EXAR XR17D158

XR17D158
xr
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
NOVEMBER 2004
REV. 1.2.1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
FEATURES
The XR17D1581 (D158) is an octal PCI Bus
Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter
(UART) with support for PCI Bus universal VIO
buffers in the same package and pin-out as the
XR17C158, XR17C154 and XR17D154. The device
is designed to meet the 32-bit PCI Bus and high
bandwidth requirement in communication systems. A
global interrupt source register provides a complete
interrupt status indication for all 8 channels to speed
up interrupt parsing. Each UART has its own 16C550
compatible set of configuration registers, transmit and
receive FIFOs of 64 bytes, fully programmable
transmit and receive FIFO level trigger levels,
transmit and receive FIFO level counters, automatic
RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR hardware flow control with
programmable hysteresis levels, automatic software
(Xon/Xoff) flow control, IrDA (Infrared Data
Association) encoder/decoder, 8 multi-purpose
inputs/outputs and a 16-bit general purpose timer/
counter.
NOTE:
1 Covered by U.S. Patents #5,649,122 and #5,949,787
• High Performance Octal PCI UART
• Universal PCI Bus Buffers - Auto-sense 3.3V or 5V
Operation
• 32-bit PCI Bus 2.3 Target Signalling Compliance
• A Global Interrupt Source Register for all 8 UARTs
• Data Transfer in Byte, Word and Double-word
• Data Read/Write Burst Operation
• Each UART is independently controlled with:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
APPLICATIONS
■
• Universal Form Factor PCI Bus Add-in Card
• Remote Access Servers
• Network Management
• Factory Automation and Process Control
• Point-of-Sale Systems
• Multi-port RS-232/RS-422/RS-485 Cards
16C550 Compatible 5G Register Set
64-byte Transmit and Receive FIFOs
Transmit and Receive FIFO Level Counters
Programmable TX and RX FIFO Trigger Level
Automatic RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR Flow Control
Automatic Xon/Xoff Software Flow Control
RS485 HDX Control Output with Selectable
Turn-around Delay
Infrared (IrDA 1.0) Data Encoder/Decoder
Programmable Data Rate with Prescaler
Up to 6.25 Mbps Serial Data Rate
• Eight Multi-Purpose Inputs/outputs
• A General Purpose 16-bit Timer/counter
• Sleep Mode with Automatic Wake-up
• EEPROM Interface for PCI Configuration
• Same Package and Pin-out as the XR17C158,
XR17C154 and XR17D154
FIGURE 1. BLOCK DIAGRAM
5V VCC
(Core Logic)
3.3V or 5V
VIO
GND
UART Channel 0
CLK
RST#
AD[31:0]
C/BE[3:0]#
FRAME#
IRDY#
TRDY#
DEVSEL#
STOP#
INTA#
IDSEL
PERR#
SERR#
PAR
UART
Regs
BRG
IR
ENDEC
64 Byte RX FIFO
TX0, RX0, DTR0#,
DSR0#, RTS0#,
CTS0#, CD0#, RI0#
UART Channel 1
PCI Local
Bus
Interface
Device
Configuration
Registers
UART Channel 2
UART Channel 3
UART Channel 4
UART Channel 5
UART Channel 6
Configuration
Space
Registers
EECK
EEDI
EEDO
EECS
64 Byte TX FIFO
TX & RX
EEPROM
Interface
UART Channel 7
16-bit
Timer/Counter
Multi-purpose
.
Inputs/Outputs
Crystal Osc/Buffer
TX7, RX7, DTR7#,
DSR7#, RTS7#,
CTS7#, CD7#, RI7#
MPIO0- MPIO7
XTAL1
XTAL2
TMRCK
Exar Corporation 48720 Kato Road, Fremont CA, 94538 • (510) 668-7000 • FAX (510) 668-7017 • www.exar.com
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
DSR5#
MPIO2
MPIO3
73
CD5#
74
RI5#
76
75
RTS5#
77
TX5
80
78
RX4
81
79 DTR5#
DSR4#
CTS4#
82
CD4#
83
RI4#
84
DTR4#
87
85
TX4
88
86 RTS4#
VCC
CTS3#
92
GND
DSR3#
93
89
CD3#
94
90
RI3#
95
91 RX3
DTR3#
RTS3#
96
TX3
DSR2#
101
97
CD2#
102
RX2
RI2#
103
98
RTS2#
104
99
DTR2#
105
100 CTS2#
MPIO1
TX2
106
MPIO0
107
108
FIGURE 2. PIN OUT OF THE DEVICE
XTAL2 109
72
CTS5#
XTAL1
110
71
RX5
TEST#
111
70
ENIR
VCC
112
69
TMRCK
MPIO4
EEDO
113
68
EEDI
114
67
MPIO5
EECS
115
66
MPIO6
EECK
116
65
MPIO7
TX1
117
64
VCC
DTR1# 118
63
GND
RTS1# 119
62
TX6
RI1#
120
61
DTR6#
CD1#
121
60
RTS6#
DSR1# 122
59
RI6#
CTS1# 123
58
CD6#
RX1
124
57
DSR6#
TX0
125
56
CTS6#
XR17D158
DTR0# 126
RTS0# 127
55
RX6
54
TX7
RI0#
128
53
DTR7#
CD0#
129
52
RTS7#
DSR0# 130
51
RI7#
CTS0# 131
50
CD7#
34
35
36
VIO
GND
CBE0
33
AD8
30
AD11
31
29
AD12
32
28
AD13
AD9
27
AD14
AD10
26
AD15
24
PAR
CBE1 25
SERR# 23
STOP# 21
PERR# 22
20
TRDY#
19
AD7
VIO
AD6
37
GND
38
144
DEVSEL# 18
143
AD25
17
AD26
IRDY# 16
AD5
CBE2 14
39
FRAME# 15
142
13
AD4
AD27
AD16
AD3
40
12
41
141
AD17
140
AD28
11
AD29
10
AD2
AD19
AD1
42
AD18
43
139
9
138
AD30
AD20
AD31
8
AD0
AD21
VIO
44
7
45
137
AD22
136
VIO
6
GND
AD23
GND
5
46
4
135
VIO
RX7
CLK
GND
47
3
134
IDSEL
CTS7#
RST#
2
DSR7#
48
1
49
133
CBE3
132
INTA#
AD24
RX0
ORDERING INFORMATION
PART NUMBER
PACKAGE
OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE
DEVICE STATUS
XR17D158CV
144-Lead TQFP
0°C to +70°C
Active
XR17D158IV
144-Lead TQFP
-40°C to +85°C
Active
2
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
NAME
PIN #
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
PCI LOCAL BUS INTERFACE
RST#
134
I
PCI bus reset input (active low). It resets the PCI local bus configuration
space registers, device configuration registers and UART channel registers to
the default condition.
CLK
135
I
PCI bus clock input of up to 33.34MHz.
AD31-AD25,
AD24,
AD23-AD16,
AD15-AD8,
AD7-AD0
138-144,
1,
6-13,
26-33,
37-44
IO
Address data lines [31:0] (bidirectional).
FRAME#
15
I
Bus transaction cycle frame (active low). It indicates the beginning and duration of an access.
C/BE0#C/BE3#
36,25,14,2
I
Bus Command/Byte Enable [3:0] (active low). This line is multiplexed for bus
Command during the address phase and Byte Enables during the data
phase.
IRDY#
16
I
Initiator Ready (active low). During a write, it indicates that valid data is
present on data bus. During a read, it indicates the master is ready to accept
data.
TRDY#
17
O
Target Ready (active low).
STOP#
21
O
Target request to stop current transaction (active low).
IDSEL
3
I
Initialization device select (active high).
DEVSEL#
18
O
Device select to the XR17D158 (active low).
INTA#
133
OD
Device interrupt from XR17D158 (open drain, active low).
PAR
24
IO
Parity is even across AD[31:0] and C/BE[3:0]# (bidirectional, active high).
PERR#
22
O
Data Parity error indicator, except for Special Cycle transactions (active low).
Optional in bus target application.
SERR#
23
OD
System error indicator, Address parity or Data parity during Special Cycle
transactions (open drain, active low). Optional in bus target application.
MODEM OR SERIAL I/O INTERFACE
TX0
125
O
UART channel 0 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX0
132
I
UART channel 0 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS0#
127
O
UART channel 0 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS0#
131
I
UART channel 0 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR0#
126
O
UART channel 0 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR0#
130
I
UART channel 0 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD0#
129
I
UART channel 0 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
3
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
NAME
PIN #
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
RI0#
128
I
UART channel 0 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX1
117
O
UART channel 1 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX1
124
I
UART channel 1 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS1#
119
O
UART channel 1 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS1#
123
I
UART channel 1 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR1#
118
O
UART channel 1 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR1#
122
I
UART channel 1 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD1#
121
I
UART channel 1 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI1#
120
I
UART channel 1 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX2
106
O
UART channel 2 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX2
99
I
UART channel 2 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS2#
104
O
UART channel 2 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS2#
100
I
UART channel 2 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR2#
105
O
UART channel 2 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR2#
101
I
UART channel 2 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD2#
102
I
UART channel 2 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI2#
103
I
UART channel 2 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX3
98
O
UART channel 3 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX3
91
I
UART channel 3 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS3#
96
O
UART channel 3 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS3#
92
I
UART channel 3 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).d.
DTR3#
97
O
UART channel 3 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR3#
93
I
UART channel 3 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD3#
94
I
UART channel 3 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI3#
95
I
UART channel 3 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX4
88
O
UART channel 4 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX4
81
I
UART channel 4 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
4
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
NAME
PIN #
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
RTS4#
86
O
UART channel 4 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS4#
82
I
UART channel 4 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR4#
87
O
UART channel 4 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR4#
83
I
UART channel 4 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD4#
84
I
UART channel 4 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI4#
85
I
UART channel 4 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX5
80
O
UART channel 5 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX5
71
I
UART channel 5 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS5#
78
O
UART channel 5 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS5#
72
I
UART channel 5 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR5#
79
O
UART channel 5 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR5#
75
I
UART channel 5 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD5#
76
I
UART channel 5 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI5#
77
I
UART channel 5 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX6
62
O
UART channel 6 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX6
55
I
UART channel 6 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS6#
60
O
UART channel 6 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS6#
56
I
UART channel 6 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR6#
61
O
UART channel 6 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR6#
57
I
UART channel 6 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
CD6#
58
I
UART channel 6 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI6#
59
I
UART channel 6 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
TX7
54
O
UART channel 7 Transmit Data or infrared transmit data. Normal TXD output
idles HIGH while infrared TXD output idles LOW.
RX7
47
I
UART channel 7 Receive Data or infrared receive data. Normal RXD input
idles HIGH. The infrared pulses typically idle LOW but can be inverted internally prior the decoder by FCTR[4].
RTS7#
52
O
UART channel 7 Request to Send or general purpose output (active low).
CTS7#
48
I
UART channel 7 Clear to Send or general purpose input (active low).
DTR7#
53
O
UART channel 7 Data Terminal Ready or general purpose output (active low).
DSR7#
49
I
UART channel 7 Data Set Ready or general purpose input (active low).
5
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
NAME
PIN #
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
CD7#
50
I
UART channel 7 Carrier Detect or general purpose input (active low).
RI7#
51
I
UART channel 7 Ring Indicator or general purpose input (active low).
MPIO0
108
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 0. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT
MPIO1
107
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 1. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
MPIO2
74
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 2. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
MPIO3
73
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 3. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
MPIO4
68
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 4. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
MPIO5
67
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 5. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
MPIO6
66
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 6. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
MPIO7
65
I/O
Multi-purpose input/output 7. The function of this pin is defined thru the Configuration Register MPIOSEL, MPIOLVL, MPIOINV, MPIO3T and MPIOINT.
EECK
116
O
Serial clock to EEPROM. An internal clock of CLK divide by 256 is used for
reading the vendor and sub-vendor ID during power up or reset. However, it
can be manually clocked thru the Configuration Register REGB.
EECS
115
O
Chip select to a EEPROM device like 93C46. It is manually selectable thru
the Configuration Register REGB. Requires a pull-up 4.7K ohm resistor for
external sensing of EEPROM during power up. See DAN112 for further
details.
EEDI
114
O
Write data to EEPROM device. It is manually accessible thru the Configuration Register REGB.
EEDO
113
I
Read data from EEPROM device. It is manually accessible thru the Configuration Register REGB.
XTAL1
110
I
Crystal or external clock input.
XTAL2
109
O
Crystal or buffered clock output.
TMRCK
69
I
16-bit timer/counter external clock input.
ENIR
70
I
Infrared mode enable (active high). This pin is sampled during power up, following a hardware reset (RST#) or soft-reset (register RESET). It can be
used to start up all 8 UARTs in the infrared mode. The sampled logic state is
transferred to MCR bit-6 in the UART.
TEST#
111
I
Factory Test. Connect to VCC for normal operation.
VCC
64, 90,112
ANCILLARY SIGNALS
Power supply for the UART core logic - 5V ONLY. This power supply determines the VOH level of the non-PCI bus interface outputs. See Table 1 for
valid combinations of VCC and VIO that can be used for the XR17D158.
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
NAME
PIN #
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
VIO
4, 19, 34, 45,
137
PCI Bus I/O Power supply - 3.3V or 5V, detected by the auto-sense circuitry
of the XR17D158. This power supply determines the VOH level of the PCI
bus interface outputs.
(PCI 2.3 signalling compliant at both 3.3V and 5V operation, suitable for universal form factor add-in card application)
GND
5,20,35,46,63,
89,136
Power supply common, ground.
NOTE: Pin type: I=Input, O=Output, IO= Input/output, OD=Output Open Drain.
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The XR17D158 (D158) integrates the functions of 8 enhanced 16550 UARTs with the PCI Local Bus interface
and a non-volatile memory interface for PCI bus’s plug-and-play auto-configuration, a 16-bit timer/counter, 8
multi-purpose inputs/outputs, and an on-chip oscillator. The PCI local bus is a synchronous timing bus where
all bus transactions are associated to the bus clock of up to 33MHz. The D158 supports 32-bit wide read and
write data transfer operations including data burst mode through the PCI Local Bus interface. Read and write
data operations may be in byte, word or double-word (DWORD) format. A single 32-bit interrupt status register
provides interrupts status for all 8 UARTs, timer/counter, multipurpose inputs/outputs, and a special sleep wake
up indicator. There are three sets of register in the device. First, the PCI local bus configuration registers for
PCI auto configuration. A set of device configuration registers for overall control, 32-bit wide transmit and
receive data transfer, and monitoring of the 8 UART channels. Lastly, each UART channel has its own 16550
UART compatible configuration register set for individual channel control, status, and byte wide data transfer.
Each UART has 64-byte FIFOs, automatic RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR hardware flow control with hysteresis
control, automatic Xon/Xoff and special character software flow control, programmable transmit and receive
FIFO trigger level, FIFO level counters, infrared encoder and decoder (IrDA ver. 1.0), programmable baud rate
generator with a prescaler of 1X or 4X, and data rate up to 6.25 Mbps at 8X sampling clock.The XR17D158 is
available in a thin 144-pin TQFP (20x20x1.4mm) package in commercial and industrial temperature ranges.
PCI LOCAL BUS INTERFACE
This is the host interface and it meets the PCI Local Bus Specification revision 2.3. The PCI local bus
operations are synchronous meaning each transaction is associated to the bus clock. The XR17D158 can
operate with the bus clock of up to a 33.34MHz. Data transfers operation can be formatted in 8-bit, 16-bit, 24bit or 32-bit wide. With 32-bit data operations, it pushes the data transfer rate on the bus up to 132 MByte/sec.
This increases the overall system’s communication performance up to 16 times better than the 8-bit ISA bus.
See PCI local bus specification revision 2.3 for bus operation details.
PCI LOCAL BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS
A set of PCI local bus configuration space register is provided. These registers provide the PCI local bus
operating system with the card’s vendor ID, device ID, sub-vendor ID, product model number, and resources
and capabilities. The PCI local bus operating system collects this data from all the cards on the bus during the
auto configuration phase that follows immediately after a power up or system reset/reboot. After it has sorted
out all devices on the bus, it defines and download the operating conditions to the cards. One of the definitions
is the base address loaded into the Base Address Register (BAR) where the card will be operating in the PCI
local bus memory space.
EEPROM INTERFACE
An external 93C46 EEPROM is only used to store the vendor’s ID and model number, and the sub-vendor’s ID
and product model number. This information is only used with the plug-and-play auto configuration of the PCI
local bus. These data provide automatic hardware installation onto the PCI bus. The EEPROM interface
consists of 4 signals, EEDI, EEDO, EECS, and EECK. The EEPROM is not needed when auto configuration is
not required in the application. However, If your design requires non-volatile memory for other purpose. It is
possible to store and retrieve data on the EEPROM through a special PCI device configuration register. See
application note DAN112 for its programming details.
8
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
1.0 APPLICATION EXAMPLES
The XR17D158 is designed to operate with VCC (voltage to the UART Core Logic) at 5V only, irrespective of
whether the PCI bus is at 3.3V or 5V. Table 1 below shows the valid combinations of VCC and the PCI Bus
Voltage, VIO that can be used for the device..
TABLE 1: VALID COMBINATIONS OF VCC AND VIO SUPPLY VOLTAGES
VCC
VIO
5.0V
5.0V
Valid
5.0V
3.3V
Valid
3.3V
5.0V
Invalid
3.3V
3.3V
Invalid
A typical application for a universal add-in card (VCC must be 5V) is shown in Figure 3. In an embedded
system, the designer must still choose 5V power supply for the VCC regardless of VIO (3.3 or 5V). In Figure 4,
examples 1 and 2 show valid applications of the XR17D158 in an embedded system.
FIGURE 3. TYPICAL APPLICATION FOR A UNIVERSAL ADD-IN CARD
VIO
(3.3V or 5V)
VCC = 5V
CLK
(up to 33.34 M Hz)
UART Core Logic
UART Channel 0
UART Channel 1
PCI
Local
Bus
Interface
UART Channel 2
UART Channel 3
UART Channel 4
UART Channel 5
UART Channel 6
UART Channel 7
M ax Crystal Frequency = 24M Hz
M ax External Clock = 50M Hz
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL APPLICATIONS IN AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM
Exam ple 1
VIO = 3.3V, VCC = 5V
VIO = 3.3V
VCC = 5V
CLK
(up to 33.34M Hz)
UART Core Logic
UART Channel 0
UART Channel 1
PCI
Local
Bus
Interface
UART Channel 2
UART Channel 3
UART Channel 4
UART Channel 5
UART Channel 6
UART Channel 7
Max Crystal Frequency = 24MHz
Max External Clock = 50MHz
Exam ple 2
VIO = 5V, VCC = 5V
VIO = 5V
VCC = 5V
CLK
(up to 33.34MHz)
UART Core Logic
UART Channel 0
UART Channel 1
PCI
Local
Bus
Interface
UART Channel 2
UART Channel 3
UART Channel 4
UART Channel 5
UART Channel 6
UART Channel 7
Max Crystal Frequency = 24MHz
Max External Clock = 50MHz
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
2.0 XR17D158 REGISTERS
The XR17D158 UART has three different sets of registers as shown in Figure 5. The PCI local bus
configuration space registers are for plug-and-play auto-configuration when connecting the device to a the PCI
bus. This auto-configuration feature makes installation very easy into a PCI system and it is part of the PCI
local bus specification. The second register set is the device configuration registers that are accessible directly
from the PCI bus for programming general operating conditions of the device and monitoring the status of
various functions. These registers are mapped into 4K of the PCI bus memory address space. These functions
include all 8 channel UART’s interrupt control and status, 16-bit general purpose timer control and status,
multipurpose inputs/outputs control and status, sleep mode, soft-reset, and device identification and revision.
And lastly, each UART channel has its own set of internal UART configuration registers for its own operation
control and status reporting. All 8 sets of channel registers are embedded inside the device configuration
registers space, which provides faster access. The following paragraphs describe all 3 sets of registers in
detail.
FIGURE 5. THE XR17D158 REGISTER SETS
D evic e C onfig ur ation and
U AR T [7:0] C onfig ur ation
R eg is ter s ar e mapped on
to the Bas e Addr es s
R eg is ter ( BAR ) in a 4Kbyte of memor y addr es s
s pac e
PC I Loc al Bus
C onfig ur ation
Spac e
R eg is ter s for Plug and- Play Auto
C onfig ur ation
C hannel 0
IN T , M PIO ,
T IM ER ,R EG
Vendor and Sub- vendor ID
and Pr oduc t M odel N umber
in Exter nal EEPR O M
0 x0 0 0 0
0 x0 0 8 0
C hannel 0
PC I Loc al Bus
Inter fac e
C hannel 1
C hannel 2
C hannel 3
C hannel 4
C hannel 5
C hannel 6
C hannel 7
0 x0 2 0 0
C onfig ur ation R eg is ter s
c hannel Inter r upts ,
M ultipur pos e I/O s ,
16- bit T imer /C ounter ,
Sleep, R es et, D VID , D R EV
0 x0 4 0 0
0 x0 6 0 0
0 x0 8 0 0
0 x0 A 0 0
U AR T [7:0] C onfig ur ation
R eg is ter s
16550 C ompatible and EXAR
Enhanc ed R eg is ter s
0x0C 00
0x0E00
0x0F F F
2.1
D evic e
8
P CI RE G S -1
PCI LOCAL BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS
The PCI local bus configuration space registers are responsible for setting up the device’s operating
environment in the PCI local bus. The pre-defined operating parameters of the device is read by the PCI bus
plug-and-play auto-configuration manager in the operating system. After the PCI bus has collected all data
from every device/card on the bus, it defines and downloads the memory mapping information to each device/
card about their individual operation memory address location and conditions. The operating memory mapped
address location is downloaded into the Base Address Register (BAR) register, 0x10. The plug-and-play auto
configuration feature is only available when an external 93C46 EEPROM is used. The EEPROM contains the
device vendor and sub-vendor data required by the auto-configuration setup.
11
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 2: PCI LOCAL BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS
ADDRESS
0x00
0x04
BITS
0x0C
0x10
DESCRIPTION
RESET VALUE
(HEX)
31:16
RWR1
Device ID (Exar device ID number)
0x0158
15:0
RWR1
Vendor ID (Exar) specified by PCISIG
0x13A8
31
30
29:28
RWC
RWC
RO
Parity error detected. Cleared by writing a logic 1.
System error detected. Cleared by writing a logic 1.
Unused
27
0x08
TYPE
R-Reset
0000
Target Abort. Set whenever D158 terminates with a target abort.
0
26:25
RO
DEVSEL# timing.
00
24
RO
Unemployments bus master error reporting bit
0
23
RO
Fast back to back transactions are supported
1
22:16
RO
Reserved Status bits
15:9,7,
5,4,3,2
RO
Command bits (reserved)
000 0000
0x0000
8
RWR
SERR# driver enable. Logic 1=enable driver and 0=disable
driver
0
6
RWR
Parity error enable. Logic 1=respond to parity error and 0=ignore
0
1
RWR
Command controls a device’s response to mem space accesses:
0=disable mem space accesses, 1=enable mem space accesses
0
0
RO
Device’s response to I/O space accesses is disabled.
(0 = disable I/O space accesses)
0
31:8
RO
Class Code (Simple 550 Communication Controller).
0x070002
7:0
RO
Revision ID (Exar device revision number)
31:24
RO
BIST (Built-in Self Test)
0x00
23:16
RO
Header Type (a single function device with one BAR)
0x00
15:8
RO
Unimplemented Latency Timer (needed only for bus master)
0x00
7:0
RO
Unimplemented Cache Line Size
0x00
Memory Base Address Register (BAR)
0x00
0x000
31:12
RWR
Current Rev. value
11:0
RO
Claims a 4K address space for the memory mapped UARTs
0x14
31:0
RO
Unimplemented Base Address Register (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x18h
31:0
RO
Unimplemented Base Address Register (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x1C
31:0
RO
Unimplemented Base Address Register (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x20
31:0
RO
Unimplemented Base Address Register (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x24
31:0
RO
Unimplemented Base Address Register (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x28
31:0
RO
Reserved
0x00000000
12
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 2: PCI LOCAL BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS
ADDRESS
0x2C
BITS
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
RESET VALUE
(HEX)
31:16
RWR1
Subsystem ID (write from external EEPROM by customer)
0x0000
15:0
RWR1
Subsystem Vendor ID (write from external EEPROM by customer)
0x0000
0x30
31:0
RO
Expansion ROM Base Address (Unimplemented)
0x00000000
0x34
31:0
RO
Reserved (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x38
31:0
RO
Reserved (returns zeros)
0x00000000
0x3C
31:24
RO
Unimplemented MAXLAT
0x00
23:16
RO
Unimplemented MINGNT
0x00
15:8
RO
Interrupt Pin, use INTA#.
0x01
7:0
RWR
Interrupt Line.
0xXX
NOTE: RWR1=Read/Write from external EEPROM. RWR=Read/Write from AD[31:0]. RO= Read Only. RWC=Read/WriteClear.
2.2
Device Configuration Register Set
The device configuration registers and a special way to access each of the UART’s transmit and receive data
FIFOs are accessible directly from the PCI data bus. This provides easy programming of general operating
parameters to the D158 UART and for monitoring the status of various functions. The registers occupy 4K of
PCI bus memory address space. These addresses are offset onto the basic memory address, a value loaded
into the Memory Base Address Register (BAR) in the PCI local bus configuration register set. These registers
control or report on all 8 channel UARTs functions that include interrupt control and status, 16-bit general
purpose timer control and status, multipurpose inputs/outputs control and status, sleep mode control, soft-reset
control, and device identification and revision, and others.
The registers set is mapped into 8 address blocks where each UART channel occupies 512 bytes memory
space for its own 16550 compatible configuration registers. The device configuration and control registers are
embedded inside the UART channel zero’s address space between 0x0080 to 0x0093. All these registers can
be accessed in 8, 16, 24 or 32 bit width depending on the starting address given by the host at beginning of the
bus cycle. Transmit and receive data may be loaded or unloaded in 8, 16, 24 or 32 bit format to the register’s
address. Every time a read or write operation is made to the transmit or receive register, its FIFO data pointer
is automatically bumped to the next sequential data location either in byte, word or dword. One special case
applies to the receive data unloading when reading the receive data together with its LSR register content. The
host must read them in 16 or 32 bits format in order to maintain integrity of the data byte with its associated
error flags.
13
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 3: XR17D158 DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
OFFSET ADDRESS
MEMORY SPACE
READ/WRITE
DATA WIDTH
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
(Table 4)
8/16/24/32
COMMENT
0x000 - 0x00F
UART channel 0 Regs
0x010 - 0x07F
Reserved
0x080 - 0x093
DEVICE CONFIG.
REGISTERS
0x094 - 0x0FF
Reserved
0x100 - 0x13F
UART 0 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0x100 - 0x13F
UART 0 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0x140 - 0x17F
Reserved
0x180 - 0x1FF
UART 0 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
0x200 - 0x20F
UART channel 1 Regs
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16//24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0x210 - 0x2FF
Reserved
0x300 - 0x33F
UART 1 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0x300 - 0x33F
UART 1 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0x340 - 0x37F
Reserved
0x380 - 0x3FF
UART 1 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
0x400 - 0x40F
UART channel 2 Regs
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0x410 - 0x4FF
Reserved
0x500 - 0x53F
UART 2 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0x500 - 0x53F
UART 2 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0x540 - 0x57F
Reserved
0x580 - 0x5FF
UART 2 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
0x600 - 0x60F
UART channel 3 Regs
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0x610 - 0x6FF
Reserved
0x700 - 0x73F
UART 3 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0x700 - 0x73F
UART 3 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0x740 - 0x77F
Reserved
0x780 - 0x7FF
UART 3 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
14
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 3: XR17D158 DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
OFFSET ADDRESS
MEMORY SPACE
READ/WRITE
DATA WIDTH
COMMENT
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0x800 - 0x80F
UART channel 4 Regs
0x810 - 0x8FF
Reserved
0x900 - 0x93F
UART 4 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0x900 - 0x93F
UART 4 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0x940 - 0x97F
Reserved
0x980 - 0x9FF
UART 4 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
0xA00 - 0xA0F
UART channel 5 Regs
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0xA10 - 0xAFF
Reserved
0xB00 - 0xB3F
UART 5 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0xB00 - 0xB3F
UART 5 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0xB40 - 0xB7F
Reserved
0xB80 - 0xBFF
UART 5 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
0xC00 - 0xC0F
UART channel 6 Regs
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0xC10 - 0xCFF
Reserved
0xD00 - 0xD3F
UART 6 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0xD00 - 0xD3F
UART 6 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0xD40 - 0xD7F
Reserved
0xD80 - 0xDFF
UART 6 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
0xE00 - 0xE0F
UART channel 7 Regs
(Table 12 & Table 13)
8/16/24/32
First 8 regs are 16550 compatible
0xE10 - 0xEFF
Reserved
0xF00 - 0xF3F
UART 7 – Read FIFO
Read-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of RX FIFO data
0xF00 - 0xF3F
UART 7 – Write FIFO
Write-Only
8/16/24/32
64 bytes of TX FIFO data
0xF40 - 0xF7F
Reserved
0xF80 - 0xFFF
UART 7 – Read FIFO
with errors
Read-Only
16/32
ite
15
64 bytes of RX FIFO data + LSR
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 4: DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS SHOWN IN BYTE ALIGNMENT
ADDRESS [A7:A0]
REGISTER
READ/WRITE COMMENT
Ox080
INT0 [7:0]
Read-only Interrupt [7:0]
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox081
INT1 [15:8]
Read-only
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox082
INT2 [23:16]
Read-only
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox083
INT3 [31:24]
Read-only
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox084
TIMERCNTL
Read/Write Timer Control
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox085
TIMER
Reserved
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox086
TIMERLSB
Read/Write Timer LSB
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox087
TIMERMSB
Read/Write Timer MSB
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox088
8XMODE
Read/Write
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox089
REGA
Reserved
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox08A
RESET
Write-only Self clear bits after executing Reset
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox08B
SLEEP
Read/Write Sleep mode
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox08C
DREV
Read-only Device revision
Bits 7-0 = 0x09
Ox08D
DVID
Read-only Device identification
Bits 7-0 = 0x28
Ox08E
REGB
Write-only
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox08F
MPIOINT
Read/Write MPIO interrupt mask
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox090
MPIOLVL
Read/Write MPIO level control
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox091
MPIO3T
Read/Write MPIO output control
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox092
MPIOINV
Read/Write MPIO input polarity select
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
Ox093
MPIOSEL
Read/Write MPIO select
Bits 7-0 = 0xFF
RESET STATE
TABLE 5: DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS SHOWN IN DWORD ALIGNMENT
ADDRESS
REGISTER
BYTE 3 [31:24]
BYTE 2 [23:16]
BYTE 1 [15:8]
BYTE 0 [7:0]
0x080-083
INTERRUPT (read-only)
INT3
INT2[
INT1
INT0
0x084-087
TIMER (read/write)
TIMERMSB
TIMERLSB
TIMER (reserved)
TIMERCNTL
0x088-08B
ANCILLARY1 (read/write)
SLEEP
RESET
REGA (reserved)
8XMODE
0x08C-08F
ANCILLARY2 (read-only)
MPIOINT
REGB
DVID
DREV
0x090-093
MPIO (read/write)
MPIOSEL
MPIOINV
MPIO3T
MPIOLVL
16
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
2.2.1
The Interrupt Status Register
The XR17D158 has a 32-bit wide register [INT0, INT1, INT2 and INT3] to provide interrupt information and
supports two interrupt schemes. The first scheme uses an 8-bit indicator (INT0) representing each channel
from 0 to 7. This permits the interrupt routine to quickly vector and serve that UART channel and determine the
source(s) in each individual routines. INT0 bit-0 represents the interrupt status for UART channel 0 when its
transmitter, receiver, line status, or modem port status requires service. Other bits in the INT0 register provide
indication for the other channels with bit-7 representing UART channel 7 respectively.
The second scheme provides detail about the source of the interrupts for each UART channel. All the interrupts
are encoded into a 3-bit code. This 3-bit code represents 7 interrupts corresponding to individual UART’s
transmitter, receiver, line status, modem port status. INT1, INT2 and INT3 registers provide the 24-bit interrupt
status for all 8 channels. Bits 8, 9 and 10 representing channel 0 and bits 29, 30 and 31 representing channel 7
respectively. All 8 channel interrupts status are available with a single DWORD read operation. This feature
allows the host quickly vectors and serves the interrupts, reducing service interval, hence, reduce host
bandwidth requirement. Figure 6 shows the 4-byte interrupt register and its make up.
GLOBAL INTERRUPT REGISTER (DWORD)
INT3 [31:24]
INT2 [23:16]
[default 0x00-00-00-00]
INT1 [15:87]
INT0 [7:0]
A special interrupt condition is generated by the D158 when it wakes up from sleep mode. This special
interrupt is cleared by reading the INT0 register. If there are not any other interrupts pending, the value read
from INT0 would be 0x00.
INT0 [7:0] Channel Interrupt Indicator
Each bit gives an indication of the channel that has requested for service. Bit-0 represents channel 0 and bit-7
indicates channel 7. Logic one indicates that a channel has called for service. The interrupt bit clears after
reading the appropriate register of the interrupting channel register, see Interrupt Clearing section.
The INT0 register provides individual status for each channel
INT0 Register
Individual UART Channel Interrupt Status
Ch-7 Ch-6 Ch-5 Ch-4 Ch-3 Ch-2 Ch-1 Ch-0
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
INT3, INT2 and INT1 [32:8] ]
Twenty four bit encoded interrupt indicator. Each channel’s interrupt is encoded into 3 bits for receive, transmit,
and status. Bit [10:8] represent channel 0 and go up to channel 7 with bits [31:29]. The 3 bit encoding and their
priority order are shown below in Table 6. The Timer and MPIO interrupts are for the device and therefore they
exist within channel 0 space (bits [10:8]) only.
17
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
.
FIGURE 6. THE GLOBAL INTERRUPT REGISTER, INT0, INT1, INT2 AND INT3
Interrupt Registers,
INT0, INT1, INT2 and INT3
INT3 Register
Channel-7
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
INT2 Register
Channel-6
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
Channel-5
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
Channel-4
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
INT1 Register
Channel-3
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
Channel-2
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
Channel-1
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
Channel-0
Bit
N
Bit
N+2
Bit
N+1
Bit
N
INT0 Register
Ch-7 Ch-6 Ch-5 Ch-4
Ch-3 Ch-2 Ch-1 Ch-0
Bit-7 Bit-6
Bit-3
Bit-5 Bit-4
Bit-2 Bit-1
Bit-0
TABLE 6: UART CHANNEL [7:0] INTERRUPT SOURCE ENCODING
PRIORITY
BIT[N+2]
BIT[N+1]
BIT[N]
INTERRUPT SOURCE(S)
x
0
0
0
None
1
0
0
1
RXRDY and RX Line Status (logic OR of LSR[4:1])
2
0
1
0
RXRDY Time-out
3
0
1
1
TXRDY, THR or TSR (auto RS485 mode) empty
4
1
0
0
MSR, RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR delta or Xoff/Xon det. or special char. detected
5
1
0
1
Reserved.
6
1
1
0
MPIO pin(s). Available only within channel 0, reserved in other channels.
7
1
1
1
TIMER Time-out. Available only within channel 0, reserved in other channels.
TABLE 7: UART CHANNEL [7:0] INTERRUPT CLEARING:
RXRDY is cleared by reading data in the RX FIFO until it falls below the trigger level.
RXRDY Time-out is cleared by reading data until the RX FIFO is empty.
RX Line Status interrupt clears after reading the LSR register.
TXRDY interrupt clears after reading ISR register that is in the UART channel register set.
Modem Status Register interrupt clears after reading MSR register that is in the UART channel register set.
RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR delta interrupt clears after reading MSR register that is in the UART channel register set.
Xoff/Xon interrupt clears after reading the ISR register that is in the UART channel register set.
Special character detect interrupt is cleared by a read to ISR or after the next character is received.
TIMER Time-out interrupt clears after reading the TIMERCNTL register that is in the Device Configuration register set.
MPIO interrupt clears after reading the MPIOLVL register that is in the Device Configuration register set.
18
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
2.2.2
General Purpose 16-bit Timer/Counter [TIMERMSB, TIMELSB, TIMER, TIMECNTL] (DEFAULT
0XXX-XX-00-00)
A 16-bit down-count timer for general purpose timer or counter. Its clock source may be selected from internal
crystal oscillator or externally on pin TMRCK. The timer can be set to be a single-shot for a one-time event or
re-triggerable for continue interval. An interrupt may be generated in the INT Register when the timer times out.
It is controlled through 4 configuration registers [TIMERCNTL, TIMER, TIMELSB, TIMERMSB]. These
registers provide start/stop and re-triggerable or one-shot operation. The time-out output of the Timer can be
set to generate an interrupt for system or event alarm.
FIGURE 7. TIMER/COUNTER CIRCUIT.
TIMERMSB and TIMERLSB
(16-bit Value)
TMRCK
OSC. CLOCK
TIMERCNTL [3]
TIMERCNTL [1]
TIMERCNTL [2]
TIMERCNTL [0]
Time-out
16-Bit
Timer/Counter
1
0
Clock
Select
1
0
Timer Interrupt, Ch-0 INT=7
No Interrupt
Re-trigger
0
1
Start/Stop
Single/Re-triggerable
1
0
Single-shot
MPIO[0]
MPIOLVL[0]
Timer Interrupt Enable
TIMERCNTL [4]
TABLE 8: TIMER CONTROL REGISTERS
TIMERCNTL [0]
Logic zero (default) disables Timer-Counter interrupt and logic one enables the interrupt, reading the
TIMERCNTL clears the interrupt.
TIMERCNLT [1]
Logic zero (default) stops/pauses the timer and logic one starts/re-starts the timer/counter.
TIMERCNTL [2]
Logic zero (default) selects re-trigger timer function and logic one selects one-shot (timer function.
TIMERCNTL [3]
Logic zero (default) selects internal and logic one selects external clock to the timer/counter.
TIMERCNTL [4]
Routes the Timer-Counter interrupt to MPIO[0] if MPIOSEL[0]=0 for external event control.
TIMERCNTL [7:5]
Reserved (defaults to zero)
TIMERCNTL Register
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2
Rsvd
Rsvd
Rsvd
MPIO[0] Clock
Single/
Control Select Re-trigger
TIMER [15:8] Reserved
19
Bit-1 Bit-0
Start/
Stop
INT
Enable
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TIMERMSB [31:24] and TIMERLSB [23:16]
TIMERMSB and TIMERLSB form a 16-bit value. The least-significant bit of the timer is being bit [0] of the
TIMERLSB with most-significant-bit being bit [7] in TIMERMSB. Notice that these registers do not hold the
current counter value when read. Reading the TIMERCNTL register will clear its interrupt. Default value is zero
(timer disabled) upon powerup and reset.
16-Bit Timer/Counter Programmable Registers
TIMERMSB Register
TIMERLSB Register
Bit-15 Bit-14 Bit-13 Bit-12 Bit-11 Bit-10
2.2.3
Bit-7
Bit-9 Bit-8
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1 Bit-0
8XMODE [7:0] (default 0x00)
Each bit selects 8X or 16X sampling rate for that UART channel, bit-0 is channel 0. Logic 0 (default) selects
normal 16X sampling with logic one selects 8X sampling rate. Transmit and receive data rates will double by
selecting 8X.
8XMODE Register
Individual UART Channel 8X Clock Mode Enable
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
Ch-7 Ch-6 Ch-5 Ch-4 Ch-3 Ch-2 Ch-1 Ch-0
2.2.4
REGA [15:8] Reserved
2.2.5
RESET [23:16] (default 0x00)
The 8-bit Reset register [RESET] provides the software with the ability to reset the UART(s) when there is a
need. Each bit is self-resetting after it is written a logic 1 to perform a reset to that channel. All registers in that
channel will be reset to the default condition, see Table 20 for details. Bit-0 =1 resets UART channel 0 with bit7=1 resets channel 7.
RESET Register
Individual UART Channel Reset Enable
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
Ch-7 Ch-6 Ch-5 Ch-4 Ch-3 Ch-2 Ch-1 Ch-0
20
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
2.2.6
SLEEP [31:24] (default 0x00)
Each UART can be separately enabled to enter Sleep mode through the Sleep register. Sleep mode reduces
power consumption when the system needs to put the UART(s) to idle. All of these conditions must be satisfied
for the D158 to enter sleep mode:
• no interrupts pending (INT0 = 0x00)
• divisor is a non-zero value for all channels (ie. DLL = 0x1)
• sleep mode is enabled (SLEEP = 0xFF)
• modem inputs for all channels are not toggling (MSR bits 0-3 = 0)
• RX input pins for all channels are idling HIGH
The D158 stops its crystal oscillator to conserve power in the sleep mode. User can check the XTAL2 pin for
no clock output as an indication that the device has entered the sleep mode.
The D158 resumes normal operation by any of the following:
• a receive data start bit transition (HIGH to LOW)
• a data byte is loaded to the transmitter, THR or FIFO
• a change of logic state on any of the modem or general purpose serial inputs: CTS#, DSR#, CD#, RI#
If the D158 is awakened by any one of the above conditions, it will return to the sleep mode automatically after
all interrupting conditions have been serviced and cleared. If the D158 is awakened by the modem inputs, a
read to the MSR is required to reset the modem inputs. In any case, the sleep mode will not be entered while
an interrupt is pending from any channel. The D158 will stay in the sleep mode of operation until it is disabled
by setting Sleep = 0x00. In this case, the octal UART is awaken by any of the UART channel from a receive
data byte or a change on the serial port. The UART is ready after 32 crystal clocks to ensure full functionality.
Also, a special interrupt is generated with an indication of no pending interrupt. Reading INT0 will clear this
special interrupt. Logic 0 (default) is disable and logic 1 is enable to sleep mode.
Important: The XR17D158 is a versatile device designed to operate with different VCC (core power supply)
and VIO (PCI bus I/O power supply). However, the VCC and VIO must be equal (VCC = VIO) for the sleep
mode to reduce power consumption. Any difference in these voltages will result in high currents, when placed
in sleep mode. If sleep mode is used, it is recommended that both VCC and VIO be powered by the PCI bus
VIO power pins. If sleep mode is not used, there is no concern about high currents whether VCC = VIO or VCC
> VIO. In any case, VCC should never be less than VIO.
SLEEP Register
Individual UART Channel Sleep Enable
Ch-7 Ch-6 Ch-5 Ch-4 Ch-3 Ch-2 Ch-1 Ch-0
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
2.2.7
Device Identification and Revision
There are two internal registers that provide device identification and revision, DVID and DREV registers. The
8-bit content in the DVID register provides device identification. A return value of 0x28 from this register
indicates the device is a XR17D158. The DREV register returns an 8-bit value of 0x01 for revision A with 0x02
equals to revision B and so forth. This information is very useful to the software driver for identifying which
device it is communicating with and to keep up with revision changes.
21
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
xr
REV. 1.2.1
DVID [15:8]
Device identification for the type of UART. The upper nibble indicates it is a XR17Dxxx series with lower nibble
indicating the number of channels.
Examples:
XR17C158 or XR17D158 = 0x28
XR17C154 or XR17D154 = 0x24
XR17C152 or XR17D152 = 0x22
DREV [7:0]
Revision number of the XR17D158. A 0x01 represents "revision-A" with 0x02 for rev-B and so forth.
REGB [23:16] (default 0x00)
REGB register provides a control for simultaneous write to all 8 UARTs configuration register or individually.
This is very useful for device initialization in the power up and reset routines. Also, the register provides a
facility to interface to the non-volatile memory device such as a 93C46 EEPROM. In embedded applications,
the user can use this facility to store proprietary data.
2.2.8
REGB Register
REGB[16](Read/Write)
Logic 0 (default) write to each UART configuration registers individually.
Logic 1 enables simultaneous write to all 8 UARTs configuration register.
REGB[19:17]
Reserved
REGB[20] (Write-Only)
Control the EECK, clock, output (pin 116) on the EEPROM interface.
REGB[21] (Write-Only)
Control the EECS, chips select, output (pin 115) to the EEPROM device.
REGB[22] (Write-Only)
EEDI (pin 114) data input. Write data to the EEPROM device.
REGB[23] (Read-Only)
EEDO (pin 113) data output. Read data from the EEPROM device.
2.2.9
Multi-Purpose Inputs and Outputs
The D158 provides 8 multi-purpose inputs/outputs [MPIO7:0] for general use. Each pin can be programmed to
be an input or output function. The input logic state can be set for normal or inverted level, and optionally set to
generate an interrupt. The outputs can be set to be normal logic 1 or 0 state, or 3-state. Their functions and
definitions are programmed through 5 registers: MPIOINT, MPIOLVL, MPIO3T, MPIOINV and MPIOSEL. If all
8 pins are set for inputs, all 8 interrupts would be OR’ed together. The OR’ed interrupt is reported in the
channel 0 UART interrupt status, see Interrupt Status Register. The pins may also be programmed to be
outputs and to the 3-state condition for signal sharing.
2.2.10
MPIO REGISTER
Bit 7 represents MPIO7 pin and bit 0 represents MPIO0 pin. There are 5 registers that select, control and
monitor the 8 multipurpose inputs and outputs. Figure 8 shows the internal circuitry.
22
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 8. MULTIPURPOSE INPUT/OUTPUT INTERNAL CIRCUIT
MPIOINT [7:0]
INT
AND
Rising Edge
Detection
AND
1
MPIO
Pin [7:0]
MPIOLVL [7:0]
Read Input Level
0
MPIOINV [7:0]
(Input Inversion Enable =1)
MPIOLVL [7:0]
(Output Level)
MPIO3T [7:0]
(3-state Enable =1)
OR
MPIOSEL [7:0]
(Select Input=1, Output=0 )
MPIOCKT
MPIOINT [7:0] (default 0x00)
Enable multipurpose input pin interrupt. If the pin is selected by MPIOSEL as input then bit-0 enables input pin
0 for interrupt, and bit-7 enables input pin 7. No interrupt is enable if the pin is selected to be an output. The
interrupt is edge sensing and determined by MPIOINV and MPIOLVL registers. The MPIO interrupt clears after
a read to register MPIOLVL. The combination of MPIOLVL and MPIOINV determines the interrupt being active
low or active high, it’s level trigger. Logic 0 (default) disables the pin’s interrupt and logic 1 enables it.
MPIOINT Register
Multipurpose Input/Output Interrupt Enable
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
MPIO7 MPIO6 MPIO5 MPIO4 MPIO3 MPIO2 MPIO1 MPIO0
MPIOLVL [7:0] (default 0x00)
Output pin level control and input level status. The status of the input pin(s) is read on this register and output
pins are controlled on this register. A logic 0 (default) sets the output to low and a logic 1 sets the output pin to
high. The MPIO interrupt will clear upon reading this register.
23
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
xr
REV. 1.2.1
MPIOLVL Register
Multipurpose Output Level Control
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
MPIO7 MPIO6 MPIO5 MPIO4 MPIO3 MPIO2 MPIO1 MPIO0
MPIO3T [7:0] (default 0x00)
Output pin tri-state control. A logic 0 (default) sets the output to active level per register MPIOBIT settling, a
logic 1 sets the output pin to tri-state.
MPIO3T Register
Multipurpose Output 3-state Enable
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
MPIO7 MPIO6 MPIO5 MPIO4 MPIO3 MPIO2 MPIO1 MPIO0
MPIOINV [7:0] (default 0x00)
Input inversion control. A logic 0 (default) does not invert the input pin logic. A logic 1 inverts the input logic
level.
MPIOINV Register
Multipurpose Input Signal Inversion Enable
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
MPIO7 MPIO6 MPIO5 MPIO4 MPIO3 MPIO2 MPIO1 MPIO0
MPIOSEL [7:0] (default 0xFF)
Multipurpose input/output pin select. This register defines the functions of the pins. A logic 1 (default) defines
the pin for input and a logic 0 for output.
MPIOSEL Register
Multipurpose Input/Output Selection
Bit-7 Bit-6 Bit-5 Bit-4 Bit-3 Bit-2 Bit-1 Bit-0
MPIO7 MPIO6 MPIO5 MPIO4 MPIO3 MPIO2 MPIO1 MPIO0
24
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
3.0 CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR / BUFFER
The D158 includes an on-chip oscillator (XTAL1 and XTAL2). The crystal oscillator provides the system clock
to the Baud Rate Generators (BRG) in each of the 8 UARTs, the 16-bit general purpose timer/counter and
internal logics. XTAL1 is the input to the oscillator or external clock buffer input with XTAL2 pin being the
output. See Programmable Baud Rate Generator in the UART section for programming details.
The on-chip oscillator is designed to use an industry standard microprocessor crystal (parallel resonant with
10-22 pF capacitance load, 100ppm) connected externally between the XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins (see Figure 9).
Alternatively, an external clock can be connected to the XTAL1 pin to clock the internal 8 baud rate generators
for standard or custom rates. However, for external clock frequencies greater than 24MHz, a 2K pull-up may be
necessary on the XTAL2 output (see Figure 10). Typically, the oscillator connections are shown in Figure 9. For
further reading on oscillator circuit please see application note DAN108 on EXAR’s web site.
FIGURE 9. TYPICAL OSCILLATOR CONNECTIONS
R=300K to 400K
XTAL1
14.7456
MHz
XTAL2
C2
22-47pF
C1
22-47pF
FIGURE 10. EXTERNAL CLOCK CONNECTION FOR EXTENDED DATA RATE
vcc
External Clock
XTAL1
gnd
VCC
R1
2K
XTAL2
25
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
4.0 TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE DATA
There are two methods to load transmit data and unload receive data from each UART channel. First, there is
a transmit data register and receive data register for each UART channel in the device configuration register
set to ease programming. These registers support 8, 16, 24 and 32 bits wide format. In the 32-bit format, it
increases the data transfer rate on the PCI bus. Additionally, a special register location provides receive data
byte with its associated error flags. This is a 16-bit or 32-bit read operation where the Line Status Register
(LSR) content in the UART channel register is paired along with the data byte. This operation further facilitates
data unloading with the error flags without having to read the LSR register separately. Furthermore, the
XR17D158 supports PCI burst mode for read/write operation of up to 64 bytes of data.
The second method is through each UART channel’s transmit holding register (THR) and receive holding
register (RHR). The THR and RHR registers are 16550 compatible so their access is limited to 8-bit format.
The software driver must separately read the LSR content for the associated error flags before reading the
data byte.
4.1
FIFO DATA LOADING AND UNLOADING THROUGH THE DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
IN 32-BIT FORMAT.
The XR17D158 supports PCI Burst Read and PCI Burst Write transactions anywhere in the mapped memory
region (except reserved areas). In addition, to utilize this feature fully, the device provides a separate memory
location (apart from the 16550 register set) where the RX and the TX FIFO can be read from/written to, as
shown in Table 3. The following is an extract from the table showing the burstable memory locations:
Channel N: (for channels 0 through 7) where M = 2N + 1.
RX FIFO
:
0xM00 - 0xM3F (64 bytes)
TX FIFO
:
0xM00 - 0xM3F (64 bytes)
RX FIFO + status
:
0xM80 - 0xMFF (64 bytes data + 64 bytes status)
For example, the locations for channel 2 are:
Channel 2:
4.1.1
RX FIFO
:
0x500 - 0x53F (64 bytes)
TX FIFO
:
0x500 - 0x53F (64 bytes)
RX FIFO + status
:
0x580 - 0x5FF (64 bytes data + 64 bytes status)
Normal Rx FIFO Data Unloading at locations 0x100, 0x300, 0x500, 0x700
The RX FIFO data (up to the maximum 64 bytes) can be read out in a single burst 32-bit read operation
(maximum 16 DWORD reads) at memory locations 0x100 (channel 0), 0x300 (channel 1), 0x500 (channel
2),......., 0xF00 (channel 7). This operation is at least 16 times faster than reading the data in 64 separate 8-bit
memory reads of RHR register (0x000 for channel 0, 0x200 for channel 1, 0x400 for channel 2,......, 0xE00 for
channel 7).
READ RX FIFO,
WITH NO ERRORS
BYTE 3
BYTE 2
BYTE 1
BYTE 0
Read n+0 to n+3
FIFO Data n+3
FIFO Data n+2
FIFO Data n+1
FIFO Data n+0
Read n+4 to n+7
FIFO Data n+7
FIFO Data n+6
FIFO Data n+5
FIFO Data n+4
Etc.
26
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
Channel 0 to 7 ReceiveData in 32-bit alignment through the Configuration Register Address
0x0100, 0x0300, 0x0500, 0x0700, 0x0900, 0x0B00, 0x0D00 and 0x0F00
Receive Data Byte n+3
B7
B6 B5
B4
B3
B2 B1
B0
Receive Data Byte n+2
B7
B6
B5 B4
B3
B2 B1
Receive Data Byte n+1
B0
B7
B6
B5 B4
B3
B2
B1 B0
Receive Data Byte n+0
B7 B6
B5
B4 B3
PCI Bus
Data Bit-31
4.1.2
B2
B1
B0
PCI Bus
Data Bit-0
Special Rx FIFO Data Unloading at locations 0x180, 0x380, 0x580, and 0x780
The XR17D158 also provides the same RX FIFO data along with the LSR status information of each byte sideby-side, at locations 0x180 (channel 0), 0x380 (channel 1), 0x580 (channel 2), ....., 0xF80 (channel 3). The
entire RX data along with the status can be downloaded in a single PCI Burst Read operation of 32 DWORD
reads. The Status and Data bytes must be read in 16 or 32 bits format to maintain data integrity. The following
tables show this clearly.
READ RX FIFO,
WITH LSR ERRORS
BYTE 3
BYTE 2
BYTE 1
BYTE 0
Read n+0 to n+1
FIFO Data n+1
LSR n+1
FIFO Data n+0
LSR n+0
Read n+2 to n+3
FIFO Data n+3
LSR n+3
FIFO Data n+2
LSR n+2
Etc
Channel 0 to 7 Receive Data with Line Status Register in a 32-bit alignment through the Configuration
Register Address 0x0180, 0x0380, 0x0580, 0x0780, 0x0980, 0x0B80, 0x0D80 and 0x0F80
Receive Data Byte n+1
B7
B6 B5 B4 B3 B2
B1 B0
Line Status Register n+1
B7 B6
B5 B4 B3 B2 B1
B0
Receive Data Byte n+0
B7 B6 B5
B4 B3 B2 B1 B0
Line Status Register n+0
B7 B6 B5 B4
PCI Bus
Data Bit-31
4.1.3
B3 B2 B1 B0
PCI Bus
Data Bit-0
Tx FIFO Data Loading at locations 0x100, 0x300, 0x500, 0x700, 0x900, 0xB00, 0xD00, 0xF00
The TX FIFO data (up to the maximum 64 bytes) can be loaded in a single burst 32-bit write operation
(maximum 16 DWORD writes) at memory locations 0x100 (channel 0), 0x300 (channel 1), 0x500 (channel 2),
............, 0xD00 (channel 6) and 0xF00 (channel 7).
WRITE TX FIFO
BYTE 3
BYTE 2
BYTE 1
BYTE 0
Write n+0 to n+3
FIFO Data n+3
FIFO Data n+2
FIFO Data n+1
FIFO Data n+0
Write n+4 to n+7
FIFO Data n+7
FIFO Data n+6
FIFO Data n+5
FIFO Data n+4
Etc.
27
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
Channel 0 to 7 Transmit Data in 32-bit alignment through the Configuration Register Address
0x0100, 0x0300, 0x0500, 0x0700, 0x0900, 0x0B00, 0x0D00 and 0x0F00
Transmit Data Byte n+3
Transmit Data Byte n+2
Transmit Data Byte n+1
Transmit Data Byte n+0
B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0
B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0
B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0
B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0
PCI Bus
Data Bit-31
4.2
PCI Bus
Data Bit-0
FIFO DATA LOADING AND UNLOADING THROUGH THE UART CHANNEL REGISTERS, THR
AND RHR IN 8-BIT FORMAT.
The THR and RHR register address for channel 0 to channel 7 is shown in Table 9 below. The THR and RHR
for each channel 0 to 7 are located sequentially at address 0x0000, 0x0200, 0x0400, 0x0600, 0x0800,
0x0A000, 0x0C00 and 0x0E00. Transmit data byte is loaded to the THR when writing to that address and
receive data is unloaded from the RHR register when reading that address. Both THR and RHR registers are
16C550 compatible in 8-bit format, so each bus operation can only write or read in bytes.
TABLE 9: TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE DATA REGISTER IN BYTE FORMAT, 16C550 COMPATIBLE
THR and RHR Address Locations For CH0 to CH7 (16C550 Compatible)
CH0 0x000 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH0 0x000 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH1 0x200 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH1 0x200 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH2 0x400 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH2 0x400 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH3 0x600 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH3 0x600 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH4 0x800 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH4 0x800 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH5 0xA00 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH5 0xA00 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH6 0xC00 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH6 0xC00 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH7 0xE00 Write THR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
CH7 0xE00 Read RHR
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
THRRHR1
28
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
5.0 UART
There are 8 UARTs [channels 7:0] in the D158. Each has its own 64-byte of transmit and receive FIFO, a set of
16550 compatible control and status registers, and a baud rate generator for individual channel data rate
setting. Eight additional registers per UART were added for the EXAR enhanced features.
5.1
Programmable Baud Rate Generator
Each UART has its own Baud Rate Generator (BRG) with a prescaler for the transmitter and receiver. The
prescaler is controlled by a software bit in the MCR register. The MCR register bit-7 sets the prescaler to divide
the input crystal or external clock by 1 or 4. The output of the prescaler clocks to the BRG. The BRG further
divides this clock by a programmable divisor between 1 and (216 -1) to obtain a 16X or 8X sampling clock of
the serial data rate. The sampling clock is used by the transmitter for data bit shifting and receiver for data
sampling. The BRG divisor (DLL and DLM registers) defaults to a random value upon power up. Therefore, the
BRG must be programmed during initialization to the operating data rate.
FIGURE 11. BAUD RATE GENERATOR
To Other
Channels
DLL and DLM
Registers
Prescaler
Divide by 1
XTAL1
XTAL2
Crystal
Osc/
Buffer
MCR Bit-7=0
(default)
Baud Rate
Generator
Logic
Prescaler
Divide by 4
16X or 8X
Sampling
Rate Clock to
Transmitter
and Receiver
MCR Bit-7=1
Programming the Baud Rate Generator Registers DLM and DLL provides the capability for selecting the
operating data rate. Table 10 shows the standard data rates available with a 14.7456 MHz crystal or external
clock at 16X clock rate. At 8X sampling rate, these data rates would double. When using a non-standard data
rate crystal or external clock, the divisor value can be calculated with the following equation(s).
divisor (decimal) = (XTAL1 clock frequency / prescaler) / (serial data rate x 16), WITH 8XMODE [7:0] IS 0
divisor (decimal) = (XTAL1 clock frequency / prescaler / (serial data rate x 8), WITH 8XMODE [7:0] IS 1
29
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 10: TYPICAL DATA RATES WITH A 14.7456 MHZ CRYSTAL OR EXTERNAL CLOCK AT 16X SAMPLING
OUTPUT Data Rate OUTPUT Data Rate DIVISOR FOR 16x DIVISOR FOR 16x
MCR Bit-7=1
MCR Bit-7=0
Clock (Decimal) Clock (HEX)
DLM
PROGRAM
VALUE (HEX)
DLL
PROGRAM
VALUE (HEX)
DATA RATE
ERROR (%)
100
400
2304
900
09
00
0
600
2400
384
180
01
80
0
1200
4800
192
C0
00
C0
0
2400
9600
96
60
00
60
0
4800
19.2k
48
30
00
30
0
9600
38.4k
24
18
00
18
0
19.2k
76.8k
12
0C
00
0C
0
38.4k
153.6k
6
06
00
06
0
57.6k
230.4k
4
04
00
04
0
115.2k
460.8k
2
02
00
02
0
230.4k
921.6k
1
01
00
01
0
5.2
Transmitter
The transmitter section comprises of a 64 bytes of FIFO, a byte-wide Transmit Holding Register (THR) and an
8-bit Transmit Shift Register (TSR). THR receives a data byte from the host (non-FIFO mode) or a data byte
from the FIFO when the FIFO is enabled by FCR bit-0. TSR shifts out every data bit with the 16X or 8X internal
clock. A bit time is 16 or 8 clock periods. The transmitter sends the start bit followed by the number of data bits,
inserts the proper parity bit if enable, and adds the stop bit(s). The status of the THR and TSR are reported in
the Line Status Register (LSR bit-5 and bit-6).
5.2.1
Transmit Holding Register (THR) - Write-Only
The transmit holding register is an 8-bit register providing a data interface to the host processor. The host
writes transmit data byte to the THR to be converted into a serial data stream including start-bit, data bits,
parity-bit and stop-bit(s). The least-significant-bit (Bit-0) becomes first data bit to go out. The THR is also the
input register to the transmit FIFO of 64 bytes when FIFO operation is enabled by FCR bit-0. A THR empty
interrupt can be generated when it is enabled in IER bit-1.
5.2.2
Transmitter Operation in non-FIFO mode
The host loads transmit data to THR one character at a time. The THR empty flag (LSR bit-5) is set when the
data byte is transferred to TSR. THR flag can generate a transmit empty interrupt (ISR bit-1) when it is enabled
by IER bit-1. The TSR flag (LSR bit-6) is set when TSR becomes completely empty.
30
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 12. TRANSMITTER OPERATION IN NON-FIFO MODE
Transmit
Holding
Register
(THR)
Data
Byte
16X or 8X
Clock
(8XMODE
Register)
THR Interrupt (ISR bit-1)
Enabled by IER bit-1
M
S
B
Transmit Shift Register (TSR)
L
S
B
TXNOFIFO1
5.2.3
Transmitter Operation in FIFO mode
The host may fill the transmit FIFO with up to 64 bytes of transmit data. The THR empty flag (LSR bit-5) is set
whenever the FIFO is empty. The THR empty flag can generate a transmit empty interrupt (ISR bit-1) when the
amount of data in the FIFO falls below its programmed trigger level (see TXTRG register). The transmit empty
interrupt is enabled by IER bit-1. The TSR flag (LSR bit-6) is set when TSR becomes completely empty.
Furthermore, with the RS485 half-duplex direction control enabled (FCTR bit-5=1) the source of the transmit
empty interrupt changes to TSR empty instead of THR empty. This is to ensure the RTS# output is not
changed until the last stop bit of the last character is shifted out.
5.2.4
Auto RS485 Operation
The auto RS485 half-duplex direction control changes the behavior of the transmitter when enabled by FCTR
bit-5. While transmitting, the RTS# or DTR# signal is HIGH. The RTS# or DTR# signal changes from HIGH to
LOW after a specified delay indicated in MSR[7:4] following the last stop bit of the last character that has been
transmitted. This helps in turning around the transceiver to receive the remote station’s response. The delay
optimizes the time needed for the last transmission to reach the farthest station on a long cable network before
switching off the line driver. This delay prevents undesirable line signal disturbance that causes signal
degradation. It also changes the transmitter empty interrupt to TSR empty instead of THR empty.
FIGURE 13. TRANSMITTER OPERATION IN FIFO AND FLOW CONTROL MODE
Transmit
Data Byte
Transmit
FIFO
(64-Byte)
Flow Control Characters
(Xoff1/2 and Xon1/2 Reg.
THR Interrupt (ISR bit-1) falls
below Programmed Trigger
Level (TXTRG) and then
when becomes empty. FIFO
is Enabled by FCR bit-0=1
Auto Software Flow Control
16X or 8X Clock
(8XMODE Register)
Transmit Data Shift Register
(TSR)
Auto CTS Flow Control (CTS# pin)
TXFIFO1
31
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
5.3
REV. 1.2.1
Receiver
The receiver section contains an 8-bit Receive Shift Register (RSR) and Receive Holding Register (RHR). The
RSR uses the 16X or 8X clock for timing. It verifies and validates every bit on the incoming character in the
middle of each data bit. On the falling edge of a start or false start bit, an internal receiver counter starts
counting at the 16X or 8X clock rate. After 8 or 4 clocks the start bit period should be at the center of the start
bit. At this time the start bit is sampled and if it is still a logic 0 it is validated. Evaluating the start bit in this
manner prevents the receiver from assembling a false character. The rest of the data bits and stop bits are
sampled and validated in this same manner to prevent false framing. If there were any error(s), they are
reported in the LSR register bits 1- 4. Upon unloading the receive data byte from RHR, the receive FIFO
pointer is bumped and the error flags are immediately updated to reflect the status of the data byte in RHR
register. RHR can generate a receive data ready interrupt upon receiving a character or delay until it reaches
the FIFO trigger level. Furthermore, data delivery to the host is guaranteed by a receive data ready time-out
function when receive data does not reach the receive FIFO trigger level. This time-out delay is 4 word lengths
as defined by LCR[1:0] plus 12 bits time. The RHR interrupt is enabled by IER bit-0.
5.3.1
Receive Holding Register (RHR)
The receive holding register is an 8-bit register that holds a receive data byte from the receive shift register
(RSR). It provides the receive data interface to the host processor. The host reads the receive data byte on this
register whenever a data byte is transferred from the RSR. RHR also part of the receive FIFO of 64 bytes by
11-bit wide, 3 extra bits are for the error flags to be in LSR register. When the FIFO is enabled by FCR bit-0, it
acts as the first-out register of the FIFO as new data are put over the first-in register. The receive FIFO pointer
is bumped after the RHR register is read. Also, the error flags associated with the data byte are immediately
updated onto the line status register (LSR) bits 1-4.
5.3.2
Receiver Operation in non-FIFO Mode
FIGURE 14. RECEIVER OPERATION IN NON-FIFO MODE
16X or 8X Clock
(8XMODE Register)
Receive
Data Byte
and Errors
Receive Data Shift
Register (RSR)
Error
Flags in
LSR bits
4:2
Receive Data
Holding Register
(RHR)
Data Bit
Validation
Receive Data Characters
RHR Interrupt (ISR bit-2)
RXFIFO1
32
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
5.3.3
Receiver Operation with FIFO
FIGURE 15. RECEIVER OPERATION IN FIFO AND FLOW CONTROL MODE
16X or 8X Sampling
Clock (8XMODE Reg.)
Receive Data Shift
Register (RSR)
Data Bit
Validation
Example:
- FIFO trigger level set at 48 bytes
- RTS/DTR hyasteresis set at +/-8 chars.
64 bytes by 11bit wide FIFO
Error Flags
(64-sets)
Data falls to 40 RTS#/DTR# re-asserts when data falls below
the trigger level to restart remote transmitter.
Enable by EFR bit-6=1, MCR bit-2.
Receive Data
FIFO
(64-byte)
Error Flags in
LSR bits 4:2
RHR Interrupt (ISR bit-2) is programmed
at FIFO trigger level (RXTRG).
FIFO is Enable by FCR bit-0=1
FIFO Trigger=48
Data fills to 56
Receive Data
Byte and Errors
Receive Data Characters
RTS#/DTR# de-asserts when data fills above
the trigger level to suspend remote transmitter.
Enable by EFR bit-6=1, MCR bit-2.
Receive
Data
RXFIFO1
5.4
Automatic Hardware (RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR) Flow Control Operation
Automatic hardware RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR flow control is used to prevent data overrun to the local receiver
FIFO and remote receiver FIFO. The RTS#/DTR# output pin is used to request the remote unit to suspend/
restart data transmission while the CTS#/DSR# input pin is monitored to suspend/restart the local transmitter.
The auto RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR flow control features are individually selected to fit specific application
requirement and enabled through EFR bit-6 and 7 and MCR bit-2 for either RTS/CTS or DTR/DSR control
signals.
TABLE 11: AUTO RTS/CTS OR DTR/DSR FLOW CONTROL SELECTION
MCR BIT-2
EFR BIT-7
EFR BIT-6
HARDWARE FLOW CONTROL SELECTION
0
1
X
Auto CTS Flow Control Enabled
0
X
1
Auto RTS Flow Control Enabled
1
1
X
Auto DSR Flow Control Enabled
1
X
1
Auto DTR Flow Control Enabled
X
0
0
No Hardware Flow Control
Auto RTS flow control must be started by asserting the RTS# output pin LOW (MCR bit-1 = 1). Similarly, Auto
DTR flow control must be started by asserting the DTR# output pin LOW (MCR bit-0 = 1). Figure 16 shows in
detail how automatic hardware flow control works.
33
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
Two interrupts associated with auto RTS/CTS and DTR/DSR flow control have been added to give indication
when RTS#/DTR# pin or CTS#/DSR# pin are de-asserted during operation. These interrupts are enabled by:
• Setting EFR bit-4 =1 to enable the shaded register bits
• Setting IER bit-7 will enable the CTS#/DSR# interrupt when these pins are de-asserted. The selection of
CTS# or DSR# is selected via MCR bit-2. See Table 11 above for complete details.
• Setting IER bit-6 will enable the RTS#/DTR# interrupt when these pins are de-asserted. The selection of
RTS# or DTR# is selected via MCR bit-2. See Table 11 above for complete details.
Automatic hardware flow control is selected by setting bits 6 (RTS) and 7 (CTS) of the EFR register to logic 1.
If CTS# pin transitions from LOW to HIGH indicating a flow control request, ISR bit-5 will be set to logic 1, (if
enabled via IER bit 6-7), and the UART will suspend TX transmissions as soon as the stop bit of the character
in process is shifted out. Transmission is resumed after the CTS# input returns LOW, indicating more data may
be sent.
FIGURE 16. AUTO RTS/DTR AND CTS/DSR FLOW CONTROL OPERATION
Local UART
UARTA
Remote UART
UARTB
RXA
Receiver FIFO
Trigger Reached
RTSA#
Auto RTS
Trigger Level
Receiver FIFO
Trigger Reached
RTSB#
Assert RTS# to Begin
Transmission
1
ON
Auto RTS
Trigger Level
10
OFF
ON
7
2
CTSB#
Auto CTS
Monitor
RXB
CTSA#
Auto CTS
Monitor
Transmitter
CTSB#
TXA
Transmitter
RTSA#
TXB
ON
3
8
OFF
6
Suspend
11
ON
TXB
Data Starts
4
Restart
9
RXA FIFO
INTA
(RXA FIFO
Interrupt)
Receive
RX FIFO
Data
Trigger Level
5
RTS High
Threshold
RTS Low
Threshold
12
RX FIFO
Trigger Level
RTSCTS1
The local UART (UARTA) starts data transfer by asserting -RTSA# (1). RTSA# is normally connected to CTSB# (2) of
remote UART (UARTB). CTSB# allows its transmitter to send data (3). TXB data arrives and fills UARTA receive FIFO
(4). When RXA data fills up to its receive FIFO trigger level, UARTA activates its RXA data ready interrupt (5) and continues to receive and put data into its FIFO. If interrupt service latency is long and data is not being unloaded, UARTA
monitors its receive data fill level to match the upper threshold of RTS delay and de-assert RTSA# (6). CTSB# follows
(7) and request UARTB transmitter to suspend data transfer. UARTB stops or finishes sending the data bits in its transmit shift register (8). When receive FIFO data in UARTA is unloaded to match the lower threshold of RTS delay (9),
UARTA re-asserts RTSA# (10), CTSB# recognizes the change (11) and restarts its transmitter and data flow again until
next receive FIFO trigger (12). This same event applies to the reverse direction when UARTA sends data to UARTB
with RTSB# and CTSA# controlling the data flow.
34
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
5.5
Infrared Mode
Each UART in the D158 includes the infrared encoder and decoder compatible to the IrDA (Infrared Data
Association) version 1.0. The input pin ENIR conveniently activates all 8 UART channels to start up in the
infrared mode. This global control pin enables the MCR bit-6 function in every UART channel register. After
power up or a reset, the software can overwrite MCR bit-6 if so desired. ENIR and MCR bit-6 also disable its
receiver while the transmitter is sending data. This prevents the echoed data from going to the receiver. The
global activation ENIR pin prevents the infrared emitter from turning on and drawing large amount of current
while the system is starting up. When the infrared feature is enabled, the transmit data outputs, TX[7:0], would
idle at logic zero level. Likewise, the RX [7:0] inputs assume an idle level of logic zero.
The infrared encoder sends out a 3/16 of a bit wide pulse for each “0” bit in the transmit data stream. This
signal encoding reduces the on-time of the infrared LED, hence reduces the power consumption. See
Figure 17 below.
The infrared decoder receives the input pulse from the infrared sensing diode on RX pin. Each time the
decoder senses a light pulse, it returns a logic zero to the data bit stream. The RX input signal may be inverted
prior delivered to the input of the decoder via internal register setting. This option supports active low instead of
normal active high pulse from some infrared modules on the market.
FIGURE 17. INFRARED TRANSMIT DATA ENCODING AND RECEIVE DATA DECODING
Character
TX Data
0
1
0
1
0
Stop
Start
Data Bits
1
0
1
1
0
Transmit
IR Pulse
(TX Pin)
1/2 Bit Time
Bit Time
3/16 Bit Time
IrEncoder-1
Receive
IR Pulse
(RX pin)
Bit Time
1/16 Clock Delay
1
0
1
0
0
Data Bits
1 1
0
1
Stop
0
Start
RX Data
Character
IRdecoder-
35
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
5.6
REV. 1.2.1
Internal Loopback
Each UART channel provides an internal loopback capability for system diagnostic. The internal loopback
mode is enabled by setting MCR register bit-4 to logic 1. All regular UART functions operate normally.
Figure 18 shows how the modem port signals are re-configured. Transmit data from the transmit shift register
output is internally routed to the receive shift register input allowing the system to receive the same data that it
was sending. The TX, RTS# and DTR# pins are held HIGH (idle or de-asserted state), and the CTS#, DSR#
CD# and RI# inputs are ignored.
FIGURE 18. INTERNAL LOOP BACK
VCC
TX [7:0]
Transmit Shift
Register
Receive Shift
Register
RX [7:0]
VCC
RTS# [7:0]
RTS#
Modem / General Purpose Control
Logic
Internal Bus Lines and Control Signals
MCR bit-4=1
CTS#
CTS# [7:0]
VCC
DTR#
DSR#
DTR# [7:0]
DSR# [7:0]
OP1#
RI#
OP2#
CD#
36
RI# [7:0]
CD# [7:0]
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
5.7
UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS AND ADDRESS DECODING
The 8 sets of UART configuration registers are decoded using address lines A8 to A11 as shown below.
Address lines A0 to A3 select the 16 registers in each channel. The first 8 registers are 16550 compatible with
EXAR enhanced feature registers located on the upper 8 addresses. Addresses 0x080 to 0x093 comprise the
Device Configuration Registers and they reside in Channel 0’s space.
A11
A10
A9
A8
UART CHANNEL
SELECTION
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
2
0
1
1
0
3
1
0
0
0
4
1
0
1
0
5
1
1
0
0
6
1
1
1
0
7
.
TABLE 12: UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
ADDRESS
A3
A2
A1
REGISTER
READ/WRITE
COMMENTS
A0
16550 COMPATIBLE REGISTERS
0
0
0
0
RHR - Receive Holding Register
Read-only
LCR[7] = 0
0
0
0
0
THR - Transmit Holding Register
Write-only
LCR[7] = 0
0
0
0
0
DLL - Div Latch Low
Read/Write
LCR[7] = 1
0
0
0
1
DLM - Div Latch High
Read/Write
LCR[7] = 1
0
0
0
1
IER - Interrupt Enable Register
Read/Write
LCR[7] = 0
0
0
1
0
ISR - Interrupt Status Register
Read-only
0
0
1
0
FCR - FIFO Control Register
Write-only
0
0
1
1
LCR - Line Control Register
Read/Write
0
1
0
0
MCR - Modem Control Register
Read/Write
0
1
0
1
LSR - Line Status Register
Read-only
0
1
1
0
MSR - Modem Status Register
Read-only
0
1
1
0
RS485 Turn-Around Delay Register
Write-only
0
1
1
1
SPR - Scratch Pad Register
Read/Write
ENHANCED REGISTERS
1
0
0
0
FCTR - Feature Control Register
Read/Write
1
0
0
1
EFR - Enhanced Function Register
Read/Write
1
0
1
0
TXCNT - Transmit FIFO Level Counter
Read-only
37
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 12: UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
ADDRESS
REGISTER
READ/WRITE
1
0
1
0
TXTRG - Transmit FIFO Trigger Level
Write-only
1
0
1
1
RXCNT - Receive FIFO Level Counter
Read-only
1
0
1
1
RXTRG - Receive FIFO Trigger Level
Write-only
1
1
0
0
Xoff-1 - Xoff Character 1
Write-only
1
1
0
0
Xchar
Read-only
1
1
0
1
Xoff-2 - Xoff Character 2
Write-only
1
1
1
0
Xon-1 - Xon Character 1
Write-only
1
1
1
1
Xon-2 - Xon Character 2
Write-only
COMMENTS
Xon,Xoff Rcvd. Flags
TABLE 13: UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS DESCRIPTION. SHADED BITS ARE ENABLED BY EFR BIT-4.
ADDRESS
REG
READ/
A3-A0
NAME
WRITE
0000
RHR
0000
BIT-7
BIT-6
BIT-5
BIT-4
BIT-3
BIT-2
BIT-1
BIT-0
COMMENT
R
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
LCR[7]=0
THR
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
LCR[7]=0
0000
DLL
R/W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
LCR[7]=1
0001
DLM
R/W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
LCR[7]=1
0001
IER
R/W
0/
0/
0/
0
CTS/
RTS/
Xon/Xoff/
DSR# Int. DTR# Int. Sp. Char.
Enable
Enable
Int.
Enable
0010
0010
0011
0100
ISR
FCR
LCR
MCR
R
W
R/W
R/W
FIFOs
Enable
FIFOs
Enable
RX FIFO
Trigger
RX FIFO
Trigger
Divisor
Enable
Set TX
Break
0/
0/
DeltaXoff/special
char
Flow Cntl
0/
0/
TX FIFO
Trigger
TX FIFO
Trigger
Set Parity Even Parity
0/
0/
0/
BRG
Prescaler
IR
XonAny
Enable
Internal
Lopback
Enable
0101
LSR
R/W
RX FIFO
ERROR
TSR
Empty
THR
Empty
RX Break
0110
MSR
R
CD
RI
DSR
CTS
MSR
W
RS485
DLY-3
RS485
DLY-2
RS485
DLY-1
RS485
DLY-0
38
Modem
RX Line TX Empty
Status Int. Status Int.
Int.
Enable
Enable
Enable
RX Data
Int.
Enable
INT
Source
Bit-3
INT
Source
Bit-2
INT
Source
Bit-1
INT
Source
Bit-0
DMA
Mode
TX FIFO
Reset
RX FIFO
Reset
FIFOs
Enable
Parity
Enable
Stop Bits
Word
Length
Word
Length
Bit-1
Bit-0
(OP2)1
(OP1)1
RTS# Pin DTR# Pin
Control
Control
RTS/DTR
Flow Sel
RX Fram- RX Parity RX OverError
ing Error
run
Delta
CD#
Delta
RI#
Delta
DSR#
RX Data
Ready
Delta
CTS#
Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 13: UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS DESCRIPTION. SHADED BITS ARE ENABLED BY EFR BIT-4.
ADDRESS
REG
READ/
A3-A0
NAME
WRITE
0111
SPR
1000
FCTR
1001
EFR
BIT-7
BIT-6
BIT-5
BIT-4
BIT-3
BIT-2
BIT-1
BIT-0
COMMENT
R/W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
User Data
R/W
TRG
Table
TRG
Table
Invert IR
RX Input
RTS/DTR RTS/DTR RTS/DTR RTS/DTR
Hyst Bit-3 Hyst Bit-2 Hyst Bit-1 Hyst Bit-0
Bit-1
Bit-0
Auto
RS485
Enable
Enable
Software Software Software Software
Flow Cntl Flow Cntl Flow Cntl Flow Cntl
R/W
Auto
Auto
CTS/DSR RTS/DTR
Enable
Enable
Special
Char
Select
IER [7:5],
ISR [5:4],
FCR[5:4],
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
MCR[7:5,2]
MSR[7:4]
1010
TXCNT
R
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1010
TXTRG
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1011
RXCNT
R
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1011
RXTRG
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1100
XCHAR
R
0
0
0
0
0
0
Xon Det.
Indicator
Xoff Det.
Indicator
1100
XOFF1
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1101
XOFF2
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1110
XON1
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
1111
XON2
W
Bit-7
Bit-6
Bit-5
Bit-4
Bit-3
Bit-2
Bit-1
Bit-0
Self-clear
after read
NOTE: MCR bits 2 and 3 (OP1 and OP2 outputs) are not available in the XR17D158. They are present for 16C550
compatibility during Internal loopback, see Figure 18.
5.8
5.8.1
Registers
Receive Holding Register (RHR) - Read-Only
See “Section 5.3, Receiver” on page 32 for complete details.
5.8.2
Transmit Holding Register (THR) - Write-Only
See “Section 5.2, Transmitter” on page 30 for complete details.
5.8.3
Baud Rate Generator Divisors (DLL and DLM) - Read/Write
The Baud Rate Generator (BRG) is a 16-bit counter that generates the data rate for the transmitter and
receiver. The baud rate is programmed through registers DLL and DLM which are only accessible when LCR
bit-7 is set to logic 1. See “Section 5.1, Programmable Baud Rate Generator” on page 29 for more detail.
39
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
5.8.4
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REV. 1.2.1
Interrupt Enable Register (IER) - Read/Write
The Interrupt Enable Register (IER) masks the interrupts from receive data ready, transmit empty, line status
and modem status registers. These interrupts are reported in the Interrupt Status Register (ISR) register and
also encoded in INT (INT0-INT3) register in the Device Configuration Registers.
IER VERSUS RECEIVE FIFO INTERRUPT MODE OPERATION
When the receive FIFO (FCR bit-0 = a logic 1) and receive interrupts (IER BIT-0 = logic 1) are enabled, the
RHR interrupts (see ISR bits 3 and 4) status will reflect the following:
A. The receive data available interrupts are issued to the host when the FIFO has reached the programmed
trigger level. It will be cleared when the FIFO drops below the programmed trigger level.
B. FIFO level will be reflected in the ISR register when the FIFO trigger level is reached. Both the ISR register
status bit and the interrupt will be cleared when the FIFO drops below the trigger level.
C. The receive data ready bit (LSR BIT-0) is set as soon as a character is transferred from the shift register to
the receive FIFO. It is reset when the FIFO is empty.
IER VERSUS RECEIVE/TRANSMIT FIFO POLLED MODE OPERATION
When FCR BIT-0 equals a logic 1 for FIFO enable, resetting IER bits 0-3 enables the 158 in the FIFO polled
mode of operation. Since the receiver and transmitter have separate bits in the LSR either or both can be used
in the polled mode by selecting respective transmit or receive control bit(s).
A. LSR BIT-0 indicates there is data in RHR or RX FIFO.
B. LSR BIT-1 indicates an overrun error has occurred and that data in the FIFO may not be valid.
C. LSR BITS 2-4 provides the type of receive data errors encountered for the data byte in RHR, if any.
D. LSR BIT-5 indicates THR is empty.
E. LSR BIT-6 indicates when both the transmit FIFO and TSR are empty.
F. LSR BIT-7 indicates a data error in at least one character in the RX FIFO.
IER[0]: RHR Interrupt Enable
The receive data ready interrupt will be issued when RHR has a data character in the non-FIFO mode or when
the receive FIFO has reached the programmed trigger level in the FIFO mode. A receive data timeout interrupt
will be issued in the FIFO mode when the receive FIFO has not reached the programmed trigger level and the
RX input has been idle for 4 character + 12 bit times.
• Logic 0 = Disable the receive data ready interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the receiver data ready interrupt.
IER[1]: THR Interrupt Enable
When Auto RS485 mode operation is disabled (FCTR bit-5 = 0), this interrupt is associated with bit-5 in the
LSR register. An interrupt is issued whenever the THR becomes empty or when data in the FIFO falls below
the programmed trigger level. When Auto RS485 mode operation is enabled (FCTR bit-5 = 1), this interrupt is
associated with bit-6 in the LSR register. An interrupt is issued whenever the TX FIFO and the TSR becomes
empty.
• Logic 0 = Disable Transmit Holding Register empty interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable Transmit Holding Register empty interrupt.
IER[2]: Receive Line Status Interrupt Enable
Any of LSR register bits 1, 2, 3 or 4 will generate an LSR interrupt immediately when a character received by
the RX FIFO has an error.
• Logic 0 = Disable the receiver line status interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the receiver line status interrupt.
IER[3]: Modem Status Interrupt Enable
• Logic 0 = Disable the modem status register interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the modem status register interrupt.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
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IER[4]: Reserved
IER[5]: Xoff Interrupt Enable (requires EFR bit-4=1)
• Logic 0 = Disable the software flow control, receive Xoff interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the software flow control, receive Xoff interrupt. See Software Flow Control section for
details.
IER[6]: RTS#/DTR# Output Interrupt Enable (requires EFR bit-4=1)
The RTS# or DTR# output is selected via MCR bit-2. See Table 11 or MCR[2] for complete details.
• Logic 0 = Disable the RTS#/DTR# interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the RTS#/DTR# interrupt. The UART issues an interrupt when the RTS#/DTR# pin makes
a transition.
IER[7]: CTS# Input Interrupt Enable (requires EFR bit-4=1)
The CTS# or DSR# input is selected via MCR bit-2. See Table 11 or MCR[2] for complete details.
• Logic 0 = Disable the CTS#/DSR# interrupt (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the CTS#/DSR# interrupt. The UART issues an interrupt when CTS# pin makes a transition.
5.8.5
Interrupt Status Register (ISR) - Read-Only
The UART provides multiple levels of prioritized interrupts to minimize external software interaction. The Interrupt Status Register (ISR) provides the user with six interrupt status bits. Performing a read cycle on the ISR
will give the user the current highest pending interrupt level to be serviced with others queued up for next service. No other interrupts are acknowledged until the pending interrupt is serviced. The Interrupt Source Table,
Table 14, shows the data values (bit 0-5) for the six prioritized interrupt levels and the interrupt sources associated with each of these interrupt levels.
Interrupt Generation:
• LSR is by any of the LSR bits 1, 2, 3 and 4.
• RXRDY is by RX trigger level.
• RXRDY Time-out is by the a 4-char plus 12 bits delay timer if the RX FIFO level is less than the RX trigger
level.
• TXRDY is by LSR bit-5 (or bit-6 in auto RS485 control).
• MSR is by any of the MSR bits, 0, 1, 2 and 3.
• Receive Xon/Xoff/Special character is by detection of a Xon, Xoff or Special character.
• CTS#/DSR# is by a change of state on the input pin (from LOW to HIGH) with auto flow control enabled,
EFR bit-7, and depending on selection of MCR bit-2.
• RTS#/DTR# is when its receiver changes the state of the output pin (from LOW to HIGH) during auto RTS/
DTR flow control enabled by EFR bit-6 and selection of MCR bit-2.
• Wake-up Indicator: when the UART comes out of sleep mode.
Interrupt Clearing:
• LSR interrupt is cleared by a read to the LSR register.
• RXRDY is cleared by reading data until FIFO falls below the trigger level.
• RXRDY Time-out is cleared by reading data until the RX FIFO is empty.
• TXRDY interrupt is cleared by a read to the ISR register.
• MSR interrupt is cleared by a read to the MSR register.
• Xon or Xoff character interrupt is cleared by a read to ISR register.
• Special character interrupt is cleared by a read to ISR register or after the next character is received.
• RTS#/DTR# and CTS#/DSR# status change interrupts are cleared by a read to the MSR register.
• Wake-up Indicator is cleared by a read to the INT0 register.
41
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REV. 1.2.1
]
TABLE 14: INTERRUPT SOURCE AND PRIORITY LEVEL
PRIORITY
ISR REGISTER STATUS BITS
SOURCE OF THE INTERRUPT
LEVEL
BIT-5
BIT-4
BIT-3
BIT-2
BIT-1
BIT-0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
LSR (Receiver Line Status Register)
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
RXRDY (Received Data Ready)
3
0
0
1
1
0
0
RXRDY (Receive Data Time-out)
4
0
0
0
0
1
0
TXRDY (Transmitter Holding Register Empty)
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
MSR (Modem Status Register)
6
0
1
0
0
0
0
RXRDY (Received Xon/Xoff or Special character)
7
1
0
0
0
0
0
CTS#/DSR#, RTS#/DTR# change of state
X
0
0
0
0
0
1
None (default)
ISR[0]: Interrupt Status
• Logic 0 = An interrupt is pending and the ISR contents may be used as a pointer to the appropriate interrupt
service routine.
• Logic 1 = No interrupt pending (default condition).
ISR[3:1]: Interrupt Status
These bits indicate the source for a pending interrupt at interrupt priority levels 1, 2, 3 and 4 (See Interrupt
Source Table 14).
ISR[4]: Xoff/Xon or Special Character Interrupt Status
This bit is enabled when EFR bit-4 is set to a logic 1. ISR bit-4 indicates that the receiver detected a data match
of the Xoff character(s). If this is an Xoff/Xon interrupt, it can be cleared by a read to the ISR. Reading the
XCHAR register will indicate which character (Xoff or Xon) was received last. If it is a special character
interrupt, it can be cleared by reading ISR or it will automatically clear after the next character is received.
ISR[5]: RTS#/CTS# Interrupt Status
This bit is enabled when EFR bit-4 is set to a logic 1. ISR bit-5 indicates that the CTS# or RTS# has changed
state from LOW to HIGH.
ISR[7:6]: FIFO Enable Status
These bits are set to a logic 0 when the FIFOs are disabled. They are set to a logic 1 when the FIFOs are
enabled.
5.8.6
FIFO Control Register (FCR) - Write-Only
This register is used to enable the FIFOs, clear the FIFOs, set the transmit/receive FIFO trigger levels, and
select the DMA mode (legacy term that refers to "block transfer mode"). The DMA and FIFO modes are
defined as follows:
FCR[0]: TX and RX FIFO Enable
• Logic 0 = Disable the transmit and receive FIFO (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable the transmit and receive FIFOs. This bit must be set to logic 1 when other FCR bits are
written or they will not be programmed.
FCR[1]: RX FIFO Reset
This bit is only active when FCR bit-0 is active.
• Logic 0 = No receive FIFO reset (default).
• Logic 1 = Reset the receive FIFO pointers and FIFO level counter logic (the receive shift register is not
cleared or altered). This bit will return to a logic 0 after resetting the FIFO.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
FCR[2]: TX FIFO Reset
This bit is only active when FCR bit-0 is active.
• Logic 0 = No transmit FIFO reset (default).
• Logic 1 = Reset the transmit FIFO pointers and FIFO level counter logic (the transmit shift register is not
cleared or altered). This bit will return to a logic 0 after resetting the FIFO.
FCR[3]: DMA Mode Select
This bit has no effect since TXRDY and RXRDY pins are not available in this device. It is provided for legacy
software. DMA is a legacy term used for block transfer mode. DMA does not stand for "Direct Memory Access."
• Logic 0 = Set DMA to mode 0 (default).
• Logic 1 = Set DMA to mode 1.
FCR[5:4]: Transmit FIFO Trigger Select
(logic 0 = default, TX trigger level = 1)
The FCTR bits 6-7 are associated with these 2 bits by selecting one of the four tables. The 4 user selectable
trigger levels in 4 tables are supported for compatibility reasons. These 2 bits set the trigger level for the
transmit FIFO interrupt. The UART will issue a transmit interrupt when the number of characters in the FIFO
falls below the selected trigger level, or when it gets empty in case that the FIFO did not get filled over the
trigger level on last re-load. Table 15 below shows the selections. EFR bit-4 must be set to ‘1’ before these
bits can be accessed. Note that the receiver and the transmitter cannot use different trigger tables. Whichever
selection is made last applies to both the RX and TX side.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
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FCR[7:6]: Receive FIFO Trigger Select
(logic 0 = default, RX trigger level =1)
The FCTR Bits 6-7 are associated with these 2 bits. These 2 bits are used to set the trigger level for the receiver FIFO interrupt. Table 15 shows the complete selections. Note that the receiver and the transmitter cannot
use different trigger tables. Whichever selection is made last applies to both the RX and TX side.
TABLE 15: TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE FIFO TRIGGER LEVEL SELECTION
TRIGGER
TABLE
FCTR
BIT-7
FCTR
BIT-6
Table A
0
0
Table B
0
FCR
BIT-7
FCR
BIT-6
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
Table D
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
X
X
TRANSMIT
TRIGGER
LEVEL
COMPATIBILITY
1 (default)
16C550, 16C2550,
16C2552, 16C554,
16C580 compatible.
16
8
24
30
16C650A compatible.
8
16
32
56
16C654 compatible.
8
16
24
28
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
RECEIVE
TRIGGER LEVEL
1 (default)
4
8
14
0
1
0
1
0
1
FCR
BIT-4
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
Table C
FCR
BIT-5
0
1
0
1
8
16
56
60
X
X
44
Programmable Programmable 16C850, 16C2850,
16C2852, 16C854,
16C864, 16L2750,
16L2751, 16L2752
compatible.
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
5.8.7
Line Control Register (LCR) - Read/Write
The Line Control Register is used to specify the asynchronous data communication format. The word or
character length, the number of stop bits, and the parity are selected by writing the appropriate bits in this
register.
LCR[1:0]: TX and RX Word Length Select
These two bits specify the word length to be transmitted or received.
BIT-1
BIT-0
WORD LENGTH
0
0
5 (default)
0
1
6
1
0
7
1
1
8
LCR[2]: TX and RX Stop-bit Length Select
The length of stop bit is specified by this bit in conjunction with the programmed word length.
LENGTH
STOP BIT LENGTH
(BIT TIME(S))
0
5,6,7,8
1 (default)
1
5
1-1/2
1
6,7,8
2
BIT-2
WORD
LCR[3]: TX and RX Parity Select
Parity or no parity can be selected via this bit. The parity bit is a simple way used in communications for data
integrity check. See Table 16 for parity selection summary below.
• Logic 0 = No parity.
• Logic 1 = A parity bit is generated during the transmission while the receiver checks for parity error of the
data character received.
LCR[4]: TX and RX Parity Select
If the parity bit is enabled with LCR bit-3 set to a logic 1, LCR BIT-4 selects the even or odd parity format.
• Logic 0 = ODD Parity is generated by forcing an odd number of logic 1’s in the transmitted character. The
receiver must be programmed to check the same format (default).
• Logic 1 = EVEN Parity is generated by forcing an even the number of logic 1’s in the transmitted character.
The receiver must be programmed to check the same format.
LCR[5]: TX and RX Parity Select
If the parity bit is enabled, LCR BIT-5 selects the forced parity format.
• LCR BIT-5 = logic 0, parity is not forced (default).
• LCR BIT-5 = logic 1 and LCR BIT-4 = logic 0, parity bit is forced to a logical 1 for the transmit and receive
data.
• LCR BIT-5 = logic 1 and LCR BIT-4 = logic 1, parity bit is forced to a logical 0 for the transmit and receive
data.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 16: PARITY SELECTION
LCR BIT-5 LCR BIT-4 LCR BIT-3
PARITY SELECTION
X
X
0
No parity
0
0
1
Odd parity
0
1
1
Even parity
1
0
1
Force parity to mark, “1”
1
1
1
Forced parity to space, “0”
LCR[6]: Transmit Break Enable
When enabled the Break control bit causes a break condition to be transmitted (the TX output is forced to a
“space", LOW state). This condition remains until disabled by setting LCR bit-6 to a logic 0.
• Logic 0 = No TX break condition (default).
• Logic 1 = Forces the transmitter output (TX) to a “space”, LOW, for alerting the remote receiver of a line
break condition.
LCR[7]: Baud Rate Divisors Enable
Baud rate generator divisor (DLL/DLM) enable.
• Logic 0 = Data registers are selected (default).
• Logic 1 = Divisor latch registers are selected.
5.8.8
Modem Control Register (MCR) - Read/Write
The MCR register is used for controlling the modem interface signals or general purpose inputs/outputs.
MCR[0]: DTR# Pins
The DTR# pin may be used for automatic hardware flow control enabled by EFR bit-6 and MCR bit-2=1. If the
modem interface is not used, this output may be used for general purpose.
• Logic 0 = Force DTR# output HIGH (default).
• Logic 1 = Force DTR# output LOW.
MCR[1]: RTS# Pins
The RTS# pin may be used for automatic hardware flow control by enabled by EFR bit-6 and MCR bit-2=0. If
the modem interface is not used, this output may be used for general purpose.
• Logic 0 = Force RTS# output HIGH (default).
• Logic 1 = Force RTS# output LOW.
MCR[2]: DTR# or RTS# for Auto Flow Control
DTR# or RTS# auto hardware flow control select. This bit is in effect only when auto RTS/DTR is enabled by
EFR bit-6. DTR# selection is associated with DSR# and RTS# is with CTS#.
• Logic 0 = Uses RTS# and CTS# pins for auto hardware flow control.
• Logic 1 = Uses DTR# and DSR# pins for auto hardware flow control.
MCR[3]: (OP2)
The OP2 output is not available in the XR17D158. It is present for 16C550 compatibility during internal
loopback. See Figure 18. Logic 0 is default.
MCR[4]: Internal Loopback Enable
• Logic 0 = Disable internal loopback mode (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable internal loopback mode, see loopback section and Figure 18.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
MCR[5]: Xon-Any Enable
• Logic 0 = Disable Xon-Any function (for 16C550 compatibility) (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable Xon-Any function. In this mode any RX character received will enable Xon, resume data
transmission.
MCR[6]: Infrared Encoder/Decoder Enable
The state of this bit depends on the sampled logic level of pin ENIR during power up, following a hardware
reset or a soft-reset. Afterward user can override this bit for desired operation.
• Logic 0 = Disable the infrared mode, operates in the normal serial character mode.
• Logic 1 = Enable infrared IrDA receive and transmit inputs/outputs. While in this mode, the TX/RX output/
input are routed to the infrared encoder/decoder. The data input and output levels will conform to the IrDA
infrared interface requirement. As such, while in this mode the infrared TX output will be a logic 0 during idle
data conditions. FCTR bit-4 may be selected to invert the RX input signal level going to the decoder for
infrared modules that provide rather an inverted output.
MCR[7]: Clock Prescaler Select
• Logic 0 = Divide by one. The input clock from the crystal or external clock is fed directly to the Programmable
Baud Rate Generator without further modification, i.e., divide by one (default).
• Logic 1 = Divide by four. The prescaler divides the input clock from the crystal or external clock by four and
feeds it to the Programmable Baud Rate Generator, hence, data rates become one-fourth.
5.8.9
Line Status Register (LSR) - Read/Only
This register provides the status of data transfers between the UART and the host. If IER bit-2 is set to a logic
1, an LSR interrupt will be generated immediately when any character in the RX FIFO has an error (parity,
framing, overrun, break). Reading LSR will clear LSR bits 4-1.
LSR[0]: Receive Data Ready Indicator
• Logic 0 = No data in receive holding register or FIFO (default).
• Logic 1 = Data has been received and is saved in the receive holding register or FIFO.
LSR[1]: Receiver Overrun Flag
• Logic 0 = No overrun error (default).
• Logic 1 = Overrun error. A data overrun error condition occurred in the receive shift register. This happens
when additional data arrives while the FIFO is full. In this case the previous data in the receive shift register
is overwritten. Note that under this condition the data byte in the receive shift register is not transferred into
the FIFO, therefore the data in the FIFO is not corrupted by the error. This bit is cleared after LSR is read.
LSR[2]: Receive Data Parity Error Tag
• Logic 0 = No parity error (default).
• Logic 1 = Parity error. The receive character in RHR does not have correct parity information and is suspect.
This error is associated with the character available for reading in RHR. This bit is cleared after LSR is read.
LSR[3]: Receive Data Framing Error Tag
• Logic 0 = No framing error (default).
• Logic 1 = Framing error. The receive character did not have a valid stop bit(s). This error is associated with
the character available for reading in RHR. This bit is cleared after LSR is read.
LSR[4]: Receive Break Tag
• Logic 0 = No break condition (default).
• Logic 1 = The receiver received a break signal (RX was a logic 0 for one character frame time). In the FIFO
mode, only one break character is loaded into the FIFO. This bit is cleared after LSR is read.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
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REV. 1.2.1
LSR[5]: Transmit Holding Register Empty Flag
This bit is the Transmit Holding Register Empty indicator. This bit indicates that the transmitter is ready to
accept a new character for transmission. In addition, this bit causes the UART to issue an interrupt to the host
when the THR interrupt enable is set. The THR bit is set to a logic 1 when the last data byte is transferred from
the transmit holding register to the transmit shift register. The bit is reset to logic 0 concurrently with the data
loading to the transmit holding register by the host. In the FIFO mode this bit is set when the transmit FIFO is
empty; it is cleared when at least 1 byte is written to the transmit FIFO.
LSR[6]: Transmit Shift Register Empty Flag
This bit is the Transmit Shift Register Empty indicator. This bit is set to a logic 1 whenever the transmitter goes
idle. It is set to logic 0 whenever either the THR or TSR contains a data character. In the FIFO mode this bit is
set to one whenever the transmit FIFO and transmit shift register are both empty.
LSR[7]: Receive FIFO Data Error Flag
• Logic 0 = No FIFO error (default).
• Logic 1 = An indicator for the sum of all error bits in the RX FIFO. At least one parity error, framing error or
break indication is in the FIFO data. This bit clears when there is no more error(s) in the FIFO.
5.8.10
Modem Status Register (MSR) - Read-Only
This register provides the current state of the modem interface signals, or other peripheral device that the
UART is connected. Lower four bits of this register are used to indicate the changed information. These bits
are set to a logic 1 whenever a signal from the modem changes state. These bits may be used as general
purpose inputs/outputs when they are not used with modem signals.
MSR[0]: Delta CTS# Input Flag
• Logic 0 = No change on CTS# input (default).
• Logic 1 = The CTS# input has changed state since the last time it was monitored. A modem status interrupt
will be generated if MSR interrupt is enabled (IER bit-3.
MSR[1]: Delta DSR# Input Flag
• Logic 0 = No change on DSR# input (default).
• Logic 1 = The DSR# input has changed state since the last time it was monitored. A modem status interrupt
will be generated if MSR interrupt is enabled (IER bit-3).
MSR[2]: Delta RI# Input Flag
• Logic 0 = No change on RI# input (default).
• Logic 1 = The RI# input has changed from a logic 0 to a logic 1, ending of the ringing signal. A modem status
interrupt will be generated if MSR interrupt is enabled (IER bit-3).
MSR[3]: Delta CD# Input Flag
• Logic 0 = No change on CD# input (default).
• Logic 1 = Indicates that the CD# input has changed state since the last time it was monitored. A modem
status interrupt will be generated if MSR interrupt is enabled (IER bit-3).
MSR[4]: CTS Input Status
CTS# pin may function as automatic hardware flow control signal input if it is enabled and selected by Auto
CTS (EFR bit-7) and RTS/CTS flow control select (MCR bit-2). Auto CTS flow control allows starting and
stopping of local data transmissions based on the modem CTS# signal. A logic 1 on the CTS# pin will stop
UART transmitter as soon as the current character has finished transmission, and a logic 0 will resume data
transmission. If automatic hardware flow control is not used, MSR bit-4 bit is the compliment of the CTS# input.
However in the loopback mode, this bit is equivalent to the RTS# bit in the MCR register. The CTS# input may
be used as a general purpose input when the modem interface is not used.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
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MSR[5]: DSR Input Status
This input may be used for auto DTR/DSR flow control function, see “Section 5.4, Automatic Hardware (RTS/
CTS or DTR/DSR) Flow Control Operation” on page 33 for complete details. If automatic hardware flow control
is not used, this bit is the compliment of the DSR# input. In the loopback mode, this bit is equivalent to the
DTR# bit in the MCR register. The DSR# input may be used as a general purpose input when the modem
interface is not used.
MSR[6]: RI Input Status
This bit is the compliment of the RI# input. In the loopback mode this bit is equivalent to bit-2 in the MCR
register. The RI# input may be used as a general purpose input when the modem interface is not used.
MSR[7]: CD Input Status
This bit is the compliment of the CD# input. In the loopback mode this bit is equivalent to bit-3 in the MCR
register. The CD# input may be used as a general purpose input
5.8.11
Modem Status Register (MSR) - Write-Only
The upper four bits 4-7 of this register sets the delay in number of bits time for the auto RS485 turn around
from transmit to receive.
MSR [7:4]
When Auto RS485 feature is enabled (FCTR bit-5=1) and RTS# output is connected to the enable input of a
RS-485 transceiver. These 4 bits select from 0 to 15 bit-time delay after the end of the last stop-bit of the last
transmitted character. This delay controls when to change the state of RTS# output. This delay is very useful in
long-cable networks. Table 17 shows the selection. The bits are enabled by EFR bit-4.
TABLE 17: AUTO RS485 HALF-DUPLEX DIRECTION CONTROL DELAY FROM TRANSMIT-TO-RECEIVE
MSR[7]
MSR[6]
MSR[5]
MSR[4]
DELAY IN DATA BIT(S) TIME
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
2
0
0
1
1
3
0
1
0
0
4
9
1
0
1
5
0
1
1
0
6
0
1
1
1
7
1
0
0
0
8
1
0
0
1
9
1
0
1
0
10
1
0
1
1
11
1
1
0
0
12
1
1
0
1
13
1
1
1
0
14
1
1
1
1
15
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
5.8.12
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REV. 1.2.1
SCRATCH PAD REGISTER (SPR) - Read/Write
This is an 8-bit general purpose register for the user to store temporary data. The content of this register is
preserved during sleep mode but becomes 0xFF (default) after a reset or a power off-on cycle.
5.8.13
FEATURE CONTROL REGISTER (FCTR) - Read/Write
FCTR [3:0] - Auto RTS/DTR Flow Control Hysteresis Select
These bits select the auto RTS/DTR flow control hysteresis and only valid when TX and RX Trigger Table-D is
selected (FCTR bit-6 and 7 are set to logic 1). The RTS/DTR hysteresis is referenced to the RX FIFO trigger
level. After reset, these bits are set to logic 0 selecting the next FIFO trigger level for hardware flow control.
Table 18 shows the 16 selectable hysteresis levels.
FCTR[4]: Infrared RX Input Logic Select
• Logic 0 = Select RX input as active high encoded IrDA data, normal, (default).
• Logic 1 = Select RX input as active low encoded IrDA data, inverted.
FCTR[5]: Auto RS485 Enable
Auto RS485 half duplex control enable/disable.
• Logic 0 = Standard ST16C550 mode. Transmitter generates an interrupt when transmit holding register
(THR) becomes empty. Transmit Shift Register (TSR) may still be shifting data bit out.
• Logic 1 = Enable Auto RS485 half duplex direction control. RTS# output changes its logic level from HIGH to
LOW when finished sending the last stop bit of the last character out of the TSR register. It changes back to
HIGH from LOW when a data byte is loaded into the THR or transmit FIFO. The change to HIGH occurs prior
sending the start-bit. It also changes the transmitter interrupt from transmit holding to transmit shift register
(TSR) empty.
FCTR[7:6]: TX and RX FIFO Trigger Table Select
These 2 bits select the transmit and receive FIFO trigger level table A, B, C or D. When table A, B, or C is
selected the auto RTS flow control trigger level is set to "next FIFO trigger level" for compatibility to ST16C550
and ST16C650 series. RTS#/DTR# triggers on the next level of the RX FIFO trigger level, in another word, one
FIFO level above and one FIFO level below. See Table 15 for complete selection with FCR bit 4-5 and FCTR
bit 6-7, i.e. if Table C is used on the receiver with RX FIFO trigger level set to 56 bytes, RTS/DTR# output will
de-assert at 60 and re-assert at 16.
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UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 18: 16 SELECTABLE HYSTERESIS LEVELS WHEN TRIGGER TABLE-D IS SELECTED
5.8.14
FCTR BIT-3
FCTR BIT-2
FCTR BIT-1
FCTR BIT-0
RTS/DTR HYSTERESIS
(CHARACTERS)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
±4
0
0
1
0
±6
0
0
1
1
±8
0
1
0
0
±8
0
1
0
1
± 16
0
1
1
0
± 24
0
1
1
1
± 32
1
1
0
0
± 12
1
1
0
1
± 20
1
1
1
0
± 28
1
1
1
1
± 36
1
0
0
0
± 40
1
0
0
1
± 44
1
0
1
0
± 48
1
0
1
1
± 52
Enhanced Feature Register (EFR) - Read/Write
Enhanced features are enabled or disabled using this register. Bits 0-3 provide single or dual consecutive
character software flow control selection (see Table 19). When the Xon1 and Xon2 and Xoff1 and Xoff2 modes
are selected, the double 8-bit words are concatenated into two sequential characters. Caution: note that
whenever changing the TX or RX flow control bits, always reset all bits back to logic 0 (disable) before
programming a new setting.
EFR[3:0]: Software Flow Control Select
Combinations of software flow control can be selected by programming these bits. See Table 19 for complete
selections. The XOFF1/XOFF2 characters are transmitted approximately 2 character times after the RX FIFO
level has reached the RX trigger level, irrespective of which trigger table is used (Trigger Tables A-D). The
XON1/XON2 characters are transmitted when the RX FIFO level falls below the next lower trigger level for
Trigger Tables A-C and they are transmitted when the RX FIFO level falls below the (RX trigger level hysteresis level) for Trigger Table D. For example, if Trigger Table D is used with an RX trigger level of 56 and
a hysteresis level of 16, the XON1/XON2 characters are sent when the RX FIFO level count falls below 40.
51
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
EFR[4]: Enhanced Function Bits Enable
Enhanced function control bit. This bit enables the functions in IER bits 4-7, ISR bits 4-5, FCR bits 4-5, and
MCR bits 5-7 to be modified. After modifying any enhanced bits, EFR bit-4 can be set to a logic 0 to latch the
new values. This feature prevents legacy software from altering or overwriting the enhanced functions once
set. Normally, it is recommended to leave it enabled, logic 1.
• Logic 0 = modification disable/latch enhanced features. IER bits 4-7, ISR bits 4-5, FCR bits 4-5, and MCR
bits 5-7 are saved to retain the user settings. After a reset, the IER bits 4-7, ISR bits 4-5, FCR bits 4-5, and
MCR bits 5-7 are set to a logic 0 to be compatible with the industry standard 16550 (default).
• Logic 1 = Enables the enhanced functions. When this bit is set to a logic 1 all enhanced features are
enabled.
EFR[5]: Special Character Detect Enable
• Logic 0 = Special Character Detect Disabled (default).
• Logic 1 = Special Character Detect Enabled. The UART compares each incoming receive character with
data in Xoff-2 register. If a match exists, the received data will be transferred to FIFO and ISR bit-4 will be set
to indicate detection of the special character. Bit-0 corresponds with the LSB bit for the receive character. If
flow control is set for comparing Xon1, Xoff1 (EFR [1:0]=’10’) then flow control and special character work
normally. However, if flow control is set for comparing Xon2, Xoff2 (EFR[1:0]=’01’) then flow control works
normally, but Xoff2 will not go to the FIFO, and will generate an Xoff interrupt and a special character
interrupt.
TABLE 19: SOFTWARE FLOW CONTROL FUNCTIONS
TX S/W FLOW CONTROL
RX S/W FLOW CONTROL
EFR BIT-3
CONT-3
EFR BIT-2
CONT-2
EFR BIT-1
CONT-1
EFR BIT-0
CONT-0
0
0
X
X
No transmit flow control
0
1
X
X
Transmit Xon2, Xoff2
1
0
X
X
Transmit Xon1, Xoff1
1
1
X
X
Transmit Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
X
X
0
0
No receive flow control
X
X
0
1
Receiver compares Xon2, Xoff2
X
X
1
0
Receiver compares Xon1, Xoff1
0
1
1
1
Transmit Xon2, Xoff2
Receiver compares Xon1 or Xon2, Xoff1 or Xoff2
1
0
1
1
Transmit Xon1, Xoff1
Receiver compares Xon1 or Xon2, Xoff1 or Xoff2
0
0
1
1
No transmit flow control
Receiver compares Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
1
1
1
1
Transmit Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
Receiver compares Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
52
SOFTWARE FLOW CONTROL FUNCTIONS
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REV. 1.2.1
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
EFR[6]: Auto RTS or DTR Flow Control Enable
RTS#/DTR# output may be used for hardware flow control by setting EFR bit-6 to logic 1. When Auto RTS/
DTR is selected, an interrupt will be generated when the receive FIFO is filled to the programmed trigger level
and RTS#/DTR# will de-assert HIGH at the next upper trigger or selected hysteresis level. RTS#/DTR# will
return LOW when FIFO data falls below the next lower trigger or selected hysteresis level (see FCTR bits 4-7).
The RTS# or DTR# output must be asserted (LOW) before the auto RTS/DTR can take effect. The selection for
RTS# or DTR# is through MCR bit-2. RTS/DTR# pin will function as a general purpose output when hardware
flow control is disabled.
• Logic 0 = Automatic RTS/DTR flow control is disabled (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable Automatic RTS/DTR flow control.
EFR[7]: Auto CTS Flow Control Enable
Automatic CTS or DSR Flow Control.
• Logic 0 = Automatic CTS/DSR flow control is disabled (default).
• Logic 1 = Enable Automatic CTS/DSR flow control. Transmission stops when CTS#/DSR# pin de-asserts
HIGH. Transmission resumes when CTS/DSR# pin returns LOW. The selection for CTS# or DSR# is through
MCR bit-2.
5.8.15
TXCNT[7:0]: Transmit FIFO Level Counter - Read-Only
Transmit FIFO level byte count from 0x00 (zero) to 0x40 (64). This 8-bit register gives an indication of the
number of characters in the transmit FIFO. The FIFO level Byte count register is read only. The user can take
advantage of the FIFO level byte counter for faster data loading to the transmit FIFO, which reduces CPU
bandwidth requirements. Please see the Application Note DAN119 on Exar’s website for a detailed discussion
of FIFO level counters. Due to the dynamic nature of the FIFO counters, this register should be read until the
same value is returned twice.
5.8.16
TXTRG [7:0]: Transmit FIFO Trigger Level - Write-Only
An 8-bit value written to this register sets the TX FIFO trigger level from 0x00 (zero) to 0x40 (64). The TX FIFO
trigger level generates an interrupt whenever the data level in the transmit FIFO falls below this preset trigger
level.
5.8.17
RXCNT[7:0]: Receive FIFO Level Counter - Read-Only
Receive FIFO level byte count from 0x00 (zero) to 0x40 (64). It gives an indication of the number of characters
in the receive FIFO. The FIFO level byte count register is read only. The user can take advantage of the FIFO
level byte counter for faster data unloading from the receiver FIFO, which reduces CPU bandwidth
requirements. Please see the Application Note DAN119 on Exar’s website for a detailed discussion of FIFO
level counters. Due to the dynamic nature of the FIFO counters, this register should be read until the same
value is returned twice.
5.8.18
RXTRG[7:0]: Receive FIFO Trigger Level - Write-Only
An 8-bit value written to this register, sets the RX FIFO trigger level from 0x00 (zero) to 0x40 (64). The RX
FIFO trigger level generates an interrupt whenever the receive FIFO level rises to this preset trigger level.
53
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE 20: UART RESET CONDITIONS
REGISTERS
RESET STATE
DLL
Bits 7-0 = 0xXX
DLM
Bits 7-0 = 0xXX
RHR
Bits 7-0 = 0xXX
THR
Bits 7-0 = 0xXX
IER
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
FCR
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
ISR
Bits 7-0 = 0x01
LCR
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
MCR
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
LSR
Bits 7-0 = 0x60
MSR
Bits 3-0 = logic 0
Bits 7-4 = logic levels of the inputs
SPR
Bits 7-0 = 0xFF
FCTR
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
EFR
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
TXCNT
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
TXTRG
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
RXCNT
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
RXTRG
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
XCHAR
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
XON1
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
XON2
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
XOFF1
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
XOFF2
Bits 7-0 = 0x00
I/O SIGNALS
TX[ch-7:0]
RESET STATE
HIGH (if ENIR pin = LOW)
LOW (if ENIR pin = HIGH)
RTS#[ch-7:0]
HIGH
DTR#[ch-7:0]
HIGH
EECK
LOW
EECS
LOW
EEDI
LOW
54
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REV. 1.2.1
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
6.0 PROGRAMMING EXAMPLES
6.1
UNLOADING RECEIVE DATA USING THE SPECIAL RECEIVE FIFO DATA WITH STATUS
It is suggested that before starting to read the Special Receive FIFO Data with Status to unload data from any
UART channel (address 0x180 for channel 0), do a dummy read to the Device ID (DVID) register in the Configuration Register of the device. The Special Receive FIFO Data with Status register can then be read multiple
times subsequently without any byte-swapping problem as long as no other register (except the Device ID register) is accessed in between data unload. If you must read or write to another register, make that dummy read
to the DVID register again and continue with data unloading.
A step by step procedure describing the sequence for a target channel is shown below. From the receive data
service routine:
• Do a dummy read to Device ID (DVID) register. Address 0x8D in BYTE alignment or address 0x8C in DWORD
alignment.
•
Read the data byte and its associated error status from ‘Special Receive FIFO Data with Status’ register of the target
channel until done or empty when one of the LSR status byte bit-0=0.
NOTE: If you must do other Read/Write operations to other register(s) during data unloading, repeat steps 1 &
2 to continue unloading data plus status from the ‘Special Receive FIFO Data with Status’ register of the target
channel.
Some Examples of using the Special Receive FIFO Data with Status:
EXAMPLE I: POLLING
.....................
Read LSR
Read DVID
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)*
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)
....................
EXAMPLE 2: INTERRUPT SERVICE USING INTERRUPT INFORMATION IN DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTER SET
.....................
Read Global Interrupt Register INT0 (address 0x080)
Read INT1 through INT3 registers to identify interrupting channel (address 0x081 through 0x083)
Read DVID
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)*
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)
................
EXAMPLE 3: INTERRUPT SERVICE USING INTERRUPT INFORMATION IN INDIVIDUAL CHANNEL’S REGISTERS
................
Read Global Interrupt Register INT0 (address 0x080)
Read ISR register of interrupting channel
Read DVID
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)*
Read Special Receive FIFO Data with Status (address 0x180 for channel 0, etc)
................
* In case some other registers need to be accessed in between ‘Special Receive FIFO Data with Status’ reads,
a ‘Read DVID’ instruction has to be inserted before resuming ‘Special Receive FIFO Data with Status’ read
operation.
55
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Power Supply Range
7 Volts
Voltage at Any Pin
-0.5 to 7V
Operating Temperature
-40o to +85o C
Storage Temperature
-65o to +150o C
Package Dissipation
500 mW
Thermal Resistance (20x20x1.4mm 144-TQFP)
theta-ja = 42, theta-jc = 8
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 5V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 4.75-5.25V, VCC = 4.5-5.5V)
TA=0o to 70oC (-40o to +85oC for industrial grade package).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
VIL
Input Low Voltage
-0.5
0.8
V
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
VIO + 0.5
V
PCI bus inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
6.0
V
Non-PCI inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
VCC + 0.5
V
External Clock
input
VOL
Output Low Voltage
0.55
V
Iout=6 mA
All outputs
VOH
Output High Voltage
V
Iout=-2 mA
All outputs
IIL
Input Low Leakage Current
-10
uA
IIH
Input High Leakage Current
10
uA
ICL
Input Clock Leakage
±10
uA
CIN
Input Pin Capacitance
10
pF
CCLK
CLK Pin Capacitance
12
pF
CIDSEL
IDSEL Pin Capacitance
8
pF
ICC
Power Supply Current
5
mA
PCI Bus CLK and Ext.
Clock = 2MHz,
all inputs at VCC or
GND and all outputs
are unloaded.
ISLEEP
Sleep Current
500
uA
All eight UARTs asleep.
AD[31:0] at GND, all
inputs at VCC or GND.
2.4
5
56
CONDITION
NOTES
All inputs
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 5V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 4.75-5.25V, VCC = 4.5 - 5.5V)
TA=0o to 70oC (-40o to +85oC for industrial grade package).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
XTAL1
UART Crystal Oscillator
24
MHz
ECLK
External Clock
50
MHz
TECLK
External Clock Time
Period
20
ns
TECH, TECL
External Clock High/Low
Time
8
ns
IOH(AC)
Switching Current High
-44
mA
See PCI Specification Rev. 2.3
IOL(AC)
Switching Current Low
95
mA
See PCI Specification Rev. 2.3
ICL
Low Clamp Current
-25+(Vin+1)/0.015
mA
-5 < Vin ≤ -1
SlewR
Output Rise Slew Rate
1
4
V/ns
0.4V to 2.4V load
SlewF
Output Fall Slew Rate
1
4
V/ns
2.4V to 0.4V load
TCYC
CLK Cycle Time
30
∞
ns
PCI Bus Clock, CLK
THI
CLK High Time
11
ns
TLO
CLK Low Time
11
ns
CLK Slew Rate
1
4
V/ns
TVAL
CLK to Signal Valid Delay
2
11
ns
TON
Float to Active Delay
2
TOFF
Active to Float Delay
TSETUP
Input Setup Time to CLK bused signals
7
ns
THOLD
Input Hold Time from CLK
0
ns
TPRST
RST# Active Time After
Power Stable
1
ms
TCRST#
RST# Active Time After
CLK Stable
100
us
RST# Slew Rate
50
mV/ns
ns
28
57
ns
TECLK = 1/ECLK
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 3.3V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 3.0-3.6V, VCC = 4.5 - 5.5V)
TA=0o to 70oC (-40o to +85oC for industrial grade package).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
CONDITION
NOTES
VIL
Input Low Voltage
-0.5
0.3VIO
V
PCI bus inputs
VIL
Input Low Voltage
-0.5
0.8
V
Non-PCI bus inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
VIO + 0.5
V
PCI bus inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
6.0
V
Non-PCI bus inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
VCC + 0.5
VOL
Output Low Voltage
VOH
Output High Voltage
VOH
Output High Voltage
IIL
Input Low Leakage Current
-10
µA
IIH
Input High Leakage Current
10
µA
ICL
Input Clock Leakage
±10
µA
CIN
Input Pin Capacitance
10
pF
CCLK
CLK Pin Capacitance
12
pF
CIDSEL
IDSEL Pin Capacitance
8
pF
ICC
Power Supply Current
4
mA
PCI Bus CLK and Ext.
Clock = 2MHz,
all inputs at VCC or
GND and all outputs
are unloaded.
ISLEEP
Sleep Current
1
mA
All eight UARTs asleep.
AD[31:0] at GND, all
inputs at VCC or GND.
0.4
External clock
(XTAL1) input
V
IOL = 6mA
0.9VIO
V
IOH = -0.5mA
2.4
V
IOH = -2mA
5
58
All outputs
PCI bus outputs
Non-PCI bus outputs
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 3.3V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 3.0-3.6V, VCC = 4.5 - 5.5V)
TA=0o to 70oC (-40o to +85oC for industrial grade package).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
On-chip osc.
XTAL1
UART Crystal Oscillator
24
MHz
ECLK
External Clock
50
MHz
TECLK
External Clock Time Period
20
ns
TECH, TECL
External Clock High/Low
Time
8
ns
IOH(AC)
Switching Current High
-12VIO
mA
See PCI Specification
Rev. 2.3
IOL(AC)
Switching Current Low
16VIO
mA
See PCI Specification
Rev. 2.3
ICH
High Clamp Current
25+(Vin-VIO-1)/0.015
mA
VIO+4 > Vin ≥ VIO+1
ICL
Low Clamp Current
-25+(Vin+1)/0.015
mA
-3 < Vin ≤ -1
SlewR
Output Rise Slew Rate
1
4
V/ns
0.2VIO - 0.6VIO load
SlewF
Output Fall Slew Rate
1
4
V/ns
0.6VIO - 0.2VIO load
TCYC
CLK Cycle Time
30
∞
ns
PCI Bus Clock, CLK
THI
CLK High Time
11
ns
TLO
CLK Low Time
11
ns
CLK Slew Rate
1
4
V/ns
TVAL
CLK to Signal Valid Delay
2
11
ns
TON
Float to Active Delay
2
TOFF
Active to Float Delay
TSETUP
Input Setup Time to CLK bused signals
7
ns
THOLD
Input Hold Time from CLK
0
ns
TPRST
RST# Active Time After
Power Stable
1
ms
TCRST#
RST# Active Time After CLK
Stable
100
us
RST# Slew Rate
50
mV/ns
ns
28
59
ns
TECLK = 1/ECLK
xr
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 19. TIMING FOR EXTERNAL CLOCK INPUT AT XTAL1 PIN
TECLK
TECL
TECH
2V
External
Clock
0.8V
60
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 20. PCI BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS READ AND WRITE OPERATION
Host
CLK
1
2
4
3
FRAME#
Host
AD[31:0]
Host
ADDRESS
DATA
Target
CFG-RD
C/BE[3:0]#
BYTE ENABLE#
DATA TRANSFER
Host
IRDY#
Host
TRDY#
Target
DEVSEL#
Target
PCICFG_RD
Host
CLK
1
2
3
4
FRAME#
Host
AD[31:0]
Host
ADDRESS
WRITE DATA
Target
C/BE[3:0]#
CFG-WR
BYTE ENABLE#
DATA TRANSFER
Host
IRDY#
Host
TRDY#
Target
DEVSEL#
Target
PCICFG_WR
61
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 21. DEVICE CONFIGURATION AND UART REGISTERS READ OPERATION FOR A BYTE OR DWORD
CLK
Host
1
2
3
5
4
7
6
8
9
10
11
FRAME#
Host
Byte Enable# = DWORD
Byte Enable# = BYTE
IRDY#
WAIT
WAIT
WAIT
Host
DWORD TRANSFER
Bus
CMD
WAIT
Host
WAIT
C/BE[3:0]#
Data
WORD
Data
BYTE
Address
Target
BYTE TRANSFER
AD[31:0]
Host
TRDY#
Target
DEVSEL#
Target
PAR
Target
Host
Data
Parity
Address
Parity
Data
Parity
Active
PERR#
Active
Target
SERR#
Targe
Active
t
Note: PERR# and SERR are optional in a bus target application.
Even Parity is on AD[31:0], C/BE[3:0]#, and PAR
PCI_RD1
62
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 22. DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS, UART REGISTERS AND TRANSMIT DATA BURST WRITE OPERATION
CLK
Host
1
2
3
5
4
7
6
8
9
10
11
FRAME#
Host
TRDY#
Target
Data
DWORD
Data DWORD
Byte Enable# = DWORD
DWORD TRANSFER
IRDY#
Host
Bus
CMD
Data
DWORD
DWORD TRANSFER
Host
Data
DWORD
DWORD TRANSFER
C/BE[3:0]#
Data
DWORD
DWORD TRANSFER
Address
Target
DWORD TRANSFER
AD[31:0]
Host
DEVSEL#
Target
PAR
Host
Target
Address
Parity
Data
Parity
PERR#
Data
Parity
Data
Parity
Data
Parity
Active
Active
Active
Data
Parity
Active
Active
Target
SERR#
Target
Active
Note: PERR# and SERR are optional in a bus target application.
Even Parity is on AD[31:0], C/BE[3:0]#, and PAR
PCI BWR
63
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 23. DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS, UART REGISTERS AND RECEIVE DATA BURST READ OPERATION
CLK
Host
1
8
18
13
23
FRAME#
Host
AD[31:0]
Data
AD
Data
Data
Data
Target
Bus
CMD
IRDY#
Host
TRDY#
Target
DWORD TRANSFER
Byte Enable# = DWORD
DWORD TRANSFER
Host
DWORD TRANSFER
C/BE[3:0]#
DWORD TRANSFER
Host
DEVSEL#
Target
PAR
Host
AD
Data
Data
Data
Data
Target
Active
PERR#
Active
Active
Active
Target
SERR#
Target
Active
Note: PERR# and SERR are optional in a bus target application.
Even Parity is on AD[31:0], C/BE[3:0]#, and PAR
PCI_BRD
64
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 24. 5V PCI BUS CLOCK (DC TO 33MHZ)
4 nSec
(max)
11 nSec
(min)
4 nSec
(max)
11 nSec
(min)
2.4 V
2.0 V p-t-p
(minimum)
CLK
0.4 V
Tvalid
(2-11 nSec)
Bused
Signal
Output
Delay
Ton
(2 nSec
min)
Tri-State
Output
Toff
(28 nSec Max)
Tsetup
(7 nSec min)
Thold
(0 nSec)
Bused
Signal
Input
Inputs Valid
pci_clk
65
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 25. 3.3V PCI BUS CLOCK (DC TO 33MHZ)
1.44 ns
(max)
11 ns
(min)
1.44 ns
(max)
11 ns
(min)
0.6 Vcc
0.4Vcc p-to-p
(minimum)
CLK
0.2 Vcc
Tvalid
(2-11 ns)
Bused
Signal
Output
Delay
Ton
(2 ns min)
Tri-State
Output
Toff
(28 ns max)
Tsetup
(7 ns min)
Thold
(0 ns)
Bused
Signal
Input
Inputs Valid
pci_clk
66
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 26. TRANSMIT DATA INTERRUPT AT TRIGGER LEVEL
START
BIT
TX Data
STOP
BIT
DATA BITS (5-8)
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
PARITY
BIT
5 DATA BITS
NEXT
DATA
START
BIT
6 DATA BITS
7 DATA BITS
TX Interrupt at
Transmit Trigger Level
Clear at
Above
Trigger Level
Set at Below
Trigger Level
BAUD RATE CLOCK of 16X or 8X
TXNOFIFO-1
FIGURE 27. RECEIVE DATA READY INTERRUPT AT TRIGGER LEVEL
START
BIT
RX Data Input
STOP
BIT
DATA BITS (5-8)
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
PARITY
BIT
RX Data Ready Interrupt at
Receive Trigger Level
De-asserted at
below trigger level
First byte that
reaches the
trigger level
Asserted at
above trigger
level
RXFIFO1
67
XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
68
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REV. 1.2.1
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XR17D158
UNIVERSAL (3.3V AND 5V) PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
REVISION HISTORY
DATE
REVISION
DESCRIPTION
May 2003
1.0.0
Final Production Release. Updated AC and DC specifications. Clarified PCI
Burst Read and Write Transactions.
July 2003
1.1.0
Added Device Status to Ordering Information.
June 2004
1.2.0
Clarified pin descriptions- changed from using logic 1 and logic 0 to HIGH
(VCC) and LOW (GND) for input and output pin descriptions. Clarified Auto
RS485 and Sleep Mode description. Added timing diagram for external
clock input at XTAL1 pin (Figure 19) and TECLK, TECH, and TECL to AC Electrical Specifications. The Device Revision Register (DREV) has been
updated to 0x03 for devices with top mark date code "C2 YYWW".
November 2004
1.2.1
The Device Revision Register (DREV) has been updated to 0x09 for devices
with top mark date code "I2 YYWW".
NOTICE
EXAR Corporation reserves the right to make changes to the products contained in this publication in order to
improve design, performance or reliability. EXAR Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of any
circuits described herein, conveys no license under any patent or other right, and makes no representation that
the circuits are free of patent infringement. Charts and schedules contained here in are only for illustration
purposes and may vary depending upon a user’s specific application. While the information in this publication
has been carefully checked; no responsibility, however, is assumed for inaccuracies.
EXAR Corporation does not recommend the use of any of its products in life support applications where the
failure or malfunction of the product can reasonably be expected to cause failure of the life support system or
to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness. Products are not authorized for use in such applications unless
EXAR Corporation receives, in writing, assurances to its satisfaction that: (a) the risk of injury or damage has
been minimized; (b) the user assumes all such risks; (c) potential liability of EXAR Corporation is adequately
protected under the circumstances.
Copyright 2004 EXAR Corporation
Datasheet November 2004.
Send your UART technical inquiry with technical details to hotline: [email protected]
Reproduction, in part or whole, without the prior written consent of EXAR Corporation is prohibited.
69
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XR17D158
5V PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL DESCRIPTION .................................................................................................1
APPLICATIONS ................................................................................................................................................1
FEATURES .....................................................................................................................................................1
FIGURE 1. BLOCK DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................................................. 1
FIGURE 2. PIN OUT OF THE DEVICE .................................................................................................................................................. 2
ORDERING INFORMATION.................................................................................................................................2
PIN DESCRIPTIONS ..........................................................................................................3
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ...........................................................................................8
PCI Local Bus Interface ............................................................................................................................................... 8
PCI Local Bus Configuration Space Registers ............................................................................................................ 8
EEPROM Interface ...................................................................................................................................................... 8
1.0 APPLICATION EXAMPLES ...................................................................................................................9
TABLE 1: VALID COMBINATIONS OF VCC AND VIO SUPPLY VOLTAGES .............................................................................................. 9
FIGURE 3. TYPICAL APPLICATION FOR A UNIVERSAL ADD-IN CARD .................................................................................................... 9
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL APPLICATIONS IN AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM .......................................................................................................... 10
2.0 XR17D158 REGISTERS .......................................................................................................................11
FIGURE 5. THE XR17D158 REGISTER SETS................................................................................................................................... 11
2.1 PCI LOCAL BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS .......................................................................... 11
TABLE 2: PCI LOCAL BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS ....................................................................................................... 12
2.2 DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTER SET ................................................................................................. 13
TABLE 3: XR17D158 DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ............................................................................................................. 14
TABLE 4: DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS SHOWN IN BYTE ALIGNMENT ................................................................................... 16
TABLE 5: DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS SHOWN IN DWORD ALIGNMENT............................................................................... 16
2.2.1 THE INTERRUPT STATUS REGISTER ..................................................................................................................... 17
FIGURE 6. THE GLOBAL INTERRUPT REGISTER, INT0, INT1, INT2 AND INT3 .................................................................................. 18
TABLE 6: UART CHANNEL [7:0] INTERRUPT SOURCE ENCODING ..................................................................................................... 18
TABLE 7: UART CHANNEL [7:0] INTERRUPT CLEARING: .................................................................................................................. 18
2.2.2 GENERAL PURPOSE 16-BIT TIMER/COUNTER [TIMERMSB, TIMELSB, TIMER, TIMECNTL] (DEFAULT 0XXX-XX00-00).............................................................................................................................................................................. 19
FIGURE 7. TIMER/COUNTER CIRCUIT............................................................................................................................................... 19
TABLE 8: TIMER CONTROL REGISTERS ...................................................................................................................................... 19
2.2.3 8XMODE [7:0] (DEFAULT 0X00)................................................................................................................................ 20
2.2.4 REGA [15:8] RESERVED ........................................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.5 RESET [23:16] (DEFAULT 0X00)............................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.6 SLEEP [31:24] (DEFAULT 0X00) ............................................................................................................................... 21
2.2.7 DEVICE IDENTIFICATION AND REVISION ............................................................................................................... 21
2.2.8 REGB REGISTER ....................................................................................................................................................... 22
2.2.9 MULTI-PURPOSE INPUTS AND OUTPUTS .............................................................................................................. 22
2.2.10 MPIO REGISTER ...................................................................................................................................................... 22
FIGURE 8. MULTIPURPOSE INPUT/OUTPUT INTERNAL CIRCUIT ........................................................................................................... 23
3.0 CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR / BUFFER ...................................................................................................25
FIGURE 9. TYPICAL OSCILLATOR CONNECTIONS ............................................................................................................................... 25
FIGURE 10. EXTERNAL CLOCK CONNECTION FOR EXTENDED DATA RATE ........................................................................................ 25
4.0 TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE DATA .......................................................................................................26
4.1 FIFO DATA LOADING AND UNLOADING THROUGH THE DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS IN 32-BIT
FORMAT. ........................................................................................................................................................ 26
4.1.1 NORMAL RX FIFO DATA UNLOADING AT LOCATIONS 0X100, 0X300, 0X500, 0X700....................................... 26
4.1.2 SPECIAL RX FIFO DATA UNLOADING AT LOCATIONS 0X180, 0X380, 0X580, AND 0X780 .............................. 27
4.1.3 TX FIFO DATA LOADING AT LOCATIONS 0X100, 0X300, 0X500, 0X700, 0X900, 0XB00, 0XD00, 0XF00 .......... 27
4.2 FIFO DATA LOADING AND UNLOADING THROUGH THE UART CHANNEL REGISTERS, THR AND RHR IN
8-BIT FORMAT. .............................................................................................................................................. 28
TABLE 9: TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE DATA REGISTER IN BYTE FORMAT, 16C550 COMPATIBLE ............................................................ 28
5.0 UART ....................................................................................................................................................29
5.1 PROGRAMMABLE BAUD RATE GENERATOR ........................................................................................... 29
FIGURE 11. BAUD RATE GENERATOR ............................................................................................................................................. 29
TABLE 10: TYPICAL DATA RATES WITH A 14.7456 MHZ CRYSTAL OR EXTERNAL CLOCK AT 16X SAMPLING ........................................ 30
5.2 TRANSMITTER ............................................................................................................................................... 30
5.2.1 TRANSMIT HOLDING REGISTER (THR) - WRITE-ONLY......................................................................................... 30
5.2.2 TRANSMITTER OPERATION IN NON-FIFO MODE .................................................................................................. 30
FIGURE 12. TRANSMITTER OPERATION IN NON-FIFO MODE ............................................................................................................ 31
I
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XR17D158
5V PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
5.2.3 TRANSMITTER OPERATION IN FIFO MODE ........................................................................................................... 31
5.2.4 AUTO RS485 OPERATION ........................................................................................................................................ 31
FIGURE 13. TRANSMITTER OPERATION IN FIFO AND FLOW CONTROL MODE ................................................................................... 31
5.3 RECEIVER ...................................................................................................................................................... 32
5.3.1 RECEIVE HOLDING REGISTER (RHR) .................................................................................................................... 32
5.3.2 RECEIVER OPERATION IN NON-FIFO MODE ......................................................................................................... 32
FIGURE 14. RECEIVER OPERATION IN NON-FIFO MODE .................................................................................................................. 32
5.3.3 RECEIVER OPERATION WITH FIFO......................................................................................................................... 33
FIGURE 15. RECEIVER OPERATION IN FIFO AND FLOW CONTROL MODE ......................................................................................... 33
5.4 AUTOMATIC HARDWARE (RTS/CTS OR DTR/DSR) FLOW CONTROL OPERATION .............................. 33
TABLE 11: AUTO RTS/CTS OR DTR/DSR FLOW CONTROL SELECTION .......................................................................................... 33
FIGURE 16. AUTO RTS/DTR AND CTS/DSR FLOW CONTROL OPERATION ...................................................................................... 34
5.5 INFRARED MODE .......................................................................................................................................... 35
FIGURE 17. INFRARED TRANSMIT DATA ENCODING AND RECEIVE DATA DECODING .......................................................................... 35
5.6 INTERNAL LOOPBACK ................................................................................................................................. 36
FIGURE 18. INTERNAL LOOP BACK ................................................................................................................................................. 36
5.7 UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS AND ADDRESS DECODING ....................................... 37
TABLE 12: UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ................................................................................................... 37
TABLE 13: UART CHANNEL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS DESCRIPTION. SHADED BITS ARE ENABLED BY EFR BIT-4. ....... 38
5.8 REGISTERS .................................................................................................................................................... 39
5.8.1
5.8.2
5.8.3
5.8.4
RECEIVE HOLDING REGISTER (RHR) - READ-ONLY ............................................................................................
TRANSMIT HOLDING REGISTER (THR) - WRITE-ONLY.........................................................................................
BAUD RATE GENERATOR DIVISORS (DLL AND DLM) - READ/WRITE................................................................
INTERRUPT ENABLE REGISTER (IER) - READ/WRITE..........................................................................................
39
39
39
40
IER versus Receive FIFO Interrupt Mode Operation................................................................................................. 40
IER versus Receive/Transmit FIFO Polled Mode Operation ..................................................................................... 40
5.8.5 INTERRUPT STATUS REGISTER (ISR) - READ-ONLY............................................................................................ 41
TABLE 14: INTERRUPT SOURCE AND PRIORITY LEVEL ..................................................................................................................... 42
5.8.6 FIFO CONTROL REGISTER (FCR) - WRITE-ONLY.................................................................................................. 42
TABLE 15: TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE FIFO TRIGGER LEVEL SELECTION ............................................................................................ 44
5.8.7 LINE CONTROL REGISTER (LCR) - READ/WRITE.................................................................................................. 45
TABLE 16: PARITY SELECTION ........................................................................................................................................................ 46
5.8.8 MODEM CONTROL REGISTER (MCR) - READ/WRITE ........................................................................................... 46
5.8.9 LINE STATUS REGISTER (LSR) - READ/ONLY ....................................................................................................... 47
5.8.10 MODEM STATUS REGISTER (MSR) - READ-ONLY .............................................................................................. 48
5.8.11 MODEM STATUS REGISTER (MSR) - WRITE-ONLY ............................................................................................. 49
TABLE 17: AUTO RS485 HALF-DUPLEX DIRECTION CONTROL DELAY FROM TRANSMIT-TO-RECEIVE ................................................. 49
5.8.12 SCRATCH PAD REGISTER (SPR) - READ/WRITE................................................................................................. 50
5.8.13 FEATURE CONTROL REGISTER (FCTR) - READ/WRITE.................................................................................... 50
TABLE 18: 16 SELECTABLE HYSTERESIS LEVELS WHEN TRIGGER TABLE-D IS SELECTED ................................................................ 51
5.8.14 ENHANCED FEATURE REGISTER (EFR) - READ/WRITE..................................................................................... 51
TABLE 19: SOFTWARE FLOW CONTROL FUNCTIONS ........................................................................................................................ 52
5.8.15 TXCNT[7:0]: TRANSMIT FIFO LEVEL COUNTER - READ-ONLY ......................................................................... 53
5.8.16 TXTRG [7:0]: TRANSMIT FIFO TRIGGER LEVEL - WRITE-ONLY ........................................................................ 53
5.8.17 RXCNT[7:0]: RECEIVE FIFO LEVEL COUNTER - READ-ONLY............................................................................ 53
5.8.18 RXTRG[7:0]: RECEIVE FIFO TRIGGER LEVEL - WRITE-ONLY............................................................................ 53
TABLE 20: UART RESET CONDITIONS...................................................................................................................................... 54
6.0 PROGRAMMING EXAMPLES ............................................................................................................. 55
6.1
UNLOADING RECEIVE DATA USING THE SPECIAL RECEIVE FIFO DATA WITH STATUS .................. 55
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS .................................................................................. 56
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS................................................................................ 56
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 5V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 4.75-5.25V, VCC = 4.5-5.5V)
56
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 5V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 4.75-5.25V, VCC = 4.5 - 5.5V)
57
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 3.3V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 3.0-3.6V, VCC = 4.5 - 5.5V)
58
TA=0o to 70oC (-40o to +85oC for industrial grade package)................................................................................... 58
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR 3.3V PCI BUS INTERFACE (VIO = 3.0-3.6V, VCC = 4.5 - 5.5V)
59
TA=0o to 70oC (-40o to +85oC for industrial grade package)................................................................................... 59
FIGURE 19. TIMING FOR EXTERNAL CLOCK INPUT AT XTAL1 PIN.................................................................................................... 60
FIGURE 20. PCI BUS CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS READ AND WRITE OPERATION................................................................. 61
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XR17D158
5V PCI BUS OCTAL UART
REV. 1.2.1
FIGURE 21.
FIGURE 22.
FIGURE 23.
FIGURE 24.
FIGURE 25.
FIGURE 26.
FIGURE 27.
DEVICE CONFIGURATION AND UART REGISTERS READ OPERATION FOR A BYTE OR DWORD ...................................... 62
DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS, UART REGISTERS AND TRANSMIT DATA BURST WRITE OPERATION ..................... 63
DEVICE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS, UART REGISTERS AND RECEIVE DATA BURST READ OPERATION ........................ 64
5V PCI BUS CLOCK (DC TO 33MHZ) .......................................................................................................................... 65
3.3V PCI BUS CLOCK (DC TO 33MHZ) ....................................................................................................................... 66
TRANSMIT DATA INTERRUPT AT TRIGGER LEVEL ........................................................................................................... 67
RECEIVE DATA READY INTERRUPT AT TRIGGER LEVEL.................................................................................................. 67
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS.................................................................................................68
REVISION HISTORY.......................................................................................................................................69
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................I
III