Data Sheet

SO
T2
3
TL431 family
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
Product data sheet
1. Product profile
1.1 General description
Three-terminal shunt regulator family with an output voltage range between Vref and 36 V,
to be set by two external resistors.
• The TL431xDBZR types feature an enhanced stability area with a very low
load capacity requirement.
• The TL431xFDT types offer an enhanced stability area and a higher
ElectroMagnetic Interference (EMI) ruggedness, for example, for Switch Mode Power
Supply (SMPS) applications.
• The TL431xSDT types are designed for standard requirements and linear
applications.
Table 1.
Product overview
Reference
voltage
tolerance (Vref)
Temperature range (Tamb)
0C to 70 C
40 C to 85 C
40 C to 125 C
Pinning
configuration
(see Table 3)
2%
TL431CDBZR
TL431IDBZR
TL431QDBZR
normal pinning
TL431FDT
normal pinning
TL431MFDT
mirrored pinning
TL431SDT
normal pinning
TL431MSDT
mirrored pinning
TL431AQDBZR
normal pinning
TL431AFDT
normal pinning
TL431AMFDT
mirrored pinning
TL431ASDT
normal pinning
TL431AMSDT
mirrored pinning
TL431BQDBZR
normal pinning
TL431BFDT
normal pinning
1%
0.5 %
TL431ACDBZR
TL431BCDBZR
TL431AIDBZR
TL431BIDBZR
TL431BMFDT
mirrored pinning
TL431BSDT
normal pinning
TL431BMSDT
mirrored pinning
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
1.2 Features and benefits
 Programmable output voltage up to 36 V
 Three different reference voltage tolerances:
 Standard grade: 2 %
 A-Grade: 1 %
 B-Grade: 0.5 %
 Typical temperature drift: 6 mV (in a range of 0 C up to 70 C)
 Low output noise
 Typical output impedance: 0.2 
 Sink current capability: 1 mA to 100 mA
 AEC-Q100 qualified (grade 1)
1.3 Applications




Shunt regulator
Precision current limiter
Precision constant current sink
Isolated feedback loop for Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS)
1.4 Quick reference data
Table 2.
TL431 family
Product data sheet
Quick reference data
Symbol
Parameter
VKA
cathode-anode voltage
IK
cathode current
Vref
reference voltage
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Vref
-
36
V
1
-
100
mA
Standard-Grade (2 %)
2440
2495
2550
mV
A-Grade (1 %)
2470
2495
2520
mV
B-Grade (0.5 %)
2483
2495
2507
mV
VKA = Vref;
IK = 10 mA;
Tamb = 25 C
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
2 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
2. Pinning information
Table 3.
Pinning
Pin
Symbol
Description
Simplified outline
Graphic symbol
Normal pinning: All types without MFDT and MSDT ending
1
k
cathode
2
REF
reference
3
a
anode
3
REF
a
k
006aab355
1
2
Mirrored pinning: All types with MFDT and MSDT ending
1
REF
reference
2
k
cathode
3
a
anode
3
REF
a
k
006aab355
1
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
2
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
3. Ordering information
Table 4.
Ordering information
Type number
TL431CDBZR
Package
Name
Description
Version
-
plastic surface-mounted package; 3 leads
SOT23
TL431IDBZR
TL431QDBZR
TL431FDT
TL431MFDT
TL431SDT
TL431MSDT
TL431ACDBZR
TL431AIDBZR
TL431AQDBZR
TL431AFDT
TL431AMFDT
TL431ASDT
TL431AMSDT
TL431BCDBZR
TL431BIDBZR
TL431BQDBZR
TL431BFDT
TL431BMFDT
TL431BSDT
TL431BMSDT
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
4 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
4. Marking
Table 5.
Marking codes
Type number
Marking code[1]
Type number
Marking code[1]
TL431CDBZR
CA*
TL431ASDT
RL*
TL431IDBZR
CB*
TL431AMSDT
LQ*
TL431QDBZR
CC*
TL431BCDBZR
CG*
TL431FDT
AR*
TL431BIDBZR
CH*
TL431MFDT
AU*
TL431BQDBZR
CJ*
TL431SDT
RM*
TL431BFDT
AT*
TL431MSDT
LR*
TL431BMFDT
AW*
TL431ACDBZR
CD*
TL431BSDT
MA*
TL431AIDBZR
CE*
TL431BMSDT
MB*
TL431AQDBZR
CF*
-
-
TL431AFDT
AS*
-
-
TL431AMFDT
AV*
-
-
[1]
* = placeholder for manufacturing site code.
5. Functional diagram
The TL431 family comprises a range of 3-terminal adjustable shunt regulators, with
specified thermal stability over applicable automotive and commercial temperature
ranges. The output voltage may be set to any value between Vref (approximately 2.5 V)
and 36 V with two external resistors (see Figure 8). These devices have a typical output
impedance of 0.2 . Active output circuitry provides a very sharp turn-on characteristic,
making these devices excellent replacements for Zener diodes in many applications like
on-board regulation, adjustable power supplies and switching power supplies.
CATHODE
REF
Vref
ANODE
Fig 1.
TL431 family
Product data sheet
006aab569
Functional diagram
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
5 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
6. Limiting values
Table 6.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VKA
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
cathode-anode voltage
-
37
V
IK
cathode current
100
150
mA
Iref
reference current
0.05
10
mA
[1]
-
350
mW
[2]
-
580
mW
Tamb  25 C
total power dissipation
Ptot
[3]
-
950
mW
-
150
C
TL431XCDBZR
0
+70
C
TL431XIDBZR
40
+85
C
TL431XQDBZR
TL431XFDT
TL431XSDT
40
+125
C
storage temperature
65
+150
C
Tj
junction temperature
Tamb
ambient temperature
Tstg
[1]
Device mounted on an FR4 Printed-Circuit Board (PCB), single-sided copper, tin-plated and standard
footprint.
[2]
Device mounted on an FR4 PCB, single-sided copper, tin-plated, mounting pad for anode 1 cm2.
[3]
Device mounted on a ceramic PCB, Al2O3, standard footprint.
006aab570
1250
Ptot
(mW)
1000
(1)
750
(2)
500
(3)
250
0
−75
−25
25
75
125
175
Tamb (°C)
(1) Ceramic PCB, Al2O3, standard footprint
(2) FR4 PCB, mounting pad for anode 1 cm2
(3) FR4 PCB, standard footprint
Fig 2.
TL431 family
Product data sheet
Power derating curves
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
Table 7.
ESD maximum ratings
Tamb = 25 C unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VESD
electrostatic discharge voltage
MIL-STD-883
(human body model)
-
4
kV
7. Recommended operating conditions
Table 8.
Operating conditions
Symbol
Parameter
VKA
IK
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
cathode-anode voltage
Vref
36
V
cathode current
1
100
mA
8. Thermal characteristics
Table 9.
Symbol
Rth(j-a)
Rth(j-sp)
TL431 family
Product data sheet
Thermal characteristics
Parameter
thermal resistance from
junction to ambient
Conditions
in free air
thermal resistance from
junction to solder point
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
[1]
-
-
360
K/W
[2]
-
-
216
K/W
[3]
-
-
132
K/W
[4]
-
-
50
K/W
[1]
Device mounted on an FR4 PCB, single-sided copper, tin-plated and standard footprint.
[2]
Device mounted on an FR4 PCB, single-sided copper, tin-plated, mounting pad for anode 1 cm2.
[3]
Device mounted on a ceramic PCB, Al2O3, standard footprint.
[4]
Soldering point of anode.
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
9. Characteristics
Table 10. Characteristics
Tamb = 25 C unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Standard-Grade (2 %):
TL431CDBZR; TL431IDBZR; TL431QDBZR; TL431FDT; TL431MFDT; TL431SDT; TL431MSDT
Vref
reference voltage
VKA = Vref; IK = 10 mA
Vref
reference voltage variation
VKA = Vref; IK = 10 mA
2440
2495
2550
mV
TL431CDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
-
6
16
mV
TL431IDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
-
14
34
mV
TL431QDBZR
TL431FDT
TL431MFDT
TL431SDT
TL431MSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
VKA = 10 V to Vref
-
1.4
2.7
mV/V
VKA = 36 V to 10 V
-
1
2
mV/V
-
2
4
A
Vref/VKA reference voltage variation
to cathode-anode voltage
variation ratio
IK = 10 mA
Iref
reference current
IK = 10 mA;
R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
Iref
reference current variation
IK = 10 mA;
R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
TL431CDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
-
0.4
1.2
A
TL431IDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
-
0.8
2.5
A
TL431QDBZR
TL431FDT
TL431MFDT
TL431SDT
TL431MSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
IK(min)
minimum cathode current
VKA = Vref
-
0.4
1
mA
Ioff
off-state current
VKA = 36 V; Vref = 0
-
0.1
1
A
ZKA
dynamic cathode-anode
impedance
IK = 1 mA to 100 mA;
VKA = Vref; f < 1 kHz
-
0.2
0.5

A-Grade (1 %):
TL431ACDBZR; TL431AIDBZR; TL431AQDBZR; TL431AFDT; TL431AMFDT; TL431ASDT; TL431AMSDT
Vref
reference voltage
VKA = Vref; IK = 10 mA
Vref
reference voltage variation
VKA = Vref; IK = 10 mA
2470
2495
2520
mV
TL431ACDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
-
6
16
mV
TL431AIDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
-
14
34
mV
TL431AQDBZR
TL431AFDT
TL431AMFDT
TL431ASDT
TL431AMSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
VKA = 10 V to Vref
-
1.4
2.7
mV/V
VKA = 36 V to 10 V
-
1
2
mV/V
Vref/VKA reference voltage variation
to cathode-anode voltage
variation ratio
TL431 family
Product data sheet
IK = 10 mA
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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8 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
Table 10. Characteristics …continued
Tamb = 25 C unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Iref
reference current
IK = 10 mA;
R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
-
2
4
A
Iref
reference current variation
IK = 10 mA;
R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
IK(min)
TL431ACDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
-
0.4
1.2
A
TL431AIDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
-
0.8
2.5
A
TL431AQDBZR
TL431AFDT
TL431AMFDT
TL431ASDT
TL431AMSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
-
0.4
0.6
mA
minimum cathode current
VKA = Vref
TL431ACDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
TL431AIDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
TL431AQDBZR
TL431AFDT
TL431AMFDT
TL431ASDT
TL431AMSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
Ioff
off-state current
VKA = 36 V; Vref = 0
-
0.1
0.5
A
ZKA
dynamic cathode-anode
impedance
IK = 1 mA to 100 mA;
VKA = Vref; f < 1 kHz
-
0.2
0.5

B-Grade (0.5 %):
TL431BCDBZR; TL431BIDBZR; TL431BQDBZR; TL431BFDT; TL431BMFDT; TL431BSDT; TL431BMSDT
Vref
reference voltage
VKA = Vref; IK = 10 mA
Vref
reference voltage variation
VKA = Vref; IK = 10 mA
2495
2507
mV
TL431BCDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
-
6
16
mV
TL431BIDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
-
14
34
mV
TL431BQDBZR
TL431BFDT
TL431BMFDT
TL431BSDT
TL431BMSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
VKA = 10 V to Vref
-
1.4
2.7
mV/V
VKA = 36 V to 10 V
-
1
2
mV/V
-
2
4
A
Vref/VKA reference voltage variation
to cathode-anode voltage
variation ratio
Iref
2483
reference current
TL431 family
Product data sheet
IK = 10 mA
IK = 10 mA;
R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
9 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
Table 10. Characteristics …continued
Tamb = 25 C unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Iref
reference current variation
IK = 10 mA;
R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
IK(min)
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
TL431BCDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
-
0.4
1.2
A
TL431BIDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
-
0.8
2.5
A
TL431BQDBZR
TL431BFDT
TL431BMFDT
TL431BSDT
TL431BMSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
-
0.4
0.6
mA
minimum cathode current
VKA = Vref
TL431BCDBZR
Tamb = 0 C to 70 C
TL431BIDBZR
Tamb = 40 C to 85 C
TL431BQDBZR
TL431BFDT
TL431BMFDT
TL431BSDT
TL431BMSDT
Tamb = 40 C to 125 C
Ioff
off-state current
VKA = 36 V; Vref = 0
-
0.1
0.5
A
ZKA
dynamic cathode-anode
impedance
IK = 1 mA to 100 mA;
VKA = Vref; f < 1 kHz
-
0.2
0.5

TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
10 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab571
2.60
IK
(mA)
Vref
(V)
2.56
100
2.52
50
2.48
0
2.44
−50
2.40
−75
−25
25
75
−100
125
Tamb (°C)
−2
−1
0
1
2
3
VKA (V)
VKA = Vref; Tamb = 25 C
IK = 10 mA; VKA = Vref
Fig 3.
006aab572
150
Reference voltage as a function of ambient
temperature; typical values
Fig 4.
Cathode current as a function of
cathode-anode voltage; typical values
INPUT
VKA
IK
Vref
GND
006aab573
IK = 10 mA; VKA = Vref
Fig 5.
Test circuit to Figure 3 and Figure 4
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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11 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab574
5.0
006aab575
0
Iref
(μA)
ΔVref
(mV)
4.0
−20
3.0
2.0
−40
1.0
0.0
−75
−25
25
75
−60
125
Tamb (°C)
10
20
30
40
VKA (V)
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
IK = 10 mA; R1 = 10 k; R2 = open
Fig 6.
0
Reference current as a function of ambient
temperature; typical values
Fig 7.
Reference voltage variation as a function of
cathode-anode voltage; typical values
INPUT
VKA
IK
R1
Iref
R2
Vref
GND
006aab576
V KA = V ref   1 + R1
------- + I ref  R1

R2
Fig 8.
Test circuit to Figure 6 and Figure 7
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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12 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab577
250
Ioff
(nA)
200
150
100
50
0
−75
−25
25
75
125
Tamb (°C)
VKA = 36 V; Vref = 0 V
Fig 9.
Off-state current as a function of ambient temperature; typical values
INPUT
VKA
Ioff
GND
006aab578
VKA = 36 V; Vref = 0 V
Fig 10. Off-state current as a function of ambient temperature; test circuit
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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13 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab579
6
(1)
Vin; Vout
(V)
006aac478
6
(1)
Vin; Vout
(V)
4
4
(2)
(2)
2
0
2
−1
0
1
3
5
7
t (μs)
Tamb = 25 C
−1
1
3
5
7
t (μs)
Tamb = 25 C
(1) Input
(1) Input
(2) Output
(2) Output
Fig 11. All types except TL431XFDT and TL431XSDT:
Input voltage and output voltage as a function
of time; typical values
Fig 12. TL431XFDT:
Input voltage and output voltage as a function
of time; typical values
006aab580
6
(1)
Vin; Vout
(V)
4
220 Ω
VKA
(2)
PULSE
GENERATOR
f = 100 kHz
2
0
−1
1
3
5
7
50 Ω
GND
t (μs)
006aab581
Tamb = 25 C
Tamb = 25 C
(1) Input
(2) Output
Fig 13. TL431XSDT:
Input voltage and output voltage as a function
of time; typical values
TL431 family
Product data sheet
Fig 14. Test circuit to Figure 11, Figure 12 and
Figure 13
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab583
60
Av
(dB)
006aac479
60
Av
(dB)
40
40
20
20
0
1
10
102
103
104
0
102
10
1
103
f (kHz)
104
f (kHz)
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
Fig 15. All types except TL431XFDT and TL431XSDT:
Voltage amplification as a function of
frequency; typical values
Fig 16. TL431XFDT:
Voltage amplification as a function of
frequency; typical values
006aab582
60
Av
(dB)
VKA
40
IK
15 kΩ
232 Ω
9 μF
20
8.25 kΩ
0
1
10
102
103
GND
104
f (kHz)
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
Fig 17. TL431XSDT:
Voltage amplification as a function of
frequency; typical values
TL431 family
Product data sheet
aaa-017869
Fig 18. Test circuit to Figure 15, Figure 16 and
Figure 17
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab585
102
ZKA
(Ω)
006aac480
102
ZKA
(Ω)
10
10
1
1
10−1
1
10
102
103
104
10−1
1
102
10
f (kHz)
103
104
f (kHz)
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
Fig 19. All types except TL431XFDT and TL431XSDT:
Dynamic cathode-anode impedance as a
function of frequency; typical values
Fig 20. TL431XFDT:
Dynamic cathode-anode impedance as a
function of frequency; typical values
006aab586
102
ZKA
(Ω)
10
VKA
1 kΩ
IK
1
50 Ω
10−1
1
10
102
103
104
GND
f (kHz)
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
IK = 10 mA; Tamb = 25 C
Fig 21. TL431XSDT:
Dynamic cathode-anode impedance as a
function of frequency; typical values
TL431 family
Product data sheet
006aab587
Fig 22. Test circuit to Figure 19, Figure 20 and
Figure 21
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab588
100
IK
(mA)
80
(1)
(1)
60
Stable
Oscillation
Stable
40
20
0
1
102
10
103
104
CL (nF)
Tamb = 25 C
(1) VKA = Vref
VKA = 5 V: no oscillation
VKA = 10 V: no oscillation
VKA = 15 V: no oscillation
Fig 23. All types except TL431XFDT and TL431XSDT:
Cathode current as a function of load capacitance; typical values
150 Ω
IK
R1 = 10 kΩ
CL
IK
150 Ω
CL
VBATT
VBATT
R2
GND
VKA = Vref
Tamb = 25 C
Fig 24. Test circuit (1) to Figure 23
TL431 family
Product data sheet
GND
006aab589
006aab590
VKA > 5 V: stable operation
Tamb = 25 C
Fig 25. Test circuit (2) to Figure 23
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aac481
100
IK
(mA)
80
(1)
(1)
60
Stable
Oscillation
Stable
40
20
0
10−1
1
10
102
103
104
CL (nF)
Tamb = 25 C
(1) VKA = Vref
VKA = 5 V: no oscillation
VKA = 10 V: no oscillation
VKA = 15 V: no oscillation
Fig 26. TL431XFDT: Cathode current as a function of load capacitance; typical values
150 Ω
IK
R1 = 10 kΩ
CL
IK
150 Ω
CL
VBATT
VBATT
R2
GND
GND
006aab589
VKA = Vref
VKA > 5 V: stable operation
Tamb = 25 C
Tamb = 25 C
Fig 27. Test circuit (1) to Figure 26
TL431 family
Product data sheet
006aab590
Fig 28. Test circuit (2) to Figure 26
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18 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
006aab591
100
IK
(mA)
80
(1)
(1)
(2)
(2)
60
Stable
Oscillation
Stable
40
20
0
10−1
1
10
102
103
104
CL (nF)
Tamb = 25 C
(1) VKA = Vref
(2) VKA = 5 V
VKA = 10 V: no oscillation
VKA = 15 V: no oscillation
Fig 29. TL431XSDT: Cathode current as a function of load capacitance; typical values
150 Ω
IK
R1 = 10 kΩ
CL
IK
150 Ω
CL
VBATT
VBATT
R2
GND
GND
006aab589
VKA = Vref
VKA = 5 V
Tamb = 25 C
VKA > 10 V: stable operation
006aab590
Tamb = 25 C
Fig 30. Test circuit (1) to Figure 29
TL431 family
Product data sheet
Fig 31. Test circuit (2) to Figure 29
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
10. Application information
V+
VOUT
R1
R2
006aab592
V OUT =  1 + R1
-------  V ref

R2
Fig 32. Shunt regulator
V+
VOUT
R1
R2
006aab593
V OUT =  1 + R1
-------  V ref
R2
V OUT  min  = V ref + V be
Fig 33. Series pass regulator
V+
VOUT
VIN
006aab594
V th = V ref
V IN  V ref  V OUT  0
V IN  V ref  V OUT  2V
Fig 34. Single-supply comparator with temperature-compensated threshold
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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20 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
RCL
V+
IOUT
006aab595
V ref
I OUT = --------R CL
Fig 35. Constant current source
V+
VOUT
R1
R2
006aab596
V OUT =  1 + R1
-------  V ref

R2
Fig 36. High-current shunt regulator
V+
ISINK
RS
006aab597
V ref
I SINK = --------RS
Fig 37. Constant current sink
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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21 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
REGULATOR LINE
VOUT
GND
R3
R1
REF
R2
GND
006aac482
Fig 38. TL431 in control loop of SMPS
11. Test information
11.1 Quality information
This product has been qualified in accordance with the Automotive Electronics Council
(AEC) standard Q100 - Failure mechanism based stress test qualification for integrated
circuits, and is suitable for use in automotive applications.
12. Package outline
3.0
2.8
1.1
0.9
3
0.45
0.15
2.5 1.4
2.1 1.2
1
2
1.9
Dimensions in mm
0.48
0.38
0.15
0.09
04-11-04
Fig 39. Package outline SOT23 (TO-236AB)
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
13. Soldering
3.3
2.9
1.9
solder lands
solder resist
3
2
1.7
solder paste
0.6
(3×)
0.7
(3×)
occupied area
Dimensions in mm
0.5
(3×)
0.6
(3×)
1
sot023_fr
Fig 40. Reflow soldering footprint SOT23 (TO-236AB)
2.2
1.2
(2×)
1.4
(2×)
solder lands
4.6
solder resist
2.6
occupied area
Dimensions in mm
1.4
preferred transport direction during soldering
2.8
4.5
sot023_fw
Fig 41. Wave soldering footprint SOT23 (TO-236AB)
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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23 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
14. Revision history
Table 11.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
TL431_FAM v.5
20150901
Product data sheet
-
TL431_FAM v.4
Modifications:
•
Figure 18: Capacitor value corrected
TL431_FAM v.4
20110630
Product data sheet
-
TL431_FAM v.3
TL431_FAM v.3
20101105
Product data sheet
-
TL431_FAM v.2
TL431_FAM v.2
20100120
Product data sheet
-
TL431_FAM v.1
TL431_FAM v.1
20090806
Product data sheet
-
-
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
15. Legal information
15.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
15.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
15.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
TL431 family
Product data sheet
Suitability for use in automotive applications — This NXP
Semiconductors product has been qualified for use in automotive
applications. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the product is not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer's own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
25 of 27
TL431 family
NXP Semiconductors
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
15.4 Trademarks
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
16. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
TL431 family
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 01 September 2015
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26 of 27
NXP Semiconductors
TL431 family
Adjustable precision shunt regulator
17. Contents
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
11.1
12
13
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
17
Product profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Recommended operating conditions. . . . . . . . 7
Thermal characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Quality information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 01 September 2015
Document identifier: TL431 family
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