CAT5133 D

CAT5133
16 Volt Digital
Potentiometer (POT) with
128 Taps and an Increment
Decrement Interface
Description
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The CAT5133 is a high voltage digital POT integrated with
EEPROM memory and control logic to operate in a similar manner to
a mechanical potentiometer. The digital ponentiometer consists of a
series of resistive elements connected between two externally
accessible end points. The tap points between each resistive element
are connected to the wiper outputs with CMOS switches. A 7-bit wiper
control register (WCR) independently controls the wiper tap switches
for the digital potentiometer. Associated with the control register is a
7-bit nonvolatile memory data register (DR) used for storing the wiper
settings. Changing the value of the wiper control register or storing
that value into the nonvolatile memory is performed via a 3-input
Increment-Decrement interface.
The CAT5133 comes with 2 voltage supply inputs: VCC (digital
supply voltage) input and V+ (analog bias supply) input. Providing
separate Digital and Analog inputs allow the potentiometer terminals
to be as much as 10 volts above VCC and 16 volts above ground.
The CAT5133 can be used as a potentiometer or as a two terminal,
variable resistor. It is designed for circuit level or system level
adjustments in a wide variety of applications.
On power-up, the contents of the nonvolatile data register (DR) are
transferred to the wiper control register (WCR) and the wiper is
positioned to that location. The CAT5133 is shipped with the DR
programmed to position 64.
Features
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Single Linear Digital Potentiometer with 128 Taps
End-to-End Resistance of 10 kW, 50 kW or 100 kW
2-wire Interface
Fast Up/Down Wiper Control Mode
Non-volatile Wiper Setting Storage
Automatic Wiper Setting Recall at Power−up
Digital Supply Range (VCC): 2.7 V to 5.5 V
Analog Supply Range (V+): +8 V to +16 V
Low Standby Current: 15 mA
100 Year Wiper Setting Memory
Industrial Temperature Range: −40C to +85C
10-pin MSOP Package
These Devices are Pb-Free, Halogen Free/BFR Free and are RoHS
Compliant
MSOP−10
Z SUFFIX
CASE 846AE
PIN CONNECTIONS
1
U/D
INC
GND
V+
VCC
RL
CS
RW
N/C
RH
(Top View)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
Package
Shipping†
CAT5133ZI−10−GT3
MSOP−10
(Pb−Free)
3,000/
Tape & Reel
CAT5133ZI−50−GT3
(Note 4)
MSOP−10
(Pb−Free)
3,000/
Tape & Reel
CAT5133ZI−00−GT3
(Note 4)
MSOP−10
(Pb−Free)
3,000/
Tape & Reel
†For information on tape and reel specifications,
including part orientation and tape sizes, please
refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging Specifications
Brochure, BRD8011/D.
1. For detailed information and a breakdown of
device nomenclature and numbering systems,
please see the ON Semiconductor Device Nomenclature document, TND310/D, available at
www.onsemi.com.
2. All packages are RoHS-compliant (Lead-Free,
Halogen-Free).
3. The standard lead finish is NiPdAu.
4. For additional package and temperature options,
please contact your nearest ON Semiconductor
Sales office.
Applications
 LCD Screen Adjustment
 Volume Control
 Mechanical Potentiometer Replacement
 Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2013
July, 2013 − Rev. 5
 Gain Adjustment
 Line Impedance Matching
 VCOM Settings Adjustment
1
Publication Order Number:
CAT5133/D
CAT5133
VCC
V+
UP/DOWN
(U/D)
127
Increment
(INC)
RH
7−Bit
Nonvolatile
Memory
Register
(DR)
128 Tap Position
Decode Control
7−Bit Wiper
Control
Register
(WCR)
0
Figure 1. Block Diagram
Elements
Device Select
(CS)
127 Resistive
Control Logic and
Address Decode
RL
RW
Table 1. PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Pin
Name
Function
1
U/D
Up/Down Data Input – Determines the direction of movement of the wiper
2
GND
Ground
3
VCC
Logic Supply Voltage (2.7 V to 5.5 V)
4
CS
Chip Select − The chip is selected when the input is low.
5
N/C
No Connect
6
RH
High Reference Terminal for the Potentiometer
7
RW
Wiper Terminal for the Potentiometer
8
RL
Low Reference Terminal for the Potentiometer
9
V+
Analog Bias Voltage Input (+8.0 V to +16.0 V)
10
INC
Increment Input – Moves the wiper in the direction determined by the Up/Down input on each negative edge
Device Operation
The CAT5133 operates like a digitally controlled
potentiometer with RH and RL equivalent to the high and low
terminals and RW equivalent to the mechanical
potentiometer’s wiper. There are 128 available tap positions
including the resistor end points, RH and RL. There are 127
resistor elements connected in series between the RH and RL
terminals. The wiper terminal is connected to one of the 128
taps and controlled by three inputs, INC, U/D and CS. These
inputs control a 7-bit up/down counter whose output is
decoded to select the wiper position. The selected wiper
position can be stored in nonvolatile memory using the INC
and CS inputs.
With CS set LOW the CAT5133 is selected and will
respond to the U/D and INC inputs. HIGH to LOW
transitions on INC will increment or decrement the wiper
(depending on the state of the U/D input and 7-bit counter).
The wiper, when at either fixed terminal, acts like its
mechanical equivalent and does not move beyond the last
position. The value of the counter is stored in nonvolatile
memory whenever CS transitions HIGH while the INC input
is also HIGH. When the CAT5133 is powered-down; the last
stored wiper counter position is maintained in the
nonvolatile memory. When power is restored, the contents
of the memory are recalled and the counter is set to the value
stored.
With INC set low, the CAT5133 may be de-selected and
powered down without storing the current wiper position in
nonvolatile memory. This allows the system to always
power up to a preset value stored in nonvolatile memory.
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CAT5133
RH
Table 2. OPERATION MODES
INC
CS
U/D
Operation
High to Low
Low
High
Wiper toward H
High to Low
Low
Low
Wiper toward L
High
Low to High
X
Store Wiper
Position
Low
Low to High
X
No Store, Return
to Standby
X
High
X
Standby
CH
RW
RW
CW
CL
RL
Figure 2. Potentiometer Equivalent Circuit
Power-On and Potentiometer Characteristics
The end-to-end nominal resistance of the potentiometer
has 128 contact points linearly distributed across the total
resistor. Each of these contact points is addressed by the 7 bit
wiper register which is decoded to select one of these 128
contact points.
Each contact point generates a linear resistive value
between the 0 position and the 127 position. These values
can be determined by dividing the end-to-end value of the
potentiometer by 127. The 10 kW potentiometer has a
resistance of ~79 W between each wiper position. However
in addition to the ~79 W for each resistive segment of the
potentiometer, a wiper resistance offset must be considered.
Table 3 shows the effect of this value and how it would
appear on the wiper terminal.
This offset will appear in each of the CAT5133 end-to-end
resistance values in the same way as the 10 kW example.
However resistance between each wiper position for the
50 kW version will be ~395 W and for the 100 kW version
will be ~790 W.
The CAT5133 is a 128-position, digital controlled
potentiometer. When applying power to the CAT5133, VCC
must be supplied prior to or simultaneously with V+. At the
same time, the signals on RH, RW and RL terminals should
not exceed V+. If V+ is applied before VCC, the electronic
switches of the digital potentiometer are powered in the
absence of the switch control signals, that could result in
multiple switches being turned on. This causes unexpected
wiper settings and possible current overload of the
potentiometer.
When VCC is applied, the device turns on at the mid-point
wiper location (64) until the wiper register can be loaded
with the nonvolatile memory location previously stored in
the device. After the nonvolatile memory data is loaded into
the wiper register the wiper location will change to the
previously stored wiper position.
At power-down, it is recommended to turn-off first the
signals on RH, RW and RL, followed by V+ and, after that,
VCC, in order to avoid unexpected transitions of the wiper
and uncontrolled current overload of the potentiometer.
Table 3. POTENTIOMETER RESISTANCE AND WIPER RESISTANCE OFFSET EFFECTS
Position
Position
Typical RW to RL Resistance for 10 kW
Digital Potentiometer
0
70 W or
0 W + 70 W
Typical RW to RH Resistance for 10 kW
Digital Potentiometer
00
10,070 W or
10,000 W + 70 W
01
149 W or
79 W + 70 W
64
5,047 W or
4,977 W + 70 W
63
5,047 W or
4,977 W + 70 W
126
149 W or
79 W + 70 W
127
10,070 W or
10,000 W + 70 W
127
70 W or
0 W + 70 W
Table 4. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameters
Temperature Under Bias
Storage Temperature
Voltage on any U/D, INC, & CS Pins with Respect to VCC (Note 5)
Voltage on RH, RL, & RW Pins with Respect to VCC
Ratings
Units
−55 to +125
C
−65 to +150
C
−0.3 to +VCC + 0.3
V
V+
V
VCC with Respect to Ground
−0.3 to +6.0
V
V+ with respect to Ground
−0.3 to +16.5
V
6
mA
+300
C
Wiper Current
Lead Soldering temperature (10 seconds)
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the
Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect
device reliability.
5. Latch-up protection is provided for stresses up to 100 mA on the digital from −0.3 V to VCC + 0.3 V.
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CAT5133
Recommended Operating Conditions
VCC = +2.7 V to +5.5 V
V+ = +8.0 V to +16.0 V
Operating Temperature Range: −40C to +85C
Table 5. POTENTIOMETER CHARACTERISTICS (Over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise stated.)
Limits
Parameter
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
RPOT
Potentiometer Resistance (10 kW)
10
kW
RPOT
Potentiometer Resistance (50 kW)
(Note 12)
50
kW
RPOT
Potentiometer Resistance (100 kW)
(Note 12)
100
kW
RTOL
Potentiometer Resistance Tolerance
Power Rating
IW
Wiper Current
RW
Wiper Resistance
VTERM
Voltage on RW, RH or RL
25C
20
%
50
mW
3
mA
W
IW = +1 mA @ V+ = 12 V
70
150
IW = +1 mA @ V+ = 8 V
110
200
GND = 0 V; V+ = 8 V to 16 V
GND
V+
0.78
V
RES
Resolution
%
ALIN
Absolute Linearity (Note 7)
VW(n)(actual) − VW(n)(expected)
(Notes 10, 11)
1
LSB
(Note 9)
RLIN
Relative Linearity (Note 8)
VW(n+1) − [VW(n) +LSB]
(Notes 10, 11)
0.5
LSB
(Note 9)
TCRPOT
Temperature Coefficient of RPOT
(Note 6)
TCRatio
Ratiometric Temperature Coefficient
(Note 6)
Potentiometer Capacitances
(Note 6)
10/10/25
pF
RPOT = 50 kW
0.4
MHz
CH/CL/CW
fc
Frequency Response
ppm/C
300
30
ppm/C
6. This parameter is tested initially and after a design or process change that affects the parameter.
7. Absolute linearity is utilized to determine actual wiper voltage versus expected voltage as determined by wiper position when used as a
potentiometer.
8. Relative linearity is utilized to determine the actual change in voltage between two successive tap positions when used as a potentiometer.
9. LSB = (RHM − RLM)/127; where RHM and RLM are the highest and lowest measured values on the wiper terminal.
10. n = 1, 2, ..., 127.
11. V+ @ RH; 0 V @ RL; VW measured @ RW, with no load.
12. Contact factory for availability on this version of the CAT5133.
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CAT5133
Table 6. DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +2.7 V to +6.0 V, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min
Max
Units
ICC1
Power Supply Current
VCC = 5.5 V, fINC = 1 MHz, Input = GND
1
mA
ICC2
Power supply Current
Nonvolatile WRITE
VCC = 5.5 V, fINC = 1 MHz, Input = GND
3.0
mA
Standby Current (VCC = 5 V)
VIN = GND or VCC, INC = VCC
5
mA
V+ Standby Current
VCC = 5 V, V+ = 16 V
10
mA
ILI
Input Leakage Current
VIN = GND to VCC
10
mA
ILO
Output Leakage Current
VOUT = GND to VCC
10
mA
VIL
Input Low Voltage
−1
VCC x 0.3
V
VIH
Input High Voltage
VCC x 0.7
VCC + 1.0
V
0.4
V
Max
Units
ISB(VCC)
ISB(V+)
VOL1
Output Low Voltage (VCC = 3.0 V)
IOL = 3 mA
Table 7. CAPACITANCE (TA = 25C, f = 1.0 MHz, VCC = 5.0 V)
Parameter
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min
CI/O
Input/Output Capacitance (SDA)
VI/O = 0 V (Note 13)
8
pF
CIN
Input Capacitance (A0, A1, SCL)
VIN = 0 V (Note 13)
6
pF
Table 8. POWER UP TIMING (Notes 13, 14)
Max
Units
tPUR
Power-up to Read Operation
Parameter
1
ms
tPUW
Power-up to Write Operation
1
ms
Min
Max
Units
Wiper Response Time After Power Supply Stable
5
10
ms
Wiper Response Time After Instruction Issued
5
10
ms
Min
Max
Units
5
ms
Symbol
Min
Table 9. WIPER TIMING
Symbol
tWRPO
tWRL
Parameter
Table 10. WRITE CYCLE LIMITS
Symbol
tWR
Parameter
Write Cycle Time
Table 11. RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS (Over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise stated.)
Symbol
NEND (Note 13)
TDR (Note 13)
Parameter
Reference Test Method
Min
Max
Units
Endurance
MIL−STD−883, Test Method 1033
100,000
Cycles/Byte
Data Retention
MIL−STD−883, Test Method 1008
100
Years
13. This parameter is tested initially and after a design or process change that affects the parameter.
14. tPUR and tPUW are the delays required from the time VCC is stable until the time the specified operation can be initiated.
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CAT5133
Table 12. A.C. OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +2.5 V to +6.0 V, VH = VCC, VL = 0 V, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ (Note 15)
Max
Units
tCI
CS to INC Setup
100
ns
tDI
U/D to INC Setup
50
ns
tID
U/D to INC Hold
100
ns
tIL
INC LOW Period
250
ns
tIH
INC HIGH Period
250
ns
tIC
INC Inactive to CS Inactive
1
ms
tCPH
CS Deselect Time (NO STORE)
100
ns
tCPH
CS Deselect Time (STORE)
10
ms
tIW
INC to VOUT Change
tCYC
1
INC Cycle Time
tR, tF (Note 16)
5
1
ms
INC Input Rise and Fall Time
tPU (Note 16)
Power-up to Wiper Stable
tWR
ms
Store Cycle
5
500
ms
1
ms
10
ms
CS
tCI
tIL
tCYC
(store)
tIC
tIH
tCPH
90%
INC
tDI
90%
10%
tID
tF
U/D
tR
MI (Note 17)
tIW
RW
Figure 3. A.C. Timing
15. Typical values are for TA = 25C and nominal supply voltage.
16. This parameter is periodically sampled and not 100% tested.
17. MI in the A.C. Timing diagram refers to the minimum incremental change in the W output due to a change in the wiper position.
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CAT5133
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
400
12
VCC = 2.7 V; V+ = 8 V
VCC = 5.5 V; V+ = 16 V
10
VCC = 5.5 V
350
300
ICC2 (mA)
RWL (KW)
8
6
4
250
VCC = 2.7 V
200
150
100
2
0
50
0
32
48
64
80
96
112
0
−50 −30
128
50
70
90
110 130
Figure 4. Resistance between RW and RL
Figure 5. ICC2 (NV Write) vs. Temperature
0.5
0.4
TAMB = 25C
Rtotal = 10 K
RLIN ERROR (LSB)
0.4
0
−0.2
−0.4
−0.6
32
48
64
80
96
112
0.2
0.1
0
−0.1
−0.2
−0.3
VCC = 2.7 V; V+ = 8 V
VCC = 5.5 V; V+ = 16 V
16
TAMB = 25C
Rtotal = 10 K
0.3
0.2
0
30
10
TEMPERATURE (C)
0.8
−0.8
−1.0
−10
TAP POSITION
1.0
0.6
ALIN ERROR (LSB)
16
−0.4
−0.5
128
VCC = 2.7 V; V+ = 8 V
VCC = 5.5 V; V+ = 16 V
0
16
32
48
64
80
96
TAP POSITION
TAP POSITION
Figure 6. Absolute Linearity Error per Tap
Position
Figure 7. Relative Linearity Error
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112 128
CAT5133
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
MSOP 10, 3x3
CASE 846AE
ISSUE O
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
A
E
E1
MAX
1.10
A1
0.00
0.05
0.15
A2
0.75
0.85
0.95
b
0.17
0.27
c
0.13
D
2.90
3.00
3.10
E
4.75
4.90
5.05
E1
2.90
3.00
3.10
e
L
0.50 BSC
0.40
L1
0.60
0.80
0.95 REF
L2
θ
0.23
0.25 BSC
0º
8º
DETAIL A
TOP VIEW
D
A
A2
END VIEW
c
A1
e
b
SIDE VIEW
q
L2
L
Notes:
(1) All dimensions are in millimeters. Angles in degrees.
(2) Complies with JEDEC MO-187.
L1
DETAIL A
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CAT5133/D
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