CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Programmable Skew Clock Buffer Features Functional Description ■ All output pair skew <100 ps typical (250 max) ■ 3.75 to 100 MHz output operation ■ User selectable output functions ❐ Selectable skew to 18 ns ❐ Inverted and non-inverted ❐ Operation at ½ and ¼ input frequency ❐ Operation at 2x and 4x input frequency (input as low as 3.75 MHz) The CY7B9911 High Speed Programmable Skew Clock Buffer (PSCB) offers user selectable control over system clock functions. This multiple output clock driver provides the system integrator with functions necessary to optimize the timing of high performance computer systems. Each of the eight individual TTL drivers, arranged in four pairs of user controllable outputs, can drive terminated transmission lines with impedances as low as 50Ω. They deliver minimal and specified output skews and full swing logic levels. ■ Zero input to output delay ■ 50% duty cycle outputs ■ Outputs drive 50Ω terminated lines ■ Low operating current ■ 32-pin PLCC/LCC package ■ Jitter < 200 ps peak-to-peak (< 25 ps RMS) Each output is hardwired to one of nine delay or function configurations. Delay increments of 0.6 to 1.5 ns are determined by the operating frequency with outputs able to skew up to ±6 time units from their nominal “zero” skew position. The completely integrated PLL allows cancellation of external load and transmission line delay effects. When this “zero delay” capability of the PSCB is combined with the selectable output skew functions, you can create output-to-output delays of up to ±12 time units. Divide-by-two and divide-by-four output functions are provided for additional flexibility in designing complex clock systems. When combined with the internal PLL, these divide functions enable distribution of a low frequency clock that is multiplied by two or four at the clock destination. This facility minimizes clock distribution difficulty enabling maximum system clock speed and flexibility. Logic Block Diagram TEST PHASE FREQ DET FB REF FILTER VCO AND TIME UNIT GENERATOR FS 4Q0 4F0 4F1 SELECT INPUTS (THREE LEVEL) 3F0 3F1 4Q1 SKEW 3Q0 SELECT 2Q0 2F0 2F1 MATRIX 2Q1 1Q0 1F0 1F1 Cypress Semiconductor Corporation Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B 3Q1 1Q1 • 198 Champion Court • San Jose, CA 95134-1709 • 408-943-2600 Revised June 20, 2007 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Pin Configuration FS VCCQ REF GND 4 3 2 1 32 31 30 29 2F1 3F0 TEST PLCC/LCC 2F0 3F1 5 4F0 6 28 GND 4F1 7 27 1F1 VCCQ 8 26 1F0 VCCN 9 25 VCCN 4Q1 10 24 1Q0 4Q0 11 23 1Q1 GND 12 22 GND GND 13 21 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 GND 2Q0 2Q1 VCCN FB 3Q0 VCCN 3Q1 CY7B9911 Pin Definitions IO Description REF Signal Name I Reference frequency input. This input supplies the frequency and timing against which all functional variation is measured. FB I PLL feedback input (typically connected to one of the eight outputs). FS I Three level frequency range select. See Table 1. 1F0, 1F1 I Three level function select inputs for output pair 1 (1Q0, 1Q1). See Table 2. 2F0, 2F1 I Three level function select inputs for output pair 2 (2Q0, 2Q1). See Table 2 3F0, 3F1 I Three level function select inputs for output pair 3 (3Q0, 3Q1). See Table 2 4F0, 4F1 I Three level function select inputs for output pair 4 (4Q0, 4Q1). See Table 2 TEST I Three level select. See test mode section under the block diagram descriptions. 1Q0, 1Q1 O Output pair 1. See Table 2. 2Q0, 2Q1 O Output pair 2. See Table 2. 3Q0, 3Q1 O Output pair 3. See Table 2. 4Q0, 4Q1 O Output pair 4. See Table 2. VCCN PWR Power supply for output drivers. VCCQ PWR Power supply for internal circuitry. GND PWR Ground. Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 2 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Block Diagram Description Skew Select Matrix Phase Frequency Detector and Filter The Phase Frequency Detector and Filter blocks accept inputs from the reference frequency (REF) input and the feedback (FB) input. They generate correction information to control the frequency of the Voltage controlled Oscillator (VCO). These blocks, along with the VCO, form a Phase Locked Loop (PLL) that tracks the incoming REF signal. VCO and Time Unit Generator Table 1. Frequency Range Select and tU Calculation FS[2,3] Min Max LOW 15 MID HIGH Table 2. Programmable Skew Configurations Function Selects The VCO accepts analog control inputs from the PLL filter block and generates a frequency that is used by the time unit generator to create discrete time units that are selected in the skew select matrix. The operational range of the VCO is determined by the FS control pin. The time unit (tU) is determined by the operating frequency of the device and the level of the FS pin as shown in Table 1. fNOM (MHz) The skew select matrix contains four independent sections. Each section has two low skew, high fanout drivers (xQ0, xQ1), and two corresponding three level function select (xF0, xF1) inputs. Table 2 shows the nine possible output functions for each section as determined by the function select inputs. All times are measured with respect to the REF input assuming that the output connected to the FB input has 0tU selected. Approximate 1 t U = -----------------------f NOM × N Frequency (MHz) At where N = Which tU = 1.0 ns 30 44 22.7 25 50 26 38.5 40 100 16 62.5 Output Functions 1F1, 2F1, 3F1, 4F1 1F0, 2F0, 3F0, 4F0 1Q0, 1Q1, 2Q0, 2Q1 LOW LOW –4tU LOW MID –3tU –6tU –6tU LOW HIGH –2tU –4tU –4tU MID LOW –1tU –2tU –2tU MID MID 0tU 0tU 0tU MID HIGH +1tU +2tU +2tU HIGH LOW +2tU +4tU +4tU HIGH MID +3tU +6tU +6tU HIGH HIGH +4tU Divide by 4 Inverted 3Q0, 3Q1 4Q0, 4Q1 Divide by 2 Divide by 2 Notes 1. For all three state inputs, HIGH indicates a connection to VCC, LOW indicates a connection to GND, and MID indicates an open connection. Internal termination circuitry holds an unconnected input to VCC/2. 2. The level to be set on FS is determined by the “normal” operating frequency (fNOM) of the VCO and Time Unit Generator (see Logic Block Diagram). Nominal frequency (fNOM) always appears at 1Q0 and the other outputs when they are operated in their undivided modes (see Table 2). The frequency appearing at the REF and FB inputs will be fNOM when the output connected to FB is undivided. The frequency of the REF and FB inputs will be fNOM/2 or fNOM/4 when the part is configured for a frequency multiplication by using a divided output as the FB input. 3. When the FS pin is selected HIGH, the REF input must not transition upon power-up until VCC has reached 4.3V. Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 3 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ U U U U U U t 0 +1t t 0 +2t t 0 +3t t 0 +4t t 0 +5t t 0 +6t t0 t 0 – 1t U t 0 – 2t U t 0 – 3t U t 0 – 4t U t 0 – 5t U t 0 – 6t U Figure 1. Typical Outputs with FB Connected to a Zero-Skew Output FB Input REF Input 1Fx 2Fx 3Fx 4Fx (N/A) LM – 6t U LL LH – 4t U LM (N/A) – 3t U LH ML – 2t U ML (N/A) – 1t U MM MM MH (N/A) +1t U HL MH +2t U HM (N/A) +3t U 0tU HH HL +4t U (N/A) HM +6t U (N/A) LL/HH DIVIDED (N/A) HH INVERT Test Mode The TEST input is a three level input. In normal system operation, this pin is connected to ground, enabling the CY7B9911 to operate as explained in the previous section (for testing purposes). Any of the three level inputs can have a removable jumper to ground or be tied LOW through a 100Ω resistor. This enables an external tester to change the state of these pins. If the TEST input is forced to its MID or HIGH state, the device operates with its internal phase locked loop disconnected, and input levels supplied to REF directly control all outputs. Relative output to output functions are the same as in normal mode. In contrast with normal operation (TEST tied LOW), all outputs function based only on the connection of their own function select inputs (xF0 and xF1) and the waveform characteristics of the REF input. Maximum Ratings Operating outside these boundaries may affect the performance and life of the device. These user guidelines are not tested. Storage Temperature ................................. –65°C to +150°C Ambient Temperature with Power Applied ............................................ –55°C to +125°C Supply Voltage to Ground Potential................–0.5V to +7.0V DC Input Voltage ............................................–0.5V to +7.0V Output Current into Outputs (LOW)............................. 64 mA Static Discharge Voltage............................................ >2001V (per MIL-STD-883, Method 3015) Latch Up Current ..................................................... >200 mA Note 4. FB connected to an output selected for “zero” skew (i.e., xF1 = xF0 = MID). Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 4 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Operating Range Range Ambient Temperature VCC Commercial 0°C to +70°C 5V ± 10% Electrical Characteristics Over the Operating Range CY7B9911 Parameter VOH Description Output HIGH Voltage Test Conditions VCC = Min, IOH = –16 mA Min Max 2.4 Unit V VCC = Min, IOH =–40 mA VOL Output LOW Voltage VCC = Min, IOL = 46 mA 0.45 V VCC = Min, IOL = 46 mA VIH Input HIGH Voltage (REF and FB inputs only) 2.0 VCC V VIL Input LOW Voltage (REF and FB inputs only) –0.5 0.8 V VIHH Three Level Input HIGH Voltage (Test, FS, xFn) Min £ VCC £ Max VCC – 0.85 VCC V VIMM Three Level Input MID Voltage (Test, FS, xFn) Min £ VCC £ Max VCC/2 – 500 mV VCC/2 + 500 mV V VILL Three Level Input LOW Voltage (Test, FS, xFn) Min £ VCC £ Max 0.0 0.85 V IIH Input HIGH Leakage Current (REF and FB inputs only) VCC = Max, VIN = Max. 10 mA IIL Input LOW Leakage Current (REF and FB inputs only) VCC = Max, VIN = 0.4V IIHH Input HIGH Current (Test, FS, xFn) VIN = VCC IIMM Input MID Current (Test, FS, xFn) VIN = VCC/2 IILL Input LOW Current (Test, FS, xFn) IOS –500 mA 200 mA 50 mA VIN = GND –200 mA Output Short Circuit Current VCC = Max, VOUT = GND (25×C only) –250 mA ICCQ Operating Current Used by Internal Circuitry VCCN = VCCQ = Max, Com’l All Input Selects Open 85 mA ICCN Output Buffer Current per Output Pair VCCN = VCCQ = Max, IOUT = 0 mA Input Selects Open, fMAX 14 mA PD Power Dissipation per Output Pair VCCN = VCCQ = Max, IOUT = 0 mA Input Selects Open, fMAX 78 mW –50 Notes 5. These inputs are normally wired to VCC, GND, or left unconnected (actual threshold voltages vary as a percentage of VCC). Internal termination resistors hold unconnected inputs at VCC/2. If these inputs are switched, the function and timing of the outputs glitch and the PLL requires an additional tLOCK time before all datasheet limits are achieved. 6. CY7B9911 must be tested one output at a time, output shorted for less than one second, less than 10% duty cycle. Room temperature only. 7. Total output current per output pair is approximated by the following expression that includes device current plus load current: CY7B9911:ICCN = [(4 + 0.11F) + [((835 – 3F)/Z) + (.0022FC)]N] x 1.1 Where F = frequency in MHz; C = capacitive load in pF; Z = line impedance in ohms; N = number of loaded outputs; 0, 1, or 2; FC = F * C. 8. Total power dissipation per output pair is approximated by the following expression that includes device power dissipation plus power dissipation due to the load circuit: CY7B9911:PD = [(22 + 0.61F) + [((1550 – 2.7F)/Z) + (.0125FC)]N] x 1.1. Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 5 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Capacitance Test conditions assume signal transition times unless otherwise specified. Parameter CIN Description Input Capacitance Test Conditions TA = 25°C, f = 1 MHz, VCC = 5.0V Max Unit 10 pF AC Test Loads and Waveforms 5V R1 CL R2 3.0V R1=130 R2=91 CL = 30 pF (Includes fixture and probe capacitance) TTL AC Test Load (CY7B9911) Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B 2.0V Vth =1.5V 0.8V 0.0V ≤1ns 2.0V Vth =1.5V 0.8V ≤1ns TTL Input Test Waveform (CY7B9911) Page 6 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Switching Characteristics Over the Operating Range[2, 10] CY7B9911–5 Parameter fNOM Description Operating Clock Frequency in MHz Min FS = LOW [1, 2] [1, 2] FS = MID [1, 2 , 3] FS = HIGH Typ CY7B9911–7 Max Min 15 30 25 40 Typ Max Unit 15 30 MHz 50 25 50 100 40 100 tRPWH REF Pulse Width HIGH 4.0 4.0 ns tRPWL REF Pulse Width LOW 4.0 4.0 ns tU Programmable Skew Unit See Table 1 See Table 1 tSKEWPR Zero Output Matched Pair Skew (XQ0, XQ1)[11, 12] 0.1 0.25 0.1 0.25 ns tSKEW0 Zero Output Skew (All Outputs)[11, 13] 0.25 0.5 0.3 0.75 ns tSKEW1 Output Skew (Rise-Rise, Fall-Fall, Same Class Outputs)[11, 14] 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.0 ns tSKEW2 Output Skew (Rise-Fall, Nominal-Inverted, Divided-Divided)[11, 14] 0.5 1.2 1.0 1.7 ns tSKEW3 Output Skew (Rise-Rise, Fall-Fall, Different Class Outputs)[11, 14] 0.5 0.9 0.7 1.4 ns tSKEW4 Output Skew (Rise-Fall, Nominal-Divided, Divided-Inverted)[11, 14] 0.5 1.2 1.2 1.9 ns tDEV Device-to-Device Skew[10, 15] 1.65 ns tPD Propagation Delay, REF Rise to FB Rise 1.25 Variation –0.5 0.0 +0.5 –0.7 0.0 +0.7 ns –1.0 0.0 +1.0 –1.2 0.0 +1.2 ns tODCV Output Duty Cycle tPWH Output HIGH Time Deviation from 50%[17, 18] 2.0 2.5 ns tPWL 50%[17, 18] 2.5 3 ns tORISE tOFALL tLOCK tJR Output LOW Time Deviation from Output Rise Time[17, 19] [17, 19] Output Fall Time PLL Lock Time Cycle-to-Cycle Output Jitter RMS  Peak-to-Peak 0.15 1.0 1.5 0.15 1.5 2.5 ns 0.15 1.0 1.5 0.15 1.5 2.5 ns 0.5 0.5 ms 25 25 ps 200 200 ps Notes 9. Test conditions assume signal transition times of 2 ns or less and output loading as shown in the AC Test Loads and Waveforms unless otherwise specified. 10. Guaranteed by statistical correlation. Tested initially and after any design or process changes that affect these parameters. 11. SKEW is defined as the time between the earliest and the latest output transition among all outputs for which the same tU delay is selected when all are loaded with 30 pF and terminated with 50Ω to 2.06V. 12. tSKEWPR is defined as the skew between a pair of outputs (XQ0 and XQ1) when all eight outputs are selected for 0tU. 13. tSKEW0 is defined as the skew between outputs when they are selected for 0tU. Other outputs are divided or inverted but not shifted. 14. There are three classes of outputs: Nominal (multiple of tU delay), Inverted (4Q0 and 4Q1 only with 4F0 = 4F1 = HIGH), and Divided (3Qx and 4Qx only in Divide-by-2 or Divide-by-4 mode). 15. tDEV is the output-to-output skew between any two devices operating under the same conditions (VCC ambient temperature, air flow, and so on). 16. tODCV is the deviation of the output from a 50% duty cycle. Output pulse width variations are included in tSKEW2 and tSKEW4 specifications. 17. Specified with outputs loaded with 30 pF. Devices are terminated through 50Ω to 2.06V. 18. tPWH is measured at 2.0V. tPWL is measured at 0.8V. 19. tORISE and tOFALL measured between 0.8V and 2.0V. 20. tLOCK is the time that is required before synchronization is achieved. This specification is valid only after VCC is stable and within normal operating limits. This parameter is measured from the application of a new signal or frequency at REF or FB until tPD is within specified limits. Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 7 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ AC Timing Diagrams Figure 2. AC Timing Diagrams tREF tRPWL tRPWH REF tODCV tPD tODCV FB tJR Q tSKEWPR, tSKEW0,1 tSKEWPR, tSKEW0,1 OTHER Q tSKEW2 tSKEW2 INVERTED Q tSKEW3,4 tSKEW3,4 tSKEW3,4 REF DIVIDED BY 2 tSKEW1,3, 4 tSKEW2,4 REF DIVIDED BY 4 Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 8 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Figure 3. Zero Skew and Zero Delay Clock Driver REF LOAD SYSTEM CLOCK Z0 L1 FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 4Q0 4Q1 3F0 3F1 3Q0 3Q1 2F0 2F1 2Q0 2Q1 1F0 1F1 1Q0 1Q1 LOAD L2 Z0 LOAD L3 Z0 L4 LOAD TEST Z0 LENGTH L1 = L2 = L3 = L4 Operational Mode Descriptions Figure 2 shows the PSCB configured as a zero skew clock buffer. In this mode the 7B9911 is used as the basis for a low skew clock distribution tree. When all of the function select inputs (xF0, xF1) are left open, the outputs are aligned and each drive a terminated transmission line to an independent load. The FB input is tied to any output in this configuration and the operating frequency range is selected with the FS pin. The low skew specification, coupled with the ability to drive terminated transmission lines (with impedances as low as 50 ohms), enables efficient printed circuit board design. Figure 4. Programmable Skew Clock Driver REF SYSTEM CLOCK FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 LOAD L1 LOAD 4Q0 4Q1 3F0 3F1 2F0 2F1 3Q0 3Q1 1F0 1F1 1Q0 1Q1 Z0 L2 L3 2Q0 2Q1 Z0 LOAD Z0 L4 LOAD TEST LENGTH L1 = L2 L3 < L2 by 6 inches L4 > L2 by 6 inches Figure 3 shows a configuration to equalize skew between metal traces of different lengths. In addition to low skew between outputs, the PSCB is programmed to stagger the timing of its outputs. The four groups of output pairs are each programmed to different output timing. Skew timing is adjusted over a wide range in small increments with the appropriate strapping of the function select pins. In this configuration the 4Q0 output is sent to FB and configured for zero skew. The other three pairs of outputs are programmed to yield different skews relative to the Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Z0 feedback. By advancing the clock signal on the longer traces or retarding the clock signal on shorter traces, all loads receive the clock pulse at the same time. In this illustration the FB input is connected to an output with 0 ns skew (xF1, xF0 = MID) selected. The internal PLL synchronizes the FB and REF inputs and aligns their rising edges to make certain that all outputs have precise phase alignment. Clock skews is advanced by ±6 time units (tU) when using an output selected for zero skew as the feedback. There is a wider Page 9 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ range of delays, if the output connected to FB is also skewed. As “Zero Skew”, +tU, and –tU are defined relative to output groups and the PLL aligns the rising edges of REF and FB, wider output skews are created by proper selection of the xFn inputs. For example, a +10 tU between REF and 3Qx is achieved by connecting 1Q0 to FB and setting 1F0 = 1F1 = GND, 3F0 = MID, and 3F1 = High. (Since FB aligns at –4 tU and 3Qx skews to +6 tU, a total of +10 tU skew is realized.) Many other configurations are realized by skewing both the output used as the FB input and skewing the other outputs. Figure 6. Frequency Multiplier with Skew Connections REF 20 MHz Figure 5. Inverted Output Connections REF FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 4Q0 4Q1 3F0 3F1 3Q0 3Q1 2F0 2F1 2Q0 2Q1 1F0 1F1 1Q0 1Q1 TEST Figure 4 shows an example of the invert function of the PSCB. In this example the 4Q0 output used as the FB input is programmed for invert (4F0 = 4F1 = HIGH) while the other three pairs of outputs are programmed for zero skew. When 4F0 and 4F1 are tied high, 4Q0 and 4Q1 become inverted zero phase outputs. The PLL aligns the rising edge of the FB input with the rising edge of the REF. This causes the 1Q, 2Q, and 3Q outputs to become the “inverted” outputs with respect to the REF input. By selecting the output to connect to FB, you can have two inverted and six non-inverted outputs or six inverted and two non-inverted outputs. The correct configuration is determined by the need for more (or fewer) inverted outputs. 1Q, 2Q, and 3Q outputs is also skewed to compensate for varying trace delays independent of inversion on 4Q. FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 3F0 3F1 2F0 2F1 1F0 1F1 TEST 40 MHz 4Q0 4Q1 3Q0 3Q1 2Q0 2Q1 1Q0 1Q1 20 MHz 80 MHz Figure 5 illustrates the PSCB configured as a clock multiplier. The 3Q0 output is programmed to divide by four and is sent back to FB. This causes the PLL to increase its frequency until the 3Q0 and 3Q1 outputs are locked at 20 MHz while the 1Qx and 2Qx outputs run at 80 MHz. The 4Q0 and 4Q1 outputs are programmed to divide by two, that results in a 40 MHz waveform at these outputs. Note that the 20 and 40 MHz clocks fall simultaneously and are out of phase on their rising edge. This enables the designer to use the rising edges of the 1⁄2 frequency and 1⁄4 frequency outputs without concern for rising edge skew. The 2Q0, 2Q1, 1Q0, and 1Q1 outputs run at 80 MHz and are skewed by programming their select inputs accordingly. Note that the FS pin is wired for 80 MHz operation because that is the frequency of the fastest output. Figure 7. Frequency Divider Connections REF 20 MHz FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 4Q0 4Q1 10 MHz 3F0 3F1 2F0 2F1 3Q0 3Q1 5 MHz 1F0 1F1 TEST 1Q0 1Q1 2Q0 2Q1 20 MHz Figure 6 demonstrates the PSCB in a clock divider application. 2Q0 is fed back to the FB input and programmed for zero skew. 3Qx is programmed to divide by four. 4Qx is programmed to divide by two. Note that the falling edges of the 4Qx and 3Qx outputs are aligned. This enables use of the rising edges of the 1⁄2 frequency and 1⁄4 frequency without concern for skew mismatch. The 1Qx outputs are programmed to zero skew and are aligned with the 2Qx outputs. In this example, the FS input is grounded to configure the device in the 15 to 30 MHz range since the highest frequency output is running at 20 MHz. Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 10 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Figure 7 shows some of the functions that are selectable on the 3Qx and 4Qx outputs. These include inverted outputs and outputs that offer divide-by-2 and divide-by-4 timing. An inverted output allows the system designer to clock different subsystems on opposite edges, without suffering from the pulse asymmetry typical of non-ideal loading. This function enables each of the two subsystems to clock 180 degrees out of phase, but still stay aligned within the skew specification. The divided outputs offer a zero delay divider for portions of the system that divides the clock by either two or four, and still remain within a narrow skew of the “1X” clock. Without this feature, addition of an external divider is required and the propagation delay of the divider adds to the skew between the different clock signals. These divided outputs, coupled with the Phase Locked Loop, enable the PSCB to multiply the clock rate at the REF input by either two or four. This mode enables the designer to distribute a low frequency clock between various portions of the system. It also locally multiplies the clock rate to a more suitable frequency, maintaining the low skew characteristics of the clock driver. The PSCB performs all of the functions described in this section at the same time. It can multiply by two and four or divide by two (and four) at the same time that it is shifting its outputs over a wide range or maintaining zero skew between selected outputs. Figure 8. Multi-Function Clock Driver REF LOAD Z0 20 MHz DISTRIBUTION CLOCK 80 MHz INVERTED FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 3F0 3F1 2F0 2F1 1F0 1F1 TEST LOAD 4Q0 4Q1 3Q0 3Q1 2Q0 2Q1 1Q0 1Q1 20 MHz Z0 LOAD 80 MHz ZEROSKEW Z0 LOAD 80 MHz SKEWED4ns Z0 Figure 9. Board-to-Board Clock Distribution LOAD REF Z0 L1 FB SYSTEM CLOCK REF FS 4F0 4F1 3F0 3F1 2F0 2F1 1F0 1F1 LOAD L2 4Q0 4Q1 3Q0 3Q1 Z0 LOAD L3 2Q0 2Q1 1Q0 1Q1 Z0 L4 TEST Z0 Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B FB REF FS 4F0 4F1 3F0 3F1 2F0 2F1 1F0 1F1 TEST 4Q0 4Q1 3Q0 3Q1 2Q0 2Q1 1Q0 1Q1 LOAD LOAD Page 11 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Figure 8 shows the CY7B9911 connected in series to construct a zero-skew clock distribution tree between boards. Delays of the downstream clock buffers are programmed to compensate for the wire length (that is, select negative skew equal to the wire delay) necessary to connect them to the master clock source, approximating a zero delay clock tree. Cascaded clock buffers accumulate low frequency jitter because of the non-ideal filtering characteristics of the PLL filter. Do not connect more than two clock buffers in series. Ordering Information Accuracy (ps) Ordering Code Operating Range Package Type 500 CY7B9911–5JC 32-Pb Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier Commercial 500 CY7B9911–5JCT 32-Pb Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier - Tape and Reel Commercial 32-Pb Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier Commercial 750  CY7B9911–7JC Note 21. Not recommended for the new design. Package Diagrams Figure 10. 32-Pin Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier J65 51-85002-*B Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Page 12 of 13 CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Document History Page Document Title: CY7B9911 RoboClock+™ Programmable Skew Clock Buffer Document Number: 38-07209 REV. ECN NO. Issue Date Orig. of Change SZV Description of Change ** 110342 12/21/01 *A 1199925 See ECN KVM/AESA Added Tape and Reel part in Ordering Information Added note: Not recommended for the new design *B 1286064 See ECN AESA Change from Specification number: 38-00623 to 38-07209 Change status to final © Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 2001-2007. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of any circuitry other than circuitry embodied in a Cypress product. Nor does it convey or imply any license under patent or other rights. Cypress products are not warranted nor intended to be used for medical, life support, life saving, critical control or safety applications, unless pursuant to an express written agreement with Cypress. Furthermore, Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress products in life-support systems application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges. Any Source Code (software and/or firmware) is owned by Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (Cypress) and is protected by and subject to worldwide patent protection (United States and foreign), United States copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Cypress hereby grants to licensee a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to copy, use, modify, create derivative works of, and compile the Cypress Source Code and derivative works for the sole purpose of creating custom software and or firmware in support of licensee product to be used only in conjunction with a Cypress integrated circuit as specified in the applicable agreement. Any reproduction, modification, translation, compilation, or representation of this Source Code except as specified above is prohibited without the express written permission of Cypress. Disclaimer: CYPRESS MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Cypress reserves the right to make changes without further notice to the materials described herein. Cypress does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress’ product in a life-support systems application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges. Use may be limited by and subject to the applicable Cypress software license agreement. Document Number: 38-07209 Rev. *B Revised June 20, 2007 Page 13 of 13 PSoC Designer™, Programmable System-on-Chip™, and PSoC Express™ are trademarks and PSoC® is a registered trademark of Cypress Semiconductor Corp. All other trademarks or registered trademarks referenced herein are property of the respective corporations. Purchase of I2C components from Cypress or one of its sublicensed Associated Companies conveys a license under the Philips I2C Patent Rights to use these components in an I2C system, provided that the system conforms to the I2C Standard Specification as defined by Philips. RoboClock+ is a trademark of Cypress Semiconductor Corporation. All products and company names mentioned in this document may be the trademarks of their respective holders.