LM321 Low Power Single Op Amp General Description Features The LM321 brings performance and economy to low power systems. With a high unity gain frequency and a guaranteed 0.4V/µs slew rate, the quiescent current is only 430µA/amplifier (5V). The input common mode range includes ground and therefore the device is able to operate in single supply applications as well as in dual supply applications. It is also capable of comfortably driving large capacitive loads. The LM321 is available in the SOT23-5 package. Overall the LM321 is a low power, wide supply range performance op amp that can be designed into a wide range of applications at an economical price without sacrificing valuable board space. (VCC = 5V, TA = 25˚C. Typical values unless specified). n Gain-Bandwidth product 1MHz n Low supply current 430µA n Low input bias current 45nA n Wide supply voltage range +3V to +32V n Stable with high capacitive loads n Single version of LM324 Connection Diagram Application Circuit Applications n n n n n Chargers Power supplies Industrial: controls, instruments Desktops Communications infrastructure SOT23-5 DC Summing Amplifier (VIN’s ≥ 0 VDC and VO ≥ VDC) 20007601 Top View 20007607 Where: V0 = V1 + V2 - V3 - V4, (V1+ V2) ≥ (V3 + V4) to keep VO > 0 VDC Ordering Information Package 5-Pin SOT-23 Part Number Package Marking LM321MF A63A LM321MFX © 2001 National Semiconductor Corporation DS200076 Transport Media NSC Drawing 1k Units Tape and Reel MF05A 3k Units Tape and Reel www.national.com LM321 Low Power Single Op Amp April 2001 LM321 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Junction Temperature (Note 3) Mounting Temperature If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Differential Input Voltage Input Current (VIN < −0.3V) (Note 6) Input Voltage Lead Temp (Soldering, 10 sec) 215˚C Thermal Resistance to Ambient (θJA) 50mA 265˚C/W ESD Tolerance (Note 10) 300V 32V −0.3V to +32V Output Short Circuit to GND, V+ ≤ 15V and TA = 25˚C (Note 2) Storage Temperature Range 260˚C Infrared (10 sec) ± Supply Voltage Supply Voltage (V+ - V−) 150˚C Operating Ratings (Note 1) Temperature Range Continuous −40˚C to 85˚C Supply Voltage −65˚C to 150˚C 3V to 30V Electrical Characteristics Unless otherwise specified, all limits guaranteed for at TA = 25˚C; V+ = 5V, V− = 0V, VO = 1.4V. Boldface limits apply at temperature extremes. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min (Note 5) Typ (Note 4) Max (Note 5) Units 2 7 9 mV VOS Input Offset Voltage IOS Input Offset Current 5 50 150 nA IB Input Bias Current (Note 8) 45 250 500 nA VCM Input Common-Mode Voltage Range V+ = 30V (Note 9) For CMRR > = 50dB 0 V+ - 1.5 V+ -2 V AV Large Signal Voltage Gain (V+ = 15V, RL = 2kΩ VO = 1.4V to 11.4V) 25 15 100 V/mV PSRR Power Supply Rejection Ratio RS ≤ 10kΩ, V+ ≤ 5V to 30V 65 100 dB 85 dB CMRR Common Mode Rejection Ratio VO Output Swing (Note 7) VOH VOL IS Supply Current, No Load RS ≤ 10kΩ 65 V+ = 30V, RL = 2kΩ 26 V+ = 30V, RL = 10kΩ 27 V+ = 5V, RL = 10kΩ V 28 5 20 mV V = 5V 0.430 0.7 1.15 1.2 mA V+ = 30V 0.660 1.5 2.85 3 + ISOURCE Output Current Sourcing VID = +1V, V+ = 15V, VO = 2V 20 10 40 20 ISINK Output Current Sinking VID = −1V V+ = 15V, VO = 2V 10 5 20 8 VID = −1V V+ = 15V, VO = 0.2V 12 100 mA mA µA IO Output Short Circuit to Ground (Note 2) V+ = 15V 40 SR Slew Rate V+ = 15V, RL = 2kΩ, VIN = 0.5 to 3V CL = 100pF, Unity Gain 0.4 V/µs V+ = 30V, f = 100kHz, VIN = 10mV, RL = 2kΩ, CL = 100pF 1 MHz 60 deg GBW φm Gain Bandwidth Product Phase Margin www.national.com 2 85 mA Unless otherwise specified, all limits guaranteed for at TA = 25˚C; V+ = 5V, V− = 0V, VO = 1.4V. Boldface limits apply at temperature extremes. (Continued) Symbol THD en Parameter Total Harmonic Distortion Equivalent Input Noise Voltage Conditions f = 1kHz, AV = 20dB RL = 2kΩ, VO = 2VPP, CL = 100pF, V+ = 30V f = 1kHz, RS = 100Ω V+ = 30V Min (Note 5) Typ (Note 4) Max (Note 5) Units 0.015 % 40 nV/ Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is intended to be functional, but specific performance is not guaranteed. For guaranteed specifications and the test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics. Note 2: Short circuits from the output V+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. When considering short circuits to ground the maximum output current is approximately 40mA independent of the magnitude of V+. At values of supply voltage in excess of +15V, continuous short circuits can exceed the power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Note 3: The maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(MAX), θJA , and TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(MAX) - TA)/ θJA . All numbers apply for packages soldered directly onto a PC board. Note 4: Typical values represent the most likely parametric norm. Note 5: All limits are guaranteed by testing or statistical analysis. Note 6: This input current will only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector base junction of the input PNP transistors becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also lateral NPN parasitic transistor action on the IC chip. This transistor action can cause the output voltages of the op amps to go to the V+ voltage level (or to ground for a large overdrive) for the time duration that an input is driven negative. This is not destructive and normal output states will re-establish when the input voltage, which was negative, again returns to a value greater than −0.36V (at 25˚C). Note 7: VO ≅ 1.4V, RS = 0Ω with V+ from 5V to 30V; and over the full input common-mode range (0V to V+ - 1.5V) at 25˚C. Note 8: The direction of the input current is out of the IC due to the PNP input stage. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of the output so no loading change exists on the input lines. Note 9: The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3V (at 25˚C). The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is V+ - 1.5V at 25˚C, but either or both inputs can go to +32V without damage, independent of the magnitude of V+. Note 10: Human Body Model, 1.5kΩ in series with 100pF. Simplified Schematic 20007603 3 www.national.com LM321 Electrical Characteristics LM321 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified, VS = +5V, single supply, TA = 25˚C. Small Signal Pulse Response Large Signal Pulse Response 20007604 20007605 Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage Sinking Current vs. Output Voltage 20007612 20007613 Source Current vs. Output Voltage Open Loop Frequency Response 20007617 www.national.com 20007614 4 can be accommodated using the worst-case non-inverting unity gain connection. Large closed loop gains or resistive isolation should be used if large load capacitance must be driven by the amplifier. The LM321 op amp can operate with a single or dual power supply voltage, has true-differential inputs, and remain in the linear mode with an input common-mode voltage of 0 VDC. This amplifier operates over a wide range of power supply voltages, with little change in performance characteristics. At 25˚C amplifier operation is possible down to a minimum supply voltage of 3V. Large differential input voltages can be easily accommodated and, as input differential voltage protection diodes are not needed, no large input currents result from large differential input voltages. The differential input voltage may be larger than V+ without damaging the device. Protection should be provided to prevent the input voltages from going negative more than −0.3 VDC (at 25˚C). An input clamp diode with a resistor to the IC input terminal can be used. To reduce the power supply drain, the amplifier has a class A output stage for small signal levels which converts to class B in a large signal mode. This allows the amplifiers to both source and sink large output currents. Therefore both NPN and PNP external current boost transistors can be used to extend the power capability of the basic amplifiers. The output voltage needs to raise approximately 1 diode drop above ground to bias the on-chip vertical PNP transistor for output current sinking applications. For AC applications, where the load is capacitively coupled to the output of the amplifier, a resistor should be used, from the output of the amplifier to ground to increase the class A bias current and to reduce distortion. Capacitive loads which are applied directly to the output of the amplifier reduce the loop stability margin. Values of 50pF The bias network of the LM321 establishes a supply current which is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage over the range of from 3 VDC to 30 VDC. Output short circuits either to ground or to the positive power supply should be of short time duration. Units can be destroyed, not as a result of the short circuit current causing metal fusing, but rather due to the large increase in IC chip dissipation which will cause eventual failure due to excessive junction temperatures. The larger value of output source current which is available at 25˚C provides a larger output current capability at elevated temperatures than a standard IC op amp. The circuits presented in the section on typical applications emphasize operation on only a single power supply voltage. If complementary power supplies are available, all of the standard op amp circuits can be used. In general, introducing a pseudo-ground (a bias voltage reference of V+/2) will allow operation above and below this value in single power supply systems. Many application circuits are shown which take advantage of the wide input common-mode voltage range which includes ground. In most cases, input biasing is not required and input voltages which range to ground can easily be accommodated. Typical Applications Non-Inverting DC Gain (0V Input = 0V Output) 20007606 5 www.national.com LM321 Application Hints LM321 Typical Applications (Continued) DC Summing Amplifier (VIN’s ≥ 0 VDC and VO ≥ VDC) Amplitude Modulator Circuit 20007607 Where: V0 = V1 + V2 - V3 - V4, (V1+ V2) ≥ (V3 + V4) to keep VO 20007602 Power Amplifier > 0 VDC LED Driver 20007609 20007608 V0 = 0 VDC for VIN = 0 VDC, AV = 10 Fixed Current Sources Lamp Driver 20007611 20007610 www.national.com 6 LM321 SOT23-5 Tape and Reel Specification TAPE DIMENSIONS 20007615 8mm 0.130 (3.3) 0.124 (3.15) 0.130 (3.3) 0.126 (3.2) 0.138 ± 0.002 (3.5 ± 0.05) 0.055 ± 0.004 (1.4 ± 0.11) 0.157 (4) 0.315 ± 0.012 (8 ± 0.3) Tape Size DIM A DIM Ao DIM B DIM Bo DIM F DIM Ko DIM P1 DIM W 7 www.national.com LM321 SOT23-5 Tape and Reel Specification (Continued) REEL DIMENSIONS 20007616 8mm 7.00 330.00 0.059 1.50 0.512 13.00 0.795 20.20 2.165 55.00 0.331 + 0.059/−0.000 8.40 + 1.50/−0.00 0.567 14.40 W1 + 0.078/−0.039 W1 + 2.00/−1.00 Tape Size A B C D N W1 W2 W3 www.national.com 8 LM321 Low Power Single Op Amp Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 5-Pin SOT23 NS Package Number MF05A LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.