AD ADSP-BF518BSWZ-4F4

Blackfin
Embedded Processor
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
FEATURES
PERIPHERALS
Up to 400 MHz high performance Blackfin processor
Two 16-bit MACs, two 40-bit ALUs, four 8-bit video ALUs,
40-bit shifter
RISC-like register and instruction model for ease of
programming and compiler-friendly support
Advanced debug, trace, and performance monitoring
Wide range of operating voltages. See Operating Conditions
on Page 20
Qualified for Automotive Applications. See Automotive
Products on Page 65
168-ball CSP_BGA or 176-lead LQFP with exposed pad
IEEE 802.3-compliant 10/100 Ethernet MAC with IEEE 1588
support (ADSP-BF518/ADSP-BF518F only)
Parallel peripheral interface (PPI), supporting ITU-R 656
video data formats
2 dual-channel, full-duplex synchronous serial ports
(SPORTs), supporting 8 stereo I2S channels
12 peripheral DMAs, 2 mastered by the Ethernet MAC
2 memory-to-memory DMAs with external request lines
Event handler with 56 interrupt inputs
2 serial peripheral interfaces (SPI)
Removable storage interface (RSI) controller for MMC, SD,
SDIO, and CE-ATA
2 UARTs with IrDA support
2-wire interface (TWI) controller
Eight 32-bit timers/counters with PWM support
3-phase 16-bit center-based PWM unit
32-bit general-purpose counter
Real-time clock (RTC) and watchdog timer
32-bit core timer
40 general-purpose I/Os (GPIOs)
Debug/JTAG interface
On-chip PLL capable of frequency multiplication
MEMORY
116K bytes of on-chip memory
External memory controller with glueless support for SDRAM
and asynchronous 8-bit and 16-bit memories
Optional 4M bit SPI flash with boot option
Flexible booting options from internal SPI flash, OTP
memory, external SPI/parallel memories, or from SPI/UART
host devices
Code security with Lockbox secure technology
One-time-programmable (OTP) memory
Memory management unit providing memory protection
RTC
WATCHDOG TIMER
OTP
PERIPHERAL
ACCESS BUS
COUNTER
JTAG TEST AND EMULATION
3-PHASE PWM
TIMER7–0
B
TWI
INTERRUPT
CONTROLLER
SPORT1-0
RSI (SDIO)
L1
INSTRUCTION
MEMORY
L1
DATA
MEMORY
DMA
CONTROLLER
PORTS
PPI
UART1–0
16
DMA CORE BUS
EXTERNAL ACCESS BUS
EXTERNAL PORT
FLASH, SDRAM CONTROL
DMA
EXTERNAL
BUS
EMAC
SPI1
BOOT
ROM
SPI0
4 Mbit SPI Flash
(See Table 1)
Blackfin and the Blackfin logo are registered trademarks of Analog Devices, Inc.
Rev. B
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication
or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106 U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113
© 2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features ................................................................. 1
Related Signal Chains ........................................... 16
Memory ................................................................ 1
Lockbox Secure Technology Disclaimer .................... 16
Peripherals ............................................................. 1
Signal Descriptions ................................................. 17
Revision History ...................................................... 2
Specifications ........................................................ 20
General Description ................................................. 3
Operating Conditions ........................................... 20
Portable Low Power Architecture ............................. 3
Electrical Characteristics ....................................... 22
System Integration ................................................ 3
Flash Memory Characteristics ................................ 24
Blackfin Processor Core .......................................... 3
Absolute Maximum Ratings ................................... 25
Memory Architecture ............................................ 5
Package Information ............................................ 26
Event Handling .................................................... 6
ESD Sensitivity ................................................... 26
DMA Controllers .................................................. 7
Timing Specifications ........................................... 27
Processor Peripherals ............................................. 7
Output Drive Currents ......................................... 50
Dynamic Power Management ................................ 11
Test Conditions .................................................. 52
Voltage Regulation Interface .................................. 13
Thermal Characteristics ........................................ 56
Clock Signals ..................................................... 13
176-Lead LQFP Lead Assignment ............................... 57
Booting Modes ................................................... 14
168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Assignment ........................... 60
Instruction Set Description ................................... 15
Outline Dimensions ................................................ 63
Development Tools ............................................. 15
Surface-Mount Design .......................................... 64
Designing an Emulator-Compatible
Processor Board (Target) ................................... 16
Automotive Products .............................................. 65
Ordering Guide ..................................................... 65
Related Documents ............................................. 16
REVISION HISTORY
1/11—Rev. A to Rev. B
This data sheet release coincides with the release of the revised
ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference. All
redundant information has been removed.
Revised several specifications in Operating Conditions ... 20
Revised fVCO specification in Phase-Locked Loop Operating
Conditions ........................................................... 21
Revised tWL, tWH and tOH specification in RSI Controller Timing
(High Speed Mode) ................................................. 36
Revised tMDCIH and tMDCOH specifications in 10/100 Ethernet
MAC Controller Timing: MII Station Management ........ 48
Corrected dimensions in 168-Ball Chip Scale Package Ball Grid
Array [CSP_BGA] (BC-168-1) ................................... 64
Revised several specifications in Electrical Characteristics 22
Added additional fCKIN specification for automotive models in
Clock and Reset Timing .......................................... 27
Changed the parameter VDDMEM to VDDEXT in Asynchronous
Memory Read Cycle Timing ..................................... 29
SDRAM Interface Timing ........................................ 31
Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing ........................... 33
Serial Ports ........................................................... 37
Revised tHFSPE specification in Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing ..................................................................... 33
Revised tHFSPE specification and added the tPSUD specification in
Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing ........................... 33
Revised the tWL and tWH specifications in
RSI Controller Timing ............................................ 35
Rev. B
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ADSP-BF512/ADSP-BF512F, ADSP-BF514/ADSPBF514F, ADSP-BF516/ADSP-BF516F, ADSP-BF518/ADSPBF518F processors are members of the Blackfin® family of products, incorporating the Analog Devices/Intel Micro Signal
Architecture (MSA). Blackfin processors combine a dual-MAC
state-of-the-art signal processing engine, the advantages of a
clean, orthogonal RISC-like microprocessor instruction set, and
single-instruction, multiple-data (SIMD) multimedia capabilities into a single instruction-set architecture.
The processors are completely code compatible with other
Blackfin processors.
Memory (bytes)
ADSP-BF518F
ADSP-BF518
ADSP-BF516F
ADSP-BF516
ADSP-BF514F
ADSP-BF514
ADSP-BF512F
ADSP-BF512
– – – – – – 1 1
– – – – 1 1 1 1
– – 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
– 1 – 1 – 1 – 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40
32K
16K
32K
32K
4K
32K
400 MHz
176-Lead LQFP with Exposed Pad
168-Ball CSP_BGA
By integrating a rich set of industry-leading system peripherals
and memory, Blackfin processors are the platform of choice for
next-generation applications that require RISC-like programmability, multimedia support, and leading-edge signal
processing in one integrated package.
Rev. B
Blackfin processors provide world-class power management
and performance. They are produced with a low power and low
voltage design methodology and feature on-chip dynamic
power management, which is the ability to vary both the voltage
and frequency of operation to significantly lower overall power
consumption. This capability can result in a substantial reduction in power consumption, compared with just varying the
frequency of operation. This allows longer battery life for
portable appliances.
SYSTEM INTEGRATION
Table 1. Processor Comparison
Feature
IEEE-1588
Ethernet MAC
RSI
TWI
SPORTs
UARTs
SPIs
GP Timers
Watchdog Timers
RTC
PPI
Internal 4 Mbit SPI flash
Rotary Counter
3-Phase PWM Pairs
GPIOs
L1 Instruction SRAM
L1 Instruction
SRAM/Cache
L1 Data SRAM
L1 Data SRAM/Cache
L1 Scratchpad
L3 Boot ROM
Maximum Speed Grade
Package Options
PORTABLE LOW POWER ARCHITECTURE
The ADSP-BF51x processors are highly integrated system-on-achip solutions for the next generation of embedded network
connected applications. By combining industry-standard interfaces with a high performance signal processing core, costeffective applications can be developed quickly, without the
need for costly external components. The system peripherals
include an IEEE-compliant 802.3 10/100 Ethernet MAC with
IEEE-1588 support (ADSP-BF518/ADSP-BF518F only), an RSI
controller, a TWI controller, two UART ports, two SPI ports,
two serial ports (SPORTs), nine general-purpose 32-bit timers
(eight with PWM capability), 3-phase PWM for motor control,
a real-time clock, a watchdog timer, and a parallel peripheral
interface (PPI).
BLACKFIN PROCESSOR CORE
As shown in Figure 1, the Blackfin processor core contains two
16-bit multipliers, two 40-bit accumulators, two 40-bit ALUs,
four video ALUs, and a 40-bit shifter. The computation units
process 8-, 16-, or 32-bit data from the register file.
The compute register file contains eight 32-bit registers. When
performing compute operations on 16-bit operand data, the
register file operates as 16 independent 16-bit registers. All
operands for compute operations come from the multiported
register file and instruction constant fields.
Each MAC can perform a 16-bit by 16-bit multiply in each
cycle, accumulating the results into the 40-bit accumulators.
Signed and unsigned formats, rounding, and saturation
are supported.
The ALUs perform a traditional set of arithmetic and logical
operations on 16-bit or 32-bit data. In addition, many special
instructions are included to accelerate various signal processing
tasks. These include bit operations such as field extract and population count, modulo 232 multiply, divide primitives, saturation
and rounding, and sign/exponent detection. The set of video
instructions include byte alignment and packing operations,
16-bit and 8-bit adds with clipping, 8-bit average operations,
and 8-bit subtract/absolute value/accumulate (SAA) operations.
The compare/select and vector search instructions are also
provided.
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
ADDRESS ARITHMETIC UNIT
32
DA0
32
L3
B3
M3
I2
L2
B2
M2
I1
L1
B1
M1
I0
L0
B0
M0
SP
FP
P5
DAG1
P4
P3
DAG0
P2
P1
P0
TO MEMORY
DA1
I3
32
PREG
32
RAB
SD
LD1
LD0
32
32
32
ASTAT
32
32
SEQUENCER
R7.H
R6.H
R7.L
R6.L
R5.H
R5.L
R4.H
R4.L
R3.H
R3.L
R2.H
R2.L
R1.H
R1.L
R0.H
R0.L
16
ALIGN
16
8
8
8
8
DECODE
BARREL
SHIFTER
40
40
A0
32
40
40
A1
LOOP BUFFER
CONTROL
UNIT
32
DATA ARITHMETIC UNIT
Figure 1. Blackfin Processor Core
For certain instructions, two 16-bit ALU operations can be performed simultaneously on register pairs (a 16-bit high half and
16-bit low half of a compute register). If the second ALU is used,
quad 16-bit operations are possible.
The 40-bit shifter can perform shifts and rotates and is used to
support normalization, field extract, and field deposit
instructions.
The program sequencer controls the flow of instruction execution, including instruction alignment and decoding. For
program flow control, the sequencer supports PC relative and
indirect conditional jumps (with static branch prediction), and
subroutine calls. Hardware is provided to support zero-overhead looping. The architecture is fully interlocked, meaning that
the programmer need not manage the pipeline when executing
instructions with data dependencies.
The address arithmetic unit provides two addresses for simultaneous dual fetches from memory. It contains a multiported
register file consisting of four sets of 32-bit index, modify,
length, and base registers (for circular buffering), and eight
additional 32-bit pointer registers (for C-style indexed stack
manipulation).
Rev. B
Blackfin processors support a modified Harvard architecture in
combination with a hierarchical memory structure. Level 1 (L1)
memories are those that typically operate at the full processor
speed with little or no latency. At the L1 level, the instruction
memory holds instructions only. The two data memories hold
data, and a dedicated scratchpad data memory stores stack and
local variable information.
In addition, multiple L1 memory blocks are provided, offering a
configurable mix of SRAM and cache. The memory management unit (MMU) provides memory protection for individual
tasks that may be operating on the core and can protect system
registers from unintended access.
The architecture provides three modes of operation: user mode,
supervisor mode, and emulation mode. User mode has
restricted access to certain system resources, thus providing a
protected software environment, while supervisor mode has
unrestricted access to the system and core resources.
The Blackfin processor instruction set has been optimized so
that 16-bit opcodes represent the most frequently used instructions, resulting in excellent compiled code density. Complex
DSP instructions are encoded into 32-bit opcodes, representing
fully featured multifunction instructions. Blackfin processors
support a limited multi-issue capability, where a 32-bit
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
The on-chip L1 memory system is the highest-performance
memory available to the Blackfin processor. The off-chip memory system, accessed through the external bus interface unit
(EBIU), provides expansion with SDRAM, flash memory, and
SRAM, optionally accessing up to 132M bytes of
physical memory.
instruction can be issued in parallel with two 16-bit instructions, allowing the programmer to use many of the core
resources in a single instruction cycle.
The Blackfin processor assembly language uses an algebraic syntax for ease of coding and readability. The architecture has been
optimized for use in conjunction with the C/C++ compiler,
resulting in fast and efficient software implementations.
The memory DMA controller provides high bandwidth datamovement capability. It can perform block transfers of code or
data between the internal memory and the external
memory spaces.
MEMORY ARCHITECTURE
The ADSP-BF51x processors view memory as a single unified
4G byte address space, using 32-bit addresses. All resources,
including internal memory, external memory, and I/O control
registers, occupy separate sections of this common address
space. The memory portions of this address space are arranged
in a hierarchical structure to provide a good cost/performance
balance of some very fast, low-latency on-chip memory as cache
or SRAM, and larger, lower-cost and performance off-chip
memory systems. The memory map for both internal and external memory space is shown in Figure 2.
Internal (On-Chip) Memory
The ADSP-BF51x processors have three blocks of on-chip
memory that provide high bandwidth access to the core.
The first block is the L1 instruction memory, consisting of
48K bytes SRAM, of which 16K bytes can be configured as a
four-way set-associative cache. This memory is accessed at full
processor speed.
The second on-chip memory block is the L1 data memory, consisting of up to two banks of up to 32K bytes each. Each memory
bank is configurable, offering both cache and SRAM functionality. This memory block is accessed at full processor speed.
0xFFFF FFFF
CORE MMR REGISTERS (2M BYTES)
0xFFE0 0000
SCRATCHPAD SRAM (4K BYTES)
The third memory block is a 4K byte scratchpad SRAM which
runs at the same speed as the L1 memories, but is only accessible
as data SRAM and cannot be configured as cache memory.
RESERVED
External (Off-Chip) Memory
INSTRUCTION BANK C SRAM/CACHE (16K BYTES)
External memory is accessed via the EBIU. This 16-bit interface
provides a glueless connection to a bank of synchronous DRAM
(SDRAM) as well as up to four banks of asynchronous memory
devices including flash, EPROM, ROM, SRAM, and memory
mapped I/O devices.
SYSTEM MMR REGISTERS (2M BYTES)
0xFFC0 0000
RESERVED
0xFFB0 1000
0xFFB0 0000
INTERNAL MEMORY MAP
0xFFA1 4000
0xFFA1 0000
RESERVED
0xFFA0 8000
INSTRUCTION BANK B SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFFA0 4000
INSTRUCTION BANK A SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFFA0 0000
RESERVED
0xFF90 8000
DATA BANK B SRAM / CACHE (16K BYTES)
0xFF90 4000
DATA BANK B SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFF90 0000
RESERVED
0xFF80 8000
DATA BANK A SRAM / CACHE (16K BYTES)
0xFF80 4000
DATA BANK A SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFF80 0000
RESERVED
0xEF00 8000
BOOT ROM (32K BYTES)
EXTERNAL MEMORY MAP
0xEF00 0000
RESERVED
0x2040 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 3 (1M BYTES)
0x2030 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 2 (1M BYTES)
0x2020 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 1 (1M BYTES)
0x2010 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 0 (1M BYTES)
0x2000 0000
0x08 00 0000
RESERVED
SDRAM MEMORY (16M BYTES - 128M BYTES)
0x0000 0000
Figure 2. ADSP-BF51x Internal/External Memory Map
Rev. B
The SDRAM controller can be programmed to interface to up
to 128M bytes of SDRAM. A separate row can be open for each
SDRAM internal bank, and the SDRAM controller supports up
to four internal SDRAM banks, improving overall performance.
The asynchronous memory controller can be programmed to
control up to four banks of devices with very flexible timing
parameters for a wide variety of devices. Each bank occupies a
1M byte segment regardless of the size of the devices used, so
that these banks are only contiguous if each is fully populated
with 1M byte of memory.
Flash Memory
The ADSP-BF512F/ADSP-BF514F/ADSP-BF516F/
ADSP-BF518F processors contain a SPI flash memory within
the package of the processor and connected to SPI0.
The SPI flash memory has a 4M bit capacity and 1.8V (nominal)
operating voltage. The program/erase endurance is 100,000
cycles per block, and this memory has greater than 100 years of
data retention capability. Also included are support for software
write protection and for fast erase and byte-program.
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
The processors internally connect to the flash memory die with
the SPI0SCK, SPI0SEL4 or PH8, SPI0MOSI, and SPI0MISO signals similar to an external SPI flash. To further provide a secure
processing environment, these internally connected signals are
not exposed outside of the package. For this reason, programming the ADSP-BF51xF flash memory is performed by running
code on the processor andcannot be programmed from external
signals. Data transfers between the SPI flash and the processor
cannot be probed externally. The flash memory has the following additional features
• Serial Interface Architecture—SPI compatible with Mode 0
and Mode 3
• Superior Reliability—Endurance of 100,000 cycles and
greater than 100 years data retention
• Flexible Erase Capability—Uniform 4K Byte sectors and
uniform 32 and 64K Byte overlay blocks
• Fast Erase and Byte-Program—Chip-erase time = 125 ms
(typical), Sector-/Block-Erase Time = 62 ms (typical) ByteProgram Time = 50 μS (typical)
• Auto Address Increment (AAI) Programming—Decreases
total chip programming time over byte-program
operations
• End-of-Write Detection—Software polling the BUSY bit in
status register, busy status readout on SO pin
• Software Write Protection—Write protection through
block-protection bits in status register
One-Time Programmable Memory
The processors have 64K bits of one-time programmable nonvolatile memory that can be programmed by the developer only
once. It includes the array and logic to support read access and
programming. Additionally, its pages can be write protected.
The OTP memory allows both public and private data to be
stored on-chip. In addition to storing public and private key
data for applications requiring security, OTP allows developers
to store completely user-definable data such as customer ID,
product ID, and MAC address. Therefore, generic parts can be
supplied which are then programmed and protected by the
developer within this non-volatile memory.
I/O Memory Space
The processors do not define a separate I/O space. All resources
are mapped through the flat 32-bit address space. On-chip I/O
devices have their control registers mapped into memorymapped registers (MMRs) at addresses near the top of the
4G byte address space. These are separated into two smaller
blocks, one which contains the control MMRs for all core functions, and the other which contains the registers needed for
setup and control of the on-chip peripherals outside of the core.
The MMRs are accessible only in supervisor mode and appear
as reserved space to on-chip peripherals.
Rev. B
Booting from ROM
The processors contain a small on-chip boot kernel, which configures the appropriate peripheral for booting. If the processors
are configured to boot from boot ROM memory space, the processor starts executing from the on-chip boot ROM. For more
information, see Booting Modes on Page 14.
EVENT HANDLING
The event controller handles all asynchronous and synchronous
events to the processor. The processors provide event handling
that supports both nesting and prioritization. Nesting allows
multiple event service routines to be active simultaneously.
Prioritization ensures that servicing of a higher priority event
takes precedence over servicing of a lower priority event. The
controller provides support for five different types of events:
• Emulation—An emulation event causes the processor to
enter emulation mode, allowing command and control of
the processor through the JTAG interface.
• Reset—This event resets the processor.
• Nonmaskable Interrupt (NMI)—The NMI event can be
generated by the software watchdog timer or by the NMI
input signal to the processor. The NMI event is frequently
used as a power-down indicator to initiate an orderly shutdown of the system.
• Exceptions—Events that occur synchronously to program
flow; that is, the exception is taken before the instruction is
allowed to complete. Conditions such as data alignment
violations and undefined instructions cause exceptions.
• Interrupts—Events that occur asynchronously to program
flow. They are caused by input signals, timers, and other
peripherals, as well as by an explicit software instruction.
Each event type has an associated register to hold the return
address and an associated return-from-event instruction. When
an event is triggered, the state of the processor is saved on the
supervisor stack.
The event controller consists of two stages, the core event controller (CEC) and the system interrupt controller (SIC). The
core event controller works with the system interrupt controller
to prioritize and control all system events. Conceptually, interrupts from the peripherals enter into the SIC, and are then
routed directly into the general-purpose interrupts of the CEC.
Core Event Controller (CEC)
The CEC supports nine general-purpose interrupts (IVG15–7),
in addition to the dedicated interrupt and exception events. Of
these general-purpose interrupts, the two lowest priority
interrupts (IVG15–14) are recommended to be reserved for
software interrupt handlers, leaving seven prioritized interrupt
inputs to support the peripherals of the processors. The inputs
to the CEC, identifies their names in the event vector table
(EVT), and lists their priorities are described in the
ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference Manual
“System Interrupts” chapter.
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
System Interrupt Controller (SIC)
The system interrupt controller provides the mapping and routing of events from the many peripheral interrupt sources to the
prioritized general-purpose interrupt inputs of the CEC.
Although the processors provide a default mapping, the user
can alter the mappings and priorities of interrupt events by
writing the appropriate values into the interrupt assignment
registers (SIC_IARx). See the ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor
Hardware Reference Manual “System Interrupts” chapter for the
inputs into the SIC and the default mappings into the CEC.
The SIC allows further control of event processing by providing
three pairs of 32-bit interrupt control and status registers. Each
register contains a bit corresponding to each of the peripheral
interrupt events. For more information, see the ADSP-BF51x
Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference Manual “System Interrupts” chapter.
DMA CONTROLLERS
The ADSP-BF51x processors have multiple independent DMA
channels that support automated data transfers with minimal
overhead for the processor core. DMA transfers can occur
between the processor's internal memories and any of its DMAcapable peripherals. Additionally, DMA transfers can be accomplished between any of the DMA-capable peripherals and
external devices connected to the external memory interfaces,
including the SDRAM controller and the asynchronous memory controller. DMA-capable peripherals include the Ethernet
MAC, RSI, SPORTs, SPIs, UARTs, and PPI. Each individual
DMA-capable peripheral has at least one dedicated DMA
channel.
The processors’ DMA controller supports both one-dimensional (1-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) DMA transfers. DMA
transfer initialization can be implemented from registers or
from sets of parameters called descriptor blocks.
The 2-D DMA capability supports arbitrary row and column
sizes up to 64K elements by 64K elements, and arbitrary row
and column step sizes up to ±32K elements. Furthermore, the
column step size can be less than the row step size, allowing
implementation of interleaved data streams. This feature is
especially useful in video applications where data can be deinterleaved on the fly.
Examples of DMA types supported by the DMA controller
include:
• A single, linear buffer that stops upon completion
• A circular, auto-refreshing buffer that interrupts on each
full or fractionally full buffer
• 1-D or 2-D DMA using a linked list of descriptors
• 2-D DMA using an array of descriptors, specifying only the
base DMA address within a common page
In addition to the dedicated peripheral DMA channels, there are
two memory DMA channels that transfer data between the various memories of the processor system. This enables transfers of
blocks of data between any of the memories—including external
SDRAM, ROM, SRAM, and flash memory—with minimal pro-
Rev. B
cessor intervention. Memory DMA transfers can be controlled
by a very flexible descriptor-based methodology or by a standard register-based autobuffer mechanism.
The processors also have an external DMA controller capability
via dual external DMA request signals when used in conjunction with the external bus interface unit (EBIU). This
functionality can be used when a high speed interface is
required for external FIFOs and high bandwidth communications peripherals. It allows control of the number of data
transfers for memory DMA. The number of transfers per edge is
programmable. This feature can be programmed to allow memory DMA to have an increased priority on the external bus
relative to the core.
PROCESSOR PERIPHERALS
The ADSP-BF51x processors contain a rich set of peripherals
connected to the core via several high bandwidth buses, providing flexibility in system configuration as well as excellent overall
system performance (see Figure 1 on Page 4). The processors
contain dedicated network communication modules and high
speed serial and parallel ports, an interrupt controller for flexible management of interrupts from the on-chip peripherals or
external sources, and power management control functions to
tailor the performance and power characteristics of the processor and system to many application scenarios.
All of the peripherals, except for the general-purpose I/O, rotary
counter, TWI, three-phase PWM, real-time clock, and timers,
are supported by a flexible DMA structure. There are also separate memory DMA channels dedicated to data transfers
between the processor's various memory spaces, including
external SDRAM and asynchronous memory. Multiple on-chip
buses provide enough bandwidth to keep the processor core
running along with activity on all of the on-chip and external
peripherals.
Real-Time Clock
The real-time clock (RTC) provides a robust set of digital watch
features, including current time, stopwatch, and alarm. The
RTC is clocked by a 32.768 kHz crystal external to the processors. The RTC peripheral has a dedicated power supply so that it
can remain powered up and clocked even when the rest of the
processor is in a low power state. The RTC provides several programmable interrupt options, including interrupt per second,
minute, hour, or day clock ticks, interrupt on programmable
stopwatch countdown, or interrupt at a programmed alarm
time.
The 32.768 kHz input clock frequency is divided down to a 1 Hz
signal by a prescaler. The counter function of the timer consists
of four counters: a 60-second counter, a 60-minute counter, a
24-hour counter, and an 32,768-day counter.
When enabled, the alarm function generates an interrupt when
the output of the timer matches the programmed value in the
alarm control register. There are two alarms: The first alarm is
for a time of day. The second alarm is for a day and time of
that day.
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
The stopwatch function counts down from a programmed
value, with one-second resolution. When the stopwatch is
enabled and the counter underflows, an interrupt is generated.
Like the other peripherals, the RTC can wake up the processor
from sleep mode upon generation of any RTC wakeup event.
Additionally, an RTC wakeup event can wake up the processor
from deep sleep mode or cause a transition from the hibernate
state.
Connect RTC signals RTXI and RTXO with external components as shown in Figure 3.
RTXO
RTXI
The timer units can be used in conjunction with the two UARTs
to measure the width of the pulses in the data stream to provide
a software auto-baud detect function for the respective serial
channels.
The timers can generate interrupts to the processor core providing periodic events for synchronization, either to the system
clock or to a count of external signals.
In addition to the eight general-purpose programmable timers,
a ninth timer is also provided. This extra timer is clocked by the
internal processor clock and is typically used as a system tick
clock for generation of operating system periodic interrupts.
R1
X1
C1
mechanism for measuring pulse widths and periods of external
events. These timers can be synchronized to an external clock
input to the several other associated PF signals, an external
clock input to the PPI_CLK input signal, or to the internal
SCLK.
C2
3-Phase PWM
The processors integrate a flexible and programmable 3-phase
PWM waveform generator that can be programmed to generate
the required switching patterns to drive a 3-phase voltage
source inverter for ac induction (ACIM) or permanent magnet
synchronous (PMSM) motor control. In addition, the PWM
block contains special functions that considerably simplify the
generation of the required PWM switching patterns for control
of the electronically commutated motor (ECM) or brushless dc
motor (BDCM). Software can enable a special mode for
switched reluctance motors (SRM).
SUGGESTED COMPONENTS:
X1 = ECLIPTEK EC38J (THROUGH-HOLE PACKAGE) OR
EPSON MC405 12 pF LOAD (SURFACE-MOUNT PACKAGE)
C1 = 22 pF
C2 = 22 pF
R1 = 10 M:
NOTE: C1 AND C2 ARE SPECIFIC TO CRYSTAL SPECIFIED FOR X1.
CONTACT CRYSTAL MANUFACTURER FOR DETAILS. C1 AND C2
SPECIFICATIONS ASSUME BOARD TRACE CAPACITANCE OF 3 pF.
Figure 3. External Components for RTC
Features of the 3-phase PWM generation unit are:
Watchdog Timer
• 16-bit center-based PWM generation unit
The ADSP-BF51x processors include a 32-bit timer that can be
used to implement a software watchdog function. A software
watchdog can improve system availability by forcing the processor to a known state through generation of a hardware reset,
nonmaskable interrupt (NMI), or general-purpose interrupt, if
the timer expires before being reset by software. The programmer initializes the count value of the timer, enables the
appropriate interrupt, then enables the timer. Thereafter, the
software must reload the counter before it counts to zero from
the programmed value. This protects the system from remaining in an unknown state where software, which would normally
reset the timer, has stopped running due to an external noise
condition or software error.
• Programmable PWM pulse width
If configured to generate a hardware reset, the watchdog timer
resets both the core and the processor peripherals. After a reset,
software can determine if the watchdog was the source of the
hardware reset by interrogating a status bit in the watchdog
timer control register.
The timer is clocked by the system clock (SCLK) at a maximum
frequency of fSCLK.
Timers
There are nine general-purpose programmable timer units in
the ADSP-BF51x processors. Eight timers have an external signal that can be configured either as a pulse width modulator
(PWM) or timer output, as an input to clock the timer, or as a
Rev. B
• Single/double update modes
• Programmable dead time and switching frequency
• Twos-complement implementation which permits smooth
transition to full ON and full OFF states
• Possibility to synchronize the PWM generation to an external synchronization
• Special provisions for BDCM operation (crossover and
output enable functions)
• Wide variety of special switched reluctance (SR) operating
modes
• Output polarity and clock gating control
• Dedicated asynchronous PWM shutdown signal
General-Purpose (GP) Counter
A 32-bit GP counter is provided that can sense 2-bit quadrature
or binary codes as typically emitted by industrial drives or manual thumb wheels. The counter can also operate in generalpurpose up/down count modes. Then, count direction is either
controlled by a level-sensitive input signal or by two edge
detectors.
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
A third input can provide flexible zero marker support and can
alternatively be used to input the push-button signal of thumb
wheels. All three signals have a programmable debouncing
circuit.
An internal signal forwarded to the GP timer unit enables one
timer to measure the intervals between count events. Boundary
registers enable auto-zero operation or simple system warning
by interrupts when programmable count values are exceeded.
Serial Ports
The ADSP-BF51x processors incorporate two dual-channel synchronous serial ports (SPORT0 and SPORT1) for serial and
multiprocessor communications. The SPORTs support the following features:
Serial port data can be automatically transferred to and from
on-chip memory/external memory via dedicated DMA channels. Each of the serial ports can work in conjunction with
another serial port to provide TDM support. In this configuration, one SPORT provides two transmit signals while the other
SPORT provides the two receive signals. The frame sync and
clock are shared.
Serial ports operate in five modes:
• Standard DSP serial mode
• Multichannel (TDM) mode
• I2S mode
bit can be transferred to interrupt only addressed nodes in
multi-drop bus (MDB) systems. A frame is terminates by one,
one and a half, two or two and a half stop bits.
The UART ports support automatic hardware flow control
through the Clear To Send (CTS) input and Request To Send
(RTS) output with programmable assertion FIFO levels.
To help support the Local Interconnect Network (LIN) protocols, a special command causes the transmitter to queue a break
command of programmable bit length into the transmit buffer.
Similarly, the number of stop bits can be extended by a programmable inter-frame space.
The capabilities of the UARTs are further extended with support for the Infrared Data Association (IrDA®) serial infrared
physical layer link specification (SIR) protocol.
2-Wire Interface (TWI)
The processors include a TWI module for providing a simple
exchange method of control data between multiple devices. The
TWI is compatible with the widely used I2C® bus standard. The
TWI module offers the capabilities of simultaneous master and
slave operation, support for both 7-bit addressing and multimedia data arbitration. The TWI interface utilizes two signals for
transferring clock (SCL) and data (SDA) and supports the protocol at speeds up to 400k bits/sec. The TWI interface signals
are compatible with 5 V logic levels.
Additionally, the processor’s TWI module is fully compatible
with serial camera control bus (SCCB) functionality for easier
control of various CMOS camera sensor devices.
• Packed I2S mode
• Left-justified mode
Removable Storage Interface (RSI)
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Ports
The processors have two SPI-compatible ports (SPI0 and SPI1)
that enable the processor to communicate with multiple SPIcompatible devices.
The SPI interface uses three signals for transferring data: two
data signals (master output-slave input–MOSI, and master
input-slave output–MISO) and a clock signal (serial
clock–SCK). An SPI chip select input signal (SPIxSS) lets other
SPI devices select the processor, and multiple SPI chip select
output signals let the processor select other SPI devices. The SPI
select signals are reconfigured general-purpose I/O signals.
Using these signals, the SPI port provides a full-duplex, synchronous serial interface, which supports both master/slave
modes and multimaster environments.
The SPI port baud rate and clock phase/polarities are programmable, and it has an integrated DMA channel, configurable to
support transmit or receive data streams. The SPI’s DMA channel can only service unidirectional accesses at any given time.
UART Ports
The processors provide two full-duplex universal asynchronous
receiver/transmitter (UART) ports, which are fully compatible
with PC-standard UARTs. Each UART port provides a simplified UART interface to other peripherals or hosts, supporting
full-duplex, DMA-supported, asynchronous transfers of serial
data. A UART port includes support for five to eight data bits,
and none, even, or odd parity. Optionally, an additional address
Rev. B
The RSI controller, available on the ADSP-BF514, ADSPBF516, ADSP-BF518, and ADSP-BF518F acts as the host interface for multi-media cards (MMC), secure digital memory cards
(SD Card), secure digital input/output cards (SDIO), and CEATA hard disk drives. The following list describes the main features of the RSI controller.
• Support for a single MMC, SD memory, SDIO card or CEATA hard disk drive
• Support for 1-bit and 4-bit SD modes
• Support for 1-bit, 4-bit and 8-bit MMC modes
• Support for 4-bit and 8-bit CE-ATA hard disk drives
• A ten-signal external interface with clock, command, and
up to eight data lines
• Card detection using one of the data signals
• Card interface clock generation from SCLK
• SDIO interrupt and read wait features
• CE-ATA command completion signal recognition and
disable
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
10/100 Ethernet MAC
The ADSP-BF516/ADSP-BF516F and ADSPBF518/ADSPBF518F processors offer the capability to directly
connect to a network by way of an embedded fast Ethernet
media access controller (MAC) that supports both 10-BaseT
(10M bits/sec) and 100-BaseT (100M bits/sec) operation. The
10/100 Ethernet MAC peripheral on the processor is fully compliant to the IEEE 802.3-2002 standard and it provides
programmable features designed to minimize supervision, bus
use, or message processing by the rest of the processor system.
Some standard features are:
• Support of MII and RMII protocols for external PHYs
• Full duplex and half duplex modes
• Data framing and encapsulation: generation and detection
of preamble, length padding, and FCS
• Media access management (in half-duplex operation): collision and contention handling, including control of
retransmission of collision frames and of back-off timing
• Flow control (in full-duplex operation): generation and
detection of pause frames
• Station management: generation of MDC/MDIO frames
for read-write access to PHY registers
• Programmable receive address filters, including a 64-bin
address hash table for multicast and/or unicast frames, and
programmable filter modes for broadcast, multicast, unicast, control, and damaged frames
• Advanced power management supporting unattended
transfer of receive and transmit frames and status to/from
external memory via DMA during low power sleep mode
• System wakeup from sleep operating mode upon magic
packet or any of four user-definable wakeup frame filters
• Support for 802.3Q tagged VLAN frames
• Programmable MDC clock rate and preamble suppression
• In RMII operation, seven unused signals may be configured as GPIO signals for other purposes
IEEE 1588 Support
The IEEE 1588 standard is a precision clock synchronization
protocol for networked measurement and control systems. The
ADSP-BF518/ADSP-BF518F processors include hardware support for IEEE 1588 with an integrated precision time protocol
synchronization engine (PTP_TSYNC). This engine provides
hardware assisted time stamping to improve the accuracy of
clock synchronization between PTP nodes. The main features of
the PTP_SYNC engine are:
• Operating range for active and sleep operating modes, see
Table 43 on Page 45 and Table 44 on Page 46
• Support for both IEEE 1588-2002 and IEEE 1588-2008 protocol standards
• Internal loopback from transmit to receive
• Hardware assisted time stamping capable of up to 12.5 ns
resolution
Some advanced features are:
• Buffered crystal output to external PHY for support of a
single crystal system
• Lock adjustment
• Programmable PTM message support
• Automatic checksum computation of IP header and IP
payload fields of Rx frames
• Dedicated interrupts
• Independent 32-bit descriptor-driven receive and transmit
DMA channels
• Multiple input clock sources (SCLK, MII clock, external
clock)
• Frame status delivery to memory through DMA, including
frame completion semaphores for efficient buffer queue
management in software
• Programmable pulse per second (PPS) output
• Tx DMA support for separate descriptors for MAC header
and payload to eliminate buffer copy operations
• Convenient frame alignment modes support even 32-bit
alignment of encapsulated receive or transmit IP packet
data in memory after the 14-byte MAC header
• Programmable Ethernet event interrupt supports any combination of:
• Selected receive or transmit frame status conditions
• PHY interrupt condition
• Wakeup frame detected
• Selected MAC management counter(s) at half-full
• DMA descriptor error
• 47 MAC management statistics counters with selectable
clear-on-read behavior and programmable interrupts on
half maximum value
Rev. B
• Programmable alarm
• Auxiliary snapshot to time stamp external events
Ports
Because of the rich set of peripherals, the processors group the
many peripheral signals to four ports—port F, port G, port H,
and port J. Most of the associated pins/balls are shared by multiple signals. The ports function as multiplexer controls.
General-Purpose I/O (GPIO)
The ADSP-BF51x processors have 40 bidirectional, generalpurpose I/O (GPIO) signals allocated across three separate
GPIO modules—PORTFIO, PORTGIO, and PORTHIO, associated with Port F, Port G, and Port H, respectively. Each
GPIO-capable signal shares functionality with other peripherals
via a multiplexing scheme; however, the GPIO functionality is
the default state of the device upon power-up. Neither GPIO
output nor input drivers are active by default. Each general-purpose port signal can be individually controlled by manipulation
of the port control, status, and interrupt registers.
| Page 10 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Parallel Peripheral Interface (PPI)
Code Security with Lockbox Secure Technology
The ADSP-BF51x processors provide a parallel peripheral interface (PPI) that can connect directly to parallel analog-to-digital
and digital-to-analog converters, ITU-R-601/656 video encoders and decoders, and other general-purpose peripherals. The
PPI consists of a dedicated input clock signal, up to three frame
synchronization signals, and up to 16 data signals.
A security system consisting of a blend of hardware and software provides customers with a flexible and rich set of code
security features with Lockbox® secure technology. Key features
include:
In ITU-R-656 modes, the PPI receives and parses a data stream
of 8-bit or 10-bit data elements. On-chip decode of embedded
preamble control and synchronization information
is supported.
Three distinct ITU-R-656 modes are supported:
• Active video only mode—The PPI does not read in any
data between the End of Active Video (EAV) and Start of
Active Video (SAV) preamble symbols, or any data present
during the vertical blanking intervals. In this mode, the
control byte sequences are not stored to memory; they are
filtered by the PPI.
• Vertical blanking only mode—The PPI only transfers vertical blanking interval (VBI) data, as well as horizontal
blanking information and control byte sequences on
VBI lines.
• Entire field mode—The entire incoming bitstream is read
in through the PPI. This includes active video, control preamble sequences, and ancillary data that may be embedded
in horizontal and vertical blanking intervals.
Though not explicitly supported, ITU-R-656 output functionality can be achieved by setting up the entire frame structure
(including active video, blanking, and control information) in
memory and streaming the data out the PPI in a frame sync-less
mode. The processor’s 2-D DMA features facilitate this transfer
by allowing the static frame buffer (blanking and control codes)
to be placed in memory once, and simply updating the active
video information on a per-frame basis.
The general-purpose modes of the PPI are intended to suit a
wide variety of data capture and transmission applications. The
modes are divided into four main categories, each allowing up
to 16 bits of data transfer per PPI_CLK cycle:
• Data receive with internally generated frame syncs
• Data receive with externally generated frame syncs
• Data transmit with internally generated frame syncs
• Data transmit with externally generated frame syncs
These modes support ADC/DAC connections, as well as video
communication with hardware signalling. Many of the modes
support more than one level of frame synchronization. If
desired, a programmable delay can be inserted between assertion of a frame sync and reception/transmission of data.
Rev. B
• OTP memory
• Unique chip ID
• Code authentication
• Secure mode of operation
The security scheme is based upon the concept of authentication of digital signatures using standards-based algorithms and
provides a secure processing environment in which to execute
code and protect assets.
DYNAMIC POWER MANAGEMENT
The ADSP-BF51x processors provide four operating modes,
each with a different performance/power profile. In addition,
dynamic power management provides the control functions to
dynamically alter the processor core supply voltage, further
reducing power dissipation. When configured for a 0 V core
supply voltage, the processor enters the hibernate state. Control
of clocking to each of the processor peripherals also reduces
power consumption. See Table 2 for a summary of the power
settings for each mode.
Table 2. Power Settings
Mode/State PLL
Core
PLL
Clock
Bypassed (CCLK)
System
Clock
(SCLK)
Core
Power
Full On
Enabled No
Enabled Enabled On
Active
Enabled/ Yes
Disabled
Enabled Enabled On
Sleep
Enabled —
Disabled Enabled On
Deep Sleep
Disabled —
Disabled Disabled On
Hibernate
Disabled —
Disabled Disabled Off
Full-On Operating Mode—Maximum Performance
In the full-on mode, the PLL is enabled and is not bypassed,
providing capability for maximum operational frequency. This
is the power-up default execution state in which maximum performance can be achieved. The processor core and all enabled
peripherals run at full speed.
Active Operating Mode—Moderate Power Savings
In the active mode, the PLL is enabled but bypassed. Because the
PLL is bypassed, the processor’s core clock (CCLK) and system
clock (SCLK) run at the input clock (CLKIN) frequency. In this
mode, the CLKIN to CCLK multiplier ratio can be changed,
although the changes are not realized until the full-on mode is
entered. DMA access is available to appropriately configured
L1 memories.
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ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
In the active mode, it is possible to disable the PLL through the
PLL control register (PLL_CTL). If disabled, the PLL must be
re-enabled before transitioning to the full-on or sleep modes.
Sleep Operating Mode—High Dynamic Power Savings
The sleep mode reduces dynamic power dissipation by disabling
the clock to the processor core (CCLK). The PLL and system
clock (SCLK), however, continue to operate in this mode. Typically an external event or RTC activity wakes up the processor.
When in the sleep mode, asserting wakeup causes the processor
to sense the value of the BYPASS bit in the PLL control register
(PLL_CTL). If BYPASS is disabled, the processor transitions to
the full on mode. If BYPASS is enabled, the processor transitions to the active mode.
System DMA access to L1 memory is not supported in
sleep mode.
Deep Sleep Operating Mode—Maximum Dynamic Power
Savings
The deep sleep mode maximizes dynamic power savings by disabling the clocks to the processor core (CCLK) and to all
synchronous peripherals (SCLK). Asynchronous peripherals,
such as the RTC, may still be running but cannot access internal
resources or external memory. This powered-down mode can
only be exited by assertion of the reset interrupt (RESET) or by
an asynchronous interrupt generated by the RTC. When in deep
sleep mode, an RTC asynchronous interrupt causes the processor to transition to the Active mode. Assertion of RESET while
in deep sleep mode causes the processor to transition to the full
on mode.
Hibernate State—Maximum Static Power Savings
The hibernate state maximizes static power savings by disabling
the voltage and clocks to the processor core (CCLK) and system
blocks (SCLK). Any critical information stored internally (for
example memory contents, register contents) must be written to
a non-volatile storage device prior to removing power if the
processor state is to be preserved. Writing b#00 to the FREQ bits
in the VR_CTL register also causes the EXT_WAKE signal to
transition low, which can be used to signal an external voltage
regulator to shut down.
Since VDDEXT is still supplied in this mode, all of the external signals three-state, unless otherwise specified. This allows other
devices that may be connected to the processor to still have
power applied without drawing unwanted current.
The Ethernet module can signal an external regulator to wake
up using the EXT_WAKE signal. If PF15 does not connect as a
PHYINT signal to an external PHY device, it can be pulled low
by any other device to wake the processor up. The processor can
also be woken up by a real-time clock wakeup event or by asserting the RESET pin. All hibernate wakeup events initiate the
hardware reset sequence. Individual sources are enabled by the
VR_CTL register. The EXT_WAKE signal is provided to indicate the occurrence of wakeup events.
With the exception of the VR_CTL and the RTC registers, all
internal registers and memories lose their content in the hibernate state. State variables may be held in external SRAM or
Rev. B
SDRAM. The SCKELOW bit in the VR_CTL register controls
whether or not SDRAM operates in self-refresh mode, which
allows it to retain its content while the processor is in hibernation and through the subsequent reset sequence.
Power Savings
As shown in Table 3, the processors support up to six different
power domains, which maximizes flexibility while maintaining
compliance with industry standards and conventions. By isolating the internal logic of the processor into its own power
domain, separate from the RTC and other I/O, the processor
can take advantage of dynamic power management without
affecting the RTC or other I/O devices. There are no sequencing
requirements for the various power domains, but all domains
must be powered according to the appropriate Specifications
table for processor Operating Conditions; even if the feature/peripheral is not used.
Table 3. Power Domains
Power Domain
VDD Range
All internal logic, except RTC, Memory, OTP
VDDINT
RTC internal logic and crystal I/O
VDDRTC
Memory logic
VDDMEM
OTP logic
VDDOTP
Optional internal flash
VDDFLASH
All other I/O
VDDEXT
The dynamic power management feature of the processor
allows both the processor’s input voltage (VDDINT) and clock frequency (fCCLK) to be dynamically controlled.
The power dissipated by a processor is largely a function of its
clock frequency and the square of the operating voltage. For
example, reducing the clock frequency by 25% results in a 25%
reduction in dynamic power dissipation, while reducing the
voltage by 25% reduces dynamic power dissipation by more
than 40%. Further, these power savings are additive, in that if
the clock frequency and supply voltage are both reduced, the
power savings can be dramatic, as shown in the following
equations.
Power Savings Factor
f CCLKRED
V DDINTRED 2
T RED
= -------------------------- ×  -------------------------------- ×  --------------- 
 T NOM 
f CCLKNOM  V DDINTNOM
% Power Savings = ( 1 – Power Savings Factor ) × 100%
where the variables in the equations are:
fCCLKNOM is the nominal core clock frequency
fCCLKRED is the reduced core clock frequency
VDDINTNOM is the nominal internal supply voltage
VDDINTRED is the reduced internal supply voltage
| Page 12 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
TNOM is the duration running at fCCLKNOM
BLACKFIN
TRED is the duration running at fCCLKRED
CLKOUT
VOLTAGE REGULATION INTERFACE
TO PLL CIRCUITRY
The ADSP-BF51x processors require an external voltage regulator to power the VDDINT domain. To reduce standby power
consumption in the hibernate state, the external voltage regulator can be signaled through EXT_WAKE to remove power from
the processor core. The EXT_WAKE signal is high-true for
power-up and may be connected directly to the low-true shut
down input of many common regulators.
The Power Good (PG) input signal allows the processor to start
only after the internal voltage has reached a chosen level. In this
way, the startup time of the external regulator is detected after
hibernation. For a complete description of the PG functionality,
refer to the ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference.
CLOCK SIGNALS
The ADSP-BF51x processors can be clocked by an external crystal, a sine wave input, or a buffered, shaped clock derived from
an external clock oscillator.
If an external clock is used, it should be a TTL compatible signal
and must not be halted, changed, or operated below the specified frequency during normal operation. This signal is
connected to the processor CLKIN signal. When an external
clock is used, the XTAL pin/ball must be left unconnected.
Alternatively, because the processor includes an on-chip oscillator circuit, an external crystal may be used. For fundamental
frequency operation, use the circuit shown in Figure 4. A parallel-resonant, fundamental frequency, microprocessor-grade
crystal is connected across the CLKIN and XTAL pins/balls. The
on-chip resistance between the CLKIN pin/ball and the XTAL
pin/ball is in the 500 kΩ range. Further parallel resistors are typically not recommended. The two capacitors and the series
resistor shown in Figure 4 fine tune phase and amplitude of the
sine frequency.
The capacitor and resistor values shown in Figure 4 are typical
values only. The capacitor values are dependent upon the crystal
manufacturers’ load capacitance recommendations and the PCB
physical layout. The resistor value depends on the drive level
specified by the crystal manufacturer. The user should verify the
customized values based on careful investigations on multiple
devices over temperature range.
A third-overtone crystal can be used for frequencies above 25
MHz. The circuit is then modified to ensure crystal operation
only at the third overtone, by adding a tuned inductor circuit as
shown in Figure 4. A design procedure for third-overtone operation is discussed in detail in application note (EE-168) Using
Third Overtone Crystals with the ADSP-218x DSP on the Analog
Devices website (www.analog.com)—use site search on
“EE-168.”
EN
CLKBUF
560 ⍀
EN
330 ⍀*
18 pF *
FOR OVERTONE
OPERATION ONLY:
18 pF *
NOTE: VALUES MARKED WITH * MUST BE CUSTOMIZED, DEPENDING
ON THE CRYSTAL AND LAYOUT. PLEASE ANALYZE CAREFULLY. FOR
FREQUENCIES ABOVE 33 MHz, THE SUGGESTED CAPACITOR VALUE
OF 18 pF SHOULD BE TREATED AS A MAXIMUM, AND THE SUGGESTED
RESISTOR VALUE SHOULD BE REDUCED TO 0 ⍀.
Figure 4. External Crystal Connections
25 MHz or 50 MHz crystal may be applied directly to the processor. The 25 MHz or 50 MHz output of CLKBUF can then be
connected to an external Ethernet MII or RMII PHY device.
The Blackfin core runs at a different clock rate than the on-chip
peripherals. As shown in Figure 5, the core clock (CCLK) and
system peripheral clock (SCLK) are derived from the input
clock (CLKIN) signal. An on-chip PLL is capable of multiplying
the CLKIN signal by a programmable 5× to 64× multiplication
factor (bounded by specified minimum and maximum VCO
frequencies). The default multiplier is 6×, but it can be modified
by a software instruction sequence.
On-the-fly frequency changes can be done simply by writing to
the PLL_DIV register. The maximum allowed CCLK and SCLK
rates depend on the applied voltages VDDINT, VDDEXT, and
VDDMEM, and the VCO is always permitted to run up to the frequency specified by the part’s speed grade. The CLKOUT signal
reflects the SCLK frequency to the off-chip world. It belongs to
the SDRAM interface, but it functions as a reference signal in
other timing specifications as well. While active by default, it
can be disabled using the EBIU_SDGCTL and EBIU_AMGCTL
registers.
“FINE” ADJUSTMENT
REQUIRES PLL SEQUENCING
CLKIN
PLL
5u to 64u
The CLKBUF signal is an output signal, which is a buffered version of the input clock. This signal is particularly useful in
Ethernet applications to limit the number of required clock
sources in the system. In this type of application, a single
Rev. B
XTAL
CLKIN
| Page 13 of 68 | January 2011
“COARSE” ADJUSTMENT
ON-THE-FLY
÷ 1, 2, 4, 8
CCLK
÷ 1 to 15
SCLK
VCO
Figure 5. Frequency Modification Methods
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
All on-chip peripherals are clocked by the system clock (SCLK).
The system clock frequency is programmable by means of the
SSEL3–0 bits of the PLL_DIV register. The values programmed
into the SSEL fields define a divide ratio between the PLL output
(VCO) and the system clock. SCLK divider values are 1 through
15. Table 4 illustrates typical system clock ratios.
Note that the divisor ratio must be chosen to limit the system
clock frequency to its maximum of fSCLK. The SSEL value can be
changed dynamically without any PLL lock latencies by writing
the appropriate values to the PLL divisor register (PLL_DIV).
The core clock (CCLK) frequency can also be dynamically
changed by means of the CSEL1–0 bits of the PLL_DIV register.
Supported CCLK divider ratios are 1, 2, 4, and 8, as shown in
Table 5. This programmable core clock capability is useful for
fast core frequency modifications.
Table 5. Core Clock Ratios
Signal Name
CSEL1–0
Example Frequency Ratios
Divider Ratio (MHz)
VCO/CCLK
VCO
CCLK
00
1:1
300
300
01
2:1
300
150
10
4:1
400
100
11
8:1
200
25
Table 4. Example System Clock Ratios
Signal Name
SSEL3–0
Example Frequency Ratios
Divider Ratio (MHz)
VCO/SCLK
VCO
SCLK
0010
2:1
0110
1010
100
50
6:1
300
50
10:1
400
40
bits of the reset configuration register, sampled during poweron resets and software-initiated resets, implement the modes
shown in Table 6.
Table 6. Booting Modes
BMODE2–0 Description
000
Idle - No boot
001
Boot from 8- or 16-bit external flash memory
010
Boot from internal SPI memory
011
Boot from external SPI memory (EEPROM or flash)
100
Boot from SPI0 host
101
Boot from OTP memory
110
Boot from SDRAM
111
Boot from UART0 Host
• Idle/no boot mode (BMODE = 0x0)—In this mode, the
processor goes into idle. The idle boot mode helps recover
from illegal operating modes, such as when the user has
mis configured the OTP memory.
• Boot from 8-bit or 16-bit external flash memory
(BMODE = 0x1)—In this mode, the boot kernel loads the
first block header from address 0x2000 0000 and—depending on instructions containing in the header—the boot
kernel performs 8-bit or 16-bit boot or starts program execution at the address provided by the header. By default, all
configuration settings are set for the slowest device possible
(3-cycle hold time, 15-cycle R/W access times, 4-cycle
setup).
The ARDY is not enabled by default, but it can be enabled
by OTP programming. Similarly, all interface behavior and
timings can be customized by OTP programming. This
includes activation of burst-mode or page-mode operation.
In this mode, all signals belonging to the asynchronous
interface are enabled at the port muxing level.
The maximum CCLK frequency not only depends on the part's
speed grade (see Page 65), it also depends on the applied VDDINT
voltage. See Table 9 for details. The maximal system clock rate
(SCLK) depends on the chip package and the applied VDDINT,
VDDEXT, and VDDMEM voltages (see Table 11 on Page 21).
• Boot from internal SPI memory (BMODE = 0x2)—The
processor uses the internal PH8 GPIO signal to load code
previously loaded to the 4 Mbit internal SPI flash connected to SPI0. Only available on the ADSP-BF512F/
ADSP-BF514F/ADSP-BF516F/ADSP-BF518F.
BOOTING MODES
• Boot from external SPI EEPROM or flash
(BMODE = 0x3)—8-bit, 16-bit, 24-bit or 32-bit addressable devices are supported. The processor uses the PG15
GPIO signal (at SPI0SEL2) to select a single SPI
EEPROM/flash device connected to the SPI0 interface;
then submits a read command and successive address bytes
(0x00) until a valid 8-, 16-, 24-, or 32-bit addressable device
is detected. Pull-up resistors are required on the SSEL and
MISO signals. By default, a value of 0x85 is written to the
SPI0_BAUD register.
The processor has several mechanisms (listed in Table 6) for
automatically loading internal and external memory after a
reset. The boot mode is defined by three BMODE input bits
dedicated to this purpose. There are two categories of boot
modes. In master boot modes the processor actively loads data
from parallel or serial memories. In slave boot modes the processor receives data from external host devices.
The boot modes listed in Table 6 provide a number of mechanisms for automatically loading the processor’s internal and
external memories after a reset. By default, all boot modes use
the slowest meaningful configuration settings. Default settings
can be altered via the initialization code feature at boot time or
by proper OTP programming at pre-boot time. The BMODE
Rev. B
• Boot from SPI0 host device (BMODE = 0x4)—The processor operates in SPI slave mode and is configured to receive
the bytes of the LDR file from an SPI host (master) agent.
In the host, the HWAIT signal must be interrogated by the
| Page 14 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
host before every transmitted byte. A pull-up resistor is
required on the SPI0SS input. A pull-down on the serial
clock may improve signal quality and booting robustness.
• Boot from OTP memory (BMODE = 0x5)—This provides
a stand-alone booting method. The boot stream is loaded
from on-chip OTP memory. By default the boot stream is
expected to start from OTP page 0x40 on and can occupy
all public OTP memory up to page 0xDF. This is 2560
bytes. Since the start page is programmable the maximum
size of the boot stream can be extended to 3072 bytes.
• Boot from SDRAM (BMODE = 0x6)—This is a warm boot
scenario, where the boot kernel starts booting from address
0x0000 0010. The SDRAM is expected to contain a valid
boot stream and the SDRAM controller must be configured
by the OTP settings.
• Boot from UART0 host (BMODE = 0x7)—Using an autobaud handshake sequence, a boot-stream formatted
program is downloaded by the host. The host selects a bit
rate within the UART clocking capabilities.
When performing the autobaud, the UART expects a [email protected]
(0x40) character (eight bits data, one start bit, one stop bit,
no parity bit) on the RX0 signal to determine the bit rate.
The UART then replies with an acknowledgement composed of 4 bytes (0xBF—the value of UART0_DLL and
0x00—the value of UART0_DLH). The host can then
download the boot stream. To hold off the host the Blackfin
processor signals the host with the boot host wait
(HWAIT) signal. Therefore, the host must monitor
HWAIT before every transmitted byte.
For each of the boot modes, a 16-byte header is first read from
an external memory device. The header specifies the number of
bytes to be transferred and the memory destination address.
Multiple memory blocks may be loaded by any boot sequence.
Once all blocks are loaded, program execution commences from
the address stored in the EVT1 register.
Prior to booting, the pre-boot routine interrogates the OTP
memory. Individual boot modes can be customized or even disabled based on OTP programming. External hardware,
especially booting hosts may watch the HWAIT signal to determine when the pre-boot has finished and the boot kernel starts
the boot process. By programming OTP memory, the user can
instruct the preboot routine to also customize the PLL, the
SDRAM Controller, and the Asynchronous Interface.
The boot kernel differentiates between a regular hardware reset
and a wakeup-from-hibernate event to speed up booting in the
later case. Bits 6-4 in the system reset configuration (SYSCR)
register can be used to bypass pre-boot routine and/or boot kernel in case of a software reset. They can also be used to simulate
a wakeup-from-hibernate boot in the software reset case.
The boot process can be further customized by “initialization
code.” This is a piece of code that is loaded and executed prior to
the regular application boot. Typically, this is used to configure
the SDRAM controller or to speed up booting by managing
PLL, clock frequencies, wait states, or serial bit rates.
Rev. B
The boot ROM also features C-callable function entries that can
be called by the user application at run time. This enables second-stage boot or boot management schemes to be
implemented with ease.
INSTRUCTION SET DESCRIPTION
The Blackfin processor family assembly language instruction set
employs an algebraic syntax designed for ease of coding and
readability. The instructions have been specifically tuned to provide a flexible, densely encoded instruction set that compiles to
a very small final memory size. The instruction set also provides
fully featured multifunction instructions that allow the programmer to use many of the processor core resources in a single
instruction. Coupled with many features more often seen on
microcontrollers, this instruction set is very efficient when compiling C and C++ source code. In addition, the architecture
supports both user (algorithm/application code) and supervisor
(O/S kernel, device drivers, debuggers, ISRs) modes of operation, allowing multiple levels of access to core
processor resources.
The assembly language, which takes advantage of the processor’s unique architecture, offers the following advantages:
• Seamlessly integrated DSP/MCU features are optimized for
both 8-bit and 16-bit operations.
• A multi-issue load/store modified-harvard architecture,
which supports two 16-bit MACs or four 8-bit ALUs plus
two load/store plus two pointer updates per cycle.
• All registers, I/O, and memory are mapped into a unified
4G byte memory space, providing a simplified programming model.
• Microcontroller features, such as arbitrary bit and bit-field
manipulation, insertion, and extraction; integer operations
on 8-, 16-, and 32-bit data-types; and separate user and
supervisor stack pointers.
• Code density enhancements, which include intermixing of
16-bit and 32-bit instructions (no mode switching, no code
segregation). Frequently used instructions are encoded
in 16 bits.
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS
The ADSP-BF51x processors are supported with a complete set
of CROSSCORE® software and hardware development tools,
including Analog Devices emulators and VisualDSP++® development environment. The same emulator hardware that
supports other Blackfin processors also fully emulates the
ADSP-BF51x processors. For more information about development tools, visit www.analog.com.
EZ-KIT Lite Evaluation Board
For evaluation of the processors, use the EZ-KIT Lite® board
being developed by Analog Devices. The board comes with onchip emulation capabilities and is equipped to enable software
development. Multiple daughter cards are available.
| Page 15 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
DESIGNING AN EMULATOR-COMPATIBLE
PROCESSOR BOARD (TARGET)
The Application Signal Chains page in the Circuits from the
LabTM site (http://www.analog.com/circuits) provides:
The Analog Devices family of emulators are tools that every system developer needs in order to test and debug hardware and
software systems. Analog Devices has supplied an IEEE 1149.1
JTAG Test Access Port (TAP) on each JTAG processor. The
emulator uses the TAP to access the internal features of the processor, allowing the developer to load code, set breakpoints,
observe variables, observe memory, and examine registers. The
processor must be halted to send data and commands, but once
an operation has been completed by the emulator, the processor
system is set running at full speed with no impact on
system timing.
To use these emulators, the target board must include a header
that connects the processor’s JTAG port to the emulator.
For details on target board design issues including mechanical
layout, single processor connections, multiprocessor scan
chains, signal buffering, signal termination, and emulator pod
logic, see (EE-68) Analog Devices JTAG Emulation Technical
Reference on the Analog Devices website (www.analog.com)—
use site search on “EE-68.” This document is updated regularly
to keep pace with improvements to emulator support.
RELATED DOCUMENTS
The following publications that describe the ADSP-BF512/
ADSP-BF514/ADSP-BF516/ADSP-BF518 processors (and
related processors) can be ordered from any Analog Devices
sales office or accessed electronically on our website:
• Graphical circuit block diagram presentation of signal
chains for a variety of circuit types and applications
• Drill down links for components in each chain to selection
guides and application information
• Reference designs applying best practice design techniques
LOCKBOX SECURE TECHNOLOGY DISCLAIMER
Analog Devices products containing Lockbox Secure Technology are warranted by Analog Devices as detailed in the Analog
Devices Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale. To our knowledge, the Lockbox Secure Technology, when used in accordance
with the data sheet and hardware reference manual specifications, provides a secure method of implementing code and data
safeguards. However, Analog Devices does not guarantee that
this technology provides absolute security. ACCORDINGLY,
ANALOG DEVICES HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL
EXPRESS AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES THAT THE LOCKBOX SECURE TECHNOLOGY CANNOT BE BREACHED,
COMPROMISED, OR OTHERWISE CIRCUMVENTED AND
IN NO EVENT SHALL ANALOG DEVICES BE LIABLE FOR
ANY LOSS, DAMAGE, DESTRUCTION, OR RELEASE OF
DATA, INFORMATION, PHYSICAL PROPERTY, OR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.
• Getting Started With Blackfin Processors
• ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F,
BF518/BF518F Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference
• ADSP-BF53x/BF56x Blackfin Processor Programming
Reference
• ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F,
BF518/BF518F Blackfin Processor Anomaly List
RELATED SIGNAL CHAINS
A signal chain is a series of signal-conditioning electronic components that receive input (data acquired from sampling either
real-time phenomena or from stored data) in tandem, with the
output of one portion of the chain supplying input to the next.
Signal chains are often used in signal processing applications to
gather and process data or to apply system controls based on
analysis of real-time phenomena. For more information about
this term and related topics, see the "signal chain" entry in
Wikipedia or the Glossary of EE Terms on the Analog Devices
website.
Analog Devices eases signal processing system development by
providing signal processing components that are designed to
work together well. A tool for viewing relationships between
specific applications and related components is available on the
www.analog.com website.
Rev. B
| Page 16 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
SIGNAL DESCRIPTIONS
The processors’ signal definitions are listed in Table 7. In order
to maintain maximum function and reduce package size and
signal count, some signals have dual, multiplexed functions. In
cases where signal function is reconfigurable, the default state is
shown in plain text, while the alternate function is shown in
italics.
All pins are three-stated during and immediately after reset,
with the exception of the external memory interface, asynchronous and synchronous memory control, and the buffered XTAL
output pin (CLKBUF). On the external memory interface, the
control and address lines are driven high, with the exception of
CLKOUT, which toggles at the system clock rate. During hibernate all outputs are three-stated unless otherwise noted in
Table 7.
All I/O signals have their input buffers disabled with the exception of the signals noted in the data sheet that need pull-ups or
pull downs if unused.
The SDA (serial data) and SCL (serial clock) pins/balls are open
drain and therefore require a pullup resistor. Consult version
2.1 of the I2C specification for the proper resistor value.
It is strongly advised to use the available IBIS models to ensure
that a given board design meets overshoot/undershoot and signal integrity requirements. If no IBIS simulation is performed, it
is strongly recommended to add series resistor terminations for
all Driver Types A, C and D. The termination resistors should
be placed near the processor to reduce transients and improve
signal integrity. The resistance value, typically 33 Ω or 47 Ω,
should be chosen to match the average board trace impedance.
Additionally, adding a parallel termination to CLKOUT may
prove useful in further enhancing signal integrity. Be sure to
verify overshoot/undershoot and signal integrity specifications
on actual hardware.
Table 7. Signal Descriptions
Type Function
Driver
Type1
ADDR19–1
O
Address Bus
A
DATA15–0
I/O
Data Bus
A
Signal Name
EBIU
ABE1–0/SDQM1–0
O
Byte Enable or Data Mask
A
AMS1–0
O
Asynchronous Memory Bank Selects (Require pull-ups if hibernate is used)
A
ARE
O
Asynchronous Memory Read Enable
A
AWE
O
Asynchronous Memory Write Enable
A
SRAS
O
SDRAM Row Address Strobe
A
SCAS
O
SDRAM Column Address Strobe
A
SWE
O
SDRAM Write Enable
A
SCKE
O
SDRAM Clock Enable (Requires a pull-down if hibernate with SDRAM self-refresh A
is used)
CLKOUT
O
SDRAM Clock Output
B
SA10
O
SDRAM A10 Signal
A
SMS
O
SDRAM Bank Select
A
PF0/ETxD2/PPI D0/SPI1SEL2/TACLK6
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Transmit D2/PPI Data 0/SPI1 Slave Select 2/Timer6 Alternate
Clock
C
PF1/ERxD2/PPI D1/PWM AH/TACLK7
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive D2/PPI Data 1/PWM AH Output/Timer7 Alternate Clock C
PF2/ETxD3/PPI D2/PWM AL
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet Transmit D3/PPI Data 2/PWM AL Output
PF3/ERxD3/PPI D3/PWM BH/TACLK0
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Data Receive D3/PPI Data 3/PWM BH Output/Timer0 Alternate C
Clock
PF4/ERxCLK/PPI D4/PWM BL/TACLK1
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive Clock/PPI Data 4/PWM BL Out/Timer1 Alternate CLK
C
PF5/ERxDV/PPI D5/PWM CH/TACI0
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive Data Valid/PPI Data 5/PWM CH Out
/Timer0 Alternate Capture Input
C
PF6/COL/PPI D6/PWM CL/TACI1
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Collision/PPI Data 6/PWM CL Out/Timer1 Alternate Capture Input C
PF7/SPI0SEL1/PPI D7/PWMSYNC
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Slave Select 1/PPI Data 7/PWM Sync
Port F: GPIO and Multiplexed Peripherals
Rev. B
| Page 17 of 68 | January 2011
C
C
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 7. Signal Descriptions
Signal Name
Type Function
Driver
Type1
PF8/MDC/PPI D8/SPI1SEL4
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet Management Channel Clock/PPI Data 8/SPI1 Slave Select 4
C
PF9/MDIO/PPI D9/TMR2
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet Management Channel Serial Data/PPI Data 9/Timer 2
C
PF10/ETxD0/PPI D10/TMR3
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Transmit D0/PPI Data 10/Timer 3
C
PF11/ERxD0/PPI D11/PWM AH/TACI3
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive D0/PPI Data 11/PWM AH output
/Timer3 Alternate Capture Input
C
PF12/ETxD1/PPI D12/PWM AL
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Transmit D1/PPI Data 12/PWM AL Output
C
PF13/ERxD1/PPI D13/PWM BH
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Receive D1/PPI Data 13/PWM BH Output
C
PF14/ETxEN/PPI D14/PWM BL
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Transmit Enable/PPI Data 14/PWM BL Out
C
PF152/RMII PHYINT/PPI D15/PWM_SYNCA
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII PHY Interrupt/PPI Data 15/Alternate PWM Sync
C
PG0/MIICRS/RMIICRS/HWAIT 3/SPI1SEL3
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Carrier Sense or RMII Data Valid/HWAIT/SPI1 Slave Select3 C
PG1/ERxER/DMAR1/PWM CH
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Receive Error/DMA Req 1/PWM CH Out
C
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Reference Clock/DMA Req 0/PWM CL Out
C
Port G: GPIO and Multiplexed Peripherals
PG2/MIITxCLK/RMIIREF_CLK/DMAR0/PWM CL I/O
PG3/DR0PRI/RSI_DATA0/SPI0SEL5/TACLK3
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Primary Rx Data/RSI Data 0/SPI0 Slave Select 5/Timer3 Alternate CLK C
PG4/RSCLK0/RSI_DATA1/TMR5/TACI5
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Rx Clock/RSI Data 1/Timer 5/Timer5 Alternate Capture Input
D
PG5/RFS0/RSI_DATA2/PPICLK/TMRCLK
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Rx Frame Sync/RSI Data 2/PPI Clock/External Timer Reference
C
PG6/TFS0/RSI_DATA3/TMR0/PPIFS1
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Tx Frame Sync/RSI Data 3/Timer0/PPI Frame Sync1
C
PG7/DT0PRI/RSI_CMD/TMR1/PPIFS2
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Tx Primary Data/RSI Command/Timer 1/PPI Frame Sync2
C
PG8/TSCLK0/RSI_CLK/TMR6/TACI6
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Tx Clock/RSI Clock/Timer 6/Timer6 Alternate Capture Input
D
PG9/DT0SEC/UART0TX/TMR4
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Secondary Tx Data/UART0 Transmit/Timer 4
C
PG10/DR0SEC/UART0RX/TACI4
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Secondary Rx Data/UART0 Receive/Timer4 Alternate Capture Input C
PG11/SPI0SS/AMS2/SPI1SEL5/TACLK2
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Slave Device Select/Asynchronous Memory Bank Select 2/SPI1 Slave
Select 5/Timer2 Alternate CLK
C
PG12/SPI0SCK/PPICLK/TMRCLK/PTP_PPS
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Clock/PPI Clock/External Timer Reference/PTP Pulse Per Second Out
D
PG13/SPI0MISO4/TMR0/PPIFS1/
PTP_CLKOUT
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Master In Slave Out/Timer0/PPI Frame Sync1/PTP Clock Out
C
PG14/SPI0MOSI/TMR1/PPIFS2/PWM TRIP
/PTP_AUXIN
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Master Out Slave In/Timer 1/PPI Frame Sync2/PWM Trip/PTP Auxiliary
Snapshot Trigger Input
C
PG15/SPI0SEL2/PPIFS3/AMS3
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Slave Select 2/PPI Frame Sync3/Asynchronous Memory Bank Select 3
C
PH0/DR1PRI/SPI1SS/RSI_DATA4
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Primary Rx Data/SPI1 Device Select/RSI Data 4
C
PH1/RFS1/SPI1MISO/RSI_DATA5
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Rx Frame Sync/SPI1 Master In Slave Out/RSI Data 5
C
PH2/RSCLK1/SPI1SCK/RSI DATA6
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Rx Clock/SPI1 Clock/RSI Data 6
D
Port H: GPIO and Multiplexed Peripherals
PH3/DT1PRI/SPI1MOSI/RSI DATA7
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Primary Tx Data/SPI1 Master Out Slave In/RSI Data 7
C
PH4/TFS1/AOE/SPI0SEL3/CUD
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Tx Frame Sync/Asynchronous Memory Output Enable/SPI0 Slave
Select 3/Counter Up Direction
C
PH5/TSCLK1/ARDY/PTP_EXT_CLKIN/CDG
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Tx Clock/Asynchronous Memory Hardware Ready Control/
External Clock for PTP TSYNC/Counter Down Gate
D
PH6/DT1SEC/UART1TX/SPI1SEL1/CZM
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Secondary Tx Data/UART1 Transmit/SPI1 Slave Select 1
/Counter Zero Marker
C
PH7/DR1SEC/UART1RX/TMR7/TACI2
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Secondary Rx Data/UART1 Receive/Timer 7/Timer2 Alternate Clock C
Input
Rev. B
| Page 18 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 7. Signal Descriptions
Signal Name
Type Function
Driver
Type1
Port J
PJ0:SCL
E
I/O 5V TWI Serial Clock (This signal is an open-drain output and requires a pull-up
resistor. Consult version 2.1 of the I2C specification for the proper resistor value.)
PJ1:SDA
E
I/O 5V TWI Serial Data (This signal is an open-drain output and requires a pull-up
resistor. Consult version 2.1 of the I2C specification for the proper resistor value.)
Real Time Clock
RTXI
I
RTC Crystal Input (This ball should be pulled low when not used.)
RTXO
O
RTC Crystal Output (Does not three-state during hibernate)
TCK
I
JTAG Clock
TDO
O
JTAG Serial Data Out
TDI
I
JTAG Serial Data In
JTAG Port
TMS
I
JTAG Mode Select
TRST
I
JTAG Reset (This signal should be pulled low if the JTAG port is not used.)
EMU
O
Emulation Output
C
C
Clock
CLKIN
I
Clock/Crystal Input
XTAL
O
Crystal Output (If CLKBUF is enabled, does not three-state during hibernate)
CLKBUF
O
Buffered XTAL Output (If enabled, does not three-state during hibernate)
RESET
I
Reset
NMI
I
Non-maskable Interrupt (This signal should be pulled high when not used.)
BMODE2-0
I
Boot Mode Strap 2-0
PG
I
Power Good (This signal should be pulled low when not used.)
EXT_WAKE
O
Wake up Indication (Does not three-state during hibernate)
C
Mode Controls
Voltage Regulation Interface
Power Supplies
C
ALL SUPPLIES MUST BE POWERED See Operating Conditions on Page 20.
VDDEXT
P
I/O Power Supply
VDDINT
P
Internal Power Supply
VDDRTC
P
Real Time Clock Power Supply
VDDFLASH
P
Internal SPI Flash Power Supply
VDDMEM
P
MEM Power Supply
VPPOTP
P
OTP Programming Voltage
VDDOTP
P
OTP Power Supply
GND
G
Ground for All Supplies
1
See Output Drive Currents on Page 50 for more information about each driver type.
When driven low, the PF15 signal can be used to wake up the processor from the hibernate state, either in normal GPIO mode or in Ethernet mode as PHYINT. If the pin/ball
is used for wake up, enable the feature with the PHYWE bit in the VR_CTL register, and pull-up the signal with a resistor.
3
Boot host wait is a GPIO signal toggled by the boot kernel. The mandatory external pull-up/pull-down resistor defines the signal polarity.
4
A pull-up resistor is required for the boot from external SPI EEPROM or flash (BMODE = 0x3).
2
Rev. B
| Page 19 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
SPECIFICATIONS
Note that component specifications are subject to change
without notice.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Parameter
VDDINT Internal Supply Voltage
Internal Supply Voltage
Conditions
Industrial Models
Commercial Models
Min
1.14
1.10
Internal Supply Voltage
Automotive Models
1.33
1.8 V I/O, Nonautomotive Models
2.5 V I/O, Nonautomotive Models
1.7
2.25
VDDEXT1, 2 External Supply Voltage
External Supply Voltage
External Supply Voltage
VDDMEM3 MEM Supply Voltage
MEM Supply Voltage
MEM Supply Voltage
VDDRTC4 RTC Power Supply Voltage
VDDFLASH4 Internal SPI Flash Supply
Voltage
VDDOTP OTP Supply Voltage
VPPOTP OTP Programming Voltage
For Reads1
For Writes5
VIH
High Level Input Voltage6, 7
High Level Input Voltage6, 7
High Level Input Voltage6, 7
VIHTWI
High Level Input Voltage
VIL
Low Level Input Voltage6, 7
Low Level Input Voltage6, 7
Low Level Input Voltage6, 7
VILTWI
Low Level Input Voltage
Junction Temperature
Junction Temperature
Junction Temperature
Junction Temperature
Nominal
1.8
2.5
Max
1.47
1.47
Unit
V
V
1.47
V
1.9
2.75
V
V
3.3 V I/O, All Models
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
1.8 V I/O, Nonautomotive Models
2.5 V I/O, Nonautomotive Models
1.7
2.25
1.8
2.5
1.9
2.75
V
V
3.3 V I/O, All Models
3.0
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 1.90 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 2.75 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 3.6 V
VDDEXT = 1.90 V/2.75 V/3.6 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 1.7 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 2.25 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 3.0 V
VDDEXT = Minimum
168-Ball CSP_BGA @ TAMBIENT = 0°C to +70°C
168-Ball CSP_BGA @ TAMBIENT = –40°C to +85°C
176-Lead LQFP @ TAMBIENT = 0°C to +70°C
176-Lead LQFP @ TAMBIENT = –40°C to +85°C
3.3
3.6
V
2.25
1.7
1.8
3.6
1.9
V
V
2.25
2.5
2.75
V
2.25
2.5
6.9
7.0
1.2
1.7
2
0.7 x VBUSTWI
2.75
7.1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
°C
°C
°C
°C
0
–40
0
–40
1
VBUSTWI8
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.3 x VBUSTWI9
+95
+105
+95
+105
Must remain powered (even if the associated function is not used).
VDDEXT is the supply to the GPIO.
3
Pins/balls that use VDDMEM are DATA15–0, ADDR19–1, ABE1–0, ARE, AWE, AMS1–0, SA10, SWE, SCAS, CLKOUT, SRAS, SMS, SCKE. These pins/balls are not tolerant
to voltages higher than VDDMEM. When using any of the asynchronous memory signals AMS3–2, ARDY, or AOE VDDMEM and VDDEXT must be shorted externally.
4
If not used, power with VDDEXT.
5
The VPPOTP voltage for writes must only be applied when programming OTP memory. There is a finite amount of cumulative time that this voltage may be applied (dependent
on voltage and junction temperature) over the lifetime of the part.
6
Bidirectional pins/balls (PF15–0, PG15–0, PH7–0) and input pins/balls (RTXI, TCK, TDI, TMS, TRST, CLKIN, RESET, NMI, and BMODE2–0) of the ADSP-BF51x are
3.3 V tolerant (always accept up to 3.6 V maximum VIH). Voltage compliance (on outputs, VOH) is limited by the VDDEXT supply voltage.
7
Parameter value applies to all input and bidirectional pins/balls except SDA and SCL.
8
The VIHTWI min and max value vary with the selection in the TWI_DT field of the NONGPIO_DRIVE register. See VBUSTWI min and max values in Table 8.
9
SDA and SCL are pulled up to VBUSTWI. See Table 8.
2
Rev. B
| Page 20 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 8 shows settings for TWI_DT in the NONGPIO_DRIVE
register. Set this register prior to using the TWI port.
Table 8. TWI_DT Field Selections and VDDEXT/VBUSTWI
TWI_DT
000 (default)
001
010
011
100
101
110
111 (reserved)
VDDEXT Nominal
3.3
1.8
2.5
1.8
3.3
1.8
2.5
—
VBUSTWI Minimum
2.97
1.7
2.97
2.97
4.5
2.25
2.25
—
VBUSTWI Nominal
3.3
1.8
3.3
3.3
5
2.5
2.5
—
VBUSTWI Maximum
3.63
1.98
3.63
3.63
5.5
2.75
2.75
—
Unit
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
—
Clock Related Operating Conditions
Table 9 describes the timing requirements for the processor
clocks. Take care in selecting MSEL, SSEL, and CSEL ratios so as
not to exceed the maximum core clock and system clock.
Table 10 describes phase-locked loop operating conditions.
Table 9. Core Clock (CCLK) Requirements
Parameter
fCCLK
Nominal
Voltage Setting
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT =1.33 V Minimum, All Models)
1.400 V
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT =1.23 V Minimum, Industrial/Commercial Models)
1.300 V
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = 1.14 V Minimum, Industrial Models Only)
1.200 V
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = 1.10 V Minimum, Commercial Models Only)
1.150 V
Maximum
400
300
200
200
Unit
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
Table 10. Phase-Locked Loop Operating Conditions
Parameter
fVCO
1
Min
Max
Unit
1
MHz
MHz
Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) Frequency
(Commercial/Industrial Models)
72
Instruction Rate
Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) Frequency
(Automotive Models)
84
Instruction Rate1
For more information, see Ordering Guide on Page 65.
Table 11. SCLK Conditions
Parameter1
VDDEXT/VDDMEM
1.8 V Nominal
VDDEXT/VDDMEM
2.5 V or 3.3 V Nominal
Max
Max
Unit
fSCLK
CLKOUT/SCLK Frequency (VDDINT ≥ 1.230 V
Minimum)
80
100
MHz
fSCLK
CLKOUT/SCLK Frequency (VDDINT < 1.230 V)
80
80
MHz
1
fSCLK must be less than or equal to fCCLK and is subject to additional restrictions for SDRAM interface operation. See Table 28 on Page 31.
Rev. B
| Page 21 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
Test Conditions
Min
High Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 1.7 V,
IOH = –0.5 mA
1.35
V
High Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 2.25 V,
IOH = –0.5 mA
2
V
High Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 3.0 V,
IOH = –0.5 mA
2.4
V
VOL
Low Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM =
1.7/2.25/3.0 V,
IOL = 2.0 mA
0.4
V
IIH1
High Level Input Current
VDDEXT /VDDMEM =3.6 V,
VIN = 3.6 V
10
μA
Low Level Input Current
VDDEXT /VDDMEM =3.6 V, VIN = 0 V
10
μA
High Level Input Current JTAG VDDEXT = 3.6 V, VIN = 3.6 V
75
μA
IOZH3
Three-State Leakage Current
VDDEXT /VDDMEM= 3.6 V,
VIN = 3.6 V
10
μA
IOZHTWI4
Three-State Leakage Current
VDDEXT =3.0 V, VIN = 5.5 V
10
μA
IOZL3
10
μA
8
pF
15
pF
VOH
IIL1
IIHP
2
Typical
Max
Unit
Three-State Leakage Current
VDDEXT /VDDMEM= 3.6 V, VIN = 0 V
5, 6
Input Capacitance
fIN = 1 MHz, TAMBIENT = 25°C,
VIN = 2.5 V
CINTWI4, 6
Input Capacitance
fIN = 1 MHz, TAMBIENT = 25°C,
VIN = 2.5 V
IDDDEEPSLEEP7
VDDINT Current in Deep Sleep
Mode
VDDINT = 1.3 V, fCCLK = 0 MHz,
fSCLK = 0 MHz, TJ = 25°C,
ASF = 0.00
2.1
mA
IDDSLEEP
VDDINT Current in Sleep Mode
VDDINT = 1.3 V, fSCLK = 25 MHz,
TJ = 25°C
5.5
mA
IDD-IDLE
VDDINT Current in Idle
VDDINT = 1.3 V, fCCLK = 50 MHz,
fSCLK = 25 MHz, TJ = 25°C,
ASF = 0.41
12
mA
IDD-TYP
VDDINT Current
VDDINT = 1.3 V, fCCLK = 300 MHz,
fSCLK = 25 MHz, TJ = 25°C,
ASF = 1.00
77
mA
IDD-TYP
VDDINT Current
VDDINT = 1.4 V, fCCLK = 400 MHz,
fSCLK = 25 MHz, TJ = 25°C,
ASF = 1.00
108
mA
IDDHIBERNATE8
Hibernate State Current
VDDEXT =VDDMEM =VDDRTC = 3.30
VVDDOTP =VPPOTP =2.5 V,
TJ = 25°C, CLKIN = 0 MHz @ TJ
= 25°C
40
μA
IDDRTC
VDDRTC Current
VDDRTC = 3.3 V, TJ = 25°C
20
μA
VDDINT Current in Sleep Mode
fCCLK = 0 MHz, fSCLK > 0 MHz
Table 13 +
(0.20 × VDDINT × fSCLK)
mA10
IDDDEEPSLEEP8, 10 VDDINT Current in Deep Sleep
Mode
fCCLK = 0 MHz, fSCLK = 0 MHz
Table 13
mA
CIN
IDDSLEEP
8, 9
Rev. B
| Page 22 of 68 | January 2011
5
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Parameter
IDDINT
10, 11
Test Conditions
VDDINT Current
Min
Typical
fCCLK> 0 MHz, fSCLK ≥ 0 MHz
Max
Unit
Table 13 +
(Table 14 × ASF) +
(0.20 × VDDINT × fSCLK)
mA
IDDFLASH1
Flash Memory Supply Current 1
—Asynchronous Read
10
6
mA
IDDFLASH2
Flash Memory Supply Current 2
—Standby
4
12
μA
IDDFLASH3
Flash Memory Supply Current 3
—Program and Erase
11
16
mA
IDDOTP
VDDOTP Current
VDDOTP = 2.5 V, TJ = 25°C,
OTP Memory Read
2
mA
IDDOTP
VDDOTP Current
VDDOTP = 2.5 V, TJ = 25°C,
OTP Memory Write
2
mA
IPPOTP
VPPOTP Current
VPPOTP = 2.5 V, TJ = 25°C,
OTP Memory Read
100
μA
IPPOTP
VPPOTP Current
VPPOTP = Table 19 V, TJ = 25°C,
OTP Memory Write
3
mA
1
Applies to input balls.
Applies to JTAG input balls (TCK, TDI, TMS, TRST).
3
Applies to three-statable balls.
4
Applies to bidirectional balls SCL and SDA.
5
Applies to all signal balls, except SCL and SDA.
6
Guaranteed, but not tested.
7
See the ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference Manual for definition of sleep, deep sleep, and hibernate operating modes.
8
Includes current on VDDEXT, VDDMEM, VDDOTP, and VPPOTP supplies. Clock inputs are tied high or low.
9
Guaranteed maximum specifications.
10
Unit for VDDINT is V (Volts). Unit for fSCLK is MHz.
11
See Table 12 for the list of IDDINT power vectors covered.
2
The ASF is combined with the CCLK Frequency and VDDINT
dependent data in Table 14 to calculate this part. The second
part is due to transistor switching in the system clock (SCLK)
domain, which is included in the IDDINT specification equation.
Total Power Dissipation
Total power dissipation has two components:
1. Static, including leakage current
2. Dynamic, due to transistor switching characteristics
Many operating conditions can also affect power dissipation,
including temperature, voltage, operating frequency, and processor activity. Electrical Characteristics on Page 22 shows the
current dissipation for internal circuitry (VDDINT). IDDDEEPSLEEP
specifies static power dissipation as a function of voltage
(VDDINT) and temperature (see Table 13), and IDDINT specifies the
total power specification for the listed test conditions, including
the dynamic component as a function of voltage (VDDINT) and
frequency (Table 14).
There are two parts to the dynamic component. The first part is
due to transistor switching in the core clock (CCLK) domain.
This part is subject to an Activity Scaling Factor (ASF) which
represents application code running on the processor core and
L1 memories (Table 12).
Rev. B
Table 12. Activity Scaling Factors (ASF)1
IDDINT Power Vector
IDD-PEAK
IDD-HIGH
IDD-TYP
IDD-APP
IDD-NOP
IDD-IDLE
1
Activity Scaling Factor (ASF)
1.29
1.25
1.00
0.85
0.70
0.41
See Estimating Power for ASDP-BF534/BF536/BF537 Blackfin Processors
(EE-297). The power vector information also applies to the ADSP-BF51x
processors.
| Page 23 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 13. Static Current—IDD-DEEPSLEEP (mA)
1
TJ (°C)
–40
–20
0
25
40
55
70
85
100
105
1
1.10 V
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.8
2.4
3.3
4.6
6.5
9.2
10.3
1.15 V
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.9
2.6
3.5
5.0
7.1
10.0
11.1
1.20 V
1.0
1.2
1.4
2.1
2.8
3.8
5.4
7.7
10.8
12.1
1.25 V
1.1
1.3
1.6
2.3
3.0
4.3
6.0
8.3
11.7
13.1
Voltage (VDDINT)1
1.30 V
1.35 V
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.5
2.8
3.3
3.7
4.6
5.0
6.4
7.0
9.1
9.9
12.7
13.7
14.2
15.3
1.40 V
1.3
1.7
2.2
3.1
4.0
5.5
7.7
10.8
15.0
16.6
1.45 V
1.7
1.9
2.3
3.3
4.4
6.1
8.4
11.8
16.1
18.0
1.50 V
1.9
2.0
2.5
3.7
4.9
6.7
9.2
12.8
17.5
19.4
1.40 V
102.1
90.1
78.1
66.1
54.1
42.1
30.1
1.45 V
106.5
94.0
81.5
69.0
56.5
44.0
31.5
1.50 V
111.0
98.0
85.0
71.9
58.9
45.9
33.0
Valid frequency and voltage ranges are model-specific. See Operating Conditions on Page 20.
Table 14. Dynamic Current in CCLK Domain (mA, with ASF = 1.0)1
fCCLK
(MHz)2
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
1
2
1.10 V
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
40.2
31.1
22.0
1.15 V
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
42.5
32.9
23.4
1.20 V
N/A
N/A
64.8
54.8
44.7
34.7
24.7
1.25 V
N/A
N/A
68.1
57.5
47.0
36.5
26.0
Voltage (VDDINT)2
1.30 V
1.35 V
93.4
97.7
82.4
86.2
71.4
74.7
60.4
63.2
49.4
51.7
38.4
40.2
27.4
28.7
The values are not guaranteed as standalone maximum specifications. They must be combined with static current per the equations of Electrical Characteristics on Page 22.
Valid frequency and voltage ranges are model-specific. See Operating Conditions on Page 20.
FLASH MEMORY CHARACTERISTICS
Table 15. Reliability Characteristics
Parameter
Endurance
NEND
TDR
Data Retention
Min
100,000
100
Units
Cycles
Years
Test Method
JEDEC Standard A117
JEDEC Standard A103
Table 16. AC Operating Characteristics
Parameter
Serial Clock Frequency
fCLK1
Sector-Erase
TSE
TBE
Block-Erase
Chip-Erase
TSCE
2
Byte-Program
TBP
1
2
Min
Maximum clock frequency for Read instruction, 0x03, is 20 MHz.
AAI-Word Program TBP maximum specification is also at 60 μs maximum time.
Rev. B
| Page 24 of 68 | January 2011
Max
25
75
75
150
60
Units
MHz
ms
ms
ms
μs
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 19. Maximum OTP Memory Programming Time
Stresses greater than those listed in Table 17 may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only.
Functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions greater than those indicated in the operational sections of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum
rating conditions for extended periods may affect device
reliability.
Table 17. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Rating
Internal Supply Voltage (VDDINT)
–0.3 V to +1.50 V
External (I/O) Supply Voltage
(VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
–0.3 V to +3.8 V
Input Voltage1, 2
–0.5 V to +3.6 V
Input Voltage1, 3
–0.5 V to +5.5 V
Output Voltage Swing
–0.5 V to
VDDEXT/VDDMEM +0.5 V
IOH/IOL Current per Pin Group4
80 mA (max)
Storage Temperature Range
–65°C to +150°C
Junction Temperature While biased
+110°C
Applies to 100% transient duty cycle. For other duty cycles see Table 18.
Applies only when VDDEXT is within specifications. When VDDEXT is outside specifications, the range is VDDEXT ± 0.2.
3
Applies to signals SCL, SDA.
4
For more information, see the information preceding Table 20 and Table 21.
2
Table 18. Maximum Duty Cycle for Input Transient Voltage1
VIN Max (V)2
Maximum Duty Cycle3
–0.50
+3.80
100%
–0.70
+4.00
40%
–0.80
+4.10
25%
–0.90
+4.20
15%
–1.00
+4.30
10%
VPPOTP
Voltage (V)
25°C
85°C
110°C
6.9
6000 sec
100 sec
25 sec
7.0
2400 sec
44 sec
12 sec
7.1
1000 sec
18 sec
4.5 sec
Table 20 and Table 21 specify the maximum total source/sink
(IOH/IOL) current for a group of pins. Permanent damage can
occur if this value is exceeded. To understand this specification,
if pins PF9, PF8, PF7, PF6, and PF5 from Group 1 in Table 21
table were sourcing or sinking 2 mA each, the total current for
those pins would be 10 mA. This would allow up to 70 mA total
that could be sourced or sunk by the remaining pins in the
group without damaging the device. Note that the VOH and VOL
specifications have separate per-pin maximum current requirements as shown in the Electrical Characteristics table.
Table 20. Total Current Pin Groups–VDDMEM Groups
1
VIN Min (V)2
Temperature
Group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Pins in Group
DATA15, DATA14, DATA13, DATA12, DATA11, DATA10
DATA9, DATA8, DATA7, DATA6, DATA5, DATA4
DATA3, DATA2, DATA1, DATA0, ADDR19, ADDR18
ADDR17, ADDR16, ADDR15, ADDR14, ADDR13
ADDR12, ADDR11, ADDR10, ADDR9, ADDR8, ADDR7
ADDR6, ADDR5, ADDR4, ADDR3, ADDR2, ADDR1
ABE1, ABE0, SA10, SWE, SCAS, SRAS
SMS, SCKE, AMS1, ARE, AWE, AMS0, CLKOUT
Table 21. Total Current Pin Groups–VDDEXT Groups
1
Applies to all signal pins/balls with the exception of CLKIN, XTAL.
2
The individual values cannot be combined for analysis of a single instance of
overshoot or undershoot. The worst case observed value must fall within one of
the voltages specified and the total duration of the overshoot or undershoot
(exceeding the 100% case) must be less than or equal to the corresponding duty
cycle.
3
Duty cycle refers to the percentage of time the signal exceeds the value for the
100% case. The is equivalent to the measured duration of a single instance of
overshoot or undershoot as a percentage of the period of occurrence.
Group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Pins in Group
PF9, PF8, PF7, PF6, PF5, PF4, PF3, PF2
PF1, PF0, PG15, PG14, PG13, PG12, PG11, PG10
PG9, PG8, PG7, PG6, PG5, PG4, PG3, PG2, BMODE0,
BMODE1, BMODE2
PG1, PG0, TDO, EMU, TDI, TCK, TRST, TMS
RESET, NMI, CLKBUF
PH7, PH6, PH5, PH4, PH3, PH2, PH1, PH0
PF15, PF14, PF13, PF12, PF11, SDA, SCL, PF10
When programming OTP memory on the ADSP-BF51x processor, the VPPOTP pin/ball must be set to the write value specified in
the Operating Conditions on Page 20. There is a finite amount
of cumulative time that the write voltage may be applied
(dependent on voltage and junction temperature) to VPPOTP over
the lifetime of the part. Therefore, maximum OTP memory programming time for the processor is shown in Table 19.
Rev. B
| Page 25 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
PACKAGE INFORMATION
The information presented in Figure 6 and Table 22 provides
details about the package branding for the processor. For a complete listing of product availability, see Ordering Guide on
Page 65.
a
ADSP-BF51x
tppZccc
vvvvvv.x n.n
#yyww country_of_origin
B
Figure 6. Product Information on Package
Table 22. Package Brand Information
Brand Key
Field Description
ADSP-BF51x
Product Name
t
Temperature Range
pp
Package Type
Z
Lead Free Option
ccc
See Ordering Guide
vvvvvv.x
Assembly Lot Code
n.n
Silicon Revision
#
RoHS Compliance Designator
yyww
Date Code
ESD SENSITIVITY
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device.
Charged devices and circuit boards can discharge
without detection. Although this product features
patented or proprietary protection circuitry, damage
may occur on devices subjected to high energy ESD.
Therefore, proper ESD precautions should be taken to
avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
Rev. B
| Page 26 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
Clock and Reset Timing
Table 23 and Figure 7 describe clock and reset operations. Per
the CCLK and SCLK timing specifications in Table 9 , Table 10,
and Table 11 on Page 21, combinations of CLKIN and clock
multipliers must not select core/peripheral clocks in excess of
the processor’s speed grade.
Table 23. Clock and Reset Timing
Parameter
Timing Requirements
CLKIN Frequency (Commercial/Industrial Models1, 2, 3, 4
fCKIN
fCKIN
CLKIN Frequency (Automotive Models)1, 2, 3, 4
tCKINL
CLKIN Low Pulse1
tCKINH
CLKIN High Pulse1
tWRST
RESET Asserted Pulse Width Low5
Switching Characteristic
tBUFDLAY
CLKIN to CLKBUF Delay
Min
Max
Unit
12
14
10
10
11 × tCKIN
50
50
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
ns
11
ns
1
Applies to PLL bypass mode and PLL nonbypass mode.
Combinations of the CLKIN frequency and the PLL clock multiplier must not exceed the allowed fVCO, fCCLK, and fSCLK settings discussed in Table 9 through Table 11 on Page 21.
3
The tCKIN period (see Figure 7) equals 1/fCKIN.
4
If the DF bit in the PLL_CTL register is set, the minimum fCKIN specification is 24 MHz for commercial/industrial models and 28 MHz for automotive models.
5
Applies after power-up sequence is complete. See Table 24 and Figure 8 for power-up reset timing.
2
tCKIN
CLKIN
tCKINL
tBUFDLAY
tCKINH
tBUFDLAY
CLKBUF
tWRST
RESET
Figure 7. Clock and Reset Timing
Table 24. Power-Up Reset Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tRST_IN_PWR
RESET Deasserted after the VDDINT, VDDEXT, VDDRTC, VDDMEM, VDDOTP, and CLKIN Pins are
Stable and Within Specification
Rev. B
| Page 27 of 68 | January 2011
3500 × tCKIN
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
tRST_IN_PWR
RESET
CLKIN
V
DD_SUPPLIES
Figure 8. Power-Up Reset Timing
Flash Reset Timing
Driving the RESET pin low resets the Flash device. Driving the
RESET pin high puts the device in normal operating mode. The
SO pin is in high impedance state while the device is in reset. A
successful reset will reset the status register to its power-up state.
See Table 25 for default power-up modes. A device reset during
an active Program or Erase operation aborts the operation and
data of the targeted address range may be corrupted or lost due
to the aborted erase or program operation. The device exits AAI
Programming Mode in progress and places the SO pin in high
impedance state.
Table 25. RESET Timing
Parameter
Timing Requirements
Reset Recovery from Read
tRECR
Reset Recovery from Program
tRECP
fRECE
Reset Recovery from Erase
Min
SCK
tRECR
tRECP
tRECE
RST
CE
Figure 9. Flash Reset Timing
Rev. B
| Page 28 of 68 | January 2011
Max
Unit
100
10
1
ns
μs
ms
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Asynchronous Memory Read Cycle Timing
Table 26. Asynchronous Memory Read Cycle Timing
VDDMEM
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
VDDMEM
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSDAT
DATA15–0 Setup Before CLKOUT
2.1
2.1
ns
tHDAT
tSARDY
DATA15–0 Hold After CLKOUT
1.2
0.8
ns
ARDY Setup Before CLKOUT
4
4
ns
tHARDY
ARDY Hold After CLKOUT
0.2
0.2
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDO
Output Delay After CLKOUT1
tHO
1
1
Output Hold After CLKOUT
6
6
0.8
0.8
ns
Output pins/balls include AMS3–0, ABE1–0, ADDR19–1, AOE, ARE.
SETUP
2 CYCLES
PROGRAMMED READ
ACCESS 4 CYCLES
ACCESS EXTENDED
3 CYCLES
HOLD
1 CYCLE
CLKOUT
tDO
tHO
AMSx
ABE1–0
ADDR19–1
AOE
tDO
tHO
ARE
tSARDY
tHARDY
ARDY
tSARDY
tHARDY
DATA 15–0
Figure 10. Asynchronous Memory Read Cycle Timing
Rev. B
| Page 29 of 68 | January 2011
tSDAT
tHDAT
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Asynchronous Memory Write Cycle Timing
Table 27. Asynchronous Memory Write Cycle Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSARDY
ARDY Setup Before CLKOUT
4
ns
tHARDY
ARDY Hold After CLKOUT
0.2
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDDAT
DATA15–0 Disable After CLKOUT
tENDAT
DATA15–0 Enable After CLKOUT
0
1
tDO
Output Delay After CLKOUT
tHO
Output Hold After CLKOUT 1
1
6
Output pins/balls include AMS3–0, ABE1–0, ADDR19–1, DATA15–0, AOE, AWE.
PROGRAMMED
WRITE
ACCESS
ACCESS
EXTEND HOLD
2 CYCLES
1 CYCLE 1 CYCLE
SETUP
2 CYCLES
CLKOUT
tDO
tHO
AMSx
ABE1–0
ADDR19–1
tHO
tDO
AWE
tSARDY
tHARDY
ARDY
tENDAT
ns
6
0.8
tSARDY
tHARDY
tDDAT
DATA 15–0
Figure 11. Asynchronous Memory Write Cycle Timing
Rev. B
| Page 30 of 68 | January 2011
ns
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
SDRAM Interface Timing
Table 28. SDRAM Interface Timing
VDDMEM
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
VDDMEM
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSSDAT
Data Setup Before CLKOUT
1.5
1.5
ns
tHSDAT
Data Hold After CLKOUT
1.3
0.8
ns
12.5
10
ns
5
4
ns
5
4
ns
Switching Characteristics
tSCLK
CLKOUT Period1
tSCLKH
CLKOUT Width High
tSCLKL
CLKOUT Width Low
2
tDCAD
Command, Address, Data Delay After CLKOUT
tHCAD
Command, Address, Data Hold After CLKOUT2
tDSDAT
Data Disable After CLKOUT
tENSDAT
Data Enable After CLKOUT
1
2
5
4
1
1
5.5
ns
5
0
0
ns
ns
ns
The tSCLK value is the inverse of the fSCLK specification discussed in Table 11 on Page 21. Package type and reduced supply voltages affect the best-case value listed here.
Command pins/balls include: SRAS, SCAS, SWE, SDQM, SMS, SA10, SCKE.
tSCLK
CLKOUT
tSSDAT
tHSDAT
tSCLKL
tSCLKH
DATA (IN)
tDCAD
tENSDAT
tDSDAT
tHCAD
DATA (OUT)
tDCAD
tHCAD
COMMAND,
ADDRESS
(OUT)
NOTE: COMMAND = SRAS, SCAS, SWE, SDQM, SMS, SA10, SCKE.
Figure 12. SDRAM Interface Timing
Rev. B
| Page 31 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
External DMA Request Timing
Table 29 and Figure 13 describe the External DMA Request
operations.
Table 29. External DMA Request Timing1
VDDMEM/VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3 V Nominal
VDDMEM/VDDEXT
1.8 V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing PRequirements
tDR
DMARx Asserted to CLKOUT High Setup
9
7.2
ns
tDH
CLKOUT High to DMARx Deasserted Hold Time
0
0
ns
tDMARACT
DMARx Active Pulse Width
tSCLK + 1
tSCLK + 1
ns
tDMARINACT
DMARx Inactive Pulse Width
1.75 × tSCLK
1.75 × tSCLK
ns
1
Because the external DMA control pins are part of the VDDEXT power domain and the CLKOUT signal is part of the VDDMEM power domain, systems in which VDDEXT and
VDDMEM are NOT equal may require level shifting logic for correct operation.
CLKOUT
tDS
tDH
DMAR0/1
(ACTIVE LOW)
tDMARACT
tDMARINACT
DMAR0/1
(ACTIVE HIGH)
Figure 13. External DMA Request Timing
Rev. B
| Page 32 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing
Table 30 and Figure 15 on Page 33, Figure 21 on Page 38, and
Figure 24 on Page 40 describe parallel peripheral interface
operations.
Table 30. Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing
VDDEXT
1.8 V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3 V Nominal
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tPCLKW
PPI_CLK Width
tSCLK – 1.5
tSCLK – 1.5
ns
tPCLK
PPI_CLK Period
2 × tSCLK – 1.5
2 × tSCLK – 1.5
ns
Timing Requirements - GP Input and Frame Capture Modes
tPSUD
External Frame Sync Startup Delay1
4 × tPCLK
4 × tPCLK
ns
tSFSPE
External Frame Sync Setup Before PPI_CLK
(Nonsampling Edge for Rx, Sampling Edge for Tx)
6.7
6.7
ns
tHFSPE
External Frame Sync Hold After PPI_CLK
1.75
1.75
ns
tSDRPE
Receive Data Setup Before PPI_CLK
4.1
3.5
ns
tHDRPE
Receive Data Hold After PPI_CLK
2
1.6
ns
Switching Characteristics - GP Output and Frame Capture Modes
tDFSPE
Internal Frame Sync Delay After PPI_CLK
tHOFSPE
Internal Frame Sync Hold After PPI_CLK
tDDTPE
Transmit Data Delay After PPI_CLK
tHDTPE
Transmit Data Hold After PPI_CLK
8
1.7
8
ns
8
ns
1.7
8.2
2.3
1.9
1
ns
ns
The PPI port is fully enabled 4 PPI clock cycles after the PAB write to the PPI port enable bit. Only after the PPI port is fully enabled are external frame syncs and data words
guaranteed to be received correctly by the PPI peripheral.
PPI_CLK
tPSUD
PPI_FS1/2
Figure 14. PPI with External Frame Sync Timing
DATA SAMPLED /
FRAME SYNC SAMPLED
DATA SAMPLED /
FRAME SYNC SAMPLED
PPI_CLK
tSFSPE
tPCLKW
tHFSPE
tPCLK
PPI_FS1/2
tSDRPE
tHDRPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 15. PPI GP Rx Mode with External Frame Sync Timing
Rev. B
| Page 33 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
DATA DRIVEN /
FRAME SYNC SAMPLED
PPI_CLK
tSFSPE
tHFSPE
tPCLKW
tPCLK
PPI_FS1/2
tDDTPE
tHDTPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 16. PPI GP Tx Mode with External Frame Sync Timing
FRAME SYNC
DRIVEN
DATA
SAMPLED
PPI_CLK
tDFSPE
tPCLKW
tHOFSPE
tPCLK
PPI_FS1/2
tSDRPE
tHDRPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 17. PPI GP Rx Mode with Internal Frame Sync Timing
FRAME SYNC
DRIVEN
DATA
DRIVEN
tPCLK
PPI_CLK
tDFSPE
tPCLKW
tHOFSPE
PPI_FS1/2
tDDTPE
tHDTPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 18. PPI GP Tx Mode with Internal Frame Sync Timing
Rev. B
| Page 34 of 68 | January 2011
DATA
DRIVEN
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
RSI Controller Timing
Table 31 and Figure 19 describe RSI controller timing. Table 32
and Figure 20 describe RSI controller (high speed) timing.
Table 31. RSI Controller Timing
Parameter
Timing Requirements
Input Setup Time
tISU
tIH
Input Hold Time
Switching Characteristics
Clock Frequency Data Transfer Mode
fPP1
fOD
Clock Frequency Identification Mode
Clock Low Time
tWL
Clock High Time
tWH
tTLH
Clock Rise Time
Clock Fall Time
tTHL
Output Delay Time During Data Transfer Mode
tODLY
tODLY
Output Delay Time During Identification Mode
1
2
Min
Max
5.6
2
0
1002
10
10
Unit
ns
ns
25
400
10
10
14
50
MHz
kHz
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
tPP = 1/fPP
Specification can be 0 kHz, which means to stop the clock. The given minimum frequency range is for cases where a continuous clock is required.
VOH (MIN)
tPP
SD_CLK
tTHL
tISU
tTLH
tWL
tIH
tWH
INPUT
tODLY
OUTPUT
NOTES:
1 INPUT INCLUDES SD_Dx AND SD_CMD SIGNALS.
2 OUTPUT INCLUDES SD_Dx AND SD_CMD SIGNALS.
Figure 19. RSI Controller Timing
Rev. B
| Page 35 of 68 | January 2011
VOL (MAX)
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 32. RSI Controller Timing (High Speed Mode)
Parameter
Timing Requirements
Input Setup Time
tISU
Input Hold Time
tIH
Switching Characteristics
Clock Frequency Data Transfer Mode
fPP1
tWL
Clock Low Time
Clock High Time
tWH
Clock Rise Time
tTLH
tTHL
Clock Fall Time
Output Delay Time During Data Transfer Mode
tODLY
Output Hold Time
tOH
1
Min
Max
Unit
5.6
2
0
7
7
ns
ns
50
MHz
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
3
3
4
2.75
tPP = 1/fPP
VOH (MIN)
tPP
SD_CLK
tTHL
tISU
tTLH
tWL
tIH
VOL (MAX)
tWH
INPUT
tODLY
OUTPUT
NOTES:
1 INPUT INCLUDES SD_Dx AND SD_CMD SIGNALS.
2 OUTPUT INCLUDES SD_Dx AND SD_CMD SIGNALS.
Figure 20. RSI Controller Timing (High Speed Mode)
Rev. B
| Page 36 of 68 | January 2011
tOH
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Serial Ports
Table 33 through Table 36 on Page 40 and Figure 21 on Page 38
through Figure 24 on Page 40 describe serial port operations.
Table 33. Serial Ports—External Clock
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSFSE1
TFSx/RFSx Setup Before TSCLKx/RSCLKx
3
3
ns
tHFSE1
tSDRE1
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx
3
3
ns
Receive Data Setup Before RSCLKx
3
3
ns
tHDRE1
Receive Data Hold After RSCLKx
3.5
3
ns
tSCLKEW
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Width
7
4.5
ns
tSCLKE
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Period
2 × tSCLK
2 × tSCLK
ns
tSUDTE2
Start-Up Delay From SPORT Enable To First External TFSx
4 × tSCLKE
4 × tSCLKE
ns
tSUDRE2
Start-Up Delay From SPORT Enable To First External RFSx
4 × tSCLKE
4 × tSCLKE
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDFSE3
TFSx/RFSx Delay After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated
TFSx/RFSx)
tHOFSE3
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated 0
TFSx/RFSx)
tDDTE3
Transmit Data Delay After TSCLKx
tHDTE3
Transmit Data Hold After TSCLKx
10
10
0
ns
10
0
ns
10
0
ns
ns
1
Referenced to sample edge.
2
Verified in design but untested.
3
Referenced to drive edge.
Table 34. Serial Ports—Internal Clock
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSFSI1
TFSx/RFSx Setup Before TSCLKx/RSCLKx
tHFSI1
tSDRI1
tHDRI1
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx
–1.5
–1.5
ns
Receive Data Setup Before RSCLKx
11
9.6
ns
Receive Data Hold After RSCLKx
–1.5
–1.5
ns
11
9.6
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDFSI2
TFSx/RFSx Delay After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated
TFSx/RFSx)
tHOFSI2
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated −2
TFSx/RFSx)
tDDTI2
Transmit Data Delay After TSCLKx
tHDTI
2
tSCLKIW
1
2
3
3
−1
3
ns
ns
3
ns
Transmit Data Hold After TSCLKx
−1.8
−1.5
ns
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Width
10
8
ns
Referenced to sample edge.
Referenced to drive edge.
Rev. B
| Page 37 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
tSCLKE
tSCLKEW
tSCLKIW
RSCLKx
RSCLKx
tDFSE
tDFSI
tHOFSI
tHOFSE
RFSx
(OUTPUT)
RFSx
(OUTPUT)
tSFSI
tHFSI
RFSx
(INPUT)
tSFSE
tHFSE
tSDRE
tHDRE
RFSx
(INPUT)
tSDRI
tHDRI
DRx
DRx
DATA TRANSMIT—INTERNAL CLOCK
DRIVE EDGE
DATA TRANSMIT—EXTERNAL CLOCK
SAMPLE EDGE
DRIVE EDGE
tSCLKIW
SAMPLE EDGE
t SCLKEW
TSCLKx
tSCLKE
TSCLKx
tD FSI
tDFSE
tHOFSI
tHOFSE
TFSx
(OUTPUT)
TFSx
(OUTPUT)
tSFSI
tHFSI
tSFSE
TFSx
(INPUT)
TFSx
(INPUT)
tDDTI
tDDTE
tHDTI
tHDTE
DTx
DTx
Figure 21. Serial Ports
TSCLKx
(INPUT)
tSUDTE
TFSx
(INPUT)
RSCLKx
(INPUT)
tSUDRE
RFSx
(INPUT)
FIRST
Figure 22. Serial Port Start Up with External Clock and Frame Sync
Rev. B
| Page 38 of 68 | January 2011
tHFSE
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 35. Serial Ports—Enable and Three-State1
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Switching Characteristics
tDTENE
Data Enable Delay from External TSCLKx
tDDTTE
Data Disable Delay from External TSCLKx
tDTENI
Data Enable Delay from Internal TSCLKx
tDDTTI
Data Disable Delay from Internal TSCLKx
1
0
tSCLK + 1
–2.0
DRIVE EDGE
DRIVE EDGE
TSCLKx
tDTENE/I
DTx
Figure 23. Enable and Three-State
| Page 39 of 68 | January 2011
tDDTTE/I
ns
ns
tSCLK + 1
Referenced to drive edge.
Rev. B
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 36. External Late Frame Sync
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
Min
Max
Unit
10
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDDTLFSE1, 2
Data Delay from Late External TFSx or External RFSx with
MCE = 1, MFD = 0
tDTENLFSE1, 2
Data Enable from Late FS or MCE = 1, MFD = 0
12
0
0
1
MCE = 1, TFSx enable and TFSx valid follow tDDTENFS and tDDTLFSE.
2
If external RFSx/TFSx setup to RSCLKx/TSCLKx > tSCLKE/2 then tDDTTE/I and tDTENE/I apply, otherwise tDDTLFSE and tDTENLFS apply.
EXTERNAL RFSx IN MULTI-CHANNEL MODE
SAMPLE
DRIVE
EDGE
EDGE
DRIVE
EDGE
RSCLKx
RFSx
tDDTLFSE
tDTENLFSE
1ST BIT
DTx
LATE EXTERNAL TFSx
DRIVE
EDGE
SAMPLE
EDGE
DRIVE
EDGE
TSCLKx
TFSx
tDDTLFSE
1ST BIT
DTx
Figure 24. External Late Frame Sync
Rev. B
| Page 40 of 68 | January 2011
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Master Timing
Table 37 and Figure 25 describe SPI port master operations.
Table 37. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Master Timing
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSSPIDM
Data Input Valid to SCK Edge (Data Input Setup)
11.6
9.6
ns
tHSPIDM
SCK Sampling Edge to Data Input Invalid
–1.5
–1.5
ns
Switching Characteristics
tSDSCIM
SPISELx low to First SCK Edge
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICHM
Serial Clock High Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLM
Serial Clock Low Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLK
Serial Clock Period
4 × tSCLK
4 × tSCLK
ns
tHDSM
Last SCK Edge to SPISELx High
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPITDM
Sequential Transfer Delay
2 × tSCLK–1.5
tDDSPIDM
SCK Edge to Data Out Valid (Data Out Delay)
tHDSPIDM
SCK Edge to Data Out Invalid (Data Out Hold)
2 × tSCLK –1.5
6
–1
ns
6
–1
ns
SPIxSELy
(OUTPUT)
tSDSCIM
tSPICLM
tSPICHM
tSPICLK
tHDSM
SPIxSCK
(OUTPUT)
tHDSPIDM
tDDSPIDM
SPIxMOSI
(OUTPUT)
tSSPIDM
CPHA = 1
tHSPIDM
SPIxMISO
(INPUT)
tHDSPIDM
tDDSPIDM
SPIxMOSI
(OUTPUT)
CPHA = 0
tSSPIDM
tHSPIDM
SPIxMISO
(INPUT)
Figure 25. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Master Timing
Rev. B
| Page 41 of 68 | January 2011
ns
tSPITDM
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Slave Timing
Table 38 and Figure 26 describe SPI port slave operations.
Table 38. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Slave Timing
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSPICHS
Serial Clock High Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLS
tSPICLK
Serial Clock Low Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
Serial Clock Period
4 × tSCLK –1.5
4 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tHDS
Last SCK Edge to SPISS Not Asserted
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPITDS
Sequential Transfer Delay
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSDSCI
SPISS Assertion to First SCK Edge
2 × tSCLK –1.5
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSSPID
Data Input Valid to SCK Edge (Data Input Setup)
1.6
1.6
ns
tHSPID
SCK Sampling Edge to Data Input Invalid
2
1.6
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDSOE
SPISS Assertion to Data Out Active
0
tDSDHI
SPISS Deassertion to Data High Impedance
0
tDDSPID
SCK Edge to Data Out Valid (Data Out Delay)
tHDSPID
SCK Edge to Data Out Invalid (Data Out Hold)
12
0
10.3
ns
11
0
9
ns
10
ns
10
0
0
ns
SPIxSS
(INPUT)
tSDSCI
tSPICLS
tSPICHS
tHDS
tSPICLK
SPIxSCK
(INPUT)
tDSOE
tDDSPID
tDDSPID
tHDSPID
tDSDHI
SPIxMISO
(OUTPUT)
CPHA = 1
tSSPID
tHSPID
SPIxMOSI
(INPUT)
tDSOE
tHDSPID
tDDSPID
tDSDHI
SPIxMISO
(OUTPUT)
tHSPID
CPHA = 0
tSSPID
SPIxMOSI
(INPUT)
Figure 26. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Slave Timing
Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter
(UART) Ports—Receive and Transmit Timing
The UART ports receive and transmit operations are described
in the ADSP-BF51x Hardware Reference Manual.
Rev. B
| Page 42 of 68 | January 2011
tSPITDS
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
General-Purpose Port Timing
Table 39 and Figure 27 describe general-purpose
port operations.
Table 39. General-Purpose Port Timing
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirement
tWFI
General-Purpose Port Signal Input Pulse Width
tSCLK + 1
tSCLK + 1
ns
Switching Characteristics
tGPOD
General-Purpose Port Signal Output Delay from CLKOUT Low 0
11
0
8.5
ns
Min
Max
Unit
12
ns
CLKOUT
tGPOD
GPIO OUTPUT
tWFI
GPIO INPUT
Figure 27. General-Purpose Port Timing
Timer Clock Timing
Table 40 and Figure 28 describe timer clock timing.
Table 40. Timer Clock Timing
Parameter
Switching Characteristic
tTODP
Timer Output Update Delay After PPICLK High
PPI_CLK
tTODP
TMRx OUTPUT
Figure 28. Timer Clock Timing
Rev. B
| Page 43 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Timer Cycle Timing
Table 41 and Figure 29 describe timer expired operations. The
input signal is asynchronous in “width capture mode” and
“external clock mode” and has an absolute maximum input frequency of (fSCLK/2) MHz.
Table 41. Timer Cycle Timing
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Characteristics
tWL1
1
Timer Pulse Width Input Low (Measured In SCLK Cycles)
tSCLK
tSCLK
ns
Timer Pulse Width Input High (Measured In SCLK Cycles)
tSCLK
tSCLK
ns
tTIS2
Timer Input Setup Time Before CLKOUT Low
10
7
ns
tTIH2
Timer Input Hold Time After CLKOUT Low
–2
–2
ns
tWH
Switching Characteristics
tHTO
Timer Pulse Width Output (Measured In SCLK Cycles)
tTOD
Timer Output Update Delay After CLKOUT High
tSCLK – 1.5
(232–1)tSCLK
6
1
tSCLK – 1
(232–1)tSCLK
ns
6
ns
The minimum pulse widths apply for TMRx signals in width capture and external clock modes. They also apply to the PF15 or PPI_CLK signals in PWM output mode.
2
Either a valid setup and hold time or a valid pulse width is sufficient. There is no need to resynchronize programmable flag inputs.
CLKOUT
tTOD
TMRx OUTPUT
tTIS
tTIH
TMRx INPUT
tWH,tWL
Figure 29. Timer Cycle Timing
Rev. B
| Page 44 of 68 | January 2011
tHTO
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Timing
Table 42. Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Timing
Parameter
Timing Requirements
tWCOUNT
Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Input Pulse Width
Counter Input Setup Time Before CLKOUT Low1
tCIS
tCIH
Counter Input Hold Time After CLKOUT Low1
1
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Min
Max
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
Min
Max
Unit
tSCLK + 1
9
0
tSCLK + 1
7
0
ns
ns
ns
Either a valid setup and hold time or a valid pulse width is sufficient. There is no need to resynchronize counter inputs.
CLKOUT
tCIS
tCIH
CUD/CDG/CZM
tWCOUNT
Figure 30. Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Timing
10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing
Table 43 through Table 48 and Figure 31 through Figure 36
describe the 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller operations.
Table 43. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Receive Signal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter1
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tERXCLKF
ERxCLK Frequency (fSCLK = SCLK Frequency)
None
25 + 1%
None
25 + 1%
MHz
tERXCLKW
ERxCLK Width (tERxCLK = ERxCLK Period)
tERxCLK x 40%
tERxCLK x 60%
tERxCLK x 35%
tERxCLK x 65%
ns
tERXCLKIS
Rx Input Valid to ERxCLK Rising Edge (Data In Setup)
7.5
7.5
ns
tERXCLKIH
ERxCLK Rising Edge to Rx Input Invalid (Data In Hold)
7.5
7.5
ns
1
MII inputs synchronous to ERxCLK are ERxD3–0, ERxDV, and ERxER.
tERXCLK
tERXCLKW
ERx_CLK
ERxD3–0
ERxDV
ERxER
tERXCLKIS
tERXCLKIH
Figure 31. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Receive Signal
Rev. B
| Page 45 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 44. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Transmit Signal
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter1
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
Switching Characteristics
tETF
ETxCLK Frequency (fSCLK = SCLK Frequency)
None
25 + 1%
None
25 + 1%
MHz
tETXCLKW
ETxCLK Width (tETxCLK = ETxCLK Period)
tETxCLK × 40%
tETxCLK × 60%
tETxCLK × 35%
tETxCLK × 65%
ns
tETXCLKOV
ETxCLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Valid (Data Out Valid)
20
ns
tETXCLKOH
ETxCLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Invalid (Data Out Hold) 0
1
20
0
ns
MII outputs synchronous to ETxCLK are ETxD3–0.
tETXCLK
MIITxCLK
tETXCLKW
tETXCLKOH
ETxD3–0
ETxEN
tETXCLKOV
Figure 32. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Transmit Signal
Table 45. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Receive Signal
VDDEXT
2.5 V/3.3V Nominal
VDDEXT
1.8V Nominal
Parameter1
Min
Max
Min
Max
Unit
None
50 + 1%
None
50 + 1%
MHz
Timing Requirements
tEREFCLKF
REF_CLK Frequency (fSCLK = SCLK Frequency)
tEREFCLKW
EREF_CLK Width (tEREFCLK = EREFCLK Period)
tEREFCLK × 40% tEREFCLK × 60%
tEREFCLK × 35% tEREFCLK × 65%
ns
tEREFCLKIS
Rx Input Valid to RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge (Data In
Setup)
4
4
ns
tEREFCLKIH
RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge to Rx Input Invalid (Data In 2
Hold)
2
ns
1
RMII inputs synchronous to RMII REF_CLK are ERxD1–0, RMII CRS_DV, and ERxER.
tREFCLK
tREFCLKW
RMII_REF_CLK
ERxD1–0
ERxDV
ERxER
tREFCLKIS
tREFCLKIH
Figure 33. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Receive Signal
Rev. B
| Page 46 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 46. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Transmit Signal
Parameter1
Min
Max
Unit
8.1
ns
Switching Characteristics
tEREFCLKOV
RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Valid (Data Out Valid)
tEREFCLKOH
RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Invalid (Data Out Hold)
1
2
RMII outputs synchronous to RMII REF_CLK are ETxD1–0.
tREFCLK
RMII_REF_CLK
tREFCLKOH
ETxD1–0
ETxEN
tREFCLKOV
Figure 34. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Transmit Signal
Rev. B
| Page 47 of 68 | January 2011
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 47. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII/RMII Asynchronous Signal
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tECOLH
COL Pulse Width High1
tETxCLK × 1.5
tERxCLK × 1.5
ns
ns
tECOLL
COL Pulse Width Low1
tETxCLK × 1.5
tERxCLK × 1.5
ns
ns
tECRSH
CRS Pulse Width High2
tETxCLK × 1.5
ns
tECRSL
CRS Pulse Width Low2
tETxCLK × 1.5
ns
1
MII/RMII asynchronous signals are COL, CRS. These signals are applicable in both MII and RMII modes. The asynchronous COL input is synchronized separately to both
the ETxCLK and the ERxCLK, and must have a minimum pulse width high or low at least 1.5 times the period of the slower of the two clocks.
2
The asynchronous CRS input is synchronized to the ETxCLK, and must have a minimum pulse width high or low at least 1.5 times the period of ETxCLK.
MIICRS, COL
tECRSH
tECOLH
tECRSL
tECOLL
Figure 35. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: Asynchronous Signal
Table 48. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Station Management
Parameter1
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tMDIOS
MDIO Input Valid to MDC Rising Edge (Setup)
11.5
ns
tMDCIH
MDC Rising Edge to MDIO Input Invalid (Hold)
0
ns
Switching Characteristics
tMDCOV
MDC Falling Edge to MDIO Output Valid
tMDCOH
MDC Falling Edge to MDIO Output Invalid (Hold)
1
25
–1.25
ns
ns
MDC/MDIO is a 2-wire serial bidirectional port for controlling one or more external PHYs. MDC is an output clock whose minimum period is programmable as a multiple
of the system clock SCLK. MDIO is a bidirectional data line.
MDC (OUTPUT)
tMDCOH
MDIO (OUTPUT)
tMDCOV
MDIO (INPUT)
tMDIOS
tMDCIH
Figure 36. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Station Management
Rev. B
| Page 48 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
JTAG Test And Emulation Port Timing
Table 49 and Figure 37 describe JTAG port operations.
Table 49. JTAG Port Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tTCK
TCK Period
20
ns
tSTAP
TDI, TMS Setup Before TCK High
4
ns
tHTAP
TDI, TMS Hold After TCK High
4
ns
tSSYS1
System Inputs Setup Before TCK High
4
ns
tHSYS1
System Inputs Hold After TCK High
5
ns
tTRSTW
2
4
TCK
TRST Pulse Width (measured in TCK cycles)
Switching Characteristics
tDTDO
TDO Delay from TCK Low
tDSYS3
System Outputs Delay After TCK Low
0
1
10
ns
13
ns
System Inputs = DATA15–0, SCL, SDA, TFS0, TSCLK0, RSCLK0, RFS0, DR0PRI, DR0SEC, PF15–0, PG15–0, PH7–0, MDIO, TD1, TMS, RESET, NMI, BMODE2–0.
50 MHz Maximum
3
System Outputs = DATA15–0, ADDR19–1, ABE1–0, ARE, AWE, AMS1–0, SRAS, SCAS, SWE, SCKE, CLKOUT, SA10, SMS, SCL, SDA, TSCLK0, TFS0, RFS0, RSCLK0,
DT0PRI, DT0SEC, PF15–0, PG15–0, PH7–0, MDC, MDIO.
2
tTCK
TCK
tSTAP
tHTAP
TMS
TDI
tDTDO
TDO
tSSYS
tHSYS
SYSTEM
INPUTS
tDSYS
SYSTEM
OUTPUTS
Figure 37. JTAG Port Timing
Rev. B
| Page 49 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
OUTPUT DRIVE CURRENTS
Figure 38 through Figure 52 show typical current-voltage characteristics for the output drivers of the ADSP-BF51xF
processors.
The curves represent the current drive capability of the output
drivers. See Table 7 on Page 17 for information about which
driver type corresponds to a particular ball.
240
200
160
200
VDDEXT = 3.3V @ 25°C
160
VDDEXT = 3.0V @ 105°C
80
VOH
40
0
–40
–80
VOL
–120
VDDEXT = 3.6V @ – 40°C
VDDEXT = 3.3V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 3.0V @ 105°C
120
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
120
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
VDDEXT = 3.6V @ – 40°C
80
VOH
40
0
–40
–80
–120
VOL
–160
–160
–200
–240
–200
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
0
3.5
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
3.5
160
160
VDDEXT = 2.75V @ – 40°C
VDDEXT = 2.75V @ – 40°C
120
VDDEXT = 2.5V @ 25°C
120
VDDEXT = 2.5V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 2.25V @ 105°C
80
VDDEXT = 2.25V @ 105°C
40
VOH
0
–40
–80
VOL
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
80
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
3.0
Figure 41. Driver Type B Current (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Figure 38. Driver Type A Current (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
–120
40
VOH
0
–40
–80
VOL
–120
–160
–200
–160
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
0
2.5
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 42. Driver Type B Current (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Figure 39. Driver Type A Current (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
80
80
VDDEXT = 1.9V @ – 40°C
60
VDDEXT = 1.9V @ – 40°C
60
VDDEXT = 1.8V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 1.7V @ 105°C
20
0
–20
VOL
–40
–60
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
VOH
VDDEXT = 1.8V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 1.7V @ 105°C
40
40
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
2.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
VOH
20
0
–20
–40
VOL
–60
–80
–100
–80
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
0.5
0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
1.0
1.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 40. Driver Type A Current (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Rev. B
Figure 43. Driver Type B Current (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
| Page 50 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
100
160
120
VDDEXT = 3.3V @ 25°C
60
VDDEXT = 3.0V @ 105°C
40
VOH
20
0
–20
–40
VOL
–60
VDDEXT = 3.3V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 3.0V @ 105°C
80
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
VDDEXT = 3.6V @ – 40°C
VDDEXT = 3.6V @ – 40°C
80
VOH
40
0
–40
–80
VOL
–120
–80
–100
–160
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 44. Driver Type C Current (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
3.0
3.5
120
VDDEXT = 2.75V @ – 40°C
VDDEXT = 2.75V @ – 40°C
100
VDDEXT = 2.5V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 2.5V @ 25°C
80
VDDEXT = 2.25V @ 105°C
40
VDDEXT = 2.25V @ 105°C
60
20
VOH
0
–20
–40
VOL
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
2.5
Figure 47. Driver Type D Current (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
80
60
2.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
40
VOH
20
0
–20
–40
–60
VOL
–80
–60
–100
–80
–120
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0
0.5
1.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 45. Drive Type C Current (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
2.5
60
VDDEXT = 1.9V @ – 40°C
VDDEXT = 1.9V @ – 40°C
VDDEXT = 1.8V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 1.7V @ 105°C
VDDEXT = 1.8V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 1.7V @ 105°C
40
VOH
10
0
–10
VOL
–20
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
20
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
2.0
Figure 48. Driver Type D Current (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
40
30
1.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
20
VOH
0
–20
VOL
–40
–30
–40
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
–60
0
0.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
1.0
1.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 46. Driver Type C Current (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Rev. B
Figure 49. Driver Type D Current (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
| Page 51 of 68 | January 2011
2
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
TEST CONDITIONS
60
VDDEXT = 3.6V @ – 40°C
50
VDDEXT = 3.3V @ 25°C
40
VDDEXT = 3.0V @ 105°C
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
30
20
10
All timing parameters appearing in this data sheet were measured under the conditions described in this section. Figure 53
shows the measurement point for ac measurements (except output enable/disable). The measurement point VMEAS is VDDEXT/2
or VDDMEM/2 for VDDEXT/VDDMEM (nominal) = 1.8 V/2.5 V/3.3 V.
0
–10
–20
–30
INPUT
OR
OUTPUT
VOL
–40
VMEAS
VMEAS
–50
–60
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
Figure 53. Voltage Reference Levels for AC
Measurements (Except Output Enable/Disable)
3.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Output Enable Time Measurement
Figure 50. Driver Type E Current (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
40
VDDEXT = 2.75V @ – 40°C
30
VDDEXT = 2.5V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 2.25V @ 105°C
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
20
10
0
Output signals are considered to be enabled when they have
made a transition from a high impedance state to the point
when they start driving.
The output enable time tENA is the interval from the point when
a reference signal reaches a high or low voltage level to the point
when the output starts driving as shown on the right side of
Figure 54.
–10
VOL
REFERENCE
SIGNAL
–20
–30
tDIS_MEASURED
tDIS
–40
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
3.0
2.5
3.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 51. Driver Type E Current (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
tENA_MEASURED
tENA
VOH
(MEASURED)
VOL
(MEASURED)
VOH (MEASURED) - ΔV
VOH(MEASURED)
VTRIP(HIGH)
VOL (MEASURED) + ΔV
VTRIP(LOW)
VOL (MEASURED)
tDECAY
20
tTRIP
VDDEXT = 1.9V @ – 40°C
15
VDDEXT = 1.8V @ 25°C
VDDEXT = 1.7V @ 105°C
OUTPUT STOPS DRIVING
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
10
OUTPUT STARTS DRIVING
HIGH IMPEDANCE STATE
5
Figure 54. Output Enable/Disable
0
–5
VOL
–10
–15
–20
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 52. Driver Type E Current (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
3.5
The time tENA_MEASURED is the interval from when the reference
signal switches to when the output voltage reaches VTRIP(high)
or VTRIP(low). For VDDEXT (nominal) = 1.8 V, VTRIP (high) is
0.95 V, and VTRIP (low) is 0.85 V. For VDDEXT (nominal) = 2.5 V,
VTRIP (high) is 1.3 V and VTRIP (low) is 1.2 V. For VDDEXT (nominal) = 3.3 V, VTRIP (high) is 1.7 V, and VTRIP (low) is 1.6 V. Time
tTRIP is the interval from when the output starts driving to when
the output reaches the VTRIP(high) or VTRIP(low) trip voltage.
Time tENA is calculated as shown in the equation:
t ENA = t ENA_MEASURED – t TRIP
If multiple signals (such as the data bus) are enabled, the measurement value is that of the first signal to start driving.
Rev. B
| Page 52 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Output Disable Time Measurement
TESTER PIN ELECTRONICS
Output signals are considered to be disabled when they stop
driving, go into a high impedance state, and start to decay from
their output high or low voltage. The output disable time tDIS is
the difference between tDIS_MEASURED and tDECAY as shown on the
left side of Figure 54.
t DIS = t DIS_MEASURED – t DECAY
The time for the voltage on the bus to decay by ΔV is dependent
on the capacitive load CL and the load current IL. This decay
time can be approximated by the equation:
50:
VLOAD
T1
DUT
OUTPUT
45:
70:
ZO = 50:(impedance)
TD = 4.04 ± 1.18 ns
50:
0.5pF
4pF
2pF
400:
t DECAY = ( C L ΔV ) ⁄ I L
The time tDECAY is calculated with test loads CL and IL and with
ΔV equal to 0.25 V for VDDEXT/VDDMEM (nominal) = 2.5 V/3.3 V
and 0.15 V for VDDEXT/VDDMEM (nominal) = 1.8 V.
The time tDIS_MEASURED is the interval from when the reference
signal switches to when the output voltage decays ΔV from the
measured output high or output low voltage.
NOTES:
THE WORST CASE TRANSMISSION LINE DELAY IS SHOWN AND CAN BE USED
FOR THE OUTPUT TIMING ANALYSIS TO REFLECT THE TRANSMISSION LINE
EFFECT AND MUST BE CONSIDERED. THE TRANSMISSION LINE (TD) IS FOR
LOAD ONLY AND DOES NOT AFFECT THE DATA SHEET TIMING SPECIFICATIONS.
ANALOG DEVICES RECOMMENDS USING THE IBIS MODEL TIMING FOR A GIVEN
SYSTEM REQUIREMENT. IF NECESSARY, A SYSTEM MAY INCORPORATE
EXTERNAL DRIVERS TO COMPENSATE FOR ANY TIMING DIFFERENCES.
Figure 55. Equivalent Device Loading for AC Measurements
(Includes All Fixtures)
Example System Hold Time Calculation
Capacitive Loading
Output delays and holds are based on standard capacitive loads
of an average of 6 pF on all balls (see Figure 55). VLOAD is equal
to (VDDEXT/VDDMEM)/2. The graphs of Figure 56 through
Figure 67 show how output rise time varies with capacitance.
The delay and hold specifications given should be derated by a
factor derived from these figures. The graphs in these figures
may not be linear outside the ranges shown.
Rev. B
12
10
tRISE
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
To determine the data output hold time in a particular system,
first calculate tDECAY using the equation given above. Choose ΔV
to be the difference between the ADSP-BF51x processor’s output voltage and the input threshold for the device requiring the
hold time. CL is the total bus capacitance (per data line), and IL is
the total leakage or three-state current (per data line). The hold
time is tDECAY plus the various output disable times as specified
in the Timing Specifications on Page 27 (for example tDSDAT for
an SDRAM write cycle as shown in SDRAM Interface Timing
on Page 31).
8
tFALL
6
4
2
tRISE = 1.8V @ 25°C
tFALL = 1.8V @ 25°C
0
0
50
100
150
200
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 56. Driver Type A Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
| Page 53 of 68 | January 2011
250
8
7
7
6
6
tRISE
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
5
tFALL
4
3
2
1
200
150
tFALL
3
2
tRISE = 2.5V @ 25°C
0
0
100
4
tFALL = 2.5V @ 25°C
tFALL = 2.5V @ 25°C
50
tRISE
1
tRISE = 2.5V @ 25°C
0
5
0
250
50
100
250
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 60. Driver Type B Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Figure 57. Driver Type A Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
6
6
5
5
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
tRISE
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
200
150
4
tFALL
3
2
tRISE
4
tFALL
3
2
1
1
tRISE = 3.3V @ 25°C
tRISE = 3.3V @ 25°C
tFALL = 3.3V @ 25°C
0
0
50
100
200
150
tFALL = 3.3V @ 25°C
0
0
250
50
100
200
150
250
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 61. Driver Type B Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Figure 58. Driver Type A Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
25
9
8
tRISE
20
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
7
6
tFALL
5
4
3
2
tRISE
15
tFALL
10
5
tRISE = 1.8V @ 25°C
tRISE = 1.8V @ 25°C
1
tFALL = 1.8V @ 25°C
tFALL = 1.8V @ 25°C
0
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
0
50
100
150
200
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 59. Driver Type B Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Rev. B
Figure 62. Driver Type C Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
| Page 54 of 68 | January 2011
250
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
16
10
14
9
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
8
12
tRISE
10
tFALL
8
6
4
2
tRISE = 2.5V @ 25°C
100
150
4
3
2
tRISE = 2.5V @ 25°C
0
250
200
tFALL
5
tFALL = 2.5V @ 25°C
0
50
tRISE
6
1
tFALL = 2.5V @ 25°C
0
7
0
50
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
100
150
200
250
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 63. Driver Type C Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Figure 66. Driver Type D Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (2.5V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
8
14
7
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
12
tRISE
10
8
tFALL
6
4
6
tRISE
5
tFALL
4
3
2
1
2
tRISE = 3.3V @ 25°C
0
50
100
200
150
tFALL = 3.3V @ 25°C
0
tFALL = 3.3V @ 25°C
0
tRISE = 3.3V @ 25°C
0
250
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
14
12
RISE AND FALL TIME (ns)
tRISE
10
tFALL
8
6
4
tRISE = 1.8V @ 25°C
tFALL = 1.8V @ 25°C
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 65. Driver Type D Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (1.8V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Rev. B
100
150
200
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
Figure 67. Driver Type D Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
Figure 64. Driver Type C Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) vs.
Load Capacitance (3.3V VDDEXT/VDDMEM)
2
50
| Page 55 of 68 | January 2011
250
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
Table 50. Thermal Characteristics for SQ-176-2 Package
To determine the junction temperature on the application
printed circuit board use:
Parameter
Condition
Typical
Unit
θJA
0 Linear m/s Airflow
17.4
°C/W
θJMA
1 Linear m/s Airflow
14.8
°C/W
θJMA
2 Linear m/s Airflow
14.0
°C/W
where:
θJC
Not Applicable
7.8
°C/W
TJ = Junction temperature (°C)
ΨJT
0 Linear m/s Airflow
0.28
°C/W
TCASE = Case temperature (°C) measured by customer at top
center of package.
ΨJT
1 Linear m/s Airflow
0.39
°C/W
ΨJT
2 Linear m/s Airflow
0.48
°C/W
T J = T CASE + ( Ψ JT × P D )
ΨJT = From Table 51
PD = Power dissipation (see Total Power Dissipation on Page 23
for the method to calculate PD)
Values of θJA are provided for package comparison and printed
circuit board design considerations. θJA can be used for a first
order approximation of TJ by the equation:
T J = T A + ( θ JA × P D )
where:
TA = Ambient temperature (°C)
Values of θJC are provided for package comparison and printed
circuit board design considerations when an external heat sink
is required.
Table 51. Thermal Characteristics for BC-168-1 Package
Parameter
Condition
Typical
Unit
θJA
0 Linear m/s Airflow
30.5
°C/W
θJMA
1 Linear m/s Airflow
27.6
°C/W
θJMA
2 Linear m/s Airflow
26.3
°C/W
θJC
Not Applicable
11.1
°C/W
ΨJT
0 Linear m/s Airflow
0.20
°C/W
ΨJT
1 Linear m/s Airflow
0.35
°C/W
ΨJT
2 Linear m/s Airflow
0.45
°C/W
Values of θJB are provided for package comparison and printed
circuit board design considerations.
In Table 51, airflow measurements comply with JEDEC standards JESD51-2 and JESD51-6, and the junction-to-board
measurement complies with JESD51-8. The junction-to-case
measurement complies with MIL-STD-883 (Method 1012.1).
All measurements use a 2S2P JEDEC test board.
The LQFP_EP package requires thermal trace squares and thermal vias to an embedded ground plane in the PCB. The paddle
must be connected to ground for proper operation to data sheet
specifications. Refer to JEDEC standard JESD51-5 for more
information.
Rev. B
| Page 56 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
176-LEAD LQFP LEAD ASSIGNMENT
Table 52 lists the LQFP leads by lead number.
Table 53 on Page 58 lists the LQFP by signal mnemonic.
Table 52. 176-Lead LQFP Pin Assignment (Numerical by Lead Number)
Lead No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
Signal
GND
GND
PF9
PF8
PF7
PF6
VDDEXT
VPPOTP
VDDOTP
PF5
PF4
PF3
PF2
VDDINT
GND
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
PF1
PF0
PG15
PG14
GND
VDDINT
VDDEXT
PG13
PG12
PG11
PG10
VDDFLASH
VDDINT
PG9
PG8
PG7
PG6
VDDEXT
PG5
PG4
PG3
PG2
BMODE2
BMODE1
BMODE0
GND
GND
Lead No.
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
Signal
GND
GND
PG1
PG0
VDDEXT
TDO
EMU
TDI
TCK
TRST
TMS
D15
D14
D13
VDDMEM
D12
D11
D10
VDDINT
D9
D8
D7
GND
VDDMEM
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
VDDMEM
D0
A19
A18
VDDINT
A17
A16
VDDMEM
GND
A15
A14
A13
GND
GND
Lead No.
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
Signal
GND
GND
A12
A11
A10
A9
VDDMEM
A8
A7
VDDINT
GND
VDDINT
A6
A5
A4
VDDMEM
A3
A2
A1
ABE1
ABE0
SA10
GND
VDDMEM
SWE
SCAS
SRAS
VDDINT
GND
SMS
SCKE
AMS1
ARE
AWE
AMS0
VDDMEM
CLKOUT
VDDFLASH
NC1
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
EXT_WAKE
GND
GND
* Pin no. 177 is the GND supply (see Figure 69) for the processor; this pad must connect to GND.
1
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. B
| Page 57 of 68 | January 2011
Lead No.
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
GND
Signal
GND
GND
PG
VDDEXT
GND
VDDINT
GND
RTXO
RTXI
VDDRTC
CLKIN
XTAL
VDDEXT
RESET
NMI
VDDEXT
GND
CLKBUF
GND
VDDINT
PH7
PH6
PH5
PH4
GND
VDDEXT
PH3
PH2
PH1
PH0
GND
VDDINT
PF15
PF14
PF13
PF12
GND
VDDEXT
PF11
SDA
SCL
PF10
GND
GND
177*
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 53. 176-Lead LQFP Pin Assignment (Alphabetical by Signal Mnemonic)
Lead No.
107
106
105
103
102
101
97
96
94
93
92
91
86
85
84
81
80
78
77
109
108
123
120
121
122
42
41
40
150
143
125
76
74
73
72
71
70
69
66
65
64
62
61
60
Signal
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
A18
A19
ABE0
ABE1
AMS0
AMS1
ARE
AWE
BMODE0
BMODE1
BMODE2
CLKBUF
CLKIN
CLKOUT
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
D10
D11
D12
Lead No.
58
57
56
51
130
1
2
15
22
43
44
45
46
67
83
87
88
89
90
99
111
131
132
133
134
137
139
149
151
157
163
169
175
176
117
127
147
19
18
13
12
11
10
6
Signal
D13
D14
D15
EMU
EXT_WAKE
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC1
NMI
PF0
PF1
PF2
PF3
PF4
PF5
PF6
Lead No.
5
4
3
174
171
168
167
166
165
135
48
47
39
38
37
36
34
33
32
31
28
27
26
25
21
20
162
161
160
159
156
155
154
153
146
141
140
110
114
119
173
172
118
115
Signal
PF7
PF8
PF9
PF10
PF11
PF12
PF13
PF14
PF15
PG
PG0
PG1
PG2
PG3
PG4
PG5
PG6
PG7
PG8
PG9
PG10
PG11
PG12
PG13
PG14
PG15
PH0
PH1
PH2
PH3
PH4
PH5
PH6
PH7
RESET
RTXI
RTXO
SA10
SCAS
SCKE
SCL
SDA
SMS
SRAS
* Pin no. 177 is the GND supply (see Figure 69) for the processor; this pad must connect to GND.
1
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. B
| Page 58 of 68 | January 2011
Lead No.
113
53
52
50
55
54
7
24
35
49
128
129
136
145
148
158
170
16
17
29
126
14
23
30
63
79
98
100
116
138
152
164
59
68
75
82
95
104
112
124
9
142
8
144
GND
Signal
SWE
TCK
TDI
TDO
TMS
TRST
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDOTP
VDDRTC
VPPOTP
XTAL
177*
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Figure 68 shows the top view of the LQFP_EP lead configuration. Figure 69 shows the bottom view of the LQFP_EP lead
configuration.
PIN 176
PIN 133
PIN 1
PIN 132
PIN 1 INDICATOR
ADSP-BF51X
176-LEAD LQFP_EP
TOP VIEW
PIN 44
PIN 89
PIN 45
PIN 88
Figure 68. 176-Lead LQFP_EP Lead Configuration (Top View)
PIN 133
PIN 176
PIN 132
PIN 1
ADSP-BF51X
176-LEAD
LQFP_EP
BOTTOM VIEW
GND PAD
(PIN 177)
PIN 1 INDICATOR
PIN 89
PIN 44
PIN 88
PIN 45
Figure 69. 176-Lead LQFP_EP Lead Configuration (Bottom View)
Rev. B
| Page 59 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
168-BALL CSP_BGA BALL ASSIGNMENT
Table 54 lists the CSP_BGA by ball number. Table 55 on
Page 61 lists the CSP_BGA balls by signal mnemonic.
Table 54. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Assignment (Numerical by Ball Number)
Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name
A1
GND
C1
PF4
E10
VDDINT
H1
PG12
K6
VDDMEM
N1
BMODE1
A2
SCL
C2
PF7
E12
VDDMEM
H2
PG13
K7
VDDMEM
N2
PG1
A3
SDA
C3
PF8
E13
ARE
H3
PG11
K8
VDDMEM
N3
TDO
A4
PF13
C4
PF10
E14
AWE
H5
VDDEXT
K9
VDDMEM
N4
TRST
A5
PF15
C5
VDDEXT
F1
PF0
H6
GND
K10
VDDMEM
N5
TMS
A6
PH2
C6
VDDEXT
F2
PF1
H7
GND
K12
A8
N6
D13
A7
PH1
C7
PF11
F3
VDDINT
H8
GND
K13
A2
N7
D9
A8
PH5
C8
VDDEXT
F5
VDDEXT
H9
GND
K14
A1
N8
D5
A9
PH6
C9
VDDINT
F6
GND
H10
VDDINT
L1
PG5
N9
D1
A10
PH7
C10
VDDEXT
F7
GND
H12
A3
L2
PG3
N10
A18
A11
CLKBUF
C11
RTXI
F8
GND
H13
ABE0
L3
PG2
N11
A16
A12
XTAL
C12
RTXO
F9
GND
H14
SCAS
L12
A9
N12
A14
A13
CLKIN
C13
PG
F10
VDDINT
J1
PG10
L13
A6
N13
A11
A14
GND
C14
NC1
F12
SMS
J2
VDDFLASH
L14
A4
N14
A7
B1
VDDOTP
D1
PF3
F13
SCKE
J3
PG9
M1
PG4
P1
GND
B2
GND
D2
PF5
F14
AMS1
J5
VDDMEM
M2
BMODE2
P2
TDI
B3
PF9
D3
VPPOTP
G1
PG15
J6
GND
M3
BMODE0
P3
TCK
B4
PF12
D12
VDDFLASH
G2
PG14
J7
GND
M4
PG0
P4
D15
B5
PF14
D13
CLKOUT
G3
VDDINT
J8
GND
M5
EMU
P5
D14
B6
PH0
D14
AMS0
G5
VDDEXT
J9
GND
M6
D12
P6
D11
B7
PH3
E1
VDDFLASH
G6
GND
J10
VDDINT
M7
D10
P7
D8
B8
PH4
E2
PF2
G7
GND
J12
A15
M8
D2
P8
D7
B9
VDDEXT
E3
PF6
G8
GND
J13
ABE1
M9
D0
P9
D6
B10
RESET
E5
VDDEXT
G9
GND
J14
SA10
M10
A17
P10
D4
B11
NMI
E6
VDDEXT
G10
VDDINT
K1
PG6
M11
A13
P11
D3
B12
VDDRTC
E7
VDDINT
G12
SWE
K2
PG8
M12
A12
P12
A19
B13
VDDEXT
E8
VDDINT
G13
SRAS
K3
PG7
M13
A10
P13
GND
B14
EXT_WAKE
E9
VDDINT
G14
GND
K5
VDDMEM
M14
A5
P14
GND
1
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. B
| Page 60 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Table 55. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Assignment (Alphabetical by Signal Mnemonic)
Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name
K14
A1
A11
CLKBUF
G6
GND
C4
PF10
A8
PH5
G5
VDDEXT
K13
A2
A13
CLKIN
G7
GND
C7
PF11
A9
PH6
H5
VDDEXT
H12
A3
D13
CLKOUT
G8
GND
B4
PF12
A10
PH7
D12
VDDFLASH
L14
A4
M9
D0
G9
GND
A4
PF13
B10
RESET
E1
VDDFLASH
M14
A5
N9
D1
H6
GND
B5
PF14
C11
RTXI
J2
VDDFLASH
L13
A6
M8
D2
H7
GND
A5
PF15
C12
RTXO
C9
VDDINT
N14
A7
P11
D3
H8
GND
C13
PG
J14
SA10
E7
VDDINT
K12
A8
P10
D4
H9
GND
M4
PG0
H14
SCAS
E8
VDDINT
L12
A9
N8
D5
J6
GND
N2
PG1
F13
SCKE
E9
VDDINT
M13
A10
P9
D6
J7
GND
L3
PG2
A2
SCL
E10
VDDINT
N13
A11
P8
D7
J8
GND
L2
PG3
A3
SDA
F3
VDDINT
M12
A12
P7
D8
J9
GND
M1
PG4
F12
SMS
F10
VDDINT
M11
A13
N7
D9
P1
GND
L1
PG5
G13
SRAS
G3
VDDINT
N12
A14
M7
D10
P13
GND
K1
PG6
G12
SWE
G10
VDDINT
J12
A15
P6
D11
P14
GND
K3
PG7
P3
TCK
H10
VDDINT
N11
A16
M6
D12
G14
GND
K2
PG8
P2
TDI
J10
VDDINT
M10
A17
N6
D13
C14
NC1
J3
PG9
N3
TDO
E12
VDDMEM
N10
A18
P5
D14
B11
NMI
J1
PG10
N5
TMS
J5
VDDMEM
P12
A19
P4
D15
F1
PF0
H3
PG11
N4
TRST
K5
VDDMEM
H13
ABE0
M5
EMU
F2
PF1
H1
PG12
B9
VDDEXT
K6
VDDMEM
J13
ABE1
B14
EXT_WAKE
E2
PF2
H2
PG13
B13
VDDEXT
K7
VDDMEM
D14
AMS0
A1
GND
D1
PF3
G2
PG14
C5
VDDEXT
K8
VDDMEM
F14
AMS1
A14
GND
C1
PF4
G1
PG15
C6
VDDEXT
K9
VDDMEM
E13
ARE
B2
GND
D2
PF5
B6
PH0
C8
VDDEXT
K10
VDDMEM
E14
AWE
F6
GND
E3
PF6
A7
PH1
C10
VDDEXT
B1
VDDOTP
M3
BMODE0
F7
GND
C2
PF7
A6
PH2
E5
VDDEXT
B12
VDDRTC
N1
BMODE1
F8
GND
C3
PF8
B7
PH3
E6
VDDEXT
D3
VPPOTP
M2
BMODE2
F9
GND
B3
PF9
B8
PH4
F5
VDDEXT
A12
XTAL
1
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. B
| Page 61 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Figure 70 shows the top view of the CSP_BGA ball configuration. Figure 71 shows the bottom view of the CSP_BGA
ball configuration.
A1 BALL PAD CORNER
A
B
NC
C
D
E
F
KEY
G
H
V
DDINT
J
K
V
DDEXT
L
GND
V
I/O
V
DDMEM
DDRTC
V
M
DDFLASH
N
P
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14
TOP VIEW
Figure 70. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Configuration (Top View)
A1 BALL PAD CORNER
A
B
C
NC
D
KEY
E
V
F
DDINT
GND
V
I/O
V
DDMEM
G
V
H
DDEXT
J
V
DDFLASH
K
L
M
N
P
14 13 12 11 10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
BOTTOM VIEW
Figure 71. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Configuration (Bottom View)
Rev. B
| Page 62 of 68 | January 2011
DDRTC
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions in Figure 72 are shown in millimeters.
26.20
26.00 SQ
25.80
0.75
0.60
0.45
1.60
MAX
NOTE: THE EXPOSED PAD IS REQUIRED TO BE ELECTRICALLY AND
THERMALLY CONNECTED TO GND. IMPLEMENT THIS BY
SOLDERING THE EXPOSED PAD TO A GND PCB LAND THAT IS
THE SAME SIZE AS THE EXPOSED PAD. THE GND PCB LAND
SHOULD BE ROBUSTLY CONNECTED TO THE GND PLANE IN
THE PCB WITH AN ARRAY OF THERMAL VIAS FOR BEST
PERFORMANCE.
24.10
24.00 SQ
23.90
133
132
176
1
133
132
176
1
1.00 REF
PIN 1
5.80 REF
SQ
EXPOSED
PAD
TOP VIEW
(PINS DOWN)
12°
1.45
1.40
1.35
0.15
0.10
0.05
0.20
0.15
0.09
7°
0°
SEATING
PLANE
0.08 MAX
COPLANARITY
BOTTOM VIEW
(PINS UP)
89
44
45
88
0.50
BSC
LEAD PITCH
VIEW A
89
44
88
0.27
0.22
0.17
VIEW A
ROTATED 90° CCW
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-026-BGA-HD
Figure 72. 176-Lead Low Profile Quad Flat Package [LQFP_EP]
(SQ-176-2)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Rev. B
| Page 63 of 68 | January 2011
45
EXPOSED PAD IS CENTERED ON
THE PACKAGE.
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
A1 BALL
CORNER
12.10
12.00 SQ
11.90
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
10.40
BSC SQ
0.80
BSC
0.80
REF
TOP VIEW
1.50
1.40
1.30
A1 BALL
CORNER
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
BOTTOM VIEW
DETAIL A
0.70
REF
DETAIL A
1.12
1.06
1.00
0.34 NOM
0.29 MIN
0.36
REF
SEATING
PLANE
0.50
COPLANARITY
0.45
0.20
0.40
BALL DIAMETER
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-275-GGAB-1.
Figure 73. 168-Ball Chip Scale Package Ball Grid Array [CSP_BGA]
(BC-168-1)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
SURFACE-MOUNT DESIGN
Table 56 is provided as an aid to PCB design. For industry
standard design recommendations, refer to IPC-7351, Generic
Requirements for Surface Mount Design and Land Pattern
Standard.
Table 56. BGA Data for Use with Surface-Mount Design
Package
Package Ball Attach Type
Package Solder Mask
Opening
Package Ball Pad Size
168-Ball CSP_BGA
Solder Mask Defined
0.35 mm diameter
0.48 mm diameter
Rev. B
| Page 64 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS
The ADBF512W and ADBF518 models are available with controlled manufacturing to support the quality and reliability
requirements of automotive applications. Note that these automotive models may have specifications that differ from the
commercial models and designers should review the product
Specifications section of this data sheet carefully. Only the auto-
motive grade products shown in Table 57 are available for use in
automotive applications. Contact your local ADI account representative for specific product ordering information and to
obtain the specific Automotive Reliability reports for these
models.
Table 57. Automotive Products
Automotive Models1,2
Temperature
Range3
Instruction
Rate (Max)
Package Description
Package
Option
ADBF512WBBCZ4xx
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADBF518WBBCZ4xx
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADBF512WBSWZ4xx
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADBF518WBSWZ4xx
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
1
Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
The use of xx designates silicon revision.
3
Referenced temperature is ambient temperature. The ambient temperature is not a specification. Please see Operating Conditions on Page 20 for junction temperature (TJ)
specification which is the only temperature specification.
2
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1
Temperature
Range2
Processor Instruction
Rate (Max)
Flash
Memory
Package Description
Package
Option
ADSP-BF512BBCZ-3
–40ºC to +85ºC
300 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF512BBCZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF512BBCZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF512BSWZ-3
–40ºC to +85ºC
300 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF512BSWZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF512BSWZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF512KBCZ-3
0ºC to +70ºC
300 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF512KBCZ-4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF512KBCZ-4F4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF512KSWZ-3
0ºC to +70ºC
300 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF512KSWZ-4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF512KSWZ-4F4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF514BBCZ-3
–40ºC to +85ºC
300 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF514BBCZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF514BBCZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF514BSWZ-3
–40ºC to +85ºC
300 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF514BSWZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF514BSWZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF514KBCZ-3
0ºC to +70ºC
300 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF514KBCZ-4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF514KBCZ-4F4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF514KSWZ-3
0ºC to +70ºC
300 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
Rev. B
| Page 65 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Model1
Temperature
Range2
Processor Instruction
Rate (Max)
Flash
Memory
Package Description
Package
Option
ADSP-BF514KSWZ-4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF514KSWZ-4F4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF516KSWZ-3
0ºC to +70ºC
300 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF516KBCZ-3
0ºC to +70ºC
300 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF516KSWZ-4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF516KBCZ-4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF516KSWZ-4F4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF516KBCZ-4F4
0ºC to +70ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF516BBCZ-3
–40ºC to +85ºC
300 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF516BBCZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF516BBCZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF516BSWZ-3
–40ºC to +85ºC
300 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF516BSWZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF516BSWZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF518BBCZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF518BBCZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
168-Ball CSP_BGA
BC-168-1
ADSP-BF518BSWZ-4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
N/A
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
ADSP-BF518BSWZ-4F4
–40ºC to +85ºC
400 MHz
4M bit
176-Lead LQFP_EP
SQ-176-2
1
2
Z = RoHS compliant part.
Referenced temperature is ambient temperature. The ambient temperature is not a specification. Please see Operating Conditions on Page 20 for junction temperature (TJ)
specification which is the only temperature specification.
Rev. B
| Page 66 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
Rev. B
| Page 67 of 68 | January 2011
ADSP-BF512/BF512F, BF514/BF514F, BF516/BF516F, BF518/BF518F
©2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D08574-0-1/11(B)
Rev. B
| Page 68 of 68 | January 2011