19-3221; Rev 0; 1/04 KIT ATION EVALU E L B A AVAIL 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter Features The MAX7044 crystal-referenced phase-locked-loop (PLL) VHF/UHF transmitter is designed to transmit OOK/ASK data in the 300MHz to 450MHz frequency range. The MAX7044 supports data rates up to 100kbps, and provides output power up to +13dBm into a 50Ω load while only drawing 7.7mA at 2.7V. ♦ +2.1V to +3.6V Single-Supply Operation The crystal-based architecture of the MAX7044 eliminates many of the common problems with SAW-based transmitters by providing greater modulation depth, faster frequency settling, higher tolerance of the transmit frequency, and reduced temperature dependence. The MAX7044 also features a low supply voltage of +2.1V to +3.6V. These improvements enable better overall receiver performance when using the MAX7044 together with a superheterodyne receiver such as the MAX1470 or MAX1473. A simple, single-input data interface and a buffered clock-out signal at 1/16th the crystal frequency make the MAX7044 compatible with almost any microcontroller or code-hopping generator. The MAX7044 is available in an 8-pin SOT23 package and is specified over the -40°C to +125°C automotive temperature range. ♦ Low 7.7mA (typ) Operating Supply Current* Applications Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Tire-Pressure Monitoring (TPM) Security Systems Garage Door Openers RF Remote Controls Wireless Game Consoles Wireless Computer Peripherals Wireless Sensors ♦ OOK/ASK Transmit Data Format ♦ Up to 100kbps Data Rate ♦ +13dBm Output Power into 50Ω Load ♦ Uses Small, Low-Cost Crystal ♦ Small 3mm x 3mm 8-Pin SOT23 Package ♦ Fast-On Oscillator: 250µs Startup Time * At 50% duty cycle (315MHz, 2.7V supply, +13dBm output power) Ordering Information PART TEMP RANGE MAX7044AKA-T PINPACKAGE TOP MARK -40°C to +125°C 8 SOT23-8 AEJW Pin Configuration Typical Application Circuit TOP VIEW fXTAL 3.0V 1 100nF 220pF ANTENNA 680pF 2 3 4 XTAL1 GND XTAL2 VDD MAX7044 PAGND DATA PAOUT CLKOUT 8 3.0V XTAL1 1 7 100nF 8 XTAL2 7 VDD 3 6 DATA PAOUT 4 5 CLKOUT GND 2 MAX7044 6 5 PAGND DATA INPUT CLOCK OUTPUT (fCLKOUT = fXTAL/16) SOT23 ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com. 1 MAX7044 General Description MAX7044 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS VDD to GND ..........................................................-0.3V to +4.0V All Other Pins to GND ................................-0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 8-Pin SOT23 (derate 8.9mW/°C above +70°C)............714mW Operating Temperature Range .........................-40°C to +125°C Storage Temperature Range .............................-60°C to +150°C Junction Temperature ......................................................+150°C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Typical Application Circuit, all RF inputs and outputs are referenced to 50Ω, VDD = +2.1V to +3.6V, TA = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VDD = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS 3.6 V SYSTEM PERFORMANCE Supply Voltage VDD 2.1 fRF = 315MHz Supply Current (Note 2) IDD fRF = 433MHz Standby Current Frequency Range (Note 4) ISTDBY VDATA < VIL for more than WAIT time (Notes 4, 7) VDATA at 50% duty cycle, (Notes 3, 4) 7.7 14.1 PA on (Note 5) 13.8 25.4 PA off (Note 6) 1.7 2.8 VDATA at 50% duty cycle, (Notes 3, 4) 8.0 14.4 PA on (Note 5) 14.0 25.7 PA off (Note 6) 1.9 3.1 TA < +25°C 40 130 TA < +125°C 550 2900 fRF 300 Data Rate (Note 4) 0 Modulation Depth (Note 8) Output Power, PA On (Notes 4, 5) ON to OFF POUT ratio POUT fRF = 300MHz to 450MHz 100 kbps dB 9.6 12.5 15.4 TA = +125°C, VDD = +2.1V 5.9 9.0 12.0 TA = -40°C, VDD = +3.6V 13.1 15.8 18.5 Oscillator settled to within 5kHz 450 Transmit Efficiency with CW (Notes 5, 10) fRF = 315MHz 48 fRF = 433MHz 47 Transmit Efficiency with 50% OOK (Notes 3, 10) fRF = 315MHz 43 fRF = 433MHz 41 2 MHz TA = +25°C, VDD = +2.7V 220 tON _______________________________________________________________________________________ nA 450 90 Oscillator settled to within 50kHz Turn-On Time (Note 8) mA dBm µs % % 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter (Typical Application Circuit, all RF inputs and outputs are referenced to 50Ω, VDD = +2.1V to +3.6V, TA = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VDD = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS PHASE-LOCKED LOOP (PLL) VCO Gain 330 fRF = 315MHz Phase Noise fRF = 433MHz Maximum Carrier Harmonics Reference Spur fOFFSET = 100kHz -80 fOFFSET = 1MHz -90 fOFFSET = 100kHz -77 fOFFSET = 1MHz -87 fRF = 315MHz -50 fRF = 433MHz -50 fRF = 315MHz -74 fRF = 433MHz -80 Loop Bandwidth MHz/V dBc/Hz dBc dBc 1.6 Crystal Frequency fXTAL MHz fRF/32 MHz Frequency Pulling by VDD 3 ppm/V Maximum Crystal Inductance 50 µH Crystal Load Capacitance 3 pF DATA INPUT Data Input High VIH Data Input Low VIL VDD 0.25 V 0.25 V Maximum Input Current 10 µA Pulldown Current 10 µA CLKOUT OUTPUT Output Voltage Low VOL Output Voltage High Load Capacitance VOH CLOAD CLKOUT Frequency ISINK = 650µA (Note 4) ISOURCE = 350µA (Note 4) 0.25 VDD 0.25 V V (Note 4) 10 fXTAL / 16 pF Hz Note 1: Supply current, output power, and efficiency are greatly dependent on board layout and PAOUT match. Note 2: Production tested at TA = +25°C with fRF = 300MHz and 450MHz. Guaranteed by design and characterization over temperature and frequency. Note 3: 50% duty cycle at 10kbps with Manchester coding. Note 4: Guaranteed by design and characterization, not production tested. Note 5: PA output is turned on in test mode by VDATA = VCC/2 + 100mV. Note 6: PA output is turned off in test mode by VDATA = VCC/2 – 100mV. Note 7: Wait time: tWAIT = (216 x 32) / fRF. Note 8: Generally limited by PC board layout. Note 9: VDATA = VIL to VDATA = VIH after VDATA = VIL for WAIT time: tWAIT = (216 x 32) / fRF. Note 10: VDATA = VIH. Efficiency = POUT/(VDD x IDD). _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 MAX7044 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) Typical Operating Characteristics (Typical Application Circuit, VDD = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) TA = +25°C 15 TA = +85°C 13 11 TA = +25°C 10 TA = -40°C 9 8 TA = +85°C 7 TA = +125°C 9 2.7 3.0 3.3 TA = +85°C 12 8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 2.1 3.6 2.4 2.7 OUTPUT POWER vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE OUTPUT POWER vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 8 TA = +125°C MAX7044 toc05 TA = -40°C TA = +25°C 14 18 TA = +85°C 12 TA = +125°C 10 fRF = 433MHz PA ON TA = +25°C 14 TA = +85°C 12 10 TA = +125°C 7 6 8 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 2 fRF = 433MHz 1 0 fRF = 315MHz -1 -2 fRF = 315MHz 2.7 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3.3 3.6 fRF = 315MHz PA ON 65 TA = -40°C 60 3.6 TA = +25°C 55 50 45 TA = +85°C 40 TA = +125°C 35 -3 2.4 70 TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY (%) FREQUENCY STABILITY (ppm) -76 3 MAX7044 toc08 FREQUENCY STABILITY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE MAX7044 toc07 REFERENCE SPUR MAGNITUDE vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE fRF = 433MHz 2.1 2.1 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) -80 4 2.4 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) -72 -78 8 2.1 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) REFERENCE SPUR = fRF ± fXTAL -74 3.6 TA = -40°C 16 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) TA = +85°C fRF = 315MHz PA ON 16 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) TA = +25°C 9 18 3.6 MAX7044 toc06 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 11 -70 3.3 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) TA = -40°C 2.1 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 12 10 TA = +25°C 14 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) fRF = 433MHz PA 50% DUTY CYCLE AT 10kHz 13 3.6 MAX7044 toc04 14 2.4 16 TA = +125°C 5 2.1 TA = -40°C 18 10 TA = +125°C 6 7 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 11 fRF = 433MHz PA ON 20 MAX7044 toc09 17 12 22 MAX7044 toc03 TA = -40°C 19 fRF = 315MHz PA 50% DUTY CYCLE AT 10kHz SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) fRF = 315MHz PA ON SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 21 13 MAX7044 toc01 23 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE MAX7044 toc02 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE REFERENCE SPUR MAGNITUDE (dBc) MAX7044 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter 30 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3.3 3.6 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3.3 3.6 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE TA = +85°C 30 TA = +125°C 25 55 50 45 TA = +85°C 40 TA = +125°C 35 2.7 3.0 3.3 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) PHASE NOISE vs. OFFSET FREQUENCY SUPPLY CURRENT AND OUTPUT POWER vs. EXTERNAL RESISTOR -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -120 MAX7044 toc14 POWER 16 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) -60 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1k 10k OFFSET FREQUENCY (Hz) MAX7044 toc16 FREQUENCY SETTLING TIME MAX7044 toc12 TA = +85°C 30 TA = +125°C 25 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 18 fRF = 315MHz 15 12 4 CURRENT 10 0 8 -4 6 -8 -12 fRF = 315MHz PA ON 0 1 10 100 3.6 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. OUTPUT POWER 16 8 2 -140 35 12 14 4 -130 40 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 18 MAX7044 toc13 -50 TA = -40°C 45 3.6 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) -40 50 TA = +25°C 15 2.1 3.6 1000 -16 10,000 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 2.4 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) 2.1 fRF = 433MHz PA 50% DUTY CYCLE AT 10kHz 20 30 20 PHASE NOISE (dBc/Hz) TA = +25°C 60 55 MAX7044 toc15 35 TA = -40°C 12 PA ON 9 6 3 50% DUTY CYCLE 0 -10 -6 -2 2 6 EXTERNAL RESISTOR (Ω) OUTPUT POWER (dBm) AM DEMODULATION OF PA OUTPUT DATA RATE = 100kHz OUTPUT SPECTRUM 10 14 MAX7044 toc18 40 65 60 TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY (%) 45 fRF = 433MHz PA ON MAX7044 toc11 TA = +25°C TA = -40°C 50 70 TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE MAX7044 toc17 55 fRF = 315MHz PA 50% DUTY CYCLE AT 10kHz TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY (%) TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY (%) 60 MAX7044 toc10 TRANSMIT POWER EFFICIENCY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 50kHz/div _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 MAX7044 Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (Typical Application Circuit, VDD = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (Typical Application Circuit, VDD = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) -40 MAX7044 toc19 CLKOUT SPUR MAGNITUDE vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE CLKOUT SPUR MAGNITUDE (dBc) MAX7044 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter fRF = 315MHz -43 -46 -49 -52 -55 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) Pin Description PIN NAME 1 XTAL1 FUNCTION 1st Crystal Input. fXTAL = fRF / 32. 2 GND 3 PAGND Ground for the Power Amplifier (PA). Connect to system ground. 4 PAOUT Power-Amplifier Output. The PA output requires a pullup inductor to the supply voltage, which can be part of the output-matching network to an antenna. 5 CLKOUT 6 DATA 7 VDD 8 XTAL2 Ground. Connect to system ground. Buffered Clock Output. The frequency of CLKOUT is fXTAL / 16. OOK Data Input. DATA also controls the power-up state (see the Shutdown Mode section). Supply Voltage. Bypass to GND with a 100nF capacitor as close to the pin as possible. 2nd Crystal Input. fXTAL = fRF / 32. Functional Diagram DATA MAX7044 DATA ACTIVITY DETECTOR VDD GND PA PAOUT PAGND LOCK DETECT XTAL1 XTAL2 6 32x PLL CRYSTALOSCILLATOR DRIVER Detailed Description The MAX7044 is a highly integrated ASK transmitter operating over the 300MHz to 450MHz frequency band. The IC requires only a few external components to complete a transmit solution. The MAX7044 includes a complete PLL and a highly efficient power amplifier. The device is automatically placed into a low-power shutdown mode and powers up when data is detected on the data input. Shutdown Mode /16 CLKOUT The MAX7044 has an automatic shutdown mode that places the device in low-power mode if the DATA input has not toggled for a specific amount of time (wait time). The wait time is equal to 216 clock cycles of the crystal. This equates to a wait time of approximately 6.66ms for _______________________________________________________________________________________ 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter tWAIT = 216 x 32 fRF where tWAIT is the wait time to shutdown and fRF is the RF transmit frequency. When the device is in shutdown, a rising edge on DATA initiates the warm up of the crystal and PLL. The crystal and PLL must have 220µs settling time before data can be transmitted. The 220µs turn-on time of the MAX7044 is dominated by the crystal oscillator startup time. Once the oscillator is running, the 1.6MHz PLL loop bandwidth allows fast frequency recovery during power amplifier toggling. When the device is operating, each edge on the data line resets an internal counter to zero and it begins to count again. If no edges are detected on the data line, the counter reaches the end-of-count (216 clock cycles) and places the device in shutdown mode. If there is an edge on the data line before the counter hits the end of count, the counter is reset and the process starts over. Phase-Locked Loop The PLL block contains a phase detector, charge pump, integrated loop filter, VCO, asynchronous 32x clock divider, and crystal oscillator. This PLL requires no external components. The relationship between the carrier and crystal frequency is given by: fXTAL = fRF / 32 The lock-detect circuit prevents the power amplifier from transmitting until the PLL is locked. In addition, the device shuts down the power amplifier if the reference frequency is lost. overall efficiency is 48% with the efficiency of the power amplifier itself greater than 54%. Buffered Clock Output The MAX7044 provides a buffered clock output (CLKOUT) for easy interface to a microcontroller or frequency-hopping generator. The frequency of CLKOUT is 1/16 the crystal frequency. For a 315MHz RF transmit frequency, a crystal of 9.84375MHz is used, giving a clock output of 615.2kHz. For a 433.92MHz RF frequency, a crystal of 13.56MHz is used for a clock output of 847.5kHz. The clock output is inactive when the device is in shutdown mode. The device is placed in shutdown mode by the internal data activity detector (see the Shutdown Mode section). Once data is detected on the data input, the clock output is stable after approximately 220µs. Applications Information Output Power Adjustment It is possible to adjust the output power down to -15dBm with the addition of a resistor (see RPWRADJ in Figure 1). The addition of the power adjust resistor also reduces power consumption. See the Supply Current and Output Power vs. External Resistor and Supply Current vs. Output Power graphs in the Typical Operating Characteristics section. It is imperative to add both a low-frequency and a high-frequency decoupling capacitor as shown in Figure 1. Crystal Oscillator The crystal oscillator in the MAX7044 is designed to present a capacitance of approximately 3pF between the XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins. If a crystal designed to oscillate with a different load capacitance is used, the crystal is pulled away from its intended operating fre3.0V Power Amplifier The PA of the MAX7044 is a high-efficiency, opendrain, class-C amplifier. With a proper output matching network, the PA can drive a wide range of impedances, including the small-loop PC board trace antenna and any 50Ω antenna. The output-matching network for an antenna with a characteristic impedance of 50Ω is shown in the Typical Application Circuit. The outputmatching network suppresses the carrier harmonics and transforms the antenna impedance to an optimal impedance at PAOUT, which is about 125Ω. When the output matching network is properly tuned, the power amplifier transmits power with high efficiency. The Typical Application Circuit delivers +13dBm at +2.7V supply with 7.7mA of supply current. Thus, the fXTAL 100nF RPWRADJ 1 2 220pF ANTENNA 680pF 3 4 XTAL1 GND XTAL2 VDD MAX1434 PAGND DATA PAOUT CLKOUT 8 7 6 5 3.0V 100nF DATA INPUT CLOCK OUTPUT (fCLKOUT = fXTAL/16) Figure 1. Output Power Adjustment Circuit _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 MAX7044 a 315MHz RF frequency and 4.84ms for a 433MHz RF frequency. For other frequencies, calculate the wait time with the following equation: MAX7044 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter quency, thus introducing an error in the reference frequency. Crystals designed to operate with higher differential load capacitance always pull the reference frequency higher. For example, a 9.84375MHz crystal designed to operate with a 10pF load capacitance oscillates at 9.84688MHz with the MAX7044, causing the transmitter to be transmitting at 315.1MHz rather than 315.0MHz, an error of about 100kHz, or 320ppm. In actuality, the oscillator pulls every crystal. The crystal’s natural frequency is really below its specified frequency, but when loaded with the specified load capacitance, the crystal is pulled and oscillates at its specified frequency. This pulling is already accounted for in the specification of the load capacitance. Additional pulling can be calculated if the electrical parameters of the crystal are known. The frequency pulling is given by: fp = 1 1 Cm − x 106 2 Ccase + Cload Ccase + Cspec where: antenna. The antenna is usually fabricated out of a copper trace on a PC board in a rectangular, circular, or square pattern. The antenna will have an impedance that consists of a lossy component and a radiative component. To achieve high radiating efficiency, the radiative component should be as high as possible, while minimizing the lossy component. In addition, the loop antenna will have an inherent loop inductance associated with it (assuming the antenna is terminated to ground). For example, in a typical application, the radiative impedance is less than 0.5Ω, the lossy impedance is less than 0.7Ω, and the inductance is approximately 50nH to 100nH. The objective of the matching network is to match the power amplifier output to the small-loop antenna. The matching components thus transform the low radiative and resistive parts of the antenna into the much higher value of the PA output. This gives higher efficiency. The low radiative and lossy components of the small-loop antenna result in a higher Q matching network than the 50Ω network; thus, the harmonics are lower. Layout Considerations fp is the amount the crystal frequency is pulled in ppm. Cm is the motional capacitance of the crystal. Ccase is the case capacitance. Cspec is the specified load capacitance. Cload is the actual load capacitance. When the crystal is loaded as specified, i.e., Cload = Cspec, the frequency pulling equals zero. Output Matching to 50Ω When matched to a 50Ω system, the MAX7044 PA is capable of delivering up to +13dBm of output power at VDD = 2.7V. The output of the PA is an open-drain transistor that requires external impedance matching and pullup inductance for proper biasing. The pullup inductance from PA to VDD serves three main purposes: it resonates the capacitance of the PA output, provides biasing for the PA, and becomes a high-frequency choke to reduce the RF energy coupling into VDD. The recommended output-matching network topology is shown in the Typical Application Circuit. The matching network transforms the 50Ω load to approximately 125Ω at the output of the PA in addition to forming a bandpass filter that provides attenuation for the higher order harmonics. A properly designed PC board is an essential part of any RF/microwave circuit. At the power amplifier output, use controlled-impedance lines and keep them as short as possible to minimize losses and radiation. At high frequencies, trace lengths that are approximately 1/20 the wavelength or longer become antennas. For example, a 2in trace at 315MHz can act as an antenna. Keeping the traces short also reduces parasitic inductance. Generally, 1in of PC board trace adds about 20nH of parasitic inductance. The parasitic inductance can have a dramatic effect on the effective inductance. For example, a 0.5in trace connecting a 100nH inductor adds an extra 10nH of inductance, or 10%. To reduce the parasitic inductance, use wider traces and a solid ground or power plane below the signal traces. Using a solid ground plane can reduce the parasitic inductance from approximately 20nH/in to 7nH/in. Also, use low-inductance connections to ground on all GND pins, and place decoupling capacitors close to all VDD connections. Chip Information TRANSISTOR COUNT: 2489 PROCESS: CMOS Output Matching to PC Board Loop Antenna In some applications, the MAX7044 power amplifier output has to be impedance matched to a small-loop 8 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 300MHz to 450MHz High-Efficiency, Crystal-Based +13dBm ASK Transmitter CL CL E MIN MAX A A1 A2 0.90 0.00 0.90 1.45 0.15 1.30 b 0.28 0.45 C D E 0.09 2.80 2.60 0.20 3.00 3.00 SYMBOL e CL E1 E1 1.50 L 0.30 L2 e PIN 1 I.D. DOT (SEE NOTE 6) SOT23, 8L .EPS SEE DETAIL "A" b 1.75 0.60 0.25 BSC. 0.65 BSC. 1.95 REF. 0∞ 8∞ e1 0 e1 D C CL L2 A A2 GAUGE PLANE A1 SEATING PLANE C 0 L NOTE: 1. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS. 2. FOOT LENGTH MEASURED FROM LEAD TIP TO UPPER RADIUS OF HEEL OF THE LEAD PARALLEL TO SEATING PLANE C. 3. PACKAGE OUTLINE EXCLUSIVE OF MOLD FLASH & METAL BURR. 4. PACKAGE OUTLINE INCLUSIVE OF SOLDER PLATING. DETAIL "A" 5. COPLANARITY 4 MILS. MAX. 6. PIN 1 I.D. DOT IS 0.3 MM ÿ MIN. LOCATED ABOVE PIN 1. 7. SOLDER THICKNESS MEASURED AT FLAT SECTION OF LEAD BETWEEN 0.08mm AND 0.15mm FROM LEAD TIP. 8. MEETS JEDEC MO178. PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TITLE: PACKAGE OUTLINE, SOT-23, 8L BODY APPROVAL DOCUMENT CONTROL NO. 21-0078 REV. D 1 1 Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 _____________________ 9 © 2004 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products. MAX7044 Package Information (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications. For the latest package outline information, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages).