AN137

A pp li c at i on N ot e , R ev . 1 . 2 , J an ua ry 2 00 8
A p p li c a t i o n N o t e N o . 1 3 7
L o w C o s t , 3 V ol t , + 1 2 . 5 dB m 2 . 3 3 G H z S D A R S
A c t i v e A nt e n n a 2n d S t a g e L ow N oi s e A m p l i f i e r
u s i n g th e I n f i ne o n B F P 6 4 0 S i G e T r a n s i s to r
R F & P r o t e c ti o n D e v i c e s
Edition 2008-01-10
Published by
Infineon Technologies AG
81726 München, Germany
© Infineon Technologies AG 2009.
All Rights Reserved.
LEGAL DISCLAIMER
THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THIS APPLICATION NOTE IS GIVEN AS A HINT FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION
OF THE INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES COMPONENT ONLY AND SHALL NOT BE REGARDED AS ANY
DESCRIPTION OR WARRANTY OF A CERTAIN FUNCTIONALITY, CONDITION OR QUALITY OF THE
INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES COMPONENT. THE RECIPIENT OF THIS APPLICATION NOTE MUST VERIFY
ANY FUNCTION DESCRIBED HEREIN IN THE REAL APPLICATION. INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES HEREBY
DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES AND LIABILITIES OF ANY KIND (INCLUDING WITHOUT
LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OF ANY
THIRD PARTY) WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL INFORMATION GIVEN IN THIS APPLICATION NOTE.
Information
For further information on technology, delivery terms and conditions and prices please contact your nearest
Infineon Technologies Office (www.infineon.com).
Warnings
Due to technical requirements components may contain dangerous substances. For information on the types in
question please contact your nearest Infineon Technologies Office.
Infineon Technologies Components may only be used in life-support devices or systems with the express written
approval of Infineon Technologies, if a failure of such components can reasonably be expected to cause the failure
of that life-support device or system, or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system. Life support
devices or systems are intended to be implanted in the human body, or to support and/or maintain and sustain
and/or protect human life. If they fail, it is reasonable to assume that the health of the user or other persons may
be endangered.
Application Note No. 137
Application Note No. 137
Revision History: 2008-01-10, Rev. 1.2
Previous Version: 2004-11-16, Rev. 1.1
Page
Subjects (major changes since last revision)
All
Small changes in figure descriptions
Application Note
3
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
1
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd
Stage Low Noise Amplifier using the Infineon BFP640 SiGe
Transistor
Overview
The Silicon-Germanium BFP640 SiGe Low Noise Transistor is shown in an SDARS active antenna LNA
application. The BFP640 is targeted for the 2nd stage in a 3 stage SIRIUS LNA chain. The demo board is standard
FR4 material and "0402" case sizes components are used throughout. A total of approximately 45 mm² of PCB
area is required, and the total component count, including the BFP640 and all passives, is 12. No inductive emitter
degeneration is used in this design for improved high-frequency stability margin (> 10 GHz).
SDARS Active Antenna LNA
2320 - 2332.5 MHz (SIRIUS, 3 Stages)
&RPELQHG6DWHOOLWH&LUFXODU3RODUL]DWLRQ7HUUHVWULDO$QWHQQD/LQHDU3RODUL]DWLRQ
%DQGSDVV)LOWHU
,QILQHRQ
%)3
12(0,77(5
'(*(1(5$7,21IRU
LPSURYHGVWDELOLW\! *+]
,QILQHRQ
%)3%)3)
,QILQHRQ
%)3
&RD[&DEOH
$SSUR[G%
ORVV
* G%
,'& P$
1) G%
3G% G%P#9P$
3G% G%P#9P$
* G%
,'& P$#9
1) G%
3G% G%P
$1BRYHUYLHZB6'$56BDFWLYHBDQWHQQDB/1$YVG
Figure 1
Overview of SDARS Active Antenna LNA
Summary
Achieved 18 dB gain, 1.5 dB Noise Figure over the 2320 - 2345 MHz band, drawing 14.9 mA @ 3.0 volts. Noise
figure result does NOT "back out" FR4 PCB losses - if PCB loss at LNA input were extracted, Noise Figure result
would be approximately 0.1 - 0.2 dB lower. Amplifier is unconditionally stable from 50 MHz to 20 GHz.
Output P1dB = +12.5 dBm @ 3 V. Input 3rd Order Intercept = +10.0 dBm @ 2332 MHz, Output IP3 = +28.0 dBm.
Application Note
4
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
PCB Cross - Section Diagram
7+,663$&,1*&5,7,&$/
723/$<(5
LQFKPP
,17(51$/*5281'3/$1(
LQFKPP"
/$<(5)250(&+$1,&$/5,*,',7<2)3&%7+,&.1(66+(5(127
&5,7,&$/$6/21*$6727$/3&%7+,&.1(66'2(6127(;&(('
,1&+PP63(&,),&$7,21)25727$/3&%7+,&.1(66
,1&+PPPP
%27720/$<(5
Figure 2
$1B3&%YVG
PCB - Cross Sectional Diagram
Schematic Diagram
9FF 9
-
'&&RQQHFWRU
, P$
5
RKPV
5
.
&
X)
&
S)
%ODFNUHFWDQJOHVDUHPLFURVWULS
WUDFNVQRWFKLSFRPSRQHQWV
-
5),1387
&
X)
/
Q+
5
RKPV
4
%)36L*H
7UDQVLVWRU
627
RKPPLFURVWULS
&
S)
/
Q+
&
S)
-
5)287387
RKPPLFURVWULS
3&% 5HY&
3&%RDUG0DWHULDO 6WDQGDUG)5
&
S)
%)39FH 9
Figure 3
$1B6FKHPDWLFYVG
Schematic Diagram
Application Note
5
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Summary of Data
T = 25 °C, Network analyzer source power = -25 dBm
Table 1
Summary of Data
Parameter
Result
Comments
Frequency Range
Under 2320 - over 2345 MHz
Covers both XM Radio and SIRIUS
frequency bands.
DC Current
24.9 mA @ 3.0 V
Note power supply voltage is
measured directly across PCB
supply line and ground, to eliminate
voltage drop across wire harness.
Gain
18.0 dB @ 2320 MHz
18.0 dB @ 2332.5 MHz
17.9 dB @ 2345 MHz
Noise Figure
1.5 dB @ 2320 MHz
1.5 dB @ 2332.5 MHz
1.4 dB @ 2345 MHz
These values do not extract PCB
losses, etc. resulting from FR4
board an passives used on PCB these results are at input SMA
connector.
Input P1dB
-4.5 dBm @ 3.0 V
Measured @ 2332.5 MHz. See
Figure 8.
Output P1dB
+12.5 dBm @ 3.0 V
See Figure 8.
Power Added Efficiency (PAE) at
1 dB Compression Point
23.4% @ 3.0 V
PAE = (POUT - PIN) / (VCC x IC)
Input 3rd Order Intercept
+10.0 dBm @ 2332 MHz
Measured at 3.3 V, see Figure 16
and Figure 17.
Output 3rd Order Intercept
+28.0 dBm @ 2332 MHz
Measured at 3.3 V, see Figure 16
and Figure 17.
Input Return Loss
15.0 dB @ 2320 MHz
15.2 dB @ 2332.5 MHz
15.4 dB @ 2345 MHz
Output Return Loss
10.4 dB @ 2320 MHz
10.3 dB @ 2332.5 MHz
10.2 dB @ 2345 MHz
Reverse Isolation
23.8 dB @ 2320 MHz
23.8 dB @ 2332.5 MHz
23.7 dB @ 2345 MHz
Application Note
6
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Noise Figure, Plot, 2232.5 MHz to 2432.5 MHz, Center of Plot (x-axis) is 2332.5 MHz.
5RKGH6FKZDU])6(.
1RY
1RLVH)LJXUH5DXVFKPHVVXQJ
(871DPH
0DQXIDFWXUHU
2SHUDWLQJ&RQGLWLRQV
2SHUDWRU1DPH
7HVW6SHFLILFDWLRQ
&RPPHQW
%)3*+]6'$56$FWLYH$QWHQQD/1$QG6WDJH
,QILQHRQ7HFKQRORJLHV
9 9, P$7 &
*HUDUG:HYHUV
/:5B6'B/1$B312,1'8&7,9((0,77(5'(*(1(5$7,21
3&% 5HY$
1RYHPEHU
$QDO\]HU
5)$WW
5HI/YO
G%
G%P
5%:
9%:
0+]
+]
5DQJH G%
5HI/YODXWR 21
0HDVXUHPHQW
QGVWDJHFRUU 21
0RGH 'LUHFW
(15 +3$(15
1RLVH)LJXUHG%
0+]
0+]',9
0+]
$1BSORWBQIYVG
Figure 4
Noise Figure
Application Note
7
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Noise Figure, Tabular Data
From Rohde & Schwarz FSEK3 + FSEB30
System Preamplifier = MITEQ SMC-02
Table 2
Noise Figure
Frequency
Noise Figure
2232.5 MHz
1.46 dB
2245 MHz
1.47 dB
2257.5 MHz
1.47 dB
2270 MHz
1.46 dB
2282.5 MHz
1.46 dB
2295 MHz
1.48 dB
2307.5 MHz
1.46 dB
2320 MHz
1.46 dB
2332.5 MHz
1.46 dB
2345 MHz
1.44 dB
2357.5 MHz
1.48 dB
2370 MHz
1.47 dB
2382.5 MHz
1.45 dB
2395 MHz
1.47 dB
2407.5 MHz
1.46 dB
2420 MHz
1.44 dB
2432.5 MHz
1.44 dB
2442.5 MHz
1.44 dB
Application Note
8
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Scanned Image of PC Board
Figure 5
Image of PC Board
Application Note
9
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Scanned Image of PC Board, Close-In Shot.
Total PCB area used ≅ 41 mm²
Figure 6
Image of PC Board, Close-In Shot
Application Note
10
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Stability Factor “K” and Stability Measure “B1” (50 Hz - 20.050 GHz)
Plots are generated from real, measured S parameters taken from the demo PC board, NOT a simulation.
S parameters are exported from Agilent 8720 ES Network Analyzer, then imported into Eagleware GENESYS
software, which calculates and plots K and B1. Note K > 1 and B1 > 0, showing unconditional stability.
K is trace in red color (bottom trace) and is assigned to left vertical axis at bottom of page. Note K > 1.
B1 is trace is blue in color (top trace) and is assigned to right vertical.
Figure 7
Plot of K(f) and B1(f)
Application Note
11
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Gain Compression Test
VCC = 3.0 Volts
Network Analyzer is set to "CW" mode - e.g. set to a single frequency, with power sweep. Input power is swept
from -25 dBm to +3 dBm at 2332.5 MHz. Amplifier hits Input 1 dB compression point (IP1dB) at - 4.5 dBm input
power. Output P1dB = - 4.5 dBm + 17 dB gain at P1dB point => +12.5 dBm, or 17.8 mW.
&+ 6 ORJ0$*
G%
5()G%
1RY
BG%
G%P
35P
BG%
G%P
9ROWVP$
&RU
'HO
6PR
67$57G%P
&:0+]
6723G%P
$1BSORWBJDLQBFRPSYVG
Figure 8
Plot of Gain Compression Test
Application Note
12
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Input Return Loss, Log Mag
5 MHz - 6 GHz
&+ 6 ORJ0$*
G%
5()G%
1RY
BG%
0+]
35P
BG%
*+]
&RU
BG%
*+]
'HO
6PR
67$570+]
67230+]
$1BSORWBLQSXWBUHWXUQBORVVYVG
Figure 9
Plot of Input Return Loss
Application Note
13
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Input Return Loss, Smith Chart
Reference Plane = Input SMA Connector on PC Board
5 MHz - 6 GHz
&+ 6 8)6
1RY
S+
B
0+]
35P
B
*+]
&RU
B
*+]
'HO
6PR
67$570+]
67230+]
$1BVPLWKBLQSXWBUHWXUQBORVVYVG
Figure 10
Smith Chart of Input Return Loss
Application Note
14
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Forward Gain
5 MHz - 6 GHz
&+ 6 ORJ0$*
G%
5()G%
1RY
BG%
0+]
35P
&RU
'HO
BG%
*+]
6&$/(
G%GLY
BG%
*+]
6PR
67$570+]
67230+]
$1BSORWBIZBJDLQYVG
Figure 11
Plot of Forward Gain
Application Note
15
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Forward Gain, 50 MHz to 20.050 GHz (from Agilent 8720 ES)
Marker is at 2332.5 MHz
1RY
&+
6
/2*
G%
5()G%
G%
*+]
35P
'HO
&RU
67$57
*+]
6723
*+]
$1BSORWBIZBJDLQBDJLOHQWYVG
Figure 12
Plot of Forward Gain from Agilent 8720 ES
Application Note
16
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Reverse Isolation
5 MHz - 6 GHz
&+ 6 ORJ0$*
G%
5()G%
1RY
BG%
0+]
35P
BG%
*+]
&RU
BG%
*+]
'HO
6PR
67$570+]
67230+]
$1BSORWBUHYHUVHBLVRODWLRQYVG
Figure 13
Plot of Reverse Isolation
Application Note
17
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Output Return Loss, Log Mag
5 MHz - 6 GHz
&+ 6 ORJ0$*
G%
5()G%
1RY
BG%
0+]
35P
BG%
*+]
&RU
BG%
*+]
'HO
6PR
67$570+]
67230+]
$1BSORWBRXWSXWBUHWXUQBORVVYVG
Figure 14
Plot of Output Return Loss
Application Note
18
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Output Return Loss, Smith Chart
Reference Plane = Output SMA Connector on PC Board
5 MHz - 6 GHz
&+ 6 8)6
1RY
S)
B
0+]
35P
B
*+]
&RU
B
*+]
'HO
6PR
67$570+]
67230+]
$1BVPLWKBRXWSXWBUHWXUQBORVVYVG
Figure 15
Smith Chart of Output Return Loss
Application Note
19
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Two-Tone Test, 2332 MHz
Input Stimulus for Amplifier Two-Tone Test.
f1 = 2332 MHz, f2 = 2333 MHz, -19 dBm each tone.
$1BSORWBWZRBWRQHBLQSXWYVG
Figure 16
Tow-Tone Test, Input Stimulus @ 2332 MHz
Application Note
20
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Application Note No. 137
Low Cost, 3 Volt, +12.5 dBm 2.33 GHz SDARS Active Antenna 2nd Stage Low
Two-Tone Test, 2332 MHz
LNA Response to Two-Tone Test.
Input IP3 = -19 + (58.0 / 2) = +10.0 dBm
Output IP3 = +10.0 dBm + 18.0 dB gain = +28.0 dBm
$1BSORWBWZRBWRQHBUHVSRQVHYVG
Figure 17
Tow-Tone Test, LNA Response @ 2332 MHz
Application Note
21
Rev. 1.2, 2008-01-10
Similar pages