1885.1KB - Axiomtek

PICO821 Series
®
Intel Atom™ All-In-One
Pico ITX CPU Board
User’s Manual
Disclaimers
This manual has been carefully checked and believed to contain
accurate information. AXIOMTEK Co., Ltd. assumes no
responsibility for any infringements of patents or any third party’s
rights, and any liability arising from such use.
AXIOMTEK does not warrant or assume any legal liability or
responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any
information in this document. AXIOMTEK does not make any
commitment to update the information in this manual.
AXIOMTEK reserves the right to change or revise this document
and/or product at any time without notice.
No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the
prior written permission of AXIOMTEK Co., Ltd.
Caution
If you replace wrong batteries, it causes the danger of explosion. It
is recommended by the manufacturer that you follow the
manufacturer’s instructions to only replace the same or equivalent
type of battery, and dispose of used ones.
©Copyright 2010 AXIOMTEK Co., Ltd.
All Rights Reserved
February 2010, Version A3
Printed in Taiwan
ii
ESD Precautions
Computer boards have integrated circuits sensitive to static
electricity. To prevent chipsets from electrostatic discharge
damage, please take care of the following jobs with precautions:
„
Do not remove boards or integrated circuits from their antistatic packaging until you are ready to install them.
„
Before holding the board or integrated circuit, touch an
unpainted portion of the system unit chassis for a few seconds.
It discharges static electricity from your body.
„
Wear a wrist-grounding strap, available from most electronic
component stores, when handling boards and components.
Trademarks Acknowledgments
AXIOMTEK is a trademark of AXIOMTEK Co., Ltd.
®
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Phoenix & AWARD are trademarks of Phoenix Technology Ltd.
IBM, PC/AT, PS/2, VGA are trademarks of International Business
Machines Corporation.
®
®
Intel and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation.
Winbond is a trademark of Winbond Electronics Corp.
Other brand names and trademarks are the properties and
registered brands of their respective owners.
iii
Table of Contents
Disclaimers.................................................................................. ii ESD Precautions......................................................................................iii CHAPTER 1................................................................................................1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................1 1.1 Specifications............................................................ 2 1.2 Utilities Supported .................................................... 3 CHAPTER 2................................................................................................4 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS............................................................4 2.1 Board Dimensions and Fixing Holes ...................... 4 2.2 Board Layout ............................................................. 6 2.3
Jumper Settings......................................................... 8 2.3.1Flat Panel Connector Voltage Selection Jumper (JP1)... 8 2.3.2 CMOS Clear Jumpers (JP2) ....................................... 9 2.3.3 CompactFlash™ Power Selection Jumper (JP3)........ 9 2.3.4 AUTO BUTTON Mode Selection Jumper (JP4) ......... 9 2.4 Connectors .............................................................. 10 2.4.1 LVDS Backlight Connector (CN2) ............................ 10 2.4.2 DC POWER Connector (CN3 co-layout CN1).......... 11 2.4.3 LAN Connector (CN4) .............................................. 11 2.4.4 LVDS Flat Panel Connector (CN5) ........................... 12 2.4.5 SMBUS Connector (CN6) ......................................... 12 2.4.6 USB Port4/5 Connector (CN7).................................. 12 2.4.7 KB/MS Interface Connector (CN8) ........................... 13 2.4.8 USB Port0/1 Connector (CN9).................................. 13 2.4.9 USB CLIENT Connector (CN10) .............................. 13 2.4.10 COM PORT Connector (CN11) ................................ 14 2.4.11 DIO Connector (CN12) ............................................. 14 2.4.12 Flat Panel Bezel Connector (CN13) ......................... 15 2.4.13 IDE Interface Connector (CN14) .............................. 16 2.4.14 AUDIO Connector (CN15)........................................ 17 2.4.15 DDRII SODIMM Connector (SCN1) ......................... 17 2.4.16 CompactFlash™ Socket (SCN2).............................. 17 CHAPTER 3..............................................................................................19 HARDWARE DESCRIPTION ..............................................................19 iv
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Microprocessors............................................................ 19 BIOS ................................................................................ 19 System Memory ............................................................. 19 I/O Port Address Map .................................................... 20 Interrupt Controller........................................................ 21 CHAPTER 4..............................................................................................22 PHOENIX-AWARD BIOS UTILITY.......................................................22 4.1
Entering Setup ............................................................... 22 4.2
Control Keys .................................................................. 23 4.3
Getting Help ................................................................... 24 4.4 The Main Menu................................................................ 24 4.5 Standard CMOS Setup Menu......................................... 25 4.6
Advanced BIOS Features.............................................. 27 4.7
Advanced Chipset Features ......................................... 31 4.8
Integrated Peripherals................................................... 32 4.9
Power Management Setup............................................ 36 4.10 PnP/PCI Configuration Setup ....................................... 37 4.11 PC Health Status............................................................ 39 4.12 Load Optimized Defaults .............................................. 40 4.13 Set Supervisor/User Password .................................... 41 4.14 Save & Exit Setup .......................................................... 42 4.15 Exit Without Saving ....................................................... 43 CHAPTER 5..............................................................................................44 INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS..............................................................44 5.1 Installing Chipset Driver ................................................ 44 5.2 Installing VGA Driver...................................................... 47 5.3 Installing LAN Driver ...................................................... 49 5.4 Installing Audio Driver ................................................... 50 APPENDIX A ............................................................................................54 WATCHDOG TIMER ............................................................................54 Using the Watchdog Function................................................. 54 APPENDIX B ............................................................................................56 DIGITAL I/O ...........................................................................................56 Digital I/O Software Programming .......................................... 56 v
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU
Board
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
The PICO821 is a Pico-ITX board with support for Intel®
ATOM™ processor Z500 Series, and integrates chipset Intel®
System Controller Hub US15W that deliver outstanding system
performance through high-bandwidth interfaces, multiple I/O
functions for interactive applications and various embedded
computing solutions. The board has one 200-pin unbuffered
SODIMM sockets for DDR2 400/533 MHz SO-DIMM memory,
maximum memory capacity up to 2GB. It also features
Gigabit/Fast Ethernet, four USB 2.0 high speed compliant and
one USB client port, one serial port (1x RS-232), and built-in
high definition audio codec that can achieve the best stability
and reliability for industrial applications. It provides you with
unique embedded features, such as all internal I/O connections
and Pico-ITX form factor that applies an extensive array of PC
peripherals. The board can be enhanced by its built-in
watchdog timer, a special industrial feature not commonly seen
on other motherboards.
PICO821 INDUCTOR
1
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
1.1
Specifications
CPU
„
Intel® ATOMTM processor Z500 Series
z
System Chipset
„
Intel® System Controller Hub US15W
z
BIOS
„
„
„
„
Phoenix-Award BIOS, Y2K compliant
8Mbit FWH Flash, DMI, Plug and Play
SmartView for multiple LCD type selection, display
mode option and application extension features
“Load Optimized Default” to backup customized
Setting in the BIOS flash chip to prevent from CMOS
battery fail
z
System Memory
„
One x 200-pin unbuffered DDR2 SODIMM socket
„
Maximum to 2GB DDR2 400/533 MHz memory
z
Onboard Multi I/O
„ Controller: Winbond W83627HG
„ Serial Ports: one port for RS-232
z
CompactFlash™ Socket
„ One CompactFlash™ Type II low profile slot
z
USB Interface
„ Four USB ports with fuse protection and complies with
USB Spec. Rev. 2.0
„ One USB client port
z
Display
„ One 2 x 10-pin LVDS connector, one 7-pin wafer
connector for inverter control
z
Watchdog Timer
„
1~255 seconds; up to 255 levels
2
PICO821 INDUCTOR
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU
Board
z
Ethernet
„ One port with RTL8111B for Gigabit/Fast Ethernet
„ One 14-pin wafer connector
z
Audio
„ HD Audio compliant (with Speaker/line-out & MIC-in)
via ALC888
„ Supports multi-channel audio stream, 32-bit sample
depth, and sample rate up to 192KHz
„ Lin-in/Line-out/MIC-in
z
Power Management
„ ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)
z
Form Factor
„ Pico-ITX form factor
z
Power Supply
„ +5V (+/-5%) only
z
Power Consumption
„ [email protected] 1.75A Idle (Z510 1.1GHz with 1GB DDR2, CF)
„ [email protected] 1.93A Burn-in (Z510 1.1GHz with 1GB DDR2,
CF)
NOTE All specifications and images are subject to
change without notice.
1.2 Utilities Supported
z
Chipset Driver
z
Ethernet Driver
Graphic Drivers
Audio Drivers
z
z
PICO821 INDUCTOR
3
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
CHAPTER 2
JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
2.1
Board Dimensions and Fixing Holes
Component Side
NOTE The height of Component Side is 18mm.
4
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
Solder Side
NOTE The height of Solder Side is 9mm.
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
5
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.2
Board Layout
Component Side
6
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
Side
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
7
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.3
Jumper Settings
Proper jumper settings configure the PICO821 to meet
your application purpose. We are herewith listing a
summary table of all jumpers and default settings for
onboard devices, respectively.
Jumper
Default Setting
Jumper Setting
JP1
Flat Panel Power Selection:
Optional or Default : 3.3V
Short 1-2
JP2
Clear CMOS Setting: Normal
Short 1-2
JP3
CompactFlash Voltage Selection
Optional or Default : 3.3V
Short 1-2
JP4
AUTO BUTTON Mode Selection
Optional or Default : OFF
Short 2-3
2.3.1
Flat Panel Connector Voltage Selection Jumper (JP1)
The board supports +3.3V or +5V flat panel displays. Configure the
jumper JP1 to the appropriate voltage of the flat panel (CN5).
Description
Flat Panel
Connector
(CN5) Voltage
Selection
Function
Jumper Setting
3.3V (Default)
5V
8
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.3.2
CMOS Clear Jumpers (JP2)
You may need to use this jumper is to clear the CMOS memory
if incorrect settings in the Setup Utility.
Description
CMOS Clear
Function
Jumper Setting
Normal (Default)
Clear CMOS
2.3.3
CompactFlash™ Power Selection Jumper (JP3)
This jumper is to select the voltage for CompactFlash™ interface.
Description
CompactFlash™
Power Select
Function
Jumper Setting
3.3V (Default)
5V
2.3.4
AUTO BUTTON Mode Selection Jumper (JP4)
The jumper selects the AUTO BUTTON Mode.
Description
Function
Jumper Setting
AUTO BUTTON ON
Mode Selection
OFF
(Default)
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
9
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4
Connectors
Connectors connect the board with other parts of the system.
Loose or improper connection might cause problems. Make sure
all connectors are properly and firmly connected. Here is a
summary table shows you all connectors on the PICO821 Series.
Connectors
Inverter Connector
DC Power Connector
LAN Connector
LVDS Connector
SMBUS Connector
USB4&5 Connector
KB/MS Connector
USB0&1 Connector
USB CLIENT Connector
COM Port Connector
DIO Port Connector
Flat Panel Bezel Connector
PATA Connector
AUDIO Connector
DDRII SODIMM Connector
Compact Flash Connector
2.4.1
Label
CN2
CN3/CN1
CN4
CN5
CN6
CN7
CN8
CN9
CN10
CN11
CN12
CN13
CN14
CN15
SCN1
SCN2
LVDS Backlight Connector (CN2)
The CN2 is DF13-7S-1.25C 7-pin connectors for inverter
that we strongly recommend you to use the matching
DF13-7S-1.25C connector.
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
Signal
+5V
+5V
ENABLE +5V
ENABLE +3.3V
BKLTCTL
GND
GND
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.2
DC POWER Connector (CN3 co-layout CN1)
The CN3 is a 2.0mm wafer DC Power connector for DC 5V input.
CN1 is a 2.0mm 90 degree wafer DC Power connector for DC 5V
input.
Pin
Signal
1
+5V SBY
2
+5V SBY
3
GND
4
GND
2.4.3 LAN Connector (CN4)
CN4 is an LAN connector that connects thePICO821 to a 10-Base-T,
100-Base-T or Gigabit hub just by plugging one end of the cable to
LAN, and connecting the other end (phone jack) to a 10-Base-T, 100Base-T or Gigabit hub.
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Signal
1000 LAN LED
100 LAN LED
GND
MDI3MDI3+
MDI1MDI2MDI2+
MDI1+
MDI0MDI0+
N.C.
Link LED
Active LED-
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
CN4
11
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.4
LVDS Flat Panel Connector (CN5)
The LVDS connector on the PICO821 is a 20-pin connector. It
is strongly recommended to us the matching JST SHDR-20V-SB connector.
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
3
5
7
9
VCCM
VCCM
Channel A D0Channel A D0+
GND
2
4
6
8
10
VCCM
VCCM
Channel A D3Channel A D3+
GND
11
13
15
17
19
Channel A D1Channel A D1+
GND
Channel A D2Channel A D2+
12
14
16
18
20
Channel A CLKChannel A CLK+
GND
GND
GND
2.4.5
SMBUS Connector (CN6)
Connector CN6 is for SMBUS interface support.
Pin
Signal
1
CLOCK
2
DATA
3
GND
2.4.6
USB Port4/5 Connector (CN7)
These Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors on this board are
for installing versatile USB interface peripherals. These are 10pin standard USB connectors.
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
+5V SBY
2
+5V SBY
3
USB4-
4
USB5-
5
USB4+
6
USB5+
7
GND
8
GND
9
GND
10
GND
12
CN7
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.7
KB/MS Interface Connector (CN8)
The CN8 is a 2.0mm Pin header connector for KB/MS Interface
Connector.
Pin
Signal
1
KBVCC
2
GND
3
KB CLK
4
MS CLK
5
KB DATA
6
MS DATA
2.4.8
USB Port0/1 Connector (CN9)
These Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors on this board are for
installing versatile USB interface peripherals. These are 10-pin
standard USB connectors.
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
+5V SBY
2
+5V SBY
3
USB0-
4
SB1-
5
USB0+
6
SB1+
7
GND
8
ND
9
GND
10
ND
2.4.9
CN9
USB CLIENT Connector (CN10)
Pin
Signal
1
HOST PC USB POWER DETECT
2
USB2-
3
USB2+
4
GND
5
GND
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
CN10
13
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.10 COM PORT Connector (CN11)
The CN11 is a 2.0mm Pin header connector for COM Port
Interface Connector.
Pin
Signal
1
2
NDCD1
NDSR1
3
NRX1
4
NRTS1
5
NTX1
6
NCTS1
7
NDTR1
8
NRI1
9
GND
CN11
2.4.11 DIO Connector (CN12)
The CN12 is a 2.0mm Pin header connector for COM Port
Interface Connector.
Pin
Signal
1
DIO0
2
DIO3
3
DIO1
4
DIO4
5
DIO2
6
DIO5
7
GND
8
GND
CN12
W83627HGAW GPIO
PIN Number
128
127
126
125
124
123
(GP10)
(GP11)
(GP12)
(GP13)
(GP14)
(GP15)
GPIO
Bit 0
Bit 1
Bit 2
Bit 3
Bit 4
Bit 5
CN12
PIN 1
PIN 3
PIN 5
PIN 2
PIN 4
PIN 6
14
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.12
„
Flat Panel Bezel Connector (CN13)
Power LED
This 3-pin connector denoted as Pin 1 and Pin 5 connects the
system power LED indicator to such a switch on the case. Pin 1 is
assigned as +, and Pin 5 as -. The Power LED lights up when the
system is powered ON.
„
External Speaker and Internal Buzzer Connector
Pin 2, 4, 6 and 8 can be connected to the case-mounted speaker
unit or internal buzzer. While connecting the CPU card to an
internal buzzer, please short pins 2-4; while connecting to an
external speaker, you need to set pins 2-4 to Open and connect
the speaker cable to pin 8 (+) and pin 2 (-).
„
ATX Power On/Off Button
This 2-pin connector denoted as Pin 9 and 10 connects the front
panel’s ATX power button to the CPU card, which allows users to
control ATX power supply to be power on/off.
„
System Reset Switch
Pin 11 and 12 can be connected to the case-mounted reset switch
that reboots your computer instead of turning OFF the power
switch. It is a better way to reboot your system for a longer life of
the system’s power supply.
„
HDD Activity LED
This connection is linked to hard drive activity LED on the control
panel. LED flashes when HDD is being accessed. Pin 13 and 14
connect the hard disk drive to the front panel HDD LED, Pin 13
assigned as -, and Pin 14 as +.
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
15
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.13 IDE Interface Connector (CN14)
The PICO821 has a 44 pin PATA IDE connector have
master/slave mode.
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
1
Reset #
2
GND
3
Data 7
4
Data 8
5
Data 6
6
Data 9
7
Data 5
8
Data 10
9
Data 4
10
Data 11
11
Data 3
12
Data 12
13
Data 2
14
Data 13
15
Data 1
16
Data 14
17
Data 0
18
Data 15
19
GND
20
No Connector
21
DREQ #
22
GND
23
IOW #
24
GND
25
IOR #
26
GND
27
IOCHRDY
28
No Connector
29
Ack #
30
GND-Default
31
Interrupt
32
No Connector
33
SA1
34
PDIAG #
35
SA0
36
SA2
37
HDC CS0 #
38
HDC CS1 #
39
HDD Active #
40
GND
41
VCC
42
VCC
43
GND
44
N.C.
CN14
16
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
2.4.14 AUDIO Connector (CN15)
The board supports an audio interface. CN15 is a 2.0mm Pin
header connector for AUDIO Interface Connector.
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
1
MIC-IN
2 GND
3
Line In L
4 GND
5
Line In R
6 GND
7
Line Out L
8 GND
9
Line Out R
CN15
2.4.15 DDRII SODIMM Connector (SCN1)
2.4.16 CompactFlash™ Socket (SCN2)
The board is equipped with a CompactFlash TM disk type-II
socket on the solder side that supports the IDE interface
CompactFlash TM disk card with DMA mode supported. The
socket is especially designed to avoid any incorrect installation
of the CompactFlash TM disk card.
TM
When installing or removing the CompactFlash disk card, please
TM
make sure that the system power is off. The CompactFlash disk
card is defaulted as the C: or D: disk drive in your PC system.
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
17
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
GND
26
CD1-
2
Data 3
27
Data 11
3
Data 4
28
Data 12
4
Data 5
29
Data 13
5
Data 6
30
Data 14
6
Data 7
31
Data 15
7
CS0#
32
CS1#
8
Address 10
33
VS1#
9
ATASEL
34
IORD#
10
Address 9
35
IOWR#
11
Address 8
36
WE#
12
Address 7
37
INTR
13
VCC
38
VCC
14
Address 6
39
CSEL#
15
Address 5
40
VS2#
16
Address 4
41
RESET#
17
Address 3
42
IORDY#
18
Address 2
43
DMAREQ
19
Address 1
44
DMAACK-
20
Address 0
45
DASP#
21
Data 0
46
PDIAG#
22
Data 1
47
Data 8
23
Data 2
48
Data 9
24
IOCS16#
49
Data 10
25
CD2#
50
GND
18
PICO821 JUMPERS AND CONNECTORS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
CHAPTER 3
HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
3.1
Microprocessors
®
The PICO821Series supports Intel ATOM™ processor Z500 Series,
which make your system operated under Windows 2000/XP, and
Linux environment. The system performance depends on the
microprocessor. Make sure all correct settings are arranged for your
installed microprocessor to prevent the CPU from damages.
3.2
BIOS
The PICO821 Series uses Award Plug and Play BIOS with a
single 8Mbit FWH Flash, DMI, Plug and Play.
3.3
System Memory
The PICO821 Series industrial CPU card supports one 200-pin
unbuffered DDR2 SODIMM socket for a maximum memory of 2GB
DDR2 SDRAMs. The memory module can come in sizes of 64MB,
128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB and 2GB. The Device density supports
512 Mb and 1024-Mb with the width of x16.
HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
19
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
3.4
I/O
Port Address Map
®
The Intel ATOM™ processor Z500 Series can communicate via I/O
ports. There are total 1KB port addresses available for assignment to
other devices via I/O expansion cards.
Address
Devices
000-01F
DMA controller #1
020-02D
024-025
028-029
02C-02D
02E-02F
030-031
034-035
038-039
03C-03D
040-043
050-053
04E-04F
060-06F
Interrupt controller #1
Forwarded to LPC(LPC Super I/O 2)
Interrupt controller #2
Timer/Counter (8254)
070-077
Forwarded to LPC(LPC Super I/O 1)
Forwarded to LPC(Microcontroller for
Keyboard Controller)
Real time clock, NMI
080-091
DMA page register
092
Processor I/F(Reset Generator)
093-09F
DMA page register
0A0-0BF
Interrupt controller #2
0C0-0DF
DMA controller #2
0F0
Processor I/F
0F8-0FF
Math processor
170-177
Forward to SATA(SATA Controller)
1F0-1F7
Forward to SATA(SATA Controller)
250-25F
HR I/O
300-31F
Prototype card
376
Forward to SATA(SATA Controller)
378-37F
Parallel Port (LPT)
380-38F
SDLC #2
3A0-3AF
SDLC #1
20
DESCRIPTION
HARDWARE
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
Address
Devices
3B0-3BF
MDA video card
3C0-3CF
EGA card
3D0-3DF
CGA card
3F6
Forward to SATA (SATA Controller)
3F8-3FF
Serial port #1 (COM1)
3E8-3EF
Serial port #3 (COM3)
2F8-2FF
Serial port #2 (COM2)
2E8-2EF
Serial port #4 (COM4)
3.5
Interrupt Controller
The PICO821 Series is a 100% PC compatible control board. It
consists of 16 interrupt request lines, and four out of them can be
programmable. The mapping list of the 16 interrupt request lines is
shown as the following table.
IRQ
Parity check error
IRQ0
System timer output
IRQ1
Keyboard
IRQ2
Interrupt rerouting from IRQ8 through IRQ15
IRQ3
Serial port #2
IRQ4
Serial port #1
IRQ5
PCI Device Share
IRQ7
—
IRQ8
Real time clock
IRQ9
ACPI Controller
IRQ10
—
IRQ11
—
IRQ12
PS/2 Mouse
IRQ13
Math coprocessor
IRQ14
Primary IDE channel
IRQ15
—
HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
21
PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
CHAPTER 4
PHOENIX-AWARD BIOS UTILITY
The Phoenix-Award BIOS provides users with a built-in Setup program to
modify basic system configuration. All configured parameters are stored in
a battery-backed-up RAM (CMOS RAM) to save the Setup information
whenever the power is turned off.
4.1
Entering Setup
There are two ways to enter the Setup program. You may either turn ON
the computer and press <Del> immediately, or press the <Del> and/or
<Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Esc> keys simultaneously when the following
message appears at the bottom of the screen during POST (Power on
Self Test).
TO ENTER SETUP PRESS DEL KEY
If the message disappears before you respond and you still want to enter
Setup, please restart the system to try it again. Turning the system power
OFF and ON, pressing the “RESET” button on the system case or
simultaneously pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Del> keys can restart the
system. If you do not press keys at the right time and the system doesn’t
boot, an error message will pop out to prompt you the following information:
PRESS <F1> TO CONTINUE, <CTRL-ALT-ESC> OR <DEL> TO ENTER
SETUP
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4.2
Control Keys
Up arrow
Move cursor to the previous item
Down arrow
Move cursor to the next item
Left arrow
Move cursor to the item on the left hand
Right arrow
Move to the item in the right hand
Esc key
Main Menu -- Quit and delete changes into
CMOS Status Page Setup Menu and Option
Page Setup Menu -- Exit current page and
return to Main Menu
PgUp/“+”
key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
PgDn/“−“ key
Decrease the numeric value or make
changes
F1 key
General help, only for Status Page Setup
Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
(Shift) F2 key
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to
select color forward, (Shift) F2 to select
color backward
F3 key
Reserved
F4 key
Reserved
F5 key
Restore the previous CMOS value from
CMOS, only for Option Page Setup Menu
F6 key
Load the default CMOS value from BIOS
default table, only for Option Page Setup
Menu
F7 key
Load the Setup default, only for Option Page
Setup Menu
F8 key
Reserved
F9 key
Reserved
F10 key
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main
Menu
HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
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4.3
Getting Help
Main Menu The online description of the highlighted setup function is
displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Status Page Setup Menu/Option Page Setup Menu Press <F1> to pop out
a small Help window that provides the description of using appropriate keys
and possible selections for highlighted items. Press <F1> or <Esc> to exit the
Help Window.
4.4
The Main Menu
Once you enter the Award BIOS CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu appears
on the screen. In the Main Menu, there are several Setup functions and a
couple of Exit options for your selection. Use arrow keys to select the Setup
Page you intend to configure then press <Enter> to accept or enter its submenu.
NOTE If your computer can not boot after making and saving system
changes with Setup, the Award BIOS will reset your system to the CMOS
default settings via its built-in override feature.
It is strongly recommended that you should avoid changing the chipset’s
defaults. Both Award and your system manufacturer have carefully set up
these defaults that provide the best performance and reliability.
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4.5
Standard CMOS Setup Menu
The Standard CMOS Setup Menu displays basic information about your
system. Use arrow keys to highlight each item, and use <PgUp>
<PgDn> key to select the value you want in each item.
Date The date format is <day>, <date> <month> <year>. Press <F3> to
show the calendar.
day
It is determined by the BIOS and read only, from Sunday to
Saturday.
date
It can be keyed with the numerical/ function key, from 1 to 31.
month
It is from January to December.
year
It shows the current year of BIOS.
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Time This item shows current time of your system with the format <hour>
<minute> <second>. The time is calculated based on the 24-hour militarytime clock. For example, 1 p.m. is 13:00:00.
IDE Primary Master/Primary Slave
These items identify the types of each IDE channel installed in the
computer. There are 45 predefined types (Type 1 to Type 45) and 2 user’s
definable types (Type User) for Enhanced IDE BIOS. Press <PgUp>/<+>
or <PgDn>/<−> to select a numbered hard disk type, or directly type the
number and press <Enter>. Please be noted your drive’s specifications
must match the drive table. The hard disk will not work properly if you enter
improper information. If your hard disk drive type does not match or is not
listed, you can use Type User to manually define your own drive type. If
selecting Type User, you will be asked to enter related information in the
following items. Directly key in the information and press <Enter>. This
information should be provided in the documentation from your hard disk
vendor or the system manufacturer. If the HDD interface controller
supports ESDI, select “Type 1”. If the HDD interface controller supports
SCSI, select “None”. If the HDD interface controller supports CD-ROM,
select “None”.
CYLS.
number of
cylinders
LANDZONE
HEADS
number of heads
SECTORS
PRECOMP
write precom
MODE
landing zone
number of
sectors
HDD access
mode
If there is no hard disk drive installed, select NONE and press
<Enter>.
Video
Select the display adapter type for your system.
Halt On This item determines whether the system will halt or not, if an
error is detected while powering up.
No errors
The system booting will halt on any errors detected.
(default)
All errors
Whenever BIOS detects a non-fatal error, the
system will stop and you will be prompted.
All, But
Keyboard
The system booting will not stop for a keyboard
error; it will stop for other errors.
Press <Esc> to return to the Main Menu page.
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4.6
Advanced BIOS Features
This section allows you to configure and improve your system, to set up some
system features according to your preference.
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CPU Features
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the CPU Feature sub menu.
Harddisk boot priority
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the sub menu to decide the disk
boot priority
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If a wrong password is entered at the prompt, the system will not boot, the
access to Setup will be denied, either.
If a wrong password is entered at the prompt, the system will boot, but the
access to Setup will be denied.
NOTE To disable the security, select PASSWORD SETTING at
Main Menu and then you will be asked to enter a password. Do not type
anything, just press <Enter> and it will disable the security. Once the
security is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
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APIC Mode Use this item to enable or disable APIC (Advanced
Programmable Interrupt Controller) mode that provides symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) for systems.
MPS Version Control For OS
This item specifies the version of the Multiprocessor Specification (MPS).
Version 1.4 has extended configuration tables to improve support for
multiple PCI bus configurations and provide future expandability.
Press <Esc> to return to the Main Menu page.
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4.7
Advanced Chipset Features
This section contains completely optimized chipset’s features on the board
that you are strongly recommended to leave all items on this page at their
default values unless you are very familiar with the technical specifications
of your system hardware.
DRAM Timing Selectable Use this item to increase the timing of the memory.
This is related to the cooling of memory.
System BIOS Cacheable Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system
BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better system performance.
However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may
result. The default value is “Disabled”.
Video BIOS Cacheable This item allows you to change the Video BIOS
location from ROM to RAM. Video Shadow will increase the video speed.
*** VGA Setting ***
On-Chip Frame Buffer Size
Use this item to set the VGA frame buffer size.
Boot Type
This item is to select Display Device that the screen will be shown.
Panel Scaling This item shows the setting of panel scaling and operates the
scaling function that the panel output can fit the screen resolution
connected to the output port.
Press <Esc> to return to the Main Menu page.
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4.8
Integrated Peripherals
This section allows you to configure your OnChip IDE Device, SuperIO Device
and Onboard Device.
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OnChip IDE Device
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the sub menu OnChip IDE
Device.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Block mode is also called block transfer, multiple commands, ormultiple
sectors read/write. If your IDE hard drive supports block mode (most new
drives do), select Enabled for automatic detection of the optimal number of block
read/writes per sector the drive can support.
Press <Esc> to return to the Integrated Peripherals page.
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Onboard Device
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the sub menu Onboard Device.
Intel HD Audio Controller
Use this item to enable an Intel HD Audio controller. Press <Esc> to return to
the Integrated Peripherals page.
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USB Device Setting
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the sub menu USB Device
Setting.
Onboard Serial Port 1/2 Select an address and corresponding interrupt for
the serial port. There are several options for your selection.
Onboard Lan Boot ROM Use this item to enable or disable the Boot ROM
function of the onboard LAN chip when the system boots up.
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4.9
Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to save energy of your system
effectively. It will shut down the hard disk and turn OFF video display after a
period of inactivity.
ACPI Function
Advanced Configuration and Power Management (ACPI).
The function is always “Enabled”.
CPU THRM Throtting
It allows you to set CPU throttling percentage of 25%, 50%, and 75%.
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4.10
PnP/PCI Configuration Setup
This section describes the configuration of PCI (Personal Computer
Interconnect) bus system, which allows I/O devices to operate at speeds close
to the CPU speed while communicating with other important components.
This section covers very technical items that only experienced users could
change default settings.
Reset Configuration Data Normally, you leave this item Disabled. Select
Enabled to reset Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit
Setup or if installing a new add-on cause the system reconfiguration a serious
conflict that the operating system can not boot. Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Resources Controlled By The Award Plug and Play BIOS can
automatically configure all boot and Plug and Play-compatible devices. If you
select Auto, all interrupt request (IRQ), DMA assignment, and Used DMA
fields disappear, as the BIOS automatically assigns them. The default value is
“Manual”.
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IRQ Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt to one
of the following types in accordance with the type of devices using the
interrupt:
1. Legacy ISA Devices compliant with the original PC AT bus specification,
requiring a specific interrupt (such as IRQ4 for serial port 1).
2 . PCI/ISA PnP Devices compliant with the Plug and Play standard,
whether designed for PCI or ISA bus architecture.The default value is
“PCI/ISA PnP”.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Some non-standard VGA display cards may not show colors properly. This
item allows you to set whether MPEG ISA/VESA VGA Cards can work with
PCI/VGA or not. When enabled, a PCI/VGA can work with a MPEG ISA/VESA
VGA card; when disabled, a PCI/VGA cannot work with a MPEG ISA/VESA
Card.
** PCI Express relative items **
Maximum Payload Size
When using DDR SDRAM and Buffer size selection, another consideration
in designing a payload memory is the size of the buffer for data storage.
Maximum Payload Size defines the maximum TLP (Transaction Layer
Packet) data payload size for the device.
Press <Esc> to return to the Main Menu page.
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4.11
PC Health Status
This section supports hardware monitoring that lets you monitor those
parameters for critical voltages, temperatures and fan speed of the board.
System Component Characteristics
These items provide you with information about the system’s current operating
status. You can’t change these items.
1 Current CPU Temperature
2 Current MCH Temperature
3 Current System Temperature
4 VCORE/VIT/VBAT/5VSB
Press <Esc> to return to the Main Menu page.
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4.12
Load Optimized Defaults
This option allows you to load your system configuration with default values.
These default settings are optimized to enable high performance features.
To load CMOS SRAM with SETUP default values, please enter “Y”. If not,
please enter “N”.
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4.13
Set Supervisor/User Password
You can set a supervisor or user password, or both of them. The
differences between them are:
1 Supervisor password: You can enter and change the options on the
setup menu.
2 User password: You can just enter, but have no right to change the
options on the setup menu.
When you select this function, the following message will appear at the center
of the screen to assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD
Type a maximum eight-character password, and press <Enter>. This typed
password will clear previously entered password from the CMOS memory.
You will be asked to confirm this password. Type this password again and
press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort this selection and not enter
a password.
To disable the password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter
a password. A message will confirm the password is getting disabled. Once
the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED
When a password is enabled, you have to type it every time you enter the
Setup. It prevents any unauthorized persons from changing your system
configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to
request a password every time the system reboots. This would prevent
unauthorized use of your computer.
You decide when the password is required for the BIOS Features Setup Menu
and its Security option. If the Security option is set to “System”, the password
is required during booting up and entry into the Setup; if it is set as “Setup”, a
prompt will only appear before entering the Setup.
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4.14
Save & Exit Setup
This section allows you to determine whether or not to accept your
modifications. Type “Y” to quit the setup utility and save all changes into the
CMOS memory. Type “N” to bring you back to the Setup utility.
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4.15
Exit Without Saving
Select this option to exit the Setup utility without saving changes you have
made in this session. Type “Y”, and it will quit the Setup utility without saving
your modifications. Type “N” to return to the Setup utility.
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CHAPTER 5
INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
The device drivers are located on the Product Information CD-ROM that
comes with the PICO821 Series package. The auto-run function of drivers will
guide you to install the utilities and device drivers under a Windows system.
You can follow the onscreen instructions to install these devices:
„ Chipset
„ VGA
„ LAN
„ Audio
5.1
Installing Chipset Driver
1 Run the®SETUP.EXE program from the driver directory in your
2 An Intel License Agreement appears to show you the important
information. Click “Yes” to next step.
3 Please wait while running the following setup operations.
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(3-1)
INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
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(3-2)
1 Click “Finish” to complete the setup process.
2 You will be asked to reboot your computer when the installation is
completed. Please click “Yes, I want to restart my computer now” if you
don’t need to install any other drivers. Otherwise, please click “No, I will
restart my computer later”, and go on next step.
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5.2
Installing VGA Driver
1 Run the SETUP.EXE program from the driver directory in your driver
CD. Click
“Next” to next step.
®
2 An Intel License Agreement appears to show you the important
information. Click “Yes” to next step.
3 The message of Readme File Information appears to show you the
system requirements and installation information. Please click “Next”.
INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
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PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
4. Please wait while running the following setup operations.
1
2
When this message appears, please click “Next”.
You will be asked to reboot your computer when the installation is
completed. Please click “Yes, I want to restart my computer now” if you
don’t need to install any other drivers. Otherwise, please click “No, I
will restart my computer later”, and click “Finish” to complete the
installation.
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INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
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ٛ
5.3
Installing LAN Driver
Run the InstallShield Wizard for Ethernet from the driver
Click “Install” to start the installation.
3. Please wait while running the following installation operation.
4. Click “Finish” to complete the installation.
INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
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PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
5.4
Installing Audio Driver
Run the InstallShield Wizard for Audio from the driver directory in
yourdriver CD. Click “Next” to next step.
Please wait while running the following installation operation.
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INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
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INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
3. You will be asked to reboot your computer when the installation is
completed. Please click “Yes, I want to restart my computer now” if you
don’t need to install any other drivers. Otherwise, please click “No, I will
restart my computer later”, and click “Finish” to complete the installation.
INSTALLATION OF DRIVERS
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APPENDIX A
WATCHDOG TIMER
Watchdog Timer Setting
(From Super I/O W83627HG-AW)
After the system stops working for a while, it can be auto-reset by the
Watchdog Timer. The integrated Watchdog Timer can be set up in the
system reset mode by program.
Using the Watchdog Function
Start
↓
Un-Lock WDT:
O 2E 87 ; Un-lock super I/O
O 2E 87 ; Un-lock super I/O
↓
Select Logic device:
O 2E 07
O 2F 08
↓
Activate WDT:
O 2E 30
O 2F 01
↓
Set Second or Minute :
O 2E F5
O 2F N
N=00 or 08 (See below table)
↓
Set base timer :
O 2E F6
O 2F M=00,01,02,…FF(Hex) ,Value=0 to 255
↓
; IF to disable WDT:
O 2E 30
O 2F 00 ; Can be disable at any time
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PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
Timeout Value Range
„ 1 to 255
„ Minute / Second
z
Program Sample
Watchdog Timer can be set to system reset after 5-second timeout.
2E, 87
2E, 87
2E, 07
2F, 08
Logical Device 8
2E, 30
Activate
2F, 01
2E, F5
2F, N
Set Minute or Second
N=08 (Min),00(Sec)
2E, F6
2F, M
WATCHDOG TIMER
Set Value
M = 00 ~ FF
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PICO821 All-Iin- PICO821 All-Iin-one PICO ITX CPU Board
APPENDIX B
DIGITAL I/O
Digital I/O Software Programming
GPI program sample:
z
O 2E 87
Un-Lock Super I/O
O 2E 87
Un-Lock Super I/O
O 2E 07
Select Logic device
O 2F 07
O 2E F0
O 2F FF
IO selection register
Set GPI
O 2E F1
I 2F
Q
XX is input Data;if no input source,the value is 3F
Quit debug
GPO program sample:
z
O 2E 87
Un-Lock Super I/O
O 2E 87
Un-Lock Super I/O
O 2E 07
O 2F 07
Select Logic device
O 2E F0
O 2E 00
IO selection register
Set GPO
O 2F F1
O 2F XX
Q
56
XX is output DATA
Quit debug
WATCHDOG TIMER