AD AD1955YRS

PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
a
High Performance Multibit Σ∆ DAC
with SACD Playback
Preliminary Technical Data
AD1955
FEATURES
APPLICATIONS
5V Power Supply Stereo Audio DAC System.
Accepts 16/18/20/24-Bit Data
Supports 24-Bits, 192kHz Sample Rate PCM Audio Data
Supports SACD bit-stream and External Digital Filter Interface
Accepts a Wide Range of PCM Sample Rates Including:
32kHz, 44.1kHz. 48kHz, 88.2kHz, 96kHz, and 192kHz
Multibit Sigma Delta Modulator with “Perfect Differential
Linearity Restoration” for Reduced Idle Tones and Noise Floor
Data Directed Scrambling DAC - Least Sensitive to Jitter
Supports SACD playback with “Bit Expansion” filter
Differential Current Output for Optimum Performance
8.64 mA p-p Output Current with +3dB headroom in SACD mode
120 dB SNR/DNR (not muted) at 48KHz Sample Rate
(A-Weighted Stereo)
123 dB SNR/DNR (Mono)
-110 dB THD+N
110 dB Stopband Attenuation with +/-0.0002dB Passband Ripple
8 Times Oversampling Digital Filter
On-chip Clickless Volume Control
Supports SACD-Mute pattern detection
Supports 64fs/128fs DSD SACD with phase modulation
Internal Digital Filter pass-through for External Filter
Master clock: 256fs,384fs,512fs,768fs
Hardware and Software Controllable Clickless Mute
Serial (SPI) Control for: Serial Mode, Number of Bits,
Sample Rate, Volume, Mute, De-emphasis, Mono Mode
Digital De-emphasis for 32, 44.1, 48 KHz Sample Rates
Flexible Serial Data Port with Right-Justified, Left-Justified,
I2S-Compatible and DSP Serial Port
28 Lead SSOP Plastic Package
High-End DVD-Audio, SACD, CD, Home Theatre Systems, Automotive
Audio Systems, Sampling Musical Keyboards, Digital Mixing
Consoles, Digital Audio Effects Processors
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
The AD1955 is a complete high performance single-chip stereo digital
audio playback system. It is comprised of a multibit sigma-delta
modulator, high performance digital interpolation filters, and continuoustime differential current output DAC section. Other features include an
on-chip clickless stereo attenuator, mute capability, programmed through
an SPI-compatible serial control port. The AD1955 is fully compatible
with all known DVD audio formats including 192kHz as well as 96kHz
sample frequencies and 24-bits. It also is backwards compatible by
supporting 50/15µs digital de-emphasis intended for “redbook” Compact
Discs, as well as de-emphasis at 32kHz and 48kHz sample rate.
The AD1955 has a very flexible serial data input port that allows for
glueless interconnection to a variety of ADCs, DSPs, SACD decoder,
external digital filter, AES/EBU receivers and sample rate converters.
The AD1955 can be configured in Left-justified, I2S, Right-Justified, or
DSP serial port compatible modes. It can support MSB first, twoscompliment format, 16, 18, 20 and 24 bits in all standard PCM modes.
Also the AD1955 has an interface for SACD playback and an external
digital filter interface for use with an external digital interpolation filter
or HDCD decoder. The AD1955 uses a +5 V power supply. It is
fabricated on a single monolithic integrated circuit and is housed in a 28pin SSOP package for operation over the temperature range -400C to
+1050C.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
Master Clock
Input
DSD
Bitstream
Input
4
M
U
X
Digital
Supply
Voltage
Reference
SPI
Control
Auto-Clock
Divider
16/20/24Bit
Audio Data /
External Digital
Filter Input
3/4
Control Data
Input
3
Serial Data
Interface
Digital
Filter
Engine
S/H
Multibit
Sigma-Delta
Modulator
NoiseShaped
Scrambling
External
Filter I/F
I-DAC
L-ch
Differential
Current Output
I-DAC
R-ch
DSD
Filter
RESET
MUTE
Analog
Supply
ZERO Flags
Rev. PrF 3/18/2002
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use;
nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may
result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under
any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106 U.S.A.
Tel: 781/329-4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781/326-8703
©Analog Devices, Inc., 2002
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
TEST CONDITIONS UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED
Analog Supply Voltages (AVDD)
Digital Supply Voltages (DVDD)
Reference Current (Iref)
Ambient Temperature
Input Clock
Input Signal
Input Sample Rate
Measurement Bandwidth
Word Width
Load Capacitance
Load Impedance
Input Voltage HI
Input Voltage LO
+5.0V
+5.0V
.960 mA
25OC
12.288 MHz
996.11 Hz
0 dB Full Scale
48 kHz
20 Hz to 20KHz
24 Bits
100 pF
47 k ohms
2.4 V
.8 V
ANALOG PERFORMANCE (See Figures ) Iref = .960 mA
Min
Resolution
Signal-to-noise Ratio (20 Hz to 20kHz)
Differential Output (A-weighted, RMS) (Stereo)
Differential Output (A-weighted, RMS) (Mono)
Single-ended (Stereo)
Dynamic Range (20 Hz to 20 kHz, -60 dB Input)
Differential Output (A-weighted, RMS) (Stereo)
Differential Output (A-weighted, RMS) (Mono)
Single-ended (Stereo)
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise (Stereo) at 0 dBFS
Analog Outputs
Differential Output range (Full Scale)
Output Capacitance at Each Output Pin
Output bias current, Each Output
Typ
24
Max
Units
Bits
120
123
119
dB
dB
dB
120
123
119
-108
dB
dB
dB
dB
8.64
mA p-p
pF
mA
100
-3.24
Out-of-Band Energy (0.5XFs to 100 kHz)
Reference Voltage
DC Accuracy
Gain Error
Interchannel Gain Mismatch
Gain Drift
Interchannel Crosstalk (EIAJ method)
Interchannel Phase Deviation
Mute Attenuation
De-emphasis Gain Error
-90
dB
V
2.39
+/-3
0.01
25
-125
+/- 0.1
-100
%
dB
ppm/OC
dB
Degrees
dB
dB
+/- 0.1
NOTES:
Performance of right and left channels are identical (exclusive of the Interchannel Gain Mismatch and Interchannel Phase Deviation specifications).
Specifications subject to change without notice.
DIGITAL I/O (-40oC to 105oC)
Min
Input Voltage HI (VIH)
Input Voltage LO (VIL)
Input Leakage ([email protected]=2.4 V)
Input Leakage ([email protected]=0.8 V)
High Level Output Voltage (VOH) IOH = 1 mA
Low Level Output Voltage (VOL) IOL = 1 mA
Input Capacitance
Typ
Max
2.0
0.8
10
10
2.4
0.4
20
Units
V
V
uA
uA
V
V
pF
Specifications subject to change without notice
-2-
Rev. PrF
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
TEMPERATURE RANGE
Min
Specifications Guaranteed
Functionality Guaranteed
Storage
Typ
Max
Units
O
25
-40
-55
C
C
O
C
O
105
125
Specifications subject to change without notice
POWER
Min
Supplies
Voltage, Digital
Voltage, Analog
Analog Current
Analog Current - Reset
Digital Current
Digital Current - Reset
Dissipation
Operation - Both Supplies
Operation - Analog Supply
Operation - Digital Supply
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
1kHz 300 mV p-p Signal at Analog Supply Pins
20kHz 300 mV p-p Signal at Analog Supply Pins
Typ
4.50
4.50
Max
5
5
17
17
22
2
Units
5.50
5.50
V
V
mA
mA
mA
mA
195
85
110
mW
mW
mW
-77
-72
dB
dB
Specifications subject to change without notice
DIGITAL FILTER CHARACTERISTICS
Sample Rate (kHz)
Passband (kHz)
44.1
DC-20
48
DC-21.8
96
DC-39.95
192
DC-87.2
Stopband (kHz)
24.1-328.7
26.23-358.28
56.9-327.65
117-327.65
Stopband Attenuation (dB)
110
110
115
95
Passband Ripple (dB)
+/- 0.0002
+/- 0.0002
+/- 0.0005
+0/-0.04 (DC-21.8 kHz)
+0/-0.5 (DC-65.4 kHz)
+0/-1.5 (DC-87.2 kHz)
Specifications subject to change without notice
GROUP DELAY
Chip Mode
INT8x Mode
INT4x Mode
INT2x Mode
Group Delay Calculation
5553/(128 × FS)
5601/(64 × FS)
5659/(32 × FS)
Fs
48kHz
96kHz
192kHz
Group Delay
903.8
911.6
921
Specifications subject to change without notice
Units
µs
µs
µs
DIGITAL TIMING (Guaranteed over -40°C to 85°C, AVDD = DVDD = +5.0 V +/- 10%)
tDMP
tDML
tDMH
tDBH
tDBL
tDBP
tDLS
tDLH
tDDS
tDDH
tDMP
tDML
tDMH
tCLS
tCLH
tCDS
tCDH
tRSTL
MCLK Period (FMCLK = 256*FLRCLK)
MCLK LO Pulse Width (all modes)
MCLK HI Pulse Width (all modes)
BCLK HI Pulse Width
BCLK LO Pulse Width
BCLK Period
LRCLK Setup
LRCLK Hold (DSP Serial Port mode only)
SDATA Setup
SDATA Hold
CCLK Period
CCLK LO Pulse Width
CCLK HI Pulse Width
CLATCH Setup
CLATCH Hold
CDATA Setup
CDATA Hold
RST LO Pulse Width
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Rev. PrF
-3-
Min
54
0.4 X tDMP
0.4 X tDMP
20
20
60
20
5
5
10
50
15
15
10
10
10
10
15
Units
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS*
Min
Max
PACKAGE CHARACTERISTICS
DVDD to DGND
-0.3
6
Units
V
AVDD to AGND
-0.3
6
V
Digital Inputs
Analog Outputs
AGND to DGND
Reference Voltage
Soldering
DGND - 0.3
AGND - 0.3
-0.3
DVDD + 0.3
AVDD + 0.3
0.3
(AVDD + 0.3)/2
+300
10
V
V
V
Min
OJA (Thermal Resistance
[Junction-to-Ambient])
OJC (Thermal Resistance
[Junction-to-Case])
Typ
109.0
39.0
Max
Units
C/W
O
O
C/W
O
C
sec
* Stresses greater than those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause
permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional operation
of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the
operational section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ORDERING GUIDE
Model
Temperature
AD1955YRS
-40 OC to +105 OC
Package
Description
28-Lead SSOP
AD1955YRSRL
-40 OC to +105 OC
28-Lead SSOP
Package Option*
RS-28
RS-28 on 13”
Reels
*RS = Shrink Small Outline
PIN CONFIGURATION
DVDD
1
28
DGND
EF_WCLK/LRCLK
2
27
MCLK
EF_BCLK/BCLK
3
26
CCLK
EF_LDATA/SDATA
4
25
CLATCH
EF_RDATA
5
24
CDATA
DSD_SCLK
6
23
PD/RST
DSD_LDATA
7
22
MUTE
DSD_RDATA
8
21
ZEROL
DSD_PHASE
9
20
ZEROR
AGND 10
19
AGND
IOUTR+ 11
18
IOUTL+
IOUTR- 12
17
IOUTL-
FILTR 13
16
FILTB
IREF 14
15
AVDD
CAUTION
ESD (Electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 400 V readily
accumulate on the human body and Test equipment and can discharge without detection.
Although the AD1959 features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent Damage may
occur on devices subjected to high energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD
precautions are recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
-4-
Rev. PrF
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
PIN FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
Pin
1
2
I/O
Input
Pin Name
DVDD
EF_WCLK/LRCLK
3
4
Input
Input
EF_BCLK/BCLK
EF_LDATA/SDATA
5
Input
EF_RDATA
6
I/O
DSD_SCLK
7
8
9
Input
Input
I/O
10
11
12
13
Output
Output
Output
DSD_LDATA
DSD_RDATA
DSD_PHASE
AGND
IOUTR+
IOUTRFILTR
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Output
IREF
AVDD
FILTB
IOUTLIOUTL+
AGND
ZEROR
21
Output
ZEROL
22
Input
MUTE
23
Input
PD/RST
24
Input
CDATA
25
26
Input
Input
CLATCH
CCLK
27
28
Input
MCLK
DGND
Rev. PrF
Output
Output
Output
Description
Digital Power Supply Connected to Digital 5V supply.
Word Clock in External Filter mode.
Left/Right Clock input for input data in PCM mode.
Bit Clock input in External Filter mode. Bit Clock input for input data in PCM mode.
8fs or 4fs L-ch Data input in External filter mode. Data should be MSB first two’s
complement format. In the PCM mode, serial input, MSB first, containing two
channels(left and right) of 16 to 24bit two’s complement 1fs data.
8fs or 4fs R-ch Data input in External filter mode. Data should be MSB first two’s
complement format. Not used in PCM mode
Shift clock input for DSD data. This clock should be 64x44.1kHz, 2.8224MHz or
128x44.1kHz, 5.6448MHz in normal mode or 128x44.1kHz, 5.6448MHz or
256x44.1kHz, 11.2896MHz in phase mode.
DSD Left channel data input
DSD Right channel data input
DSD phase reference signal. This clock should be 64x44.1kHz, 2.8224MHz. If not
used this pin should be connected Low.
Analog Ground
Right Channel Positive analog output.
Right Channel Negative analog output.
Voltage Reference Filter Capacitor Connection. Bypass and decouple the voltage
reference with parallel 10uF and 0.1uF capacitors to AGND
Connection point for external bias resistor.
Analog power supply Connected to Analog 5V supply
Filter Capacitor Connection with parallel 10uF and 0.1uF capacitors to AGND
Left Channel Negative analog output.
Left Channel Positive analog output.
Analog Ground
Right Channel Zero Flag Output. This pin goes high when the right channel has no
signal input or the DSD mute pattern is detected.
Left Channel Zero Flag Output. This pin goes high when the left channel has no signal
input or the DSD mute pattern is detected.
Mute. Assert HI to mute both stereo analog outputs. Deassert LO for normal
operation.
Power down/Reset. The AD1955 is placed in a reset state and the digital circuitry is
powered down when this pin is held LO. The AD1955 is reset on the rising edge of
this signal. The serial control port registers are reset to the default values. Connect HI
for normal operation.
Serial control input, MSB first, containing 16 bits of unsigned data. Used for
specifying control information and channel-specific attenuation.
Latch Input for control data.
Control Clock input for control data. Control input data must be valid on the rising
edge of CCLK. CCLK may be continuous or gated.
Master Clock Input. Connect to an external clock source.
Digital Ground
-5-
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
OPERATING FEATURES
Serial Data Input Port
The AD1955’s flexible serial data input port accepts standard PCM audio data and external digital filter output data in twoscomplement, MSB-first format in PCM/External digital filter mode and a dedicated SACD serial port accepts DSD bit-stream data in
SACD mode. If the PCM mode is selected by control register 0 bit12 and 13, the left channel data field always precedes the right
channel data field. The serial data format and word length in PCM mode are set by the mode select bits (bits 4 and 5 and bits 2 and 3,
respectively) in the SPI control register.
In all data formats except for the right-justified mode, the serial port will accept an arbitrary number of bits up to a limit of 24 (extra
bits will not cause an error, but they will be truncated internally). In Right-justified mode, control register 0, bits 2 and 3 are used to
set the word length to 16, 18, 20, or 24 bits. The default on power up is 24-bit, I2S.
In the external digital filter mode, selected by control register 0 bit 12 and 13, bits 2 and 3 are used to set the word length to 16, 18, 20
or 24 bits and the format is set with bits 4 and 5. For a burst-mode clock, the format should be set to Left-justified. DSP mode is not
used. The LRCLK is always falling-edge active. The default on power-up is 24-bit mode in PCM and external digital filter mode.
In SACD mode, selected by control register 0, bit 12 and 13, the SACD port will accept a DSD bit-stream.
When the SPI Control Port is not being used, the SPI pins (24, 25 and 26) should be tied to DGND or DVDD.
Serial Data Format in PCM mode
The supported formats are shown in Figure 1. For detailed timing, see Figure 2.
In Left-justified mode, LRCLK is HIGH for the left channel, and LOW for the right channel. Data should valid on the rising edge of
BCLK. The MSB is left-justified to an LRCLK transition, with no MSB delay.
In I2S mode, LRCLK is LOW for the left channel, and HIGH for the right channel. Data should be valid on the rising edge of BCLK.
The MSB is left-justified to an LRCLK transition but with a single BCLK period delay.
In DSP serial port mode, LRCLK must pulse HIGH for at least one bit clock period before the MSB of the left channel is valid, and
LRCLK must pulse HI again for at least one bit clock period before the MSB of the right channel is valid. Data should be valid on the
falling edge of BCLK. The DSP serial port mode can be used with any wordlength up to 24 bits.
In this mode, it is the responsibility of the DSP to ensure that the left data is transmitted with the first LRCLK pulse after RESET, and
that synchronism is maintained from that point forward.
In Right-justified mode (16 bits shown), LRCLK is HIGH for the left channel, LOW for the right channel. Data is valid on the rising
edge of BCLK.
In normal operation, there are 64 bit clocks per frame (or 32 per half-frame). When the SPI wordlength control bits (bits 2 and 3 in
control register 0) are set to 24 bits (0:0), the serial port will begin to accept data starting at the 8th bit clock pulse after the LRCLK
transition. When the word length control bits are set to 20-bit mode, data is accepted starting at the 12th bit clock position. In 18-bit
mode, data is accepted starting at the 14th bit clock position. In 16-bit mode, data is accepted starting at the 16th bit clock position.
These delays are independent of the number of bit clocks per frame, and therefore other data formats are possible using the delay
values described above.
Note that the AD1955 is capable of a 32 X Fs BCLK frequency “packed mode” where the MSB is left-justified to an LRCLK
transition, and the LSB is right-justified to the opposite LRCLK transition. LRCLK is HIGH for the left channel, and LOW for the
right channel. Data is valid on the rising edge of BLCK. Packed mode can be used when the AD1955 is programmed in left or rightjustified mode.
Serial Data Format in External Digital Filter mode
In the external digital filter mode, the AD1955 will accept up to 24 bits serial, twos compliment, MSB first data from an external
digital filter, an HDCD decoder or a general purpose DSP. If the external digital filter mode is selected by control register 0, bits 12
and 13, pins 2 to 5 are assigned as the word clock input (EF_WCLK, Pin 2) , bit clock input (EF_BCLK, Pin 3), left channel data input
(EF_LDATA, Pin 4) and right channel data input (EF_RDATA, Pin 5) respectively to accept 8fs (48 kHz), 4fs (96kHz) or 2fs (196
kHz) over-sampled data.
-6-
Rev. PrF
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
Left and Right channel data are valid on rising edge of EF_BCLK. After LSB data is clocked in the AD1955, the falling edge of
EF_WCLK signal loads all of data and starts conversion. The mode can be set to Left or Right-justified. A burst mode BCLK is also
acceptable in Left-justified mode.
LEF T C H A N N E L
LR C LK
R IG H T C H A N N E L
B C LK
SDATA
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
I2 S M O D E - 1 6 T O 2 4 -B IT S P E R C H A N N E L
LEF T C H A N N E L
LR C LK
R IG H T C H A N N E L
B C LK
SDATA
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
R IG H T J U S T IF IE D M O D E - S E L E C T N U M B E R O F B IT S P E R C H A N N E L
LR C LK
B C LK
SDATA
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
D S P M O D E - 1 6 T O 2 4 -B IT S P E R C H A N N E L
LEF T C H A N N E L
LR C LK
R IG H T C H A N N E L
B C LK
SDATA
MSB
LSB
MSB
L E F T J U S T IF IE D M O D E - 1 6 T O 2 4 -B IT S P E R C H A N N E L
1 /F s
N O T E S : 1 . D S P M O D E D O E S N 'T I D E N T I F Y C H A N N E L
2 . L R C L K N O R M A L L Y O P E R A T E S A T F s E X C E P T F O R D S P M O D E W H IC H IS 2 x F s
3 . B C L K F R E Q U E N C Y IS N O R M A L L Y 6 4 x L R C L K B U T M A Y B E O P E R A T E D IN B U R S T M O D E
Figure 1. Supported Serial Data Formats
Figure 2. Serial Data Port Timing
Rev. PrF
-7-
LSB
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
Serial Data Format in SACD mode
In the SACD mode, the AD1955 supports both normal mode or phase modulation mode, which are selected by Control register 1, bit 6.
If normal mode is selected, DSD_SCLK, DSD_LDATA and DSD_RDATA are used to interface with DSD decoder chip. In this mode,
the DSD data is clocked in the AD1955 using rising edge of DSD_SCLK with 64fs rate, 2.8224MHz. DSD_PHASE pin should be
connected LOW.
If phase modulation mode is selected, DSD_PHASE pin is also used to interface with the DSD decoder. In this mode, a 64fs
DSD_PHASE signal is used as a reference signal to receive the data from the decoder. The DSD data is clocked into the AD1955 with
a 128fs DSD_SCLK.
The AD1955 can operate as a master or slave device. In master mode, the AD1955 will output DSD_SCLK and DSD_PHASE (if in
the phase modulation mode) to a DSD decoder and will support normal mode and Phase modulation mode 0. In slave mode, the
AD1955 will accept DSD_SCLK and DSD_PHASE (if in the phase modulation mode) from a DSD decoder and supports all of the
normal and phase modulation modes.
When the SACD Port is not being used, the SACD pins (6, 7, 8 and 9) should be tied LOW.
Master Clock
The AD1955 must be set to the proper sample rate and master clock rate using Control Registers 0 and 1. The allowable master clock
frequencies for each interpolation mode are as shown:
Interpolation
Mode
48kHz (INT8X)
Mode
96kHz (INT4X)
Mode
192kHz (INT2X)
Mode
Allowable master clock
frequencies
256*Fs, 384*Fs, 512*Fs,768*Fs
Nominal Input Sample
Rate
32 kHz, 44.1 kHz, 48 KHz
128*Fs, 192*Fs, 256*Fs, 384*Fs
88.2 kHz, 96 KHz
64*Fs, 96*Fs, 128*Fs, 192*Fs
176.4 kHz, 192 KHz
In the External Filter mode, the AD1955 accepts the following master clock frequenies depending on input sample
rate:
Input Data
rate
8fs
4fs
2fs
Allowable master clock
frequencies
256*Fs, 384*fs, 512*Fs,768*Fs
128*Fs, 192*fs, 256*Fs, 384*Fs
64*Fs, 96*fs, 128*Fs, 192*Fs
Nominal Input Sample
Rate (to External Filter)
32 kHz, 44.1 kHz, 48 KHz
88.2 kHz, 96 KHz
176.4 kHz, 192 KHz
In the SACD mode, the AD1955 accepts a 256fs, 512fs and 768fs Master Clock, where fs is nominally 44.1kHz.
Zero Detection
When the AD1955 detects that the audio input data is continuously zero during 1024 LRCLK periods in PCM mode or 8192 LRCLK
periods in 8fs External Digital Filter mode, ZEROL (Pin 21 ) or ZEROR (Pin 20) is set to active.
When the AD1955 is in SACD Mode, it will detect an SACD mute pattern. If the input bit-stream shows a mute pattern for about 22ms,
the AD1955 will set ZEROL(Pin 21 ) or ZEROR(Pin 20) to active. The outputs can be set to active high or low using Control Register
1, bit 8.
Reset/Power Down
The AD1955 will be reset when the RESET pin is set low. The part may be powered down using bit 15, Control Register 0.
-8-
Rev. PrF
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
Audio Outputs
The AD1955 audio outputs sink a current proportional to the input signal, superimposed on a steady state current. The current-tovoltage (I/V) converters used need to be able to supply this steady state current as well as the signal current or a resistor or current
source can be used to a positive voltage to null this current to center the range of the I/V converters. Active I/V converters should be
used, referenced to FILTR, and should hold the DAC outputs at this voltage level. Passive I/V conversion should not be used as the
DAC performance will be seriously degraded.
Serial Control Port
The AD1955 has an SPI compatible control port to permit programming the internal control registers. The SPI control port is a three
wire serial port. Its format is similar to the Motorola SPI format except that the input data word is 16-bits wide. The serial bit clock
may be completely asynchronous to the sample rate of the DAC. The following figure shows the format of the SPI signal. Note that
the CCLK may be continuous or a 16-clock burst.
CLATCH
CCLK
CDATA
D15
D14
D0
SPI REGISTER DEFINITIONS
Table 1: DAC Control Register 0
Bit 13: 12
Bit 11: 10
Data format
Output Format
00 : PCM
01 : Ext. DF
10 : SACD Slave
11 : SACD
Master
00 : Stereo
01 : Not
Allowed
10 : Mono Left
11 : Mono Right
Bit 9:8
PCM Sample Rate
00 : 48kHz
01 : 96kHz
10 : 192kHz
11 : Rsvd
Bit 7:6
De-Emphasis
Curve Select
00 : None
01 : 44.1kHz
10 : 32kHz
11 : 48kHz
Bit 5: 4
PCM/ EF Serial
Data Format
00 : I2S
01 : Right-Just
10 : DSP
11 : LEFT-Just
Bit 3: 2
PCM/ EF Serial
Data Width
00 : 24Bits
01 : 20Bits
10 : 18Bits
11 : 16Bits
Bit 1: 0
SPI Register
Address
00
Bit 15
Bit 14
Power Down
Mute
0 : Operation
0 : Not Muted
1 : Powered
1 : Muted
Down
Note: 0 = Default Setting
Table 2: DAC Control Register 1
Bits 10:9
Bit 8
Bit 7
MCLK
Zero Flag
SACD Bit Rate
Mode
Polarity
0 : Active high 0 : 8fs / 64fs
00 : 256fs
1: Active low
1 : 4fs / 128fs
01 : 512fs
10 : 768fs
11 : 384fs
Note: 0 = Default Setting
Bit 6
SACD Mode
0 : Normal
1 : Phase Mode
Table 3: DAC Volume Registers
Bit 15: 2
Bit 1: 0
Volume
SPI Register Address
14bit, Unsigned
10 = Left Volume
14bit, Unsigned
11 = Right Volume
Note: Default = full volume
Rev. PrF
-9-
Bit 5:4
SACD Phase
Select
00 : Phase 0
01 : Phase 1
10 : Phase 2
11 : Phase 3
Bit 3
SACD Bit
Inversion
0 : Normal
1 : Inverted
Bit 2
SACD BCLK to
MCLK Phase
0 : Rising edge
1 : Falling edge
Bit 1: 0
SPI Register
Address
01
PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL DATA
AD1955
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions shown in inches and (mm)
28-Lead Shrink Small Outline Package (SSOP)
(RS-28)
-10-
Rev. PrF