 set ‘1’, Byte Mask 3 ~Byte Mask 0 are cascaded
to become one wake-up frame filter that allows defining up to
128 masked bytes.
(4) If Bit 6 ~ Bit 0 set ‘1’, Byte Mask 7 ~Byte Mask 0 are cascaded
to become one wake-up frame filter that allows defining up to
256 masked bytes maximum.
0
RW Reserved
0
RW 1: DA match only enable. When receiving frame has DA matching Node
ID register, then the packet is considered as valid wakeup frame.
0: DA match only disable.
0
RW 1: Multicast address match only enable. When receiving frame is a
multicast frame and meets Multicast Filter Array, the packet is considered
as valid wakeup frame.
0: Multicast address match only disable.
00
RW Reserved
102
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.62 Page 5 Offset 0x06: Wakeup Frame Command 0 ~ 3 Register
(WFCR03)
Bit
[3:0]
Name
WFCMD0
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 0. Host continue write 4
times to completed 32-bits of Byte Mask Command of 3, 2, 1, 0 filter
and Mask cascade commend.
Bit0: wake-up frame filter enable
1: Enable.
0: Disable.
Bit1: destination match enable
1: The DA field of received packet will be compared with the
MAC address of AX88796C. When receiving frame with DA
matching Node ID register and the wakeup frame filter is also
matched, then the packet is considered as valid wakeup frame.
0: When receiving frame with any DA value and the wakeup
frame filter is matched, then the packet is considered as valid
wakeup frame.
Bit2: Multicast match enable
[7:4]
WFCMD1
[11:8] WFCMD2
[15:12] WFCMD3
0x0
0x0
0x0
1: The DA field of received packet will be examined if it is a
multicast frame and compared with the Multicast Filter Array.
When receiving frame is a multicast frame, meets Multicast
Filter Array, and also matches the wakeup frame filter, the
packet is considered as valid wakeup frame.
0: When receiving frame with any DA value matches the wakeup
frame filter, the packet is considered as valid wakeup frame.
Bit3: Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function enable
1:Enable Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function
function
0:disable Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function
function
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 1.
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 2.
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 3.
103
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.63 Page 5 Offset 0x08: Wakeup Frame Command 4 ~ 7 Register
(WFCR47)
Bit
[3:0]
Name
WFCMD4
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 0. Host continue write 4
times to completed 32-bits of Byte Mask Command of 7, 6, 5, 4 filter
and Mask cascade commend.
Bit0: wake-up frame filter enable
Bit1: destination match enable
Bit2: Multicast match enable
[7:4]
[11:8]
[15:12]
WFCMD5
WFCMD6
WFCMD7
0x0
0x0
0x0
Bit3: Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function enable
1:Enable Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function
function
0:disable Microsoft Windows 7 ARP and NS offload function
function
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 5.
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 6.
RW Byte Mask Command for wake-up frame filter 7.
6.1.64 Page 5 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame 0 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF0BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM0 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 0 [15:0]
6.1.65 Page 5 Offset 0x0C: Wakeup Frame 0 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF0BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM0 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 0 [31:16]
6.1.66 Page 5 Offset 0x0E: Wakeup Frame 0 CRC Register (WF0CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC0
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 0.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
104
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.67 Page 5 Offset 0x10: Wakeup Frame 0 Offset Byte Register (WF0OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB0
[15:8]
WFLB0
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 0.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 0.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.68 Page 5 Offset 0x12: Wakeup Frame 1 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF1BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM1 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 1 [15:0]
6.1.69 Page 5 Offset 0x14: Wakeup Frame 1 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF1BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM1 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 1 [31:16]
6.1.70 Page 5 Offset 0x16: Wakeup Frame 1 CRC Register (WF1CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC1
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 1.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
105
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.71 Page 5 Offset 0x18: Wakeup Frame 1 Offset Byte Register (WF1OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB1
[15:8]
WFLB1
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 1.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 1.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.72 Page 5 Offset 0x1A: Wakeup Frame 2 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF2BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM2 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 2 [15:0]
6.1.73 Page 5 Offset 0x1C: Wakeup Frame 2 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF2BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM2 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 2 [31:16]
6.1.74 Page 6 Offset 0x02: Wakeup Frame 2 CRC Register (WF2CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC2
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 2.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
106
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.75 Page 6 Offset 0x04: Wakeup Frame 2 Offset Byte Register (WF2OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB2
[15:8]
WFLB2
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 2.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 2.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.76 Page 6 Offset 0x06: Wakeup Frame 3 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF3BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM3 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 3 [15:0]
6.1.77 Page 6 Offset 0x08: Wakeup Frame 3 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF3BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Value
Function
WFBM3 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 3 [31:16]
6.1.78 Page 6 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame 3 CRC Register (WF3CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC3
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 3.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
107
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.79 Page 6 Offset 0x0C: Wakeup Frame 3 Offset Byte Register (WF3OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB3
[15:8]
WFLB3
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 3.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 3.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.80 Page 6 Offset 0x0E: Wakeup Frame 4 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF4BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM4 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 4 [15:0]
6.1.81 Page 6 Offset 0x10: Wakeup Frame 4 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF4BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM4 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 4 [31:16]
6.1.82 Page 6 Offset 0x12: Wakeup Frame 4 CRC Register (WF4CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC4
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 4.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
108
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6.1.83 Page 6 Offset 0x14: Wakeup Frame 4 Offset Byte Register (WF4OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB4
[15:8]
WFLB4
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 4.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 4.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.84 Page 6 Offset 0x16: Wakeup Frame 5 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF5BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM5 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 5 [15:0]
6.1.85 Page 6 Offset 0x18: Wakeup Frame 5 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF5BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM5 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 5 [31:16]
6.1.86 Page 6 Offset 0x1A: Wakeup Frame 5 CRC Register (WF5CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC5
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 5.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
109
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6.1.87 Page 6 Offset 0x1C: Wakeup Frame 5 Offset Byte Register (WF5OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB5
[15:8]
WFLB5
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 5.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 5.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.88 Page 7 Offset 0x02: Wakeup Frame 6 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF6BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM6 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 6 [15:0]
6.1.89 Page 7 Offset 0x04: Wakeup Frame 6 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF6BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM6 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 6 [31:16]
6.1.90 Page 7 Offset 0x06: Wakeup Frame 6 CRC Register (WF6CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC6
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 6.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
110
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6.1.91 Page 7 Offset 0x08: Wakeup Frame 6 Offset Byte Register (WF6OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB6
[15:8]
WFLB6
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 6.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 6.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.92 Page 7 Offset 0x0A: Wakeup Frame 7 Byte Mask [15:0] Register
(WF7BMR0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFBM7 [15:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 7 [15:0]
6.1.93 Page 7 Offset 0x0C: Wakeup Frame 7 Byte Mask [31:16] Register
(WF7BMR1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
Default R/W
Function
Value
WFBM7 [31:16] 0x0000 RW Byte mask for wake-up frame filter 7 [31:16]
6.1.94 Page 7 Offset 0x0E: Wakeup Frame 7 CRC Register (WF7CR)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFCRC7
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x0000 RW Byte mask CRC for wake-up frame filter 7.
Based on desired wakeup frame patterns, software should calculate
CRC-16 and set it here. The value is used to compare with the CRC-16
calculated on the incoming frame on the bytes defined by Byte Mask 0~7.
When matched and the Last Byte 0~7 is also matched, then the frame is
considered as a valid wakeup frame.
CRC-16 Polynomials = X^16 + X^15 + X^2 + 1.
If wakeup frame filters are cascaded, the Wakeup Frame CRC must be
cumulatively calculated. The last CRC value is used for verification.
111
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6.1.95 Page 7 Offset 0x10: Wakeup Frame 7 Offset Byte Register (WF7OBR)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFOB7
[15:8]
WFLB7
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Byte mask Offset for wake-up frame filter 7.
This defines the offset of the first byte in the incoming frame from which
the CRC-16 is calculated for the wakeup frame recognition. Each offset
value represents two bytes in the frame. For example: The offset value of
0 is the first byte of the incoming frame’s destination address. The offset
value of 1 is the 3rd byte of the incoming frame, etc.
0x00
RW Mask Last Byte for wake-up frame filter 7.
This 1-byte pattern is used to compare the last masked byte in the
incoming frame. The last masked byte is the byte of the last bit mask
being 1 in Byte Mask 0~7. A valid wakeup frame shall have match
condition on both Wakeup Frame 0~7 CRC and Last Byte 0~7. If
wake-up frame filters are cascaded, the Last Byte for the last cascaded
wake-up frame filter is used to verify correctness.
6.1.96 Page 7 Offset 0x12: Wakeup Frame Reply 0 ~ 1 Register (WFR01)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFR0 [7:0]
[15:8]
WFR1 [7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
0x00
Reply
TX Page point:
RW
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
112
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Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.97 Page 7 Offset 0x14: Wakeup Frame Reply 2 ~ 3 Register (WFR23)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFR2 [7:0]
[15:8]
WFR3 [7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
6.1.98 Page 7 Offset 0x16: Wakeup Frame Reply 4 ~ 5 Register (WFR45)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFR4 [7:0]
[15:8]
WFR5 [7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
113
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AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.1.99 Page 7 Offset 0x18: Wakeup Frame Reply 6 ~ 7 Register (WFR67)
Bit
Name
[7:0]
WFR6 [7:0]
[15:8]
WFR7 [7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
0x00
RW Reply TX Page point:
Bit 4~0: The power management offload auto reply packet was stored in
different page of TX buffer SRAM.
Bit 6~5: Reply type.
00: Original packet in TX buffer.
01: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 0).
10: Neighbor advertisement (partial checksum 1).
11: ARP.
6.1.100 Page 7 Offset 0x1A: Wakeup Frame Partial Checksum 0 Register
(WFPC0)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFPC0 [7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Calculated partial checksum of neighbor advertisement packet.
6.1.101 Page 7 Offset 0x1C: Wakeup Frame Partial Checksum 1 Register
(WFPC1)
Bit
[15:0]
Name
WFPC1 [7:0]
Default R/W
Function
Value
0x00
RW Calculated partial checksum of neighbor advertisement packet.
114
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Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.2 PHY Register Detailed Description
The MII management 16-bit register set implemented is as follows. And the following sub-section
will describes each field of the registers.
Address Name Description
0
MR0 Control
1
MR1 Status
2
MR2 PHY Identifier 1
3
MR3 PHY Identifier 2
4
MR4 Auto-negotiation Advertisement
5
MR5 Auto-negotiation Link Partner Ability
6
MR6 Auto-negotiation Expansion
Default value
0x3100
0x7809
0x003B
0x1891
0x01E1
0x0000
0x0000
TAB - 15 THE EMBEDDED PHY REGISTERS
Key to default:
Reset value
1: Bit set to logic one
0: Bit set to logic zero
X: No set value
Access type
RO: Read only
RW: Read or write
Attribute
SC: Self-clearing
PS: Value is permanently set
LL: Latch low
LH: Latch high
115
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Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
6.2.1
MR0: Basic Mode Control Register
Address 00h
Bit
Bit Name
15 Reset
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
Default
0, RW
Description
Reset:
1: Software reset
0: Normal operation
Loopback
0, RW
Loopback:
1: Loopback enabled
0: Normal operation
Speed selection
1, RW
Speed selection:
1: 100 Mb/s
0: 10 Mb/s
This bit must set to 1 while bit 12 (Auto-negotiation enable) is set to 1.
Auto-negotiation 1, RW
Auto-negotiation enable:
enable
1: Auto-negotiation enabled. Bit 8 of this register is ignored and Bit 13 of
this register must set to 1.
0: Auto-negotiation disabled. Bits 8 and 13 of this register determine the
link speed and mode.
Power down
0, RW
Power down:
1: Power down
0: Normal operation
Isolate
(PHYAD = Isolate:
00000), RW
1: Isolate
0: Normal operation
Restart
0, RW / SC Restart auto-negotiation:
auto-negotiation
1: Restart auto-negotiation
0: Normal operation
Duplex mode
1, RW
Duplex mode:
1: Full duplex operation
0: Normal operation
7
Collision test
6:0 Reserved
0, RW
X, RO
Collision test:
1: Collision test enabled
0: Normal operation
Reserved:
Write as 0, read as “don’t care”.
116
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6.2.2
MR1: Basic Mode Status Register
Address 01h
Bit
Bit Name
15 100BASE-T4
Default
Description
0, RO / PS 100BASE-T4 capable:
0: This PHY is not able to perform in 100BASE-T4 mode.
14 100BASE-TX full 1, RO / PS 100BASE-TX full-duplex capable:
duplex
1: This PHY is able to perform in 100BASE-TX full-duplex mode.
13 100BASE-TX half 1, RO / PS 100BASE-TX half-duplex capable:
duplex
1: This PHY is able to perform in 100BASE-TX half-duplex mode.
12 10BASE-T full
1, RO / PS 10BASE-T full-duplex capable:
duplex
1: This PHY is able to perform in 10BASE-T full-duplex mode.
11 10BASE-T half
1, RO / PS 10BASE-T half-duplex capable:
duplex
1: This PHY is able to perform in 10BASE-T half-duplex mode.
10:7 Reserved
0, RO
Reserved. Write as 0, read as “don’t care”.
6 MF preamble
0, RO / PS Management frame preamble suppression:
suppression
0: This PHY will not accept management frames with preamble suppressed.
5 Auto-negotiation
0, RO
Auto-negotiation completion:
complete
1: Auto-negotiation process completed
0: Auto-negotiation process not completed
4 Remote fault (Not 0, RO / LH Remote fault:
supported)
1: Remote fault condition detected (cleared on read or by a chip reset)
0: No remote fault condition detected
3 Auto-negotiation
1, RO / PS Auto configuration ability:
ability
1: This PHY is able to perform auto-negotiation.
2 Link status
0, RO / LL Link status:
1: Valid link established (100Mb/s or 10Mb/s operation)
0: Link not established
1 Jabber detect
0, RO / LH Jabber detection:
1: Jabber condition detected
0: No Jabber condition detected
0 Extended capability 1, RO / PS Extended capability:
1: Extended register capable
0: Basic register capable only
117
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6.2.3
MR2: PHY Identifier Register 1
Address 02h
Bit
Bit Name
15:0 OUI_MSB
6.2.4
Description
OUI most significant bits:
Bits 3 to 18 of the OUI are mapped to bits 15 to 0 of this register
respectively. The most significant two bits of the OUI are ignored.
MR3: PHY Identifier Register 2
Address 03h
Bit
Bit Name
15:10 OUI_LSB
9:4
3:0
Default
0x003B, RO / PS
VNDR_MDL
MDL_REV
6.2.5
Default
00_0110, RO / PS
00_1001, RO / PS
0001, RO / PS
Description
OUI least significant bits:
Bits 19 to 24 of the OUI are mapped to bits 15 to 10 of this register
respectively.
Vendor model number.
Model revision number.
MR4: Auto Negotiation Advertisement Register
Address 04h
Bit
Bit Name
Default
15 NP
0, RO / PS
14
ACK
0, RO
13
RF
0, RW
12:11 Reserved
10 Pause
X, RW
1, RW
9
T4
0, RO/PS
8
TX_FD
1, RW
7
TX_HD
1, RW
6
10_FD
1, RW
5
10_HD
1, RW
4:0
Selector
0_0001, RW
Description
Next page indication:
0: No next page available. The PHY does not support the next page function.
Acknowledgement:
1: Link partner ability data reception acknowledged
0: Not acknowledged
Remote fault:
1: Fault condition detected and advertised
0: No fault detected
Reserved. Write as 0, read as “don’t care”.
Pause:
1: Pause operation enabled for full-duplex links
0: Pause operation not enabled
100BASE-T4 support:
0: 100BASE-T4 not supported
100BASE-TX full-duplex support:
1: 100BASE-TX full-duplex supported by this device
0: 100BASE-TX full-duplex not supported by this device
100BASE-TX half-duplex support:
1: 100BASE-TX half-duplex supported by this device
0: 100BASE-TX half-duplex not supported by this device
10BASE-T full-duplex support:
1: 10BASE-T full-duplex supported by this PHY
0: 10BASE-T full-duplex not supported by this PHY
10BASE-T half-duplex support:
1: 10BASE-T half-duplex supported by this PHY
0: 10BASE-T half-duplex not supported by this PHY
Protocol selection bits:
These bits contain the binary encoded protocol selector supported by this PHY.
[0 0001] indicates that this PHY supports IEEE 802.3u CSMA/CD.
118
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6.2.6
MR5: Auto Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register
Address 05h
Bit
Bit Name
15 NP
Default
0, RO
14
ACK
0, RO
13
RF
0, RO
12:11 Reserved
10 Pause
X, RO
0, RO
9
T4
0, RO
8
TX_FD
0, RO
7
TX_HD
0, RO
6
10_FD
0, RO
5
10_HD
0, RO
4:0
Selector
0_0000, RO
6.2.7
Description
Next page indication:
1: Link partner next page enabled
0: Link partner not next page enabled
Acknowledgement:
1: Link partner ability for reception of data word acknowledged
0: Not acknowledged
Remote fault:
1: Remote fault indicated by link partner
0: No remote fault indicated by link partner
Reserved. Write as 0, read as “don’t care”.
Pause:
1: Pause operation supported by link partner
0: Pause operation not supported by link partner
100BASE-T4 support:
1: 100BASE-T4 supported by link partner
0: 100BASE-T4 not supported by link partner
100BASE-TX full-duplex support:
1: 100BASE-TX full-duplex supported by link partner
0: 100BASE-TX full-duplex not supported by link partner
100BASE-TX half-duplex support:
1: 100BASE-TX half-duplex supported by link partner
0: 100BASE-TX half-duplex not supported by link partner
10BASE-T full-duplex support:
1: 10BASE-T full-duplex supported by link partner
0: 10BASE-T full-duplex not supported by link partner
10BASE-T half-duplex support:
1: 10BASE-T half-duplex supported by link partner
0: 10BASE-T half-duplex not supported by link partner
Protocol selection bits:
Link partner’s binary encoded protocol selector.
MR6: Auto Negotiation Expansion Register
Address 06h
Bit
15:5
4
Bit Name
Reserved
PDF
Default
0, RO
0, RO / LH
3
LP_NP_AB
0, RO
2
NP_AB
0, RO / PS
1
Page_RX
0, RO / LH
0
LP_AN_AB
0, RO
Description
Reserved. Write as 0, read as “don’t care”.
Parallel detection fault:
1: Fault detected via the parallel detection function
0: No fault detected
Link partner next page enable:
1: Link partner next page enabled
0: Link partner not next page enabled
PHY next page enable:
0: PHY not next page enabled
New page reception:
1: New page received
0: New page not received
Link partner auto-negotiation enable:
1: Auto-negotiation supported by link partner
119
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Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.0 Electrical Specifications
7.1 DC Characteristics
7.1.1
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Description
VCCK (Core power supply)
VCCIO (power supply for 3.3/2.5/1.8V I/O)
VCCIO (Input voltage of 3.3/2.5/1.8V I/O )
Storage Temperature
IIN (DC input current)
IOUT (Output short circuit current)
7.1.2
Rating
-0.3 to 2.16
-0.3 to 4.0
-0.3 to 4.0
-65 to 150
20
20
Units
V
V
V
°C
mA
mA
General Operating Condition
Description
Operating Temperature
Symbol
Ta
Junction Temperature
Supply Voltage for core (VCCK,
VCC18A)
Supply Voltage (VCC3A3, VCC3R3)
Tj
VCC18
Min
0
-40
-40
+1.62
VCC33
+2.97 +3.30 +3.63
120
Typ
+25
+1.8
Max
70
85
+125
+1.98
Units
°C
°C
V
V
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.1.3
DC Characteristics of 3.3V I/O (VCCIO = 3.3V)
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCCIO Power supply of 3.3V I/O
3.3V I/O
VCCK Power supply of internal core cells and 1.8V
I/O-to-core interface
Tj
Junction temperature
Vil Input low voltage
LVTTL spec.
Vih Input high voltage
Vt- Schmitt-trigger
negative
threshold LVTTL spec.
voltage
Vt+ Schmitt-trigger
negative
threshold
voltage
Vol Output low voltage
Iol = 2 ~ 12 mA
Voh Output high voltage
Ioh = -2 ~ -12 mA
Rpu Input pull-up resistance
Vin = 0V
Rpd Input pull-down resistance
Vin = VCCIO
Iin Input leakage current
Vin = VCCIO or
0V
Input leakage current with pull-up Vin = 0V
resistance
Input leakage current with pull-down Vin = VCCIO
resistance
IOZ Tri-state output leakage current
121
Min
2.97
1.62
Typ
3.3
1.8
Max
3.63
1.98
Unit
V
V
-40
25
125
0.8
℃
V
V
V
2.0
0.8
2.0
2.4
40
40
-5
75
75
±1
0.4
190
190
5
V
V
KΩ
KΩ
μA
-15
-45
-90
μA
15
45
90
μA
-10
±1
10
μA
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.1.4
DC Characteristics of 2.5V I/O (VCCIO = 2.5V)
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCCIO Power supply of 2.5V I/O
2.5V I/O
VCCK Power supply of internal core cells and 1.8V
I/O-to-core interface
Tj
Junction temperature
Vil
Input low voltage
CMOS spec.
Vih
Input high voltage
Vt-
Schmitt-trigger negative
voltage
Schmitt-trigger negative
voltage
Output low voltage
Output high voltage
Vt+
Vol
Voh
Rpu
Rpd
Iin
IOZ
threshold CMOS spec.
Min
Typ
Max
2.25
1.62
2.5
1.8
2.75
1.98
Unit
V
V
-40
25
125
0.25*
VCCIO
℃
V
0.625*
VCCIO
0.25*
VCCIO
V
V
1.85
-
0.625*
VCCIO
0.4
-
40
40
-5
110
110
±1
290
290
5
KΩ
KΩ
μA
-7
-23
-62
μA
7
23
62
μA
-10
±1
10
μA
threshold
Iol =1.1 ~ 6.68mA
Ioh = -1.1 ~
-6.6mA
Input pull-up resistance
Vin = 0V
Input pull-down resistance
Vin = VCCIO
Input leakage current
Vin = VCCIO or
0V
Input leakage current with pull-up Vin = 0V
resistance
Input leakage current with pull-down Vin = VCCIO
resistance
Tri-state output leakage current
122
V
V
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.1.5
DC Characteristics of 1.8 V I/O (VCCIO = 1.8V)
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCCIO Power supply of 1.8V I/O
1.8V I/O
VCCK Power supply of internal core cells and 1.8V
I/O-to-core interface
Tj
Junction temperature
Vil
Input low voltage
CMOS spec.
Vih
Input high voltage
Vt-
Schmitt-trigger negative
voltage
Schmitt-trigger negative
voltage
Output low voltage
Output high voltage
Vt+
Vol
Voh
Rpu
Rpd
Iin
IOZ
threshold CMOS spec.
Min
Typ
Max
1.62
1.62
1.8
1.8
1.98
1.98
Unit
V
V
-40
25
125
0.3*
VCCIO
℃
V
0.7*
VCCIO
0.3*
VCCIO
V
V
threshold
Iol = 0.7 ~ 4.2mA
Ioh = -0.7 ~
-4.2mA
Input pull-up resistance
Vin = 0V
Input pull-down resistance
Vin = VCCIO
Input leakage current
Vin = VCCIO or
0V
Input leakage current with pull-up Vin = 0V
resistance
Input leakage current with pull-down Vin = VCCIO
resistance
Tri-state output leakage current
123
0.7*
VCCIO
80
200
80
200
-5
±1
0.7*
VCCIO
0.4
-
V
V
510
510
5
KΩ
KΩ
μA
-3
-9
-25
μA
3
9
25
μA
-10
±1
10
μA
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.1.6
DC Characteristics of Voltage Regulator
Symbol
VCC3R3
Tj
Iload
V18F
Vdrop
△V18F
(△VCC3R3 x
V18F)
△V18F
(△Iload x V18F)
△V18F
△Tj
Iq_25℃
Iq_125℃
Cout
ESR
Description
Power supply of on-chip
voltage regulator.
Operating junction
temperature.
Driving current.
Conditions
Min
Typ Max Unit
3.0
3.3
3.9
V
-4 0
25
125
℃
-
-
150
mA
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
-
-
0.2
V
-
0.2
0.4
%/V
-
0.02
0.05 %/mA
-
0.4
-
-
66
96
μA
Quiescent current at 125 VCC3R3 = 3.3V
℃.
-
82
120
μA
Output external capacitor.
Allowable effective series
resistance of external
capacitor.
-
3.3
0.5
1
ΜF
Ω
Normal operation
Output voltage of on-chip VCC3R3 = 3.3V
voltage regulator.
Dropout voltage.
△V18F = -1%,
Iload = 10mA
Line regulation.
VCC3R3 = 3.3V,
Iload = 10mA
Load regulation.
VCC3R3 = 3.3V,
1mA ≦ Iload ≦ 150mA
Temperature coefficient. VCC3R3 = 3.3V,
-40℃ ≦ Tj ≦ 125℃
Quiescent current at 25 ℃. VCC3R3 = 3.3V
mV/℃
7.2 Thermal Characteristics
Description
Thermal resistance of junction to case
Thermal resistance of junction to ambient
Symbol
ΘJC
ΘJA
Note: θ JA , θ JC defined as below
T − TA
T − TC
θ JA = J
, θ JC = J
P
P
TJ: maximum junction temperature
TC: the top center of compound surface temperature
124
Rating
18.7
49.2
Units
°C/W
°C/W
TA: ambient or environment temperature
P: input power (watts)
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.3 Power Consumption
z
Device only
Power measurements base on 3.3V/25 °C condition.
Item
Symbol
1
2
3
4
5
6
VCCIO
VCC3A3
VCC3R3*
VCCK
VCC18A
Total
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
Idle Full Op. Idle Full Op.
6
6
5
5
14
14
13
13
24
25
78
79
18
18
40
40
6
7
38
39
44
45
96
97
145
149
317
320
Cable-Off Power
Saving Mode
PS1
PS2
2
1
10
4
20
2
15
1
5
1
32
7
106
23
Wake-On-LAN
Sleep
Units
10M
1
10
17
12
5
28
92
Mode
0.04
0.06μ
0.09
<0
<0
0.14
0.45
mA
mA
mA
mA
mA
mA
mW
100M
5
13
75
37
38
93
307
*NOTE: The VCC3R3 current includes the VCCK and VCC18A current.
TAB - 16 DEVICE POWER CONSUMPTION TABLE
z
Device and system components
This is the total of Ethernet connectivity solution, which includes external components
supporting the AX88796C Ethernet controller as shown in the schematic as below.
Power measurements base on 3.3V/25 °C condition.
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Test Conditions
Total Power
(Typical)
479 *
452 *
106
23
92
438 *
0.45
10BASE-T operation (Full Operation)
100BASE-TX operation (Full Operation)
Cable Unplug Power Saving mode 1 (PS1)
Cable Unplug Power Saving mode 2 (PS2)
WOL Power Saving Mode (10M)
WOL Power Saving Mode (100M)
Sleep mode
Units
mW
mW
mW
mW
mW
mW
mW
*NOTE: Single port’s transformer consumes an additional 40mA @ 3.3V for 100BASE-TX and 100mA @ 3.3V for
10BASE-T.
TAB - 17 SYSTEM POWER CONSUMPTION TABLE
125
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.4 Power-up Sequence
At power-up, the AX88796C requires the VCC3R3/VCCIO/VCC3A3 power supply to rise to
nominal operating voltage within Trise3 and the V18F/VCCK power supply to rise to nominal
operating voltage within Trise2.
Trise3
3.3V
VCC3R3/VCCIO/VCC3A3
0V
Tdelay32
Trise2
1.8V
VCCK/VCC18A
0V
Trst_p
RSTn
Tclk
XTALIN/XTALOUT
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Typ Max Unit
Trise3 3.3V power supply rise
From 0V to 3.3V
1
10
ms
time
Trise2 1.8V power supply rise
From 0V to 1.8V
10
ms
time
Tdelay32 3.3V rise to 1.8V rise
-5
5
ms
time delay
Tclk 25MHz crystal
From VCC18A = 1.8V to first
1
ms
oscillator start-up time clock transition of XTALIN or
XTALOUT
Trst_pu RSTn low level
From VCCK/VCC18A = 1.8V Tclk + Trst ms
*1
interval time from
and VCC3IO = 3.3V to RSTn
power-up
going high
*1 :
Please refer to 7.5.2 Reset Timing for the details about the Trst.
126
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5 AC Timing Characteristics
Notice that the following AC timing specifications for output pins are based on
CL (Output load)=25pF if VCCIO = 3.3V with 10% margin
CL (Output load)=10pF if VCCIO = 1.8V or 2.5V with 10% margin
7.5.1
Clock Timing
XTALIN
TP_XTALIN
TH_XTALIN TL_XTALIN
VIH
VIL
Symbol
Parameter
TP XTALIN XTALIN clock cycle time
TH XTALIN XTALIN clock high time
TL XTALIN XTALIN clock low time
Condition
127
Min
-
Typ
40.0
20.0
20.0
Max
-
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.2
Reset Timing
I_FULL/EECS/EECK
Output Drive
I FULL/EECS/EECK
Symbol
Description
Trst RSTn Reset pulse width
Tis Configuration input setup to RSTn rising
Tih Configuration input hold after RSTn rising
Toen Output drive after RSTn rising
Min
200 *1
80
10
Typ.
-
Max
-
80
Units
us
ns
ns
ns
*1 : Please refer to 7.4 Power-up Sequence for the RSTn low level interval time from power-up
(Trst_pu)
128
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.3
Serial EEPROM Timing
T ch
T cl
T clk
EECK
T dv
T od
E E D I O (a s O U T P U T )
T lcs
T sc s
T hc s
EECS
Th
Ts
E E D I O (a s I N P U T )
Symbol
Description
Tclk EECK clock cycle time
Tch EECK clock high time
Tcl EECK clock low time
Tdv EEDIO output valid to EECK rising edge
time
Tod EECK rising edge to EEDIO output delay
time
Tscs EECS output valid to EECK rising edge
time
Thcs EECK falling edge to EECS invalid time
Tlcs Minimum EECS low time
Ts EEDIO input setup time
Th EEDIO input hold time
129
Min
2560
Typ
5120
2560
2560
-
Max
-
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
2562
-
-
ns
2560
-
-
ns
7680
23039
20
0
-
-
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.4
10/100M Ethernet PHY Interface Timing
+Vtxo
+Vtxa
Tr: from 10% to 90%
0V
10/100M Ethernet PHY Transmitter Waveform and Spec:
Symbol
Description
Peak-to-peak differential output
voltage
Vtxa *2 Peak-to-peak differential output
voltage
Tr / Tf Signal rise / fall time
Output jitter
Vtxov Overshoot
Condition
10BASE-T mode
Min Typ Max Unit
s
4.4 5 5.6 V
100BASE-TX mode
1.9
2
2.1
V
3
-
4
-
5
1.4
ns
ns
-
-
5
%
100BASE-TX mode
100BASE-TX mode, scrambled
idle signal
100BASE-TX mode
10/100M Ethernet PHY Receiver Spec:
Symbol
Description
Condition
Receiver input impedance
10BASE-T mode
Differential squelch voltage
Common mode input voltage
Maximum error-free cable length
130
Min Typ Max Units
10
300
2.97
100
KΩ
400 500 mV
3.3 3.63 V
- meter
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.5
8/16-Bit SRAM-like Bus Timing
7.5.5.1 Single Read Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Tdv
Tasu
Tah
Tdoh
Tdon
Tdoff
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
ADDRESS SETUP TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
Min
48/48/53*
13
35/35/40*
0
0
2/3/3*
4/5/7*
-
Typ.
-
Max
30/32/37*
7/8/9*
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*: When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
131
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.5.2 Single Write Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tds
Tasu
Tah
Tdh
Description
WRITE CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
ADDRESS SETUP TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
Min
48
13
35
0
0
0
132
Typ.
-
Max
15
-
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.5.3 Burst Read Bus Timing
7.
RDn stay low and SA1/0 toggle
Symbol
Description
Min
Tcycle READ CYCLE TIME
48/48/53*
Trdh RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
Tdv
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
Tadv DATA VALID TIME FROM ADDRESS
Tah
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
0
Tdoh DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
2/3/3*
Tdon DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
4/5/7*
Tdoff DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
133
Typ.
-
Max
Units
ns
ns
30/32/37* ns
43/45/50*
ns
ns
ns
ns
7/8/9*
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
8.
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Tdv
Tadv
Tdoh
Tdon
Tdoff
RDn toggle
Description
Min
READ CYCLE TIME
48/48/53*
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
35/35/40*
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN(1ST CYCLE)
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
2/3/3*
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
4/5/7*
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
Typ.
-
Max
Units
ns
ns
ns
30/32/37*
ns
30/32/37*
ns
ns
ns
7/8/9*
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
134
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
9.
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Tdv
Tadv
Tdoh
Tah
Tdon
Tdoff
RDn and SA0/1 both toggle
Description
Min
READ CYCLE TIME
48/48/53*
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
35/35/40*
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
DATA VALID TIME FROM ADDRESS
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
2/3/3*
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
0
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
4/5/7*
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
-
Typ.
-
Max
30/32/37*
30/32/378
7/8/9*
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
135
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.5.4 Burst Write Bus Timing
10.
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Tdh
Tds
SA0/1 toggle
Description
WRITE CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
48
13
0
-
136
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
11.
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrl
Twrh
Tdh
Tds
WRn and SA0/1 toggle
Description
WRITE CYCLE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
48
35
13
0
-
137
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
12.
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrl
Twrh
Tdh
Tds
WRn toggle
Description
WRITE CYCLE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
48
35
13
0
-
138
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.6 8/16-Bit Address/Data Multiplex Bus Timing
7.5.6.1 Single Read Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Taenh
Tar
Tah
Tdv
Tdoh
Tdoff
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
AEN HI REQUIRE TIME
ADDRESS SETUP TO RDN LOW TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
Min
57/57/58*
13
35
8
0
1/1/2*
2/3/3*
-
Typ.
-
Max
20/22/27*
7/8/9*
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
139
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.6.2 Single Write Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Twdh
Twdl
Taenh
Tar
Tah
Tdh
Tds
Description
Min
READ CYCLE TIME
57/57/58*
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
35
AEN HI REQUIRE TIME
8
ADDRESS SETUP TO RDN LOW TIME
0
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
1/1/2*
DATA HOLD TIME
0
DATA STABLE TIME
-
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
140
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.6.3 Burst Read Bus Timing
Symbol
Trdh
Trdl
Taenh
Tar
Tdv
Tadv
Tah
Tdoh
Description
Min
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
35/35/40*
AEN HI REQUIRE TIME
8
ADDRESS SETUP TO RDN LOW TIME
0
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
ST
(1 CYCLE)
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
1/1/2*
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
2/3/3*
Typ.
-
Max
20/22/27*
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
-
30/32/37*
-
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
141
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.6.4 Burst Write Bus Timing
Symbol
Twrh
Twrl
Taenh
Tar
Tah
Tdh
Tds
Description
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
AEN HI REQUIRE TIME
ADDRESS SETUP TO RDN LOW TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA HOLE TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
13
35
8
0
1/1/2*
0
-
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
142
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.7
8051 Bus Timing
7.5.7.1 Single Read Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Taenh
Tdv
Tar
Tah
Tdoh
Tdoff
Description
Min
READ CYCLE TIME
57/57/58*
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
35
AEN HI REQUIRE TIME
8
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
ADDRESS SETUP TO RDN LOW TIME
0
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
1/1/2*
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
2/3/3*
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
-
Typ.
-
Max
20/22/27*
7/8/9*
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
143
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.7.2 Single Write Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Taenh
Tar
Tah
Tds
Tdh
Description
Min
READ CYCLE TIME
57/57/58*
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
35
AEN HI REQUIRE TIME
8
ADDRESS SETUP TO RDN LOW TIME
0
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
1/1/2*
DATA STABLE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
0
Typ.
-
Max
15
-
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
144
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.8
Renesas series CPU Bus Timing
7.5.8.1 Single Read Bus Timing
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Tdv
Tasu
Tah
Tdoh
Tdon
Tdoff
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
ADDRESS SETUP TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
Min
48/48/53*
13
35/35/40*
0
0
2/3/3*
4/5/7*
-
Typ.
-
Max
30/32/37*
7/8/9*
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
145
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.8.2 Single Write Bus Timing
16 Bit Write
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tasu
Tah
Tds
Tdh
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
ADDRESS SETUP TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
146
Min
48
13
35
0
0
0
Typ.
-
Max
15
-
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Write High Byte
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tasu
Tah
Tds
Tdh
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
ADDRESS SETUP TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
Min Typ. Max
48
13
35
0
0
15
0
-
147
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Write Low Byte
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tasu
Tah
Tds
Tdh
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
ADDRESS SETUP TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
Min Typ. Max
48
13
35
0
0
15
0
-
148
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.8.3 Burst Read Bus Timing
13.
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Tdv
Tadv
Tah
Tdoh
Tdon
Tdoff
SA0/1 toggle
Description
Min
READ CYCLE TIME
48/48/53*
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
13
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
DATA VALID TIME FROM ADDRESS
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
0
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
2/3/3*
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
4/5/7*
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
-
Typ.
-
Max
Units
ns
ns
30/32/37*
ns
43/45/50*
ns
ns
ns
ns
7/8/9*
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
149
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
14.
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Tdv
Tadv
Tdoh
Tdon
Tdoff
RDn toggle
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
(1ST CYCLE)
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
Min
48/48/53*
13
35/35/40*
-
Typ.
-
2/3/3*
4/5/7*
-
Max
Units
ns
ns
ns
30/32/37*
ns
30/32/37*
7/8/9*
ns
ns
ns
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
150
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
15.
Symbol
Tcycle
Trdh
Trdl
Tdv
Tadv
Tdoh
Tah
Tdon
Tdoff
RDn and SA0/1 toggle
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
RDN HI REQUIRE TIME
RDN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA VALID TIME FROM RDN
DATA VALID TIME FROM ADDRESS
DATA OUTPUT HOLD TIME
ADDRESS HOLD TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN ON TIME
DATA BUFFER TURN OFF TIME
Min
48/48/53*
13
35/35/40*
2/3/3*
0
4/5/7*
-
Typ.
-
Max
Units
ns
ns
ns
30/32/37*
ns
30/32/37*
ns
ns
ns
ns
7/8/9*
ns
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
151
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.8.4 Burst Write Bus Timing
16.
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tdh
Tds
SA0/1 toggle
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA HOLD TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
48
13
35
0
-
152
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
17.
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tds
WRn and SA0/1 toggle
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
48
13
35
-
153
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
18.
Symbol
Tcycle
Twrh
Twrl
Tds
WRn toggle
Description
READ CYCLE TIME
WRN HI REQUIRE TIME
WRN LOW REQUIRE TIME
DATA STABLE TIME
Min
48
13
35
-
154
Typ.
-
Max
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.9
SPI Bus Timing
7.5.9.1 Mode 0 Timing
Symbol
Description
Min
Typ.
Max
Units
Tsacr SS0 ACTIVE TO SCLK RISING
4.5/5/6.5*
ns
TIME
Twh SCLK HOLD HIGH TIME
10.5/12/17*
ns
Twl SCLK HOLD LOW TIME
10.5/12/17*
ns
Tsu INPUT DATA SET UP TIME
1.93/1.98/2.24* ns
Thi INPUT DATA HOLD TIME
0
ns
Tv
OUTPUT DATA VALID TIME
- 10.15/11.77/16.96* ns
Tho OUTPUT DATA HOLD TIME
- 10.15/11.77/16.96* ns
Tss0h SCLK FALLING TO SS0 GOES
0
ns
HIGH TIME
Tsuahz SS0 UN-ACTIVE TO OUTPUT 2.93/3.09/3.35* 6.75/7.51/9.2*
ns
CHANGE TO HI-Z TIME
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
155
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
7.5.9.2 Mode 3 Timing
Symbol
Description
Min
Typ.
Max
Units
Tsacf SS0 ACTIVE TO SCLK
0
ns
FALLING TIME
Twh SCLK HOLD HIGH TIME
10.5/12/17*
ns
Twl
SCLK HOLD LOW TIME
10.5/12/17*
ns
Tsu
INPUT DATA SET UP TIME
1.93/1.98/2.24* ns
Thi
INPUT DATA HOLD TIME
0
ns
Tv
OUTPUT DATA VALID TIME
10.15/11.77/16.96*
ns
Tho
OUTPUT DATA HOLD TIME
10.15/11.77/16.96* ns
Tss0h SCLK RISING TO SS0 GOES 10.5/12/17*
ns
HIGH TIME
Tsuahz SS0 UN-ACTIVE TO OUTPUT 2.93/3.09/3.35* 6.75/7.51/9.2*
ns
CHANGE TO HI-Z TIME
*:When VCCIO=(3.3V) / (2.5V) / (1.8V)
156
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
8.0 Package Information
8.1 64-pin LQFP package
64
49
48
1
33
16
17
32
A3
157
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
9.0 Ordering Information
Part Number
AX88796CLF
AX88796CLI
Description
64 PIN, LQFP Package, Commercial grade 0°C to +70 °C
(Green, Lead-Free)
64 PIN, LQFP Package, Industrial grade -40°C to +85 °C
(Green, Lead-Free)
158
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
10.0
Revision History
Revision
V1.00
V1.01
Date
2010/02/12
2010/03/11
V1.10
2010/03/26
V1.11
2010/04/15
V1.12
2010/04/28
V1.13
2010/05/19
V1.14
2011/04/15
Comment
Initial Release.
1. Modified some descriptions in page 1 “Feature”.
2. Removed “Product Description” in page 2.
3. Added Section 1.2 “Block Diagram”.
4. Added Section 1.4 “Bus Interface Configuration Table and
Application” and removed Appendix A1, A2.
5. Modified some descriptions in Section 2.4.
6. Corrected the MAC address setting descriptions in Section
3.1, 4.1.1, 6.1.37, 6.1.38, 6.1.39.
7. Removed the current information in Section 7.1.2.
8. Updated Thermal Resistance values in Section 7.2.
1. Modified some descriptions in Feature page, Section 1.1,
1.4.7, 4.5, 4.6.
2. Modified some pin name descriptions in Section 1.3.3.
3. Updated Fig 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 in Section 1.4 to add the AEN
signal connection.
4. Added “I” and “O” type descriptions in Section 2.
5. Modified some pin definition descriptions in Section 2.
6. Modified some SPI related descriptions in Section 5.
7. Modified some registers descriptions in Section 6.1.
1. Modified some descriptions in Section 6.1.22.
2. Corrected a typo in Section 6.1.26.
3. Added some descriptions in Section 6.2.1.
1. Modified power saving level descriptions in Section 2.6, 3.1,
4.12, 5.6, 6.1, 7.3.
2. Modified some descriptions in Section 4.12.3, 6.1.7, 6.1.26,
6.1.29, 6.1.30.
3. Modified SPI Interrupt related information in Section 6.1.55.
1. Added more GPIO1~GPIO3 pins information in Section 1.3.
2. Added detailed description of PS2 (Power Saving Mode 2) in
Section 2.6.
3. Updated Fig 16 in Section 4.5.
4. Corrected the descriptions of RX Header fields in Fig 18.
5. Added more information in Section 4.10 “Mixed Endian Byte
Ordering”.
6. Modified some descriptions in Section 4.11.
7. Modified some descriptions in Section 6.1.13.
1. Corrected some typos in Section 2.5, 2.6, 3.1, 5.4.1, 6.1,
6.1.7, 6.1.34.
2. Modified some descriptions in Section 4.12, 4.12.3, 5.4.1,
6.1.6, 6.1.14, 6.1.16.
159
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
Appendix A: Disable AX88796C voltage regulator
The AX88796C integrates an on-chip 3.3V to 1.8V voltage regulator for single-power supply
system design. If the system have 1.8V power source already, user may like to disable
AX88796C voltage regulator and use the existing 1.8V power source (probably a higher
efficiency version). In that case, user can connect VCC3R3 (pin-10) and GND3R3 (pin-11) to
ground, keep V18F (pin-9) open. Please refer to below picture for details.
AX88796C
Keep NC without loading
Supply Analog 1.8V from existing
power source on system
Supply Digital 1.8V from existing
power source on system
V18F
VCC18A
VCCK
VCC3R3
GND3R3
AX88796C will disable the on-chip
voltage regulator when the
VCC3R3 pin was connected to
GND.
GND
160
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
AX88796C
Low-Power SPI or Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
4F, No. 8, Hsin Ann Rd., HsinChu Science Park,
HsinChu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
TEL: 886-3-5799500
FAX: 886-3-5799558
Email: support@asix.com.tw
Web: http://www.asix.com.tw
161
ASIX ELECTRONICS CORPORATION