3EF surge limiters

Type 3EF Surge Limiters
Rated voltage 3.6 to 15 kV, nominal discharge current 1 kA
n Lower protection level than in
the case of common arresters
n The protection characteristic is
relatively insensitive to steepedge impulse waves
n Especially suitable for limiting
n All-purpose solution for effective
protection of high-voltage motors, independent of the system
configuration
HG21025b.eps
switching impulse overvoltages
Medium-Voltage
Equipment
Catalog Data Sheet
HG 21.2.3 ⋅ 1999
Supersedes:
Catalog Data Sheet
HG 21.2.3 . 1991
HG21025.eps
Type 3EF Surge Limiters
Type 3EF1
surge limiter
n Application
n Protection for motors
The task of type 3EF surge limiters is to restrict excessive
overvoltages that might
damage the windings of highvoltage motors. Such overvoltages can occur through the
use of switchgear that has extremely fast dielectric recovery
of the contact gap after the
current zero crossing.
These types of surge limiters
have been designed for use in
cable systems and are normally installed indoors.
Type 3EF1 surge limiters are
normally used in cable systems up to 15 kV. For station
service systems of power stations and extensive cable systems type 3EF3 surge limiters
are used having a higher absorption capacity and improved protection level.
If the cable system is connected to overhead lines, a set of
surge arresters must be fitted
at each transition point, e.g.
type 3EG/3EK.
Surge limiters selected from
the following table are recommended for the protection of
motors with a starting current
< 600 A. When unit-connected transformers are employed, the current on the switch
side is the governing factor.
n Construction and mode
HG21010.eps
of operation
Type 3EF3
surge limiter
2
Siemens
⋅ HG 21.2.3 ⋅ 1999
The housing is made of plastic. Inside the housing there
are gaps and non-linear resistors connected in series. The
interior is hermetically sealed
and there are screwed studs
at each end for making the
electrical connections.
The series gap has a low
sparkover voltage and, under
normal circumstances, isolates the resistors from the
supply system.
The resistors are Siemens
SIOV metal-oxide varistors
which have a very sharply
curved current/voltage characteristic. The resistance decreases in considerable overproportion to an increase in
voltage and increases again
similarly when the voltage
decreases.
As a result of these characteristics, the surge limiters respond very quickly to switching surges and restrict them to
low values.
Rated
motor
voltage
to
Surge
limiters
3.6 kV
3EF1 036-0A
3EF3 036-0
4.8 kV
3EF1 048-0A
3EF3 048-0
7.2 kV
3EF1 072-0A
3EF3 072-0
12 kV
n Dimension drawings
Fig. 1
Types 3EF1 036-0A to 3EF1 072-0A
3EF3 120-1
n Installation
The surge limiters can be
mounted in any position, connected phase-to-earth. The value of rated voltage Ur marked
on a surge limiter must not be
exceeded in service at the
place of installation. This also
applies to all kinds of tests.
When installing surge limiters
ensure that the clearances
between live parts or between
live parts and earthed parts are
not less than the minimum
values specified
(DIN VDE 0101). The earthing
connection of the surge limiters is identified with the symbol .
e
Note:
Surge limiters must be disconnected from the system
before any voltage tests are
carried out on the switchgear.
Fig. 2
Types 3EF1 120-0A to 3EF1 150-0A
Fmax = 10 N
n Selection and ordering data
Rated
voltage1)
Ur
(rms value)
Continuous
operating
voltage2)
Uc
Switching
impulse
sparkover
voltage Ual
(5/200 wave)
Energy
Residual
absorption
voltage Ures
capacity
with 0.5 kA
impulse current
(30/60 wave)
kV
kV
kV
kV
Order No.
kJ/kV
rated voltage
Weight
approx.
Dimension
drawing
kg
Fig.
3EF1: indoor version
3.6
2.9
8
8
0.8
3EF1 036-0A
0.73
1
4.8
3.6
10
10
0.8
3EF1 048-0A
0.73
1
7.2
5.4
15
15
0.8
3EF1 072-0A
0.73
1
12
9
25
25
0.8
3EF1 120-0A
1.2
2
15
11
31
31
0.8
3EF1 150-0A
1.2
2
3
3EF3: indoor version
3.6
3.2
8
8
4
3EF3 036-0
3
4.8
4.1
10
10
4
3EF3 048-0
3.5
7.2
6.1
15
15
4
3EF3 072-0
4
7.2
4.9
12
12
4
3EF3 072-1
4
12
10.2
25
25
4
3EF3 120-0
5
12
8.2
20
20
4
3EF3 120-1
5
1) The rated voltage is the max. permissible power-frequency voltage
which may occur at the mounting
position of the limiter in case of an
earth fault.
3
2) The continuous operating voltage is
the max. continuous permissible
power-frequency voltage to earth
which may occur at the mounting
position of the limiter during service.
Fig. 3
Types 3EF3 036-0 to 3EF3 120-1
Fmax = 10 N
Siemens ⋅ HG 21.2.3 ⋅ 1999
3
Conditions of Sale and Delivery
Conditions of Sale and Delivery
Subject to the
General Conditions of Supply
and Delivery
for Products and Services of
the Electrical and Electronic
Industry and to any other
conditions agreed upon with
the recipients of catalogs.
n
The technical data, dimensions
and weights are subject to
change unless otherwise stated
on the individual pages of this
catalog.
The illustrations are for
reference only.
We reserve the right to adjust
the prices and shall charge the
price applying on the date of
delivery.
Export Regulations
In accordance with the present
provisions of the German Export
List and the US Commercial
Control List, export licences are
not required for the products
listed in this catalog.
An export licence may
however be required due to
country-specific application of
the products.
Relevant are the criteria
stated in the delivery note and
the invoice regaeding a possible export and reexport licence.
Subject to change without notice.
Dimensions
Trademarks
All dimensions in this catalog
are given in mm.
All product designations used
are trademarks or product
names of Siemens AG or of
other suppliers.
Bereich
Energieübertragung und -verteilung
Geschäftsgebiet Mittelspannung
Postfach 3220
91050 Erlangen
http://www.ev.siemens.de
Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
© Siemens AG 1999
Order No.: E50001-K1521-A231-A2-7600
Printed in Germany
KGK 0299 3.0 4 En 100639 6101/U620
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