19-0914; Rev 1; 12/94 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) The MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC power converters reduce the component count, size, and weight of 1/4 watt power supplies, thus minimizing the overall cost and simplifying designs. With an 8VRMS input voltage, the MAX610 needs only a single filter capacitor to make a complete 5V, 50mA power supply. With the addition of a current-limiting resistor and a current-limiting capacitor, the MAX610 connects directly to the 110VAC or 220VAC power line to make a minimum component count 110/220VAC to 5VDC power supply. The devices in the MAX610 family differ in three respects: full- or half-wave rectification, 12V or 18V zener voltage, and the assignment of pin 4 to the function of setting the output voltage or setting the time delay. The MAX610 has a full-wave rectifier, a 12V zener, and the output voltage is either the internally preset +5V or user adjustable from +1.3V to +9V. The MAX611 has a half-wave rectifier, a 12V zener, a fixed +5V output, and pin 4 controls the time delay of the reset output. The MAX612 has a full-wave rectifier, an 18V zener, and the output voltage is either the internally preset +5V or user adjustable from +1.3V to +15V The low-cost MAX610 family is ideal for applications where the size, weight, and component count of 1/4 watt power supplies must be reduced. Reliable power-up reset and over/undervoltage detection make these devices well suited for microprocessor-based controllers. ________________________Applications Minimum-Component-Count Power Supplies Uninterruptible 5V Power Supplies Precision Battery Chargers Line-Powered Appliances Industrial Controls Off-Line Instruments Triac Output Power Controllers __________Typical Operating Circuit ____________________________Features ♦ Direct 110/220VAC to 5VDC Conversion ♦ Minimum External Component Count ♦ Output Voltage Preset to 5V ±4% ♦ 70µA Typical Quiescent Current ♦ Over/Undervoltage Detection ♦ Power-Up Reset Circuit with Programmable Delay ♦ Programmable Current Limiting ♦ Programmable Output Voltage: 1.3V to 15V ______________Ordering Information PART MAX610CPA TEMP. RANGE PIN-PACKAGE 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX610CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO MAX611CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX611CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO MAX612CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX612CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO _________________Pin Configurations TOP VIEW AC2 1 8 V+ V- 2 7 AC1 6 VOUT 5 VSENSE N.C. 1 8 V+ V- 2 7 AC1 6 VOUT 5 VSENSE OUV 3 MAX610 MAX612 VSET 4 DIP/SO AC1 VOUT AC2 VSENSE VSET MAX610 OUV 110/220VAC INPUT V- +5V DC OUTPUT TO µP RESET V+ OUV 3 MAX611 RD 4 +12V DC OUTPUT DIP/SO ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1 For free samples & the latest literature: http://www.maxim-ic.com, or phone 1-800-998-8800 MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 _______________General Description MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Operating Temperature Range...............................0°C to +70°C Maximum Junction Temperature ....................................+125°C Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300°C Power Dissipation at +70°C Input Current MAX611 AC1, V-: 250µs non-repetitive pulse ...................................5A AC1, V-: continuous...............................................180mARMS V+....................................................................................60mA MAX610, MAX612 AC1, AC2: 250µs non-repetitive pulse................................5A AC1, AC2: continuous .........................................120mA RMS V+....................................................................................60mA All Other Terminals............................................................10mA Input Voltage MAX610/MAX611 (Note 1) AC1, AC2 ........................................................................11.5V V+....................................................................................10.8V MAX612 AC1, AC2 ...........................................................................17V V+....................................................................................16.2V CUV..............................................................(V- - 0.3V) to -16V All Other Terminals ...........................(V- - 0.3V) to (V+ + 0.3V) Output Current V+, VOUT .........................................................................60mA OUV.................................................................................10mA Note 1: The maximum input voltage may be exceeded if the maximum input current and power dissipation specifications are observed. Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = +25°C, V+ = 10V, RSENSE = 0Ω, VSET connected to V-, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS Diode Forward Voltage VF IF = 1mA IF = 50mA Zener Voltage VZ IZ = 50mA, measure at V+ Zener Dynamic Resistance RZ IZ = 50mA MIN MAX610/MAX611 TYP 0.62 1.1 12.4 MAX612 18.6 MAX610/MAX611 6 MAX612 9 MAX 2.0 UNITS V V Ω SERIES VOLTAGE REGULATOR Preset Output Voltage 0.5mA ≤ IOUT ≤ 50mA TA = +25°C 4.80 5.00 5.20 TA = 0°C to +70°C 4.75 5.00 5.25 V ∆VOUT ∆T TA = 0°C to +70°C ±100 ppm/°C Internal Voltage Reference VSET MAX610/MAX612 1.3 V Line Regulation (DC Input) ∆VOUT ∆V 8V ≤ V+ ≤ VZ 0.25 %/V Line Regulation (AC Input) ∆VOUT ∆VAC IOUT = 10mA, Figures 3, 4 ∆VOUT ∆IOUT IOUT changing from 1mA to 51mA Temperature Coefficient of Output Voltage Output Impedance Input-Output Voltage Differential VSET Input Current Supply Current 2 VOUT V+ - VOUT IOUT = 25mA 70VRMS < VIN < 140VRMS 140VRMS < VIN < 280VRMS 0.001 %/V 0.001 0.6 2.0 Ω 1.1 2.0 V ISET 0.01 100 nA I+ 70 150 µA _______________________________________________________________________________________ AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) (TA = +25°C, V+ = 10V, RSENSE = 0Ω, VSET connected to V-, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL Overvoltage Detection Voltage VOUVH Measured at VSENSE CONDITIONS Undervoltage Detection Voltage VOUVL Measured at VSENSE MIN 4.35 TYP MAX UNITS 5.4 5.65 V 4.65 OUV Output Leakage IOUV VSENSE = 5V, OUV = 5V OUV Output Voltage VOUV VSENSE ≥ 5.65V or VSENSE ≤ 4.35V, IOUV = 1mA Reset Time Delay tDELAY Figure 9a, MAX611 only, C3 = 0.01µF 30 ms MAX611 only, V+ = VZ 8.0 V Reset Pin Threshold VTH 0.001 V 10 µA 0.4 V ______________________________________________________________Pin Description PIN NAME AC2 (MAX610/612) FUNCTION Second AC input to the full- wave bridge rectifier. 1 N.C. (MAX611) This pin is not connected on the MAX611. 2 V- Negative output terminal. This terminal is also an AC input for the half-wave rectifier of the MAX611. 3 OUV 5 VSENSE 6 VOUT Positive regulated DC output. 7 AC1 AC input to the internal diode rectifier RD (MAX611) 4 VSET (MAX610/612) 8 V+ The open-drain pin goes low during undervoltage and overvoltage conditions. The undervoltage and overvoltage thresholds are fixed at 4.65V (undervoltage) and 5.4V (overvoltage) and do not change, even if the output voltage is changed via the VSET terminal. Current-limit input. The output short-circuit current limit is 0.6V/RSENSE, where RSENSE is a current-sensing resistor connected between VOUT and VSENSE. An external capacitor connected to the Reset Delay pin determines the Reset Delay period. The reset time delay is directly proportional to the capacitance connected to this pin; each 0.01µF of capacitance results in 30 milliseconds of delay. This delay period must elapse before the Reset/OUV pin goes high after an overvoltage or undervoltage condition (Figure 9). If the VSET terminal is grounded, the MAX610 and MAX612 output voltage will be the preset 5V ±4%. Alternatively, the VSET input can be used to set the output voltage to any voltage from 1.3V to 15V (MAX612) or 1.3V to 10V (MAX610/MAX611), using a simple resistive voltage divider (Figure 7). Positive unregulated or raw DC output of the rectifier. The raw DC filter capacitor connects to this terminal. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) _____________________________________________________________Block Diagrams OVER/UNDER VOLTAGE DETECTOR V+ AC1 RESET DELAY OVER/UNDER VOLTAGE DETECTOR AND DELAY V+ OUV VOUT VAC2 OUV * SERIES REGULATOR VSENSE VSET * 12.4V ZENER IN MAX610 18.6V ZENER IN MAX612 Figure 1. MAX610/MAX612 Block Diagram _______________Typical Applications Simple Line-Powered 5V Supply Figure 3 shows a 50mA, 5V power supply using the fullwave MAX610. Typical component values for both 110VAC and 220VAC 50/60Hz operation are shown. The output of this power supply is NOT ISOLATED from the power line: the MAX610 and any equipment powered by the MAX610 must be enclosed to avoid shock hazards. To avoid a second potential shock hazard, include the 1MΩ resistor across C1. This resistor will discharge the voltage left on C1 when the 110/220VAC is disconnected. 110/220VAC to 5V, Half-Wave Rectification Figure 4 shows a 50mA, 5V power supply using the halfwave MAX611. The circuit differs from Figure 3 in that the 5V output is referenced to one side of the 110VAC power line. This circuit is generally preferred for systems that control triacs, where it is desirable to connect V- to the power line. Note that for a given amount of output current, the value of C1 must be twice the value used in the full-wave circuit of Figure 3. As with all MAX610 family circuits that do not use a transformer to isolate the circuit, this circuit is NOT ISOLATED from the power line. Minimum-Component-Count 10mA, 5V Power Supply For output currents of less than 10mA, capacitor C1 of Figure 3 can be omitted, resulting in the circuit shown in Figure 5. The available output current is determined by the value of R1. For example, with R1 = 8.2kΩ, the available output current is 10mA, while the power dissipation in R1 is 1.3W. Double both the resistance value and the wattage rating of R1 for use with a 220VAC input. AC1 VOUT SERIES REGULATOR 12.4V ZENER VSENSE V- Figure 2. MAX611 Block Diagram Transformer-Isolated 5V Power Supply If isolation from the power line is required, use the MAX612 in the circuit of Figure 6. The MAX612 must have an input voltage of at least 8V peak to maintain a regulated 5V output, but the peak transformer output voltage must not exceed 17V unless the current is limited as shown in Figures 3 and 4. The AC input line voltage can range from 80V RMS to 160V RMS with the 8VRMS nominal transformer voltage shown. The MAX612 power dissipation is approximately (VIN(peak) - VOUT) x ILOAD. With the 8VRMS transformer shown, the power dissipated in the MAX612 limits the maximum output current to 60mA at +25°C ambient and 30mA at +70°C. Resistor R1 limits the peak input current, but is not needed if the transformer impedance limits the peak current to a suitable value. As a rule of thumb, R1 can be omitted if the short-circuit output current of the transformer is less than 2A. R1* 47Ω 1/2W C1* 1.5µF 150VRMS 7 AC1 VOUT 1M 117VAC 60Hz VSENSE 1 * FOR 220VAC, 50Hz INPUT: R1 = 100Ω, 1W C1 = 1µF, 280VRMS * FOR 220VAC, 60Hz INPUT: R1 = 100Ω, 1W C1 = 0.82µF, 280VRMS MAX610 AC2 VSET V- 4 2 OUV +5V REGULATED DC 5 3 TO µP RESET V+ 8 +12VDC C2 47µF 16VDC Figure 3. Simple Line-Powered 5V Supply 4 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) 117VAC 60Hz C1* 2.7µF 150VRMS 7 AC1 VOUT 6 R1 8.2k 2W 7 +5V +5V AT 10mA VOUT 6 AC1 117VAC 1M VSENSE N.C. N.C. * FOR 220VAC, 50Hz INPUT: R1 = 100Ω, 1W C1 = 1.8µF, 280VRMS 1 4 MAX611 AC2 OUV 1 5 3 5 VSENSE AC2 TO µP RESET MAX610 TO µP RESET 3 OUV RD V2 4 8 V+ V- VSET V+ 2 8 +12V * FOR 220VAC, 60Hz INPUT: R1 = 100Ω, 1W C1 = 1.5µF, 280VRMS 100µF 16V Figure 4. 110/220VAC to 5V, Half-Wave Rectification 47µF 16V Figure 5. Minimum-Component-Count 10mA, 5V Supply Adjustable Output Voltage The MAX611 output voltage is fixed at 5V ±4%. The MAX610 and MAX612 output voltages can be set to 5V ±4% by simply connecting the VSET terminal to V-. Other output voltages can be selected by connecting an external resistive voltage divider between the output and VSET as shown in Figure 7. Calculate the resistor values for other voltages using the formula: R2 ) R3 The maximum input voltage to the MAX612 is limited to 16V, enabling the MAX612 to supply any voltage from 1.3V to 15V. The maximum input voltage to the MAX610 is 10V, and the MAX610 can supply any output voltage from 1.3V to 9V. The output voltage of the standard MAX610 is set to 5V ±4% with an undervoltage trip point of 4.65V and an overvoltage trip point of 5.4V. Other output voltages are available through fusible link programming. The overvoltage and undervoltage trip points are fixed at 107% and 93% of the pretrimmed output voltage. Consult the factory regarding availability and minimum order requirements for preset voltages other than 5V. VOUT = 1.3V x ( 1 + ICURRENT LIMIT = 0.6V RSENSE When current limiting occurs, the voltage at VSENSE will fall below 4.65V, causing the OUV output to go low. Power-Up Reset Delay The MAX611 differs from the MAX610/MAX612 in that its pin 4 (RD) controls a reset delay period, whereas the MAX610/MAX612’s pin 4 (VSET) is used to adjust the output voltage. Both the MAX610/MAX612’s OUV pin and the MAX611’s OUV pin go low immediately after the output voltage goes below the undervoltage or above the overvoltage threshold. The MAX610/MAX612 OUV pin will go high immediately after the output returns to 5V. The MAX611 OUV pin will go high only after the output R1 4.7Ω 7 AC1 VOUT 0.01µF 117VAC 8VRMS VSENSE 1 MAX612 AC2 OUV 6 +5VDC 5 3 TO µP RESET Output Circuit Current Limiting Figure 8 shows how a resistor, RSENSE, can be added to any of the above circuits to provide short-circuit current-limit protection. A voltage difference between VSENSE and VOUT greater than a base-emitter voltage (approximately 0.6V) activates the MAX610/MAX611/ MAX612 output-current-limit protection circuitry. VSET 4 V- V+ 2 470µF 25V 8 +10V UNREGULATED DC Figure 6. Transformer-Isolated 5V Power Supply _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 R1* 47Ω 1/2W MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) R1* 47Ω 1/2W C1* 0.5µF 7 AC1 VOUT 1M VSENSE 117VAC 6 5 VOUT +1.3V TO +9V R1 47Ω 1/2W ICL = 0.6V RSENSE C1 1.5µF 150VRMS 7 R2 AC1 6 VOUT 1M 1 MAX610 AC2 VSET 117VAC 4 ( VOUT = 1.3 1 + R2 R3 ) OUV V2 5 VSENSE 1 R3 3 MAX610 AC2 VSET V- 4 2 V+ RSENSE 3 OUV V+ 8 8 +12V 47µF 16VDC Figure 7. Adjustable Output Voltage has been at 5V for a delay period determined by the value of a capacitor connected between V- and RD. This makes the OUV output well suited for driving the reset input of microprocessors. Upon power-up, the MAX611 OUV output will stay low until the output has been at 5V for the length of the delay period (Figure 9). This provides a reliable power-up reset to the microprocessor. Whenever the MAX611 output falls below 4.65V (as during a brownout), the OUV pin will go low, resetting the microprocessor. The output voltage must remain above 4.65V for the entire delay period before the OUV pin will go high: each time the voltage falls below 4.65V the reset delay period is restarted. The delay period is approximately 30 milliseconds for each 0.01µF of capacitance. Leave pin 4 floating if this additional delay is not desired. +12V Output for Driving Triacs, Relays, and MOSFETs In some circuits, a voltage higher than 5V is needed to drive relays, triacs, or power MOSFET gates. The DC output voltage at V+ is +12V (+18V for MAX612) and can be used to trigger triacs as shown in Figure 11. The V+ voltage is equal to the MAX610/MAX611 zener voltage until the load current (total current drawn from the +12V and the +5V) approaches the maximum available output current (40mA for each µF of C1 capacitance with 110VAC 60Hz input, 70mA/µF with 220VAC 50Hz input). The ripple on the +12V is relatively low. With the components shown in Figure 10 the ripple voltage is about 5mVp-p at 10mA load current and 20mV at 40mA load current. 6 Figure 8. Short-Circuit Current Limiting R1 47Ω 1/2W C1 2µF 150VRMS 7 AC1 VOUT 1M 117VAC VSENSE 1 6 +5V 5 MAX611 N.C. OUV RD V2 3 TO µP RESET 4 V+ 8 C2 C3 tDELAY = C3 x C3 (in sec) (in µF) Figure 9a. Power-Up Reset Delay Uninterruptible 5V Power Supply Figure 11 shows a simple way to combine a MAX610 with a battery to form an uninterruptible 5V power supply. When the 110VAC line voltage is present, resistor R2 trickle charges the 7.2V NiCd battery. When the 110VAC is removed, the NiCd battery will supply current through diode D1, and the MAX610 output will remain a constant 5V. The MAX610 will continue to deliver 5V out until V+ is approximately 5.8V and the battery voltage is approximately 6.5V. Alkaline 9V or NiCd 8.4V batteries are also suitable; R2 should not be used with the non-rechargeable 9V alkaline battery. If isolation from the power line is required, drive AC1 and AC2 with a transformer as shown in Figure 6. _______________________________________________________________________________________ AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 +12V V+ +6V OUTPUT SHORTED TO ANOTHER POWER SUPPLY +1.5V OUTPUT MOMENTARILY SHORTED t < tDELAY +1.5V 5.36V 4.65V VOUT OUV OUTPUT INDETERMINATE WHEN V+ < 1.8V 0V tDELAY tDELAY tDELAY OFF (OPEN) OUV tDELAY 500 ON (SINKING CURRENT) Figure 9b. Power-Up Reset Delay Polarity Insensitive Battery-Powered Supply R1 47Ω 1/2W Figure 12 shows a +5V power supply that works even if the battery is installed backwards: the full-wave bridge rectifier of the MAX612 corrects the battery polarity. The MAX612 is well suited for battery-powered circuits since its quiescent current is only 70µA. The MAX610 can also be used if the battery voltage is less than 10V. 117VAC POWER LINE C1 2µF 7 IRMS = IAVG; with C2. The half-wave MAX611 can also be used in this circuit, but the value of C1 must be doubled and the ratio of RMS current to average current increases to about 1.7:1. VOUT 1M VSENSE 1 Battery Charger The +6.7V open circuit or float voltage of Figure 13 is set by R2 and R3; the maximum charging current of 60mA is set by the value of C1. Since, unlike transformer-driven battery chargers, C1 conducts current throughout most of each line cycle, the ratio of the RMS charging current to the average charging current is only about 1.2:1, and capacitor C2 is optional. IAVG(MAX) = VIN x 5.56 FIN x C1 (maximum charging current) (A) FIN = Input Frequency IRMS = 1.2 IAVG; without C2 AC1 4 MAX611 N.C. OUV RD V- V+ 2 AC LOAD 8 6 +5V CONTROL SYSTEM 5 3 5V LOGIC LEVEL 470µF 15V TO AC LOAD 1k LEVEL SHIFTER OR OPENCOLLECTOR BUFFER SUCH AS MC14504 OR MM74C907 +12V OUTPUT Figure 10. Driving Triacs with +12V Supply _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) R1 47Ω 1/2W C1 1µF 175VRMS 7 6 VOUT AC1 1M 5 VSENSE 117VAC 60Hz 1 4 MAX610 AC2 UNINTERRUPTIBLE +5V DC OUTPUT 7 BATTERY VSENSE 1 3 OUV VSET V- VOUT AC1 MAX612 AC2 OUV VSET V- V+ 4 2 8 V+ 6 5 3 VOUT = | VBATTERY | - 0.6V 8 2 1N4001 C2 47µF 16V 10µF 25V R2 1.8k 7.2V NiCd BATTERY Figure 11. Uninterruptible 5V Power Supply ______________Component Selection The component values shown in the Typical Applications section are suitable for most applications. The following section gives the reasons for the particular component values chosen, explains the effect of using other values, and discusses the component specifications. Figure 12. Polarity Insensitive Battery-Powered Supply 47Ω 1/2W 1.5µF 150VRMS 7 VOUT AC1 1M MAX610 117VAC 60Hz VSENSE 1 VSET AC2 6 5 V2 +6.7V R2 10k 4 Current-Limiting Capacitor, C1 The current-limiting capacitor (C1) is the most critical component for a 110/220VAC input power supply based on the MAX610 family. It must continuously withstand the full line voltage, so it should be rated for AC operation. A conservative designer will use a capacitor rated for at least 150VRMS working voltage for 110VAC circuits, and at least 280VRMS for 220VAC or 240VAC circuits. This capacitor must be a non-polarized type such as polyester (Mylar™) or polypropylene metallized film. Metallized film capacitors are preferred over metal foil capacitors, since metal foil capacitors are more likely to fail as a short circuit. The value of C1 determines both the power dissipation of the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 and the maximum available output current. The value of C1 should be the smallest value that will deliver the desired output current at minimum line voltage, since the power dissipated by the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 increases with increasing values of C1. Table 1 gives the formula for calculating C1 as a function of the desired output current. Table 2 shows some typical component suppliers and part numbers. 8 +5V 6V GEL CELL BATTERY R3 2.4k V+ 8 C2 100µF 16V Figure 13. Simple Battery Charger Current-Limiting Resistor, R1 The current-limiting resistor (R1) limits the maximum peak current that occurs when power is first applied to the MAX610 just as the power line voltage is at its maximum. The instantaneous peak current must be limited to 5A. For 110VAC, input voltage R1 must be 33Ω or greater; for 220VAC, input voltage R1 must be 68Ω or greater. The recommended values are 47Ω for 110VAC and 100Ω for 220VAC. The power dissipation in R1 is constant, independent of the load current. _______________________________________________________________________________________ AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 Table 1. Design Formulas FORMULA VOUT = 5 V ± 4%, VSET g rounded VOUT = 1.3V (1 + R2 ) R3 EXAMPLE IN FIGURE No: COMMENTS 3 8 MAX610 and MAX612 IOUT(MAX ) = C1 x 4 2 x VRMS x FIN 3 Full wave—MAX610, MAX612 IOUT(MAX ) = C1 x 2 2 x VRMS x FIN 4 Half wave—MAX611 ICURRENT LIMIT = C1 = C1 = 0.6V R SENSE 9 IOUT(MAX ) (VRMS − VOUT ) x 4 IOUT(MAX ) (VRMS − VOUT ) x 2 With 110VAC, 60Hz input: Pd (R1) = 1.6 x C12 x R1 (in µF) Full wave—MAX610, MAX612 4 Half wave—MAX611 10 MAX611 only 2 x FIN Time delay = C3 x 3 (in secs) (in µF) (in mW) 3 2 x FIN (in Ω) With 220VAC, 50Hz input: Pd (R1) = 2.7 x C12 x R1 (in mW) (in µF) (in Ω) Table 2. Component Manufacturers MANUFACTURER Raw DC Filter Capacitor, C2 The raw DC filter capacitor (C2) is normally an aluminum or tantalum electrolytic capacitor. C2 is ordinarily 47µF when the MAX610/MAX612 are driven from the 110/220VAC power line. The half-wave MAX611 requires larger values for C2 since the output current is supplied by C2 for one-half of each line cycle. Panasonic PART NO. DESCRIPTION ECQ-E2105KF 1µF, 250VDC metallized polypropylene capacitor ECQ-E2155KF 1.5µF, 250VDC metallized polypropylene capacitor ECQ-E2275KF 2.7µF, 250VDC metallized polypropylene capacitor ECQ-E6105KF 1µF, 630VDC metallized polypropylene capacitor ECQ-E6155KF 1.5µF, 630VDC metallized polypropylene capacitor 5801B Slip-on heatsink for 8-pin plastic DIP Reset Delay Capacitor The reset delay capacitor, labeled C3 in Figure 9a, is non-critical and is usually a low-cost ceramic capacitor. Aavid Panasonic Industrial Company Electronic Components Division 1600 McCandless Drive Milpitas, CA 95035 (408) 946-4311 Aavid Engineering, Inc. 30 Cook Ct., Box 400 Laconia, NH 03247 (603) 524-4443 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9 MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) ___Cautions and Application Hints 1) Unless driven by a transformer, the 5V output of the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 is NOT ISOLATED from the power line, and all circuitry connected to the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 should be treated as if it were directly connected to the power line. The MAX610/MAX611/MAX612, its circuitry, and all components driven by the 5V output present a shock hazard and should be in a protective enclosure to prevent accidental contact. 2) Use an isolation transformer or ground fault interrupter (GFI) when breadboarding, testing, or trouble-shooting a MAX610 family based power supply or any circuitry powered by the MAX610 family. If the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 is connected directly to the power line, do NOT connect the ground of an oscilloscope to the circuit—this will severely damage the oscilloscope and destroy the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612. 3) When the 110/220VAC input is disconnected from a MAX610 family based power supply, the input capacitor, C1, may be left charged to the peak input line voltage, creating a shock hazard on the input terminals. The 1MΩ resistor shown in Figure 3 is recommended for use in any of the circuits when the input to the power supply may be disconnected or where the input capacitor must be discharged to prevent shock hazards to maintenance or service personnel. 4) C1 must be able to withstand the peak AC input voltage. The power source should be properly fused. 5) Observe th power dissipation limit. Excessive power dissipation will cause the junction temperature to rise above the absolute maximum rating and will degrade reliability. 10 6) Use the minimum value of C1 that will deliver the desired output current. Minimizing the value of C1 minimizes the dissipation of the MAX610/MAX611/ MAX612, thus increasing the reliability of the power supply. 7) The over/undervoltage detection circuit is set up for 5V operation. Even if the VSET terminal is used to set another output voltage, the over/undervoltage detection is left set at 4.65V and 5.4V. 8) If the value of C2, the raw DC filter capacitor, is above 750µF, limit the maximum output current by inserting a resistor between V OUT and V SENSE . This prevents damage to the MAX610/MAX611/ MAX612 that might occur if the energy stored in a large valued C2 were discharged into a short circuit. If C2 is below 750µF, this protection is not necessary. 9) While the MAX610 family is stable without an output filter capacitor, it is good engineering practice to have power-supply bypass capacitors on the output to compensate for the increased output impedance of the MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 at high frequency. A 47µF in parallel with a 0.1µF will keep the effective output impedance low from DC to greater than 1MHz. 10) When powering the MAX610 or MAX612 through the V+ terminal and using only the DC linear regulator, connect both AC1 and AC2 terminals to V-. When using only the DC linear regulator portion of the MAX611, the AC1 terminal should be connected to V-. 11) A 0.01µF (50V) capacitor connected between AC1 and AC2 for the MAX610/MAX612 or between AC1 and GND for the MAX611 protects the bridge rectifier from damage due to input transients. ______________________________________________________________________________________ AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) D E DIM E1 A A1 A2 A3 B B1 C D1 E E1 e eA eB L A3 A A2 L A1 0° - 15° C e B1 B eA eB D1 Plastic DIP PLASTIC DUAL-IN-LINE PACKAGE (0.300 in.) INCHES MAX MIN 0.200 – – 0.015 0.175 0.125 0.080 0.055 0.022 0.016 0.065 0.045 0.012 0.008 0.080 0.005 0.325 0.300 0.310 0.240 – 0.100 – 0.300 0.400 – 0.150 0.115 PKG. DIM PINS P P P P P N D D D D D D 8 14 16 18 20 24 INCHES MIN MAX 0.348 0.390 0.735 0.765 0.745 0.765 0.885 0.915 1.015 1.045 1.14 1.265 MILLIMETERS MIN MAX – 5.08 0.38 – 3.18 4.45 1.40 2.03 0.41 0.56 1.14 1.65 0.20 0.30 0.13 2.03 7.62 8.26 6.10 7.87 2.54 – 7.62 – – 10.16 2.92 3.81 MILLIMETERS MIN MAX 8.84 9.91 18.67 19.43 18.92 19.43 22.48 23.24 25.78 26.54 28.96 32.13 21-0043A ______________________________________________________________________________________ 11 MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 ________________________________________________________Package Information MAX610/MAX611/MAX612 AC-to-DC Regulator (110/220VAC to 5.0VDC) ___________________________________________Package Information (continued) DIM D 0°-8° A 0.101mm 0.004in. e B A1 E C L Narrow SO SMALL-OUTLINE PACKAGE (0.150 in.) H A A1 B C E e H L INCHES MAX MIN 0.069 0.053 0.010 0.004 0.019 0.014 0.010 0.007 0.157 0.150 0.050 0.244 0.228 0.050 0.016 DIM PINS D D D 8 14 16 MILLIMETERS MIN MAX 1.35 1.75 0.10 0.25 0.35 0.49 0.19 0.25 3.80 4.00 1.27 5.80 6.20 0.40 1.27 INCHES MILLIMETERS MIN MAX MIN MAX 0.189 0.197 4.80 5.00 0.337 0.344 8.55 8.75 0.386 0.394 9.80 10.00 21-0041A Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 12 __________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (408) 737-7600 © 1994 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.