DALI Control Gear Software Stack

XC800 Family
DALI Control Gear Software Stack
AP08102
Application Note
V1.3, 2012-10
Microcontrollers
Edition 2012-10
Published by
Infineon Technologies AG
81726 Munich, Germany
© 2012 Infineon Technologies AG
All Rights Reserved.
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DALI Control Gear Software Stack
AP08102
XC82x/XC83x
Revision History: V1.3 2012-10
Previous Version(s): V1.2 2012-03
Page
Subjects (major changes since last revision)
-
Updated DALI Control Gear Schematic - Part 1; Changed R5 from 1K to 560R
Trademarks
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Application Note
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DALI Control Gear Software Stack
AP08102
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2
2.1
2.2
DALI Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Receiving DALI Forward Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Sending Backward Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.1.1
3.2.2
3.2.2.1
3.2.2.2
3.3
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
DALI Control Gear Software Stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Software Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Hardware Abstraction Layer Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
GPIO Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
GPIO Initialisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Timer 0 and Timer 2 Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Timer 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Timer 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
DALI Protocol Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
DALI Commands Handler Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Process Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Fading Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DALI Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Memory Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
API Routines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arc Power Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Program DALI Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status of Lighting Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Light On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Conditional Compilation Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
Preparing Software Stack for LED Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Downloading LED Example Code Using DAP miniWiggler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Abstraction Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compiler Options and Linker Address Allocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
8
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Special Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
9
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
10
10.1
10.2
Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Flow Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
DALI Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Application Note
4
13
13
13
13
13
15
15
16
17
18
18
19
19
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AP08102
Overview
1
Overview
Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI) is a communication protocol for lighting control in buildings. The
interface was first described in Annex E, IEC60929 standard for fluorescent lamp ballast. Subsequently, it was
updated to the new standard IEC-62386, to include other lighting devices, such as LED and HID for example. The
standard for control interface of electronic control gears was published in June 2009. The standard for lighting
control devices is scheduled to be published in 2012.
DALI requires only a pair of wires to form the bus for communication to all devices on a single DALI network. Each
piece of operating equipment with a DALI interface can be communicated with, over DALI, individually. Using a bidirectional data exchange, a DALI controller can query and set the status of each connected lighting device. As a
standalone system, DALI can be operated with a maximum of 64 devices. Alternatively, DALI can be used as a
subsystem via DALI gateways for connection to building management systems.
Grouped System : Brightness control within large open- plan office, lecture halls or conference
rooms . DALI can provide zoned or localised control of lighting. Control could be offered through
infra-red remote control or a software control with GUI support , or used together as an easy
configuration tool to group loads together. Offering flexibility in customised lighting.
DALI Control Device(s)
(e.g. Control Panel, Remote Controller
, software control with GUI support)
DALI Bus
DALI Power
Supply
DALI Control Gear
(e.g. Lamp)
DALI Control Gear
(e.g. Lamp)
Can connect up to 64
DALI Control Gear
Complex System : Multiple DALI systems can be connected together utilising gateways to building
management systems . Software programs offer more sophisticated programming functionality for
grouped systems , such as scenesetting , timeclock , and partition control .
Building
Management
System
Gateway
DALI Control Device(s)
(e.g. Control Panel, Remote Controller
, software control with GUI support)
Gateway
Gateway
Gateway
DALI
Systems
DALI
Systems
DALI
Systems
DALI Bus
DALI Power
Supply
DALI Control Gear
(e.g. Lamp)
DALI Control Gear
(e.g. Lamp)
Can connect up to 64
DALI Control Gear
Figure 1
DALI System Types
Application Note
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DALI Control Gear Software Stack
AP08102
Overview
LightNET
DALI con figurat ion SW
for group s an d scenes
Power
Supply
XC8 3x
DALI Slave Board
XC83 x
DALI Slave Board
XC83x
SW Stack
XC83x
SW Stack
DALI
PHY
DALI
PHY
Easy Kit as
DALI Ma ster Board
USB /UART
PC Connector
Figure 2
XC83x
SW Stack
DALI BUS
DALI
PHY
Block Diagram for DALI Control Device and Control Gear
This document describes the DALI Software Stack for Control Gear solution, created to provide an application
example for LED control. This solution is based on the published IEC standard and is implemented with the
Infineon XC83x microcontroller.
The following items are required for use with this application note:
•
DALI-DMX512 board
– order number: KIT_DALI_RGB_XC836_DKV1
Figure 3
XC836 DALI-DMX512 Board
Other application notes of interest are:
•
•
AP08104: Guide to using DALI LightNet tool
AP08105: DALI Demo using Touch Sense Control
Application Note
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AP08102
DALI Protocol
2
DALI Protocol
DALI uses the Manchester encoded unidirectional serial protocol with a transmission rate of 1200bps ± 10%.
LOGICAL “1”
LOGICAL “0”
Figure 4
Bi-phase levels: ‘Logical 1’, ‘Logical 0’
2.1
Receiving DALI Forward Frame
Forward frame is the command frame received from the DALI master. It consists of 19-bits.
START
BIT
STOP BITS
Y
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
S
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
- 1 start bit, logical ‘1’, bi-phase code
- 1 address byte, ‘YAAA AAAS’, bi-phase code
Y: short address(‘0’) or group/broadcast address (‘1’)
A: address bits
S: direct arc power level (‘0’) or command (‘1’)
- 1 data byte, ‘XXXX XXXX’, bi-phase code
- 2 stop bits, ‘1’, idle line
Figure 5
Forward Frame Format
2.2
Sending Backward Frame
Backward frame is sent only after the reception of a query command or a write memory command. It consists of
11-bits.
STAR T
BIT
STOP BITS
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
- 1 sta rt bit , lo g ica l ‘1 ’, bi-ph a se cod e
- 1 d ata byte, ‘XXXX XXXX’, bi-p ha se cod e
- 2 sto p bits, ‘1 ’, id le line
Figure 6
Backward Frame Format
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AP08102
DALI Control Gear Software Stack
3
DALI Control Gear Software Stack
This chapter describes the DALI Software Stack implemented for XC83x devices.
3.1
Software Structure
Figure 7 shows the interface of the different software modules in the XC83x lighting application software. It
consists of peripheral modules, the DALI Software Stack, and an application layer.
The DALI Software Stack consists of the DALI protocol and commands handler.
DALI Software Stack
Main
LED Control
Inits All Modules
Application
DALI Slave Software
LED controls
Program DALI variables to Flash
DALI Commands Handler
Start
Timer 0
DALI address, and DALI command
Timer0
(16-bit)
DALI response
DALI Protocol
1msec
Read DALI
variables
520usec
For RX
Hardware
Abstraction Layer
LED status
417usec
For TX
Timer 2
Edge detected
Reload
timer
RX
frame
Interrupt
T2EX
TX
frame
GPIO
BootROM user routine
(Programming / Erasing)
CCU6 /
GPIO /
ADC
Flash
P1.0
P0.5
DALI
RX
DALI
TX
Figure 7
Software Structure for the XC83x
3.2
Hardware Abstraction Layer Configuration
LED
Driver
The config.h file stores the configuration of the GPIO and timers. The file can be modified according to the
application requirements.
3.2.1
GPIO Module
The default GPIO settings for DALI receive and transmit are P1.0 and P0.5 respectively. For the DALI receive,
T2EX (Timer 2 External pin), must be mapped to these pins. Depending on the application and package used, the
GPIO for DALI interface can be re-configured to other port pins. Refer to Table 1 for the GPIO pins that have T2EX
as input function and can be used for DALI receive.
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AP08102
DALI Control Gear Software Stack
Table 1
DALI Receive GPIO pin selection
Package
GPIO can be used for DALI RX
TSSOP-28
P0.4, P0.6, P1.0, P2.0, P2.7, P3.21)
DSO-24
P0.4, P0.6, P1.0, P2.0, P3.21)
DSO-20
P0.4, P0.6, P1.0, P2.0
TSSOP-16
P0.4, P0.6, P1.0, P2.0
1) P3.2 cannot be used as DALI Receive pin if the boot mode is set to USER DIAGNOSTIC.
Default settings:
1. DALI Transmit is on P0.5
#define DALI_TX_PIN P0_5
#define READ_DALI_TX_PIN P0_5
2. DALI Receive is on P1.0
#define DALI_RX_DATAIN P1_DATAIN
#define READ_DALI_RX_PIN ACC_b0
#define T2EX_SEL 0x02
3.2.1.1
GPIO Initialisation
GPIO settings for the DALI Transmit and Receive pains:
Table 2
GPIO Settings
Port Function
Port Direction
Mode
Pull-up
DALI Transmit P0.5
Out
Push-pull
Enabled
DALI Receive P1.0
In
Open Drain
Disabled
3.2.2
Timer 0 and Timer 2 Modules
The default settings for Timer 0 and Timer 2 are based on FPCLK = 24MHz. If a different peripheral clock frequency
is selected, the settings for Timer 0 and Timer 2 have to be changed accordingly.
3.2.2.1
Timer 0
The Timer 0 serves as a 1 msec tick. The main loop is run every 1 msec (see Figure 18). The Interrupt Service
Routine carries out the timing countdown required in the Software Stack.
Default settings:
Timer 0 = 0xD120, 1 msec tick
3.2.2.2
Timer 2
The Manchester encoding and decoding of the DALI frame is performed in the DALI Software Stack with the use
of the Timer 2 module. The Timer 2 external pin, T2EX, is connected to the DALI RX to detect the falling / rising
edge of the forward frame.
Default settings:
Timer 2 = 0xC4F0, 520 usec for DALI Reception.
Timer 2 = 0xD8F0, 417 usec for DALI Transmission.
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DALI Control Gear Software Stack
3.3
DALI Protocol Module
The ‘T2_viTmr2()’ function handles the decoding and encoding of the DALI frames.
Peripherals Modules
T2EX interupt
DALI Protocol
Edge
Detected
Read DALI RX
and shift the bit in
the DALI
command bufers
All address and
command bits
received
Set command
ready flag.
DALI
Commands
Handler
GPIO
DALI RX
T2 overflow
interrupt
Figure 8
DALI Address
DALI Command
Timer
overflow
Read DALI RX pin
and set edge
trigger
Decoding DALI Forward Frame
Peripherals M odules
T2 overflow
interrupt
GPIO
DALI TX
D A LI Protocol
Software
Manchester
encoding
Timer
overflow
DALI
Response
All response bits
transmitted
D ALI
C omm ands
H andler
Set Response
transmitted flag.
Bi-phase data
Figure 9
Encoding DALI Backward Frame
3.4
DALI Commands Handler Module
The main purpose of this module is to process the DALI address and command data from the DALI protocol
module. This module contains application interface routines and DALI functions for fade control, arc power control,
and read / write memory.
3.4.1
Process Command
The address byte of the DALI command is used to distinguish between a normal and a special command. This
check is implemented in the ‘DALI_vProcess_cmd()’ function. Figure 10 shows the flow of this function.
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DALI Control Gear Software Stack
DALI Process
Command
Check DALI
Address
Address valid ?
Address belong to
special command
No
Yes
Address byte
bit 1 = 1?
No
Yes
Yes
No
Standard
Commands
Direct arc
power control
Special
commands
Return
Figure 10
Process DALI command
3.4.2
Fading Control
According to the DALI standard there are 15 different fade times and fade rates that control dimming. The fade
control is executed every 1 msec during the fading process. It updates the current arc power and stops the fading
process once the target arc power is reached.
The fade time per step is calculated using the formula:
Fade Time
Fade time per step
=
(Target Arc Power – Current Arc Power) steps
To resolve the truncation error the formula is modified to:
Fade Time
Fade time per 2 steps =
+
0.5
(Target Arc Power – Current Arc Power) / 2
3.4.3
DALI Variables
There are 34 DALI variables defined in the standard (see Table 12). The data from these 34 variables is returned
to the DALI master, when requested through the query commands. 29 of the 34 variables can be updated by the
DALI master through the configuration and special commands.
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DALI Control Gear Software Stack
3.4.4
Memory Banks
The DALI standard supports up to 256 memory banks, up to 256 bytes for each memory bank. Due to limited flash
size, the implementation can support only 2 memory banks; Bank 0 and Bank 1.
For a device with a flash size of 4K bytes:
•
•
Bank 0 is 32 bytes and with read-only access.
Bank 1 is 95 bytes and with read / write access.
For a device with a flash size of 8K bytes:
•
•
Bank 0 is 256 bytes and with read-only access.
Bank 1 is 95 bytes and with read / write access.
The default data of Memory Bank 0 is defined in the file called “DALI_memory_bank0.c“. The default data of
Memory Bank 1 is defined in the file called “DALI_Flash_Sect_default.c“.
Table 3
Memory Bank Address Allocation
Device
Flash Size
Memory Bank 0
Memory Bank 1 (Default)
XC82x / XC83x 4K Bytes
0x0EC0 to 0x0EDF (32 bytes)
0x0F20 to 0x0F7E (95 bytes)
XC83x
0x1E00 to 0x1EFF (256 bytes)
0x1F20 to 0x1F7E (95 bytes)
8K Bytes
At power-up, the device will retrieve the Memory Bank 1 data from the flash and place it into XRAM. Any changes
to the Memory Bank 1 data requested by the DALI Master, will be carried out in XRAM. The routine
Program_DALI_Variables() is to be called to copy the Memory Bank 1 data from the XRAM into the flash. This
could be done before the device goes into power down mode or in the power-loss situation.
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API Routines
4
API Routines
The DALI Software Stack provides 4 API routines:
•
•
•
•
DALI_arc_power() - return the required arc power level.
PROGRAM_DALI_variables() - to program the DALI variables and Memory Bank 1 data to flash if they are
updated by the DALI master.
LIGHT_status() - to update the DALI Software Stack on the status of the lighting device.
LIGHT_on() - to indicate that the lighting device is turned on.
4.1
Arc Power Level
The DALI Software Stack provides a routine that the user application can call to get the requested arc power level,
DALI_arc_power(). If the return value is zero, the lamp/LED has to be turned off.
Table 4
Update arc power level to the Application layer
Routine
DALI_arc_power
Inputs
-
Return
8-bits data: 0, minimum arc power level - maximum arc power level
4.2
Program DALI Variables
This routine programs the updated DALI variables and Memory Bank 1 data, to the flash. If all the variables / data remain
unchanged, there will be no programming action.
Table 5
Program DALI variables routine
Routine
PROGRAM_DALI_variables()
Inputs
-
Return
-
Resources used
32 bytes of IRAM for buffering data to be programmed
Execution Time
14 msec - Flash programming done.
2.4 usec - Flash programming not done.
4.3
Status of Lighting Device
If the lighting device is faulty or disconnected, this routine is to be called.
Table 6
Status of Lamp / LED
Routine
LIGHT_status()
Inputs
0 - Lighting Device OK
1 - Lighting Device faulty or disconnected
Return
-
4.4
Light On
This routine will set bit 2 of the DALI status byte, indicating that the lighting device is powered on. The user
application needs to call this routine after the pre-heating and ignition process of the lighting device are complete.
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AP08102
Conditional Compilation Option
Table 7
Light On
Routine
LIGHT_on()
Inputs
-
Return
-
5
Conditional Compilation Option
Four conditional compilation preprocessor functions are defined.
•
•
•
•
XC83X_8K - Flash size is 8Kbytes and the Memory banks are in upper 4K.
SPECIAL_MODE_EN - DALI special commands (commands 258 to 270) are supported.
MEMORY_BANK_EN - Read Memory Map access commands supported (commands 197, 273, 274)
WRITE_MEMORY_EN - Write to Memory Map commands supported (commands 275). This option is not
supported in 4K flash device.
Figure 11
Keil Preprocessor Settings
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Preparing Software Stack for LED Application
6
Preparing Software Stack for LED Application
This chapter describes an LED application example that uses the DALI Software Stack with the DALI-DMX512
board from Infineon.
6.1
Hardware Setup
This section describes the hardware setup for this LED example. The DALI-DMX512 board has 3 LED drivers
which are used to drive the LED channels. The PWM signal is generated using the CCU6 module and output
through Ports 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 to control the brightness level of the LED.
DALI-DMX512 Board
DALI
Control Device
DALI PHY
DALI BUS
XC836
MCU
16V
Power
Figure 12
LED
PWM
BCR421
LED Driver
Overview of hardware setup
Connect to 5V supply
VCC
GND
Programming Connector
VCC
GND
SPD
On board
LED
Connect to
DALI BUS
Figure 13
Board Connections
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Table 8 shows the XC836 MCU pins usage in this LED example.
Table 8
XC836 MCU Pins Assignment
Pin Number
Port Pin
1
P2.7
Reserved for DMX512
2
P2.6
-
3
P2.5
-
4
P2.4
Power loss detection
5
P2.3
Reserved for DMX512
6
P2.2
Reserved for DMX512
7
P2.1
Reserved for DMX512
8
P2.0
Reserved for DMX512
9
P0.6
Reserved for DMX512
10
P0.5
DALI Transmit
11
P0.4
DALI Receive
12
VDDP
I/O Port Supply
13
P1.3
CC61 LED Driver
14
P1.2
-
15
P1.1
CC60 LED Driver
6.2
Pin Functionality
16
P1.0
17
VSSP / VSSC
-
18
VDDC
Core Supply Output
19
P1.4
-
20
P1.5
CC62 LED Driver
21
P0.0
-
22
P0.1
-
23
P0.2
-
I/O Port Ground / Core Supply Ground
24
P0.3
-
25
P3.0
XTAL
26
P3.1
XTAL
27
P3.2
SPD
18
P0.7
-
Downloading LED Example Code Using DAP miniWiggler
With the DAP miniWiggler, user can download the example code to the board by setting up the 3 pins as shown
in Figure 14, through XC800 FLOAD in DAVEBENCHTM or KEIL UVision4.
Application Note
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Power Conn
Connections for programming the DALI
Control Gear using a DAP MINIWIGGLER
5V Supply
(Connector X 3)
1
2 X3
VCC GND
VCC GND
Programming Pin
3
2
(Connector X 2)
1 X2
3
4 2
SPD
PC
KIT_DAP_MINIWIGGLER_USB
(KIT_DALI_RGB_XC836_DKV1)
X3
X2
KIT_DAP_MINWIGGLER_USB
KIT_DALI_RGB_XC836_DKV1
Figure 14
Programming the board using DAP miniWiggler
6.3
Hardware Abstraction Layer
In the configuration file CONFIG.H, there are changes to the Timer 2 configuration, as shown in Table 9.
Table 9
Configuration of GPIO and Timers in CONFIG.H
Module
Description
Changes
Timer 0
Timer 0 overflow timing
No change
Timer 2
Timer 2 overflow timing
No change
Define wakeup from power
down mode timing
#define<SPACE>PWR_DOWN_WAKEUP_TIME<SPACE>0x0960
Define DALI transmit and
DALI receive pins
DALI receive pin is changed from P1.0 to P0.4.
#define <SPACE> DALI_RX_DATAIN <SPACE> P0_DATAIN
#define <SPACE> READ_DALI_RX_PIN <SPACE> ACC_b4 //P0.4
#define <SPACE> T2EX_SEL <SPACE> 0x01 // T2EX_1 at P0.4
GPIO
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6.4
Application Layer
In this LED example code, the following feature is added:
•
Programming of the DALI variables is triggered when ADC channel 4 (P2.4) goes below 2V. This act as a
power loss detection. The PROGRAM_DALI_variables() routine is called to program the DALI variables into
the flash.
3
2
1
X2
X2
VCC GND SPD
TP4
TP4
(KIT_DALI_RGB_XC836_DKV1)
DALI Parameters Programming
During power up, TP4 should not be
connected.
DALI Control Gear
(KIT_DALI_RGB_XC836_DKV1)
To simulate a power loss event, connect
TP4 to GND
Figure 15
Simulate Power Loss Event by connecting TP4 to GND.
6.5
Compiler Options and Linker Address Allocation
For this LED example code, the compiler options XC83X_8K, SPECIAL_MODE_EN, MEMORY_BANK_EN and
WRITE_MEMORY_EN are enabled.
The address allocation for the DALI variables are defined in the linker file as shown in Table 10.
Table 10
Address Allocation in the Linker
Segments
Description
Address
DALI_PARA
DALI variables reset values
0x1DE0 to 0x1DFF
DALI_MEMORY_BANK0
Memory Bank 0
0x1E00 to 0x1EFF
DALI_FLASH_SECT_DEFAULT Flash Emulated EEPROM
Application Note
0x1F00 to 0x1FFF
DALI variables default values
0x1F01 to 0x1F1C
Memory Bank 1 default values
0x1F20 to 0x1F7E
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6.6
Software Package
Table 11 lists the source files in the software package.
Table 11
List of source files
Files
Description
Start_xc.a51
Start up code for XC82x device. This is part of the compiler package
Main.c
Main loop and user application code to control the LED. Refer to Figure 18.
DALI_main.c
DALI Software Stack main function loop, refer to Figure 19.
DALI.c
DALI software module initialisation and DALI command handling.
DALI_API.c
Contains all the API routines described in Chapter 4.
T01.c
Timer 0 module initialisation and 1 msec interrupt service routine
T2
Timer 2 module initialisation and the interrupt service routine that decode or
encode the DALI frame.
IO.c
GPIO module initialisation.
CC6.c
CCU6 module initialisation
ADC.c
Setup channel 4 for power loss detection.
DALI_para.c
Defined the DALI parameter contents.
DALI_memory_bank0.c
Defined the memory bank 0 contents.
DALI_Flash_Sect_default.c Defined the memory bank 1 contents.
config.h
6.7
Configuration of GPIO and definitions of timer overflow periods used in timer0 and
timer2 modules.
Schematic
The schematic for the DALI-DMX512 board is shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17.
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Figure 16
DALI-DMX512 Board Schematic - Part 1
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Figure 17
DALI-DMX512 Board Schematic - Part 2
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Summary
7
Summary
The “DALI Control Gear Software Stack” solution has been developed in accordance with the IEC62386 standard.
The description in this application note shows how the solution can be customised for an LED control application.
From the example, users will be able to customise the Software Stack to their own lighting application.
8
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Special Terms
List of terms and abbreviations used throughout the document:
•
•
•
•
9
API
GPIO
MCU
T2EX
Application Programming Interface
General Purpose Input / Output
Microcontroller Unit
Timer 2 External Pin
References
[1]
IEC62386 Digital addressable lighting interface - Part 101: General requirements - System (Edition 1.0,
2009-06)
[2]
IEC62386 Digital addressable lighting interface - Part 102: General requirements - Control gear (Edition 1.0,
2009- 06)
[3]
XC82x User’s Manual version 1.1
[4]
XC83x User’s Manual version 1.1
Application Note
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Appendix
10
Appendix
10.1
Flow Charts
Figure 18 and Figure 19 show the flow of the main loop and the DALI Software Stack.
Main.c
Peripherals
Initialisation
Enable interrupts
1 msec tick
yes
D ALI Main
no
U ser code
(Application )
Figure 18
Software flow in main.c
DALI Main
DALI state
machine
Fade running
no
Power on
condition
yes
yes
Update light arc
power according
to the fade rate
Set light to power
on condition
no
Return
Figure 19
Software Flow in DALI_main.c
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Appendix
10.2
DALI Variables
List of variables defined in the DALI standard are shown in Table 12.
Table 12
Declaration of DALI Variables
Variables
Actual level
Default values
Reset Values
Range of Validity
Memory
Power On level
254
0, min to max
1 Byte RAM
Power On Level
254
254
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
System Failure Level
254
254
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Minimum Level
Physical min
Physical min
Physical min to max
1 Byte Flash
Maximum Level
254
254
MIN to 254
1 Byte Flash
7
7
1 to 15
1 Byte Flash
Fade Rate
Fade Time
0
0
0 to 15
1 Byte Flash
255
no change
0 to 63, 255
1 Byte Flash
Search Address
FF FF FFh
FF FF FFh
00 00 00h to FF FF FFh
3 Bytes RAM
Group 0 - 7
0000 0000b
0000 0000b
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Group 8 - 15
0000 0000b
0000 0000b
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 0
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 1
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 2
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 3
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 4
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 5
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 6
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 7
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 8
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 9
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 10
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 11
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 12
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 13
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 14
255
255
0 to 255
1 Byte Flash
Scene 15
255
255
0 to 255
1 Bytes Flash
1XX0 XXXXb
0X10 0XXXb
0 to 255
1 Byte RAM
DTR
undefined
no change
0 to 255
1 Byte RAM
DTR1
undefined
no change
0 to 255
1 Byte RAM
DTR2
undefined
no change
0 to 255
1 Byte RAM
Short Address
Status
Application Note
24
V1.3, 2012-10
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Published by Infineon Technologies AG
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